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CCS No.

7 SIGNALING SYSTEM

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CCITT7 INTRODUCTION

The CCITT ( International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative


Committee ) Signaling System No.7 ( CCITT N0. 7) is a common channel
signaling in which information can be transmitted between exchanges by
labeled messages. This signaling system meets the requirements of
call control signaling for telecommunications services such as ISDN
( Integrated Services Digital Network) and circuit switched data
transmission.
The concept of CCITT7 and common channel signaling is based on the
separation of the speech circuit from the signaling link. Several
events must take place to connect a call between subscribers or
between originating and terminating exchanges, in addition to
exchanging the speech. These events are called signals. In The CCS (
common channel signaling ) system are the signals are separated from
the speech and transmitted through as specially installed signal data
link. With this configuration, the speech circuit has no signaling
functions. The CCS systems provided advantages, such as the ability
to detect busy condition at the distant end before setting up the
speech path. CCITT7 is a high-speed digital CCS system providing data
connections between exchanges operating at a speed of 64 Kb/s.

Signaling Associations

The signaling association between two points indicates the logical


connection between them. The signal may be transmitted over various
possible routes to its destinations.

When considering the network, common channel signaling has three


types of association between speech circuit and signaling link (CCS
link).

• Associated – signaling path same as speech path


• Non-Associated – signaling path different from speech path and the
signaling path to be used has not been specifically determined.
• Quasi-Associated – non-associated with a predetermined signaling
path.

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CCS No. 7 SIGNALING SYSTEM

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SPEECH CIRCUIT

CCS LINK

Local Switch Figure1a. Associated Local Switch

SPEECH CIRCUIT

Local Switch Local Switch

CCS LINK
CCS LINK

S.T.P. Regional

Figure1b. Non-Associated

SPEECH CIRCUIT

SPEECH CIRCUIT SPEECH CIRCUIT

Local Switch Local Switch

CCS LINK CCS LINK

Toll Switch

Figure1c. Quasi-Associated

CCITT7 has two major part of software in which signal processing


functions are performed :

• MTP ( Message Transfer part )


• UP ( User part )

CCITT has specified four functional level. Level 1-3 within the MTP
and level 4 for the UP.

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The MTP is the hardware and software used for to transfer messages
between two CCITT7 signaling point. The MTP provided the transport
system for the UP and has the following three functional levels :

• Level1 – Signaling Data Link functions – comprise physical and


electrical characteristic that make up the link between two
signaling
• Level2 – Signaling Link Function – control functions of link
• Level3 – Signaling Network Function – handles procedures such as
messages routing and signaling network management.

Level 1 – Signaling Data Link Functions

The SDL ( signaling data link ) functions make up path on which


signals are transmitted. The SDL can either analog or digital and
have various transmission speeds with a designated time slot
containing the signaling data.
Normally the SDLs terminate at a DFI. The level1 functions continue
on through the SDL termination on the STPH ( signaling terminal
protocol handler) of the GSM ( global switching module ).

Level 2 – Signaling Link Functions

The level 2 MTP functions provide a reliable signaling link between


two signaling points. Note that a signaling link is not just an SDL.
A signaling link includes the level 2 control function that operate on
the link. A SDL is seen by the level 2 functions as a transparent
data transmission channel.
The signaling link function set up the reliable transfer of signaling
messages over SDL by sending and receiving signals in a controlled
manner. These messages as known as signal units. CCITT7 signal units
are sent in packets of variable length. The CCITT defines the
following signal unit function :

• Signal unit elimination and alignment


• Error detection and correction
• Initial alignment
• Signaling link error monitoring
• Flow control

Level 3 – Signaling Network Functions

The level 3 MTP function can be divided into 2 major parts:

• Signaling Message handling


• Signaling Network Management

Signaling Message Handling

Signaling message handling contains the functions that ensure


signaling messages originating from a particular UP are transferred to
the indicated UP of the terminating exchange. Three functions make up
signaling messages handling :

• Messages routing
• Messages discrimination

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• Messages distribution

The signaling message handling functions are performed in the STPHs ,


MDPHs ( messages delivery protocol handlers) of the PSU (Packet switch
unit). An outgoing signaling message is sent by the message routing
function across the signaling link connected to its destination. The
message discrimination function receives the message and determines if
this is its final destination, or if the message must be transferred
to another exchange. If the message is at its final destination, the
message distribution function routes the message to appropriate UP.
If the message arrives at the appropriate UP. If the message arrives
at an STP, its message discrimination and routing function selects the
correct link and continues the transfer of the message to its
destination. The signaling units that are being transferred carry all
the necessary information to complete the transfer.

Signaling Network Management

Signaling network management provides signaling services such as


reconfiguration of the signaling route in the case of failure and
restoral to normal service. Signaling network management performs the
following management functions:

• Signaling traffic management


• Signaling route management
• Signaling link management

The signaling network management functions are performed in the SMP of


the GSM. Message handling functions use routing tables to define
alternative routes for the links when troubles occur. The Signaling
traffic management function is then responsible for diverting the
signaling traffic to alternative routes. Signaling traffic management
uses the following four procedures to divert traffic :

• Changeover
• Changeback
• Forced rerouting
• Controlled rerouting

Signaling route management provided information, such as the


availability of signaling routes to signaling traffic management
function. The signaling traffic management the diverts the traffic to
the appropriate route. Three procedure are involved with signaling
route management:

• Transfer prohibited
• Transfer allowed
• Signaling route set test

Signaling link management controls the activity of the individual


signaling link and link sets. A link set contains the signaling data
links that connect two switching points. All operational links are
assigned to a link set. Signaling link management controls the
following activities for link and linksets:

• Link activation
• Signaling link restoration

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• Signaling link deactivation


• Signaling link emergency restart

CCITT7 functional Level 4, known as UP user functions, defines the


functions of the signaling system that are particular to users. Three
user functions are currently being used the 5ESS switch :

• ISUP – ISDN user part


• SCCP – Signaling Connection Control Part
• TUP – Telephone User Part

Voice circuit
signaling link

Telephone STEP

S.T.P.

SEP

Telephone SEP Telephone

STEP S.T.P.

Telephone

Figure 2.Network Elements

Network Elements
The signaling network consists of several elements;

• SEP ( signaling end point )


• STP ( signaling transfer point )
• STEP ( signaling transfer and end point )

CCS (Common channel signaling) provides an advanced process of


signaling where signals are passed over a different path than the
speech. This called out-of-band signaling and the path which carries
the signals is called a signaling link. Transmission over these
signaling is much faster than coventional, in-band signaling methods.
The signaling information is transmitted in the form of messages
called signal units.
An SEP provided high speed, out of band signaling for the speech
circuit which terminate at its exchange. Signaling messages arriving
at an SEP are used to set up the necessary speech circuit to complete
a telephone call to the end user. The STP transfers signaling
messages that arrive on one signaling link to second signaling link
where the message will the be routed toward the destination. An STP

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does not contain voice circuits, but it does provide the important
function of transferring signals (either to STP or to an SEP ) to
their ultimate destination. The STEP performs both the SEP and STEP
functions. The STEP can transfer signaling messages that are destined
for another exchange, and it can analyze signaling messages used to
set up speech circuit in its exchange.
In order for signaling information to move from point to point, each
point in the network must be specifically identified. Every CCITT7
network point is identified by unique number assigned to it called a
point code.
Each signaling message containing telephone data has an originating
point code and a destination point code.

AM NAIL-UP TIME SLOT SIGNALING


LINK

CM

NAIL-UP TIME SLOT

GLOBAL SM
NON-GLOBAL SM SM
PSU SMP
SMP
ISUP MDPH MTP MDPH STPH

TSI

ISUP MDPH
DFI

TSI STPH
Voice/data
CCITT7

DFIDFI

DFI
DFI
Signaling
data link
CCITT7
VOICE/
Circuit

signaling
DATA

data link

NAILED-UP
NETWORK TIME
SLOT

Figure 3.CCITT7 SIGNALING IN THE 5ESS SWITCH

5ESS SWITCH HARDWARE

The figure on the opposite page shows a standard CCITT7 signaling


configuration. Three types of SMs can used in a signaling system.
Two of the SMs contain PSUs and are known as global SMs and non-
global SMs. The third type of SM contains no PSU. CCITT7 SDLs can
terminate at the DFI of any SM. PHs(Protocol handlers) of the PSU
handle transfers of data between the DFIs that terminate of the SDLs (
Switch Module processor) that handle the CCITT7 speech circuit.

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• Packet Switch Unit

The PSU of the global SM contains two types of PHs. One type of the
PH is the STPH ( Signaling Terminal Protocol Handler). STPHs are
responsible for the reliable transfer of data to and from SDLs. Each
network SDL terminating at the DFI has a logically associated and
nail-up path the DFI. The STPH software performs some MTP level 2 and
level 3 processing for both the incoming and outgoing signaling
messages.

The second type of PH (protocol handler) is the MDPH. MDPH reside in


both the global SM and non-global SM. The MDPH of the global SM
transfers call setup information to the MDPH of the non-global SM
containing the CCITT7 voice circuit. The connection between the two
MDPH is a nailed-up network time slot. The MDPH direct the call setup
instructions to and from the level 4(ISUP-ISDN user part, SCCP-
Signaling Connection control part, TUP-Telephone User Part).

Note :

1. 1 PSU shelf has maximum 16 PH and must have at least one PH


spare.
2. PH1 has only 1 channel MD, PH3 has 4 channel ( can use for MD
and SDL )
3. 1 cabinet max. has 5 PSU shelf, 1 PSU max use 15 PH and 1
for spare.

Switching Module Processor

The SMP is responsible for the distribution of messages across STPH


and MDPH. The software in the SMP of the GSM is responsible for
signaling network management functions. These functions include the
following :

• SLM ( signaling link management )


• STRM ( signaling traffic and route management )

The SMP of the SM that terminates the voice trunks is responsible for
the is responsible for the message distribution between the MDPHs and
the UP.

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1
From SP-A DLTU TSI
64-Kb/s SDL
NAILED-UP TIME
SM SLOT

M
9 O
D Analog SDL TSI T M
To SP-B E M S A
4-WIRE M
2 S G M
ANALOG
S
DF CF
3
7
NAILED UP TIME
SLOT
MD- MD-
STPH STPH
PH PH

8 3

PF

GLOBAL SM

VOICE
TRUNK
FROM SP- DLTU TSI
A
PI
DF
4 CF
SMP 5
MDPH
4 5
PSU ORIGINATING
TERMINAL
PROCESS
PF
SM
VOICE CM
TRUNK TO DLTU TSI
SP-B
PI 6
7
DF
SMP
TERMINAT
MDPH PSU
ING
TERMINAL
PROCESS
PF

SM

Figure 4. CALL EXAMPLE HARDWARE

CALL EXAMPLE :

1. The SDL comes into the exchange through a DLTU and the messages
are routed through the CM to the TSI in the GSM.

2. The TSI sends the messages to a DF pack of the PSU where the
messages are send to an STPH.

3. The messages are then sent out through a PF (packet fanout) pack
to the MDPH containing the nailed-up connection to an MDPH of the
SM containing the voice trunk from SP-A.

4. The messages arrive in the PSU through a DF pack. The MDPH


recognize this is a UP function and sends the messages out the CF
( control fanout) pack to PI ( peripheral interface ) of the TSI.

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5. The TSI routes the messages to SMP where an OTP is created and the
AM ( administrative module) select an available trunk in the SM
containing the trunk connection to the SP-B exchange.

6. The signaling messages are the sent to SMP of the SM connecting to


the SP-B exchange and a TTP is created.

7. The messages are routed through the MDPH to an MDPH of the SM


containing the SDL connection the terminating exchange in SP-B.

8. The MDPH sends signaling messages to an STPH. In this example the


SDL to SP-B is analog; therefore, the message is routed from TSI
to an analog signaling data link card connection to a modem.

9. The signaling messages then connects the terminating exchange in


SP-B.

SM2000 upgrade

The most significant different between the SM2K and SM classic is the
increased processing capacity. The increased capacity is such that
the CTS links which were previously used for OSDS ( Operating System
for Distributed Processing ) messages no longer had sufficient
bandwidth.

The Quad Link Packet Switch (QLPS) was developed for the SM2K to
handle the increased message bandwidth between the SM2Ks. QLPS is an
overlay network for the OSDS/CCS messaging. The function of QLPS is
receive and transmit frames as fast as possible.

A new circuit pack, the Messages Handler (MH), is provided for SM2K.
OSDS messages go from the MH in an SM2K through the QLPS to the MH in
the destination SM2K.

In the classic SM, a GSM communicates with the non-GSM via MD link
which require MD-PHs in the non-global SM. The MDPHs in the GSM are
replaced by QPH (PH3) which connects the GSM to the QLPS. The MDPHs
in the non-global SMs will replaced by Message Handler ( MH ). A
global SM2K will communicate with a non-global SM via MD links as
SM2K do not have Message Handlers.

CCITT7 RC/V DEFINITIONS AND REQUIRED HARDWARE

CCITT7 Signaling System is a CCS ( Common Channel Signaling) system


where signaling messages are carried on a different channel than the
voice /data. This section describes the signaling channel definition
in the 5ESS switch. Recent change definitions are required for the
followings units :

• DFI ( Digital Facility Interface ) : located in the DLTU ( Digital


Line and Trunk Unit ) and Used to carry the CCS No.7 signaling
messages.

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• PHs ( Protocol Handlers ) : located in the PSU ( Packet Switch


Unit ) and used for processing the CCS No. 7 messages.

RC/V views are used to define the linkage between the PHs and DEN
( Digital Equipment Number ), which is a channel within a DFI.

GLOBAL SM

(3)
ST- MD-
PH PH

(2) TSI

CM
SDL
SM
DLTU 0 TSI NAILED-UP TIME
(4)
SLOTS
(1)

VOICE
TRUNK
DLTU 0 TSI
(2)

(6) (7)
SMP

SM
MD-
PH (5)

SM
LU TSI

Telephone

Figure 5. 5ESS SWITCH AND CCITT7

Figure. on the opposite pages shows a CCS No. 7 call terminating at a


5ESS switch operating as an SEP ( Signaling End Point ). The
following hardware entities are involved :

• SDL ( Signaling Data Link ) is one channel of the DFI identified


by a DEN, or Digital Equipment Number. One or more DFI channel(s)
( any channel except zero can be used) is used for transporting
the CCS No.7 signaling messages.

2 Mbit PCM can support 32 Timeslots :

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32 TS’s x 64 Kbit/sec = 2 Mbit/sec

TS0 : synchronization and alarms


TS16 : SDL ( not mandatory to use this TS – historical)
TS 1 to 15 : voice circuit (could equally well be used for SDLs)
TS 17 to 31 : Voice circuit (could equally well be used for SDLs)

• GSM ( Global Switching Module ) : one or more SMs ( Switching


Modules ) will be equipped to handle all CCS No.7 messages
distribution. Two types of PHs in used in the global SM are as
follows :
• STPH ( Signaling Terminating Protocol Handler ) :
terminates the signaling data link.
• MDPH ( Message Delivery Protocol Handler ) : delivery
the message to another SM.
The GSM functions as a post-office, delivering the correct
message to the correct SM. Both types of protocol handlers are
located in the PSU .
• Non-Global SM : processes the messages and connect the voice/data
trunk. The MDPH is used in the local SM for this purpose.

The following steps are taken :

1. The signaling messages enters via the SDL ( one channel of the DFI)
on the DLTU PCM carrier.
2. The message is transferred via nailed-up time slot to STPH. The
Global SM contains all the STPHs for termination of CCITT7 SDLs.
3. The STPH forwards the message to an MDPH in the same SM ( global SM
). Note that there is an MD-PH designed for each non global SM, in
the GSM.
4. The MDPH in the global SM forward the message via nailed-up time
slot to the MDPH in the local SM, where the voice/data trunk is
terminated.
5. The MDPH forwards the message to the SMP.
6. The SMP analyzes the message, and the voice/data trunk connects.
7. After the build up signaling is complete. The SMP completes the
call in the normal fashion by communication with AM and
terminating.

Each CCS No.7 message contains the following two address:


• OPC ( Originating Point Code ) : signaling point address of the
sender
• DPC ( Destination Point Code ) : Signaling point code of the
receiver

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LINK SET LINK SET

SIGNALING SIGNALING

SDL SDL SDL

VOICE/DATA VOICE/DATA

ADJACENT ADJACENT

LINK SET LINK SET

SIGNALING SIGNALING
STP

SDL SDL

VOICE/DATA

NON-ADJACENT

Figure 6.ADJACENT AND NON-ADJACENT POINT CODES AND LINK SET

Adjacent and Non-Adjacent Point Codes

When a channel-associated signaling (R2, for instance ) is used, call


to another city are routed to one or more tandem/toll switches. The
principle also applies CCITT7 signaling; signaling messages to another
city are routed to one or more nodes before they reach the final
destination. Point codes that can be reached immediately are called
adjacent point code, ones that have no direct connection are called
non-adjacent point code. Other terms used are ASP ( Adjacent Signaling
Point ) and NASP ( Non-Adjacent Signaling Point ).

Link Set

A Link set can be compared to the trunk group, but is used for
signaling messages instead of voice/data. Each link set has a maximum
of 8 members ( link set members ). Load sharing among link set
members is accomplished by a parameter called SLS ( Signaling Link
Selector ). This parameter will be described further during the
description of the RC/V screens. In 5ESS switch, one link set, and
up to 4 alternate link sets can be defined from one switch to the
other. The alternate link set is used when the normal link set cannot
be used due to machine or network problems ( hardware/software ).
Alternate link sets can be compared to alternate trunk groups.

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Figure 6.ADJACENT AND NON-ADJACENT POINT CODES AND LINK SET

RC/V Definition For CCS No. 7

The RC/V program is used to define common channel signaling in the


5ESS switch exchange. RC/V is a menu driven program in which office
dependent data can be populated. View Menu – Common Channel Signaling
(1) is used when defining Common Channel Signaling. The following RC/V
views are used to defined the CCS No. 7 applications :
• View CPARM (CCS Office Parameter) – defines the CCS timer value
associated with the 5ESS switch OFFICE ID.
• View CC7PR (CCITT7 Parameter View) – defines the CCITT7 and C7NATL
particular parameters along with the GSM assignments.
• View CCLS (Link Set View) – defines the link set and APC ( Adjacent
Point Code) associated with it. One link set can be used to send
messages to several point codes in the network. The APC will act as
a transfer point if necessary.
• View CCPC (CCS Point Code) – defines other location point codes
(DPCs), both North American an international. For each PC (North
American and international) , the link set must be defined, and up
to four alternate link sets can be defined (optional).
• View CCLNK (Link Set and Member) – defines the members of each link
set. There can be up to eight members in a given link set for the
5ESS switch.
• View CCPMX (STP And OPC Policing) – assigns the policing
permissions for OPC and DPC combinations.
• View RTMDL (Message Delivery Link) – defines the bunny hop
assignment between the MDPH and the SMP of each GSM.

Note : RC/V views there are labeled as parameters are populated


initially and seldom need to be changed. Caution should always be
exercised when changing parameters. Inappropriate changes made
here could have adverse effect on all signaling links.

Connections, or interrelation among those views can be found on the


opposite page. An explanation for each view will be given on the
following pages. The explanation is not in numerical view order, but
in the order of importance and linkage. The description will be given
in the following order :
• View CPARM (CCS Office Parameter)
• View CC7PR (CCITT7 Parameter View)
• View CCPAR (NA7 Parameters)
• View CCLS (Link Set View)
• View CCPC (CCS - Point Code)
• View CCLNK (Link Set and Member View)
• View CCPMX (ITU - STP OPC Policing)
• View RTMDL (Mics - Message Delivery Link View)

CCS OFFICE PARAMETER

RC/V view CPARM defines the Common Channel Signaling parameters


associated with office and exchange timers in the 5ESS switch.

• Parameter 1 – is the office ID

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• Parameter 2 through 46 – are response timer value relating to


specific CCS messages. Refer to the 5RC Manual for a complete
description of each individual field.

Note : Caution should always be exercised when changing any


parameters.

RC/V view CC7PR defines the CCS No.7 office parameters and timers.
The form comprises the following three screens :
• Screen 1 is used to specify the protocol type.
• Screen 2 is used to specify the timers needed for the MTP and UP of
the protocol type.
• Screen 3 is used to define every GSM that services the protocol
type and the corresponding OPC.

RC/V view CCPDL is used to specify the level 2 parameters related to


national version of CCS7 signaling.
• Parameter 1 – Transmission rate of data link.
• Parameter 2 – GSM used to specify the SM that supports the
signaling system.
• Parameter 3 through 12 – are timer values relating to C7NATL
protocol.

Refer to the 5RC Manual (Part 40) for a complete description of each
individual field.

RC/V Definition for CCGSM

SCREEN 1 OF 1 RECENT CHANGE CCGSM


CCITT7 GLOBAL SM

*1. GSM 001 #19. LOAD SHARING EVEN


#2. PROTOCOL CCITT7 #20. OFFICE SP TYPE SEP
#3. FIELD 1 14
#4. FIELD 2 0
#5. FIELD 3 0
#6. OPC 515 ___ ___
10. ALIAS POINT CODE ________ ___ ___
#14. NETWORK INDICATOR 2
#15. CIC LENGTH 12
#16. CONGEST TYPE SNGL
#17. CONGEST METHOD TIMER
#18. NORMAL SLS DIST 1

Figure 7.RC/V CCGSM


RC/V view CCGSM is used to specify data for the CCITT7 global
switching module exchange. It is through this view that the flexible
point code is assigned. When a point code is entered, it is entered as
a single decimal number for both single-field and three-field formats.
In other words, there is no separators for three-field point codes.

Parameters are explained bellow :


• Parameter 1 - Global Switching Module : Used to specify the SM that
supports the signaling system.

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• Parameter 2 - Protocol : Identifies the signaling type associated


with the given link number.

INTL = International CCITT7


CCITT7 = National CCITT7
ANSI7 = North America C7

• Parameter 3-5 – Specifies the number of bits in each of the three


possible fields of the point code.
• Parameter 6 – OPC : This field stores the point code assigned to
the GSM. With the new Flexible Point Code Format, a point code can
be either a single field or a three field format. A 14 bit point is
displayed as one single field. A three field point code format is
used for 16 or 24 it lengths.

Field 1 : Up to 8 digits (0 - 16777215)


Field 2 : Up to 3 digits (0 - 255)
Field 3 : Up to 3 digits (0 - 255)

• Parameter 10 – Alias Point Code : This parameter holds the CCS7


(North American version of CCITT7) alias point code for this
office.

RC/V Definition for CCLS

SCREEN 1 OF 1 RECENT CHANGE CCLS


SIGNALLING LINK SET

*1. LINK SET 001


*2. PROTOCOL TYPE C7NATL
*3. GSM 001
#4. ADJ POINT CODE 510 ___ ___
#8. AUTO ALLOCATION N
#9. MGMT INH PROTOCOL N
#10. SIF CAPABILITY DATA272
11. INTERNAL N
&12. PHYSICAL LINKS 2
&13. ACTIVE LINKS 2
&14. LOADED LINKS 2
&15. CLS COUNT 1

Figure 8. RC/V CCLS

RC/V view CCLS assigns the signaling link set numbers for the 5ESS
switch exchange. Remember that the link set contains the signaling
links used to access any exchange in the network.

Parameters are explained below :


• Parameter 1 – Link set : Up to 246 link sets can be defined in a
given exchange. Each link sets is used to send messages to a set of
point codes, which are defined in RC/V view CCPC.
• Parameter 2 – Protocol type (C7NATL or C7INTL)
• Parameter 3 – The GSM used to route the C7NATL or C7INTL messages.
• Parameter 4 – Adjacent Point Code : Defines the point code of the
far-end exchange that is directly connected to this link set. With
the new Flexible Point Code Format, a point code can be either a

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single field or a three field format. A 14 bit point code format is


used for 16 or 24 bit lengths.

Field 1 : Up to 8 digits (0-16777215)


Field 2 : Up to 3 digits (0-255)
Field 3 : Up to 3 digits (0-255)

• Parameter 8 – Auto allocation is a functionality where a space SDL


is selected from a pool of available spares when an SDL failure
occurs. Automatic allocation requires spare signaling links and a
spare PH.
• Parameter 9 – Mgmt INH protocol : Y or N field for using Blue or
later inhibition specifications (Y= Blue Book, N = Pre-Blue Book)
• Parameter 10 – SIF capability : Determines the SIF field octet
capacity.

DATA62 = sets maximum SIF capability of the linkset to 62 octets


DATA272 = set maximum SIF capability of the linkset to 272 octets
LSSU = links status signal unit method

• Parameter 11 – INTERNAL : The internal signaling link is used to


define a nail-up path between two protocol handlers in different
SMs.
• Parameter 12 – Physical links : This read-only parameters indicates
the number of signaling links in the link set. This parameter is
populated automatically when the link set members are assigned
using RC/V view CCLNK.
• Parameter 13 – Active links : this read-only parameter indicates
the number of links available for use (Priority 1 and Priority 2).
This parameter is populated automatically when the link set members
are assigned using RC/V view CCLNK.
• Parameter 14 – Loaded links : This read-only parameter indicates
the number of links carrying messages (Priority 1). This parameter
is populated automatically when the link set members are assigned
using RC/V view CCLNK.
• Parameter 15 – CLS count : This field identifies the number of link
sets that are a part of a CLS (Combined Link Set) including this
link set.

RC/V Definition for CCPC

SCREEN 1 OF 1 RECENT CHANGE CCPC


SIGNALING POINT CODE

*1. POINT CODE 00000510 ___ ___ 12. ALTERNATIVE LINK SETS
*5. PROTOCOL TYPE C7NATL SET
*6. GSM 001 1) ____
&7. ADJACENT Y 2) ____
#8. SCCP CONCERNED N 3) ____
#9. STP ROUTE Y 4) ____
#10. STP OPC POLICING N
#11. NORMAL LINK SET 1

Figure 9. RC/V CCPC

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This view defines the adjacent and non-adjacent exchange point codes
that can be accessed by the exchange. All points codes must be defined
using this view. For each point code, the normal link set must be
defined and up to four alternate link sets can be defined. This view
can be compared to the index definition for a trunk group, where a
certain route index points to a certain trunk group, the point code
definition will point to a certain link set. Parameter descriptions
are as follows :

• Parameter 1 – Point Code : Defines the point of the far-end


exchange that is directly connected to this link set. With the new
Flexible Point Code Format, a point code can be either a single
field or a three field format. A 14 bit point code is displayed as
one single field. A three field point code format is used for 16 to
24 bit lengths.

Field 1 : Up to 8 digits (0-16777215)


Field 2 : Up to 3 digits (0-255)
Field 3 : Up to 3 digits (0-255)

• Parameter 5 – Protocol Type : This filed identifies the appropriate


signaling protocol type for this point code, since this RC/V view
is used to define both national and international point codes.
Possible values are C7INTL and C7NATL.
• Parameter 6 – Global Switching Module : This filed defines the GSM
through which the defined point code may be accessed. The GSM is
used as a post-office to route the signaling messages to their
appropriate destination.
• Parameter 7 – Type of signaling point (SEP, STEP, STP, or SPNULL) :
This filed identifies the type of exchange this point code belongs
to. When the Protocol Type is C7INTL this field must be set to
SPNULL.
• Parameter 8 – Defines whether this point code is an adjacent point
code.
• Parameter 9 – STP route : Defines this exchange as a STP (Signaling
Transfer Point) office.
• Parameter 10 – Normal Link set or CLS : This is the link set that
will be used to route signaling message to this point code during
normal condition.
• Parameter 11 – Alternate link set (optional) : These link sets are
used to route the signaling messages when the Normal Link Set
becomes unavailable. Up to four alternate link sets can be defined.
Normally at least one alternate link set needs to be defined.

RC/V Definition for Combine Link Set ( CCCLS )

SCREEN 1 OF 1 RECENT CHANGE CCCLS


CCITT7 COMBINE LINK SET

*1. CLS 1024


*2. PROTOCOL CCITT7
*3. GSM 001
#4. LS 1 1
#5. LS 2 3

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RC/V view CCLS assigns CCS7 combined signaling link sets.

Parameter are explained below :


• Parameter 1 – Combined link set :
- For Protocol Type CCSNA7 : 81-112
- For Protocol Type C7NATL : 1024-1279
• Parameter 2 – Protocol type (C7NATL or C7INTL).
• Parameter 3 – The GSM used to route the C7NATL or C7INTL messages.
• Parameter 4 – Link set 1 : Number of the first link set that has to
be included in this combined link set.
• Parameter 5 – Link set 2 : Number of the second link set that has
to be included in this combined link set. Is selected from a pool
of available spares when an SDL failure occurs. Automatic
allocation requires spare spore signaling links and spare PH.

RC/V for Review Status CHANNEL GROUP ASSIGMENT DEFINITION

SCREEN 1 OF 1 RECENT CHANGE 40.4 CHGRP


CHANNEL GROUP ASSIGNMENT DEFINITION

*1. SM 001
*2. SHELF 0
*3. CHANNEL GROUP 00
4. ASSIGNMENT TABLE
TYPE LINK SET MEMBER TO SM
1) CH GP LINK 0 MD ___ _ 1
2) CH GP LINK 1 C7NATL 1 1 ___
3) CH GP LINK 2 ______ ___ _ ___
4) CH GP LINK 3 ________ ___ _ ___

RC/V Definition for CCLNK

SCREEN 1 OF 2 RECENT CHANGE CCLNK


EXTERNAL SIGNALING LINK

*1. LINK SET 001 15. LGRP ___


*2. LINK 0 16. LGRP MEMBER __
*3. PROTOCOL TYPE C7NATL
*4. GSM 001 TO GLOBAL PSU
#5. SLC 0 #17. SHELF 0
6. CH NR D 00100002001 #18. CHANNEL GROUP 1
#9. PRIORITY 1 #19. CH GP MEMBER 1
#10. TRANSM TYPE BASIC
#11. RATE 64KB
12. PCR N1 ___
13. PCR N2 _____
#14. TRANSM RATE 1

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SCREEN 2 OF 2 RECENT CHANGE CCLNK


EXTERNAL SIGNALING LINK
CONGESTION THRESHOLDS

20. H RET ONSET 96 31. M TRAN DISC ___


21. H RET ABATE 64 32. L RET ONSET ___
22. H RET DISC ___ 33. L RET ABATE ___
23. H TRAN ONSET 60 34. L RET DISC ___
24. H TRAN ABATE 30 35. L TRAN ONSET ___
25. H TRAN DISC ___ 36. L TRAN ABATE ___
26. M RET ONSET ___ 37. L TRAN DISC ___
27. M RET ABATE ___
28. M RET DISC ___
29. M TRAN ONSET ___
30. M TRAN ABATE ___

RC/V view CCLNK assigns the signaling link member to link sets. These
assignments identify all the signaling links for a specific link set.
Up to eight members can e defined for a given link set. Some of the
parameters are describe below :
• Parameter 1 – This is the link set number define in RC/V view CCLS
(1-255)
• Parameter 2 – This is the member number of the link set (0-7)
• Parameter 3 and 4 – explained previously
• Parameter 5 – This is the signaling link code defined for this link
set member. The SLC uniquely identifies signaling links connection
adjacent exchanges. Acceptable value 0 to 15. The SLC value must
be assigned the same value at each end of the link. This is
determined by a bilateral agreement between both administrations.
• Parameter 6 – Defines the carrier channel number of this link
member. This data is input in the form of a DEN (SM-DLTU-DFI-CH)
• Parameter 9 – Priority of the link set member.
• 1 Highest priority : in services except after failures or manual
intervention.
• 2 Signaling link not used for message transfer, but ready for
services resources assigned.
• 3 Spare Signaling Link not yet having any resources assigned to
it.

• Parameter 10 – Profile (error correction profile – basic or


cyclic). Basic error correction will retransmit signaling message
on request when received in error. While PCR (Prevent Cyclic
Retransmission) will retransmit signaling messages several times.
If necessary, until a positive acknowledgement is received.
• Parameter 11 – Signaling rate (64Kb for C7INTL and C7NATL links).
• Parameter 12 & 13 – Maximum retransmission buffer size (N1= the
number of the MSUs (1-127) and N2= the number of the MSU octets
(256-34544) available for retransmission. Each MSU may contain up
to 272 octets. So the limitation is set for both the total number
MSUs and total number of octets, whichever is reached first.
These parameters must be specified when the PCR profile is
requested ( parameter 10). It not necessary must to define the MSU
and MSU octet limitation when the basic error correction profile is
requested.

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• Parameter 14 – This parameter defines the number of MSUs that are


transmitted every 20 miliseconds.
• Parameter 17,18 and 19 define the PSU SHELF, CHANNEL GROUP, and
CHANNEL GROUP MEMBER that serves as the logical STPH for this
signaling link.
• Parameter 20-37 – High, medium, and low level congestion
thresholds.
• Retransmission buffer – Onset (start) and abatement (stop)
thresholds are defined.
• Transmission buffer – Onset (start) and abatement (stop)
thresholds are defined.
The onset (start) threshold must be greater than the abatement (stop)
threshold must be greater than the abatement (stop)treshold.

RC/V Definition for CCMDL

SCREEN 1 OF 1 RECENT CHANGE CCMDL


MESSAGE DELIVERY LINKS

MASTER PSU #10. DSLRATE 64KB


*1. SM 001
*2. SHELF 0
*3. CHANNEL GROUP 00
*4. CH GP MEMBER 0
MATE PSU
#5. MATE SM 1
#6. MATE SHELF 0
#7. MATE CHANNEL GROUP 0
#8. MATE CH GP MEMBER 0

RC/V Definition for TRGNR

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RC/V Definition for TRGNR

SCREEN 1 OF 5
TRUNK GROUP NUMBER
BASIC CHARACTERISTICS
+1. TRK GRP NR 0511
+2. LABEL CLCI GP ID __________________________
3. NAME TRK GRP C7 VOICE TO TOLL_C7 VOICE
#4. DIRECTION TWOWAY 11. REMARKS C7 VOICE
#5. HUNT TYPE 2WEO &12. GRP NUM 511
6. SCR INDEX 511 &13. LABEL C7 VOICE
7. DIGIT ANL 2 14. TEST MODE 0
8. IMPL DIGITS 0 #15. APT INH Y
#9. TRK CLASS CCS7NATRK 16. SM 0
10. SRC MEASMNT 0 17. MAKE BUSY EQ __________

SCREEN 2 OF 5
TRUNK GROUP NUMBER
18. GLARE YIELD N 28. IDENT ALLOWED Y
19. SPEC ROUTE ID ___________ 29. SATELLITE N
20. DATARATE __________ 30. INTERNATIONAL ID N
21. DED DATA N 31. ANNC VARIANT 0
&22. PBX ID ____ 32. LB1 SEND Y
&23. GRP SIZE 63 33. LB23 SEND Y
&24. ACT SIZE 61 34. FAR END AREA ____
35. HDW FOT Y
ADMINISTRATIVE CHARACTERISTICS 36. VOICE MAIL N
25. INC SIG ISUP7N
26. OUTG SIG ISUP7N TRUNK ERROR ANALYSIS
27. AML PERCENT ___ 37. TRK ERR RECY RPT

SCREEN 3 OF 5
TRUNK GROUP NUMBER
#38. CALL PER MDII THRES 10 47. IVPN TRK GRP N
#39. CONSEC MDII THRES 3
CCITT7 CHARACTERISTICS
ANNC TRUNKS 48. GSM 1
40. ANNC CYCLES 0
41. ANNC TYPE NBAR
42. ANNC TIME 60
43. VPNCID ________
44. VPNNOCID RECVNM
45. TRK QRY N
46. PSEUDO CLID 0100

SCREEN 4 OF 5
TRUNK GROUP NUMBER
49. ORIG POINT CODE 515 ___ ___ C7 USER PART
53. DEST POINT CODE 511 ___ ___ 63. GRP BLK MSGS Y
57. VPA RATE 0 64. GRP RST MSGS Y
58. VPA TYPE 4WICL0 65. MULTI BLK STATES Y
FLEXIBLE 1 BIT SIGNALING
59. PULSED RLS GRD ALWD N
60. METERING ON ANSWER N
61. PRIM SIG BIT N
62. A TO D BITS N

SCREEN 5 OF 5
TRUNK GROUP NUMBER
ISUP7 GATEWAY
#66. INC CALL FRWD N
#67. OUTG CALL FRWD N
#68. USER TO USER SERV N
#69. CONNECTED LINE ID NOCOL
70. COT PREV ALLOW Y

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TRGNR – Trunk Group Number – 4.1 . This form is used to define the
parameters for the trunk group characteristic that are valid for all
trunks within the group.

• TRK GRP NR trunk Group number – used internally to identify a trunk


group (1-2000)
• LABEL CLCI GP ID Name Trunk Group – label or Common Language
Circuit Group Identification. When the LABEL CLCI GP ID is used to
identify a trunk group. (A-Z,0-9)
• DIRECTION of the trunk group
ANNCMNT = announcement
INCOM = incoming
LTP = outgoing
RAF = Recorded function
TWOWAY = two-way
• HUNT TYPE Hunt Type – the type of hunting used to complete a call
to the group. Four basic type are used : circular, regular,
multiple position and UCD. (A-Z, 0-9).
Conditions(s):
- Only announcement trunks have Hunt Type equal ANNC
- HUNT TYPE must be NONE if the DIRECTION is INCOM

SCR INDEX Screen index number – specifies the origin of the call, for
Routing purposes(0-4095).
- If DIRECTION is TWOWAY or INCOM and TRK CLASS is not MANUAL,
DTA, SEMIPERM or BDPORT then SCRINDEX must be specified.
- If DIRECTION is OUTGO and TRK CLASS is TRKEMERG then SCR
INDEX must be 0.
- If DIRECTION is ANNCMNT or LTP then SCR INDEX must be 0.

DIGIT ANL Digit analysis selector – a digit analysis selector (DAS)


is assigned to the trunk group number specified y the key parameter of
this form. At from DASEL this DAS selects a digits analysis table (0-
126)

TRK CLASS trunk Class of service (A-Z, 0-9)

NOMETLOC = Hook signaling (non-metering) for local traffic


NOMETNAT = Hook signaling (non-metering) for national traffic

The TRK CLASS is specified in conjunction with the value of the


parameters INC, SIG, OUTG SIG, HUNT TYPE and DIRECTION (0-255).

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RC/V Definition for TRKNR

SCREEN 1 OF 2
TRUNK GROUP NR & TRUNK NR
TRUNK CHARACTERISTICS
*1. TRK GRP NR 0511 &14. DIR NR _______
*2. TRK NR 0002 #15. GLARE YIELD N
*3. TRK MEM QTY 01 16. MAX CALLS 0
#4. TRK EQ NR D 00100001002 &17. SDL VOICE PORT N
7. SIG TYPE _______
8. TRANS CLASS 1 SIGNALING INVERSION
9. COMMON TRK ID 2 18. BIT INVERSION N
&10. SATELLITE N
11. IN START DIAL NONE 19. SUPV EM2
12. OUT START DIAL NONE
13. CGA SCAN POINT __________

SCREEN 2 OF 2
TRUNK GROUP NR & TRUNK NR
NETWORK SERVICES COMPLEX
&20. NSC TRUNK N
&21. NSC INDEX _
&22. NSC BAND _

TRKNR – Trunk Group Number & Trunk Number – 4.3. This form is used to
define the parameters for trunks with their individual
characteristics. Typical characteristics are: trunk equipment
number,nnsupervision signaling used on that trunk, scan points… etc.

• TRK GRP NR – used internally to identify a trunk group (1-2000)


• TRK NR Trunk number – identifies a specific member within a trunk
group. For small groups it is advised to use trunk member number
1-95. For groups with trunk numbers greater than 95 extra memory is
allocated (0-1951)
• TRK MEM QTY Trunk member quantity – specifies the range to insert,
delete or update a number of the trunk members starting with TRK
NR.
• TRK EQ NR Trunk equipment number identifies the hardware equipment
allocated to the trunk. TRK EQ NR is composed of an equipment
number type and a trunk equipment number.

<T><SM><DLTU><DFI><DCHAN> where:

<T> = D
<SM> = Switching Module number (001-192)
<DLTU> = digital line and trunk unit number (000-005)
<DFI> = digital facilities interface number (01-20)
<DCHAN> = digital channel number (001-031,033-063,101-
131,133-
163).
• IN START DIAL and OUT START DIAL must be NONE
• SIG TYPE line signaling protocol refers to supervisory signaling to
trunks and does not include subscriber loop signaling. Line
signaling transmit information between the exchange describing the
state of the trunk. To specify INC SIG (incoming address

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signaling) and OUTG SIG (outgoing address signaling) or TRK CLASS


(Incoming traffic trunk class) for all trunks within a group. Use
the TRGNR form (A-Z, 0-9).

IEMH5 = Digital incoming E&M hook 5


OEMH5 = Digital Outgoing E&M hook 5

• TRANS CLASS Transmission class – the transmission class defines


the loss of the trunk in both incoming and outgoing direction.
Default : 1.
• SATELLITE Defines whether the timeout for seizure acknowledgement
must be longer due to satellite signal propagation delay, Domain :
Y(YES), N(No).
• IN START DIAL Incoming start signal type – specifies the signal
transmitted from the system to define when dialing begins. Wink
start provides control for address signaling used to inform the
calling exchange that the called exchange is prepared to receive
address signals A-Z,0-9.

RC/V Definition for DASEL

SCREEN 1 OF 1
DIGIT ANALYSIS SELECTOR
*1. DIGIT ANL 1
2. ORIG ANL 0
3. INC ANL 1
4. MAIN ANL 101
5. LOC MAIN ANL 0
6. NAT MAIN ANL 0
7. INT MAIN ANL 0
8. IN MAIN ANL 01
9. REMARKS INC TRUNK

RC/V Definition for DAPRI


SCREEN 1 OF 1
INCOMING PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS
*1. INC ANL 001
*2. DIG STRING 0
#3. DEL DIGITS 0
#4. LDIT Y
5. NBR OF DIGITS 0
6. DEST INDEX 0
7. DESEP 0
#8. DEST TYPE VACANT
9. PREFIX NONE
10.
RC/V Definition for DANAL TRUNK
REMARKS INC.

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SCREEN 1 OF 2
MAIN DIGIT ANALYSIS
*1. MAIN ANL 001 #11. DEST TYPE TOLL
*2. DIG STRING 051 12. TEST TYPE _______
#4. STRING TYPE RANGE #13. DEST COND INUSE
5. NBR OF DIGITS 0 14. SERV TYPE 0
6. DELETE DIGITS 0 15. MAC 0
7. MIN DIGITS 8 16. OCB TYPE 3
8. MAX DIGITS 10 17. DEST MEASMNT 0
9. DEST INDEX 511 18. CDC 0
10. PRIORITY DEST N
19. REMARKS C7 VOICE TO TRUNK

SCREEN 2 OF 2
MAIN DIGIT ANALYSIS
20. SKIP DIGITS 0
21. GOTO MAIN ANL 0
22. CONFRES
NBR DIG DEST TYPE TEST TYPE CDI DSTCND DESEP CDC OCBTYP
1) 0 VACANT __________ 0 INUSE 0 0 0
2) 0 VACANT __________ 0 INUSE 0 0 0
3) 0 VACANT __________ 0 INUSE 0 0 0
4) 0 VACANT __________ 0 INUSE 0 0 0
5) 0 VACANT __________ 0 INUSE 0 0 0
6) 0 VACANT __________ 0 INUSE 0 0 0
7) 0 VACANT __________ 0 INUSE 0 0 0
8) 0 VACANT __________ 0 INUSE 0 0 0

GROWTH AND DEGROWTH OF CCITT7 via RC/V

Summary Step in Growth Procedure an CCS No.7

• Define GSM ( Global Switching Module )


• Define the Routes (Link Set )
• Define Point Codes
• Define BH-MD Path onto GSM
• Define Paths from GSM to SMs terminating CCS Trunks
• Define the Physical Links for Link set
• Define the CCS Voice Trunks for this OPC

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The section now details the steps necessary in growing CCITT7.


It is assumed that the SMs is equipped with the Hardware i.e.:

• A PSUCOM in the SM that is to be the GSM – for STPH and MDPH.


• A PSUCOM in the SM ( Non-global SM ) that terminate CCS no.7 Voice
Trunk – for MDPH.
• PHs for SDL and MD Paths in the SM that is to be the GSM
• PHs for MD Paths in the SM that will terminate CCS no.7 Voice
trunks.
• Digital Facility Interfaces DFIs to carry Signaling Links and C7
Voice Trunks grown in between the relevant Offices.
RC/V view EPDLT can be used – the MODE should be CCS for C7 cases.

Define GSM ( Global Switching Module )

Enter RC/V view CCGSM Insert MODE, it is used to specify data for
CCITT7 global SM exchange. It is through this view that the flexible
point code is assigned.

Define the Routes ( Link Set )

Before defining the actual Physical Links we must define the linkset (
logical grouping of Signaling Links ).

Using RC/V view CCLS Insert MODE enter keys of LINKSET ( number of the
Linkset ), Protocol type, GSM , ADJ Point Codes and SIF CAPABILITY
( DATA 62 DATA272 or LSSU depending on maximum number of Octets that
Link member are to transmit in single MSU )

Define Point Codes

Now define the Point Codes in the Network . These Point Codes may be
Adjacent Point Codes ( direct signaling connection ) or Non-Adjacent
Point Codes ( no direct signaling connection but transit on STP ).
Using RC/V view CCPC insert MODE enter key Of POINT CODE , Protocol
type, GSM , Normal Link Set and alternative link set ( if it has ).

Define BH-MD Path onto GSM

Bunny-Hop is a special MD path from the GSM to itself.

• Enter RC/V view EUPHW in Update MODE and enter the key of GSM ,
UNIT ( PSUCOM usually 0 but can check from MCC page 1186,GSM and
the SHELF that the PHs are on ( SHELF is shown on page 1186,GSM ).
EUPHW tell us how many spare PH1 and PH3s we have. It also shows
what CHANNEL GROUPS are currently assigned. For e.g. MD if
terminating MD Path, ST7 if terminating a Signaling Link or MDST7
if a PH3 terminating MD Paths and Signaling Links.
• Enter RC/V view RTMDL in Insert MODE and enter key of FR GSM,
SHELF that the PHs are on ( MCC page 1186,GSM ), CHANNEL GROUP,
CHANNEL GROUP MEMBER ( must be 0 if PH 1 or ( 0 – 3 ) if a PH 3 ),

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To SM , MASTER ( GSM ) and DSL RATE must be 64 Kbs for bunny-hop


MDs.
• Goto MCC page 1530,GSM – this is the MD Path status Page. The MD
Path GROWN in should be RED specifying is Deactivated.
• Activate the MD path by poke 3XX ( MCC page 1530,GSM ) or by MML
command : rst-md:src=sm,dest=sm,type=CCS;

Define Paths from GSM to SMs terminating CCS Trunks

If MD path have to be grown to other SMs then steps on GROWING MD


Paths should be followed with notable different :

• A new PH1 or a new CHANNEL GROUP Member ( of a PH3 ) is required


for each new MD Path from GSM.
• A new PH1 or a new CHANNEL GROUP member ( of a PH3 ) is required on
the PSU of each SM terminating an MD Path.
• Non Bunny-Hop MD paths from GSM require MAIL-UP to the MATE SM. On
Local SMs this nail up is via TMS ( CM).

Define the Physical Links for Link set

Now we have a GSM with Bunny-Hop MD Paths and MD Paths to all other
SMs that may terminate C7 Trunks. We now grow Signaling Links to
other Point Codes in the C7 network so that the GSM can communicate
with the C7 Network.

Each end of a Signaling Link must have an associated CHANNEL GROUP and
PH ( PH1 or PH3). Use RC/V view EUPHW to assign CHANNEL GROUPs to PHs
(at the FR and TO GSM )as done for MD Paths.

Enter RC/V view CCLNK in Insert MODE. Enter Key of LINK SET , LINK
(
LINK MEMBER), PROTOCOL Network ( International or national
( C7NATL ), GSM , SLC ( must be the same at both ends) , DEN ( CH
NR ) ( must be the same at both ends).
Restore Signaling Link ( MCC page 1522,Linkset,C7NATL,GSM ) 3XX, XX=
Link Member or MML Command : rst-ccslk:c7natl,linkset,link,dact,GSM;

Define the CCS Voice Trunks for this OPC

The final step in the Growth procedure is to define C7 Voice Trunks.


This is done by first defining the TRUNK GROUP which is a logical
grouping given to trunks which have the same characteristic, and the
defining the individual Trunk Members.
To define a C7 trunk Group enter the RC/V TRGNR view INSERT MODE.

C7 specific fields are“SERVICESCLASS”(CCCS7NATRK ),”DIRECTIONAL”


(TWOWAY), “INCOMING SIGNALLING TYPE “,”OUTGOING SIGNALING TYPE” (
ISUP7N ),”OPC”(Originating Point Code),”DPC”(Destination Point Code).

Grow in the individual Trunk Group Members

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Enter RC/V view TRKNR in INSERT MODE, specific fields are “COMMON TRK
ID” ( That is the CIC value for the Trunk ) which must be the same
value as the far end of the Trunk.
The “TRK EQ NR” ( this define the SM-DLTU-DFI-CHANNEL that trunk
terminates on ). Again the CHANNEL number must be consistent with
that used by the far end of the trunk.

Trunks grown in will initially have the status : “OOS CADN DSBLD AUTO”
Restore the trunk:

oplst-tg:<TRGNR>; status “OOS CADN DSBLD AUTO”

rst-trk:<trunk group><member>,ucl,oos,cadn,dsbld;

rst-tg:<trunk group>,ucl….

The Trunk will change status to “OOS MTCE DSBLD CCSINIT AUTO”. Within
two minutes the trunk should change state is IS.

Steps in Degrowth Procedure

A useful way of determining all the Trunks/Signaling-Links/Point-


Codes/etc with query database (QUDB).

1. Delete all C7 Voice Trunks

• Before deleting Voice Trunk remove status trunk group active.

rmv-trk:<Trunk Group><Member>,ucl; or
rmv-tg:<Trunk Group>,ucl;

• Continue to delete the Voice Trunks. This is done via the TRKNR
RC/V view in DELETE MODE. The key to view are “Trunk Group”,
“member” and “member quality”.

• Once all the Trunk Members of a specific Trunk Group have been
deleted then the Trunk Group can be delete. This is done via
RC/V view TRGNR in DELETE MODE. The key to view is “TRUNK GRP
NR” which is the Trunk Group number to be deleted.

2. Delete all Signaling Links from GSM to other Point Codes in the C7
network.

• All signaling must be deactivated


At MCC page 1522,LINKSET,C7NATL,GSM enter poke 2xx,ucl
Or MML Command :

rmv-ccslk:c7natl,LINKSET,LINK,DACT,ucl,GSM;

• Delete each Signaling link terminating at PHs on the GSM. This


is done via RC/V view CCLNK.

3. Delete GSM “knowledge” of all other Point Code

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The next step is to delete GSM “knowledge” of all other Point Code
in the C7 network. This is done via RC/V view CCPC in delete mode.
The key to view are “POINT CODE”,”PROTOCOL TYPE” and “GSM”.

4. Delete the routes ( Link Sets )

This is done via the RC/V view CCLS in delete mode. The keys are
“LINKSET”,”PROTOCOL TYPE” and “GSM”.

5. Delete all the Message Delivery Paths from the GSM to other SMs

As for voice Trunks and Signaling Links, the MD paths must be


Deactivated before deletion .

At MCC page 1530,GSM enter 2xxx,ucl where xxx is the SM that the MD
path connects to.
If use MML command : rmv-md:<GSM>,<SM>,type=CCS;

Enter RC/V Message Delivery Link view RTMDL in Delete Mode. The
keys are “FM GSM”,”FM SHELF”,”FM CHANNEL GROUP”

6. Delete the Bunny-Hop MD path.

As for the MD paths the bunny-hop MD should not be activate for


delete.

rmv-md:<GSM>,<GSM>; ( on MCC page 1530,GSM poke 2xxx)

will not be successful

remove the Bunny-Hop MD the actual physical PH board must be pulled


from the SMC cabinet. To know the exact PH to pull follow this
procedure :

• Use opst-md:<GSM>,<GSM>; or look at MCC Page 1530,GSM and


enter 800,GSM to obtain the CHANNEL GROUP and SHELF number.
• Use MCC page 118<SHELF>,GSM to obtain a display of PHs.
• Map the CHANNEL GROUP to the Physical PH Number.
• Using this PH Number GOTO the Cabinet and pull the PH board.
• Goto MCC page 1530,GSM and check the Bunny-Hop MD Path is
DACT ( if note use poke 2xxx or rmv-md:<GSM>,<GSM>; these
will now be effective.

With the bunny-Hop MD Path now in the DACT state we can delete it. Do
this via the RC/V RTMDL Message Delivery Link view.

Enter the view in delete mode. The keys are “GSM”, “SHELF”
( obtainable from opst-md:<GSM>,<GSM> ) and the “CHANNEL GROUP” .

7. Delete the global SM

This is done via RC/V view CCGSM. The key to view is “GSM”.

CCITT7 has been Degrown from the SM.

Copyright 1999 Lucent Technologies Page 29 of 37


CCS No. 7 SIGNALING SYSTEM

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SCENARIO CCS7 SIGNALING, LOOP DFI ( INTRA OFFICE )

SDL

VOICE
TRUNK

PC 151 ASSIGNMENT PC 171 (Dummy PC)


GSM 01 CHANNEL GROUP OF
PH
PH
0 LS 1-1 DFI 1-1-1-16

1 LS 1-1 DFI 1-1-2-16

2
3 Bunny-HOP

S M Peripheral S M Peripheral
PH DFI

Figure x. Scenario Loop DFI

RC/V View CCGSM , Insert Mode

SCREEN 1 OF 1 RECENT CHANGE CCGSM


CCITT7 GLOBAL SM

*1. GSM 001 #19. LOAD SHARING


EVEN
#2. PROTOCOL CCITT7 #20. OFFICE SP TYPE SEP
#3. FIELD 1 14
#4. FIELD 2 0
#5. FIELD 3 0
#6. OPC 151 ___ ___
10. ALIAS POINT CODE ________ ___ ___
#14. NETWORK INDICATOR 2
#15. CIC LENGTH 12
#16. CONGEST TYPE SNGL
#17. CONGEST METHOD TIMER
#18. NORMAL SLS DIST 1

Copyright 1999 Lucent Technologies Page 30 of 37


CCS No. 7 SIGNALING SYSTEM

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RC/V View CCLS , Insert Mode

SCREEN 1 OF 1 RECENT CHANGE CCLS


SIGNALLING LINK SET

*1. LINK SET 001


*2. PROTOCOL TYPE C7NATL
*3. GSM 001
#4. ADJ POINT CODE 171 ___ ___
#8. AUTO ALLOCATION N
#9. MGMT INH PROTOCOL N
#10. SIF CAPABILITY DATA272
11. INTERNAL N
&12. PHYSICAL LINKS 2
&13. ACTIVE LINKS 2
&14. LOADED LINKS 2
&15. CLS COUNT 1

SCREEN 1 OF 1 RECENT CHANGE CCLS


SIGNALLING LINK SET

*1. LINK SET 002


*2. PROTOCOL TYPE C7NATL
*3. GSM 001
#4. ADJ POINT CODE 171 ___ ___
#8. AUTO ALLOCATION N
#9. MGMT INH PROTOCOL N
#10. SIF CAPABILITY DATA272
11. INTERNAL N
&12. PHYSICAL LINKS 2
&13. ACTIVE LINKS 2
&14. LOADED LINKS 2
&15. CLS COUNT 1

RC/V view CCPC, Insert Mode

SCREEN 1 OF 1 RECENT CHANGE CCPC


SIGNALING POINT CODE

*1. POINT CODE 00000171 ___ ___ 12. ALTERNATIVE LINK


SETS
*5. PROTOCOL TYPE C7NATL SET
*6. GSM 001 1) ____
&7. ADJACENT Y 2) ____
#8. SCCP CONCERNED N 3) ____
#9. STP ROUTE Y 4) ____
#10. STP OPC POLICING N
#11. NORMAL LINK SET 1

Copyright 1999 Lucent Technologies Page 31 of 37


CCS No. 7 SIGNALING SYSTEM

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RC/V View CCLNK , Insert Mode

SCREEN 1 OF 2 RECENT CHANGE CCLNK


EXTERNAL SIGNALING LINK

*1. LINK SET 001 15. LGRP ___


*2. LINK 0 16. LGRP MEMBER __
*3. PROTOCOL TYPE C7NATL
*4. GSM 001 TO GLOBAL PSU
#5. SLC 0 #17. SHELF 0
6. CH NR D 00100101016 #18. CHANNEL GROUP 0
#9. PRIORITY 1 #19. CH GP MEMBER 0
#10. TRANSM TYPE BASIC
#11. RATE 64KB
12. PCR N1 ___
13. PCR N2 _____
#14. TRANSM RATE 1

SCREEN 2 OF 2 RECENT CHANGE CCLNK


EXTERNAL SIGNALING LINK
CONGESTION THRESHOLDS

20. H RET ONSET 96 31. M TRAN DISC ___


21. H RET ABATE 64 32. L RET ONSET ___
22. H RET DISC ___ 33. L RET ABATE ___
23. H TRAN ONSET 60 34. L RET DISC ___
24. H TRAN ABATE 30 35. L TRAN ONSET ___
25. H TRAN DISC ___ 36. L TRAN ABATE ___
26. M RET ONSET ___ 37. L TRAN DISC ___
27. M RET ABATE ___
28. M RET DISC ___
29. M TRAN ONSET ___
30. M TRAN ABATE ___

SCREEN 1 OF 2 RECENT CHANGE CCLNK


EXTERNAL SIGNALING LINK

*1. LINK SET 001 15. LGRP ___


*2. LINK 1 16. LGRP MEMBER __
*3. PROTOCOL TYPE C7NATL
*4. GSM 001 TO GLOBAL PSU
#5. SLC 1 #17. SHELF 0
6. CH NR D 00100102016 #18. CHANNEL GROUP 0
#9. PRIORITY 1 #19. CH GP MEMBER 1
#10. TRANSM TYPE BASIC
#11. RATE 64KB
12. PCR N1 ___
13. PCR N2 _____
#14. TRANSM RATE 1

Copyright 1999 Lucent Technologies Page 32 of 37


CCS No. 7 SIGNALING SYSTEM

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SCREEN 2 OF 2 RECENT CHANGE CCLNK


EXTERNAL SIGNALING LINK
CONGESTION THRESHOLDS

20. H RET ONSET 96 31. M TRAN DISC ___


21. H RET ABATE 64 32. L RET ONSET ___
22. H RET DISC ___ 33. L RET ABATE ___
23. H TRAN ONSET 60 34. L RET DISC ___
24. H TRAN ABATE 30 35. L TRAN ONSET ___
25. H TRAN DISC ___ 36. L TRAN ABATE ___
26. M RET ONSET ___ 37. L TRAN DISC ___
27. M RET ABATE ___
28. M RET DISC ___
29. M TRAN ONSET ___
30. M TRAN ABATE ___

RC/V view CCMDL , Insert Mode

SCREEN 1 OF 1 RECENT CHANGE CCMDL


MESSAGE DELIVERY LINKS

MASTER PSU #10. DSLRATE 64KB


*1. SM 001
*2. SHELF 0
*3. CHANNEL GROUP 00
*4. CH GP MEMBER 3
MATE PSU
#5. MATE SM 1
#6. MATE SHELF 0
#7. MATE CHANNEL GROUP 0
#8. MATE CH GP MEMBER 3

#9. APPLICATION CCS

Copyright 1999 Lucent Technologies Page 33 of 37


CCS No. 7 SIGNALING SYSTEM

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RC/V view TRKGRP

SCREEN 1 OF 5
TRUNK GROUP NUMBER
BASIC CHARACTERISTICS
+1. TRK GRP NR 1151
+2. LABEL CLCI GP ID __________________________
3. NAME TRK GRP C7 LOOP
#4. DIRECTION TWOWAY 11. REMARKS C7 LOOP
#5. HUNT TYPE 2WB &12. GRP NUM 151
6. SCR INDEX 151 &13. LABEL C7 LOOP
7. DIGIT ANL 12 14. TEST MODE 0
8. IMPL DIGITS 0 #15. APT INH Y
#9. TRK CLASS CCS7NATRK 16. SM 0
10. SRC MEASMNT 0 17. MAKE BUSY EQ __________

SCREEN 2 OF 5
TRUNK GROUP NUMBER
18. GLARE YIELD N 28. IDENT ALLOWED Y
19. SPEC ROUTE ID ___________ 29. SATELLITE N
20. DATARATE __________ 30. INTERNATIONAL ID N
21. DED DATA N 31. ANNC VARIANT 0
&22. PBX ID ____ 32. LB1 SEND Y
&23. GRP SIZE 2 33. LB23 SEND Y
&24. ACT SIZE 2 34. FAR END AREA ____
35. HDW FOT Y
ADMINISTRATIVE CHARACTERISTICS 36. VOICE MAIL N
25. INC SIG ISUP7N
26. OUTG SIG ISUP7N TRUNK ERROR ANALYSIS
27. AML PERCENT ___ 37. TRK ERR RECY RPT

SCREEN 3 OF 5
TRUNK GROUP NUMBER
#38. CALL PER MDII THRES 10 47. IVPN TRK GRP N
#39. CONSEC MDII THRES 3
CCITT7 CHARACTERISTICS
ANNC TRUNKS 48. GSM 1
40. ANNC CYCLES 0
41. ANNC TYPE NBAR
42. ANNC TIME 60
43. VPNCID ________
44. VPNNOCID RECVNM
45. TRK QRY N
46. PSEUDO CLID 0100

SCREEN 4 OF 5
TRUNK GROUP NUMBER
49. ORIG POINT CODE 151 ___ ___ C7 USER PART
53. DEST POINT CODE 171 ___ ___ 63. GRP BLK MSGS Y
57. VPA RATE 0 64. GRP RST MSGS Y
58. VPA TYPE 4WICL0 65. MULTI BLK STATES Y
FLEXIBLE 1 BIT SIGNALING
59. PULSED RLS GRD ALWD N
60. METERING ON ANSWER N
61. PRIM SIG BIT N
62. A TO D BITS N

SCREEN 5 OF 5
TRUNK GROUP NUMBER
ISUP7 GATEWAY
#66. INC CALL FRWD N
#67. OUTG CALL FRWD N
#68. USER TO USER SERV N
#69. CONNECTED LINE ID NOCOL
70. COT PREV ALLOW Y

Copyright 1999 Lucent Technologies Page 34 of 37


CCS No. 7 SIGNALING SYSTEM

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SCREEN 1 OF 5
TRUNK GROUP NUMBER
BASIC CHARACTERISTICS
+1. TRK GRP NR 1171
+2. LABEL CLCI GP ID __________________________
3. NAME TRK GRP C7 LOOP TWO
#4. DIRECTION TWOWAY 11. REMARKS C7 LOOP
#5. HUNT TYPE 2WEO &12. GRP NUM 171
6. SCR INDEX 171 &13. LABEL C7 LOOP
7. DIGIT ANL 11 14. TEST MODE 0
8. IMPL DIGITS 0 #15. APT INH Y
#9. TRK CLASS CCS7NATRK 16. SM 0
10. SRC MEASMNT 0 17. MAKE BUSY EQ __________

SCREEN 2 OF 5
TRUNK GROUP NUMBER
18. GLARE YIELD N 28. IDENT ALLOWED Y
19. SPEC ROUTE ID ___________ 29. SATELLITE N
20. DATARATE __________ 30. INTERNATIONAL ID N
21. DED DATA N 31. ANNC VARIANT 0
&22. PBX ID ____ 32. LB1 SEND Y
&23. GRP SIZE 02 33. LB23 SEND Y
&24. ACT SIZE 02 34. FAR END AREA ____
35. HDW FOT Y
ADMINISTRATIVE CHARACTERISTICS 36. VOICE MAIL N
25. INC SIG ISUP7N
26. OUTG SIG ISUP7N TRUNK ERROR ANALYSIS
27. AML PERCENT ___ 37. TRK ERR RECY RPT

SCREEN 3 OF 5
TRUNK GROUP NUMBER
#38. CALL PER MDII THRES 10 47. IVPN TRK GRP N
#39. CONSEC MDII THRES 3
CCITT7 CHARACTERISTICS
ANNC TRUNKS 48. GSM 1
40. ANNC CYCLES 0
41. ANNC TYPE NBAR
42. ANNC TIME 60
43. VPNCID ________
44. VPNNOCID RECVNM
45. TRK QRY N
46. PSEUDO CLID 0100

SCREEN 4 OF 5
TRUNK GROUP NUMBER
49. ORIG POINT CODE 151 ___ ___ C7 USER PART
53. DEST POINT CODE 171 ___ ___ 63. GRP BLK MSGS Y
57. VPA RATE 0 64. GRP RST MSGS Y
58. VPA TYPE 4WICL0 65. MULTI BLK STATES Y
FLEXIBLE 1 BIT SIGNALING
59. PULSED RLS GRD ALWD N
60. METERING ON ANSWER N
61. PRIM1 SIG
SCREEN OF 2BIT N
62. A TO D BITS N GROUP NR & TRUNK NR
TRUNK
TRUNK CHARACTERISTICS
SCREEN 5 OFGRP
*1. TRK 5 NR 1171 &14. DIR NR ___________
*2. TRK NR 0001TRUNK GROUP #15.
NUMBER
GLARE YIELD N
ISUP7 GATEWAY
*3. TRK MEM QTY 01 16. MAX CALLS 0
#66.
#4.INC
TRKCALL FRWD
EQ NR N
D 00100002001 &17. SDL VOICE PORT N
#67.7.OUTG
SIG CALL
TYPE FRWD N
_______
RC/V view
#68.8.USER TOTRKNR,
TRANS USER SERVInsert
CLASS 1 N Mode SIGNALING INVERSION
#69.9.CONNECTED
COMMON TRKLINE
ID ID NOCOL
02047 18. BIT INVERSION N
70.
&10.COT PREV ALLOW
SATELLITE N Y
11. IN START DIAL NONE 19. SUPV EM2
12. OUT START DIAL NONE
13. CGA SCAN POINT __________

SCREEN 2 OF 2
TRUNK GROUP NR & TRUNK NR
NETWORK SERVICES COMPLEX
Copyright
&20. NSC1999 Lucent Technologies
TRUNK N Page 35 of 37
&21. NSC INDEX _
&22. NSC BAND _
CCS No. 7 SIGNALING SYSTEM

____________________________________________________________________________________

SCREEN 1 OF 2
TRUNK GROUP NR & TRUNK NR
TRUNK CHARACTERISTICS
*1. TRK GRP NR 1151 &14. DIR NR ___________
*2. TRK NR 0001 #15. GLARE YIELD N
*3. TRK MEM QTY 01 16. MAX CALLS 0
#4. TRK EQ NR D 00100001001 &17. SDL VOICE PORT N
7. SIG TYPE _______
8. TRANS CLASS 1 SIGNALING INVERSION
9. COMMON TRK ID 0 18. BIT INVERSION N
&10. SATELLITE N
11. IN START DIAL NONE 19. SUPV EM2
12. OUT START DIAL NONE
13. CGA SCAN POINT __________

SCREEN 2 OF 2
TRUNK GROUP NR & TRUNK NR
NETWORK SERVICES COMPLEX
&20. NSC TRUNK N
&21. NSC INDEX _
&22. NSC BAND _

LAB only code procedure ( Loop around)

1. Make physical loop on the DFI in which the SDL and Voice Trunk will
be
Looped.
2. On one PH do
load-phgvr:1-0-0-0,”CCkey1”,l=2,2,h’a5;
Load-phgvr:1-0-0-0,”CCkey2”,l=2,2,h’5a;

dump-phgvr:1-0-0-0,gvar=:”CCkey1”,2;

3. On view 40.5 CCLNK, SLC between far end and near end must be
different by one, ex :

OPC DPC
=== ===

LS=1 LS=1
LM=0 LM=0
SLC=0 SLC=1

The “CIC” must be different 2047 (view 4.3 TRKNR)

At the real Exchange ( not loop around)

SLC for Far End & Near End must be equal ( view 40.5 CCLNK)
CIC ( Common Trk ID) for far end &near end must be equal (view
4.3 TRKNR)
To activate COT, set VPA RATE not equal to 0, and VPA TYPE =
4WICLO(View 4.1 TRGNR)
Note : COT = Continuity Check
VPA = Voice Path Assurance

Copyright 1999 Lucent Technologies Page 36 of 37


CCS No. 7 SIGNALING SYSTEM

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In the high traffic, the “COT” will use the resources of LDSU,
so it can be caused SM OVERLOAD. To overcome the SM OVERLOAD we
may reduce be VPA RATE ( Percentage)
If the GSM is CLASSIC SM, we need to grow bunny-hop (MDL) in
view 40.6 RTMDL from GSM, and we need to grow the MDL to
connect the non GSM.
If the GSM is SM2K, we don’t need MDL or bunny-hop because they
already have QLPS, but need have QPIPE ( view 13.1 QPIPE) to
connect GSM to non GSM.

Copyright 1999 Lucent Technologies Page 37 of 37