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Project: TCP/EGY/3301

Project: TCP/EGY/3301 Monitoring of Climate Change Risk Impacts of Sea Level Rise on Groundwater and Agriculture

Monitoring of Climate Change Risk Impacts of Sea Level

Rise on Groundwater and Agriculture in the Nile Delta

The relation among Sea Level Rise, groundwater table and

salinization of soils and groundwater

Dr. Mohamed Ismail

LOA 1 Activities

LOA 1 Activities Establishment of (75) seventy five bathometers LOA 2 Activities Monitoring and data collection

Establishment of (75) seventy five bathometers

LOA 2 Activities

Monitoring and data collection activities of ground water depth, ground water salinity, and soil salinity

LOA 1 Activities

Establishment of (75) seventy five bathometers

1 Activities Establishment of (75) seventy five bathometers (75) seventy five bathometers were Located in the

(75) seventy five bathometers were Located in the Mediterranean costal area between Abukeer in Alexandria governorate to Shark Eltafreaa in Portsaid (weatern Portsaid) governorate, in Egypt.

To collect the data of ground water level, water table salinity, and salinity composition

SWERI establish seventy five (75) bathometers which are provided by the recipient organization and FAO, and its location were adjusted

according to:

Ground truth using GPS. Cultivated crop in the field.

1- SWERI Data collection GPS system was used to locate the bathometers location

1- SWERI Data collection GPS system was used to locate the bathometers location

2- Establishment the observation wells

2- Establishment the observation wells

Observation wells description

PVC pipe 75mm diameter Iron pipe 4 inches diameter 0.5 meter deep Concrete Concrete 0.4
PVC pipe 75mm diameter
Iron pipe 4 inches diameter
0.5 meter deep
Concrete
Concrete
0.4
meter deep
base
base
above soil surface
above soil surface
0.3
meter deep
Concrete
Concrete
base
base
under soil surface
0.3 meter wide
Iron pipe 1 meter
2.5 meter PVC

Geographic Projection

ETM Projection

No Code ID Longitude Latitude X Y 1 1 31°08'48.1" 31°16'56.1" 628969.39 952164.02 2 2
No
Code ID
Longitude
Latitude
X
Y
1
1
31°08'48.1"
31°16'56.1"
628969.39
952164.02
2
2
31°08'03.1"
31°19'54.2"
627771.77
957648.56
3
3
31°07'31.8"
31°21'58.2"
626938.59
961468.70
4
4
31°08'27.5"
31°24'18.1"
628406.61
965777.47
5
5
31°07'43.1"
31°27'07.1"
627227.25
970982.70
6
6
31°08'16.0"
31°29'25.1"
628090.52
975232.99
7
12
31°02'01.9"
31°20'31.2"
618221.39
958780.08
8
15
31°00'32.1"
31°16'42.1"
615848.24
951723.63
9
16
30°55'16.2"
31°08'56.2"
607482.86
937378.42
10
17
30°53'32.8"
31°12'03.4"
604749.01
943147.03
11
18
30°52'56.0"
31°14'10.8"
603778.21
947071.97
12
19
30°53'10.0"
31°16'14.4"
604153.27
950878.65
13
20
30°52'46.2"
31°18'47.7"
603530.47
955598.89
14
21
30°51'25.5"
31°19'44.9"
601398.22
957364.09
15
26
30°43'26.4"
31°09'35.6"
588683.60
938623.18
16
28
30°41'54.9"
31°13'42.7"
586281.42
946239.06
17
29
30°41'35.9"
31°16'26.1"
585794.10
951272.98
18
31
30°27'58.5"
31°08'58.7"
564103.94
937575.11
19
32
30°25'26.1"
31°09'50.8"
560075.71
939199.94
20
34
30°20'27.1"
31°15'36.3"
552219.06
949884.14
21
35
30°21'47.8"
31°18'37.2"
554386.07
955445.06
22
37
30°24'37.5"
31°19'46.1"
558884.55
957540.85
23
40
30°32'01.3"
31°25'41.8"
570664.96
968440.56
24
41
30°31'11.0"
31°23'48.2"
569322.38
964948.40
25
42
30°31'20.8"
31°22'16.8"
569568.81
962132.90
26
44
30°33'35.1"
31°18'08.6"
573086.78
954472.57
27
45
29°58'20.3"
31°12'33.3"
517063.15
944516.64
28
46
30°02'38.4"
31°11'49.5"
523884.62
943107.78
29
47
30°04'52.4"
31°09'44.8"
527398.68
939235.61
30
48
30°05'42.1"
31°07'50.8"
528688.05
935715.60
31
50
30°01'14.9"
31°08'01.4"
521611.18
936100.80
32
53
30°03'40.4"
31°13'45.7"
525554.80
946670.57
33
54
30°04'10.5"
31°15'23.1"
526377.55
949665.72
34
55
30°06'14.6"
31°12'51.7"
529623.41
944974.80
35
59
30°09'22.9"
31°08'05.0"
534539.83
936105.16
36
61
31°48'39.0"
31°12'16.6"
692274.01
943832.05
37
62
31°49'06 5"
31°10'04 8"
693033 33
939776 96
Geographic Projection ETM Projection No Code ID Longitude Latitude X Y 40 68 31°53'38.1"
Geographic Projection
ETM Projection
No
Code ID
Longitude
Latitude
X
Y
40
68
31°53'38.1"
31°12'20.6"
700190.96
944014.29
41
69
31°56'43.1"
31°10'16.5"
705122.84
940234.77
42
71
32°01'00.3"
31°11'19.6"
711916.10
942237.53
43
72
31°14'49.4"
31°11'48.6"
638547.66
942712.27
44
73
31°17'54.7"
31°14'56.8"
643436.08
948519.06
45
74
31°18'10.7"
31°19'07.5"
643837.58
956242.38
46
75
31°17'58.6"
31°21'47.2"
643506.16
961160.20
47
76
31°21'47.5"
31°22'30.0"
649551.56
962496.44
48
77
31°21'51.8"
31°24'19.0"
649653.48
965855.77
49
78
31°21'25.2"
31°18'05.9"
648988.49
954359.73
50
79
31°22'18.0"
31°14'38.2"
650405.35
947967.78
51
80
31°24'09.6"
31°16'57.2"
653341.76
952258.57
52
81
31°26'29.8"
31°19'30.7"
657031.92
957000.74
53
82
31°29'56.1"
31°23'33.5"
662453.45
964502.66
54
83
31°34'35.2"
31°23'27.8"
669827.46
964362.91
55
84
31°35'05.2"
31°20'45.2"
670647.88
959359.53
56
85
31°36'10.5"
31°18'36.0"
672394.87
955388.71
57
86
31°12'42.6"
31°17'17.6"
635169.24
952838.51
58
87
31°15'00.6"
31°15'44.2"
638826.80
949967.13
59
88
31°33'35.4"
31°25'41.5"
668225.94
968474.04
60
89
31°38'59.0"
31°24'45.6"
676784.63
966799.86
61
90
31°44'43.4"
31°24'50.6"
685879.75
967011.29
62
91
31°46'41.4"
31°25'29.3"
688989.42
968223.21
63
92
31°40'02.1"
31°19'56.7"
678505.31
957911.50
64
93
31°36'45.5"
31°16'03.6"
673346.70
950702.08
65
94
31°33'52.1"
31°15'38.7"
668762.33
949910.14
66
95
31°32'53.6"
31°17'22.5"
667200.50
953099.50
67
96
31°29'57.0"
31°20'21.0"
662504.32
958574.76
68
98
30°38'00.9"
31°17'18.5"
580110.65
952904.28
69
100
30°27'15.6"
31°13'47.5"
563010.67
946476.06
70
101
30°19'21.4"
31°10'45.0"
550427.68
940923.16
71
102
30°14'12.8"
31°09'57.9"
542244.03
939527.69
72
103
31°13'06.8"
31°22'47.9"
635790.35
963010.39
73
104
31°13'06.4"
31°26'37.5"
635764.35
970082.96
74
105
31°43'58.8"
31°17'02.3"
684796.63
952578.61
75
106
31°29'38.5"
31°16'05.1"
662051.21
950691.44

LOA 2 Activities

Monitoring and data collection activities ground water depth,

ground water salinity, and soil salinity

ground water depth, ground water salinity, and soil salinity The collected data content two types: •

The collected data content two types:

The soil samples were collected and analyzed. The soil samples will be collected three times started in June 2011 because the

soil properties were not change in short time (every 15 days).

The water table depth and water table salinity were collected every 15 days started from 15/6/2011 to 30/10/2012 (for Ten time).

Achieved data collected of first five months (June 2011 to October 2011)

pH
pH
pH
pH

Ongoing work

Current data collected of second five months (October 2011 to February

2012 )

of second five months (October 2011 to February 2012 ) 1- Data collected of water table

1- Data collected of water table depth and salinity every 15 days

2- Second data collected of soil salinity

3- Produce some samples of water table depth and salinity maps

for different date

15/8/2011

30/8/2011
30/8/2011

15/9/2011

30/9/2011
30/9/2011

15/10/2011

30/10/2011
30/10/2011

15/8/2011

30/8/2011
30/8/2011

15/9/2011

30/9/2011
30/9/2011

15/10/2011

30/10/2011
30/10/2011

Future work

Future data collected of third five months (March 2012 to August 2012 )

collected of third five months (March 2012 to August 2012 ) 1- Complete Data collected of

1- Complete Data collected of water table depth and salinity

every 15 days

2- Complete the last data collected of soil salinity March 2012

3- Correlation, ANOVA, and multi regression analysis to study the collected data

4- used simulation model to calculate and simulate the effect of increasing Sea Level Rise