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IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing,

PR China

IWA TG on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for WWTPs

Realistic model-based influent wastewater generation essential for objective benchmarking of control strategies
13 September 2006 Beijing, PR China

Dr Krist V. Gernaey, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark Dr Christian Rosen, IEA, Lund University, Sweden
Krist V. Gernaey Model-based influent wastewater generation 1

IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

Outline

Introduction and purpose Basic model principles Dynamic influent model: Example Conclusions and perspectives

Krist V. Gernaey

Model-based influent wastewater generation

IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

Outline

Introduction and purpose Basic model principles Dynamic influent model: Example Conclusions and perspectives

Krist V. Gernaey

Model-based influent wastewater generation

IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

Benchmark Simulation Model no. 1 (BSM1)


ASM1 Influent Anoxic; V= 1000 m3 Reactor 1 ASM1 Anoxic; V= 1000 m3 Reactor 2 ASM1 Aerobic; V= 1333 m3 Reactor 3 ASM1 Aerobic; V= 1333 m3 Reactor 4 ASM1 Aerobic; V= 1333 m3 Reactor 5 Takacs Settler Effluent

Internal recycle, Qintr = 55338 m3/d Sludge recycle, Qr = 18446 m3/d Waste sludge Qw =385 m3/d

Benchmark Simulation no. 1 plant: Predenitrification system Activated sludge tanks: ASM1 Settler: non-reactive Takacs model (10 layers)
Krist V. Gernaey

Model-based influent wastewater generation

IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

Benchmark Simulation Model no. 1


Protocol that allows objective comparison of control
strategies in biological N removal activated sludge plants Evaluation of control strategies is done based on 3 different weather files 1 week of data is used to evaluate the impact of a proposed control strategy Evaluation is based on a number of specified criteria (effluent quality, operational cost, sludge production, energy usage and number/magnitude of effluent violations, etc.)
Krist V. Gernaey Model-based influent wastewater generation 5

IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

BSM1 limitations
Evaluation period is too short for comparing process
monitoring algorithms

No plant-wide control strategies can be evaluated

Krist V. Gernaey

Model-based influent wastewater generation

IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

BSM2 (Jeppsson et al., Watermatex 2004)


BSM2 influent BSM1_LT influent
Bypass Influent wastewater Effluent water

Primary clarifier
V = 900 m3

Activated sludge reactors

BSM1, Secondary BSM1_LT clarifier

TSS 3%

Thickener TSS 7%
ASM/ADM interfaces

Gas

Anaerobic digester H 20d

Dewatering TSS 28% Sludge removal

ADM/ASM interface

Controllable flow rate

Additional loads
Krist V. Gernaey Model-based influent wastewater generation

Valve
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IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

Why a 1 year evaluation period?


Long-term effect of control strategies can be considered: DO control: shift in activated sludge populations Waste sludge control Plant performance is tested over a wide range of
operating conditions Seasonal variations (T) Range of rain events (intensity, duration) Provides a more realistic framework for comparison of control strategies
Krist V. Gernaey Model-based influent wastewater generation 8

IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

Why an influent disturbance model?


Almost impossible to collect a data set on a real system
(1.5 years of dynamic data, 15 minute sampling interval) Allows generating characteristics that are necessary for a thorough evaluation of the monitoring algorithms/control systems in BSM1_LT/BSM2 Will result in minimising dynamic influent profile generation efforts Some phenomena to be included in BSM1_LT, (e.g. toxic influent shock loads) would necessitate a model Applications that reach beyond the BSM1_LT/BSM2 system (WWTP influent scenario builder)
Krist V. Gernaey Model-based influent wastewater generation 9

IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

Outline

Introduction and purpose Basic model principles Dynamic influent model: Example Conclusions and perspectives

Krist V. Gernaey

Model-based influent wastewater generation

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IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

Basic influent model principles


Model building in Matlab/Simulink (general; modularity) Model simplicity E.g. limit number of model parameters Model transparency E.g. parameters with physical meaning where
possible Model flexibility E.g. The model user can replace one or more model blocks with his/her own model code, or with data (e.g. Rainfall time series data)
Krist V. Gernaey Model-based influent wastewater generation 11

IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

BSM1_LT/BSM2 influent generation


Influent pollutant concentration model Influent flow rate model Influent temperature model BSM2 influent: ASM1 compatible influent vector (including suspended solids + flow rate + T)
1: SI 2: SS 3: XI 4: XS 5: XBH 6: XBA 7: XP 8: SO 9: SNO 10: SNH 11: SND 12: XND 13: SALK 14: TSS 15: Q 16: T

Phenomenological models

Primary clarifier model

Model for other influentrelated disturbances

Vector of other influent disturbances

17: SD1 18: SD2 19: SD3 20: XD4 21: XD5

BSM1_LT influent vector

Krist V. Gernaey

Model-based influent wastewater generation

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IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

Outline

Introduction and purpose Basic model principles Dynamic influent model: Example Conclusions and perspectives

Krist V. Gernaey

Model-based influent wastewater generation

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IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

Example 1: Dynamic influent flow rate profiles generated with the model

Krist V. Gernaey

Model-based influent wastewater generation

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IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

Example 2: daily average influent flow rate generated by the model

Krist V. Gernaey

Model-based influent wastewater generation

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IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

Example 3: Dynamic influent TSS profiles

Krist V. Gernaey

Model-based influent wastewater generation

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IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

Outline

Introduction and purpose Basic model principles Dynamic influent model: Example Conclusions and perspectives

Krist V. Gernaey

Model-based influent wastewater generation

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IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

Conclusions and perspectives


Phenomenological models of limited complexity can be
used to build WWTP influent scenarios, without the need of complex deterministic models of the urban drainage system

The models are used to generate the influent data for


BSM1_LT and BSM2

Potential applications within simulation-based evaluation


of WWTP design, upgrade and control scenarios
Krist V. Gernaey Model-based influent wastewater generation 18

IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for Wastewater Treatment Plants IWA2006 Workshop, 13 September 2006, Beijing, PR China

Thank you for your attention!


Questions?

Krist V. Gernaey

Model-based influent wastewater generation

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