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2013

By Megan Bull

Revision Guide for ABC Japanese

Covers most of the topics needed to pass ABC Japanese (Specification


from the exams of April 2013)

Kappatsu Nihongo
http://kappatsunihongo.wix.com/kappatsunihongo

Contents
Topic 1 The Basics .................................................................................................. 3
Self-Introductions .................................................................................................... 3
Numbers ................................................................................................................. 4
Age ......................................................................................................................... 5
Dates ...................................................................................................................... 6
Birthday ................................................................................................................... 8
Nationality ............................................................................................................... 9
Phone Numbers .................................................................................................... 10
Family ................................................................................................................... 11
Jobs ...................................................................................................................... 12
Hobbies ................................................................................................................. 13
Topic 2 Shopping .................................................................................................. 14
Colours ................................................................................................................. 14
Clothing ................................................................................................................. 15
Food and Drink ..................................................................................................... 16
Types of Shops ..................................................................................................... 17
Additional Adjectives ............................................................................................. 18
Counters ............................................................................................................... 18
Shopping Phrases (including restaurants) ............................................................ 20
Topic 3 Time, Activities, and Transport ................................................................. 22
Time ...................................................................................................................... 22
Activities ................................................................................................................ 24
Transport............................................................................................................... 26
Topic 4 Essential Kanji (Need to know for the test) ............................................... 27
Verbs ........................................................................................................................ 28
Additional Vocabulary .............................................................................................. 29
Hiragana Chart ......................................................................................................... 34
Katakana Chart ........................................................................................................ 35
Additional Resources for ABC .................................................................................. 36

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

Topic 1 The Basics


Self-Introductions
Hiragana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English

Hajimemashite.

Nice to meet you/Lets


begin (our first meeting).

()

Watashi wa ()
desu.

My name is (name).

(
)

Dzo yoroshiku
Nice to meet you (formal
(onegaishimasu). version).

Onamae wa nan
desu ka.

What is your name


(Formal)?

Onamae wa.

What is your name


(informal)?

Nihon

Japan

()

()

Nihongo

Japanese (Language)

()

Nihonjin

Japanese (Nationality)

()

Hi

Sun/Day/Noon

()

Hon

Book/Origin

()

Go

Language/Word

()

Hito

People/Person

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

Numbers
Hiragana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

()

Ichi

One

()

Ni

Two

()
(/)

San
Yon/Shi

Three
Four/Four (used rarely)

()

Go

Five

()

Roku

Six

(/)

Nana/Shichi

()

Hachi

Seven/Seven (used
rarely)
Eight

(/)

Ky/Ku

Nine

()

Ten

Romaji

English

()

J-ichi

Eleven

()

J-ni

Twelve

()

J-san

Thirteen

(/)

J- yon/shi

Fourteen

()

J- go

Fifteen

()

J-roku

Sixteen

(/

J- nana/shichi

()

J- hachi

Seventeen/Seventeen
(used rarely)
Eighteen

(/

J- ky/Ku

Nineteen

()

ni-j

Twenty

()

ni-j-ichi

Twenty-one

()

Hyaku

Hundred

()

Sen

Thousand

()

Man

Ten Thousand

And so on

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

Age
Hiragana/Kanji
(hiragana
pronunciation)

Nan sai desu ka

How old are you?

(
)

Watashi wa J-roku sai


desu.

Im Sixteen years old.

Nani

What?

Sai

Years, years old

()

J-nana sai desu

Seventeen years old

()

J-hassai desu

Eighteen years old

Romaji

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

English

Dates
Hiragana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English

()

Getsuybi

Monday

()

Kaybi

Tuesday

()

Suiybi

Wednesday

()

Mokuybi

Thursday

()

Kinybi

Friday

()

Doybi

Saturday

()

Nichiybi

Sunday

()

Ichigatsu

January

()

Nigatsu

February

()

Sangatsu

March

()

Shigatsu

April

()

Gogatsu

May

()

Rokugatsu

June

()

Shichigatsu

July

()

Hachigatsu

August

()

Kugatsu

September

()

Jgatsu

October

()

Jichigatsu

November

()

Jnigatsu

December

The dates are the number followed by (nichi). The following are
exceptions that do not follow the usual pattern.

()

Tsuitachi

1st

()

Futsuka

2nd

()

Mikka

3rd

()

Yokka

4th

()

Itsuka

5th

()

Muika

6th

()

Nanoka

7th

()

Yka

8th

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

()

Kokonoka

9th

()

Tka

10th

()

Jyokka

14th

Jshichinichi

17th

()

Hatsuka

20th

Nijyokka

24th

(
)

Nijshichinichi

27th

Ototoi

Kin

The day before


yesterday
Yesterday

Ky

Today

Ashita

Tomorrow

Asatte

The day after tomorrow

Even though the dates above are written in Kanji, in Japan Arabic (i.e. 1, 2, 3,
4, etc.) are used for dates.
Ky wa nanybi
What day is it today?

desu ka.

Ashita wa nanybi
desu ka.

What day is it tomorrow?

Kin wa nanybi
deshita ka.

What day was it


yesterday?

/ ()

Ky/Ashita wa
() desu.

Today/Tomorrow is
(day).

()

Kin wa ()
deshita.

Yesterday was (day).

Ky wa nan-nichi
desu ka.

What is todays date?

()

Ky wa () desu.

Today is the (date).

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

Birthday
Hiragana/Kanji
(hiragana
pronunciation)
()

(O)tanjbi wa itsu desu


ka.

When is your birthday


(Polite)?

Tanjbi wa (gatsu, nichi)


desu.

My birthday is (month,
day)

Romaji

Tanjbi wa Shichi gatsu


() Jshichinichi desu.

Otanjbi omedetto
gozaimasu.

English

My birthday is July 17th.

On your birthday
congratulations (i.e.
happy birthday).

The cake I would like for my next

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

Nationality
Kana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

Doko kara kimashita ka.

Where are you from?

()

Watashi wa () jin
desu.

I am (nationality).

()

() kara kimashita

I am from (country).

Furansu

France

Amerika

America

Chgoku

China

Kanada

Canada

Igirisu

England

Supain

Spain

Nihon

Japan

Doitsu

Germany

Indo

India

Itaria

Italy

()

()

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

English

Phone Numbers
Kana/Kanji
(hiragana
pronunciation)

O denwabang wa
nan-ban desu ka

Whats your phone number?

013
4445 9970

Denwa bang wa
013(no)4445(no)9970

My number is
013(pause)4445(pause)9970

Denwa

Phone

Bang

Number

Ban/han

Number

Romaji

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

English

10

Family

My
grandmother

My
grandfather

Your
Grandmother

Your
Grandfather

Your father

My father

My Mother

Your Mother

My
younger
sister

My
younger
brother

Me/I

My older
brother

My older
sister

Your
older
brother

Your
older
sister

Your
younger
sister

Your
Younger
Brother

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

Me/I
Male form

11

Kana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English

Kazoku

Family

Gokazoku

(Someone elses) Family



()

Gokazoku wa nan nin


desu ka.
Kazoku wa () nin
desu.

How many people in your


family?
There are (number)
people in my family.

Jobs
Kana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English

()

Shigoto wa nan desu ka What is your Job?


Watashi wa () desu

I am a (job).

Gakusei

Student

Kyshi

Teacher

Kaishain

Company Employee

Bengoshi

Lawyer

Shufu

Housewife

Isha

Doctor

Biyshi

Hairdresser

Kaihaishi

Accountant

()

Nan nen sei desu ka

What year are you in?


(Referring to School year)
I am in year (number).

() nen sei

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

12

Hobbies
Kana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English





()

Donna shumi ga suki


desu ka.
Donna supootsu o
shimasu ka.
() ga suki desu.

Which hobby/hobbies do
you like?
What sports do you play?

Dansu

Dance

Engei / Gadeningu

Gardening

Ikebana

Flower Arranging

Ryoori

Cooking

Ongaku

Music

Suk

Skiing

Gorufu

Golf

Sakkaa

Football

Dokusho

Reading

Suiei

Swimming

Jooba

Horse Riding

Famikon

Video Gaming

Drawing

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

My hobby is (hobby)

13

Topic 2 Shopping
Colours
Kana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English

Akai

Red

Orenji (n)

Orange

Kiiroi (n)

Yellow

Midori (n)

Green

Aoi

Blue

Murasaki (n)

Purple

Pinku (n)

Pink

Shiroi

White

Haiiro (n)

Grey

Kuroi

Black

Chairo (n)

Brown

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

14

Clothing
Kana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English

Wanpisu

Dress

Shatsu

Shirt

Zubon

Trousers

Sukto

Skirt

Stsu

Suit

Obaakto

Coat (Overcoat)

Shitagi

Underwear

Kutsu

Shoes

Kutsushita

Socks

Beruto

Belt

Bshi

Hat

Buraj

Bra

To say a blue hat, say , however to say a green hat say


. This is because noun colours, marked by (n) need . (The only
non-nouns listed are blue, red, black, and white.

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

15

Food and Drink


Kana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English

Tabemono

Food

Tomato

Tomato

Banana

Banana

Mikan

Orange/Tangerine

Ringo

Apple

Kki

Cake

Chokorto

Chocolate

Tempura

Tempura

Nomimono

Drink

Mizu

Water

Ocha

Green Tea

Kcha

Tea

Kh

Coffee

Miruku

Milk

Cra

Cola (Coke)

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

16

Types of Shops
Kana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English

Hon-ya

Book Shop

Kamera-ya

Camera Shop

Kudamono-ya

Fruit shop

Niku-ya

Meat Shop (Butchers)

Sakana-ya

Fish Shop

Pan-ya

Bread Shop (Bakery)

Kki-ya

Cake Shop

Saka-ya

Alcohol Shop

Derikatessen

Delicatessen

Tofu-ya

Tofu Shop

Yao-ya

Vegetable Shop

Ybinkyoku

Post Office

Hana-ya

Flower Shop

Kutsu-ya

Shoe Shop

Depto

Department Store

Shtengai

Local Shops

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

17

Additional Adjectives
Kana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English

kii

Big

Chiisai

Small

Takai

Expensive

Yasui

Cheap

Counters
Kana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English

Floor Counters

Chikaikai

Basement

Chikai

Ikkai

Nikai

Basement but still a


shopping floor
First Floor (Ground Floor
to the English)
Second Floor

Sangai

Third Floor

Yonkai

Fourth Floor

Gokai

Fifth Floor

Rokkai

Sixth Floor

Flat Items (Such as Pizza) use the number followed by -mai


Cylindrical Items (such as a bottle)

Ippon

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

One

18

Nihon

Two

Sanbon

Three

Yonbon

Four

Gohon

Five

General Items (undefined shape such as tempura)

Hitotsu

One

Futatsu

Two

Mittsu

Three

Yottsu

Four

Itsutsu

Five

People Counters
(to count how many people, used in the family section)
Hitori
One person

Futari

Two people

San nin

Three people

Yo nin

Four people

Go nin

Five people

Roku nin

Six people

Shichi nin

Seven people

Hachi nin

Eight people

Ky nin

Nine people

J nin

Ten people

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

19

Shopping Phrases (including restaurants)


Kana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English

Irasshaimase

Welcome

Sumimasen

Excuse me/Sorry

()

() ga arimasu ka

Have you got (noun)?

Nan kai?

What floor?

()

()

() wa nan kai desu ka

On what floor is
(Place/Item)?
Where is (Place/Item)?

()

() doko ni arimasu ka

() wa doko desu ka

Chotto misete kudasai

misete kudasai

() () wa misete kudasai.

Where do you have


(Place/Item)?
Please can I have a look?
Please show me.
Please show me (the
noun)
How much is it?

Ikura desu ka

()

Kono () wa ikura desu How much for this


ka
(noun)?
Kore Kudasai
This please

()

() o kudasai

This (noun) please.

/.

Nan mai/bon? Ikutsu?

Kore
Kono
Sore
Sono
Are
Ano

How many
(flat/cylindrical)? How
many (general)?
This (near speaker)
This (with use of noun)
That (near listener)
That (with use of noun)
That over there (far away)
That over there (w.u.o.n.)

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

20

Dore
Dono
Menyu o kudasai

Menyu o misete kudasai Show me the menu


please.
Okawari wa
Would you like a second
serving?
Ocha wa
Tea?

Which one?
Which one? (w.u.o.n.)
A menu please.

Kh wa ikaga desu ka

Naifu

Knife

Fku

Fork

Menyu

Menu

Reshiito

Receipt

Kereditto Kaado ii desu


ka
Okanjou

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

Would you like some


coffee?
Is it okay to pay by card?
Bill

21

Topic 3 Time, Activities, and Transport


Time
Kana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English

Ima nan ji desu ka

What time is it now?

Ima

Now

()

() ji

(time) oclock

Four is the only exception being Yo ji, also seven is shichi ji (as opposed to
nana ji)
Han
Half past

Pun

Minutes (for numbers


ending in zero)
Fun
Minutes (for numbers
ending in five)
An example time sentence is
San ji j go fun desu.
This means it is 3:15
Gozen
AM
Gogo

PM

AM/PM goes before the hour. For example


Gogo San ji j go fun desu
This means it is 3:15pm
Kara
From
Made

Until

Sentence structure is as follows


AM/PM Time+Minutes From AM/PM Time+Minutes Until
e.g. Gozen ku ji kara Gogo yo ji j go fun made

Meaning from 9am until 4:15pm

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

22

Mai

Every

Mai-asa

Every morning

Mai-ban

Every evening

Mai-nichi

Every day

Tokidoki

Sometimes

Itsumo

Always

Yoku

Often

Zenzen

Not at all (never)

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

23

Activities
Kana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English

Tabemasu

To eat

Nomimasu

To drink

Kakimasu

To write/draw

Yomimasu

To read

Mimasu

To see/watch

Shimasu

To do/play

Kaimasu

To buy

Kikimasu

To listen/hear

Saakaa

Soccer (Football)

Tenisu

Tennis

Kaimono

Shopping

Shukudai

Homework

Terebi

Television

Eiga

Movie

Shd

CD

Rajio

Radio

Ongaku

Music

Hon

Book

Manga

Manga

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

24

Picture

Tegami

Letter

Famikon

Video Games

() ()()

() wa () o ()

() () () ()

() wa () () o ()

(Person) is (Item/Activity)
(Verb)
(Person) at (Time), is
(Item/Activity) (Verb)

Grammar Tip: The verb always goes last!!!

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

25

Transport
Kana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English

Nan te

How do you go?

Nani te

How do you go?

()

() de ikimasu.

I go by (transport)

Kuruma

Car

Jitensha

Bike (Bicycle)

Fune

Boat

Basu

Bus

Densha

Train

Chikatetsu

Underground

Shinkansen

Bullet Train

Kiky

Hot air balloon

Takushii

Taxi

Herikoputaa

Helicopter

Hikouki

Aeroplane

() () ()
ikimasu

() wa () () e
ikimasu

(Person) goes at (Time)


to (Place)

e.g. Watashi wa Shichi ji ni eki e ikimasu.


I go to the train station at 7.
() () () () () wa () () de () (Person) goes at (Time)
e ikimasu.
by (Transport) to (Place).
ikimasu.
e.g. Watashi wa San ji ni densha de Gakkou e ikimasu.
I go to school at 3 by train.
Kaerimasu
To Return

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

26

Topic 4 Essential Kanji (Need to know for the test)


Kanji

Hiragana/Katakana

English

Entrance

Exit

Man

Women

Break/Relax/Holiday

Toilet

Elevator

Hospital

Locker

Japanese Game (Similar


to Pinball)

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

27

Verbs
English

Present
Positive

To Be

To Eat

Present
Negative

Past Positive

Past Negative

To Drink

To
Write/Draw

To Read

To
See/Watch

To Do/Play

To Buy

To Get Up

To Go To
Bed

To Go

To Return

To Come

To Stay

To
Understand

There is no future tense with Japanese Verbs.

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

28

Additional Vocabulary
Kana/Kanji (hiragana
pronunciation)

Romaji

English

Arigatou

Thank you

Arigatou Gozaimasu

Thank You (Polite)

Asa

Morning

Asa-gohan

Breakfast

Ashi

Foot/Feet

Atarashii

New

Ban

Evening

Ban-gohan

Dinner

Benky

Study

Benky o shimasu

To Study

Chizu

Map

Chizu

Cheese

Dame

No good/Bad

D Itashimashite

Youre Welcome

Dmo Arigatou
Gozaimashita

Eki

Thank You very much (V.


Polite)
Station

Gink

Bank

Hai

Yes

Hana

Flower

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

29

Hashi

Chopsticks

Hayai

Early

Heya

Room

Hiru

Noon

Hiru yasumi

Lunch Break

Hiru-gohan

Lunch

Hito

Person

Hon

Book

Ii

Good

Iie

Ima

No (In response to
arigatou, it means no
problem)
Living Room

Inu

Dog

Isu

Chair

Itadakimasu

Lets Eat

Itte Kimasu

Itterasshai

Jogingu

Im Going (Bye, when


leaving the house)
Good Bye (In Response
to Person leaving the
house)
Jogging

Jogingu o Shimasu

To go Jogging

Kaban

Bag

Kagi

Key

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

30

Kaisha

Company/Office

Kami

Paper

Kasa

Umbrella

Kawa

River

Keshigomu

Eraser/Rubber

Kirna

Beautiful, Pretty, Clean

Kch

Principle (Headmaster)

Kodomo

Child/Children

Ken

Park

Khai

Lower Class man

Koko

Here

Kk

Airport

Kusuri

Medicine

Kyshitsu

Classroom

Machi

Town/City

Me

Eye

Mise

Shop/Store

Mushi

Insect

Natsu-Yasumi

Summer Vacation

Neko

Cat

Niku

Meat

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

31

Nto

Notebook

Nysu

News

O-agari kudasai

Please Come In

Oishii

Delicious

O-jama shimasu

Sorry to Intrude

O-kaerinasai

Welcome Back

Okashi

Sweet

Okimasu

To get up

Omoshiroi

Interesting/Funny

Purezento

Present/Gift

Rekishi

History

Sakana

Fish

Sakura

Cherry Blossom

Seito

Pupil (Student)

Senpai

Upper Class man

Sensei

Shashin

Teacher (Or masters of a


profession such as
Doctors)
Photo

Shimbun

Newspaper

Shinsetsuna

Kind

Shizukana

Quiet

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

32

Taiiku

PE

Te

Hand

Tokei

Watch/Clock

Tomodachi

Friend

Toshokan

Library

Tsukue

Desk

Uchi

Home

Ue

Up

Umi

Sea

Warui

Bad

Yama

Mountain

Ybinkyoku

Post Office

Yuki

Snow

Ymna

Famous

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

33

Hiragana Chart
A
Ka
Sa
Ta
Na
Ha
Ma
Ya
Ra
Wa

n
Ga
Za
Da
Ba
Pa
Kya
Sha
Cha
Nya
Hya
Mya
Rya
Gya
Ja
Ja
Bya
Pya

Double Sound

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

34

Katakana Chart
A
Ka
Sa
Ta
Na
Ha
Ma
Ya
Ra
Wa

n
Ga
Za
Da
Ba
Pa
Kya
Sha
Cha
Nya
Hya
Mya
Rya
Gya
Ja
Ja
Bya
Pya

Double Sound

There are additional foreign sounds: Va=, Fa=, Ti=, Du=, We=, Fo=

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

35

Additional Resources for ABC


Books
Let's Learn Hiragana: First Book of Basic Japanese Writing
http://www.amazon.co.uk/Lets-Learn-Hiragana-JapaneseWriting/dp/1568363893/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1366420371&sr=81&keywords=lets+learn+hiragana
Lets Learn Katakana: Second Book of Basic Japanese Writing
http://www.amazon.co.uk/Lets-Learn-Katakana-JapaneseWriting/dp/1568363907/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1366420341&sr=81&keywords=lets+learn+katakana
Let's Learn Kanji: An Introduction to Radicals, Components and 250 Very
Basic Kanji
http://www.amazon.co.uk/Lets-Learn-Kanji-IntroductionComponents/dp/156836394X/ref=wl_it_dp_o_pC_S_nC?ie=UTF8&colid=XRV
FFDJ1I2UR&coliid=I2G3GZTXCJP5M4
Essential Kanji: 2, 000 Basic Japanese Characters Systematically Arranged
for Learning and Reference
http://www.amazon.co.uk/Essential-Kanji-Characters-SystematicallyReference/dp/0834802228/ref=wl_it_dp_o_pC_S_nC?ie=UTF8&colid=XRVFF
DJ1I2UR&coliid=I2EYYE37CZZNE5
Websites
Japanese Virtual Keyboard (used to type up this entire Revision Guide)
http://gate2home.com/Japanese-Keyboard
PDFs
These can be found online, but the best ones I found are by
www.japanese-lesson.com
This Website has a full hiragana and katakana PDF downloads as well as
practise writing sheets teaching stroke order and scale.
Elongated vowel sound symbols:

Made By Kappatsu Nihongo

36

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