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t0cY42
Fourth Semester B.E. Degree Examination, June/July 2013
Goncrete Technology
Time: 3 hrs. Max. Marks:100
Note: 1. Answer FIVE
full
questions, selecting
at leqsl TWO questionsfrom each parl
2. Use of IS 10262-2009 is permitted.
3. Assume any missing dala suitably.
PART-A
I a. What are the constituents of cement? Explain the role of constituents in controlling the
prope(ies ofcement. (08 Marks)
b. Define the terms: i) Standard consistency ii) Fineness and iii) Soundness.
Explain their significance. (06 Marks)
c. Distinguish between i) False set and Flash set ii) Dry process and wet process iii)
Hydraulic cements and non-hydraulic cements. (06 Marks)
2 a. How do you classify aggregates? Describe the characteristics of aggregate influencing the
behavior ofconcrete. (t0 Marks)
b. Explain the significance of Bulking of Fine aggregates and Gap grading. (04 Marks)
c. In a sieve analysis of 1000 gms of sand, the weights (gm) retained on different I.S. sieves
are: 10mm
:
0, 4.75mm
:
20, 2.36mm: 100, 1.18mm
:
100, 600 Microns
:
190,
300 microns:350, 150 Microns: 170 and passing 150 microns
:
70. Determine the
fineness modulus ofsand. (06 Marks)
3 a. Explain the lactors affecting consistency and cohesiveness of liesh concrere mixl.ures"
Suggest ways to improve. (08 Marks)
b. Explain any two methods, equipments and advantages of handling and placing concrete.
(06 Marks)
(06 Marks)
(08 Marks)
use of any
(06 Marks)
(06 Marks)
PART
-
B
5 a. Depict the interplay offactors influencing concrete strength, preferably through a simpiified
flow chart. (08 Marks)
b. Establish the relationship between (i) compressive strength and tensile strength ii) Cube
strength and cylinder strengths. (06 Marks)
c. Strength of a fully matue concrete is 30 MPa. Find the strength of concrete at an age of
7 days when curred at an average temperature of 25oC during day (12 hours) and 10oC
during night (12 hours). Use the relation for strength at maturity as percentage of strength at
full maturity, express as A + B logr0
Mft;;ry
,
when A:21 and B
:61
corresponding to
strength at full maturity. (06 Marks)
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c. Explain the significance ofsetting time ofconcrete
4 a. Explain the role of mineral admixture and chemical admixtures.
b. What are supplementary cementitious materials? Explain the characteristios and
two.
c. Discuss the composition and usefulness of rice husk ash and GGBs.
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t0cv42
a. Explain the elastic behavior of concrete and the relationship between modulus of elasticity
and strength.
(10 Marks)
b. Distinguish between:
(i) Creep and shrinkage (ii) Plastic shrinkage and drying slrinkage.
(06 Marks)
c. If the volume ofpaste is 40% ofthe total volume and Eo and E" are 2,00,000 and 3,20,000
kg/cm2. What is the modulus of elasticity of concrete?
(04 Marks)
a. Define durability. Explain how concrete is made durable against
(i)
sulphate attack
(ii)
freezing and thawing
(iii) corrosion ofsteel.
(12 Marks)
b. $fhy is the permeability of mortar or concrete is higher than the corresponding cement
paste? Explain.
(08 Marks)
Design a concrete mix for a concrete of Ma5 grade as per IS I 0262-2009 guidelines. With
following stipulations and test data for materials.
A- 1 stipulations for PROPORTIONING:
a) Grade Designation : ivl+s
b) Type ofcement OPC 53 conforming to 1512269-1987.
c) Maximum nominal size of aggregate : 20 mm
d) Minimum cement content : 360 kg/m3
e) Maximum water cement ratio : 0.45
f) Workability : 125 mm (slump)
g) Exposure condition: Severe (for RCC)
h) Method of concrete placing : Pumping.
j
)
Degree olsupervision : Good
kt Type ofaggregate : Sub angular aggre.gate
1.1 Maximum cemenl content :450 kg/m'
m) Chemical admixture
bpe
: Superplasticiser
(Capable ofreducing water content upto 20% max.)
A-2 TEST DATA FOR MATERIALS
Material Sp. Gr. Water
absorption
Free (surf) moisture
CEMENT 3.1 5
TYPE
I N IS383
60% 40%
zoNE-r(rs383)
COARSE
AGGREGATE
2.70 0.5 NIL (also absorbs
moisture)
FINE AGGREGATE 2.60 1.0 NIL
Superplasticiser 1.145
COARSE AGGREGATE
I.S.Sieve
IruN
Analysis of
coarse aggregate
Percentage o I di llerent ltactions Remarks
I II Ieo IIro Combined 100
20 t00 100 60 40 100 Conlorming to
Table 2
of I3383
10 0 71.20 0 28.50 28.s0
4.75 9.40 3.70 3.70
2.36 0
FINE AGGREGATE: Conforming to grading ZONEJ of Table 4 of IS383.
(20 Marks)
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CHAPT
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E
2
o
T:
I
E
.l
h
E
o
50.0
40.0
A: 319-l
B. !6'8-t
C
! (1.7-r
0: t5.6-5
g
.51.5.5
F:564-G
3'0.N/.rrrly
'7 Nl mrrl
i6 lllffirl
'5 N/mm2
i 4 N/mm:
'3 l,l/ mm2
(
325 - 375
1375 - 42!
Itzs-1n
(t7s-525
(
525 - srs
(
575
-6?5
Kg,. c ni)
Kg./cm2)
Kqlcr l
K9./ c rn2)
K9 /cm2)
K9./cn2)
t\
E.
o\
c\
S
B\
---ra-_-
\
:----
30.0
20.0
0
0.10
rig
!
Rcbrua
bctwten
frcc
0.4 0.45 050 o 55
Water - cerneflt ralio
v.<tter-cca.Rl rdtio a.dd coacret. ttrcdgrh or 28 days
for
dilJcrcnl ccakn drc,'gtfu
T*BLE-T.
Erpoiurt
Rciafarccd coaaerc
Ifaar,olq-ee,ranl
urnanl
,atio. conlanl,
by wziqttt kgt,n'
rutio,
bt wcitrt
4l^'
MILD
-
coplct ly prolcct d .Srirst wclhcr, or .88rc,tivc
cooditic.s, cxclpt for ..b.icf priod of crPoturc
to
oormal wcrficr cmdiumr durinS .o(nrcuon
MODERATE
-
shcltcR/ f.orn hc.vy winditivcn
raifl rnd againl frcczjng vhcn s:tunlcd witl ertli
boricd cctrcclc i. soil: rnd. cc.tcr!!. entinuodtly
undct
SEVERE
*
crpos.i to rc. *rr.r. rltcm.rc welti!8 ind
drying; frcczirie
,hil.
wdt rubjccr to h.rry
condcnr:tion or ccrrosivc fumer
0.45
250
160
0.55 250
310
0.60
0.50
Jorc:; IS:(56-1978.
/'ror.r: (, $rhal lhc ruxihum wrtcr-ccmcit nrio c.n bc ttrictly coflliot cd, the tlrncnt co.ucnl h fdbL l mry bc rcduc'i by,lo
Ptcdll'
fii)
Minimum ccmcnr @nrsu t brtzd.n Zg-mrn rggrcirrct for 4tl.om i,grcg,c. rcducc ir by l0 pcrccd. rnd for 12.5'mm
rgSrcgatc'
incrtrs. i by l0 pcrccnt-
***+*
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