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CONTENTS:-

SR. NO. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 9.1 10 11 12 13 14 15

DESCRIPTION DESIGN DATA CALCULATIONS FOR MINIMUM SHELL THICKNESS BOTTOM PLATE DESIGN INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDER

VERIFICATION OF UNSTIFFENED SHELL FOR EXTERNAL PR DESIGN OF ROOF CALCULATION OF ROOF STIFFENER

TANK STABILITY AGAINST UPLIFT DUE TO INTERNAL PRES STABILITY OF TANK AGAINST WIND LOADS RESISTANCE TO SLIDING SEISMIC CALCULATION ANCHORAGE FOR UPLIFT LOAD CASES ANCHOR CHAIR CALCULATION WEIGHT SUMMARY FOUNDATION LOADING DATA

EVALUATION OF EXTERNAL LOADS ON TANK SHELL OPENI AS PER P.3 OF API 650, ADD. 4, 2005

16 17

VRV AND VENTING CALCULATIONS DESIGN OF LIFTING TRUNNION

1)

DESIGN DATA API STANDARD 650 TENTH EDITION, NOVEMBER 1998 ADDENDUM 4, DECEMBER 2005 APPENDICES: J, M & S "Process Equipment Design" TK-66202 EJECTORS HOT WALL SA 240 TYPE 316 = = = = = = = = = = = = = = q Di Do D H Wc (Assumed) (Assumed) W ra W sa V E = = = = = = = = = = 1840 1.840 262.00 100 45 MPa
o o

Design Code

Flat Roof Design Item No. Description Material Density of Contents Specific Gravity of Contents Material's Yield Strength @ Design Temperature Design Temperature Operating Temperature Design Internal Pressure High Liquid Level Design Liquid Level Allowable Design Stress @ Design Temperature Allowable Hydrostatic Stress @ Ambient Temperature Corrosion Allowance Bottom Shell Roof Structure Slope of Tank Roof Inside Diameter of Tank Outside Diameter of Tank Nominal Tank Diameter = Di + Bottom Shell Thickness Height of Tank Weight of Top Curb Angle Weight of Roof Attachments Weight of Shell Attachments Design Wind Velocity Modulus of Elasticity @ Design Temperature : : : Dc G Fym TDSN TOPR Pi Hl HL1 Sd St

By Lloyd E. Brownell & Edwin H. Yo

kg/m

C 101.250 kPa 4.443 5.600 162.02 196.50 3 3 3 0 10 3.600 3.610 3.605 5.600 0.770 10 14 162 m m MPa MPa mm mm mm mm degree m m m m kN kN kN kph

189000 MPa

Live Load on Roof 2)

Lr

1.20

kPa

CALCULATIONS FOR MINIMUM SHELL THICKNESS

As per chapter 3, clause 3.6.1.1, the shell thickness for tanks with nominal tank diameter less than 15 m sha by the following formulas (As per Appendix S, clause S.3.2) Design Shell Thickness Hydrostatic Test Thickness td = Design shell thickness, mm tt = Hydrostatic test shell thickness, mm G = Specific Gravity of Fluid to be Stored D = Nominal Dia. of Tank HL1 = Design Liquid Level CA = Corrosion Allowance Sd = Allowable Stress for Design Condition St = Allowable Stress for Hydrostatic condition E = Weld Joint Efficiency = = = = = = = 1.840 3.605 5.600 3 162.02 196.50 1.00 m m mm MPa MPa
(Table S-4)

not be less than 5 mm. The required minimum thickness of shell plates shall be the greater of the values com

td tt

= =

4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)G + CA (Sd) (E) 4.9D (HL1 - 0.3) (St) (E)

Shell Course Width of course Design Shell Thickness


Hydrostatic Test Thickness

(Including Curb Angle)

Design Height for Shell Course

Shell Thickness Provided az Shell Course Shell Width, m Shell Thickness, mm (Uncorroded) Shell Thickness, mm (Corroded) Shell Weight, kN (Uncorroded) Shell Weight, kN (Corroded) 1 2.00 5.00 2.00 8.89 3.56

Total Shell Weight (Uncorroded) Total Shell Weight (including partition plates) (Corroded)

Top Curb Angle

(Formed Section) Cross-sectional Area of the Top Curb Angle Weight of Top Curb Angle (Uncorroded) Weight of Top Curb Angle (Corroded) 3) BOTTOM PLATE DESIGN As per API 650, Appendix S, Clause S.3.1

75

All bottom plates shall have minimum nominal thickness of 5 mm, exclusive of any corrosion allowan Required Bottom Plate Thickness Used Bottom Plate Thickness *Weight of Bottom Plate (Uncorroded) *Weight of Bottom Plate (Corroded) *Including 50mm Projection Outside of Bottom Shell Course As per API 650, Appendix J, Clause J.3.2 All bottom plates shall have a minimum nominal thickness of 6 mm. = =

Required Bottom Plate Thickness Used Bottom Plate Thickness Weight of Bottom Plate (Uncorroded) Weight of Bottom Plate (Corroded) = =

4)

INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDERS Maximum Unstiffened Height As per API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.9.7 The maximum height of the unstiffened shell shall be calculated as follows: H1 = 9.47 t (t /D)3/2 (190/V)2 As Ordered Thickness of Top Shell Course Nominal Tank Diameter Design Wind Speed Maximum Height of the Unstiffened Shell

Modification Factor as per S.3.6.7

Modulus Of Elasticity at Design Temp. Modulus Of Elasticity at 40oC

*Maximum Height of the Unstiffened Shell (Modified As Per S.3.6.7)

Transformed Shell Height As per API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.9.7.2 Transposed width of each shell course W tr = W x (tuniform/tactual)5/2 W = Actual Width of Each Shell Course, mm tuniform = As Ordered Thickness of top Shell Course, mm

tactual = As Ordered Thickness of Shell Course for Which Transposed Width is Being Calculated (mm Shell Course Thickness of Shell Course W tr1 = W 1 x (ttop/t1)5/2

Transformed Height of Tank Shell [As Htr < H1, Intermediate Wind Girders are not required]

5)

VERIFICATION OF UNSTIFFENED SHELL FOR EXTERNAL PRESSURE

Need not to be evaluated as the design external pressure is zero. As per Chapter 3, Clause 3.2.1.i, pressure shall not be less than 0.25 kPa. The tanks designed as per API 650 can sustain this minim

6)

DESIGN OF ROOF Roof Plate Thickness Verification for Structurally Stiffened Flat Roof Methodology: Consider a strip of roof plate 1 in. wide located at the outer periphery of the flat roof, and disregard the support offered by the shell. This strip is considered to be essentially a straight, flat, continuous, uniformly loaded beam, the controlling bending moment is equal to wl2 / 12 and occurs over the supporting stiffeners and wl2 / 24 occurs at the midspan. M max = -w l 2 / 12 = -p(1) l 2 / 12 = -p l 2 / 12 M max = -w l 2 / 24 = -p(1) l 2 / 24 = -p l 2 / 24 Over supporting rafters At midspan

where l = length of beam (strip) between stiffeners, inches, p = unit load, psi. Introducing the stress resulting from flexure, f=M/z For a rectangular beam, z = bt 2 / 6 where b = width of beam, inches, and, t = thickness of beam, inches. For this case, b = 1.0 in. Hence, z = t2 / 6 f = p l 2 / 2t 2 l = t * SQRT ( ( 2 * f ) / p ) t = l / SQRT ( ( 2 * f ) / p ) Ref. "Process Equipment Design" By Lloyd E. Brownell & Edwin H. Young Chapter 4, Section 4.3 (Roof Design) Allowable Stresses for Roof Plate Material Assumed Roof Plate Thickness Allowable Design Stress @ Design Temperature Loadings & Critical Combinations = = 10 162.02 mm MPa

Dead Load Live Load External Pressure Internal Pressure Load Combination 1 Load Combination 2

DL Lr Pe Pi p = D L + Lr + P e p = DL + P i

= = = = = =

kPa 4.40 1.20 1.23 101.25 6.83 105.65

psi 0.64 0.17 0.18 14.69 0.99 15.32

Check Adequacy Against Load Combination 1 ( DL + Lr + Pe ) MID Length of beam (strip) between stiffeners Load Combination 1 Induced Bending Moment Thickness of the beam (strip) Section Modulus Allowable Bending Stresses Allowable Bending Moment l p M t z Fb M allow M < M allow = = = = = = = 25.67 0.991 27 0.394 0.026 23499 607 ENDS 25.67 0.991 54 0.394 0.026 23499 607

[Satisfactory]

Check Adequacy Against Load Combination 2 ( DL + Pi ) MID Length of beam (strip) between stiffeners Load Combination 2 Induced Bending Moment Thickness of the beam (strip) Section Modulus Allowable Bending Stresses Allowable Bending Moment l p M t z Fb M allow M < Mallow = = = = = = = 25.67 15.323 421 0.394 0.026 23499 607 ENDS 25.67 15.323 841 0.394 0.026 23499 607

[Unsatisfactory]

Stresses in Roof Plate Segment Between the Stiffeners Ref. Table 11.4, Formulas for Flat Plates With Straight Boundaries and Constant Thickness Case no. 8. Rectangular plate, all edges fixed (Uniform loading over entire plate) Smax = ( 2 q b2 ) / t2 a/b 1 2 1 1.2 1.4 0.3078 0.3834 0.4356 1.6 0.468 (At center) 1.8 0.4872 2.000 0.4974 0.2472 0.0277 0.500 0.250 0.028

0.1386 0.1794 0.2094 0.2286 0.2406 0.0138 0.0188 0.0226 0.0251 0.0267

a b a/b 2

= = = =

1.800 m 0.652 m 2.76 0.25

a = Longer Dimens

b = Shorter Dimens ( See Table Above

Check Plate Stresses Against Load Combination 1 ( DL + Lr + Pe ) Total Design Load (p = q = DL + Lr + Pe) = 6.83

In Shorter Direction In Longer Direction

Smax = Smax =

7 MPa 55 MPa

< <

162.02 MPa 162.02 MPa

Check Adequacy Against Load Combination 2 ( DL + Pi ) Total Design Load (p = q = DL + Lr + Pe) = 105.65

In Shorter Direction In Longer Direction

Smax = Smax =

112 MPa 856 MPa

< <

162.02 MPa 162.02 MPa

7)

CALCULATION FOR ROOF STIFFENER

Flange Breadth Thk. Web Depth Thk. 94 6 55 6

mm mm mm mm Roof Plate

Reference for Cent

Built up Tee Section

Table for Centroid Calculation Plate 1 2 A 564 564 1128 Y 47 97.0 AY 26508 54708 81216

Centroid

72 mm

Table for Moment of Inertia Calculation b mm 6 55 h mm 94 6 Ic mm4 415292 990 A mm2 564 330 Yc mm 25.00 25.00 A x Y c2 mm4 352500 206250 I = Ic + A x Yc2 mm4 767792 207240

Moment of Inertia of Built Up Tee Section Section Modulus Span of Stiffener Self Weight of Stiffener Zprov'd a

= = = =

4 975032 mm 3 34823 mm

3.60 m 0.32 kN

Weight of Roof Plate Within Stiffined Section Weight of Roof Attachments Live Load on Roof Total Design Load Per Unit Length W

= = = =

1.84 kN 10.00 kN 1.41 kN 3.77 kN/m

Considering simply supported end conditions for the stiffener, Mmax Zreq'd [Revise Section] 8) TANK STABILITY AGAINST UPLIFT DUE TO INTERNAL PRESSURE Need not to be evaluated as the design internal pressure is zero in our case. = = 6.1 kN-m 38843 mm3

9)

STABILITY OF TANK AGAINST WIND LOAD Wind velocity Roof Height Above Shell Shell Height Height of Tank Including Roof Height Effective Wind Gust Factor Force Co- Efficient Wind Directionally Factor Velocity Pressure Exposure Co-Eff. Topo Graphic Factor Importance Factor Design Wind Pressure Effective Tank Diameter (De) Insulation Thickness Greater of (OD + 2 x insulation Thk.) x Kd (OD + 2 x insulation Thk.) + 0.6 De Effective Projected Area (Ae = De x H) Effective Area Projected Ae V HR H HT G Cf Kd Kz Kzt I qz = = = = = = = = = = =

(ASCE 7-05) 162 0.38 5.60 5.98 3.00 0.80 1 1.00 1 1.75 0.613 x Kz x Kzt x Kd x V2 x I/1000 2.172 kN/m2 kph m m m =

= = = =

0 3.610 4.21 4.210

mm m m m

25.18

m2

Design Wind Load

P1

= =

qz x G x Cf x Ae 131.26 kN

Unanchored tanks shall satisfy both of the following conditions: Case 1: Case 2: Mw MPi 0.6 Mw + MPi < MDL / 1.5 Mw + 0.4MPi < ( MDL + MF ) / 2 = = P1 x H / 2 Pi x A X D / 2

MDL Mw MPi MDL MF Case 1: Case 2: 235 392

= = = = =

(Weight of shell + roof + bottom) x D / 2 ft-lbs

392.5 kN-m 0 kN-m 32.1 kN-m 0 < < 21 16

289374

For no fluid in the tank

[Unsatisfactory] [Unsatisfactory]

[Anchorage against wind pressure is required]

9.1)

Resistance To Sliding: = 0.86 kN/m2

API 650 3.11.4 = 18.0

The wind load pressure on projected area

This pressure is for wind velocity of 120 mph (190 kph), for all other wind velocities the pressure shall be adjusted in p

Tank OD Design Wind Velocity Velocity Factor Wind Pressure on vertical plane surfaces Wind Pressure on vertical conical surfaces Projected area of roof Projected area of shell Fwind Ffriction = = = = Vf = (V/190)2

Do V

= = = = = = =

3.610 162 0.727 0.86 1.44 0.686 23.58

Vf (Wind Pressure on Roof x Projected Area of Roof + Wind Pressure on Shell x Projected 15.46 kN Maximum of 40% of Weight of Tank 13.32 kN

[Anchorage against sliding is required]

10)

Stability Calculations Against Seismic Load (As per API 650 Addendum Four 2005 ) D H D/H H/D Site Class Corroded thickness of bottom plate Corroded thickness of 1st shell course tb ts = = = = = = = 3.605 5.600 0.64 1.55 E 11.00 2.00 mm mm m m

Nominal dia of Tan

Maximum design p

Over turning ring wall moment Mrw For Site class 'E' = sqrt{[Ai(WiXi+WsXs+WrXr)] + [Ac(WcXc)] } 2.5 x Q x Fa x So ( I / Rwi ) 2.5 1 0.1 0.04 0.4 X Ss 0.04 4 1.25 0.08
2 2

As per API 650 E.4.9.1 Ai = Fa Q Ss S1 So Rwi I Ai = = = = = = = = =

Acceleration-based site coefficient Scaling Factor

As per Equation E-6, For seismic design categories E & F, 0.5S1(I/Rwi) Ai Wi When D/H <1.33 Wi Wp = = = Wi = = = (1-0.218D/H)Wp 1028.89 1028892 884.50 884500 KN N KN N = 0.006

Condition staisfied
Effective impulse weight of the liquid

Weight of content based on design specific gravity of

When D/H < 1.33 Xi

As per E-6.1.2.1 = Height from the bottom of the shell to the center of action of the lateral S related to impulsive liquid force

Xi Ws Xs Wr Xr Tc Tc Ks Ks

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

(0.5-0.094D/H)H 2.46 38 1.28 0.00 0.00 1.8 x Ks x sqrt (D) Sloshing peroid cofficient 0.578 sqrt (tanh (3.68H/D)) 0.58 m KN m KN m

As per Equation E-17

Total Weight of Shell and appurtenances (Uncorroded) Height from the bottom of the tank shell to center of gravity Total Weight of fixed tank roof including framing (Uncorroded)

Height from the top of the shell to the roof and roof appurtenances cente

Natural peroid of the convective (sloshing ) mode of behaviour of the liq

As per Equation E-2a As per Equation E-3

Therefore Tc TL When TC < TL Where Ts S1 Fv Rwc Ts Ac = = = = = = (FvS1) / (FaSs) 0.04 3.5 2 0.56 0.04 Ac = = = 1.98 4 2.5 x Q x Fa x So x (Ts /Tc) x (I/Rwc) Ai

As per E.4.9.1

Wc

= = = =

Effective Convective (sloshing)portion of the liquid Weight 0.23 x (D/H) Tanh (3.67 H/D) x Wp 152.34 152337 KN N

Xc

= = =

Height from the bottom of the tank shell to the center of action of lateral to convective liquid force [1-{Cosh((3.67 x H/D)-1)/((3.67 x H/D) Sinh((3.67 x H/D))}] x H 5.18 Mrw = = m 177.37 177367 KN-m N-m =

Therefore Ring Wall Moment

Resisting force to be adequate for tank stability J<1.54


Anchorage Ratio J Where Av SDS Av wa Where Ge = = =
2

Mrw D (wt(1-0.4Av)+wa) 0.14 x SDS 2.5 x Q x Fa x So 0.3

= = =

= 0.035 99 x ta x (Fy x H x Ge)^0.5 1.28 x H x D x Ge

Effective specific gravity including vertical seismic e

= = ta =

G x (1-0.4 x Av) 1.81

Corroded thickness of the bott. plate under the shell extending at the dist

ta wa wa wa wt wrs

= = = = = = = = = =

11.00 56185 46.9 0.047 [(Ws/D)+wrs)]

mm N/m N/m KN/m

Roof load acting on the tank shell (Uncorroded) 0.000 0 3.37 3368 4.052 KN/m N/m KN/m N/m < 1.54

wt Therefore Anchorage Ratio J

Condition not satisfied Tank is Required to be Anc

As Anchors Are Being Provided, The Tank Will Be Considered As Mecha

10.1)

Shell Compression In Mechanically Anchored Tanks

As per API 650 E.6.2

= 10.2)

10.39

Mpa

Allowable Longitudinal Membrane Compression Stress in Tank Shell Calculating value of = When GHD / t is less than 44, then Fc Where GXH 0.5 X Fty Therefore, Fc = 42 Mpa = = 10.304 131 =
2 2

As per API 650 E.6.2

G x H x D2 t2 33.48 {(83x ts)/(2.5 x D)} + 7.5 x sqrt(G x H)

< 0.5 x F

As c < Fc Condition staisfied

10.3)

Seismic Base Shear V Vi Vc Vi Vi Vc Vc = = = = = = =

(As Per E.6.1)

Total Design Base Shear (N) Design Base Shear Due to Impulsive Component (N) Design Base Shear Due to Convective Component (N) Ai(Ws+Wr+Wf+Wi) 72082 N AcW c 6747.7 N

V V V

= = =

Sqrt(Vi2 + Vc2) 72397 72.397 N kN

11)

ANCHORAGE FOR UPLIFT LOAD CASES, PER API 650 TABLE 3-21B P Test Pressure Pt = = = = 101.25 kPa 3.00 0.00 0.00 in. of water kPa in. of water

Dead Load of Shell Minus Any CA and Any Dead Load Other Than Roof W1 = = = Weight of shell (Corroded) 4356.33 N 979.3 lbs

Dead Load of Shell Minus Any CA and Any Dead Load Including Roof Plate Acting on the Shell Minus Any CA W2 = = = Weight of shell (Corroded) + Weight of Roof (corroded) 9591.1 N 2156.18 lbs

Dead Load of the Shell Using As Built Thicknesses and Any Dead Load Other Than Roof Plate Acting on the Shell Using As Built Thickness W3 = = = Yield stress for Anchor Bolts Fy th D MS = = = = 36000 psi 10 mm 3.605 m ###### kN-m = = = SA 307 Gr. B 0.393701 in. 11.82 ft 130819 ft-lbs Weight of Shell 9689.3 N 2178.2 lbs

Table 3 - 21
UPLIFT LOAD CASES NET UPLIFT FORMULA, U (lbf)

Design Pressure Test Pressure Wind Load Seismic Load Design Pressure +Seismic Design Pressure + Wind

((P - 8th) x D2 x 4.08) - W 1 ((Pt - 8th) x D x 4.08) - W 1 (4 x Mw / D) - W 2 (4x Ms/D) -W 2 ((P-8th) x D x 4.08) + (4 x Ms/D)-W1 ((P-8th) x D x 4.08) + (4 x Mw/D)-W1
2

-1064.68 -2776.04 95734.27 42097.60 43189.09 96825.76

UPLIFT LOAD CASES

tb = U / N lbs in.2

Ar = tb/Fall mm2

Design Pressure Test Pressure Wind Load Seismic Load Design Pressure + Seismic Design Pressure + Wind

-266 -694 23934 10524 10797 24206

-0.018 -0.046 1.588 0.698 0.716 1.606

-11.39 -29.70 1024.21 450.38 462.06 1035.89

As per API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.1.1.3 Design Tension Load Per Anchor Bolt Circle Diameter (BCD)

4MW/dN - W/N

No. of Anchor Bolts Weight of shell plus roof supported by the shell less 0.4 times the force due to internal pressure Design Tension Load Per Anchor

Required Bolt Area Provided Bolt Area

Areq. Consider M30 Bolt Aprov.

= = =

[Area of the anchor bolt provided is not sufficient] 12) ANCHOR CHAIR CALCULATIONS As Per AISI E-l, Volume ll, Part Vll
C

P e

Jmin

Top Plate Thickness Calculations: Top Plate Thickness C S f g d P = = = = C = [P(0.375g-0.22d)/Sf]0.5 Top Plate Thickness Stress At Point Distance From Outside of Top Plate to Edge Of Hole = = Distance between Gusset Plates Anchor Bolt Diameter (corroded) Design Load or Max. Allowable Anchor Bolt Load or 1.5 Times Actual Bolt Load, whichever is lesser

Top Plate Thickness Calculated Used Top Plate Thickness FALSE

C C

= =

Anchor Chair Height Calculations: Sind. Z a h R t m e Sall. Z Sind. = = = = = = = = = = = FALSE Gusset Plate Thickness Calculations: Gusset Plate Thickness Gusset Plate Thickness Provided [Gusset Plate Thickness Is Adequate] Jmin

(Pe/t2)[{1.32*Z/(1.43*a*h2/Rt)+(4ah2)0.333}+{0.031/(Rt)0.5}] Reduction Factor Top Plate Width Anchor Chair Height Nominal Shell Radius Shell Thickness Bottom Plate Thickness Anchor Bolt Eccentricity Allowable Stress 0.9938 ###### ksi (including repad)

0.04 ( h - C ) or 1 = =

13)

WEIGHT SUMMARY

Empty Weight of Working Fluid Operating Weight Weight of Test Fluid Test Weight (Full of water)

= = = = =

5183 kg 83213 kg 88395 kg 57001 kg 62184 kg (Considering HLL = 1600mm)

14)

FOUNDATION LOADING DATA

The self weight of roof and live load will be transferred to tank shell Live load transferred to foundation Live Load on roof Area of Roof Total Live Load Circumference of Tank Live Load transferred to Foundation Lr Ar W L = Lr x Ar C=xD LL = W L / C

Dead load transferred to foundation Self Weight of Roof + Stiffeners Self Weight of Bottom Plate Self Weight of Shell Self Weight of shell Attachments Total Dead Load acting on shell Dead Load Transferred to Foundation Operating & Hydrostatic Test Loads Self Weight of Tank Weight of Fluid in Tank at Operating Conditions Weight of Water in Tank at Hydrotest Conditions Uniform Load Operating Condition = (Self wt.+ Fluid)/Area Uniform Load Hydrotest Condition = (Self wt.+ Water)/Area Wind Load Transferred to Foundation Base Shear due to wind load Reaction due to wind load Moment due to wind load Fw Rw Mw Wr + Ws + Wa + W b = 50.83 W f = 816.04 W w = 558.99 W o = 85.16 W h = 59.74 Wr Wb Ws Wa Wr + Ws + Wa W d = DL

Seismic Load Transferred to Foundation Reaction due to seismic load Moment due to seismic load Base Shear due to seismic load Rs Ms FS

Summary of Foundation Loading Data Dead load, shell, roof & ext. structure loads Live load Uniform load, operating condition Uniform load, hydrotest load Base shear due to seismic Reaction due to seismic load Moment due to seismic load Base shear due to wind Reaction due to wind Moment due to wind load DL = LL = Wo = W h= FS= Rs = Ms = Fw = Rw = Mw= 3.43 1.09 85.16 59.74 72.40 4.33 177.37 131.26 9.59 392.45

Note : Consider 15-20% variation in weight while designing the foundation

KNESS

OR EXTERNAL PRESSURE

INTERNAL PRESSURE

NK SHELL OPENINGS

(PENDING) (PENDING)

OVEMBER 1998

EMBER 2005

nt Design"

ell & Edwin H. Young

(As Per Table S-5)

0
(HLL) (As Per PIPVESTA002) (Table S-2) (Table S-2)

(Flat Roof)

N
(Nozzles, Insulation, Railing/Platform) (Nozzles, Insulation, Ladder & Partition Plates)

(Table S-6)

(PIP VESTA002, 3.2.D)

ess than 15 m shall

r of the values computed

Table S-4)

W1 HL1 td tt t1

= = = = =

2.000 m 5.600 m 4.063 mm 0.476 mm 5.00 mm

= =

8.89 3.56

kN kN

75

x = = =

6 900 0.80 0.80

Thk. mm2 kN kN

y corrosion allowance. tb tb tb used ###### 951.31 kg kg = = = = = 5+ CA mm 8 mm 14.00 mm 11.88 kN 9.33 kN

tb tb used ###### 951.31 kg kg

= = = =

mm

14.00 mm 11.88 kN 9.33 kN

t D V H1

= = = = =

2.00 162

mm kph

3.605 m

10.77 m 0.9793

gn Temp.

H1

10.54 m

2.00 mm

ng Calculated (mm)

t1 W tr1

= =

5.00

mm

2000 mm

Htr

= =

2000 mm 2.00 m

3, Clause 3.2.1.i, design external sustain this minimum pressure.

be essentially

nt is equal to

ting rafters

a = Di l=b

= =

0.3937 in. 23499 psi [ Table S - 5 ]

lb/in. 0.64 0.17 0.18 14.69 0.99 15.32

UNIT in. lb/in. lb-in. in. in.3 psi lb-in. (Fb = Sd)

UNIT in. lb/in. lb-in. in. in.3 psi lb-in. (Fb = Sd)

Thickness

= Longer Dimension = Shorter Dimension See Table Above )

kPa

[Satisfactory] [Satisfactory]

kPa

[Satisfactory] [Unsatisfactory]

Roof Plate

Reference for Centroid Calculation

(Approx.) (Nozzles, Insulation, Railing/Platform)

W x a2 / 8 Mmax / (0.6 x Fym)

45

m/s

Considering 40 mm Thk. Insulation @ Roof

ASCE 7-05,6.5.8.1 By Interpolation (ASCE 7-05, Fig. 6-21) 600-58H-0010 ASCE 7-05, Chapter 6, Table 6-3

600-58H-0010

x V2 x I/1000
ASCE 7-2005, Chapter 6, Eq. 6-15, Clause 6.5.10 600-58H-0010

600-58H-0010

600-58H-0010

ASCE 7-05, Chapter 6, Eq. 6-28, Clause 6.5.15

psf

(API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.2.1 (f))

hall be adjusted in proportion of ratio (V/190) 2

m kph kN/m2 kN/m m


2 2

(API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.2.1 (f)) (API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.2.1 (f))

m2 Shell x Projected Area of Shell)


(API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.2.1 (f))

(API 650, Chapter 3, Clause 3.11.4)

r 2005 )

Nominal dia of Tank

Maximum design product level

[Ac(WcXc)] }

As per API 650 E.6.1.5 As per Equation E-4 From Table E-1 As per API 650 E.4.9.1

As per E.4.2.c From Table E-4 600-58H-0010 As per Equation E-4 As per Equation E-6

As per Equation E-14

n specific gravity of the product

action of the lateral Siesmic force

As per Equation E-17

Uncorroded)

appurtenances center of gravity behaviour of the liquid, seconds As per E 4.8.2

As per Equation E-2a

As per Equation E-3

As per E.4.8.2 As per E.4.9.1 As per Equation E-7 As per API 650 E-2 From Table E-2 From Table E-4

Rwc) Ai

As per Equation E-15

r of action of lateral siemic force related As per Equation E-18

x H/D))}] x H

130819

ft-lbs

As per API 650 E.6.2.1.1.1 As per API 650 E.6.1.3 From Equation E-4

x D x Ge

As per API 650 E.6.2.1.1

ng vertical seismic effects

As per API 650 E-2

extending at the distance L from the inside of the shell

46.9

N/m

As per API 650 E.6.2.1.1

l (Uncorroded)

1.54

ired to be Anchored

idered As Mechanically Anchored

As per API 650 E.6.2.2.2

As per API 650 E.6.2.2.3

G x H)

< 0.5 x Fty

orroded)

er Than

(From Seismic Calculation)

*Fy For Anchor Bolts (PSI)

064.68

15076 15076 15076 15076 15076 15076

776.04

734.27

097.60

189.09

825.76

Fall mm2

U = Net Uplift Load N = No. of Anchor Bolts Ar = Required Bolt Area

-11.39 -29.70 1024.21 450.38 462.06 1035.89

d N W

= = = =

2.000 m 4 Nos. 11 kN 43511 lbs

ernal pressure

1036 mm2 539 mm2 443 mm


2

(Uncorroded Root Area) (Corroded Root Area)

Jmin

= = = =

25 0.98 3.94 1.06

ksi in. in. in.

(AISI E-1)

65.27 kips

1.819 in. 0.551 in.

= =

46.2 14

mm mm

33

}+{0.031/(Rt)0.5}] = = = = = = = = 1/[{.177am(m/t)2/(Rt)0.5}+1] 6.00 6.00 70.96 0.157 0.079 3.74 23.50 in. in. in. in. in. in. ksi

0.04 ( h - C ) or 1/2" 0.218 in. 14 mm = = 5.5 mm 0.551 in.

1600mm)

= = = = =

1.20 10.29 12.35 11.34 1.09

kN/m2 m2 kN m kN/m

W L = Lr x Ar = WL / C

C=xD

= = = = = =

5.23 11.88 9.69 24.02 38.95 3.43

kN kN kN kN kN kN/m

Wr + Ws + Wa

kN kN kN kN/m
2

= = =

5183 83213 57001

kgs kgs kgs

kN/m2

= = =

131.26 9.59 392.45

kN kN/m kN-m

= = =

4.33 177.37 72.40

kN/m kN-m kN

kN/m kN/m kN/m2 kN/m2 kN kN/m kN-m kN kN/m kN-m

AS THE TOTAL HIGHT OF THE STORAGE TANK IS 12 M WE DIVIDED THIS TANK INTO 6 COURSES OF WIDTH OF 2000 mm EACH CALCULATIONS OF THE SHELL THICKNESS FOR COURSE 1 As per chapter 3, clause 3.6.1.1, the shell thickness for tanks with nominal tank diameter less than 15 m shall not be less than 5 mm. The required minimum thickness of shell plates shall be the greater of the values computed by the following formulas (As per Appendix S, clause S.3.2) Design Shell Thickness Hydrostatic Test Thickness td tt = = 4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)G + CA (Sd) (E) 4.9D (HL1 - 0.3) (St) (E)

td = Design shell thickness, mm tt = Hydrostatic test shell thickness, mm G = Specific Gravity of Fluid to be Stored D = Nominal Dia. of Tank HL1 = Design Liquid Level CA = Corrosion Allowance Sd = Allowable Stress for Design Condition St = Allowable Stress for Hydrostatic condition E = Weld Joint Efficiency

834.226 373.388
1.84 3605 4.443 3 162 196 1

mm mm m m mm MPa MPa Table S4

= = = = = = =

1.00
Width of course (including curb angle) W1 HL1 td tt =

Design Height for Shell Course Design Shell Thickness Hydrostatic Test Thickness The designed thickness of the course

= = = = 8

2 4.443 834.2259 373.3879 mm

m m mm mm

Shell Plates Weight Summary Shell Course Shell Width, m Shell Thickness, mm (Uncorroded) Shell Thickness, mm (Corroded) Shell Weight, kN (Uncorroded) Shell Weight, kN (Corroded) Shell Internal Diameter m Shell External Diameter m Mean Diamter of the Shell course m

Di Do D

1 2.00 8.00 8.00 0.71 0.71 3.6 3.616 3.608

CALCULATIONS OF THE SHELL THICKNESS FOR COURSE 2 As per chapter 3, clause 3.6.1.1, the shell thickness for tanks with nominal tank diameter less than 15 m shall not be less than 5 mm. The required minimum thickness of shell plates shall be the greater of the values computed by the following formulas (As per Appendix S, clause S.3.2) Design Shell Thickness Hydrostatic Test Thickness td tt = = 4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)G + CA (Sd) (E) 4.9D (HL1 - 0.3) (St) (E)

td = Design shell thickness, mm tt = Hydrostatic test shell thickness, mm G = Specific Gravity of Fluid to be Stored D = Nominal Dia. of Tank HL1 = Design Liquid Level CA = Corrosion Allowance Sd = Allowable Stress for Design Condition St = Allowable Stress for Hydrostatic condition E = Weld Joint Efficiency = = = = = = =

831.226 373.388
1.84 3605 4.443 0 162 196 1

mm mm m m mm MPa MPa Table S4

1.00
Width of course Design Shell Thickness Hydrostatic Test Thickness c Shell External Diameter m m = 6 mm (including curb angle) W1 HL1 td tt

Design Height for Shell Course

= = = =

2 4.443 831.2259 373.3879

m m mm mm

The designed thickness of the course 1

Shell Plates Weight Summary Shell Course Shell Width, m Shell Thickness, mm (Uncorroded) Shell Thickness, mm (Corroded) Shell Weight, kN (Uncorroded) Shell Weight, kN (Corroded) Shell Internal Diameter m Shell External Diameter m Mean Diamter of the Shell course m

Di Do D

1 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.6 3.612 3.606

CALCULATIONS OF THE SHELL THICKNESS FOR COURSE 3 As per chapter 3, clause 3.6.1.1, the shell thickness for tanks with nominal tank diameter less than 15 m shall not be less than 5 mm. The required minimum thickness of shell plates shall be the greater of the values computed by the following formulas (As per Appendix S, clause S.3.2) Design Shell Thickness Hydrostatic Test Thickness td tt = = 4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)G + CA (Sd) (E) 4.9D (HL1 - 0.3) (St) (E)

td = Design shell thickness, mm tt = Hydrostatic test shell thickness, mm G = Specific Gravity of Fluid to be Stored D = Nominal Dia. of Tank HL1 = Design Liquid Level CA = Corrosion Allowance Sd = Allowable Stress for Design Condition St = Allowable Stress for Hydrostatic condition E = Weld Joint Efficiency = = = = = = =

4.28576 3.18685
1 14 8 0 145 195 0.85

mm mm m m mm MPa MPa Table S4

0.85
Width of course Design Shell Thickness Hydrostatic Test Thickness c Shell External Diameter m m (including curb angle) W1 HL1 td tt

Design Height for Shell Course

= = = =

2 8 4.285761 3.186848

m m mm mm

The designed thickness of the course 3

Shell Plates Weight Summary Shell Course Shell Width, m Shell Thickness, mm (Uncorroded) Shell Thickness, mm (Corroded) Shell Weight, kN (Uncorroded) Shell Weight, kN (Corroded) Shell Internal Diameter m Shell External Diameter m Mean Diamter of the Shell course m

Di Do D

1 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14 14.012 14.006

AS THE TOTAL HIGHT OF THE STORAGE TANK IS 12 M WE DIVIDED THIS TANK INTO 6 COURSES OF WIDTH OF 2000 mm EACH CALCULATIONS OF THE SHELL THICKNESS FOR COURSE 4 As per chapter 3, clause 3.6.1.1, the shell thickness for tanks with nominal tank diameter less than 15 m shall not be less than 5 mm. The required minimum thickness of shell plates shall be the greater of the values computed by the following formulas (As per Appendix S, clause S.3.2) Design Shell Thickness Hydrostatic Test Thickness td tt = = 4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)G + CA (Sd) (E) 4.9D (HL1 - 0.3) (St) (E)

td = Design shell thickness, mm tt = Hydrostatic test shell thickness, mm G = Specific Gravity of Fluid to be Stored D = Nominal Dia. of Tank HL1 = Design Liquid Level CA = Corrosion Allowance Sd = Allowable Stress for Design Condition St = Allowable Stress for Hydrostatic condition E = Weld Joint Efficiency = = = = = = =

2.6591 2.3591
1 14 6 0 173 195 0.85

mm mm m m mm MPa MPa Table S4

0.85
Width of course Design Shell Thickness Hydrostatic Test Thickness The designed thickness of the course (including curb angle) W1 HL1 td tt

Design Height for Shell Course

= = = =

2 6 2.659096 2.359095

m m mm mm

Shell Plates Weight Summary Shell Course Shell Width, m Shell Thickness, mm (Uncorroded) Shell Thickness, mm (Corroded) Shell Weight, kN (Uncorroded) Shell Weight, kN (Corroded) Shell Internal Diameter m Shell External Diameter m Mean Diamter of the Shell course m

Di Do D

1 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14 14.012 14.006

AS THE TOTAL HIGHT OF THE STORAGE TANK IS 12 M WE DIVIDED THIS TANK INTO 6 COURSES OF WIDTH OF 2000 mm EACH CALCULATIONS OF THE SHELL THICKNESS FOR COURSE 5 As per chapter 3, clause 3.6.1.1, the shell thickness for tanks with nominal tank diameter less than 15 m shall not be less than 5 mm. The required minimum thickness of shell plates shall be the greater of the values computed by the following formulas (As per Appendix S, clause S.3.2) Design Shell Thickness Hydrostatic Test Thickness td tt = = 4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)G + CA (Sd) (E) 4.9D (HL1 - 0.3) (St) (E)

td = Design shell thickness, mm tt = Hydrostatic test shell thickness, mm G = Specific Gravity of Fluid to be Stored D = Nominal Dia. of Tank HL1 = Design Liquid Level CA = Corrosion Allowance Sd = Allowable Stress for Design Condition St = Allowable Stress for Hydrostatic condition E = Weld Joint Efficiency = = = = = = =

1.72608 1.53134
1 14 4 0 173 195 0.85

mm mm m m mm MPa MPa Table S4

0.85
Width of course Design Shell Thickness Hydrostatic Test Thickness The designed thickness of the course (including curb angle) W1 HL1 td tt

Design Height for Shell Course

= = = =

2 4 1.72608 1.531342

m m mm mm

Shell Plates Weight Summary Shell Course Shell Width, m Shell Thickness, mm (Uncorroded) Shell Thickness, mm (Corroded) Shell Weight, kN (Uncorroded) Shell Weight, kN (Corroded) Shell Internal Diameter m Shell External Diameter m Mean Diamter of the Shell course m

Di Do D

1 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14 14.012 14.006

AS THE TOTAL HIGHT OF THE STORAGE TANK IS 12 M WE DIVIDED THIS TANK INTO 6 COURSES OF WIDTH OF 2000 mm EACH CALCULATIONS OF THE SHELL THICKNESS FOR COURSE 6 As per chapter 3, clause 3.6.1.1, the shell thickness for tanks with nominal tank diameter less than 15 m shall not be less than 5 mm. The required minimum thickness of shell plates shall be the greater of the values computed by the following formulas (As per Appendix S, clause S.3.2) Design Shell Thickness Hydrostatic Test Thickness td tt = = 4.9D (HL1 - 0.3)G + CA (Sd) (E) 4.9D (HL1 - 0.3) (St) (E)

td = Design shell thickness, mm tt = Hydrostatic test shell thickness, mm G = Specific Gravity of Fluid to be Stored D = Nominal Dia. of Tank HL1 = Design Liquid Level CA = Corrosion Allowance Sd = Allowable Stress for Design Condition St = Allowable Stress for Hydrostatic condition E = Weld Joint Efficiency = = = = = = =

0.79306 0.70359
1 14 2 0 173 195 0.85

mm mm m m mm MPa MPa Table S4

0.85
Width of course Design Shell Thickness Hydrostatic Test Thickness The designed thickness of the course (including curb angle) W1 HL1 td tt

Design Height for Shell Course

= = = =

2 2 0.793064 0.70359

m m mm mm

Shell Plates Weight Summary Shell Course Shell Width, m Shell Thickness, mm (Uncorroded) Shell Thickness, mm (Corroded) Shell Weight, kN (Uncorroded) Shell Weight, kN (Corroded) Shell Internal Diameter m Shell External Diameter m Mean Diamter of the Shell course m

Di Do D

1 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14 14.012 14.006

BOTTOM PLATE DESIGN

ACCORDING TO THE API 650 CLAUSE 5.4.1 ALL BOTTOM PLATES SHALL HAVE NOMINAL MINIMUM THICKNESS OF 6 MM (0.236 INCH) EXCLUSIVE OF ANY CORROSION ALLOWANCE AND SHELL HAVE MINIMUM NOMIAL WIDTH OF 1800 MM. TOP WIND GIRDER ACCORDING TO API 650 CLAUSE 5.9.6.1 THE REQUIRED SECTION MODULUS OF STIFFENING RING SHALL BE DETERMINED BY THE FOLLOWING EQUATION Z=(D H2/17)* (V/190) WHERE Z= REQUIRED MINIMUM SECTION MODULUS D= NOMINAL TANK DIAMETER = 3.605 METERS H2 HIGHT OF THE TANK = 4.443 METERS V= DESIGN SPEED OF THE WIND (3-SEC GUST) 165 KM/HOUR Z = 2.561525 cm cm

INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDERS according to clause 5.9.7.1 of API 650, the maximum hight of the unstiffened shel shall be calculated as follows: as H1 = 9.47 * t * ((t/D))^0.5 * (190/V) WHERE H1= VERTICAL DISTANCE IN M, BETWEEN THE INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDER AND TOP ANLE OF THE SHELL (meters) H1 = 161.5726 m t = AS ORDERED THICKNESS UNLESS OR OTHER WISE SPECIFIED OF THE THINNEST SHELL COURSE(mm) t = 6 mm D = NOMINAL SHELL DIAMETER (m) = 3.608 m V = DESIGN WIND SPEED (3- sec - gust) = 165 km/hr H1 = 161.5726 meters

TRANSFORMED SHELL acoording to the clause no: 5.9.7.2 after calculating the maximum hight of the unstiffened shell H1 is detrmined the hight of the transformed shell has to be determined accorging to the following method: (A) with the following equation change the actual width with each of the shell course into transposed width of eachshell course having the top shell thickness

Wtr = W((tuniform)/(t actual))^(5/2) where Wtr = transposed width of the the each shell course (mm) W = actual width of th shell course (mm) t uniform = as ordered thickness of the thinest shell course (mm)

= = =

mm mm mm

t actual = as ordered thickness of the shell course for which transposed width has to be calculated = mm

For course 1 having thickness 8 mm recommended Wtr = W((tuniform)/(t actual))^(5/2) Wtr W t uniform t actual = = = = 974.2786 2000 6 8 mm mm mm mm

all courses from 2 to 6 having thickness of 6 mm recommended Wtr W t uniform t actual = = = = 2000 2000 6 6 mm mm mm mm

b. Add the transposed widths of the courses. The sum of the transposed widths of the courses widths of the courses will give the hight of the transpormed shell H transfmd = 10974.28 mm 10.97428 meters as the transformed hight is smaller than the hight of the unstiffened shell there is no need to have a stiffner ring or intermediate wind girder is not required

TANK CONICAL ROOF