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Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond phontom V Bentley 51, Bentley 52 ond Bentley Continentol 52

Workshop Manuol

CHAPTER G
:
.E

BR AK IN G SY ST E M
SECTION GI - DATA AND GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Data
Effective Drum Diameter Sl" 52, BentleyContinental 52 and Phantom V cars Brake Lining Type SI, 52, BentleyContinental 52 and Phantom V cars Length Sl, 52 and Phantom V cars Bentley Continental 52 cars (front) width Sl, 52 and Phantom V cars Bentley Continental 52 cars (fi'ont) Thickness Sl. 52 and Phantom V cars Bentlcy Continental 52 cars (front) Diamter of Wheel Cylinder Bores Rear Rear l-ront Sl, 52. BentleyContinental 52 and Phaltour V can Sl cars 52, Bertley Continental 52 and Phantom V cars

I l'250 in. (28 575cn.)

Ferodo DS2or MintexM14 10.00 in. (254 cm.) in. (19.576 cm.) 7.707 3 000in. (7 62 cm.) 2'980in. (7 569ct1l.)

mm.) o.322 in. (8'179 o.34',7 in. (8.814 mm.)

1.375 in. (3.492 cm.) 0.875in. (2.222cm.) cnr.) 0.812in. (2.062

Diameter of Master Cylinder System Pistons U, o'o e r c v l i n d c r L 0 w c r c y l rn d c r L Singlecylinder system Lrua I syslenl I Servo Lining Type all cars I

0 980in. (2 489cm.) in. ( 1.897 cm.) 0.747 (2'489 in. cm.) 0.980

FerodoDM8 Cun angle 52 deg47 deg. 37I deg.

c
F

Servo Operating Levers Early Sl cars with singlentastercylinder Late Sl cars *ith Ouutmastercylinders BentleyContinental 52 cars

52 cars Phantom V cars

with dual master cylinders

GI

ChapterG
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phontom V

Vlorkshop Manual

Bentley 51, Bentley 52 ond Bentley Continentol 52

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Chtpter G Rolls-RoyceSilver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phontom V Bentley 51, Bentley 52 and Bentley Continentol 52

Workshop Manual

Description incorOn both51 and52 cars, thebraking system


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porates a gearbox-drivenfriction type servo motor which is engaged by tlre foot brake pedal. The output from the servo is transmitted through hydraulic cylinders which operate Girling Hydrastatjc brakes incorporating special Rolls-Roycefeatures. In addition to operating thc servo, the foot brake pedal is also connectcdto the rear brakes through a nrechanical linkage of rods in tcnsion, as also is the handbrake,ancl supplies40 per cent (Sl cars) or 30 per cent (S2 cars) of thc effort applied to thc rear brakes,the additional 60 per cent (S1 cars) or'70 per ccnt (S2 cars) bcing provided hydraulically. The handbrakc also is connectcdto thc rear brakes through a mechanicallinkage.

zero shoe clearance.The'shake-back stop' is located radially by a stcadypost attachedto the brake carrier plate.Sullicicnt clearanceis provided in tlris location to allorvsiight shoe to drum clearance with the brakes ofl The tcnsion of the brake shoe return springs (or more correctly 'bias springs') is such that tl'te shoes are in cquilibrium with the springsin the wheel cylinders. Thesecxcrt a slight pressureon the back of the opefating rubber cup and piston in the expandcrs.[n consequcnce, there must be sufficientfriction bctween thc shake-back stop and the brake shoeweb to prevent the shoe being shaken back by tJrc vertical forces imposcd on it when traversing rough roads, As the front brakesare appliedentirely by tl.reservo there would normally be no increasein pedal travel as the liningsbecameworn. A strong pull-oiTspfingis thcrcfore fitted to thc shoes which takcs effect only u.hcn the linings are ncar thc cnd of thcir life, and, by in pcdal prcssuretbovc tl'rittwhich would the incre.rse nornrally be rcquired, gives warning that the lir.rings require renewal.

Two Shoe Brake System -

Front Brakes

Front brakes are of the 'two trailing shoc' type employing two brake operating cylinders for cach wheel. The lower'shoe factor'duc to abscnce of selfwrappirrg effect with trailing shoesrcnclers thern less prone to pulling and grabbing troublcs. solnctirl'res with leading shoe typc brakcs. The drum associatcd diametcr has. ol neccssity,been reclucedto lll in. (28.575cnr.) ancl this, combincd with the abscnceof the cmploymcnt of self-wrappingelTect,nccessitatcs to obtain thc same highcr shoetip operatingpressutcs total brakirlg. This higher shoc tip lbrce is dcrived hydrauliclevcrage. from the servomotor and increascd shoes. made possibleby the use of self-adjusting shoesin this systenr The importanceof self-adjusting lies in thc fact that thc displacetrcntof lluicl whcn the brakes are applied is nuch lcss tlrar in a normal system,siucethere is virtually no initial shoeclcarance to be takcn up. With lcssfluid movcnent, it has bccn possible to employ master cylinders of srnallerbore diameter than that of the whecl cylinders, thus providing an increased hydrirulic leveragc without introducing excessivelinear travcl of the mastcr cylinder pistons. On all except Phantom V rear brakes, self-adjustment of the shoes is achieved by a friction device known as the 'shake-backstop'. This deviceretains the front shoes in the expanded position when the hydraulic pressure is releascd.tlrus achieving near

Four Shoe Brake System -

Front Brakes

On the Bentlcy Continental52 the front brakes are of the 'four-shoe' typc. Thc four shoe brakc consists basically of four rleutral shoes nlounted in paifs on two trailing shoe carriers. The shoe carricrsare opcratedby two rvheel cyli[dcrs mountedon ?r torque platc. A \a,ater excluder is fittcd to thc back of cach fi'ont brake drum and is positiorred betweenthe carrier platc and the stub axle. With l'olrr shoesa greater lining arca is obtained, while the arc Jengthof each shoe remains low. Two bosses with line limit bores are welded to each shoe carricr and the shoes pivot on hardened pins which are retained in the bosscsby spring clips. As tlle pivots arc set wcll back from the shoe lining surfaccs. thele is a tendcncy l'or the sl]oesto tip forward due to thc rotation of the drum. The two shoes overlap in order to rnake the tendencies of the sl.Loes to tilt, mutually sclf-cancclling. 'Shake-backstops'are fitted to the brakes which prevent the shocsfuoln slraking away from thc drum when tlavelling over rough surfaces. On the four shoe brake, one shakc-backstop is Iitted to cach of the two trailing shoe carriers.

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Chopter G Rolls-RoyceSilver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phantom V

Workshop Manuol

Bentley Sl, Bentley 52 ond Bentley Continentol 52

Rear Brakes -

all cars

The rear brakesconprisc a lcadirg and trailing shoe expanded by a double acting wheel cylindcr in conjunction with a mechanicalflat wedgetype expander, the latter bcing operatedby direct foot pedal linkage and also by the handbrake. The shoes are interconnected by a special equal-wear linkage which corverts 1hefloating shocsto a 'fixed-carn' equivalent, effect of the leading thus reducing the selt'-wrapping stop shoesand allowing the useof a singleshake-back adjustsboth on thc trailing shoe which simultaneously shoesto near zero clearance;it should be noted that shake-backstops are not fitted to the rear brakes on Phantom V cars. As lining wear takes place with consequcnt automalic adjuslment, the shoes move away from the tappets of the mechanical expander provided in the 'Off' position; an adjusteris therefore to enable the shoesto be repositionedthus bringing rh e h eelsint o c ont a c l w i th th e ta p p e l sa g a i n . A liglrt rubbing when the brakes arc 'Of is quite normal with this type of automatic shoe adjustment.

endsof which are pivoted on the relay lcver mentioned above. A servomotor is mounted on the right-hand side of the gearbox and is driven at approximately one flfth of the propeller shaft speed. A pull-rod (see 7, Fig. G I ) is operatedby the brake pedal and is coupled to a lever on tlle servo motor shaft. The lever has inclined cams fornred on the face of its boss which engag, tlrrough the medium of steel balls, with sinrilarcams formed on the bossof a secondlever (5). From the latter Iever, rod (4) actuates the rear brakesthrough an intermediate lever which is pivoted on a bracket bolted to the crossmember of the frame and through rod (2) and the rear equaliserlinkage, mounted on a bracket suspended from the rear axle. lnitial movementofthe servolever camsengages the servo motor, and its output is taken to the master cylinder operating lever assemblyby one of the two output rods, dependingupon whether the motion of the car is forward or reverse. The handbrake is mounted under the facia, and is connected by an enclosed cableto the handbrakeIever carried on the master cylinder support bracket. This Ieveris linked to a secondlever which is connectedto the internediate lever (ll) by means of a pin. The rernaininglinkage is the same as for the foot brake. The illternediate lever is pernlitted to slide along the slotted link on rod (4) so that application of the handbrake does not disturb the foot pedal.

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Operation
Initial nrovenrent ofthe foot brake pedal first applies the rcar blakes through the nechanical linkagc and supplies40 pcr cent (Sl cars) or 30 per cent (S2 cars) of the effort applied to the rear brakes. Further pressllre on the foot brakc pedal engagesthc servo rnotor which operates the hydraulic mastercylindcr(s) and suppliesthe additional 60 per cent (Sl cars) or 70 per cent (S2 cars) of the cfTortapplied to the rear brakes; the ftont brakesare operatqdby the hyclraulic system only. On releasingthe fbot brake pedal. the 'hydraulic mastercylinder piston(s)return by meansof an internal spring; the servo operatinglcversreturn to their normal positions by nrcarrsof a torsion spring fitted betweenthe two lcvels. The harrdbrake is also connectedto the rear brakes th ro u g h t he m ec han i c a ll i n k a g e . Figure Cl showsthe brake Iinkagefor a right-hand drive car with the arrangement fitted to left-handdrive cars shown inset. On Phantom V cars an extra relay lever is fitted between the intermediatc linkage and the rear axle. The lever is fitted to a bracket weldedto the right-h:rnd rear men'tbcr of the propeller shaft tunnel. The singlerod (sec2, Fig. G l) fitted on standard cars, is divided into t$o rods on the Phantom V, the

Hydraulic Systems
On early Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Bentley SI and Bentley Continental Sl cars, a single master cylinder operatesall the brakes. [n the event of failure of the hydraulic system, the rear brakes remain effective through the nechanical linkage; similarly, provision is made to ensurethat the hydraulic system remains effectiveshould the nrechanical application fail. Later 51 cars and all 52 cars are fitted with two reservoirs and two master cylinders; the upper cylinder (0.980 in. (2.489 cm.) piston dia.) operates the upper shoesonly in the front brakes and all shoes in the rear brakes,while the lower cylinder (0.747in. (1.897 cm.) piston dia.) operates only the lower shoesin the front brakes. Two brake fluid reservoirs,one for each master cyl i nder. are mounl cd on the w i ng val ance and

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Chapter G Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll dnd Phontom V Bentley Sl, Bentley 52 and Bentle,l Continentol 52

Y{orkshop Manual

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incorporatefine mesh gauzefilters. The pipeslcading to the master cylindersare arrangedto run in such a manner that no air trapping takes place; any air presentin the brake fluid cylindersor pipesis expelled from the reservoirs. i .e. N o te : Al l b ra k c fl u i d i s h y g roscopi c. the fluid will absorb and chemicallycombine with water from the atmosphere. To overcome this problem, the fluid should be exposed to the atmosphere only for the minimum time. It should always be stored in and used directly from small sealedcontainers. Check valves were introduced on early 51 cars to obviate tbe possibility of ingressof air at the wheel

cylinders, but it was later established that the spreaders were fully capable of maintaining an adequate interference betweenthe lips of the cup sealsand the bores,thus preventingair from being introduced into the system. No retrospecti\eaction is necessary to removethe checkvalves. The two sub-divisions of the hydraulic systemare not interconnected hydraulically and balancebetweenthe two cylinders,and therefore between front and rear brakes, is obtained mechanically by means of a balancelever. .ln the event of failure of one system,braking is still retainedon all four wheelsby the mechanical application of the rear brakesand the operation of the second cylinder-

SECTION G2 _ SERVICEOPERATIONS

..1

Special tools required: RH.322-Brake and servo testing lever (single cylinder system) RH .4 l 7 -B ra k e a n d s e rv o te sti ng l ever (dual cylinder system) RH.473 - Spring balancereading 100 lb. (45 3 kg.)

(8,000kilometres), it is suggested that an inspectionof front brake linings be carried out at the sametime. Remove any lining dust which may have accumulated on the brake mechanismbefore re-fitting the drums. Push tlre shoesinwards and placethe drum in position; the shoesshould be in light contact with the drum after the brakes have once been applied and released.Slight rubbing betweenshoesand drums is normal for both front and rear brakes. On both Sl and 52 cars, wear on the rear brakes has the effect of increasingthe travel of the foot brake and handbrakecontrols, thereforecheck and if necessary adjr.rstthe rear brakes every 2,500 miles (4,000 kilometres). It is important that no attempt be made to adjust at any other point by altering the length of the rods. On initial build, the linkage is carefully set to synchronise the front and rear stops,ensuringthat in the event of failure of any parts of the system at least one pair of brakes is available. If dismantled for any reason, the linkage should be reset to the original in'Handbrake Ratchet Assembly'. settingas described

On 51, 52 and Phantom V cars, the front brakes are self-adjusting and no externaladjusteris provided. Every 20,000miles(32,000kilometres)on S1 cars and 10,000miles (16,000kilometres) on all 52 cars, the brake drums should be removedand the condition of the linings examined. The lining face should not be less than Brrin. (0.794 mm.) above the rivet heads.

the On 51 and early 52 carc, if wear is excessive, shoeswill catch on the warning springsprovided on the brake carrier plate whenever the brakes are applied and self-adjustment will be prevented. to remove the wheelsbefore Should it be necessary this period, lor example when the wheels are interchanged and checked for balance after 5,000 miles

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Chapter G Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phqntom V

Workshop Manuol

Eentley Sl, Bentley 52 ond Bentley Continentol 52

Rear Brakes - to adjust


Release the handbrake. The adjustment screw protruding through the brake water excluder has a squared end for spanneringpurposes (see Fig. G2). Four 'clicks' can be felt during every complete turn of the adjustment screw. to jack the rear To adjust the brakes,it is necessary wheels clear of the ground. Each wheel should be in each direction and the adjustrotated a few degrees ment screw (see Fig. G2) turned clockwise until a is felt. The adjustment screw should solid resistance then be turned back two 'clicks'. This will provide the correct brake setting. lf replacementshoes with new linings have been fitted, the adjustment screw should be set back five 'clicks' to allow for initial 'growth' of the Iinings during road test. After the road test, the brakes should setback three and the adjustmentscrews be re-adjusted 'clicks'. By the time further adjustmentis necessary, the linings will have stabilisedand tJrenormal adjustment may be caried out.

c HydraulicSystem to'bleed'
Fig. G3 'Blceding'front brakes 'Bleeding',for the purpose of expellingall air from the system,should oniy be necessary when completely recharging the system following the renewal of a componert or the disconnection of a brake pipe. To 'bleed' t he s y s te m , tw o o p e l a to rsa re n e c e s sary.

It is important that the following nethod is always employed, as air can be jntroduced into the wheel cylinderspast the screwthreadsof the 'bleed' screws, unlessthc screws are closedon the return stroke of the mastercylinder. l. Fit a rubber 'bleed' tube to one of the front brake 'bleed' screws and immersethe free end of the tube in about on inch of brake fluid in a clean bottle. 2. Ensure that the reservoir(s) situated on the righthand valance plate is full (the correct fluid is Castrol Girling Crimson Brake Fluid 6293). 3. Using lever RH.322 on the single master cylinder systemor lever RH.4l7 on the dual mastercylinder system, operate the master cylinders with a rapid deliberate forward movement while the second operator slackens the 'bleed' screw. At the end of the forward stroke, close the 'bleed' screw, pull the lever back and pause for 5 secondsto allow the master cylinder piunger to return under the influenceof its return spring.
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Fig. G2 Adjustnent of rear brakes


I. R E A R BRAKE ADIUSTING SCREW

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ChapterG
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phontom V Bentley Sl, Eentley 52 dnd Bentley Continentol 52

Workshop Manual

4. Repcat the pumping action for about l0 cyclesor unt il a i r b u b b l e sn o l o n g e r i s s u efiom the' bl eed' t ube. 5. This operation should bc repeatedfor all whcel cylirrders. topping-up the fluid reservoirs as necessafy. On the single master cylinder system, it is necessary only t o' b l e e d ' th e fro n t b ra k e sa t th e poi nt show n i n Figure C3, as the two wheel cylinders are inlerconnccted. On the dual master cylinder system,it is essential that both cylinders are 'bled' at eaclr front whcel, since theseare operatcd by separate master cylinders and are not inter-con nectedAfter 'blccdirrg'. a check mLrstbe carricd out to ensurethat the systcm is corrplctely free of air. No other method of 'bleeding' is recommended owing to the possibilityof acration of the fluid.

To Check that the System is Free of Air


Single master cylinder slstem L Ensurethat the rear brakesare corrcctly adjusted. 2. Operatc the mnstcr cylinder with lever RH,322 so that the shoesassurretheir operatingposilions.

Fig. G5 LeYerRH.4l? in position


L M AST ER C YLIN D ER BALAN C E T EVER BE A R I N G 1. C LEVIS PIN 3, t00 tb. Loa D l N G

Releasethe lever and allow the master cylinder plunger to return fullyt l . Attach a spring balance to the lever and operate tlle mas(ercylinder with a pull of 100 lb. (45.3 kg.) as shorvn in Figure G5. Measure the length that the push rod has travelled from rest. In the rest position, the 'on-stop' bal should be 1.60in. (4 064 cm.) from the edgeof the mastercylinder mounting bracket and the travel ol the push rod with the 100 lb. (45.3kg.) pull on lever RH.322 must not

Irig, G4

'Blceding' rear brakes

ChapterC
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phontom V

Workshop Monuol

Eentley Sl, Eentley 52 ond Bentley Continentol 52

Dual master cylinder system Repeat the operation described for the Single Master Cylinder systembut refer to Figure G6 for the movemnt required. Use lever RH.4l7 for thc test. Movement is measuredat the bottom clevispin on the master cylinder lever 2. Movement of the lever must not exceed2250 in. (5'715 cm.); jf it does, thc brakes should be 'bled' again and the test repeated.

Lubrication pinsshould be linkage clevis andfrLlcrum Thebrakc


iightly lubricated with engineor penetratingoil every 5,000mites (8,000kilometres).
Lever RH.322 in Dosition 2. ll)0 lb. loAolNG t. oN-sroP BAR Fig. G6

On the dual cylinder system, the master cylinder balancelever pivot bearing should be lubricatcd with the approved grease as shown in Chapter D.

cm.). If the travel exceeds 085 in. (2'159 exceed Thc ball bearingcans which actuatethe servolnotor on initial asscmblyand require are packedwith grease this figure,the brakesshouldbe'bled'again and no attention between chassis overhauls. the test repeated.

SECTION G3 - THE MASTER CYLINDERS

cylinders are fittedto a bracket Two Girlingmaster by a servo on the cruciformrnemberand are operated motor throughdraglinks. draws forward the master Servomotor operation (Fig. lever2 G7). Pivotedon this cylinderoperating the leverto which are connected leveris the balance two mastercylinder push rods. On the single master cylinder system,the master directlyto the operating cylinderpushrod is connected lever. In the rest position, the main seal floats slightly forward and two recuperatingholes in the plunger permittingcommunication between the are uncovered,

wheel cylinders andreservoir. Thisprevents thebuildup of pressure differeltials due to thermalexpansion and contraction. The initial rnovement of the plunger brings the recuperation holesforwardof the mainrubbersealing lip, after which further movement will producea proportionatemovement of the wheel cylinder plungers. On brake release,the push rod is returned immediately by the operating leverreturnspring, but naster cylinderplungerreturn is by meansof tJre internalspringonly. The plungershouldcontactthe push rod retaining washer between one and four seconds after release.

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Chapter G Rolls-Rovce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phqntom V Eentley Sl, Bentley 52 ond Bentley Continental 52

Workshop Monual

Master Cylinder system Dual c).linder


TD

to remoYe

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Disconnect the brake fluid pipes and drain the reservoirs. Disconnectthe return spring and servo rods from the mastercylinder operatinglever. Disconnectthe handbrakecableand return spring frotr-t the handbrake operating lever. Remove the pivot bolts and distancepiecesfrom the handbrakeoperating and intermediate levers, to permit the levers Fig.Gl) to be lowered with rods4 and 2 (see together to the mastercylindercarrier in order to gain access plates.

Note: The Phantom V has an extra rod and suppofi bracket positioned in place of tlre No.2 rod referred to in the previous paragraph. Remove the master cylinder operating lever pivot bolt and the carrier plate upper securingbolt. Remove the remaining carrier plate setscrews and master cylinder mounting bolts and withdraw the carier plate, mastercylindersand lever assembly. Single master cylinder system Disconnectthe return spring and servo motor drag links from the masler cylindel operating lever.

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Fig. G7 Dual mastercylindr LEVER LEVER 2. OPERATING BALANCE CYLINDER I. IIASTER

G9

Chapter G Rollr-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll and Phantom V

Workshop Monuol

Bentley Sr, Bentley 52 ond Bentley Continentol 52

Remove the operating lever fulcrum pin and the two through bolts securing the master cylinder to its bracket. Pressdown the mastercylinder to gain access to the o u tl e t pipe union. D i s c o n n e c lth e u n i o n . Disconnectthe inlet pipe and collect the fluid from the reservoirin a clean container. Remove the master cylinder and lever assembly.

Both single and dual aluminium master cylinders may be overhauled provided that condition of the cyiinder bore(s, permits further service. On Sl and 52 dual cylinder systems, complete master cylinder units are interchangeable. The componentsof the master cylinders are interchangeablewith the exception of the plunger seals. Both types of sealsare included in the overhaul kits; the corect seal should be fitted and the surplus one discarded. Part numbers are as follows: Master cylinders

Master Cylinder -

to dismantle

Remove the rubber boot and the circlip retaining the push rod washer. Remove the push rod, plunger and spring. Remove the end cap. (This cap will be found to be very tight and will require a spanner or tommy bar approximately two feet long. The master cylinder should be held in a vice fitted with jaw protectors).

Old type uG.289t uG.2892 Oldtype cD.l206 cD.1201

Neh'tlpe

I in. (2.54cm.)cylinder cm.)cylinder ! in. (1.905

UG.3847 UC,3848

Master cylinder overhaul kits

Master Cylinder Overhaul


All singlecast iron mastercylindersshould be removed and singlealuminium master cylinders fitted in their place.

Nev type 1 rn. (2 54 cm.)cylinder CD.2026 cm.) cylinder CD.2O27 ! in. (1.905 The kit for the single master cylinder system CD.l205is not aflected.

l.

Master Cylinder- to assemble


The importance of cleanliness when re-assembling units of the hydraulic system cannot be oyeremphasised. All internal parts must be free fronr grease,grit and lint from cleaningcloths. AII parts should be freely lubricated with clean brake fluid before assembly.

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Fig. GB Master cylinder - explodedvier.r

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Chopter G Rolls-RovceSilver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phqntom V Bentley Sl, Bentley 52 an! Bentley Continentol 52 Workshop Mdnual

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the plunger. (The slack can be fclt by gently noving the lower end of the operating lever backwards and forwards). Do not pull too hlrrd ol.l the operating lever or thc plunger will be forced along the cylindcr; as plunger rctun] is slow. the subsequcntadjustment rnay be inaccurate. Lengthcn the push rod until free movemcnl at the l ow er end ol ' the operal i ngl ever i s.i ust l o st . Shor t en the push rod one flat (+ turn), then lock the nut. Re-fit the rubber boot. 'Adjust thc'on-stop' bar so that it r]'tust travel 1 600 in. (,1064 cm.) before cortacting the edge of the mastercylinder support bracket(seeFigs. G5 and G9).

in position cylirrdr Fig. G9 M.rster Fit the seal shim, n'rainseal, g4s'Gt and end cap. Tighten the end cap. Inscrt the plunger spring and plungcr, then work the small seal carefully into the c y J inde b r o te . Fit thc push rod and circlip.

Dual Master Cylinder System to adjust


F.l

Bcfore fitting the cylinder to tl'le chassisbracket, adjust the uppcr cylinder push rod so that the centre of its pivot on the balarce lever is 3 700 in. (9 398 cm ) end face (seeFig. Gl0). fi'onr thc lnaster cylinderAfter fitting the master cylinders and connecting the linkagcs, take up all clearancesoll the ]owcr cylinder push rod by means of the adjustcr, then slackenthe adjuster] of a turn. No' on -s to p ' a d j u s tmc n li s p ro v i d ed.

Single Master Cylinder SYstemto adjust


bracket. Press Fit the rnastcrcylinder to the chassis the rear end ofthe rubber boot forward to allow access the lockflats. Release to the lock-nut and spannering possible so push much as rod as nut, then shorten the push rod and the that there is slack betweenthe end of
Fig. G10 D al mastercylinder adiustmcnt
A. 3 700 i n. ( 9 39Sc m .) I. M AST ERC YLIN D ER BALAN C E LEVE R 2. O PER AT IN G LEVER

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ChapterG
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phantom V

Workshop Manual

Bentley Sl, Bentley 52 ond Bentley Continentdl 52

SECTION G4- SERVO MOTOR

The servomotor operates on the sameprincipleas the dry disc clutch. The lined friction plate (see Fig. Gl l) is driven from the gearboxoutput shaft at approximatelyone fifth of the propeller shaft speed and is in continuous rotation whilst the car is in motron, plate is freely mounted on a co-axial The pressure shaft and is brought into contact with the friction plate, when the foot brake pedal is depressed, by meansof camsand steelballs betweenthe operating levers. The motion imparted to the pressureplate causes the pin to pick up one of the brake actuating levers, forward or reverse,accordingto the motion of the car and to apply the mastercylinder by means of the drag link and operatini lever. On releasing the foot brakepedalthe servooperating levers arereturned to their normal positions by a torsion springfitted between the levers. Servo to remove

Disconnect the drag links from the seryo brake actuating levers. Remove the seryo 'on-stop' to improve access to the seryo. Releasethe handbrake to slacken the cable which may then be lifted to fufiher improve accessto the servo. Remove the centre bolt and withdraw the servo motor.

ra

Servo- to dismantle
Remove the protectorring and the springplate. Should difficulty be encountered in separating the surfaces sealed with Bostik adhesive, theapplication of trichlorethylene will assist dismantling. Mount the pressure plate assembly vertically in a v.ice fitted with jaw protectors.holding it by the inner end of the servo shaft. Remove the lock-nutand the adjusting nut, then withdraw the componentsfrom the shaft (see Fig. Gll). Retain the three steelballs and the tofsion spring fitted betweenthe servo cam levers. Lightly drivethe ball racefrom the pressure platehub.

Removethe right-hand undershield. Remove the setscrewssecudng the clevis pin plateand removc pins. retaining the clevis Disconnect the rods from the servocam levers.

woh;pe
Fig. Cll Servo motor - exploded view
I, SPR IN G PLAT E

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ChapterG
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond phontom v Bentley Sl, Bentley 52 ond Bentley Continentol 52

Workshop Monual

the friction plate, as shown in Figure G14. Turn the screwdriverso that the ring and plate are separated and hold them in that position Insert and turn a second screwdriverbetween the ring and plate diametrically opposite the first; the Belleville washer will spring away from the inertia nng. Removethe screwdrivers, Turn the inertia ring until thrce accesshoies are aligned with thrce rivets. Drill eachrivet to a depth of ft in. ( I.575 mm.) witi.r a .j! in. (3 962 nrm.) diameter drill, then with the aid of a I in. (3 175mm.) dian.reter pin punch, removethe rlvets. Re-1ltthe Bellevillewashcr. Attach new linings by insertingand lightty swaging over two new rivetsfitted oppositeeach other. Insert and l i ghtl y sw agethe remai ni ngr ivet s.
J

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'E

Fig. Gl2

Servomotor and actuatingrods

Finally, swage over all rivets with a spigoted flat punch (see Fi g. Gl 5). It should now be possibleto turn the inertia ring by hand. If the assemblyl.eelssolid, even on applying considerableeffort, the Belleville washer should be renewed by drilling out the old rivetsand re_riveting.

Servo -

to inspect

Thoroughly clean all parts and exanrinefor wear. Specialattention shoutd be paid to the friction lining; a glazed friction lining can cause inefficiencyof the brakes. Servo motors fitted to Sl cars have spring plates fitted behind the lining. Check that the set ;f the sprng plates is between 0.032 in. (0.913 mrn_) and 0035 il. (0.889 nim.) by means of feeler gauges insertedbetweenthe spring and the tining and b;tw;n the spring and the friction plate (seeFig. G t 3). lf the set is below 0 032 in. (0.81 3 mm.). a replacement assemblyor new spring piates should be fitted. The spring plates are rivetcd to the friction plate. If the pressure plate is scoredor distortedit should be renewed,

inserting a screwdriverbetween the inertia ring ani

Friction Plate Linings - to renew Release the pressure of the Belleville washer by
Fig, G13 CheckinS sef of the spring plates

G]J

Chapter G Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phontom V Bentley Sl, Bentley 52 ond Bentley Continentol 52

Workshop Manuol

The Ferobestos seal washer should be assembJed, chamferededge leading,on the spigot formed by the oil seal housing; it should be completelyclry and free from adhesiveor lubricantWith the pressure plate uppermost, position the rubber sealwith the flap coveringthe ventilatingslots and easethe sealover the rim edgewithout stretching_ Holding the rubber seal in that position, ease the oppositeside over the plate edge. It is essential that the pulling is limited to the inner diamcter only, thereby preventingdistortion of the outer peripl.rery. Easethe remainderof the seal into position until the inner periphery flts closely against the machined surface, By carefully lifting the rubber seal wJrich ovcrlaps the yentilating slots and machined surface, apply Bostik adhesive 89AA to the inner face of the seal,a small area at a time. until the completecircumference of the inner face bas been treated in this way. Allow the adhesive to set for.approximatelyone hour before uslng lne car.

.n

Fig. Cl4
I. S E L L E V IL L EWA S H E R

Releasing the Belleviltewasher


2, INERTIA RING ], FRICTION P LAT E

Servo Motor Sealing


Early Sl cars When assembling the servo,care should be taken to obtain completc seaiing. On cars littcd with the earlier pattcrn pressurc plate incorporating three ventilation slots, before assernbling,the following modifications are rcquired if they are not already rncorporated. By simple unsweating, removc the water drain from the scrvo spring platc. . Blank off the spring plate drain holeslocatedin the rim by filling with solder. This is best done by tinning the inside of the rim, rcsting the spring platc (holes downwards) on a sheet of asbestos. The use of preventsthe hot solder from running through asbestos the holes and building up on the outside of the rim. The solder should then be smoothed over and the spring plate painted with a good quality, air drying, chassisenamel.

c r

Lubricate the thrust race, operating lever cams and pressureplate ball race with Molytone 265 grease. Renew and soak the felt washer (located in the pressure plate) in engine oil and lightly coat with Molytone grease, Apply .Wellseal. sparingly to the end face of the servo drive shaft, both sides of the centre of the inertia plate, to the end face and driving pins of the servo drivcn shaft ancl under the head oi the servo retainingsetscrew after first ensuringthat all surfaces are free from oil or grease. Allow at least five nrinutes for air drying before asscmblingthe joints. Fig.Gls punches - servo re-lining Discard the existingworm drjve protecting ring and

fit the spring ring in its place. position the sprjng towards therearof thecarandnot to thelowermost
posi ti onar w ascustomaryon earl i ercars. The position of the balic plate is immaterial if the earlicr type protecting ring is being used. The servocan then be fitted to the car, the scalbeing hnally checked after road lesting.

G t4

Chopter G Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phontom V Bentley 51, Bentley 52 and Bentle'/ Continentol 52

tl{orkshop Manuol

Note: (a) lt is zol possibleto use the rubber seal more than once, nor is it possible to use the seal if it has been distorted in an attempt to fit it. unsuccessful (b) Trichlorethylene appliedto the Bostik will assisteasy separationwhen required.

driven shaftand under the headof the servoretaining are free setscre\v after first ensuringthat all surfaces from oil or grease. The Ferobestos is adhered sealwasher to the spring plate by a specialprocess. In the event of their becomingseparated, a replacement spring plate and washer assemblyshould be obtained and fitted. Under no circumstances should the seal washer be fitted to the springplate usinga Bostik adhesive. Apply Bostik adhesive No. 89AA sparingly to the joint betweenthe spring plate and circumferential pressure plateafterassembly, alsoto the insideof the rubberseal. plate uppermost, placeon the With the pressure without rubbcrseal andease the seal overtherim edge, stretching.Holding the seal in that position,ease the oppositeside and remainderof the seal into position. Positionthe protectorring with the worm drive towards the rear of the car. Notes (a) and (6) on the sealingon early Sl cars to lat Sl andall 52 cars. are alsoapplicable

Late Sl and 52 cars The standardof sealingis improved on late Sl and all 52 cars. When disturbirg the servo for any reason,it will be necessary to carry out the following re-sealing procedure. Ensure all parts are clean and free from grease. Pack and lubricate the thrust race, operating lever cams and pressureplate ball race with Molytone 265 grease. Renew and soak the felt washer (located in the pressure plate) in engine oil and lightly smear the outer surfaces with Molytone grease. Apply'Wellseat'sparingly to the end faceofthe servo driving shaft, both sides of the centre of the inertia plate, to the end facc and driving pins of the servo

.-l

I, APPLY' WELLSEAL' SPARINCLY 2. FEIT SEAL ]. APPIY '\|r'ELISEAL' .. DEGREASE AND IUBRICATE

5. APPLY ' BOSTIK' TO THIS TACE 6. W ORM DRIVE CLIP 7. RUBSER SEAL

(late 51 and 52 cars) Fig. G16 Servoassembly

Gt5

Chapter G Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phontom V

Workshop Manual

Bentley Sl, Eentley 52 ond Bentley Continentdl 52

Slacken the adjusting nut if necessaryand re-tighten the centre bolt. Connectthe brake rods. Fit the servo'on-stop'and ensure that the handbrake cable is correctly positioned under the servo shaft. Fit the undershield.
arl

Servo Cam Angle


Should the servo motor be changed as a unit, or the cam levers be renewed, ensure that the correct cams are fitted. Should the seryo motor be changed as a unit, or the operating levers be renewed, ensure that the operating lever cam angles are correct.
(early 51 cars) Fig. G17 Servoassembly
I . AP P L Y 'WE L L S E A L ' S P A RINGLY 2, FELT SEAL 3 . AP P L Y 'WE L L S E A L ' 4 . D EG RE A S EA N O L U B RICATE 5, APPLY ' BOSTIK'TO THIS F AC E 6. RING RG.33II OR RG.799 7 AND SPRING RH ,I35 7. RUBBER SEAL RH.377

On early 51 cars, fitted with the single master cylinder system, the operating lever cam angle is 52 deg.; it can be identified by the numbers 'I126FC' and 'l127FC' on the levers. On Bentley Continental 52 and late S1 cars, fitted with the dual master cylinder system, the operating cam angle is 47 deg.; there are no identification numbers on these levers. On 52 and Phantom Y cars, the operating lever cam angle is 37+ deg.; there are no identificationnumbers on these levers.

Servo to Gearbox - to fit


On 52 cars, check the protruding length of the three driving pins above the end of the servo driving shaft; this length should be no more than 0.360 in. (9.144 mni.). If above this length, the driving pins should be unscrewed from the servo driving shaft and modified. Using suitable clamps, hold each pin in a vice and file off the required amount of metal from the slotted end, ensuring that the face is kept square to the centre line ofthe pin. Remove any burrs, particularly in the slots, then fit the pins in the servo drive shaft ensuring that they are fully tightened. On completion of this modjfication, the gearbox rear extensionmust be marked with a blue spot for future identification. Position the servo motor on the driving shaft, ensuring that the three driving pins engagewith the holes in the friction plate and the servo shaft flange. Insert and tighten the centre bolt.

ts

Fig, G18 Servoadjustment

Rock ttre seryo to ensure that it is free.

I. C EN T R E SEC U R IN G BOLT

2. LOC KIN G N U T

3. AD IU ST IN G N U T

G16

Chapter G Rol/s-RoyceSilver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll and Phontom V Eentley Sl, Eentley 52 ond Bentley Continentol 52

Workshop Monuol

Tightenthe adjusting nut (see Fig. Gl1) until drag between the platescan just be l'elt on rocking the nut two flats(+ ofa turn) servo.Unscrew theadjusting that to freethe servo.Apply the pedalonceto ensure turn the outerservoleverhasfollowed the backward nut and of the adjustjngnut. Hold the adjusting tighten the lock-nut.

Servo'On-stop' Adjustment
It is essential when fitting thc servo'ol't-stop' bracket to ensure that it is correctly adjustcd (see 'Basic Adjustment ol Brake Rods ard Linkages-Sl 52 cars'). and

S E C TION G5 B R A KE SH O E S. D R U MS A N D EXPANDER ME C H A N IS M

Special tools required: RH.627 Tranmel 30 lb. (14 kg.) reading Sprirg balance-

Removc thc wheel and brake drun; if thc drum is tight, screw two ji in. U.N.F. bolts into the tapped extraction holes providcd. Withdraw the shoesfrom the stcadyposts ard from the whcel cylinder rubbers. Withdraw thc shocs fron the anchor slotsir the r ear of the wheelcylindcrs. Unhook the pull-oII'sprjngsand renove the shoes. It is possible to extract the internal parts of the whccl cylinders,including the rubber seals,without removing the wheel cylindcr from thc carricr plate (sce Fig. G22). Renew thc paper gaskets and locking strips if removed,

'J

are available Replaccnentshoeand lining assemblies when reJining is necessary. and should alwaysbe fitted folk of tl.re dual master The front shoe operating jaw than that of the single cylinder systen has a larger in order to acconmodate the naster cylinder system pattcrn shoe. Shoes are only web ofthe later stiffencd if the operatingforks are interchangeinterchangeable able. When renewingthe brake linings due to wear, it is recommended that the following operations are carrledout: sltoes. 1. Fit servicereplacement 2. Overhaul the wheel cylilders and fit new rubber seals. 3. Overhaul thc master cylindersand fit new rubber seals. the rear adjusters. 4. Dismantle,cleanand grease 5. Renew the flexible brake hoses. In the interest of safety it is leconrmended that these hoses be renewedevery 40,000miles(64,000kilometres).

Front Brakes - to dismantle


The procedurefor thc removal ofthe front shoeson the 52 Continental djffers from that for the remaining 52 and all Sl cals. Action after removal is common to all S1 and 52 cars. Raisethe front ofthe car using a hydraulicjack.
Fig. Gl9 Front brake tlyo shoesystem drum rcmoved

I, SH AKE.BAC K ST OP 2. SH O E PIVOT 3. W H EEL C YLIN D ER

4. R ET U R N SPRN G 5. F OR W AR D WH E E L R O TA TI O N

Gt7

Chapter G Ro/ls-RoyceSilver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll and Phdntom V

Workshop Manuol

Eentley Sl, Bentley 52 ond Bentley Continentol 52

The braking systemof all cars undergoingextensive overhaulshouldbe fitted with castiron wlteelcylinders incorporating spreadersand either a single or dual, al umi ni um mastercyl i nderuni t. In all cases. discretionmust be usedby thc Retailer in deciding whether a master cylinder or whecl cylinderis suitablefor furtlrer scrvice and consequently overhauled.or whether it should be discarded and replacedby a new unit. Scparatc overhaul kits are issued containing the necessary parts: Cast irorr f|.oi.rtwheel cyl i nder Cast iron rcar wheel cylinder P art N o. C D .l 20l Part No. CD.l204 I of f I off

Shake-back Stops
Fig. G2O Front brake trro shoesystem - fruf .fro* "nA remoyed

Overhaul
In thc past, wheelcylirrders rcquiring reconditioning have always been returned for service replacement. With thc co-operationof thc Manufacturersit is now llossiblc to lelease cornplctc overhaul kits. wher Iequired. to Rctailcrs uho are desirous of carrying out their own rcpair scrviceon theseunits. should be discarded , All alurninium wheel cylinder.s and spreadertype cast iron cylindersiitted. Cast iron cylinders litted with air excludersshould be converted to comply with the latest specification. This errtails a systcmatic rcnewalof uscdparts and tlte instaliation of spreaders.All parts necessary to bring about the conversion are contained in the wheel cyl i n der ov er haul k i ts . On cach front wheelcylinder,discardthe dust cover, scal abutment, spring and air excluder,togethcr with the bleed valve dust cover and ball; fit new parts as instructedin thc lcafletenclosed with the kit. When overhaulingcast iron cylindersalready fitted with spreaders, the straightforward rnethocl of rcnervingused parts by those suppliedirr the overhaul ki t sh ould be applie d .

The shakc-backstops whjch are fitted to all rear brakes, except Phantom V. prevent the shoes from being shaken away from the drum when the car is moving over rouglt surfaces.The stop consists of two unpolishedchrornium plated washersheld on either side of the web of the shoe by a spring-loaded collar as shown irr Figure G23. The shoe is free to rrove whenever the frictional resistanceof the washers is overcomeby the brake actuating mechanism. Wilh the shoesassembled on the carrier plate. the shake-back stop collar fits over the steadypost and on blake application the shoe web slides between the friction washers until zero clearance betweenshoeand drum is maintained. The radial clearance betweentlte steadypost and collar allows the operatingnovement for tlre shoes. Whcn fitting replacen'rentshoes, the slipping poundageon the shake-back stops should be checked with a spring balanceand should be between20 and 30 lb. (9'06 and 13.59 kg.) for two shoe brakes and btwccn22:l and 321 lb. (10.193and 14.723kg.) tor fbur shoe brakes. Hold the shoe vertically in a vice and connect the spring balance to the shake-back stop col l ar w i th a sui tabl ew i re hook. P ul l on the spring balanceso that the direction of pull is parallel to the shoe\yeband along the centreline of the slotted hole. Notc the spring balance reading at which the shake-backstop begins to move. lf the poundage is outside the above limits, fit new washersor spring as

c |.

d
U

G t3

ChapterG
Rolls-RoyceSilver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phontom V Eentley Sl, Benrley 52 ond Bentley Continental 52

Workshop Manual

necessary. No grease or lubricant of any kind should be usedon the stop assembly.

threadto take the thrust of the later patterncollar. It js important that thereis a smallclearance between the threadand collar,as shownin FigureG23.

Ensurethat the steady postsare correctly entered A modification was introduced to the shake-back into the shake-back stopcollars.In orderto givemore stop collar fltted on Sl cars; this modifiedcollar is positive engagement, postswereincreased the steady standard on 52 cars. in length; where replacement shoeshave beenfitted, it is essential that the steady postand shake-back stop Themodified collar, having a l in. diameter external area pair astheearlypattern postallows theendof its thread and a plain nut, is usedto clamp the friction

,.1 f

.l 6
8

o0
Fig, G21 Front brake F.

two shoe system

exploded view

I, PULL- OF FSPR IN G 2. WI]EEL CYLIN D ER !, WARN|NG SPR T N G( N O T FTTaED ON IATE 52 CARS) ,I. STEADY POST 5. WATER E XC LU OER 6. RUBBER OUST CA' 7. \M HEEL C YLIN D ER S CONNEC T IN G PIPE( SIN G LE cYLTNDER SYST ET '1 ON LY)

8. J O IN T 9. C AR R IER PLAT E IO - BR AKE SH OE AN C H OR PIN II. W H EEL C YLIN D ER I2. SH AKE.BAC K ST OP t3. r otN T 14. G R EASEC AIC BER

Gt9

CftapterG
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phontom V

Workshop Monuol

Bentley Sl, Eentley 52 ond Bentley Continentdl 52

washers and spring, whereas the earlier collar is threaded internally and a bolt is used to clamp the and spring;the trodified type ofcollar friction washers is shown in Figure G23. The reasonfor the introductiol of a modified collar is plimarily one of economy and it js thereforeintendedthat suppliesof the earlier collar and bolt should be used until stocks are exhausted, after which requests for the collar and bolt will be dealt with by supplying the modified collar and nut.

5 nl q!.

-e dE-'

Fig. C23 Shake-backstop


I. F R IC T ION W ASH ER S 2. N U T 3, SH AKE- BAC K C O LLAR 4. C LEAR AN C E

Qilnl^ "vt. a.lnFig. G22 Wheel cylinder


I-'B L E E D 'S C RE W 2. STEELBALL 3 , R UB B E R S E A L

,/-ryw
explodedview

On early Sl cars, pull the shoe forward, away fron the carrier plate and tighten the inner lock-nut on the steady post. On later cars, the inner lock-nut is welded to the steady post bracket and does not therefore require tightening.

4. PTSTON 5. SPREADER 6. BRAKE SHOE ANCHOR PIN

Front Brakes -

to fit

Reverse the procedure describedfor tbe removal ol' the brakes. Check that the lining facesare at right anglesto the hub flange. The check may be made with a trammel, SpecialTool RH.627, or a parallel bar and set square as shown for the rear shoesin Figure G30; adjustment is made by screwing the steady post in o[ out as necessary.

Removethe dust cover in the rear of the water excluderand release the steadypost lock-nutjust sulliciently to pernit rotationof the post.
Adjust the steady post by means of a screwdriver in the slot provided in the end of the post. then tighten the outside lock-nut with a box spanner concentric to the screwdriver.

,.t
d

Fig. G24 Front brake

rear viw I. ADJUSTING SCREVr'

G20

Chaptcr G Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phontom Y Bentley Sl, Bentley 52 ond Bentley Continentol 52

Workshop Manual

It should be noted that or Phantom V rear brakcs, no springsare titted a1 the expanderend of the brake shoes. R cnl ovethe shocs,w ol ki ng thc i nter - shoe linkage out betw ccn the expander uni t and t hc hub ( see Fig. G26). Disconnectthc hydraulic pipc l'r'om the expander uni t. Releasc the lock-tab and removethe 2 B.A. setscrew securi ngthe expanderurri t to i ts covet plat c on t he water excluder. Removethe cxpander unit folward. Rernove thc t\\,o selscre\\'sand plain washcrs retai ni ng the ad.i usteruni t and rcmovc t he unit . Collect the distancc piecestittcd bctwccn tl'te watel cxcluder and thc carrier plate.

Expander Unit

to overhaul

R emove the dust covers and extrac t t he pist ons, rubber sealsand spreadcrs.
J

Fig- C25 Rcar brake


L H Y DRAULIC EXPANDER 2. S T EADY POST l,

drum remored

,4. SHAKE BA C K ST OP 5. ANCHOR PIN 6, I,lECHAN IC AL EXPAN D ER

Press both shoes inwards and tcnrporarily re-fit t lle dr u m . ta k i n g c a re th a t th e s h a ke-back stops are not pul l e d o l T tl re i r rte a d y p o s t.. Apply the brakesby rneansof SpecialTool RH.322 or RH. 4 l 7 , to c e n tra l i s c th e s h o c s . Renrove the brake drum. tighten the c),linder nr oLur t j n g b o l ts th c n fi rra l l y rc -l i t th c drum.

Rear Brakes - to dismantle


Rais eth c re a r o f th e c a r u s i n ga h y draul i cj ack. Rc no v e th e w h e c l a n d b ra k e d ru n r; i f the dl um i s i nto the t ight . s c re w tw o + i n . U .N .F ' . s e t screw s tapped holes provided. Pull the shoes from their steady posts antl eru,ay fiom the adjusterplungers. Unhook the rcturn spring adjacent to the cxpandcr fronr its anchor pin or tlre inter-shoelinkage. A loop is provided to enable the s pr ing t o b e g ri p p c d w i l h p l i e rs .

Fie. G26 Rear brake

shoercmoval

G 2t

Chapter C tl{orkshop Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phontom Y Monuol Bentley 51, Eentley 52 ond Bentley Continentol 52

.f

Remove the four 2 B.A. nuts, shake-proofandplail washers. Remove the tappet guide (see Fig. G28). Thoroughly cleafl all parts and inspectfor wear. Renew the rubber seal, smearing the pistons with Molytone C grease. Inspect the wlreel cylinder bores for scoring and corrosion. Renew the cylinder if necessary. Lubricate the wheel cylinder parts liberally with clean brake fluid and re-assemblc. Re-assemblethe mechanical expander, applying Molytone greasefreely to the internal parts.

On early Sl cars, instances have occurred of seizureof the tappets in the guide plate resulting in failure of the rod operatedexpanderwith consequent failure to releasethe rear brakes. The seizure is causedby tlle accumulationof packed brake lining dust and this condition can be alleviated of the tappetsjn the guide by increasing the clearance plate. The four distance picceshave been lcngthenedby 0020 in. (0.508 mrn.). to give an overall length of 0214 in. (696 mm.), a clearanceof 0 025 in. (0 635 mm.) betweenthe tappet and guide plate.

t.

ok o%

Fig. C27 Rear brake- explodedriew


I. 2. 3. ,I, 5. 6. 7, 89. LEADING SHOE \lr ' HEEL CYLINDER ASSEI' BLY ECCENTRIC PIN CARRIER PLATE STEADY POST AOIUSTER UN RUBBER DUST CAP W ATER EXCLUDER RU88ER SEAL IO, R U SBER BO O T II, W H EEL C YLIN D ER C OVER PLAT E I2. STEAOY POST I]. AD IU ST R SPR IN G I4. SH AKE.BAC K ST OP I5. T R AILIN G SH OE I6. PU T I,OF F SPR IN G I7. IN T ER - SH OE !IN KAGE

4d

d -

G::

Chapter G Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phontom V Bentley Sl, Bentley 52 ond Bentley Continentol 52

Workshop Manudl

Adjuster Unit - to overhaul


!

Remove the plungers,noting that they are handed and must be re-fitted irr their original bores on re(seeFig. G29). assembly Thotoughly clean all parts and rc-assemble using white grease. If the plunger ends are pressed in againstthe adjustingcone there should be four evcnlyspaced'clicks' for each turn of the adjusterscre$.

,E

Shoes

to re-fit

Tur[ the adjuster screw fully anti-clocku'ise. Fit the return spring at the adjusterend ofthc shoes. Position the shoes against the back plate. working the inter-shoe linkage between the hub flange and expander unit. Fit the shoes into the expander slots and the compressionlink of the inter-shoe Iinkage onto the eccentricpin. Fit the shoesjnto the adjuster slots. ensuring that the shake-back stop of the lower trailirrg shoe lits over its steady post; it will be noted that uo shake-back stops are fitted on Phaltom V rear b]akes and'that no return spring is fitted at the expandcr end of the shoes. Fit the return spring at the expander cnd of the shoes. The top end of the spring is rctained by the wire hook attached to the eccentric pin. A loop is provided in the spring to enable it to be gripped by pliers while stletching its lower end onto the anchor pin on the inter-shoe linkage.

Fig. G28 Expanderunit


I. 2. ]. 4. 5. 6, SPREADERS STEEL SALL .BLEED' SCREW RUBBER SEAL PIS- TON TAPPET STOP

explodedview

7, SANDW IC H PIAT E 8. ROLLER 9. TAPPET IO, TAPPET GU ID E II, DISTANC E PIEC E 12. DRAW I.INK

Indication of seizureof the tappets can be felt in tJreoperation of the foot brake pedal. lf two distinct pressures can be felt, the first movementtaking up the slack in the rods and the secondoperatingthe servo, it is advisableto check the condition of the tappets. Overheating of the lear brakes may also be experienccd. the Should trouble of this nature be experienced, expander unit slrould be dismantled, cleaned and washed free of any lubricant. Re-assemble the expanderunit, using the new longer distancepieces and applying Molytone greaseft'eely to the internal parts. To indicate that this modification has been carried out, a white spot is painted on the angular surlaceat the extreme rear end of the righthand side chassis member.

Material
F

The new part UG.3462 shouldbe orderedand stored for use as necessary. All stocks of the old distance piece should be discarded. For easeof identification, the expander unit for the right-hand side of the car has a straight draw link; the unit for the left-hand side has a draw link which is bent in order to obtain a direct pull from the rear.

Fig. C29 Adjusler unit


I, PLU N G ER

cxplodcd vier,

2, AD ]U ST ER SC R E W

G 2.1

Chapter G Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phantom V

Workshop Monual

Bentley 51, Bentley 52 ond Bentley Continentsl 52

Brake Shoes- to set


SI and 52 cars gaugeRH.627, or a parallel bar and The aJignment to elsure thal the brake shoes set square,is necessary are fitted concentric and squareto the drum. untiL Do not fully tighten the adjusterunit setscrcws the shoes have been aligned by screwingthe steady posts Jn or out as neccssary. Remove the dust cover in the back ol tbe water the steadypost lock-l]ut. excluder and release Adjust the steady post by means of a screwdriver in the slot provided in the end of the post, then tighten the lock-nut with a box spannerconcentricto the screwdriver. Pull the lower shoe away from the carrier plate and tighten the inner lock-nut on the steadypost. lt should be rememberedthat on later cars the nut is weldedto the steadypost bracket and th"'refbredoesnot requlre tightening. The mushroom-headedsteady post for the leading shoe has no inner lock-nut. Slightly slacken the adjuster unit setscrewsand the eccentric pin lock-nut (see Fig. C27). The latter
F
;.1

an

52 Fig. G31 Bentley Confinental rearvlew

four shoe brake -

more than half a turn, or more shouldnot be slackened than is just sufficient to permit the pin to be turned by spanner provided means of the inlet valve adjustil.rg in the tool kit. Temporarily fit the brake drum and disconnectthe rear end of rod 2 (seeFig. Gl) from the rear brake equaliser. Tighten the adjuster screwto centralise the adjuster unit by expanding the brake shoes,then tighten the adjuster setscrews. Slackenthe adjusterscrewtwo'clicks'. Remove the brake drum and adjust the eccentric pin to obtain final centralisingof the shoesusing the trammel, SpecialTool RH.627. Tighten the pin lock-nut. In cases where a trammel is not available, the ecccntric pin must be adjusted with the drum in position. The pin should turn about 45 deg. in either direction when a positive stop will be felt as the shoes are expandedagainstthe drum.

-l
!

Fig. G30 Aligning the brake shos

c24

ChapruG
Roils-Roycc Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll an'l Phontom V Eentlcy 5/,,Bentlcy 52 ond Bentlcy Continentol 52

Workshop Manual

I f t hc p i r a p p c a rsto to g g l e o v e r whetl turned i n c it hc r di re c ti o n .ti g h te n th c a d j u s te rscrewone' cl i ck' and f c pe a t 1 h etc s t. its stop positions and Sct the pin midrval' betrveen t ight c n t h e l o c k -n u t. scrol is normally adjustedtwo'clicks' The ad.juster back bLrt$'hennc\\'linings havc beenlittcd this should bc incrcascdto five 'clicks' to allow for their initial gr owt h d u ri n g ro a d te s t. Connccl tl'rebrake actuating rod and lit the pull-ofT s pr ing a n d ru b b c r b o o t. ' B leed ' th e b ra k e s :te l e r to ' H y d ra ul i c S ystcr'r1 to blcccl'.

Remove the spring clips retaining thc hardcncd plvot plns. Withdraw 1he pivot pins and remove cach brake shoe.

To assemble
The method of assembly is the reverse of the dismantling procedure, ensuring that thc wheel cylinders are hard against their abLrtnrcntfaccs but that the wheel cylinder fixing bolts are only partially ti ghtcned. Thi s w i l l assi st i n the l ol lowing br ake setting instructions.

Front Brakes- to dismantle


Bentley Continental52 l) is nra n tl cth e fo u r s h o e b ra k e i n the samew ay as for the two shoe brake but as two slloesare ci,lscribcd f it t c d t o e a c h s h o e c a rri e r. th e fo l l o vi ng addi ti onal opcrations ale recessary.

Front Brake -

to set

By adjusting the shake-backsteady post 'E' (see Fi g. G34), set the shoes' A ' and ' B ' so t hat t hey ar e squareto the hub at the points 'X' and 'Y'. lf it is impossible to position both shoesso that they are squareto the hub at the samc time. thcn thc differencein 'out of squareness' of the two shoesshould be split so that the shoesare an equal anrount out of square. Rcpeatthis operation for shoes'C' and 'D'. Fi t the speci al w i ndow drum R H .7l l 9 . Disconnectthe feed pipes to thc whecl cylindcrs. Expand the brake shoesagainstthe drurr by applying a load to eaclr slroe carrier in thc vicirrity of tlre l i nk. The l oad i s bestappl i edwit h a suit able operati ng piece of bar. R el easethe pressurc,thus al l ow i ng t hc shocs t o takc up tbei r normal ' Off-posi ti on. (x) and (y) bctwccDthc shocsand Check clearances the drum at poi nts ' X ' aD d ' Y ' rcsp cct ively. Also or possi bl e cl caran cc at point 'l'. checkthe i nterference The clearances(x) and (y) must be equal within 0 003 in. (0 076 mm.) and at the sane timc the fit at '[' should be between0 003 in. (0 076 mrn.) clcarirnce and 0015 i n. (0 381 mm.) i ntcrfcrencc. Thc int cr ferenceat' I' i s equi val entto the cl ear ancebet ween the leading edge of shoe 'B' and the drunr, provided that the trailing ends of both shoes 'A' and 'B' arc tauchirlgthe drum.

Fig. G32 Bentley Continental52 assemblY

four shoebrakc

6 -1,5

Chapter G Sr'lverCloud, Silver Cloud ll qnd Fhanto.n V Rol}s-Royce

t4anual Worf<shop

Eentley Sf,Bentiey 5? ond Bentley eontinentdl S?

jl

qt

Fig. G33 Explodedyie\r I. GREASECATCHER 2, SHOE ASSEMALY 3. SHAKE.BACK STOP

Bentlcy Confinental52 fo r shoebrake


9. SI]OE R ET U R N SPR IN G IO. ST EAD Y PO ST II. C AR R IER PLAT E I2. LIN K I3. R ET AIN IN G SPR IN G 4. PIVO T PIN I5, D U ST C AP I6, W AT ER EXC LU D ER
:i

4, ERAKE SHOE ANCHOR PIN 5. BLEED SCREW 6. lolNT 7, SHOE CARRIER 8, WHEEL CYLINDER

(; )6

Chapt er G
Rolls-RoyceSilver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phontom Y Bentley Sl, Eent,ey 52 and Bentley Continental 52

Workshop Monuol

t .E

are not within the above limits, the If the clearances on the abutment wheelcylindersmust be re-positioned faces. For example, if clearance (x) is much greater t han ( y ) , th e w h e e l c y l i n d e r' G ' m u s t be moved out from the centre of thc brake along the abutment face until (x) and (y) become equal to within 0003 in ( 0 076 m m.). It is recommendedthat during this adjustrnentthe brake shoesand carriersbe removedto ensurethat the wheelcyiinder remainshard againstits abutment face during movement. As a rough guide, it will be necessary to move the wheel cylinder approximately the between(x) and (y). same distanceas the dilTerence (i) at the Note: The interaction interference e v e r th e shoedrum poin t' [' h a s p re c e d e n c o at (x) and (y) and the inequality of clearance (x) and (y) may be varied anywhere in the linrit of 0.003 in. (0.076 mm.) in order to achievethe correct tolerancein (i). the shoesshould be Before re-checkingclcarances, and then brouglrt back to their 'Off' position expanded as previouslydescribed.

I262

Fig.G34 Setting of four shoe brakes 'Bleed'the brakes; refer to'Hydraulic Systembleed'. Note: Once shoes have bedded in, they are not interchangeable. to

fo r s h o e s ' C ' a nd' D ' . Repe a tth e p ro c e d u re Torque tighten the wheel cylinder fixing bolts; the ;i in. (7 925 mm.) dia. bolts should be tightened t o 16 18 l b .ft. (2 .2 1 -2 .4 8k g .m.) a n d the 1i n. (12.7 rnm.) dia. bolts to 48 52 lb.tt. (6 62-'1'l'7 kg.m\. Finally, check once more the fits at 'X', 'Y' and 'l'. Re-connectthe feed pipes. Repeat the whole proceduresfor the other brake unit .

Brake Drums
It is permissible to re-grindthe brake drums to with the remove scoresor ovality in accordance followingdata. internal diameter Standard of the brakedrum ... I 1 250in. (28 575cm.) 0'050in. (1 27 mm,) Crindinglimit oYerslze

o
F

G27

Chapter G Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll qnd Phontom Y Bentley 51, Bentley 52 and Bentley Continentol 52

Workshop Manual

If the clearancesare not within the above limits, the wheel cylinders must be re-positioned on the abutment faces. For exarnple, if clearance (x) is much greater than (y), the wheel cylinder'G'must be moved out from the centre of the brake along the abutment face until (x) and (y) become equal to within 0 003 in. (0 076 mm.). It is recommendedthat during this adjustmentthe brake shoesand carriers be removed to ensurethat the wheelcylinder remainshard againstits abutment face during movement. As a rough guide, it will be necessary to move the wheel cylinder approximately the same distance as the difference between (x) and (y). Note: The interaction interference (i) at the point'l'has precedence over the shoe drum clearance at (x) and (y) and the inequality of (x) and (y) may be varied anywhere in the limit of 0.003 in. (0.076 mm.) in order to achievethe correct toierancein (i). Before re-checkingclearances, the shoesshould be expandedand then brought back to their 'Off'position as previouslydescribed.
J

B 262

Fig. G34 Settingof four shoebrakes 'Bleed' the brakes; refer to 'Hydraulic Systembleed'. Note: Once shoeshave bedded in. they are not interchangeable. to

Repea tth e p ro c e d u re fo r s h o e s ' C ' and' D ' . Torque tighten the wheel cylinder fixing bolts; the $ in. (7.925mm.) dia. bolts should be tightened to 16 18 lb.ft. (2.21 2.48 kg.m.) and the + in. (12 7 nrm.) dia. bolts to 48-52 lb.ft. (6.62 7.17 kg.m). Finally, check once more the fits at 'X', 'Y' and 'I'. Re-connectthe feed pipes. Repeat the whole proceduresfor the other brake unlt.

Brake Drums
It is permissible to re-grind the brake drums to remove scores or ovality in accordance with the following data. Standard intemal diameter ofthe brake drum ... Grinding limit 11.250 i n. ( 28. 575cm . ) 0.050 in. (1.27 mm.) overstze

G27

Chapter G Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phontom V

Workshop Monual

Benttey Sl, Eentley 52 and Bentley Continental 52

SECTION G6-

HANDBRAKE RATCHET ASSEMBLY

l.n

type. IncorThis assemblyis of the twist-to-release porated in it are two ratchet pawls which provide lock positions at half the pitch of the ratchet teeth. Two rollers running in guide slots, together with a coil spring, carry the forward end of the ratchet slide and retain the slide rod in the normal position for ratchet engagement (see cut-away Fig. G35). The ratchet pawls may be eased and lubricated should the necessityarise. In the event of the inner cable bracket becoming loose, the clamping bolt

should be tightened through the aperture at the forward end of the assembly.

c G

Fig. G35 Handbrakeratchet a$embly

t-1

G28

' Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll dnd Phontom V Bentley Sl, Bettley 52 ond Bentley Continentol 52

Chapter G

Workshop Monuol

Investigationhas shown that there is a possibility of the handbrake cable being placed over the adjustment nuts on the servo shaft, following installationof the servo motor ftom bcneaththe car or when for any rcason the cable has been disturbed. This incorrect positioning of the cable will cause gradual fraying

with consequentbreakage of tlre cable. Darrage is also incurred by the servo adjustment nuts where frictional contact is made. To prevent this trouble occurring, a clrcck of the cable run should be made following displacementof either the servo motor or handbrake cable.

SECTION G7 - BASIC ADJUSTMENT OF BRAKE RODS AND LINKAGES

Rcfcr to Figure GI and disco|rnect the following:

l. Pedal return spring 9. 2. Handbrakecableand return spring l0 from lever3.


p

slotted link 2 and the rubber 'olT-stop'L Tlrc servo outer lever 4 should now bc in contact with the 'on-stop'5; ifnot, the'on-stop' should be adjustedand locked in positiorr. A s a checkw hen the di stance pi ecei s r cnt oved, t hc distancebetweenthc servo outer lever 4 and the 'onstop' 5 should bc 1 050 (2667 nrm.) for Sl cars and 0 800 i n. (20 12 nrrn.)for 52 cars. The continued operation of the hl,draulic system in the event of failure of the rnechanical rear brake will depend on this adjustment and it is essential that this be carried out correctly,

3. Front end of handbraketransferlink from lever 3.


Front cnds of rods 4 and 7 and the rear end of rod 2. (On Phantom V cars, two rods are litted 2 i n F i g. G I). ins t ea do f th e o n e n u m b e re d

5. P in l3 (ro d l 2 ) Ie ft-h a n dc a rs o n l y ,
6. Rod return springsfrom rear brake back plates L Slacken the bolts retaining the 'on-stop' 6 to the frame and tighten the rear brake adjustersto lock the rear brakes.

'On-stop' Adjustment
The following adjustmentsshould be carried out wit h t he r u b b e r' o ff-s to p ' I i n p o s i ti o n on the chassi s frane bracket, Refer to Figure G36 to identify the components. Adjust rod 3 so that when the eud of thc slotted link 2 is in contact with the rubber 'off-stop' I the servo outer lever 4 Iearrsl0 deg. r 2 deg. towards the rear of thc car. Lock the nut on rod 3. To adjust the 'on-stop' 5, place a 1.250in. (31.75 mm.) distancepiece for Sl cars and a 1 000 in. (25.4 piecelor 52 cars,between the end ofthe mm.) distance

Rod Adjustment (12)left-hand cars only


Relerto Figurc G I for all tl.re following adjustments. Adjust the rod to the nearestturn of the yoke to give a distanceof l9'875 in. (50.483cm.) bctwecnthc prn centres.

Rod Adlustment (7)


With rod 4 held rearwardson the'ofl-stop'. adjusr rod 7 so that the sealon the pedal stem is qompressed approximately 0 200 in. (5.08mm.) by contact with the pedal gap plate.

G29

a '']:':

Chapter G
Rolls-$ryce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phantom Y

Workshop Manual

Bentley 5f, Bentler 52 ond Bentley Continentql52

E'

o z tr o

E E

ig it
l.

!n o
F

xz
oJ -o

u U

G30

Chapte'rG Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phontom v Eentrey Sr, Bentley 52 and Bentley Continentql52

WorkshopMonual

Rod Ad justment (2)


Adjust to eliminate all the free moyementwithout tensioning the rods. In somecases it may be found that there is insufficientthread on this rod to permit adjustment of the forkpiece. In this casethe rear end of rod 2 shouldlraveits screwthreadextended by l- in. wirh a f in. dia. U.N.F. die nut. Check to ensurethat no foul occurs betweenthe end of the rod whereit protrudes throughthe forkpiece and the equaliser lever when the brakesare fully applied. If a foul occurs,rod 2 should be

shortened by cutting a f. in. length off its rear end. Re-adjustthe rear brakes as detailed in .Master Cylinders'.

q,J

Handbrake Ad justment
Connectthe handbrakecable and return spring. Adjust the cableat the abutment (8), to give f in. free movement of the cable before rod 2 moves. Adjust the master cylinder and servo as detailedin 'ServoMotor and BrakeShoes, Drum and Expander Mechanism'.

G JI

Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud, Silver Cloud ll ond Phantom Y

Workshop Manuol

---J"".l"y

5L Bentley s2 ond Bentley continental s2

-l

Y Rollt Rolcc Sllvar Cloud lll, ond Phoncom Ecntlcy 53 ond Sontr.l ContlncntolSJ

Workthop Monual Soppfemcnt

CHAPTERG

BRAKINGSYSTEM
SECTION G 1 _ DATA AND GENCRAL INFORITIATION

Forrr shoe brake system - Front brakes (Page G 3 in WorkshopManual)


The ntting of four shoe brakcs ({) Bcntley Contincntal from Chassis No. BCl64XA cars hasbeendiscontinued and replncedby two shoe brakcs as litted to standard

52 and53 cars.

The information in this Section which applics to Bentlcy Continental 52 cars is also applicable to BentleyContrncntalSJ cars to ChassisNo. BCl64XA i ncl usi ve. Thc infornation in this Section which applies to 52 cars is also applicable to 53 cars and Bentlcy Continental 53 cars from Chassis No. BCl66XA inclusive.

SECTION G '

_- SERVO MOTOR

Servo cam angle on Bentley Continental 52 and Iate Sl cars (Page G 16 in Workshop Manual)
The information in this Seclron which applies to Bentley Continental 52 cars is also applicablc to BentleyContinental 53 cars 1()ChassisNo. BCl64XA inclusive.

On Sl and Fhantom Y cars

Ths infornratron rn this Section which applies t() 52 cars i: also applicable to Sl cars and Bcntlcr C ontrncntaI S 3 cars from C hassts No. BCl66XA inclusivc.

SECTION G 5

BRAKESHOES, DRUt,IS AND EXPANOER I.IECHANIS}I


B cntl cy (.' onti nental S 3 cars fro nr Chassis No. llc l66XA irclusive.

Front brakes To dismantle (Page G 17 in Workshop Manual)


The information in the first prragraph of this Scction which applies to Bentley Continental 52 cars is also applicable to Bentley Continental S3 cars to Chas$is No. B C l 6 4 XA i n c l u s i v e . The rcmaining information in this Section which applies to 52 cars is also applicable to SJ cars and

Front brakes --To dismantle Bentley Continental 52 (PageG 25 in Workshop Manual)


The i nfornati on i n thi s S ecti on which applr cs t , r B enl l ey C onti nental 52 cars i s also applicablc t , ' Bentlcy Continental 53 cars to ChassisNo. BCI64XA inclusive.

Gl (s)

Cluptcr G

tl(orkshop Manual Supphmrnt

Roflr-Royco Slfvcr Cloud lll, ond Phontom V

Eontlcy53 ond Scntr.y Cont n.nto, 5J

SECTION G 7 - BASIC ADJUSTITIENT OF ERAKE RODS AND LTNKAGES

Hend breke warning lamp- Description


A earning lsmp is fitted to all presentproduction cars to indicste to the driver that the hand brake is either 'on' or 'ofr'. The warning lamp is operated by a micro-switch niounled on a bracket on lhc chassis framc bchind thc hand brake opratinS lcvcr. For the warning lamp to function correctly, it is cssential thsi whcn the hand brake is applied, the light comcs on bcfore tha hand brake reachcsthe first notch on thc ratchct. Any warning lamp which is incorrectly sct should bc adjustcd as follows

Hand brake warning lamp - To adjurt


With the hand brake in rhc 'off'position and wirh the butron on the micro-switch held down. the microswitch should be adjusrcd so that a 0.060 in. gap is obtaincd between the burton antl the hand brake opcraring lever. Aftcr carrying out the adjustment,chcck to ensure that the warning light comes on before the lirsr noich on thc hand brakc is rcached. Thc remaining information in this Secrion which applics to 52 cars is also applicable ro 53 cars.

G2(s)