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Exam 1 Solutions Show all your work to receive full credit. 1. (10 points) Convert 122.

6853o to degrees, minutes, and seconds. Round to nearest second 122.6853o = 122o + 0.6853o = 122o + (0.6853)(60) = 122o + 41.118 = 122o + 41 + 0.118 = 122o + 41 + (0.118)(60) = 122o + 41 + 7.08 = 122o417 2. (10 points) Convert to degrees

=(

).

225o

3. (10 points) Suppose cos > 0 and tan > 0 In which quadrant does lie in? Since cos > 0 for points in quadrants I and IV, and tan > 0 for points in quadrants I and III, then angle is both positive in Quadrant I. Thus, it lies in quadrant I.

4. (10 points) A neighborhood carnival has a Ferris wheel whose radius is 30 feet. You measure the time it takes for one revolution to be 70 seconds. a) (5 points) What is the angular speed, in radians per second? b) (5 points) What is the linear speed of this Ferris wheel, in feet per second? a) r = 30 feet, 1 revolution = 2 , t = 70 seconds

= =
b) v=

= =

0.09 rad/sec 2.69 feet/sec

5. (10 points) ) be a point on the terminal side of an angle in standard Let ( position. Find the exact values of the six trigonometric functions of angle . ( -5, -2 ) means x = -5 and y = -2 r= sin = cos = tan = cot sec csc = ( ) ( ) =

= = =

= = = =

. .

= =

= = = = = =

= =

6. (10 points) Find the exact value of this expression 5cos90o 8sin270o = 5. (0) 8. (- 1) = 0 + 8 = 8 (since cos90o = 0 and sin270o = - 1)

7. (10 points) Let cot =

, given that

is in quadrant I

Find the exact value of each of the remaining trigonometric functions of . Since is in quadrant I, then every trigonometric function is positive. cot2 + 1 = csc2 ==> csc =
= ( )

=
sin = tan = tan2

+ 1 = sec2

==> sec =

= = =
cos =

8. (10 points) Graph y = 2cos( Step 1: 0 4 2

1 2

2 +4

x
Step 2: Divide [

1+
] into 4 equal lengths

|_______________|________________|________________|_______________| 1+

= =

= = =

) (

= = =

Step 3: x 2 2 cos( 2cos(2 y = 2cos(2 4 ) ) - 4) - 1

Make the table


1+ 4 0 1 2 1 0 0 -1 -1 -2 -3 0 0 -1 +4

+4

2 +4 2 1 2 1

Step 4:

Connect the points: ( (

),

( ), (

), )

),

y = 2cos(2

) -1

9. (10 points) Graph y = 5cot( Step 1: ) For this function, The period = Step 2: = =3

Vertical asymptotes 0

Step 3:

Divide (

) into 4 equal lengths

|______________|_______________|_______________|_______________|
3

= = =

= = =3

Step 4: Make the table for first-quarter point midpoint x , , third-quarter point 3 3

cot( y = 5cot(

) )

1 5

0 0

-1 -5

Step 5: Connect the points

),

),

(3 , -5)

y = 5cot(

10.

(10 points) Graph y = csc( ) ) first 2 2 . ( ). We need to graph y = - sin( Step 1: 0

Step 2:

Divide [

] into four equal lengths

|__________|___________|__________|___________|

= = =

Step 3: x

Make the table

2 sin( y= sin( ) ) 0 0

-1

0 0

1 -1

0 0

Step 4:

Connect the point

( (

), ),

( (

), )

),

y =

csc(

Bonus: (5 points) Find the area of the sector of a circle of radius 4 centimeters formed by an angle of 45o. Round the answer to two decimal places. r = 4cm, = 45o = 45 . = radians 6.28 cm2

A = r2 = (4cm)2( )

Formulas: Arc Length Area of a Sector Linear Speed Angular Speed Unit Circle s = r , where A = r2 , where is measured in radians is measured in radians

v = ;
= , where is measured in radians

Guidelines for Sketching Graphs of Sine and Cosine Functions To graph y = A sin( x) or y = A cos( x), with > 0, follow these steps: Step 1: Use the amplitude to determine that maximum and minimum values of the function. Step 2: Find the period, . Then divide the interval [0, ] into four equal subintervals. a) Find the midpoint of the interval by adding the x-values of the endpoints and dividing by 2. b) Find the midpoints of the two subintervals found in a), using the same procedure. Step 3: Make the table of these subintervals to obtain five key points on the graph. Step 4: Connect these points with a sinusoidal graph to obtain the graph of one circle and extend the graph in each direction to make it complete. Guidelines for Sketching Graphs of Tangent and Cotangent Functions To graph y = A tan( x) or y = A cot( x), with > 0, follow these steps: Step 1: Find the period,

Step 2: To locate two adjacent vertical asymptotes, solve the


following equations for x a) For y = A tan( x): x = and x =

b) For y = A cot( x): x = 0 and x = Step 3: Divide the interval formed by the vertical asymptotes into four equal lengths. a) Find the midpoint of the interval by adding the x-values of the endpoints and dividing by 2. b) Find the midpoints of the two subintervals found in a), using the same procedure. Step 4: Make the table for the first-quarter point, midpoint, and third-quarter point, using the x-values found in Step 3. Step 5: Connect the points and extend the graph in each direction to make it complete.