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DESIGN OF DOG-LEGGED STAIR

Staircase Design

Name of work :1

Stair Room Size

2.00

Available verical space between floor

3.00

3000

mm

Horizontal Span of Staircase

1.25

mtr

1250

mm

Risers

0.15

mtr

150

mm

Treads

0.25

mtr

250

mm

Conrete

M-

20

scbc

fy

4.50

wt. of concrete
2

25000

N/m

13.33

415

sst

230

N/mm2

30

mm

N/mm

Steel

Nominal cover

20

Effective cover

Reinforcement
Main Bottom slab

12

mm F bars

150

Anchor bars (Bottom )

12

mm F bars

Strirrups

10

mm F bars

280

12 mm f

300 mm c/c

1500
1750

1250

150

1.20
250

1250
12 mm f

150 mm c/c

8 mm f

280 mm c/c

3.00

150
250

1.80
12 mm f
170

300 mm c/c

mm

500

500

2.75

1250

mm c/c
Nos.
mm c/c

DESIGN OF DOG-LEGGED STAIR


Name of work :Staircase Design
Stair Room Size
Available verical space between floor
Horizontal Span of Staircase
Risers
Treads
Concrete
Steel
Nominal cover

2.00
3.00
1.25
0.15
0.25
M- 20
scbc
7
fy- 415
20

x
m
m
m
m

4.50
1250
150
250
wt. of concrete
m
sst
Effective cover

N/mm2
mm

mm
mm
mm
2
25000 N/mm
13.33
2
230 N/mm
30
mm

1 Genral arrngment:Fig. shows plan of stair hall.


Height of 1st flight.
=
3.00 /
2
No. of risers required
=
1.80 / 0.15
No. of treads required
=
12
1
Spce occupied by treads
=
11
x 0.25
Keep width of landing equal to
\ Space left for passage
Height of 1st flight.
=
1.20 m
No. of risers required
=
1.20 / 0.15
No. of treads required
=
8
1
Spce occupied by treads
=
7
x 0.25
Keep width of top landing

=
=
=
=
=
=

1.50
12
11
2.75
1.25
0.50

=
=
=
=

nd
8 No. in 2 flight.
7 No. in 2nd flight.
1.75 m
m

2 Design Constants:- For HYSD Bars


Cocrete M =
20
sst = 230 N/mm2
wt. of concrete
scbc =
N/mm3
7
m
13.33
m*c
x
7
k=
=
13.33 x
m*c+sst
7
+ 230
j =1-k/3
=
1
- 0.289 /
3
R =1/2xc x j x k

0.5

0.904

m minimum 1.8
No. in 1st flight.
No. in 1st flight.
m
m
m

m which is heigher

2
= 25000 N/mm

= 13.33
=

0.289

0.904

x 0.289 =

0.913

3 Loading Each Flight :The landing slab is assume to span in the same direction as stair, and is considered
as acting together to form a single slab. Let the bearing of landing slab in wall be
= 160 mm
The effective span =

2.75 +

1.25 +(

Let the thickness of waist slab '=


\Weight of slab w' on slope =

4.50 x
0.18 x

Dead weight of horizontal area w1= w' x


1
2
Total Dead weight per meter run
Weight of fiishing etc.
Live load

Dead weight of step is w2


\

0.16 /
40
1

R2+T2 =
T
150
x
1000

)'= 4.08 m

4500

####

say

25000
150 2+ 250
250

4.00

= 180
= 4500
2
=
5248

mm
N/m2

N/m

1875

N/m2

= 7123
N
= 100
N
= 2500
N
Total weight
= 9723
N
7848
Note. The load w on the landing portion will be 9723 -N, 1875
since weight
=
of step will not come on it. However,
a uniform value of w has been adopted here.

pk_nandwan@yahoo.co.in

4 Design of waist slab :B.M.

Effective depth required


But available
=
5 Reinforcement:Ast =

146

BM x 100
sst x j x D

12 mm F bars

using

Nomber of Bars

Spacing
Hence used
=

Distribution steel
using

Hence used

=
8

= 19446
146

mm

166

mm

say =

19446000
= 640.97 mm2
0.904 x 146
3.14xdia2
3.14 x 12 x 12
A
=
=
4 x100
4
x 100
641 x 1.25
=
8
No
113.04
1250 /
8
=
156 mm c/c
mm F bars
= 150 mm c/c

N-m

170 mm

230 x

0.12

mm F bars

Spacing

pk_nandwana@yaho.co.in

=
12

wl2
9723 x 4.00 2
=
8
8
19446000

=
=
0.913 x 1000
Rxb
2x cover = 20
=

146 x
100
3.14xdia2
A
=
4 x100
50
x 1000
175.13
mm F bars
=

1000

=
=
=

175
3.14 x
4
287

280 mm c/c

= 113

mm2

mm2
8
x

x 8
100

mm c/c

50

mm2

DESIGN OF DOG-LEGGED STAIR

2.00

1.25

UP
4.50

2.75

0.50

1.25
11
10
8 mm F c/c
280

9
8

7
#REF! mm F c/c
#REF!

6
250

5
150

4
3
2
1
Foor level

1.25

2.75

0.50

1500
1750

1250

150

1.20
250
1250

12 mm f

150 mm c/c

8 mm f

280 mm c/c

3.00

0
0
170

mm
1.80

500
500
pk_nandwana@yahoo.co.in

2.75

1250

VALUES OF DESIGN CONSTANTS


Grade of concrete
Modular Ratio

M-15
18.67

M-20
13.33

M-25
10.98

M-30
9.33

M-35
8.11

M-40
7.18

scbc N/mm2
m scbc

8.5

10

11.5

13

(a) sst =
140
N/mm2
(Fe 250)

93.33

93.33

93.33

93.33

93.33

93.33

kc

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

jc

0.867

0.867

0.867

0.867

0.867

0.867

Rc

0.867

1.214

1.474

1.734

1.994

2.254

Pc (%)

0.714

1.214

1.429

1.643

1.857

kc

0.329

0.329

0.329

0.329

0.329

0.329

0.89

0.89

0.89

0.89

Rc

0.89
0.732

0.89
1.025

1.244

1.464

1.684

1.903

Pc (%)

0.433

0.606

0.736

0.866

0.997

1.127

kc

0.289

0.289

0.289

0.289

0.289

0.289

jc

0.904

0.904

0.904

0.904

0.904

0.904

(b) sst =
190
N/mm2
(c ) sst =
230
N/mm2
(Fe 415)
(d) sst =
275
N/mm2
(Fe 500)

jc

Rc

0.653

0.914

1.11

1.306

1.502

1.698

Pc (%)

0.314

0.44

0.534

0.628

0.722

0.816

kc

0.253

0.253

0.253

0.253

0.253

0.253

jc

0.916

0.916

0.916

0.914

0.916

0.916

Rc

0.579

0.811

0.985

1.159

1.332

1.506

Pc (%)

0.23

0.322

0.391

0.46

0.53

0.599

Permissible shear stress Table tv in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


100As
bd
< 0.15
0.25
0.50
0.75
1.00
1.25
1.50
1.75
2.00
2.25
2.50
2.75
3.00 and above

Permissible shear stress in concrete


M-15
M-20
M-25
M-30
0.18
0.18
0.19
0.2
0.22
0.22
0.23
0.23
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.31
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.37
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.40
0.42
0.44
0.45
0.42
0.45
0.46
0.48
0.44
0.47
0.49
0.50
0.44
0.49
0.51
0.53
0.44
0.51
0.53
0.55
0.44
0.51
0.55
0.57
0.44
0.51
0.56
0.58
0.44
0.51
0.57
0.6

tv N/mm2
M-35
M-40
0.2
0.2
0.23
0.23
0.31
0.32
0.37
0.38
0.42
0.42
0.45
0.46
0.49
0.49
0.52
0.52
0.54
0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.60
0.60
0.62
0.62
0.63

Maximum shear stress tc.max in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


Grade of concrete

tc.max

M-15
1.6

M-20
1.8

M-25
1.9

M-30
2.2

M-35
2.3

M-40
2.5

Grade of concrete

Permissible Bond stress Table tbd in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


Grade of concrete
2
tbd (N / mm )

M-10
--

M-15
0.6

M-20
0.8

M-25
0.9

M-30
1

M-35
1.1

M-40
1.2

M-45
1.3

Development Length in tension


Grade of
concrete

Plain M.S. Bars


tbd (N / mm2)
kd = Ld F

H.Y.S.D. Bars
tbd (N / mm2)
kd = Ld F

M 15

0.6

58

0.96

60

M 20

0.8

44

1.28

45

M 25

0.9

39

1.44

40

M 30

35

1.6

36

M 35

1.1

32

1.76

33

M 40

1.2

29

1.92

30

M 45

1.3

27

2.08

28

M 50

1.4

25

2.24

26

Permissible stress in concrete (IS : 456-2000)


Grade of
concrete
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M

10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50

Permission stress in compression (N/mm2) Permissible stress in bond (Average) for


2
Bending acbc
plain bars in tention (N/mm )
Direct (acc)
(N/mm2)
3.0
5.0
7.0
8.5
10.0
11.5
13.0
14.5
16.0

Kg/m2
300
500
700
850
1000
1150
1300
1450
1600

(N/mm2)
2.5
4.0
5.0
6.0
8.0
9.0
10.0
11.0
12.0

Kg/m2
250
400
500
600
800
900
1000
1100
1200

(N/mm2)
-0.6
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

in kg/m2
-60
80
90
100
110
120
130
140

6-2000)
M-50
1.4