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Pressure

Temperature
Molecular weight
Density
Molar flow rate
Mass flow rate
Volumetric flow
Assumed velocity
Area of nozzles
Diameter
Nozzle diameter (rounded up)

K factor

Symbol

Units

P
T
MW

Bar
C
kg/kmol
kg/m^3
mol/h
kg/h
m^3/h
m/s
m^2
m
mm

n-dot
m-dot
Q-dot
v
A
D
D

Vertical
0.0762

Maximum allowable vapour velocity/settling velocity


v_vap
Minimum area
A_min
Recommended min vap area
A_min
Minimum diameter
D_min
Number of 6-in increments
Min diameter at next 6-in increment
D_min
Min area corresponding to min D
A_min
Liquid volume (5 min holding time)
V_surgeliq
Liquid volume (10 min holding time) V_surgeliq
Liq height - 5 mins (vertical only)
H_liq
Liq height - 10 mins (vertical only)
H_liq
Vessel length - 5 mins
L
Vessel length - 10 mins
L
Angle of circle, allowing 20% vap space
Area of segment, based on unit circle
Area of unit circle
Fraction of full circle
Assume L/D = 3.5
Diameter
D_min
Diameter (next 6-in increment)
D_vessel
Length
L
Height of vap space
H_vap
Area of vessel
A
Area of LLL
A_LLL
Angle of LLL
Area of LLL-goal seek

S-336
Inlet
19
6.6
152.411
991.757
6825.96
1040350
1048.997
3.000
0.09713
0.3517
352.000
15.7480315

m/s
m^2
m^2
m
m
m^2
m^3
m^3
m
m
m
m
radian
m^2
m^2

m^2
m^2

0.5618
0.7776
0.9950
6.5288
1.0668
84.4526
168.9052
108.6130
217.2260

Half angle
Height of LLL
Volume
Ellipsoidal head
Major axis
Minor axis
Vertical axis
Height (radii)

m
m
m
m

Total length of vessel from head to head

m^3

Location of saddles
1
2

Hazard rating
Volume
Design pressure

L
Mpa

S-337
Bottoms (liquid)
9
1.5
164.064
998.57
6168.22
1011982.2
1013.431
3.000
0.09384
0.3457
346.000
13.77952756

S-339
Tops (vapour)
9
1.5
43.1291
18.039
657.741
28367.8
1572.582
15.000
0.02912
0.193
193.000
0.43682823

0.291388

Horizontal
0.09525

5 mins
Increments Diameter
Length
9.000
1.372
67.679
10.000
1.524
54.820
11.000
1.676
45.306
12.000
1.829
38.070
13.000
1.981
32.438
14.000
2.134
27.969
15.000
2.286
24.365
16.000
2.438
21.414
17.000
2.591
18.969
18.000
2.743
16.920
19.000
2.896
15.186
20.000
3.048
13.705
21.000
3.200
12.431
22.000
3.353
11.326
23.000
3.505
10.363
24.000
3.658
9.517
25.000
3.810
8.771
26.000
3.962
8.109
27.000
4.115
7.520
28.000
4.267
6.992

0.7022
0.6220
3.1102
1.9900
13.0577
2.1336
3.5753
84.4526
168.9052
Unreasonable
Unreasonable
23.6209
47.2419
4.4286
2.6943
3.1416
0.8576
3.5000
3.2965
3.3528
11.7348
0.6706
8.829
0.360
1.113
0.294

0.6706

Increments
21.63058211
okay
8828871.116

2.6822

0.070

0.557
0.871
103.605

2.682

3.353
3.353
1.676
0.8382

Radius
Area
alpha
theta

1.885
0.523
1.347
0.674

alpha
area

1.377
0.198
0.688

13.411

2.816
10.595

2371568.627
113472.183
2.090

Area of drain
Volumetric flow

0.1662
3.000
0.499
29.914
1794.855
2.823

m^2
m/s
m^3/s
m^3/min

10 mins
Ratio L/D
49.343
35.971
27.026
20.817
16.373
13.109
10.658
8.782
7.322
6.168
5.244
4.496
3.884
3.378
2.956
2.602
2.302
2.047
1.828
1.639

Increments Diameter
Length
Ratio L/D
9.000
1.372
114.314
83.343
10.000
1.524
92.594
60.757
11.000
1.676
76.524
45.648
12.000
1.829
64.301
35.160
13.000
1.981
54.789
27.655
14.000
2.134
47.242
22.142
15.000
2.286
41.153
18.002
16.000
2.438
36.170
14.833
17.000
2.591
32.039
12.367
18.000
2.743
28.578
10.418
19.000
2.896
25.649
8.858
20.000
3.048
23.149
7.595
21.000
3.200
20.996
6.561
22.000
3.353
19.131
5.706
23.000
3.505
17.504
4.994

DO NOT USE:
First trial horizontal - 5 mins
L/D ratio
Diameter
D_1
m
Length
L
m
Height of LLL H_low
m
Angle 1
radian
Total area
A_tot
m^2
Area below LLLA_LLL
m^2
Area total liquidA_liq
m^2
Volume total liquid
V_liq
m^3
Liquid height
m
Angle 2
radian
ALLL

3.500
3.713
12.997
0.200
0.937
10.830
0.226
6.724
87.391
3.113
4.629
9.6954783
Vap area at least 0.6 m

Parameter Value
Units
Accel in earthquake
0.09 m/s^2
Internal weight factor
1.15
Inside diameter
3352.8 mm
Hydrostatic pressure
2.9887 Mpa
Operating pressure
1.9 Mpa
Wind velocity
160 kg/hr
Carbon steel density
7850 kg/m^3
Corrosion allowance
4 mm
Young's modulus
194 Gpa
Tensile strength
50 Mpa
Accel due to gravity
9.81 m/s^2
Factor K for ellipsoidal heads
1
Vessel length (tan-tan)
11.7348 m
Design pressure
2.09 Mpa
Min op temp
1.5 degC
Max op temp
6.6 degC
Design temp
25 degC
Half apex angle
0
Efficiency of welded joint
1
Outside diameter
3505 mm
Mean diameter
3429 mm
Major axis radii (inner)
1676.4 mm
Minor axis radii (inner)
1676.4 mm
Vertical radii (inner)
838.2 mm
Major axis radii (outer)
1752 mm
Minor axis radii (outer)
1752 mm
Vertical radii (outer)
914.2 mm
Thickness of insulation
100 mm
Insulation diameter
3705 mm
Insulation density (min wool)
130 kg/m^3
Projected area
13.43 m^2
Force coefficient Cf
0.8
Gust effect factor G
0.85
Velocity pressure qz
977.8
Water density
1000 kg/m^3
Distance tan to saddle centre A
1408.176 mm
Distance between saddles
8918.448 mm
Height of saddle to mid B
2102 mm
Height above ground
350 mm
Width of base plate E
1647 mm
Angle of saddle
140 deg

Vessel thicknesses
Shell:
Based on circum stress:
Based on long stress:
Thickness + corrosion
Selected thickness
Ellipsoidal head:
Thickness + corrosion
Selected thickness
Weight of empty vessel
Shell:
Total outside volume of shell
Total inside volume of shell
Volume of shell
Ellipsoidal heads:
Total outside head volume
Total inside head volume
Volume of 2 heads:
Volume of empty vessel
Weight of empty vessel
Insulation:
Outside
Inside
Volume of insulation
Weight of insulation
Total weight incl insulation

71.57
35.41
75.57
76.00

mm
mm
mm
mm

71.57 mm
75.57 mm
76.00 mm

113.2 m^3
103.6 m^3
9.607 m^3

11.76 m^3
9.867 m^3
1.893 m^3
11.50 m^3
1018 kN

126.5 m^3
113.2 m^3
13.29 m^3
16.95 kKN
1035 kN

Stresses
Circumferential stress
Longitudinal stress
Direct weight stress
Wind loading
Wind pressure
Loading/unit length
Bending moment
Bending stress
Sc
Sc/2+Sw+Sb
Sc/2+Sw-Sb
Sw+Sb-Sc/2
Sw-Sb-Sc/2
Sw-Sb
SIL
Earthquake loading
Earthquake shear force
Loading/unit length
Bending moment
Bending stress
Sc
Sc/2+Sw+Sb
Sc/2+Sw-Sb
Sw+Sb-Sc/2
Sw-Sb-Sc/2
Sw-Sb
SIL

47.15 Mpa
23.57 Mpa
2.341 Mpa

1280
0.001280
4.486
3.089E+08
0.4402
47.15
26.35
25.47
-20.79
-21.67
1.901
Not needed

9.343
0.7962
3.275E+07
0.04666
47.15
25.96
25.87
-21.19
-21.28
2.294
Not needed

N/m^2
Mpa
N/mm
Nmm
N/mm^2
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa

kN
N/mm
Nmm
N/mm^2
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa

Hydrostatic testing
Circumferential stress
Longitudinal stress
Inside volume (incl heads)
Water mass
Water weight
Water and vessel weight
Weight stress

Load
Bending moment
Bending stress
Sc
Sc/2+Sw+Sb
Sc/2+Sw-Sb
Sw+Sb-Sc/2
Sw-Sb-Sc/2
Sw-Sb
SIL
Stress tests
Wind
Earthquake
Hydrostatic

67.42 Mpa
32.96 Mpa
113.5
1.135E+05
1113
2148
4.857

m^3
kg
kN
kN
Mpa

3.365 N/mm
2.317E+08 Nmm
0.3301 N/mm^2
67.42
38.90
38.24
-28.52
-29.18
4.527
Not needed

Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa

47.15 Pass
47.15 Pass
67.42 Pass

Saddle
Longitudinal force
Wind
Earthquake

52644
9343

Transverse force
Wind
Earthquake

26322
4671

Total saddle forces


Q1
Q2
Q
Q
Parameters
A
A
B
B
Ls
Ls
L
L
H
H
R
R
R
ts
ts
th
th
b
b
K1
K2
K3
K4
K5
K6
K7
K8

1.087E+06
1.175E+06
1.175E+06
2.642E+05

1408.176
55.44
2102
82.77
8918.448
351.1
11734.8
462.0
914.2
35.99
1752
68.99
5.749
76.00
2.992
76.00
2.992
711
27.99
0.505
0.799
0.485
0.295
0.673
0.023
0.876
0.300

K9
R/2
degrees
8R
L/R

0.032
876.2
150
14019.2
6.696416343
145.037738

Stress 12
S12

Stress 1
Moment 1
N
N
M1
S1
N
N
Stress 2
S2
N
N
N
lbs

mm
inch
mm
inch
mm
inch
mm
inch
mm
inch
mm
inch
ft
mm
inch
mm
inch
mm
inch

Stress 3
S3

Stress 4
Moment 2

M2
S4

1.585E+06
2.271E+04
1.530E+03
2.352E+07 lbinch
3271 psi
22.55 N/mm^2

-1886 psi
-13.00 N/mm^2

525.8 psi
3.625 N/mm^2

7.925E+05
2.935E+05
1.530E+03
1.520E+08 lbinch
3397 psi
23.42 N/mm^2

Stress 5

S5

407.3
351.1
510.0
280.4 psi
1.934 N/mm^2

Stress 6

S6

Stress 7
S7

Stress 8

1022
351.1
510.0
703.9 psi
4.854 N/mm^2

620.6 psi
4.279 N/mm^2

Pressure stresses
SL
Sc
Se

23.57 Mpa
47.15 Mpa
11.39 Mpa

Tension stresses
1
2
3
4
5

46.12
N/A
47.00
49.75
N/A

50
50
50
62.5
75

Compression stresses
1
1.609
2
-15.017
3
-34.82
4
N/A
5
N/A

75
75
75
37.5
67.5

M1
M2

Stress
S1
S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
S7
S8
S9
S10
S11
S12
S13
S14

208212.724
1.345E+06

Value

Max allow
22.55
-13.00
3.625
47.00
1.934
4.854
4.279
4.279
-10.04
-3.718
2.603
-8.13

N/A
N/A

50
50
50
50
40
40
40
40
75
75
62.5
37.5
75
67.5

S8

620.6 psi
4.279 N/mm^2

Stress 9
b+1.56 etc.
1

S9

50.41
437.9
1018
-1455.850 psi
-10.04 N/mm^2

Stress 10

S10

Stress 11
S11

Stress 12
S12

437.9
101.3
-539.2 psi
-3.718 N/mm^2

377.5 psi
2.603 N/mm^2

-1179 psi
-8.127 N/mm^2

Moss wind:
FL-wind
D
D
1.18D
Af
Af
Af

Pass
Fail
Pass
Pass
Fail

Wind loading (MOSS)


Wind force
8932 N
Load

Pass
Pass
Pass
Fail
Fail

Nmm

Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
Fail
Fail

350.48
137.984252
162.821417
20821.5446
134332.277
13.4332277

12.03

cm
inch
inch
in^2
cm^2
m^2

Pressure
Temperature
Molecular weight
Density
Molar flow rate
Mass flow rate
Volumetric flow
Assumed velocity
Area of nozzles
Diameter
Nozzle diameter (rounded up)

Symbol

Units

P
T
MW

Bar
C
kg/kmol
kg/m^3
mol/h
kg/h
m^3/h
m/s
m^2
m
mm

n-dot
m-dot
Q-dot
v
A
D
D

K factor
K
Maximum allowable vapour velocity/settling
v_vap
velocity
Liquid volume (5 min holding time)
V_surgeliq
Angle of circle, allowing 20% vap space
Area of segment, based on unit circle
Area of unit circle
Fraction of full circle
Assume L/D = 3.5
Diameter
D_min
Diameter (next 6-in increment)
D_vessel
Length
L
Height of vap space
H_vap
Area of vessel
A
Area of Low liquid level LLL
A_LLL
Angle of LLL
Area of LLL-goal seek
Half angle
Height of LLL
Volume of shell

m/s
m^3
radian
m^2
m^2

m
m^2
m^2

m
m^3

S-336
Inlet
19
6.6
152.411
991.757
6825.96
1040350
1048.997
1.000
0.291
0.609
650.000

Horizontal
0.09525
0.702
84.45
4.429
2.694
3.142
0.8576
3.500
3.297
3.353
11.73
0.6706
8.829
0.360
1.113
0.294
0.557
0.871
103.6

Ellipsoidal head
Major axis
Minor axis
Vertical axis
Height (radii)

m
m
m
m

3.353
3.353
1.676
0.838

Total length of vessel from head to head

13.411

Location of saddles
1
2
Hazard rating
Volume
Design pressure

2.816
10.595

L
Mpa

S-337
Bottoms (liquid)
9
1.5
164.064
998.57
6168.22
1011982.2
1013.431
1.000
0.282
0.599
600.000

Vertical
0.0762

okay

S-339
Tops (vapour)
9
1.5
43.1291
18.039
657.741
28367.8
1572.582
15.000
0.029
0.193
200.000
0.43682823

103605.037
2.090

Increments Diameter
9.000
1.372
10.000
1.524
11.000
1.676
12.000
1.829
13.000
1.981
14.000
2.134
15.000
2.286
16.000
2.438
17.000
2.591
18.000
2.743
19.000
2.896
20.000
3.048
21.000
3.200
22.000
3.353
23.000
3.505
24.000
3.658
25.000
3.810
26.000
3.962
27.000
4.115
28.000
4.267
2.6822

Radius
Area
alpha

0.070
1.885
0.523
1.347

theta

0.674

alpha
area

1.377
0.198
0.688

Length
Ratio L/D
67.679
49.343
54.820
35.971
45.306
27.026
38.070
20.817
32.438
16.373
27.969
13.109
24.365
10.658
21.414
8.782
18.969
7.322
16.920
6.168
15.186
5.244
13.705
4.496
12.431
3.884
11.326
3.378
10.363
2.956
9.517
2.602
8.771
2.302
8.109
2.047
7.520
1.828
6.992
1.639

Increments Diameter
Length
9.000
1.372
#REF!
10.000
1.524
#REF!
11.000
1.676
#REF!
12.000
1.829
#REF!
13.000
1.981
#REF!
14.000
2.134
#REF!
15.000
2.286
#REF!
16.000
2.438
#REF!
17.000
2.591
#REF!
18.000
2.743
#REF!
19.000
2.896
#REF!
20.000
3.048
#REF!
21.000
3.200
#REF!
22.000
3.353
#REF!
23.000
3.505
#REF!

Ratio L/D
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

DO NOT USE:
First trial horizontal - 5 mins
L/D ratio
Diameter
D_1
m
Length
L
m
Height of LLL H_low
m
Angle 1
radian
Total area
A_tot
m^2
Area below LLLA_LLL
m^2
Area total liquidA_liq
m^2
Volume total liquid
V_liq
m^3
Liquid height
m
Angle 2
radian
ALLL

3.500
3.713
12.997
0.200
0.937
10.830
0.226
6.724
87.391
3.113
4.629
9.6954783
Vap area at least 0.6 m

Tube Side
IN
S-343
Pressure
Temperature
Molecular weight
Density
Volumetric flow
Volumetric flow
Mass flow
Mass flow
Cp
Enthalpy

20.12
118.3
44.01
28.47
2869
0.7968
8.167E+04
22.69
0.9943
-8876

OUT
S-344
19.62
45.00
44.01
35.91
2274
0.6317
8.167E+04
22.69
1.280
-8948

Q=mdeltaH
-1633.326 kJ/s
Average
Area (m^2)
U (20-300)
Temp LM
Temp M
Ft Correction
R
S
sq(R^2+1)
(1-S)/(1-RS)
R-1
R+1

m^3/h
m^3/s
kg/h
kg/s
kJ/kg-degC
kJ/kg

-1653.3386
-1653338.6

1649.6167
-8876.5546 W

41.0370
39.3955
0.9600
3.6650
0.2144
3.7990
3.6650
2.6650
4.6650

44.96
127.1
44.01
65.30
1251
0.3474
8.17E+04
22.69
1.082

1.010
25.0
18.02
1007
67.79
0.01883
6.826E+04
18.96
4.313
-15890.0000

degC
kg/kmol

1644461.9991 W
139.1412
300.0000 (W/m2.K)

Tube Side
IN
S-345
Pressure
Temperature
Molecular weight
Density
Volumetric flow
Volumetric flow
Mass flow
Mass flow
Cp

Shell Side
IN
CW1

Tube film
Shell film

161.2367
590.9326

Tube
in
out
Shell
in
out

0.0188
0.0191

Shell Side
IN
CW3

OUT
S-346
44.46
45.0
44.01
94.84
861.1
0.2392
8.17E+04
22.69
1.251

0.0531
0.0421

degC
kg/kmol
m^3/h
m^3/s
kg/h
kg/s
kJ/kg-degC

1.010
25.0
18.02
1007
87.21
0.0242
8.78E+04
24.39
4.313

Enthalpy

-8882.0000 -8975.0000 kJ/kg


Q=mdeltaH
-2109.7128 kJ/s

Average duty
Area (m^2)
U (20-300)
Temp LM
Temp M
Ft Correction
R
S
sq(R^2+1)
(1-S)/(1-RS)
R-1
R+1

-15890.0000

-2015.1659

2122.3167

2059715.3187 W
179.4622
300.0000 (W/m2.K)
43.9738
38.2572
0.8700
4.1050
0.1959
4.2250
4.1050
3.1050
5.1050

Tube film
Shell film
Tube
in
out
Shell
in
out

-139.7948
573.8576

0.0232
0.0159
0.0242
0.0246

Tube Side
IN
S-345
Pressure
44.9600
Temperature
127.1000
Molecular weight
44.0100
Density
65.3000
Volumetric flow
1250.6325
Volumetric flow
0.3474
Mass flow
81666.3000
Mass flow
22.6851
Cp
1.0820
Enthalpy
-8882.0000

OUT
S-346
44.4600
45.0000
44.0100
94.8400
861.0955
0.2392
81666.3000
22.6851
1.2510
-8975.0000

Q=mdeltaH
-2109.71275 kJ/s
-2109712.7500 W
Area (m^2)
U (20-300)
Temp LM
Temp M
Ft Correction
R
S
sq(R^2+1)
(1-S)/(1-RS)
R-1
R+1

210.9968
300.0000 (W/m2.K)
41.0370
33.3293
0.8122
3.6650
0.2144
3.7990
3.6650
2.6650
4.6650

Shell Side
IN
CW3
degC
kg/kmol
m^3/h
m^3/s
kg/h
kg/s
kJ/kg-degC
kJ/kg

1.0100
25.0000
18.0200
1007.0000
87.2095
0.0242
87820.0000
24.3944
4.3130
-15890.0000

1649.6167

Shell Side
IN
CW-XX

OUT
CW2
1.010 ANSI
45.0
18.02
992.1
68.80
0.01911
6.826E+04
18.96
4.318
-15803.0000

1635.5854
1635585.4444

D
0.2601
0.2316
0.1548
0.1560

OUT
CW-XX

25.0000

45.0000

997.1000

992.3000

70317.7900 70317.7900
19.5327
19.5327
4.1810
4.1790
3.665
0.2144
-1653
1636
1644
139.1
41.04
39.40
0.9600
300.0
-161.2
590.9

Q=mCp(To-Ti)
m=Q/Cp(To-Ti)
19.5327 kg/s

Fouling factor
River water 3000-12000
Townswater soft
3000-5000
Townswater hard
1000-2000

Tubes
Velocity
Volumetric flow
Area
Diameter

15.0000
0.7968
0.0531
0.2601

OUT
CW4
1.010
45.0
18.02
992.1
88.52
0.0246
8.78E+04
24.39
4.318

25

45

m/s
m^3/s
m^2
m

-15803.0000

2104.2648

D
0.1717
0.1425
0.1756
0.1769

4.105
0.1959
-2015
2104
2060
179.5
300.0
43.97
38.26
0.8700
300.0
-139.8
573.9

OUT
CW4
1.0100
45.0000
18.0200
992.1000
88.5193
0.0246
87820.0000
24.3944
4.3180
-15803.0000

0.1424

Tube Side
IN
OUT
S-347
S-348
Pressure
100.5
100.0
Temperature
125.9
50.0
Molecular weight
44.01
44.01
Density
164.4
373.1
Volumetric flow
496.8
218.9
Volumetric flow
0.1380
0.061
Mass flow
8.167E+04 8.167E+04
Mass flow
22.69
22.69
Cp
1.344
4.878
Enthalpy
-8918.0000 -9068.0000

Shell Side
IN
CW-XX
degC
kg/kmol

25.0000
1007
140.5
0.03903
1.415E+05
39.31
4.313
-15890.0000

m^3/h
m^3/s
kg/h
kg/s
kJ/kg-degC
kJ/kg

Q=mCp(To-Ti)
-3402.7625
Average duty

Area (m^2)
U (20-300)
Temp LM
Temp M
Ft Correction
R
S
sq(R^2+1)
(1-S)/(1-RS)
R-1
R+1

Q=mCp(To-Ti)
3392.4625

3397.6125 kJ/s
3397612.5000 W

Tube
in
out
Shell
in
out

258.6104
300.0000
47.6013
43.7932
0.9000
3.7950
0.1982
3.9245
3.2360
2.7950
4.7950

Tube film
Shell film

-173.0956
566.2688

0.9200
Tubes
Velocity
Volumetric flow
Area
Diameter

OUT
CW-XX
45.0000
992.1
142.6
0.03962
1.415E+05
39.31
4.318
-15800.0000

0.0092
0.0041
0.0390
0.0396

15.0000
0.1380
0.0092
0.1082

Diameter
0.1082
0.0718
0.2229
0.2246

m/s
m^3/s
m^2
m

3.795
0.1982
-3403
3392
3398
258.6
47.60
43.79
0.90
300.0
-173.1
566.3

Pressure
Temperature
Molecular weight
Density
Molar flow rate
Mass flow rate
Volumetric flow
Assumed velocity
Area of nozzles
Diameter
Nozzle diameter (rounded up)
Nozzle diameter (NPS)

K factor

P
T
MW
n-dot
m-dot
Q-dot
v
A
D
D
D

bar
degC
kg/kmol
kg/m^3
kmol/h
kg/h
m^3/h
m/s
m^2
m
mm
in

Vertical
0.076

Maximum allowable vapour velocity/settling velocity


v_vap
Minimum area
A_min
Recommended min vap area
A_min
Minimum diameter
D_min
Number of 6-in increments
Min diameter at next 6-in increment
D_min
Min area corresponding to min D
A_min
Liquid volume (5 min holding time)
V_surgeliq
Liquid volume (10 min holding time)
V_surgeliq
Liq height - 5 mins (vertical only)
H_liq
Liq height - 10 mins (vertical only)
H_liq
Vessel length - 5 mins
L
Vessel length - 10 mins
L
Angle of circle, allowing 20% vap space
Area of segment, based on unit circle
Area of unit circle
Fraction of full circle
Assume L/D = 3.5
Diameter
D_min
Diameter (next 6-in increment)
D_vessel
Length
L
Height of vap space
H_vap
Cross sectional area of vessel
A
Area of LLL
A_LLL
Angle of LLL
Area of LLL-goal seek

S-337
In
9.000
1.500
164.064
998.570
6168.220
1011982.200
1013.431
3.000
0.0938
0.3457
600.00
24.000

m/s
m^2
m^2
m
m
m^2
m^3
m^3
m
m
m
m
radian
m^2
m^2

m^2
m^2

0.839
2.133
1.648
10.815
1.676
79.019
158.039
37.038
74.076

Half angle
Height of LLL
Ellipsoidal head
Major axis
Minor axis
Vertical axis
Height (radii)

m
m
m
m

Total length of vessel from head to head

S-338
Liq
4.000
-9.400
193.410
1011.020
4956.740
958683.000
948.233
3.000
0.0878
0.3343
600.00
24.000

S-340
Vap
4.000
-9.400
43.995
8.271
1211.480
53298.600
6444.189
15.000
0.1193
0.3898
400.00
16.000

0.2815
0.094
0.346

Horizontal
0.095
1.049
1.707
8.534
3.296
21.629
3.353
8.829
79.019
158.039

8.950
17.900
4.429
2.694
3.142
0.858
3.500
3.224
3.3528
11.735
0.671
8.829
0.337
1.109
0.278

0.671
2.682
1.257 Recalculate

0.2634
0.088
0.334
15.748
40.640

1.7901
0.119
0.390

0.555
0.849

3.353
3.353
1.676
0.8382
13.411

INLET
Temp
Pressure
Pressure
Pressure
Mass flow
Mass flow
Density
Volumetric
Volumetric
Volumetric
Velocity
Area
Pipe D
Actual area
Actual vel
Re
g
viscosity
absolute roughness
Relative roughness
friction factor
delta Pf
Length
NPSH
height
vap pressure
vap pressure
Pressure diff
Dynamic head
Differential head
Hydraulic power
Efficiency
Net power requirement

Total head

OUTLET

-9.4
-8.4
4.000
25.00
0.4000
2.500
4.000E+05
2.500E+06
9.587E+05
9.587E+05
266.3
266.3
1011
1010
948.2
948.8
0.2634
0.2635
263.4
263.5
3.000
3.000
0.0878
0.0878
0.4000
0.4000
0.1257
0.1257
2.0961
2.0972
2.995E+05
3.097E+05
9.810
9.810
2.830
2.737
0.046
0.046
0.0001150
1.150E-04
0.002
0.002
266.51
3.00
41.30
1.000
7.300E-04
0.09733
21.000 2100000.000
211.7
211.7
553.1 kW
0.750
737.5

40.789

degC
bar
Mpa
N/m^2
kg/h
kg/s
kg/m^3
m^3/h
m^3/s
L/s
m/s
m
m
m^2
m/s
m/s^2
cP
mm

N/m^2
m
m
mmHg
N/m^2

0.33434961

0.3344439

Commercial steel table 5.2


Figure 5.11
friction loss in pipe
assume

http://www.banrepcultural.org/sites/default/file

page 278 of sinnott

50

www.banrepcultural.org/sites/default/files/tesis_parra_julian.pdf

Heat Exchanger:

E-314

Process Fluid
Tin
Tout
DelT
Mass flow (kg/s)
Heat Capacity (kJ/kg)
Duty (kW)
Average Duty (W)
T1-t2
T2-t1
Log Mean Temp Diff
R
S
Ft Correction Factor
True Temperature Diff
Duty (kW)

tube side
Process
125.9
50
-75.9
22.68508
1.344
2314.096
-538200.5
80.9
25
47.60129
3.795
0.198216
0.91
43.31717
-591.4291

Overall Heat Transfer Coeff (U) (W/m2.K)


Heat Transfer Area (m2)
Tube Film Transfer Coefficient (W/m2.K)
Shell Film Transfer Coefficient (W/m2.K)
Fouling Factor (W/m2.K)

shell side
R-Prop
25
45
20
39.30556
4.313
-3390.5

From Figure 12.19 Sinnott&Towler


Duty for Spec Sheet

250 From Figure 12.1 Sinnott&Towler


-49.69858
142.6784
-541.4646
5000 (Typical) From Table 12.2 Sinnott&Towler

Heat Exchanger:

E-312

Process Fluid
Tin
Tout
DelT
Mass flow (kg/s)
Heat Capacity (kJ/kg)
Duty (kW)
Average Duty (W)
T1-t2
T2-t1

Shell Side
R-Prop
96.7
65.6
-31.1
72.77778
2.2
4979.456
3854721
20
20.6

Tube Side
WGS H2O
45
76.7
31.7
20.02778
4.3
2729.986

Log Mean Temp Diff


R
S
Ft Correction Factor
True Temperature Diff
Duty (kW)

20.29852
0.981073
0.613153
0.9 From Figure 12.19 Sinnott&Towler
18.26867
4283.023 Duty for Spec Sheet

Overall Heat Transfer Coeff (U) (W/m2.K)


Heat Transfer Area (m2)
Tube Film Transfer Coefficient (W/m2.K)
Shell Film Transfer Coefficient (W/m2.K)
Fouling Factor (W/m2.K)

700 From Figure 12.1 Sinnott&Towler


301.431
403.4091
411.1919
5000 (Typical) From Table 12.2 Sinnott&Towler

Heat Exchanger:

E-516

Process Fluid
Tin
Tout
DelT
Mass flow (kg/s)
Heat Capacity (kJ/kg)
Duty (kW)
Average Duty (W)
T1-t2
T2-t1
Log Mean Temp Diff
R
S
Ft Correction Factor
True Temperature Diff
Duty (kW)

Tube
R-Prop
66.4
45
-21.4
72.77778
2.13
3317.357
3259234
21.4
20
20.69211
1.07
0.483092
0.95
19.6575
3430.773

Overall Heat Transfer Coeff (U) (W/m2.K)


Heat Transfer Area (m2)
Tube Film Transfer Coefficient (W/m2.K)
Shell Film Transfer Coefficient (W/m2.K)
Fouling Factor (W/m2.K)

Shell
CW
25
45
20
37.22222
4.3
3201.111

From Figure 12.19 Sinnott&Towler


Duty for Spec Sheet

250 From Figure 12.1 Sinnott&Towler


663.2041
229.6437
245.7188
5000 (Typical) From Table 12.2 Sinnott&Towler

nnott&Towler

INFO
**Use tube side for "hotter", more valuable str

nnott&Towler

nnott&Towler

Tubefilm transfer coefficient


403.4091
411.1919

hotter", more valuable stream

Heat Exchanger:

E-513

Process Fluid
Tin
Tout
DelT
Mass flow (kg/s)
Heat Capacity (kJ/kg)
Duty (kW)
Average Duty (W)
T1-t2
T2-t1
Log Mean Temp Diff
R
S
Ft Correction Factor
True Temperature Diff
Duty (kW)

tube side
Process
12.5
-26
-38.5
21.35278
3.615
2971.826
3890700
69.5
16
36.42583
2.566667
0.275229
0.72
26.2266
5403.75

Overall Heat Transfer Coeff (U) (W/m2.K)


Heat Transfer Area (m2)
Tube Film Transfer Coefficient (W/m2.K)
Shell Film Transfer Coefficient (W/m2.K)
Fouling Factor (W/m2.K)

shell side
R-Prop
-42
-57
-15
72.88889
4.399
4809.573

From Figure 12.19 Sinnott&Towler


Duty for Spec Sheet

250 From Figure 12.1 Sinnott&Towler


593.3976
170.3026
437.1099
5000 (Typical) From Table 12.2 Sinnott&Towler

Heat Exchanger:

E-514

Process Fluid
Tin
Tout
DelT
Mass flow (kg/s)
Heat Capacity (kJ/kg)
Duty (kW)
Average Duty (W)
T1-t2
T2-t1

Shell Side
R-Prop
96.7
65.6
-31.1
72.77778
2.2
4979.456
3854721
20
20.6

Tube Side
WGS H2O
45
76.7
31.7
20.02778
4.3
2729.986

Log Mean Temp Diff


R
S
Ft Correction Factor
True Temperature Diff
Duty (kW)

20.29852
0.981073
0.613153
0.9 From Figure 12.19 Sinnott&Towler
18.26867
4283.023 Duty for Spec Sheet

Overall Heat Transfer Coeff (U) (W/m2.K)


Heat Transfer Area (m2)
Tube Film Transfer Coefficient (W/m2.K)
Shell Film Transfer Coefficient (W/m2.K)
Fouling Factor (W/m2.K)

700 From Figure 12.1 Sinnott&Towler


301.431
403.4091
411.1919
5000 (Typical) From Table 12.2 Sinnott&Towler

Heat Exchanger:

E-516

Process Fluid
Tin
Tout
DelT
Mass flow (kg/s)
Heat Capacity (kJ/kg)
Duty (kW)
Average Duty (W)
T1-t2
T2-t1
Log Mean Temp Diff
R
S
Ft Correction Factor
True Temperature Diff
Duty (kW)

Tube
R-Prop
66.4
45
-21.4
72.77778
2.13
3317.357
3259234
21.4
20
20.69211
1.07
0.483092
0.95
19.6575
3430.773

Overall Heat Transfer Coeff (U) (W/m2.K)


Heat Transfer Area (m2)
Tube Film Transfer Coefficient (W/m2.K)
Shell Film Transfer Coefficient (W/m2.K)
Fouling Factor (W/m2.K)

Shell
CW
25
45
20
37.22222
4.3
3201.111

From Figure 12.19 Sinnott&Towler


Duty for Spec Sheet

250 From Figure 12.1 Sinnott&Towler


663.2041
229.6437
245.7188
5000 (Typical) From Table 12.2 Sinnott&Towler

nnott&Towler

INFO
**Use tube side for "hotter", more valuable str

nnott&Towler

nnott&Towler

hotter", more valuable stream

Tube Side
IN
OUT
S-328
S-329
Pressure
25.0000
24.5000
Temperature
-8.4000
-15.0000 degC
Molecular weight
193.4310
193.4310 kg/kmol
Density
1010.4400
1017.4000
Volumetric flow
948.7362
942.2459 m^3/h
Volumetric flow
0.2635
0.2617 m^3/s
Mass flow
958641.0000 958641.0000 kg/h
Mass flow
266.2892
266.2892 kg/s
Cp
1.9864
1.9603 kJ/kg-degC
Enthalpy
-4886.8600 -4900.0200 kJ/kg
Q=mdeltaH
-3504.36543 kJ/s

Area (m^2)
U (20-300)
Temp LM
Temp M
Ft Correction
R
S
sq(R^2+1)
(1-S)/(1-RS)
R-1
R+1

0.7273
300.0000
17.4509
16.0621
0.9204
0.3300
0.6329
1.0530
0.4640
-0.6700
1.3300

Shell Side
IN
Refrigerant
-40.0000
997.1000

150869.5953
41.9082
4.1810

Q=mCp(To-Ti)
m=Q/Cp(To-Ti)
41.9082

Fouling factor
River water
Townswater soft
Townswater hard

Tubes
Velocity
Volumetric flow
Area
Diameter

OUT
Refrigerant
-20.0000
992.3000

150869.5953
41.9082
4.1790

kg/s

3000-12000
3000-5000
1000-2000

15.0000
0.2635
0.0176
0.1496

m/s
m^3/s
m^2
m

Symbol

Units

S-336
Inlet

Pressure
Temperature
Molecular weight
Density
Molar flow rate
Mass flow rate
Volumetric flow
Assumed velocity
Area of nozzles
Diameter
Nozzle diameter (rounded up)

K factor
Maximum allowable vapour velocity/settling velocity
Minimum area
Recommended min vap area
Minimum diameter
Number of 6-in increments
Min diameter at next 6-in increment
Min area corresponding to min D
Liquid volume (5 min holding time)
Liquid volume (10 min holding time)
Liq height - 5 mins (vertical only)
Liq height - 10 mins (vertical only)
Vessel length - 5 mins
Vessel length - 10 mins
Angle of circle, allowing 20% vap space
Area of segment, based on unit circle
Area of unit circle
Fraction of full circle
Assume L/D = 3.5
Diameter
Diameter (next 6-in increment)
Length
Height of vap space
Area of vessel
Area of LLL
Angle of LLL

P
T
MW
n-dot
m-dot
Q-dot
v
A
D
D

Bar
C
kg/kmol
kg/m^3
mol/h
kg/h
m^3/h
m^3/h
m^3/h
m^3/h
m^3/h

Vertical
0.076

K
v_vap
A_min
A_min
D_min

m/s
m^2
m^2
m

D_min
A_min
V_surgeliq
V_surgeliq
H_liq
H_liq
L
L

m
m^2
m^3
m^3
m
m
m
m
radian
m^2
m^2

D_min
D_vessel
L
H_vap
A
A_LLL

19
6.6
152.411
991.757
6825.96
1040350
1048.997
1.000
0.291
0.609
650.000

m^2
m^2

0.562
0.778
0.995
6.529
1.067
84.453
168.905
108.613
217.226

Area of LLL-goal seek


Half angle
Volume

Saddle
Longitudinal Force
FL3
Af
Cf
G
qz
Ls
9983.56

9.98356

S-337
Bottoms
(liquid)
9
1.5
164.064
998.57
654.741
1011982.2
1013.431
1.000
0.282
0.599
600.000

Horizontal
0.095

S-339
Tops (vapour)
9
1.5
43.1291
18.039
6168.22
28367.8
1572.582
15.000
0.029
0.193
200.000

Design Pressure
2.09 Mpa
Diameter (inside)
3658
3.658
Tensile strength
50
Efficiency
1
Diameter (outside) 3822.16832 3.82216832
Length
12.8
Thickness
82.0841589
Cw
1.15
g
9.810
Steel density
7850.000
Thickness
Circumferential
Longitudinal

78.0841589
38.6297812

Head thickness

78.0841589

1.250

0.7020
0.6220
3.110
1.990
13.058
2.134
3.575
84.453
168.905

Volume of shell
Volume of head

12.3452693
0.00220379
0.00220379
Weight of shell and heads
1093684.61 N
1093.68461 kN

Unreasonable
Unreasonable
23.621
47.242
3.751
2.162
3.142
0.688
3.500
3.548
3.6576
12.802
0.7320
9.885
0.330
1.113

Volume
Density water
Mass water
Weight water
Total mass
Mass
23.27842207
okay

134.511719
1000
134511.719
1319559.96
2413244.57
2413.24457

m^3
kg/m^3
kg
N
kN

0.340
0.557
10.50708629

Radius
134.5117186
Force
Loading
Moment

Sc
Sw
Sb

Empty
wear plate width

1328.865834

9985.56

Saddle Stresses
Saddle stress
Midspan stress
Shear stress

Radii
1.829

Dm

1.911084159
0.9145 c radii
0.992584159 c radii outer

Sc
Sw

3740.084159

outside radii
inside radius
mean radius

Hydrostatic
Ph
Sc
Sw
Sb

2.9887
68.08859147 Mpa
2.502134998 Mpa
0.33331818 Mpa

Sc
Sc/2+Sw+Sb
Sc/2+Sw-Sb
Sw+Sb-Sc/2
Sw-Sb-Sc/2
Sw-Sb

68.08859147
36.87974891
36.21311255
-31.2088426
-36.8797489
2.168816819

1.911084159
1.829
1.870042079

12800

Wind loading
Wind speed
160
Wind pressure
1280
Loading/length 4892.375447
Moment
400783.3966
Sb
444424.2397

Stress
47.61439963 Mpa
1.133969832 Mpa
1.133969832

Sc
Sc/2+Sw+Sb
Sc/2+Sw-Sb
Sw+Sb-Sc/2
Sw-Sb-Sc/2
Sw-Sb
SIL

3.740084159

47.614
25.386
24.497
-22.229
-23.118
0.6895
2061.490

Moment

23.80719981

300587547.5

SIL

2061.490061

Earthquake
10033.80376
783890918.7
38350.88684
38350886.84

N
783890.9187 N/mm
Nm
Nmm

47.61439963
1.133969832
0.042526871 N/mm^2
42518.6653 N/m^2
0.042518665

Saddles

Sc
Sc/2+Sw+Sb
Sc/2+Sw-Sb
Sw+Sb-Sc/2
Sw-Sb-Sc/2
Sw-Sb
SIL

47.61439963
24.98369652
24.89864278
-22.63070311
-22.71575685
1.091442961

Normal
Stress_saddle

Hydrostatic

A
1408.22
0.971807691
H
838.2
0.893781579
L
12802
0.106218421
P
2.09
180485240.4
Q
1.207E+06
1.358998534 Mpa
R 1911.084159
t
82.08 Stress_midspan
deg
140
1.035995384
K1
0.443
0.952815663
K2
0.9
0.512815663
K3
0.0205
1980388771
K4
0.697
2.102720771 Mpa
b
711
A/R
0.736870
Stress_shear 0.717374062
4.966155984 Mpa
Distance btw
9985.56
Circumferential
Horn
-2.765482168 1328.865834
-9.34190508 436315.3373
-2.765482168
6.576422912
-9.34190508
Bottom

109078.8343
-7.710164284 Mpa

0.081807691
0.971807691
0.893781579
0.106218421
180485240.4
1.358998534
0.035995384
1.035995384
0.952815663
0.512815663
1980388771
2.102720771

Mpa

Saddle Stresses
Saddle stress
1.358998534
Midspan stress 2.102720771
Shear stress
4.966155984
Horn circum stress-9.34190508
Bottom circum stress
-7.71016428

50
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS

km/hr
N/m^2
N/m
Nm

0.00128
4.892375447
400783396.6
0.44442424
0.44442424

62622.4057 N

N/mm^2
N/mm
Nmm
N/mm^2

Mpa

Mpa

49.7171204

A
H
L
P
Q
R
t
deg
K

2.68842
0.8382
12.802
2090000 N/m^2
546842.305
1.91108416
0.08208416
120
0.335

0.83285165
0.76598227
0.23401773
344039.245
3425659.57 N/m^2
3.42565957 Mpa