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EH/JAN 2013/CPE523

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES 1. 2. 3. This question paper consists of three (3) questions. Answer ALL questions in the Answer Booklet. Start each answer on a new page. Do not bring any material into the examination room unless permission is given by the invigilator. Please check to make sure that this examination pack consists of i) ii) Hi) the Question Paper a one - page Appendix an Answer Booklet - provided by the Faculty

4.

This examination paper consists of 4 printed pages

Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL

EH/JAN 2013/CPE523

a) Figure 1 illustrate the buildup to the steady-state and laminar velocity profile for a fluid contained between two plates. Explain briefly the concept of Newton's Law of viscosity by showing the related equation which contributes to transmit the momentum.

Figure 1 Laminar velocity profile (3 marks) b) Figure 2 shows a coating experiment involving a flat photographic film that is being pulled up from a processing bath by rollers with a steady velocity U at an angle G to the horizontal. As the film leaves the bath, it entrains some liquid, and in this particular experiment it has reached the stage where: (a) the velocity of the liquid in contact with the film is vx = U at y = 0, (b) the thickness of the liquid is constant at a value 5, and (c) there is no net flow of liquid (as much is being pulled up by the film as is falling back by gravity). Clearly, if the film were to retain a permanent coating, a net upwards flow of liquid would be needed.

Figure 2 Liquid coating on a photographic film

Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA

CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL

EH/JAN 2013/CPE523

i) Derive the liquid velocity distribution of the fluid, vx as a function of y using equation of motion. Equations of motions are given in Appendix 1. State your assumptions. (15 marks) ii) Sketch the velocity profile vx by labeling all important features. (2 marks)

a) A very long rod (circular cross section) initially at 150C is suddenly immersed in a fluid at temperature 30C. The radius of the rod is R. i) Derive the radial temperature profile in the rod as a function r. (10 marks) ii) Justify your assumptions. (6 marks) b) The Schmidt number for a gas at constant pressure usually remains fairly constant over a large temperature range, while the Lewis and Prandtl number changes markedly. Discuss your justification. (4 marks)

QUESTION 3 (P01,C04,C2,C3)

a) The general species A diffusion equation in terms of molar fluxes expressed in Cartesian coordinates is as follows:

A( N

dxK **'

) + A( N

Syv

Ay/

) + A( N

Szv

NL)

) + ^ _ R A .o

St

Simplify the above equation for steady state, one dimensional diffusion with no homogeneous reactions. (4 marks)

CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL

EH/JAN 2013/CPE523

b) An air supply is transported through a porous iron pipe submerged in water as shown in Figure 3. The air, specifically the oxygen in the air, diffuses through the pipe wall to the outer surface of the pipe with diffusivity 2>. Develop a following model for the steady-state diffusion of the oxygen through the pipe wall, providing an expression for the oxygen concentration as a function of radial position with oxygen concentration in the pipe wall is Cf| at r = n and Ch at r = r2.

C r2 C

Wl

In

-C

W2

Water

Air

Water

CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL

APPENDIX 1

EH/JAN 2013/CPE523

+ v.

= -{V-p)+V2\/

+ pg]

{x,y,z): dv. + v. dz dv ^

y

dvr

y

d2v, d2vx d2vr dp - + ju + 2r- + - 2 + Pg* dx dx2 dy dz d2v., d2v dp + = - + ju dx1 dy1

dy

dv y dt dv,

x

dx

dyy + v

y dz

dp

dz

d2v, +M dx2

d2v,

+-

dy2

Cylindrical coordinates

(r,0,z):

2 v \

dt

+ v.

dv. dr

va dv. dvr - + v. r dO dz

dp dr+

2 dv. r2 dO

dVff dt

dv dr

va dv, r 86

+M dr\rdr rdO

1 dp

1 d2ve

+

d2ve dz

2

2 dvr r2 dO

'r ~dB

r+

(dv2 {8t

dvz dr

- + Vr- +

v dv, 9

i-

dv, 2

dz )

dp

dz

+ H LJL

r dO

r dr

dvA dr,

+ 2

CONFIDENTIAL

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