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AE2353 Wind Tunnel Techniques Anna University question bank, previous year question paper and important 2marks

and 1 marks questions


PART A Answer All the Questions (10 x 2 = 20)

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1. Define Reynolds num er! 2. Define "#$h num er! %. &h#t is me#nt y su soni$ #nd tr#nsoni$ s'eed re(ime! ). Define $riti$#l "#$h num er! +#me #ny two e,ui'ments used in the $#li r#tion of wind tunnels. -. &h#t is me#nt y .DA! /. &h#t is me#nt y P01! 2. +#me #ny two e,ui'ments used for the me#surement of for$e! 4ow #re the surf#$e stre#mlines #nd tur ulen$e me#sured in wind tunnels! 10. &h#t is the te$hni,ue #do'ted to 5isu#li6e 7ho$8 w#5es. PART 9 11. (* x 1- = 20) Answer All the Questions

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:x'l#in the 9u$8in(h#m;s Pi Theorem. (or) 12. 9riefly dis$uss the s$#le effe$ts of simil#rities. 1%. Dis$uss the $l#ssifi$#tion of wind tunnels in det#il. (or) 1). :x'l#in with # ne#t di#(r#m the l#yout of # su soni$ wind tunnel. :x'l#in the te$hni,ues used for Tur ulen$e me#surements in # wind tunnel. (or) 1-. :x'l#in in det#il the $#li r#tion of # su'ersoni$ tunnel. 1/. :x'l#in with # ne#t s8et$h the wor8in( of # hot wire #nemometer. (or) 9riefly ex'l#in the me#surement of 'ressure< 5elo$ity #nd for$e in # wind tunnel. Dis$uss the smo8e #nd tuft (rid te$hni,ues used for flow 5isu#li6#tion. (or) 20. 9riefly ex'l#in the o'ti$#l methods used for flow 5isu#li6#tion. (10 > 2 = 20) Answer A.. the Questions 1. :x'l#in the term dyn#mi$ simil#rity. 2. Define "#$h num er. %. Define l#min#r #nd tur ulent flow. ). &h#t #re the $l#ssifi$#tions of wind tunnel! +#me #ny two e,ui'ments used in the $#li r#tion of wind tunnels. Define hori6ont#l uoy#n$y. /. &h#t is me#nt y .DA! PART = A

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2. 3. 10. 11. 12. 1%.

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+#me #ny two e,ui'ments used for the me#surements of 5elo$ity. 4ow #re the surf#$e stre#mlines #nd tur ulen$e me#sured in wind tunnels! &h#t is me#nt y P01! PART 9 (* x 1- = 20) Answer All the Questions :x'l#in the 9u$8in(h#m;s Pi theorem. (or) :x'l#in the dyn#mi$ simil#rity etween # wind tunnel model #nd the 'rototy'e to e fli(ht= tested. &h#t #re the essenti#l $onditions to e s#tisfied for the results to e $#rried from the model to the 'rototy'e! Are there #ny limit#tions or 're$onditions in5ol5ed! &h#t is understood y the term low s'eed wind tunnel in #erodyn#mi$ testin(! Des$ri e with rief det#ils throu(h s8et$hes #nd 'lots< 5#rious ty'es of low s'eed wind tunnels #sed u'on the det#ils of the flow in test se$tion. (or) &rite notes on? (#) settin( "#$h num er in # tr#nsoni$ wind tunnel ( ) "e#surements of tur ulen$e le5el in # tr#nsoni$ wind tunnel. :x'l#in the te$hni,ues used for tur ulen$e me#surements in # wind tunnel. Des$ri e the #sis for the me#surement of 'ressure #nd instruments used for the 'ur'ose. &h#t #re its #d5#nt#(es #nd #''li$#tions! 0llustr#te with theory #nd #n ex#m'le. 0t is desired to o t#in 'ressure distri ution of # rot#tin( $ir$ul#r $ylinder 8e't in the test se$tion of # wind tunnel. (or) 1-. :x'l#in in det#il the $#li r#tion of # su'ersoni$ wind tunnel. :x'l#in with # ne#t s8et$h the wor8in( of # hot wire #nemometer. (or) &h#t ty'es of wind tunnel #l#n$es #re used to #s$ert#in for$es #nd moments on #n #ir'l#ne model in # low s'eed wind tunnel! 4en$e des$ri e the underlyin( 'rin$i'les of #n extern#l ty'e wind tunnel #l#n$e for me#surin( lift< dr#( #nd 'it$hin( moments o5er # finite s'#n win(. :x'l#in the 'henomenon of se'#r#tion of flow o5er # 2D win( with the hel' of li,uid '#r#ffin (ener#ted smo8e wire te$hni,ue with (ood s8et$hes. &h#t #re its merits o5er 8erosene (ener#ted smo8e! (or) 9riefly ex'l#in the o'ti$#l methods used for flow 5isu#li6#tion. PART A (10 x 2 = 20) Answer All the Questions 1. &h#t is (eometri$#l simil#rity in wind tunnel testin( of models! &h#t is ound#ry l#yer $orre$tion in the test se$tion desi(n of wind tunnels! %. &h#t is tur ulen$e f#$tor of # su soni$ wind tunnel! 4ow is test se$tion s'eed me#sured in $#se of # su soni$ wind tunnel! *. 4ow #re wind tunnel #l#n$es $l#ssified! &h#t is the #si$ 'rin$i'le in5ol5ed in the interferometer method of flow 5isu#li6#tion!

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1/. 12.

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2. 3. 10. 11.

12. 1%. 1).

1-. 1/. 12. 13. 20.

/. &h#t #re the #d5#nt#(es of flow 5isu#li6#tion methods! 4ow is tot#l 'ressure estim#ted in the test se$tion of # su'er soni$ wind tunnel! &h#t is hori6ont#l uoy#n$y! &h#t #re the limit#tions of dye in@e$tion method for flow 5isu#li6#tion! PART 9 (* x 12 = -0) Answer All the Questions (#) 7t#te 9u$8in(h#m theorem. 4ow is thus theorem useful in the ex'eriments usin( wind tunnels! ( ) &h#t is the #si$ 'rin$i'le ehind hot wire #nemometer! &h#t #re its limit#tions! (or) Define the followin( non=dimension#l num ers? for$e $oeffi$ient< :uler num er< Reynold;s num er #nd moment $oeffi$ient. 4ow do the model s$#le effe$ts influen$e the wind tunnel test results! 4ow #re the wind tunnels $l#ssified! &h#t #re the s'e$i#l 'ro lems of testin( in hy'ersoni$ wind tunnels! (or) 78et$h the ty'i$#l l#yout of # su'ersoni$ wind tunnel #nd m#r8 #ll the $om'onents #nd su systems. &h#t is st#rtin( 'ro lem in su'ersoni$ tunnels! 1*. &rite short notes on the followin( to'i$s? (#) Alow #n(ul#rities in wind=tunnel testin(. ( ) Tur ulen$e intensity me#surements in wind tunnel test se$tion. (or) &ith # ne#t illustr#tion ex'l#in the o @e$ti5e of $#li r#tion of # wind tunnel. 0n wh#t w#y the $#li r#tion 'ro$edure for # su'ersoni$ tunnel different from th#t of # su soni$ wind tunnel! Distin(uish etween intern#l #nd extern#l wind tunnel #l#n$es. 9riefly ex'l#in how for$e me#surements #re $#rried out usin( #n extern#l str#in (#u(e #l#n$e. (or) 9rin( out the essenti#l fe#tures of # str#in (#u(e #sed six $om'onent intern#l wind #l#n$e. :x'l#in how the six $om'onents #re me#sured usin( the #l#n$e. &ith ne#t illustr#tion ex'l#in the #si$ 'rin$i'les of 7$helieren method of flow 5isu#li6#tion. &h#t #re the #d5#nt#(es #nd limit#tions of the method! (or) &rite short notes on the followin( te$hni,ues? (#) 7mo8e te$hni,ue for flow 5isu#li6#tion. ( ) Bse of tufts #nd ele$tri$#l te$hni,ues for flow 5isu#li6#tion studies. Re#d more? htt'?CCthele$turernotes. lo(s'ot.$omC2010C12C#e2%*%=wind=tunnel=te$hni,ues= #nn#.htmlDix661ED*xT25r