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# AE2353 Wind Tunnel Techniques Anna University question bank, previous year question paper and important 2marks

## and 1 marks questions

PART A Answer All the Questions (10 x 2 = 20)

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1. Define Reynolds num er! 2. Define "#\$h num er! %. &h#t is me#nt y su soni\$ #nd tr#nsoni\$ s'eed re(ime! ). Define \$riti\$#l "#\$h num er! +#me #ny two e,ui'ments used in the \$#li r#tion of wind tunnels. -. &h#t is me#nt y .DA! /. &h#t is me#nt y P01! 2. +#me #ny two e,ui'ments used for the me#surement of for\$e! 4ow #re the surf#\$e stre#mlines #nd tur ulen\$e me#sured in wind tunnels! 10. &h#t is the te\$hni,ue #do'ted to 5isu#li6e 7ho\$8 w#5es. PART 9 11. (* x 1- = 20) Answer All the Questions

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:x'l#in the 9u\$8in(h#m;s Pi Theorem. (or) 12. 9riefly dis\$uss the s\$#le effe\$ts of simil#rities. 1%. Dis\$uss the \$l#ssifi\$#tion of wind tunnels in det#il. (or) 1). :x'l#in with # ne#t di#(r#m the l#yout of # su soni\$ wind tunnel. :x'l#in the te\$hni,ues used for Tur ulen\$e me#surements in # wind tunnel. (or) 1-. :x'l#in in det#il the \$#li r#tion of # su'ersoni\$ tunnel. 1/. :x'l#in with # ne#t s8et\$h the wor8in( of # hot wire #nemometer. (or) 9riefly ex'l#in the me#surement of 'ressure< 5elo\$ity #nd for\$e in # wind tunnel. Dis\$uss the smo8e #nd tuft (rid te\$hni,ues used for flow 5isu#li6#tion. (or) 20. 9riefly ex'l#in the o'ti\$#l methods used for flow 5isu#li6#tion. (10 > 2 = 20) Answer A.. the Questions 1. :x'l#in the term dyn#mi\$ simil#rity. 2. Define "#\$h num er. %. Define l#min#r #nd tur ulent flow. ). &h#t #re the \$l#ssifi\$#tions of wind tunnel! +#me #ny two e,ui'ments used in the \$#li r#tion of wind tunnels. Define hori6ont#l uoy#n\$y. /. &h#t is me#nt y .DA! PART = A

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+#me #ny two e,ui'ments used for the me#surements of 5elo\$ity. 4ow #re the surf#\$e stre#mlines #nd tur ulen\$e me#sured in wind tunnels! &h#t is me#nt y P01! PART 9 (* x 1- = 20) Answer All the Questions :x'l#in the 9u\$8in(h#m;s Pi theorem. (or) :x'l#in the dyn#mi\$ simil#rity etween # wind tunnel model #nd the 'rototy'e to e fli(ht= tested. &h#t #re the essenti#l \$onditions to e s#tisfied for the results to e \$#rried from the model to the 'rototy'e! Are there #ny limit#tions or 're\$onditions in5ol5ed! &h#t is understood y the term low s'eed wind tunnel in #erodyn#mi\$ testin(! Des\$ri e with rief det#ils throu(h s8et\$hes #nd 'lots< 5#rious ty'es of low s'eed wind tunnels #sed u'on the det#ils of the flow in test se\$tion. (or) &rite notes on? (#) settin( "#\$h num er in # tr#nsoni\$ wind tunnel ( ) "e#surements of tur ulen\$e le5el in # tr#nsoni\$ wind tunnel. :x'l#in the te\$hni,ues used for tur ulen\$e me#surements in # wind tunnel. Des\$ri e the #sis for the me#surement of 'ressure #nd instruments used for the 'ur'ose. &h#t #re its #d5#nt#(es #nd #''li\$#tions! 0llustr#te with theory #nd #n ex#m'le. 0t is desired to o t#in 'ressure distri ution of # rot#tin( \$ir\$ul#r \$ylinder 8e't in the test se\$tion of # wind tunnel. (or) 1-. :x'l#in in det#il the \$#li r#tion of # su'ersoni\$ wind tunnel. :x'l#in with # ne#t s8et\$h the wor8in( of # hot wire #nemometer. (or) &h#t ty'es of wind tunnel #l#n\$es #re used to #s\$ert#in for\$es #nd moments on #n #ir'l#ne model in # low s'eed wind tunnel! 4en\$e des\$ri e the underlyin( 'rin\$i'les of #n extern#l ty'e wind tunnel #l#n\$e for me#surin( lift< dr#( #nd 'it\$hin( moments o5er # finite s'#n win(. :x'l#in the 'henomenon of se'#r#tion of flow o5er # 2D win( with the hel' of li,uid '#r#ffin (ener#ted smo8e wire te\$hni,ue with (ood s8et\$hes. &h#t #re its merits o5er 8erosene (ener#ted smo8e! (or) 9riefly ex'l#in the o'ti\$#l methods used for flow 5isu#li6#tion. PART A (10 x 2 = 20) Answer All the Questions 1. &h#t is (eometri\$#l simil#rity in wind tunnel testin( of models! &h#t is ound#ry l#yer \$orre\$tion in the test se\$tion desi(n of wind tunnels! %. &h#t is tur ulen\$e f#\$tor of # su soni\$ wind tunnel! 4ow is test se\$tion s'eed me#sured in \$#se of # su soni\$ wind tunnel! *. 4ow #re wind tunnel #l#n\$es \$l#ssified! &h#t is the #si\$ 'rin\$i'le in5ol5ed in the interferometer method of flow 5isu#li6#tion!

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/. &h#t #re the #d5#nt#(es of flow 5isu#li6#tion methods! 4ow is tot#l 'ressure estim#ted in the test se\$tion of # su'er soni\$ wind tunnel! &h#t is hori6ont#l uoy#n\$y! &h#t #re the limit#tions of dye in@e\$tion method for flow 5isu#li6#tion! PART 9 (* x 12 = -0) Answer All the Questions (#) 7t#te 9u\$8in(h#m theorem. 4ow is thus theorem useful in the ex'eriments usin( wind tunnels! ( ) &h#t is the #si\$ 'rin\$i'le ehind hot wire #nemometer! &h#t #re its limit#tions! (or) Define the followin( non=dimension#l num ers? for\$e \$oeffi\$ient< :uler num er< Reynold;s num er #nd moment \$oeffi\$ient. 4ow do the model s\$#le effe\$ts influen\$e the wind tunnel test results! 4ow #re the wind tunnels \$l#ssified! &h#t #re the s'e\$i#l 'ro lems of testin( in hy'ersoni\$ wind tunnels! (or) 78et\$h the ty'i\$#l l#yout of # su'ersoni\$ wind tunnel #nd m#r8 #ll the \$om'onents #nd su systems. &h#t is st#rtin( 'ro lem in su'ersoni\$ tunnels! 1*. &rite short notes on the followin( to'i\$s? (#) Alow #n(ul#rities in wind=tunnel testin(. ( ) Tur ulen\$e intensity me#surements in wind tunnel test se\$tion. (or) &ith # ne#t illustr#tion ex'l#in the o @e\$ti5e of \$#li r#tion of # wind tunnel. 0n wh#t w#y the \$#li r#tion 'ro\$edure for # su'ersoni\$ tunnel different from th#t of # su soni\$ wind tunnel! Distin(uish etween intern#l #nd extern#l wind tunnel #l#n\$es. 9riefly ex'l#in how for\$e me#surements #re \$#rried out usin( #n extern#l str#in (#u(e #l#n\$e. (or) 9rin( out the essenti#l fe#tures of # str#in (#u(e #sed six \$om'onent intern#l wind #l#n\$e. :x'l#in how the six \$om'onents #re me#sured usin( the #l#n\$e. &ith ne#t illustr#tion ex'l#in the #si\$ 'rin\$i'les of 7\$helieren method of flow 5isu#li6#tion. &h#t #re the #d5#nt#(es #nd limit#tions of the method! (or) &rite short notes on the followin( te\$hni,ues? (#) 7mo8e te\$hni,ue for flow 5isu#li6#tion. ( ) Bse of tufts #nd ele\$tri\$#l te\$hni,ues for flow 5isu#li6#tion studies. Re#d more? htt'?CCthele\$turernotes. lo(s'ot.\$omC2010C12C#e2%*%=wind=tunnel=te\$hni,ues= #nn#.htmlDix661ED*xT25r