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A soap opera, often referred to simply as a soap, is a serial drama, on television or radio, that features multiple related story

lines dealing with the lives of multiple characters. The stories in these series typically focus heavily on emotional relationships to the point of melodrama or some soap operas focus more on realism to relate more to the audiences and have some moral influences.

Australia has had quite a number of well known soap operas, some of which have gained cult followings in the UK, New Zealand and other countries. The majority of Australian television soap operas are produced for early evening or evening timeslots. They usually produce two or two-and-a-half hours of new material each week, either arranged as four or five half-hour episodes a week, or two one-hour episodes. Stylistically they most closely resemble UK soap operas in that they are nearly always shot on videotape, mainly in the studio using a multi-camera setup. The original Australian serials were shot entirely in the studio. Most Australian soap operas focus on a mixed age range of middle-class characters and will regularly feature a range of locations where the various, disparate, characters can meet and interact, such as a caf, surf club, wine bar, or a school.

The Soap Opera genre began in Australia on radio. One such radio serial, Big Sister, aired nationally for five years from 1942. Probably the best known Australian radio serial was the long-running soap opera Blue Hills which ran from 1949 to 1976.

Alice Frost had the title role on Big Sister.

With the advent of Australian television in 1956, daytime television serials followed. The first Australian television soap opera Autumn Affair (1958), with radio personality and Blue Hills star Queenie Ashton making the transition to television. Each episode of this serial was fifteen minutes and it screened each weekday on the Seven Network. The series failed to secure a sponsor and ended in 1959 after a run of 156 episodes. This was followed by The Story of Peter Grey (1961). Again this was a Seven Network series screened weekdays in a daytime slot, with each episode fifteen minutes in duration. The Story of Peter Grey had a run of 164 episodes. The first successful wave of Australian evening soap operas started in 1967 with Bellbird produced by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. This ruralbased serial screened in an early evening slot in fifteen-minute instalments and was a moderate success but built-up a consistent and loyal viewer base, especially in rural areas, and enjoyed a ten-year run. Motel (1968) was Australia's first half-hour soap opera. Screened in a daytime slot the series had a short run of 132 episodes.

Launched on the Nine Network in late 1976 was The Sullivans, a series chronicling the effects of World War II on a Melbourne family. Produced by Crawford's this show was a ratings success and attracted many positive reviews. At around the same time, Grundy's created a new teen-oriented soap, The Young Doctors, which also screened on Channel Nine starting late 1976. This show eschewed the sex and sin of Number 96 and The Box instead emphasising light-weight storylines and romance. It was also popular but unlike The Sullivans it was not a success with critics.

Home and Away

Home and Away is an Australian television soap opera devised by Alan Bateman. It has been produced in Sydney, New South Wales since July 1987 and has aired on the Seven Network since 17 January 1988. It is the second-longest-running Australian drama. It originally screened as a 93-minute pilot episode, or a television film as it is known, and a day later aired at its usual time of 22 minutes. At the beginning, the show was screened on Seven at 6:30 pm and currently airs Mondays through to Thursdays at 7 pm.

Neighbours is an Australian television soap opera. It was first broadcast on the Seven Network on 18 March 1985. It was created by TV executive Reg Watson, who proposed the idea of making a show that focused on realistic stories and portrayed adults and teenagers who talk openly and solve their problems together. Neighbours has since become the longest running drama series in Australian television and in 2005, it was inducted collectively into the Logie Hall of Fame. On 11 January 2011, Neighbours moved to Ten's new digital channel, Eleven.

Australian Cinematography
Australian cinematography most closely resembles UK soap operas in that they are nearly always shot on videotape, mainly in the studio using a multicamera setup. They mostly shoot on fixed cameras and normally have a central setting like a bar, surf club or school. Lots of shot reverse shots and over shoulder shots are used when realism is used which is quite popular in soaps in Australia. Medium close up shots are used normally to show perspective and when using long shots, they tend to be on a crane for a high angle shot to reflect more on the setting they are in. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NKiJEkMaUbM

Swimwear, shorts, t-shirts, bright clothing, dresses, wetsuits, not allot of clothing.

Bright, colourful, blue sky, no clouds, sunshine, night, natural light.

Beaches, beach huts/shacks, outside, forests, cafs, bars, surf shops, hills, see, exotic.

Hair and Makeup

Natural, wavy/curly hair, subtle, no/barley makeup, male tattoos.

Video showing Mise-en-scene:


Sea, waves crashing, wind, party music, people talking, radio in the back ground, natural background noises.

Australian accent, clear and calm vocals, easy to understand even with the accent, fast speaking, male deep voices, womens high voices.

Tense music when tense scenes occur, happy/chilled music when good things happen, radio in the background.

Neighbours + Home and Away Both shows use typical soap editing techniques, just like English Soaps they focus on making the drama look realistic. Reverse Shots They use a lot of reverse shots to follow everybody in the conversations. Cross Cutting Cross cutting between scenes is a huge editing technique in soaps as it gives the audience an idea of what is happening else where, this also keeps the audience interested. Sound Bridges Sound bridges are used to link the different scenes together. Settings Soaps tend to use comfortable settings to allow the audience to feel safe when watching. These are often used to swap between scenes. Cliff Hangers Cliff hangers are often used therefore there specific target audience tunes in for the next episode so they can see what happens. There is a typical close up on a characters face as it cuts to the closing themes.

Soap operas from Australia tend to focus on more everyday characters and situations, and are frequently set in working class environments. Many explore social realist storylines such as family discord, marriage breakdown, or financial problems. Some do feature comedy elements, often by way of affectionate comic stereotypes such as the gossip or the grumpy old man, presented as a sort of comic foil to the emotional turmoil that surrounds them. Australian soap operas also feature a significant proportion of romance, secret relationships, extramarital affairs, and genuine love which have been the basis for many soap opera storylines. Sometimes they weave intricate, convoluted, and even confusing tales of characters who have affairs, meet mysterious strangers and fall in love, and who commit adultery, all of which keeps audiences hooked on the unfolding story twists. Crimes such as kidnapping, rape, and even murder may go unpunished if the perpetrator is to be retained in the ongoing story. Previously unknown children, siblings, and twins (including the evil variety) of established characters often emerge to upset and reinvigorate the set of relationships examined by the series. Unexpected calamities disrupt weddings, childbirths, and other major life events with unusual frequency.

Stunts and complex physical action are largely absent, especially from daytime serials. Such story events often take place off screen and are referred to in dialogue instead of being shown. This is because stunts or action scenes are difficult to adequately depict visually without complex action, multiple takes, and post production editing.

Neighbours Theme
The theme to Neighbours is the theme tune to the Australian soap opera Neighbours. Composed by Tony Hatch it has been voted the world's most recognised television theme song. The song was originally recorded by Barry Crocker, who also recorded the updated version. A total of 8 versions have been created over the years but the structure of the first lyrics still remain in the theme.

Home and Away

Home and Away is a song composed by Mike Perjanik for the Australian soap opera Home and Away. The first use of the song was in the pilot episode. There version of the theme song was used until 1994, and there has been seven different recorded versions used, including twice recorded by the Australian group The Robertson Brothers.

Some characters are slightly larger than life so that people will either love them or hate them. (Julia Smith) These tend to be stock types or stereotypical and enough characters to populate the rotating plotlines. Characters ay change over time and can be pleasure for the viewing public. The scheming villainess: Often presented as the victim. The long suffering woman: Many viewers may identify with this character and regard her almost a friend. The romantic hero: Single, handsome and available but often rebellious and appealing to a teenage audience. The ruthless villain: attempts to ruin his rivals but is always punished in the end.

Many critics believe that soaps have been a force to change and have modified attitudes in certain real-life communities, this is perhaps a result of high level realism created in soaps. Neighbours is criticised for being the Australian version of the American dream.. The vast majority of the Neighbours and Home and Away cast are young. This matches the settings for those soaps as they are set in beautiful parts of Australia and as a result these are the sort of people you associate with this setting.

Neighbours is played on channel 5 in the UK every day at 1.45pm. In Australia Neighbours is on every day on channel eleven at 6.30pm. However it doesnt air over the Christmas period for about 4 5 weeks. It is aimed towards adults and teenagers due to it mainly following them within their storylines.

Home and Away

Home and Away is played on channel 5 in the UK 4 days a week at 1.15pm. In Australia Home and Away 4 days a week Monday Thursday on channel seven at 6.30pm. It is aimed towards adults due to some of the storylines they air such as rape. However they are able to air these storylines despite the watershed.