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This Document is a property of “ACCESSINA”

The company was established on 20th Feb 2009 and the founders of the company
are Abhishek Jain(y05uc003)
Pradeep Chabaria
Shilpa Gautam(y05uc102)
3D Printers: An Emerging

Table of Contents

Abstract 3

Acknowledgement 4

Introduction 5

Comparison 6

Financial Plan 7

Future Plans / Conclusion 8


Originally developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1993, Three-

Dimensional Printing technology (3DP™) forms the basis of ACCESSINA’s prototyping

process. Once upon a time, the only way to make a three-dimensional object was by

hand. One could carve wood or bone, shape clay, blow glass, and pound metal into

shape, but now by taking symbolic representation of object a 3D printer can build a full-

size, physical model that can be held and manipulated, help the designer to better

understand the strengths and limitations of His/her design. By definition 3D Printing is

an extremely versatile and rapid process accommodating geometry of varying

complexity in hundreds of different applications, and supporting many types of

materials. ACCESSINA trying to pioneer the commercial use of 3DP technology,

developing 3D printers that will lead manufacturers use to produce early concept

models and product prototypes. This paper describes the core technology and other

related things about 3D printing.



ACCESSINA’s 3D printers use standard inkjet printing technology to create parts layer-
by-layer by depositing a liquid binder onto thin layers of powder. Instead of feeding
paper under the print heads like a 2D printer, upon which it prints the cross-sectional
data sent from the software. Our system requires powder to be distributed accurately
and evenly across the build platform. 3D Printers accomplish this task by using a feed
piston and platform, which rises incrementally for each layer. A roller mechanism
spreads powder fed from the feed piston onto the build platform; intentionally spreading
approximately 30 percent of extra powder per layer to ensure a full layer of densely
packed powder on the build platform. The excess powder falls down an overflow chute,
into a container for reuse in the next build.

Fig1: Spreading a layer of powder

Once the layer of powder is spread, the inkjet print heads print the cross-sectional area
for the first, or bottom slice of the part onto the smooth layer of powder, binding the
powder together. A piston then lowers the build platform 0.1016mm (0.004”), and a new
layer of powder is spread on top. The print heads apply the data for the next cross
section onto the new layer, which binds itself to the previous layer. Printer repeats this
process for all of the layers of the part. The 3D printing process creates an exact
physical model of the geometry represented by 3Ddata. Process time depends on the
height of the part or parts being built. Typically, ACCESSINA.’s 3D printers will be able
to build at a vertical rate of 25mm – 50mm (1” – 2”) per hour.

Fig2: Printing Cross

When the 3D printing process completes, loose powder surrounds and supports the part
in the build chamber. Users can remove the part from the build chamber after the
materials have had time to set, and return unprinted, loose powder back to the feed
platform for reuse. Users then use forced air to blow the excess powder off the printed
part, a short process which takes less than 10 minutes. Inkjet technology does not
require the use of solid or attached supports during the printing process, and all unused
material is reusable. There are many companies producing 3D-Printers but why
ACCESSINA’S printing model is better than others is illustrated below.

1) Fast printing: The Inkjet technology allows printing of multiple parts simultaneously,
while only adding a negligible amount of time to the print time for one part.

2) Produces Colored Models: ACCESSINA applies the proven 2D color inkjet

methodology to 3D printing and produces the only 3D printers with 24-bit, full-color
capabilities. Our 3D printers use four colored binders’ cyan, magenta, yellow and clear,
to print colors onto the shell of the part

3) Produces high resolution model: ACCESSINA’s printers produce high- resolution 3D

printing. Our 3D printers control the print head movement while positioned extremely
close to the powder, reducing inaccuracies related to fanning of the binder spray.

4) It is Affordable: ACCESSINA’s 3D printers produce very little waste. The unprinted

powder surrounds and supports complex parts during printing. Users can reuse all
unused support powder. Thus, printed-part volume becomes the basis for all part-
creation costs. Other additive processes require the building of solid support structures
to support complex geometries during the printing process. Users have to discard these
support structures after use, and the wasted material contributes significantly to the cost
of additive technologies.

Financial Plan:
Use of the money invested by the investor (“10 million dollars”):

The plan shows the percentage distribution of money into various sectors for the better
understanding. Consider 10 million dollars as 100% and division will be made on basis
of this.

1) Infrastructure: