323 views

Uploaded by rohanida abdul rahman

- Fluid Mechanics White Seventh ed Chapter 6 Summary
- TUTORIAL 2 - Mohr Circle, Strain Tran, Thin Thick Cylinder - Solution
- Art s Fluid Flow
- osbourne reynold
- HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING.pdf
- Fluid 08
- On Modelling of Motion of Non-spherical Particles in Two-phase Flow
- FlowControl_manual.pdf
- Validation of a New Generation System for Bottom Boundary Layer Beneath Solitary Wave
- Cylinder Mesh2 Exercise
- ENGINEERING_DESIGN_GUIDELINES_fluid_flow_hydraulics_sizing_and_selection_rev_web.pdf
- exp 4.5
- Hydraulics Plate 3 & 4as
- SHEKHAR
- Flow Characteristics of Water in Straight and Serpentine
- Froude Number and Reynolds Number
- Machine Ex 3 Answer
- 24188 Laboratory+Activity+1+w+Problems
- EXPERIMENT 1 - CHE150-1L.docx
- BFC21103+Chapter1

You are on page 1of 7

Reynolds Number

OBJECTIVES:

2. To investigate the nature of the flow in a pipe by observing the behavior of a

filament of dye injected into the fluid.

3. To demonstrate the change, or ‘transition’, between laminar and turbulent flow by

varying the flow rate.

THEORY:

Consider the case of a fluid moving along a fixed surface such as the wall of a pipe. A

shear stress given by:

τ=μdudy

The nature of flow depends on the ratio of inertia to viscous forces. Inertia force of the

fluid particles is the force that tends to carry each fluid particle to move at its own

accelerated direction. While viscous force due to the surrounding fluid will tend to make

the individual fluid particle conform to the motion of the rest of the stream.

Similarly the viscous forces are given by shear stress multiplied by area so, using equation

(10, we may write:

Dividing the inertia force by the viscous force we obtain a non-dimensional variable,

namely Reynolds number, Re:

Re=ρd²u²μud=ρduμ

The term μ/ρ is called the kinematic viscosity, v and it is often convenient to write

Re=udv

APPARATUS:

PROCEDURES:

1. The constant head bank with water to the level of overflow pipe was filling up.

2. The dye injector with the dye was filling up.

3. For laminar flow, the discharge control valve was adjusting in such a way the dye

will flow down in a straight line. Make sure the water level at par with the overflow

pipe.

4. Once the laminar flow occurred, the time for collection of 200ml water from the

drain pipe was starting.

5. Procedure 3 for transition and turbulent flow was repeating with timing for 200ml of

water from the drain pipe.

6. Water temperature was recording at any time during the experiment.

7. The whole experiment whole repeating by reversing condition starting with

turbulent flow, transition was following by laminar flow.

EXPERIMENTAL DATA:

Temperature Condition Time for Velocity, u Kinematic Re

x

(s)

29 Fully laminar 10.31 1.098X10 ³̄ 0.8174X10 ⁶̄ 201.49

29 Transition 5.59 2.025X10 ³̄ 0.8174X10 ⁶̄ 371.6

29 Fully 1.69 6.697X10 ³̄ 0.8174X10 ⁶̄ 1228.96

turbulent

x

(s)

29 Fully 2.34 4.837X10 ̄³ 0.8174X10 ̄⁶ 887.63

turbulent

29 Transition 7.06 1.603X10 ³̄ 0.8174X10 ⁶̄ 294.16

29 Fully laminar 12.28 9.217X10 ⁴̄ 0.8174X10 ⁶̄ 169.14

CALCULATION:

200 ml liter

1000ml = 1 l T(⁰C) dynamic

velocity,μ

200ml = 0.2l

25 0.891X10 ̄³

1l m³

29 μ

1l = 1000m³

30 0.798X10 ̄³

0.2l = 0.0002m³

Interpolation

A = πd24 ³0.798X10 ̄³

=π(15X10²4 μ=0.8174X10 ̄³

= 0.01767 m²

u = QA

Re = udv

= 0.000210.310.01767

=1.098X10 ̄

= 1.098X10 ̄³ ³(0.15)0.8174X10 ̄³

u = QA = 201.49

= 0.00025.590.01767 Re = udv

= 2.025X10 ̄³ = 2.125X10 ̄

³(0.15)0.8174X10 ̄³

u = QA

= 371.6

= 0.00021.690.01767

Re = udv

= 6.697X10 ̄³

= 6.697X10 ̄

³(0.15)0.8174X10 ̄³

= 1228.96

For decreasing velocity

u = QA

= 0.00022.340.01767 Re = udv

= 4.837X10 ̄³ =4.837X10 ̄

³(0.15)0.8174X10 ̄³

u = QA

= 887.63

= 0.00027.060.01767

Re = udv

= 1.63X10 ̄³

= 1.63X10 ̄

u = QA

³(0.15)0.8174X10 ̄³

= 0.000212.280.01767

= 296.16

= 9.217X10 ̄⁴

Re = udv

= 9.217X10 ̄

⁴(0.15)0.8174X10 ̄³

= 1228.96

DISCUSSION:

1. Write down your observation in term of valve opening and flow condition

The observation that is obtained if the valve opened larger, the velocity will

increase and the flow condition will become turbulence. For the small valve opening,

the velocity will decrease and the flow will become laminar. The flow between

laminar and turbulence is called as transition flow.

2. What is the relationship between velocity and flow condition? Justify your answer in

term of viscous force.

For higher velocity, the flow will become turbulent and for slower velocity the flow

will become laminar. The transition occurs between velocity or turbulence and

laminar. For higher velocity, the flow have low internal resistant. This can cause the

flow have least viscous force than the water inertia that makes the dye-spread

around and dispread in the water.

The first observation was there were nothing that can be seen in the test pipe

because when the dye are at the test pipe, it will spread to the water and show it

was in the turbulent condition. The second observation was dye is in shale linear in

the test pipe which shows the laminar flow.

The Reynolds number can show how the flow condition when the Reynolds number

is less than 2300 that shows that the flow is fully laminar. For Reynolds number

2300 to 4000 the flow are in the transition state and when the Reynolds number

shows more than 4000 that shows the flow are at fully turbulent condition.

CONCLUSION:

Each flow of fluid have own characteristic motion whether is smooth and orderly while

some rather chaotic. The nature of flow depends on the ratio of inertia to viscous force.

The highly disordered fluid motion characterized by smooth layers of fluid is called

laminar. The highly disordered fluid motion typically occurs at high velocity and it is

characterized by velocity fluctuation are called as turbulent. Transition occurs of

increasing of velocity from laminar flow to turbulent flow. All of this correlation within

the inertia force and the fluid itself that tends to carry each partial to move at its own

path. Viscous force tends to make the individuals fluid particle due to the surrounding.

Fluids follow to the motion of the rest of the flow. In this experiment, for the example

increasing velocity, the Reynolds number for laminar is 167.82. Transition flow is

804.10. This is difference from the theoretical valve of Reynolds number that is for fully

laminar is less than 2300 and transition is between 23000 and 4000.

QUESTION:

Identify and explain the factors that determine whether the flow will be laminar or

turbulent.

For practically, from our identification to determine the flow of the dye substances will

be laminar or turbulent is the valve. This valve plays the major role in determining

whether the flow is to laminar or turbulent. If the valve is opened larger, the velocity of

water moving inside the pipe will decrease and flow condition will become turbulent. If

the valve opened smaller, the velocity of water moving inside the pipe will decreased

and flow become laminar. If the valve opened medium, the flow becomes in between

laminar and turbulent that is transition flow.

The next factor identified is the velocity of water moving in the pipe. This is because

when the velocity is higher, the flow become turbulent and if the velocity is lower, the

flows become laminar. The higher the velocity, the lower the internal resistant that also

could included in the factors to determine the flow is laminar, transition and turbulent.

- Fluid Mechanics White Seventh ed Chapter 6 SummaryUploaded byMoosewanger01
- TUTORIAL 2 - Mohr Circle, Strain Tran, Thin Thick Cylinder - SolutionUploaded byNurul Nadia
- Art s Fluid FlowUploaded bylkjasdf8879
- osbourne reynoldUploaded byLiana Juhari
- HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING.pdfUploaded byZaid Hadi
- Fluid 08Uploaded byRufus Cheng
- On Modelling of Motion of Non-spherical Particles in Two-phase FlowUploaded byfindviru
- FlowControl_manual.pdfUploaded byLazaros Ntoanidis
- Validation of a New Generation System for Bottom Boundary Layer Beneath Solitary WaveUploaded bySuntoyo Saja
- Cylinder Mesh2 ExerciseUploaded bysamarthgk
- ENGINEERING_DESIGN_GUIDELINES_fluid_flow_hydraulics_sizing_and_selection_rev_web.pdfUploaded byHernan Coba
- exp 4.5Uploaded byneez_aryu
- Hydraulics Plate 3 & 4asUploaded byNero James Sia
- SHEKHARUploaded byvekbalam
- Flow Characteristics of Water in Straight and SerpentineUploaded byrahuldbajaj2011
- Froude Number and Reynolds NumberUploaded byChin-Chin Abejar
- Machine Ex 3 AnswerUploaded byBemboy Subosa
- 24188 Laboratory+Activity+1+w+ProblemsUploaded byMa Zairah Pascual
- EXPERIMENT 1 - CHE150-1L.docxUploaded byEthan
- BFC21103+Chapter1Uploaded bynns
- Reynolds FrnikkaUploaded byLissa Hannah
- e8 ReynoldsUploaded bykunajackmerican
- Dwight Barkley, 2015, The Rise of Fully Turbulent FlowUploaded byZiying Fang
- Grupo C-1Uploaded byErick Ramirez Chacon
- flow1.pdfUploaded byArkadu Jyothiprakash
- s 0022112080000547 AUploaded byShezan Kanjiyani
- cfd2003Uploaded bymoongate72695
- 02 TurbulenceUploaded byA
- A_50Uploaded byshiva krishna
- Waermeuebergang-Wiesche-THESCI.pdfUploaded byankit5088

- Failure TheoriesUploaded byMadhan Krishnamurthy
- 1.0 Electric Passenger & Good Lift Regulation 1970Uploaded byrohanida abdul rahman
- Introduction of PumpUploaded byrohanida abdul rahman
- Refrigeration CycleUploaded byTonycses
- Mechanics of MaterialsUploaded byHajar Rajab
- standard code for roboticUploaded byrohanida abdul rahman

- Product Catalogo RIBE DESBLOQUploaded byDar Win
- Experiment 10 Formal ReportUploaded byJemVivar
- Yokogawa - PMCA - PressureUploaded byhon choong chong
- Buckling Pin BrochureUploaded byEleonora
- Photovoltaic Literature ReviewUploaded byJarrydSeth
- Greenroof_Design_and_Construction-BT.pdfUploaded byRomeo Paulo Aquino Cabuyadao
- HW1ansUploaded byLily M Mo
- AREATIONUploaded bysharvan10
- [june 2011] CAS 100 Persuasive Speech - U.S. should go NuclearUploaded byLaura Wake-Ramos
- Loomis BOB 2016.pdfUploaded byGCMedia
- Sliding Mode Observer for Torque Control in Sensorless BLDC MotorUploaded byIOSRjournal
- FM010235Uploaded byRahman Fadli
- Pressure Jet Helicopter AnalysisUploaded byimgopal
- Renewable 14 ButanediolUploaded byErsa Nurul Yarizsa
- Produced Water Chemical Treatment 101Uploaded byImranShahzadkhan
- Barbosa 150426021227 Conversion Gate01Uploaded byzac2351
- ojUploaded byFrialyn Ermengarde De Leon
- 4th period characteristics of the atmosphereUploaded byapi-199925868
- Fibre Optics With Gelatine Teacher WorksheetUploaded byDedy Rachida
- SU81Uploaded bysaopaulo
- Analisis de Compuestos IonicosUploaded byLeonardo Melo
- Motor StartersUploaded byOm Prakash
- WESM RULES Unofficial Copy October 2014 1Uploaded byLeizza Ni Gui Dula
- Technical Conference of AsmeUploaded bykarthegre
- 08 Storm Water ManagementUploaded byShaikh Furquan Mohammed
- nucars_infoUploaded bymario1006
- BLT ManualUploaded byUmer Farooq
- Class 4 Nso 5 Years e Book Level-2 2017Uploaded byTrips
- Unit VI DME I SpringsUploaded bySachin Dhavane
- Lab Report Gas Chromatography (GC)Uploaded byNurmazillazainal