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31071

Common to ME- CAD/CAM/ME-Computer Aided Design/ME-Engineering Design/ME-Computer Aided Design (Part-Time) Second Semester

220203 VIBRATION ANALYSIS AND CONTROL (Regulation 2010) Time : Three hours

31

1. 2. 3.

Define the term Vibration? List out the different types of vibrations. What is meant by critical speed of the shaft? What is under damping, over damping and critical damping? Give one

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Discuss the importance of principal coordinates. What are Eigen valves and Eigen vectors? What is its significant? What is influence coefficient and stiffness coefficient? Give the different types of vibration isolation methods. What do you understand by field balancing? What is resonance? What is the significance of resonance? How to avoid

53

10 5

resonance?

10.

31

05

05

31

Maximum : 100 marks

Praveen kumar.A

A machine of a mass 100 kg is mounted on springs and damper as shown in Figure 1. The total stiffness is 50000N/m and the damping factor is 0.20. A harmonic force F = 500 Sin 13.2t acts on the mass. For sustained or steady state vibration of the system, determine (i) (ii) the amplitude of the motion of the machine its phase with respect to the exciting force

the maximum dynamic force transmitted to the foundation the maximum velocity of the motion.

31

05

Figure. 1. Or

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2

05

Praveen kumar.A

(16)

(16)

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10 5

(b)

Determine the transient response of an undamped spring-mass system for t > / . Where it is subjected to a force given by

31

0

31071

12.

(a)

Determine the steady state damped forced vibrations of the masses m1 and m2 of the two degree of freedom spring mass shown in Figure 2, assuming the spring stiffness K1 = K2 = 1 N/m, m1 = m2 = 1 kg, = l, and the amount of damping in the air is c = 1 N-m/s.

K1

31

x2(t)

Praveen kumar.A

K2

05

x1(t)

31

Figure. 2. Or

400 kg-m2, is the supported on elastic supports as shown in Figure 3. If the stiffnesses of the supports are k1 = 2800 N/mm and k2 = 2100 N/mm, and the supports are located at l1 = 0.4 m and l2 = 0.5 m, determine the natural frequencies and mode shapes of the machine tool.

10 5

31

05

Or 3

(b)

Figure. 3. (16)

13.

(a)

slender rod having one end fixed and the other end free. Show the first three principal mode shapes. (16)

53

(16)

31071

(b)

(iii) Determine the Eigen values and eigenvectors of the system for k1 = k2 = k3 = k4 = k and m1 = m2 = m3 = m4 = m.

Figure. 4.

05

31

14.

(a)

(i) (ii)

Discuss in detail about the different types of vibration isolation methods. (8) Or

(b)

(i) (ii)

With an example Briefly explain the static and dynamic balancing. (8) Describe the active vibration control.

05

Or 4

31

15.

(a)

(i) (ii)

Describe the different types of sensors used for vibration measurement and explain the procedure for selecting the sensors.(8) With the neat sketch explain the construction and working principle of a mechanical vibration exciter. (8)

(b)

(i) (ii)

10 5

53

31

With the neat sketch, describe the different types of accelerometer mounting. (8) Explain the construction and working of the electromagnetic exciter with neat sketch. (8)

Praveen kumar.A

0

(16) (8) (8)

31071

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