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Ras Girtas Power Company Vol.

5 Electrical

Ras Laffan C IWPP

Training Manual

Section 2 Operations & Maintenance for EBOP

Vol. 5 Electrical Section 2 Operations & Maintenance for EBOP 2-1 415VAC system 2-2 UPS system 2-3 110VDC system 2-4 Medium Voltage System 2-5 HSBT(High Speed Bus bar Transfer) 2-6 Inter Bus Transformer 2-7 General Bus Connection

RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

2/27

Low Voltage, Normal Power Supply

Table of Content 1. Low Voltage (LV) Systems, General 2. Supply Philosophy 3. LV SWG (switchgear), Normal Power Supply Systems 3.1 Switchgear Design 4. How to read the Specification and the Drawings (general example) 5. Wiring, Functions and Operation 6. Prepositioned Circuit Breaker 7. Earthing, Grounding, Floating Ground 8. Codes and Standards 9. Safety and Health

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

3/27

1. Low Voltage (LV) Systems, General Low voltage systems in a power station provides power for all electro-mechanical and electrical auxiliary systems. These are normally systems for turbine, generator, water/steam cycle, cooling water, water treatment plant, ventilation and air-conditioning, building lighting and electrical installations within buildings. These systems represent the major portion of a plant and arew operated with Normal Power. Normal Power means that during undisturbed operation of the plant power is available. However while a power failure occur all systems come to a standstill. Except another supply source is available through change over. In the following the feeding philosophy of the Normal Power Supply system shall be introduced as well as typical feeder schemes such as incoming feeder, bus coupler, motor feeders and cable feeder. These typicals are representative for the majority of all circuits. Guided by a number of drawing-cutouts different circuits diagrams shall be introduced and discussed.

2. Supply Philosophy
Normal Power Section of the Overall Single Line Diagram

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

4/27

This cutout of the OSLD represents a general configuration of the normal power supply system of the entire plant. It includes Normal Power Supply with 11 kV bus system, step-down auxiliary transformers and several 415 V busses. Normal power in this case is provided by 11 kV bus P22BBA. .Via step-down transformer P22BFT30bus system P22BFC is supplied with power. Its a 415 VAC bus dedicated to provide auxiliary power for generator GT 4. In case that power is lost at P22BBA high speed bus transfer switching closes both bus coupler circuit breakers and transfer power of P21BBA to P22BBA Power is restored. In case that did not work the next choice would be to start the emergency diesel units. The third possibility is eventually manual switching and connecting the neighboring switchgear P12BBA. with P21BBA.. But please keep in mind that only three bus systems can be connected together.

3. LV SWG (switchgear), Normal Power Bus Systems These switchgear cubicles are metal clad, metal enclosed switchgear types with retractable control and power modules as symbolized below.

The above sketch symbolizes the structure of metal-clad, metal-enclosed switchgear. The left sketch shows the outer structure and the separated inner structure. The outer structure shall form the cubicle, the inner boxes shall be the retractable module. The right sketch symbolizes bus bar with power plug, the control- and power module with cable and terminal for external connection as a functional unit.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

5/27

3.1 Switchgear Design


Incoming and Distribution Cubicle, P22BF

Equipment Arrangement, inside

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

6/27

Picture with rack opening and cable compartment (racks are not included)

The above picture represents a typical LV-switchgear cubicle for feeders equipped with 12 small racks and 3 big racks. Thus in total 15 modules can be installed into that cubicle. Right side of the cubicle is the cable compartment arranged. At the lower section one can see black power cable terminals dedicated for the big modules. The upper section contains small block cable terminals for control and power cables dedicated for the small modules. Cable screens and earth conductor can be connected at the vertical copper grounding bus. The 3 phase main bus bars and neutral bus are installed in the rear part of the cubicle. The way this switchgear is designed the cubicles can be put side-by-side to built-up the switchgear and number of feeders as required. The cubicles will be bolted together just the bus bars have to be extended.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

7/27

4. How to read the Specification and the Drawings (general example)

Switchgear Specification

This data sheet provides information about design parameters and the type of switchgear: type of swg, LV, MV, HV type of bus bar, single or multiple design temperature (depends on country of final destination) bus bar material bus bar coating, e.g. tin plated, silver plated bus bar phase identification color (depends on local standards) wiring cross sections for different applications, rated short circuit current bus bar rating kind of power supply for control and monitoring purposes design and test standards

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

8/27

Understanding Schematic Diagrams

The above table shows and explain graphical symbols used in drawings.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

9/27

This page explains how to read schematic diagrams, which are completely different from wiring diagrams because they only show a fraction of the entire scheme. But these fractions have a clever logistic. For example one drawing represents just the main power circuit, the next only control circuits, monitoring circuits, interlocking, circuits, measuring., etc. After a while everybody gets familiar with this logic. Oval boxes at left and right of a drawing indicates at which drawing one have to look for continuation of the circuit. The left table represents as an example the nomenclature and ID markings on the drawings.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

10/27

This table is part of each set of drawings and is usually found at the beginning of a complete set of drawings and represents all major components of the following circuit diagrams. The table has a running number, followed by the quantity of each type of component, designation ID as part of the nomenclature system, item description with rating, type and partly order number of the component and name or abbreviation of manufacturer. The entire information is important to order replacement or spare parts.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

11/27

5. Wiring, Functions and Operation


Schematic Diagram of Incoming Feeder and Bus Tie
(single line diagram)

Single line diagram is always useful to get a quick overview about a system and/or sub-system because it provides already at one glance information about functions, installed components, sub-circuits and interlocking features. Monitor screens at operation and control center are programmed this way and show single lines only. This specific single line represents incoming- and bus tie circuit breakers of a low voltage system. The dotted line between all three circuit breaker control and protection units indicates that these CBs are interlocked together. The control unit at the tie breaker is a automatic transfer controller. A closer look reveals that both incoming CBs are closed during normal (undisturbed) operation and tie breaker is in Open position. However if one of the two incoming CBs opens, due to a power failure upstream of one of the incoming CB, the tie breaker closes automatically and restore power on the disturbed bus. The system works the other way around too, if energy is back upstream the OPEN incoming feeder, the incoming feeder closes and tie breaker opens automatically. All Both incoming feeders and tie breaker are equipped with local and remote I/U monitoring facilities. Signals are transmitted via DCS to OCC.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

12/27

Incoming Feeder from Transformer, and 800 KVA Cable Feeder(typical)

This scheme represents left side an incoming feeder from an upstream located step-down transformer. The feeder is equipped with local and remote I/U monitoring facility and circuit breaker control and protection unit. Auxiliary power supply for control, protection and monitoring are two independent 110 VDC feeders and one 240 VAC feeder. The scheme right side is a power cable feeder (up to 300kVA load) to supply another substation. Feeder is equipped with remote control and remote measuring facilities. Signals are transmitted via DCS to OCC.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

13/27

Typical Motor Feeders (10 180 kW) , Schematic Diagram

Motor feeder for single phase, up to 11kVA, Wiring Diagram

This motor feeder can be assigned for single phase motors up to 11kVA. The module is equipped with spring charged circuit breaker and main contactor. The circuit breaker has no automatic reset feature after fault trip. Local/remote control buttons, local/remote monitoring, and local control unit are accessible from front door. The lamp test button is obligatory. The unit is has space heater/dew point heater. Signals are transmitted via DCS to OCC.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

14/27

Motor feeder for single phase up to 40kVA, Wiring Diagram

This motor feeder can be assigned for single phase motors up to 40kVA. The module is equipped with spring charged circuit breaker and main contactor. The circuit breaker has no automatic reset feature after fault trip. Local/remote control buttons, local/remote monitoring, local A-reading and local control unit are accessible from front door. The lamp test button is obligatory. The unit is has space heater/dew point heater. Signals are transmitted via DCS to OCC.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

15/27

Motor feeder up to 30 kVA, Wiring Diagram

This motor feeder can be assigned for motors up to 30kVA. The module is equipped with spring charged circuit breaker and main contactor. The circuit breaker has no automatic reset feature after fault trip. Local/remote control buttons, local/remote monitoring and local control unit are accessible from front door. The lamp test button is obligatory. The unit is has space heater/dew point heater. Signals are transmitted via DCS to OCC.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

16/27

Motor feeder up to 40 kVA, Wiring Diagram

This motor feeder can be assigned for motors up to 40kVA. The module is equipped with spring charged circuit breaker and main contactor. The circuit breaker has no automatic reset feature after fault trip. Local/remote control buttons, local/remote monitoring, local A-reading and local control unit are accessible from front door. The lamp test button is obligatory. The unit is has space heater/dew point heater. Signals are transmitted via DCS to OCC.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

17/27

Motor feeder up to 100 kVA, Wiring Diagram

This motor feeder can be assigned for motors up to 100kVA. The module is equipped with spring charged circuit breaker and main contactor. The circuit breaker has no automatic reset feature after fault trip. Local/remote control buttons, local/remote monitoring, local A-reading and local control unit are accessible from front door. The lamp test button is obligatory. The module has an additional protection relay and space heater/dew point heater. Signals are transmitted via DCS to OCC.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

18/27

Motor feeder beyond 100 kVA, Wiring Diagram

This motor feeder can be assigned for motors up to 100kVA. The module is equipped with spring charged circuit breaker and main contactor. The circuit breaker has no automatic reset feature after fault trip. Local/remote control buttons, local/remote monitoring, local/remote Areading and local control unit are accessible from front door. The lamp test button is obligatory. The module has an additional protection relay and space heater/dew point heater. Signals are transmitted via DCS to OCC.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

19/27

Typical Cable Feeder without CB and Cable Feeder for Bus Coupling, Schematic Diagram Up to 2000kVA

The scheme left side is a cable feeder to supply another subpanel. Circuit breaker is motor operated and located in that panel. This scheme represents right side an outgoing cable feeder designed as tie breaker of a linked substation.

The feeder is equipped with local and remote I/U monitoring facility and circuit breaker control and protection unit. Auxiliary power supply for control, protection and monitoring are 110 VDC and 240 VAC. Signals are transmitted via DCS to OCC.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

20/27

Typical Cable feeders, Schematic Diagram

These are single phase cable feeders. The right scheme represents a mobile test module.

Single Phase Cable Feeder up to 5 kVA, Wiring Diagram

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


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21/27

3phase Cable Feeder up to 10 kVA, Wiring Diagram

The upper diagram at previous page represents a cable feeder to provide power up to 5 kVA. The module is equipped with spring charged circuit breaker. The circuit breaker has no automatic reset feature after fault trip. Local control buttons and local status and fault indication are accessible from front door. The unit has a lamp test button additionally. The module provides a summary alarm at the main cubicle. This alarm is transferred to DCS. The cable feeder at this page is assigned to provide power up to10 kVA. The module is equipped with spring charged circuit breaker. The circuit breaker has no automatic reset feature after fault trip. Local control buttons and local status and fault indication are accessible from front door. The unit has a lamp test button additionally. The module provides a summary alarm at the main cubicle. This alarm is transferred to DCS.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-41

Rev.

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Test Module equipped with CT and PT, Wiring Diagram

This test module can be used for commissioning and maintenance services. Certain functions can be tested while output voltage and currents of the connected load can be recorded. Summary alarm can be simulated.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


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6. Prepositioned Circuit Breaker

1 Trademark and model of the CB 2. SACE PR111 or PR112 release 3. Pushbutton for manual opening operation 4. Pushbutton for manual closing operation 5. Lever for manual closing spring charging 6. Electrical rating plate 7. Mechanical signaling device for CB open O and close I 8. Signal for spring charged or discharged 9. Mechanical signal for protection release tripped 10. Operation Counter 11. Key lock in Open position 12. Key lock and padlock in isolated-withdrawn position

These pictures of a circuit breaker shall represent the circuit breakers used for motor- and cable feeders. The circuit breaker is the real protection device of the circuit whereby the following main contactor just serves as switching device without any protection functionality. It is important to know that with each fault occurred and tripped the circuit breaker, the circuit breaker has a locking feature, which prevents automatic resetting of the circuit breaker. That means that after each fault the CB must be locally reset. If it is a manual operated CB it is item 9 of the above agenda, the blue button. Or if it is a n electrically operated CB it is item 7 of the below electronic control device (reset button).

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


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Each breaker has a distinctive monitoring panel where each type of fault is indicated. Further it has an interface connector to connect a laptop to program the CB or to read the recording of the CB for later evaluation.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-41

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


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7. Earthing, Grounding Low voltage systems have beside the neutral conductor (said also N conductor) a protective conductor (said also PE, PEN-conductor). This conductor is by standard marked with green and yellow tape or sleeve. Construction of a power station begins usually with excavation works for civil construction. During this period electricians begin to install a earthing mat or ring earth cable in the entire area. Cross section of these cables is 70 to 95 mm square. The cables are installed approx. 70 to 90 cm deep underground. Each building has its own grounding system, which is made of construction rebars. Building earth and outer ring earth or earth mat will be electrically connected. Finally switchgear earth will be connected to the building earth. Though at the end all components and single earth systems built together an entire earth system with an unique potential. With an unhurt earthing system step- or touch potential does not exists.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-41

Rev.

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Low Voltage Systems


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8. Codes and Standards The following standards shall apply EN 50091-2, EMC Requirements IEC 60439/ IEC 1999, EN 60950-1, Safety of Information Technology Equipment (IEC 60950-1) EN 50178 (VDE 0160) Equipment of High Power Installation with electronic Resources EN/IEC 62040 1 1, Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS), Part 1 1 General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations EN/IEC 62040 1 2, Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS), Part 1 1 General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations IEC 62040 2, Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS), EMC Requirements

EN/IEC 62040-3, Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS), Method of specifying the performance and test requirements IEC 60146, Semiconductor converters IEC 60269-2, Low Voltage Fuses, Part 2 Supplementary requirements for fuses for use by authorized persons (fuses mainly for industrial application) IEC 60529, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code) IEC 60947, Low Voltage Switchgear and Control Gear IEC 60085, Thermal Evaluation and Classification of Electrical Insulation IEC 60617, Graphical Symbols for Diagrams EN ISO 9001, 2000, Quality Management Systems

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-41

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9. Safety and Health

As with low voltage installations AC and DC systems contain hazardous voltages. As soon as a door is opened the danger exists to get into contact with hazardous voltages. Any operation or service work inside the system must only be carried out by qualified, authorized and trained personnel. Extreme caution should be exercised at all times. Certain parts within the switchgear might still be alive even if the system is shut down. Before any part is touched the circuit diagram must be studied and measurements must be taken with an instrument.

Qualified personnel are technically instructed persons who, because of their training, experience and position as well as their knowledge of appropriate standards, regulations, health and safety requirements and working conditions, are authorized to be responsible for the safety of the equipment, at all times whilst carrying out their normal duties and are therefore aware of, and can report possible hazards. (The definition of qualified employees is according to International Electro technical Vocabulary (IEV) IEC 60050.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

We reserve all rights in this document and the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-40

Rev.

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Low Voltage Systems


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2/20

415/240 VAC, UPS, Vital Power Supply

Table of Content 1. Low Voltage (LV) Systems, General 2. Supply Philosophy


3. LV SWG (switchgear), Vital Power Supply Systems

3.1 Switchgear Design 4. How to read the Specification and the Drawings (general example) 5. Wiring, Functions and Operation 6. Earthing, Grounding 7. Codes and Standards 8. Safety and Health

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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1. Low Voltage (LV) Systems, General Low voltage systems in a power station provides power for all electro-mechanical and electrical auxiliary systems. The UPS or Uninterrupted Power Supply system however provide mainly power for vital systems and components, which are essential to operate the plant efficient and reliable and with the highest possible availability. These systems are at least control- and monitoring-, protection-and computer systems, communication- and CCTV systems. In the following the feeding philosophy of the UPS system shall be introduced as well as typicals of incoming feeders, bus coupler, individual feeders, control, interlocking, protection, monitoring and signaling. Guided by a number of drawing-cutouts different circuits diagrams shall be introduced and discussed.

2. Supply Philosophy
UPS Section of the Overall Single Line Diagram

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This cutout of the OSLD represents a general configuration of the emergency power supply system of the entire plant. It includes Normal Power Supply and Emergency Power, Vital Power as there is UPS power and 110 VDC via the battery. Normal power and emergency power is in this particular case the same bus. Its the Common 415VAC bus, P00BMCand P00BMD., which are supplied by the common 11 kV busses, P00BBC.and P00BBD., which are on the other hand supplied by 11 kV busses P31BBA.and P41BBA.., which is also 11 kV main level. Thus Normal Power is provided to all these busses during undisturbed operation. Just in case that power is lost at one of these busses at the main level, than emergency power supply can be activated. There are at least three choices to reconfigure the 11kV system supply. One is fast transfer switching from one bus to the other bus by HSBT- device, which can be done automatically within a fraction of a second. But it is still normal power. The next choice is starting the emergency diesel units and automatic HSBT- switching, because the diesel feeder is located at the opposite bus, which is P32BBA whereby the cable feeder for P00BBC. Is located at bus P31BBA.. The third choice is eventually manual switching and connecting the neighboring switchgear P22BBA. with P31BBA.. But please keep in mind that only three bus systems can be connected together. Just in case that all three actions fail, the operation time of the UPS system, respectively the vital power supply, is limited by the condition and capacity of the battery at the time being.

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3. LV SWG (switchgear), Vital Power Supply Systems These switchgear cubicles are metal clad, metal enclosed switchgear types with retractable control and power modules as symbolized below.

The above sketch symbolizes the structure of metal-clad, metal-enclosed switchgear. The left sketch shows the outer structure and the separated inner structure. The outer structure shall form the cubicle, the inner boxes shall be the retractable module. The right sketch symbolizes bus bar with power plug, the control- and power module with cable and terminal for external connection as a functional unit.

3.1 Switchgear Design


Incoming and Bus Tie Cubicles

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Distribution Panels, P11BRA

Equipment Arrangement, inside

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Picture with rack opening and cable compartment (racks are not included)

The above picture represents a typical LV-switchgear cubicle for feeders equipped with 12 small racks and 3 big racks. Thus in total 15 modules can be installed into that cubicle. Right side of the cubicle is the cable compartment arranged. At the lower section one can see black power cable terminals dedicated for the big modules. The upper section contains small block cable terminals for control and power cables dedicated for the small modules. Cable screens and earth conductor can be connected at the vertical copper grounding bus. The 3 phase main bus bars and neutral bus are installed in the rear part of the cubicle. The way this switchgear is designed the cubicles can be put side-by-side to built-up the switchgear and number of feeders as required. The cubicles will be bolted together just the bus bars have to be extended.

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4. How to read the Specification and the Drawings (general example)

Switchgear Specification

This data sheet provides information about design parameters and the type of switchgear: type of swg, LV, MV, HV type of bus bar, single or multiple design temperature (depends on country of final destination) bus bar material bus bar coating, e.g. tin plated, silver plated bus bar phase identification color (depends on local standards) wiring cross sections for different applications, rated short circuit current bus bar rating kind of power supply for control and monitoring purposes design and test standards

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Understanding Schematic Diagrams

The above table shows and explain graphical symbols used in drawings.

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Low Voltage Systems


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This page explains how to read schematic diagrams, which are completely different from wiring diagrams because they only show a fraction of the entire scheme. But these fractions have a clever logistic. For example one drawing represents just the main power circuit, the next only control circuits, monitoring circuits, interlocking, circuits, measuring., etc. After a while everybody gets familiar with this logic. Oval boxes at left and right of a drawing indicates at which drawing one have to look for continuation of the circuit. The left table represents as an example the nomenclature and ID markings on the drawings.

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This table is part of each set of drawings and is usually found at the beginning of a complete set of drawings and represents all major components of the following circuit diagrams. The table has a running number, followed by the quantity of each type of component, designation ID as part of the nomenclature system, item description with rating, type and partly order number of the component and name or abbreviation of manufacturer. The entire information is important to order replacement or spare parts.

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Low Voltage Systems


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12/20

5. Wiring, Functions and Operation


Schematic Diagram of Incoming Feeder and Bus Tie
(single line diagram)

Single line diagram is always useful to get a quick overview about a system and/or sub-system because it provides already at one glance information about functions, installed components, sub-circuits and interlocking features. Monitor screens at operation and control center are programmed this way and show single lines only. This specific single line represents incoming- and bus tie circuit breakers of one UPS system. The dotted line between all three circuit breakers indicates that these CBs are interlocked among each other. A closer look reveals that both incoming CBs are closed during normal (undisturbed) operation. In this configuration the tie breaker cant be closed. However if one of the two incoming CBs is open, the tie breaker can be closed that means that never two inverters may operated in parallel via tie breaker. Further to the above both incoming feeders have voltage monitoring and a over voltage trip functions integrated, which is used for automatic switching. Thus in case that one incoming feeder fails, the bus tie closes within a fraction of a second.

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Wiring Diagram of Incoming Feeder and Bus Tie

Contrary to the schematic diagram the wiring diagram reveals more details. Both incoming feeders are equipped with current- and voltage transformers and measuring transducers to process measuring values. Both panels are equipped with local A- and V- instruments and selector switches to read the values of each phase or between the phases and phase to ground locally. Incoming CBs are further equipped with a number of auxiliary contacts for control and monitoring.

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Typical Cable feeders, Schematic Diagram

This diagram is a typical single line feeder diagram representing miniature circuit breakers (MCBs) with thermal and magnetic protection trip function. Thermal trip works with longtime power overload. Magnetic protection trip function is a short circuit trip release function. Both are indicated by the two rectangular boxes below circuit breaker. Although the bus bar consists of three phases, the feeders are single phase (240 VAC) feeders used for small power sub-panel supply as well as provision of power for local measurement- and recording equipment e.g.. Wiring Diagram for same Feeders

This diagram shows the internal wiring of CBs. As a standard rule the manufacturer uses 3 phase MCBs only although single phase MCBs would have been sufficient too. The advantage of the circuit is that by using three contacts in series the arc quenching capability is tripled. The second wire (neutral) is taken from a local N-bus nearby the load.

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Wiring Diagram for Single Phase Feeders

This diagram is a typical wiring scheme for single phase power supply. Different from the previous scheme is that the neutral wire is wired via the MCB and thus is switched too. As well here are 3phase MCBs installed although single phase MCB would have been sufficient. These feeders are mainly used to feed small sub-distribution panels. To keep the spare parts stock low it is a good idea to use the same kind of MCB all over.

Panel Aux Power- and control power supply

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Above wiring diagram is a typical scheme usually installed either in cubicle # 1 of the SWG or in the cubicle of the incoming feeder. Two power supply sources are provided for auxiliary systems and control, interlocking and monitoring purposes. One is normal power or in this particular case it is called user supply and the other is vital power supply. Normal power is just used for cubiclel-/space heating, which is in fact a dew point heating device to avoid the ingress of moisture into the cubicles leading over some time to corrosion on metallic surfaces. Temperature is kept by thermostat control always a couple of degrees above dew point level. In general these devices are in all cubicles installed.

Vital power is applied as control-, interlocking and monitoring power. Both systems work independently and have their own MCB. The sources are installed as a loop from cubicle to cubicle.

Under voltage and I/U measuring 20/70

This diagram represents monitoring of the circuit breaker status and trip event, such as OPEN , CLOSED and tripped by Undervoltage. Auxiliary contacts are potential-free contacts. Power source is DCS-panel. The signals are displayed at DCS and OCC.

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Cubicle Heating or dew point Heating Facility

Cubicle-/space heating or dew point heating device avoid ingress of moisture into the cubicles. Over the time moisture in cubicles can create corrosion on metallic surfaces and eventually results to outages of electrical components . Temperature is kept controlled always a couple of degrees above dew point level by thermostat. In general these devices are in all cubicles installed.

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6. Earthing, Grounding Low voltage systems have beside the neutral conductor (said also N conductor) a protective conductor (said also PE, PEN-conductor). This conductor is by standard marked with green and yellow tapes or double color sleeves.

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7. Codes and Standards The following standards shall apply EN 50091-2, EMC Requirements IEC 60439/ IEC 1999, EN 60950-1, Safety of Information Technology Equipment (IEC 60950-1) EN 50178 (VDE 0160) Equipment of High Power Installation with electronic Resources EN/IEC 62040 1 1, Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS), Part 1 1 General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations EN/IEC 62040 1 2, Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS), Part 1 1 General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations IEC 62040 2, Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS), EMC Requirements

EN/IEC 62040-3, Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS), Method of specifying the performance and test requirements IEC 60146, Semiconductor converters IEC 60269-2, Low Voltage Fuses, Part 2 Supplementary requirements for fuses for use by authorized persons (fuses mainly for industrial application) IEC 60529, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code) IEC 60947, Low Voltage Switchgear and Control Gear IEC 60085, Thermal Evaluation and Classification of Electrical Insulation IEC 60617, Graphical Symbols for Diagrams EN ISO 9001, 2000, Quality Management Systems

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8. Safety and Health

As with low voltage installations AC and DC systems contain hazardous voltages. As soon as a panel or cubicle is opened the danger exists to get into contact with hazardous voltages. Any operation or service work inside the system must only be carried out by qualified, authorized and trained personnel. Extreme caution should be exercised at all times. Certain parts within the switchgear might still be alive even if the system is shut down. Before any part is touched the circuit diagram must be studied and measurements must be taken with an instrument. Qualified personnel are technically instructed persons who, because of their training, experience and position as well as their knowledge of appropriate standards, regulations, health and safety requirements and working conditions, are authorized to be responsible for the safety of the equipment, at all times whilst carrying out their normal duties and are therefore aware of, and can report possible hazards. (The definition of qualified employees is according to International Electro technical Vocabulary (IEV) IEC 60050.

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Low Voltage Systems


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2/25

110 VDC, Vital Power Supply System , Operation

Table of Content

1. Low Voltage (LV) Systems, General 2. Supply Philosophy 3. LV SWG (switchgear), 110 VDC Supply Systems 3.1 Switchgear Design 4. How to read the Specification and the Drawings (general example) 5. Wiring, Functions and Operation 6. Charger 110 V/1500 A 7. Fuse Box 8. 110 V NiCd Battery 9. Earthing, Grounding, Floating Ground 10. Codes and Standards 11. Safety and Health

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1. Low Voltage (LV) Systems, General


Low voltage systems in a power station provides power for all electro-mechanical and electrical auxiliary systems. The 110 VDC power supply is as well an uninterrupted power supply system however provide mainly power for vital systems and partly special components, which are essential to operate the plant efficient and reliable and with the highest possible availability. These systems are at least control- monitoring- and protection systems. In the following the feeding philosophy of the 110 VDC power supply system shall be introduced. Typicals of incoming feeders, bus coupler, individual feeders, control-, interlocking-, protection-, monitoring and signaling features shall be discussed. Typicals are circuits, which are numerous times without changes applied for the plant. The reason is a certain way of standardizing the design. There is just one drawing for feeders , which are all alike. Guided by a number of drawing-cutouts different circuits diagrams shall be introduced and discussed.

2. Supply Philosophy
110 VDC Section of the Overall Single Line Diagram

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This cutout of the OSLD represents a general configuration of the emergency power supply system of the entire plant. It includes Normal Power Supply and Emergency Power, Vital Power as there is UPS power and 110 VDC power via charger and the battery. Normal power and emergency power is in this particular case the same bus. Its the Common 415VAC bus, P00BMCand P00BMD., which are supplied by the common 11 kV busses, P00BBC.and P00BBD., which are on the other hand supplied by 11 kV busses P31BBA.and P41BBA.., which is also 11 kV main level. Thus Normal Power provides power to the battery charger during undisturbed operation. Just in case that power is lost at one of these busses at the main level, trhe chargers without power until emergency power supply is activated. There are at least three choices to reconfigure the 11kV system supply. One is fast transfer switching from one bus to the other bus by HSBT- device, which is done automatically within a fraction of a second. It has to be assured that all AC-cable feeders for the battery charger supply are equipped with self-resetting or automatic reset circuit breakers are equipped.

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3. LV SWG (switchgear), 110 VDC Systems


These switchgear panels are metal clad, metal enclosed switchgear types with retractable control and power modules as symbolized below.

The above sketch symbolizes the structure of metal-clad, metal-enclosed switchgear. The left sketch shows the outer structure and the separated inner structure. The outer structure shall be the cubicle, the inner boxes shall be the retractable module. The right sketch symbolizes bus bar with power plug, the control- and power module with cable and terminal for external connection as a functional unit.

3.1 Switchgear Design Design 44kW Distribution Panel

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Equipment Arrangement, inside

Picture with installed Modules and Cable Compartment

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The above picture represents a typical LV-switchgear cubicle equipped with some modules. Right side of the cubicle is the cable compartment arranged. At the rear of the cable compartment one can see black power cable terminals dedicated for power modules. The front section contains small block cable terminals for control cables. Cable screens and earth conductor can be connected at the vertical copper grounding bus. The two main bus bars bar are installed in the rear part of the cubicle. The way this switchgear is designed the cubicles can be put side-by-side to built-up the switchgear and number of feeders as required. The cubicles will be bolted together just the bus bars have to be extended.

4. How to read the Specification and the Drawings (general example)


Switchgear Specification

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This data sheet provides information about design parameters and the type of switchgear: type of SWG, LV, type of bus bar, single or multiple design temperature (depends on country of final destination) bus bar material bus bar coating, e.g. tin plated, silver plated bus bar phase identification color (depends on local standards) wiring cross sections for different applications, rated short circuit current bus bar rating kind of power supply for control and monitoring purposes design and test standards

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Understanding Schematic Diagrams

The above table shows and explain graphical symbols used in drawings.

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Rev.

10/25

This page explains how to read schematic diagrams, which are completely different from wiring diagrams because they only show a fraction of the entire scheme. But these cut section have a clever logistic. For example one drawing represents just the main power circuit, the next only control circuits, monitoring circuits, interlocking, circuits, measuring., etc. After a while everybody gets familiar with this logic. Oval boxes at left and right of a drawing indicates at which drawing one have to look for continuation of the circuit. The left table represents as an example the nomenclature and ID markings of components used on the drawings.

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PTSP-42

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

11/25

This table is part of each set of drawings and is usually found at the beginning of a complete set of drawings and represents all major components of the following circuit diagrams. The table has a running number, followed by the quantity of each type of component, designation ID as part of the nomenclature system, item description with rating, type and partly order number of the component and name or abbreviation of manufacturer. The entire information is important to order replacement or spare parts.

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PTSP-42

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

12/25

5. Wiring, Functions and Operation


Schematic Diagram of Incoming Feeder and Bus Tie
(single line diagram)

Single line diagram is always useful to get a quick overview about a system and/or sub-system because it provides already at one glance information about functions, installed components, sub-circuits and interlocking features. Monitor screens at operation and control center are programmed this way and show single lines only. This specific single line represents incoming- and bus tie circuit breakers of one 110 VDC system. A closer look reveals that both incoming CBs are closed during normal (undisturbed) operation. The tie breaker is in OPEN position. In contrary to the UPS-system here it is permitted that the tie breaker may also be closed, to distribute the load among the chargers evenly. Obviously there is no interlocking between both incoming CBs and the tie. The tie breaker is manual operated hence it follows that during normal operation the tie breaker is OPEN. Both incoming feeders are equipped with over voltage-protection and CB trip function. Under voltage monitoring as well as I/U-measuring values are transmitted to DCS. Same is applicable for status signals of both incoming CBs. Operation and monitoring components are installed in the front door of the cubicle.

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PTSP-42

Rev.

Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

13/25

Wiring Diagram of Incoming Feeder and Bus Tie

Typical Cable feeders, Schematic Diagram

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Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

14/25

Wiring Diagram for same Feeders

This diagram is a typical wiring diagram for cable feeders representing miniature circuit breakers (MCBs) with thermal and magnetic protection trip function. Thermal trip works with longtime power overload. Magnetic protection trip function is a short circuit trip release function. Both are indicated by the two rectangular boxes below circuit breaker. As a standard rule the manufacturer uses 3 pole MCBs only although two pole MCBs would have been sufficient too. The advantage of the circuit is that by using two contacts in series the arc quenching capability is doubled. The negative wire is switched too.

Panel Aux Power- and control power supply

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Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

15/25

Above wiring diagram is a typical scheme usually installed either in cubicle # 1 of the SWG or in the cubicle of the incoming feeder. Two power supply sources are provided for auxiliary systems, control, interlocking and monitoring purposes. One is normal power or in this particular case it is called user supply and the other is 110VDC power supply. Normal power is just used for cubicle-/space heating, which is in fact a dew point heating device to avoid the ingress of moisture into the cubicles leading over some time to corrosion on metallic surfaces. Temperature is kept by thermostat control always a couple of degrees above dew point level. In general these devices are in all cubicles installed.

110VDC power supply is applied as control-, interlocking and monitoring power. Both systems work independently and have their own MCBs. The sources are installed as a loop from cubicle to cubicle.

Under voltage and I/U measuring 20/70

This diagram represents monitoring of the circuit breaker status and trip event, such as OPEN , CLOSED and tripped by Undervoltage. Auxiliary contacts are potential-free contacts. Power source is DCS-panel. The signals are displayed at DCS and OCC.

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Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

16/25

6. Charger 110 V/1500 A

The battery charger consists of a 12 pulse rectifier, voltage- and charging current controller and smoothing choke. The rectifier current is parted into charging current and feeder current. Looking to the chargers single drawing one can see that after the choke one part the flows via load break switch -Q004 and battery fuse box directly to the battery. The other part is parted again into power supply for the inverter (UPS) module via Q006. Eventually the remaining part flows via circuit breaker Q003 to voltage dropper (or over-voltage limiting valves) via load break switch Q100 to 110 VDC switchgear incoming feeder. The standard mode of operation is most probably Stand-by parallel operation.

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17/25

Both chargers (charger 1 and charger 2) are permitted to work in parallel via load break switch Q 300. The charger cubicles contain besides the charger itself but also the other switches and circuit breakers. Control and monitoring panel

By means of the control panel the entire process is controlled automatically. Display and indication lamps inform about operation status and disturbances.

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Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

18/25

Cubicle Heating or dew point Heating Facility

Each charger cubicle has its own Cubicle-/space heating or dew point heating device to avoid ingress of moisture into the cubicles. Over the time moisture in cubicles can create corrosion on metallic surfaces and eventually results to outages of electrical components. Temperature is kept controlled always a couple of degrees above dew point level by thermostat. In general these devices are in all cubicles installed.

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PTSP-42

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Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

19/25

System Lables

Information engraved in system rating or name plate is essential when replacement or spare parts shall be ordered

7. Fuse Box

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Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

20/25

Wiring Diagram of the Fuse Box

The fuse box is the only protection device between charger and battery. It contains a fused loadbreak-switch. ON and OFF status of the switch as well as the condition of the fuses are remotely monitored by means of auxiliary switch blocks. Power cables between charger and battery fuse box shall be short circuit proof installed (with long distance cables only).

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Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

21/25

8.

110 V, 765 Ah, NiCd Battery

2 connector 3 collecting bar 4/5 jumpers 6 cable lugs

This picture represents the battery block arrangement with cable connections. One 110V battery consists of 276 single blocks assembled into three rows of 92 cells each. The battery temperature is monitored. Over temperature generates an alarm. The maximum admissible electrolyte temperature is approximately 45 C. If the temperature exceed that value during charging the charging procedure has to be interrupted temporary.

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Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


Rev.

22/25

Pure battery operation

Floating operation

Change over operation

Normal Charging for Stationary Batteries

Correction to basic training


For stationary batteries the nominal capacity is usually expressed in Ah/10 hours that is a discharge time of 10 hours. Nominal capacity is also related to a specific end-of-discharge voltage, which is normally 1,10 V/cell for NiCd batteries. But this value is manufacturer specific. The three sketches shows typical battery operations mode. First is Pure battery operation which is used after installation and commissioning of new batteries. The second is Floating operation mode is the most common in a operating plant. The third is Change over operation mode, which is used if two chargers are installed one unit works as hot stand-by unit.

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Rev.

23/25

10. Earthing, Grounding, Floating Ground DC equipment is isolated from ground and insulated from earth potential. Although the equipment such as battery racks and switchgear cubicles are electrically connected, the connection to the ground mat is done by means of a special threshold fuse. Any disturbance should be monitored and reported to the control center. Repair works have to be carried out as quick as possible.

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Sheet No.

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11. Codes and Standards The following standards shall apply EN 50091-2, EMC Requirements IEC 60439/ IEC 1999, EN 60950-1, Safety of Information Technology Equipment (IEC 60950-1) EN 50178 (VDE 0160) Equipment of High Power Installation with electronic Resources EN/IEC 62040 1 1, Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS), Part 1 1 General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations EN/IEC 62040 1 2, Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS), Part 1 1 General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations IEC 62040 2, Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS), EMC Requirements

EN/IEC 62040-3, Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS), Method of specifying the performance and test requirements IEC 60146, Semiconductor converters IEC 60269-2, Low Voltage Fuses, Part 2 Supplementary requirements for fuses for use by authorized persons (fuses mainly for industrial application) IEC 60529, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code) IEC 60947, Low Voltage Switchgear and Control Gear IEC 60085, Thermal Evaluation and Classification of Electrical Insulation IEC 60617, Graphical Symbols for Diagrams EN ISO 9001, 2000, Quality Management Systems

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Sheet No.

Low Voltage Systems


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25/25

12. Safety and Health

As with low voltage installations AC and DC systems contain hazardous voltages. As soon as a door is opened the danger exists to get into contact with hazardous voltages. Any operation or service work inside the system must only be carried out by qualified, authorized and trained personnel. Extreme caution should be exercised at all times. Certain parts within the switchgear might still be alive even if the system is shut down. Before any part is touched the circuit diagram must be studied and measurements must be taken with an instrument.

Qualified personnel are technically instructed persons who, because of their training, experience and position as well as their knowledge of appropriate standards, regulations, health and safety requirements and working conditions, are authorized to be responsible for the safety of the equipment, at all times whilst carrying out their normal duties and are therefore aware of, and can report possible hazards. (The definition of qualified employees is according to International Electro technical Vocabulary (IEV) IEC 60050.

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PTSP-O60

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Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

2/32

Rev.

Manual: Medium Voltage Systems

Table of Content

1. Medium Voltage Systems, General 2. Supply Philosophy 3. Medium Voltage Switchgear 3.1 Switchgear Design 4. Switchgear Arrangement, P11BBA (Example) 5. Single Lines Specific for P11BBA (Example) 6. General Circuits, valid for most Cubicles 7. Feeder Specific Circuits 8. Wiring Diagrams 9. Standards and Specifications 10. Operating Accessories and Tools 11. Safety and Health 12. Safety gear 13. Earthing/Grounding

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Medium Voltage System

3/32

Rev.

1. Medium Voltage Systems, General


Medium voltage system in a power station provides power for all main drives and systems of the water steam cycle for turbines. It provides power too all sub-systems to operate, control and monitor these main systems by means of step-down transformers. In the following the feeding philosophy of the Medium Voltage Supply system shall be introduced as well as typical feeder schemes such as incoming feeder, bus coupler, feeders for motors, transformers and cables. These typicals are representative for the majority of all circuits. Guided by a number of drawing-cutouts different circuits diagrams shall be introduced and discussed

2. Supply Philosophy

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This cutout of the OSLD represents a general configuration of the medium voltage bus bar P11BBA in the center. This bus is connected via coupler P11BBA006 with the adjacent bus P12BBA.This configuration and design is representative for the entire plant. At the beginning of power plant operation all busses are dead, meaning there is no power. During start-up of the power plant two scenarios can be imagined. The first is to start from down that is to start the emergency diesel generators to provide power at the 11 kV busses in order to start the gas turbines. The other possibility is to supply power from outside. Meaning via overhead line, 400 kV power transformer unit aux. transformer down to incoming feeder P11BBA12. Should one of these 11 kV busses looses power by means of high speed bus transfer switching power will be restored via the adjacent bus. This switching is done completely automatic. However if this would not work for several reasons power can be manually restored via a tie connection of neighbor 11 kV switchgear, which would be P42BBA.

3. Medium Voltage Switchgear


These switchgear cubicles are metal clad, metal enclosed switchgear types with retractable control and power modules as symbolized below.

The above sketch symbolizes the structure of metal-clad, metal-enclosed switchgear. The left sketch shows the outer structure and the separated inner structure. The outer structure shall form the cubicle the inner boxes shall be the retractable module. The right sketch symbolizes bus bar with power plug, the control- and power module with cable and terminal for external connection as a functional unit.

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Medium Voltage System

5/32

Rev.

3.1 Switchgear Design

The picture above shows a metal-clad, metal-enclosed switchgear cubicle. As one can see the cubicle is separated into different compartments. The upper left box contains control equipment for local operation. Below is the CB compartment, which contains the CB truck with a vacuum circuit breaker. Down there is the feeder cable compartment, which also contains voltage- and current transformers. Above is the bus bar compartment. Bus bars could be air- or epoxy resin insulated. Cables are entered from below.

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Rev.

In the following switchgear P11BBA shall serve as an example to introduce the arrangement of the cubicles and individual electrical circuits under consideration of their applications. As there are incoming feeders, feeders for motors and transformers, bus couplers, tie breakers and measuring cubicles. Comparing all sets of drawings for each individual application one will find similarities within these many sets and documents. That can easily be explained. Each cubicle needs lighting. Power outlet for tools and instruments when doing maintenance works. It has monitoring and control circuits for earthing switch and circuit breaker. It has an interface device for remote control and monitoring and aux. power supply to operate all these systems. The wiring in these cubicles and it principles are more or less the same. The circuits are divided into two sections. The first is to show which circuits are almost identical in cubicle. The second is to show what is different and does it look like.

4. Switchgear Arrangement, P11BBA (Example)

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Rev.

5. Single Lines Specific for P11BBA (Example)

Cubicle 1-3, Tie for P42BBA

Transformer Feeder

Transformer Feeder

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Rev.

Cubicle 4-7, Metering

Transformer Feeder

Bus Coupler

Cable Feed. for Common SWG 1

Cubicle 8-11, Motor Feeder

Motor Feeder

Transformer Feeder

GT SFC Starting Unit

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Medium Voltage System

9/32

Rev.

Cubicle 12, Incoming Feeder

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Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

10/32

Rev.

6. General Circuits, valid for most Cubicles


Circuit Breaker

CT, Core 1

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Medium Voltage System

11/32

Rev.

CT, Core 2

CT, Core 3

For incoming feeder only

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Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

12/32

Rev.

Earthing Switch

CT core 2

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Medium Voltage System

13/32

Rev.

Voltage Transformer

PT measuring inputs

Internal Power Supply for Cubicle

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Medium Voltage System

14/32

Rev.

Aux. Power Supply for Cubicle

Interlocking CB Test Position

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Medium Voltage System

15/32

Rev.

CB Control

Fan Control (for CBs above 3000A only)

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Medium Voltage System

16/32

Rev.

Interface to DCS

CB Remote Control via DCS

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

17/32

Rev.

7. Feeder Specific Circuits


Incoming Feeder

CT core 1

CT core 2

CT core 3

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

18/32

Rev.

PT 1

PT 2

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

19/32

Rev.

Bus Coupler

Measuring Cubicle

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

20/32

Rev.

Earthing switch

Aux. Power Supply, DC

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

21/32

Rev.

Bus Tie

CB, PTs Bus A and Bus B

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

22/32

Rev.

Feeder with PT

CB, Voltage Metering

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

23/32

Rev.

Feeder, Connection FDR

CB, no further specifics, cubicle is equipped with circuits as mentioned under General Circuits

Motor Feeder

CB, no further specifics, cubicle is equipped with circuits as mentioned under General Circuits

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

24/32

Rev.

Transformer Feeder

CB, no further specifics, cubicle is equipped with circuits as mentioned under General Circuits

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

25/32

Rev.

8. Wiring Diagrams This diagram is typical for a manual operated circuit breaker. It shows electrical control and interlocking wiring as well as mechanical interlocking marked by a dotted line. Main contact is shown as a one pole contact. Link between CB-truck and cubicle is made by means of control cable with plug and moveable main contacts

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

26/32

Rev.

This diagram is typical for a motor operated circuit breaker. It shows electrical control and interlocking wiring as well as mechanical interlocking marked by a dotted line. Main contact is shown as a one pole contact. Link between CB-truck and cubicle is made by means of control cable with plug and moveable main contacts

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

27/32

Rev.

9. Standards and Specifications The switchgear complies with the following specifications in accordance with DIN VDE/ the relevant IEC publications are as follows: VDE 0670, part 1000/IEC 60694. DIN VDE 0670, part 104, and IEC 62271-100 DIN VDE 0847, part 4, and IEC 61000-4. The relevant specifications are to be taken into account during installation and operation, particularly: DIN VDE 0101, Power installations exceeding AC 1 kV VDE 0105, Operation of electrical installations DIN VDE 0141, Earthing systems for special power installations with rated voltages above 1 kV Accident prevention regulations issued by the appropriate professional bodies or comparable organisations. In Germany, these comprise the following safety regulations: - Health and Safety at Work Standards BGV A1 and BGV A2 - Safety guidelines for auxiliary and operating materials

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

28/32

Rev.

10. Operating Accessories and Tools To operate and to carry out certain maintenance work at the swichtgear special tool are required. Tools and application is shown below

When working in the CB compartment by no means the shutters accidentally may be opened. Hence the operating mechanism of the shutter must be locked by a padlock.

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

29/32

Rev.

11. Safety and Health

As with medium voltage installations AC and DC systems contain hazardous voltages. As soon as a door is opened the danger exists to get into contact with hazardous voltages. Any operation or service work inside the system must only be carried out by qualified, authorized and trained personnel. Extreme caution should be exercised at all times. Certain parts within the switchgear might still be alive even if the system is shut down. Before any part is touched the circuit diagram must be studied and measurements must be taken with an instrument to take care that all circuits are shut off.. In addition to the above circuit breaker, earthing switches and shutters should be pad-locked to avoid any unauthorized operation. Qualified personnel are technically instructed persons who, because of their training, experience and position as well as their knowledge of appropriate standards, regulations, health and safety requirements and working conditions, are authorized to be responsible for the safety of the equipment, at all times whilst carrying out their normal duties and are therefore aware of, and can report possible hazards. (The definition of qualified employees is according to International Electro technical Vocabulary (IEV) IEC 60050.

Padlock

Lever for shutter operation

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PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

30/32

Rev.

12. Safety gear Each switchgear room has to be equipped at least with one set of safety gear. Which consist of:

high voltage test rod grounding cables with sufficiently designed cable cross section fire resistant protection shield eye protection glasses

This equipment shall be installed close to the main entrance door and accessible at all times by any service personnel.

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PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

31/32

Rev.

13. Earthing/Grounding This picture shows the preparation necessary to engage the feeder cable earthing switch by pushing the release button (left picture) and move the earthing switch into close position by the hand-lever.

Each feeder branch can be earthed or grounded this way. The busbar of the entire switchgear can be grounded by a so called busbar grouding switch. The switch is usually located in the measuring cubicle. The lower front section of each cubicle consists of a small opening to run a grounding copper bar through all cubicles. Each cubicle is connected by means of an adequate designed copper cable to this bar. The bar itself is connected to the station earth.

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O60

Rev.

Sheet No.

Medium Voltage System

32/32

Rev.

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-80

Rev.

Sheet No.

HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER (HSBT)

2/15

Manual: HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER (HSBT)

Table of Content

1. GENERAL 2. RAS LAFFAN DESCRIPTION


2.1 Arrangement and Design with two Feeders and one Bus Bar Coupling 2.2 Unit Part with Conventional Pre-Selection

3. INTERFACES
3.1 Unit Part with two Feeders and one Bus Bar Coupling (Common Switchgear) 3.2 Unit Part with Conventional Pre-selection (Unit Switchgear)

4. MECHANICAL DESIGN
4.1 Power Supply 4.2 Terminals 4.2.1 Conductor Marking System 4.2.2 Cubicle Identification

5. BILL OF QUANTITY
5.1 5.1.1 5.2 5.2.1 High-speed Bus Bar Transfer System Power Block 1&2 (Unit Switchgear) High-speed Bus Bar Transfer System Power Block 1&2 (Common Switchgear) High-speed Bus Bar Transfer System Power Block 3&4 (Unit Switchgear) High-speed Bus Bar Transfer System Power Block 3&4 (Common Switchgear)

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-80

Rev.

Sheet No.

HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER (HSBT)

3/15

1. GENERAL
Voltage drops due to high loads or complete supply interruptions represent the most important and critical problems for the quality of energy supply today. It is especially true that voltage disturbances on electronic control systems and other sensitive installations can lead to complete loss of production and long outages. The SUE 3000 High Speed Transfer Device guarantees an optimum safeguarding of energy supply. The device ensures the continued supply to the consumer through automatic transferring to a stand-by feeder and protects the subsidiary process from expensive outage times. Furthermore, through the possibility of manually-initiated transfers for targeted clearings, for example the operation of the installation is considerably simplified. As a long-established supplier of High Speed Transfer Devices, with more than 1600 systems and devices already supplied world-wide, ABB can rely on a unique experience and know-how in this area of specialization. The SUE 3000 High Speed Transfer Device can be implemented everywhere where a disturbance of the electrical supply would lead to a breakdown of production, which would lead as a result to considerable costs. Possible areas of utilization include, for example: Auxiliary installations serving power stations, as there are Steam power stations Gas turbine power stations Combined cycle power stations Nuclear power stations Environmental technology installations Flue gas purification Refuse incineration installations Voltage supply to continuous industrial processes Chemical plants Industrial facilities with high degrees of automation Fiber manufacturing Petrochemical processes In order to determine a permanent availability, the load is supplied from at least two synchronized feeders which are independent from one another and which are equipped with High Speed Transfer Devices. SUE 3000 High speed transfer device integrates all the required functions in a single unit. This multifunctional unit also features a self-monitoring function.

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-80

Rev.

Sheet No.

HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER (HSBT)

4/15

All functions are designed as freely configurable software modules. Therefore, a wide range of operation requirements can be met without any problems. The versatility of the software makes it possible to use the SUE 3000 in nearly every switchboard independent on the specific application required. Four different transfer modes are available: Fast transfer, Transfer at the 1st phase coincidence, Residual voltage transfer Time-operated transfer.

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-80

Rev.

Sheet No.

HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER (HSBT)

5/15

2. RAS LAFFAN DESCRIPTION


The connection of the provided SUE 3000 modules are shown in the single line diagram 1KGC 019 259. 2.1 Arrangement and Design with two Feeders and one Bus Bar Coupling With this configuration, the load is divided between two bus bar sections due to reasons of redundancy. The coupling circuit-breaker usually remains open. Both feeders are in operation. In case of disturbance of one feeder, there follows a transfer from the circuit breaker of the disturbed feeder to the coupling circuit breaker. The circuit breaker which had previously been the feeder is opened and the bus bar coupling is closed.

HIGH SPEED TRANSFER DEVICE TYPE SUE 3000

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-80

Rev.

Sheet No.

HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER (HSBT)

6/15

2.2 Unit Part with Conventional Pre-Selection In this case there are two incoming feeders to supply the load of two bus bars. The bus bars are coupled with two couplers. One of the coupling circuit-breakers must remain open (normally open n.o.) the second coupling circuit breaker is normally closed (n.c.). Both feeders are in operation (normally closed n.c.). The pre-selection is determind by the auxiliary contacts of the coupler. If one coupler is closed, the other coupler is automatically selected for switching. If both couplers are open, switching will be blocked. In case of disturbance of one feeder there follows a transfer from the circuit breaker of the disturbed feeder to the pre-selected open coupling circuit breaker. The circuit breaker which had previously been the feeder is opened and the pre-selected open bus bar coupling circuit-breaker is closed. HIGH SPEED TRANSFER DEVICE TYPE SUE 3000

Figure 2: Busbar with two feeders and two busbar coupling (Unit Switchgear)

After that, both bus bar sections are supplied by one feeder. Once the disturbed feeder is again available, a manually-initiated return transfer can be executed in order to restore normal status once again.

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-80

Rev.

Sheet No.

HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER (HSBT)

7/15

3. INTERFACES
3.1 Unit Part with two Feeders and one Bus Bar Coupling (Common Switchgear) Interfaces to the DCS BI BI BI BI BI BI BI BO BO BO BO BO BO BO BO SUE 3000 ON SUE 3000 OFF ALARM RESET BLOCKING TRANSFER A BLOCKING TRANSFER B ENABLE ONLY FAST TRANSFER BLOCK RESIDUAL ODER TIME DELAYED TRANSFER SUE 3000 ON SUE 3000 REMOTE SUE 3000 BLOCKED SUE 3000 FAULT CB CONTROL CIRCUIT SIGNALS WITH SLOW TRANSFERS A SIGNALS WITH SLOW TRANSFERS B SIGNALS WITH ALL TRANSFERS A SIGNALS WITH ALL TRANSFERS B

M.C.B. DROP, DC FAILURE BO Binary output of SUE 3000 BI - Binary input of SUE 3000 Interfaces to the MV-Switchgear CB1 CB2 CB3 CB1 CB2 CB3 OPEN/CLOSE COMMAND OPEN/CLOSE COMMAND OPEN/CLOSE COMMAND OPEN STATE / CLOSE STATE / READY / BLOCK UNDERVOLATAGE / OVERCURRENT TRIP / OVERCURRENT START OPEN STATE / CLOSE STATE / READY / BLOCK UNDERVOLATAGE / OVERCURRENT TRIP / OVERCURRENT START OPEN STATE / CLOSE STATE / READY

Interfaces to the Protection cubicle PROTECTION INITIATION FEEDER 1 PROTECTION INITIATION FEEDER 2

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-80

Rev.

Sheet No.

HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER (HSBT)

8/15

3.2 Unit Part with Conventional Pre-selection (Unit Switchgear) Interfaces to the DCS BI BI BI BI BI BI BI BI BI BO BO BO BO BO BO BO BO SUE 3000 ON SUE 3000 OFF ALARM RESET PRESELECTION 3a PRESELECTION 3b BLOCKING TRANSFER A BLOCKING TRANSFER B ENABLE ONLY FAST TRANSFER BLOCK RESIDUAL ODER TIME DELAYED TRANSFER SUE 3000 ON SUE 3000 REMOTE SUE 3000 BLOCKED SUE 3000 FAULT CB CONTROL CIRCUIT SIGNALS WITH SLOW TRANSFERS A SIGNALS WITH SLOW TRANSFERS B SIGNALS WITH ALL TRANSFERS A SIGNALS WITH ALL TRANSFERS B

M.C.B. DROP, DC FAILURE BO Binary output of SUE 3000 BI - Binary input of SUE 3000 Interfaces to the MV-Switchgear CB1 CB2 CB3a/3b CB1 CB2 CB3a/3b OPEN/CLOSE COMMAND OPEN/CLOSE COMMAND OPEN/CLOSE COMMAND OPEN STATE / CLOSE STATE / READY / BLOCK UNDERVOLATAGE / OVERCURRENT TRIP / OVERCURRENT START OPEN STATE / CLOSE STATE / READY / BLOCK UNDERVOLATAGE / OVERCURRENT TRIP / OVERCURRENT START OPEN STATE / CLOSE STATE / READY

Interfaces to the Protection cubicle PROTECTION INITIATION FEEDER 1 PROTECTION INITIATION FEEDER 2

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-80

Rev.

Sheet No.

HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER (HSBT)

9/15

4. MECHANICAL DESIGN
Each HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER system (HSBT) includes one SUE 3000 device and auxiliary equipment. The SUE 3000 consists of two parts, a Central Unit and a separate Human Machine Interface (HMI). Inside the cubicle the incoming supply voltage will be distributed via individual MCB with auxiliary contacts to the terminals. The auxiliary voltage supply for HSBT cubicle will be provided redundant via diodedecoupling module. The SUE 3000 device will be protected with a separate MCB. An additional MCB will be installed for the external binary inputs. So the signals have to be made via dry contacts on the source with the distribution voltage supplied from the HSBT system. The HSBT system will be suitable for direct connection to the circuit breaker tripping coil and auxiliary contacts. Front access will be via two doors. One door with glass inlay in the area of the HMI to allow the Single Line Diagram shown in the LCD Display to be seen. The rear access will be provided.

Cubicle data: Dimension with socket: 2200 x 1000 x 600 (height x wide x depth) Color: RAL7035 Protection degree: minimum IP31 Material: steel Type: RITTAL or equivalent Cable entry: bottom For more details please look at CUBICLE LAYOUT HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-80

Rev.

Sheet No.

HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER (HSBT)

10/15

HIGH SPEED TRANSFER DEVICE TYPE SUE 3000

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-80

Rev.

Sheet No.

HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER (HSBT)

11/15

4.1 Power Supply

Lighting

Power outlet

Heating

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-80

Rev.

Sheet No.

HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER (HSBT)

12/15

4.2 Terminals All terminals are Phoenix type. UT 4 URTK/SP UDMTKB-5-P/P UT 4-MT for internal use (max.4mm) for voltage and current inputs (max. 6mm) for binary inputs, binary outputs, double stock terminals with knife - disconnector max. 4mm) for TRIP- outputs with disconnector

For a better use of the available space double stock terminals for binary input and signaling output connection are used. Terminals for current/voltage inputs, OPEN/CLOSE output signals are equipped with bridge contacts to interrupt the incoming/outgoing for test purpose. In addition the current input terminals are equipped with shorting link to bridge the CT incoming. Inside the HSBT panel, 4 mm (CT circuit) / 2.5 mm (VT circuit) black wires will be used. 1,5mm black wires will be used for all other internal connection wiring.

Terminal Board

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-80

Rev.

Sheet No.

HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER (HSBT)

13/15

4.2.1 Conductor Marking System Wiring will be marked on both ends with the terminal number to which the wire will be connected all in accordance with applicable schematics.

Conductor Marking System: Type: Phoenix PATG 1/23 Example for the text: -X100: 1

4.2.2 Cubicle Identification Identification of the cubicles will be according KKS system: Cabinets for auxiliary power changeover xxCBQxx for the HSBT cubicle

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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PTSP-80

Rev.

Sheet No.

HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER (HSBT)

14/15

5. BILL OF QUANTITY
5.1 High-speed Bus Bar Transfer System Power Block 1&2 (Unit Switchgear)

5.1.1 High-speed Bus Bar Transfer System Power Block 1&2 (Common Switchgear)

5.2 High-speed Bus Bar Transfer System Power Block 3&4 (Unit Switchgear)

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-80

Rev.

Sheet No.

HIGH-SPEED BUSBAR TRANSFER (HSBT)

15/15

5.2.1 High-speed Bus Bar Transfer System Power Block 3&4 (Common Switchgear)

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2010-02-27 REV. DESCRIPTION DSGN CHKD APPD

OWNER :

RAS GIRTAS POWER COMPANY


PROJECT TITLE :

RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT

EPC CONTRACTOR :

EPC SUBCONTRACTOR :

SUBCONTRACTOR :

E:

Interbus Transformer Training Manual, Operation PROJECT DOCUMENT NUMBER RLC-EE-EG-97-0038 ABB DOCUMENT NUMBER
We reserve all rights in this document and in the information contained therein. Reproduction, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority is strictly forbidden. ABB AG 2008 3/1/2010 9:21 AM

RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

2/22

Rev.

Manual: Interbus Transformer


Interbus Transformer with Tap Changer

Table of Content 1. General 2. Overall Single Line Diagram, 400 / 220 kV Bus System 3. Internal Wiring Circuit of the Interbus Transformer 4. Tech Data Interbus Transformer 5. Wiring Diagrams for Cooling Fans 6. Aux. Power Supply Scheme, Transformer Panel 7. Monitoring, Alarm and Trip Sensors 8. Signaling, Alarm and Trip Sensors 9. Transformer Control Panel 10. Transformer Factory Tests 11. On-load Tap Changer 11.1 Tap Changer Operation, Up/Down 11.2 Power Supply And Control Circuits 11.3 Tap Changer Control Panel, Equipment Arrangement

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

3/22

Rev.

1. General
The voltage generated by Ras Laffan C generators is 21 kV. Each generator is connected to its dedicated 21/400 kV step-up transformer. These transformers transfer the power via 400 kV cables to a 400 kV GIS (Gas (SF6) Insulated Switchgear. The cables are connected to a 400 kV common bus system. However to meet customers demand two further distribution systems are available. One is a 220kV- and the other is a 132 kV distribution system. To step down from 400 kV to 220 kV a interbus transformer is required.

2. Overall Single Line Diagram, 400 / 220 kV Bus System

The single line diagram above show these two transformers in between the two distribution systems.

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

4/22

Rev.

3. Internal Wiring Circuit of the Interbus Transformer

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

5/22

Rev.

4. Tech Data Interbus Transformer

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

6/22

Rev.

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

7/22

Rev.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

8/22

Rev.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

9/22

Rev.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

10/22

Rev.

Fr diese Dokument und den darin dargestellten Gegenstand behalten wir uns alle Rechte vor. Vervielfltigung, Bekanntgabe an Dritte oder Verwertung seines Inhaltes sind ohne unsere ausdrckliche Zustimmung verboten. ABB AG 2008

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

11/22

Rev.

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

12/22

Rev.

5. Wiring Diagrams for Cooling Fans

This control and protection diagram shows half of one group of ten cooling fans. In total are four groups with 10 fans each installed. Each group can be controlled individual dependent on transformer oil temperature. That means little load only a few fans are running, high temperature means all fans are running. Each group has its own oil flow indicator and temperature sensor. During normal operation oil temperature should be always below 95 C. At 95 C the first alarm occurs. At 105 C the 400 kV circuit breaker will trip and disconnect the transformer for safety reasons.

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

13/22

Rev.

6. Aux. Power Supply Scheme, Transformer Panel


415/240 VAC, 110 VDC

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

14/22

Rev.

7. Monitoring, Alarm and Trip Sensors


Transformer Tank and On-Load Tap Changer per Phase

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

15/22

Rev.

8. Signaling, Alarm and Trip Sensors


Transformer

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

16/22

Rev.

9. Transformer Control Panel


Equipment Arrangement inside the Box

Door Instrumentation

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

17/22

Rev.

Transformer Control Panel, Outline Drawing

10. Transformer Factory Tests

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

18/22

Rev.

11. On-load Tap Changer

The tap changer is a on-load tap changer with 21 tapping steps (including neutral step)and oil submerged. The tapping range is +/- 12,5 %, meaning 1,25 % per step. The unit is motor operated and can be locally as well as remotely controlled. However the standard operating procedure is automatic voltage regulation. The tap changer has its own local control panel. Auxiliary power supply for motor drive is 3 phase, 415 VAC. For control and monitoring purposes 240 VAC and 110 VDC shall be provided. The panel is equipped with dew point heating, lighting and power outlet for maintenance services. The panel is nearby of the tap changer installed.

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

19/22

Rev.

11.1 Tap Changer Operation, Up/Down


Switching schematic

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

20/22

Rev.

11.2 Power Supply And Control Circuits


Power circuit up/down Dew point heating Power outlet

Up/Down Control Circuit with Local /Remote Switch

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PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

21/22

Rev.

Status and Monitoring Signals

Control and Monitoring Devices

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O38

Rev.

Sheet No.

Interbus Transformer with On-Load Tap Changer

22/22

Rev.

11.3 Tap Changer Control Panel, Equipment Arrangement

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RAS LAFFAN C IWPP PROJECT


PTSP-O029

Rev.

Sheet No.

Generator CB and Bus Connection

2/2

Rev.

Agenda Generator CB and Bus Connection


Generator CB and Bus Connection

Objectives The trainees took part on the basic training and should understand the purpose of the generator bus connection system and installed components and devices. Proceeding with the following training step more details shall be provided enabling the participant to operate, monitor and evaluate information provided from the system following certain switching operations in order to act correctly and in a proper manner Contents - Generator bus connection system - Variations of generator bus connection - Details of the generator circuit breaker unit - Local and remote control - Manual operation of disconnector and earthing switches - Monitoring signals

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