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GeoEng Consultants

C922 PROPOSED CONSTRUCTION AND COMPLETION OF EXPO STATION AND OVERRUN TUNNEL FOR DOWNTOWN LINE STAGE 3
PREDICTION OF ULTIMATE CAPACITY USING CHINs PLOT METHOD (PTP-1)
Main Contractor: Tuksu Engineering & Construction, Ltd (Singapore Branch)

Geotechnical Consultants: GeoEng Consultants (S) Pte Ltd

Document No: GECPL/DOC-3269/SN/11.675

Date: 23rd December 2011

29 Tai Seng Avenue #06-04 Natural Cool Lifestyle Hub Singapore 534119 Tel: 6546-6318 * Fax: 6546-6319 * E-mail: geoeng@singnet.com.sg

PREDICTION OF ULTIMATE CAPACITY USING CHINs PLOT METHOD


Chins Plot method is used to predict the ultimate geotechnical capacity of the test pile. The plot of settlement/load versus settlement comprises of two straight lines; the first line represents the shaft friction before any end bearing is mobilized; the second line represents the ultimate geotechnical capacity including both shaft friction and end bearing. The change in gradient between the two lines occurs when end bearing is first mobilized. The ultimate shaft friction is given by the reciprocal of the gradient of the first straight line. The total ultimate geotechnical capacity is given by the reciprocal of the gradient of the second line. The ultimate end bearing is given by subtracting the ultimate shaft friction from the total ultimate geotechnical capacity. This method of predicting the ultimate pile capacity generally demonstrates a tendency to produce over estimates. The Chins Plot for the PTP-1 is shown in Appendix A. From the Chins Plot, capacity of the pile is estimated as follows: Ultimate shaft friction, Qs = 25 000 kN The result of the Chins Plot shows a single linear line instead of a bi-linear line. This indicates that the capacity of the pile is derived solely from the shaft friction. However, the ultimate shaft friction derived from the Chins Plot is very much higher as compared to that obtained from the instrumented load test. This could be possibly because the load has yet to be stabilised when the settlement readings were taken toward the end of the 3rd load cycle. Hence, the result of Chins Plot presented here may not be the true representative of the ultimate capacity of PTP-1.

APPENDIX A CHINs PLOT

Data Input PROJECT: REF: DESIGNED BY: CHECKED BY: For Chin's Plot
settlement (mm) 1.80 2.15 2.50 3.60 3.80 4.20 4.80 5.20 5.50 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.90 8.40 9.00 9.80 10.50 11.50 11.88 S/L (mm/Tonne) 9.00E-03 8.96E-03 8.98E-03 9.70E-03 9.50E-03 9.55E-03 1.00E-02 1.00E-02 9.88E-03 1.03E-02 1.03E-02 1.03E-02 1.10E-02 1.11E-02 1.13E-02 1.17E-02 1.19E-02 1.25E-02 1.28E-02 Load (Tonne) 200.0 240.0 278.3 371.0 400.0 440.0 480.0 520.0 556.5 600.0 640.0 680.0 720.0 760.0 800.0 840.0 880.0 920.0 927.5

C922 GeoEng Consultants 29 Tai Seng Avenue Tuksu Engineering & Construction Ltd. #06-04 Natural Cool Lifestyle Hub PTP-1 SN DATE: 23-Dec-11 Singapore 534119 DATE: 23-Dec-11 TEL: 6546 6318 FAX: 6546 6319

Based on the Chin's plot, Ultimate Skin Friction, Qs =

1 / 0.0004

= =

2,500 25000

T kN

Chin's Plot
0.014 0.013 Settlement/Load (mm/ton) y=0.0004x+0.0081 0.012 0.011 0.010 0.009 0.008 0.007 0.006 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 Settlement (mm) UltimateSkin Friction Linear(Ultimate SkinFriction)

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