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Air separation plants produce nitrogen, oxygen, and argon using air for its only raw material.

Its main utilities are electrical power and a small amount of water. Air separation plants are categorized into one of two process classifications: cryogenic and non-cryogenic.

Standard Non-Cryogenic Plants:


1. Nitrogen Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) PSA systems produce gaseous, non-cryogenic nitrogen from compressed air. Designed for capacities between 1,100 scfh and 91,000 scfh. A cost-effective alternative to gas cylinders or bulkliquid nitrogen. Typically produces nitrogen (expressed as O2 content) of 0.1 to 5% O2. 2. Oxygen Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) PSA systems produce gaseous, non-cryogenic oxygen from compressed air. Designed for capacities between 3,300 scfh and 35,000 scfh. A cost-effective alternative to gas cylinders or bulkliquid oxygen. Typically produces oxygen at 90-93% O2 purity. 3. Oxygen Vacuum Pressure Swing Adsorption (VPSA) Uses zeolite molecular-sieve adsorbent to remove nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and water from air and produce oxygen at 90-93% O2 purity.

Cryogenic Plants
Produce gas and liquid products using very low temperature distillation to separate air components. These plants are used for high-capacity and highpurity applications.

Non-Cryogenic Plants
Produce gaseous products with near-ambient temperature separation processes, utilizing differences in affinity of materials for components of air in order to generate oxygen or nitrogen. These plants are typically cost effective for smaller capacity users.

Standard Cryogenic Oxygen Generators


1. ICO5000 / 6000 / 9000 Provide self-contained gaseous oxygen, gaseous nitrogen, and clean dry air. Purity flexibility between 80 and 99.5 percent, depending on design. Low operating cost and capital. 2. LOX 500 / 1000 (Ar) / 1800 (Ar) / 3000 (Ar) / 5000 (Ar) Produce liquid oxygen and nitrogen. Purity flexible up to 99.8+% LOX and 1 ppm O2 LIN. Optional design to include argon production. 3. GOX 1000 / 2000 / 3000 (Ar) Produce gaseous oxygen and nitrogen. Purity flexible up to 99.8+% GOX and <1 ppm O2 GAN. Optional design to include argon production.

Merchant Plants:
Capable of producing liquid oxygen, nitrogen, and argon at bulk liquid purity levels and various production rates. Standard designs from 300 STPD to 1000 STPD of liquid product, and purities up to UHP LOX and UHP LIN purity levels.

Custom Plants:
As the name implies, these are custom designed solutions to efficiently meet unique customer needs. These plants can be designed in sizes from 200 STPD to 5000 STPD oxygen per train, with the ability to integrate with customer processes to improve overall project economics. Oxygen purities are typically in the 95 to 99.8% purity range, and nitrogen in the 10 ppm to 1 ppm O2 range. By-products of LOX, LIN, and LAR are commonly produced for liquid storage. These liquids are then available for backup liquid vaporization and merchant market value added streams. These plants can be offered as equipment supply, or lump sum turnkey.

Standard Cryogenic Nitrogen Generators


1. Spectra-N Generators 6000 / 9000 / 15,000 Produce ultrahigh purity (UHP) gaseous nitrogen with less than 1 ppb impurity without use of an external purifier. Can produce UHP oxygen liquid with less than 100 ppb impurities without use of an external purifier. 2. Flex-N Generators 2000 / 3400 / 4500 Provides high purity nitrogen, up to 30.0 bar(g) (235 psig).

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