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Top 500 Russian Verbs

Build your Russian vocabulary the smart way by memorizing 500 most used Russian verbs. This page
features a frequency list for Russian verbs along with their English translations and aspectual pairs. Each verb
pair shows the imperfective and perfective forms of the same verb (e.g. /).
Learning most common verbs early in your Russian study will help you to understand significantly
more situations as compared to learning your verbs from random sources. For more information about aspects,
please read a lesson dedicated to the aspect of the verb.
Rank Russian verb

English translation

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40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.

to be, have
imperfective, no pair (see , )
to say, speak
/
be able
/
to say, tell, speak
/
to know, be aware
/
to become, begin, come
/
to eat, to be
/
to want, like
/
to see
/
to go, come
/
to stand, be, stand up
/
to think
/
to ask
/
to live
no corresponding pair (see , )
to look, watch, see
/
to sit
/
to understand; realize
/
to have, own
imperfective, no pair
to do, make
/
to take
/
to do, make, finish
/
to understand
/
to seem, appear
/
to give; let, allow
/
to go
/
to see
/
to remain, stay
/
to go out, come out, appear /
to give
/
to work
/
to love
/
find oneself, turn out
/
to answer, reply
/
to think
/
to mean, signify
imperfective, no pair
to take a look, watch, inspect
/
to wait
/
to lie, be situated
/
to find, discover, consider /
to write
/
to decide, solve
/
to return
/
to count, consider
/
to remember
/
to receive, get, obtain
/

Aspectual pair (imp/perf)

46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
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68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
76.
77.
78.
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
84.
85.
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87.
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89.
90.
91.
92.
93.
94.
95.
96.
97.
98.
99.
100.
101.

to go, walk
be, visit, happen
to come, arrive
to know, learn, recognize
to notice, observe
to leave, go away
to hear
to listen, hear
to be afraid, fear
to look, gaze
to sit
to read
to remain, stay
to take; hire
to write
to begin
to feel
to lead
to be in time, be successful
to continue
to forget
to pass, go by, be over
to appear, show up
to go out; nurse
to ask
to try
to show, display
to remember, recall
to hold, keep
to call, name
to leave, go away
to approach, come up
to lift, raise
to ask, inquire
to throw
to send, dispatch
to be found, turn up
to put, place, set
to get up, rise, stand up
to play
to follow, come next
to tell, narrate
to sleep
to leave, abandon
to enter, come in
to keep silence
to tell, narrate
to answer, reply
to stand; to become
to stop
to search
to begin
to believe
to appear
to be able
to run, hurry

/
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/
/
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/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
imperfective, no pair
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/

102.
103.
104.
105.
106.
107.
108.
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112.
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114.
115.
116.
117.
118.
119.
120.
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133.
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141.
142.
143.
144.
145.
146.
147.
148.
149.
150.
151.
152.
153.
154.
155.
156.
157.

to arrive, come
/
to cry, shout
/
to open
/
to happen, occur, take place /
to go, ride, drive, travel
/
to come, arrive
/
to rise, climb
/
to appear, come in sight
/
to gather together, assemble; intend
/
to hit; to find oneself
/
to take, admit, accept
/
to depart, set off
/
to hear
/
to be able, know, can
imperfective, no pair
to happen
/
to try, endeavour
/
to call
/
to happen, occur, take place /
to be occupied, engage
/
to lay down, put down, place
/
to buy, purchase
/
to die
/
to drink
/
to pass, go; study
/
to take away, take off; photograph /
to begin
/
to present, introduce, imagine
/
to explain
/
to pronounce, say, utter
/
to please, like
/
to exist, to be
turn out well, succeed, manage
/
to fit, fall; have to
/
to presetn, produce, introduce
/
to call, name
/
to smile
/
to smile
/
to laugh
/
to snatch, seize; be sufficient
/
to feel
/
to bring
/
to agree, consent
/
to snatch, seize, suffice
/
to take, admin, accept
/
to kill
/
to offer, propose, suggest
/
to fit, fall; have to
/
to drink
/
to cry, shout
/
to show, display
/
to call, send
/
to ask
/
to turn out, find oneself
/
to bring
/
to return
/
to demand
/

158.
159.
160.
161.
162.
163.
164.
165.
166.
167.
168.
169.
170.
171.
172.
173.
174.
175.
176.
177.
178.
179.
180.
181.
182.
183.
184.
185.
186.
187.
188.
189.
190.
191.
192.
193.
194.
195.
196.
197.
198.
199.
200.
201.
202.
203.
204.
205.
206.
207.
208.
209.
210.
211.
212.
213.

to lose
/
to reach; get, obtain
/
to report, let know
/
to appear, show up
/
to fall
/
to come, arrive, turn out
/
to accompany, set off; conduct; spend
/
to forgive
/
to beat, hit
/
to nod
/
to disappear
/
to return, give back
/
to hellp
/
to send
imperfective, no pair (see , )
to remember, recall
/
to take breath, to sigh
/
to sing
/
to sit down
/
to stop, cease
/
to fit, fall; have to
/
to grant, bestow
/
to receve, get
/
to call oneself
/
to hope
/
to stretch, extend
/
to come up, approach; to fit /
to serve
/
to believe
/
to look, give a glance
/
to call, send
/
to expect, anticipate
imperfective, no pair
to hang
imperfective, no pair
to create, establish
/
to leave, depart
/
to look
imperfective, no pair
to study, learn
/
to talk, speak
imperfective, no pair
to help, assist
/
to turn
/
to allow, permit
/
to meet
/
to enter, come in
/
to discover, find out
/
to carry
/
to send
/
to treat, regard, relate
/
to arise, appear
/
to repeat
/
to perish, be killed
/
to burn
/
to cry
/
to move
/
to add
/
to wonder, be surprised
/
to act
imperfective, no pair
to hold on, behave
imperfective, no pair

214.
215.
216.
217.
218.
219.
220.
221.
222.
223.
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226.
227.
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255.
256.
257.
258.
259.
260.
261.
262.
263.
264.
265.
266.
267.
268.
269.

to fly
imperfective, no pair (see )
to wear
/
to get used to, to grow accustomed to
/
to call, to telephone
/
to interfere, prevent; mix
/
to arise, spring up
/
to wish
/
to try, text
/
to come out
/
to put, place, set
/
to lead, escort; accompany /
to promise
/
to judge, try
imperfective, no pair
to gather, collect
/
to prick
/
to shout, cry out
/
to end
/
to shoot
/
to use, utilize, make use of imperf. and perfective
to smell
imperfective, no pair
to pass, give, transmit
/
to get up, stand up, rise
/
to take off, to photograph, to rent
/
to ring, call
/
to remind, resemble
/
to think, devise, invent
/
to fall, drop, decline
/
to have a talk, speak, tell
/
to begin, start, set in
/
to order, command
/
to start laughing, begin to laugh
/
to touch, concern, touch upon
/
to begin, set to, set about
/
to force, compel, make
/
to rise, go up, climb, get up /
to strike, hit, beat
/
to be understood
imperfective, no pair
to meet, be found, occur
/
to try, attempt, endeavor
/
to seize, grasp, catch
/
to decline, reject, give up
/
to take out, pull out, extract, steal /
to offer, propose, suggest, invite
/
to set off, start, leave, depart /
to start running, to run
perfective, no pair
to smoke
/
to open, let out, discover
/
to call in, drop in, visit
/
to notice, percieve, observe, take a note
/
to end, finish, complete
/
to watch, spy, follow, keep an eye imperfective, no pair (see )
to throw oneself, rush, jump
/
to close, shut, cover up
/
to like (as in "I liked")
/
to appeal, apply, address
/
to order, tell
/

270.
271.
272.
273.
274.
275.
276.
277.
278.
279.
280.
281.
282.
283.
284.
285.
286.
287.
288.
289.
290.
291.
292.
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301.
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304.
305.
306.
307.
308.
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310.
311.
312.
313.
314.
315.
316.
317.
318.
319.
320.
321.
322.
323.
324.
325.

to have, there is/are


imperfective, no pair
to lower, put down, omit
/
to be born, arise
/
to save, rescue
/
to excuse, pardon
/
to declar, announce
/
to appeal, address
/
to hurry
/
to observe, watch, supervise imperfective, no pair
to be able, manage, succeed /
to turn out, result in
/
to wake up
/
to wait, postpone
/
to begin to speak,
/
to use, take advantage of
imperfective, no pair (see )
to repeat
/
to teach, learn
/
to set about, undertake
/
to run, run about
imperfective, no pair (see )
to arrange, to make, build
/
to breath
imperfective, no pair
to lie down
/
to consist of, be
imperfective, no pair
to call in, drop in, visit
/
to take into consideration, settle with
/
to drive, ride, go, travel
/
to stop
/
to meet, be found, occur
/
to appear, present oneself, arrive
/
to bring
/
to pay
/
to fall, abate
/
to be well, prosper, thrive
imperfective, no pair
to allow, permit, enable
/
to declare, announce
/
to protrude, stick out, hang about
imperfective, no pair
to catch
/
to gather, collect, put together, pack /
to find, discover, consider /
to gather, collect, put together, pack /
to come, set in, step on, attack
/
to pull, draw, haul
/
to throw, fling
/
to dream
/
to want, to feel like
/
to leave, abandon, keep, retain
/
to give a short laugh, smile slightly, grin
/
to disappear, be lost, be missing
/
to bear, stand, endure
/
to meet
/
to let, allow, permit, let in
/
to let go, release
/
to exclaim, cry
/
to tremble
imperfective, no pair (see )
to choose, select
/
to press, shake, to reap
/

326.
327.
328.
329.
330.
331.
332.
333.
334.
335.
336.
337.
338.
339.
340.
341.
342.
343.
344.
345.
346.
347.
348.
349.
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351.
352.
353.
354.
355.
356.
357.
358.
359.
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363.
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365.
366.
367.
368.
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370.
371.
372.
373.
374.
375.
376.
377.
378.
379.
380.

to be heard (as in "there was a knock [heard] on the door")


/

to explain
/

to turn (as in "turn one's eyes upon smth"), turn into


/

to shove, poke, thrust


/

to allow, permit
/

to confess, admit
/

to make up, put together, compose /

to see
imperfective, no pair (see )

to borrow, occupy, secure


/

to lose, shed (leaves)


/

to jump, jump up
/

to read
/

to get in, to push, butt in


/

to send, forward, mail


/

to build, make, construct


/

to let in, to let go


/

to peep in, glance, drop in


/

to say, talk
/

to check, verify, examine


/

to be ill, worry, be a fan of


/

to raise, pick up
/

to mean, signify
imperfective, no pair (see )

to be said
imperfective, no pair

to try, test
/

to marry
imperf. and perfective

to look back, look around


/

to invite
/

to belong
imperfective, no pair

to build, construct
/

to cross, move, pass, transfer


/

to be lucky, to convery, carry, drive /

to look, look at
/

to turn
/

to arrive, reach, get there


/

to recognize, acknowledge, admit /

to enter, join, act, treat


/

to be in a hurry
/

to take out, extract


/

to cost, be worth (something)


imperfective, no pair

to suppose, think
imperfective, no pair (see )

to listen to,
/

to mark, note
/

to affirm, approve, confirm


/

to differ, be notable, distinguish oneself


/

to jump out, pop out, come out


/

to arrive, come
/

to drive, roll
/

to grow
imperfective, no pair (see , )

to return, give back


/

to depend
imperfective, no pair

to meet, make the acquaintance


/

to sting
/

to be found, never be at a loss


/

to become, get, grow, happen


/

to guess, to have the sense to


/

381.
382.
383.
384.
385.
386.
387.
388.
389.
390.
391.
392.
393.
394.
395.
396.
397.
398.
399.
400.
401.
402.
403.
404.
405.
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407.
408.
409.
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411.
412.
413.
414.
415.
416.
417.
418.
419.
420.
421.
422.
423.
424.
425.
426.
427.
428.
429.
430.
431.
432.
433.
434.
435.
436.

to live, reside, spend


/

to go for a walk, be outdoors, have time off, enjoy oneself


/

to disassemble, unpack, to look into, examine


/

to turn (as in "turn one's eyes upon smth"), turn into


/

to return, give back


/

to go and get, to go down, get off, come off


/

to sound, ring
/

to worry, be upset, be rough


/

to give, serve
/

to prepare, train, cook


/

to feel sorry, pitty, regret


/

to lie, tell lies


/

to object, disagree
/

to prepare for, make ready for


/

to change into, turn into, be reduced to


/

to endure, suffer, stand, tolerate


/

to wave, flap, flutter


/

to define, determine
/

to let out, discharge, release


/

to come forward, advance, appear, perform


/

to look at, consider, regard


/

move away, walk away, leave, digress


/

to grow, grow up
/

to transfer, translate
/

to plant
/

to shout, scream, yell


/

to treat, to cost, manage


/

to hand, give out, distribute


/

to be at war, to fight
/

to stop
/

to have, possess
always imperfective

to sell
/

to argue, dispute
/

to begin to climb, to put one's hand into


/

to fulfill, carry out, execute, make /

to be required, be needed
/

to die, pass away


/

to reach, arrive, come across


/

to calm down, quiet, settle down, abate


/

to approach, near
/

to fly, flutter
/

to kill
/

to move, advance
/

to come down, descend, land, settle


/

to install, place, mount


/

to forget
/

to call, invite
/

to be frightened, startled
/

to eat
/

to read
/

to ponder, become thoughtful, hesitate


/

to decide, to solve
/

to give (as a present)


/

to change
/

to bring
/

to be surprised, be astonished
/

437.
438.
439.
440.
441.
442.
443.
444.
445.
446.
447.
448.
449.
450.
451.
452.
453.
454.
455.
456.
457.
458.
459.
460.
461.
462.
463.
464.
465.
466.
467.
468.
469.
470.
471.
472.
473.
474.
475.
476.
477.
478.
479.
480.
481.
482.
483.
484.
485.
486.
487.
488.
489.
490.
491.
492.

to take away, seize


/
to take up, occupy, borrow
/
to prove, demostrate
/
to boil, cook
/
to change, to
/
to catch, to betray, be unfaithful
/
to speed, rush
/
to stretch, extend
/
to force, compel, make
/
to suffer, be troubled by
/
to write down, record
/
to interest
/
to include, to switch on
/
to strike, startle, affect
/
to keep quiet, be silent
/
to open, come to light
/
to direct, aim, send
/
to memorize, remember
/
to struggle, fight
/
to tranport, carry, drive, to be lucky
/
to learn, study
/
to assign, allot, fix
/
to choose, select
/
to remind, resemble
/
to doubt, hesitate
/
to be glad, happy
/
to cover
/
to glance
/
to seize, capture, thrill
/
to bring
/
to compose, make up, put together /
to abuse, reprimand angrily
/
to buy, purchase
/
to tap, knock, pound
/
to change, exchange
/
to examine
/
to light up, begin to smoke
/
to get tired
/
to cover, protect, conceal
/
to stop talking, to hush up
/
to bring, acquire, wind up
/
to arrive, come
/
to confirm
/
to come down, to go and fetch, descend
/
to enter, act, treat, behave
/
to bring down, fall heavily (of snow)
/
to bore, bother, pester
/
to take out, lead out, remove, grow /
to jump, leap, bounce
/
to create, establish
/
to be convinced, to make sure
/
to hate, detest, abhor
/
to disappear, vanish
/
to feel, sense
/
to pull, drag, haul
/
to hide, conceal
/

493.
494.
495.
496.
497.
498.
499.
500.

to accomplish, commit
to stand still, stop
to give, serve
to make, carry out, produce
to wait till, wait, await
to swim, float
to implement, execute, accomplish
to set off for, head towards

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/
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/
/
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/
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