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Tuesday, November 13, 2012

51 IOS INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS


Q1.What is property? Ans:Properties are used to access the instance variables from outside of class. Q2. What is synthesized? Ans:After you declare the property in objective-c . we have to tell the compiler instantly by using synthesize directive. Actually this tells to compiler to generate a getter&setter message. 3Q: How many bytes we can send to apple push notification server. A:256bytes.

Q4. What is retaining? Ans:It is reference count of the object Q5. What is webservice? Ans:Main purpose is to expose the data in form of xml format ,by using this we can getting the data from server. Q6. What is parsing? Ans:To access the data in the xml element is called parsing. Q7.Which class we can use for passing of xml in iphone? Ans:By NSXML Parser. Q8.Which type of parse we have use in iphone? Ans:SAX parser. Q9.Which class are used to establish connection b/w application to webserver? Ans:(a)NSURL (b)NSURL REQUEST (c)NSURL CONNECTION. Q10.What is difference between DOM&SAX? Ans:(a)Dom is a documents based parser. When we will work with these parser all the data of xml is stored in RAM.In this parser memory consumption is more. (b)SAX is a event driven parser.When we will work with these parser,take only reference from xml file and generate the one event for every element.
Popular Posts 51 IOS INTERVIEW QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS Q1 .What is property? Ans:Properties are used to access the instance variables from outside of class. Q2. What is syn... our indian old coins for memories OUR INDIAN CURRENCY old
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Q11.After parsing if you want to get your data in view which delegation methods are did you use? Ans:(a)did start element (b)did end elemen (c)found character.

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Q12.How many methods are used in NSURLConnection? Ans:I have 4 types methods (a)Connection did receive Response (b)Connection did recevice Datat (c)Connection fail with error (d)Connection did finish loading. Q13.Tell me about json-parser? Ans:JSON Means Java script object notation. It is a one type of parser (or)test-based and hightweight parser. Q14.By default application which things contain? Ans:In ipone applications by default having 3 things 1.main!It is entry point of application. 2.Appdelegate!It is perform the basic application & functionality. 3.Window!It is provide uiinterface. Q15.What is uiviewcontroller? Ans: uiview controller is base class for all the controller. Q16. What is the navigation controller? Ans: Navigation controller contains the stack of controllers every navigation controller must be having root view controller by default these controllers contain 2 method (a) push view (b) pop view By default navigation controller contain table view. Q17. What is tab bar controller? Ans: Tab bar is used to common way to display the data on iphone. Q18. What is the table view controller? Ans: Table view controller contains the number of rows and columns visible in the application and makes a cell editable or not as a response to key press Q19. Which protocols are did used in table view?

OBJECTIVE C OBJECTIVE-C It is an extension of c language. It is pure object oriented language. It is platform depende... objective c tutorials Total 65 objective c tutorials first 10 basic videos ...

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Ans: Table view contain 2 delegate protocols (a). Ui table view data source (b). Ui table view delegate. In ui view table view data source contain these methods (a). No of sections. (b). No of rows in sections. (c). Cell for row index path row. In ui table view delegate contain these methods (a). Did select row at index path row Q20. By default table view which controller contain? Ans: Detail view controller that is present is ui table view delegate Q21. What is the split view controller?

Ans: This control is used for ipad application and it contain proper controllers by default split view controller contain root view controller and detail view controller. Q22. What are data base are used in iphone? Ans: (a). Sql lite (b). Plist c). Xml (d). core data ( Q23. Tell me about the MVC architecture? Ans: M-model, V-view, C-controller Main advantage of MVC architecture is to provide reusability and security by separating the layer by using MVC architecture. Model: it is a class model is interact with database. Controller: controller is used for by getting the data from model and controls the views. View display the information in views. Q24. What are frame works are used in iphone? Ans: (a). Ui kit framework (b). Map kit framework (c). ADI kit framework (d). Core data framework (e).core foundation framework

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Q25. What is the instance methods? Ans: Instance methods are essentially code routines that perform tasks so instances of clases we create methods to get and set the instance variables and to display the current values of these variables. Declaration of instance method : - (void)click me: (id)sender; Void is return type which does not giving any thing here. Click me is method name. Id is data type which returns any type of object. Q26. What is the class method? Ans: Class methods work at the class level and are common to all instance of a class these methods are specific to the class overall as opposed to working on different instance data encapsulated in each class instance. @interface class name :ns object { } +(class name *)new alloc: -(int)total open Q27. What is data encapsulation? Ans: Data is contained with in objects and is not accessible by any other than via methods defined on the class is called data encapsulation. Q28. What is accessor methods? Ans: Accessor methods are methods belonging to a class that allow to get and set the values of instance valuables contained with in the class. Q29. What is synthesized accessor methods? Ans: Objective-c provides a mechanism that automates the creation of accessor

methods that are called synthesized accessor methods that are implemented through use of the @property and @synthesized. Q30. How to access the encapsulated data in objective-c? Ans:(a)Data encapsulation encourages the use of methods to +get and set the values of instance variables in a class. (b)But the developer to want to directly access an instance variable with out having to go through an accessor method. (c) In objective-c syntax for an instance variable is as follow [class instance variable name] Q31. What is dot notation? Ans: Dot notation features introduced into version 2.0 of objective-c Dot notation involves accessing an instance variable by specifying a class instance followed by a dot followed in turn by the name of instance variable or property to be accessed. Q32. What is single inheritance in objective-c? Ans: Objective-c subclass can only be derived from a single direct parent class this s concept is called as single inheritance. Q33. Ns object is parent class or derived class? Ans: Ns object is parent class and contains a number of instance variables and instance methods. Q34. How to call function in objective-c Ans: [account display account info] Account-> object namey Subclassing the UIView class. Display account info-> method name 35Q: What is App Bundle? A:When you build your iOS app, Xcode packages it as a bundle. A bundle is a directory in the file system that groups related resources together in one place. An iOS app bundle contains the app executable file and supporting resource files such as app icons, image files, and localized content. From your code, access your apps resource files using an NSBundle object: 1. Use the mainBundle method of NSBundle to obtain your apps main bundle object. 2. Use the methods of the bundle object to obtain the location of the desired resource file. 3. Open (or access) the file and use it. The pathForResource:ofType: method is one of several NSBundle methods that you can use to retrieve the location of resource files in your bundle. The following example shows how to locate an image file called sun.png and create an image object. The first line gets the location of the file in the bundle. The second line creates the UIImage object using the data in the file at that location. 36Q: Whats fast enumeration? A:Fast enumeration is a language feature that allows you to enumerate over the contents of a collection. (Your code will also run faster because the internal implementation reduces!message send overhead and increases pipelining potential.) 37Q: Whats a struct? A:A struct is a special C data type that encapsulates other pieces of data into a single cohesive unit. Like an object, but built into C. *

38Q: Whats the difference between NSArray and NSMutableArray? A:NSArray"s contents can not be modified once it"s been created whereas a NSMutableArray can be modified as needed, i.e items can be added/removed from it. 39 Q: Explain retain counts. A:Retain counts are the way in which memory is managed in Objective-C. When you create an object, it has a retain count of 1. When you send an object a retain message, its retain count is incremented by 1. When you send an object a release message, its retain count is decremented by 1. When you send an object a autorelease message, its retain count is decremented by 1 at some stage in the future. If an object"s retain count is reduced to 0, it is deallocated. 40Q: Whats the difference between frame and bounds? A:The frame of a view is the rectangle, expressed as a location (x,y) and size (width,height) relative to the superview it is contained within. The bounds of a view is the rectangle, expressed as a location (x,y) and size (width,height) relative to its own coordinate system (0,0). 41 Q: Is a delegate retained? A:No, the delegate is never retained! Ever! 42Q: Outline the class hierarchy for a UIButton until NSObject. A:UIButton inherits from UIControl, UIControl inherits from UIView, UIView inherits from UIResponder, UIResponder inherits from the root class NSObject 43Q: What is dynamic? A:You use the @dynamic keyword to tell the compiler that you will fulfill the API contract implied by a property either by providing method implementations directly or at runtime using other mechanisms such as dynamic loading of code or dynamic method resolution. It suppresses the warnings that the compiler would otherwise generate if it cant find suitable implementations. You should use it only if you know that the methods will be available at runtime iOS Questions for Intermediate level 44Q: If I call performSelector:withObject:afterDelay: is the object retained? A:Yes, the object is retained. It creates a timer that calls a selector on the current threads run loop. It may not be 100% precise time-wise as it attempts to dequeue the message from!the run loop and perform the selector. 45Q: Can you explain what happens when you call autorelease on an object? A:When you send an object a autorelease message, its retain count is decremented by 1 at some stage in the future. The object is added to an autorelease pool on the current thread. The main thread loop creates an autorelease pool at the beginning of the function, and release it at the end. This establishes a pool for the lifetime of the task. However, this also means that any autoreleased objects created during the lifetime of the task are not disposed of until the task completes. This may lead to the task"s memory footprint increasing unnecessarily. You can also consider creating pools with a narrower scope or use NSOperationQueue with it"s own autorelease pool. (Also important You only release or autorelease objects you own.) 46 Q: Whats the NSCoder class used for? A:NSCoder is an abstractClass which represents a stream of data. They are used in Archiving and Unarchiving objects. NSCoder objects are usually used in a method that is being implemented so that the class conforms to the protocol. (which has something like encodeObject and decodeObject methods in them). 47 Q: Whats an NSOperationQueue and how/would you use it?

A:The NSOperationQueue class regulates the execution of a set of NSOperation objects. An operation queue is generally used to perform some asynchronous operations on a background thread so as not to block the main thread. 48Q: Explain the correct way to manage Outlets memory A:Create them as properties in the header that are retained. In the viewDidUnload set the outlets to nil(i.e self.outlet = nil). Finally in dealloc make sure to release the outlet. iOS Questions for Expert level 49Q: Is the delegate for a CAAnimation retained? A:Yes it is!! This is one of the rare exceptions to memory management rules. 50Q: What happens when the following code executes? Ball *ball = [[[[Ball alloc] init] autorelease] autorelease]; A:It will crash because it"s added twice to the autorelease pool and when it it dequeued the autorelease pool calls release more than once. 51 Q: Explain the difference between NSOperationQueue concurrent and nonconcurrent. A:In the context of an NSOperation object, which runs in an NSOperationQueue, the terms concurrent and non-concurrent do not necessarily refer to the side-by-side execution of threads. Instead, a non-concurrent operation is one that executes using the environment that is provided for it while a concurrent operation is responsible for setting up its own execution environment.

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