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Emona FOTEx

-
NI ELVIS I II

Emona FOTEx


-
NI ELVIS I II

Emona FOTEx NI
ELVIS I II
-
NI ELVIS I II
:
:
: 1.0
:
Emona Instruments Pty Ltd,
86 Parramatta Road
Camperdown NSW 2050
AUSTRALIA.
web: www.tims.com.au
telephone: +61-2-9519-3933
fax: +61-2-9550-1378
Copyright 2009 Emona Instruments Pty Ltd .
.
,
,


Emona Instruments Pty Ltd.
,
, Emona Instruments Pty Ltd.
FOTEx Emona TIMS Pty Ltd.
LabVIEW, National Instruments, NI, NI ELVIS, NI-DAQ
National Instruments Corporation.
, ,

.

2009 - :
" National Instruments"

National Instruments


1
1.

- NI ELVIS II 6

2. DATEX 22
3. - () 40
4. - 56
5. - 79
6. 95
7. 109
8. 130
9. PCM-TDM "T1" 147
10. , 164
11. ..187
12. ..201
13. .222



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ETT-211 FOTEx
ETT-211

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NI ELVIS FOTEx.
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Emona FOTEx
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Emona FOTEx
NI ELVIS I II NI LabVIEW,
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- NI DAQ,
NI ELVIS I. ELVIS II
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ETT-211 FOTEx
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FOTEX/NI ELVIS.


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Emona Instruments Pty Ltd

, ETT-211 FOTEx
- Emona TIMS -
Emona FOTEx
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-. 1970- (Tim Hooper),
(University of New South
Wales), , Emona Instruments, Emona TIMS
Telecommunications Instructional Modeling System (
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FOTEx

Emona Instruments Pty Ltd

NI LabVIEW FOTEx

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS


NI LabVIEW.
FOTEx NI
LabVIEW VI ( ).


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12 , NI ELVIS
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ETT-211 ,
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FOTEx ,

1 - - NI ELVIS II

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1 - NI ELVIS II

(Digital multimeter)
(Oscilloscope), ,
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(DC Power Supply) (Function Generator).
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2009 Emona Instruments

NI ELVIS II USB-

Emona FOTEx

BNC - "" (2 )

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2009 Emona Instruments

A
1.

, NI ELVIS ,
.

2.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS.

3.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.


1: . ,
NI ELVIS II, FOTEx.
2: FOTEx
.

4.

Control Mode ( ) FOTEx (


) Manual ().

5.

NI ELVIS II USB.
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6.

NI ELVIS II,
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7.

8.

NI ELVIS IImx .
: NI ELVIS IImx ,
ELVISmx Instrument Launcher (. 3)

2009 Emona Instruments

NI ELVIS II
NI ELVIS II (Digital Multimeter DMM) - ,
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9.

DMM .
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NI ELVIS II.
Measurement and
Settings ( ) 4.
10.

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11.

( V) (
A).
1: ,
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2: , "Banana Jack Connections" (
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NI ELVIS II
.

2009 Emona Instruments

10

, DMM
. , Run
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DMM.
12.

Run () DMM.

13.

Measurement and Setting ( ),


DMM.
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, Mode (), Null Offset ( ) Acquisition Mode (
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11

2009 Emona Instruments

- NI ELVIS II
NI ELVIS II (Variable Power Source- VPS) - ,
(
) Emona FOTEx.
.
14.

VPS
.
: Variable Power Supply
, ,
5.

VPS
NI
ELVIS II. VPS
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. .

15.

16.

, 6.
: "" 4 - 2
.

2009 Emona Instruments

12

17.

Variable Power Supply Run ().

18.


Variable Power Supply ,
(Voltage), 7.

19.


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.

20.


Variable Power Supply 7.59,
V, 8, Enter.

21.

c
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22.

Reset () V .

23.


Variable DC .

24.

.. 18-23 .
.


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13

2009 Emona Instruments

D NI ELVIS II
NI ELVIS II ,
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25.

" " "


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26.

"Scope"()
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NI ELVIS II
. NI ELVIS II ,
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FOTEx.

2009 Emona Instruments

14

NI ELVIS II
27.

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General ( )
i)

, Cursors On ( ) .

Vertical ( )
i)

, Channel 0 Source ( 0)
Channel 1 Source ( 1) SCOPE CH 1.

ii)

, Probe ()
1

iii)

Coupling ()

iv)

Scale ()

v)

, Vertical Position (
) .

( )

1V/div (1 /).

Timebase ( )
i)

Time/Div (./.) 500s/div (500


/.).

Trigger ()

28.

i)

Type () Edge ( ).

ii)

Source () CH 0 Source..

iii)

Level () 0.

iv)

Slope ()

, Run ().


,
.

15

2009 Emona Instruments

NI ELVIS II
FOTEx.
29.

, 10 .
1: , 0 - ,
BNC - "".
.
2: , 2kHz SINE
( 2 ) Master Signals ( )
"". ""
GND () Emona FOTEx.

10

2009 Emona Instruments

16



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(peak-to-peak) .


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11.
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Peakto-peak

The period of one cycle

11
Peak-to-Peak
The period of one cycle



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11.
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1
f
Period

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12

30.

17

(
) 1.

2009 Emona Instruments

31.

.
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2


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2009 Emona Instruments

18

NI ELVIS II
NI ELVIS II ,
, Emona
FOTEx. .
32.


"FGEN"( )
.
1:
,


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2:
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13.

13

33.

Run ().

34.

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14.
:
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35.
19

Timebase ( )

2ms/div (2 /.)

2009 Emona Instruments

: ,
.
36.

Amplitude ()
.

37.

2.8 , Vpp
Amplitude Enter.

38.

Frequency ()
.

39.

135 , Hz
Enter.


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

20

2 - FOTEx

...:

2 - FOTEx


Emona FOTEx
NI ELVIS,
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FOTEx, .
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FOTEx, , .
1 .
:
1: - NI ELVIS II ( ,
NI ELVIS II)

NI ELVIS II USB-

Emona FOTEx

BNC - "" (2 )

"" (2 )

23

2009 Emona Instruments

Master Signals ( ), Speech (


) Amplifier ()
(Master Signals Module)
Master Signals Module
. :

2 ()
500 ()
2 ()
10 ()
100 ()

,
. .
NI ELVIS II.

1.

, NI ELVIS II ,
.

2.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.

3.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.


1: . ,
NI ELVIS II, FOTEx.
2: FOTEx
.

4.

NI ELVIS II USB.
: .

5.

NI ELVIS II, ,
.

6.

7.

NI ELVISmx .

: NI ELVIS IImx , ELVISmx


Instrument Launcher .


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.

2009 Emona Instruments

24

1.

, 1 .
: BNC - ""
, 0
.

-, 2.

2
Master Signals , To CH 0 0

2.

NI ELVIS II
1 ( 15), :
Input Coupling ( )
DC ( ) AC ( )

3.

25

Timebase ( )
, ( )
2 2kHz SINE (Master Signals).

2009 Emona Instruments

4.

,
() 2kHz SINE (Master
Signals). 1.

5.

2kHz SINE ( 2 )
(Master Signals).

6.

, .
: , 0
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, . , .

7.

Trigger Level ( ) 2.5


0 .

8.

5 7
(Master Signals).

:
.
1

2kHz SINE (2 )
500 Hz DIGITAL
(500 - )
2 kHz DIGITAL
(2 - )
10 kHz DIGITAL
(10 - )
100 kHz DIGITAL
(100 - )


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

26

B (Speech)
- .

. Emona FOTEx
(Speech module).
9.

(Master Signals)

10.

Timebase ( )
2ms/div (2/.).

11.

Trigger Level ( )
0 .

12.

, 3.
:
(GND).

13.

, .
"" "".


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.

27

2009 Emona Instruments

C (Amplifier)
,
.
, . Amplifier
() Emona FOTEx .
.
14.

15.

Amplifier Gain (
) .

16.

, 4.
: BNC - ""
, 1

:
(GND).

2009 Emona Instruments

28

-, 5.

Master Signals , Amplifier , To CH 0 0, To CH 1 1

17.

Timebase ( ) ,
.

18.

1 , Channel 1 Enabled
( 1), 6.
: , Scale
() 1, .

29

2009 Emona Instruments

19.

( ) .
2.

20.

, ,
(voltage gain AV).
:

AV

Vout
Vin

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1
Amplifier () (
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___________________________________________________________________
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AV ( )

20 log(

Vout
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U in


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2009 Emona Instruments

30

2
Amplifier () .
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


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.

Amplifier . ,
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22.

Channel 1 Scale ( 1)
100mV/div (100/.)

22.

Gain ()
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23.

24.

()

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3
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___________________________________________________________________

31

2009 Emona Instruments

4
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Gain () .

26.

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(Scale) 1 .

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2009 Emona Instruments

32

27.

Gain () Amplifier
.

(),
50 .
.
Emona FOTEx.
Amplifier ,
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.

28.

, Gain () Amplifier
.

29.

, .

30.

31.

Gain () Amplifier
.

32.

2kHz SINE Master Signals ( 2


) Speech (
).

33.


,
.

33

2009 Emona Instruments

D 1 3
.
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Emona FOTEx (),
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, (cut-off frequency),
. - Emona FOTEx
1, 3 . .
34.

35.

Function Generator ( ) NI ELVIS II.

36.

,
:

37.

Waveshape: Sine ( : )
Frequency: 500 Hz (: 500 )
Amplitude: 4V (: 4)
DC Offset: 0V ( : 0)
Modulation Type: None ( : )

, 7.
:
(GND).

2009 Emona Instruments

34

38.

.
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39.

8.
: BNC - ""
TRIG .

-, 9.
, . 0
1 , 1
3 . , , ,
. SYNC
()
.

35

2009 Emona Instruments

9
Function Generator , SYNC to TRIG ,
3 kHz LPF 3 , 1 kHz LPF 1 ,
Output to CH 1 1, Output to CH 0 0

40.

, Signal Route (
) ( VI)
Prototyping Board ( ).
! (TRIG)
,
. - , TRIG
, Signal Route
( ) FGEN BNC.
Signal Route

Prototyping Board ( ).
41.

Trigger Type ( ) Digital

().


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

36

42.

. 4.

43.

( ).


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44.

1 ..
42-43.

45.

, 4.
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()

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500
1
2
3

4
()

4
5

37

2009 Emona Instruments

6
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2009 Emona Instruments

38

3 - ()

...:

3 - ()

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(,
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(aliasing - ) -
-.

41

2009 Emona Instruments

PCM ENCODER ( ) Emona FOTEx


PCM Encoder ,
. , (codec),
-2.5 +2.5 7-
, 128 ,
128 0000000 1111111.
8- (frame).
( 7), 6- ..,
( 1). 0 ,
PCM Encoder . 0
1 .
, .

PCM Encoder Frame


Synchronisation (FS), ,
. FS
FOTEx
.
1 (PCM) ,
(Frame1, Frame2, Frame3), (Clock) (FS)
. PCM 7 1 , ,
: 0 1,
.

PCM Encoder - (
) : ,
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.
50 .

2009 Emona Instruments

42

:
1: - NI ELVIS II
2: DATEX
:

NI ELVIS II USB-

Emona FOTEx

BNC - "" (2 )

"" (2 )

:
A -,
1.

, NI ELVIS II ,
.

2.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.

3.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.


1: . ,
NI ELVIS II FOTEx.
2: FOTEx
.

4.

NI ELVIS II USB.
: .

5.

NI ELVIS II (
), ,
.

6.

7.

NI ELVISmx.

8.

Mode () PCM Encoder PCM.

43

2009 Emona Instruments

9.

, 2
1: GND
()
2: INPUT 1 PCM Encoder
GND.

-, 3.
(PCM Encoder) 10 kHz DIGITAL
(Master Signals).
0 .

3
PCM Encoder , IN , CLK ,
Master Signals , FS To CH 0 0,
PCM data , PCM clock To CH 1 1

2009 Emona Instruments

44

10.

(VI) Oscilloscope NI ELVIS II ().

11.

, 1 ( 15)
:

12.

Scale ( ) 2 /. 1 /.
Coupling ( ) DC ( )
AC ( )
Trigger Level ( ) 2 0 .
Timebase ( ) 200 /. 500 /.

Slope ()
().

,
, FS c .

, Slope.
,
.

13.

100
/.
1:
(FS)
( 4).


.
2:

.

14.

1 ( Channel 1 Enabled)
(CLK) (FS) .
: , .
Vertical Position (
) 0 2, 1 -5 .

45

2009 Emona Instruments

15.

,
( ),
.
: (CLK) ,
(FS) .


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

46

16.

1 PCM Encoder ( ),
5.
! , .

-, 6. 1
10 , . 8
, 2 .

6
IN , CLK ,
FS To CH 0 0,
PCM data To CH 1 1

47

2009 Emona Instruments

17.


, .

1
.
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2
.

3

.
: 0 1.

4
.

5
7- ?
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___________________________________________________________________

6
0
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___________________________________________________________________


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.

2009 Emona Instruments

48

B -
(0 ) .
,
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18.

Emona VarDC ( ).
: Emona VarDC NI
ELVIS II,
DAC0 FOTEx.

19.

,
Emona VarDC VI .

20.

Emona VarDC 0 .

21.

22.

, 7.

-, 8.
Emona VarDC VI
.

49

2009 Emona Instruments

8
FS To CH 0 0,
IN , CLK , PCM data To CH 1 1

23.

7- .
1:
.
2: , 0 .
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.

2009 Emona Instruments

50

24.

Emona VarDC VI
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25.

,
00000000.

26.

1.


0000000


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.

27.

Emona VarDC 0 .

28.

Emona VarDC VI
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8

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51

2009 Emona Instruments

29.

,
1111111 .

30.

2.
2


1111111

9
1 2 ,
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9

1, 2 128
( ).
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.

2009 Emona Instruments

52

C
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31.

VarDC.

32.

DAC0.

33.

9.

-,
VarDC 2kHz SINE
, .
, 100 .
, (aliasing),
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1250 ,
4000 /, 2 . 100
12500 /,
.
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- . 8- , , . ,
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53

2009 Emona Instruments

10
Master Signals , IN ,
CLK , FS To CH 0 0,
PCM data To CH 1 1

48.

11
?
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___________________________________________________________________


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.

2009 Emona Instruments

54

...:


- (),

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- (PCM Endoder) - (PCM Decoder)
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(frame synchronisation), . -
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57

2009 Emona Instruments

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FOTEx
(PCM Encoder), (PCM Decoder) Emona FOTEx 8 , 0 ,
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-2 , 1111111 +2 .
, 2 . , 1000000,
0000000 1111111, 0 (
+2 -2 ).

Emona FOTEx
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, ( ).

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50 .
:
1: - NI ELVIS II
2: DATEX
3: - ()

2009 Emona Instruments

58

NI ELVIS II USB-

Emona FOTEx

BNC - "" (2 )

"" (2 )

A
, .
-.
A
1.

, NI ELVIS II ,
.

2.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.

3.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.


1: . ,
NI ELVIS II, FOTEx.
2: FOTEx
.

4.

NI ELVIS II USB.
: .

5.

NI ELVIS II,
, ,
.

6.

7.

NI ELVISmx.

8.

Variable Power Supply (


).

9.

Variable
Power Supply 0 .

59

2009 Emona Instruments

10.

Mode PCM Encoder


PCM ().

11.

, 1.
:
(GND).

-, 2.
100kHz DIGITAL (
100 ) (Master Signals).
(Variable Power
Supplies).

2
Variable Power Supplies - , IN ,
CLK , FS To CH 0 0,
PCM data To CH 1 1, Master Signals

2009 Emona Instruments

60

12.

(VI) Oscilloscope NI ELVIS ().

13.

, 1 ( 15)
:

Scale ( ) 2 /. 1 /.
Coupling ( ) DC ( )
AC ( )
Trigger Level ( ) 2 0 .
Timebase ( ) 10 /. 500 /.

14.

Slope () - ().

15.

1 ( Channel 1 Enabled)
(PCM DATA) (FS).

16.

Voltage
(Variable Power Supplies),
2.5 .
: ,
, .
,
.

17.

Variable Power Supplies ( ).

18.

19.

Function Generator ( ).

20.

21.

Waveshape ( ): Sine ()
Frequency (): 500
Amplitude ( ): 4
DC Offset ( ): 0

3.
! , .

61

2009 Emona Instruments

-, 4.
(PCM Encoder) 500
(Function Generator).
PCM DATA (-).

Function Generator , IN , CLK ,


FS To C 0 0,
PCM data To CH 1 1


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

62

B
, , Emona FOTEx PCM Decoder (-).
22.

1 .

23.

5.

-, 6.
, ""
.

PCM Encoding - : Message To CH 0 0,


IN , CLK
PCM Decoding - : PCM data - ,
"Stolen" CLK , PCM Decoder ,
Output To CH 1 1

63

2009 Emona Instruments

24.

25.

Scale ( ) 1 /.
Vertical position ( ) 0
Coupling ( ) AC ( )
Trigger Level ( ) 0
SLOPE () + ().
Timebase ( ) 500 /.

1 ,
(PCM Decoder).

1
"", ,
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13.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
2
?
: ,
.
___________________________________________________________________

3
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

64


?
, PCM Encoder () PCM Decoder (-) . .
, -
( 0) . ,
0 1 .
,
101010 . ,
- .
,
.
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)
, .
, ,
,
.
.

65

2009 Emona Instruments

( )
, .
, ,
.
, ,
(Dynamic Signal Analyzer), . NI ELVIS
II ,

-.
26.

, Stop.
: ,
. ,

, .

27.

28.

NI ELVIS II Dynamic Signal Analyzer (


).
: , ,
7.

2009 Emona Instruments

66

29.

:
Input Settings ( )

Source Channel ( ) Scope CH1 (


1)

FFT Settings (
)

Averaging ()

Frequency Span ( ) 60,000


Resolution () 400
Window () 7 Term B-Harris
(- 7- )

Triggering ()

30.

Mode() RMS
( )
Weighting ()
Exponential ()
# of Averages (
) 3

Type () Edge ( )

Frequency Display ( )

Voltage Range 10V (


- 10 )

Units() dB (
)
Mode () RMS
()
Scale Auto ()

Cursor Settings (
)

Cursors On ( )
()

Run .
1: ,
, 8.
2: NI
ELVIS II , D .

67

2009 Emona Instruments

.
( ,
). ,
-, 25.
. ,
,
. ,
, , .
31.

-
: , .

,
NI ELVIS II .
32.

, Cursors On

( ).

: ,
.

NI ELVIS II , 1 2,
. , ""
.
33.

1.
: , 1 ,
,
.

34.

33 2.
:
Position () Cursor Setting ( ),
.

2009 Emona Instruments

68

NI ELVIS II ,
( ) .
.
35.

, .

36.

.
: .

, 0
. , ,
,

37. 1 .
38.

2 .

39

,
.


,
.

69

2009 Emona Instruments

.
, (
), , , .
( )
, 0 . ,
. , .
, -10 , 0.3 . 20 0.1 , -30 0.03, -40 . 0.01 .
40.

2
- .
: 2 ,

.


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

70

4 -
,
-.
. ,
, -
( ) .
41.

Frequency Span ( ) 15000 .

42.

2 500 .
: ( ).

43.

( ) 1 .

44.

2 , 1 .
4

500 1 , - :

500
1


,
.

71

2009 Emona Instruments

45.

, Stop ().

46.

, Run ().

47.

48.

2 .
: , Timebase
( ) 100/.

49.

3 .
5
, -
"". , ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

6
- ,
, , ,
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
50.

51.

52.

2, 6.


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

72

- ,
( ,
). (aliases).

.
"" -.
53.

500 .

54.

Frequency Span ( )
40000 .

55.

2 ,
: 12 13 , 24.5 25.5 , 37
38 .
7
Emona FOTEx , ,
?
: 2.

___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

73

2009 Emona Instruments


.
56.

, 9.

-, 10.
3
.

10

PCM Encoding - : Message To CH 0 0,


IN , CLK
PCM Decoding - : PCM data - , CLK ,
Reconstruction : 3kHz LPF 3 ,
Recovered message To CH 1 1

2009 Emona Instruments

74

57.

2
(. 55).
8:
?

___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
58.

59.

Timebase ( ) 50/.

60.

61.

.
9
.
( ,
)?

___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

75

2009 Emona Instruments

, .
62.

(Amplifier) 11.

11

63.

Gain
.

64.

65.

66.

Gain ,
.

67.

, .

68.

69.

.
: .


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

76

.
70.


12.

12

71.

Timebase ( )
2 /.

72.


,
.

77

2009 Emona Instruments

...:

5 -

5 -


, - (
) - .
, , , ,
, - (PCM Encoder) .
( )
( ), ,
, - .
, .
, ,
,
,
. 1,
(Message),

.
(Sampled message). ,
,

.
1
,
, .
, -
(PCM Decoder). , -

, .
, .

, , ,
:
=
,
( , ).
, ( ) ,
, . , ,
, :
= ( + + )
.

2009 Emona Instruments

80

( 1) ,
( , )
, :
, .
( ),
.
( ),
.
, . ,
500 , 8- -
100 . - ,
,
, , , 12.5 .
:

500 .

12 ( 12.5 - 500 ) 13 ( 12.5 +


500 )

24.5 25.5 ( 2 12.5 500 ),


37 38 ( 3 12.5 500 ), ,
.

, ! ,
, . , ,
()
(reconstruction) (anti-aliasing filter). ,
,
, .
.
,
. ,
. ,
,

(aliasing).

81

2009 Emona Instruments


Emona FOTEx
-
- 3 .
"" PCM Enoder.

, -,
NI ELVIS II .

(aliases).
, (aliasing), ,
, .
50 .
:
1: - NI ELVIS II
2: DATEX
3: - ()
4:

NI ELVIS II USB-

Emona FOTEx

BNC - "" (2 )

"" (2 )


A
, ,
-.
1.

, NI ELVIS II ,
.

2.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.

2009 Emona Instruments

82

3.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.


: FOTEx
.

4.

NI ELVIS II USB.
: .

5.

NI ELVIS II,
, ,
.

6.

7.

NI ELVISmx.

8.

NI ELVIS II Function Generator ( ).

9.

Waveshape ( ): Sine ()
Frequency (): 500
Amplitude ( ): 4
DC Offset ( ): 0

10.

Mode - PCM.

11.

, 2.

83

2009 Emona Instruments

-, 3.
- (PCM Encoder)
2 . - , , , (PCM Decoder) .
3 .

3
PCM Encoding - : Function Generator ,
Master Signals , Message To CH 0 0,
IN , CLK ,
PCM Decoding - : PCM data - ,
CLK ,
Reconstruction : 3kHz LPF 3 ,
Recovered message To CH 1 1

12.

NI ELVIS II

13.

,
1 (. 15).

14.

Timebase ( ) ,
.

15.

1 , ,
, .
: , ,
.


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

84

.

-.
16.

4.

-, 5.

5
PCM Encoding - : Message To CH 0 0,
IN , CLK ?
PCM Decoding - : PCM data - ,
CLK ,
Reconstruction : Recovered message
Sampled message To CH 1 1

85

2009 Emona Instruments

1

.
: .
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
17.

, Stop ().

18.

NI ELVIS II.

19.

:
Input Settings ( )

Source Channel ( ) Scope CH1 ( 1


)

FFT Settings (
)

Averaging ()

Frequency Span ( ) 45,000


Resolution () 400
Window () 7 Term B-Harris
(- 7- )

Triggering ()

Mode () RMS
( )
Weighting ()
Exponential ()
# of Averages (
) 3

Type () Edge ( )

Frequency Display ( )

Voltage Range 10V (


- 10 )

Units () dB (
)
Mode () RMS
()
Scale Auto ()

Cursor Settings (
)

Cursors On ( )
()

20.

( Cursors On ( )
, , -
2 .

21.

, 1.


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

86

1,
. , ,
. .
2

4 .
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

22.

(
) 4 .

23.

, -
.

24.

, 2.
3

?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

87

2009 Emona Instruments

25.

10 .

26.

6.

-, 7.
2 kHz SINE .
SYNC 100 ,
- -.

7
PCM Encoding : Function Generator ,
Master Signals , Message To Ch 0 0,
IN , CLK
PCM Decoding : PCM data ,
CLK ,
Reconstruction : Recovered message
Sampled message To Ch 1 1.

2009 Emona Instruments

88

27.

,
: 10.5 14.5 , 23 27 , 35.5 39.5 .
4
72
.
: 72 9000 /.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

28.

- ( ,
) 72 .

29.

, 4.
5
,
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

89

2009 Emona Instruments

D -
, ,
.
,
,
. , , ,
, , .
, ,
.
30.

- -
: 64 (8000 /c), 56 (7000 /c), 48
(6000 /c), 40 (5000 /c) 32 (4000 /c).
:
, , ,
,
.
6
,
4000 /c?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

90

31.

, - - 32
( 4 000 /).

32.

1
8, .

33.
34.

.
.
: ,
.


,
.

91

2009 Emona Instruments

,
(
, ).
( , ).
2 , 4000
/ ( - - 32 ). ,
, 32
. !
, . -,
.
-, .
( ).
2 , 3 . ,
6000 / ( 48 ),
, . -,
, 1 3 ,
, . , 6
/ ( 48 ) ,
.
,
.
35.
- - 8 (
, 40 , 48 , 56 ..), .
: 8 ,
1000 /.

36.
37.

, , 1.
-.
1.

2009 Emona Instruments

92

7
,
. ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

93

2009 Emona Instruments

...:

6 -
(TDMA)

6 -


.
""
,
( () (F) ).
(Frequency division multiplexing - FDM),
, .
(Time
division multiplexing - TDM),
( ,
),
( ).
, ,
.
. ,
- (PCM),
. PCM-TDM , ,
,

(Time division multiple access - TDMA)

, , -
. , -
. ,
( ) . -
,
,
( ). - "" ("")
, , ,
. ,
.
- PCM-TDM ( ,
). - , ,
, ,
. ,
, . ,
, , .
, .
,
,
. , ,
, .
,
. ,
.
6

2009 Emona Instruments

96


Emona FOTEx, . ,
, ,
PCM-TDM TDMA .
, (TDM)
.
40 .
:
1: - NI ELVIS II
2: DATEX
3: - ()
4: -
5: -

NI ELVIS II USB-

Emona FOTEx

BNC - "" (2 )

"" (2 )


A
-.
1.

, NI ELVIS ,
.

2.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS.

3.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.


: FOTEx
.

97

2009 Emona Instruments

4.

NI ELVIS II USB.
: .

5.

NI ELVIS II,
, ,
.

6.

7.

NI ELVISmx.

8.

Mode - PCM.

9.

, 1.

-, 2.
2 kHz SINE (Master Signals)
-. - -,
- .
3 (
)
-.

2009 Emona Instruments

98

2
PCM Encoding : Master Signals ,
Message To CH 0 0, IN , CLK ,
PCM Decoding : PCM data , CLK ,
Reconstruction : 3 kHz LPF 3 ,
Recovered message To CH 1 1

10.

NI ELVIS II

11.

,
1 (. 15)

12.

Timebase ( ) ,
.

13.

1 ,
.
: , ,
.


,
.

99

2009 Emona Instruments

PCM-TDM
- - Emona FOTEx
PCM-TDM.
PCM-TDM ,

(TDMA).
14.

NI ELVIS II Function Generator ( ).

15.

Waveshape ( ): Sine ()
Frequency (): 500
Amplitude ( ): 4
DC Offset ( ): 0

16.

Mode - TDM.

17.

, 3.

-, 4.
2 ( 1) 1
(INPUT 1) -, 500 ( 2)
2 (INPUT 2) -. 1
2 (OUTPUT 2) -.
, ,
PCM-TDM.

2009 Emona Instruments

100

4
PCM Encoding : Function Generator ,
Message-1 To CH 0 1 0, IN 1 1, IN 2 2,
CLK , PCM Decoding : PCM data ,
PCM-TDM data PCM-TDM, CLK
Reconstruction : 1 kHz LPF 1 ,
Recovered message-1 To CH 1 1 1,
Recovered message-2 2

18.

, , 1.
: , 1 .
.

19.

, 5.

101

2009 Emona Instruments

-, 6.

6
PCM Encoding : Message-2 To CH 0 2 0,
IN 1 1, IN 2 2, CLK ?
PCM Decoding : PCM data , PCM-TDM data PCM-TDM,
CLK , Reconstruction :
Recovered message-1 To CH 1 1,
Recovered message-2 2 1

20.

Timebase ( )
500 /.

21.

2 .
: , .
1
FOTEx
?
___________________________________________________________________
2
FOTEx ?
___________________________________________________________________
3

. ()
.

2009 Emona Instruments

102


,
.

, .
22.

7.

23.

Gain Amplifier
, .

24.

, .

25.

26.

Gain ,
-2.

27.

1 3
1.
: 1,
.


,
.

103

2009 Emona Instruments


,
-. ,
PCM-TDM ,
PCM-. .
28.

Mode - PCM.
: PCM-
12500 /.

29.

, 8.

30.

Timebase ( )
100 /.
: 1
.

31.

Mode - TDM.
: PCM-TDM
6250 /.
2: , 1
.

2009 Emona Instruments

104

4

-.
: , ,
5.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
4
32.

, 9.

105

2009 Emona Instruments

-, 10.

10
PCM Encoding :

Message-1 To CH 0 1 0, IN 1 1,
IN 2 2, CLK ,
PCM Decoding : PCM data ,
PCM-TDM data PCM-TDM, CLK , "Stepped" message-1 To CH 1 ""
1 1, Reconstruction :
Recovered message-1 1, Recovered message-2 2

33.

, Stop ().

34.

NI ELVIS II.

35.

:
Input Settings ( )

Source Channel ( ) Scope CH1 ( 1


)

FFT Settings (
)

Frequency Span ( ) 10,000


Resolution () 400
Window () 7 Term B-Harris
(- 7- )

Averaging ()

Triggering ()

Voltage Range 10V (


- 10 )

Mode() RMS
( )
Weighting ()
Exponential ()
# of Averages (
) 3

Type () Edge ( )

2009 Emona Instruments

106

Frequency Display ( )

36.

Units () dB (
)
Mode () RMS
()
Scale Auto ()

Cursor Settings (
)

Cursors On ( )
()

, 1.


,
.

5
,
.
: ,
.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

6
, ,
TDM - -.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

107

2009 Emona Instruments

...:



,
. , TTL 0 0 , 1
5 ( , 0 5).
,
(, , .) 0 5 . ,
, .
, ,
, ,
.
,
( ).
. ,
,
, .
, ,
, .
, :
- () (Non Return to Zero, NRZ).
1 ,
.
(Bi-L, , )
1,
1
.
.
(RZ-AMI).
1, 0 , 1
.
.
() (NRZ-M)
1
0.

2009 Emona Instruments

110

1
.
.

111

NRZ-L

fb/2

Bi-L

fb

RZ-AMI

fb/2

NRZ-M

fb/2

2009 Emona Instruments

, RZ-AMI

( ).

""
( , ).
,
.
, - .
.
FOTEx ""

. ,
.

. (Bit-clock

regeneration, BCR).

,
,
. () ,
. ,
.
, ,
(
),
.
, , 1
FOTEx .
.
Bi-L ( ) RZ-AMI,
, .

4 31- TTL-
.
NI ELVIS
II. ,
. , ,
,
.
, Emona FOTEx PCM Bit-clock Regenerator (
) -
"" ,
.
50 .
7

2009 Emona Instruments

112


1: - NI ELVIS II
2: DATEX
3: - ()
4: -
5: -
6:

NI ELVIS II USB-

Emona FOTEx

BNC - "" (2 )

"" (2 )

A
,
, .
1.

, NI ELVIS ,
.

2.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS.

3.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.


: FOTEx
.

4.

NI ELVIS II USB.
: .

5.

NI ELVIS II,
, ,
.

6.

7.

NI ELVISmx.

113

2009 Emona Instruments

8.

Sequence Generator ( )
, DIP- 00.
: NRZ-L
LINE CODE .

9.

, 2.

-, 3.
2 kHz DIGITAL
. X
31- . LINE CODE
- ,
DIP . SYNC

.

3
Master Signals , Sequence Generator ,
2 kHz Clock 2 , LINE CODE , X sequence To CH 0
0, Line Code To CH 1 1,
SYNC to TRIG SYNC TRIG.

2009 Emona Instruments

114

10.

NI ELVIS II

11.

,
1 (. 15), :

Coupling ( ) : D (
) ( )
Timebase ( ):1 /. 500 /.
Trigger Type ( ):Digital ().
: , 31-
.
12.

1 ( Enabled box),
X LINE CODE
.
: .

13.

Vertical Position (
) 1 -3 ,
.
: , 0 1
.
.
2: , 0 1
. , .

14.


.
1: .
2: ,
3: 0 .


,
.

115

2009 Emona Instruments

2009 Emona Instruments

116

15.

Bi-L, DIP-
01.

16.

,
0 .

17.

RZ-AMI, DIP-
10,
.

18.

NRZ-M, DIP-
11,
.

19.

,
.
: , ,
, , ,
. , ,
.

1
-?
___________________________________________________________________
2
?
___________________________________________________________________
3
0
?
___________________________________________________________________
4
RZ-AMI,
.
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

117

2009 Emona Instruments


Emona FOTEx
NI ELVIS II.
20.

NRZ-L, DIP-
00.

21.

22.

NI ELVIS II.

23.

:
Input Settings ( )

Source Channel ( ) Scope CH1 ( 1


)

FFT Settings (
)

Frequency Span ( ) 40,000


Resolution () 400
Window () 7 Term B-Harris
(- 7- )

Averaging ()

Triggering ()

Mode() RMS
( )
Weighting ()
Exponential ()
# of Averages (
) 3

Type () Digital ()

Frequency Display ( )

Voltage Range 10V (


- 10 )

Units () dB (
)
Mode () RMS
()
Scale Auto ()

Cursor Settings ( )

Cursors On ( )
()

,
4.
,
.
,
.
, "", , ,
,
(
, ).
"" ,
,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

118

24.

.
: , ,
, , .
, .

Bi-L ( ) ,
,
. FOTEx
, ,
, Bi-L .
25.

NRZ-L, DIP-
00..

26.

"" ( 40 )
2.

27.

. 26 .
2


( 40 )
NRZ-L
Bi-L
RZ-AMI
NRZ-M


,
.

119

2009 Emona Instruments

Bi-L ,
.
28.

NRZ-L.

29.

( Cursors On).

30.

(
).

31.

3.

32.

3
.

3


NRZ-L
Bi-L
RZ-AMI
NRZ-M

5
2 3, ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

120


, ,
,
. FOTEx ,
.
.
33.

NRZ-L.

34.

Frequency Span ( )
3000 40 000 .

35.

36.

4.
1:
Y.
2:
.

37.


( ).

(
)

NRZ-L
Bi-L
RZ-AMI
NRZ-M


,
.

121

2009 Emona Instruments

6
, FOTEx ,
, ?
___________________________________________________________________
7
FOTEx ,
?
___________________________________________________________________
8
FOTEx ,
??
___________________________________________________________________
9
( )
( ) .
: .
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
10

" = Log-1 (/20)", ,
.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

122

D Emona FOTEx
, NRZ-L
,
. , -,
, , NRZ-L . [
,
Bi-L RZ-AMI, , , .]
,
Emona FOTEx ,
100
-.
- ,
.
38.

39

40.

Mode - PCM.

41.

, 5.

-, 6.
2 kHz SINE (Master Signals)
-. - -,
- .
3
-. ,
- "" -.

123

2009 Emona Instruments

6
PCM Encoding : Master Signals
Message To CH 0 1 0, IN 1 ,
CLK , PCM Decoding : PCM data ,
"Stolen" CLK "" ,
Reconstruction : 3 kHz LPF 3 ,
Recovered message To CH 1 1

42.

NI ELVIS II

43.

,
1 (. 15)

44.

Timebase ( )
, .

45.

1 ,
, .
: , ,
.


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

124

46.

NI ELVIS II.

47.

100.
: ,
SYNC .

48.

, 7.

-, 8.
- - 100 ,
.

PCM Encoding : Message To CH 0 1 0,


IN 1 , CLK , PCM Decoding :
PCM data , Function generator , Reconstruction :
Recovered message To CH 1 1

125

2009 Emona Instruments

49.

.
: .
11
, , -?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

126

.
(open-loop)
,
( ),
-.
(closed-loop)
. ,
, ,
. PCM Bit-clock Regenerator (
) Emona FOTEx .
- .
50.

9.

-, 10.
-
, -
100 .

127

2009 Emona Instruments

10

PCM Encoding : Message To CH 0 1 0,


IN 1 , CLK , PCM Decoding :
PCM data , PCM Bit-Clock Regeneration , Reconstruction
:
Recovered message To CH 1 1

51.

.
: ,
, ,
"" -.
12
, ,
- 100 ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

128

...:

8 -


. ,
,
( ).
, ,

( , 1300 1700 )
. , , ,
.
, ,
, Emona FOTEx , (LEDs)
,
.
, ,

, (,
, ).
FOTEx (Transmitter Modules)
Emona FOTEx ,
"" . ,

,
.
, .
, , .
.
Emona FOTEx ( ).
(, -)
. , ,
,
.
FOTEx
,
.
. ,
, , . ,
.

131

2009 Emona Instruments

. -,
,
, 1.
. ,
, 2.5 (
1), .
,
2.5 .

1
) ; ) - , 2.5

.
5 , .
.
.
FOTEx (FOTEx Receiver Modules)
Emona FOTEx , ""
. ,

, .
,
, , .
,
. ,
, ,
(, ).
,
.
. , , ,
,
(5 1, 0 0). ,
,
, , -.

2009 Emona Instruments

132


Emona FOTEx
. ,
.
45 .

1: - NI ELVIS II
2: DATEX

Emona FOTEx ,
, .

NI ELVIS II USB-

Emona FOTEx

BNC - "" (2 )

"" (2 )


A Emona FOTEx
Emona FOTEx,
, .
1.

, NI ELVIS II ,
.

2.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.

3.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.


1: . ,
NI ELVIS II FOTEx.
2: FOTEx
.

133

2009 Emona Instruments

4.

NI ELVIS II USB.
: .

5.

NI ELVIS II,
, ,
.

6.

7.

NI ELVISmx.

8.

NI ELVIS II Variable Power Supply (


).

9.


, 0 .

10.


Mode DIGITAL ().

11.

, 2, ,
.
: ,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

134

-, 3.
-
.

3
Variable Power Supplies , Transmitter (Red) ( ), Light
Output

12.

, ,
, .

13.


, .

14.


, , .
: ,
.
1
,
( )?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

15.

135


0 .

2009 Emona Instruments

16.


0.1 ,
. 1.

17.


0.1 ,
. 1.
2

"1"


"0"

2
,
0 1 . ,
( ). ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

136

18.

19.

NI ELVIS II Function Generator ( ).

20.

Waveshape ( ): Triangular ()
Frequency (): 0.5
Amplitude ( ): 5
DC Offset ( ): 0

21.

Mode ANALOG

22.

, 4.

().

-, 5.

.

Fucntion Generator , Transmitter (Red) ( ),


Light Output

137

2009 Emona Instruments

23.

, ..
: ,
.
3
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

24.

5 , 10 , 20 , 30
50 . .
4
, ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

25.

0.5 .

26.

10 .

2009 Emona Instruments

138

5
?
: ,
5 .
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
6
?
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

27.

5 .

28.

.
: , Mode
ANALOG.

29.

23 26,
.


,
.

139

2009 Emona Instruments

FOTEx
FOTEx
.
30.

31.

Waveshape ( ): Sine ()
Frequency (): 1
Amplitude ( ): 5
DC Offset ( ): 0

32.


Mode ANALOG.

33.

Gain Range ( )
LO.

34.

Variable Gain ( )
.

35.

, 6, ..32-34
.
: (GND).

-, 7.
.
,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

140

7
Function Generator , Transmitter (Red) ( ),
Receiver , Analog Message To CH 0 0,
Recovered message To CH 1 1

36.
.


.
: ,
.

37.

NI ELVIS II

38.

,
1 (. 15), :

Channel 1 Scale ( 1): 2 /. 1/


Timebase ( ): 200 /. 500 /
39.

1 ,

:
.

40.

( )
: 10 , 20 , 50 , 100 1000 .
:
Timebase ( ) ,
.


,
.

141

2009 Emona Instruments

41.

(
) 1 , 10 , .
7
, ?
___________________________________________________________________

8
?
: , .
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
9
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
10
, -,
,
? .
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

142

FOTEx
FOTEx
.
42.

43.

44.


Mode DIGITAL ().

45.

Gain Range ( )
LO.

46.

Variable Gain ( )
.

47.

, 8, 4446 .

-, 9.
10 kHz DIGITAL
, - .
31-
,
, SYNC
. [:
, ].
,
,
.

143

2009 Emona Instruments

9
Master Signals , Sequence Generator ,
Digital Message To CH 0 0, Transmitter (Red) ( ),
Receiver , Recovered message To CH 1 1

48.

:
Coupling ( ) : D ( )
( )
Timebase ( ): 200 /. 500 /.
Vertical Position ( ) 1: -5 0
Trigger Type ( ): Digital ()
: , 31 .
11
, ,
, ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

2009 Emona Instruments

144

49.

11, 1
, 10.

10


,
.

145

2009 Emona Instruments

2009 Emona Instruments

146

...:

9 PCM-TDM "T1"

9 PCM-TDM "T1"

6 , - (PCM)
(TDM)
. ,
,
(TDMA). 7
,
- -.
. 8 , (
)
.
, .
, PCM-TDM,

-. ,
Bell "T1" ( -
).

Emona FOTEx . ,
, ,
PCM-TDM TDM.
FOTEx. , ,

-.
40 .

1: - NI ELVIS II
2: FOTEX
3: - ()
4: -
5:
6:
7:
8: .


.

2009 Emona Instruments

148

NI ELVIS II USB-

Emona FOTEx

BNC - "" (2 )

"" (2 )


A -
Bell "T1" - .
1.

, NI ELVIS ,
.

2.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS.

3.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.


: FOTEx
.

4.

NI ELVIS II USB.
: .

5.

NI ELVIS II,
, ,
.

6.

7.

NI ELVISmx.

149

2009 Emona Instruments

8.

Mode - PCM

9.

, 1.

-, 2.
2 kHz SINE (Master Signals)
-. - -,
- .
3
-.
- "" -.

2
PCM Encoding : Master Signals ,
Message To CH 0 0, IN 1 , CLK ,
PCM Decoding : PCM data , CLK ,
Reconstruction : 3 kHz LPF 3 ,
Recovered message To CH 1 1

2009 Emona Instruments

150

10.

NI ELVIS II

11.

,
1 (. 15)

12.

Timebase ( ) ,
.

13.

1 ,
.
: , ,
.


,
.

PCM-TDM
Bell "T1" -
PCM-TDM.
14.

NI ELVIS II Function Generator ( ).

15.

Waveshape ( ): Sine ()
Frequency (): 500
Amplitude ( ): 4
DC Offset ( ): 0

16.

Mode - TDM.

17.

, 3.

151

2009 Emona Instruments

-, 4.
2 ( 1) 1
(INPUT 1) -, 500 ( 2)
2 (INPUT 2) -. 1
2 (OUTPUT 2) -.
PCM-TDM , ,
.

4
PCM Encoding : Function Generator ,
Message-1 To CH 0 1 0, IN 1 1, IN 2 2,
CLK , PCM-TDM Data PCM-TDM,
PCM Decoding : PCM data , CLK ,
Reconstruction : 1 kHz LPF 1 ,
Recovered message 1 To CH 1 1 1,
Recovered message 2 2

2009 Emona Instruments

152

18.

, , 1.
: , 1 ,
.. . .

19.

, 5.

-, 6.

6
PCM Encoding : Message-2 To CH 0 2 0,
IN 1 1, IN 2 2,
CLK , PCM-TDM Data PCM-TDM,
PCM Decoding : PCM data , CLK ,
Reconstruction : Recovered message 1 1,
Recovered message 2 To CH 1 2 1

153

2009 Emona Instruments

20.

Timebase ( )
500 /.

21.

2 .
: .


,
.


Bell "T1"
. ,
.
22.

Mode
DIGITAL ().
: ,
, .

23.

Gain Range
( ) LO.

24.

Variable Gain ( )
.

25.

, 7, 2224 .

2009 Emona Instruments

154

-, 8.
PCM-TDM - ,
.
( ), .

8
PCM Encoding & Optical Transmission :
Message-2 To CH 0 2 0, IN 1 1, IN 2 2,
CLK , Transmitter (Red) ( ),
PCM-TDM Data over optical channel PCM-TDM, ,
Optical Reception & PCM Decoding -:
Receiver , PCM data , CLK ,
Reconstruction : Recovered message 1 1,
Recovered message 2 To CH 1 2 1

155

2009 Emona Instruments

26.

, ,
2.

27.

,
PCM-TDM, .
1: ,
.
2: , .

28.

, 9.

2009 Emona Instruments

156

-, 10.

10
PCM Encoding & Optical Transmission :
Message-1 To CH 0 1 0, IN 1 1, IN 2 2,
CLK , Transmitter (Red) ( ),
PCM-TDM Data over optical channel PCM-TDM, ,
Optical Reception & PCM Decoding :
Receiver , PCM data , CLK ,
Reconstruction : Recovered message 1 To CH 1 1 1,
Recovered message 2 2

29.

Timebase ( )
100 /.

30.

, , 1
( ).

31.

,
.


,
.

157

2009 Emona Instruments

D
Bell "T1"
-
(PCM Bit-Clock Regenerator Module).
32.

, 11.

11

-, 12.
PCM-TDM, ,
.
-,
-.

2009 Emona Instruments

158

12
PCM Encoding & Optical Transmission :
Message-1 To CH 0 1 0, IN 1 1, IN 2 2,
CLK , Transmitter (Red) ( ),
PCM-TDM Data over optical channel PCM-TDM, ?
Optical Reception & PCM Decoding with Bit-clock Regeneration
: Receiver , PCM data ,
PCM Bit-Clock Regenerator ,
Reconstruction : Recovered message 1 To CH 1 1 1,
Recovered message 2 2

33.

, , 1.

34.

, 13.

13

159

2009 Emona Instruments

-, 14.

14
PCM Encoding & Optical Transmission :
Message-2 To CH 0 2 0, IN 1 1, IN 2 2,
CLK , Transmitter (Red) ( ),
PCM-TDM Data over optical channel PCM-TDM,
Optical Reception & PCM Decoding with Bit-clock Regeneration
: Receiver , PCM data ,
PCM Bit-Clock Regenerator ,
Reconstruction : Recovered message 1 1,
Recovered message 2 To CH 1 2 1

35.

Timebase ( )
500 /.

36.

, ,
2.


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

160

.
37.

, 15.

15

38.

Gain
.

39.

40.

41.

Gain ,
1.

42.

1 , .

43.

2 kHz SINE
3 .

161

2009 Emona Instruments

44.

1.
: , ,
.
1
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

45.

3
.

46.

2 , .

47.

1
.

48.

2.
: .


,
.

2009 Emona Instruments

162

163

2009 Emona Instruments

10 - ,

...:

10 ,

, ,
. ,
(TDM),
.
, .
(Wavelength Division Multiplexing, WDM)
.
WDM ,
. WDM Emona FOTEx
WDM-. WDM-
, , . WDM-
, .

,
.
, .
, , .
,
( ). ,
, . ,
, - , .


. ,
,
.
(, , , )
. ,
,
(fused-fiber coupler), Emona FOTEx .
1.

165

2009 Emona Instruments

10

( -),
A D. A D , ,
, . ,
D, . , B C ,
, , ( , B C C B).

. , : A C, C A, B
D, D B.
, ( D),
( ). ,
( ).
(), . 1.
1


A D
D A
B C
C B


A C
C A
B D
D B

, , -
: , , D
C, C D. ,
, , ,
.
, , ,
. , A.
, D () C ().
B, D () C ().
,
. .

WDM- Emona
FOTEx. (Coupler Module)
c . ,
. .

.
50 .

10

2009 Emona Instruments

166


1: - NI ELVIS II
2: FOTEX
8: .

, , Emona FOTEx, ,
.

NI ELVIS II USB-

Emona FOTEx

BNC - "" (2 )

"" (2 )

A WDM- Emona FOTEx


.
WDM-
Emona FOTEx.
1.

, NI ELVIS ,
.

2.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS.

3.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.


: FOTEx
.

4.

NI ELVIS II USB.
: .

5.

NI ELVIS II,
, ,
.

6.

7.

NI ELVISmx.

167

2009 Emona Instruments

10

8.

NI ELVIS II Function Generator ( ).

9.

Waveshape ( ): Sine ()
Frequency (): 1
Amplitude ( ): 4
DC Offset ( ): 0

10.


Mode ANAOLG ().

11.

, 2, ,
.
: ,
.

-, 3.
- .

3
Function Generator , Transmitter (Red) ( ),
Light Output

10

2009 Emona Instruments

168

12.

, ,
, .

13.

, .

14.

, 4.
: , .

-, 5.
WDM-.

5
Transmitter (Red) ( ), WDM Filter Red WDM-,
Light Output

15.

, ..
: ,
.

169

2009 Emona Instruments

10

16.

WDM- , 6.

-, 7.
WDM-.

7
Tx (Red) ( ), WDM Filter Green WDM-,
Light Output

17.

, ..,
WDM-.
: ,
, . 15.

1
, ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

10

2009 Emona Instruments

170


,
.

18.

( )
1000 .

19.

Gain Range
( ) LO.

20.

Variable Gain ( )
.

21.

, 8,
.. 19-20 WDM-.
: ( GND).

-, 9.
.

WDM-, ,
.

171

2009 Emona Instruments

10

9
Analog Message To CH 0 0, Tx (Red) ( ), WDM Filter
Red WDM-, Receiver , Recovered message To CH 1 1

22.

NI ELVIS II

23.

,
1 (. 15).

24.

1 ( Cursors On),

.
:
.


,
.

10

2009 Emona Instruments

172

25.

WDM- , 10.

10

-, 11.
, ,
WDM-.

11
Analog Message To CH 0 0, Tx (Red) ( ),
WDM Filter Green WDM-, Rx ,
Recovered message To CH 1 1

26.

173

2009 Emona Instruments

10

2
, ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

27.

Channel 1 Scale ( 1)
20/ 1/.
: .

28.

, , ,
.
1: , .
2: , .

3
, ,
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

10

2009 Emona Instruments

174

FOTEx

Emona FOTEx (Coupler modules)
29.

1 .

30.

31.

Waveshape ( ): Sine ()
Amplitude ( ): 4
DC Offset ( ): 0

,
12.

12

-, 13.
.
.

175

2009 Emona Instruments

10

13
Function Generator , Transmitter (Red) ( ),
Coupler , Port D Output D, Port C Output C

32.

, ..
: ,
, C D. A.

33.

.
?


,
.

34.

, 14.

14

10

2009 Emona Instruments

176

-, 15.
, ,
.

15
Tx (Red) ( ),
Port Output

35.

, ..
: ,
, B!

4
B ,
, ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

36.

Gain Range
( ) LO.

37.

Variable Gain ( )
.
:
.

38.

177

( , )
1000 .

2009 Emona Instruments

10

39.

, 16, .. 3637 .

16

-, 17.
, ,
A .
, D. C c
.

17
Analog Message To CH 0 0, Tx (Red) ( ),
Receiver , Recovered message To CH 1 1

10

2009 Emona Instruments

178

40.

, ,
1 (. 15).

41.

1 , .
:
( C ).

42.

.
2 .


,
.

43.

1, 18,
.

18

-, 19.

179

2009 Emona Instruments

10

19
Analog Message To CH 0 0, Tx (Red) ( ),
Receiver , Recovered message To CH 1 1

44.

.
: - ,
D .

45.

.
2.

2
C

5
, D?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

6
,
C D ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

10

2009 Emona Instruments

180


,
.

Emona FOTEx

Emona FOTEx.
46.

.
: , ,
20
( ).
, , .

47.


Mode ANALOG ().

48.

Mode
DIGITAL ().

49.

Gain Range ( )
LO.

50.

Variable Gain ( )
.

51.

, 20.
: Mode ,
,
(Master Signals).

181

2009 Emona Instruments

10

20

-, 21.

( ). A B
C D.

21

Master Signals , Analog Message To CH 0 0, Transmitter


(Red) ( ), Coupler , Receiver ,
Combined Message , Combined message To CH 1 1

10

2009 Emona Instruments

182

52.

, ,
1 (. 15), :
Timebase ( ): 100 /. 500 /.

53.

1 , .
:
( C ).

54.

,
,
.
1: ,
.
2: ,
.

7
, .
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

8
?
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

183

2009 Emona Instruments

10

55.

, 22.

22

-, 23.

23
Analog Message To CH 0 0, Tx (Red) ( ), Receiver
, Combined Message , Combined message To CH 1 1

10

2009 Emona Instruments

184

9
,
, ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

185

2009 Emona Instruments

10

10

2009 Emona Instruments

186

...:

11

11 -

, ,
, ,
. , ,
.
, ,
.

. ,
.
( ).
,
.
, 4- ,
A D. , ,
( ,
). , , , D ( )
C ( ). , .
, , C D ,
, / B .
.
1
.

1
Station 1 1, Station 2 2, Optical Channel , Input ,
Output , Tx , Rx

11

2009 Emona Instruments

188

, 1 ( B
D). (Rx) 2
( ). 2
( D B), , 1,
( D ).
, ,
(
).
, 10 ,
, .
, , . ,
.
, , .

Emona FOTEx
. , ,
.
50 .

1: - NI ELVIS II
2: FOTEX
8: .
10: , .


.

189

2009 Emona Instruments

11

NI ELVIS II USB-

Emona FOTEx

BNC - "" (2 )

"" (2 )


A -

.
1.

, NI ELVIS ,
.

2.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS.

3.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.


: FOTEx
.

4.

NI ELVIS II USB.
: .

5.

NI ELVIS II,
, ,
.

6.

7.

NI ELVISmx.

8.


Mode ANAOLG ().

9.

Gain Range
( ) HI.

10.

Variable Gain ( )
.

11

2009 Emona Instruments

190

11.

, 2, ,
.. 8-10.

-, 3. 1
, 2 .
2 kHz SINE
.
.
,
.

191

2009 Emona Instruments

11

3
Station 1 1, Master Signals , Analog Message To CH 0
0, Transmitter (Red) ( ), Coupler (Left) (),
Optical channel , Coupler (Right) (), Receiver ,
Recovered Analog message To CH 1 1

12.

NI ELVIS II

13.

, ,
1 (. 15), :

14.

Timebase ( ): 100 /.
500 /.

1 ,
2.
: ,
.


,
.



. .
15.

Mode
DIGITAL ().

16.

Gain Range ( )
LO.

17.

Variable Gain ( )
.

11

2009 Emona Instruments

192

18.

19.

Input Coupling ( ) : D (
) ( )
hannel 1 Vertical Position ( 1): -5 0
Timebase ( ): 50 /. 100 /.
Trigger Type ( ): Digital () Edge ( ).

, 4.

193

2009 Emona Instruments

11

-, 5.
, . 2
,
100 . (
) .

5
Analog Message , Recovered digital message To CH 1
1, Transmitter (Red) ( ), Receiver ,
Station 1 1, Optical channel , Station 2 2, Recovered Analog message
, Digital message To CH 0 0, Sequence Generator
, Master Signals .

20.


1.
: ,
.

1
?

1 2
2 1

2
?

1 2
2 1

11

2009 Emona Instruments

194

3
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

20.

, 6.

195

2009 Emona Instruments

11

-, 7.

.

7
Analog Message To CH 0 0, Recovered digital message
, Transmitter (Red) ( ), Receiver ,
Station 1 1, Optical channel , Station 2 2, Recovered Analog message To CH 1
1, Digital message , Sequence Generator
, Master Signals .

22.

23.

Input Coupling ( ) : AC (
)
hannel 1 Vertical Position ( 1): 0
Timebase ( ): 100 /.
Trigger Type ( ): Edge ( ).

.
: ,
.
4
, .
?
___________________________________________________________________
5
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

11

2009 Emona Instruments

196

6
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

7
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
8
( 1)
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

197

2009 Emona Instruments

11

9

?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
9.

24.

,
.

25.

26.

.. 24-25 . ,
.

27.

, 8.

11

2009 Emona Instruments

198

-,
5.
28.

29.

Input Coupling ( ) : AC (
)
hannel 1 Vertical Position ( 1): -5
Timebase ( ): 50 /.
Trigger Type ( ): Digital ().

.. 24-26.
: , , (
) .. 24 26
.
10
, 9.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

,
, .

, ,
. ,
.
, ,
.
,
. 12 " "
(WDM).


,
.

199

2009 Emona Instruments

11

11

2009 Emona Instruments

200

...:

12

12
9 ,
.
(TDM) -
(PCM).
, (
, ) TDM.
,
(WDM). ,
. ,
,
, .

.
Emona FOTEx,
, 1.

1
Tx , Multiplexing , Optical Channel ,
Demultiplexing , Filter , Rx

, B,
. ,
D, ..
.
, (C D) ( 1
D, C),
, ,
. ,
, C D,
,
.

12

2009 Emona Instruments

202

1, ,
.
, , WDM,
.

Emona FOTEx,
.
, .

, . , ,
-
.
40 A B 10
C.

:
1: - NI ELVIS II
2: DATEX
8:
10: ,
11:
:
3: - ()
4: -
5: -
6:
7:
9: PCM-TDM "T1"


.

203

2009 Emona Instruments

12

NI ELVIS II USB-

Emona FOTEx

BNC - "" (2 )

"" (2 )


A

.

.
1.

, NI ELVIS ,
.

2.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS.

3.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.


: FOTEx
.

4.

NI ELVIS II USB.
: .

5.

NI ELVIS II,
, ,
.

6.

7.

NI ELVISmx.

8.


Mode ANALOG ().

9.

Gain Range
( ) HI.

10.

Variable Gain ( )
.

12

2009 Emona Instruments

204

11.

, 2, ,
.. 8-10.

-, 3.
.
2 kHz SINE .
, .. .

3
Master Signals , Message-1 To CH 0 1 0,
Transmitter (Red) ( ), Coupler (Left) (),
Optical Channel , Coupler (Right) (),
Receiver , Recovered message-1 To CH 1 1 1

205

2009 Emona Instruments

12

12.

NI ELVIS II.

13.

, ,
1 (. 1-13), :

14.

Timebase ( ): 100 /. 500 /.

1 ,
1, .
: ,
.

15.

Mode
DIGITAL ().

16.

, 4.

12

2009 Emona Instruments

206

-, 5.

( 10 kHz DIGITAL ).

5
Master Signals , Message-1 To CH 0 1 0,
Message-2 2, Transmitter (Red) ( ),
Transmitter (Green) ( ),
Coupler (Left) (),
Optical Channel , Coupler (Right) (),
Receiver , Recovered messages To CH 1 1.

17.

.
: ,
. 14.
1
.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
2
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

207

2009 Emona Instruments

12

2
18.

19.

, ,
.., , .

20.

,
, .
: , .

21.

,
, .

22.

, ,
.
3

?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
4
,
, ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

12

2009 Emona Instruments

208

4
23.

, 6.

-, 7.
. ,
( 1).

209

2009 Emona Instruments

12

7
Message-1 To CH 0 1 0, Message-2 2, Tx (Red)
( ), Tx (Green) ( ),
Coupler (Left) (), Optical Channel ,
Coupler (Right) (), WDM Filter Red WDM-, Rx ,
Recovered message-1 To CH 1 1 1

24.

Channel 1 Scale ( 1)
200/.

25.

.
: 1.


,
.

12

2009 Emona Instruments

210



. ,
, .
.
26.

Gain
Range ( ) HI.

27.

Variable Gain ( )
.

28.

29.

Input Coupling ( ) : D (
) ( )
hannel 1 Vertical Position ( 1): -5 0
Channel 1 Scale ( 1): 1 /. 200 /.
Trigger Level ( ): 2 0 .

, 4.

211

2009 Emona Instruments

12

-, 9.
D WDM-,
.
2.

9
Message-2 To CH 0 2 0, Message-2 2, Tx (Red)
( ), Tx (Green) ( ),
Multiplexing , Optical Channel ,
Demultiplexing , WDM Filter Green WDM-,
Receiver , Recovered message-1 - 1
Recovered message-2 To CH 1 2 1

30.

2
.
: ,
10 .


,
.

12

2009 Emona Instruments

212

31.

32.

Input Coupling ( ) : (
)
hannel 1 Vertical Position ( 1): 0
Channel 1 Scale ( 1): 200 /.
Trigger Level ( ): 0 .

, 10.

10

33.

34.

Channel 1 Scale ( 1) 50 /.

35.

.
: 2.

213

2009 Emona Instruments

12

5
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

6
2
1?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

7
2
1, . ?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

TDM-WDM
, WDM
. , TDM .
, ,
.
TDM-WDM.
36.

37.

NI ELVIS II Function Generator ( ).

38.

Waveshape ( ): Sine ()
Frequency (): 1
Amplitude ( ): 4
DC Offset ( ): 0

12

2009 Emona Instruments

214

39.

Mode
DIGITAL ().

40.

:
Input Coupling ( ) : D (

)
hannel 1 Vertical Position ( 1): -5
Channel 1 Scale ( 1): 1 /.
Trigger Level ( ): 2 .

41.

, 11.

11

215

2009 Emona Instruments

12

-, 12.
. 1 2
2 kHz SINE (
1 ) . PCM-TDM , .
10kHz DIGITAL
, .
, PCM-TDM,
WDM- -, ,
.
- -
.
, 3, WDM-
.

12
Message-1 (analog) - 1 (), Message-2 (analog) - 2 (),
Message-3 (Digital) To CH 0 3 () 0, IN 1 1,
IN 2 2, CLK , Tx (Red) ( ),
Tx (Green) ( ), Optical Channel , Rx ,
PCM data - , PCM BCR ,
Recovered message-1 - 1, Recovered message-2 - 2,
Recovered message-3 To CH 1 - 3 1

42.

,
( 3).

43.

44.

Input Coupling ( ) : A (
)
hannel 1 Vertical Position ( 1): 0
Timebase ( ): 200 /.
Trigger Level ( ): 0 .

, 13.

12

2009 Emona Instruments

216

13

45.

2
1 .
: ,
1 .


,
.

217

2009 Emona Instruments

12

46.

, 14.

14

47.

1
3 .
: ,
2 (
).

12

2009 Emona Instruments

218


,
.

, ,
? .
48.

, 15.

15

219

2009 Emona Instruments

12

49.

Timebase ( )
50 /.

50.

.
:
,


,
.

12

2009 Emona Instruments

220

221

2009 Emona Instruments

12

...:

13

13 -

- ,
. , ,
, .
,
,
, ,
, , ..
,
.

, .

( ) ()
:

10 Log10

P1
,
P2

P1 - , P2- .
, ,
:

20 Log10

V1
V2

V1 - , V2 - .
Emona FOTEx
.
, .
100 . ,
Emona FOTEx, , ,
.
, ,
. ,
, , 3 .
1 ,
.

223

2009 Emona Instruments

13

,
, : , ,
.
,
. , Emona
FOTEx . 2 .
. ,
- ,
, , , , , ,
.
(
), , (, WDM-
), . ,
3 , , .
, WDM- ,
. ,
, ( ),
( ). ,
WDM- , 6 7
.
, , - ,
, , .
.
, , ,
. ,
.

-
, , .
,
.
WDM-
. , ,
,
.
50-60 .

:
1: - NI ELVIS II
2: DATEX
8:
10: ,

13

2009 Emona Instruments

224

NI ELVIS II USB-

Emona FOTEx

Emona FOTEx

BNC - "" (2 )

"" (2 )


A -

. .
1.

, NI ELVIS ,
.

2.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS.

3.

Emona FOTEx NI ELVIS II.


: FOTEx
.

4.

NI ELVIS II USB.
: .

5.

NI ELVIS II,
, ,
.

6.

7.

NI ELVISmx.

225

2009 Emona Instruments

13

8.


Mode ANAOLG ().

9.

Gain Range
( ) LO.

10.

Variable Gain ( )
.

11.

, 1, ,
8-10.
:
.

-, 2.
2 kHz SINE .

,
.

2
Master Signals , Transmitter (Red) ( ),
Receiver , Analog Message To CH 0 0,
Recovered message To CH 1 1

13

2009 Emona Instruments

226

12.

NI ELVIS II

13.

, ,
1 (. 1-13), :

14.

Channel 1 Scale ( 1): 2/ 1/.

1 ,
, .
: ,
2 .

15.

, .
: , ,
Variable Gain ,
.

16.

(RMS)
. 1
.
:
.

17.

, 90
, , . 16.

18.

. 17 .

19.

. 17, .
: .

20.

, 90 ,
, . 16.

21.

. 20 .

22.

1 (Vmax) (Vmin)
, ,
.
1.

20 Log (

227

2009 Emona Instruments

Vmin
)
Vmax

13

Vmax
Vmin ()

1
, ,
.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

2
, c , ,
1?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

3

1? .
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

13

2009 Emona Instruments

228

-
.
,
.
.
, ,
. ,
,
.
23.

1
.. 15 - 22,

3 .


,
.

- WDM-

WDM- .
24.

, . 23,
1.

25.

,
Variable Gain ,
.
: , 7.6 ,
7 .

26.

229

3 236

2009 Emona Instruments

13

27.

WDM-, 3.
: , . 23.

-, 4.
WDM-.

4
Tx (Red) ( ), WDM Filter Red WDM-, Rx , Analog Message
To CH 0 0, Recovered message To CH 1 1

13

2009 Emona Instruments

230

28.

1 (Scale),
, .

29.


3.

30.

WDM- ( ,
), ,
, 2.

31.

, 5, WDM- .

-, 6.

WDM-.

6
Tx (Red) ( ), WDM Filter Green WDM-, Rx ,
Analog Message To CH 0 0,
Recovered message To CH 1 1

231

2009 Emona Instruments

13

32.

1 (Scale),
.

33.


3.

34.


,
2.


,
.

35.

Mode
ANALOG ().

36.

, 7,
.

13

2009 Emona Instruments

232

-, 8.

.

8
Transmitter (Green) ( ), Rx , Analog Message To CH 0
0, Recovered message To CH 1 1

37.

Channel 1 Scale ( 1)
1/
.

1 8, ,
. : 1)
; / 2)
.
,
. ,
,
WDM-.
( ).
38.

Variable Gain
, ,
3.0 . 2.


,
.

233

2009 Emona Instruments

13

39.

WDM-, 9.

-, 4.

WDM-.

10
Tx (Green) ( ), WDM Filter Green WDM-,
Rx , Analog Message To CH 0 0,
Recovered message To CH 1 1

40.

1 (Scale),
.

41.


3.

42.

WDM- ( ,
), ,
, 2.

13

2009 Emona Instruments

234

43.

, 5, WDM- .

11

-, .
WDM-.

12
Tx (Green) ( ), WDM Filter Red WDM-,
Rx , Analog Message To CH 0 0,
Recovered message To CH 1 1

44.

1 (Scale),
.

45.


3.

46.


,
2.

235

2009 Emona Instruments

13

WDM-

(. 41)


(. 30)

(. 45)

(. 46)

WDM-

(. 41)


(. 42)

(. 33)

(. 34)


,
.

4
, WDM-
, Emona FOTEx.
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

13

2009 Emona Instruments

236

5
, , WDM-,
- ( , ).
:
.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
6

WDM- .
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
:

Log 1 (

)
20

.
7
6 ,

WDM-.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________


,
.

237

2009 Emona Instruments

13

D -
.
47.

, 13.

13

48.

1 (Scale),
.

49.

,

2.

13

2009 Emona Instruments

238

50.

, 14.
: , ,
.

14

-, 15.

.

15
Tx (Green) ( ), Coupler - , Rx ,
Analog Message To CH 0 0,
Recovered message To CH 1 1

51.

1 (Scale),
.

52.


4
242.

53.

,

2.

239

2009 Emona Instruments

13


,
.

54.

, 16.

16

-, 17.

.

17
Tx (Green) ( ), Coupler - , Rx ,
Analog Message To CH 0 0,
Recovered message To CH 1 1

55.

1 (Scale),
.

13

2009 Emona Instruments

240

56.


4.

57.

, ,

2.

58.

, 18.

18

-, 19.
""
.

19
Tx (Green) ( ), Coupler - , Rx ,
Analog Message To CH 0 0,
Recovered message To CH 1 1

241

2009 Emona Instruments

13

59.

1 (Scale),
.

60.


4.

61.

,
2.

(. 52)


(. 53)

(. 56)


(. 57)

(. 60)


(. 61)


,
.

13

2009 Emona Instruments

242

8
.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

9
8, ,
, .
: 237.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

10

.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

11
10, ,
?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

12
?
___________________________________________________________________

243

2009 Emona Instruments

13


,
.

62.

, .. 50-61, D,
, , , ,
.

63.

, .. 47-61
, ,
.


,
.

13

2009 Emona Instruments

244

Emona FOTEx


-
-
NI
ELVIS I & II
:

Emona Instruments Pty Ltd


86 Parramatta Road
Camperdown NSW 2050
AUSTRALIA

web: www.tims.com.au
telephone: +61-2-9519-3933
fax: +61-2-9550-1378

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