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>> Welcome to ICND1.
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My name is Jeremy Cioara
and I'm going to be with you
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for the entire CCNA series, which is awesome.
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Because CCNA is awesome in itself.
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It's just such great technology.
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As well as one of the most valuable
certifications that you can get.
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And actually let me take that as a springboard
to talk about what's in this nugget.
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Welcome to the intro.
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I want to go through a frequently
asked questions, like,
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what's up with Cisco certification?
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Why do I want it?
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What is CCNA?
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Where does it fit?
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How long does it last?

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How hard is the exam?
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You know, all those kinds of things.
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Let me just kind of put together a packed
question and answer on Cisco Certification.
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I'm going to look at CCNA 2013.
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This is the third time I've rerecorded
CCNA since I've been with CBT Nuggets.
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Because Cisco is always adding more,
changing it, updating the technology,
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so we'll look at what's new there.
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I want to talk about how
we change at CBT Nuggets.
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You're probably like, 'Dude!
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You've had too much coffee or something!
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Settle down!"
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Actually I haven't had any coffee this morning.
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It's all CCNA adrenaline buddy!
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CBT Nuggets just has a completely
different way of training,

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which sometimes takes a little getting used to.
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Most of the time people are just like, "Woohoo!
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Enjoy the ride."
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And then finally, I want to talk about
how you can get the most from this series.
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How can you take this, apply this straight
to your job, straight to the certification,
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and walk away with the most you
can possibly get from this series.
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So let's dive right in to Cisco's
certification and all its glory.
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First off, who is this company, Cisco?
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Well, Cisco is the inventor of the router
many moons ago, which strung board them
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into getting their network equipment into
just about every internet service provider,
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every business, even a lot of homes all around
the world have some form of Cisco technology.
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I mean, their technology spans [pause]
product line after product line.
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VoiceOver IP, security appliances,

routers, switches.
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There is so much that they create that
I can't even put it in a nutshell.
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There's just a lot.
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I think of them as like the
Microsoft of networking technology.
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Now, Cisco certification is immensely valuable
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because not only are they the market
leader, but everybody's following Cisco.
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I mean Cisco's real claim to fame.
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If you really want to know the secret
sauce of Cisco, it's all called IOS.
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Internet Work Operating System.
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It's their software that runs their products.
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It's not even the hardware, the boxes
themselves, it's the software that runs it.
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It's kind of the de facto standard
and everybody kind of follows that.
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I mean if you've ever seen, obviously
you've seen Microsoft Windows,
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well if you look at the latest

renditions of Linux,
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they're starting to gain a little traction
because they've made themselves look enough
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like Windows that people
are starting to accept them.
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And a lot of other network vendors out
there are like, "Man, well if we're going
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to play this game, we've got to make our
operating system, our way of interfacing
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with our devices, enough like Cisco so somebody
would be willing to take the jump and not have
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to relearn everything that
they've learned at Cisco."
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So, knowing Cisco is just a huge benefit.
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Also, employers are looking for
this because Cisco incentifies them.
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Is that a word?
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I just made it up.
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They have incentive to hire you.
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Cisco says, "You know what?
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If you hire certified people and certified

people with depth to them, you know,


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multiple certified people, we'll give
you discounts on our Cisco equipment.
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You'll move up in your partner
relationship and get 'X' percentage points
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of discounts off on our equipment."
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So businesses, especially
people that deal specifically
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in Cisco technologies are very
interested in people that are certified
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because it's an immediate return
on investment along with knowing
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that when people pass a Cisco certification
exam, they know what they're doing.
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I mean these certification exams are not just,
"Oh, I read a book and now I can pass it."
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I mean, you really got to know your
stuff to get into the Cisco world.
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Now, how do you get them?
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I haven't mentioned, you pass
a certification exam or more.
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For instance, to pass, to get the CCENT
certification, you pass the ICND1 exam,

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which is actually what this series lines up to.
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It's kind of the foundation of
every Cisco certification out there.
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[Laughing] Yeah.
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It's important.
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Then as you move on, for instance,
the CCNP currently has three exams.
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So you have to pass three individual exams
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and now you're a Cisco certified network
professional in routing and switching.
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You can see all of these
different tracks that are there.
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So, as you pass these exams
you gain certifications
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and you can use their credentials, get their
logos on your business cards and all that.
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These exams all last three years.
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Now that immediately raises
some red flags for people.
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They're going, "What do you mean?
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I put all this time and money
and effort into all of this
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and it's going to expire after three years?"
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Well, yes, but keep in mind, number one, that
Cisco realizes technology is always changing.
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So if you don't keep your
certifications current,
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technology 10 years ago isn't
the same as it was today.
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And they don't want you to go
out and say, "Oh, I'm a CCNP .
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I'm a CCIE and give people the wrong
impression are up and coming on technology.
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Also Cisco knows that if you leave the career,
if you leave the industry for a long time,
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you're going to start losing
some of those skills.
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So, what they said is, "Okay,
well, let's say you get a CCENT,
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that now has a three-year life span."
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Now, let's say that two years later.
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I would never think somebody
would do this, but it can be done.

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Two years later, you pass ICND2.
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ICND2. So, ICND1 gives you the CCND.
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ICND2 with ICND1 gives you a
CCNA routing and switching.
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Well what happens when you pass that exam,
is now you've got a CCENT that's renewed
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for three years, you have a CCNA that lasts
for three years, and you're now, you know,
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ready [laughing] I had my emphasis like there
was some grand conclusion, well that was it!
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Now you've got a CCENT and a CCNA
that both last for three years.
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Okay, so let's go further.
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Let's say two years later, just as
an example, you take the first exam
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of the CCNP routing and switching.
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You take one exam here.
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Well, once you do that and you pass that exam,
it automatically renews your CCNA routing
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and switching and your CCENT
for three additional years.

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Now it's not cumulative like if you [audible].
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No, you just got a fresh three years on that.
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And as you pass the second exam, you get
a fresh three years on the previous exam.
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See what I mean?
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So it's not hard.
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It's not one of those things where,
man, let me just give you an example.
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I've been in Cisco long enough that
I have all of these certifications.
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I have achieved them all, not these two, but
if I had to keep every single one of them
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up to date, that's all I would do,
that would be career is testing.
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Because there's so many exams
that I would have to take.
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Well instead, what I do is,
every two years, the CCIE routing
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and switching was just a different
animal altogether, lasts for two years.
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Every two years I take the

written renewal exam for that.


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As soon as I pass that it not only
renews my CCIE for two additional years,
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but all of the other certifications,
essentially all the lower certifications
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that I have get renewed for two years,
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well actually these guys get renewed
for three years, as well, right?
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So it's just one exam to
rule them all at that point.
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It goes horizontal, as well.
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Let's say you've got a CCNA
routing and switching and you say,
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"Oh man, I'm ready to get into voice."
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Well you take and you pass this, you
got a CCNA voice that lasts for three.
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This gets renewed for three years.
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I feel like I'm trying to sell you something.
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And then, by now, and then you get, it's
not that way, but the reason I bring
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that up is a lot of people are

used to the college degree world.


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Where it's like, "Okay, I got a
college degree now I'm set for life.
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Right? I now have this certificate
that does that."
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Well, certification and college
degrees are very different.
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I actually created a MicroNugget, so CBT
Nuggets have MicroNuggets that are free
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that you can take where I discuss the difference
between a college degree and certification.
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Certifications are more dynamic.
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They take less time to achieve typically,
but you have to keep them up and depending
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on what industry you're in, certifications
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or a college degree may be
more respected than the other.
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But like I said, that's a whole another topic.
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There's a MicroNugget just
on that, so, next question.
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I said that there is two exams.
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ICND1 will get your CCENT.


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ICND2, when combined with ICND1, will get
your CCNA, but there's additional one more.
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There's CCNAX, which is an all-in-one exam.
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The X stands for accelerated, to where
you can get the CCNA certification
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with just one exam rather than taking the two.
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So two questions on that.
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Some people say number one.
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Well do I get the CCENT, as
well, if I pass that exam?
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No you do not, but nobody cares.
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If you say you're a CCNA, nobody will
ask you, "Oh, are you a CCENT too?"
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That's just not a question that even comes up.
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The second thing is well is there
a financial benefit to take CCNAX?
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Is it less expensive?
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Actually, matter of fact I don't even
think I've said yet, there's fees.

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If you didn't know, these cost money.
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You can't just, you know [laughing],
take these exams on a whim.
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I went to the view website.
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Actually right over here.
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And checked the exams.
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And they are currently, these prices change.
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Not often, but, you know
[laughing], I laughed I was like,
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"Today's price," like tomorrow's different.
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But these exams, they do change here and there.
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So for the individual exams.
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So ICND1 right there.
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ICND2 right there.
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They're $150.00 each.
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The all-in-one exam is $295.00.
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So is there a financial benefit?


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No. Five bucks.
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Okay?
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Why do they have the all-in-one exam?
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Well, it is for people, it is designed for
people that already have a CCNA and it's going
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to expire, so they just want
to get the CCNA exam.
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They don't want to move on.
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They don't want to have study
stuff that they don't know.
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They just want to take it again and get it.
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So, Cisco right on their website say, "This
is for people that already have experience,
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they already probably have a CCNA,
and they just want to renew it."
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So, is this more difficult?
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What's the story?
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I would say if you're taking a step into Cisco,
I would always recommend going this route.

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Take the two exams.
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It's just, I mean, if you've
ever missed an exam before.
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If you've taken these before and you
miss it, it's just so, like, ugh.
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Especially when you're like,
"Oh man, I just lost 300 bucks."
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I mean, that's painful.
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As well as knowing the fact that you didn't get
it and you have to go back again to take it.
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So I always tell people,
take the two-exam route.
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Why? Time.
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It's the same questions.
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CCNAX is the same questions that
you're going to get on ICND1 and ICND2.
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However, it's just, I've
taken all three of these
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and it's just CCNAX is more time constrained.
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You gotta not only know your stuff,
you got to be quick at doing it.

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So, if you're going this route.
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I mean you also get the feeling of like, "Yeah!
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I accomplished a milestone."
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Where CCNAX is like, man,
it's like a sledgehammer.
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You either score big or, you
know, it's like gambling, right?
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You either score big or you lose big.
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So, can I retake these exams?
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Another question.
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If I fail it, can I retake it?
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Yes you can.
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They will have a waiting period.
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It's like a couple weeks before
you can schedule the exam again,
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but you can take them as much as you want.
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Obviously, at $150.00 or $300.00 a pop, you're
not going to want to retake them that often,

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but you can take them again
and again and again and again.
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Now I know there may be more questions on
certification, but I'm hoping to answer those
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00:10:56,836 --> 00:11:00,616
as I can go and I've also made some more nuggets
I'll tell you about at the end of the series
229
00:11:00,616 --> 00:11:02,266
to help in your certification prep.
230
00:11:02,266 --> 00:11:05,156
So, CCNA 2013.
231
00:11:05,156 --> 00:11:06,226
What is new?
232
00:11:06,226 --> 00:11:08,116
What has changed in this environment?
233
00:11:08,436 --> 00:11:12,836
Well, this has been the first
major revision of CCNA since 2007.
234
00:11:12,836 --> 00:11:14,106
I looked back and said, "Okay.
235
00:11:14,106 --> 00:11:15,526
What was new in 2007?"
236
00:11:15,776 --> 00:11:20,206
2007 was where they first split
the CCNA into two separate exams.
237
00:11:20,206 --> 00:11:23,076
To where originally there
was only one CCNA exam.
238
00:11:23,306 --> 00:11:27,576
Then they decided to say, "Okay, well
let's create this CCENT and CCNA."
239

00:11:27,576 --> 00:11:29,146


And so now we've got the two exams.
240
00:11:29,146 --> 00:11:32,456
So we have to say, "Well what
did they do beyond in the CCNA?"
241
00:11:32,606 --> 00:11:35,936
So now in ICND1 they've just
made it more complex.
242
00:11:35,936 --> 00:11:39,606
They've added more subnetting, introducing
topics that were never there before,
243
00:11:39,606 --> 00:11:41,536
like variable length subnet masking.
244
00:11:41,796 --> 00:11:43,646
They've added more depth to the topic.
245
00:11:43,646 --> 00:11:48,286
For instance, they started getting into network
address translation, access control lists,
246
00:11:48,286 --> 00:11:52,076
and VLANS, which those used
to be all in the ICND2.
247
00:11:52,076 --> 00:11:56,426
Like, they mentioned NAT previously
in the previous version of ICND1,
248
00:11:56,426 --> 00:12:00,106
but they never really got into the deep
configuration, as a matter of fact,
249
00:12:00,106 --> 00:12:04,586
Cisco really expected to you to NAT
configuration only by using the SDM.
250
00:12:04,706 --> 00:12:07,246
Security Device Manager.
251
00:12:07,246 --> 00:12:08,986
That is the graphic interface.
252

00:12:08,986 --> 00:12:12,156


The GUI that Cisco created
to work with their devices.
253
00:12:12,156 --> 00:12:17,416
Now you will find out quickly, in the
Cisco world it is all command-line based.
254
00:12:17,566 --> 00:12:22,826
Now Cisco has started putting their toes in
the water on creating graphic interfaces,
255
00:12:23,106 --> 00:12:26,096
but when it comes down to it,
to really do troubleshooting,
256
00:12:26,096 --> 00:12:30,396
to really get nitty gritty configuration,
which is where Cisco specializes,
257
00:12:30,796 --> 00:12:35,436
you have to go beyond the GUI,
which is why Cisco has gotten rid
258
00:12:35,436 --> 00:12:37,266
of all of that in the certification.
259
00:12:37,266 --> 00:12:38,996
They said, "Okay, we're not
going to teach you the GUI.
260
00:12:38,996 --> 00:12:43,046
You know, if you want to go do a GUI, a Graphic
Interface, you can learn that yourself."
261
00:12:43,246 --> 00:12:47,076
That's why it's a GUI, you can go, "Next,
next, finish," and configure things,
262
00:12:47,076 --> 00:12:49,496
it's just kind of scary to do
it that way and I'll explain why
263
00:12:49,496 --> 00:12:51,536
as we get into the series itself.
264
00:12:51,536 --> 00:12:55,506
So now we're doing command-line configuration

of NAT, access control lists, and VLANS,


265
00:12:55,506 --> 00:12:58,516
which never even was able to
get into the ICND1 before.
266
00:12:58,786 --> 00:12:59,616
More modern.
267
00:12:59,616 --> 00:13:05,786
As in the only routing protocol that you would
learn in ICND1 previously was one called, RIP.
268
00:13:06,946 --> 00:13:09,716
Rest In Peace, is what it
now stands for, it's gone!
269
00:13:09,946 --> 00:13:13,416
And not gone from technology, it's still out
there and will be for years and years to come.
270
00:13:13,416 --> 00:13:18,916
But nobody really uses, very few people
really use RIP in a production network.
271
00:13:18,916 --> 00:13:20,246
And Cisco realized that and
said, "you know what,
272
00:13:20,246 --> 00:13:23,326
why are we teaching people this
legacy old protocol anyway?
273
00:13:23,566 --> 00:13:28,596
We're now going to teach OSPF, which is the
most popular routing protocol in the world."
274
00:13:28,866 --> 00:13:33,456
Looking at the future, Cisco is saying,
"Okay, we're also going to start moving IPv6,
275
00:13:33,556 --> 00:13:36,286
which is becoming more and
more popular worldwide.
276
00:13:36,286 --> 00:13:40,226
The United States is a little slow to
catch up to IPv6, but it's becoming more

277
00:13:40,226 --> 00:13:44,666
and more popular worldwide to
address the IP address shortage
278
00:13:44,666 --> 00:13:48,156
and really open the door for
innovation in the future.
279
00:13:48,156 --> 00:13:52,596
It's going to be creepy scary of how much
stuff is going to be connected in the world
280
00:13:52,726 --> 00:13:54,876
as IP addresses no longer become an issue.
281
00:13:55,016 --> 00:13:59,246
So IPv6 is being added and now Cisco,
you know, is kind of like, "Well,
282
00:13:59,246 --> 00:14:02,136
they've added all this stuff,
what have they taken out?"
283
00:14:02,136 --> 00:14:04,746
Well, they got rid of a lot
of taste testing technology.
284
00:14:04,746 --> 00:14:05,376
That's what I call it.
285
00:14:05,376 --> 00:14:10,946
It's where instead of, in previous
editions of ICND1, Cisco would say, "Well,
286
00:14:10,946 --> 00:14:15,176
we're going to test you on kind
of the foundations of Wi-Fi,
287
00:14:15,176 --> 00:14:19,156
Wireless Network Technology," because,
you know, Wi-Fi is a big topic.
288
00:14:19,156 --> 00:14:21,256
So they put enough in there to where you kind
289
00:14:21,256 --> 00:14:23,366

of get your toes wet, but


not really know much at all.
290
00:14:23,366 --> 00:14:25,316
So they started yanking stuff like that out.
291
00:14:25,316 --> 00:14:25,926
They're like, "You know what?
292
00:14:25,926 --> 00:14:28,676
Now we've got a whole certification
dedicated to wireless.
293
00:14:28,676 --> 00:14:30,766
If you want to know wireless,
go take that certification."
294
00:14:31,006 --> 00:14:35,806
They got rid of serial connections
to where ICND1 truly is kind
295
00:14:35,806 --> 00:14:38,016
of like local, land-based configuration.
296
00:14:38,016 --> 00:14:40,336
They don't get into point-to-point
WAN links anyway.
297
00:14:40,576 --> 00:14:42,776
Because that was kind of duplicated over here.
298
00:14:42,776 --> 00:14:46,246
You learned about it in ICND1 and
then learn about it more in ICND2
299
00:14:46,246 --> 00:14:48,106
and kind of repeat that information.
300
00:14:48,106 --> 00:14:49,696
So they said, "Let's move all that over there."
301
00:14:49,976 --> 00:14:51,456
They also got rid of security.
302
00:14:51,456 --> 00:14:51,926
They're like, "Ah!

303
00:14:51,926 --> 00:14:53,026
That's not good."
304
00:14:53,166 --> 00:14:56,456
Well, security [pause] is a huge topic.
305
00:14:56,456 --> 00:15:00,246
I mean, you saw in the certification you
had the CCNP Security, CCNA Security.
306
00:15:00,246 --> 00:15:05,326
It's a huge topic and it really, you're going
to learn that there is some security in here,
307
00:15:05,326 --> 00:15:09,136
but there's just a lot of
fluff stuff on security.
308
00:15:09,136 --> 00:15:12,676
It's the best way I can say it and ICND1
previously, that was kind of like, okay,
309
00:15:12,676 --> 00:15:16,356
they give you a knowledge of security, but
not really enough to do anything with it.
310
00:15:16,356 --> 00:15:19,926
So they said, "Let's get rid of all
these taste testing topics to make room."
311
00:15:19,926 --> 00:15:24,576
Now, that being said, did they remove enough
to justify all the stuff that they added?
312
00:15:24,946 --> 00:15:25,726
No they did not.
313
00:15:26,196 --> 00:15:33,966
Cisco removed a massive amount of, or I should
say, added a massive amount of stuff to ICND1.
314
00:15:34,556 --> 00:15:39,926
Honestly, as they released ICND1 the
barrier to entry in this technology,
315
00:15:39,966 --> 00:15:42,386
I think, moved significantly higher.

316
00:15:43,036 --> 00:15:47,286
If you think about it, Cisco is
now teaching their curriculum,
317
00:15:47,286 --> 00:15:50,176
their technology, even in high school classes.
318
00:15:50,176 --> 00:15:53,626
To where kids going into high school
are able to learn Cisco technology
319
00:15:53,626 --> 00:15:55,526
and Cisco is just saying, "You know what?
320
00:15:55,526 --> 00:16:01,076
We're now expecting that people are going
to have a fairly good technology feel
321
00:16:01,076 --> 00:16:02,776
because we live in a technology world."
322
00:16:02,936 --> 00:16:07,306
And, and couple that with Cisco did
some studies and said, "You know what?
323
00:16:07,476 --> 00:16:12,446
We're finding a lot of people getting
their CCENT or their CCNA and stopping."
324
00:16:12,816 --> 00:16:14,196
Like they're not going any further.
325
00:16:14,196 --> 00:16:17,876
So, they said previously, "Well, you know,
it gives them enough to be dangerous."
326
00:16:17,876 --> 00:16:19,076
They're kind of like, "Oh, you know what?
327
00:16:19,126 --> 00:16:23,616
No more." If you want to claim to be a
CCNA and stop there, you're going to know,
328
00:16:24,116 --> 00:16:25,476
you're going to know a whole of stuff.

329
00:16:25,756 --> 00:16:30,716
You're going to really have, not just getting
your feet wet, but a master of technology.
330
00:16:30,716 --> 00:16:37,656
So, as you look at these two combined, ICND2
became a huge amount of troubleshooting.
331
00:16:37,866 --> 00:16:41,066
Now, you might say, "Well why
introduce a lot of troubleshooting?"
332
00:16:41,406 --> 00:16:44,426
Troubleshooting shows a mastery of the topic.
333
00:16:44,426 --> 00:16:48,296
When you're thinking about levels of knowledge,
you kind of start off, okay I know nothing.
334
00:16:48,596 --> 00:16:50,866
Then maybe you start learning about
something and you get to the point
335
00:16:50,866 --> 00:16:53,086
where you're like, "Okay, I can explain that."
336
00:16:53,086 --> 00:16:57,466
Right? To where I know the concept, like I
know what NAT is, I'm translating IP addresses
337
00:16:57,466 --> 00:16:59,666
and all that, so I can explain that to somebody.
338
00:16:59,976 --> 00:17:03,236
But to go beyond that you say, "Okay,
well now I can configure something."
339
00:17:03,436 --> 00:17:08,576
So if I have a clean router and
it's no other configuration,
340
00:17:08,626 --> 00:17:11,186
I can configure network address
translation, right?
341
00:17:11,186 --> 00:17:13,136
So that's kind of like a

third level of knowledge.


342
00:17:13,326 --> 00:17:16,806
Then we come over here to the final
level, which is troubleshooting.
343
00:17:17,076 --> 00:17:21,856
Troubleshooting not only means that you know
how to do something in a clean environment,
344
00:17:22,096 --> 00:17:24,606
but also you can walk into
an environment that's messy
345
00:17:24,606 --> 00:17:26,856
and you can start diagnosing
things that are wrong.
346
00:17:26,856 --> 00:17:28,716
You can look and go, "Whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa!
347
00:17:28,716 --> 00:17:31,326
It seems like you're doing this
based on these results I'm seeing.
348
00:17:31,576 --> 00:17:34,246
I know that something might
not be configured correctly."
349
00:17:34,246 --> 00:17:38,956
And so you can back and configure something
correctly even in very complex environments.
350
00:17:38,956 --> 00:17:43,516
So ICND2 really added a whole bunch
of troubleshooting on all topics.
351
00:17:43,516 --> 00:17:46,556
Switching, routing, access control
lists, network address translation.
352
00:17:46,556 --> 00:17:50,386
There's just this big picture mindset
of how do I fix it if it's broken?
353
00:17:50,716 --> 00:17:52,676
They've added more switching topics.

354
00:17:52,676 --> 00:17:56,976
A lot more on spanning tree protocol, which
is a loop prevention mechanism in networks.
355
00:17:56,976 --> 00:18:00,866
A lot more on EtherChannel, which never
even made it into the CCNA before.
356
00:18:00,866 --> 00:18:06,556
I've actually seen a lot of topics that were
previously CCNP level topics migrate their way
357
00:18:06,556 --> 00:18:10,216
down into the ICND2 now or
the CCNA certification.
358
00:18:10,486 --> 00:18:11,316
Really right here.
359
00:18:11,686 --> 00:18:17,386
EIGRP in a lot more depth because OSPF
used to be only an ICND2 topic before.
360
00:18:17,546 --> 00:18:20,336
Now it's covered, at its base level,
361
00:18:20,336 --> 00:18:24,136
in ICND1 and now at ICND2 they're
like, "Man, we're going all out."
362
00:18:24,136 --> 00:18:25,876
You're getting multi-area OSPF.
363
00:18:25,916 --> 00:18:28,306
Previously only covered in the CCNP.
364
00:18:28,306 --> 00:18:32,686
You're getting OSPF version 3,
which is OSPF for the IPv6 protocol,
365
00:18:32,866 --> 00:18:36,896
previously barely even covered
in the CCNP because it was like,
366
00:18:36,896 --> 00:18:38,866
"Oh well, IPv6 is still a long way out."

367
00:18:39,176 --> 00:18:40,016
Not anymore.
368
00:18:40,316 --> 00:18:40,706
It's here.
369
00:18:41,156 --> 00:18:42,226
So more routing.
370
00:18:42,226 --> 00:18:43,176
More management.
371
00:18:43,176 --> 00:18:46,236
This was a topic that wasn't
even in the CCNP before.
372
00:18:46,236 --> 00:18:51,096
Oh. To where, now, I need to know
how do I monitor my Cisco routers?
373
00:18:51,096 --> 00:18:51,576
That's SNMP.
374
00:18:51,576 --> 00:18:54,356
How do I make sure that they're up and running?
375
00:18:54,356 --> 00:18:58,576
How do I make sure that the
bandwidth levels and processer usage
376
00:18:58,576 --> 00:19:00,266
and memory's not being exhausted and all that?
377
00:19:00,446 --> 00:19:04,626
That's a huge amount of what is part of
a day-to-day Cisco administrators job.
378
00:19:04,996 --> 00:19:08,856
Never was even touched previously
in the certification program.
379
00:19:09,066 --> 00:19:09,786
Assist logs.
380
00:19:09,786 --> 00:19:13,996
Sending messages to a server that notify

you, send you a page, to do whatever,


381
00:19:13,996 --> 00:19:18,956
notify you if something is going wrong
or prevent, provides an audit trail,
382
00:19:18,956 --> 00:19:22,796
so that you can find out well,
"Who did that at 2 in the morning?"
383
00:19:23,136 --> 00:19:26,746
NetFlow allowing you see, "Well,
wait a sec, not only can I see
384
00:19:26,746 --> 00:19:29,486
that my internet bandwidth is
used, but it's all because of
385
00:19:29,486 --> 00:19:31,276
that guy in the cubicle over the there.
386
00:19:31,276 --> 00:19:31,976
What are you doing?
387
00:19:32,186 --> 00:19:33,036
Get off You Tube!"
388
00:19:33,036 --> 00:19:37,336
You know, whatever the case is, you are able
to identify flows of traffic and classify.
389
00:19:37,336 --> 00:19:39,186
Again, all of this, this is like.
390
00:19:39,416 --> 00:19:41,046
I got to change pen colors for that.
391
00:19:41,046 --> 00:19:41,806
Look at that!
392
00:19:41,806 --> 00:19:46,316
And that wasn't even in the Cisco
certification program anywhere before
393
00:19:46,316 --> 00:19:48,246
and now it's starting to be introduced in ICND2.

394
00:19:48,556 --> 00:19:51,706
Last thing is, I said more scandal prevention.
395
00:19:52,136 --> 00:19:56,846
Meaning IOS 15 is now the new standard
version of IOS that everything's running on.
396
00:19:57,146 --> 00:20:01,986
Cisco introduced a massive
new licensing model in IOS 15.
397
00:20:01,986 --> 00:20:03,196
And so they want you to know about it.
398
00:20:03,196 --> 00:20:04,726
Because that's a big part of what you do.
399
00:20:04,936 --> 00:20:06,806
So the last two things and then we'll wrap up.
400
00:20:06,806 --> 00:20:10,836
How do we train at CBT Nuggets and how
do you get the most from this series?
401
00:20:11,156 --> 00:20:12,716
Well, how do we train you?
402
00:20:13,166 --> 00:20:14,356
You've been experiencing it.
403
00:20:14,356 --> 00:20:16,036
You know a lot of white board discussions.
404
00:20:16,036 --> 00:20:17,446
You'll see a lot of network diagrams.
405
00:20:17,446 --> 00:20:18,776
A lot of times they'll be prebuilt.
406
00:20:18,776 --> 00:20:21,786
Sometimes they'll go, "Oh ok, we got a
router here connected to the internet
407
00:20:21,786 --> 00:20:25,296
and it's protecting an internal e-mail
server from attacks from the outside.

408
00:20:25,296 --> 00:20:27,846
You got to block port 25, you
know, and lock that down."
409
00:20:27,896 --> 00:20:30,066
So, we'll go through a lot
of things like on the fly.
410
00:20:30,766 --> 00:20:32,786
You'll see a lot of, you
know, key facts presented.
411
00:20:32,786 --> 00:20:35,796
A lot of live demonstrations where
we're doing the real configuration
412
00:20:35,796 --> 00:20:37,796
of Cisco devices right in front of you.
413
00:20:38,216 --> 00:20:43,146
And I will say, let me partner that with
this down here, there's no script for this.
414
00:20:43,206 --> 00:20:44,896
You know, you can tell I'm not reading anything.
415
00:20:44,896 --> 00:20:48,576
So a lot of times the demonstrations as I'm
going through will get to a point where like,
416
00:20:49,046 --> 00:20:52,846
"Well, didn't expect that to happen,"
which is great because we get to go
417
00:20:52,846 --> 00:20:58,126
and troubleshoot it together and you get to
learn a lot from my own mistakes and we figure
418
00:20:58,126 --> 00:21:00,306
out the solution together and
go, "Oh, well that's how it is."
419
00:21:00,306 --> 00:21:02,306
And I think that a lot of
times it's even more valuable
420

00:21:02,306 --> 00:21:04,426


than just seeing a pristine configuration pasted
421
00:21:04,426 --> 00:21:07,606
in that works every single
time, for real world experience.
422
00:21:07,606 --> 00:21:10,676
The sessions themselves are
real short and palatable.
423
00:21:10,676 --> 00:21:14,006
You know, 15 to 30 minutes, sometimes
a little more, but not much beyond
424
00:21:14,006 --> 00:21:16,406
that to just keep you fresh and get a topic.
425
00:21:16,406 --> 00:21:21,786
And also, down the road when you're in
a career in Cisco you might go, "Oh,
426
00:21:21,876 --> 00:21:24,066
what was that access list configuration again?"
427
00:21:24,066 --> 00:21:26,136
And you can come right back to
it and go, "Oh, there it is."
428
00:21:26,136 --> 00:21:30,666
You know, in a little 15-minute explanation
of access list and your off and running.
429
00:21:30,666 --> 00:21:34,826
So, my purpose, if I were to say
my motivation is two purposes.
430
00:21:35,016 --> 00:21:37,556
One is knowledge and two is motivation.
431
00:21:37,896 --> 00:21:43,036
I'm convinced that people really
do well at stuff that they enjoy.
432
00:21:43,236 --> 00:21:45,476
And they really enjoy stuff that they know.
433

00:21:45,476 --> 00:21:46,746


So it kind of partners together.
434
00:21:46,996 --> 00:21:49,476
The more that you know, the more
you're like, "Wow, that's really cool!"
435
00:21:49,476 --> 00:21:53,046
I mean I can tell you, you know, going
through the certifications that I have,
436
00:21:53,046 --> 00:21:55,406
I haven't been excited to get into some of them.
437
00:21:55,406 --> 00:21:57,186
I get in there and I'm like, "Ugh.
438
00:21:57,216 --> 00:21:58,306
VoiceOver IP.
439
00:21:58,416 --> 00:22:00,376
What's so exciting about making a phone ring?"
440
00:22:00,376 --> 00:22:03,206
you know? But before long I'm starting
to learn about the Nyquist theorem
441
00:22:03,206 --> 00:22:05,286
and then showing like, "ugh," resistance.
442
00:22:05,286 --> 00:22:06,726
I don't need to know about that.
443
00:22:06,726 --> 00:22:09,656
And as I learn it, I'm like,
"Wow, this is really cool.
444
00:22:09,656 --> 00:22:11,206
I want to explain this to somebody."
445
00:22:11,456 --> 00:22:15,446
Because it's really neat how you can take
a phone call and turn it into bits and 1's
446
00:22:15,446 --> 00:22:17,246
and 0's and what's that whole process.

447
00:22:17,576 --> 00:22:20,896
So, that's a lot of my goals is,
of course to convey the knowledge,
448
00:22:21,126 --> 00:22:25,886
but also to show you just how neat this is to
be able to set up and build a worldwide network.
449
00:22:26,296 --> 00:22:29,176
Okay, lastly, how do you get
the most from this series?
450
00:22:29,176 --> 00:22:31,146
Number one, repeat, repeat, repeat.
451
00:22:31,146 --> 00:22:32,456
The beauty is you have it there.
452
00:22:32,456 --> 00:22:33,186
It's recorded.
453
00:22:33,186 --> 00:22:34,666
You can go through it many times.
454
00:22:34,666 --> 00:22:36,846
I mean maybe the first time
you just kick back and watch.
455
00:22:36,846 --> 00:22:39,726
Second time you start jotting down
some questions and some thoughts.
456
00:22:39,726 --> 00:22:41,136
Doing a little web research on it.
457
00:22:41,136 --> 00:22:43,746
Third time you start trying
it on your own equipment.
458
00:22:43,746 --> 00:22:46,346
I mean go through it as many times
as you need to where you feel
459
00:22:46,346 --> 00:22:48,866
like you are getting a mastery of that topic.
460

00:22:49,086 --> 00:22:51,196


And as you're going through it, jot things down.
461
00:22:51,196 --> 00:22:53,726
I'm not talking, you know,
on an iPad or on a computer,
462
00:22:53,726 --> 00:22:57,946
I'm talking grab some real old school
paper and a pen, and write things down,
463
00:22:57,946 --> 00:23:01,626
because there is just something that
engages when you start jotting things down.
464
00:23:01,626 --> 00:23:03,316
I mean it doesn't even have to be sensible.
465
00:23:03,316 --> 00:23:06,266
Maybe you've got your paper and I'm talking
about configuration and you're like, "Okay,
466
00:23:06,266 --> 00:23:09,076
he said enable mode," you
just write down enable.
467
00:23:09,076 --> 00:23:11,506
Maybe you just crinkle it up and throw
it away when you're all said and done.
468
00:23:11,506 --> 00:23:13,896
I'm not talking about just having
notes for the future to study.
469
00:23:14,106 --> 00:23:17,816
I'm talking about engaging multiple senses
because you're retention will go way up.
470
00:23:17,816 --> 00:23:20,776
I mean, just draw things as I'm talking.
471
00:23:20,776 --> 00:23:23,496
Be like, "Okay, so he's got a router,"
you know, kind of repeat what I'm drawing
472
00:23:23,496 --> 00:23:26,916
so that you can get in that mode of
just engaging in what you're hearing.

473
00:23:26,946 --> 00:23:30,966
Thirdly, I'm not going to spend too much time on
these two topics because if you look at the end
474
00:23:30,966 --> 00:23:35,476
of the series, I've actually created
complete nuggets just on building a lab,
475
00:23:35,476 --> 00:23:38,796
like what to buy, how much it's going to
cost, what to use to study and all that.
476
00:23:38,796 --> 00:23:40,536
And study tactics.
477
00:23:40,536 --> 00:23:44,196
To where I say, "Well, here's the best way that
you can study for these certification exams."
478
00:23:44,196 --> 00:23:45,696
But they are valid things.
479
00:23:45,696 --> 00:23:47,856
How to get the most is to build a lab,
480
00:23:47,856 --> 00:23:50,966
and I'm talking real equipment,
not simulations or emulations.
481
00:23:51,106 --> 00:23:55,316
At this level, ICND1, I would really
suggest having some real gear that you setup
482
00:23:55,316 --> 00:23:58,656
in your house, in your job, in your
workplace, that you can work with
483
00:23:58,656 --> 00:24:00,326
and configure in a real environment.
484
00:24:00,326 --> 00:24:04,706
There's just something to having real equipment
and non-simulation and nowadays, you know,
485
00:24:04,706 --> 00:24:08,086
the equipment has come down hugely in

price from when I first got into Cisco.


486
00:24:08,086 --> 00:24:10,016
So, you can do it really on the cheap.
487
00:24:10,476 --> 00:24:14,156
Last two things go into what I
was saying on the previous slide.
488
00:24:14,156 --> 00:24:15,696
Kind of that knowledge and motivation.
489
00:24:16,176 --> 00:24:17,686
You will love what you know.
490
00:24:18,126 --> 00:24:20,396
So, I always encourage you, dig deeper.
491
00:24:20,396 --> 00:24:23,276
I mean if there's a topic that I get into
and you're like, "Well, I wonder if...?"
492
00:24:23,276 --> 00:24:24,336
I mean go there.
493
00:24:24,336 --> 00:24:25,196
Go beyond.
494
00:24:25,376 --> 00:24:26,426
Really get a mastery of it.
495
00:24:26,426 --> 00:24:28,736
Because you start to get a love for it.
496
00:24:28,736 --> 00:24:30,526
Think about anything that you know well.
497
00:24:30,526 --> 00:24:34,286
Like if you know rock climbing or riding
a bike or anything that you know well,
498
00:24:34,466 --> 00:24:36,256
you're excited when somebody
starts talking about it.
499
00:24:36,256 --> 00:24:39,076

Like when you meet somebody and they're


like, "Yeah, I ride bikes for a hobby."
500
00:24:39,076 --> 00:24:39,746
You're like, "Really?
501
00:24:39,866 --> 00:24:40,966
Me too! Have you been on..."
502
00:24:40,966 --> 00:24:44,716
I mean you just go off because you're excited
about what you know and what you enjoy.
503
00:24:44,716 --> 00:24:45,836
So, same thing here.
504
00:24:45,836 --> 00:24:50,316
As you know more about Cisco, you're going
to develop a passion and a love for it that,
505
00:24:50,316 --> 00:24:52,466
I'm telling you, will skyrocket you.
506
00:24:52,466 --> 00:24:56,496
It's almost like I want to build a flow
chart to where it's like, "Okay, dig deeper,
507
00:24:56,766 --> 00:25:00,706
you know fall in love, you
know, land an amazing job,"
508
00:25:00,706 --> 00:25:02,686
you know it just kind of goes hand-in-hand.
509
00:25:02,686 --> 00:25:06,386
The more that you enjoy the better
and better you'll do in your career
510
00:25:06,386 --> 00:25:08,086
because you're going to enjoy your career.
511
00:25:08,966 --> 00:25:11,916
Let me just wrap up by saying
welcome to the world of Cisco.
512
00:25:12,096 --> 00:25:13,726
This technology is awesome.

513
00:25:13,936 --> 00:25:16,976
You're really going to enjoy this series and
I hope when you reach the end you're going
514
00:25:16,976 --> 00:25:18,736
to be like, "Man, I just can't wait for more!"
515
00:25:18,736 --> 00:25:21,606
And get into the ICND2, get
your CCNA certification.
516
00:25:21,606 --> 00:25:25,106
I mean there's a lot of opportunity
in the future with this technology.
517
00:25:25,396 --> 00:25:27,976
I hope this has been informative for you
and I would like to thank you for viewing.