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Design of Diaphragms and Seismic Restrainer for bridge at ch. 55.460 (Span Arrangement 27.

59 m c/c Bearing)

Contents S.NO. ITEM Page No

1 2 3 4

Introduction Estimation of Seismic Coefficent Summary of Bearing Reactions Design of End Diapghragm for Longitudinal Seismic Forces Design of Shear Key For Longitudinal Seismic Forces Design of Shear Key For Transverse Seismic Forces Appendix -A Analysisis of Precast Girder Appendix -B Grillage Analysisis of Deck For SIDL Appendix -C Grillage Analysisis of Deck For Live Load

1.0 Introduction This note presents the detailed design of diaphrams and Seismc restrainer for bridge at ch 55.460 on proposed Rajkot-Jamnagar-Vadinar in Gujrat. The bridge is 3 lane with a deck width of 12.0m and carriageway width of 8.75 m with safe kerb and footpath.The supersrtuctrue comprises of Precast Post Tensioned Beams with cast in situ deck slab on Elastomeric Bearings. The Elastomeric bearings are primarily designed to cater for reactions and rotations due to vertical loads and translations due to temeprature, shrinkage, creep and elastic shortening.The seismic and braking forces are to be transferred through concrete shear keyi.e. an upsatnad from pier cap. Under lonfgitudinal seismic condition, the upstand transfers the loangitunal forces by abuting against End Diapghragms of superstructure.

2.0 Estimation of Seismic coefficient Considering the bridge location and the Seismic Zoning map of India as per Fig 11 of IRC:6-2200, the bridge is likely to fall in the boundary of zone demarcation line between Zone III and Zane IV and therefore the higher zone i.e. Zone IV has been considered for design and detailing. Horizontal Seismic Coefficient ( cl 222.5 of IRC:6-2000) h = (Z/2). ( Sa/g) (R/I) 0.24 2.5 2.5 1.5 ( Table 5 of IRC:6-2000) ( Fig 12 5 of IRC:6-2000) (For Important Bridge)

For Zone IV, Z Sa/g R I

= = = =

Substituting for above values , we get h = 0.18

Vertical Seismic Coefficient ( cl 222.3 of IRC:6-2000)

= =

0.5 h 0.09

3.0 Estimation of Bearing reactions The Dead Laod reactios i.e. weight of Precast girder and , deck slab are obtained by analysis of Precast Girder ( Appendix A) and whereas those due to SIDL and live laod are obtained by Grillage Analysis (Refer appendix B and Appendix C)

The summary of Bearings reactions are presnted in the subsequent sheets

3.1 Synopsis of Bearing Reaction due to Dead Load & SIDL

A
27 m c/c EJ 26 m

102 3.00 m 302 1.5 m C/L of Bridge 1.5 m 502 3.00 m 702 Fig. 6.1 Bearing Node Numbering
(Not to Scale)

112

312

512

712

Load Case
Dead Load (Precast Girder)

Load List

Support

Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712

Force-Y (t) 31.43 31.43 31.43 31.43 31.43 31.43 31.43 31.43 24.10 24.10 24.10 24.10 24.10 24.10 24.10 24.10 55.53 55.53 55.53 55.53 55.53 55.53 55.53 55.53 18.92 6.70 6.70 18.92 18.92 6.70 6.70 18.92 74.45 62.23 62.23 74.45 74.45 62.23 62.23 74.45

A
Dead Load (Deck Slab)

TOTAL DEAD LOAD

TOTAL DEAD LOAD + SIDL

Associated Distance from C/L of MT (tm) Bridge (m) 4.500 141.44 1.500 47.15 -1.500 -47.15 -4.500 -141.44 4.500 141.44 1.500 47.15 -1.500 -47.15 -4.500 -141.44 4.500 108.45 1.500 36.15 -1.500 -36.15 -4.500 -108.45 4.500 108.45 1.500 36.15 -1.500 -36.15 -4.500 -108.45 4.500 249.89 1.500 83.30 -1.500 -83.30 -4.500 -249.89 4.500 249.89 1.500 83.30 -1.500 -83.30 -4.500 -249.89 4.500 85.14 1.500 10.05 -1.500 -10.05 -4.500 -85.14 4.500 85.14 1.500 10.05 -1.500 -10.05 -4.500 -85.14 4.500 335.03 1.500 93.35 -1.500 -93.35 -4.500 -335.03 4.500 335.03 1.500 93.35 -1.500 -93.35 -4.500 -335.03

Total V (t)

Total MT (tm)

Support

Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712

125.72

0.00 B

125.72

0.00 A

96.40

0.00 B

96.40

0.00 A

222.12

0.00 B

222.12

0.00 A

SIDL

51.24

0.00 B

51.24

0.00 A

273.36

0.00 B

273.36

0.00

3.2 Synopsis of Bearing Reaction due to Live Load (with Impact)

A
27.59 m c/c EJ 26 m

102 3.00 m 302 1.5 m C/L of Bridge 1.5 m 502 3.00 m 702 NODE Load List
Live Load Reaction ns coexistent with Max x. Reaction at Node 30 02 at Support A

112

312

512

Fig. 6.1 Bearing Node Numbering


(Not to Scale)

712

LOAD CASE
70R WHEEL PLACE ED MOST ECCENTRICALLY

Support

Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 Node No. 102 302 502 702

Force-Y (t) 44.27 48.53 3.57 -1.83 10.81 5.85 4.04 -1.15 Force-Y (t) 16.96 59.84 18.54 -0.81 7.70 5.43 5.10 1.32 Force-Y (t) 41.63 37.69 15.16 -1.50 10.48 6.60 4.23 -0.21

Distance Associated from C/L of MT (tm) Bridge (m) 4.500 199.22 1.500 72.80 -1.500 -5.36 -4.500 8.24 4.500 48.65 1.500 8.78 -1.500 -6.06 -4.500 5.18 Distance Associated from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 76.32 1.500 89.76 -1.500 -27.81 -4.500 3.65

Total V (t)

Total MT (tm)

34

94.54

274.89

Load Case
Live Load Reactions coexistent with Max. Reaction at Node 302 at Support A

Load List

LOAD CASE
70R WHEEL PLACED CENTRALLY IN CARRIAGEWAY

Support A

19.55 Total V (t)

56.54 Total MT (tm)

133

94.53

141.92

Load Case
Live Load Reactions coexistent with Max. Reaction at Node 302 at Support A

Load List

LOAD CASE
CLASS A 2 LANE PLACED MOST ECCENTRICALLY

Support A

112 312 512 712 Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712

4.500 34.65 1.500 8.15 -1.500 -7.65 -4.500 -5.94 Distance Associated from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 187.34 1.500 56.54 -1.500 -22.74 -4.500 6.75 4.500 47.16 1.500 9.90 -1.500 -6.35 -4.500 0.95

19.55 Total V (t)

29.21 Total MT (tm)

230

92.98

227.88

21.10

51.66

3.2 Synopsis of Bearing Reaction due to Live Load (with Impact)

A
27.59 m c/c EJ 26 m

102 3.00 m 302 1.5 m C/L of Bridge 1.5 m 502 3.00 m 702 Load Case
Live Load Reac ctions coexistent with h Max. Reaction at Nod de 302 at Support A

112

312

512

Fig. 6.1 Bearing Node Numbering


(Not to Scale)

712 Total MT (tm)

Load List

LOAD CASE
ANE CLASS A 2 LA PLACED CENTR RALLY IN CARRIAGE EWAY

Support A

Load Case
Live Load Reactions coexistent with Max. Reaction at Node 502 at Support A

Load List

LOAD CASE
CLASS A 3 LANE PLACED MOST ECCENTRICALLY

Support A

Load Case
Live Load Reactions coexistent with Max. Reaction at Node 302 at Support A

Load List

LOAD CASE
CLASS A 3 LANE PLACED CENTRALLY IN CARRIAGEWAY

Support A

Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712

Force-Y (t) 26.29 40.98 25 18 25.18 0.54 8.10 6.42 5.02 1.56 Force-Y (t) 41.01 38.69 41.32 18.45 9.92 8.84 7.43 5.46 Force-Y (t) 28.96 40.78 40.78 28.96 7.66 8.16 8.16 7.66

Distance Associated Total V (t) from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 118.31 1.500 61.47 -1.500 1 500 -37.77 37 77 -4.500 -2.43 92.99 4.500 36.45 1.500 9.63 -1.500 -7.53 -4.500 -7.02 21.10 Distance Associated Total V (t) from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 184.55 1.500 58.04 -1.500 -61.98 -4.500 -83.03 139.47 4.500 44.64 1.500 13.26 -1.500 -11.15 -4.500 -24.57 31.65 Distance Associated Total V (t) from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 130.32 1.500 61.17 -1.500 -61.17 -4.500 -130.32 139.48 4.500 34.47 1.500 12.24 -1.500 -12.24 -4.500 -34.47 31.64

329

139.58

31.53 Total MT (tm)

428

97.58

22.19 Total MT (tm)

527

0.00

0.00

3.2 Synopsis of Bearing Reaction due to Live Load (with Impact)

A
27.59 m c/c EJ 26 m

102 3.00 m 302 1.5 m C/L of Bridge 1.5 m 502 3.00 m 702 Load Case
Live Load Reac ctions coexistent with h Max. Reaction at Nod de 302 at Support A

112

312

512

Fig. 6.1 Bearing Node Numbering


(Not to Scale)

712 Total MT (tm)

Load List

LOAD CASE
LACED 70R TRACK PL MOST ECCENTRICA ALLY

Support A

Load Case
Live Load Reactions coexistent with Max. Reaction at Node 302 at Support A

Load List

LOAD CASE
70R TRACK PLACED CENTRALLY IN CARRIAGEWAY

Support A

Load Case
Live Load Reactions coexistent with Max. Reaction at Node 302 at Support A

Load List

LOAD CASE
70R WHEEL + CLASS A 1 LANE PLACED MOST ECCENTRICALLY

Support A

Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712

Force-Y (t) 31.25 41.69 -0.44 0 44 -0.40 2.69 1.44 1.01 -0.24 Force-Y (t) 10.05 50.78 12.51 -1.23 2.03 1.27 1.16 0.44 Force-Y (t) 31.12 42.79 19.35 23.40 1.69 3.74 4.91 7.04

Distance Associated Total V (t) from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 140.63 1.500 62.54 -1.500 1 500 0 66 0.66 -4.500 1.80 72.10 4.500 12.11 1.500 2.16 -1.500 -1.52 -4.500 1.08 4.90 Distance Associated Total V (t) from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 45.23 1.500 76.17 -1.500 -18.77 -4.500 5.54 72.11 4.500 9.14 1.500 1.91 -1.500 -1.74 -4.500 -1.98 4.90 Distance Associated Total V (t) from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 140.04 1.500 64.19 -1.500 -29.03 -4.500 -105.30 116.66 4.500 7.61 1.500 5.61 -1.500 -7.37 -4.500 -31.68 17.38

610

205.62

13.83 Total MT (tm)

709

108.17

7.32 Total MT (tm)

826

69.90

-25.83

3.2 Synopsis of Bearing Reaction due to Live Load (with Impact)

A
27.59 m c/c EJ 26 m

102 3.00 m 302 1.5 m C/L of Bridge 1.5 m 502 3.00 m 702 Load Case
Live Load Reac ctions coexistent with h Max. Reaction at Nod de 702 at Support B

112

312

512

Fig. 6.1 Bearing Node Numbering


(Not to Scale)

712 Total V (t) Total MT (tm)

Load List

LOAD CASE
CLASS A 2 LA ANE PLACED MO OST ECCENTRICA ALLY BUT SYMMETRICA ALLY

Support A

Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712

Force-Y (t) 37.35 9.14 9 14 9.14 37.35 5.97 4.58 4.58 5.97

Distance Associated from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 168.08 1.500 13.71 -1.500 1 500 -13.71 13 71 -4.500 -168.08 4.500 26.87 1.500 6.87 -1.500 -6.87 -4.500 -26.87

923

92.98

0.00

21.10

0.00

4 Sumamry of Bm & Shear Force The Diaphrgam, down stand and support at top of shear key is modeled in STAAD. The summary of BM 7 Shear forces are given as hereunder:-

4.1 Sumamry of Design BM & Shear Forces for Horizontal Bending Beam L/C 6007 6007 6007 6007 6007 6035 6007 6070 6007 6070 6007 6007 Node 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7 7 7 7 7 83 7 178 8 178 7 7 Fx Mton 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Max Fy Mton 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Fz Mton Mx MTon-m My MTon-m Mz MTon-m 11.773 0.791 19.52 0 11.773 0.791 19.52 0 11.773 0.791 19.52 0 11.773 0.791 19.52 0 11.773 0.791 19.52 0 6.618 0.365 14.52 0 11.773 0.791 26.80 0 8.93 0.24 12.46 0 11.773 0.791 26.80 0 8.93 0.24 12.46 0 11.773 0.791 19.52 0 11.773 0.791 19.52 0 11.773 26.8 = = 0.19 m 26.8 0.19 141 tm per m 11.773 0.19 62 t per m

Max Fx Min Fx Max Fy Min Fy Max Fz Min Fz Max Mx Min Mx Max My Min My Max Mz Min Mz

Spacing between horizontal members Design BM for Plan bending

Design BM for Plan bending Design BM for Plan Shear

= =

Design SF for Plan bending

4.2 Sumamry of Design BM & Shear Forces for Vertical Bending Beam L/C Node Fx Mton Fy Mton Fz Mton Mx MTon-m My MTon-m Mz MTon-m Max Fx 181 1 111 0 0 22 -0.043 15.19 0 Min Fx 181 1 111 0 0 18.39 -0.043 15.19 0 Max Fy 181 1 111 0 0 18.39 -0.043 15.19 0 Min Fy 181 1 111 0 0 18.39 -0.043 15.19 0 Max 22 15.19 Spacing between Vertical members Design BM for Vertical Bending = = 0.1175 m 15.19 0.1175 129 tm per m 22 0.1175 187 t per m

Design BM for Vertical bending Design BM for Vertical Shear

= =

Design SF for Vertocal bending

4.0

Design of End Diaphragm for Longitudinal Seismic Forces The Longitudinal Seismic Forces are considered due to Dead load and SID only and seismic forces due to live shall not be considered as per clause 222.7 of IRC:6 IRC:6-2000 2000 Total Dead Load (Sum of DL Reactions for Four Bearings) Total SIDL (Sum of SIDL Reactions for Four Bearings) Longitudinal Seismic Force due to DL Longitudinal Seismic Force due to SIDL Total Longitudinal Seismic Force = 2 x 222.12 = 444.25 t

51.24

102.48 t

= = =

0.18 0 18 0.18 79.96

x x +

444.25 102 18.45

= = = Say

79.96 t 18 45 t 18.45 98.41 t 99.00 t

As per cl 222.11 of IRC:6-2000, the reaction blocks should be designed for twice the seismic forces. Design Seismic Force = 2 x 99.00 = 198.00 t

However as the seismic restrainers are designed to prevent dislodgement of superstructure The in plane stiffness of deck slab is very high and the distribution of longitudinal seismic forces may be uniform among precast girders.

No of Longitudinal girder Shear Force Design of Diaphragm at Section 'B" : The BM cause plan bending of diaphragm. Thickness of Diaphragm Effective cover Effective depth Depth of Diaphragm D d b

= =

= =

4 99.00 t

= = = =

= = = =

0.60 0.07 0.53 1.74

m m m m

Material Properties: fck Fy Fy = = = 45 MPa 400 MPa 415 MPa

(For Main steel calculations) (For Shear steel calculations)

80% of stresses are consi

As per IS:456-2000, Moment of Resistance w.r.t. concrete MuR Where xumax/d xumax MuR = = = = > 0.36.fck.b.xu(d-0.416xu) 0.48 0.2544 m 304 tm 141.05 tm

OK

Proposed tensile Reinforcement on vertical Face of Diaphragm Area of steel provided = 10 Ast = pt = Actual xu = 0.87 fy As 0.362.fck.b. 3416482.01

Nos of

25mm

10 = =

Nos of 25mm 9817 mm^2 1.06 %

28344.6

= <

121 mm 254 Xumax

Moment of Resistance

MuR

= = >

0.87fy.As(d-0.42.xu) 164 tm 141.05 tm

OK

Check for Shear M Max. Shear Sh Force F Shear stress V = = 99 x 9.90E+05 1740 x 1.5 % 0.792 MPa 0.792 9.90E+05 x 1740 730382.4 x 530 = = 1.00E+04 1 00E 04 = 990000 N

530

= 1.07 MPa < 4.00 OK As per Table 20 of IS 456: 2000

For

pt tc

= = = Vs =

Shear stength of concrete

730382.4 N 2.60E+05 N

Shear Reinforcement Adopting spacing s Asv = = 0.87 = Provide 4L12mm dia Asv @ 200 = > 200 mm 2.60E+05 x 271 mm^2 mm c/c 452 mm^2 271 OK x 415 200 x

530

Design of Diaphragm at Section 'C"

The BM cause plan bending of diaphragm. Thickness of Diaphragm Assuming 70 mm rff cover Depth of Diaphragm, b= D= d= 0.6 m 0.53 m 1.545 m

For M 45 Grade Concrete End Diaphragm at fck fy As per IS:456-2000, Moment of Resistance w.r.t. concrete MuR Where xumax/d xumax MuR = = 45 MPa 400 MPa

= = = = >

0.36.fck.b.xu(d-0.416xu) 0.48 0.2544 0 2544 m 270 tm 222.75 tm

OK

Proposed tensile Reinforcement on vertical Face of Diaphragm As = 11 Nos Tor 32 + 2 pt = As = 14246 mm Actual xu = 0.87 fy As 0 362 fck b 0.362.fck.b. 4957725.38 25168.05 197 mm xumax

11 Nos Tor 1.74 %

25

= = <

Therefore section is Under reinforced, and Moment of Resistance is given by MuR = = > 0.87fy.As(d-0.42.xu) 222 tm 222.75 tm

OK

Check for Shear Max. Shear Force V Shear stress = = = = < For pt= Tc 1.5 % < 99 x 9.90E+05 N 9.90E+05 1545 x 1.21 MPa 3.9 MPa ( Taken on lower side) 0.792 MPa 1.00E+04

530 O.K

Vs

= =

9.90E+05 3.41E+05 N

-0.792 x

1545 x

530

Shear Reinforcement Adopting spacing Asv = 0.87 x = Min Asv = 370 mm


2

s=

200 mm 3.41E+05 x 400 x 200 530

= Provide 4-Legged stirrups of 12 mm dia @ Asv =

0.4 x 0.87 x 2 355 mm

1545 400 (Governing) 200 mm c/c >

200

2 452 mm

2 355 mm

5.2 Design of Diaphragm for Vertical Bending & Shear

For M 45 Grade Concrete End Diaphragm at

The BM cause plan bending of diaphragm. Thickness of Diaphragm D= d= Assuming 70 mm rff cover b= Length of Diaphragm, fck As per IS:456-2000, Moment of Resistance w.r.t. concrete MuR = Where xumax/d xumax MuR = = = > = 0.60 m 0.53 m 1m 45 MPa

0.36.fck.b.xu(d-0.416xu) 270 0848 270.0848 143.1449 m 175 tm per m 129 tm per m OK

Proposed tensile Reinforcement on vertical Face of Diaphragm As = 10 Nos Tor 32 + 0 Nos Tor 2 As = 8042 mm pt = 1.52 % Actual xu = 0.87 fy As 0.362.fck.b. 3498478 16290 215 mm xumax

32

= = <

Therefore section is Under reinforced, and Moment of Resistance is given by MuR = = > 0.87fy.As(d-0.42.xu) 154 tm 129 tm OK

5.1.1 Check for Shear

V Shear stress

= = =
<

1.9E+06 N 1.87E+06 1000 x 530 3.53 MPa 3.9 MPa O.K ( Taken on lower side) 0.792 MPa 1.9E+06 -0.792 x 1.5E+06 N 1000 x 530

For pt= Tc Vs

1.5 % < = =

Shear Reinforcement Adopting spacing Asv = 0.87 = s= 100 mm 1.5E+06 x x 415 100 x

530

2 759 mm

Provide 6-Legged stirrups of 16 mm dia @ Asv = 1206 mm > 2 759 mm


2

100 mm c/c

O.K

5.0

Design of Longitudinal Sesmic Restrainer Shear h k key is d designed d as a corbel b l to cater for f the h longitudinal l d l forces f from f End dd diaphragm. h Reference: "Practical Design against Shear & Torsion and Design of of Short Cantilevers and Deep Beams" from "Concrete Bridge Practice-Analysis , Design and Economic" by Dr. V. K Raina

Hu s

Longitudinal Seismic Restrainer Vu Longitudinal/Traffic Direction a Pier Cap Top Level

d' h Vu Hu h s b a fck fsy fsy p fc' = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 198 t 0t 500 500 2400 225 mm mm mm mm (After multiplying by 2)

45 MPa 500 MPa 415 MPa

(For main reinforcement calculations) (For shear reinforcement calculations)

80% OF PERMISSIBLE S

1.4 (For Concrete placed monolithically across interface) 150 mm ( Pitch of Horizontal stuirrups) 0.8 x 36 MPa 80 mm 500 420 mm 45

Eff cover d'

-80

Step-1:

Ensure s/d'

s/d' > = 500

0.5 / 420 = > 1.19 0.50

OK

Step-2:

Ensure d

Vu/(bd) < 0.15 fc' = = = = 0.15 Vu 198000 0.8 d' x / / 360 bd 8064 = = 336 mm 54.0 kg/cm^2

0.15 fc' Shear Stress

= <

24.55 kg/cm^2 54.0 OK

Step-3: Avf

Calculate Shear Friction Reinforcement : Avf = = Vu 198000 / / 0.85.fsy. 5950

33.28 cm^2

Step-4:

Calculate Direct Tension Reinforcement : At Hu At < = = 0.2 Vu Hu 39600 / / 0.85.fsy 4250 = 39.6 t

9.32 cm^2

Step-5:

Calculate Flexure Tension Reinforcement : Af Af = = Vu.a+Hu.(h-d') 4771800 / 142800 0.85.fsy.d = 33.42 cm^2

Step-6:

Compute Total Primary Reinforcement : As As < < < = = = (Af+At) (2/3.Avf+At) (0.04fc'/fsy).b.d 33.416 22.185 0.00288 + + x 240.0 9.318 9.318 x 33.6 = = = 42.73 cm^2 31.50 cm^2 23.22 cm^2

(Af+At) (2/3.Avf+At) (0.04fc'/fsy).b.d

Governing, As

42.73 cm^2

Provide

22 Nos of
As provided = >

20 mm Dia @
69.12 cm^2 42.73

105 mm c/c.

OK

Step-7:

Provide Vertical Stirrups : Ah Ah < < = = = 4 L-16mm = > 0.5 Af 0.333. Avf 16.71 cm^2 11.09 cm^2 16.71 cm^2 in each of 3
2 24.13 cm 16.71

0.5 Af 0.333. Avf g : Ah Governing Provide Ah Provided

Vertical Planes spaced at

100mm c/c

OK

Step-8:

Provide Horizontal Stirrups : Av Av = 0.50 ( Vu-Vc).p fsy.d y 10.b.d. kg 80640 kg


2 6.31 cm

Vc

= = =

Av

Provide 2 L-12mm for full height of shear key. Ah Provided o ded = >

in each of 4

Horizontal Planes spaced at

150mm c/c

2 9 9.05 05 cm 2 6.31 cm

OK

6.0

Design of Diaphragm for Transverse Sesmic Forces Downstand df from d diphragm h is d designed d to as a corbel b l to cater for f the h Transverse forces f from f Superstructure Transverse Direction

Hu s

Bearing

a Vu Pier Cap Top Level d' d' h C/c distance between girders Dimension of Pedestal in transverse direction Thickness of end diaphragm Depth of Pedestal at G3 (On conservative side) Thickness of Bearing Depth of bottom rectangular & traingular haunch Grade of concrete of Diaphragm Grade of Steel Vertical Loads of One Span: Total DL = Total SIDL = Total Live Load = ( 50% of (3 x 55.4) t for 3 Lanes of Class "A") Transverse Seismic Force due to DL = SIDL = 50% Live Load = = = = = = = = = 3000 700 600 550 80 mm mm mm mm mm Downstand from Diaphragm acts as Tranvserse Stopeer against Pedestal

360 mm 45 Mpa 500 Mpa

= = =

444.2 t 102.5 t 83.1 t

0.18 0.18 0.18

x x x

444 102 83

= = =

79.96 18.45 14.96 113.37

t t t t

The above forces is to be shared by two end end diaphragms of a span. Transverse seismic Force at each end of Diaphragm HT = 56.68452 t Vu = 113.36904 t (After multiplying by 2) Hu = 0t h s b a Cover fck sy fsy p fc' = = = = = = = = = = 0.8 2298 mm 2298 mm 600 mm 715 mm 80 mm 45 MPa 500 MPa a 1.4 (For Concrete placed monolithically across interface) 150 mm ( Pitch of Horizontal stuirrups) x 45 = 36.00 MPa (Acting at half the depth of pedestal from bottom of downstand)

d' Step-1: Ensure s/d'

= s/d' > =

2298 0.5 2298

-80

2218 mm

2218

= >

1.04 0.5 OK

Step-2:

Ensure d

Vu/(bd) < 0.15 fc' = = = = Vu 113369 / / bd 10646.4 0.8 d' = = 1774.4 mm 54.0 kg/cm^2

0.15 fc' Shear Stress

= <

10.65 kg/cm^2 54.0 OK

Step-3:

Calculate Shear Friction Reinforcement : Avf Avf = = Vu 113369.04 / / 0.85.fsy. 5950

19.05 cm^2

Step-4:

Calculate Direct Tension Reinforcement: At Hu < = = = 0.2 Vu 22.673808 t Hu 22673.808 / / 0.85.fsy 4250

At

5.34 cm^2

Step-5:

Calculate Flexure Tension Reinforcement: Af Af = = Vu.a+Hu.(h-d') 0.85.fsy.d 8287276.8 /

754120

10.99 cm^2

Step-6:

Compute Total Primary Reinforcement: As As < < < = = = = (Af+At) (2/3.Avf+At) ( / y) (0.04fc'/fsy).b.d 10.99 12.70 0.00288 + + x 60.0 5.34 5.34 x 177.4 = = = 16.32 cm^2 18.04 cm^2 30.66 cm^2

(Af+At) (2/3.Avf+At) (0.04fc'/fsy).b.d Governing, As

30.66 cm^2

Provide

8 Nos of
As provided = >

25 mm Dia on each face.


39.27 cm^2 30.66 cm^2

OK

Step 7

Provide Vertical Stirrups, Ah Ah < < = = = 0.5 Af 0.333. Avf 5 49 c 5.49 cm^2 6.35 cm^2 6.35 cm^2

0 5 Af 0.5 0.333. Avf Governing, Ah

As the occurance of the seismic can be in both direction, the vertical stirrups shall be provided throught the depth. Provide Ah Provided 2 L-10mm = > in each of 6 9.42 cm^2 6.35 cm^2 Vertical Planes spaced at 165mm c/c

OK

Min. Development Length = = Step 8 50 x 500 mm 10

Provide Horizontal Stirrups, Av Av Vc Av = = = 0.50 ( Vu-Vc).p 10.b.d. kg / fsy.d = 106464 kg

0.05837 cm^2 in each of 5 Horizontal Planes spaced at 296mm c/c

Provide 2 L-10mm for full height of shear key. Ah Provided = >

7.85 cm^2 0.06 cm^2

OK

6.0

Design of Pedastal for Transverse Sesmic Forces Downstand from diphragm p g is designed g to as a corbel to cater for the Transverse forces from Superstructure p Transverse Direction

Hu s

Bearing

a Vu Pier Cap Top Level d' d' h C/c distance between girders Dimension of Pedestal in transverse direction Dimension of Pedestal in Longitudinal direction Depth of Pedestal at G3 (On conservative side) Thickness of Bearing Depth of bottom rectangular & traingular haunch Grade of concrete of Diaphragm Grade of Steel Vertical Loads of One Span: Total DL = Total SIDL = Total Live Load = ( 50% of (3 x 55.4) t for 3 Lanes of Class "A") Transverse Seismic Force due to DL = SIDL = 50% Live Load = = = = = = = = = 3000 700 600 550 80 mm mm mm mm mm Downstand from Diaphragm acts as Tranvserse Stopeer against Pedestal

360 mm 40 Mpa 500 Mpa

= = =

444.2 t 102.5 t 83.1 t

0 0.18 18 0.18 0.18

x x x

444 102 83

= = =

79 79.96 96 18.45 14.96 113.37

t t t t

The above forces is to be shared by two end end diaphragms of a span. Transverse seismic Force at each end of Diaphragm HT = 56.68452 t Vu = 113.36904 t (After multiplying by 2) Hu = 0t h s b a Cover fck fsy p = = = = = = = = = 700 mm 700 mm 600 mm 275 mm 80 mm 40 MPa 500 MPa 1.4 (For Concrete placed monolithically across interface) 150 mm ( Pitch of Horizontal stuirrups) (Acting at half the depth of pedestal from top of pier cap)

fc' d' Step-1: Ensure s/d'

= = s/d' > =

0.8 700 0.5 700

x -80

40

= =

32.00 MPa 620 mm

620

= >

1.13 0.5 OK

Step-2:

Ensure d

Vu/(bd) < 0.15 fc' = = = = Vu 113369 / / bd 3720 0.8 d d' = = 496 mm 48.0 kg/cm^2

0.15 fc' Shear Stress

= <

30.48 kg/cm^2 48.0 OK

Step-3:

Calculate Shear Friction Reinforcement : Avf Avf = = Vu 113369.04 / / 0.85.fsy. 0 85 fsy 5950

19.05 cm^2

Step-4:

Calculate Direct Tension Reinforcement: At Hu < = = = 0.2 Vu 22.673808 t Hu 22673.808 / / 0.85.fsy 4250

At

5.34 cm^2

Step-5:

Calculate Flexure Tension Reinforcement: Af Af = = Vu.a+Hu.(h-d') 0.85.fsy.d 3299039.1 /

210800

15.65 cm^2

Step-6:

Compute Total Primary Reinforcement: As As < < < = = = = (Af+At) (2/3.Avf+At) (2/3 A f A) (0.04fc'/fsy).b.d 15.65 12.70 0.00256 + + x 60.0 5.34 5.34 x 49.6 = = = 20.99 cm^2 18.04 cm^2 7.62 cm^2

(Af+At) (2/3.Avf+At) (0.04fc'/fsy).b.d Governing, As

20.99 cm^2

Provide

5 Nos of
As provided = >

25 mm Dia on each face.


24.54 cm^2 20.99 cm^2

OK

Step 7

Provide Vertical Stirrups, Ah Ah < < = = = 0.5 Af 0.333. Avf 7.83 cm^2 6.35 cm^2 7.83 cm^2

0.5 Af 0.333. Avf Governing, Ah

As the occurance of the seismic can be in both direction, the vertical stirrups shall be provided throught the depth. Provide Ah Provided 2 L-12mm = > in each of 5 11.31 cm^2 7.83 cm^2 Vertical Planes spaced at 110mm c/c

OK

Min. Development Length = = Step 8 50 x 600 mm 12

Provide Horizontal Stirrups, Av Av Vc Av = = = 0.50 ( Vu-Vc).p 10.b.d. kg / fsy.d = 29760 kg

2.53 cm^2 in each of 2 Horizontal Planes spaced at 200mm c/c

Provide 2 L-10mm for full height of shear key. Ah Provided = >

3.14 cm^2 2.53 cm^2

OK