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seismic restrainer design for bridge diaphram

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59 m c/c Bearing)

1 2 3 4

Introduction Estimation of Seismic Coefficent Summary of Bearing Reactions Design of End Diapghragm for Longitudinal Seismic Forces Design of Shear Key For Longitudinal Seismic Forces Design of Shear Key For Transverse Seismic Forces Appendix -A Analysisis of Precast Girder Appendix -B Grillage Analysisis of Deck For SIDL Appendix -C Grillage Analysisis of Deck For Live Load

1.0 Introduction This note presents the detailed design of diaphrams and Seismc restrainer for bridge at ch 55.460 on proposed Rajkot-Jamnagar-Vadinar in Gujrat. The bridge is 3 lane with a deck width of 12.0m and carriageway width of 8.75 m with safe kerb and footpath.The supersrtuctrue comprises of Precast Post Tensioned Beams with cast in situ deck slab on Elastomeric Bearings. The Elastomeric bearings are primarily designed to cater for reactions and rotations due to vertical loads and translations due to temeprature, shrinkage, creep and elastic shortening.The seismic and braking forces are to be transferred through concrete shear keyi.e. an upsatnad from pier cap. Under lonfgitudinal seismic condition, the upstand transfers the loangitunal forces by abuting against End Diapghragms of superstructure.

2.0 Estimation of Seismic coefficient Considering the bridge location and the Seismic Zoning map of India as per Fig 11 of IRC:6-2200, the bridge is likely to fall in the boundary of zone demarcation line between Zone III and Zane IV and therefore the higher zone i.e. Zone IV has been considered for design and detailing. Horizontal Seismic Coefficient ( cl 222.5 of IRC:6-2000) h = (Z/2). ( Sa/g) (R/I) 0.24 2.5 2.5 1.5 ( Table 5 of IRC:6-2000) ( Fig 12 5 of IRC:6-2000) (For Important Bridge)

= = = =

= =

0.5 h 0.09

3.0 Estimation of Bearing reactions The Dead Laod reactios i.e. weight of Precast girder and , deck slab are obtained by analysis of Precast Girder ( Appendix A) and whereas those due to SIDL and live laod are obtained by Grillage Analysis (Refer appendix B and Appendix C)

A

27 m c/c EJ 26 m

102 3.00 m 302 1.5 m C/L of Bridge 1.5 m 502 3.00 m 702 Fig. 6.1 Bearing Node Numbering

(Not to Scale)

112

312

512

712

Load Case

Dead Load (Precast Girder)

Load List

Support

Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712

Force-Y (t) 31.43 31.43 31.43 31.43 31.43 31.43 31.43 31.43 24.10 24.10 24.10 24.10 24.10 24.10 24.10 24.10 55.53 55.53 55.53 55.53 55.53 55.53 55.53 55.53 18.92 6.70 6.70 18.92 18.92 6.70 6.70 18.92 74.45 62.23 62.23 74.45 74.45 62.23 62.23 74.45

A

Dead Load (Deck Slab)

Associated Distance from C/L of MT (tm) Bridge (m) 4.500 141.44 1.500 47.15 -1.500 -47.15 -4.500 -141.44 4.500 141.44 1.500 47.15 -1.500 -47.15 -4.500 -141.44 4.500 108.45 1.500 36.15 -1.500 -36.15 -4.500 -108.45 4.500 108.45 1.500 36.15 -1.500 -36.15 -4.500 -108.45 4.500 249.89 1.500 83.30 -1.500 -83.30 -4.500 -249.89 4.500 249.89 1.500 83.30 -1.500 -83.30 -4.500 -249.89 4.500 85.14 1.500 10.05 -1.500 -10.05 -4.500 -85.14 4.500 85.14 1.500 10.05 -1.500 -10.05 -4.500 -85.14 4.500 335.03 1.500 93.35 -1.500 -93.35 -4.500 -335.03 4.500 335.03 1.500 93.35 -1.500 -93.35 -4.500 -335.03

Total V (t)

Total MT (tm)

Support

Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712

125.72

0.00 B

125.72

0.00 A

96.40

0.00 B

96.40

0.00 A

222.12

0.00 B

222.12

0.00 A

SIDL

51.24

0.00 B

51.24

0.00 A

273.36

0.00 B

273.36

0.00

A

27.59 m c/c EJ 26 m

102 3.00 m 302 1.5 m C/L of Bridge 1.5 m 502 3.00 m 702 NODE Load List

Live Load Reaction ns coexistent with Max x. Reaction at Node 30 02 at Support A

112

312

512

(Not to Scale)

712

LOAD CASE

70R WHEEL PLACE ED MOST ECCENTRICALLY

Support

Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 Node No. 102 302 502 702

Force-Y (t) 44.27 48.53 3.57 -1.83 10.81 5.85 4.04 -1.15 Force-Y (t) 16.96 59.84 18.54 -0.81 7.70 5.43 5.10 1.32 Force-Y (t) 41.63 37.69 15.16 -1.50 10.48 6.60 4.23 -0.21

Distance Associated from C/L of MT (tm) Bridge (m) 4.500 199.22 1.500 72.80 -1.500 -5.36 -4.500 8.24 4.500 48.65 1.500 8.78 -1.500 -6.06 -4.500 5.18 Distance Associated from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 76.32 1.500 89.76 -1.500 -27.81 -4.500 3.65

Total V (t)

Total MT (tm)

34

94.54

274.89

Load Case

Live Load Reactions coexistent with Max. Reaction at Node 302 at Support A

Load List

LOAD CASE

70R WHEEL PLACED CENTRALLY IN CARRIAGEWAY

Support A

133

94.53

141.92

Load Case

Live Load Reactions coexistent with Max. Reaction at Node 302 at Support A

Load List

LOAD CASE

CLASS A 2 LANE PLACED MOST ECCENTRICALLY

Support A

112 312 512 712 Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712

4.500 34.65 1.500 8.15 -1.500 -7.65 -4.500 -5.94 Distance Associated from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 187.34 1.500 56.54 -1.500 -22.74 -4.500 6.75 4.500 47.16 1.500 9.90 -1.500 -6.35 -4.500 0.95

230

92.98

227.88

21.10

51.66

A

27.59 m c/c EJ 26 m

102 3.00 m 302 1.5 m C/L of Bridge 1.5 m 502 3.00 m 702 Load Case

Live Load Reac ctions coexistent with h Max. Reaction at Nod de 302 at Support A

112

312

512

(Not to Scale)

Load List

LOAD CASE

ANE CLASS A 2 LA PLACED CENTR RALLY IN CARRIAGE EWAY

Support A

Load Case

Live Load Reactions coexistent with Max. Reaction at Node 502 at Support A

Load List

LOAD CASE

CLASS A 3 LANE PLACED MOST ECCENTRICALLY

Support A

Load Case

Live Load Reactions coexistent with Max. Reaction at Node 302 at Support A

Load List

LOAD CASE

CLASS A 3 LANE PLACED CENTRALLY IN CARRIAGEWAY

Support A

Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712

Force-Y (t) 26.29 40.98 25 18 25.18 0.54 8.10 6.42 5.02 1.56 Force-Y (t) 41.01 38.69 41.32 18.45 9.92 8.84 7.43 5.46 Force-Y (t) 28.96 40.78 40.78 28.96 7.66 8.16 8.16 7.66

Distance Associated Total V (t) from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 118.31 1.500 61.47 -1.500 1 500 -37.77 37 77 -4.500 -2.43 92.99 4.500 36.45 1.500 9.63 -1.500 -7.53 -4.500 -7.02 21.10 Distance Associated Total V (t) from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 184.55 1.500 58.04 -1.500 -61.98 -4.500 -83.03 139.47 4.500 44.64 1.500 13.26 -1.500 -11.15 -4.500 -24.57 31.65 Distance Associated Total V (t) from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 130.32 1.500 61.17 -1.500 -61.17 -4.500 -130.32 139.48 4.500 34.47 1.500 12.24 -1.500 -12.24 -4.500 -34.47 31.64

329

139.58

428

97.58

527

0.00

0.00

A

27.59 m c/c EJ 26 m

102 3.00 m 302 1.5 m C/L of Bridge 1.5 m 502 3.00 m 702 Load Case

Live Load Reac ctions coexistent with h Max. Reaction at Nod de 302 at Support A

112

312

512

(Not to Scale)

Load List

LOAD CASE

LACED 70R TRACK PL MOST ECCENTRICA ALLY

Support A

Load Case

Live Load Reactions coexistent with Max. Reaction at Node 302 at Support A

Load List

LOAD CASE

70R TRACK PLACED CENTRALLY IN CARRIAGEWAY

Support A

Load Case

Live Load Reactions coexistent with Max. Reaction at Node 302 at Support A

Load List

LOAD CASE

70R WHEEL + CLASS A 1 LANE PLACED MOST ECCENTRICALLY

Support A

Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712 Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712

Force-Y (t) 31.25 41.69 -0.44 0 44 -0.40 2.69 1.44 1.01 -0.24 Force-Y (t) 10.05 50.78 12.51 -1.23 2.03 1.27 1.16 0.44 Force-Y (t) 31.12 42.79 19.35 23.40 1.69 3.74 4.91 7.04

Distance Associated Total V (t) from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 140.63 1.500 62.54 -1.500 1 500 0 66 0.66 -4.500 1.80 72.10 4.500 12.11 1.500 2.16 -1.500 -1.52 -4.500 1.08 4.90 Distance Associated Total V (t) from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 45.23 1.500 76.17 -1.500 -18.77 -4.500 5.54 72.11 4.500 9.14 1.500 1.91 -1.500 -1.74 -4.500 -1.98 4.90 Distance Associated Total V (t) from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 140.04 1.500 64.19 -1.500 -29.03 -4.500 -105.30 116.66 4.500 7.61 1.500 5.61 -1.500 -7.37 -4.500 -31.68 17.38

610

205.62

709

108.17

826

69.90

-25.83

A

27.59 m c/c EJ 26 m

102 3.00 m 302 1.5 m C/L of Bridge 1.5 m 502 3.00 m 702 Load Case

Live Load Reac ctions coexistent with h Max. Reaction at Nod de 702 at Support B

112

312

512

(Not to Scale)

Load List

LOAD CASE

CLASS A 2 LA ANE PLACED MO OST ECCENTRICA ALLY BUT SYMMETRICA ALLY

Support A

Node No. 102 302 502 702 112 312 512 712

Force-Y (t) 37.35 9.14 9 14 9.14 37.35 5.97 4.58 4.58 5.97

Distance Associated from C/L of MT (tm) 4.500 168.08 1.500 13.71 -1.500 1 500 -13.71 13 71 -4.500 -168.08 4.500 26.87 1.500 6.87 -1.500 -6.87 -4.500 -26.87

923

92.98

0.00

21.10

0.00

4 Sumamry of Bm & Shear Force The Diaphrgam, down stand and support at top of shear key is modeled in STAAD. The summary of BM 7 Shear forces are given as hereunder:-

4.1 Sumamry of Design BM & Shear Forces for Horizontal Bending Beam L/C 6007 6007 6007 6007 6007 6035 6007 6070 6007 6070 6007 6007 Node 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7 7 7 7 7 83 7 178 8 178 7 7 Fx Mton 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Max Fy Mton 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Fz Mton Mx MTon-m My MTon-m Mz MTon-m 11.773 0.791 19.52 0 11.773 0.791 19.52 0 11.773 0.791 19.52 0 11.773 0.791 19.52 0 11.773 0.791 19.52 0 6.618 0.365 14.52 0 11.773 0.791 26.80 0 8.93 0.24 12.46 0 11.773 0.791 26.80 0 8.93 0.24 12.46 0 11.773 0.791 19.52 0 11.773 0.791 19.52 0 11.773 26.8 = = 0.19 m 26.8 0.19 141 tm per m 11.773 0.19 62 t per m

Max Fx Min Fx Max Fy Min Fy Max Fz Min Fz Max Mx Min Mx Max My Min My Max Mz Min Mz

= =

4.2 Sumamry of Design BM & Shear Forces for Vertical Bending Beam L/C Node Fx Mton Fy Mton Fz Mton Mx MTon-m My MTon-m Mz MTon-m Max Fx 181 1 111 0 0 22 -0.043 15.19 0 Min Fx 181 1 111 0 0 18.39 -0.043 15.19 0 Max Fy 181 1 111 0 0 18.39 -0.043 15.19 0 Min Fy 181 1 111 0 0 18.39 -0.043 15.19 0 Max 22 15.19 Spacing between Vertical members Design BM for Vertical Bending = = 0.1175 m 15.19 0.1175 129 tm per m 22 0.1175 187 t per m

= =

4.0

Design of End Diaphragm for Longitudinal Seismic Forces The Longitudinal Seismic Forces are considered due to Dead load and SID only and seismic forces due to live shall not be considered as per clause 222.7 of IRC:6 IRC:6-2000 2000 Total Dead Load (Sum of DL Reactions for Four Bearings) Total SIDL (Sum of SIDL Reactions for Four Bearings) Longitudinal Seismic Force due to DL Longitudinal Seismic Force due to SIDL Total Longitudinal Seismic Force = 2 x 222.12 = 444.25 t

51.24

102.48 t

= = =

x x +

= = = Say

As per cl 222.11 of IRC:6-2000, the reaction blocks should be designed for twice the seismic forces. Design Seismic Force = 2 x 99.00 = 198.00 t

However as the seismic restrainers are designed to prevent dislodgement of superstructure The in plane stiffness of deck slab is very high and the distribution of longitudinal seismic forces may be uniform among precast girders.

No of Longitudinal girder Shear Force Design of Diaphragm at Section 'B" : The BM cause plan bending of diaphragm. Thickness of Diaphragm Effective cover Effective depth Depth of Diaphragm D d b

= =

= =

4 99.00 t

= = = =

= = = =

m m m m

As per IS:456-2000, Moment of Resistance w.r.t. concrete MuR Where xumax/d xumax MuR = = = = > 0.36.fck.b.xu(d-0.416xu) 0.48 0.2544 m 304 tm 141.05 tm

OK

Proposed tensile Reinforcement on vertical Face of Diaphragm Area of steel provided = 10 Ast = pt = Actual xu = 0.87 fy As 0.362.fck.b. 3416482.01

Nos of

25mm

10 = =

28344.6

= <

Moment of Resistance

MuR

= = >

OK

Check for Shear M Max. Shear Sh Force F Shear stress V = = 99 x 9.90E+05 1740 x 1.5 % 0.792 MPa 0.792 9.90E+05 x 1740 730382.4 x 530 = = 1.00E+04 1 00E 04 = 990000 N

530

For

pt tc

= = = Vs =

730382.4 N 2.60E+05 N

Shear Reinforcement Adopting spacing s Asv = = 0.87 = Provide 4L12mm dia Asv @ 200 = > 200 mm 2.60E+05 x 271 mm^2 mm c/c 452 mm^2 271 OK x 415 200 x

530

The BM cause plan bending of diaphragm. Thickness of Diaphragm Assuming 70 mm rff cover Depth of Diaphragm, b= D= d= 0.6 m 0.53 m 1.545 m

For M 45 Grade Concrete End Diaphragm at fck fy As per IS:456-2000, Moment of Resistance w.r.t. concrete MuR Where xumax/d xumax MuR = = 45 MPa 400 MPa

= = = = >

OK

Proposed tensile Reinforcement on vertical Face of Diaphragm As = 11 Nos Tor 32 + 2 pt = As = 14246 mm Actual xu = 0.87 fy As 0 362 fck b 0.362.fck.b. 4957725.38 25168.05 197 mm xumax

25

= = <

Therefore section is Under reinforced, and Moment of Resistance is given by MuR = = > 0.87fy.As(d-0.42.xu) 222 tm 222.75 tm

OK

Check for Shear Max. Shear Force V Shear stress = = = = < For pt= Tc 1.5 % < 99 x 9.90E+05 N 9.90E+05 1545 x 1.21 MPa 3.9 MPa ( Taken on lower side) 0.792 MPa 1.00E+04

530 O.K

Vs

= =

9.90E+05 3.41E+05 N

-0.792 x

1545 x

530

2

s=

200

2 452 mm

2 355 mm

The BM cause plan bending of diaphragm. Thickness of Diaphragm D= d= Assuming 70 mm rff cover b= Length of Diaphragm, fck As per IS:456-2000, Moment of Resistance w.r.t. concrete MuR = Where xumax/d xumax MuR = = = > = 0.60 m 0.53 m 1m 45 MPa

Proposed tensile Reinforcement on vertical Face of Diaphragm As = 10 Nos Tor 32 + 0 Nos Tor 2 As = 8042 mm pt = 1.52 % Actual xu = 0.87 fy As 0.362.fck.b. 3498478 16290 215 mm xumax

32

= = <

Therefore section is Under reinforced, and Moment of Resistance is given by MuR = = > 0.87fy.As(d-0.42.xu) 154 tm 129 tm OK

V Shear stress

= = =

<

1.9E+06 N 1.87E+06 1000 x 530 3.53 MPa 3.9 MPa O.K ( Taken on lower side) 0.792 MPa 1.9E+06 -0.792 x 1.5E+06 N 1000 x 530

For pt= Tc Vs

1.5 % < = =

Shear Reinforcement Adopting spacing Asv = 0.87 = s= 100 mm 1.5E+06 x x 415 100 x

530

2 759 mm

2

100 mm c/c

O.K

5.0

Design of Longitudinal Sesmic Restrainer Shear h k key is d designed d as a corbel b l to cater for f the h longitudinal l d l forces f from f End dd diaphragm. h Reference: "Practical Design against Shear & Torsion and Design of of Short Cantilevers and Deep Beams" from "Concrete Bridge Practice-Analysis , Design and Economic" by Dr. V. K Raina

Hu s

d' h Vu Hu h s b a fck fsy fsy p fc' = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 198 t 0t 500 500 2400 225 mm mm mm mm (After multiplying by 2)

80% OF PERMISSIBLE S

1.4 (For Concrete placed monolithically across interface) 150 mm ( Pitch of Horizontal stuirrups) 0.8 x 36 MPa 80 mm 500 420 mm 45

-80

Step-1:

Ensure s/d'

OK

Step-2:

Ensure d

Vu/(bd) < 0.15 fc' = = = = 0.15 Vu 198000 0.8 d' x / / 360 bd 8064 = = 336 mm 54.0 kg/cm^2

= <

Step-3: Avf

33.28 cm^2

Step-4:

Calculate Direct Tension Reinforcement : At Hu At < = = 0.2 Vu Hu 39600 / / 0.85.fsy 4250 = 39.6 t

9.32 cm^2

Step-5:

Calculate Flexure Tension Reinforcement : Af Af = = Vu.a+Hu.(h-d') 4771800 / 142800 0.85.fsy.d = 33.42 cm^2

Step-6:

Compute Total Primary Reinforcement : As As < < < = = = (Af+At) (2/3.Avf+At) (0.04fc'/fsy).b.d 33.416 22.185 0.00288 + + x 240.0 9.318 9.318 x 33.6 = = = 42.73 cm^2 31.50 cm^2 23.22 cm^2

Governing, As

42.73 cm^2

Provide

22 Nos of

As provided = >

20 mm Dia @

69.12 cm^2 42.73

105 mm c/c.

OK

Step-7:

Provide Vertical Stirrups : Ah Ah < < = = = 4 L-16mm = > 0.5 Af 0.333. Avf 16.71 cm^2 11.09 cm^2 16.71 cm^2 in each of 3

2 24.13 cm 16.71

100mm c/c

OK

Step-8:

2 6.31 cm

Vc

= = =

Av

Provide 2 L-12mm for full height of shear key. Ah Provided o ded = >

in each of 4

150mm c/c

2 9 9.05 05 cm 2 6.31 cm

OK

6.0

Design of Diaphragm for Transverse Sesmic Forces Downstand df from d diphragm h is d designed d to as a corbel b l to cater for f the h Transverse forces f from f Superstructure Transverse Direction

Hu s

Bearing

a Vu Pier Cap Top Level d' d' h C/c distance between girders Dimension of Pedestal in transverse direction Thickness of end diaphragm Depth of Pedestal at G3 (On conservative side) Thickness of Bearing Depth of bottom rectangular & traingular haunch Grade of concrete of Diaphragm Grade of Steel Vertical Loads of One Span: Total DL = Total SIDL = Total Live Load = ( 50% of (3 x 55.4) t for 3 Lanes of Class "A") Transverse Seismic Force due to DL = SIDL = 50% Live Load = = = = = = = = = 3000 700 600 550 80 mm mm mm mm mm Downstand from Diaphragm acts as Tranvserse Stopeer against Pedestal

= = =

x x x

444 102 83

= = =

t t t t

The above forces is to be shared by two end end diaphragms of a span. Transverse seismic Force at each end of Diaphragm HT = 56.68452 t Vu = 113.36904 t (After multiplying by 2) Hu = 0t h s b a Cover fck sy fsy p fc' = = = = = = = = = = 0.8 2298 mm 2298 mm 600 mm 715 mm 80 mm 45 MPa 500 MPa a 1.4 (For Concrete placed monolithically across interface) 150 mm ( Pitch of Horizontal stuirrups) x 45 = 36.00 MPa (Acting at half the depth of pedestal from bottom of downstand)

= s/d' > =

-80

2218 mm

2218

= >

1.04 0.5 OK

Step-2:

Ensure d

Vu/(bd) < 0.15 fc' = = = = Vu 113369 / / bd 10646.4 0.8 d' = = 1774.4 mm 54.0 kg/cm^2

= <

Step-3:

19.05 cm^2

Step-4:

Calculate Direct Tension Reinforcement: At Hu < = = = 0.2 Vu 22.673808 t Hu 22673.808 / / 0.85.fsy 4250

At

5.34 cm^2

Step-5:

754120

10.99 cm^2

Step-6:

Compute Total Primary Reinforcement: As As < < < = = = = (Af+At) (2/3.Avf+At) ( / y) (0.04fc'/fsy).b.d 10.99 12.70 0.00288 + + x 60.0 5.34 5.34 x 177.4 = = = 16.32 cm^2 18.04 cm^2 30.66 cm^2

30.66 cm^2

Provide

8 Nos of

As provided = >

39.27 cm^2 30.66 cm^2

OK

Step 7

Provide Vertical Stirrups, Ah Ah < < = = = 0.5 Af 0.333. Avf 5 49 c 5.49 cm^2 6.35 cm^2 6.35 cm^2

As the occurance of the seismic can be in both direction, the vertical stirrups shall be provided throught the depth. Provide Ah Provided 2 L-10mm = > in each of 6 9.42 cm^2 6.35 cm^2 Vertical Planes spaced at 165mm c/c

OK

OK

6.0

Design of Pedastal for Transverse Sesmic Forces Downstand from diphragm p g is designed g to as a corbel to cater for the Transverse forces from Superstructure p Transverse Direction

Hu s

Bearing

a Vu Pier Cap Top Level d' d' h C/c distance between girders Dimension of Pedestal in transverse direction Dimension of Pedestal in Longitudinal direction Depth of Pedestal at G3 (On conservative side) Thickness of Bearing Depth of bottom rectangular & traingular haunch Grade of concrete of Diaphragm Grade of Steel Vertical Loads of One Span: Total DL = Total SIDL = Total Live Load = ( 50% of (3 x 55.4) t for 3 Lanes of Class "A") Transverse Seismic Force due to DL = SIDL = 50% Live Load = = = = = = = = = 3000 700 600 550 80 mm mm mm mm mm Downstand from Diaphragm acts as Tranvserse Stopeer against Pedestal

= = =

x x x

444 102 83

= = =

t t t t

The above forces is to be shared by two end end diaphragms of a span. Transverse seismic Force at each end of Diaphragm HT = 56.68452 t Vu = 113.36904 t (After multiplying by 2) Hu = 0t h s b a Cover fck fsy p = = = = = = = = = 700 mm 700 mm 600 mm 275 mm 80 mm 40 MPa 500 MPa 1.4 (For Concrete placed monolithically across interface) 150 mm ( Pitch of Horizontal stuirrups) (Acting at half the depth of pedestal from top of pier cap)

= = s/d' > =

x -80

40

= =

620

= >

1.13 0.5 OK

Step-2:

Ensure d

Vu/(bd) < 0.15 fc' = = = = Vu 113369 / / bd 3720 0.8 d d' = = 496 mm 48.0 kg/cm^2

= <

Step-3:

Calculate Shear Friction Reinforcement : Avf Avf = = Vu 113369.04 / / 0.85.fsy. 0 85 fsy 5950

19.05 cm^2

Step-4:

Calculate Direct Tension Reinforcement: At Hu < = = = 0.2 Vu 22.673808 t Hu 22673.808 / / 0.85.fsy 4250

At

5.34 cm^2

Step-5:

210800

15.65 cm^2

Step-6:

Compute Total Primary Reinforcement: As As < < < = = = = (Af+At) (2/3.Avf+At) (2/3 A f A) (0.04fc'/fsy).b.d 15.65 12.70 0.00256 + + x 60.0 5.34 5.34 x 49.6 = = = 20.99 cm^2 18.04 cm^2 7.62 cm^2

20.99 cm^2

Provide

5 Nos of

As provided = >

24.54 cm^2 20.99 cm^2

OK

Step 7

Provide Vertical Stirrups, Ah Ah < < = = = 0.5 Af 0.333. Avf 7.83 cm^2 6.35 cm^2 7.83 cm^2

As the occurance of the seismic can be in both direction, the vertical stirrups shall be provided throught the depth. Provide Ah Provided 2 L-12mm = > in each of 5 11.31 cm^2 7.83 cm^2 Vertical Planes spaced at 110mm c/c

OK

OK

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