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MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENTS

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MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENTS


1. 2. 3. 4. Transport Equipment Storage systems Unitizing equipment Identification and Tracking systems

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1. MATERIAL TRANSPORT EQUIPMENT


It includes equipment that is used to move materials inside a factory or warehouse.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Industrial trucks Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV) Monorails Conveyers Cranes and hoists
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INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS

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INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS
Used to move materials over horizontal paths with no restrictions on the area covered (i.e., unrestricted area) Provide vertical movement if the truck has lifting capabilities Provide more flexibility in movement than conveyors and cranes Not licensed to travel on public roads "commercial trucks" are licensed to travel on public roads

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CONVEYORS
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CONVEYERS
Conveyor system a material handling equipment that moves materials from one location to another. Conveyors are especially useful in applications involving the transportation of heavy or bulky materials. Conveyor systems allow quick and efficient transportation for a wide variety of materials Conveyors are used:
When material is to be moved frequently between specific points To move materials over a fixed path When there is a sufficient flow volume to justify the fixed conveyor investment
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MONORAILS

MONORAILS
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MONORAILS
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MONORAILS
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MONORAILS
These are self-propelled vehicles that ride on a fixed rail system that is either on the floor or suspended from the ceiling. The vehicles operate independently and are usually driven by electric motors that pick up power from an electrified rail.

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AUTOMATED GUIDED VEHICLES (AGV)

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AUTOMATED GUIDED VEHICLES (AGV)


An automated guided vehicle (AGV) is a mobile robot that follows markers or wires in the floor, or uses vision or lasers. They are most often used in industrial applications to move materials around a manufacturing facility or a warehouse. They are battery powered and automatically steered.

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CRANES AND HOISTS

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CRANES AND HOISTS

HOISTS
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CRANES AND HOISTS


These are handling devices for lifting, lowering and transporting materials Cranes provide horizontal travel and generally include one or more hoists Hoists accomplish vertical lifting

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2. STORAGE SYSTEMS
1. 2. 3. 4. Bulk storage Rack systems Drawer storage Automated storage systems

Storage equipment is used for holding materials over a period of time.

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Bulk storage

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Rack and shelve systems


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Drawer system
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Automatic Storage/Retrieval Systems (AS/RS)


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Automatic Storage/Retrieval Systems (AS/RS)


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Automatic Storage/Retrieval Systems (AS/RS)


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Automatic Storage/Retrieval Systems (AS/RS)


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1. Bulk storage
This consists of simply storing materials in an open floor area, generally in pallet or containers. It requires little or no storage equipment.

2. Rack and shelf systems


These are structural frames designed to stack materials vertically.

3. Drawer system

These are costlier that selves but more convenient. This system is generally used for tools, hardware and other small items.

4. Automatic Storage/Retrieval Systems (AS/RS)


Consists of an integrated computer-controlled system that combines the storage medium, transport mechanism, and controls with various levels of automation for fast and accurate random storage of products and materials. Advantages: fewer material handling equipment, better material control (including security), and more efficient use of storage space. Disadvantages: high capital and maintenance costs, and difficult to modify.

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3. UNITIZING EQUIPMENT
Containers used to hold individual items during handling. 1. Pallets 2. Pallet Boxes 3. Cartons 4. Bags 5. Intermodal Containers

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Pallets
Cartons

Pallet Boxes
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Bags 27

Pallet Boxes

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Cartons

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Intermodal Containers
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4. IDENTIFICATION & TRACKING SYSTEMS


Identification and tracking equipment is used to collect and communicate the information that is used to coordinate the flow of materials within a facility and between a facility and its suppliers and customers. 1. Manual (No Equipment) The identification of materials and associated communication can be performed manually with no specialized equipment. Although it is sometimes possible to manually coordinate the operation of a material handling system, it becomes more difficult to do so as the speed, size, and complexity of the system increases. 2. Bar Codes Unique bar/space patterns represent various alphanumeric characters Bar code system consists of bar code label, bar code scanner, and bar code printer
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3. Radio Frequency (RF) Tag Data encoded on chip encased in a tag Noncontact: can be read when the tag is within 30 ft. of an antenna Tags can either be attached to a container, or permanently or temporarily to an item RF tags have greater data storage capability than bar codes 4. Magnetic Stripes Data encoded on a magnetic stripe that is readable in almost any environment Requires contact with a reader Greater storage capability and more expensive than bar codes
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Radio Frequency (RF) Tag


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Magnetic Stripes
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THANK YOU

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