Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

PROCEDURE: VENT I FLARE SYSTEM: TROUBLESHOOT

RISK RANKING: MEDIUM

HAZARD ASSESSMENT: HAZARD 1. Flammable vapors / LEL. POTENTIAL EFFECTS 1. Vapors may ignite causing flash fire. CONTROL 1. Monitor to be used to detect LEL. Fixed fire and LEL detection may be in place to initiate ESD. 2. Monitor to be used to detect H2S. Fixed H2S detection may be in place to initiate ESD. 3. Proper PPE is to be worn as per MSDS to prevent worker exposure.

2. H2S.

2. Exposure above OEL may cause serious personal injury, at higher concentrations. 3. Swallowing, skin contact and eye contact.

3. Worker exposure.

SAFETY EQUIPMENT: Safety Glasses with side shields, hard hat, steel toe boots, FR Clothing, gloves, hearing protection, personal gas monitor and SCBA / SABA. PROCEDURE:

The flare gas system is designed to direct produced gas to flare: Exhaust from gas powered pumps (i.e. Sandpiper and Kimray). Treaters Free Water Knock-Outs Free Gas Knock-Outs Test and Group Separators ESD Blow-Down Valves Vessel and compressor manual flare valves Glycol flash separators Inlet Separators and Dehydrators Compressors which have gone down or have too much gas to their system The flare header is simply a collection line for all FSVs and manual blowdowns. NOTE: After a vessel shutdowns or turn-around, it is absolutely critical to ensure that the PSV lines to the flare header are unobstructed. Failure to do so could result in serious injury, death, or very expensive damage or loss of property and equipment. A certified shop on a scheduled basis, itself should service the PSV valve. The pressure setting should not be changed without consultation with Engineering Department.
PROCEDURE:VENT/FLARESYSTEM:TROUBLESHOOT 1

DateofPreparation:November3,2004 DateofRevision:November3,2004 DateofLastReview:February22,2010

PROCEDURE: VENT I FLARE SYSTEM: TROUBLESHOOT NOTE: Extra purge gas must be used while having a tank truck empty a flare knockout drum. This will prevent oxygen from being drawn into the flare system, which may cause an explosion (reference Haltech Testing Inc. FKO loading sign which is to be posted at each Flare Knock Out load line). Symptom: Flare wont light. NOTE: Disable ignition system and purge system before trying to light. Possible Cause: No gas getting to flare. Action: Ensure that the gas pilot line is open and delivering gas. Possible Cause: Valve(s) closed with no produced gas getting to flare. Action: Check all valves and adjust as necessary. Possible Cause: Pilot light may be frozen to flare stack. Action: Methanol batch pots or have a steamer thaw lines and or clean out line. Possible Cause: No gas getting to the pilot light. Action: Check to ensure that all valves are open from the pilot gas scrubber system as is necessary. Possible Cause: Flare igniter not working Action: Check electrical breaker. Call maintenance to inspect and replace if necessary. Possible Cause: Hydrate, frozen flare line. Action: Shut-in facility without depressurizing process. Use a steamer to thaw line if possible otherwise methanol may be an option. Symptom: Pilot flame has gone out. Possible Cause: High winds. Action: Automatic ignition may re-ignite pilot. If not increase pilot regulator pressure and re-light with flare gun. Symptom: Black smoke coming off flare flame. NOTE: Caution: Maintain positive pressure on underground tanks to avoid air entering flare system. Possible Cause: Flare KnockOut drum high level. Flare Knock Drum is too small. Action: Pump off liquids or have tank truck take them away. Action: Flare KnockOut drum alarm may have gone down. Check electric breakers to ensure they are ON. Check pump for failed pump level switches. Check pump output. Pump may be in need of repairs. Check battery process for proper operating levels as vessels may be flooding.

PROCEDURE:VENT/FLARESYSTEM:TROUBLESHOOT 2

DateofPreparation:November3,2004 DateofRevision:November3,2004 DateofLastReview:February22,2010

PROCEDURE: VENT I FLARE SYSTEM: TROUBLESHOOT Symptom: High level Flare KnockOut Drum. Possible Cause: Flare KnockOut Drum level high. Action: Acknowledge alarms, call for tank truck to empty FKO. Possible Cause: Float switch malfunctioning. Action: Remove and repair. Possible Cause: Piping frozen or blocked off with cold oil. Action: Have steamer thaw lines. Possible Cause: Glycol heating lines in flare knockout not working or is leaking. Action: Check to see if lines are hot. Monitor level of glycol in surge tank. Repair leaks. Switch to heat tape if possible.

PROCEDURE:VENT/FLARESYSTEM:TROUBLESHOOT 3

DateofPreparation:November3,2004 DateofRevision:November3,2004 DateofLastReview:February22,2010