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Introduction A. Background of the Study: Okra or Ladys Finger, which is botanically known as Hibiscus esculentus L. or Abelmoschus esculentus L.

Moench, is a popular and common vegetable in the market. The immature fruits can be eaten raw, boiled, or fried. It is also an indispensable component of a Filipino dish pinakbet. It is widely grown throughout the year because it is resistant to either drought or water logging. Okra plants are extremely drought and heat resistant and okra is a popular vegetable in many countries with difficult growing conditions. We chose this type of plant because it grows fast, has a high chance of growing and its compatible with the climate of Sorsogon City. Also this type of plant grows in loam soil which is commonly seen in Sorsogon city. Due to Sorsogon Citys good location and good climate, okra can grow fast and bear amazingly high class pods which will be bought in the market. Okra is easy to manage in the system of planting, growth and pest management. In this case, we can easily manage this plant in no time, harvest enough okra and save time and energy. Cool weather is okras number-one enemy, and stressed plants may fall victim to verticillium and fusarium wilts, which are soil-borne diseases that cause them to wilt and die. Another serious pest is root knot nematode. Ants often climb up plants to steal sips of nectar but seldom cause serious damage. Fireants are the exception, as they can cause damage to developing flowers that forces them to abort.

Other pests that you may run into include Japanese beetles, stink bugs, aphids, corn earworms, and flea beetles. Warm weather helps pods grow quickly, so check plants every day once they start producing. Due to Okra is a cut-and-come-again vegetable, we can ensure that the pods keep coming and the result is that we can harvest enough okra. We also chose this type of plant because it has many nutritional values. A cup of contains 26.1 mg of antioxidant vitamin C, which neutralizes free radicals and promotes a healthy immune system. Okra is also a good source of B-complex vitamins, with a cup offering up .211 mg of thiamin, or vitamin B-1, and .088 mg of riboflavin, or vitamin B2; both are vital for energy production in the body. It also contains .299 mg or 20 percent of the recommended daily value of vitamin B-6, or pyridoxine, needed to produce over 100 enzymes involved in protein metabolism. Finally, it provides 453 IU of vitamin A. It is necessary for the health of the respiratory tract along with an additional 272 mcg of the beneficial plant pigment beta-carotene, converted to vitamin A in the body. Also, okra helps in maintaining a healthy pregnancy, helps prevent diabetes, helps with kidney disease, supports colon health, helps in respiratory issues such as asthma, promoting healthy skin, weight management, protecting free radical damage and promotes good eye health. In short, besides being low in calories, it is aplenty with vitamins of the category A, Thiamin, B6, C, folic acid, riboflavin, calcium, zinc and dietary fiber. Eating okra is highly recommended for pregnant woman because of its richness in folic acid, which is essential in the neural tube formation of the fetus during 4-12 weeks of gestation period in the mothers womb.
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B. Statement of the Problem: 1. What variety of okra will grow faster and bear more fruits? 2. Which setup will have a greater surviving rate? 3. Is there any significant difference between the varieties of okra in terms of fruit bearing? C. Statement of the Hypothesis: 1. The set-up that will grow faster, bear more fruits and healthier is the one with fertilizer. 2. Smooth Green okra will have a greater surviving rate. 3. Smooth Green okra will have a difference in their pods. D. Significance of the Study: Okra is a very nutritious vegetable here in the Philippines because it contains carbohydrates, proteins, and Vitamin C in large quantities. Hence, it plays a vital role in human diet. Knowing the correct varieties will enhance okra production for farmers. It is however important to assess the level of okra varieties and knowing the best variety to plant to serve as a guide for appropriate methods and techniques of okra production. Also, to see if there are significant differences in terms of the varieties of okra plant in fruit bearing

The Abelmochus Escelentus or commonly known as the okra plant, grows one of the richest sources of potassium and calcium which is the okra pod. Okra originated in the Ethiopian region of Africa, but is now widely grown in Africa, Asia, Central and South America. Abelmoschus esculentus is cultivated throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world for its fibrous fruits or pods containing round, white seeds. Many of the Filipino farmers have favored okra as a strong and easy plant to grow. Okra is needed to be taken care of especially it is manifested by pests such as Cotton stainer .A cotton stainer isa sucking insect pest of okra common throughout the year and attacks all parts of the plant. It does not significantly reduce the yield, but it lowers the quality of the fruits produced by inflicting a rusty appearance on the surface.Leaf folder (Lamprosema sp.) is a polyphagous insect pest that infests leafy vegetables. The larva encloses itself in a leaf by forming into a fold using a web generated from within its body then feed in the inner surface of the leaf until it develops into a pupa. It affects the photosynthesis on the leaves.Leaf hopper (Impoasca sp.). This is an insect pest that feeds on okra by sucking the sap of the leaves. The effect of its feeding results in yellowing, cupping, and browning of the leaves, which is often called hopper burn. Under water stress condition, the plants cease to grow but bear small deformed fruits and shoots. Cecospora leaf spot or blight Cercospora abelmoschi . The disease is common during wet season. The spread of the disease is favored by the wet-warm condition of the environment during wet season. High doses of nitrogen fertilizers applied produce succulent leaves that are susceptible to the attack of the fungus.

E. Scope and Limitation: The place where we will plant the okra will be at de Lotas residence, Bibincahan, Sorsogon city during July to December 2013. The varieties are namely: Smooth Green Okra and Green light Okra. We chose the de Lotas residence because of the soil it has. The soil is rich in nutrients and it is near to the source of irrigation. Also, they have enough space to inhabit the plants that will be grown. F. Review of Related Literature and studies: According to the author of bonnieplants.com, okra {Abelmoschus esculentus} is one of the important vegetable crops grown for its tender green fruits during springsummer and rainy seasons. To make the plant bear more fruits, healthier and has a great chance of surviving, okra needs full sun. It will grow in ordinary soil but best in fertile soil. It is also best if the ground is warm and air temperature is 60 degrees. These are just some needs of the lady finger. Also, with the help of organic fertilizer, it will make the plant grow healthier and faster.