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10 NQM12B SB TXT.

fm Page 380 Thursday, July 16, 2009 3:10 PM

Trigonometric equations

c Draw a sketch.
7
-----6

--6

1
S

--6

(a, b)

7
tan ------  0
6
7
tan ------ = tan +

= tan --6
1
= ------3

Use CAST (3rd quadrant).


7
Express ------ in the form .
6
Apply the formula for .

Use the standard triangle for --- .


6

Additional
Exercise

10.2

Exercise 10.2

2--,
3

--6

Simplifying trigonometric expressions

1 Simplify each of the following.

a tan ( )
b sin ---
2

3
d cos ------ +
e cos ( )
2

g cos (2 )
h tan --- +
2
2 Simplify the following.
a sin (2)
b cos ()
d cos (4 + )
e tan ()
g cot ()
h sin (6 + )
3 If sin =

c cos --- +
2

f sin ()

c tan ()
f sin ()

write the value of:

a sin ()

b sin ( )

c sin ( + )

4 If tan = 0.5, write the value of:


a tan ( + )
b tan (2 )

d tan --- +
2

e tan ( )

5 If sin = 0.39 and cos = 0.92, determine the value of:


a cos ( + )
b sin ( )
d sin (2 )

e sin ---
2

d sin (2 )
c tan ()

3
f tan ------
2

c cos (2 )

3
f cos ------
2

6 Find the exact values of the following (that is, do not use a calculator).
a sin 120
b cos 240
c tan 135
d tan 210
e sin 300
f cos 225
g tan 315
h cos 330
i tan 150
j cos 210
k sin 315
l cos 390
380

3
------2

New QMaths 12B


9780170136600

1
--2

10 NQM12B SB TXT.fm Page 381 Thursday, July 16, 2009 3:10 PM

m cos 135
p cos 315
s cot (30)

n tan 120
q sin 210
t sin 135

7 Find the exact values of the following.


11
5
a cos --------b sin -----6
6
7
13
d cos -----e sin --------4
6
9
5
g sin -----h cos -----4
3
15

j sin ---
k cos -------- 3
4
11
7
m cos --------n tan -----6
4
5

p sin -----q cot --3


4

o sin 240
r tan (60)

9
c tan -----4
11
f sin --------3
i cot
---
4
13
l cos --------6
5
o tan -----6
4
r cot -----3

8 With the aid of a diagram, express each of the following in simplest form.
3

a sin ---
b cos ()
c sin ------ +
2

3
3
d tan ------
e sin ()
f sin ------
2

2
3
3
g cos ------ +
h tan ------ +
2

9 Use a calculator to evaluate the following (correct to 4 decimal places).


a sin 5.87
b cos 0.46
c tan 4.675
d sin 3.027
e cos 5.6284
f sin 6.7502
7
7
15
g cos -----h tan -----i cos --------15
9
7
13
7
19
j sin --------k cos -----l tan --------5
9
3
m sin (3.82)
n cos (2.46)
o tan (4.12)
p cos (0.96)
10 If cos = 0.78, sin = 0.63 and tan = 0.81, write the value of each of the following.
a sin ( + )
b tan ( + )
c cos (2 )
d cos ( )
e tan (2 )
f sin (2 )
g sin ( )
h tan ( )
11 If sin 0.40 0.39, cos 0.40 0.92, tan 0.40 0.42 and cot 0.40 2.38, and is taken to be
3.14, evaluate the following without using a calculator.
a sin (0.40)
b cos 2.74
c tan 3.54
d cos 5.88
e sin 1.97
f tan 1.17
g cos 5.11
h sin 4.31

Chapter 10 Trigonometric equations

9780170136600

381

14 NQM12B SB TXT.chap.ans.fm Page 465 Thursday, July 23, 2009 2:40 PM

Exercise
1 a
d
g
2 a
d
g

10.2

tan
sin
cos
sin 2
cos
cot

3 a 2--3

b
e
h
b
e
h
b

cos
cos
cot
cos
tan
sin

2
--3

c sin
f sin

c 2--3

b cos

c tan
f sin

b 0.5
e 0.5

4 a 0.5
d 2

8 a cos

d 2--3

c cos

d cot

c 0.5
f 2

5 a 0.92
d 0.39
3
6 a ------2
3
e ------2
1
i ------3
1
m ------2

q 1--2

3
7 a ------2

1
--2

i 1
3
m ------2
q 1

b 0.39
e 0.92
b 1--2

1
f ------2
3
j ------2

n 3

c 0.92
f 0.39
c 1

1
d ------3

g 1

3
h ------2

1
k ------2
3
o ------2

3
l ------2

r 3

s 3

c 1

1
--2

3
f ------2
3
j ------2

n 1
1
r ------3

1
g ------2
1
k ------2
1
o ------3

1
p ------2
1
t ------2
1
d ------2

1
--2

3
l ------2
3
p ------2

e sin

f cos

g sin

h cot

9 a
d
g
j
m
p

0.4015
0.1143
0.1405
0.9511
0.6276
0.5735

10 a
d
g
11 a
d
g

0.63
0.78
0.63
0.39
0.92
0.39

b
e
h
k
n

0.8961
0.7932
0.8391
0.7660
0.7766

b
e
h
b
e
h

0.81
0.81
0.81
0.92
0.92
0.92

c
f
i
l
o

26.7334
0.4502
0.9010
1.7321
1.4858

c 0.78
f 0.63
c 0.42
f 2.38