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Grade 5: Electricity

1. Two objects have collected static electricity with the same charge. What would the objects do when placed near each other?

a. Repel

b. Attract

c. Nothing

d. Stick together

2. Which form of electric discharge appears in nature?

a. Rain

b. Ocean currents

c. Lightning

d. Earthquakes

3. How can you tell when static electricity has been discharged?

a. Heat is released that can be felt.

b. Light is released and you can feel a shock.

c. Static electricity gives off many different colors.

d. The object begins to spin rapidly when it is shocked.

4. Why does static electricity move from you to a metal object after you have shuffled your feet over carpet?

a. It is attracted to the metal.

b. It is attracted to the carpet.

c. It is attracted to you.

d. It is created on the surface of your feet.

5. Electricity is the flow of

a. Electrons

b. Protons

c. Neutrons

d. Water

6. Which type of electricity moves along a pathway to turn on a light?

a. Static electricity

b. Lightning electricity

c. Turbine electricity

7. When performing an experiment with electricity, which material would act as an insulator?

a. Paper clip

b. Wire

c. Popsicle stick

d. Staple

8. Matt was trying to make a circuit for his Science Fair project. If he was trying to make the electricity go all the way around the circuit, using a battery and a light bulb, what type of circuit does he want?

a. Closed circuit

b. Open circuit

c. Series circuit

d. Parallel circuit

9. Which material will allow electricity to flow between a battery and a light bulb in an electrical circuit (i.e., which is a conductor of electricity) ?

a. Wooden rod

b. Cotton string

c. Copper wire

d. Rubber tube

10. What will happen if you add more batteries to an electrical circuit containing light bulbs?

a. There is no change.

b. The bulbs will dim.

c. The bulbs will be brighter.

d. The bulbs will last longer.

11. Which best describes a parallel circuit?

a. Electricity flows along one pathway.

b. The flow of electricity comes from one source.

c. Electricity flows along more than one pathway.

d. The flow of electricity comes from more than one source.

12. You are making a series circuit at home. How do you know it is a series circuit?

a. It has two light bulbs.

b. The same current flows through the light bulbs.

c. It uses a single battery.

d. The current is split between each light bulb.

Constructed Response

1. What is static electricity?

2. What causes lightning?

3. How can you create static electricity using a balloon and your hair?

4. Draw a complete circuit with a power source, switch, and light. Show all connections.

5. What is current electricity?

ANSWER KEY Electricity Test

1. Two objects have collected static electricity with the same charge. What would the objects do when placed near each other?

a.

Repel

b.

Attract

c.

Nothing

d.

Stick together

2. Which form of electric discharge appears in nature?

a.

Rain

b.

Ocean currents

c.

Lightning

d.

Earthquakes

3. How can you tell when static electricity has been discharged?

a.

Heat is released that can be felt.

b.

Light is released and you can feel a shock.

c.

Static electricity gives off many different colors.

d.

The object begins to spin rapidly when it is shocked.

4. Why does static electricity move from you to a metal object after you have shuffled your feet over carpet?

a.

It is attracted to the metal.

b.

It is attracted to the carpet.

c.

It is attracted to you.

d.

It is created on the surface of your feet.

5. Electricity is the flow of

a.

Electrons

b.

Protons

c.

Neutrons

d.

Water

6. Which type of electricity moves along a pathway to turn on a light?

a. Static electricity

b. Lightning electricity

c. Turbine electricity

7. When performing an experiment with electricity, which material would act as an insulator?

a.

Paper clip

b.

Wire

c.

Popsicle stick

d.

Staple

8. Matt was trying to make a circuit for his Science Fair project. If he was trying to make the

electricity go all the way around the circuit, using a battery and a light bulb, what type of circuit does he want?

a.

Closed circuit

b.

Open circuit

c.

Series circuit

d.

Parallel circuit

9. Which material will allow electricity to flow between a battery and a light bulb in an electrical circuit (i.e., which is a conductor of electricity) ?

a.

Wooden rod

b.

Cotton string

c.

Copper wire

d.

Rubber tube

10. What will happen if you add more batteries to an electrical circuit containing light bulbs?

a.

There is no change.

b.

The bulbs will dim.

c.

The bulbs will be brighter.

d.

The bulbs will last longer.

11. Which best describes a parallel circuit?

a.

Electricity flows along one pathway.

b.

The flow of electricity comes from one source.

c.

Electricity flows along more than one pathway.

d.

The flow of electricity comes from more than one source.

12. You are making a series circuit at home. How do you know it is a series circuit?

a.

It has two light bulbs.

b.

The same current flows through the light bulbs.

c.

It uses a single battery.

d.

The current is split between each light bulb.

Constructed Response

6. What is static electricity? Static electricity is a stationary electric charge that is built up on a material. It DOES NOT MOVE, like current electricity does. A common example of static electricity is the slight electrical shock that we can get when we touch a doorknob. The static electricity is formed when we accumulate extra electrons (negatively-charged particles which we rub off carpeting) and they are discharged onto the doorknob.

7. What causes lightning? Lightning is an electric current. To make this electric current, first you need a cloud. When the ground is hot, it heats the air above it. This warm air rises. As the air rises, water vapour cools and forms a cloud. When air continues to rise, the cloud gets bigger and bigger. In the tops of the clouds, temperature is below freezing and the water vapor turns into ice. Now, the cloud becomes a thundercloud. Lots of small bits of ice bump into each other as they move around. All these collisions cause a build up of electrical charge. Eventually, the whole cloud fills up with electrical charges. Lighter, positively charged particles form at the top of the cloud. Heavier, negatively charged particles sink to the bottom of the cloud. When the positive and negative charges grow large enough, a giant spark - lightning - occurs between the two charges within the cloud. This is like a static electricity sparks you see, but much bigger.

8. How can you create static electricity using a balloon and your hair? Blow up a balloon and rub it against your hair. Electrons move from your hair to the balloon. Now each of the hairs has the same positive charge. Remember, things with the same charge repel each other. So the hairs try to get as far from each other as possible. The farthest they can get is by standing up and away from the others. Since the balloon is negatively charged now, your hairs will stick to the balloon!

9. Draw a complete circuit with a power source, switch, and light. Show all connections.

a power source, switch, and light. Show all connections. 10. What is current electricity? Current electricity

10. What is current electricity? Current electricity is a flow of electric charge. It DOES MOVE, unlike static electricity. In electric circuits, this charge is often carried by moving electrons in a wire. You can see this when you turn on a light from a light switch in a room.