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REG: 4142

NAME: MUHAMMAD YASIR SALEEM

COURSE: STATISTICS AND INFERENCE

PROGRAM: MBA

FACULTY: SIR SHAHBAZ KHAN

PROJECT REPORT:

TOPIC: POPULATION PERCENTAGE PROBABILITY


METHOD

DUE DATE: 15-APR-2009


ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I would like to thank our respected Statistics and inference


teacher Mr. Shahbaz khan, for providing us the opportunity
of conducting a research on Students who are interested in
watching cable.

This project has provided us with great insight, knowledge


and experience about working on statistical data which will
help us in our practical life to use different kinds of data in
order to bring statistical outcomes which are easy to
understand by graph, charts, etc.

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CONTENTS

Pg. #

• EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…………………………….
01

• INTRODUCTION……………………………………..
02

• METHODOLOGY……………………………………..
03

• FINDINGS……………………………………………..
04

• DISCUSSION AND INTERPRETATION……………


05

• CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION………..


06

• REFERENCES…………………………………………
07

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

We carried out a study on a selected random sample of 40


students of which 20 were boys and 20 girls to calculate the
level of satisfaction of students using the transportation
service provided by PAF-KIET INSTITUTE. It was found that
45% of the boys and 60% of the girls are satisfied whereas,
the rest are dissatisfied with the service. It is concluded that
we can be 90% confident that the true percentage of PAF-
KIET boys who are satisfied is between 25.77 and 64.22
percent. On the other hand, we can be 95% confident that
the true percentage of PAF KIET girls who are satisfied is
between 37.18 and 82.8 percent. Therefore, it is
recommended to arrange more points so that all dissatisfied
students can be accommodated comfortably and acquire the
due service they are paying for.

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INTRODUCTION

A large number of dissatisfied students complaint regarding


the transportation service provided by PAF-KIET INSTITUTE
prompted the study. Both boys and girls complained that
they do not get due service they are paying for i.e. a proper
seat to sit on, frequent absence of points and
mismanagement of time which makes them late for their
respective classes. Resolution of this issue is important
because students are an asset for the institute and providing
them with ease and comfort is obligatory on the
management. There is a critical need to formulate a course
of action as dissatisfaction of students in regard to
transportation service will give way to alternative ways i.e.
private conveyance or public transport. Undoubtedly the
latter action will cause a great loss for the management of
the institute. Therefore, a study was conducted to find out
how many students are satisfied so that work can be done
on the remaining who are dissatisfied and overcome the
problem successfully.

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METHODOLOGY

Since the mean of the sampling distribution of percentages


is equal to the population percentage, the sample
percentage (p) is an unbiased estimator of the population
percentage ( ). If the sample size is sufficiently large – that
is, if n×p [ the sample size (n) times the sample percentage
(p) is ≥ 500, and if n(100-p) is also ≥ 500 – then the
sampling distribution of p approximates the normal
distribution. Thus, we are able to make probability
statements about the interval estimate of ^ that are based
on sample percentages.

We use p, the sample percentage, as the point estimate for


^ and construct the interval estimate of the population
percentage as follows:

p–z /2 δp < <p+z /2 δp

LOWER CONFIDENCE UPPER CONFIDENCE

LIMIT LIMIT

A z value is used here in exactly the same way it was used to


estimate populations mean. And when we compute a value
for δp, we have produced an estimate of the standard

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deviation of the sampling distribution of percentages – that
is, an estimate of the standard error of percentage. It may be
found this way:

δp = p(100 – p)
n

With the help of POPULATION PERCENTAGE


PROBABILITY METHOD we will complete the study for the
data given as follows:

BOYS

Sr. # NAMES SATISFIED


DISSATISFIED

01. ASAD √
02. ALI √
03. ASHAR √
04. AHMED √
05. BAKIR √
06. BABAR √
07. AKBAR √
08. NOMAN √
09. ADEEL √
10. DANIYAL √
11. TAHA

12. AQIL

13. AHSAN √
14. FARHAN √
15. NASIR √
16. SAMEER √
17. MAZHAR √
18. TAUQEER √

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19. FAIZAN √
20. PRAKASH √

√ %

No. of boys satisfied: 09 45

No. of boys dissatisfied: 11 55

GIRLS

Sr. # NAMES SATISFIED


DISSATISFIED

01. AMNA √
02. MEHWISH √
03. ZARISH √
04. RAFIA

05. HIRA √
06. QURATULAIN √
07. SOBIA √
08. SEHAR

09. YUMNA √
10. DANIYA

11. FAREHA √
12. HIBA √
13. SUNIYA √
14. SAMRAH

15. SANA

16. HINA √

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17. SARA

18. AISHA √
19. FATIMA √
20. ARSALAN √

√ %

No. of girls satisfied: 12 60

No. of girls dissatisfied: 08 40

FINDINGS

PERCENTAGE PROBABILITY

SATISFIED BOYS:

p = 45 v=n–1 C.I. = 90%


n = 20 = 20 -1 = 0.9 -1
= 19 = 0.1/2
t = 0.05

δp = p(100 – p)
n

δp = 45(100 – 45)
20

δp = 2475
20

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δp = √123.75

δp = 11.12%

With a confidence level of 90 percent, the t value = 1.729.


There fore, the interval estimate is

= p – t δp < < p + t δp

= 45 – (1.729) (11.12) < < 45 + (1.729) (11.12)

= 25.77 < < 64.22 percent

So we can be 90 percent confident that the true percentage


of PAF KIET boys who are satisfied is between 25.77 and
64.22 percent.
SATISFIED GIRLS:

p = 60 v= n -1 C.I. = 95%
n = 20 v= 20 – 1 = 0.95%
v= 19 = 1 – 0.95
= 0.05/2
t = 0.025

δp = p(100 – p)
n

δp = 60(100 – 60)
20

δp = 2400
20

δp = √120

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δp = 10.9%

With a confidence level of 95 percent, the t value = 2.093.


There fore, the interval estimate is

= p – t δp < < p+ t δp

= 60 – (2.093) (10.9) < < 60 + (2.093) (10.9)

= 37.18 < < 82.8 percent

So we can be 95 percent confident that the true percentage


of PAF KIET girls who are satisfied is between 37.18 and 82.8
percent.

DISCUSSION AND INTERPRETATION

From the facts and figures we have calculated in the


previous section, it is evident that we can be 90% confident
that boys are satisfied between the range of 25.77 and 64.22
percent and the rest are dissatisfied. Whereas we can be
95% confident that girls are satisfied between the range of
37.18 and 82.8 percent and the remaining are dissatisfied.
Hence, we have worked out the population percentage of
students who are satisfied with the transportation service
provided by PAF KIET INSTITUTE which will help us come up
with a recommendation for the management to improve
their services for those students who are dissatisfied.

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

Therefore, we conclude that the transport management


should arrange more points to satisfy 55% of the boys and
40% of the girls who are dissatisfied. The latter action must

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be taken in order to avoid loss and provide due service to the
students for which they are paying a handsome amount.

REFERENCES

Online help:

http://www.betterwritingskills.com/articles/reports-article.txt

Book:

A FIRST COURSE (6th Edition) by Sanders & Smidt

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