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MACHINE DESIGN EXCEL SPREAD SHEETS

Copy write, Machine Design Spreadsheet Calculations by John R Andrew, 6 July 2006 Spread Sheet Method: 1. Type in values for the input data. 2. Enter. 3. Answer: X = will be calculated. 4. Automatic calculations are bold type.

V-BELT DRIVES
V-belts are used to transmit power from motors to machinery. Sheaves have a V-groove. Pulleys have a flat circumference. A V-belt may be used in combination with a drive sheave on a motor shaft and a pulley on the driven shaft.

Angle B
Small sheave pitch circle radius, R1 = Large sheave pitch circle radius, R2 = Center distance, C = Sin (B) Sin (B) B B = = = =

Input 4 6 14 Calculation (R2-R1) / C 0.1429 0.1433 8.21

in in in

radn. degrees

V-Belt Drive
Drive power, HP = Motor speed, N = Drive sheave pitch diameter, D1 = Driven sheave pitch diameter, D2 = Center distance, C = Sheave groove angle, A = Sheave to V-belt coefficient of friction, f1 = Pulley to V-belt coefficient of friction, f2 = B1 = B2 = D = V-belt weight per cubic inch, w = Tight side V-belt allowable tension, T1 = V-belt C.G. distance, x = = Driven sheave pitch diameter, D2 = =

Input 30 1800 10 36 40 40 0.2 0.2 0.75 1.5 1 0.04 200 Calculation D*(B1+ 2*B2)/ 3(B1+B2) 0.556 D2 + 2*x 37.11 5.00 18.56 (R2-R1) / C 0.3389 0.3457 19.81 180 - 2*B 140.38 180 + 2*B 219.62 2.7183

hp rpm in in in deg in in in lbm/in^3 lbf

in in in in

Angle of Wrap An
Small sheave pitch radius, R1 = Large pulley pitch radius, R2 = Sin (B) = Sin (B) = B = B = Small sheave angle of wrap, A1 = A1 = Large pulley angle of wrap, A2 = A2 = e =

radn. degrees degrees degrees

Sheave capacity Cs = e^(f1*A1/ Sin(A/2)) = 4.77 Pulley capacity, Cp = e^(f2*A2/ Sin(90/2)) = 2.15

The smaller of Cs and Cp governs design.


Belt section area, Ab = = V-belt weight per ft, W = = V-belt velocity, V = V = g = (B1 + B2)/ (2*D) 1.125 Ab*w*12 0.54 *(D1/12)*(N/60) 78.55 32.2 in^2 lbm/ft ft/sec ft^2/sec

Slack side belt tension, T2 = (T1-W*V^2/g)/(Csp)+ (W*V^2/g) = 148 lbf Horsepower per belt, HPb = (T2-T1)*V / 550 = 7.4 hp Number of belts, Nb = HP / HPb = 4.1 belts Input Use 4 belts

This is the end of this work sheet.