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Villanova University

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Curriculum Development in Systems for Smart Communications NSF Award 0203459 Major Topic Area Organization Form
Major Topic Area: Digital Signal Processing Sub Area Number: 1 | Sub Area: Wireless Channel Characteristics and Fading Properties Area Coordinator: Date: 11-07-02 Amin

Sub-topics: topics for 15 to 20 minute lectures/demonstrations SubTopic A Lecture Topic Channel parameters and variables; delay spread, Doppler spread, and angular spread; Flat fading and frequency selective fading; Fast fading and slow fading Regular channels and Degenerate channels from Diversity perspectives Jakes Model for simulating isotropic Rayleigh channel Vector channel model and spatial correlation Space-time channel model Blind and non-blind channel estimations

B C D E F G H

Use the sections as needed; use additional pages if needed.

Villanova University
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Curriculum Development in Systems for Smart Communications NSF Award 0203459 Sub-Topic Organization Form
Sub Topic Area Number: 1 Subtopic Letter Designation (A, B, etc.): A Area Coordinator: Amin Date: 11-07-02

Lecture/Demonstration Materials Required (Yes-Y, No-N)


Video Lecture Tape N Computer Screen Output Y Document Camera Y CAD Software (name) N Other (specify)

Sub-topic Highlights A. Delay spread, frequency selective fading and coherence bandwidth. B. Flat fading and Rayleigh distribution C. Doppler spread and coherence time, fast fading and slow fading channels. D. Angular spread and local scattering. Application Exercises (Reinforcement) 1. Estimate the maximum delay spread for given digital wireless systems. 2. Examine the fundamental properties of Doppler spectrum and correlation functions.

Sub-topic Learning Outcome(s) Students become very familiar with commonly used terminology in channel descriptions Assessment Method(s)

Sub-Topic Organization Form

Villanova University
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Curriculum Development in Systems for Smart Communications NSF Award 0203459
Sub Topic Area Number: 1 Subtopic Letter Designation (A, B, etc.): B Area Coordinator: Amin Date: 11-07-02

Lecture/Demonstration Materials Required (Yes-Y, No-N)


Video Lecture Tape N Computer Screen Output Y Document Camera Y CAD Software (name) N Other (specify)

Sub-topic Highlights A. Conditions for diversity and the desire for independent fading channels. B. Degenerate channels and the disadvantage of dependent fading. C. Time-frequency degenerate channel, time-space degenerate channel, and timefrequency-space degenerate channel. Application Exercises (Reinforcement) Drive and plot probability of error in regular and degenerate channels. Sub-topic Learning Outcome(s) Students learn that multipath and rich scattering can be useful in terrestrial wireless communications to reduce probability of errors Assessment Method(s)

Sub-Topic Organization Form


Sub Topic Area Number: 1 Area Coordinator: Amin

Villanova University
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Curriculum Development in Systems for Smart Communications NSF Award 0203459
Subtopic Letter Designation (A, B, etc.): C Date: 11-07-02

Lecture/Demonstration Materials Required (Yes-Y, No-N)


Video Lecture Tape N Computer Screen Output Y Document Camera Y CAD Software (name) N Other (specify)

Sub-topic Highlights A. General introduction of Jakes model and isotropic scattering. B. Derivation of Jakes model C. The power and cross-correlation of the in-phase and quadrature components, the autocorrelation function and the Doppler spectra. Application Exercises (Reinforcement) Given mobile speed or Doppler shift and the number of scatterers, write a MATLAB program to generate the fading signal from Jakes model. Provide the amplitude histogram, the phase histogram, the autocorrelation and the spectrum of the fading signal. Compare with the exact values. Sub-topic Learning Outcome(s) Students learn the most commonly used technique for wireless channel simulation. Assessment Method(s)

Sub-Topic Organization Form


Sub Topic Area Number: 1 Subtopic Letter Designation (A, B, etc.): D Area Coordinator: Amin Date: 11-07-02

Lecture/Demonstration Materials Required (Yes-Y, No-N)


Video Computer Screen Document CAD Software Other (specify)

Villanova University
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Curriculum Development in Systems for Smart Communications NSF Award 0203459
Lecture Tape N Output Y Camera Y (name) N

Sub-topic Highlights A. Background of vector channel model, local scattering and spatial correlation. B. Expression of three commonly assumed vector channel models. C. Effect of antenna spacing, x, on spatial correlation D. Effect of scattering bandwidth, BW , on spatial correlation E. Effect of the center angle, 0 , of the local scattering cluster on spatial correlation F. Effect of the number of scatters, N, on spatial correlation Application Exercises (Reinforcement) Examine the dependency of spatial correlation on antenna spacing x, scattering bandwidth BW , center angle 0 of the scattering cluster, and the number of scatters N

Sub-topic Learning Outcome(s) Students can learn the three famous Gaussian, circular and linear models for spatial generating correlation across the array. Assessment Method(s)

Sub-Topic Organization Form


Sub Topic Area Number: 1 Subtopic Letter Designation (A, B, etc.): E Area Coordinator: Amin Date: 11-07-02

Lecture/Demonstration Materials Required (Yes-Y, No-N)


Video Lecture Tape Computer Screen Output Document Camera CAD Software (name) Other (specify)

Villanova University
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Curriculum Development in Systems for Smart Communications NSF Award 0203459
N Y Y N

Sub-topic Highlights A. Motivation of driving the general space-time channel model with joint temporal and spatial correlations. B. Derivation of space-time channel model. C. Simulation results of space-time channel model. D. Micro and Macro-Diversity Application Exercises (Reinforcement) Write a MATLAB program to generate fast and slow fading channels for Macro and Micro-diversity. Sub-topic Learning Outcome(s) Students learn how to generate most complex wireless channels with arbitrary Doppler, delay and spatial spread variable. Assessment Method(s)

Sub-Topic Organization Form


Sub Topic Area Number: 1 Subtopic Letter Designation (A, B, etc.): F Area Coordinator: Amin Date: 11-07-02

Lecture/Demonstration Materials Required (Yes-Y, No-N)


Video Lecture Tape N Computer Screen Output Y Document Camera Y CAD Software (name) N Other (specify)

Villanova University
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Curriculum Development in Systems for Smart Communications NSF Award 0203459
Sub-topic Highlights A. Importance of channel estimation. B. Channel estimation using training sequence and pilot signal. C. Over sampling and blind channel estimation. Application Exercises (Reinforcement) Use MATLAB program to estimate the wireless channels for one transmitter and twoantenna receiver using a known transmitted signal and using blind techniques.

Sub-topic Learning Outcome(s) Students learn how to perform channel estimation using second-order statistics of the received data. Assessment Method(s)