Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 25

CFM Radiolink

Installation Manual

Rev. 2.0 SAF Tehnika A/S 2006

The information presented in this guide is the property of SAF Tehnika, A/S. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted without proper permission from SAF Tehnika, A/S. The information and specifications contained in this document are subject to change without notice due to continuing introduction of software and/or design improvements. SAF Tehnika A/S has no liability for typing errors in this document or damages of any kind that result from the use of this document. Copyright Notice Copyright 2004 SAF Tehnika, A/S. All rights reserved.

Table of Contents
Table of Contents ......................................................................................... 2 1 Introduction ........................................................................................... 4
1.1.1 1.1.2 1.1.3 1.1.4 Revision history .......................................................................................... 4 Safety Precautions ...................................................................................... 4 Electrical Safety.......................................................................................... 4 Microwave Radiation ................................................................................... 4

Getting Started....................................................................................... 5 2.1 Unpacking and Inventory ..................................................................... 5


2.1.1 2.1.2 2.1.3 Contents of Transportation Package for IDU-ODU link ...................................... 5 Contents of Transportation Package for FODU link ........................................... 5 Package Weight and Dimensions ................................................................... 5 IDU Installation Tools .................................................................................. 5 ODU Installation Tools ................................................................................. 5 FODU Installation Tools ............................................................................... 5 Antenna Installation Tools ............................................................................ 5 IDU Label .................................................................................................. 6 ODU Label ................................................................................................. 6 FODU Label................................................................................................ 7

2.2

Required Installation Tools ................................................................... 5

2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.2.4

2.3

Labels ............................................................................................... 6

2.3.1 2.3.2 2.3.3

Installing IDU/ODU Radiolink ................................................................ 8 3.1 Preparing Radiolink Hop ....................................................................... 8


3.1.1 3.1.2 3.1.3 Required Equipment .................................................................................... 8 Connecting IDU to ODU ............................................................................... 8 Interconnecting ODUs ................................................................................. 9 Setting Transmitter Power............................................................................ 9 Setting ODU Frequency Channel ................................................................... 9 Connecting Directly to RS-232 Port................................................................ 9 Connecting to RS-232 Port via Dial-up Modems ............................................. 10

3.2

Configuring ODU Parameters ................................................................ 9

3.2.1 3.2.2

3.3

Connecting PC to RS-232 Management Port ............................................ 9

3.3.1 3.3.2

3.4 3.5

Configuring IP Settings .......................................................................10 Connecting PC to 10Base-T Management Port ........................................11


Connecting Telnet Client ............................................................................ 11 Connecting Web Terminal .......................................................................... 11 Adding routes........................................................................................... 11 Pinging Far-end IDU .................................................................................. 11
2

3.5.1 3.5.2

3.6

Configuring Management Service Channel .............................................11

3.6.1 3.6.2

3.6.3

IP Configuration Examples ......................................................................... 12

3.7 3.8

System Reboot ..................................................................................14 IDU Installation .................................................................................14


Space Requirements ................................................................................. 14 IDU Rack Mounting ................................................................................... 15 IDU Module Installation ............................................................................. 15

3.8.1 3.8.2 3.8.3

4 5

Installing Full Outdoor Unit (FODU) Radiolink...................................... 17 Outdoor Unit and Antenna Installation................................................. 18 5.1 Polarization Considerations..................................................................18 5.2 Attaching Outdoor Unit to Antenna .......................................................18 5.3 Grounding the Outdoor Unit ................................................................19 5.4 Antenna Alignment.............................................................................19
5.4.1 5.4.2 5.4.3 Calculating Expected Receive Signal Level (RSL) ........................................... 19 Alignment Procedure ................................................................................. 19 RSSI Readings ......................................................................................... 20

6 7

Performing Software Update ................................................................ 21 References ........................................................................................... 25

Chapter 1. Introduction

1 Introduction
This manual describes how to install SAF CFM series microwave radio link consisting of Indoor Units (IDUs) and Outdoor Units (ODUs or Radios). This manual also covers the installation of Full Outdoor Units (2E1, 4E1, and Eth+2E1 FODUs).

1.1.1
Revision 1.0 2.0

Revision history
Date July, 2004 March, 2006 Comments Information about FODU installation added

1.1.2

Safety Precautions

Installation and service must be done by personnel having appropriate technical training and experience necessary to be aware of hazards during installation and/or service. The installation and/or service must be done under measures to minimize any danger to the involved person or any other person. Use the necessary safety devices when working on or around the mast. Be aware of the risk of falling objects. Consider the safety catch when hoisting the antenna and radio. Do not use any components (screws, nuts, etc.) other than those delivered together with the SAF Tehnika microwave radio equipment or recommended by SAF Tehnika.

1.1.3

Electrical Safety

The equipment meets the requirements for class I EN 60950 (protection against electric shock). All external circuits are TNV-1 (as defined in EN 60950). All equipment must be grounded before the power cable is connected. For electrical safety the DC power supply shall have reinforced insulation to the mains supply.

1.1.4

Microwave Radiation

The transmitter should be switched off before disassembling the equipment to avoid microwave radiation. No dangerous levels of microwave radiation exist outside the antenna while in operation when the antenna is connected to the radio, yet any part of the body shall not be exposed to the radiation in front of the open radio waveguide output closer than 20 cm while radio transmitter is turned on.

Restricted area
20 cm

Chapter 2. Getting Started

2 Getting Started
2.1 Unpacking and Inventory
There are two types of packages, - the box for transportation and the commercial package. IDUs, ODUs and 25 cm Lens-Horn antennas are packed in commercial packages whereas commercial boxes are packed in transportation boxes. There are two types of transportation packages included: Transportation package for two 25 cm LH antennas contains two trading packages for lens-horn antenna; Transportation package for two IDUs and two ODUs contains two trading packages for IDU and two trading packages for ODU;

2.1.1

Contents of Transportation Package for IDU-ODU link

Outdoor Unit, 2 pcs. Indoor Unit, 2 pcs. N-type coax cable connectors, 4pcs. Power connector for IDU, 1 pcs. Documentation CD, 2 pcs.

2.1.2

Contents of Transportation Package for FODU link

Full Outdoor Unit, 2 pcs. 18-pin twisted-pair cable connector, 2pcs. Documentation CD, 2 pcs. Twin-BNC connector, 2 pcs. Hermetical RJ-45 cable connector (with 4E1 FODU and Eth+2E1 FODU only), 2 pcs.

2.1.3

Package Weight and Dimensions

The following table lists all the included packages and their weight and dimensions. Package type Commercial package for IDU Commercial package for ODU Commercial package for FODU Commercial package for 25 cm LH antenna Transporting package for 25 cm LH antennas Transporting package for IDUs and ODUs Weight of empty package [g] 755 486 486 1070 787 700 Dimensions [mm] 352x270x113 532x365x75 532x365x75 375x300x286 618x395x300 562x385x283

2.2
2.2.1

Required Installation Tools


IDU Installation Tools

Pozidrive screwdriver PZ2 or PH2, Necessary tools for assembling the cables and connectors.

2.2.2

ODU Installation Tools

10 mm nut wrench to mount ODU to antenna, Necessary tools for assembling the cables and connectors.

2.2.3

FODU Installation Tools

10 mm nut wrench to mount ODU to antenna, Necessary tools for assembling the cables and connectors.

2.2.4

Antenna Installation Tools

8 mm and 10 mm nut wrench for 0.25 m lens-horn antenna installation, 17 mm nut wrench for 0.3 and 0.6 m parabolic antenna installation, 18 and 24 mm nut wrench for 1.2 and larger parabolic antenna installation.

2.3
2.3.1
The The

Labels
IDU Label

IDU label can be found on the rear side of the chassis. IDU label contains the following information: Product model name. Product number (P/N). Serial number (S/N); the Serial Number has the following information: 4-digit product code, Consecutive number of the product; the 5-digit consecutive numbering for IDU label is separate for each IDU type (e.g. MUX IDU, REB IDU, E1 IDU, etc.), for ODU label separate for each frequency band. Product type and hardware version.

The Serial Number uniquely identifies the unit. Product type (internal use only) Product model name

Hardware version\ specification (internal use only)

Product number 4-digit Product code assigned to Product Number Figure 1. IDU label

Consecutive number

2.3.2

ODU Label

The ODU label can be found on the front side (flange-side) of the ODU chassis. The information about subband (L or H) and band side (A, B or C) are displayed by Product number. Just like the IDU label, the ODU label contains: Model name, Product number (P/N), Serial number (S/N).

Product model name Product number Serial number

Notified body number for CE marking

Figure 2. ODU label

2.3.3

FODU Label

The FODU label can be found on the front side of the unit chassis; the FODU label is similar to ODU label, it contains the following information: Model name (CFM-18-FR34). The FODU model name is CFM-xx-F2E1 for 4 Mbps 2xE1 FODU, CFM-xx-F4E1 for 8 Mbps 4xE1 FODU, CFM-xx-FR34 for 34 Mbps Ethernet+2xE1 FODU, xx - frequency band of the FODU. Product Number (F18R3401HB): product number contains information in which band side (L, H) and subband (A, B or C) the FODU operates. Unit Serial Number (3057501 00014); the serial number uniquely identifies the FODU.

Figure 3. FODU label

Chapter 4. Installing Full Outdoor Unit radiolink

3 Installing IDU/ODU Radiolink


The installation of non-full outdoor link involves the following steps: 1) Initial equipment set up at the customers premises; At first it is recommended to configure each unit of the radiolink by setting up the radiolink in domestic circumstances rather than installing it in the actual locations, - this may ease the configuration of the hop, especially management service channel configuration since all the units are conveniently nearby. In order to properly configure the equipment, the hop should be set up in domestic circumstances by interconnecting ODUs using waveguide-coaxial adapters, and coaxial cable. The use of attenuators is preferable, but in case they are not available, the proper measures should be taken into consideration to avoid damage to the receiver of the ODU, see next chapter for more information. This step includes the following: Unpack all equipment, Prepare IDU-ODU cables, Interconnect IDUs and ODUs with IDU-ODU cables for each hop; Interconnect ODUs: - turn ODUs of one hop against ceiling (with flanges facing upward), or use attenuators and waveguide to interconnect ODUs. 2) Connecting ASCII terminal to IDU in order to configure the equipment. Notes: You can also connect Telnet console, the default IP address of Eth management port is 192.168.205.10 (mask 255.255.255.0) Use straight through (modem) serial cable to connect ASCII console to IDU (serial port), use Ethernet patch cable to connect Telnet terminal (PC) to Ethernet management port; Some parameters mentioned further can not be configured from IDU front panel, but only from ASCII or Telnet terminals. 3) Configuration of equipment; Radio frequency channel and transmitter power: by default the transmitter power is switched off. IP settings: IP address and netmask of the 10Base-T management port, SLIP port addresses Routes to all subsequent IDUs in the radiolink SNMP settings: Specify SNMP trap manager IP address Specify SNMP read and write community names Specify SNMP NMS hosts Multiplexer slot speeds. Traffic port settings of installed modules. Complete steps 2 and 3 for each IDU. 4) IDU mechanical installation (rack mounting, module installation), this is discussed in chapter 3.8. 5) ODU and Antenna mechanical installation: this is discussed in chapter 5. Follow further chapters to perform the installation by the plan described above.

3.1
3.1.1

Preparing Radiolink Hop


Required Equipment

In order to simulate one radiolink hop, the following equipment is required: IDUs (2 pcs.) ODUs (2 pcs.) Waveguide-coaxial adapter (2 pcs.) Attenuator(s), total recommendable attenuation is 80 dB. Important note: In case if not using attenuators, the transmitter power must be set to -10 dBm to avoid damage to the receiver, - the maximum permissible receiver input level is 0 dBm. Coaxial cable to connect both ODUs of the hop. The following cables are recommended: RG-213, LMR-400. Power supply unit 20-60 VDC of any polarity with: 24 W or higher output power for each site of 1+0 hop.

3.1.2

Connecting IDU to ODU

Interconnect IDU with ODU at each site performing the following steps: Connect the cable type-N connector to the type-N connector on the IDU and rotate the collar of the coaxial connector clockwise to tighten. Similarly connect the cable type-N connector to the type-N connector on the ODU. Check to make sure the connectors are still secured. 8

3.1.3

Interconnecting ODUs

Connect both ODUs as shown in the picture below.

Waveguidecoaxial adapter Attenuators

Coaxial cable

Figure 4. FODU label

3.2
3.2.1

Configuring ODU Parameters


Setting Transmitter Power

The primary parameters for the link to operate properly are frequency channel and transmitter power.

The transmitter power of the new equipment is switched off. For both sites of a hop, proceed as follows: From IDU LCD, using arrow buttons, select Outdoor unit -> Power -> press ENTER Select required transmitter power using up/down arrow buttons and press ENTER Select Yes and press ENTER to confirm. Normally the IDU LCD displays basic configuration, radio data and alarm status, remaining in the status display mode. To make changes in configuration from IDU LCD, the LCD must be switched from status display mode to setup mode. This can be done by pressing ENTER key. To return to status display mode, press CLEAR key; the LCD will automatically resume to status display mode after a few seconds.

3.2.2

Setting ODU Frequency Channel

For both sites of a hop, proceed as follows: From IDU LCD, select Outdoor unit -> Chan ## -> press ENTER Select required frequency channel using up/down arrow buttons and press ENTER Select Yes and press ENTER to confirm.

3.3
3.3.1

Connecting PC to RS-232 Management Port


Connecting Directly to RS-232 Port

In order to interconnect the IDU and the PC directly through serial ports, a straight through modem cable is needed. The serial port of the PC should be configured as follows: Bits per second - 19200 Data bits - 8 Parity - None Stop bits - 1 Data flow control - None. In order to connect the PC to the RS232 management port using Hyper Terminal program, which is included in any Windows version, the following steps must be performed. Similar steps can be performed using other terminal emulators. 1. Connect PC to the RS232 serial port with straight-through (modem) serial cable. 2. Run Hyper Terminal program. 3. Make a New connection, enter connection name.

4. 5. 6.

Select an open COM port from the Connect using drop-down list (COM1 or COM2). The COM Properties window is displayed. Select port settings (bits per second: 19200, data bits: 8, parity: none, stop bits: 1, no data flow control). Press OK. The connection to the radio terminal should now be established. Press Enter and the login prompt is displayed if user name and password is set up. The factory default username and password for ASCII console is (disabled), and the login prompt will not appear. For complete list of console commands please refer to the appropriate IDU management system technical description and configuration guide.

3.3.2

Connecting to RS-232 Port via Dial-up Modems

If using modems, the management terminal is connected with the IDU remotely through a telephone line as shown in the picture below.
Must be set to auto answer mode
IDU
Modem
Phone line

Modem

PC

Figure 5. 1. 2. Interconnect the equipment as shown in the Figure 5. Configure the modem, which is connected to the IDU as stated below: 3. Auto answer on first ring ON Echo offline commands OFF Suppress result codes DTR override 19200 baud rate

Save the modem configuration (typically with AT&W string).

Please refer to the documentation accompanied with the dial-up modem for information about configuration of modem.

3.4

Configuring IP Settings

The following IP settings must be properly configured at each site in order to connect Web, Telnet or SNMP terminals as well as to be able to access far-end IDU(s) via radio channel. 1. IP address of 10Base-T port, it can be configured from an ASCII console, or from IDU front panel using keypad; Using IDU keypad: using arrow buttons, select Ethernet -> Select IP -> press ENTER select required IP address using up/down arrow buttons and press ENTER select Yes and press ENTER to confirm. Using ASCII console, enter command: IP addr <IPaddress> Example: IP addr 192.168.200.1 2. Set the IP netmask for 10Base-T port; Using IDU keypad: select Ethernet -> Select NETMASK -> press ENTER select netmask using up/down arrow buttons and press ENTER select Yes and press ENTER to confirm. Using ASCII console, enter command: IP mask <IPnetmask> Example: IP mask 255.255.255.0 Default gateway; Using IDU keypad: select Ethernet -> Select Gateway -> press ENTER select required IP address using up/down arrow buttons and press ENTER select Yes and press ENTER to confirm. Using ASCII console, enter command: IP gw <IPaddress> Example: IP gw 192.168.210.1 Set the SLIP address for the serial port of the local IDU: Using IDU keypad: select Service line -> Select local IP -> press ENTER select required IP address using up/down arrow buttons and press ENTER select Yes and press ENTER to confirm. Using ASCII console, enter command: IP seraddr <IPaddress> Example: IP seraddr 192.168.100.1 Specify the far-end SLIP port IP address: Using IDU keypad: select Service line -> Select remote IP -> press ENTER 10

3.

4.

5.

select required IP address using up/down arrow buttons and press ENTER select Yes and press ENTER to confirm. Using ASCII console, enter command: IP remaddr <IPaddress> Example: IP remaddr 192.168.100.2 The management traffic in CFM radiolinks is IP-based. The management controller of the IDU operates as a router (2-port), which implies that standard IP routing principles must be taken into consideration.

3.5
3.5.1

Connecting PC to 10Base-T Management Port


Connecting Telnet Client

Connect a PC to the 10Base-T port of the IDU; if connecting PC directly to the IDU, use crossover patch cable. Open telnet client program. Open Telnet session to the address of IDU 10Base-T port; Enter login and password if prompted; default (factory) Telnet username is telnet, password saf (login name and password is case sensitive).

Note: it may be necessary to configure IP address of the PC.

3.5.2

Connecting Web Terminal

Connect a PC to the IDU 10Base-T management port, using Cat 5 UTP or better patch cable, Note: if connecting a PC directly to the IDU, then crossover patch cable must be used. Open Web browser. In address bar enter the IP address of 10Base-T management port. This should open the login/password dialog box, default (factory) login name is SAF and password test (login name and password is case sensitive) If server can not be found then: if PC is connected directly to the IDU (not via Ethernet network) then make sure the PC and IDU are in one subnet; if PC is connected to the IDU via Ethernet network then make sure the routing of packets addressed to IDU, are properly configured through the network.

Note: it may be necessary to configure IP address of the PC.

3.6

Configuring Management Service Channel

The configuration of the management service channel should be done preferably before the IDU is installed at the actual location, in future to avoid necessities to attend each site locally. To configure the service channel, please proceed in the order of the following chapters.

3.6.1

Adding routes

Connect a PC to the 10Base-T port of the IDU and open Telnet session as described in chapter Connecting Telnet Client, or connect a PC to the RS232 port and make a connection. Configure routing using the following command: Route add <destinationIPaddr> Mask <netmask> <gateway> [metric] where <destinationIPaddr> - destination IP address <netmask> - net mask (if the route is related to a single host, the mask can be skipped) <gateway> - gateway [metric] - optional Examples: Route add 192.168.205.010 Mask 255.255.255.0 155.13.79.13 Route add 192.168.205.010 155.13.79.14 Save the configuration using write command and restart the management controller using restartcpu command. After the restartcpu command is entered, the Telnet session will terminate. Please refer to chapter IP Configuration Examples for detailed examples.

3.6.2

Pinging Far-end IDU

In order to test if the management service channel is properly configured over the radiolink, use ping command to ping via all hops. Ping in step by step each port along the IP channel between management station (PC) and far-end IDU, starting from 10Base-T port of the local IDU down to the 10-Base-T port of the far-end IDU, correct routes as necessary.

11

3.6.3

IP Configuration Examples

Management Module RIP = ON

Eth

Virtual Serial Port


IP Seraddr 192.168.0.10 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.11

service channel

Virtual Serial Port


IP Seraddr 192.168.0.11 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.10

Management Module RIP = ON

Eth

IP Addr 192.168.205.10 IP mask 255.255.255.0 IP GW 192.168.205.1

IP Addr 192.168.206.10 IP mask 255.255.255.0

Telnet console/ Web client

Console IP address: 192.168.205.1, 255.255.255.0 Route Add 192.168.206.0 Mask 255.255.255.0 192.168.205.10

Local Site (Terminal A)


Management Module RIP = ON
Eth

Remote Site (Terminal B)


Virtual Serial Port
IP Seraddr 192.168.0.11 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.10

Virtual Serial Port


IP Seraddr 192.168.0.10 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.11

service channel

Management Module RIP = ON


Eth

Router (RIP=OFF)

IP Addr 192.168.205.10 IP mask 255.255.255.0 IP GW 192.168.205.1

IP Addr 192.168.206.10 IP mask 255.255.255.0 IP GW 192.168.0.10

Router port IP address: 192.168.205.1, 255.255.255.0 Route Add 192.168.206.0 Mask 255.255.255.0 192.168.205.10

Local Site (Terminal A)


Ethernet

Remote Site (Terminal B)

Telnet console/Web client

12

Port IP address: 192.168.205.1 Route Add 192.168.205.0 Mask 255.255.255.240 192.168.205.2

Port IP address: 192.168.204.1


Ethernet

Router (RIP = OFF)

Telnet console/Web client IP address: 192.168.204.2


IP Addr 192.168.205.2 IP mask 255.255.255.252 IP GW 192.168.205.1
IP Addr 192.168.205.5 IP mask 255.255.255.252 IP GW 192.168.0.1

Management Module RIP = ON

Eth

Virtual Serial Port


IP Seraddr 192.168.0.1 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.2

service channel

Virtual Serial Port


IP Seraddr 192.168.0.2 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.1

Management Module RIP = ON

Eth

Hop 1 Hop 2

IP Addr 192.168.205.9 IP mask 255.255.255.252 IP GW 192.168.0.3

IP Addr 192.168.205.6 IP mask 255.255.255.252 IP GW 192.168.205.5

Management Module RIP = ON

Eth

Virtual Serial Port


IP Seraddr 192.168.0.4 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.3

service channel

Virtual Serial Port


IP Seraddr 192.168.0.3 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.4

Management Module RIP = ON

Eth

IP Addr 192.168.205.10 IP mask 255.255.255.252 IP GW 192.168.205.9

IP Addr 192.168.205.13 IP mask 255.255.255.252 IP GW 192.168.0.5

Management Module RIP = ON

Eth

Virtual Serial Port


IP Seraddr 192.168.0.5 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.6

service channel

Virtual Serial Port


IP Seraddr 192.168.0.6 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.5

Management Module RIP = ON

Eth

Hop 3
Figure 6

13

Port IP address: 192.168.205.1 Route Add 192.168.205.0 Mask 255.255.255.240 192.168.205.2 Port IP address: 192.168.204.1 Route add 192.168.205.0 Mask 255.255.255.240 192.168.204.1
Ethernet

Router (RIP = OFF)

Telnet console/Web client


IP GW 192.168.0.1 Route add 192.168.205.8 Mask 255.255.255.248 192.168.205.6 Route add 192.168.205.13 Mask 255.255.255.255 192.168.205.6

IP GW 192.168.205.1 Route add 192.168.205.12 Mask 255.255.255.252 192.168.0.2 Route add 192.168.205.4 Mask 255.255.255.252 192.168.0.2 Route add 192.168.205.8 Mask 255.255.255.248 192.168.0.2 IP Addr 192.168.205.2 IP mask 255.255.255.252

IP Addr 192.168.205.5 IP mask 255.255.255.252

Management Module RIP = OFF Eth

Virtual Serial Port


IP Seraddr 192.168.0.1 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.2

service channel

Virtual Serial Port


IP Seraddr 192.168.0.2 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.1

Management Module RIP = OFF Eth

Hop 1 Hop 2

IP GW 192.168.205.5 Route add 192.168.205.8 Mask 255.255.255.248 192.168.0.4 Route add 192.168.205.13 Mask 255.255.255.255 192.168.0.4

IP GW 192.168.0.3 Route add 192.168.205.13 Mask 255.255.255.255 192.168.205.10 IP Addr 192.168.205.9 IP mask 255.255.255.252 IP Addr 192.168.205.6 IP mask 255.255.255.252

Management Module RIP = OFF Eth

Virtual Serial Port


IP Seraddr 192.168.0.4 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.3

service channel

Virtual Serial Port


IP Seraddr 192.168.0.3 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.4

Management Module RIP = OFF Eth

IP GW 192.168.205.9 Route add 192.168.205.13 Mask 255.255.255.255 192.168.0.6 IP Addr 192.168.205.10 IP mask 255.255.255.252

IP GW 192.168.0.5 IP Addr 192.168.205.13 IP mask 255.255.255.252

Management Module RIP = OFF Eth

Virtual Serial Port


IP Seraddr 192.168.0.5 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.6

service channel

Virtual Serial Port


IP Seraddr 192.168.0.6 IP Remaddr 192.168.0.5

Management Module RIP = OFF Eth

Hop 3
Figure 7

3.7

System Reboot

The whole terminal (IDU and ODU) can be rebooted in one way only by switching the power supply off and on. This will restart all individual modules in IDU and ODU, and will reset all counters, such as uptime and down-time counter. If the restartcpu command is entered from the Telnet or ASCII terminal, or if Restart CPU option is performed from IDU panel, the IDU management controller is restarted, but this will not reboot the entire site. Thereby rebooting the management controller does not affect the payload traffic.

3.8
3.8.1

IDU Installation
Space Requirements

IDU is intended for installation in 19 communications rack.

14

482 mm

284 mm

Figure 8.

3.8.2

50 mm

IDU Rack Mounting

Position the IDU in the communications rack at the desired height. Secure the IDU brackets to the communication rack.

Connect the site ground to the grounding screw provided on the rear panel of the IDU chassis
IDU grounding screw

Figure 9.

3.8.3

IDU Module Installation

Switch off the power to the IDU. Remove the protective cover plate from the IDU slot where the new module will be inserted, use torxhead screwdriver (torx M3x6 screws).

120 mm

1U (44 mm)

15

Blank module slots

Slide the module into the slot rail until the faceplate of the module is close to the IDU chassis Secure the module into the IDU chassis with the locking screws

16

Chapter 4. Installing Full Outdoor Unit radiolink

4 Installing Full Outdoor Unit (FODU) Radiolink


The installation of FODU link involves the following steps: 1) Initial equipment set up at the customers premises Unpack all equipment, Prepare necessary cables, Interconnect FODU with Interface Termination Unit (CFM-8-TU4E1) or other appropriate interface terminating device; Interconnect FODUs: - turn FODUs of one hop against ceiling (with flanges facing upward), or use attenuators and waveguide to interconnect FODUs. 2) Connecting ASCII terminal to serial management port in order to configure the equipment. Notes: You can also connect Telnet console, the default IP address of Eth management port is 192.168.205.10 (mask 255.255.255.0). Use straight through (modem) serial cable to connect ASCII console to interface termination device, use Ethernet patch cable to connect Telnet terminal (PC) to Ethernet management port; 3) Configuration of equipment: perform basic configuration for each FODU; Radio frequency channel and transmitter power: by default the transmitter power is switched off. IP settings: IP address and netmask of the 10Base-T management port, SLIP port addresses Routes to all subsequent IDUs in the radiolink SNMP settings: Specify SNMP trap manager IP address Specify SNMP read and write community names Specify SNMP NMS hosts. Complete steps 2 and 3 for each FODU. 4) FODU and Antenna mechanical installation; this is discussed in chapter 5.

17

Chapter 5. Outdoor Unit and Antenna Installation

5 Outdoor Unit and Antenna Installation


5.1 Polarization Considerations
The position of the ODU determines the polarization of the radio signal. The waveguide flange can be used as the indicator, see picture below.

vertical polarization

horizontal polarization

Figure 10. Position of ODU waveguide flange for vertical polarization and for horizontal polarization When attaching ODU to the antenna, the antenna waveguide transition polarization must match with the ODU polarization.

5.2

Attaching Outdoor Unit to Antenna


Use M10 nut and washer, which is screwed on each of two ODU bolts

For further information how to attach ODU to antenna, please refer to the documentation found in ODU delivery package.

18

5.3

Grounding the Outdoor Unit

Attach the site ground to the ODU using the grounding screw provided on the ODU housing, the location of the grounding screw is depicted in the picture below.
Grounding screw

Figure 11.

5.4
5.4.1

Antenna Alignment
Calculating Expected Receive Signal Level (RSL)

The expected RSL (receive signal level) can be calculated using path calculator provided by SAF Tehnika.

5.4.2

Alignment Procedure

The antenna alignment procedure can be made easier by placing one person at each antenna location during alignment process. However, alignment should be performed on one antenna at a time, each person alternatively turns antenna until the RSL is optimized. The following steps are required to properly align the antennas: 1. Start at one end of the link, connect a voltmeter to the RSSI port on the ODU. Ensure the voltmeter is set to DC voltage and set on a range 0 2 volts. 2. Loosen the antenna hardware that is used for securing the antenna movement in the azimuth directions. 3. Roughly aim the antenna directing the main lobe to the far-end antenna. 4. Slowly sweep the antenna while observing the readings on the voltmeter. The higher is the voltage, the higher is the RSL. 5. Secure the azimuth adjustment hardware once main lobe is found and the highest signal level is achieved. 6. Loosen the antenna hardware that is used for securing the antenna movement in the elevation direction. Slowly sweep the antenna while observing the voltmeter. Once the signal is peaked, the elevation adjustment hardware can be secured. 7. Perform steps 1 through 6 on the opposite end of the link until the signal level is peaked for both azimuth and elevation. After the AGC voltages have been peaked on both ends of the link, observe the RSL indicated on IDU LCD. Ensure that the RSL is within +/- 5dB of calculated RSL.

19

5.4.3

RSSI Readings

To aid in the antenna alignment process, the following chart and table shows typical relationship of the RSL (Rx level) vs. RSSI port output voltage (RSSI Received Signal Strength Indicator). The evaluated Rx level has the error +/-2 dBm.

Typical RSSI=f(RSL) chart


1,7 1,6 1,5 1,4 1,3 1,2 1,1

RSSI port output, V

1,0 0,9 0,8 0,7 0,6 0,5 0,4 0,3 0,2 0,1 0,0 -10 -5

Displayed RSL, dBm -90 -85 -80 -75 -70 -65 -60 -55 -50 -45 -40 -35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10

RSSI, V 0 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4 0,5 0,6 0,7 0,8 0,9 1 1,1 1,2 1,3 1,4 1,5 1,6

-90

-85

-80

-75

-70

-65

-60

-55

-50

-45

-40

-35

-30

-25

-20

-15

Displayed RSL, dBm

Important note: The RSSI port is typically labelled with RSSI . The ODUs which does not have such label, does not correspond to the table and graph given above, the maximum level of RSSI voltage (at peak RSL) for these ODUs may vary from 1.2 up to 2 volts.

20

Chapter 6. Performing Software Update

6 Performing Software Update


The software update is performed by loading the newer version of management software in the EPROM. The management software file (with extension .hex, or .txt) can be obtained by contacting local SAF Tehnika reseller. The software is uploaded from the ASCII terminal to IDU management controller, which stores it in the Flash memory (Flash EPROM). Prior to upload the new management software, the current content of management software in the Flash memory must be erased. The update is performed through the following steps: 1. Connect a PC to the RS232 management port, 2. Run the MS Hyper Terminal program, and configure the corresponding COM port as follows: 115200 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, 1 stop bit, no flow control.

3.

Configure terminal emulation parameters to values shown in the following picture

21

4.

Unplug power supply or use the reset button (on the rear side) to restart the IDU and press A key several times (over 10 times) until the message appears as shown in the picture below. While pressing the A key (holding the key down wont work) the EPROM monitor program stored in the Flash EPROM is executed and the port speed auto-detection is carried out.

When message appears press Enter (on the keyboard) two times. 5. Enter the command xa to erase the current contents of management software from Flash EPROM. Note that this command will not erase the EPROM monitor program (which currently runs to perform the upload) but only the section of management software. Note: While the new software will not be loaded, the management system will not work!

22

6.

On the Transfer menu, click Send Text File, choose and open the file (it may have txt or hex extension).

After about 10 minutes the following notification Device programmed successfully should appear (see the following picture), otherwise an error message will be returned.

23

7.

Restart the IDU. Notes For the software upload to Flash EPROM the 115200 bit/s speed should be selected, although in case of certain problems the upload can also be done at 19200 or less bit rate but will take more time to accomplish. In case if encounter error during the upload, repeat steps 4 - 7.

24

Chapter 7. References

7 References
All the documents comprised in this chapter can be ordered from SAF Tehnika or its sales representatives.

Technical Descriptions

There are two technical descriptions available: SAF CFM-LM Product Family Technical Description - a generic technical description of the CFM-LM series products, it comprises the installation and commissioning issues and accessories, functional description, technical data, a.o. SAF CFM-L4 Product Family Technical Description - a generic technical description of the CFM-L4 series products.

Management System Technical description and Configuration Guide

The following configuration guides are available: CFM Series E1 Indoor Units CFM Modular Multiplexer Indoor Units CFM-4-REB and CFM-8-REB Ethernet Bridge CFM-34-E3 Indoor Unit Modular Fast Ethernet Bridge Indoor Units 2xE1 Full Outdoor Unit 4xE1 Full Outdoor Unit

SAF Tehnika
www.saftehnika.com

Technical support: Phone: +371 7046840 Fax: +371 7046809 Email: techsupport@saftehnika.com