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http://www.grani.ru/Society/Science/p.122516.html
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Our solar system started with a nudge, not a bang - New Scientist
Solar system may not have formed with a bang, reveals new study - ANI


25.05.2007 20:36 http://space.rin.ru/articles/html/305.html

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Discovery of 'young' material in meterorites defies linear theory of solar system's origin - University of Toronto
- News@UofT
Chondrules younger than thought - United Press International
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22.08.2005 21:17

astro-ph/0603001
(Determining solar abundances using helioseismology)
Authors: H.M. Antia, Sarbani Basu
Comments: 20 pages, To appear in ApJ
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Table 1. Differences in hW(r)i due to various sources of systematic errors in the sense (test model) (standard
model with CEFF equation of state). All models have Z = 0.0181

Table 2. The heavy element abundance, Z as inferred using average values of W(r) in different radius ranges for
two test models and for the Sun. The errorbars quoted in the table are the respective standard deviation of all
estimates and do not include other systematic errors. The mean value for each test model and observed
frequencies is an average over all estimates listed here and the error bar is the standard deviation of these
values.

astro-ph/0603219 HD 98618: , (HD 98618: A Star Closely


Resembling our Sun)
Authors: Jorge Melendez et al.
Comments: ApJ letters, in press
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astro-ph/0410214 (The solar chemical composition)
Authors: Martin Asplund, Nicolas Grevesse, Jacques Sauval
Comments: Invited review presented at "Cosmic abundances as records of stellar evolution and
nucleosynthesis", F.N. Bash & T.G Barnes(editors). ASP conf. series, in press
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Solar Atmosphere (http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/sunfact.html )


Surface Gas Pressure (top of photosphere): 0.868 mb
Effective temperature: 5778 K
Temperature at bottom of photosphere: 6600 K
Temperature at top of photosphere: 4400 K
Temperature at top of chromosphere: ~30,000 K
Photosphere thickness: ~400 km
Chromosphere thickness: ~2500 km
Sun Spot Cycle: 11.4 yr.
Photosphere Composition:
Major elements: H - 90.965%, He - 8.889%
Minor elements (ppm): O - 774, C - 330, Ne - 112, N 102, Fe - 43, Mg - 35, Si - 32, S - 15
( ): , ppm
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