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MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/ MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


General Description
The MAX481, MAX483, MAX485, MAX487MAX491, and MAX1487 are low-power transceivers for RS-485 and RS422 communication. Each part contains one driver and one receiver. The MAX483, MAX487, MAX488, and MAX489 feature reduced slew-rate drivers that minimize EMI and reduce reflections caused by improperly terminated cables, thus allowing error-free data transmission up to 250kbps. The driver slew rates of the MAX481, MAX485, MAX490, MAX491, and MAX1487 are not limited, allowing them to transmit up to 2.5Mbps. These transceivers draw between 120A and 500A of supply current when unloaded or fully loaded with disabled drivers. Additionally, the MAX481, MAX483, and MAX487 have a low-current shutdown mode in which they consume only 0.1A. All parts operate from a single 5V supply. Drivers are short-circuit current limited and are protected against excessive power dissipation by thermal shutdown circuitry that places the driver outputs into a high-impedance state. The receiver input has a fail-safe feature that guarantees a logic-high output if the input is open circuit. The MAX487 and MAX1487 feature quarter-unit-load receiver input impedance, allowing up to 128 MAX487/ MAX1487 transceivers on the bus. Full-duplex communications are obtained using the MAX488MAX491, while the MAX481, MAX483, MAX485, MAX487, and MAX1487 are designed for half-duplex applications.

__Next Generation Device Features


For Fault-Tolerant Applications MAX3430: 80V Fault-Protected, Fail-Safe, 1/4 Unit Load, +3.3V, RS-485 Transceiver MAX3440EMAX3444E: 15kV ESD-Protected, 60V Fault-Protected, 10Mbps, Fail-Safe, RS-485/J1708 Transceivers For Space-Constrained Applications MAX3460MAX3464: +5V, Fail-Safe, 20Mbps, Profibus RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers MAX3362: +3.3V, High-Speed, RS-485/RS-422 Transceiver in a SOT23 Package MAX3280EMAX3284E: 15kV ESD-Protected, 52Mbps, +3V to +5.5V, SOT23, RS-485/RS-422, True Fail-Safe Receivers MAX3293/MAX3294/MAX3295: 20Mbps, +3.3V, SOT23, RS-485/RS-422 Transmitters For Multiple Transceiver Applications MAX3030EMAX3033E: 15kV ESD-Protected, +3.3V, Quad RS-422 Transmitters For Fail-Safe Applications MAX3080MAX3089: Fail-Safe, High-Speed (10Mbps), Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers For Low-Voltage Applications MAX3483E/MAX3485E/MAX3486E/MAX3488E/ MAX3490E/MAX3491E: +3.3V Powered, 15kV ESD-Protected, 12Mbps, Slew-Rate-Limited, True RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers
Ordering Information appears at end of data sheet.

________________________Applications
Low-Power RS-485 Transceivers Low-Power RS-422 Transceivers Level Translators

Functional Diagrams

Transceivers for EMI-Sensitive Applications Industrial-Control Local Area Networks

______________________________________________________________Selection Table
PART NUMBER MAX481 MAX483 MAX485 MAX487 MAX488 MAX489 HALF/FULL DUPLEX Half Half Half Half Full Full DATA RATE (Mbps) 2.5 0.25 2.5 0.25 0.25 0.25 SLEW-RATE LIMITED No Yes No Yes Yes Yes LOWRECEIVER/ QUIESCENT POWER DRIVER CURRENT SHUTDOWN ENABLE (A) Yes Yes No Yes No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes 300 120 300 120 120 120 300 300 230 NUMBER OF RECEIVERS ON BUS 32 32 32 128 32 32 32 32 128 PIN COUNT 8 8 8 8 8 14 8 14 8

2.5 No PinMAX490 Configurations Full appear at end of data sheet. Functional continued at end of dataNo sheet. MAX491Diagrams Full 2.5 UCSP is a trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, MAX1487 Half 2.5 No Inc.

For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxims website at www.maximintegrated.com.

19-0122; Rev 9; 9/09

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/ MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Supply Voltage (VCC) .............................................................12V Control Input Voltage (RE, DE)...................-0.5V to (VCC + 0.5V) Driver Input Voltage (DI).............................-0.5V to (VCC + 0.5V) Driver Output Voltage (A, B)...................................-8V to +12.5V Receiver Input Voltage (A, B).................................-8V to +12.5V Receiver Output Voltage (RO)....................-0.5V to (VCC + 0.5V) Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70C) 8-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 9.09mW/C above +70C) ....727mW 14-Pin Plastic DIP (derate 10.00mW/C above +70C) ..800mW 8-Pin SO (derate 5.88mW/C above +70C).................471mW 14-Pin SO (derate 8.33mW/C above +70C)...............667mW 8-Pin MAX (derate 4.1mW/C above +70C) ..............830mW 8-Pin CERDIP (derate 8.00mW/C above +70C).........640mW 14-Pin CERDIP (derate 9.09mW/C above +70C).......727mW Operating Temperature Ranges MAX4_ _C_ _/MAX1487C_ A ...............................0C to +70C MAX4_ _E_ _/MAX1487E_ A .............................-40C to +85C MAX4_ _MJ_/MAX1487MJA ...........................-55C to +125C Storage Temperature Range .............................-65C to +160C Lead Temperature (soldering, 10sec) .............................+300C

Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.

DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VCC = 5V 5%, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.) (Notes 1, 2) PARAMETER Differential Driver Output (no load) Differential Driver Output (with load) Change in Magnitude of Driver Differential Output Voltage for Complementary Output States Driver Common-Mode Output Voltage Change in Magnitude of Driver Common-Mode Output Voltage for Complementary Output States Input High Voltage Input Low Voltage Input Current SYMBOL VOD1 VOD2 VOD VOC VOD VIH VIL IIN1 R = 50 (RS-422) R = 27 (RS-485), Figure 4 R = 27 or 50, Figure 4 R = 27 or 50, Figure 4 R = 27 or 50, Figure 4 DE, DI, RE DE, DI, RE DE, DI, RE DE = 0V; VCC = 0V or 5.25V, all devices except MAX487/MAX1487 MAX487/MAX1487, DE = 0V, VCC = 0V or 5.25V Receiver Differential Threshold Voltage Receiver Input Hysteresis Receiver Output High Voltage Receiver Output Low Voltage Three-State (high impedance) Output Current at Receiver VTH VTH VOH VOL IOZR -7V VCM 12V VCM = 0V IO = -4mA, VID = 200mV IO = 4mA, VID = -200mV 0.4V VO 2.4V -7V VCM 12V, all devices except MAX487/MAX1487 Receiver Input Resistance RIN -7V VCM 12V, MAX487/MAX1487 48 k 12 3.5 0.4 1 VIN = 12V VIN = -7V VIN = 12V VIN = -7V -0.2 70 2.0 0.8 2 1.0 mA -0.8 0.25 -0.2 0.2 mA V mV V V A k 2 1.5 5 0.2 3 0.2 CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX 5 UNITS V V

V V V V V A

Input Current (A, B)

IIN2

Maxim Integrated

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485 MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
(VCC = 5V 5%, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.) (Notes 1, 2) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MAX488/MAX489, DE, DI, RE = 0V or VCC MAX490/MAX491, DE, DI, RE = 0V or VCC No-Load Supply Current (Note 3) ICC MAX481/MAX485, RE = 0V or VCC MAX1487, RE = 0V or VCC MAX483/MAX487, RE = 0V or VCC Supply Current in Shutdown Driver Short-Circuit Current, VO = High Driver Short-Circuit Current, VO = Low Receiver Short-Circuit Current ISHDN IOSD1 IOSD2 IOSR DE = VCC DE = 0V DE = VCC DE = 0V DE = 5V MAX483 MAX487 MIN TYP 120 300 500 300 300 230 350 250 120 0.1 35 35 7 MAX 250 500 900 500 500 400 650 400 250 10 250 250 95 A UNITS

DE = 0V MAX481/483/487, DE = 0V, RE = VCC -7V VO 12V (Note 4) -7V VO 12V (Note 4) 0V VO VCC

A mA mA mA

SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICSMAX481/MAX485, MAX490/MAX491, MAX1487


(VCC = 5V 5%, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.) (Notes 1, 2) PARAMETER Driver Input to Output Driver Output Skew to Output Driver Rise or Fall Time Driver Enable to Output High Driver Enable to Output Low Driver Disable Time from Low Driver Disable Time from High Receiver Input to Output SYMBOL CONDITIONS tPLH Figures 6 and 8, RDIFF = 54, CL1 = CL2 = 100pF tPHL tSKEW Figures 6 and 8, RDIFF = 54, CL1 = CL2 = 100pF MAX481, MAX485, MAX1487 Figures 6 and 8, tR, tF RDIFF = 54, MAX490C/E, MAX491C/E CL1 = CL2 = 100pF MAX490M, MAX491M tZH Figures 7 and 9, CL = 100pF, S2 closed tZL Figures 7 and 9, CL = 100pF, S1 closed tLZ Figures 7 and 9, CL = 15pF, S1 closed tHZ Figures 7 and 9, CL = 15pF, S2 closed Figures 6 and 10, MAX481, MAX485, MAX1487 MAX490C/E, MAX491C/E tPLH, tPHL RDIFF = 54, CL1 = CL2 = 100pF MAX490M, MAX491M tSKD tZL tZH tLZ tHZ fMAX tSHDN Figures 6 and 10, RDIFF = 54, CL1 = CL2 = 100pF Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S1 closed Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S2 closed Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S1 closed Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S2 closed MAX481 (Note 5) 2.5 50 MIN 10 10 3 5 3 TYP 30 30 5 15 15 15 40 40 40 40 90 90 90 13 20 20 20 20 200 50 50 50 50 600 MAX 60 60 10 40 25 40 70 70 70 70 200 150 200 UNITS ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns

20 20 20

| tPLH - tPHL | Differential Receiver Skew Receiver Enable to Output Low Receiver Enable to Output High Receiver Disable Time from Low Receiver Disable Time from High Maximum Data Rate Time to Shutdown

ns ns ns ns ns Mbps ns

Maxim Integrated

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/ MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICSMAX481/MAX485, MAX490/MAX491, MAX1487 (continued)
(VCC = 5V 5%, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.) (Notes 1, 2) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS Figures 7 and 9, CL = 100pF, S2 closed Figures 7 and 9, CL = 100pF, S1 closed Figures 5 and 11, CL = 15pF, S2 closed, A - B = 2V Figures 5 and 11, CL = 15pF, S1 closed, B - A = 2V MIN TYP 40 40 300 300 MAX 100 100 1000 1000 UNITS ns ns ns ns

Driver Enable from Shutdown to tZH(SHDN) Output High (MAX481) Driver Enable from Shutdown to tZL(SHDN) Output Low (MAX481) Receiver Enable from Shutdown tZH(SHDN) to Output High (MAX481) Receiver Enable from Shutdown tZL(SHDN) to Output Low (MAX481)

SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICSMAX483, MAX487/MAX488/MAX489


(VCC = 5V 5%, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.) (Notes 1, 2) PARAMETER Driver Input to Output Driver Output Skew to Output Driver Rise or Fall Time Driver Enable to Output High Driver Enable to Output Low Driver Disable Time from Low Driver Disable Time from High Receiver Input to Output SYMBOL tPLH tPHL tSKEW tR, tF tZH tZL tLZ tHZ tPLH tPHL tSKD tZL tZH tLZ tHZ fMAX tSHDN tZH(SHDN) tZL(SHDN) tZH(SHDN) tZL(SHDN) CONDITIONS Figures 6 and 8, RDIFF = 54, CL1 = CL2 = 100pF Figures 6 and 8, RDIFF = 54, CL1 = CL2 = 100pF Figures 6 and 8, RDIFF = 54, CL1 = CL2 = 100pF Figures 7 and 9, CL = 100pF, S2 closed Figures 7 and 9, CL = 100pF, S1 closed Figures 7 and 9, CL = 15pF, S1 closed Figures 7 and 9, CL = 15pF, S2 closed Figures 6 and 10, RDIFF = 54, CL1 = CL2 = 100pF Figures 6 and 10, RDIFF = 54, CL1 = CL2 = 100pF Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S1 closed Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S2 closed Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S1 closed Figures 5 and 11, CRL = 15pF, S2 closed tPLH, tPHL < 50% of data period MAX483/MAX487 (Note 5) MAX483/MAX487, Figures 7 and 9, CL = 100pF, S2 closed MAX483/MAX487, Figures 7 and 9, CL = 100pF, S1 closed MAX483/MAX487, Figures 5 and 11, CL = 15pF, S2 closed MAX483/MAX487, Figures 5 and 11, CL = 15pF, S1 closed 250 50 200 600 2000 2000 2500 2500 250 250 250 300 300 250 250 100 20 20 20 20 50 50 50 50 MIN 250 250 TYP 800 800 100 MAX 2000 2000 800 2000 2000 2000 3000 3000 2000 2000 UNITS ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns kbps ns ns ns ns ns

I tPLH - tPHL I Differential Receiver Skew


Receiver Enable to Output Low Receiver Enable to Output High Receiver Disable Time from Low Receiver Disable Time from High Maximum Data Rate Time to Shutdown Driver Enable from Shutdown to Output High Driver Enable from Shutdown to Output Low Receiver Enable from Shutdown to Output High Receiver Enable from Shutdown to Output Low

Maxim Integrated

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485 MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


NOTES FOR ELECTRICAL/SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS
Note 1: All currents into device pins are positive; all currents out of device pins are negative. All voltages are referenced to device ground unless otherwise specified. Note 2: All typical specifications are given for VCC = 5V and TA = +25C. Note 3: Supply current specification is valid for loaded transmitters when DE = 0V. Note 4: Applies to peak current. See Typical Operating Characteristics. Note 5: The MAX481/MAX483/MAX487 are put into shutdown by bringing RE high and DE low. If the inputs are in this state for less than 50ns, the parts are guaranteed not to enter shutdown. If the inputs are in this state for at least 600ns, the parts are guaranteed to have entered shutdown. See Low-Power Shutdown Mode (MAX481/MAX483/MAX487) section.

__________________________________________Typical Operating Characteristics


(VCC = 5V, TA = +25C, unless otherwise noted.)
OUTPUT CURRENT vs. RECEIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE
MAX481-01

OUTPUT CURRENT vs. RECEIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE


MAX481-02

RECEIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE vs. TEMPERATURE


4.6 OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE (V) 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.0 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 IRO = 8mA
MAX481-03

45 40 OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0

-20 -18 -16 OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) -14 -12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0

4.8

2.5

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V)

OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE (V)

TEMPERATURE (C)

RECEIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE vs. TEMPERATURE


MAX481-04

DRIVER OUTPUT CURRENT vs. DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE


MAX481-05

DRIVER DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs. TEMPERATURE


DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 R = 54
MAX481-06

0.9 0.8 OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V) 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 IRO = 8mA

90 80 OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

2.4

125

0.5

1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5

-50

-25

25

50

75

100

125

TEMPERATURE (C)

DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

TEMPERATURE (C)

Maxim Integrated

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/ MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


____________________________Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VCC = 5V, TA = +25C, unless otherwise noted.)

OUTPUT CURRENT vs. DRIVER OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE


MAX481-07

OUTPUT CURRENT vs. DRIVER OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE


MAX481-08

MAX481/MAX485/MAX490/MAX491 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE


MAX481/MAX485; DE = VCC, RE = X
MAX481-11

140 120 OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 2 4 6 8 10

-120 -100 OUTPUT CURRENT (mA) -80 -60 -40 -20 0

600 500 SUPPLY CURRENT (A) 400 300 200 100


MAX481; DE = 0, RE = VCC MAX485; DE = 0, RE = X, MAX481; DE = RE = 0 MAX490/MAX491; DE = RE = X

0 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 OUTPUT HIGH VOLTAGE (V) TEMPERATURE (C)

12

OUTPUT LOW VOLTAGE (V)

MAX483/MAX487MAX489 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE


MAX481-12

MAX1487 SUPPLY CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE


MAX481-13

600 500 SUPPLY CURRENT (A)

600 500 SUPPLY CURRENT (A) 400 300 200


MAX1487; DE = 0V, RE = X MAX1487; DE = VCC, RE = X

400 300

MAX483; DE = VCC, RE = X

MAX487; DE = VCC, RE = X

200 100

MAX483/MAX487; DE = RE = 0, MAX488/MAX489; DE = RE = X

100
MAX483/MAX487; DE = 0, RE = VCC

0 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 TEMPERATURE (C)

0 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 TEMPERATURE (C)

Maxim Integrated

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485 MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


______________________________________________________________Pin Description
PIN MAX481/MAX483/ MAX485/MAX487/ MAX1487 DIP/SO 1 2 MAX 3 4 MAX488/ MAX490 DIP/SO 2 MAX 4 MAX489/ MAX491 DIP/SO 2 3 RO RE Receiver Output: If A > B by 200mV, RO will be high; If A < B by 200mV, RO will be low. Receiver Output Enable. RO is enabled when RE is low; RO is high impedance when RE is high. Driver Output Enable. The driver outputs, Y and Z, are enabled by bringing DE high. They are high impedance when DE is low. If the driver outputs are enabled, the parts function as line drivers. While they are high impedance, they function as line receivers if RE is low. Driver Input. A low on DI forces output Y low and output Z high. Similarly, a high on DI forces output Y high and output Z low. Ground Noninverting Driver Output Inverting Driver Output Noninverting Receiver Input and Noninverting Driver Output Noninverting Receiver Input Inverting Receiver Input and Inverting Driver Output Inverting Receiver Input Positive Supply: 4.75V VCC 5.25V No Connectnot internally connected NAME NAME FUNCTION FUNCTION

DE

4 5 6 7 8
TOP VIEW
RO

6 7 8 1 2

3 4 5 6 8 7 1

5 6 7 8 2 1 3

5 6, 7 9 10 12 11 14 1, 8, 13

DI GND Y Z A A B B VCC N.C.

8 7 6

VCC B A GND RO 1 R 8 VCC 7 B Rt 6 A 5 GND

RE 2 DE 3 DI 4 D

MAX481 MAX483 MAX485 MAX487 MAX1487


B Rt A R

DE D DI

DIP/SO
B VCC RO 1 2 3 8 A GND DI DE

RE 2 DE 3 DI 4 D

RO

RE 4

MAX481 MAX483 MAX485 MAX487 MAX1487 MAX

7 6 5

RE

NOTE: PIN LABELS Y AND Z ON TIMING, TEST, AND WAVEFORM DIAGRAMS REFER TO PINS A AND B WHEN DE IS HIGH. TYPICAL OPERATING CIRCUIT SHOWN WITH DIP/SO PACKAGE.

Figure 1. MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487/MAX1487 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit


Maxim Integrated 7

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/ MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


TOP VIEW
VCC 1 RO 2 DI 3 GND 4 D R 8 7 6 5 A B Z Y DI 3 5 Y VCC 1 VCC

MAX488 MAX490

Rt 6 Z

RO

DIP/SO
8 A B A VCC RO 1 2 3 4 8 Z Y GND DI 4 GND NOTE: TYPICAL OPERATING CIRCUIT SHOWN WITH DIP/SO PACKAGE. GND RO 2

Rt 7 B

DI

MAX488 MAX490

7 6 5

MAX

Figure 2. MAX488/MAX490 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

TOP VIEW

DE 4 14 V CC R 13 N.C. 12 A 11 B 10 Z D 9 8 Y N.C. NC 1, 8, 13 3 RO 2 DI 5

VCC 14 9 Y

VCC RE

MAX489 MAX491
Rt 10 Z 12 A Rt 11 B

N.C. 1 RO 2 RE 3 DE 4 DI 5 GND 6 GND 7

RO

DI

DIP/SO

6, 7 RE GND

GND

DE

Figure 3. MAX489/MAX491 Pin Configuration and Typical Operating Circuit

__________Applications Information
The MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487MAX491 and MAX1487 are low-power transceivers for RS-485 and RS422 communications. The MAX481, MAX485, MAX490, MAX491, and MAX1487 can transmit and receive at data rates up to 2.5Mbps, while the MAX483, MAX487, MAX488, and MAX489 are specified for data rates up to 250kbps. The MAX488MAX491 are full-duplex transceivers while the MAX481, MAX483, MAX485, MAX487, and MAX1487 are half-duplex. In addition, Driver Enable (DE) and Receiver Enable (RE) pins are included on the MAX481, MAX483, MAX485, MAX487, MAX489, MAX491, and MAX1487. When disabled, the driver and receiver outputs are high impedance.

The 48k, 1/4-unit-load receiver input impedance of the MAX487 and MAX1487 allows up to 128 transceivers on a bus, compared to the 1-unit load (12k input impedance) of standard RS-485 drivers (32 transceivers maximum). Any combination of MAX487/ MAX1487 and other RS-485 transceivers with a total of 32 unit loads or less can be put on the bus. The MAX481/MAX483/MAX485 and MAX488MAX491 have standard 12k Receiver Input impedance.

MAX487/MAX1487: 128 Transceivers on the Bus

Maxim Integrated

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485 MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


_________________________________________________________________Test Circuits

Y R VOD R Z VOC S2 TEST POINT RECEIVER OUTPUT CRL 15pF 1k VCC S1 1k

Figure 4. Driver DC Test Load

Figure 5. Receiver Timing Test Load

3V DE DI Y VID Z

CL1 RDIFF

A RO B RE

OUTPUT UNDER TEST CL

500

S1

VCC

S2

CL2

Figure 6. Driver/Receiver Timing Test Circuit

Figure 7. Driver Timing Test Load

MAX483/MAX487/MAX488/MAX489: Reduced EMI and Reflections


The MAX483 and MAX487MAX489 are slew-rate limited, minimizing EMI and reducing reflections caused by improperly terminated cables. Figure 12 shows the driver output waveform and its Fourier analysis of a 150kHz signal transmitted by a MAX481, MAX485, MAX490, MAX491, or MAX1487. High-frequency har-

monics with large amplitudes are evident. Figure 13 shows the same information displayed for a MAX483, MAX487, MAX488, or MAX489 transmitting under the same conditions. Figure 13s high-frequency harmonics have much lower amplitudes, and the potential for EMI is significantly reduced.

Maxim Integrated

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/ MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


_______________________________________________________Switching Waveforms
3V DI 0V 1.5V tPLH tPHL 1.5V 1/2 VO tZL(SHDN), tZL Z VO Y 1/2 VO VO VDIFF 0V -VO 10% tR tSKEW = | tPLH - tPHL | VDIFF = V (Y) - V (Z) 90% 90% tF 10% Y, Z VOL Y, Z 2.3V 0V tZH(SHDN), tZH tHZ 2.3V OUTPUT NORMALLY LOW OUTPUT NORMALLY HIGH VOH - 0.5V VOL + 0.5V tLZ 3V DE 0V 1.5V 1.5V

Figure 8. Driver Propagation Delays

Figure 9. Driver Enable and Disable Times (except MAX488 and MAX490)

3V RE 0V RO VOH VOL VID -VID 0V 1.5V tPHL INPUT OUTPUT tPLH 0V RO 0V tZH(SHDN), tZH tHZ 1.5V 1.5V VCC RO tZL(SHDN), tZL tLZ VOL + 0.5V 1.5V 1.5V

1.5V OUTPUT NORMALLY LOW OUTPUT NORMALLY HIGH

A-B

VOH - 0.5V

Figure 10. Receiver Propagation Delays

Figure 11. Receiver Enable and Disable Times (except MAX488 and MAX490)

_________________Function Tables (MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487/MAX1487)


Table 1. Transmitting
INPUTS RE X X 0 1 DE 1 1 0 0 DI 1 0 X X Z 0 1 High-Z High-Z* OUTPUTS Y 1 0 High-Z High-Z* RE 0 0 0 1

Table 2. Receiving
INPUTS DE 0 0 0 0 A-B > +0.2V < -0.2V Inputs open X OUTPUT RO 1 0 1 High-Z*

X = Dont care High-Z = High impedance *Shutdown mode for MAX481/MAX483/MAX487

X = Dont care High-Z = High impedance *Shutdown mode for MAX481/MAX483/MAX487

10

Maxim Integrated

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485 MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers

10dB/div

10dB/div

0Hz 500kHz/div

5MHz

0Hz 500kHz/div

5MHz

Figure 12. Driver Output Waveform and FFT Plot of MAX481/ MAX485/MAX490/MAX491/MAX1487 Transmitting a 150kHz Signal

Figure 13. Driver Output Waveform and FFT Plot of MAX483/ MAX487MAX489 Transmitting a 150kHz Signal

Low-Power Shutdown Mode (MAX481/MAX483/MAX487)


A low-power shutdown mode is initiated by bringing both RE high and DE low. The devices will not shut down unless both the driver and receiver are disabled. In shutdown, the devices typically draw only 0.1A of supply current. RE and DE may be driven simultaneously; the parts are guaranteed not to enter shutdown if RE is high and DE is low for less than 50ns. If the inputs are in this state for at least 600ns, the parts are guaranteed to enter shutdown. For the MAX481, MAX483, and MAX487, the tZH and tZL enable times assume the part was not in the lowpower shutdown state (the MAX485/MAX488MAX491 and MAX1487 can not be shut down). The tZH(SHDN) and tZL(SHDN) enable times assume the parts were shut down (see Electrical Characteristics). It takes the drivers and receivers longer to become enabled from the low-power shutdown state (tZH(SHDN), tZL(SHDN)) than from the operating mode (tZH, tZL). (The parts are in operating mode if the RE , DE inputs equal a logical 0,1 or 1,1 or 0, 0.)

Driver Output Protection


Excessive output current and power dissipation caused by faults or by bus contention are prevented by two mechanisms. A foldback current limit on the output stage provides immediate protection against short circuits over the whole common-mode voltage range (see Typical Operating Characteristics). In addition, a thermal shutdown circuit forces the driver outputs into a high-impedance state if the die temperature rises excessively.

Propagation Delay
Many digital encoding schemes depend on the difference between the driver and receiver propagation delay times. Typical propagation delays are shown in Figures 1518 using Figure 14s test circuit. The difference in receiver delay times, | tPLH - tPHL |, is typically under 13ns for the MAX481, MAX485, MAX490, MAX491, and MAX1487 and is typically less than 100ns for the MAX483 and MAX487MAX489. The driver skew times are typically 5ns (10ns max) for the MAX481, MAX485, MAX490, MAX491, and MAX1487, and are typically 100ns (800ns max) for the MAX483 and MAX487MAX489.

Maxim Integrated

11

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/ MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


100pF Z TTL IN tR, tF < 6ns D Y R = 54 A B R RECEIVER OUT

100pF

Figure 14. Receiver Propagation Delay Test Circuit

A 500mV/div VCC = 5V TA = +25C

B 500mV/div VCC = 5V TA = +25C

B RO

A 2V/div

2V/div RO

20ns/div

20ns/div

Figure 15. MAX481/MAX485/MAX490/MAX491/MAX1487 Receiver tPHL

Figure 16. MAX481/MAX485/MAX490/MAX491/MAX1487 Receiver tPLH

A 500mV/div VCC = 5V TA = +25C

B 500mV/div VCC = 5V TA = +25C

B RO 2V/div

A 2V/div RO

400ns/div

400ns/div

Figure 17. MAX483, MAX487MAX489 Receiver tPHL

Figure 18. MAX483, MAX487MAX489 Receiver tPLH

12

Maxim Integrated

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485 MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


Line Length vs. Data Rate
The RS-485/RS-422 standard covers line lengths up to 4000 feet. For line lengths greater than 4000 feet, see Figure 23. Figures 19 and 20 show the system differential voltage for the parts driving 4000 feet of 26AWG twisted-pair wire at 110kHz into 120 loads. Figures 21 and 22 show typical network applications circuits. These parts can also be used as line repeaters, with cable lengths longer than 4000 feet, as shown in Figure 23. To minimize reflections, the line should be terminated at both ends in its characteristic impedance, and stub lengths off the main line should be kept as short as possible. The slew-rate-limited MAX483 and MAX487MAX489 are more tolerant of imperfect termination.

Typical Applications
The MAX481, MAX483, MAX485, MAX487MAX491, and MAX1487 transceivers are designed for bidirectional data communications on multipoint bus transmission lines.

DI

5V 0V

DI

5V 0V

1V VY-VZ 0V -1V VY-VZ

1V 0V -1V

RO

5V 0V 2s/div

RO

5V 0V 2s/div

Figure 19. MAX481/MAX485/MAX490/MAX491/MAX1487 System Differential Voltage at 110kHz Driving 4000ft of Cable

Figure 20. MAX483, MAX487MAX489 System Differential Voltage at 110kHz Driving 4000ft of Cable

120 DI B

120 B DE

D
DE RO RE A B A B A A

D
DI

RO RE

R MAX481 MAX483 MAX485 MAX487 MAX1487 D D

DI

DE

RO RE

DI

DE

RO RE

Figure 21. MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487/MAX1487 Typical Half-Duplex RS-485 Network

Maxim Integrated

13

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/ MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers

A RO RE DE Z DI

Y 120 120 Z DE B 120 120 Y Z B A Y Z B A A RE RO

R
B

DI

D
Y

R D D

R MAX488MAX491

DI

DE RE RO

DI

DE RE RO

NOTE: RE AND DE ON MAX489/MAX491 ONLY.

Figure 22. MAX488MAX491 Full-Duplex RS-485 Network

Isolated RS-485
MAX488MAX491
A RO RE DE DI

For isolated RS-485 applications, see the MAX253 and MAX1480 data sheets.

120

DATA IN

120

DATA OUT

NOTE: RE AND DE ON MAX489/MAX491 ONLY.

Figure 23. Line Repeater for MAX488MAX491

14

Maxim Integrated

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485 MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


_______________Ordering Information
PART MAX481CPA MAX481CSA MAX481CUA MAX481C/D MAX481EPA MAX481ESA MAX481MJA MAX483CPA MAX483CSA MAX483CUA MAX483C/D MAX483EPA MAX483ESA MAX483MJA MAX485CPA MAX485CSA MAX485CUA MAX485C/D MAX485EPA MAX485ESA MAX485MJA MAX487CPA MAX487CSA MAX487CUA MAX487C/D MAX487EPA MAX487ESA MAX487MJA MAX488CPA MAX488CSA MAX488CUA MAX488C/D MAX488EPA MAX488ESA MAX488MJA MAX489CPD MAX489CSD MAX489C/D MAX489EPD MAX489ESD MAX489MJD TEMP. RANGE 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C -40C to +85C -40C to +85C -55C to +125C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C -40C to +85C -40C to +85C -55C to +125C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C -40C to +85C -40C to +85C -55C to +125C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C -40C to +85C -40C to +85C -55C to +125C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C -40C to +85C -40C to +85C -55C to +125C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C -40C to +85C -40C to +85C -55C to +125C PIN-PACKAGE 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 MAX Dice* 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 CERDIP 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 MAX Dice* 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 CERDIP 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 MAX Dice* 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 CERDIP 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 MAX Dice* 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 CERDIP 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 MAX Dice* 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 CERDIP 14 Plastic DIP 14 SO Dice* 14 Plastic DIP 14 SO 14 CERDIP

__Ordering Information (continued)


PART MAX490CPA MAX490CSA MAX490CUA MAX490C/D MAX490EPA MAX490ESA MAX490MJA MAX491CPD MAX491CSD MAX491C/D MAX491EPD MAX491ESD MAX491MJD MAX1487CPA MAX1487CSA MAX1487CUA MAX1487C/D MAX1487EPA MAX1487ESA MAX1487MJA TEMP. RANGE 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C -40C to +85C -40C to +85C -55C to +125C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C -40C to +85C -40C to +85C -55C to +125C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C 0C to +70C -40C to +85C -40C to +85C -55C to +125C PIN-PACKAGE 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 MAX Dice* 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 CERDIP 14 Plastic DIP 14 SO Dice* 14 Plastic DIP 14 SO 14 CERDIP 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 MAX Dice* 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 CERDIP

*Contact factory for dice specifications.

_________________Chip Topographies
MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/MAX487/MAX1487
V CC RO RE DE DI GND 0.080" (2.032mm) A N.C. N.C. B 0.054" (1.372mm)

Maxim Integrated

15

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485/ MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


_____________________________________________Chip Topographies (continued)
MAX488/MAX490
V CC RO N.C. N.C. DI GND 0.080" (2.032mm) Y A B 0.054" Z (1.372mm) RO RE DE DI GND 0.080" (2.032mm) Y

MAX489/MAX491
V CC A B Z 0.054" (1.372mm)

TRANSISTOR COUNT: 248 SUBSTRATE CONNECTED TO GND

Package Information
For the latest package outline information and land patterns, go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a +, #, or - in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status. PACKAGE TYPE 8 Plastic DIP 8 SO 8 MAX 8 CERDIP 14 Plastic DIP 14 SO 14 CERDIP PACKAGE CODE P8-1 S8-2 U8-1 J8-2 P14-3 S14-1 J14-3 DOCUMENT NO. 21-0043 21-0041 21-0036 21-0045 21-0043 21-0041 21-0045

16

Maxim Integrated

MAX481/MAX483/MAX485 MAX487MAX491/MAX1487

Low-Power, Slew-Rate-Limited RS-485/RS-422 Transceivers


Revision History
REVISION NUMBER 0 9 REVISION DATE 1/93 9/09 Initial release. Changed column name in Selection Table to Number of Receivers on Bus. DESCRIPTION PAGES CHANGED 1

Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. The parametric values (min and max limits) shown in the Electrical Characteristics table are guaranteed. Other parametric values quoted in this data sheet are provided for guidance.

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Maxim Integrated

17

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