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(RAA)

(), . . . ( ), . . . (), . . .
(), . . . (), . . (), . . . (), . . . ()

RAA

MAYORS OF TIFLIS (TBILISI)


SAMVEL KARAPETYAN

()


2003

941479.22+941479.25
63.3 (2)+63.32
-294

-294

.

.:
., 2003, 128

: 800 1917 . 47
, :
45- :
:
,

:

The present work treats the history of the mayors of Tiflis, one of the main citites in
Transcaucasia. It includes biographical data as well as materials regarding the period of the governance of 47 mayors who governed Tiflis for more than 800 years (from the XII c.-1917). It is
interesting to note that 45 of the mayors were Armenians in origin. The work also investigates
materials concerning the government of the city and the municipal council.
The book is addressed to the general reader as well as to specialists interested in the history of
the Armenian and Georgian peoples, prominant Armenian personalities and the development of
town planning and architecture in Tiflis.

0505000000
703(02)-2003

63.3(2)+63.32

ISBN 5-8080-0520-5

2003
(RAA)

6

8

9
1801-1840 .
11
1840-1864 .
12

14

1880- .
1890- .
20
1890- .
22
-

26

-
27

27

27

29

-


-






.




30
30
30
31
32
32
32
32
33
33
34
35
37
37
37
38



1840-1875 .

45


45

45
- -
45

46

48

48

48

48

49

49

50

52

53

53
-
54

63

67

67

68

1875-1917 .



-


-


70
70
72
73
80
83
89
91
92
95
98

103
108
113
115
119

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3. 1840-1917 ., (` )
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: :
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1802 . 21- 1714 -. 300 , : . 1714 - , . ,
, , , ,
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1. , , - ` 1684 .: . , : 15-16- . ,
, , : : , 1684 ., ,
, -, . 15 16 ,
, , . . .
. , (1684 .), ,
. ., , , 1888, . 313: ,
, , , 1984, 78-79:
2. , I, , 1866, 475 ( 300
, . ; 1714
, ; -
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, , , , 1984, 78:

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1864 . () ,
1859 . 7-
() : , 79 14-
, : . 1. . ,
, 2. . , 3. , 4. , 5. , 6. , 7. , 8. , 9. , 10. ,
11., 12. , 13. , 14. , 15. , 16. , 17.
, 18. , 19. , 20. , 21. , 22. , 23. , 24. , 25. , 26. , 27. , 28. , 29. , 30. , 31. : , , ,
, , , , , , , , 32. , 33. , 34. , 35. , 36. , 37. , 38. , 39. , 40. , 41. , 42. , 43. ,
44. , 45. , 46. , 47. , 48. , 49. , 50. , 51. , 52. , 53. , 54. , 55. , 56. , 57. , 58.
, 59. , 60. , 61. -, 62. -, 63. -, 64.
-, 65. : , , , 66. : , 67. , 68. , 69. , 70. , 71, , 72. , 73. , 74. , 75. , 76. , 77. , 78. , 79. 4:
, .
,
__________
3. ., ( ), , 1890, 155:
4. , XII, , 1904, 226-227 ( 1.
: , 2. : , 3.
, 4. , 5. , 6. , 7. , 8. , 9. , 10. , 11.
, 12. , 13. , 14. , 15. , 16. , 17. , 18. ,
19. , 20. , 21. , 22. , 23. , 24. , 25. , 26. ,
27. , 28. , 29. , 30. , 31. : , ,
, , , , , ,
, , , 32. , 33. , 34.
, 35. , 36. , 37. , 38. , 39. , 40. , 41. , 42. , 43. , 44. , 45. , 46. , 47. , 48. ,
49. , 50. , 51. , 52. , 53. , 54. , 55. , 56. , 57.
, 58. , 59. , 60. , 61. , 62. , 63. , 64.
, 65. : , , , 66. :
, 67. , 68. , 69. , 70. , 71. , 72. , 73. , 74. , 75. , 76. , 77. , 78. , 79. .

, ,
...5:
1640- 1801 ., ,
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15 : ,
120 . - ...8:
_________
5. ., ., , , 1870, 88
, ,
, ...).
6. , , 1866, N 4, 249:
7. . , , 1866, N 2, 102:
8. ..., I, , 1866, 196 ( ,
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1. 20.;
1. 5., 15. .
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1629 . . ... ...12:
1745 . . ... ` -,
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1770 . . ...
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__________
9. , , 1866, N 1, 62:
10. ., XIX , , , 1958, N 3, 161-162 (
,
. , ,
, , .
XVIII ...):
11. ., , . ., , 1932, 55:
12. , , , 1978, 321:
13. , . , , 1955, 83:
14. XVIII , , 1 ( 1768 1774 .),
. ., , 1891, 187 ( ... ,
, ,
,- , , ...).

, ,
` , ` 15:

: 1860-
.

%
%
%
. %

180316
11777
184817
14194
46,1
30814
185118
34888
186419
28404
47,3 14878
24,8
12462
20,7
4341
7,2 60085
186520
31180
47,2 14786
22,4
12142
18,4
7934
12,0 66042
187521
36974
45,0 21295
25,9
19424
23,7
4363
5,3
82056
187622
37601
41,0 22156
24,2
20198
22,0
11713
12,8
91668
23
1880
38509
45,0 22285
26,0
19804
24,0
188524
104024
189125
55553
38,1 38357
26,3
36113
24,3
15708
10,8 145731
189526
66201
40,8 34623
21,3
28983
17,8
32544
20,0 162351
189627
163012
28
1897
46713
32,0 40526
27,7
39213
26.8
19712
13,5 163012
190529
84170
35,0 54558
22,7
57191
23,8
44404
18.5 240323
191030
124901 40,9 54120
17,7
67086
22,0
59100
19,4 305207
191431
344629
191632
142019 40,9 37584
10.8
167163
346766
192233
85262
36,6 80072
34,4
38326
16,5
29114
12,5 232774
192634
112000 39,0
195935
149000 21,0 330000
48,0
126000
18,0
36
1979
153000 14,0 653000
62,0
129000
12,0

__________
15. ,
: XIX XX
, , ` , , , ( 2 ): :
16. ., , , 1970, N 15, 20 :
17. 1850 ., , 1849, 91:
18. 1852 ., , 1851, 91, 404:
19. , 1865, N 16, 83-84: , 1910, N 11, 17:
20. , , 1866, N 134, 397:
21. 1882 ., , 1881, 314:
22. ..., :
23. 1882 ., , 1881, 315:
24. 1886 ., , 1885, 117:
25. -, 1893, N 218, 1:
26. , 1896, N 88, 2: ` , 1896, N 39, 3: -, 1896, N 59, 1:
27. 1898 ., , 1897, 22-23:
28. ..., :
29. 1908 ., , 1907, 325:
30. ..., : ` , 1911, N 68:
31. 1915 ., , 1914, 188:
32. 1917 ., , 1916, 190-193: 1476
:
33. , 1923, N 105, 30 :
34. :
35. :
36. , , Tbilisi, 1989, 13.VI:

10

, ,
):
,
, , 1864 ., 47,4 %: 1821 .
, ` 3368 () 2951-,
417 37: ` 1821 . 87.6 %-:
1801-1840 . 1801 .
, , 1840 . : 4
: :
1817 . .
, : : , , , : , , :
...38:
` -
, ` 1817 . . ...
, , ...: , , , , : , , . ,
: , , , , ,
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: ,
...39: , , ,
. .
1817 : ` ,
, : - ,
...40:
1835 . . Reise in der Kaukasus
, , . - : , , :


:... ,
__________
37. , 2- , , 1898, 553:
38. ., , . , , 1934, 501:
39. . ., 713-714:
40. . ., 72:

11

: , : ,
, ,
...41:
1840 ., ,
: , , 1810 .
42, , :
1840-1864 . ,
. . 1838-1842, , .
, 1840
. 10- 10-43:
6 : ,
, , 2 :
10 , 30
, 6 , 2 : 6 , 2- , 2- 44:
1840 . :
1841 . ,
45:
1840 ., ,
() 46: 1864 .,
(, ) :
__________
41. . ., , , 1886, 611:
42. ., 35- . , , 1909, N 298, 3:
43.
1841 . 21- ., . , :
44. ., XIX , , 1901, N 291 ( , 10 1840 21 .
6 .
, : , ,
. 10
. 30 , 6 , 2
.
6 ,- , - 2 2 ...):
., 35- . , , 1909, N 298, 3:
45. ., . , :
46. , 1840-60- . , , . 1840 . ,
: : .
, . -, . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . 1869-1871,
1840 .
. . : . , . -, . ,
. , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . , . -, . , . , . , . (1869-1871) (. , 166):
12

1840
.

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1849

48

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, 1840-1864 . (), 1840- : ` . (1845) 6 () :



: . 1844-1854
. 1847 . 50: .
, 1850 . , , . ...
51:
, 1875 . , : (1840) (1870)
.

52

1851

53

54

185455

1852

1853

,
- , ,

- ,
, - ,

, , ,
,

__________
47. 1846 ., , 1845, 167:
48. 1850 ., , 1849, , 11:
49. 1851 ., , 1850, , 13:
50. ., . , :
51. , , , 1879, N 10, 96:
52. 1852 ., , 1851, 561:
53. 1853 ., , 1852, 511:
54. 1854 ., , 1853, 592:
55. 1855 ., , 1854, 628:

13

56

1855

185657

- ,

,


, ,
, ,

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, - ,

185758

59

1858

60

1859

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1858 . , 2-3 . , , , , : , , ,
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, 1860 - , ` , , : 1867 .:
1865 . 1865 .

: ,

: , 62:
1866 .
. 1862-1882 . :
.
__________
56. 1856 ., , 1855, 620:
57. 1857 ., , 1856, 522:
58. 1858 ., , 1857, 426:
59. 1859 ., , 1858, 452:
60. 1860 ., , 1859, 10:
61. , 1860, , 28-29:
62. . 58-60:

14

. .
. .


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. - . - .

..

. .

. . , . . , . .
. . , .
. , .
.
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186769

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67
1864
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66
1863

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65
1862

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186164

. .

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,

. .

63 1860

. .

. . - . . -- . - . - -
-

, - , -


. .

__________
63. 1861 ., , 1860, 12:
64. 1862 ., , 1861, 340:
65. 1863 ., , 1862, 359-360:
66. 1864 ., , 1863, 311:
67. 1865 ., , 1864, 15-16:
68. 1866 ., , 1865, 18:
69. 1868 ., , 1867, 40:

15

1866 . 4
: , , : 100- ,
25-
8 : , 100 ,
,
: 4
70:
1866 . 71:
1868 .
72.
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- , ` , ()` , ` , ` , , ` , ` -, ` , ` . , ` , ` , ` __________
70. ., . , :
71. :
72. 1869 ., , 1868, 25-27:

16

. .

. . 8.12.
.
1874-01.12.1875,
14.12.1875-

187675

187776
. . -
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. . 22.01.1875-

. .

. . 20.12.1876

. . 15.01.1877-

. . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . .
. .
. . , . . - 22.01.1875-

187574

. . 30.12.1876- . . 23.02.1876 . . 22.01 1875-

. .

, ` , ` , ` , ` , ` , ` , ` :
1875 .73,
.

__________
73. 1870 ., , 1869, 28-30: 1871 ., ,
1870, 28-29: 1872 ., , 1871, 29-31:
1873 ., , 1872, 30-31: 1874 ., , 1873, 32-34:
1875 ., , 1874, 26-28: ., . , :
74. 1876 ., , 1875, 28: , N 4,
, 1911, 18:
75. 1877 ., , 1876, 30:
76. 1878 ., , 1877, 30:

17

187978

188079

18
. . 09.04.1879-, . .

01.06.1879-
. . 19.12.1879-
, .

. . , . .

. .

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.

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.
.

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, . .

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. .

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. . , . . - . . , . . -

. . 01.06.1879, .

. 08.10.1879-

. .

. . 09.04.1879, . .

28.011879,

15.02.1879, . . 11.03.1879-

. . , .
, .

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. .

77

. .

1878

1875 . 1- 72 1870 . :
1870- . .

__________
77. 1879 ., , 1878, 24:
78. 1880 ., , 1879, 28: , N 4,
18:
79. 1881 ., , 1880, 28:

. . , . . ,
. . , . . , . .
, . .

. . , . , .

. .

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188180

1880- - 1890- . ,
: .
. . ... ,
, , , . : - , , , :
: : - .
, . , , 1892- , 81:
1880- ., . ,
.

188382

. .

. . , . . . . . .
, . .

. .

. . , . .
, . .

1884

1885

. . - . . . . . .
23.01.1883
04.06.1883, . .
17.10.1883-, . .
31.01.1883, . . 31.01.1883

83

84

. .

__________
80. 1882 ., , 1881, 38:
81. ., , , 1897, N 1, 140-141:
82. 1884 ., , 1883, 32: , N 4,
18, 19, 20:
83. 1885 ., , 1884, 37:
84. 1886 ., , 1885, 31:

19

188786

,
1 3 . 0 1 . 1 8 9 1 - , . .
01.03.1891
12.01.1887-01.11.1890, . .

12.01.1887,
21.01.1891, 21.11.1893

. .

. . . .

.
. .

. . -

.
.

. . , .
.

. . -, . .

188685

. . , . . . . -, . . , . .
,

, . .

. . . .

. .

. , -, . . -
, . .

.
,
, . .
-, .
.

1880 . 1890- . . 1886 .


47 %- 72 %-:
, 28 %- 4 %-, 21 %
, , , 24 %-87:
, , .
. :
: ,
: banque) : , ,
,
: . , .
, ...88:
1890 . ,
.
, : , , ...89:
, 72
38- , 22- , 11- 1- 90:
1890- . 1893 . 16- ,
- : __________
85. 1887 ., , 1886, 28:
86. 1888 ., , 1887, 67: , N 4,
:
87. . ., , , 1902, 3:
88. ., , , 1890, 202-203:
89. ., . , 202:
90. , 1890, 1757:

20

, 1/3- -
2/3- : 1/3- :

: , , , 1893 . 16- 80 , 16-, 3-,
63-91:
, : , . , 1/3- - 92: .
-
22 , 23, 28 93: ,
.
.
... , , , , . , ,
, : ...94:
, - .
. ..., , ,
... , ...95:

,
. , :
, : : . : -, : : 96:
, 1893 . 16- 97: 30. ... 30- 92 , 16-
175 : , , .
. ,
, , 16- 6
30-: , 16- : , , ,
...98:
. , 1893 . , 120
80 200, , ,
, 7 __________
91. ., , , 1897, N 1, 145, N 5, 699:
92. ., , , 1897: , 1897, N 5, :
93. , 1897, :
94. ., , , 1897, N 1, 146:
95. . , 147:
96. . ., , , 1902, 5 ( - - . , . . ;
. -, . .
).
97. , 1893, 820-823: , 1897, N 5, 688-689:
98. , 1893, 823:

21

400- , 200- , 12 325- , , 125 99:

. . -

11.11.1896-

24.03.1901,

03.12.1907, . . 07.10.1896-

. . ,
. .

05.11.1896

. . -

. . - . . 03.06.1891,
21.11.1893, 16.10.1895, 21.02.
2 5 . 0 3 . 1 8 9 1 - 1894-, . . , . . -10.07.1893,
- 21.11.1893, 16.10.1895 24.04.1895- 07.10.1896, . . -

. . , . . , .

.

1896102

1890- .

, ,
, , 1892 . 100,
101: 1896 . .

1897 . 18- 177


: 57- 37 , 8 , 10 , 2 103: 1- 29 18 , 9 ,
2 104, 86 , 55- , 19- , 10- 2- :
,


105: . , , , . . , , ,
, , 106:
1890- . 1900- .
.
__________
99. . ., . ., 14-16:
100. ., , , 1897, N 1, 141:
101. . ., . ., 32:
102. 1897 ., , 1896, 120-121:
103. , 1897, N 5, 683, 701:
104. . , 702:
105. ., , , 1901, N 4, 220-227:
106. . ., . ., 16:

22

24.02.1901-

1902110

. . . . 16.09.1901-
07.01-28.03.1902, .
. , . .
, . . 22.04.1902-, 23.01.1906

. . -, . . -- . . -- . . -
. . - , . . , . .

1900109

. . - . . - . . , . .

, . . 16.09.1901
21.02.1900, . .
-

. .

1899108

. .

. .

. . - . . . . , . .
22.03.1899-
-, . .

. . -- . . -- . . --

. . - . . . . 06.11.
02.11.
22.12.1897, .
. -1897-
1898
, . .

. .

. . , - . . , - . . , .. -
. .
. . - . . - ,

. .

. . , . . . . , . . , . . - . . , ..
, . . - . . , . . , . . , ..
, . .

1897107

. .

, 1880 . : 1902, 1907, 1911, 1917 .


:
1902 . 80 51-
63,75 %, 15- 18,75 %, 9- 11,25 %, 2-, 2- 1-111:
1907 . 60 41 68,33 %, 7 11,66 %, 5 8,33 %, 3 , 2 , 1
1 112:
1911-1915 . 75
22 , 53- 54,63 %, 19- 19,58 % 25- 113:
1917 . 120 48 40,0 %, 39 32,5 %, 27 22,5 %, 4 2 114:
__________
107. 1898 ., , 1897, 125: , N
4, 18, 19, 20:
108. 1900 ., , 1899, 138-139:
109. 1901 ., , 1900, 149-150:
110. 1903 ., , 1902, 149-150:
111. , 1902, N 11, 189:
112. , 1907, 14 :
113. , , 1911, N 12, 22:
114. , 1917, N 30, 607:

23

1903115

1904116

1908118

. . - . . - . . - .
. . . - . . - . .
-- - -, - , . . ,
- . . -
, .
, . . ,
. . - .
13.10.1903
. .
, . . -
24.02.1903

. . , . .

. . -
03.05.1904, .
.

. . , . .

. . -, . .
,
. . , . .

. . -- . .
,
.
.

. . - . . - . . , . . . . . . -
, . . -
, . .
-
,
14.09.1905
. . 29.10.1907
, . .

. . - . .
,
.
.

. . - . . - . . , . . - . .
29.10.1907- --
07.01.1908- , . .

. . - . .
,
.
.

11.10.1904-

1905117

. . - . . , . . 22.03.1904- , . . , . . , .

. - 03.02.1904-

10.03.1908

1909119

1912120

. . - . . - . . 14.- 21.12.1909, . .
-07.1910
, . . 15.11.1910
-

. .

. . - . .
,
.
.

. . 20.09.

. .

. . - . .
, -
. .
, .
.

. .

. . - . .
, -
. .
, .
.

1910

. . , .
. -, . . -, . .
31.01.1911-

. .
1915121

. . -,
.
.
, . .
, . .

__________
115. 1904 ., , 1903, 153-154:
116. 1905 ., , 1904, 153-154: ,
N 4, :
117. 1906 ., , 1905, 111:
118. 1909 ., , 1908, 60:
119. 1910 ., , 1909, 62:
120. 1913 ., , 1912, 97:
121. 1916 ., , 1915, 127-128:

24

,
, 1840 1875
, ,
, , : , ,
,
: , - , 1914 .
, . : : , :
122:
, ,
: ,
, , :
,
1840 - : 1907
-, , . ,
.
,
, , ...123:
, . ... 80 40 , , ...124:
1917 . .
1918
: , 1919 ., ,
. 125,
1960- ., , ,
1921 - - :
1960 . . ...
. ,
: :
1801- . , ,
, .
126:

__________
122. , 1914, N 18, 284:
123. , 1907, N 20, 309:
124. , 1907, N 23, 355:
125. , 1919, N 7, 50:
126. . , , , 1961, 217-218:

25

- .

127: ,
, : . , 18491917 . ,
: ,

, ,
1849 . 1840 - 4 . , . ,
. - . , 8 . , . , . , . , . , . , . -, . ,
, :
, 1849-1917 . 128,
:
, . , ,
, 1917
. , :
1921-1998 .
129, , . 130:

__________
., ,
127. jinWaraZe giorgi, ram dabvamxo qarTveloba?, Sansi, 2000, N 1
, 2000, N 1: amiranaSvili jemal, mravlismefeli saarqivo cnoba, asaval dasavali, 2000, N 36, 13-19. (
., , , 2000, N 36, 13-19 ): asaval
dasavali, 2001, N 10, 5-11 marti ( , 2001, N 10, 5-11 ):
128. jinWaraZe giorgi, . , :
129. . 1921-1988 . -
. 1921 . , 1921 . , 1921 . ,
1922 . , 1923 . , 1928 . , 1930 . , 1931 . , 1934 . , 1934 . , 1935 . , 1937 . , 1937 . , 1938 .
, 1943 . , 1949 . , 1951 . , 1952 . , 1953 . , 1953 .
, 1956 . , 1965 . , 1973 . , 1973 . , 1979 . , 1982 . , 1984
. , 1987 . , 1991 . , 1992 . , 1993 . , 1993 . , 1995 . , 1998 . aamiranaSvili jemal, . , :
130. amiranaSvili jemal, :

26


1125-1156
1156 ,
: : , ,
, ,
.

, , .

,
,
, ,
, :
,
:
, ,
,
, 131:
__________
131. .
. . . , , .
, 1901, 389: ., , , , 1962, 51
, .
.
. , .
, ,
,
:
, : . .,
- , ,
, , 1998, 19-20:

,
1156-1184, ,
.
, ,
, . , , , :
. ,
,
. -

. . ,


:
,
132:

.
...
__________
132. . . . , . ., 389-390:

27

133:

1176 .:

134:

, : , , 1178 . 135-



. ... ,
...136:
1181 . ... ...
. 137:
1184 - -
... ...,

138:
___________
133. . , ,
, 1990, 41:
134. . 1176
/ / ,
, , , 1964, 60:
135. - ,
, 1988, 224:
136. : - ,
,
.,

, , 1980, 187: , 119: ,
472:
137. ., , , 1957, 104 :



, ., .

...:
138. , 6, , 1977,
139:
. , ,
1986, 81-82:
.

. [] .
[] ...,
. ,
[]
,
[]...:

28

1197 .
.
, , . ...:: 2 , ...139:
1214 . . ...
...140:
,
1180- . 1190 , :
,
.

141:
,
__________
139. . ., 65:
140. ., , ,
1999, 108:
141. ., , , 1963, 188:

-, , -142,
- - 143:


1259-1260, -

__________
142. ., , , , 1987, 69:
143.
. .,
- ,
, , , 1998, 33:

.
1247-1270 .
1230-1293, .
...[ ] ,
, ...144:

__________
144. - .., , . , , 1936, 59: . ...

, ,
, ,
, , 1971, 117:

29


,

, 1646 -
1673 .145, :
, 1650 .


:
1717-1719 .
, -

. . , 1673 .

,
, , 1662 . :

,
1646-1658 1666-1678146:
,
__________
145. 1646, 1648, 1658,
1659, 1666, 1672, 1673 . dokumentebi Tbilisis istoriisaTvis (XVI-XIX ss.), wigni pirveli, Seadgines:
niko berZeniSvilma da mamisa berZeniSvilma, Tbilisi, 1962, 12-13, 14, 19, 21, 22, 25, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32:
146. , 1658-1675 1667 .
, 1958, N 135, 22 :

30

1701-1714 .,
, ,
147:

1650 - :
-
1642-1666 .
-, -,
,
. 148:
__________
147. . ., 112-113:
148. , , 1870, 98:

1650,
, 1646-1673:
, :

,
,
, , :

,

150:
1655 . - . 151, :
-
.
3 (...
. ,
...)152:

. -, . 1935 .,
- ,
1655 .

-
, ` , `
:
- 1651 . 18 ,
:
149:
1654 . 16381658 -

__________
149. , , 1938, 37:

,
,
. 1662-350. - ()
7-153:
__________
150. dokumentebi Tbilisis istoriisaTvis (XVI-XIX
ss.), wigni pirveli, Seadgines: niko berZeniSvilma
da mamisa berZeniSvilma, Tbilisi, 1962, 17:
151. ` . ., , , 1988, 96:
152. , ` ., , 1941,
130:
153. - . .,
, . , , 1955, 169:

31

,
, ,
:

- : , 1664 . . :

: (1763-1780). -
154
: : -
, ,
, ,
155:
, 1662 .
- : : ,
:

: ,
. .
()
,
157: .
. . ...158:
1677 .
-

.
. (. 1989 .)


1678 -: , 1698 .156: , :

1678, 1683-1694
1696, 1698,
1678 1683:

- __________
154. 1655-1680 .:
155. , , 1873, 207-208:
156. 1678, 1683, 1684,
1686, 1694, 1696 . dokumentebi Tbilisis istoriisaTvis (XVI-XIX ss.), wigni pirveli, Seadgines: niko
berZeniSvilma da mamisa berZeniSvilma, Tbilisi,
.
1962, 32, 38, 41, 42, 44, 53, 57, 1698 .
., , , 1991, N 5, 158-159:

32

159: ,
. ...
160:

- : .
161:
. ...162:
__________
157. - . ., . ., 267:
158. , . 332, . 1, . 102, . 8:
159. ., .,
, , 1870, 117:
160. . ., 118 ... (
, . , :
161. , . 332, . 1, . 102, . 8:
162. :


. . , 1701 .

. ,

: 1699 -
1711 .163:
1696-1706, 1712 1705-1712,
1714,
1701-1714:
1703 . . ,
1711 . . , . 164 165: .
.
166:
1709 .
3

. `
()167:
,
168:


- , :
:
1711
1712 .169: , 1713 - 17151701732 , 1735 . ,
:

1735 . , , . ... ...171:
1742 .172:
.
1742-430 -- 173:
1833 ., . .
, -

__________
163. dokumentebi Tbilisis istoriisaTvis (XVI-XIX
ss.), wigni pirveli, Seadgines: niko berZeniSvilma
da mamisa berZeniSvilma, Tbilisi, 1962, 59-62, 65, 67,
70-72, 75, 77, 80, 85, 86, 88:
164. 1703 . , 1741 ., , 1741 .
, - ,
,
(1741) :
(1711):
165. , . 332, . 1, . 102, . 8:
166. :
167. , ` ., , 1941,
131:
168. :

__________
169. dokumentebi Tbilisis istoriisaTvis (XVI-XIX
ss.), wigni pirveli, Seadgines: niko berZeniSvilma
da mamisa berZeniSvilma, Tbilisi, 1962, 89:
170. 1715 ., ,
10- .
. ... ( , . ., )
, , 1991, N 5,
160:
171. - XVIII , , III,
, 1978, 46 ...
...:
172. , ,
, IV, , 1998, 132:
173. - . ., . ., 169:

33

, , 174:
.

: , :
1712 . - ,
,
175:
1712-1713 ., ,
176: 1714
- 1734 ., 177:

1724-1728, 1733178:
1714 . .
.
-
,
1714179: 1715 ., ,
10- .
. ( , ),
( ,
)180:
1717 .
. []
, , , [] [] 1717 , ...181,
__________
174. . ., ,
, , 1988, 70:
175. dokumentebi Tbilisis istoriisaTvis (XVI-XIX
ss.), wigni pirveli, Seadgines: niko berZeniSvilma
da mamisa berZeniSvilma, Tbilisi, 1962, 93-94:
176. . ., 95, 97, 98, 100, 101:
177. . ., 104, 106, 110, 114, 117, 119, 121, 123, 126, 128,
158, 166:
178. . ., 131, 132, 133, 141, 143, 144, 145, 146, 148,
149, 150-151, 154, 161, 162, 164: .
., . , 162:
179. , . 332, . 1, . 102, . 4:
180. . ., . , 160:
181. - . ., . ., 269:

34

. : , : 1724 182:
1722 . 6- -

. --183, , , , 1724
. . - 184:

, . ()
-
, , ,
185:

. (- 10-)186, , (1734). ,
__________
182. ., .
, , 1914, 15: , 1724
- , :
1734 .:
183. . , 161:
184. . , 162:
185. . ., , , 1910, N 12, 182:
186. - . ., :


, 1735 .

,

(50000) ,
187:
, , , -,
:


:
, 1734 1746
- 1751 . 188, 1751-1760 -

__________
187. , , ,
, . . , , 1973, 36:

__________
188. dokumentebi Tbilisis istoriisaTvis (XVI-XIX
ss.), wigni pirveli, Seadgines: niko berZeniSvilma
da mamisa berZeniSvilma, Tbilisi, 1962, 204, 207, 216,
218, 221, 223, 229:

35

189 1768 .:
190:
(
- ) 191:
1736 . , ,
. ,
` ,
192:
1737-1739 .
, 193:

1744 .
.
[] []
, [] ,
, ...194:
1753 . 16- - -
195:
, 1758 . , , 196, 1766
22- ,


197:
1760- . :
__________
189. . ., 231, 232, 234, 235, 237, 238, 244, 246, 249,
250, 252-255, 258, 261, 263, 265, 266, 267, 269, 273, 274, 276,
278, 279, 281-282, 285-286:
190. . ., 169, 170, 172, 174, 176, 178, 179, 181, 182,
184, 185, 190, 191, 192, 194, 196, 197, 199, 201, 208, 210, 293,
298, 301, 304, 306, 308, 309, 311, 314, 316, 317, 320, 322:
191. , . ., 36:
192. . ., 110:
193. :
194. - . ., . ., 119:
195. dokumentebi Tbilisis istoriisaTvis (XVI-XIX
ss.), wigni pirveli, Seadgines: niko berZeniSvilma
da mamisa berZeniSvilma, Tbilisi, 1962, 256-257:
196. . ., 278-280:
197. . ., 296-297:

36

198:
: 1764 (...
...)199, 1766 (
)200 : 1766 . , .
201 , 202:
, ,
( ) : ,
,
, , , ,
, , ,

:
() 203:
, 204:

: 3 , : . ...
...205:
1768 . 18-206
:
__________
198. . ., 293, 301, 304, 306, 308, 309, 311, 314, 316, 317,
320:
199. , , , . ,
, 1894, 97:
200. . ., 419:
201. :
202. , . , 534:
203. , . - -1768, (-) (?-1768), ....
, , . .,
131:
204. ., . ., 16:
205. . ., . , 182:
206. - . ., . ., 170:


, :

1746 - 1751-: 207:


:
,
, , , , 208:

1751-1760 .: 209:
, 1859 .
7- -210:

: ,
1749 . ,

,
211:
(1768) :
, ,
: __________
207. dokumentebi Tbilisis istoriisaTvis (XVI-XIX
ss.), wigni pirveli, Seadgines: niko berZeniSvilma
da mamisa berZeniSvilma, Tbilisi, 1962, 204, 207, 216,
218, 221, 223, 229:
208. dokumentebi Tbilisis istoriisaTvis (XVI-XIX
ss.), wigni pirveli, Seadgines: niko berZeniSvilma
da mamisa berZeniSvilma, Tbilisi, 1962, 250:
209. . ., 231, 232, 234, 235, 237, 238, 244, 246, 249,
250, 252-254, 255, 258, 261, 263, 265, 266, 267, 269, 273, 274,
276, 278, 279, 281-282, 285-286: .
., . , 162-163:
210.
, XII, , 1904, 226-227:
211. dokumentebi Tbilisis istoriisaTvis (XVI-XIX
ss.), wigni pirveli, Seadgines: niko berZeniSvilma
da mamisa berZeniSvilma, Tbilisi, 1962, 339:

,
, :
1769212, 1770213, 1774214, 1775
( )215, 1777 (

...)216 1778217 :
1771 .
()
- . 218:
1772 . 15-
219:
1774 .
(
)220:
1780 . ,
,

, 221:
1781 .

222:
1782 . 2-
: . () .
... ,
,
__________
212. , , , 1767-1776, . , , 1908, 97, 105: , 1869 .
24- -
. ., . , 166::

213. . ., 131-132, 138:


214. . ., 266:
215. . ., 322, 390:
216. , , , III, 1777-79, ,
. . ., , 1913, 14:
217. . ., 275. 280:
218. XVIII , , 1 ( 1768 1774
), . ., , 1891, 480:
219. . ., . , 167:
220. - . ., . ., 165:
221. . ,
, , , , 1984, 97, 126-127:
222. . ,
, , 1982, 28:

37

, ...223:


:
: , , , ,
: ,


:

,
, 1782 . .
, ,

,
: ,
...224,
,

, , :
225:

1783 . 226:
1784 -

() 227:
1795 .: , . , .
- 228:
1796 .
10- . ... ,
...229:

__________
223. . ,
, , 336:
224. , , 376:
225. . ., 380:

38


1764 .230: 1795 .,
,
: ,
, 31- :
(1799)
__________
226. , . 2803, . 193: ., , , ,
1996, 148:
227. , . , 404:
228. . ., ., ., 75:
229. - XVIII , 1760-1800
., , IV, , 1990, 428:
230. (, ) , , 1832 .
68 , 1764 . (
, 1761 .
( , , .
., 131) :

1785 . . .

. :
.
-: ,
...231:
, (-
) 1798 . ,
. ...
: .


, ...
,
, ...232:
,
1798 . . ... ...233: , , (1798),
.
, , -

:
234:
:
, (1800) . ...
...235: 1801 . - . ...
, , ...236:
. -
. ... ,
, ,

,
: ,
,

__________
231. , , , , 1778-1800, . . . , , 1911, 215-217:
232. , , 669:
233. . .,
, , 1898, CVIII ( ...
...):

__________
234. ., . . .
, III, . XI, 231 ( , ,
. , ): , . .,
CVIII-CIX: . ., , , 1910, N187, 2:
235. ..., I, , 1866, 191
...
...):
236. . ., 193 ...
, ,

...:

39

1800 . .

40

, , . , 10-, , ,

, ...237:
31- . . .
...

, ,
, ,

...238:


: 1802 . __________
237. . ., 325 ... ,
, ,

, ,
,
; , , ,
:
, , ,
, ,
...:
238. . ., 422 ... ,
, , ,
,
...:
, ,
.
, ,
:
, : : .
() :
, ,
: ,
:

1809 .

. ...
239:
1801 . . , . , . ...
, ,

, -...240:

(1801)
__________

,
:

, .
, .

, :
, , : ,

: ,
,
. ., ,
(
, 1910, N8, 120):
239. , , , , 1801-2, ,
, , 1904, 295:
240. ..., I, , 1866, 529-532: ,
. ., CXII ... ,
, ,
...:

41


1791-1858

42


: 1802-

...241: 25- , ,
. 2-
. ...242: ,
, (
)
( , )243,
244:
1803 . . ...:
,
,
600 ,
600
...245:

, ,
, .
, :

: , __________
241. ..., . , 686 ... -...:
242. ..., . , 763
: ...:
243. ., ., 401 ,
,
,
:
244. :
245. ..., II, , 1868, 43 . ... , ,
600 ; ,
, . . ... 600:

, , , , ,
246:
, 1805 . , ,
,

. ,
:
,
:
. ,
, , 247:
1807 .
248:
1814 - , ,

, :


. ...


:
:
:
, : , ...249:
__________
246. . ., , , 1910, N 8, 119:
247. ..., II, 178 . ., . . ,
. : , :
248. ..., III, , 1869, 16:
249. . , N 9, 134:

1832 .
. .

,
,
,
43



, [29]-
, 18[32] 68
.
. , , , 1832 , 68 :
1830- . .

, 250:
, ...

,
... 251:

1832 ., 68 : 1937-38 , , , , ,
:
7 10 ,
, .

__________
250. . , 134-136:
251. . ., . , 1910, N 13, 199:

44

aqa quSe lodis amis daidua sxeuli


tfi/lisis meliqisa kolleJski sovetnikisa
Tavadisa meliq / avetiqas Zisa darCi bebudovisa gardacualebulisa Tebervlis ...sa
Cylb-sa SobiTgan TvsiT 68 sa weli/c da miT
mgloiared
damtevebelisa
erTis
Zisa
romel/manca JamaT raodenme dauviwyarad
sxvisaTvis / da sdvnilodi ese viTarca niSi
uTlmowiwebifs () / Tflsisa movleolbes
usrulibw () Rir bnilisedi () RT / .... neslsa
() amisa da ... molvlenabisno warTq/mas ... ()
gvidreT

. ,
, ,
,
1832- ..., 68
, ...:
.
:



1840-1875 .

()
: ,
252: . ,

(1840) : 1840-1843 .:

, . . , . ,

: ,
,

: , ,
253:
.
, , - ,
: __________
252. ... , XII, , 1904, 227:
253. ., XIX ,
, 1901, N 291
,
,
, , , , . ,

):

254:


: () 255: 1820- .
256:

1843-1844 .: 1845 . .
9 , 257:

-
(-)
:
1845-1846 .: .
-
1845 . 2- 258:
1845 . 20- 259:
1846 . , , 3-
260:
__________
254. , , , 1883, 30-31:
255. ..., XII, , 1904, 227:
256. ., 75- , . ,
, 1898, 56:
257. ..., XI, , 1888, 880:
258. ..., X, , 1885, 830:
259. 1892 ., , 1891, 27:
260. ..., X, , 1885, :

45

1846 . ,
. , , , . -
261:
1846 -
262:
5-
. 263, 3- 264:

: 1849 .

VIII ,
, : ,
, 1849 . 9-

-...266: 1850 ., , . -

. -
:
1848 . 17- .
. -
-- ,
. ... ,
, ,
, , ...265:
, ,
, 1849 . . - .


,
( )267:
. - :

__________
261. ..., XII, , 1904, 885: ,
1846 .
4-: 1847 .
15- (. )
( ):
262. 1850 ., , 1849, 27:
:
263. :
264. :
265. ..., XI, , 1888, 822 ...
.
. ,
,
...:

46


: 1847-1848 .: 1855 .
10-
268:
1856 . . __________
266. ..., XI, , 1888, 824
- ,
. 1849 VIII , , ,
,
,
-, . , , 9- 1849
-...:
267. ., 825:
268. ..., XI, , 1888, 968:

. ... 7-

,

269:
.
: __________
269. ..., XI, , 1888, 935

47

1862 .
270:


:
: 1848 .
1849 .271:


:
: 1850-1851
.272:
1850 . 6-
, 273:
. 1850-1851 .,
. 274:
. : 1855 . 5-
.
6 () 5-
. . ...275:
__________
... , 7- , .
. , , ...:
270. ., , , N 1, , 1893, 56: ., , ,
N 9-10, 1934, 372:
271. 1850 ., , 1849,
, 11:
272. 1851 ., , 1850,
, 13:
273. 1892 ., , 1891, 28:
274. . 1794-1980, . ., ,
1986, 27:
275. ..., XI, , 1888, 207
,
...: (. 1803 .) , ( ..., 2, 71-72):

48


: 276: 1840- . 277:
1851 .:
1852-278:
. 1851 . 1-,
279: 9 280:
281: 1854 . .
...
...282:

()
: :
1853 .283: ,
- , .
. 1853 . 27:


. . 3- , ,
284:
1853 . 8-,
285:
__________
276. 1852 ., , 1851, 561:
277. ..., XI, , 1888, 638-639:
278. 1853 ., , 1852, 511:
279. 1892 ., , 1891, 28:
280. :
281. 1853 ., :
282. . ., 638 ... ...:
283. 1854 ., , 1853, 592:
284. ..., XI, , 1888, 874
27- 1853 . 3- . . . . . , ,
:
285. 1857 ., , 1856, 512:

1853 . 13- 286:


1855 . 10- .
.
10- : ...287:
1855 . 14-
288:
. 1855 . 5- .
():
3- . ,
...289:

, , .
, .

,
,

,
...290:
.
1856 . : ,
, -
,
87 ,
. (300 .) 291:
__________
286. 1892 ., , 1891, 28:
287. ..., . ., 968 10-.
.
: -
...:
288. 1892 ., , 1891, 29:
289. ..., . ., 1888, 207 , , ...:
290. ..., X, , 1885, 97 - , , -:
,

; ...:
291. ..., XI, , 1888, 697:

.
: 1863 .
292:

: :
1850- . , .
293,
1855 ., - , .
.
, ...294:
1856 . . .
. 3- .
,
. 3- 295:
1856-296
1857 . :

: 297, 298: 1855 . 10-
299:
1857 .300 1858 . :
__________
292. ., , , 1893, N 1, 48:
293. ..., XI, , 1888, 693:
294. . ., 206 ,
.. ,
...:
295. ..., XI, , 1888, 715
, . .
. ; . . 3-
.:
296. 1857 ., , 1856, 522:
297. , 1805 .
, , , , ( ..., II,
216-217):
298. ..., XII, 227:
299. ..., XI, 968:
300. 1858 ., , 1857, 426:

49


: :
, : 1840 . 301:
302:
1853 . - --

...303
. 1854 . --
200 ,
: . 1855 .
10
: 304: , 1854 . .
.
1-
- ,
166.480 . 305:
__________
301. ..., XI, 638-639:
302. . ., 639:
303. . ., 966
, , 1853 ,
.-. , , , -
...:
304. 1854

200 -, . , . , 1855

, , 10- . -, .
- :
305. . ., 638 (

50

. ,
: , 1853 . .

-
.

8 N 7 ,
306:
1855 . . . ... 2-
-
,
, .
, ...307:
1856 . . , 87 , ( ) -

( 7246
. 500 .
5 )308:
.
30
. , __________

1- -, 166.480 . . ): , .
. - ,
, -:
,

( ..., X, , 1885, 97):
306. . ., 874 (
8 . . N
7- , - ):
307. . ., 569 2- .
5 . 5 , -, , , . , .
...:
308. . ., 697:

.
,
30.000
, 309:
1857 . 24-, . , .


1858 .312
1860 .:
1858 ., . , , .
. 14-
,

:
: 310:
,
.
:
.
-,
311:
__________
309. . ., 715 ( , . 30- .,

...):
310. , 1857, N17, 28 .
311. , 1857, N12, 10 .

,
313:
1861 . . (500 .),
314: 1866
. ,
. 1836 , , ,
,
,
,
__________
312. 1859 ., , 1858, 452:
313. , 1860, ,
28:
314. , , 3, , 1905, 11:

51

, ...315:
1862 .316:
500

317:

:
, 318:
. : 1831 . 12-


319:
1838 . (. )
320:
1841 . .
- 321:
1844 .

. ()322:
1845 . . 9 323:
, . (. ),
.

__________
315. , , 1866, N4, 249:
316. , N 5-6,
, 1914, 27:
317. :
318. ..., XII, 226-227:
319. ., 75-..., 241:
320. ..., IX, , 1884, 52:
321. . ., 28:
322. ., , , 1977, 307
(.):
323. ..., XI, 880 ( ...9)
. . ):

52


. .

, ...324: , .
200.000 ., ,
50.000- 325:

.
(1854 .) 326:
,
. 1855 .
- , . ,
6 2- . __________
324. ..., XI, 882 (
. , , ,
, ...):
325. . ., 883:
326. ..., XI, 639:

...327:
.
1860-1861
1865-1866 :
1860 .
5-
328:
. :
1980- .

. , 1855 .
. 329:


: 330:
1855 . -
. 6 4- .
...331:
1861 . .
1862 .332:

()

333: 1816 . : 1862 .


:
__________
327. . ., 206 (
...):
328. 1863 ., , 1862,
198: 1892 ., , 1891, 30:
329. . . ., ., ., 113-114:
330. ..., XII, 227:
331. ..., XI, 207 ( ,
...):
332. 1862 ., , 1861, 340:
333. ..., XII, 227:

1864 . :
.
:
: ,
1850- . ,
. :
1863 .
42.000 . . , ,
:
,
: 302 , 200-: ,
12.000 334:
. 1862 . 1- : 1863 . 2- :
3-
335:

( )336:
:
, , 1883 .
()
337:
1892 . 79 :

6- . __________
334. ., .,
, , 1870, 143-144
, ,
, .
,
; 302 , 200,
12.000 .
:
335. 1892 ., , 1891,
30: 1867 ., , 1866,
277: 1892 .,
, 1891, :
336. 1867 ., , 1866,
:
337. 1884 ., , 1884, 185:

53

., 2000 ., 1000 ., 500 ., 10.000 .340:


1989 . .
,
.
...
... []
... []
... [ ] 1816
... , 1892
................:

(-)

. .

. ,
, , , ,
:
,
, 338:
339:

5000 , . 3000
, 1000
__________
338. , 1892, N 35 (
, , , ,
,
.
, ,
, .):
339. :

54

1814 . 341: ,
342,
:
1818 . . - , 343:
. -
344
345, __________
340. , 1892, N 15: -, 1892, N 21, 3:
341. , 1847, 94: , 1891, N 41:
342. ., , , 1934, 91:
343. . , 89:
344. - : (N 4) ( ) -
(. , 91): 1909 . (, 1909, N 42, 669):
345. - () . , ,
: ( ) 30-32 10
: ,
, , .
(. -

:
. -

346:
` ,
1823 .
, 347: 1825 . 1829 .: :
. , . , . , . , . , . , . () 348:
. 349:

: 1831
. 350 351:
1824-1828 . 352:
1826 .,
,
.
, 1826
, - : : ...353: __________
, 91): , -
. .
(, 1909, N
42, 669):
346. 1819 . 25- . - 165 .,
1824 . .
(` )
(` ., 75-..., 51, 58):
347. , 1856, N 29 ( ):
348. ., . ., 90:
349. ., . ., 116:
350.
1824 . (. ., 57):
351. . ., 261:
352. ., (
70- ), , 1933, 30:
353. ., , 90:

-
. .
, , 1979

354:
10 1836 ., . 355:
. , , , ,
, 356:
, 1836 .

, 357:
__________
354. , 1862, N 1, 1863, N 2:
355. ., , 90-91:
356. . , 91: .,
, , 1879, N 10, 63:
357. ., . , 92:

55

1830- . . -
.
,
, : ,
.

, 358:
1830- . ,
, , .
,
,
:
: , ,
:
, :
-
.
- ():
: ,
, ,
, , :
- , .
359:
1841 . . - ,
- 360:
1840- . . -
, , :
361,
__________
358. ., XIX , , , 1895, 472:
359. ., . , 94:
360. , . N 3045, 8810: . . ( , 1950, N 2, 99-178):
361. , 1846, N 19:

56

362, 363
364:
- , :
1855 .,
, -
.
...
365:
1850- . . - 366:
1857 ., . -
, . :
367:
1859-60 .:
30 368:
1860 . : 1861 . ( )369, 370:
__________
362. , 1847, N 25:
363. , 1847, 94-95:
364. , 1847, N 24, 27, 28: `
., . , .
, , ,
1948, N 37: ` ., ,
, 1952, N 5:
365. ..., XI, 925 (
()
):
366. , 1856, N 29, 115-116; N 30, 119-120; N
31, 124 ( ): `
, 1856, N 51:
367. 23 : ., . .
,
, 1963, N 2, 187-215:
368. , 1861, N 40, 500:
369. . . ... :
: ,
:
:
, , , ,
: ,
., ,
... (
, 1934, 298): ` .
(, 1935, 154-155):
370. , 1861, N 4, 6:


1864 ., ,
, (, ).
, ,
371:

,
: , 372, __________
371. ., ., , 1964, 443:
372. . . ` : , , ,
. `
, ` :
, :
, , ,
: , ,
. , ,
, ,
.
(
, , ), . . -
. ...19- ,

,
, , , , () () , (),
: :
,
,
: , ` ,
:
:
,
.
:
, , ,
-


, 373: ,
-:
1864 . 21- , , 374:
1865 . . -
:
1865 . 7-
375:
1865 . 27- 376:

(1864-1865)
, : . .
.
...1864
306.823 . 72 1/2 . ,
` 638.502 . 14 ., .
1/3
, : __________
,

:
, ,

,
, , ( ) ,
, ,
,
:

,
, (
., 1865 , .
,
, 1938, N 19, 3 , 2-3):
373. , 1934, 94:
374. 1867 ., , 1866,
279: 1892 .,
, 1891, 31:
375 :
376. . ., 32:

57

,
(1864 ) , -, , , ,
, :
, , ,
:
1865
NN 12, 15, 17 19-:
` , ,
:
, . -
:
, ,
, : 1865 .
26- ,
28-, , ,
, : . .
, ,
,
, : 27-,
, 8-,
` .
:
,
,
, , -:
, : ,
,
, ` ,

: ,
58

,
, , : ` 10 : ,
,
, , :
,

, ,
: . ( 1832 .
)
,
,

: ,

, . , :
, :
, 27-, 3-,

, , , :
,
, :
, , ,
, ,
, : ,
, :
, ,
,
,
: , , 100-
,

1865 .


:
, . , ,
` :
1865 . 27- .
- `
,
, . --
, ( 90- ), . `
`

- ,
: .

.
,
( , , 1907, 5):
. - ` -
: - ` `

,
: ,

: -
,
:
, ,
: , :
,

, ...377:
, ,
: . . ...-
, -
. , -
, 4-5 . 10
__________
377. - ., . , 2-3: .
.
1865 .
60 ,
, , :
,
:
:

:
,
...
, 1865 .
60 . .,

,
, .

, , , ,

.
:
.


. ,
- ... ( .,
XIX ,
, , 1958, N 3, 166):

59

, 6-7 .
, - , . , :
- , , - , - -
:
- , -
, -

:
,
,
:
, ,
, , :
- , -
, - ,
, ,
:
- ,
, -
:
- , , , - , - ,
, , , ,
- , :
.
, , - ,
...378:
. ...
, ,

,
, :
, ,
, ,
, ...379:
. .
: .
.
. ... () , __________
378. ., 1865 . ,
, 1915, N 25, 392-393:
379. ., . ., 443:

60

,
-...
,
` () ,
:
, ,
( ) , , ,
, , ( ),


,
(` ) ` , , ,
:
- .
1. . . , , ` - ... .
` ...
,
` -` ,

.. .

,
, ,
, ` `
... , -
, : ,


...
2.
-

: , ( ) ,

, ,
` ` ()
.
,
, `
...:
,
, , , ,
(` ) , , ,
(`
) ...380:
. .`
. ... 1865 27 28
:
( ) (
): : , ,
, , ,

: , :
:
__________
380. - ., . , 2-3:

( ) : :

,
: :
, ` , , (` ) (` ) , ,
,
,
: :
,

:
( ):
, , , . :
:
. , ,
:

(` ) ,
,
:

,
, , (` ) ,

:
. ()

,
,
, ` 61

, , ,
,

:
, ,
(` ) - , , ,
, ,
, : , ,
,
, : ,

,
: ,
, 27-:
() 6-
() 1865 10- N 119:
27- 28-

4- N 116
, :

, ,
(` )
, , , , , ` , ,
, :
(`
) -, ,
,

,
,
, , ,
62

, , , ...381:
1888 . . . -
: 382:

. . :

,
:
, ,
:
1875-1878 .
. .
383:
. .
, , : 1889 . 30-
. . ,
, . ...
.
, , , , , :

: , ,
:
1832 , 1863 ,
_________
381. - ., :
382. , 1888, , 192:
383. , , 1875, N 1759: -
, , ,
,
, (, 1876, 132-139, 182-188, 214-219, 251257, 301-305): : . : 1842 12 .
(, 1877, 17-27, 57-67, 92102, 134-148, 179-185, 208-221, 254-262, 293-308, 331-336,
370-383, 405-419, 447-460, 1878, 17-29, 46-53): ,
, , , , 1878:

.
,
, N 20 1890- .
.
.

1865 28-29 , . : : .
, - , :
,
,
...384:
:
-

(600 . )385:
. 1891 .386,

387:

_________
384. , 1889, , 413-414:
385. , 1889, N 190:
386. , 1891, N 12: , 1891, N 2352:
, 1891, N 127: ,
1883 . ,,
1934, 96, , , :
387. ,
, , :

1804 . : 9 , :
, : 1823 - : 1826-28 .
- - . ...1823 .
, 1826-
...388:
-
,
: 1828
,
, , 389: 1829 . .
.
,
. 1831 . .

, .
1835 .
, 1835 .
...390:
, ,
(1830)391: (
) .
. ,

, 392: 1833 . .
-
.
, , _________
388. ..., IX, , XVI ( ... 1823 .-.
; 1826 ...):
389. ..., VIII, , 1881, 303:
390. ..., ... 1831 . ;
. -
. . 1835 ; 1835 ...:
391. , , , , 1902,
56: ..., IX, 303 XVI:
392. . ., 57:

63

,
393:
1832 . . ,
4- 394:
: 1836 . . 395:
.

,
396:
1838 . .
,
,

,

: : ,
397:
_________
393. . ., 59:
394. :
395. :
396. . ., 60:
397. ..., IX, 52: , . ., 60-61:

64

1830- . . ,
.

:
, , , , 398: .
.
, ,
: ,
399:
1831 . 12- . 400: , , : 401:


. ...
, 402:
1840- . .

1850 . .
,


, , , ,
, : ,

, 403:
.
(1845) (1847)404: 1853 . . _________
398. . ., 61:
399. . ., 62:
400. ., 75- ... , 241:
401. . ., 262:
402. . ., 268:
403. . ., 62-63:
404. , -
, . 3-
, :

, : 1854 ,
, ,
, :
, :
: , ,
, ,
:
405:
.
. ...
, :
: .
, ,
, , ,
406:
_________
405. . ., 65:
406. . ., 65-66:


, .

65

. -

1855 . .
( 14
2- )407
: , ,
408: .

,
: , , , . - , - - ,
409: . 4-5 :

: (.
400 , ).
:
,

, 200

_________
407. , 1866, N4, 249:
408. . 3, 5 (
.,
(1865-1890), , 1890,
41: , . ., 69):
409. . ., 70:

66

, :
, : ,
, :
: 1867 , . : , 410:
1860 . . , . ... 411:
1860 . .

(- ):
. ( 1861 . ) 412: .
, , , : 1861
. . - : 1864 . 413:
1867 .
1866 . 14- : . . ... , , 414:
1866 .
415:

, . , . ,
.

, . 416:
_________
410. . ., 73-74:
411. . ., 76: ,
500 . ( , , 3, ,
1905, 11):
412. . ., 81:
413. . ., 84:
414. :
415. , , 1909, N 298, 3:
416. , 1866, N 8-9:

.
1866 . 16-,
417, 1867 . 2-
418:

1868 ., . ( ) :
1872 . .
,
419:
. .
...
,
...420:
1877 . 15- 421:
:

.
: 1856 .

422: : 1858 .
,
, . 1859 .
50 423 _________
417. 1867 ., , 1866,
282: 1892 ., , 1891, 32: ., . ,
:
418. 1868 ., , 1867,
140: 1892 ., , 1891, :
419. ., ,
, II, 1872: :
420. , 1890, 14 ... . . , . . .
...:
421. - ., 1441-1904, , , 1904, 155-156:
., , ,
1938, 407:
422. ., , , 1935, 150:
423. :
. ,

: ,
1859 .
27-
424:
1860 . . 425:
1865 ., .
426: : 1866 . , 427:
1868 . , 1,5
428:
. 1868 . 8-, 429:
1869 . 430:
1875 . 25-
431:


1869 . 1870 .: .


:
_________
. ,
, , ,
:
.,
... (
. , 150-151):
, 1867, N 1, 72:
424. . , , 1934, N 4, 164:
425. , 1860, N12, 930: N 14, 106:
426. ., 1858-68 .,
, 1908, N 2: , 1879, N 10, , 1859, N 1, 76: ., , , 1955,
232: , 1956, N6 (164): ., , , 1959, 36:
., , , 1963, 147:
., , , 1978, 225-228:
427. , 1935, 150:
428. :
429. 1869 ., , 1868,
116: 1892 ., , 1891, 33:
430. , 1935, :
431. :

67


1844 - : 1868 .
-
, : 432:
1860- .
.
:

,
.
,
,
...
, , 433:
. .
...434: , , .
.
, ,
...435: .

,
.
1868-1871 , , 436:
1870 . .
. ... 1870-1874
_________
432. . ., ,
, , 1913, 48:
433. ., , , N 1, , 1893, 49:
434. :
435. . , 62:
436. , 1883, N 97: , , 1890, 71:

68


, 1874- 5 ,
437:
:
. ...

...438:
1871 . 31- 439:
1872 . . ,
16- 440:
1874 . 11- 441:
. 2 1874 . 8-
, 1875 . 1- 442. ...
. . 14-, , ...443:
1873
., .
7 . ...
...444: . .
1877 . 22-
: , , ,
.
_________
437. , : 1874 .
, , 1909, N 298, 3:
438. ..., :
439. 1892 ., , 1891,
33 ( ... . . . . . ...):
440. , 1872, N 10, 3:
441. 1892 ., , 1891, 34:
442. , N 4,
, 1911, 18: . ... (
, 1883, N 97):
443. , 1875, N 49, 1:
444. , 1906, N 31, 491:

56 . :

1981 . . 447:
1883 .
.
,
.
. . 1870-1874 . -

,

, N 10: .
, 1910-
. . .

. , 1981

...445:
, 1880 . 16-

.
446:
.
:

. ,
1883 .448:
, 1884 . .
1000 449:
1870-1880- .

, N 8 (
)450:

_________
445. , 1906, N 33, 523:
446. , 1880, N 124, 1:

_________
447.
, , 1998, 29:
448. , 1884, 14.03:
449. :
450. 1874 ., , 1873,
190: . ., 1879 . ,
157, . , 1881 . , 215:

69


1875-1917 .


. 1814 .
: ,
3 ,
( )451:

( ):
1830-1859 . :
8- , 2
. ...
, 1830 - , 1834 .
,
1835 . :

, 1837
.

:

, 1838-
- ,

: 1839 .
, 1841 - , 1843 - , 1845 - : _________
451. mogzauri, 1999, N 2, 8:

70

1846 -, : ,
1854 - , (1848-
):
1854 -
, 1856 -
20- 22: 1857 .
. , ,
1859 - : 1860 - .
, 1862 - : 10 : 1864
- .
, 1866 - . 2-
:
452:
_________
452.
, , 1885, XXII

, 1830 .
; 1834 -
,
1835 . ;
. . ;
1837
; ; 1838 . -
, ,
, ; 1839 . ; 1841 . . .,
1843 - . . . .; 1845 - . . ;
( 1846 .);
..; 1854 , . .,
1848 .; 1854 - . . .; 1856 -
. .
( 20- 22- ); 1857

, . 1845
. .
: .
: 1864 . 453:
.
: 1860- . 454: -455:
456:
.
(1869-1879) (
)457: 1875 . 14-
1879 . 9-458: .
459:
1876 . 460:
461
_________
. . 1- .;

; 1859 . - ; 1860 - . 1- .;
1862 . .
( 10- );
1864 . . 1- . ; 1866 - . 2- .; ....
453. mogzauri, 1999, N 2, 8-9:
454. , 1899, N 198, 2:
455. , , 1890, 42-43:
456. . ., ,
, , 1913, 48:
457. . ., , , 1905, 14:
458. , N 4,
, 1911, 18:
459. , 1914, N 71, 2:
460. 1892 ., , 1891, 34:
461. , 1891, 528: . , ,
. ...1875-79 . ,
, ,
:
,
: . .
, , , ,

: . .
: , . .- :

(, ):
1885-1886 . : 1887 .
462:
. : 1899 .,
. , 24-, .
:
, ,
: :
: ,
, ,
, ,
...463:
.
:
()464:
.
, _________
, , ,
. .
: , 1878 .
:
, ... ... 1875-79
. ,
- ,
:
, . ,
. . , , , ,
. .
. .
, ..
, , . . .
, 1878 . . ,

... ( . ., . ., 98-99):
462. , 1887, N 238:
463. , 1899, N 198, 2:
464. ..., :
, 1887, N 238:

71

,
. . .

(1845)465, (1854)466, (1859)467


468:

()
. 1838 . 10-,
:

: . ,
18-469:
_________
465. 1846 ., , 1845, 237:
466. 1855 ., , 1854, 746:
467. 1860 ., , 1859, 80:
468. 1874 ., , 1873,
190: ., 1879 . , 156:

72

. , 1838 .
18- 8 .


: ,
. , ,
...470: 187778 . -
.
, . ... ...471:
, .

. ,
, . .
. . ,
: ,
, ...472: 1879 .
28- 47 17 473 .
,
1879 . 15-
474:
_________
469. , . 213, . 1, . 2001, . 49:
470. , 1902, N 2, 7:
471. :
472. . ., ,
, , 1913, 99 (
, ,
. . .
. , .
,
, ...):
473. , 1879, N 13, 2:
474. , N 4,
, 1911, 18:

. .

1881 .


10.000 475:
.
. ...1894 . .
. . ,
, .
:
...476: 1898-1900
. ,

427 477:
1902 . 13-
. 478: .

1938 .:

_________
475. , 1902, N 12:
476. , 1902, N 2, 7:
477. , . 214, . 1, . 3413, . 24:
478. , 1902, N 9:

. . ,
.
.


. . 1843 . :
1- 1862 . 1866 . ,
1 :
1867 .

:
1868 . .
2- ,
2 479: () (, ) 1874 .
22 ( 1897 .) 480: 1876
. 20- , 1879 . 4- - :
_________
479. , 1902, N 2, 7:
480. , N 8,
, 1909, 3: , 1902, N 9:

73

. .

(
) . 1879
:
: : : : . . : :
, ,
: . , , ...481: 12 . 1870 .
,
: . . , . . . . ,
,
: :
, , ,
_________
481. , 1891, 529: , 1891, N
2427, 1:
( , N 1), , 1890, 50:

74

, 482:
1880 . .
. . 1880 . 28-

483: ,

1873 . .
, ,
,
484:
1880 . , 10
10000 485:
. ...

486:

. ,
.
1891-1894 :
... ,
487:
_________
482. . ., ,
, , 1905, 108-109 (
1870 ., , . . . , . . . .
, , .
. , , , .):
483. .,
. , , , 1914, N 5-6, 33 ( 28 1880 .
. . . ):
484. , 1909, N 220 ( ...
- . ):
485. :
486. ... , :
487. , 1891, N 5, 1 (15 ):

. . 1880 .

1879 . 11- (31 , 23 ),


2- 1883 . 23- (47 , 21
), 3- 1887 . 4- (55 ,
9 ) 4- 1891 . 13-488:
, .
, 1891 . 1-
489. 12 .-
, 4- : - ,
.- ...490: , 1891 .
_________
488. , N 4,
, 1911, 18:
489. -, 1891, N 29, 1: , 1891, N
22, 1: , 1891, 528:
490. . ., ,
, , 1913, 49 ( . 12 , 4- . - .,
,
...):
, 1891, N 2427, 1:

4- .
:
. ....

, : ,
, ,

:
,
:
:
:
...491: , 1900-
.

, 492:
_________
491. , 1891, 528:
492. , 1909, N 220:

75

1880- .

.
, (), , , , (),
493:
,
12
357 %- 1878 .
1890 . 48000 ., 51 %,

7 %494:

495:

, 1880 .496:
_________
493. , 1909, N 34, 542:
494. , 1909, N 220:
495. :
496. :

76

, ,
:
1882 . 2- - 497, 1883 .
25-
498, 1886 . 1- 499, 1887 .
500, 1888 . 17- 501, 1888 .
29- 502, 1889 .
503, 1889 . 15- 504, 1889 . 15- 505, 1890 . 16-
_________
497. 1892., , 1891, 35:
498. :
499. . ., 36:
500. . ., 37:
501. :
502. :
503. :
504. . ., 38:
505. :

. , 1909 . . .


506, 1890 . 3- 507:
, , 1892
.
_________
506. :
507. :


508:
_________
508. , 1909, N 220: 1885 .
, 1909, N 220:

77

.
:
509, -
, N 9 510: 1889 . 3- , - 511:


. 10-15
,

512:
. , , 12 . ,
200

, :
, ,
,
:
513:
_________
509. 1880 ., , 1879, 157:
510. 1882 ., , 1881,
214: . . 1883 . ,
180: . . 1885 . , 178:
. . 1886 . , 170:
. . 1888 , 309:
511. , 1909, N 220:
512. , 1909, N 34, 543:
513. . ., 49-50 ( ,
,
, .
( 200 . .), . ,
, ,
. ,

): " . . . " ,
1909 . (" ",
1919, N9, 43-45):

78

,
, 1908 .
. . . 514:
,
, , ,

:

, ,
, . ...
,
,
, ,

...: ,
,
, , , .
,
, , ,
. , , ...
...
: , ... ,
,
, ... ...:
. .

.
, ,
, ,
, , ,
...:
,
,
, , , ,
_________
514. , 1909, N 34, 543:

,
, , :
,

,
, , ,
, ,
: ...
, , , , , ,


, -
:
, , . :
:
,
:

, , .
.

, ...515:
. 66
1909 ., 25-, ,
516:
. , 517
27- 518:

1914 . ,

.
. .

: 10.000 .519: ,

(1874-1914) .
: . .
. . , 1879-1891 . ,
: -

_________
515. ., , , 1909, N 39, 614-615:
516. . ., ,
, , 1913, 49:
517. , 1909, 784:
518. , 1909, N 36, 562, N 37, 591:

_________
519. , 1914, N 31 (
. .
, .
10.000 .):

. . 1938 .

79

. .


. .

, 12
, ,
: .... .
, , , , , ,

...520:
1916 .
.
(50.000 .) 521:
1938 .
.
( ):
_________
520. , 1914, N 71, 2 ( .
. , . 1879
1891 ., .
. .
12 , ,
. ... . . , ,
, ,
, ,
...):
521. , 1916, N 265, 3:

80

1845 . : , ,
...522 ,
:
. (1891) ,
, ,

, . ... 30
32-:
.
. :
, , , - , : , , 25- , ,
, , : , ,
,
: : , , , :
, , , ,
,
, 47 , : , , ,
: :
,
...523:
_________
522. , 1914, N 71, 2:
523. , 1916, N 265, 3:

- 1891
. 25-
. -. ... 2 ,
524: ( 27- . . , ...)525, , 2
. -
. ...


.
...526:
, 1892 . . - . 527:
1893 . 10- .
- 2- . (1895
., 5 ) 1895 . .... -, 64 , 47 : : . .
,
54 10-: . ...528:
. . -, (1893),
(4 ) , 1896 .
12- .
. . 12-
: , . . ...
, 1897- ,
: ,
_________
524. , 1916, N 8-10, 88:
525. , 1891, 530-531:
526. , 1895, 736:
527. , 1891, N 60, 2 30 :
528. -, 1893, N 181, 1 (16 ):

-
1880- .

. . - 1891 .

81


, ,
: , . : .
, ,
, 529: , 1896 .
31- . 530:
1896 .
5-531:
. ,
1897 . .
, 30 18-: :
, :
, . .
532:
1900 .
300 . 533:
. -
1903 .
24- 1904 . 3-
534:
, 1903 .
535: .
. - . -

. . - 1900- .,
- 3

82

_________
529. , 1892, 156:
530. , 1896, N 203:
531. , 1895, 735-736:
532. , 1896, N 6, 878:
533. , 1900, N 96 27 :
, .
500 . , , , . 200 .:
534. , 1911, N 4, 18:
535. , 1897, N 1, 163:

...536: ,
. ... - ,
537:
. - (1891)

538, 1895 .
539:
. 1916 .
30-. 7-
, , ...540:
. -
(.
) , 1919 .: :
, . . -
:

. ...

...541:
_________
536. , 1911, N 4, 18:
537. , 1903, N 246, 3: , N 132 ( 1906 ., ,
1905, LIX:
538. 1892 ., , 1891,
492: . . 1893 . , 457:
539. 1896 ., , 1895, 500:
540. , 1916, N 8-10, 88:
, 1916, N 13, 3-4: , 1916, N 14, 210: , -
2000 .
, . :
, :
10
( ): ,

, - .
......
......
-
...
...

...
-
... 16 1845
30- ... :
541. , 1916, N 8-10, 88:

. . -
.
-

, , . (10.000 ) 1920- , (
- ..), ...542:

1852 .:
:
,
: , ( )
: 1790 . , , , 543:
,

- :
(.
)544:

,
1869 ., , ( ):
1870 . . ( )
() (_________
542. . 1927, , , 1927,
171:
543. kvali, 1895, N 12, 2:
544. :

83

) (., .
) . . : .
545: .
, 1872 .
-
,
. 546: . .
,
:
. . .
-,
: . ,
1000- ,
, _________
545. :
546. . , 2-3: , . , , . - , . ... ,
. :

, , :
, , ,
:
1869-1872 .:
:
. ,
, , - ... . .

, ,
.
,
: , .
1869, 1870, 1871 1872 .

. .
.
, , ,
, , , ... ( , 1893, N 254, 2):

84


547:
1873 . .
:

548:
.
. .
.
1873 ,

549:



...550:
. 1870- : ,

- : . . - .
551: .
, ,
, , ,
552:

: 1878 .,
.. _________
547. : , ,
. , . .
(
., , ,
1909, N 3, 28):
548. ., , ., , 1981, 9:
549. 10 , ( , 1927, N
10, 124):
550. ., , ,
1957, N 8:
551. , , , 1902-3, 2, 57:
552. :

, . , (1876-) ,
( ) 553:
1878 . () .
,
, ,
554:
.
(1879) . . ... ,

1879-1890 .,
. . ,
, , 555:
1877-1883 . . 4 2-

( 15.I.1877-, 19.XII.1881 31.I.1883-)556: .

(2.V.1883), (17.X.1883) 557: . (28.XII.1884- 22.XII.1888) 558: 1883 . 17- 1893 . 7- . 559:
1880 . . .
100.000 . 560:
_________
553. . ., ,
, , 1913, 54:
554. . ., 60:
555. . ., 62 ... ,
1879 . 1890 .,
. . , , :
556. , N4,
, 1911, 21:
557. . , 20:
558. :
559. . , 19:
560. . ., . ., 63:

1890 . . . ... , , 1876 :


, ,
,
,
561:
. (1891
. 1-), 1891 . 25- . . ... ,
: , ... , :
:
, :

: ....
: ,
:

, . , ...562:
563, ( ) 1891 . 25- . (30 , 32 )564: . . 12- , , , 565:
. -
_________
561. , 1895, 352:
562. , 1891, 529-530:
563. . - 1891 .

80-81:
564. , 1891, 530:
565. , 1891, 1242-1244:

85

. .

(1891-1893) (1893) (7- ) . , 566:


1893 .
,
( 17567, 31568),
7-.
, 7-...569:
.
. , 7-, . : 71 . : 62 8 ...570:
, .
:
,
.
( , , 2
: , , )571:
_________
566. -, 1893, N 181, 1:
567. -, 1893, N 182:
568. -, 1893, N 185, 1:
569. -, 1893, N 197, 2:
570. -, 1893, N 197, 2:
571. iveria, 1893, N 264:

86

, . : 1895 . 5- .
... 5- ,

, ...572:
- (),
()573 10 :
574: , :
, ,
.
,
, , :
, , , ,
. ,
,
,
...: , , 575:
,
.
,
:
( ),
576, - , ,
.
, ,
, 18-:

,
: , ,
,
_________
572. , 1895, 351-352:
573. , 1895, N 55, 2:
574. , 1895, N 64, 74, , 1895,
N 13, 315-316, , 1895, N 3842, 3843;
, 1895, N 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 62, 97,
-, 1895, N 40, 2, N 42, N 50, 3:
575. -, 1895, N 40:
576. kvali, 1895, N 12, 2:


, , , ,
: , , :
: ,
, ,
: 9
. ,
:
.
. . , , , , , , : ,
:
-- , : 10- 10
, :
,
: ,
,
, ,
,
:

: :
,
: , ,
, :
, :
, ,
: .
, :
, , ,
, -

, , , : .
. -...577:
-
. . .

: ,
, - . .- . .
578:

. 1)
3000 , 1800- , 1200-
. 2)
.

, ,
579,
, 3)
580 ( )581: 700 . .
_________
577. -, 1895, N 50, 3:
578. , 1895, N 57, 2 (
. .
.
,
,
. . : ..):
579. , 1888 . .
( 1889 ., , 1888,
309): 1893 . ( ) ( 1894
., , 1893, 458): .
(27, ,
1892 .), . . 192, . 8, . 3278 ( ):
580. , 1895, N 56, 58: ,
, 1912 . , , . . . . . . : .
. . .
( , 1912, N 208, 2):
581. -, 1895, N 49:

87

582:
1896 . 10-
. . - ,
583:
, 1909 . .

.

. - ,
, , . 584:
,
. . :
- ,

: 585:
, 1895 . . : .
.
,
, ,
, ,
,
,
,
,
:
,
,
,
:
_________
582. , 1895, N 294:
583. , 1896, N 30, 3: ,
1896, N 49.
584. , 1909, N 26, 416:
585. , 1909, N 245, 2 (
. ..
, .
-
,
.
).

88

,
`
` ,
:
,
,
,
:
, ,
,
, ,
:
,
, ,
,
:
,
, ,
,
:
,
,
, ,
586:
.
1892 . . -
587:


. 588 1843
.: 1- (1863
.) : .
:
_________
586. . . , . , IV-10 ( ):
. `
:
587. , . 192 , .
8, . 3278:
588. (
., . ,
, 1991, N 47, 4):

.
.
...589:
1864 - : ,
,
: 1867 .
,
: : 1876 .
: .
(1878-) , 590: 1882 .
:

, . 594: , -:
1897 . 6- . 38 34 (
. )595: . 1898 . .
11-
...596: 18- .

,

1883 . .
591.

,
:
...592:

1870 ., 593:
1884 .
, -

1875- , , . : 597:
, , ,
,
:
( ) 598
: 1898 .

_________
589. ., . 1859-60 ., , 1909, N 46, 732:
590. , 1901, N 9, 251:
591. , 1901, N 9, 251:
592. , 1901, N 36, 353:
593. , 1891, N 2425, 1:

_________
594. , 1884, N 40, 142:
595. , 1897, N 117, 1 (7 .): -,
1897, N 172, 1:
596. -, 1898, N 25, 1:
597. , 1898, N 2-3, 380:
598. , 1899, N 2-3, 328-333:

89


,
. (1838-1907)

. ,
.
. ,
.

. . 599: , ,

600:
, () (

)
22- _________
599. , 1899, N 2-3, 341:
600. . ., ,
, , 1913, 73: , 1901
. ,
. , ,

. . . 411 412,
411, 417, 377, 341, 409, .
- 41 409 (, 1901, 16, N
1406, 1): - .

(1914, N 71, 2):

90

. . . . , . . , . . - . .
: 23
21- . . 601:
.
. . ,
. . . . . . , :
. . 602:

1899 . .
: ,
,
603:
. 1899 . .
. , 604:

. .
_________
601. , 1899, N 11, 282:
602. , 1899, N 14, 346-347:
603. ., ,
, 1999, N 101:
604. , 1899, N 6, 725: , 1899, N 21, 77:

. .
, 26-
:
. . 605: , . ,

. ... . .
,
, 606:
1900 . 15-

. 607: , , , 608:
1901 .
10-, 609:
. 1901 . 16- , .

: :
, ,
,
610:
611:
1902 . ,
. , 612:
. : 1881 .
613:
, N 8,
29614, 1899 .

615:
_________
605. , 1899, N 23, 554:
606. , 1899, N 25, 595
607. , 1901, , 348:
608. , 1902, N 5, 266:
609. 1913 ., , 1912,
170:
610. , 1901, N 36, 353: , 1901, N 9,
251, 478-479: , 1901, N 206, 1: , 1901,
, 478-479: , 1901, N 5822:
611. , 1901, , 479:
612. , 1902, N 9:
613. 1882 ., , 1881, 213:
614. 1886 ., , 1885, 182:
615. 1900 ., , 1899, 615:



1860 .:

, :
.
,

,
.


,

,



. : . .
. . XXV :
...616:

617:
618: 1896 . 11-619:
_________
616. , 1902, N 48, 466:
617. - . .,
, , 1897:
618. ., . . , ,
1895, N 3720, 3721, 3722:
619. , N 4, ,
1911, 20:

91

. . , . . . .
, 1899 . 22- (
)
. . - , ( . . )620: 1901 . 8-,
1901 . 24-
621, , 1900 . 21622. ... 1901 . . .
...623:
. -
. , 624:
. - 1902 . 16-,
625: , . . - ,
, . .
626: 1907 . 3-627: 1910 .
.
- 628:
-
1911 . 28-629,
1916 .
_________
620. , 1899, N11, 282:
621. , N 4, , 1911, 19-20:
622. :
623. , 1902, N48, 466:
624. , :
625. , N 4,
, 1911, 18:
626. , 1899, N48, 466:
627. :
628. , 1910, N 184:
629. , N 4,
, 1911, 19:

92

31- 4
() .
. . . ,
6000-630:
- , N 32631:


1863 . 2-632:
, 633: 1884 .

. . . -
634:
1885 . .
(. . )
635: : 1886 . .
, 636: 1888 . , 1889 .
637:
1891 ., (),
638:

.
. ,
_________
630. , 1916, N21, 335:
631. 1909 ., , 1908,
999: . . 1909 . ,
1130: . ., 1911 . 763:
632. 1891 . (
), , 1891, N 2425, 1:
633. :
634. :
635. :
636. :
637. :
638. :

: ,
,
,
639:
, ,

640:

1896 . 7-641:
1898 . -
.
642:
2-
643:
. ... . . ,
:
,

644:
1899 - 645:
,
646
_________
639. , 1891, N 5, 89:
640. , 1904, N 24, 222:
641. , 1911, N 4, 20:
642. , 1898, N 35:
643. , 1911, N 4, 20:
644. , 1899, N 21, 506:
645. , 1904, N 24, 222:
646. ., - ; . . . - ,
, 1904:

. , 647:

648:
1904 .
11- 45 , 27 649:
650:
651:
1905 .
14-652, 1 :
.

: 1905 . . ,

:
, . . ,

,
,
, :
, , : . : ,


, : .
-- ,
, , - ,
, ,
,
_________
647. . .,
, , 1902:
648. , 1905, N 34: , 1904, N 4, 231-234:
649. , :
650. , 1904, N 291: , 1904, N 24: , 1904, N 305:
651. -. ., ,
, 1904, N 24:
652. . , 18:

93

654:

,

:

655:
1906 . . ., N 79656:
1907 . 9-
657:
1909 -
, , ,
658:
1911 .
:
.
, : , 659, , : ,

:
1912 .


: ,
, 27-,

1905 .

:
, . - , , ...653: _________
653. , 1905, N1, 158:
9- 6-11-, , 1905, N 4, 57: , , 1905 . -

94

_________
,
., : 29 1905
. , , 1917:
, 1917, N 7: ,

1917 .
. , 1917, N 31:
654. , 1905, N 5, 65:
655. , 1906, N 38:
656. (- ),
, 1906, 50:
657. , 1907, N 47, 751:
658. , 1909, N 42, 662-663; N 46, 728-729: ,
1910, N 7, 103; N 32, 505-506:
659. , 1911, N 2, 3: ., , . 2, , 1957, 130-131, 134-138:

, . . , 129- :

5-:
. .
: . .


: ... .
, , . . ,,,, :
,
: .
. . . ,
,
,
, ,
:
,
:
. . 1044 .
300 . 3 ...660:
. , 661:

_________
660. , 1912, N 11, 191: . , 1912, N 11,
175; N 20, 320; N 47, 751:
661. .,
, , 1887, N 1228, 1229, 1249.
., , , 1890, N 174, 175. ., ( ), ,
1892, N 2792. ., .
. . . . . . . . . . . , , 1893, N 220. .,
., ,
1896, N 4158, 4162 :

, 662:
. 1933 .
:


, , . ,
663:
.. 1857 . 5-
,
:
.

, , :
. :
, , ,

664:
,
:
,
,
- :
1891 .
:
1885 . . :
1888 ., 1892 .
: 1895 - _________
662. 1922 .
10- ,

:
663. , , 1890, 77
( - . . . ; . ).
664. . ., ,
, , 1913, 71:

95


665: , , 1898 . 666
,
.
, ,
:
, .
,
,
:
:
. . ,
:
:
,
. . . . :
, _________
665. , ,
1910, N 7-8, 1:
666. .
:

96

, , 667:
1898 . ,
7-
: , . . .

10-12 ...668:
1899 . 22- . , ( . . )669:
1899 . 8-, 1903 . 17- 670:
1904 . 22- .
1907 .
29- 671:
1905-1906 , - ()
, . 1907 .

672: , . 1905 -, . 673:
1905-1907 .
.
_________
667. . ., . ., 73-74

, ,
. .
.
. . .
,
.
,
. . . . . .
. ,
( ,
,
):
668. , 1907, N40, 628:
669. , 1899, N11, 282:
670. , 1911, N 4, 20:
671. . , 19:
672. . ., . ., 75:
673. , 1905, N 28, 294:

1900- .

674

: 1907 . 14- . 675, 29-676 1909


. 29- : , - , , , ,
. 677: _________
674. , 1907, N 40, 629:
675. , N 7-8,
, 1910, 1:
676. (29.X.1907)
. . ...
,
(, 1907, N 41, 645):
677. . . , ,
1907, N40, 627-629: ,
. .
. .... .
-
,
,
.
: , ,
. . -

: ,
, :
1910 . . ,
. 678: , .
679:
_________
,
. ,

: , , , , , ,
,
: - , , , .
, ... (. , 629):
678. , 1910, N 3, 48:
679. , 1910, N 12, 191:

97

1910 . .

, 1910 . 14-, 53 : 18- 680:
1902-1909 .
-, N 5681:
1906 . N 65 682, 1908 .
., N 29 683, 1909 - N 65-684:

- . ...
, :

, ,
:
, , -

_______
680. ..., , 37:
681. 1903 ., , 1902,
664: . ., 1904 . ( 695):
682. 1907 ., , 1906, 565:
683. 1909 ., , 1908, 1027:
684. 1910 ., , 1909, 1165:

98

, : , :
: . , ...685:

1874 . 17-:
, - , 686:
: 17
1897
- : 1898-1899
. . ... ,
,
.

687: 1900 . :
1902 . :
1906 . 23-688: 1909 . 8689:
1908 . 7- 1910 .
15- 690:

1900- . . ...
. , .. :
_________
685. , 1910, N 19, 300:
686. , 1910, N 24, 377:
687. , :
688. , ,
1911, N 4, 20:
689. : , 1909, N 1, 16:
690. . , 19: 1909 . 14, .
, , .
(, 1909, N 135, 2):


691:
1909 . 692:
, . ,
,
. .
, - , : ... ,
: . ,
. ,
693:
1910 . 20-: 48 2 694
. 15-
695: ,
,
. ,
. - . ,
,
, 696:


: 1910 . . _________
691. , 1910, N 24, 377:
692. ., , , 1909, N 3, 145-148:
693. , 1910, N 19, 301:
694. , 1910, N 24, 383:
695. . , 18: ,
. ...

, ,

, , ,
:
,
, ... (, 1910, N 24, 370):
696. ., , , 1926, N 5, 57:

. . ,

250.000 . 200 697: 1911 . . . ,

,
698:

. 24- :
.

: .
.
. .
699:
_________
697. , 1910, N 29, 464:
698. , 1911, N 12, 192:
699. , 1911, N 17, 272:

99

1912 . . .
.
,
, 700, .

, 701:
1912 . . 9- , , . 702: 20
.

. 30- . ,
703:

1913 .
. .
. 38, 39:
704: _________
700. , 1912, N 50, 795:
701. : , -

:
,
: , ,
:
,
: ,
, klde, N 19, , , 1912, N 292:
702. , 1912, N 5, (11 ):
703. , 1912, N 5, 79: , 1910, N 14,
210-211; N 15, 233:
704. , 1913, N 43, 687:

100

. -. . .
. . . 705:
1914 . .
. 9- ,
706:
1915 . 24- . 1914 . . ... .

,

. N 52 -707:
. ,
,

,
: ,
.

, ,
, ,
708:
1916 . 709:
1917 . .

. :
, 710:
_________
705. , 1913, N 44, 703:
706. , 1914, N 7, 102 ( 1877-78 ( ), ,
, ,
, : 30
, 10.000 .):
707. , 1915, N 138:
708. , 1916, N 8, 128:
709. , 1916, N 36, 1132:
710. , 1917, N 31, 3:

1917 . . 1917-
,

, .
: 1918 . ,

: , , : , . ,

. : . , ,


. . ...711:
1919
. - 1920 .

. -
.
712:
1920 . 28- 2- , .
,
.

:
, ,
...713:
_________
711. , 1920, N 9, 261:
712. 262:
713. , 1920, N 25, 4:

1920 . 16- . 20- : 1921 . 13-, 53 ,



: . ...
, , 17
, ,
...714:
1920-1930 . .
,
715:
1945 .
10- :
.

.
.

_________
714. ., , , 1926, N 1, 99:
715. ., ,
, 1932, NN 7-12, 1933, NN 1-5:
, 1991: , 1933 , 1968:

101

ALEXANDRE
KHATISSIAN
1874-1945
XENIA
KHATISSIAN
1894-1975
. . .
, : ...
...716:
1918-1920 .

. ...
,

_________
716. ., ,
, . 428, . 2, . 104, . 20:

102


717:
. .,
N 9 (1908 .)718
(N30) (1909 .)719: ,
1911 .720:
1957 .,
721, . .

, : -
, , , ,
, ,
,

...722:

_________
717.
, . 14 ...sotto la presidenza di Alessandro Khayissian, gia operoso e abile sindaco della
citta di Tiflis, capitale del Caucaso e della Georgia, ma popolata
prevalentemente di Armeni, e da essi al piu alto grado valorizzata:
718. 1909 .:, , 1908, 1026:
719. 1910 .:, , 1909, 1165:
720. 1912 .:, , 1911, 804:
721. . 1921 . (-)
: (), :
722. , 1994, 29 , 14 ( ) ( ,
, .
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, ,
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:
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:


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1840-1917 . , ,
, , 10, : , 1917 . , :
1918 - , ,
, :
, 80 , , - ,
, :
103

, , :
1991 . 22- 1992 . 6-
,
,
5 , ,
. . -, . 723:
: ,
, , 80 ,
, ...
, 1921 - 34
800
.
N

1915 -
.


2-


2-

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27

1650-

. .-1662 1662

1662-

1678-1698

20

10

. .-1711

. .-1742 1712-1742

30

. .-1734 .-1734

2
3

11

12

13

_________
723. , , , 1992,
N 9, 13:

104

14

. .-1768 1734-1768

34

15

1746-1751

16

1751-1760

17

- . .-1795 1768-1795

27

1795-1801

, 2

19

. .-1850 1840-1843

20

. . . 1844-1845

. . . 1845-1846

. . . 1847-1848

23

. . . 1848-1849

24

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25

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26

18

- 1764-1832

21

-
-

22

. . . 1853-1856


27

. . . 1856-1857

28

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29

. .-1862 1858-1860

30

- . . . 1860-1861

1865-1866

. -

31

- . . . 1861-1862

32

1862-1864

1973 .

1814-1892

1864-1865

1,5

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1866-1868

1,5

1816-1892

33

34

35

- . .-1875 1868-1869

36

. . . 1869-1870

105

37

- 1827-1883

1870-1874

1981 .

1875-1879

38

1814-1887

39

- 1838-1902

- .

1938 .

1879-1891

12

1936 .

1891-1893,
1895-1896,
1903-1904

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1893-1895

1936 .

1897-1901

1936 .

40

- 1843-1909

41

42

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43

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44

- 1860-. . 1902

45

1863-1933

1904-1905

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1857-1909

1907-1909

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1910-1917

1874-1945

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26
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102
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89
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7
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.
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(1763-1780)
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1658-1675

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97,106

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.
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102
.
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99,100

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,
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.
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28
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95,98, 99,100
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114

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28

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57

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.

104


83

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83
.

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78,91

63
.
105
.

27,104
.
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.
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.
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.
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. 32,33
. ,

72
.
66
.
34

9

53,83

58,78,95

25

103

53

84

63
79,80,83,
87,106

63

51,66
(
)
54

52,67

74,87

91

70
6,14,21,29,33,37,39,41,42,
43,70,79,102,103

79
58
102

79,83,84,98
53

31,83,95
70,71
73
71,73

100
63
58
61
36

, ,

, . 332, . 1, . 102:
. . 192, . 8, . 3278:
, . 213, . 1, . 2001:
, . 214, . 1, . 3413:
, . N 2803, . 193: N 3045: N 8810:
, , ,
, . . , , 1973:
. , ,
, 1879, N 10:
., ,
, , 1962:
., , , 1986:
., , , 1978:
., , , 1897, N 1, N 5:
., , , 1955:
., ,, , 1963:
. ., ,
, 1910, N 8, N 12:
. , .
1859-60 ., , 1909, N 46:
, , , .
, , 1894:
, , , . , ,
1899:
, , , , 1801-2, ,
, , 1904:
, , , 1767-1776, .
, , 1908:
, , , , 1778-1800, .
, , 1911:
, , , III, 1777-79, , ., , 1913:
. ,
, , , , 1984:
, 6, , 1977:
., ( 70- ), , 1933:
., , , 1934, N 9-10:
., , , 1935:
.,
(18651890), , 1890:
., 75- , . , , 1898:
.,
XIX , , ,
1895:

, , 1866, N 134:
- , , 1988:
., ,
, 1952, N 5:
, , 1938:
, , 1870:
,
, , 1978:
, , , , 1984:
, , 1, , 1902,
, , , 2, 1902-3:
, , 3, , 1905:
, ` ., ,
1941:
., .
, , 1991, N 47:
., , , 1909, N 3, 145-148:
., , , 1926, N 5:
., , , 1926, N 1:
. , , 1932, NN 7-12, 1933, NN 1-5:
, 1991: , 1933 , 1968:
., . , , 1914:
,
, , 1992, N 9:
., ,
, 1999:
., ,
, 1999, N 101:
. ., , ,
1907, N 40:
., , . ., , 1932:
., , . , , 1934:
. 1794-1980, . .,
, 1986:
. . . . , , . , 1901:
, , , 1964:
. , , ,
1959:
., . .
, , 1963, N 2:
.,
, , , 1987:
., , , 1963:
., , , 1957:

115

. ,
, , 1982:
., ., , 1964:
.,
, ,
1980:
., - , , , ,
1998:
- ., 1865
, . , , 1938, N 19, 3 :
- ..,
, . , , 1936:
- . .,
, . , , 1955:
.,
, , 1991, N 5:
., , , , 1996:
., ,
, 1909, N 3:
., . , . , , , 1948, N 37:
., , , 1957, N 8:
.,
, , 1909, N 3:
., ,
, 1990:
., , . 2, , 1957:
., , , 1875, N 1759:
., - ,
, ,
, ,
, , 1876, 132-139, 182-188, 214-219, 251-257,
301-305:
., : . - : 1842 12
. , ,
1877, 17-27, 57-67, 92-102, 134-148, 179-185, 208221, 254-262, 293-308, 331-336, 370-383, 405-419, 447460, 1878, 17-29, 46-53:
., , ,

, , , 1878:
., 1865 . ,
, 1915, N 25:
., , , N 1, , 1893:
. ., , , 1886:
., , , 1901, N 4:
, ,
, 1879, N 10:
., , .,
, 1981, 9:

116

, , 1866, N 1, 2, 4:
. , ,
, 1961:
,
,
, , 1971:
, . ,
, 1955:
, , 1998:
- ., 1441-1904, , , 1904:
., ( ), , 1890:
., 1858-68
., , 1908, N 2:
, 1884, N 40:
, 1889, :
, 1909:
, 1891, N 12, N 41:
, 1892, N 15:
, 1891, N 2352:
, 1847:
, 1920, N 9:
, 1934, N 4:
, 1901, 16, N 1406:
, 1950, N 2:
, 1901, , :
, 1902, N 5:
, 1904, N 4:
, 1846, N 19:
, 1847, N 24, 25, 27, 28:
, 1861, N 4, 6:
, 1862, N 1, 1863, N 2:
, 1916, N 36:
, 1917, N 30:
, 1866, N 8-9:
, 1867, N 1:
, 1859, N 1:
, 1914, N 18:
, 1907, N 20:
, 1907, N 23:
, 1910, N 7, 14, 15, 19, 24, 29, 32:
, 1911, N 12, 17:
, 1912, N 5, 11, 20, 47, 50:
, 1913, N 43, 44:
, 1914, N 7:
, 1916, N 8, 14, 21:
, 1906, N 31:
, 1906, N 33:
, 1907, N 40, 41, 47:
, 1909, N 1, 26, N 34, N 36, N 37, N 42, 46:
, 1910, N 3, 12:
, 1912, N 5:
, 1917, N 31:
, 1860, :
, 1923, N 105:
, 1861, N 40:
, 1883, N 97:
, 1872, N 10:
, 1875, N 49:
, 1879, N 13:
, 1891, N 5:
, 1891, N 22:

, 1891, N 60:
, 1891, N 127:
, 1896, N 39:
, 1897, N 117:
, 1899, N 198:
, 1900, N 96:
, 1901, N 206:
, 1902, N 9:
, 1915, N 138:
, 1917, N 3:
, 1920, N 25:
, 1890:
, 1891:
, 1892:
, 1893:
, 1895:
, 1896, N 6:
, 1897, N 1:
, 1899, N 2-3, N 6:
, 1901, N 9:
, 1902, N 11:
-, 1891, N 29:
-, 1892, N 21:
-, 1893, N 181, N 182, N 185, N 197, N 218:
-, 1895, N 40, N 42, N 50:
-, 1896, N 59:
-, 1897, N 172:
-, 1898, N 25:
, 1956, N6 (164):
, 1879, N 10:
, 1899, N 1,2, 11, 14, 21, 23, 25, 48:
, 1901, N 36:
, 1902, N 2, 48:
, 1904, N 24:
, 1905, N 5, 28, 34:
, 1912, N 11:
, 1916, N 8-10:
, 1919, N 7:
. 1927, , , 1927:
,
, I, , 1866.
,
, II, .
,
, VIII, , 1881.
,
, IX, , 1884.
,
, X, , 1885.
,
, XI, , 1888.
,
, XII, , 1904.
- XVIII , , III,
, 1978.
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1990.
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. ., , , 1910, N 187.
- . .,
,

, 1897.
., . . , , 1895, N 3720, 3721, 3722.
., ,
, II, 1872.
., .,
, ., 1870.
, 2- , , 1898.
., , ,
1888.

XVIII , , 1
( 1768 1774 .), .
., ., 1891.
., ,
, 1887, N 1228, 1229, 1249.
., ,
, 1890, N 174, 175: .,
( ),
, 1892, N 2792.
., . . . . . .
. . . . . . , , 1893, N 220.
.,
., , 1896, N 4158, 4162:
., - ; . . .
-
, ., 1904.
(- ),
, 1906.
., , , 1897.
., . . . , III.
, ,
, IV, , 1998.
., 35- . ,
, 1909, N 298
., , , 1970, N 15.
, 1958, N 135, 22 .
, 1907, 14 .
, 1911, N 68.
, 1909, N
8.
, 1910, N
7-8, 11.
, 1911, N
4, N 12.
, 1914, N
5-6.
, 1916, N
1-3.
" ", 1919, N 9.
, 1856, N 29, N 30, N 51.
, 1857, N 12, N 17.
, 1865, N 16.
, 1889, N 190.
, 1892, N 35.
, 1895, N 64, N 74.
, 1896, N 88, N 203.
, 1903, N 246.

117

, 1909, N 135.
, 1914, N 31.
, 1916, N 265.
1846 ., , 1845.
1850 ., , 1849.
1851 ., , 1850.
1852 ., , 1851.
1853 ., , 1852.
1854 ., , 1853.
1855 ., , 1854.
1856 ., , 1855.
1857 ., , 1856.
1858 ., , 1857.
1859 ., , 1858.
1860 ., , 1859.
1861 ., , 1860.
1862 ., , 1861.
1863 ., , 1862.
1864 ., , 1863.
1865 ., , 1864.
1866 ., , 1865.
1867 ., , 1866.
1868 ., , 1867.
1870 ., , 1869.
1871 ., , 1870.
1872 ., , 1871.
1873 ., , 1872.
1874 ., , 1873.
1875 ., , 1874.
1876 ., , 1875.
1877 ., , 1876.
1878 ., , 1877.
1879 ., , 1878.
1880 ., , 1879.
1881 ., , 1880.
1882 ., , 1881.
1884 ., , 1883.
1885 ., , 1884.
1886 ., , 1885.
1887 ., , 1886.
1888 ., , 1887.
1892 ., , 1891.
1897 ., , 1896.
1898 ., , 1897.
1900 ., , 1899.
1901 ., , 1900.
1903 ., , 1902.
1904 ., , 1903.
1905 ., , 1904.
1906 ., , 1905.
1907 ., , 1906.
1908 ., , 1907.
1909 ., , 1908.
1910 ., , 1909.
1913 ., , 1912.
1915 ., , 1914.
1916 ., , 1915.
1917 ., , 1916.
, 1914, N 71.
, 1898, N 35.
.,
.
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-. ., -

118

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, , 1988.
, 1895, N 13.
, 1884, 14.03.
, 1891, N 2425, 2427.
, 1895, N 57, N 3842, N 3843.
, 1901, N 5822.
, 1904, N 24.
, 1904, N 305.
, 1890.
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, , , 1883.
, 1887, N 238.
, 1893, N 254.
, 1895, N 54, 55, 56, 57, 58,
62, 97, 294.
, 1896, N 49.
, 1902, N 9, 12.
, 1904, N 291.
, 1906, N 38.
, 1909, N 220, 245, 298.
, 1910, N 184.
, 1912, N 208, 292.
, 1880, N 124.
. ., , , 1902.
. ., ,
, , 1905.
. ., ,
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., XIX , , , 1958, N 3.
., XIX ,
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jinWaraZe giorgi, ram dabvamxo qarTveloba?,
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amiranaSvili jemal, mravlismefeli saarqivo
cnoba, asaval dasavali, 2000, N 36.
dokumentebi Tbilisis istoriisaTvis (XVI-XIX
ss.), wigni pirveli, Seadgines: niko berZeniSvilma da mamisa berZeniSvilma, Tbilisi, 1962.
asaval dasavali, 2001, N 10, 5-11 marti.
kvali, 1895, N 12.
mogzauri, 1999, N 2.


1. . , . XX .
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3. .
4-5. . 2002 . 20- :

6. . : .

7. . : . -:
8. .

9. . , . :
10. . ,

11-12. 1991-1992 .
. .
13-15. , 1991. 22- 1992 . 6-
. .

119

11

10

12

13

14

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30 2003
500
PHOTOGRAVURE ZAVEN & FILS ()

2003