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Unit 1; HOMELIFE
TEST 1 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. share b. rare c. are d. declare 2. a. cooks b. loves c. joins d. spends 3. a. advises b. raises c. devises d. goes 4. a. teacher b. children c. chore d. school 5. a. hurry b. under c. pressure d. rush Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. He has been very interested in doing research on _______ since he was at high school. a. biology b. biological c. biologist d. biologically 7. re you sure that boys are !ore _______ than girls" a. act b. active c. action d. activity #. $t is generally believed that %&en !a'e _______ house and wo!en !a'e _______ ho!e%. a. / b. a ( an c. the ( the d. an ( the ). &ost doctors and nurses have to wor' on a _______ once or twice a wee' at the hospital. a. solution b. night shift c. household chores d. special dishes 1*. +e enjoy _______ ti!e together in the evening when the ,a!ily !e!bers gather in the living roo! a,ter a day o, wor'ing hard. a. spending b. caring c. ta'ing d. doing 11. $t is parents- duty and responsibility to _______ hands to ta'e care o, their children and give the! a happy ho!e. a. sha'e b. hold c. join d. ta'e 12. He is a _______ boy. He is o,ten 'ind and help,ul to every class!ate. a. ,ran' b. lovely c. obedient d. caring 13. .octors are supposed to _______ responsibility ,or hu!an li,e. a. do b. take c. rush d. join 14. _______ sure that you ,ollow the instructions care,ully. a. /elieve b. 0ry c. .o d. Make 15. 1o!eti!es &r. 2i'e has to wor' very late _______ night to do so!e i!portant e3peri!ents. a. in b. at c. ,or d. on 16. 2eter was _______ a hurry to go so he did not stop to greet !e. a. in b. on c. with d. over 17. $t _______ it is parents- responsibility to ta'e good care o, their children. a. co!!only says that b. co!!only to be said that c. is commonly said that d. is co!!only saying 1#. &ost children enjoy _______ with their parents and sibships. a. play b. to play c. playing d. played 1). He studies _______ his two brothers. a much better than b. !ore better than c. !ore good than d. very better than 2*. _______ the eldest child4 he wor's hard to help his parents support the ,a!ily. a. /e b. $s c. 0o be d. Being 21. 0hey _______ ,or 3 hours when the stor! suddenly bro'e. a had been running b. have been running c. are running d. will be running 22. 5o !atter what happens ne3t $ _______ help you. a. a! b. have c. will d. would 23. $ _______ co!e to the conclusion that nowadays nobody cares about anything. a. will b. had c. do d. have 24. $ assu!ed you _______ paying ,or the repairs until the end o, last year. a. have been b. was been c. are being d. had been 25. _______ get tired o, answering the sa!e 6uestions every day" a. Have you ever b. Had you ever c. o you ever d. re you ever 35

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26. 1he _______ wor'ing on that !anuscript ,or 2 years now. a. will be b. has been c. had been d. is 27. $ _______ there once a long ti!e ago and _______ bac' since. a. went / have not been b. go ( a! not c. have gone ( was d. was going ( had not been 2#. 1he _______ trying to pass her driving test but ,ails every ti!e. a. 'ept b. is 'eeping c. had 'ept d. keeps 2). $ _______ co!plete silence now while $ try this e3peri!ent. a. a! wanting b. want c. did want d. have wanted 3*. 0he students _______ by &rs. &onty. However4 this wee' they _______ by &r. 0an7er. a. are usually taught / are being taught b. usually teach ( are teaching c. have usually been taught ( have been teaching d. were usually teaching ( are teaching !rror "dentification. 31. #tayeds strong4 ,a!ily !e!bers have to be engaged in each other-s lives 8to stay9 32. 1o!eti!es all it takes is a ,ew !inutes to help you and your ,a!ily !e!bers feelings !ore in touch with each other. 8,eed ( to ,eed9 33. &eal ti!e is a great time ,or ,a!ily !e!bers to talk about thats is going on in their lives. 8what9 34. &eal ti!e also gives children a chance to learn how so!e o, their ,avorite dishes makings. 8!ade9 35. $laying games together is teachable !o!ents to share lessons about sports!anship4 tea!wor'4 perseverance4 and to bes tolerant of others. 8being9 %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. :ean spent her ,irst ,ew years in Hooper and her ,a!ily !oved to ;tsego early in her li,e. 1he was only ten when her ,ather died une3pectedly4 leaving her !other to raise and support their ,a!ily alone. Her !other soon went to wor' outside the ho!e to provide ,or the ,a!ily4 and :ean4 being one o, the oldest4 had to help care ,or her younger siblings. lthough she had !uch responsibility at ho!e4 :ean thoroughly enjoyed school and was an e3cellent student. 1he went on to graduate 1*th in her class at ;tsego High 1chool in 1)53. +hile still in high school4 :ean !et a young !an na!ed <harles %<huc'% Holly4 at a dance in la!o= and they were 6uite ta'en with each other. ;ver the ne3t ,ew years4 their love ,or each other blosso!ed and they were !arried on >ebruary 244 1)534 while :ean was still in school. t the ti!e4 <huc' was serving his country in the !ilitary4 and had co!e ho!e on leave to !arry his sweetheart. ?n,ortunately4 shortly therea,ter4 he was sent overseas to serve in @orea ,or the ne3t ,i,teen !onths. ?pon his discharge4 the couple settled into !arried li,e together in the 2lainwell4 ;tsego area. 0o help !a'e ends !eet4 :ean went to wor' at the collection bureau in @ala!a7oo ,or a while4 be,ore ta'ing a job at the cheese co!pany in ;tsego. $n 1)644 <huc' and :ean were overjoyed with the birth o, their son4 <huc'4 who brought great joy into their lives. :ean re!e!bered how her !other was always gone so !uch wor'ing a,ter her ,ather died and she did not want that ,or her son4 so she le,t her job to devote hersel, to the role o, a !other. 36. /e,ore :ean-s ,ather passed away4 her !other used to _______. a. wor' outside the ho!e b. be a housewife c. support the ,a!ily alone d. wor' as a secretary 37. +hich is not re,erred to :ean" a. 1he was a responsible girl. b. #he never helped her mother with household chores. c. 1he o,ten did well at school. d. 1he went to high school. 3#. :ean-s husband was a _______. a. teacher b. dancer c. soldier d. servant 3). :ean _______. 36

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a. served in the !ilitary b. lived in @orea ,or ,i,teen !onths c. had a daughter d. got married when she was a student 4*. +hich is not true about :ean" a. #he disliked staying at home and taking care of her child. b. 1he wor'ed outside the ho!e be,ore she had a child. c. 1he was very happy when she got a baby. d. 1he 6uit her job to loo' a,ter her baby. &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 0here are !any reasons 8419 _____ ta'ing regular ti!e with our ,a!ily is i!portantA $t 8429 _____ a place to listen4 teach4.learn4 and 8439 _____ ourselves ,reely and sa,ely. $t provides 8449 _____ to discuss ,a!ily joys4 issues4 and proble!s. >a!ily !e!bers can practice s'ills in a nonBthreatening 8459 _____. >a!ilies are a 8469 _____ part o, our society and the ,abric o, our co!!unities B we spend 8479 _____ ti!e together to get our ,eelings 84#9 _____ belonging4 our values4 support and understanding. $t helps 84)9 _____ ,a!ily !e!bers together and ,eel sa,e in today-s world where 85*9 _____ can lead to ,a!ily disintegration 41. a. that b. why c. when d. which 42. a. creates b. invents c. develops d. !a'es 43. a. thin' b. show c. e'press d. say 44. a. opportunities b. conditions c. situations d. circu!stances 45. a. air b. nature c. space d. atmosphere 46. a. attractive b. real c. deep d. basic 47. a. a b. an c. the d. no article 4#. a. in b. of c. on d. ,or 4). a. keep b. 'eeping c. 'ept d. with 'eeping 5*. a. push b. press c. pressure d. pull TEST 2 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. hospital1 b. !ischievous1 c. supportive( d. special1 2. a. family) b. whenever2 c. obedient2 d. solution2 3. a. biologist2 b. generally) c. responsible2 d. security2 4. a. confident) b. i!portant2 c. together2 d. e3citing2 5. a. possible1. b. university* c. secondary1 d. suitable1 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. Cou are old enough to ta'e _______ ,or what you have done. a. responsible b. responsibility c. responsibly d. irresponsible 7. 0hese 6uic' and easy _______ can be e,,ective in the short ter!4 but they have a cost. a. solve b. solvable c. solutions d. solvability #. :ohn is _______ only child in his ,a!ily so his parents love hi! a lot. a. a b. an c. the d. no article ). ccording to the boss4 :ohn is the !ost _______ ,or the position o, e3ecutive secretary. a. supportive b. caring c. suitable d. co!,ortable 1*. 1he got up late and rushed to the bus stop. a. ca!e into b. went leisurely c. went +uickly d. dropped by 11. /illy4 co!e and give !e a hand with coo'ing. a. help b. prepared c. be busy d. atte!pt 12. +henever proble!s co!e up4 we discuss the! ,ran'ly and ,ind solutions 6uic'ly. a. .happen b. encounter c. arrive d. clean 13. +hat are the _______ o, that country" B $ thin' it is so!e 'inds o, cheese and sauces. a. drin's b. beverages c. grains d. special dishes 14. 2eter tried his best and passed the driving test at the ,irst _______. a. try b. attempt c. doing d. ai! 15. +here is :i!!y" B He is ____ wor'. He is busy ____ his !onthly report. a. on ( ,or b. in ( about c. to ( through d. at / with 37

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16. +ith greatly increased wor'loads4 everyone is _______ pressure now. a. under b. above c. upon d. out o, 17. +e are not allowed _______ jeans at school. a. wear b. to wear c. wearing d. worn 1#. 1o!eti!es $ do not ,eel li'e _______ to !y sibling about !y troubles. a. tal' b. to tal' c. talking d. tal'ed 1). 0he wor'er was _______ his boss e3pected4 so he was o,,ered a raise. a. !ore hardBwor'ing b. as hardBwor'ing than c. more hard,working than d. !ore hardBwor'ing as 2*. :ohn _______ a respect,ul and obedient student. a. said to be b. is said c. is said being d. is said to be 21. $ love _______ ,il!s but $ seldo! ,ind ti!e to go the cine!a. a. see b. saw c. seen d. seeing 22. $n the last hundred years4 traveling _______ !uch easier and !ore co!,ortable. a. beco!es b. has become c. beca!e d. will beco!e 23. $n the 1)th century4 it _______ two or three !onths to cross 5orth !erica by covered wagon. a. took b. had ta'en c. had ta'en d. was ta'ing 24. $n the past the trip _______ very rough and o,ten dangerous4 but things _______ a great deal in the last hundred and ,i,ty years. a. was / have changed b. is ( change c. had been ( will change d. has been ( changed 25. 5ow you _______ ,ro! 5ew Cor' to Dos ngeles in a !atter o, hours. a. are ,lying b. would ,ly c. will ,ly d. can fly 26. +hen <arol _______ last night4 $ ______ !y ,avorite show on television. a. was calling ( watched b. called ( have watched c. called / was watching d. had called ( watched 27. /y this ti!e ne3t su!!er4 you _______ your studies. a. co!pletes b. will co!plete c. are co!pleting d. will have completed 2#. Eight now4 :i! _______ the newspaper and @athy _______ dinner. a. reads ( has coo'ed b. is reading / is cooking c. has read ( was coo'ing d. read ( will be coo'ing 2). Dast night at this ti!e4 they _______ the sa!e thing. 1he _______ and he the 5ewspaper. a. are doing ( is coo'ing ( is reading b. were doing / was cooking / was reading c. was doing ( has coo'ed ( is reading d. had done ( was coo'ing (read 3*. +hen $ _______ ho!e last night4 $ _______ that :ane _______ a beauti,ul candlelight dinner. a. had arrived ( discovered ( prepared b. was arriving ( had discovered ( was preparing c. have arrived ( was discovering ( had prepared d. arrived / discovered / was preparing Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. 31. 0hey are not allowed to go out in the evening by their parents. a. 0heir parents do not want the! to go out in the evening. b. -heir parents never let them to go out in the evening. c. Foing out in the evening is per!itted by their parents. d. lthough their parents do not allow4 they still go out in the evening. 32. lthough !y parents are busy at wor'4 they try to ,ind ti!e ,or their children. a. &y parents are so busy at wor' that they cannot ,ind ti!e ,or their children. b. Busy at work as my parents are, they try to find time for their children. c. &y parents are too busy at wor' to ,ind ti!e ,or their children. d. &y ,riends rarely have ti!e ,or their children because they are busy at wor'. 33. His eel soup is better than any other soups $ have ever eaten. a. .f all the soups " have ever eaten, his eel soup is the best. 38

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b. $ have ever eaten !any soups that are better than his eel soup. c. His eel soup is the worst o, all soups $ have eaten. d. His eel soup is good but $ have ever eaten !any others better. 34. 1he gets up early to prepare brea',ast so that her children can co!e to school on ti!e. a. .espite her getting up early to prepare brea',ast4 her children cannot co!e to school on ti!e. . b. Because she wanted her children to come to school on time, she gets up early to prepare breakfast. c. $, she does not get up early to prepare brea',ast4 her children will not co!e to school on ti!e. d. ?nless she gets up early to prepare brea',ast4 her children will not co!e to school on. 35. 0he last ti!e $ went to the !useu! was a year ago. a. " have not been to the museum for a year. b. year ago4 $ o,ten went to the !useu!. c. &y going to the !useu! lasted a year. d. t last $ went to the !useu! a,ter a year. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. Gvery ,a!ily has its 6uir's. &ine is no di,,erent. $ was born in an $talianB !erican ,a!ily in 1)73. +e ,ollow the classic stereotype. &y ,ather wor's and !y !other stays ho!e with the 'ids. 0here are certain things that we re!e!ber ,ro! our childhoodA phrases4 jo'es4 !ovies. /ut one piece o, advice that stic's with !e ,ro! an early age co!es ,ro! !y !other. %.on-t ,inish your ,ood or you will never get !arried.% $t was an illogical ju!p ,ro! the idea that a %lady% is not a glutton and there,ore will not ,inish the ,ood on her plate or ta'e the last coo'ie o,, o, the platter. %lady% especially a young lady !ust never appear hungry. $, she did4 she would not be an ideal candidate ,or a wi,e. 0o this day4 $ do not ,inish what is on !y plate and $ will never eat the last o, anything. $t is not a conscience thing. +hen 1 thin' about it4 1 !a'e a point to ,inish the ,ood on !y plate4 there is still so!e teenage rebellion against !o! in this thirtyB,our yearBold body4 but the thought o, not ,inishing is so ingrained that $ rarely thin' about it. +hen !y husband and $ are at dinner4 he will gesture to so!ething on the table and say4 %>inish your ,ood% and 1 will respond4 %$ can-t4 $-ll never get !arried.% 0hat always !a'es hi! laugh and say4 %1o what have these last si3 years been"% /ut ,or !e it is so!ething special that $ will carry around with !e B so!ething that is !y ,a!ily. &y brother re!e!bers the phrase and he ad!its that in his dating days he did watch to see i, any o, the girls would ta'e the last piece o, pie or pi77a. $ thin' he ,ell in love with his ,iancH because she would eat whatever she wanted to and do not worry about anyone judging her ,or it. s $ e!bar' on starting !y own ,a!ily4 $ wonder what $ will tell !y daughter. +ill $ encourage her to ,inish every last piece" ;r will $ continue to the legacy o, !y !other and tell her not eat the last piece lest she not get !arried" +ill she one day laugh to her girl,riends about her !other leaving one granola bar4 one piece o, cheese4 or one rice ca'e alone in their bags" 36. 0he writer-s !other never let her eat the last piece o, ,ood on her plate. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 37. ll the !others in the world never let t4eir daughter eat the last piece o, ,ood on their plate. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3#. 0he writer o,ten eats up all she has on her 2late and up to now she is still single. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3). 0he writer does not believe in what her !other has said but she considers her !other-s words so!ething special. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 4*. 0he writer has two sons. a. 0rue b. >alse c. /o information &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. ;n .ece!ber 1*4 2**64 $ was going through so!e hard ti!e. 0he landlady did not want to release the house any !ore so $ had to 8419 _____ and only had one !onth to ,ind a place. /ecause <hrist!as was co!ing and it was di,,icult ,or !e to 8429 _____ a suitable acco!!odation. $ had only so!e !oney 8439 _____. $ could not buy a <hrist!as tree and so!e 39

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presents ,or !y three boys4 8449 _____ $ had to use the !oney to ,ind a place to live. 0o!e4 it bro'e !y heart as $ could not prepare the <hrist!as ,or !y three boys. $ have been their only parent since !y husband 8459 _____ away two years ago. $ was so sad and everything was getting on !y nerves. lthough $ !anaged to solve the proble! !ysel, $ could not help 8469 _____ !y sons about the things. +hen $ suddenly wo'e up at !idnight4 $ ,ound !y eldest son was sitting 8479 _____!e. He 'issed !e and said4 %.on-t worry4 &u!. +e love you very !uch and always stand by you 84#9 ____ happens.% t the !o!ent $ started weeping4 grabbed hi! and 'issed hi!. His words and love !ade !e 84)9 _____ all about what $ was stressing about. $n ,act ever since that !o!ent4 $ have reali7ed that $ can overco!e any proble!s than's to !y sons- love. 0he !ost i!portant thing of !y li,e is that !y boys are sa,e and healthy4 and they bring !e joy all the ti!e. 0he !e!ory 85*9 _____ !e that nothing really !atters4 when $ have the love o, !y children. 41. a. trans,er b. convert c. move d. change 42. a. notice b. watch c. find d. see 43. a. leave b. to leave c. leaving d. left 44. a. because b. although c. as though d. i, 45. a. passes b. passed c. has passed d. was passing 46. a. tell b. to tell c. told d. telling 47. a. by b. ne3t c. over d. up 4#. a. whenever b. whatever c. whoever d. however 4). a. forget b. to ,orget c. ,orgot d. ,orgetting 5*. a. re!e!bers b. !inds c. reminds d. !isses TEST 3 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. hands b. parents c. chores d. boys 2. a. brothers b. wee'ends c. proble!s d. secrets 3. a. clothes b. cloths c. roo,s d. boo's 4. a. enjoys b. ,eels c. takes d. gives 5. a. atte!pts b. shares c. loo's d. belie,s Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. He was loo'ing at his parents _______4 waiting ,or reco!!endations. a. obey b. obedience c. obedient d. obediently 7. 0he interviews with parents showed that the vast !ajority were _______ o, teachers. a. support b. supportive c. supporter d. supporting #. /illy has been seriously ill4 and he was ta'en to _____ hospital yesterday a. a b. an c. the d. ). &y husband and $ both go out to wor' so we share the _______. a. happiness b. household chores c. responsibility d. e!ploy!ent 1*. Cou should not burn _______. Cou had better dig a hole and bury it. a. dishes b. lab c. garbage d. shi,t 11. He was very respect,ul at ho!e and _______ to his parents. a. responsible b. caring c. obedient d. lovely 12. ;ne o, Iietna!ese traditions is a belie, in _______ ,a!ilies and in preserving their cultures. a. wealthy b. secure c. sa,e d. close,knit 13. He was _______ when $ had those proble!s and said whatever $ did he would stand by !e. a. supportive b. e3citing c. busy d. dull 14. He was deter!ined to give his ,a!ily a secure and solid _______. a. base b. ,loor c. base!ent d. ground 15. $t-s hard wor' loo'ing _______ three children all day. a. after b. up c. to d. through 16. +hen !y !other is busy preparing dinner4 !y ,ather o,ten gives a hand _______ tidying the living roo!. a. on b. with c. ,or d. about 17. $ put your 'eys in the drawer _______ they cannot get lost. 40

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a. because b. let alone c. instead o, d. so that 1#. le3 is busy _______ ,or his e3a!s. a. to study b. studied c. studying d. studies 1). 1he is never willing _______ any personal 6uestion. a. answer b. to answer c. answering d. answered 2*. _______ a doctor4 you have to !eet so!e certain re6uire!ents o, the !edical college. a. -o become b. /eco!e c. /eco!ing d. /eca!e 21. 1a! _______ to change a light bulb when he _______ and _______. a. was trying / slipped / fell b. tried ( was slipping ( ,alling c. had been trying ( slippe d ( was ,alling d. has tried ( slips ( ,alls 22. Gvery day $ _______ up at 6 o-cloc'4 _______ brea',ast at 7 o-cloc' and _______ ,or wor' at # o-cloc' a. get / eat / leave b. have got ( eating ( leaving c. got ( ate ( le,t d. will get ( have eaten ( le,t 23. Cesterday4 $ _______ ,or wor' late because $ _______ to set !y alar!. a. had le,t ( ,orgot b. was leaving ( was ,orgetting c. left / had forgot d. had been leaving ( would ,orget 24. /y the ti!e we _______ to the train station4 1usan _______ ,or us ,or !ore than two hours. a. will get ( has been waiting b. got ( was waiting c. got / had been waiting d. get ( will wait 25. $ _______ ,or this co!pany ,or !ore than thirty years4 and $ intend to stay here until $ _______ ne3t year. a. a! wor'ing ( will retire b. a! going to wor' ( a! retiring c. wor' ( a! going to retire d. have been working / retire 26. &y !other always the ,irst _______ up and the last _______ to bed. a. getting ( going b. to get ( going c. getting ( to go d. to get / to go 27. $ _______ you last night a,ter dinner4 but you _______ there. +here _______ you" a. was calling ( are not ( are b. called / were not / were c. had called ( had not been ( were d. called ( have not been ( are 2#. 0he 0itanic _______ the tlantic when it _______ an iceberg. a. was crossing / struck b. had crossed ( was stri'ing c. crossed ( had struc' d. is crossing ( stri'es 2). _______ to co!e over ,or dinner tonight" a. o you want b. re you wanting c. Have you wanted d. +ill you want 3*. +hat _______ at this ti!e to!orrow" a. will you do b. will you be doing c. will you have done d. will you have been doing Choose the best sentence that can be made from the words given. 31. >a!ily rules ( i!portant ( teach children values ( respect ,or the!selves and others. a. >a!ily rules are i!portant4 teaching children values and respect ,or the!selves and others. b. >a!ily rules are i!portant which teach children values and respect ,or the!selves and others. c. $t is ,a!ily rules are i!portant because they teach children values and respect ,or the!selves and others. d. &amily rules are important. -hey teach children values and respect for themselves and others. 32. >a!ily rules ( help ( raise children ( run a household ( easier and s!oother. a. >a!ily rules help to raise children but run a household easier and s!oother. b. >a!ily rules help raise children or run a household !ore easier and s!oother. c. >a!ily rules that help raise children and run a household easier and s!oother. d. &amily rules help raise children and run a household easier and smoother. 33. &y !other ( de,initely a traditional stayBatBho!e wo!an ( o,,er ( us ( great love and a strict upbringing. 41

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a. &y !other is de,initely a traditional stayBatBho!e wo!an4 o,,ers us great love and a strict upbringing. b. My mother is definitely a traditional stay,at,home woman, who offers us great love and a strict upbringing. c. /ecause !y !other is de,initely a traditional stayBatBho!e wo!an so she o,,ers us great love and a strict upbringing. d. s de,initely is !y !other a traditional stayBatBho!e wo!an4 but she o,,ers us great love and a strict upbringing. 34. everyone in !y ,a!ily ( do the share ( household chores. a. !veryone in my family has to do the share of household chores. b. Gveryone in !y ,a!ily4 they !ust do the share o, household chores. c. s everyone in !y ,a!ily has to do the share o, household chores. . d. 0o everyone in !y ,a!ily4 we have to do our share o, household chores. 35. +e ( not allow ( go out in the evening ( !a'e ( ,inish all ho!ewor' ( go to bed. a. +e do not allow going out in the evening and !a'e ,inish all ho!ewor' be,ore going to bed. b. 0e are not allowed to go out in the evening and are made to finish all homework before going to bed. c. +e are not allowed to go out in the evening so we are !ade to ,inish all ho!ewor' be,ore going to bed. d. lthough we are not allowed to go out in the evening but we are !ade to ,inish all ho!ewor' be,ore going to bed. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. $ was born to dance. $-ve been dancing all !y li,e4 ever since !y !other4 who gave up a dancing career on the stage when she !arried !y ,ather4 pic'ed !e up and twirled !e around as an in,ant. s !uch as $ loved dancing with her4 her greatest gi,t to !e was her %unconditional love% during her li,eti!e. &y parents divorced a,ter only 5 years o, !arriage4 but !y ,ather re!arried a lovely lady who also loved to dance. 0hey used to ta'e !e to a dancing club where $ would listen to the !usic and watch the! danceBoccasionally !y step!other4 &ary4 invited !e to dance. $ also !et !y wi,e4 <harlotte4 in a dancing party. $ danced with her ,or about 15 !inutes4 and during that brie, span4 $ reali7ed that $ ,ell in love with her. +e 'ept dancing throughout our !arriage. &y earliest !e!ories o, dancing with !y daughters started when $ ca!e ho!e ,ro! wor' to our s!all ho!e in &arblehead4 &assachusetts4 and !y daughter Daura was about 3 years old. $t was very rela3ing ,or !e. to turn on the record player4 pic' up Daura in !y ar!s4 and dance her around the roo!J ;ur ,a!ily danced a lot. &y daughters4 Daura and nne4 and $ continued to dance on every occasion. ;ne ,avorite !e!ory $ have o, dancing with Daura and nne was when $ too' each o, the! when they were seniors in high school to the .addyB.aughter dance. +e won both dance co!petitionsJ s their ,ather4 $ have tried to provide !y daughters with unconditional love4 as !y &other provided to !e4 endless e!otional and loving support4 and good educations and li,e e3periences which have helped prepare the! ,or happy and success,ul adult lives. /eing a ,ather who is worthy o, their love and respect4 $ consider ,atherhood a privilege4 not an entitle!ent. $n 1))44 !y oldest daughter Daura gave !e a lovely boo'4 which $ still have4 entitled %>athers and .aughters.% &y >ather-s .ay suggestion to every ,ather is to dance with your daughters at every opportunity. $t will not only bring you closer4 it will give the! !e!ories o, you Kto hang onto% long a,ter we are gone. 36. ;, the characters !entioned in the passage4 who did not li'e dancing" a. &ary b. Daura c. nne d. /o one 37. 0he writer _________. a. could not dance well b. had a devoted mother c. had not !et his ,ather since his parents divorced. d. did not li'e to dance with his step !other 42

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3#. +hich sentence is not true" a. He used to go to a dancing club with his ,ather and step !other. b. 0he writer had two daughters. c. 0he writer enjoyed dancing with his daughters. d. -he writer never danced with his step mother 3). +hich is not re,erred to what the writer provides his daughters with" a. the arts of dancing c. endless e!otional and loving support b. unconditional love d. good educations and li,e e3periences 4*. 0he writer _________ ,atherhood. a. underesti!ates b. appreciates c. disli'es d. disapproves o, &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. :ean was the war!est4 'indest lady 8419 _____ always volunteered her ti!e4 her e,,ort and her love. 8429 _____ a war! s!ile4 a 'ind word or a listening ear4 she was destined to !a'e her !ar' in the hearts o, her 8439 _____ ,a!ily and ,riends. 0hey were her greatest 8449 _____ throughout her elevenByear struggle with cancer4 which gave her the 8459 _____ to never give up. +hen it ca!e to her leisure ti!e4 :ean enjoyed 8469 _____ so!e shopping and having 8479 _____ lunch with her two children. 1he also li'ed to shop at the super!ar'et4 particularly to buy clothes ,or her sons and grandchildren. >or :ean4 having a happy ,a!ily 84#9 _____ having heaven in her heart and angels in her li,e. 1he truly cherished everyone in her li,eJ 84)9 _____ gave :ean the greatest joy was sharing hersel, with her ,a!ily and ,riends4 o,,ering the! the !ost precious thing she 85*9 _____ her ti!e. $t is a gi,t none o, the! will ever ,orget. 41. a. which b. that c. who! d. whose 42. a. ;n b. $n c. >or d. 0ith 43. a. cherish b. cherishable c. cherished d. cherishingly 44. a. support b. ad!ire c. desire d. ar! 45. a. courage b. courageous c. courageously d. encourage 46. a. do b. to do c. doing d. done 47. a. a b. an c. the d. no article 4#. a. !entioned b. meant c. showed d. e3pressed 4). a. 0hat b. 0hat c. 0his d. +hich 5*. a. belonged b. rented c. possessed d. borrowed UNIT 2 : CULTURAL DIVERSITY TEST 1 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. naked b. loo'ed c. boo'ed d. hoo'ed 2. a. concerned b. raised c. developed d. !aintained 3. a. appeared b. agreed c. coughed d. loved 4. a. sacrificed b. trusted c. recorded d. acted 5. a. laughed b. weighed c. helped d. !issed Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. Dondon is ho!e to people o, !any _______ cultures. a. diverse b. diversity c. diversi,y d. diversi,ication 7. :ohn cannot !a'e a _______ to get !arried to &ary or stay single until he can a,,ord a house and a car. a. decide b. decision c. decisive d. decisively #. &y !other used to be a wo!an o, great _______4 but now she gets old and loo's pale. a. beauty b. beauti,ul c. beauti,ully d. beauti,y ). &y ,ather phoned !e to say that he would co!e _______ ho!e late. a. a b. an c. the d. 1*. t last they divorced a,ter ten years o, _______ !arriage. a. a b. an c. the d. 11. curriculu! that ignores ethnic tensions4 racial antagonis!s4 cultural _______ and religious di,,erences is pot relevant. 43

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a. diversity b. contacts c. barriers d. levels 12. 1o!e researchers have just _______ a survey o, young people-s points o, view on contractual !arriage. a. sent b. directed c. !anaged d. conducted 13. $t is not easy to ________ our beauty when we get older and older. a. develop b. maintain c. gain d. collect 14. &any young people have objected to _______ !arriage4 which is decided by the parents o, the bride and groo!. a. agreed b. shared c. contractual d. sacri,iced 15. ll parents are _______ to at least try to behave in ways that will give their own children an i!portant protection a. decided b. supposed c. ,ollowed d. rejected 16. $t is thought that traditional !arriage _______ are i!portant basis o, li!iting divorce rates. a. appearances b. records c. responses d. values 17. ,,ected by the +estern cultures4 Iietna!ese young people-s attitudes _______ love and !arriage have dra!atically changed. a. ,or b. with c. through d. towards 1#. 1o!eti!es she does not agree _______ her husband about child rearing but they soon ,ind the solutions. a. ,or b. on c. with d. o, 1). 0he young are _______ !ore concerned with physical attractiveness than elderly people. a. much b. as c. !any d. as !uch as 2*. $t will ta'e !ore or less a !onth to prepare ,or the wedding. a. appro'imately b. generally c. ,ran'ly d. si!ply 21. 0he nu!ber o, the participants in the survey _______ 25* students ,or ;3,ord ?niversity. a. are b. was c. were d. have been 22. 0he grass was yellow because it _______ all su!!er. a. does not rain b. has not rained c. had not rained d. would not rain 23. &any people even wonder these days _______. a. what marriage is b. what is !arriage c. what !arriage was d. what was !arriage 24. 0he lights _______ out because we _______ the electricity bill. a. have gone ( did not pay b. will go ( did not paid c. go ( would not pay d. went / had not paid 25. _______ 0o! <ruise-s last !ovie" Ces4 $ _______ it three days ago a. 1ave you ever seen / saw b. .id you ever see ( have seen c. Had you ever seen ( would see d. +ill you ever see ( saw 26. $n the past4 people _______ to the beach !ore o,ten. a. have gone b. used to go c. were going d. had gone 27. 1oon4 people _______ !ost o, the ti!e at ho!e. a. will work b. are wor'ing c. have wor'ed d. wor' 2#. $ _______ a terrible accident while $ _______ on the beach. a. see ( a! wal'ing b. saw / was walking c. was seeing ( wal'ed d. have seen ( were wal'ing 2). ,ter all4 she _______ hi! since her childhood. a. 'nows b. 'new c. was 'nowing d. had known 3*. +e _______ touch since we _______ school three years ago. a. lost ( have le,t b. have lost ( leave c. have lost / left d. were losing ( had le,t !rror identification. 31. +hile preparing ,or your wedding4 keepings in !ind that this is just the ,irst step in your ,uture lives o, love together. 8'eep9 32. Marriage is a li,eBlong journey together4 which is not simply a boat you get on together and gettings o,, when it does not wor' out. 8get9 44

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33. "t is important to note that such a happy !arriage does not co!e about by accident4 but it had takens years o, dedicated wor' to bring this 'ind o, relationship into e'istence. 8ta'es9 34. 0here are dangerous times in a !arriage4 especially when the wi,e can co!e to ,eel suchs overburdened that she decides to end the relationship. 8so9 35. .nce you can overcome your di,,iculty4 the proble!s may well become a source o, strengthens to your !arriage and to your ,aith. 8strength9 %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. +hen people plan to !arry4 they e3pect to ,ind in their partner not only a lover but a ,riend also. 0hey ,ind a person with who! they can share their opinions4 their e!otions4 thoughts and ,ears. $n !arriage we are loo'ing ,or a partner who will be able to understand our values4 our li'es and disli'es. $, a !an and a wo!an are born and raised in the sa!e country4 !ost li'ely they are ,a!iliar with the sa!e songs4 !ovies4 jo'es4 boo's and li,e in general. 0hey basically have the sa!e roots. $n the case o, a western !an and ,oreign wo!an ,a!ily everything is !ore co!plicated and re6uires !uch !ore patience and understanding ,ro! both spouses. ;n one hand each o, the partners has an opportunity to learn a great deal about the other-s country4 culture4 traditions and li,e styles which can be very interesting. ;n the other hand it can be very disappointing i, there is the inability to understand your partner-s e3cite!ents and ,rustrations. >or e3a!ple4 you are watching the television and suddenly you see a ,a!ous actor or singer4 or other type o, an artist whose na!e you have grown up with. &aybe this artist was an idol ,or your parents and the !usic o, this artist was o,ten played in your house when you were a child. ?n,ortunately you reali7e that your wi,e is unable to understand your ,eelings because she has no idea who this artist is. Her eyes are absolutely e!pty because she has never even heard the song be,ore. Cou ,eel rather disappointedJ Ee!e!ber that your wi,e has the sa!e situation with you. Cou do not 'now her country-s songs4 her country-s ,a!ous actors4 her boo's. 1he has her own !e!ories and in actuality4 ,or her4 everything is !uch !ore di,,icult than it is ,or you. t least4 you live in your own country where everybody can understand you. 1he lives in co!pletely strange surroundings4 where she has nobody to share her ,eelings with4 e3cept you. .o so!e research and learn about your wi,e-s country4 culture and li,estyles. 0al' with her4 as' her 6uestions4 get to 'now what songs she li'es4 what !ovies and boo's are o, interest to her. 0he $nternet will give you a great opportunity to ,ind anythingJ 0ell her about your country-s culture4 let her listen to the !usic that you li'e4 rent a !ovie ,or her that le,t you with great i!pression. Det her understand you better through the things that you li'e. 2atience and ti!e will help you to ,ight cultural di,,erences. 36. spouse should ________. a. let the partner to do everything alone b. be not only a lover but also a friend c. not share the ,eelings with the partner d. not inter,ere with what the partner-s li'es and disli'es 37. ccording to the passage4 ________. a. 1pouses who have the sa!e nationality need !ore patience and understanding in their !arriage than those who are ,ro! di,,erent cultures. b. #pouses who are from different cultures need more patience and understanding in their marriage than those who have the same roots. c. 1pouses who have the sa!e roots go not share anything together. d. 1pouses who are ,ro! di,,erent cultures can never share anything together. 3#. $, there is the inability to understand a spouse-s e3cite!ents and ,rustrations the !arriage4 he or she !ay ,eel ________. a. ,aith,ul b. hopeless c. disappointed d. happy 3). 0he passage is ________. a. critical b. convincing c. advisory d. apologetic 4*. 0o overco!e cultural di,,erences in !arriage needs ________. 45

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a. patience and time b. ti!e and !oney c. !ovies and !usic d. boo's and the $nternet &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. &ost !ericans eat three !eals 8419 ______ the dayA brea',ast4 lunch4 and dinner. /rea',ast begins between 7A** and #A**a!4 lunch between 11A** a! and noon4 and dinner between 6A** and #A** p!. ;n 1undays %brunch% is a 8429 ______ o, brea',ast and lunch4 typically beginning at 11A** a!. 1tudents o,ten enjoy a %study brea'% or evening snac' around 1*A** or 11A** p!. /rea',ast and lunch tend to be light !eals4 with only one 8439 ______. .inner is the !ain !eal. 8449 ______ brea',ast !ericans will eat cereal with !il' which are o,ten !i3ed 8459 ______ in a bowl4 a glass o, orange juice4 and toasted bread or !u,,in with ja!4 butter4 or !argarine. nother co!!on brea',ast !eal is scra!bled eggs or 8469 ______ o!elet with potatoes and brea',ast !eat 8bacon or sausage9. 2eople who are on 8479 ______ eat just a cup o, yogurt. Dunch and dinner are !ore 84#9 ______. +hen eating at a ,or!al dinner4 you !ay be overwhel!ed by the nu!ber o, utensils. How do you 84)9 ______ the di,,erence between a salad ,or'4 a butter ,or'4 and a dessert ,or'" &ost !ericans do not 'now the answer 85*9 ______ /ut 'nowing which ,or' or spoon to use ,irst is si!pleA use the outer!ost utensils ,irst and the utensils closest to the plate last. 41. a. in b. ,or c. on d. during 42. a. addition b. connection c. combination d. attach!ent 43. a. course b. ,ood c. !enu d. goods 44. a. &or b. $n c. t d. +ith 45. a. each other b. together c. one another d. others 46. a. a b. an c. the d. no article 47. a. holiday b. engage!ent c. diet d. duty 4#. a. vary b. variety c. varied d. variously 4). a. say b. tal' c. spea' d. tell 5*. a. too b. either c. so d. neither TEST 2 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. partnership b. romantic( c. actually1 d. attitude1 2. a. believe b. marriage) c. response2 d. !aintain2 3. a. su!!ary b. di,,erent1 c. physical1 d. decision( 4. a. attractiveness2 b. traditional2 c. generation* d. !erican2 5. a. certain b. couple1 c. decide( d. e6ual1 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. lthough they are twins4 they have al!ost the sa!e appearance but they are seldo! in _______. a. agree b. agreeable c. agreement d. agreeably 7. 0he !ore _______ and positive you loo'4 the better you will ,eel. a. con,ide b. confident c. con,idently d. con,idence #. &y parents will have celebrated 3* years o, _______ by ne3t wee'. a. !arry b. !arried c. !arriageable d. marriage ). &r. 2i'e held his wi,e-s hands and tal'ed urgently to her in a low voice4 but there didn-t see! to be any response. a. ,eeling b. e!otion c. reply d. e,,ect 1*. >a!ily is the place where _______ children is not only tolerated but welco!ed and encouraged. a. ta'ing b. having c. giving d. showing 11. 1ocially4 the !arried _______ is thought to be the basic unit o, society. a. couple b. pair c. twins d. double 12. 2ro,essor /erg was very interested in the diversity o, cultures all over the world. a. variety b. changes c. conservation d. nu!ber 13. Cou are not _______ to say anything unless you wish to do so. a. obliged b. willing c. e6ual d. attracted 46

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14. wo!an can never have a happy !arried li,e without _______ her husband. a. de!anding b. agreeing c. trusting d.deter!ining 15. _______ large nu!ber o, $ndia !en agreed that it was unwise to con,ide in their wives. a. 2 b. n c. 0he d. 16. 5ot all !en are concerned with _______ physical attractiveness o, their girl,riends and wives. a. b. n c. 0he d. 17. &y !other is the only one that $ can absolutely con,ide _______. a. in b. ,or c. with d. up 1#. ,ter they have been _______ love ,or two years4 they decide to get !arried. a. ,or b. with c. on d. in 1). $n so!e cases4 &ary is thought not to be _______ her sister. a. as !uch intelligent than b. so intelligent than c. intelligent !ore than d. as intelligent as 2*. 1he is _______ $ e3pect. a. !ore prettier than b. far prettier than c. !uch !ore prettier than d. a lot prettier as 21. 0here were about 1** attendees at the wedding4 and _______ hal, o, the! were the bride-s and groo!-s relatives. a. less b. not less than c. no less than d. nor less than 22. 0he bride loo'ed _______ on her wedding than she does as usual. a. nicer and more attractive b. !ore nicer and !ore attractive c. !ore nicer and !ore attractive d. !ore attractive and nicer 23. _______ people used to read !ore. a. 0wenty years be,ore b. -wenty years ago c. >or twenty years d. 1ince twenty years 24. _______ in Eo!e than he _______. a. 5o sooner he had arrived ( was being 'idnapped b. /o sooner had he arrived / was kidnapped c. Had he no sooner arrived ( 'idnapped d. 5o sooner was he arriving ( had been 'idnapped 25. _______ :ohn usually watch 0I at the wee'end" a. +ill b. $s c. oes d. Has 26. $ _______ there once a long ti!e ago and _______ bac' since. a. was / have not been b. had been ( was not c. would be ( had not been d. have been ( will not be 27. s !any as tenB!illion children _______ with the virus by the end o, this decade. a. have been in,ected b. will be in,ecting c. had been in,ected d. will have been infected 2#. +hat _______ when the ,ire alar! _______ o,," a. are you doing ( will go b. have you done ( would go c. were you doing / went d. will you do ( are going 2). _______ you send this wedding card to 2eter4 please" a. 0ill b. re c. .id d. Had 3*. +hen 2eter _______4 $ _______ hi! to your new house. a. will arrive ( ta'e b. arrives / will take c. has arrived ( a! ta'ing d. had arrive ( had ta'en Choose the best sentence that can be made from the words given. 31. 0he conical lea, hat ( call ( %5on DaL ( Iietna!ese ( !a'e o, a typical 'ind o, so,t pal! a. -he conical leaf hat, which is called 3/on 4a5 in 6ietnamese, is made of a typical kind of soft palm leaves. b. 0he conical lea, hat it is called K5on DaL in Iietna!ese is !ade o, a typical 'ind o, so,t pal! leaves. c. 0he conical lea, hat4 it is called K5on DaL in Iietna!ese4 !a'ing o, a typical 'ind o, so,t pal! leaves. 47

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d. 0he conical lea, hat4 calling %5on Da% in Iietna!ese4 is !ade o, a typical 'ind o, so,t pal! leaves. 32. 0hose leaves ( e3pose to the dew ,or one night ( dry ( they ( still so,t ( be ,latted. a. 0hose leaves are e3posed to the dew ,or one night so when they are dried4 they are still so,t enough ,or being ,latted. b. 0hose leaves are e3posed to the dew ,or one night so when drying4 they are still too to be ,latted. c. -hose leaves are e'posed to the dew for one night so when dried, they are still soft enough to be flatted. d. 0hose leaves which are e3posed to the dew ,or one night so when dried4 they are still so,t enough to be ,latted. 33. 0he hat ( usually consist o, ( 16 to 1# ri!s ( !a'e ,ro! special 'ind o, ba!boo ( the ri!s ( shape thinly into conicalB,or!. a. 0he hat usually consists o, 16 to 1# ri!s !ade ,ro! special 'ind o, ba!boo when the ri!s are shaped thinly into conicalB,or!. b. -he hat usually consists of )7 to )8 rims made from special kind of bamboo. -he rims are shaped thinly into conical,form. . c. 0he hat usually consists o, 16 to 1# ri!s that !a'e ,ro! special 'ind o, ba!boo= the ri!s are shaped thinly into conicalB,or!. d. 0he hat usually consists o, 16 to 1# ri!s !a'ing ,ro! special 'ind o, ba!boo. 0hese ri!s that are shaped thinly into conicalB,or!. 34. 0he leaves ( sew ( into all ri!s ( solely by hand ( the hat is tri!!ed and painted ( a coat o, attar ( to 'eep it clean4 s!ooth4 and waterBproo,. a. 0he leaves sewn into all ri!s solely by hand= and the hat which is tri!!ed and painted with a coat o, attar old to 'eep it clean4 s!ooth4 and waterBproo,. b. -he leaves are sewn into all rims solely by hand9 and the hat is trimmed and painted with a coat of attar to keep it clean, smooth, and water,proof. c. s the leaves are sewn into all ri!s solely by hand4 it !eans that the hat is tri!!ed and painted with a coat o, attar old to 'eep it clean4 s!ooth4 and waterBproo,. d. 0he leaves are sewn into all ri!s solely by hand= so4 the hat is tri!!ed and painted with a coat o, attar old they 'eep it clean4 s!ooth4 and waterBproo,. 35. Iietna!ese girls ( wear the conical lea, hat ( a little u!brella ( protect the!selves ,ro! sun or rain. a. Iietna!ese girls who wear this lea, hat li'e a little u!brella so that it protects the!selves ,ro! sun or rain. b. Iietna!ese girls wear this lea, hat such as a little u!brella ,or protecting the!selves ,ro! sun or rain. c. 6ietnamese girls wear this leaf hat like a little umbrella to protect themselves from sun or rain. d. Iietna!ese girls wearing this lea, hat as a little u!brella to protect the!selves ,ro! sun or rain. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. $n the past4 both !en and wo!en were e3pected to be !arried at 6uite young ages. &arriages were generally arranged by parents and ,a!ily4 with their children having little chance to say no in the !atter. $n the past it was not surprising to ,ind that a bride and groo! had only just !et on the day o, their engage!ent or !arriage. $n !odern Iietna!4 this has changed co!pletely as people choose their own !arriageB partners based on love4 and in consideration pri!arily to their own needs and wants. &oreover early !arriage is 6uite illegal. 0he traditional Iietna!ese wedding is one o, the !ost i!portant o, traditional Iietna!ese occasions. Eegardless o, westerni7ation4 !any o, the ageBold custo!s practiced in a traditional Iietna!ese wedding continue to be celebrated by both Iietna!ese in Iietna! and overseas4 o,ten co!bining both western and eastern ele!ents. /esides the wedding cere!ony4 there is also an engage!ent cere!ony which ta'es place usually hal, a year or so be,ore the wedding. .ue to the spiritual nature o, the occasion4 the date and ti!e o, the !arriage cere!ony are 48

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decided in advance by a ,ortune teller. 0he traditional Iietna!ese wedding consists o, an e3tensive array o, cere!oniesA the ,irst is the cere!ony to as' per!ission to receive the bride4 the second is the procession to receive the bride 8along with the ancestor cere!ony at her house94 the third is to bring the bride to the groo!-s house ,or another ancestor cere!ony and to welco!e her into the ,a!ily4 then the last is a wedding ban6uet. 0he nu!ber o, guests in attendance at these ban6uets is huge4 usually in the hundreds. 1everal special dishes are served. Fuests are e3pected to bring gi,ts4 o,ten !oney4 which the groo! and bride at one point in the ban6uet will go ,ro! table to table collecting. 36. $n the past4 _________. a. Iietna!ese couples were ,ree to !a'e a decision on the !arriage b. 6ietnamese marriage was decided by parents and family c. getting !arried at an early age was not allowed d. parents had no right to inter,ere their children-s !arriage 37. $n ,or!er days4 the ,act that a bride and groo! had only ,irst !et just on the day o, their engage!ent or !arriage was _________. a. surprising b. popular c. unco!!on d. strange 3#. +hich sentence is re,erred Iietna!ese !odern !arriage" a. &ost young people do not have their !arriage based on love. b. ll !arriages are arranged by parents and ,a!ily. c. &arriage is 6uite westerni7ation. d. Couples do not get married at +uite young ages. 3). ccording to the passage4 __________. a. ;versea Iietna!ese people do not li'e to organi7e a traditional wedding b. -here is an engagement ceremony which takes place usually half a year or so before the wedding c. &any o, the ageBold custo!s practiced in a traditional Iietna!ese wedding do not e3ist nowadays d. Iietna!ese people never as' a ,ortune teller the date and ti!e o, the !arriage cere!ony 4*. +hich does not e3ist in a Iietna!ese wedding party" a. firecrackers b. guests c. dishes d. gi,ts &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. $n @orea4 in ,or!er days the !arriage between a !an and wo!an represented the joining o, two ,a!ilies4 rather 8419 ______ the joining o, two individuals. 0he event 8429 ______ Taerye 8Freat Eitual94 and people ,ro! all over the village or neighborhood participated. 0he cere!onies and events surrounding the actual !arriage were long and 8439 ______. 2ro,essional !atch!a'ers paired up li'ely candidates ,or !arriage4 with the new couple o,ten !eeting ,or the ,irst ti!e at their weddingJ 0he ,a!ilies considered !any ,actors in the decision4 consulting with ,ortune tellers ,or 8449 ______ about the couple-s ,uture li,e together. .uring the <hosun period4 people !arried 8459 ______ their early teens4 with the girl o,ten being several years older than the boy. 0he groo! usually traveled to the house o, the bride ,or the cere!ony4 then stayed there ,or three days 8469 ______ ta'ing his new bride to his ,a!ily-s ho!e. 0he actual cere!ony involved !any s!all rituals4 with !any bows and sy!bolic gestures. 0he 8479 ______ were e3pected to control their e!otions and re!ain so!ber. 84#9 ______ @oreans have 'ept several aspects o, the traditional cere!ony4 !ost !odern cere!onies rese!ble +estern !arriage cere!onies !ore than 84)9 ______ @orean ones. However4 !any ,ol' villages and !useu!s across the country regularly per,or! cere!onies to 85*9 ______ the traditions alive. 41. a. as b. !ore c. than d. !ore than 42. a. is o,ten called b. o,ten called c. was often called d. has o,ten called 43. a. elaborate b. elaborately c. elaboration d. elaborateness 44. a. predictions b. attentions c. situations d. evaluations 45. a. ,or b. in c. on d. ,ro! 46. a. soon b. ago c. before d. then 47. a. e3a!iners b. co!petitors c. contests d. participants 4#. a. s b. 2lthough c. s though d. $, only 49

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4). a. traditional b. old c. ancient d. anti6ue 5*. a. catch b. hold c. grip d. keep TEST 3 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. advised b. devised c. raised d. practised 2. a. shared b. viewed c. confided d. !easured 3. a. deter!ined b. e'pressed c. approved d. !arried 4. a. s!o'ed b. called c. photographed d. based 5. a. demanded b. lived c. 6uestioned d. supposed Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. &any Iietna!ese people ______ their lives ,or the revolutionary cause o, the nation a. sacri,ice b. sacrificed c. sacri,icial d. sacri,icially 7. &ost o, us would !aintain that physical ______ does not playa !ajor part in how we react to the people we !eet. a. attract b. attractive c. attractiveness d. attractively #. 0hey had a ______ candlelit dinner last night and she accepted his proposal o, !arriage. a. ro!ance b. romantic c. ro!antically d. ro!antici7e ). Eeading the story o, the ______ having her dress torn o,, in the li,t re!inded !e o, !y ,riend-s wedding. a. groo! b. bride c. celibate d. groo!s!an 1*. $ do not thin' there is a real ______ between !en and wo!en at ho!e as well as in society. a. attitude b. value c. !easure!ent d. e+uality 11. 0he ______ to success is to be ready ,ro! the start. a. key b. response c. agree!ent d. de!and 12. recent survey has shown that supporters o, e6ual partnership in !arriage are still in the ______. a. crowd b. particular c. majority d. obligation 13. 1he accepted that she had acted ______ and !ista'enly4 which bro'e up her !arriage. a. ro!antically b. unwisely c. wisely d. attractively 14. 0hey decided to divorce and &ary is ______ to get the right to raise the child. a. e6ual b. determined c. obliged d. active 15. ______ love is ______ very strong ,eeling o, a,,ection towards so!eone who you are ro!antically or se3ually attracted to. a. 0he ( the b. 0he ( c. ( the d. / a 16. $ ,ell in ______ love with hi! because o, his 'ind nature. a. a b. an c. the d. 17. His ideas about !arriage are 6uite di,,erent ______ !ine. a. with b. from c. ,or d. on 1#. $ believe that he was concerned ______ all those !atters which his wi,e !entioned. a. with b. over c. upon d. above 1). Gveryone has been !ore ______ less the sa!e ,ro! the point o, view o, satis,action. a. or b. and c. nor d. but 2*. +o!en always ,eel !oved when they ,ind so!ebody who understands4 the! ______ they 'now the!selves. a. better as b. !ore better than c. better than d. as better than 21. He ______ e!ail be,ore4 so $ ______ hi! how to use it. a. did not use ( had shown b. had not used / showed c. has not used ( showed d. was not using ( will show 22. .octor 2i'e ______ the hospital a,ter he ______ an unevent,ul evening on duty. He ______ o, his day o, rest. a. was leaving ( has had ( thought b. left / had had / was thinking c. will leave ( had ( will thin' d. is leaving ( will have ( thin's 23. 1he ______ !e anything about that proble! so ,ar. a. is not telling b. does not tell c. will not tell d. has not told 50

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24. $ thin' that everything ______ ready ,or the project procedure by the end o, ne3t !onth. a. will have been b. has been c. had been d. is 25. /e 6uietJ 1o!eone ______ at the ,ront door. $ ______ it. a. is knocking / will answer b. 'noc's ( a! answering c. has 'noc'ed ( a! going to answer d. will 'noc' ( have answered 26. .an and <rystal ______ !arried in :une. a. are getting b. has got c. was getting d. will have got 27. 0wo lions ______ ,ro! <hessington Moo4 and the police ______ to catch the!. a. will escape ( try b. escaped ( had tried c. have escaped / are trying d. escape ( were trying 2#. ;ranges ______ rich in vita!in <4 which ______ good ,or our health. a. have been ( is b. are / is c. are ( will be d. were ( has been 2). Det-s go to >uji ,or our su!!er holidayJ B ;@. $t ______ good. a. sounds b. is sounding c. has sounded d. was sounding 3*. 0hey ______ enthusiastically when their teacher ______ in. a. discuss ( co!es b. will have discussed ( co!es c. will discuss ( will co!e d. were discussing / came Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. 31. 0his is the ,irst ti!e $ attend such an enjoyable wedding party. a. 0he ,irst wedding party $ attended was enjoyable. b. $ had the ,irst enjoyable wedding party. c. &y attendance at the ,irst wedding party was enjoyable. d. " have never attended such an enjoyable wedding party before. 32. $t is not until a Iietna!ese girl getting 1# years old that she is allowed to get !arried legally. a. Iietna!ese girl is not allowed to get !arried legally only when she gets 1# years old. b. 2 6ietnamese girl is allowed to get married legally only after she gets )8 years old. c. 0hey never allow a Iietna!ese girl to get !arried legally when she is 1# years old. d. 0he legal allowance ,or a Iietna!ese girl to get !arried will be issued in 1# years. 33. $ have not !et her ,or three years. a. -he last time " met her was three years ago. b. $t is three years when $ will !eet her. c. $ did not !eet her three years ago. d. .uring three years4 $ !et her once. 34. 0his pasta is a new e3perience ,or !e. a. $ used to eat a lot o, pasta. b. $ a! used to eating pasta. c. "t is the first time " have eaten pasta. d. $ have ever eaten pasta !any ti!es be,ore. 35. $ have not seen 0o! ,or ages. a. "t has been a long time .since " last saw -om. b. 0o! and $ do not loo' the sa!e age. c. 0o! and $ are ,riends ,or a long ti!e. d. $ o,ten !et 0o! ages ago. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 0raditions4 saying4 belie,s4 language4 and values are just a ,ew things that !a'e up our culture. <ulture is the ,ra!ewor' in which ,a!ilies are structured. It shapes our e3pectations and ideals. <ulture plays a part in the !eaning o, !arriage and our roles as husbands4 wives4 children and parents. ?nderstanding cultural di,,erences and si!ilarities related to !arriage is i!portant. <ulture a,,ects the roles that spouses ta'e within !arriages4 the age at !arriage and nu!ber o, children a couple have4 the !eaning o, divorce4 cohabitation and nonB!arital childbearing4 and the way parents raise children. ?nderstanding how relationships and !arriages vary across cultural conte3ts4 and how they are si!ilar4 we will be able to identi,y the uni6ue ways that !arriages and ,a!ily li,e a,,ect people o, various cultures. s a result4 we will be able to help ,a!ilies and sustain happy !arriages. 51

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cross cultural !arriage or si!ilar love relationship can be e3tre!ely e3citing. 0he cultural bac'ground4 visits to the other country4 the language o, the country and learning to spea' it4 the di,,erent habits and ways o, doing and saying things that people ,ro! other cultures have4 are. all very e3citing indeed. +hat o, the disadvantages o, a cross cultural !arriage or love relationship with so!eone ,ro! another country or cultural bac'ground" 5o !atter how !uch you love your husband or wi,e4 no !atter how high your level o, cross cultural awareness4 cross cultural co!!unication and respect ,or di,,erences. &isunderstanding see!s to be unavoidable. 36. 0he passage is about _________. a. the effects of cultures on love and marriage b. the de,inition o, culture c. the role o, spouses in the ,a!ily d. cultural di,,erences 37. 0he word It re,ers to _________. a. culture b. ,a!ily c. ,ra!ewor' d. structure 3#. ccording to the writer4 crossBcultural !arriage _________. a. does not have advantages b. does not have disadvantages c. have both advantages and disadvantages d. does not e3ist through ti!e 3). ccording to the passage4 which o, the ,ollowing is not a,,ected by culture" a. 0he age to get !arried b. <hildBraising c. 1ow much spouses love each other d. 0he roles o, spouses 4*. $n crossBcultural !arriage4 _______ !ay happen. a. divorce b. 6uarrel c. misunderstanding d. separation &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Eo!ance is the opportunity to show your loved one 8419 ______ special he(she is to you. $t !eans 8429 ______ the ti!e ,or the!4 and sharing ti!e together4 even 8439 ______ you are very busy. $t does not !ean thin'ing only about yoursel,4 or having only your needs 8449 ______. $t !eans putting your spouse ,irst. Here are so!e ideas to spice up your ro!anceA 1. .o s!all acts o, 'indness4 such as give hi!(her ,lowers4 or a little gi,t4 or 8459 ______ a poe!4 etc. 2.8469 ______ %0han' you% and %$ Dove Cou% o,ten. 3./e considerate 8479 ______ his(her ,eelings and sorrows. 4.0a'e long wal's together B anywhere. 5.1hare jo'es at !ealti!e. 84#9 _____ is a great way to share one-s love. 6.Iisit a !useu!4 visit co!!unity ,estivals4 tour a new site4 or attend a party together. 7.Hug and 'iss o,ten. $, your spouse does not do things ,or you4 then show hi!(her by gently/ 84)9 ______ out what you li'e. $, you li'e ,lowers ,or your birthday and you have not gotten ,lowers4 then let hi!(her 'now4 85*9 ______4 when he(she as's you what you would li'e. .o not thin' they can read your !ind. 41. a. how b. what c. which d. that 42. a. ta'e b. too' c. ta'en d. taking 43. a. as b. if c. when d. but 44. a. loo'ed b. noticed c. met d. seen 45. a. write b. discover c. invent d. search 46. a. tal' b. tell c. say d. as' 47. a. on b. with c. up d. of 4#. a. Daugh b. 4aughter c. Daughable d. Daughably 4). a. pointing b. !a'ing c. carrying d. giving 5*. a. ,ortunately b. wholly c. generally d. particularly

UNIT 3

:WAYS OF SOCIALISING

TEST 1 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. attract( b. person1 c. signal1 d. instance 2. a. verbal1 b. suppose( c. even d. either1 52

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3. a. e3a!ple2 b. consider2 c. several1 d. attention2 4. a. situation3 b. appropriate( c. in,or!ality3 d. entertain!ent3 5. a. across2 b. si!ply1 c. co!!on1 d. brother Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. 1he is a 'ind o, wo!an who does not care !uch o, wor' but generally _______ only with colleagues ,or !eals4 !ovies or late nights at a club. a. supposes b. sociali:es c. attention d. discussed 7. $ didn-t thin' his co!!ents were very appropriate at the ti!e. a. correct b. right c. e3act d. suitable #. Cou should _______ !ore attention to what your teacher e3plains. a. !a'e b. get c. set d. pay ). /ody language is a potent ,or! o, _______ co!!unication. a. verbal b. non,verbal c. tongue d. oral 1*. ;ur teacher o,ten said4 %+ho 'nows the answer" _______ your hand.% a. Eise b. Di,t c. %aise d. Heighten 11. 0his is the instance where big4 obvious nonBverbal signals are appropriate. a. situation. /. attention c. place d. !atter 12. 0hey started4 as _______ gatherings but they have beco!e increasingly ,or!ali7ed in the last ,ew years. a. informal b. in,or!ally c. in,or!ali7e d. in,or!ality 13. <hildren who are isolated and lonely see! to have poor language and ________. a. co!!unicate b. communication c. co!!unicative d. co!!unicator 14. 0he lecturer e3plained the proble! very clearly and is always _______ in response to 6uestions. a. attention b. attentive c. attentively d. attentiveness 15. 2ay !ore attention _______ picture and you can ,ind out who is the robber. a. to b. ,or c. at d. on 16. 1he loo'ed _______ !e4 s!iling happily and con,idently. a. on b. over c. ,orward d. at 17. B +hat an attractive hair style you have got4 &aryJ B _______ a. 0han' you very !uch. $ a! a,raid b. Cou are telling a lie c. -hank you for your compliment d. $ don-t li'e your sayings 1#. $n _______ !ost social situations4 _______ in,or!ality is appreciated. a. / b. the ( an c. a ( the d. the ( a 1). B +hat beauti,ul dress you are wearingJ B 0han' you. 0hat is _______ nice co!pli!ent. a. a / a b. the ( c. ( d. the ( the 2*. ______ you wanted to as' your teacher a 6uestion during his lecture4 what would you do" a. s b. s i, c. Gven o, d. suppose 21. :ohn as'ed !e _______ in Gnglish. a. what does this word !ean b. what that word !eans c. what did this word !ean d. what that word meant 22. 0he !other told her son _______ so i!politely. a. not behave b. not to behave c. not behaving d. did not behave 23. 1he said she _______ collect it ,or !e a,ter wor'. a. would b. did c. !ust d. had 24. 1he said $ _______ an angel. a. a! b. was c. were d. have been 25. $ have ever told you he _______ unreliable. a. is b. were c. had been d. would be 26. $ told hi! _______ the word to :ane so!ehow that $ _______ to reach her during the early hours. a. passing ( will try b. he will pass ( tried c. to pass / would be trying d. he passed ( have tried 53

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27. Daura said she had wor'ed on the assign!ent since _______. a. yesterday b. two days ago c. the day before d. the ne3t day 2#. :ohn as'ed !e _______ interested in any 'ind o, sports. a. i, $ were b. i, were $ c. i, was $ d. if " was 2). $ _______ you everything $ a! doing4 -and you have to do the sa!e. a. will tell b. would tell c. told d. was telling 3*. :ohn as'ed !e _______ that ,il! the night be,ore. a. that $ saw b. had $ seen c. if " had seen d. i, had $ seen !rror "dentification. 31. 2ccording to &ehrabian in1)714 only ;< o, the in,or!ation we / co!!unicate to others depends upon the words saying= )3N o, that < . 8we say9 depends on nonverbal co!!unication. 32. Body language is 6uiet and secret4 but mosts power,ul language of all.8the !ost9 33. ;ur bodies send out messages constantly and so!eti!es we do not recogni:e that we are using manys nonverbal language. 8a lot o,9 34. .ur understanding and use o, nonBverbal cues in facial e'pressions and gestures are familiar to us nearly ins birth. 8,ro!9 35. 2 person=s body postures4 !ove!ents buts positions !ore o,ten tell us e'actly what they !ean. 8and9 %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. <o!!unication in general is process o, sending and receiving !essages that enables hu!ans to share 'nowledge4 attitudes4 and s'ills. lthough we usually identi,y co!!unication with speech4 co!!unication is co!posed o, two di!ensions B verbal and nonverbal. 5onverbal co!!unication has been de,ined as co!!unication without words. $t includes apparent behaviors such as ,acial e3pressions4 eyes4 touching4 tone o, voice4 as well as less obvious !essages such as dress4 posture and spatial distance between two or !ore people. ctivity or inactivity4 words or silence all have !essage valueA they in,luence others and these others4 in turn4 respond to these co!!unications and thus they are co!!unicating. <o!!only4 nonverbal co!!unication is learned shortly a,ter birth and practiced and re,ined throughout a person-s li,eti!e. <hildren ,irst learn nonverbal e3pressions by watching and i!itating4 !uch as they learn verbal s'ills. Coung children 'now ,ar !ore than they can verbali7e and are generally !ore adept at reading nonverbal cues than adults are because o, their li!ited verbal s'ills and their recent reliance on the nonverbal to co!!unicate. s children develop verbal s'ills4 nonverbal channels o, co!!unication do- not cease to e3ist although beco!e entwined in the total co!!unication process. 36. ccording to the writer4 ________. a. 5onverbal language is only used by the dea, and the !ute. b. ;ne cannot co!!unicate in both verbal and .nonverbal language. c. 0hose who can listen and tal' should not use nonverbal language. d. $eople communicate with both verbal and nonverbal language. 37. +hich is not included in nonverbal co!!unication" a. words b. spatial distance c. ,acial e3pressions d. tone o, voice 3#. +e can learn ,ro! the te3t that ________. a. nonverbal can never get any responses b. !ost people do not li'e nonverbal co!!unication c. even silence has message value d. touching is not accepted in co!!unicating 3). Hu!an beings ________. a. have learnt how to co!!unicate in nonverbal language through boo's 54

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b. can co!!unicate in nonverbal language only when they are !ature c. have learnt how to communicate in nonverbal language since a child d. co!!unicate in nonverbal language !uch less than they do in verbal language 4*. 0he word reading has a close !eaning to ________. a. loo'ing at the words that are written b. understanding c. saying so!ething aloud d. e3pressing &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Eesearchers in co!!unication show that !ore ,eelings and intentions are 8419 _______ and received nonverbally than verbally. &ehrabian and +iener,ollowing have stated that only 7N 8429 _______ !essage is sent through words4 with re!aining )3N sent nonverbal 8439 _______. Hu!ans use nonverbal co!!unication becauseA 1.+ords have li!itationsA 0here are 8449 _______ areas where nonverbal co!!unication is !ore 8459 _______ than verbal4 especially when we e3plain the shape4 directions4 personalities which are e3pressed nonverbally. 2.5onverbal signal are power,ulA 5onverbal cues pri!arily e3press inner 8469 _______ while verbal !essages deal basically with outside world. 3.5onverbal !essage are li'ely 8479 _______ !ore genuineA because nonverbal behaviors cannot be controlled as easily as spo'en words. 4.5onverbal signals can e3press ,eelings inappropriate to stateA 1ocial eti6uette li!its 84#9 _______ can be said4 but nonverbal cues can co!!unicate thoughts. 5. separate co!!unication channel is necessary to 84)9 _______ send co!ple3 !essagesA spea'er can add enor!ously to the co!ple3ity o, the verbal !essage through si!ple nonverbal 85*9 _______ 41. a. sent b. posted c. !ailed d. thrown 42. a. through b. in c. of d. ,or 43. a. thought b. e'pressions c. gestures d. postures 44. a. su! b. great deal c. a!ount d. numerous 45. a. e,,ect b. effective c. e,,ectively d. e,,ectiveness 46. a. feelings b. words c. shows d. sorrows 47. a. be b. being c. to be d. been 4#. a. what b. that c. why d. when 4). a. get b. have c. !a'e d. help 5*. a. signs b. signals c. sight d. signatures TEST 2 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. social1 b. !eter c. notice1 d. begin( 2. a. whistle1 b. table1 c. so!eone1 d. receive( 3. a. discuss( b. waving c. airport1 d. o,ten1 4. a. sentence1 b. pointing1 c. verbal1 d. attract( 5. a. proble!1 b. !inute1 c. suppose( d. dinner Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. 0he boy waved his hands to his !other4 who was standing at the school gate4 to _______ her attention. a. attract b. pull c. ,ollow d. te!pt 7. $, so!ething _______ your attention or your eye4 you notice it or beco!e interested in it. a. pays b. allow c. catches d. wave #. +hen you are in a restaurant4 you can raise your hand slightly to show that you need assistance. a. bill b. !enu c. help d. ,ood ). ,ter a _______ hesitation4 she began to spea' with such a convincing voice. a. rude b. slight c. s!all d. i!polite 1*. He is one o, the !ost _______ bosses $ have ever wor'ed with. He behaves rudely to not only !e but also others in the sta,,. a. thought,ul b. impolite c. attentive d. co!!unicative 55

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11. $n !any cultures4 people signi,y their agree!ent by _______ their head. a. turning b. raising c. pointing d. nodding 12. 0here was a _______ tre!ble in her voice4 which showed that she was very nervous at that ti!e. a. slight b. slighted c. slightly d. slightness 13. $, a boss wants to have a wellB6uali,ied sta,,4 he should have to pay his e!ployees _______. a. appropriate b. appropriately c. appropriation d. appropriating 14. &rs. 2i'e was so angry that she !ade a _______ gesture at the driver. a. rude b. rudeness c. rudely d. rudest 15. _______ nonverbal language is _______ i!portant aspect o, interpersonal co!!unication. a. 0he ( b. ( the c. 0he ( a d. / an 16. /al7er4 _______ linguistic researcher4 reported that appro3i!ately 75N o, classroo! !anage!ent behavior was nonverbal. a. a b. an c. the d. 17. $ have never seen such a beauti,ul dress _______ you be,ore. a. o, b. on c. ,or d. in 1#. 1!all children are o,ten told that it is rude to point _______ other people. a. on b. to c. at d. ,or 1). B Cou loo' great in this new dress. B ________. a. +ith pleasure b. 5ot at all c. " am glad you like it d. .o not say anything about it 2*. 1uppose you want to go out during a lecture4 what should you do" a. s b. "f c. 0hough d. +hen 21. 2eter said that he had lived in Dondon ,our years _______. a. ago b. before c. later d. then 22. 0he guest told the host that _______. a. $ !ust go now b. he !ust go now c. he had to go now d. he had to go then 23. 0he teacher told :oe _______. a. to stop talking b. stop tal'ing c. stops tal'ing d. stopped tal'ing 24. 1he said she _______. a. was very tired last night b. was very tired the night be,ore c. had been very tired last night d. had been very tired the night before 25. G!ily said that her teacher _______ to Dondon _______. a. will go ( to!orrow b. went ( to!orrow c. would go / the ne't day d. had gone ( the ne3t day 26. 1he told the boys _______ on the grass. a. do not play b. did not play c. not playing d. not to play 27. 1he as'ed _______. a. where was her u!brella b. where her umbrella was c. where were her u!brella d. where her u!brella were 2#. :ason as'ed !e _______ !e the boo' the day be,ore. a. i, who gave b. i, who has given c. who had given d. that who had given 2). Eobert said that his ,ather _______ to .allas the year be,ore. a. goes b. went c. has gone d. had gone 3*. He wanted to 'now _______ shopping during the previous !orning. a. if we had been going b. that i, we had been going c. we were going d. that we were going Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one 31. %How beauti,ul is the dress you have just boughtJ% 2eter said to &ary. a. 2eter pro!ised to buy &ary a beauti,ul dress. b. 2eter said than's to &ary ,or her beauti,ul dress. c. $eter complimented Mary on her beautiful dress. d. 2eter as'ed &ary how she had just bought her beauti,ul dress. 56

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32. 1he raised her hand high so that she could attract her teacher-s attention. a. /ecause her teacher attracted her4 she raised her hand high. b. -o attract her teacher=s attention, she raised her hand high. c. 0hough she raised her hand high4 she could not attract her teacher-s attention. d. 1he had such a high raising o, hand that she ,ailed to attract her teacher-s attention. 33. %Hello4 &aryJ% 2eter said. a. 2eter said hello &ary. b. 2eter said &ary hello. c. 2eter told &ary hello d. $eter greeted Mary. 34. :ulie and nne had not !et each other be,ore the party. a. >ulie and 2nne got ac+uainted when they were at the party. b. 0he party prevented :ulie and nne ,ro! !eeting each other. c. 0he party was the place where :ulie and nne could not !eet each other. d. :ulie and nne used to !eet each other ,or the party. 35. %+hy don-t you as' the teacher ,or help"% 2eter as'ed !e. a. $eter advised me to ask the teacher for help. b. 2eter reco!!ended !e not to as' the teacher ,or help. 4 c. 2eter told !e the reason why $ did not as' the teacher ,or help. d. 2eter suggested that he should as' the teacher ,or help. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. &ove!ents and gestures by the hands4 ar!s4 legs4 and other parts- o, the body and ,ace are the !ost pervasive types o, nonverbal !essages and the !ost di,,icult to control. -$t is esti!ated that there are over 2**.*** physical signs capable o, sti!ulating !eaning in another person. >or e3a!ple4 there are 23 distinct eyebrow !ove!ents4 each capable o, sti!ulating a di,,erent !eaning. Hu!ans e3press attitudes toward the!selves and vividly through body !ove!ents and postures. /ody !ove!ents e3press true !essages about ,eelings that cannot be !as'ed. /ecause such avenues o, co!!unication are visual4 they travel !uch ,arther than spo'en words and are una,,ected by the presence o, noise that interrupt4 or cancels out speech. 2eople co!!unicate by the way they wal'4 stand4 and sit. +e tend to be !ore rela3ed with ,riends or when addressing those o, lower status. /ody orientation also indicates status or li'ing o, the other individual. &ore direct orientation is related to a !ore positive attitude. /ody !ove!ents and postures alone have no e3act !eaning4 but they can greatly support or reject the spo'en word. $, these two !eans o, co!!unication are dichoto!i7ed and contradict each other4 so!e result will be a disordered i!age and !ost o,ten the nonverbal will do!inate. 36. +hich part o, body is not used to send body !essage" a. ,aces b. legs c. hands d. stomachs 37. >ace gestures ________. a. can help us control our ,eelings b. are the most difficult to control c. cannot e3press our ,eelings d. do not include eye brow !o!ents 3#. /ody co!!unication is ________. a. visual b. verbal c. very ,ew d. unco!!on 3). ccording to the te3t4 body !ove!ents cannot e3press ________. a. ,eelings b. status c. attitudes d. desires 4*. 5onverbal co!!unication ________. a. !ay be interrupted by noise b. has no relation to verbal co!!unication c. dominates words d. is less co!!on than verbal co!!unication &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. $n the western custo!s 8419 _____ hands is the custo!ary ,or! o, greeting4 but in <hina a nod o, the head or 8429 _____ bow is su,,icient. Hugging and 'issing when greeting are unco!!on. /usiness cards are o,ten 8439 _____ and yours should be printed in your own language and in <hinese. lso4 it is !ore respect,ul to present your card or a gi,t or Bany other article using 8449 _____ hands. 0he <hinese are 8459 _____ applauders. Cou !ay be greeted with group clapping4 even by s!all children. +hen a person is applauded in this practice it is the 57

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custo! ,or that person to return the applause or a %than' you.% +hen wal'ing in public places4 direct eye 8469 _____ .and staring is unco!!on in the larger cities4 especially in those areas accusto!ed to ,oreign visitors. 8479 _____4 in s!aller co!!unities4 visitors !ay be the subject o, !uch curiosity and there,ore you !ay notice so!e stares. 84#9 _____ spea'ing4 the <hinese are not a touchBoriented society4 especially true ,or visitors. 1o4 avoid 84)9 _____ or any prolonged ,or! o, body contact. 2ublic displays o, a,,ection are very rare. ;n the other hand4 you !ay note people o, the sa!e se3 wal'ing handBinBhand4 which is si!ply a gesture o, ,riendship. .o not worry about a bit o, pushing and shoving in stores or when groups board public buses or trains. $n this case4 85*9 _____ are neither o,,ered or e3pected. 0he <hinese will stand !uch closer than +esterners. 41. a. ta'ing b. shaking c. grasping d. hugging 42. a. s!all b. bit c. slight d. light 43. a. e'changed b. changed c. trans,erred d. converted 44. a. pair b. couple c. double d. both 45. a. enthusiast b. enthusiastic c. enthusias! d. enthusiastically 46. a. contact b. loo' c. stare d. watch 47. a. &oreover b. >urther!ore c. 1owever d. +hatever 4#. a. ?enerally b. 1uccess,ully c. >ortunately d. G3pectedly 4). a. touch b. to touch c. touched d. touching 5*. a. <ontacts b. 2pologies c. Festures d. 1aying goodbye TEST 3 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. noisy2 b. party1 c. social1 d. polite( 2. a. restaurant2 b. assistance( c. usually2 d. co!pli!ent2 3. a. impolite* b. e3citing2 c. attention2 d. attracting2 4. a. obvious1 b. probably1 c. ,inally1 d. approaching( 5. a. waiter1 b. teacher1 c. slightly1 d. toward( Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. +hen you see your teacher approaching you4 a slight wave to attract his attention is appropriate. a. coming nearer to b. catching sight o, c. pointing at d. loo'ing up to 7. +hen you catch so!eone-s _______ you do so!ething to attract his attention so that you can tal' to hi!. a. head b. hand c. eye d. ear #. +hen the play ,inished the audience stood up and _______ their hands loudly. a. clapped b. nodded c. shoo' d. hold ). $t is _______ not to say %0han' you% when you are given so!ething. a. s!all b. rude c. slight d. ,or!al 1*. whistle is the _______ ,or the ,ootball players to begin the !atch. a. co!!unication b. instance c. attention d. signal 11. $t is o,ten considered to be i!polite to _______ at so!eone. a. loo' b. s!ile c. point d. raise 12. He is not really ,riendly and !a'es no atte!pt to be _______. a. society b. social c. sociali7e d. sociable 13. 1he sent !e a _______ letter than'ing !e ,or !y invitation. a. polite b. politely c. politeness d. i!politeness 14. &r. 0i!pson-s behavior and co!!ents on occasions were inappropriate and ,ell below the _______ standards. a. accept b. acceptable c. acceptance d. accepting 15. $n general4 the !eaning o, _______ touching depends o, the situation4 culture4 se34 and age. a. a b. a! c. the d. 16. _______ sa!e words or phrases can have !any _______ di,,erent !eanings4 depending on how they are said. 58

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a. / b. ( the c. ( the d. the ( a 17. $ recogni7ed !y grand!other as soon as she got _______ the plane although we had not seen each other ,or !ore than 1* years. a. over b. o, c. away d. off 1#. $ waved _______ hi! ,ro! the window but he didn-t see !e. a. through b. ,or c. up d. to 1). B How well you are playingJ B ________. a. 1ay it again. $ li'e to hear your words b. $ thin' so. $ a! proud o, !ysel, c. 0han' you too !uch d. Many thanks. -hat is a nice compliment 2*. He as'ed !e _______ Eobert and $ said $ did not 'now _______. a. that did $ 'now ( who were Eobert b. that $ 'new ( who Eobert were c. if " knew / who %obert was d. whether $ 'new ( who was Eobert 21. 0he !other as'ed her son _______. a. where he has been b. where he had been c. where has he been d. where had he been 22. &artin as'ed !e _______. a. how is !y ,ather b. how !y ,ather is c. how was !y ,ather d. how my father was 23. 0he host as'ed 2eter _______ tea or co,,ee. a. whether he preferred b. that he pre,erred c. did he pre,er d. i, he pre,ers 24. 1he as'ed !e _______ !y holidays _______. a. where $ spent ( the previous year b. where " had spent / the previous year c. where $ spent ( last year d. where did $ spend ( last year 25. He advised _______ too ,ar. a. her did not go b. her do not go c. her not to go d. she did not go 26. :ohn o,ten says he _______ bo3ing because it _______ a cruel sport. a. does not like / is b. did not li'e ( were c. not li'ed ( had been d. had not li'ed ( was 27. 5ancy as'ed !e why $ had not gone to 5ew Cor' the su!!er _______. a. before b. ago c. last d. previous 2#. He as'ed _______ hi! so!e !oney. a. her to lend b. she to lend c. she has lent d. she lends 2). ndrew told !e that they _______ ,ish two _______ days. a. have not eaten ( ago b. had not eaten / previous c. did not eat ( be,ore d. would not eat ( last 3*. :ason told !e that he _______ his best in the e3a! the _______ day. a. had done ( ,ollowing b. will do ( previous c. would do / following d. was going ( previous Choose the best sentence that can be arranged from the words given. 31. $n ( nose ( :apan ( in ( blowing ( your ( public ( considered ( rude ( is. a. /lowing your nose is considered in rude public in :apan. b. $n :apan4 public is considered rude in blowing your nose. c. /lowing your nose in :apan in public is considered rude d. "n >apan, blowing your nose in public is considered rude. 32. bow ( your ( a ( hand ( or ( never ( both ( in ( with ( poc'ets ( handsA a. /ow never with a hand or both hands in your poc'ets. b. /ever bow with a hand or both hands in your pockets. c. 5ever bow in your poc'ets with a hand or both hands. d. 5ever bow with a hand in your poc'ets or both hands. 59

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33. restaurants ( with ( re!ove ( in ( !ats ( you ( ba!boo ( traditional ( your ( should ( shoes. a. $n traditional restaurants you should re!ove your shoes with ba!boo !ats. b. "n traditional restaurants with bamboo mats, you should remove your shoes. c. Cou should re!ove your shoes with ba!boo !ats in traditional restaurantsA d. Cou should re!ove your ba!boo !ats with shoes in traditional restaurants. 34. it ( is ( to ( co!e ( in ( :apan I 'now ( you ( i!portant ( ran' ( people ( o, ( in ( the contact ( who! ( with. a. "n >apan, it is important to know the rank of people with whom you come in contact. b. 0o 'now the ran' o, people with who! you co!e in contact it is i!portant in :apan. c. $n :apan4 it is i!portant with who! you co!e in contact to 'now the ran' o, people. . d. Cou co!e in contact with people o, who! the ran' to 'now it is i!portant in :apan. 35. the ( ran' ( o, ( the ( bow ( person ( the ( ,acing ( you ( lower ( the ( you ( higher. a. -he higher the rank of the person facing you, the lower you bow. b. 0he ran' o, the person ,acing you the higher4 you bow the lower. c. 0he higher ,acing you the ran' o, the person4 you lower the bow. d. 0he higher you ,acing the ran' o, the person4 the lower you bow. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 1po'en language is based on a ,aceBtoB,ace encounter. ;ne person directly addresses another or others. +ithin the ,aceBtoB,ace encounter o, speech4 co!!unication is- not li!ited to +ords. 1pea'ers use a wide variety o, e3traBverbal devices4 ,ro! e!phasis and dra!atic pauses to changes in tone or te!po. 1pea'ers also use a broad range o, nonverbal clues. 0hey %tal'% with their eyes and their bodies. 0hey use hand gestures and ,acial e3pressions to convey ideas. nd spea'ers respond to si!ilar cues ,ro! their listeners B the nods and grunts that say4 in e,,ect4 %$ hear you4% or the 6ui77ical loo's that say4 %$ don-t understand.% s we learn a language4 we also learn the nonBverbal conventions o, that languageB the !eaning o, a shrug4 a pout4 or a s!ile. 1peech thus o,ten includes not only a ,aceBtoB,ace !eeting4 but also a !eeting o, the !inds. %<onversation4% 1teven 2in'er notes4 %re6uires cooperation.% Disteners assu!e that spea'ers are conveying in,or!ation relevant to what they already 'now and what they want to 'now. 0hey have to not only listen to words but also observe verbal devices and body gestures in order to understand the !eanings o, vague and a!biguous words and to ,ill in the unsaid logical steps. 1pea'er and listener are aware o, each other-s 'nowledge4 interests4 and biases. 0hey can interpret re!ar's within the co!!on social setting in which they ,ind the!selves. 0his !utual understanding is ,re6uently absent with written co!!unication. +hile in written co!!unication4 in,or!ation an author would li'e to assu!e the reader 'nows !ust be included with a te3t. +riters !ust !a'e their biases e3plicit to assure ,ull understanding by the critical reader4 and readers4 unable to read body language4 !ust read the te3t care,ully to ,ind out attitudes or biases underlying it. 36. +e can use nonverbal clues in both spo'en and written co!!unication. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 37. G!phasis4 dra!atic pauses and changes in tone or te!po are verbal devices. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3#. +e can even use gestures to e3press a !arital proposal. a. 0rue b. >alse c. /o information 3). $n a conversation4 only listening to the spea'er-s voice is enough ,or the listener to understand thoroughly even the !eanings o, vague and a!biguous words a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 4*. /ody language can also be read in a written te3t. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. $n su!!ary4 ,or !ost visitors4 the :apanese are 8419 _____ and di,,icult to understand. 0he grace,ul act o, 8429 _____4 is the traditional greeting. However4 they have also adopted the western custo! o, sha'ing hands4 but with a light grip. &eanwhile4 to 8439 _____ respect ,or their custo!s4 it would ,latter the! to o,,er a slight bow when being introduced. 8449 _____ 60

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hugging and 'issing when greeting. $t is considered rude to stare. 2rolonged direct eye contact is considered to be 8459 _____ or even inti!idating. $t is rude to stand with your hand or hands in your poc'ets4 especially when greeting so!eone 8469 _____ when addressing a group o, people. 0he see!ingly si!ple act o, e3changing business cards is !ore co!ple3 in :apan 8479 ____ the business card represents not only one-s identity but also his 84#9 _____ in li,e. Cours should be printed in your own language and in :apanese. 0he :apanese are not a touchB oriented society= so avoid open displays o, a,,ection4 touching or any prolonged 84)9 _____ o, body contact. Oueues are generally respected= especially in crowded train and subway stations 85*9 _____ the huge volu!e o, people causes touching and pushing. 41. a. comple' b. easy c. si!ply d. cheap 42. a. sha'ing b. hugging c. bowing d. loo'ing 43. a. pay b. show c. point d. draw 44. a. gree b. 2void c. Eeco!!end d. llow 45. a. politely b. i!politeness c. i!politely d. impolite 46. a. or b. but c. either d. nor 47. a. because b. even i, c. unless d. though 4#. a. location b. stand c. status d. place 4). a. path b. route c. form d. style 5*. a. that b. when c. which d. where

Unit 4; SCHOOL EDUCATION SYSTEM


TEST 1 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. general1 b. applicant1 c. usually1 d. .ctober( 2. a. parallel1 b. dependent( c. educate1 d. pri!ary 3. a. physical b. achievement ( c. govern!ent1 d. national1 4. a. eleven( b. history1 c. nursery1 d. di,,erent Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 5. 0o!!y le,t high school _______ the age _______ seventeen. a. at / of b. in ( ,or c. on ( with d. o, ( in 6. 0he acade!ic year in Iietna! is over _______ the end _______ &ay. a. ,ro! ( in b. ,or ( on c. on ( in d. at / of 7. $n _______ !ost countries4 it is co!pulsory ,or children to receive pri!ary education. a. a b. an c. the d. #. ;ver _______ past ,ew decades4 _______ schools in the ?1 have been testing various arrange!ents. a. the / b. ( c. a ( the d. ( the ). s an _______4 &r. 2i'e is very worried about the increasing o, juvenile delin6uency. a. educate b. education c. educator d. educative 1*. $n Gngland4 pri!ary education is provided by state schools run by the govern!ent and by _______ ,eeBpaying schools. a. independent b. independently c. depended d. independence 11. 0he ?nited 5ations 1ecretaryBFeneral has o,ten spo'en o, the need ,or individual _______ and hu!an rights in his speeches. a. ,ree b. freedom c. ,reely d. ,reeing 12. (an _______ is an o,,icial docu!ent stating that you have passed an e3a!ination4 co!pleted a course4 or .achieved so!e necessary 6uali,ications. a. certificate b. re6uire!ent c. education d. test 13. 2eter is trying his best to study in hope that he will _______ ,a!e and ,ortune in the near ,uture. a. lose b. run c. !ove d. achieve 14. _______ is the study o, the events o, the past. a. Feography b. 1istory c. rts d. Diterature 61

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15. 1he was the ,irst in her ,a!ily to enjoy the privilege o, a university _____. a. schedule b. education c. science d. technology 16. Gnglish is an i!portant _______ that is re6uired in several national e3a!inationsA a. language b. test c. evaluation d. subject 17. _______ is the study o, the Garth-s physical ,eatures and the people4 plants4 and ani!als that live in di,,erent regions o, the world. a. 1cience b. ?eography c. History d. 0echnology 1#. /icycles _______ in the driveway. a. !ust not leave b. !ust not be leaving c. must not be left d. !ust not have le,t 1). /eethoven-s >i,th 1y!phony _______ ne3t wee'end. a. is going to be performed b. has been per,or!ed c. will be per,or!ing d. will have per,or!ed 2*. Eeagan _______ an actor years ago. a. is said to be b. was said being c. was said have been d. is said to have been 21. $ hate _______ personal 6uestions by newlyBac6uainted ,riends. a. to be as'ing b. to be asked c. being as'ing d. o, as'ing 22. $t _______ that learning a ,oreign language _______ a lot o, ti!e. a. says ( is ta'en b. is saying ( has been ta'en c. is said / takes d. was said ( was ta'en 23. ll bottles _______ be,ore transportation. a. ,ro7en b. were ,ro7e c. were fro:en d. are ,ro7e 24. 0he trees _______. a. were grown by :ohn yesterday in the bac'yard b. were grown in the backyard by >ohn yesterday c. were grown in the bac'yard yesterday by :ohn d. in the bac'yard were grown yesterday by :ohn 25. _______ yet" a. 1ave the letters been typed b. Have been the letters typed c. Have the letters typed d. Had the letters typed 26. Gnglish has beco!e a second language in countries li'e $ndia4 5igeria or 1ingapore where ______ ,or ad!inistration4 broadcasting and education. a. is used b. it is used c. used d. being used 27. 0he telephone _______ by le3ander Fraha! /ell. a. is invented b. is inventing c. invented d. was invented 2#. Dots o, houses _______ by the earth6ua'e. a. are destroying b. destroyed c. were destroying d. were destroyed 2). $n the ?1 the ,irst stage o, co!pulsory education _______ as ele!entary education. a. to be generally 'nown b. is generally known c. generally 'nown d. is generally 'nowing !rror "dentification. 3*. -he education children are receiveds during their pri!ary years is crucial ,or both their personal develop!ent and their country as a whole. 8receiving9 31. -he major goals o, pri!ary education iss to achieve basic literacy and nu!eracy a!ong all students. 8are9 32. "t is pri!ary education that establishes ,oundations in science geography4 history4 as wells other social sciences ,or young students.8as well as9 33. Most parents pre,er an education system which o,,ers the children 0idests study options in the world. 8the widest9 34. -he purpose of secondary education is to give co!!on 'nowledge andto prepare ,or either higher education ands vocational education. 8or9 %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 0he !erican education syste! re6uires that students co!plete 12 years o, pri!ary and secondary education prior to attending university or college. 0his !ay be acco!plished either at public or government-operated schools4 or at private schools. 0hese 12 years o, schooling or 62

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their e6uivalent !ay also be co!pleted outside the ?1 4 thus giving ,oreign students the opportunity to pursue the bene,its o, the !erican education syste! and obtain a 6uality !erican education. 2erhaps one o, the !ost i!pressive ,acts is that a large nu!ber o, presidents4 pri!e !inisters and leaders ,ro! other countries have e3perienced the !erican education syste! and graduated ,ro! a university or school in the ?1 . $n !any ,ields and industries4 the !erican education syste! o,,ers the !ost cuttingBedge4 soughtBa,ter progra!s at the world-s best schools. 0hat is why graduating ,ro! an accredited !erican school and being e3posed to the rigors o, the !erican education syste! is an invest!ent in your ,uture. +hether you want to study at a top ?1 university4 a top ?1 college4 a vocational or high school4 a thorough understanding o, how the !erican education syste! wor's is essential. +ithout a clear grasp o, the !erican education syste!4 an international student will ,ind it di,,icult to !a'e the right acade!ic choices. $t is no surprise that the !erican education syste! and the !erican school syste! host !ore international students than any other country in the worldJ 35. 0he e3pression government-operated could best be replaced by _____. a. independent b. state c. vocational d. boarding 36. ccording to the te3t4 students in the ?1 _______. a. are !ade to ta'e pri!ary and secondary education in the country b. are not necessarily take primary and secondary education in the country c. spend less than 12 years ,or pri!ary and secondary education d. needn-t ta'e pri!ary and secondary education 37. 0he writer _______ the ?1 education. a. appreciates b. underesti!ates c. overstates d. disli'es 3#. +hich is true" a. 0he ?1 education is not good enough ,or ,oreign students. b.. >oreign students are not o,,ered opportunities in the ?1A c. 0here are not !any ,oreign students in the ?1. d. Many leaders all over the world have studied in the @#. 3). +hat is the writer-s advice" a. $nternational students should not invest their ,uture education in the ?1. b. $nternational students should not study at a top ?1 university4 a top ?1 college4 a vocational or high school. c. +ithout a clear grasp o, the !erican education syste!4 an international student can !a'e the right acade!ic choices d. "nternational students should have a thorough understanding of how the 2merican education system works before going there to study. &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. <hildren in 8419 _____ 5etherlands !ust be at least ,our years old to 8429 _____ pri!ary education. l!ost all 4ByearBolds 8)).3N9 in the country indeed attend pri!ary school4 8439 _____ this is not co!pulsory until children reach the age 8449 _____ 5. 2ri!ary school is ,ree o, charge. $n !ost schools4 children are grouped by 8459 _____ in !i3ed ability classes4 with one teacher ,or all subjects. 2ri!ary school 8469 _____ o, # groups4 thus schooling 8479 _____ ,or # years. .uring the ,irst two years4 which 84#9 _____ 'indergarten4 children receive an average o, 22 hours o, 84)9 _____4 during the last 6 years children receive an average o, 25 hours per wee'. 1chools are open 5 days a wee'4 but children are ,ree on +ednesday a,ternoon. t the end o, pri!ary school4 or in group #4 schools advice on secondary school choice. &ost schools use a national test to support this advice4 ,or instance the -<itotoetsP4 a test 85*9 ____ by the <entral $nstitute ,or 0est develop!ent. 40. a. a b. an c. the d. 41. a. a,,ord b. enter c. co!e d. run 42. a. although b. despite c. in spite d. due to 43. a. of b. on c. in d. ,or 44. a. old b. elderly c. aging d. age 45. a. includes b. contains c. consists d. co!poses 46. a. spends b. lasts c. lengthens d. ta'es 63

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47. a. also called 4#. a. educate 4). a. develop b. is also called b. educative b. to develop c. is called also c. educator c. developed d. is also calling d. education d. developing

TEST 2 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. e3pression2 b. easily) c. depression2 d. disruptive2 2. a. algebra b. !usical1 c. politics1 d. apartment( 3. a. mechanic( b. che!istry1 c. cine!a1 d. ,inally1 4. a. typical1 b. ,avorite1 c. division( d. organi7e 5. a. co!puter2 b. establish2 c. business) d. re!e!ber2 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. 0he school library is open _______ all o, the students and the teaching sta,, o, the school. a. ,or b. over c. to d. a!ong 7. $ have just ta'en a 0est o, Gnglish as a >oreign Danguage or 0;G>D _______ short. a. o, b. in c. on d. for #. He did not do well at school and le,t with ,ew _______ 6uali,ications. a. academic b. acade!y c. acade!ician d. acade!ically ). 0he &inister o, the Gducation and 0raining .epart!ent appeared on 0I last night to _______ his new policy. a. public b. publicly c. publici:e d. publici7ing 1*. He owed his success not to privilege but to sel,Beducation and a driving desire ,or _______. a. achieve b. achiever c. achievement d. achievable 11. 0he college o,,ers both _______ and pro,essional 6uali,ications. a. govern!ent b. e3perience c. re6uire!ent d. academic 12. >eeBpaying schools4 o,ten called %independent schools%4 %private schools% or K_______ schools% a. college b. pri!ary c. secondary d. public 13. $n the ?@4 _______ schools re,er to govern!entB,unded schools which provide education ,ree o, charge to pupils. a. state b. secondary c. independent d. pri!ary 14. &athe!atics4 a re6uired subject in all schools4 is __ into !any branches. a. grouped b. prepared c. divided d. added 15. Gducation has been developed in _______ with !odern industry and the !ass !edia. a. co!pulsory b. parallel c. selected d. ,ollowing 16. 1chool uni,or! is co!pulsory in !ost o, Iietna!ese schools. a. depended b. re+uired c. divided d. paid 17. _______ !usic is _______ popular pasti!e at !any schools. a. / a b. 0he ( the c. ( the d. 0he ( 1#. 0o apply to _______ ?@ independent school4 you-ll need to have _______ good standard o, education ,ro! your own country a. a / a b. the ( a c. an ( the d. the ( the 1). Gducation _____ to be the !ost i!portant ele!ent to develop a country. a. o,ten be considered b. can o,ten consider c. can o,ten considered d. can often be considered 2*. 0he preparations _______ by the ti!e the guests _______. a. had been finished / arrived b. have ,inished ( arrived c. had ,inished ( were arriving d. have been ,inished ( were arrived 21. _______ in that co!pany" a. .o shoes !a'e b. re shoes be !ade c. 1hoes are !ade d. 2re shoes made 22. 2ortuguese _______ as an o,,icial language in this city since three hundred years ago. a. has always been spoken b. has been spo'en always c. has always spo'en d. had always spo'en 23. &ore than ten victi!s _______ !issing in the stor! last wee'. 64

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a. are reported to be b. are reported to have been c. are reporting to have been d. are reporting to be 24. _______ by your ,ather" a. .id that boo' write b. .id that boo' written c. 0as that book written d. +as that boo' be writing 25. 1o!ething _______ i!!ediately to prevent teenagers ,ro! _______ in ,actories and !ines. a. should be done / being e'ploited b. we should do ( e3ploiting c. should do I be e3ploited d. should have done ( e3ploited 26. 0his car _______. a. was manufactured in >apan by -oyota last year b. was !anu,actured by 0oyota last year in :apan c. was !anu,actured last year in :apan by 0oyota d. last year was !anu,actured by 0oyota in :apan 27. +hy _______ on ti!e" a. don-t the e3ercises ,inish b. weren-t the e3ercises be ,inished c. aren=t the e'ercises being finished d. aren-t the e3ercises be ,inished 2#. 5o longer _______ in our o,,ice since it _______. a. have typewriters been used ( co!puteri7ed b. typewriters have been used ( was co!puteri7ed c. have typewriters been used / was computeri:ed d. typewriters have been used ( co!puteri7ed 2). +hen _______" a. were co!puters used ,irst b. were computers first used c. did co!puters ,irst use d. are co!puters ,irst using 3*. 0hat !achine is useless. $t not been used ,or a long ti!e a. is b. was c. did d. has Choose the best sentence that can be arranged from the words given. 31. our I will ( school ( i, ( access ( !uch( $nternet ( we ( to ( learn I the ( better ( has a. "f our school has access to the "nternet, we will learn much better. b. $, we will learn !uch better4 our school has access to the $nternet. c. $, our school has !uch access4 we will learn better to the $nternet. d. $, we will learn better to the $nternet4 our school has !uch access. 32. e3change ( allows ( co!puters ( and ( us ( to ( the ( ideas ( connect ( to ( Jother ( $nternet a. -he "nternet allows us to connect to other computers and e'change ideas. b. 0he $nternet e3change ideas and allows us to connect to other co!puters. c. 0he $nternet allows us and e3change ideas to connect to other co!puters. d. 0he $nternet connect to other c)!puters and allows us to e3change ideas. 33. sharing ( $nternet ( encouraging ( new ( the ( o, ( wor'ing ( ways ( collaboration ( is ( ,ro! ( ho!e ( and ( in,or!ation a. 0he $nternet is o, wor'ing ,ro! ho!e4 collaboration4 in,or!ation sharing and encouraging new ways b. 0he $nternet is wor'ing ,ro! ho!e4 collaboration and in,or!ation o, sharing4 encouraging new ways. c. -he "nternet is encouraging new ways of working from home, collaboration and information sharing. d. 0he $nternet is collaboration and in,or!ation sharing4 encouraging new ways o, wor'ing ,ro! ho!e. 34. need ( co!e ( to ( class ( e3plain ( teacher ( sit ( at ( through ( the ( ho!e ( not ( and ( !ay ( lesson ( to ( us( the ( $nternet lour ( he a. ;ur teacher !ay sit at ho!e and e3plain the lesson to us. He need not co!e to class through the $nternet. b. ;ur teacher need not co!e to class. He !ay e3plain the lesson to us through the $nternet and sit at ho!e. 65

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c. .ur teacher need not come to class. 1e may sit at home and e'plain the lesson to us through the "nternet. d. ;ur teacher need not co!e to class he !ay sit at ho!e and e3plain the lesson to us through the $nternet. . 35. access ( also ( we ( use ( $nternet ( !usic ( other ( rela3ation ( and ( to ( and ( download ( !)vies ( wor's ( ,or ( our ( enjoy!ent ( can ( and ( the a. +e can also use the $nternet download !usic4 !ovies and other wor's ,or our enjoy!ent and rela3ation and to access. b. 0e can also use the "nternet to access and download music, movies and other works for our enjoyment and rela'ation. c. +e can also use the $nternet to download !usic4 !ovies and access and other wor's ,or our enjoy!ent and rela3ation. d. +e can also use the $nternet ,or our enjoy!ent and rela3ation to access and download !usic4 !ovies and other wor's. %ead the two passages carefully and choose the correct answer. $n developing countries4 people are so!eti!es unaware o, the i!portance o, education4 and there is econo!ic pressure ,ro! those parents who prioriti7e their children-s4 !a'ing !oney in the short ter! over any longBter! bene,its o, education. Eecent studies on child labor and4 poverty have suggested that when poor ,a!ilies reach a certain econo!ic threshold where ,a!ilies are able to provide ,or their basic needs4 parents return their children to school. 0his has been ,ound to be true4 once the threshold has been breached4 even i, the potential econo!ic value o, the children-s wor' has increased since their return to school. ;ther proble!s are that teachers are o,ten paid less than other pro,essions= a lac' o, good universities and a low acceptance rate ,or good universities are evident in countries with a relatively high population density. $ndia has launched G.?1 04 an education satellite that can reach re!ote parts o, the country at a greatly reduced cost. 0here is also ail initiative supported by several !ajor corporations to develop a Q1** laptop. 0he laptops have been available since 2**7. 0he laptops4 sold at cost4 will enable developing countries to give their children a digital education. $n ,rica4 an %eBschool progra!% has been launched to provide all 6**4*** pri!ary and high schools with co!puter e6uip!ent4 learning !aterials and internet access within 1* years. Iolunteer groups are wor'ing to give !ore individuals opportunity to receive education in developing countries through such progra!s as the 2erpetual Gducation >und. n $nternational .evelop!ent gency project started with the support o, !erican 2resident /ill <linton uses the $nternet to allow coBoperation by individuals on issues o, social develop!ent. threshold 36. $n developing countries4 ________. a. people all 'now that education is very i!portant all the ti!e b. all parents are rich enough to send their children to school c. children have rights to get high schooling d. children have to work instead of going to school 37. ccording to recent studies4 when parents are able to overco!e their ,inancial di,,iculty4 ________. a. they send their children back to school b. they still !a'e their children continue wor'ing c. they have their children wor' even harder d. they the!selves continue their schooling 3#. $n populous countries4 ________. a. teaching is the highestBpaid career b. there are a lot o, good universities c. there is a lack of good universities d. no other careers are better paid than teaching 3). 0he third paragraph is about ________. a. an $ndian education satellite b. the projects to computeri:e education in developing countries c. the co!puteri7ation o, ,rican education 66

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d. 2resident /ill <linton who bought a lot o, co!puters 4*. How !any projects are presented in the third paragraph" a. ;ne b. 0wo c. 0hree d. &our &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 0he Feneral <erti,icate o, 1econdary Gducation or the F<1G e3a!inations ,or 8419 _____ are the standard schoolBleaver 6uali,ications ta'en by 8429 _____ all ?@ students in the &ay and :une ,ollowing their 16th birthday. $, you co!e to a ?@ 8439 _____ school be,ore you 8449 _____ the age o, 164 you will study towards F<1G e3a!inations in up to 12 subjects. 1o!e subjects are co!pulsory4 including Gnglish arid !athe!atics4 and you can select 8459 _____4 such as !usic4 dra!a4 geography and history ,ro! a series o, options. F<1Gs provide a good allBround education 8469 _____ you can build on at college and eventually at university. 1B and Blevels are ta'en a,ter F<1Gs. 0hey are the ?@ 6uali,ications !ost 8479 _____ accepted ,or entry to university and are available in subjects ,ro! the hu!anities4 arts4 sciences and social sciences as well as in 84#9 _____ subjects such as engineering4 and leisure and touris!. Cou can study up to ,our subjects at 84)9 _____ sa!e ti!e ,or two years4 85*9 _____ 1Blevel e3a!inations at the end o, your ,irst year 8called the lowerBsi3th9 and Blevel 6uali,ications at the end o, your second year 8called the upperBsi3th9. 41. a. short b. long c. big d. long 42. a. si!ilarly b. ,ortunately c. appro3i!ately d. virtually 43. a. dependence b. independence c. independent d. independently 44. a. reach b. co!e c. approach d. go 45. a. other b. each other c. another d. others 46. a. what b. that c. where d. whose 47. a. wide b. widely c. width d. widen 4#. a. practical b. apprentice c. vocational d. physical 49. a. a b. an c. the d. 5*. a. holding b. choosing c. putting d. taking TEST 3 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. con,erence b. lecturer1 c. re,erence1 d. researcher( 2. a. power,ul b. interesting1 c. e'citing( d. di,,icult1 3. a. !e!ory1 b. e'actly( c. radio1 d. !anage!ent1 4. a. re6uire!ent2 b. condition2 c. e3a!ple2 d. previous) 5. a. library) b. entertain2 c. understand2 d. re,eree2 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. $n Gngland schooling is co!pulsory _______ all children ,ro! the age o, 5 to 16. a. with b. for c. to d. over 7. $n Iietna! a school year lasts ,or nine !onths and is divided _______ two ter!s. a. into b. to c. ,ro! d. on #. 0o Iietna!ese students4 the _______ e3a!ination to university is very di,,icult. a. re6uire b. re6uire!ent c. re6uiring d. re+uired ). .espite !any recent _______ advances4 there are parts where schools are not e6uipped with co!puters. a. technology b. technological c. technologically d. technologist 1*. 0here is a wide range o, _______ in the education syste! o, the ?1 . a. select b. selective c. selected d. selection 11. _______ objective pri!ary education is to provide students with basic 'nowledge o, the country-s history4 _______ geography and traditions. a. -he / b. n ( the c. ( a d. 0he ( the 12. _______ schooling is co!pulsory in ustralia between _______ ages o, si3 and seventeen. a. 0he I b. ( an c. / the d. 0he ( ah 13. 0he ,unctional s'ills such as ,unda!entals o, agriculture4 health and hygiene and population education have also been incorporated in the pri!ary school _______. a. curriculum b. project c. plan d. schedule 67

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14. Eegardless o, whether schools belong to the govern!ent or are independent4 they are _______ to adhere to the sa!e curriculu! ,ra!ewor's. a. told b. re+uired c. de!anded d. ta'en 15. $n 1cotland4 students trans,er ,ro! pri!ary to secondary education at appro3i!ately age 12. a. co!pound b. base c. change d. move 16. He was so ill that he could not _______ his ,inal e3a!ination and cancelled it to the ne3t year. a. !a'e b. do c. take d. gain 17. $n Iietna!ese schools4 Gnglish4 !athe!atics4 and literature are three _______ subjects4 which are co!pulsory in !any i!portant national e3a!inations. a. core b. part c. center d. !iddle 1#. lthough he has not got necessary e3perience4 he used to ta'e a _______ in business ad!inistration. a. curriculu! b. course c. school d. class 1). Gverything that _______ re!ained a secret. a. overheard b. had been overheard c. had overheard d. was overhearing 2*. 0he re,resh!ents _______ by @aren. a. are going to be prepared b. are going to prepare c. are preparing d. are to prepare 21. _______ by the police. a. 0he stealing car has just been ,ound b. -he stolen car has just been found c. 0he stealing car has just ,ound d. 0he stolen car has just ,ound. 22. _______ students re6uired to wear uni,or!s at all ti!es" a. 2re b. .o c. .id d. +ill 23. _______ to you yet" a. re the boo' been giving bac' b. +as the boo' been given bac' c. Has been the boo' given bac' d. 1as the book been given back 24. +hat he has done to !e _______. a. cannot ,orgiven b. cannot be forgiven c. cannot ,orgive d. cannot be ,orgiving 25. 0he 'eys _______ so!ewhere. a. !ust have been leaving b. !ust have le,t c. !ust be leaving d. must have been left 26. :apanese _______ at the !eeting. a. will spea' b. will spo'en c. will be spoken d. will be spea'ing 27. lthough he tried his best4 he could not !a'e his voice _______. a. hear b. to hear c. hearing d. heard 2#. $ _______ in the lounge ,or ten !inutes. a. was told waiting b. was told to wait c. was telling to be waited d. was told to be waited 2). 0hese students _______ so !uch that they ,eel very tired and bored. a. are made to study b. are !ade study c. are !a'ing to study d. ate !ade to be studied 3*. 0hey _______ ti!e and !oney doing such a thing. a. were advised not to waste b. were advised not to be wasted c. were advising not to waste d. were advising not to be wasted Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one 31. +e have decided that the wor' they do is unacceptable. a. s they do the wor' which we have decided is unacceptable. b. 0hey have been decided that the wor' they do is unacceptable. c. "t has been decided that the work being done is unacceptable. d. +e have decided that we accept the wor' they do. 32. $, you honor !e4 $ will appreciate it. 68

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a. "f " am to be honored, it is to be appreciated. b. 0han' you ,or your appreciation to honor !e. c. /ecause o, your honor4 $ will appreciate. d. Cou are appreciated to honor !e. 33. /arry continued to s!o'e even though we had advised hi! to 6uit. a. /arry too' our advice so he stopped s!o'ing. b. $, we had advised /arry4 he would have 6uit s!o'ing. c. /arry did not 6uit s!o'ing because o, our advice. d. espite being told not to smoke, Barry continued to do. 34. &any people thin' 1teve stole the !oney. a. $t was not 1teve who stole the !oney. b. #teve is thought to have stolen the money. c. &any people thin' the !oney is stolen by 1teve. d. 0he !oney is thought to be stolen by 1teve. 35. 0he !an suddenly reali7ed that the neighbor was watching hi!. a. -he man suddenly reali:ed that he was ,being watched by the neighbor. b. 0he neighbor was watching the !an and he suddenly reali7ed that. c. 0he neighbor was suddenly reali7ed the !an and watching hi!. d. 0he !an suddenly reali7ed that he was watched by the neighbor. %ead the two passages carefully and choose the correct answer. Iietna!-s education syste! can be divided into 5 categoriesA preBpri!ary4 pri!ary4 inter!ediate4 secondary4 and higher education. 2ublic 'indergartens usually ad!it children ,ro! the age o, 1# !onths to 5 years. <hildren at 4 or 5 years o, age are so!eti!es taught the alphabet and basic !ath. 0his level o, education is only popular in !ajor cities. <hildren nor!ally start their pri!ary education at the age o, si3. Gducation at this level lasts 5 years and it is co!pulsory ,or all children. 0his co!pulsory education !ay be one o, the reasons why4 despite re!aining a less developed country4 the literate proportion o, the country-s population is very high4 over )*N on average. &iddle schools teach students ,ro! grade 6 to ). 0his educational level is generali7ed throughout !ost o, the country B e3cept in very re!ote provinces4 which e3pect to populari7e and standardi7e !iddle education ,ully within the ne3t ,ew years. $nter!ediate is a nonB co!pulsory schooling ,or! in Iietna!. 1econdary education4 which consists o, grades 1*4 11 and 124 is standardi7ed in all !ajor urban regions4 but is not in rural provinces. ,ter 3 high school ter!s4 all students !ust attend a graduation test. 0his test o,ten consists o, 6 subjects di,,erently selected each year but has to contain the 3 co!pulsory onesA >oreign Danguage 8!ostly Gnglish94 &athe!atics and Diterature. 0he Iietna!ese govern!ent intends to !erge this test with the university entrance test in 2**). 36. 2reBpri!ary education in Iietna! is populari7ed all over the country. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 37. 2ri!ary education is co!pulsory in Iietna!. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3#. 1tudents ,ro! grade 6 to ) have to ta'e an i!portant e3a!ination to continue their education at high school. a. 0rue b. >alse c. /o information 3). 1econdary education is standardi7ed in all over the country. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 4*. 0he graduation test ,or all high school students o,ten consists o, 6 subjects which are ,i3ed years a,ter years. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 0he ?@ Fovern!ent ensures that all schools in the ?@ 8419 _____ certain standards4 and this includes independent schools as well as those that are 8429 _____ by the Fovern!ent. ll 6uali,ications are awarded by national agencies accredited by the Ouali,ication and <urriculu! uthority 8O< 94 8439 ____ the 6uality o, the 6uali,ications you will gain is guaranteed. 69

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t !any independent schools in Gngland4 you will be encouraged to ta'e part 8449 _____ e3tracurricular activities to develop your hobbies and learn new s'ills4 and you !aybe encouraged to ta'e graded !usic e3a!s 8459 _____ by the ssociated /oard o, the Eoyal 1chools o, &usic4 or 0rinity <ollege. 0he e3a! grades gained ,ro! these are widely accepted toward university entry 8469 _____. $ndependent schools do not usually o,,er vocationally ,ocused 6uali,ications but i, you are 8479 _____ in these 6uali,ications4 you can ,ind out !ore in the RcareerBbased and preBuniversity 6uali,icationsP section. 0he 84#9 _____ you pay to attend independent school4 include your course ,ees4 acco!!odation and !ay include so!e or all e3tracurricular activities. 0o chec' e3actly what is included with the school you !ay be as'ed to pay e3tra ,or language tuition. >ees 84)9 _____ ,ro! school to school and are at the discretion o, the institution= there are no national standards. Cou should e3pect to pay a !ini!u! o, S#4*** per year and ,ees can be 85*9 _____ high as S254***. 41. a. see b. meet c. notice d. loo' 42. a. run b. wor'ed c. indicated d. shown 43. a. i, b. although c. so d. because 44. a. ,or b. in c. on d. o, 45. a. o,,er b. to o,,er c. o,,ering d. offered 46. a. 6uestions b. troubles c. proble!s d. re+uirements 47. a. interested b. e3cited c. concerned d. worried 4#. a. bills b. ,unds c. fees d. donations 4). a. trans,er b. vary c. e3change d. inter,ere 5*. a. as b. !uch c. !ore d. ,ar

Unit 5; HIGHER EDUCATION


TEST 1 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. university3 b. application3 c. technology( d. entertain!ent3 2. a. !athe!atics3 b. engineering3 c. scienti,ic3 d. laboratory( 3. a. certi,icate2 b. necessary) c. econo!y2 d. geography2 4. a. interviewer) b. preparation3 c. econo!ics3 d. education3 5. a. considerable2 b. information* c. librarian2 d. technician2 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. $t is a course _______ two years ,or those who want to wor' as a !ar'eting agent. a. of b. in c. ,or d. with 7. Cou can !eet &r. 2i'e4 who is _______ behal, _______ the university to solve the proble!s o, ,oreign students. a. on / of b. in ( ,or c. with ( at d. ,or ( at #. $n !ost _______ developed countries4 up to 5*N o, _______ population enters higher education at so!e ti!e in their lives. a. / the b. the ( a c. ( d. the ( ). _______ colleges and _______ universities are the !ain institutions that provide tertiary education. a. 0he ( b. ( the c. 0he ( the d. / 1*. He graduated with doctorates o, _______ and surgery ,ro! >lorence4 gaining the highest honors that year. a. medicine b. !edical c. !edicate d. !edication 11. 0he !a'ing o, good habits _______ a deter!ination to 'eep on training your child. a. re6uire b. re+uires c. re6uire!ent d. re6uired 12. He was the only _______ that was o,,ered the job. a. apply b. application c. applicant d. applying 13. university is an Binstitution o, higher education and research4 which grants _______ degrees at all levels in a variety o, subjects. 70

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a. secondary b. optional c. academic d. vocational 14. _______ is used to describe the wor' o, a person whose job is to treat sic' or injured ani!als4 or to describe the !edical treat!ent o, ani!als. a. <he!istry b. 2har!acy c. &edicine d. 6eterinary 15. _______ is an area o, 'nowledge or study4 especially one that you study at school4 college4 or university. a. degree b. subject c. level d. vacancy 16. &ost _______ are at senior level4 re6uiring appropriate 6uali,ications. a. degrees b. grades c. colleges d. vacancies 17. 1he reads newspapers every day to loo' ,or the vacant _______ ,or which she can apply. a. institutions b. indications c. positions d. locations 1#. He had been e3pected to cope well with e3a!inations and _______ good results. a. achieve b. consider c. last d. object 1). Cou can choose ,our subjects either in rts _______ in 1ciences. a. nor b. or c. and d. as 2*. Gither you or your ,riend _______ on charge today. a. are b. is c. was d. were 21. $ a! ,lying to the 1tates tonight. $ ______ you a ring i, $ can ,ind a phone. a. will give b. would give c. could give d. have given 22. +e-ll need !ore sta,, _______ we start the new project. a. unless b. whether c. in case d. or 23. $, $ _______ 1* years younger4 $ _______ the job. a. a! ( will ta'e b. was ( have ta'en c. had been ( will have ta'en d. were / would take 24. _______ $ had learnt Gnglish when $ was at high school. a. ?nless b. Gven i, c. $, d. "f only 25. Cou are not allowed to use the club-s ,acilities _____ you are a !e!ber. a. unless b. i, c. provided d. supposed 26. $, she _______ the train last night4 she here now. a. too' ( were b. were ta'ing ( is c. had ta'en ( would have been d. had taken / would be 27. _______ i, a war happened" a. +hat you would do b. 0hat would you do c. +hat will you do d. +hat will you do 2#. $ would send her a ,a3 i, $ _______ her nu!ber. a. 'now b. knew c. had 'nown d. could 'now 2). _______ it were well paid4 $ would accept this proposal. a. $roviding b. ?nless c. /ut ,or d. $, only 3*. _______ !ore care,ully4 he would not have had the accident yesterdayA a. $, 2eter driven b. $, had 2eter driven c. 1ad $eter driven d. ?nless 2eter had driven !rror "dentification. 31. Higher education is very importances to national economies4 and it is also a source o, trained and educated personnel ,or the whole country. 8i!portant9 32. Higher education in the ?nited 1tates specifically refers to post secondary institutions, thatso,,er associate degrees4 !aster degrees or 2h.d. degrees or e+uivalents. 8institutions that9 33. Higher general education is based on theoretical e'pertise and !ight be contrasted with higher vocational education4 which concentratings on both practice and theory.8concentrtes9 34. 2n s university is an institution o, higher education and research4 which grants acade!ic degrees= including /achelor-s degrees4 &aster-s degrees and doctorates in a variety o, subjects. 8 9 71

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35. Higher vocational education and training that combiness teaching o, both practical s'ills and theoretical e3pertise. 8co!bines9 %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. ?niversity Gntrance G3a!ination is very i!portant in Iietna!ese students. High school graduates have to ta'e it and get high results to be ad!itted to universities. 0he pressure on the candidates re!ains very high despite the !easures that have been ta'en to reduce the heat around these e3a!s4 since securing a place in a state university is considered a !ajor step towards a success,ul career ,or young people4 especially those ,ro! rural areas or disadvantaged ,a!ilies. $n the year 2**44 it was esti!ated that nearly 1 !illion Iietna!ese students too' the ?niversity Gntrance G3a!ination4 but on average only 1 out o, 5 candidates succeeded. 5or!ally4 candidates ta'e 3 e3a! subjects4 and each lasts= 1#* !inutes ,or the ,i3ed group o, subjects they choose. 0here are 4 ,i3ed groups o, subjectsA Froup A &athe!atics4 2hysics4 and <he!istry= Froup /A &athe!atics4 /iology4 and <he!istry= Froup <A Diterature4 History4 and Feography= Froup .A Diterature4 >oreign Danguage4 and &athe!atics. $n addition to universities4 there are co!!unity colleges4 art and technology institutes= pro,essional secondary schools4 and vocational schools which o,,er degrees or certi,icates ,ro! aB,ewB!onth to 2Byear courses. ccording to Iietna!-s &inistry o, Gducation and 0raining4 there are currently 23 nonBpublic universities4 accounting ,or 11N o, the total nu!ber o, universities. 0hese nonBpublic universities are currently training 11)4464 students4 or 11.7N o, the total nu!ber o, students. 0he govern!ent is planning to increase the nu!ber o, nonBpublic universities to 3*N by 2**7. 36. ?niversity Gntrance G3a!ination in Iietna!ese is very _______. a. interesting b. stressful c. ,ree d. easy 37. 0he word those re,ers to _______. a. e3a! subjects b. young people c. universities d. e3a!inations 3#. $n 2**44 the proportion o, the students who got success in ?niversity Gntrance G3a!ination was about _______ percent. a. 5 b. 1* c. (A d. 5* 3). +hich sentence re,ers to the ?niversity Gntrance G3a!ination in Iietna!" a. 1tudents ,ind it easy to get success in the ?niversity Gntrance G3a!ination. b. &ath is co!pulsory in the ?niversity Gntrance G3a!ination. c. 1tudents are not allowed to choose their e3a! subjects. d. -here are four fi'ed groups of e'am subjects for students to choose. 4*. ccording to the passage4 _______. a. the Iietna!ese govern!ent will close all nonBpublic universities by ne3t year. b. the Iietna!ese govern!ent does not appreciate nonBpublic universities c. the 6ietnamese government encourages the establishing of non,public universities. d. Iietna!ese students have no alternative to continue their higher study besides universities. &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 0he ?niversity o, ;3,ord4 in,or!ally called %;3,ord ?niversity%4 or si!ply %;3,ord%4 8419 ______ in the city o, ;3,ord4 in Gngland4 is 8429 ______ oldest university in the GnglishBspea'ing world. $t is also considered as one o, the world-s leading 8439 ______ institutions. 0he university traces4 its roots bac' to at least the end o, the 11th century4 8449 ______ the e3act date o, ,oundation re!ains unclear. cade!ically4 ;3,ord is consistently ran'ed in the world-s top ten universities. 0he ?niversity is also open 8459 ______ overseas students4 pri!arily ,ro! !erican universities4 who !ay 8469 _____ in study abroad progra!s during the su!!er !onths ,or !ore than a century4 it has served as the ho!e o, the Ehodes 1cholarship4 8479 ______ brings highly acco!plished students ,ro! a nu!ber o, countries to study at ;3,ord as 84#9 ______ 0he ?niversity o, ;3,ord is also a place where !any talented leaders ,ro! all over the world used to study. 0wentyB,ive /ritish 2ri!e &inisters attended ;3,ord4 including &argaret 0hatcher and 0ony /lair. t 84)9 ______ 25 other international leaders have been educated at ;3,ord4 and this nu!ber includes @ing Harald I o, 5orway and 72

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@ing bdullah $$ o, :ordan. /ill <linton is the ,irst !erican 2resident to attend ;3,ord. >ortyB seven 5obel 85*9 __ winners have studied or taught at ;3,ord. 41. a. put b. placed c. located d. stood 42. a. a b. an c. the d. 43. a. learning b. academic c. graduating d. scholar 44. a. although b. because c. since d. i, 45. a. to b. ,or c. ,ro! d. up 46. a. write b. na!e c. enroll d. re6uire 47. a. that b. where c. whose d. which 4#. a. postgraduates b. postgraduated c. postgraduation d. postgraduating 4). a. last b. least c. late d. lately 5*. a. present b. gi,t c. !edal d. pri:e TEST 2 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. apply b. university c. identity d. early 2. a. choice b. achieve c. each d. chemistry 3. a. ,inal b. applicant c. high d. decide 4. a. average b. indicate c. application d. grade 5. a. course b. ,our c. our d. yours Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. 0here are two types o, higher education in _______ ?@A higher general education and higher vocational education. a. a b. an c. the d. 7. 0he e3a!ination results o, the BDevels deter!ine i, _______ student is good enough to go to _______ university or college. a. ( the b. a / a c. the ( an d. / an #. &any parents do not let their children !a'e a decision _______ their ,uture career. a. in b. about c. on d. out ). Cou are old enough. $ thin' it is high ti!e you applied _______ a job a. in b. o, c. for d. upon 1*. He has not been o,,ered the job because he cannot !eet the _______ o, the co!pany. a. re+uirements b. applicants c. in,or!ation d. education 11. _______ education is nor!ally ta'en to include undergraduate arid postgraduate education4 as well as vocational education and training. a. 2ri!ary b. -ertiary c. 1econdary d. $nter!ediate 12. 0he ?niversity o, <a!bridge is a prestigious _______ o, higher learning in the ?@ a. tower b. hall c. house d. institute 13. B +hich subject do you _______ at university" B $ !ajor in &ath. a. do b. !a'e c. practice d. de!onstrate 14. _______ is an o,,icial docu!ent that you receive when you have co!pleted a course o, study or training. a. vocation b. subject c. certificate d. grade 15. $n !any countries4 prospective university students apply ,or _______ during their last year o, high school. a. achieve!ent b. in,or!ation c. course d. admission 16. 2arents can e3press a _______ ,or the school their child attends. a. pre,er b. preference c. pre,erential d. pre,erable 17. &any people have objected to the use o, ani!als in _____ e3peri!ents. a. science b. scientist c. scientific d. scienti,ically 1#. $ would li'e to invite you to participate in the cere!ony. a. graduate b. graduated c. graduation d. graduating 1). Cou can either co!e by bus _______ ta'e a ta3i. a. and b. or c. not d. nor 73

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2*. Gither you or $ _______ going to !eet 2ro,essor 2i'e at the airport. a. am b. were c. are d. has been 21. $, you _______ to !y advice4 you _______ in trouble now. a. listened ( were not b. listen ( are not. c. had listened ( would not have been d. had listened / would not be 22. $, you ta'e the # a.!. ,light to 5ew Cor' you _______ change planes. a. could not have to b. will not have to c. had not had to d. would not to have to 23. $, it _______ war! yesterday4 we would have gone to the beach. a. was b. were c. had been d. could be 24. $, it _______ an hour ago4 the streets _______ wet now. a. were raining ( will be b. had rained / would be c. rained ( would be d. had rained ( would have been 25. _______ here4 he would helped us with these troubles. a. 0ere $eter b. $, were 2eter c. ?nless were 2eter d. ?nless 2eter were 26. _______ that proble! with the car4 we wouldn-t have !issed the speech. a. $, we had had b. $, had we had c. @nless we had had d. 2rovided that we had had 27. $, $ were a little taller4 $ _____ be able to water the plant on tl.1etop shel,. a. did b. would c. had d. would have 2#. $, you hear ,ro! 1usan today4 _______ her to ring !e. a. tell b. to tell c. telling d. will tell 2). 1he had to have the operation _______. a. unless she would dies b. i, she would die c. otherwise she will die d. or she would die 3*. $, the tra,,ic _______ bad4 $ !ay get ho!e late. a. is b. were c. was d. had been Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. 31. $, $ were taller4 $ could reach the top shel,A a. " am not tall enough to reach the top shelf. b. $ a! too tall to reach the top shel,. c. $ cannot reach the top shel, because $ a! very tall. d. $n spite o, being tall4 $ cannot reach the top shel,. 32. $, only $ had studied hard enough to pass the ,inal e3a!. a. " regret not studying hard enough to pass the final e'am. b. $ had studied hard enough and $ passed the ,inal e3a!. c. $ studied too hard to pass the ,inal e3a!. d. $ studied hard otherwise $ would ,ail the ,inal e3a!. 33. :ohn spea's <hinese ,luently because he used to live in <hina ,or ten years. a. 1uppose :ohn has lived in <hina ,or ten years4 he can spea' <hinese ,luently. b. 2rovided that :ohn lived in <hina ,or ten years4 he could spea' <hinese ,luently. c. ?nless :ohn had lived in <hina ,or ten years4 he could not have spo'en <hinese ,luently. d. >ohn could not speak Chinese fluently if he had not lived in China for ten years. 34. 2eter said i, he were !e he would stop s!o'ing. a. $ wanted 2eter to stop s!o'ing and he pro!ised to do. b. 2eter pro!ised to stop s!o'ing. c. 2eter said he would stop s!o'ing as $ wanted hi! to. d. $eter advised me to stop smoking. 35. $ will agree to these conditions provided that they increase !y salary. a. 0hey did not increase !y salary so $ 6uit the job. b. " will only agree these conditions if they give me more money. c. 0hey give !e !ore !oney or $ will only agree these conditions. d. ?nless they give !e !ore !oney4 $ will only agree these conditions. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 74

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s <hinese society changes4 higher education is undergoing !ajor trans,or!ations. 0he university !odel o, the ?nited 1tates and other +estern countries has a power,ul in,luence. 5ew trends in <hinese higher education are attracting the attention o, global educators. 1ince the establish!ent o, +esternBoriented !odern universities at the end o, nineteenth century4 <hinese higher education has continued to evolve. ;ver the past two decades4 however4 tre!endous econo!ic develop!ent in <hina has sti!ulated re,or!s in higher education that have resulted in so!e re!ar'able changes. 0he ,irst !odern institution4 2eiyang ?niversity4 was ,ounded in 0ianjin. 0he university changed its na!e to 0ianjin ?niversity in 1)51 and beca!e one o, the leading universities in <hinaA 5e3t4 :iaotong ?niversity was ,ounded in 1hanghai in 1#)6. $n the 1)5*s4 !ost o, this university was !oved to Ti-an4 an ancient capital city in northwest <hina4 and beca!e Ti-an :iaotong ?niversity= the part o, the university re!aining in 1hanghai was rena!ed 1hanghai :iaotong ?niversity. 0ianjin ?niversity celebrated its hundredth anniversary in 1))54 ,ollowed by Ti-an :iaotong and 1hanghai :iaotong ?niversities in 1))6. ;ther leading universities4 such as Mhejiang ?niversity 81#)794 /eijing ?niversity 81#)#94 and 5anjing ?niversity 81)*29 also recently celebrated their hundredth anniversaries4 one a,ter another. 0hese celebrations !ar'ed the beginning o, a new chapter in <hinese higher education. 36. 0he te3t is about _______. a. <hinese education syste! b. some famous universities in China c. the western in,luences on <hinese education d. application ,or a university in <hina 37. <hinese higher education _______. a. is not a,,ected by any others b. has not really wellBdeveloped c. has developed since the end of nineteenth century d. is not paid any attention by global educators 3#. <hinese higher education _______. a. has been stable since nineteenth century b. has decreased over the past two decades c. has not got any changes d. has been affected by the country=s economic development 3). 0ianjin ?niversity was ,ounded in _______. a. )8BC b. 1#)6 c. 1)5* d. 1)51 4*. +hich university celebrated the hundredth anniversaries in 2**2" a. /anjing @niversity b. 1hanghai :iaotong ?niversity c. Ti-an :iaotong ?niversity d. /eijing ?niversity &ull in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 1ince <hina adopted its openBdoor 8419 _____ appro3i!ately twentyB,ive years ago4 <hinese higher education has begun once again to draw closer to the 8429 _____ +estern world. <hina-s 8439 _____ to send scholars and students to the ?nited 1tates at the end o, the 1)7*s4 a,ter thirty years o, hostility between the two countries4 !ar'ed a dra!atic turning 8449 _____ in the nation-s educational history. 0oday4 about 5*4*** <hinese students4 are studying in the ?nited 1tates4 accounting 8459 _____ 1* percent o, the total international students in the country. &ore and 8469 _____ <hinese students have gone to other countries to study. ccording to statistics ,ro! the ?nited 5ations Gducational4 1cienti,ic4 and <ultural ;rgani7ation 8?5G1<;94 <hina 8479 _____ !ore students than any other country to study abroad. $n the other direction4 !any students ,ro! the ?nited 1tates and 84#9 _____ are going to <hina to study language4 culture4 history4 traditional <hinese !edicine4 science4 engineering4 and other 84)9 ______. 0he increasing nu!ber o, international students worldwide de!onstrates a relatively 6uic' change in the 85*9 _____ o, global education. 41. a. way b. law c. rule d. policy 42. a. progress b. advanced c. head d. reach 43. a. decide b. decisive c. decision d. decider 44. a. point b. spot c. top d. stain 75

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45. a. for b. to c. up d. over 46. a. as b. more c. than d. !uch 47. a. regards b. !ails c. posts d. sends 4#. a. elsewhere b. wherever c. where d. whereas 4). a. !atters b. things c. fields d. ite!s 5*. a. inter,ere b. integration c. e3change d. !i3ture TEST 3 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. veterinary1 b. conse6uently1 c. application* d. di,,iculty1 2. a. ma'imum) b. decision2 c. re6uire!ent2 d. ad!ission2 3. a. institution3 b. university3 c. pre,erential3 d. indicative ( 4. a. available b. !ajority2 c. tutorial2 d. differently) 5. .a. graduation2 b. understanding2 c. international2 d. accommodation* Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. +e will be sitting ,or our ,inal e3a!ination in the last wee' _______ &ay. a. in b. on c. ,or d. of 7. 0hese are re6uire!ents _____ those who want to beco!e a phar!acist. a. o, b. in c. about d. for #. 0he Blevel 8short ,or dvanced Devel9 is a Feneral <erti,icate o, Gducation set o, e3a!s _______ in the ?.@. a. taken b. spent c. !et d. indicated ). $n all cases4 applicants !ust !eet the course re6uire!ents _______ by the ad!itting institution. a. written b. listed c. typed d. valued 1*. &ost universities _______ students who want to attend the university to pass three B Devels. a. receive b. tell c. re+uire d. as' 11. n _______ is a student at a university or college who is studying ,or his or her ,irst degree. a. undergraduate b. application c. insurance d. e3a! 12. Gntry to university is co!petitive so so!e _______ with the !ini!u! entrance 6uali,ications will ,ind the!selves without a place. a. tutors b. pro,essors c. teachers d. applicants 13. 1tudents also have the opportunity to choose ,ro! a wide range o, _______ courses in the university. a. co!pulsory b. optional c. re6uired d. li!ited 14. &r. 2i'e provided us with an _______ guide to the ,ullBti!e and partBti!e progra!s on o,,er to a range o, candidates drawn ,ro! schools and colleges. a. in,or! b. informative c. in,or!ed d. in,or!ation 15. 5ot !any places at the universities are le,t4 so choice is on a severe _______. a. li!iting b. limitation c. deli!itation d. li!ited 16. Higher education _______ have risen this year ,or the ,irst ti!e in !ore than a decade. a. applies b. applications c. applicable d. applicants 17. $, you get _______ as a !ar' ,or a piece o, wor' or in _______ e3a!4 your wor' is e3tre!ely good. a. an / an b. the ( c. a ( an d. ( a 1#. $t is _______ education that can !a'e li,e o, people in developing countries less !iserable. a. a b. an c. the d. 1). ,ter leaving high school4 a student can apply ,or a position either university _______ a vocational college. a. with b. and c. nor d. or 2*. Gnglish or >rench4 you can choose _______. a. not b. either c. both d. so 21. $, it last night4 it _______ so hot today. a. rained ( is not b. was raining ( were not b. had rained ( would not have been d. had rained / would not be 76

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22. +ithout your reco!!endation4 we _______ any success last year. a. had not got b. did not get c. will not have got d. would not have got 23. ______ he gets here soon4 we will have to start the !eeting without hi!. a. 1uppose b. 2rovided c. @nless d. $, 24. _______ as !uch !oney as /ill Fates o, &icroso,t4 $ would retire. a. id " have b. $, did $ have c. ?nless $ had d. $, $ had had 25. $, $ _______ it was a ,or!al party4 $ wouldn-t have gone wearing jeans and a ju!per. a. 'new b. had known c. had been 'nowing d. could 'now 26. 0o!-s co!pany will al!ost certainly ,ire hi! _______ he i!proves his attitude. a. unless b. or c. otherwise d. i, 27. $, !y client _______ !e her ,a3 nu!ber4 $ _______ to post a letter to her. a. gave4( will not have b. will give ( do not have c. had given / wouldn=t have had d. had given ( will not have had 2#. _______ $ had brought !y laptop to the !eeting yesterday. a. $, b. "f only c. Gven i, d. s i, 2). $, $ _______ the lottery last wee'4 $ _______ rich now. a. had won / would be b. had won ( would have been c. won ( would be d. won ( would have been 3*. <arrie said she will join the co!pany i, the starting salary _______ her e3pectations. a. meets b. !et c. has !et d. had !et Choose the best alternative that can complete the sentence. 31. 1tudying abroad can be a !eaning,ul and rewarding e3perience. $t gives students the chance to live overseas4 integrate the!selves into a totally ,oreign culture4 _______. a. meet other students, and travel b. they !eet other students4 and to travel c. so that they can !eet other students4 and travel d. !eet other students4 but to travel 32. _______ that !ost students studying abroad have to encounter. a. 1uppose4 with several certain di,,iculties b. /ut4 several certain di,,iculties c. 1owever, there are several certain difficulties d. &oreover4 there are several certain di,,iculties ,or the! 33. 5ot being co!pletely ,luent in the language _______. a. to !a'e daily chores such as shopping and eating out pretty unco!,ortable b. !a'es daily chores to go shopping and eat out pretty unco!,ortable c. !a'ing daily chores li'e shopping and eating out pretty unco!,ortable d. makes daily chores like shopping and eating out pretty uncomfortable 34. <rossBcultural !isunderstandings with class!ates4 pro,essors and others _______. a. are unavoidable for most students studying abroad b. are easy ,or !ost students studying abroad not to avoid c. are too unavoidable ,or !ost students to study abroad d. are unavoidable enough ,or !ost students to study abroad 35. &oreover4 they !ay be distracted ,ro! their studies _______. a. in spite o, ,eeling ho!esic' and !issing their relatives and ,riends b. by feeling homesick and missing their relatives and friends c. with the ,eeling o, ho!esic' and !issing their relatives and ,riends d. and they ,eel ho!esic' and !iss their relatives and ,riends %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. ccording to the cade!ic Ean'ing o, +orld ?niversities4 !ore than 3* o, the highestB ran'ed 45 institutions are in the ?nited 1tates4 as !easured by awards and research output. 2ublic universities4 private universities4 liberal arts colleges4 and co!!unity colleges all have a signi,icant role in higher education in the ?nited 1tates. n even stronger pattern is shown by the +ebo!etrics Ean'ing o, +orld ?niversities with 1*3 ?1 universities in the +orld-s 0op 2** universities. 0he 2**6 !erican <o!!unity 1urvey conducted by the ?nited 1tates <ensus /ureau ,ound that 1).5 percent o, the population had attended college but had no degree4 7.4 percent 77

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held an associate-s degree4 17.1 percent held a bachelor-s degree4 and ).) percent held a graduate or pro,essional degree. Gducational attain!ent in the ?nited 1tates is si!ilar to that o, other developed countries. <olleges and universities in the ?.1. vary in ter!s o, goalsA so!e !ay e!phasi7e a vocational4 business4 engineering4 or technical curriculu! while others !ay e!phasi7e a liberal arts curriculu!. &any co!bine so!e or all o, the above. 1tudents can apply to so!e colleges using the <o!!on pplication. 0here is no li!it to the nu!ber o, colleges or universities to which a student !ay apply4 though an application !ust be sub!itted ,or each.Fraduate study4 conducted a,ter obtaining an initial degree and so!eti!es a,ter several years o, pro,essional wor'4 leads to a !ore advanced degree such as a !aster-s degree. ,ter additional years o, study and so!eti!es in conjunction with the co!pletion o, a !aster-s degree4 students !ay earn a .octor o, 2hilosophy 82h.d.9 or other doctoral degree. ;nly #.) percent o, ?1 students ever receive postgraduate degrees4 and !ost4 a,ter obtaining their bachelor-s degree4 proceed directly into the wor',orce. 36. 5ot any other country has !ore highestBran'ed universities and institutions than the ?1 does. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 37. Higher education in the ?1 is the sa!e as that in the <hina. a. 0rue b. >alse c. /o information 3#. Gach student can apply only one college or university. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3). 1tudents can continue studying to get a !ore advanced degree a,ter wor'ing ,or so!e years. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 4*. ,ter getting their bachelor-s degree4 !ost o, ?1 students continue their studies. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Here-s so!e advice ,or trying to ,ind the university that wor's ,or you. 1.Cou need to e3a!ine 8419 _____ and your reasons ,or going to university be,ore you start your search. +hy are you going" +hat are your abilities and strengths" +hat are your wea'nesses" +hat do you want out o, li,e" re you socially sel,Bsu,,icient 8429 _____ do you need war!4 ,a!ilial 8439 _____" 0al' with your ,a!ily4 ,riends and highBschool counselors as you as' these 6uestions. 0he people 8449 _____ 'now you best can help you the !ost with these i!portant issues. 2.Iery ,ew highBschool students have enough in,or!ation or 8459 _____ to choose a !ajor. Cou need to be well 8469 _____ to deter!ine your interest and aptitude. &any students 8479 _____ their !inds two or three ti!es be,ore they settle on a !ajor. 3.$, you do not have to go to university right 84#9 _____ it is never too late. 0here is no such thing as the per,ect ti!e to start university. 1o!e students bene,it ,ro! a year o,, to wor'4 study or travel4 and these e3periences 84)9 _____ the! to be better4 !ore engaged students. 1o!e students choose to apply to university and gain ad!ission and then de,er their entrance4 while others wait to apply until a,ter they have had 85*9 _____ alternative e3perience. 41. a. you b. your c. yours d. yourself 42. a. or b. but c. nor d. either 43. a. support b. bringing c. ,eeding d. growth 44. a. which b. who! c. who d. whose 45. a. e3penditure b. e'perience c. e3peri!ent d. e3pert 46. a. prepare b. prepared c. preparation d. preparative 47. a. trans,or! b. translate c. change d. convert 4#. a. ,or b. up c. over d. away 4). a. allow b. !a'e c. let d. advise 50. a. a b. an c. the d.

Unit 6; FUTURE

O!S 78

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TEST 1 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. interview1 b. impression( c. co!pany1 d. ,or!ally1 2. a. stress,ul1 b. pressure1 c. prepare( d. ,uture1 3. a. e!ploy!ent2 b. re!e!ber2 c. concentrate) d. position2 4. a. e'press( b. e,,ort1 c. o,,ice1 d. co!!ent1 5. a. advice2 b. relate2 c. during) d. ,orget2 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. $ a! so _______ that $ cannot say anything4 but 'eep silent. a. nerve b. nervous c. nervously d. nervousness 7. _______ spea'ing4 $ do not really li'e !y present job. a. Honest b. Honesty c. 1onestly d. .ishonest #. letter o, _______ is so!eti!es really necessary ,or you in a job interview. a. reco!!end b. reco!!ended c. reco!!ender d. recommendation ). Her job was so _______ that she decided to 6uit it. a. interesting b. satis,actory c. stressful d. wonder,ul 1*. 1o!e days o, rest !ay help to _______ the pressure o, wor'. a. reduce b. lower c. chop d. crease 11. <an you please tell !e so!e in,or!ation that _______ to the job" a. indicates b. e3presses c. interests d. relates 12. 5ot all teenagers are well _______ ,or their ,uture job when they are at high school. a. interested b. satis,ied c. concerned d. prepared 13. Ouali,ications and _______ are two !ost i!portant ,actors that help you get a good job. a. politeness b. e'perience c. attention d. i!pression 14. /e,ore the interview4 you have to send a letter o, application and your rHsu!H to the co!pany. a. reco!!endation b. re,erence c. curriculum vitae d. photograph 15. $ have just been called _______ a job interview. $ a! so nervous. a. for b. in c. over d. with 16. +hat do $ have to bring _______ !e to the interview. a. with b. upon c. in d. along 17. @nowing your s'ills and strengths is _______ i!portant part o, the job search process. a. a b. an c. the d. 1#. 1tudents who need ______ e3tra !oney can ,ind _______ part ti!e job. a. / a b. an ( the c. the ( d. a ( the 1). &y ,ather wor's ,or a construction co!pany in _______. a. 0inchester, which is a city in the @.D. b. +inchester4 that is a city in the ?.@. c. +inchester is a city in the ?.@. d. +inchester where is a city in the ?.@. 2*. &s Coung4 to _______ !any o, her students are writing4 is living happily and peace,ully in <anada. a. who b. whom c. that d. whose 21. $ saw a lot o, new people at the party4 _______ see!ed ,a!iliar. a. some of whom b. so!e o, who c. who! d. so!e o, that 22. &y ,riend eventually decided to 6uit her job4 _______ upset !e a lot a. that b. when c. which d. who 23. He is the !an _______ car was stolen last wee'. a. who! b. that c. which d. whose 24. 0hey have just ,ound the couple and their car _______ were swept away during the heavy stor! last wee'. a. that b. which c. whose d. when 25. $t was the worst winter _______ anyone could re!e!ber. a. when b. which c. where d. why 26. $ would li'e to 'now the reason _______ he decided to 6uit the job. 79

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a. why b. which c. that d. when 27. _____ instructed !e how to !a'e a good preparation ,or a job interview. a. :ohn Eobbins to that $ spo'e by telephone4 b. :ohn Eobbins4 that $ spo'e to by telephone4 c. :ohn Eobbins $ spo'e to by telephone4 d. >ohn %obbins, whom " spoke to by telephone, 2#. He was always co!ing up with new ideas4 were absolutely i!practicable. a. !ost o, who! b. that c. most of which d. !ost o, that 2). 1he always had wanted to go to places _______ she could spea' her native tongue. a. that b. in that c. which d. where 3*. >ebruary is the !onth ____ !any o, !y colleagues ta'e s'iing holidays. a. when b. that c. in that d. which !rror "dentification. 31. .o you ever ,eel that li,e is not being ,air to you because you cannot see! to get the job wheres you want or that really suits you" 8which ( that9 32. !ducation and training are ans i!portant steps in getting the 'ind o, job that you would li'e to have. 8no article9 33. +e all 'now that we have to wor' hardlys to earn a living ourselves and support the ,a!ily. 8hard9 34. 2nyone wheres wor's is regarded as a use,ul !e!ber of our society. 8that(who9 35. +e are wor'ing4 that !eans thats we are contributing goods and services to our society. 8which9 %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 0hese ,ollowing tips !ay help you !a'e a good i!pression on your job interviewer during the interviewA /e,ore entering en6uire by saying4 %&ay $ co!e in sir(!ada!"%. $, the door was closed be,ore you entered4 !a'e sure you shut the door behind you so,tly. Doo' at the interviewer and con,idently say -Food day sir(!ada!-. $, the interviewer wants to sha'e hands4 then o,,er a ,ir! grip ,irst !aintaining eye contact and a s!ile. 1ee' per!ission to sit down. $, the interviewer is standing4 wait ,or the! to sit down ,irst be,ore you ta'e your seat. n alert interviewee would di,,use the tense situation with lightBhearted hu!or and i!!ediately set rapport with the interviewer. 0he interviewer nor!ally pays !ore attention i, you display an enthusias! in whatever you say. 0his enthusias! co!es across in the energetic way you put ,orward your ideas. Cou should !aintain a cheer,ul disposition throughout the interview. little hu!or or wit thrown in the discussion occasionally enables the interviewer to loo' at the pleasant side o, your personality. Cou !ust !aintain eye contact with the interviewer. 0his shows your sel,Bcon,idence and honesty. &any interviewees while answering 6uestions4 tend to loo' away. 0his conveys you are concealing your own an3iety4 ,ear and lac' o, con,idence. &aintaining an eye contact is a di,,icult process. s the circu!stances in an interview are di,,erent4 the value o, eye contact is tre!endous in !a'ing a personal i!pact. $nterviewers appreciate a natural person.rather than an actor. $t is best ,or you to tal' in natural !anner because then you appear genuine. 36. 0he writer attitude is _______. a. opti!istic b. pessi!istic c. advisory d. in,or!ative 37. ccording to the writer4 _______. a. sha'ing hands is a !ust in a job interview b. you should sla! the door a,ter entering the roo! c. you needn-t as' ,or a per!ission to enter the roo! d. eye contact is necessary in a job interview 3#. 0he writer advises that _______. 80

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a. per!ission to sit down is unnecessary b. you should not take your seat before the interview sits down c. you should sha'e the interview-s hand as ,ir!ly as possible d. you should conceal your enthusias! 3). +hich is not advised in a job interview" a. a lack of confident b. honesty c. a sense o, hu!or d. a cheer,ul disposition 4*. .uring your job interview4 you should co!!unicate _______ with the interview. a. naturally b. dra!atically c. an3iously d. dishonestly &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. +hat do you do well" +hat do you enjoy doing" Cour answers to these two 6uestions will help you identi,y your 8419 _____. n e!ployer will consider you seriously ,or a 8429 when you can show the! that you 'now who you are4 what you can o,,er and which you have studied. 1o!eti!es it is di,,icult to 'now what your wea'nesses are. <learly not everyone is e6ually good 8439 _____ everything. Cou !ay need to i!prove yoursel, and so 8449 _____ courses in that ,ield could turn a wea'ness into strength. Cou will need to 8459 _____ so!e ti!e on your sel,Bassess!ent. Cour honesty and the desire ,or sel,Bi!prove!ent will lead to 8469 _____ in getting the right job. G3plore the ,ollowing seven areas to start to get to 'now yoursel,A your aptitude4 your s'ills4 your personality4 the level o, responsibility you ,eel co!,ortable with4 your interests and your needs. s' 8479 _____ i, you have any special talents and i, you need to consider your physical health when choosing a job. /e as honest and realistic as you can4 and as' ,or other people-s 84#9 _____ i, necessary. &a'e a list o, these things. $t is usually a good idea to tal' about your aptitudes with teachers4 ,a!ily and ,riends= $, you are considering a career that 84)9 _____ a special talent4 such as art4 acrobatics4 !athe!atics or !usic4 discuss your aptitudes with 85*9 _____ e3pert in that area and discover how they ,it the needs o, the occupation. 41. a. strong b. strength c. strengthen d. strengthened 42. a. position b. location c. spot d. roo! 43. a. upon b. in c. at d. ,or 44. a. !eeting b. taking c. choosing d. interviewing 45. a. use b. !a'e c. lose d. spend 46. a. success b. success,ul c. success,ully d. succeed 47. a. you b. your c. yours d. yourself 4#. .a. interests b. ,ields c. opinions d. attendances 4). a. re+uires b. as's c. tells d. urges 5*. a. a b. an c. the d. no article TEST 2 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. worker b. who! c. interview d. answer 2. a. honest b. holiday c. ho!e d. happiness 3. a. character b. teacher c. che!ist d. technical 4. a. interview b. !inute c. +uestion d. suitable 5. a. e3plained b. disappointed c. prepared d. interviewed Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. $t is o, great i!portance to create a good i!pression _______ your interviewer. a. on b. about c. ,or d. at 7. Food preparations _______ your job interview is a !ust. a. with b. upon c. in d. for #. &any children are under such a high _______ o, learning that they do not ,eel happy at school. a. reco!!endation b. interview c. pressure d. concentration ). 1he li'es !eeting people and travelling so she wants to apply ,or a _______ o, a receptionist or tourist guide. 81

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a. location b. position c. site d. word 1*. 0o !y _______4 $ was not o,,ered the job. a. happiness b. drea! c. joy d. disappointment 11. /eing wellBdress and punctual can help you create a good _______ on your interviewer. a. impression b. pressure c. e!ploy!ent d. e,,ectiveness 12. 1he o,ten reads newspapers and loo' through the 1ituations _______ colu!ns every day4 but up to now she has not ,ound any job yet. a. rticle b. 1pace c. 6acant d. 1pot 13. &any people will be out o, _______ i, the ,actory is closed. a. work b. career c. pro,ession d. job 14. His drea! o, beco!ing _______ doctor beca!e true a,ter seven years o, learning hard. a. a b. an c. the d. 15. _______ in,or!ation you need is. in this boo'. Eead it care,ully. a. b. n c. -he d. 16. .octors have to assu!e _______ ,or hu!an li,e. a. responsible b. responsibly c. responsibility d. responsibles 17. _______ is increasing4 which results ,ro! econo!ic crisis. a. G!ploy!ent b. @nemployment c. G!ploy d. ?ne!ployed 1#. He was o,,ered the job than's to his _______ per,or!ance during his job interview. a. i!press b. i!pression c. impressive d. i!pressively 1). 0here was no one _______. a. " could ask for help b. when $ could as' ,or help c. $ could as' who! ,or help d. ,or that $ could as' ,or help 2*. 0he children were 6uite attracted by the ta!er and his ani!als _______ were per,or!ing on the stage. a. that b. which c. who! d. who 21. $s there anything else _______ you want to as'" a. what b. where c. who! d. that 22. $ co!e ,ro! the 1eattle area4 _______ !any success,ul co!panies such as &icroso,t and /oeing are located. a. which b. that c. where d. who! 23. 0hey have just visited the town _______ location was little 'nown. a. where b. whose c. which d. that 24. _______ one o, the !ost creative artists in roc' -n roll4 ca!e ,ro! <ali,ornia. a. &rank Eappa, who was b. >ran' Mappa was c. >ran' Mappa4 that was d. >ran' Mappa who! was 25. He ca!e to the party wearing only a pair o, shorts and a 0Bshirt4 _______ was a stupid thing to do. a. who b. who! c. which d. that 26. He lives in a s!all town _______. a. where is called 0aunton b. which is called -aunton c. is called 0aunton d. that called 0aunton 27. 0he house _______ is !ore than 1** years old. a. where " live b. in where $ live c. in that $ live d. where $ live in 2#. _______ want to get a god job have to have certain 6uali,ications and e3perience. a. +ho b. 0hose which c. -hose who d. 0hose who! 2). +ild ,ires are co!!on in the ,orest areas o, ustralia4 o, the ?1 and <anada4 _______ the cli!ate is !oist. a. in where b. in that c. where d. which 3*. @ing Henry4 _______ was Gli7abeth $4 led Gngland into the ge o, G!pire. a. daughter b. who! daughter c. which daughter d. whose daughter Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. 31. 0hose who are riding a !otorbi'e are not allowed to ta'e o,, their hel!et. a. 0hose who are wearing a hel!et are not allowed to ride a !otorbi'e. b. $t is the hel!et that one needn-t wear when he is riding a !otorbi'e c. Cou should not wear a hel!et when you are riding a !otorbi'e. 82

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d. $eople must never take their helmet off while they are riding a motorbike. 32. :ohn4 whose cough is terrible4 needs to see a doctor. a. :ohn-s terrible cough prevents ,ro! seeing a doctor. b. >ohn needs to see a doctor because of his terrible cough. c. :ohn-s doctor does not want to see hi! because he has a bad cough. d. :ohn-s terrible cough ,orces hi! to see a doctor. 33. 0he last ti!e when $ saw her was three years ago. a. $ have o,ten seen her ,or the last three years. b. bout three years ago4 $ used to !eet her. c. " have not seen her for three years. d. $ saw her three years ago and will never !eet her again. 34. $t is the earth-s gravity that gives us our weight. a. "f there were not the earth=s gravity, we would be weightless. b. .ue to the earth-s gravity we cannot weigh anything. c. +e are overweight because o, the earth-s -gravity. d. 0he earth-s gravity is given weight by people. 35. $t was your assistance that enabled us to get achieve!ent. a. But for you assistance, we could not have, got achievement. b. Cour assistance discouraged us ,ro! get achieve!ent. c. $, you assisted us4 we could not get achieve!ent. d. +ithout your assistance4 we could get achieve!ent. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 2reparation is a 'ey to a success,ul interview. .oes the idea o, going to a job interview !a'e you ,eel a little nervous" &any people ,ind that it is the hardest part o, the e!ploying process. /ut it is not really true. 0he !ore you prepare and practice4 the !ore co!,ortable you will ,eel. Cou should ,ind out as !uch as possible about the co!pany be,ore you go to the interview. ?nderstand the products that they produce and the services that they provide. $t is also good to 'now who the custo!ers are and who the !ajor co!petitors are. 2ractice !a'es per,ect. $t will also !a'e you ,eel !ore con,ident and rela3ed. 1o4 practice your answers to co!!on 6uestions. &a'e a list o, 6uestions to as'4 too. l!ost all interviewers will as' i, you have 6uestions. 0his is a great opportunity ,or you to show your 'eenness4 enthusias!4 and 'nowledge. &a'e a great i!pression. 0he interview is your chance to show that you are the best person ,or the job. Cour application or resu!e has already e3hibited that you are 6uali,ied. 5ow it is up to you to show how your s'ills and e3perience !atch this position and this co!pany. 0he e!ployer will be loo'ing and listening to deter!ine i, you are a good ,it. He(she will be loo'ing ,or a nu!ber o, di,,erent 6ualities4 in addition to the s'ills that you possess. 0o !a'e the best i!pression4 dress appropriately= e3press your strengths= arrive early4 by about 1*B15 !inutes= be enthusiastic= sha'e hands ,ir!ly= be an active listener= sit up straight and !aintain eye contact= and as' 6uestions ,ter the interview4 ,ollow up with a than'Byou note. 0his is a chance ,or you to restate your interest and how you can bene,it the co!pany. Cour best bet is to try to ti!e it so that the note gets there be,ore the hiringA decision is !ade. Cou should also ,ollow up with a phone call i, you do not hear bac' ,ro! the e!ployer within the speci,ied ti!e. 36. 0he pronoun it re,ers to ________. a. the job b. the interview c. the interviewer d. the preparation 37. +hat does the writer advise you to practice" a. 2sking and answering +uestions related to the job. b. &a'ing products that the co!pany produces. c. 2roviding services that the co!pany serves. d. &eeting so!e custo!ers and co!petitors. 3#. +hich should not be shown during your interview" a. 2unctuality b. ,ir! hand sha'ing c. /eing properlyBdressed d. 0eaknesses 3). Cou can show your 6uali,ications in the a. dressing style and punctuality b. co!peting with the co!petitors 83

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c. resume and letter of application d. eye contact with the interview 4*. +hich is not included in the writer-s advice" a. Fou should not communicate with the interviewer after the interview. b. Cou -should !a'e the best i!pression in the interview. c. Cou should write a note to say than's to the interviewer a,ter the interview4 d. Cou should telephone the interviewer ,or any in,or!ation a,ter the interview. &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 0he interview is one o, the !ost i!portant 8419 _____ in the job search process. +hen an e!ployer invites you to an interview4 he(she is indicating an 8429 _____ in yoursel,. 0he interview gives both o, you the opportunity to 8439 _____ enough in,or!ation to deter!ine i, you are a good %,it% ,or each other. 0hin' o, an interview as a highly ,ocused pro,essional conversation. Cou should 8449 _____ the li!ited a!ount o, ti!e you have learning about the e!ployer-s needs and discuss the ways you can !eet these needs. $n !any cases4 you will interview at least4 twice be,ore being e!ployed ,or a 8459 _____. ;nce in a brie, screening interview and at least once again in a 8469 _____ serious !eeting when you !ay also tal' to !any o, your potential cowor'ers. job interview is a strategic conversation with a purpose. Cour goal is to show the e!ployer that you have the 8479 _____4 bac'ground4 and ability to do the job and that you can success,ully ,it into the organi7ation. 0he interview is also your 84#9 _____ to gather in,or!ation about the job4 the organi7ation4 and ,uture career opportunities to ,igure out i, the position and wor' environ!ent are 84)9 _____ ,or you. &ost e!ployers do not hire people based on certi,icates or diplo!as alone. 2ersonality4 85*9 ______4 enthusias!4 a positive outloo'4 and e3cellent interpersonal and co!!unication s'ills count heavily in the selection process. 41. a. parts b. roles c. ,ields d. ,acts 42. a. interest b. interesting c. interested d. interestingly 43. a. ,ill b. change c. e'change d. translate 44. a. !a'e b. spend c. post d. apply 45. a. condition b. location c. satis,action d. position 46. a. !ost b. !ostly c. more d. !ore than 47. a. skills b. aspects c. appearances d. wea'nesses 4#. a. ,ates b. ,easts c. luc's d. opportunities 4). a. ,it b. right c. accurate d. e3act 5*. a. con,ide b. confidence c. con,ident d. con,idently TEST 3 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. technical b. advertise1 c. candidate1 d. consider( 2. a. e3perience2 b. certi,icate2 c. interviewer) d. enthusias!2 3. a. addition( b. suitable1 c. shortco!ing1 d. honestly1 4. a. 6uali,ication3 b. disappointedly( c. responsibility3 d. reco!!endation3 5. a. answer1 b. 6uestion1 c. polite( d. 'eenness1 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. His wor' involves helping students to ,ind te!porary _______ during their su!!er vacation. a. decision b. employment c. choice d. selection 7. 0o prepare ,or your job interview4 you should jot down your 6uali,ications and e3perience as well as so!e i!portant in,or!ation about yoursel,. a. draw b. place c. put d. write #. +hen being interviewed4 you should concentrate on what the interviewer is saying or as'ing you. a. be related to b. be interested in c. pay all attention to d. e3press interest to ). /e,ore _______ ,or a position4 chec' whether you can ,ul,ill all the re6uire!ents ,ro! the e!ployer. a. deciding b. applying c. re6uiring d. de!anding 1*. $, you are _______ ,or a particular job4 so!eone as's you 6uestions about yoursel, to ,ind out i, you suitable ,or it. 84

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a. paid b. chosen c. interviewed d. reco!!ended 11. Cou should as' the interviewer so!e 6uestions about the job to show your _______ and 'eenness. a. anger b. thrill c. a!a7e!ent d. interest 12. Cou should show the interviewer that you are really 'een _______ the job you have applied. a. in b. ,or c. on d. over 13. 0hey held a party to congratulate _______ their son-s success to beco!e an engineer. a. with b. on c. ,or d. about 14. He was re,used because he had no _______ e3perience related to _______ job he applied. a. a ( the b. an ( c. the ( a d. / the 15. 1how your interviewer your sense o, responsibility ,or wor'. a. a b. an c. the d. 16. 0he interviewer gave his consent to :ohn-s _______ ,or wor' and pro!ised to give hi! a job. a. 'een b. 'eenly c. 'eener d. keenness 17. _______J $ have heard o, your success in the new project. a. <ongratulate b. <ongratulating c. <ongratulation d. Congratulations 1#. $t is _______ to ,ail a job interview4 but try again. a. disappoint b. disappointing c. disappointedly d. disappoint!ent 1). >ran' invited :anet4 _______4 to the party. a. !et in :apan b. !eeting in :apan c. whom he had met in >apan d. that he had !et in :apan 2*. 0he singer4 _______ !ost recent recording has had !uch success4 is signing autographs. a. whose b. that c. who d. who! 21. He li'es shopping between 1.** and 3.** p!4 _______ !ost people are at ho!e. a. when b. where c. in which d. at that 22. He too' !e to an e3pensive restaurant where we enjoyed a good !eal. a. enjoyed a good !eal b. to enjoy a good meal c. and enjoying a good !eal d. we enjoyed a good !eal in .which 23. 0he ,isher!en and their boats _______ were o,, the coast three days ago have just been reported to be !issing. a. which b. that c. who d. who! 24. 0he ban'er to _______ $ gave !y chec' was 6uite ,riendly. a. who b. that c. whom d. which 25. /irds !a'e nests in trees _______ they can hide their young in the leaves and branches. a. which b. where c. that d. in that 26. He lent !e _______ yesterday. a. the book " need b. the boo' when $ need c. which boo' $ need d. the boo' whose $ need 27. _______ cheat on the e3a! have to leave the roo!. a. 0hose b. +ho c. 0hose who! d. -hose who 2#. _______ really a ,ish4 has no brain4 no bones4 and no ,ace. a. jelly ,ish is not b. jelly ,ish4 it is not c. 2 jelly fish, which is not d. jelly,ish4 that is not 2). +e have a lot o, things that we have to do today. a. doing b. to do c. done d. do 3*. 0he young !an who lives ne3t door is very 'ind to !y ,a!ily. a. to live ne3t door b. he lives ne3t door c. living ne't door d. lived ne3t door Choose the best sentence that can be made from the words given. 31. $ ( read ( advertise!ent ( your co!pany ( today-s newspaper. a. $ would li'e to read the advertise!ent o, your co!pany on today-s newspaper. b. " have just read the advertisement of your company in today=s newspaper. c. $ enjoy reading the advertise!ent ,ro! your co!pany in today-s newspaper. d. $ read the .advertise!ent which is o, your co!pany in today-s newspaperB 85

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32. $ thin' ( $ ( !eet your re6uire!ents ( $ ( write ( apply ,or the position ( GnglishBspea'ing local guide. . a. $ thin' $ !ust !eet your re6uire!ents so that $ a! writing to apply ,or the position o, GnglishBspea'ing local guide. b. /ecause $ thin' $ can !eet your re6uire!ents so $ a! writing to apply ,or the position o, GnglishBspea'ing local guide. c. " think " can meet your re+uirements so " am writing to apply for the position of !nglish,speaking local guide. d. s $ thin' $ can !eet your re6uire!ents so $ a! writing to apply ,or the position o, GnglishB spea'ing local guide. 33. &y acade!ic bac'ground ( / certi,icate in 0ouris! ( $ ( two yearsP e3perience ( wor' as a tour guide. a. My academic background includes a B2 certificate in -ourism and " have two years= e'perience of working as a tour guide. b. &y acade!ic bac'ground it is a / certi,icate in 0ouris! as well as $ have two yearse3perience o, wor'ing as a tour guide. c. &y acade!ic bac'ground which has a / certi,icate in 0ouris!. However4 $ have two years- e3perience o, wor'ing as a tour guide. d. &y acade!ic bac'ground that is a / certi,icate in 0ouris!. &oreover4 $ have two yearse3perience o, wor'ing as- a tour guide. 34. &y strengths ( wor' well with a variety o, personalities ( persistent and punctual. a. &y strengths is to wor' well with a variety o, personalities4 besides4 $ a! persistent4 and punctual. b. &y strengths include being able to wor' well with a variety o, personalities4 in addition to4 $ a! very persistent and punctual. c. &y strengths include wor'ing well with a variety o, personalities and $ a! very persistent4 and punctual. d. My strengths include working well with a variety of personalities and being very persistent and punctual. 35. &y rHsu!H ( enclose ( contact ( !e ( every a,ternoon ( loo' ,orward to ( be interviewed. a. &y rHsu!H enclosed and contact !e every a,ternoon. $ loo' ,orward to be interviewed. b. My rGsumG is enclosed. Fou can contact me every afternoon. " am looking forward to being interviewed. c. &y rHsu!H which is enclosed4 so please contact !e every a,ternoon. $ a! loo'ing ,orward to being interviewed. d. &y rHsu!H is enclosed. 2lease contact !e every a,ternoon. 0here,ore4 $ a! loo'ing ,orward to being interviewed. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 0he purpose o, a rHsu!H is to highlight your 6uali,ications and get you an interview. Cour rHsu!H4 along with your letter o, application4 introduces you to an e!ployer. $t lets hi!(her 'now who you are and what you can do. per,ect rHsu!H highlights the s'ills you possess that are relevant to the job. rHsu!H can ,ollow a variety o, styles and ,or!ats4 but !ost contain the sa!e basic in,or!ationA 1. $denti,ying $n,or!ationA 0his section includes basic contact in,or!ation4 including your na!e4 !ailing address4 phone nu!ber4 and e!ail address. 2. ;bjectiveA 0his is really just a brie, description o, your i!!ediate career goals. 0he 'ey is to 'eep it short and concise and to !a'e it relevant to the job ,or which you are applying. $, your objective is vague4 leave it out. 3. GducationA 0his section details your past and current educational endeavors. Dist degrees4 diplo!as4 or certi,icates you have earned or are wor'ing on. 1tart with the !ost recent ,acts and wor' your way bac'. $nclude the na!e o, the school4 degree4 !ajor4 date o, graduation4 and honors or acade!ic acco!plish!ents. 4. +or' G3perienceA 0his is a su!!ary o, your wor' e3perience. Dist your !ost recent or current job ,irst and wor' your way bac'. $nclude your job title4 the na!e and location o, the organi7ation4 and the dates you wor'ed. .escribe your job duties and acco!plish!ents 86

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brie,ly using strong action verbs. &ilitary4 intern4 and volunteer e3periences !ay be included here or detailed in another section. 5. Iolunteer G3perienceA $, you have done a lot o, volunteer wor'4 list it in its own section. $nclude where you volunteered and brie,ly describe what you did and when you did it. 6. $nterests and G3tracurricular ctivitiesA 0his section can be used to highlight s'ills that were not gained through wor' or education4 but are relevant to the job ,or which you are applying. 0hese !ay include leadership or tea!wor' s'ills you pic'ed up through pro,essional clubs4 acade!ic tea!s4 or organi7ed sports. 7. 1'illsA ?se this to highlight special s'ills you possess that are directly related to the job ,or which you are applying. 0his is a good place to detail your co!puter e3perience and list the progra!s you are ,a!iliar with. #. Ee,erencesA 0his is always the last section o, your rHsu!H4 but re,erences need not actually be included in the resu!e itsel,. 36. ccording to the writer4 a resu!e is !uch !ore i!portant than a letter o, application. a. 0rue b. >alse c. /o information 37. ll resu!e have the sa!e style and contents. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3#. $n a resu!e4 your recent events !ust appear a,ter the past ones. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3). Cour volunteer e3perience and e3tracurricular should be jotted down in your resu!e. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 4*. ll resu!e !ust include all re,erences that you have. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. ,ter your letter o, application and resu!e4 the interview is your best opportunity to 8419 _____ the e!ployer B regardless o, your bac'ground and e3perience. 0o do this4 use every possible strategy to develop 8429 _____ interviewing s'ills. 0he best way is to prepare a selective presentation o, your bac'ground4 thought,ul answers to potential interview 6uestions4 wellBresearched 6uestions about the organi7ation4 and an e,,ective strategy to introduce yoursel,. Cou should also consider your career goals and what the available job o,,ers 8439 _____ you can discuss both o, these topics with e!ployers. $nterviewing is a s'ill that i!proves and 8449 _____ easier with practice. $t is to your advantage to care,ully research the job and the organi7ation. 0here are !any 8459 _____ to do this. Cou can as' ,or printed !aterials ,ro! the e!ployer4 such as annual reports and job descriptions. 0his is an entirely 8469 _____ re6uest4 so do not hesitate to !a'e it. ?se your library and career center resources. s' colleagues4 ,riends4 and ,aculty about the organi7ation4 and about any personal contacts at the organi7ation they !ight have. Doo' at the organi7ation-s ho!e page. @nowing about the job will help you prepare a 8479 _____ o, your 6uali,ications so that you can show4 point by point4 why you are the best 84#9 _____. 2repare a clear answer to each o, the 6uestions in the interview 6uestions section. 2ractice answering 6uestions with a ,riend4 or 84)9 _____ ,ront o, a !irror. s' your ,riend to give you constructive criticis! on your spea'ing style4 !anneris!s4 and gestures. s you practice4 avoid collo6uialis!s4 such as %li'e% and %you 'nowL. $t is 85*9 _____ to prepare yoursel, ,or tal'ing with co!plete strangers. 41. a. impress b. press c. pressure d. regard 42. a. e,,ect b. effective c. e,,ectiveness d. e,,ectively 43. a. that b. so as to c. so that d. because 44. a. co!es b. lets c. !a'es d. becomes 45. a. ways b. practices c. drills d. ,or!s 46. a. e3act b. accurate c. proper d. correct 47. a. part b. list c. line d. su! 4#. a. e!ployer b. interviewer c. !anager d. candidate 4). a. in b. on c. ,or d. at 5*. a. thrilling b. e3citing c. important d. unnecessary

Unit ";ECONOMIC REFORMS


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TEST 1 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. econo!ic3 b. e'perience( c. entertain!ent3 d. introduction3 2. a. achievement(b. co!!unist1 c. constantly1 d. govern!ent1 3. a. heavy1 b. !ajor1 c. progra!1 d. reform( 4. a. production2 b. consu!er2 c. do!estic2 d. business) 5. a. hospital1 b. inflation 2 c. policy1 d. constantly1 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. $t is 6uite i!portant _______ !e to get on and thin'. a. o, b to c. on d. with 7. $, you thin' you !ay be allergic to a ,ood or drin'4 eli!inate it _______ your diet. a. ,or b. without c. from d. on #. 0he new policies include cutting _______ subsidies and trade barriers. a. agriculture b. agricultural c. agriculturalist d. agriculturally ). 0he control o, _______ has been carried out through !easures rooted in !onetaris!. a. in,late b. in,lationist c. inflation d. in,lator 1*. $t is o,ten a good idea to start with s!all4 easily _______ goals. a. achieve b. achieve!ent c. achievable d. achiever 11. Gcono!ic re,or!s began in the 1oviet ?nion in :une 1)#5 by the 1oviet leader &i'hail Forbachev to _______ the 1oviet econo!y. a. repair b. reproduce c. restructure d. reply 12. ,ter !ore than a decade o, Doi Moi or econo!ic _______4 the Iietna!ese <o!!unist govern!ent has achieved diplo!atic and econo!ic lin's with nu!erous ,oreign partners. a. relation b. invest!ent c. productivity d. renovation 13. >or !ore than 2* years4 the Iietna!ese govern!ent has pursued the openBdoor _______ and continued to woo ,oreign invest!ent. a. policy b. way c. e3port d. guideline 14. ,ter a decade o, econo!ic liberali7ation4 Iietna! has seen a dra!atic rise in living _______ in urban areas. a. sur,ace b. standards c. levels d. bac'grounds 15. _______ laws and regulations which i!pose restrictions on any rights should be revised to co!ply with international law. a. omestic b. 2rogra! c. Gncouraged d. G3panding 16. 0hese new econo!ic re,or!s have allowed ,or international _______ and develop!ent in the country. a. pay b. renovation c. investment d. opportunity 17. $n 2**1 _______ Iietna!ese <o!!unist 2arty approved a 1*Byear econo!ic plan that enhanced the role o, the4 private sector while rea,,ir!ing the pri!acy o, the state. a. a b. an c. the d. 1#. $t would also conco!itantly attract ,oreign invest!ent to Iietna!4 not only ,ro! ____ ?.1.4 but also ,ro! ____ Gurope4 sia4 and other regions. a. ( the b. the ( the c. ( an d. the / 1). _______ so!e Fer!an and /ritish !anage!ent styles are si!ilar4 there are !any di,,erences between the!. a. $n spite b. $n spite o, c. espite the fact that d. .espite 2*. $ could not eat _______ $ was very hungry. a. even though b. in spite c. despite d. in spite the ,act that 21. $n spite _______4 the baseball ga!e was not cancelled. a. the rain b. of the rain c. it was raining d. there was a rain 22. _______ he had enough !oney4 he re,used to buy a new car. a. $n spite b. $n spite o, c. .espite d. 2lthough 23. _______4 he wal'ed to the station. a. espite being tired b. lthough to be tired c. $n spite being tired d. .espite tired 24. 0he children slept well4 despite _______. 88

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a. it was noise b. the noise c. o, the noise d. noisy 25. 1he le,t hi! _______ she still loved hi!. a. even i, b. even though c. in spite o, d. despite 26. _______ her lac' o, hard wor'4 she was pro!oted. a. $n spite b. Gven though c. "n spite of d. .espite o, 27. _______ they are brothers4 they do not loo' li'e. a. 2lthough b. Gven c. .espite d. $n spite o, 2#. +e are concerned with the proble! o, energy resources _______ we !ust also thin' o, our environ!ent. a. despite b. though c. as though d. but 2). _______ so!e :apanese wo!en are success,ul in business4 the !ajority o, :apanese co!panies are run by !en. a. /ut b. !ven if c. $, d. s though 3*. 0he tea!s played on in spite o, the rain. a. even i, b. i, c. in case d. notwithstanding !rror "dentification 31. 0he ter! econo!ic re,or! refers to policies directings by the govern!ent to achieve i!prove!ents in econo!ic e,,iciency. 8directed9 32. Gcono!ic re,or! usually re,ers to actions o, the govern!ent to improve e,,iciency in economys !ar'ets. 8econo!ic9 33. Gcono!ic re,or! has dominateds ustralian economic policy ,ro! the early 1)#*s until the end o, the 2*th century. 8do!inated9 34. -he goal o, <hinese econo!ic re,or! was to generatings su,,icient surplus value to ,inance the moderni:ation o, the !ainland <hinese econo!y. 8generate9 35. Gcono!ic re,or!s started since 1)#6 in Iietna! have helped !illions o, people to be out of poverty and bringings the poverty rate down.8bring9 %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. Iietna! is a denselyBpopulated4 developing country that in the last 3* years has had to recover ,ro! the ravages o, war. 1ubstantial progress was achieved ,ro!1)#6 to 1))7 in !oving ,orward ,ro! an e3tre!ely low level o, develop!ent and signi,icantly reducing poverty. 1ince 2**14 Iietna!ese authorities have rea,,ir!ed their co!!it!ent to econo!ic liberali7ation and international integration. 0hey have !oved to i!ple!ent the structural re,or!s needed to !oderni7e the econo!y and to produce !ore co!petitive4 e3portBdriven industries. . Iietna!-s !e!bership in the 1G 5 >ree 0rade rea 8 >0 9 and entry into ,orce o, the ?1BIietna! /ilateral 0rade gree!ent in .ece!ber 2**1.have led to even !ore rapid changes in Iietna!-s trade and econo!ic regi!e. Iietna!-s e3ports to the ?1 doubled in 2**2 and again in 2**3. Iietna! joined the +0; 8+orld 0rade ;rgani7ation9 in :anuary 2**74 ,ollowing over a decade long negotiation process. This should provide ail i!portant boost to the econo!y and should help to ensure the continuation o, liberali7ing re,or!s. Iietna! is wor'ing to create jobs to !eet the challenge o, a labor ,orce that is growing by !ore than one !illion people every year. Iietna!ese authorities have tightened !onetary and ,iscal policies to stem high in,lation. Hanoi is targeting an econo!ic growth rate o, 7.5B#N during the ne3t ,ive years. 36. Iietna!-s econo!y is _______. a. decreasing b. ,acing crisis c. developing d. bac'ward 37. ccording to the te3t4 Iietna! _______. a. used to be wellBdeveloped be,ore 1)#6 b. Iietna! is still in e3tre!e poverty c. could recover ,ro! the conse6uences o, the war soon d. has been moderni:ing the economy 3#. Iietna! _______. 89

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a. does not e3port anything to the ?1 b. e'ported to the @# in (AA* twice as much goods as in (AA( c. did not e3port goods to the ?1 in 2**2 d. did not e3port goods to the ?1 in 2**3 3). 0he word This re,ers to _______. a. 6ietnam=s joining the 0-. b. the +0; c. the negotiating process d. the Iietna!ese econo!y 4*. 0he word stem has a close !eaning to _______. a. succeed b. stop c. originate d. invrease &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Iietna! is considered a third world country4 its people live 8419 _____ poverty by the !illions. ,ter the 8429 _____4 Iietna!-s econo!y re!ained do!inated by s!allBscale production4 low labor productivity4 8439 _____4 !aterial and technological short,alls4 and insu,,icient ,ood and 8449 _____ goods. 0he .oi &oi re,or!s that were instated in 1)#6 have shed new light and added new ,eatures to the Iietna!ese econo!y. 8459 ____ Iietna!ese <o!!unist 2arty plays a leading role in establishing the ,oundations and principles o, co!!unis!4 !apping strategies ,or econo!ic develop!ent4 setting growth targets4 and 8469 _____ re,or!s. .oi &oi co!bined govern!ent planning with ,reeB!ar'et incentives and 8479 _____ the establish!ent o, private businesses and ,oreign invest!ent4 including ,oreignBowned enterprises. /y the late 1))*s4 the success o, the business and agricultural re,or!s ushered in under .oi &oi was evident. 84#9 _____ than 3*4*** private businesses had been created4 and the econo!y was growing at an annual 84)9 _____ o, !ore than 7 percent. >ar!ing syste!s research and the international develop!ent projects are a source o, new hope ,or the people o, Iietna!. $, these recent projects are success,ul and .oi &oi continues on its current path the Iietna!ese people !ay 85*9 _____ a new standard o, living. &ore re,or!s li'e .oi &oi need to ta'e place in order to create a !ore stable Iietna!ese ,uture. 41. a. ,or b. in c. on d. o, 42. a. liberate b. liberation c. liberator d. liberal 43. a. application b. salary c. pro,ession d. unemployment 44. a. consumer b. producer c. spender d. !anu,acturer 45. a. b. n c. -he d. 46. a. launching b. ,lying c. sending d. raising 47. a. ,ound b. pro!ised c. re6uired d. encouraged 4#. a. &uch b. More c. s d. s !ore 4). a. rate b. level c. standard d. step 5*. a. co!e b. approach c. reach d. arrive TEST 2 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. econo!y b. industry c. +ualify d. priority 2. a. right b. private c. communist d. !inority 3. a. measure b. subsidies c. do!estic d. hospital 4. a. though b. encourage c. enough d. country 5. a. i!prove b. introduce c. !ove d. lose Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. Gcono!ic re,or!s are o,ten carried _______ to pro!ote the developing o, a country. a. out b. on c. ,or d. in 7. /eing aware _____ the i!portance o, econo!ic re,or!s4 the Iietna!ese <o!!unist 2arty initiated an overall econo!ic re,or! policy. a. ,or b. at c. of d. in #. >or !ore than ten years4 we have seen the signi,icant _______ in the econo!y o, our country. a. develop b. developments c. developers d. developed ). Henry was a studious student. He needed no _______ to wor' hard. a. encourage b. encouraging c. encouragement d. encouraged 90

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1*. .uring the ti!e o, econo!ic re,or!s4 the econo!y has grown _______ with only a ,ew !ajor setbac's. a. constant b. constantly c. constants d. constancy 11. 0he _______ e,,ect o, the new policy is that the ,ar!er is now wor'ing ,or hi!sel,4 and not ,or the state sa'e. a. legal b. co!!on c. all d. overall 12. <onsidering peasants !a'e up nearly #*N o, Iietna!-s population. a. specialists b. econo!ists c. pro,essors d. farmers 13. 0he .oi &oi re,or!s have _______ new possibilities in ,ar!ing syste!s research in Iietna!. a. risen b. opened c. renovated d. called 14. 0he introduction o, appropriate ,ar!ing practices to Iietna! ,ar!ers can help the! achieve a higher output. a. productivity b. renovation c. guideline d. achieve!ent 15. 0his develop!ent project could be o, great help to the _______ Iietna!ese population. a. !ajor b. living c. rural d. do!estic 16. $n the 1outh4 _______ develop!ent concentrated on rice cultivation4 and nationally4 rice and rubber were the !ain ite!s o, e3port. a. industrial b. agricultural c. !ining d. te3tile 17. +0; accession also brings serious challenges4 re6uiring Iietna!-s econo!ic sectors to open ______ door to increased ,oreign co!petition. a. a b. an c. the d. 1#. 0he plan-s highest priority was to develop _______ agriculture. a. a b. an c. the d. 1). ;ur new neighbors are 6uite nice _______ they are so!eti!es tal'ative. a. despite b. in spite o, the ,act c. though d. as though 2*. _______ o, the di,,iculty4 they !anaged to cli!b to the top o, the !ountain. a. "n spite b. .espite c. /ut d. lthough 21. $n spite o, his hard wor'4 he could not ,inish the job. a. s hard as he wor' b. .espite he wor'ed hard c. -hough he worked hard d. lthough hard wor' 22. He went to wor' despite his headache. a. nevertheless b. due to c. notwithstanding d. because o, 23. .espite _______4 we 'new that he was guilty. a. denied b. denying c. he denied d. his denial 24. .espite the ,act that _______4 we enjoyed our trip. a. the weather is bad b. it is a bad weather c. the bad weather d. the weather was bad 25. :ulie ,ailed the e3a! _______ o, wor'ing very hard. a. despite b. in spite c. even i, d. though 26. 0o! went to wor' despite _______. a. that he did not ,eel very well b. o, the ,act not ,eeling well c. he did not ,eel very well d. not feeling very well 27. 0hough _______4 they are good ,riends. a. their so!eti!es 6uarrel b. to have a 6uarrel so!eti!es c. they sometimes have a +uarrel d. o, having a 6uarrel so!eti!es 2#. .espite _______4 we arrived on ti!e. a. the traffic b. o, the tra,,ic c. there was heavy tra,,ic d. o, there was heavy tra,,ic 2). :ohn rarely sees 2aul _______ they live in the sa!e town. a. notwithstanding b. despite c. in spite o, d. although 3*. $t was very cold _______ she did not put on her coat. a. in case b. but c. even i, d. even though Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. 31. &ary tried to 'eep cal! although she was very disappointed. a. &ary was too disappointed to 'eep cal!. 91

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b. isappointed as she was, Mary tried to keep calm. c. &ary lost her te!per because o, her disappoint!ent. d. >eeling disappointed4 &ary tried to 'eep cal!4 but she ,ailed. 32. Gven though it was raining heavily4 the e3plorers decided to continue their journey. a. $t rained so heavily that the e3plorers could not continue their journey. b. 0he e3plorers put o,, their journey due to the heavy rain. c. -he heavy rain could not prevent the e'plorers from continuing their journey. d. $, it had rained heavily4 the e3plorers would not have continued their journey. 33. .espite his ability to do the job4 he was not o,,ered the position. a. $t was his ability that helped hi! do the job and get the position. b. lthough he was able to do the job4 but he was not o,,ered the position. c. 1e was not offered the position, regardless of his ability to, do the job. d. $, he had enough ability to do the job4 he would be o,,ered the position. 34. He had wor'ed very hard but he 8ailed. a. 1ard as he worked, he failed. b. 0han's to his hard wor'4 he ,ailed. c. He did not succeeded because o, his being hard wor'ing. d. Gven though being hard wor'ing4 he ,ailed. 35. $ did not answer the door even though $ 'new it was !y ,riend. a. unless $ 'new it was !y ,riend4 $ would not answer the door. b. " knew it was my friend, but " did not answer the door. c. ;nly when $ answered the door did $ 'new it was !y ,riend. d. $ answered the door since $ 'new it was !y ,riend. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. /etween 1)45 and 1)734 the econo!ies o, the industriali7ed nations o, +estern Gurope4 :apan4 and the ?.1. grew ,ast enough to vastly i!prove living standards ,or their residents. si!ilarly ,avorable growth was registered by so!e4 but ,ar ,ro! all4 o, the developing or industriali7ing nations4 in particular such thriving 1outheast sian econo!ies as 0aiwan4 Hong @ong4 1ingapore4 and 1outh @orea. ,ter the devastation o, +orld +ar $$4 a substantial rebuilding boo!4 co!bined with lavish ,lows o, aid ,ro! the ?.1.4 generated rapid growth in +estern Gurope and :apan. !erican !ultinational corporations invested heavily in the rest o, the world. 2erhaps the !ost i!portant o, all4 energy was plenti,ul and cheap. 2oor nations need aid ,ro! the rich nations in the ,or! o, capital and o, technological and organi7ational e3pertise. 0hey also need easy access to the !ar'ets o, the industriali7ed nations ,or their !anu,actures and raw !aterials. However4 the political capacity o, rich nations to respond to these needs depends greatly on their own success in coping with in,lation and une!ploy!ent. $n de!ocratic co!!unities4 it is e3ceedingly di,,icult to generate public support ,or assistance to ,oreign countries when average wage earners are the!selves under serious ,inancial pressure. $t is no. easier politically to per!it cheap ,oreign !erchandise and !aterials to ,reely enter !erican and Guropean !ar'ets when they are viewed as the cause o, une!ploy!ent a!ong do!estic wor'ers. 36. :apan carried out industriali7ation be,ore +orld +ar $$. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 37. ,ter +orld +ar $$4 the ?1 invested a lot in !any countries. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3#. Iietna! got a lot o, invest!ent ,ro! the ?1 ,ro! 1)45 to 1)73. a. 0rue b. >alse c. /o information 3). :oining the !ar'ets o, the industriali7ed nations is the need o, !any poor countries. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 4*. $n !any de!ocratic co!!unities4 average wage earners are never under serious ,inancial4 pressure. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Iietna!-s econo!y e3panded this year 82**79 at the ,astest pace since 1))64 led by !anu,acturing and services4 a,ter the country 8419 _____ the +orld 0rade ;rgani7ation. 92

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Fross do!estic product 8F.29 increased #.5 percent. >oreign direct 8429 ____ ju!ped to !ore than Q2* billion this year4 ,ro! Q12 billion in 2**6. 0he govern!ent is 6uite 8439 _____ to its econo!ic re,or!s. $ndustry and construction account 8449 _____ al!ost 42 percent o, Iietna!-s F.2. &anu,acturing grew 12.# percent4 construction increased 12 percent4 and the hotel and restaurant 8459 _____ e3panded 12.7 percent4 according to today-s release. Foing ,orward4 Iietna! has a lot o, 8469 _____ ,or touris!4 which e3pects Iietna!-s econo!y to e3pand #.5 percent in 2**#. Iietna!-s :anuary 8479 _____ to the +orld 0rade ;rgani7ation released it 84#9 _____4 ?.1. 6uotas on te3tile e3ports and detailed !ar'et access to be given to overseas co!panies4 helping econo!ic 84)9 _____. 0he govern!ent is targeting econo!ic e3pansion o, about ) percent ne3t year. Iietna! is an econo!y with !uch develop!ent potential and 85*9 _____ attractive destination ,or international investors. 41. a. struggled b. organi7ed c. held d. joined 42. a. invest b. investable c. investment d. investor 43. a. committed b. e3cited c. called d. encouraged 44. a. over b. for c. at d. in 45. a. role b. region c. sector d. section 46. a. potential b. private c. stagnancy d. e3ports 47. a. wal' b. path c. way d. accession 4#. a. in b. at c. ,or d. from 4). a. grow b. growth c. grew d. grown 50. a. a b. an c. the d. TEST 3 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. develop2 b. overall) c. co!!it!ent2 d. invest!ent2 2. a. adopt 2 b. e3port1 c. guideline1d. !oney1 3. a. administrative( b. intervention3 c. productivity3 d. opportunity3 4. a. ethnic1 b. enjoy( c. legal1 d. !easure1 5. a. econo!y2 b. e3perience c. relationship2 d. renovation* Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. 0here was a shortage _______ ,ood and sa,e water a,ter the ,lood. a. on b. with c. ,or d. of 7. 0he new !easures are ai!ed _____ increasing the productivity o, crops. a. at b. over c. upon d. beyond #. 0he _______ challenge o, econo!ic4 re,or! was to solve the proble!s o, !otivating wor'ers and ,ar!ers to produce a larger surplus. a. initial b. initiate c. initiative d. initiation ). 1ince 1))*4 $ndia has had high growth rates4 and has e!erged as one o, the wealthiest _______ in the developing world. a. econo!ics b. economies c. econo!ists d. econo!ically 1*. 0hose specialists are trying to ,ind ways o, !a'ing !ore _______ use o, agricultural land. a. produce b. production c. productive d. productivity 11. $ndustry in the area consisted !ostly o, ,oodBprocessing plants and ,actories _______ consu!er goods. a. renovating b. initiating c. developing d. producing 12. 0he govern!ent gave top _______ to re,or!ing the legal syste!. a. priority b. pri!ary c. pre,erence d. !ajor 13. _______ is !oney that is paid by a govern!ent or other authority in order to help an industry or business4 or to pay ,or a public service. a. capital b. subsidy c. invest!ent d. salary 14. 0hey still re!ain the need ,or an integrated syste! o, subsidies which will _______ ,ar!ers to loo' a,ter their upland environ!ent and producing ,ood. a. enable b. adopt c. consu!e d. e3pand 15. .evelop!ent plans were to ,ocus e6ually on agriculture and industry and invest!ent was to ,avor projects that developed both __ o, the econo!y. a. parties b. parts c. sections d. sectors 93

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16. .espite the plan-s e!phasis on agricultural _______4 the industrial sector received a larger share o, state invest!ent. a. shortage b. co!!it!ent c. development d. achieve!ent 17. Iietna!-s econo!y4 which continues to e3pand at _______ annual rate in e3cess o, 7 percent4 is one o, the ,astest growing in _______ world. a. an / the b. ( a c. a ( d. the ( a 1#. Gcono!ic policy encouraged _______ developing o, the ,a!ily econo!y. a. a b. an c. the d. 1). _______ the increase in their salaries4 !any >rench e!ployees spend 1aturday at wor'. a. espite b. Gven i, c. Gven though d. $n spite 2*. _____ he is the boss4 he does not ,ind solutions to proble!s very easily. a. 2lthough b. $n spite o, c. 5otwithstanding d. .espite 21. Gven i, _______4 they had to continue practicing. a. the players- soreness b. the players were sore c. the ,act that the players were sore d. it was the players- soreness 22. Fannon was a highBper,or!ing !id,ield lin'!an in spite _______. a. o, he was at his age b. he was at his old age c. of his age d. his age 23. &any !ericans eat !ore ,ood than they need4 _______ they are har!ing their bodies and !inds by !a'ing unhealth,ul ,ood choices. a. but b. although c. though d. in spite o, 24. $ have not ,inished that report yet despite _______. a. o, wor'ing overti!e last night b. to wor' overti!e last night c. working overtime last night d. $ wor'ed overti!e last night 25. lthough sales ,ell sharply last !onth4 we are on target ,or the year. a. Gven though ,elling sharply in sales last !onth b. $n spite o, there was a sharp ,all in sales last !onth c. espite the sharp fall in sales last month d. Gven i, ,alling sharply in sales last !onth. 26. 0hough he was appointed to a higher pro!otion _______. a. and he decided to 6uit his job. b. but he still decided to 6uit his job c. but he decided to 6uit his job d. he decided to +uit his job 27. .espite the increase in their salaries4 6* per cent o, :apanese wor'ers still spend 1aturday at wor'. a. $n spite o, their salaries are increased b. 2lthough they has got the increase in their salaries c. s their salaries have been increased d. Gven though their increasing salary 2#. _______4 he still went on wor'ing. a. -ired as he was b. 0ired although he was c. Gven i, his tiredness d. .espite he was tired 2). _______ what $ said last night4 $ still love you. a. $n spite b. espite c. Gven though d. Gven i, 3*. $ didn-t get the job _______. a. even as !y 6uali,ications b. in spite o, $ had so!e 6uali,ications c. without !y 6uali,ications d. despite my +ualifications Choose the best sentence that can be made from the words given. 31. Iietna! ( an average growth in F.2 ( 7.1N per year ( 2*** to 2**4. a. 6ietnam had an average growth in ? $ of ;.)< per year from (AAA to (AAH. b. Iietna!4 it had an average growth in F.2 o, 7.1Nper year ,ro! 2*** to 2**4. c. Iietna!4 the country had an average growth in F.2o,7.1Nper year ,ro! 2***to 2**4. d. . lthough Iietna! had an average growth in F.2 o,7.1Nper year ,ro! 2*** to 2**4 32. 0he F.2 growth ( #.4N ( 2**5 ( the second largest growth in sia4 a,ter only <hina. a. -he ? $ growth was 8.H< in (AAC, the second largest growth .in 2sia, after only China. 94

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b. 0he F.2 growth was #.4N in 2**54 that is the second largest growth in sia4 a,ter only <hina. c. /ecause the F.2 growth was #.4N in 2**54 the second largest growth in sia4 a,ter only <hina. d. 0he F.2 growth4 which was #.4N in 2**54 the second largest growth in sia4 a,ter only <hina. 33. 5ove!ber 74 2**6 ( Iietna! beca!e +0;-s 15*th !e!ber ( a,ter several years o, preparation and negotiation. a. ;n 5ove!ber 74 2**64 when Iietna! beca!e +0;-s 15*th !e!ber ,or a,ter several years o, preparation and negotiation. b. $t was on 5ove!ber 74 2**64 Iietna! beca!e +0;-s 15*th !e!ber since a,ter several years o, preparation and negotiation. c. .n /ovember ;, (AA7, 6ietnam became 0-.=s )CAth member, after several years of preparation and negotiation. d. +hen 5ove!ber 74 2**64 Iietna! beca!e +0;-s 15*th !e!ber a,ter several years o, preparation and negotiation. 34. Fovern!ent ,igures ( F.2 growth ( #.17N ( 2**6. a. Fovern!ent ,igures o, F.2 growth up to #.17N in 2**6. b. Fovern!ent ,igt1-res o, F.2 growth raised #.17N in 2**6. c. Fovern!ent ,igures in F.2 growth had #.17N in 2**6. d. ?overnment figures of ? $ growth was 8.);< in (AA7. 35. Iietna!-s &inister o, 2lanning and $nvest!ent ( the govern!ent ( target ( a F.2 growth o, around #.5N ( 2**7. a. 0o Iietna!-s &inister o, 2lanning and $nvest!ent states that the govern!ent targets a F.2 growth o, around #.5N in 2**7. b. s Iietna!-s &inister o, 2lanning and $nvest!ent4 the- govern!ent targets a F.2 growth o, around #.5N during 2**7. . c. Iietna!-s &inister o, 2lanning and $nvest!ent said that the govern!ent4 targets a F.2 growth o, around #.5N in 2**7. d. 2ccording to 6ietnam=s Minister of $lanning and "nvestment, the government targets a ? $ growth of around 8.C< in (AA;. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. $n 1)#6 Iietna! launched a political and econo!ic innovation ca!paign 8.oi &oi9 that introduced re,or!s intended to ,acilitate the transition ,ro! a centrali7ed econo!y to a %socialistBoriented !ar'et econo!y.% .oi &oi co!bined govern!ent planning with ,reeB!ar'et incentives. 0he progra! abolished agricultural collectives4 re!oved price controls on agricultural goods4 and enabled ,ar!ers to sell their goods in the !ar'etplace. $t encouraged the establish!ent o, private businesses and ,oreign invest!ent4 including ,oreignBowned enterprises. /y the late 1))*s4 .the success o, the business and agricultural re,or!s ushered in under .oi &oi was evident. &ore than 3*4*** private businesses had been created4 and the econo!y was growing at an annual rate o, !ore than 7 percent. >ro! the early 1))*s to 2**54 poverty declined ,ro! about 5* percent to 2) percent o, the population. However4 progress varied geographically4 with !ost prosperity concentrated in urban areas4 particularly in and around Ho <hi &inh <ity. $n general4 rural areas also !ade progress4 as rural housel olds living in poverty declined ,ro! 66 percent o, the total in 1))3 to 36 percent in 2**2. /y contrast4 concentrations o, poverty re!ained in certain rural areas4 particularly the northwest4 northBcentral coast4 and central highlands. Fovern!ent control o, the econo!y and a nonconvertible currency have protected Iietna! ,ro! what could have been a !ore severe i!pact resulting ,ro! the Gast sian ,inancial crisis in 1))7. 36. 0he Iietna!ese .oi &oi ca!paign _______. a. has not inter,ered with politics b. has ,ocused on centrali7ed econo!y. c. is not in ,avour o, socialis! d. came into being in )B87 37. >ro! the content o, the te3t4 the readers can learn that _______. a. 6ietnam used to have agricultural collectives 95

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b. there used to be !any ,oreignBowned enterprises be,ore 1)#6 in Iietna! c. be,ore 1)#64 the Iietna!ese govern!ent did not control prices on agricultural goods d. 0he Iietna!ese .oi &oi ca!paign has not allowed ,oreignBowned enterprises 3#. +hich rate has decreased" a. $overty b. 2opulation c. Gcono!y d. /usiness 3). 0he develop!ent in Iietna! _______. a. has been e6ual in every part o, the country b. has ,ocused only on agriculture c. is more prosperous in big cities than that in the countryside d. is !ore prosperous in the countryside than that in big cities 4*. ccording to the last paragraph4 _______. a. the Iietna!ese govern!ent did nothing to overco!e the Gast sian ,inancial crisis in 1))7. b. -he 6ietnamese economy was not affected bI the !ast 2sian financial crisis in )BB;. c. the Iietna!ese govern!ent ,ound it di,,icult to control the ,inancial crisis. d. the Iietna!ese govern!ent could not protect the econo!y ,ro! the Gast sian ,inancial crisis in 1))7. &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Gcono!ic issues have occupied people-s !inds throughout the ages. ristotle and 2lato in ancient Freece wrote about proble!s o, wealth4 property4 and 8419 _____ /oth o, the! were against co!!erce4 ,eeling that to live by trade was undesirable. 0he Eo!ans borrowed their econo!ic ideas ,ro! the Free's and showed the sa!e conte!pt ,or trade. .uring the &iddle ges4 the econo!ic ideas o, the Eo!an 8429 _____ co!!erce as in,erior to agriculture. 0he develop!ent o, !odern nations during 8439 _____ 16th century !ade !any people to pay 8449 _____ to the proble! o, increasing the wealth and 8459 _____ o, individuals. 0he econo!ic policy o, the leaders o, that ti!e was to 8469 _____ national sel,Bsu,,iciency. Fold and silver were regarded as an inde3 o, national power. 1everal power,ul countries4 such as Gngland and 1pain4 were trying to e3pand their colonies and to 8479 _____ the gold and silver !ines ,ro! there. &any countries were always ready to plunge into a new war ,or gold and silver !ines. $t was necessary ,or a nation to 'eep wages low and the population large and growing. large4 illBpaid population 84#9 _____ !ore goods to sell at low prices to ,oreigners. $t also ,ollowed that the earlier that children began to wor'4 the better it was ,or their country-s prosperity. ;ne writer had a plan ,or children o, the poorA %84)9 _____ the children are ,our years old4 they should be sent to the wor'house4 taught to read two hours a day4 and 'ept ,ully e!ployed the rest o, the ti!e in any o, the !anu,actures o, the house which best suits their age4 85*9 _____ and capacity. 41. a. !edicine b. philosophy c. education d. trade 42. a. regarded b. chose c. selected d. wondered 43. a. a b. an c. the d. 44. a. attention b. interest c. showing d. e3pression 45. a. power b. power,ul c. power,ully d. powered 46. a. rise b. encourage c. recover d. pull 47. a. research b. create c. invent d. e'ploit 4#. a. invest b. restructured c. in,lated d. produced 4). a. +hile b. 0hen c. lthough d. 1ince 5*. a. standard b. property c. health d. wealth

Unit #; LIFE IN THE FUTURE


TEST 1 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. di,,erent b. terrorist1 c. contrary1 d. domestic( 2. a. ,uture b. burden1 c. device( d. certain1 3. a. develop!ent2 b. security2 c. pessimistic* d. particular2 4. a. threaten1 b. appear( c. !odern1 d. instance1 96

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5. a. e3perience2 b. technology2 c. environ!ent2 d. optimistic* Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. &any teenagers show signs o, an3iety and _______ when being as'ed about their ,uture. a. depress b. depression c. depressing d. depressed 7. <onstant _______ o, attac' !a'es everyday li,e dangerous here. a. threat b. threaten c. threatening d. threateningly #. 5o one can predict the ,uture e3actly. 0hings !ay happen _______. a. e3pected b. une3pected c. e3pectedly d. une'pectedly ). 1o!eone who is _______ is hope,ul about the ,uture or the success o, so!ething in particular. a. power,ul b. optimistic c. stagnant d. pessi!istic 1*. 0here will be power,ul networ' o, co!puters which !ay co!e ,ro! a single co!puting _______ that is worn on or in the body. a. device b. !achinery c. e6uip!ent d. vehicle 11. _______ is a spacecra,t that is designed to travel into space and bac' to earth several ti!es. a. plane b. corporation c. teleco!!unication d. shuttle 12. n econo!ic _______ is a ti!e when there is very little econo!ic activity4 which causes a lot o, une!ploy!ent and poverty. a. i!prove!ent b. depression c. develop!ent d. !ission 13. $n the ,uture !any large corporations will be wiped out and !illions o, jobs will be lost. a. companies b. services c. super!ar'ets d. ,ar!s 14. 0he !ore power,ul weapons are4 the !ore terrible the _______ is. a. creativity b. history c. terrorism d. technology 15. 0he !edical co!!unity continues to !a'e progress in the ,ight against cancer. a. speed b. e3pectation c. improvement d. treat!ent 16. Det-s put o,, that !eeting to ne3t &onday. a. postpone b. schedule c. arrange d. appoint 17. nuclear station !ay ta'e ris' going o,, due to une3pected incidents. a. de!olishing b. e'ploding c. developing d. running 1#. 1he is loo'ing _______ a new place to live because she does not want to depend _______ her parents any !ore. a. for / on b. a,ter ( with c. up ( ,orward d. at ( into 1). $ was brought _______ in the countryside by !y aunt a,ter !y parents had pass _______. a. on ( over b. ,or ( on c. on ( o,, d. up / away 2*. .ue to industriali7ation4 we have to cope _______ the ,act that !any species are _______ danger _______ e3tinction. a. over ( at ( ,or b. at ( upon ( over c. ,or ( on ( with d. with / in / of 21. /oysJ 2ut your toys ______. $t is ti!e to go to bed. .on-t stay _____ late. a. o,, ( on b. away / up c. down ( o,, d. around( ,or 22. 1he intended to 6uit her job to stay _______ ho!e and loo' _______ her sic' !other. a. in ( at b. at / after c. ,or ( over d. up ( on 23. He is very worried _______ his new job because he is not 6uite prepared _______ wor'ing. a. on ( over b. to ( o,, c. about / for d. in ( at 24. $nstead _____ petrol4 cars will only run ____ solar energy and electricity. a. of / on b. ,or ( by c. in ( over d. ,ro!( upon 25. 1he has a pro!ising ,uture ahead _______ her. a. ,or b. ,ro! c. on d. of 26. +hat are your plans ,or _______ ,uture" a. a b. an c. the d. 27. ?p to now4 _______ space e3ploring still re!ains _______ very ris'y4 co!ple34 and e3pensive endeavor. a. the ( the b. a ( the c. a ( d. / a 2#. +ithin _______ ,ew years4 _______ private space travel has gone ,ro! concept to reality. a. ( an b. the ( the c. the ( a d. a / 97

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2). +ith its long days4 lac' o, _______ at!osphere4 and wideBopen spaces4 _______ !oon would also !a'e an ideal place to put !assive solar power plants. a. ( a b. an / the c. the ( a d. an ( 3*. _______technology is already present in the ,or! o, co!puters4 printers4 scanners4 handheld devices4 wireless technologies4 and $nternet connections. a. b. n c. 0he d. !rror "dentification 31. >uture is a ti!e when !ost people assume that everything will 'eep / getting better and ,uture generations will enjoy li,e in a more better world. < . 8better ( !uch better ( ,ar better9 32. &any optimist people have !ade predictions about the positive 8opti!istic9 / < impact o, the increasing !echani7ation on human life. . 33. $!agine an entirely wireless world where the 5et is %always on4 always / there%4 we live in endless sea o, data4 and objects are alive with intelligent. < . 8intelligent9 34. Glectricity is the most critical energy ,or the ,uture o, !any countries and cheap4 plentiful electricity is associated fors high e!ploy!ent and productivity. 8with9 35. ;ur continuously econo!ic growth4 the !aintenance o, our 6uality o, li,e and assurance o, our security all depend on as abundant4 a,,ordable supply o, electricity. 8an9 %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. $n the ,uture4 genetic engineering will allow us to create the per,ect hu!an. $t will be hard to get used to. 2arents will order a baby who -will grow up to beco!e his new job because he is not 6uite prepared a genius or to have a Miss World appearance. lso4 genetic engineering will allow us to !i3 plants and ani!als. s co!puters have advanced4 they have helped us re!e!ber4 calculate4 organi7e4 and clari,y. 1o it will beco!e easier to deal with things4 and !uch 6uic'er. t a point in a ,uture ti!e4 so!e !ay clai! that co!puters beco!e about as s!art as 5ewton or Ginstein. &ore advanced co!puters will be able to be creative4 respond to ,eelings in a ,eeling way4 develop intuition4 recogni7e patterns4 and suggest innovative alternatives. 0here is a hope i, we choose to ta'e action. +e can select $nternet in,or!ation wisely4 choose healthy co!puter ga!es4 li!it our e3posure to television co!!ercials4 and select television progra!s care,ully. 2eople will be aware o, the i!portance o, 'eeping active4 getting outside to do !ore physical activities. +e will also plan to !a'e a !ajor sacri,ice the ne3t ti!e we buy a car4 ta'e the bus. Gverybody will be !ore concerned about !a'ing environ!entally ,riendly choices4 eating healthy4 and helping build a healthier society by shopping at better stores that sell better ,ood. &ost people will be aware that a happy4 loving ,a!ily is a joy to be part o,4 and that it is a necessary ,oundation ,or building a strong society. /ut it is e3tre!ely i!portant ,or our ,uture that we !aintain a healthy perspective. +e need to value and appreciate the i!portance o, what can be achieved by loving and co!!itted parents. 2eople need a strong ,oundation4 so it is vital ,or our society that we encourage parents to wor' at creating love4 joy4 and happiness ,or their children in a .decent4 stable4 and productive at!osphere. 36. How !any aspects o, li,e in the ,uture are re,erred in the te3t" a. ;ne b. 0wo c. -hree d. >our 37. +hich aspect is not re,erred in the te3t" a. !ducation b. Fenetic Gngineering c. <o!puters d. >a!ily 98

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3#. 0he phrase to have a Miss World appearance !eans that _______. a. to beco!e a &iss +orld b. to enter a beauty contest c. to be intelligent d. to be beautiful 3). ccording to the te3t4 in the ,uture4 _______. a. it will be di,,icult ,or us to select $nternet in,or!ation b. people will prefer taking a bus to buying a car c. ,ood will not be sold at shops d. 0I viewers will not be able to escape ,ro! seeing a lot o, advertising. 4*. 0he last paragraph is about _______. a. family and parents= responsibility in the future b. children-s education c. children-s health d. how to build a strong society &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. ;ver the ne3t 2* to 5* years4 it will beco!e harder to tell the 8419 _____ between the hu!an and the !achine. ll4 body 8429 _____ will be replaceable. <o!puters will ,unction li'e the hu!an 8439 _____ with the ability to recogni7e ,eelings and respond in a ,eeling way. 0hey will then produce ,a'e people. +e will then be able to create a !achine duplicate o, ourselves 8449 _____ we will appear to be alive long a,ter we are dead. &aybe a ,ew decades later4 a way will be ,ound to trans,er our spirit4 including our 8459 _____ and thoughts4 to the new body. 0hen we can choose to live ,or as 8469 _____ as we want. $t !ight be e3pensive. +hen it beco!es possible to do a spirit trans,er4 they will ,igure out 8479 _____ to do the! auto!atically. 1o we will be able to reside within whichever duplicate we want4 whenever we want. &iniature robots will be built to travel through your blood 84#9 _____ and repair da!age. lso4 larger robots will be used when you are sic'. +hen you have an upset sto!ach4 you will 84)9 _____ a very s!all cherry tasting robot which will travel through your sto!ach ta'ing video o, the !ess. $t will be set up li'e a video ga!e4 so you can control the e3ploring and the selection o, i!ages. 0hen you can replay the video to help a doctor 85*9 _____ your illness4 or to prove to your e!ployer that you really4 were sic'. 41. a. variety b. change c. difference d. appearance 42. a. region b. place c. role d. parts 43. a. brain b. li!b c. s'ull d. liver 44. a. such b. as c. so d. but 45. a. e3perience b. memories c. actions d. health 46. a. long b. ,ar c. !uch d. soon 47. a. what b. when c. why d. how 4#. a. line b. cree' c. stream d. river 4). a. swallow b. chew c. vo!it d. drin' 5*. a. notice b. diagnose c. watch d. observe TEST 2 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. ,uture b. mature c. pasture d. nature 2. a. chore b. technology c. !uch d. e3change 3. a. threaten b. earth c. healthy d. breathe 4. a. wipe b. allow c. power,ul d. answer 5. a. service b. practice c. o,,ice d. device Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. $n the ,uture4 the nu!ber o, tiny but _______ co!puters you encounter every day will nu!ber in the thousands4 perhaps !illions. a. power b. powerful c. power,ully d. powered 7. dvances in co!puting _______4 ,ro! processing speed to networ' capacity and the internet4 have revolutioni7ed the way scientists wor'. a. technology b. technological c. technologically d. technologist #. +hat will the relationship between co!puting and _______ bring us over the ne3t 15 years" 99

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a. science b. scienti,ic c. scienti,ically d. scientist ). 1o!eone who is _______ thin's that bad things are going to happen. a. opti!istic b. pessimistic c. threatened d. hope,ul 1*. .o!estic chores will no longer be a burden than's to the inventions o, laborsaving devices. a. ;,,icial b. 1ousehold c. 1chooling d. >oreign 11. _______ is the technology o, sending signals and !essages over long distances using electronic e6uip!ent4 ,or e3a!ple by radio and telephone. a. -elecommunication b. 0elegraph c. &ulti,unction d. $n,or!ation technology 12. 2eter was as'ed to _______ to a newspaper article !a'ing predictions ,or technological progress in 1* years. a. e3pect b. invent c. develop d. contribute 13. 1trict ___ !easures are in ,orce in the capital to protect it ,ro! terroris!. a. scienti,ic b. nor!al c. transportation d. security 14. 0he ______ o, the ,uture will no longer be re!edial. $t will be preventive. a. co!!unication b. education c. medicine d. technology 15. .octors and phar!acists have to assu!e _______ ,or hu!an li,e. a. responsibility b. achieve!ent c. opti!is! d. aspect 16. $, you have ever watched television4 you have seen plenty ___ drug ads. a. with b. of c. ,or d. about 17. 0he space shuttle crashed and went _______ in ,la!es. a. o, b. ,or c. over d. off 1#. Glevators in tall building !a'e the top ,loors accessible _____ everybody a. to b. with c. about d. at 1). +hile $ a! waiting _______ !y bus4 $ o,ten listen _______ !usic. a. on ( at b. for / to c. toward ( about d. upon ( in 2*. 0hose spacecra,ts are used ______ ta'ing photographs _______ space. a. about ( through b. for fin c. o, ( at d. in ( o,, 21. +ill you ta'e care _______ !y little dog when $ a! _______ business" a. through ( away b. about ( at c. ,or ( over d. of / on 22. ccording _______ /ill4 there-s so!ething wrong _______ !y co!puter. a. a,ter ( ,or b. on ( about c. to / with d. upon ( at 23. He depends _______ his sister _______ assistance. a. to ( ,ro! b. ,ro! ( in c. on / for d. at ( with 24. /y 2*154 it will be widely accepted that schools and preBschools have _______ e3tre!ely i!portant role to play in ,uture o, our world. a. an ( a b. an / the c. the ( the d. ( 25. ;n _______ $nternet and with cable television w e can select in,or!ation ,ro! _______ wide variety o, sources. a. the / a b. an ( the c. the ( d. / the 26. 0here is one _______ thing we can be sureA _______ energy will be !ore challenging and !ore i!portant in the ,uture. a. the ( b. the ( an c. a ( the d. / 27. _______ Gurope and sia are co!ing to rely !ore and !ore on ______ nuclear generation. a. n ( a b. / c. 0he ( the d. 0he ( a 2#. He usually travels to _______ 2hiladelphia by _______ train. a. / b. the ( a c. the ( the d. ( a 2). Cou ,re6uently see this 'ind o, violence on _______ television. a. a b. an c. the d. 3*. How do we 'now what _______ universe is supposed to loo' li'e" a. a b. an c. the d. Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. 31. $ will ta'e up gol, this year. a. " will begin to play golf this year. 100

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b. $ will stop playing gol, this year. c. $ will build a gol, court this year. d. $ will enter a gol, co!petition this year. 32. Housewives do not have to spend a lot o, ti!e doing housewor' any !ore. a. Housewor' will never be done by housewives any !ore. b. Housewives have to spend !ore and !ore ti!e to do housewor'. c. 5ever have housewives spent as !uch ti!e doing housewor' as they do now. d. /o longer do housewives have to spend a lot of time doing housework. 33. Fo over the report be,ore you sub!it it. a. /e,ore you sub!it the report4 you should be ,inished writing it. b. 0ype the report 6uic'ly and then sub!it it. c. %ead the report carefully before you submit it. d. /e,ore you write the report you have to ,ind enough in,or!ation. 34. +e always stand by you when you are in need. a. +henever you are in need4 we stand ne3t to you. b. +e cannot do anything ,or you though you are in need. c. 0e always continue to support and help you when you are in need. d. +e can never stand your necessity. 35. 0he sign says4 %@eep o,, the grass.% a. 0he sign says4 %Have so!eone cut the grass i!!ediately.% b. -he sign says, J on=t walk on the grass.J c. 0he sign says4 %Frass should not be grown here.% d. 0he sign says4 %+ater the grass4 please.% %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. +hat happens i,4 or when4 robots are !ore intelligent than us" $, we are going to start to see robots running around with personalities e6uivalent to hu!an beings4 in ,i,teen or twenty years. $t is about ti!e that we start thin'ing about that now. 0hese !achines are being developed. +hat will be the ulti!ate e,,ect o, this" 1hould they be allowed to !a'e decisions regarding the application o, labour ,orce" +hat ,or! and how inti!ate should hu!anBrobot relationships beco!e" $s it a good or bad thing i, robots beco!e our natural successors and we ,ade into e3tinction" 0oday-s co!puters operate using transistors4 wires and electricity. >uture co!puters !ight use ato!s4 ,ibers and light. new 5 1 Bdeveloped co!puting device allows !achines to wor' !uch li'e the brain. 0his technology !ay allow ,astBthin'ing !achines to !a'e decisions based on what they see. planetary rover !ight use this technology to avoid obstacles. spacecra,t !ight use the technology to avoid ha7ards and identi,y a preBselected landing site with very high precision. 0he device wor's !uch li'e the brain4 whose power co!es ,ro! the co!ple3 networ's o, interconnections called %synapses% between brain cells. 5etwor's o, these brain cells4 called neurons4 allow hu!ans to !a'e instant decisions based on an observed i!age or scene. +hat !ight the world be li'e4 i, co!puters with the si7e o, !olecules beco!e a reality" 0here will be the types o, co!puters that !ay be everywhere4 but never be seen. /io B co!puters with very s!all si7e will target speci,ic areas inside your body. $!agine the ways that billions o, tiny4 power,ul co!puters will change our society. 36. $n the ,uture4 robots will ta'e place o, the hu!an labor ,orce. . a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 37. Hu!an beings will be in danger o, e3tinction due to robots- destruction. a. 0rue b. >alse c. /o information 3#. 1o ,ar4 the scientists ,ro! 5 1 have developed !achines4 which wor' in the sa!e way as the brain. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3). new 5 1 Bdeveloped co!puting device can help a spacecra,t avoid ha7ards and identi,y a preBselected landing site with very high precision. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 4*. 5ew co!puters in the ,uture will have such a s!all si7e that they cannot be seen. 101

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a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Eobots are already a part o, our lives. $ndustrial robots widely used in !anu,acturing. &ilitary and police organi7ations use robots to 8419 _____ in dangerous situations. Eobots can 8429 _____ be ,ound ,ro! vacuu!ing the ,loors in your ho!e to e3ploring the sur,ace o, &ars. +ithin a ,ew !ore years a whole host o, robotic adaptations will be running !any aspectso, our lives. %$ thin' in 8439 _____ ne3t thirty years4 we are going to see a trans,or!ation between the industrial sorts o, robots to personal robots4% says /roo's ,ro! /roo's- co!pany4 $Eobot4 !ar'ets ,loor cleaning robots ,or ho!es. %0he advances in robotics !a'e it clear that !any household 8449 ____ will be easily handled by a robot in the near ,uture4% says /ob <hristopher4 who wor's ,or a robotic technology co!pany that is !ar'eting a toy robot 8459 _____ 2leo. %+e have only one child but $ could easily 8469 _____ ,ive or si3 robots in the ho!e as well.% +ithin the ne3t 1* years one will be able to 8479 _____4 to lease or purchase a do!estic robot that not only does the household cleaning and prepare and serve his !eals4 84#9 _____ also can carry hi! to the bathtub i, he cannot wal'. .e!ographic changes4 such as a rapidly aging population and a shrin'ing wor',orce4 will drive ,orward the application o, new 84)9 ___. 0here is going to be a real pull ,or increasing the productivity o, wor'ing age people. 1o there is going to be a real push ,or robotics to help people. 85*9 _____ addition it is li'ely that in the near ,uture we will see robotsB ta'ing on so!e o, the care ,unctions elderly4 or longBter! ill people. 41. a. assist b. increase c. !a'e d. create 42. a. so b. either c. too d. also 43. a. a b. an c. the d. 44. a. aspects b. chores c. wor's d. jobs 45. a. which called b. called c. calling d. that called 46. a. hope b. thin' c. imagine d. loo' 47. a. afford b. attain c. o,,er d. a,,ect 4#. a. either b. as c. and d. but 4). a. technology b. technological c. techni6ue d. technician 5*. a. t b. "n c. >or d. +ith TEST 3 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. power,ul1 b. !edicala c. dangerous1 d. computer( 2. a. in,luence1 b. con,ident1 c. disappear( d. terroris!1 3. a. corporation2 b. electronic2 c. responsibility* d. electricity2 4. a. ahead( b. syste!1 c. paper1 d. shuttle1 5. a. history) b. depression2 c. invention2 d. co!pletely2 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. 0here is a wide _______ o, co!puters in that shop ,or you to choose. a. vary b. various c. variety d. variously 7. 0here are several places where residents ,ace the threat o, _______ every day. a. terrorist b. terrorism c. terrori7e d. terror #. &any people thin' that in so!e !ore years we will see the co!plete _______ o, newspapers and !aga7ines due to the $nternet. a. disappear b. disappearance c. appear d. appearing ). speci,ic area o, biotechnology that shows great pro!ise ,or treat!ent and cure o, li,eB _______ diseases. a. developing b. threatening c. hoping d. ,itting 1*. 0eleco!!unication is bound to have a huge in,luence on various aspects o, our lives. a. depression b. techni6ue c. e3pect d. impact 11. +e so!eti!es go away ,ro! the city to the countryside ,or a ______ o, ,resh air. a. ,eeling b. sip c. swallow d. breath 102

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12. 0he idea o, building a _______ with hu!an intelligence is not only a!bitious but also highly unconventional. a. robot b. corporation c. line d. road 13. +ashing !achines4 vacuu! cleaners4 and dish washers are labor _______ devices which help us do housewor' easily and 6uic'ly. a. i!proving b. !a'ing c. saving d. e!ploying 14. 0hose co!panies were closed due to so!e seriously ,inancial proble!s. a. ta'en o,, b. put away c. wiped out d. gone over 15. 0he co!puter allows us to wor' ,ast and _______. a. efficiently b. di,,erently c. variously d. ,reshly 16. 0hey arrived _______ that train station late because their ta3i had bro'en _______. a. at / down b. ,or ( o,, c. on ( over d. on ( up 17. 0hose wor'ers are in di,,iculty because wage increases cannot 'eep up _______ in,lation. a. with b. ,or c. over d. on 1#. 0hey argued _______ us _______ the proble! last night4 but we could not ,ind _______ the solution. a. with / about / out b. on ( ,or ( o,, c. upon ( with ( in d. to ( on I up 1). +illia!s is wor'ing _______ an e3port co!pany. He intends to apply _______ another job because he is not satis,ied _______ the salary. a. in ( on ( at b. for / for / with c. at ( out ( into d. ,ro!( on( ,or 2*. $s &iss +ilson very ,ond _______ >rench ,ood" B 5o4 she is not used _______ having >rench ,ood. a. over ( with b. of / to c. o,, ( ,or d. in ( about 21. Doo' _______J 0he tree is going to ,all. a. over b. o,, c. in d. out 22. $ thin' we !aybe run _______ natural resources so!e day. a. in to b. up to c. out of d. away ,ro! 23. _______ who! do these Gnglish boo's belong" a. >ro! b. -o c. >or d. +ith 24. 0han's _______ the inventions _______ laborBsaving devices4 wo!en have !ore ,ree ti!e to ta'e part _______ social wor'. a. through ( over ( ,or b. on ( ,ro! ( with c. ,orward ( ,or ( ,ro! d. to / of / in 25. $t is predicted that _______ co!puting technology will increase in value at _______ sa!e ti!e it will decrease in cost. a. / the b. a ( the c. the ( a d. a ( 26. _____ co!puters will continue to get s!aller4 ,aster and !ore a,,ordable. a. a b. an c. the d. 27. ____ aspirin is reco!!ended to !any people as _____ good pain 'iller. a. n ( the b. 0he ( c. / a d. ( the 2#. &any people believe that _______ hu!an beings will never used up all _______ natural resources on earth. a. / the b. the ( a c. the ( d. a ( the 2). Di'e other ,or!s o, _______ energy4 natural gas !ay be used to heat ho!es4 coo' ,ood4 and even run _______ auto!obiles. a. ( the b. an ( the c. the ( an d. / 3*. $ told &o! we would be _______ ho!e in _______ hour or so. a. the ( b. a ( the c. / an d. the ( a Choose the best sentence that can be made from the words given. 31. :ust i!agine ( hu!an li,e ( be li'e ( 2* years. a. :ust i!agine how hu!an li,e will be li'e ,or 2* years. b. :ust i!agine hu!an li,e will be li'e in 2* years. c. >ust imagine what human life will be like in (A years. d. :ust i!agine that hu!an li,e will be li'e since 2* years. 103

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32. $ hope ( we ( able ( solve the proble!s ( over population and pollution. a. $ hope whether we are able to solve the proble!s4 those are over population and pollution. b. $ hope i, we will be able to solve the proble!s4 which are over population and pollution. c. " hope that we will be able to solve the problems of over population and pollution. d. $ hope when we will be able to solve the proble! ,or over population and pollution. 33. <ancers and $.1 ( untreatable ( now ( be cured success,ully. a. Cancers and 2" #, which are untreatable now, will be cured successfully. b. <ancers and $.14 they are untreatable now4 will be cured success,ully. c. <ancers and $.14 that are untreatable now4 will be cured success,ully. d. <ancers and $.14 which are untreatable now4 they will be cured success,ully 34. ll schools ( on earth ( e6uipped ( co!puters and the $nternet. a. 2ll schools on earth will be e+uipped with computers and the "nternet. b. ll schools on earth to be e6uipped with co!puters and the $nternet. c. ll schools on earth will be e6uipped by co!puters and the $nternet. d. ll schools on earth to be e6uipped by co!puters and the $nternet. 35. no places ( people ( su,,er ( the lac' o, ,ood and acco!!odation. a. $n no places4 where people have to su,,er the lac' o, ,ood and acco!!odation. b. -here will be no places where people have to suffer the lack of food and accommodation. c. s there are no places4 people will su,,er the lac' o, ,ood and acco!!odation. d. 0hey are no places that people will have to su,,er the lac' o, ,ood and acco!!odation. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. $n the ,uture4 !aybe all cars that run on petrol will be replaced by solar cars4 which have been around ,or a while4 but with recent develop!ents in solar car design and the !easure!ent o, photovoltaic cells beco!ing s!aller4 the drea! o, a truly e,,icient solar car is !ore reality than ,antasy. solar car is a vehicle powered by photovoltaic cells4 also called solar cells4 which convert sunlight 8light energy9 into electrical energy. s a source o, energy on earth4 there is nothing li'e the sunA in a !ere one thousandth o, one second 8.**194 the sun e!its enough energy to ,ul,ill our planet-s energy needs ,or the ne3t 54*** years. $t is a staggering ,act4 and an e3citing one. 1ince the energy ,ro! the sun is responsible ,or renewable resources such as wind4 tides4 and heat4 solar energy see!s to o,,er the brightest ,uture ,or not only cars4 but ,or the entire energy crisis. .espite the appearance that solar energy !ay be the least ,easible a!ong the current crop o, alternative ,uel propositions4 new solar powered devices and !ore speci,ically solar powered cars are beginning to be developed. How do 1olar. <ars wor'" 0he photoBvoltaic cells absorb photons ,ro! sunlight. 0his action generates heat4 which the cells then convert into electrical energy and stores in an onBboard battery. 0his process o, conversion is called the photovoltaic e,,ect. 5ot surprisingly4 such a vehicle has 7ero e!issions4 and is very environ!entally ,riendly. ?n,ortunately4 at the !o!ent photovoltaic cells are e3tre!ely ine,,icient4 yet as ti!e progresses the e,,iciency o, these cells will grow. 0his will !a'e solar energy and solar cars the ,uel and car o, the ,utureBa closer reality. 36. ccording to the te3t4 _______. a. up to now, we have designed some solar cars b. solar cars have been very .popular ,or !any years c. we have not produced any solar cars yet d. solar cars are not as !uch appreciated as other 'inds o, car 37. solar car is supplied power ,ro! _______. a. gas b. petrol c. photovoltaic cells d. electricity 3#. +hich can not help us to solve the proble! o, energy crisis" a. wind b. tide c. the sun d. heat from the moon 3). ccording to the te3t4 _______ a. no powered solar devices have been developed so ,ar b. besides solar car, we have also developed solar powered device c. solar energy plans are !ore ,easible than wind energy plans d. tide can supply !ore energy than the sun 104

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4*. 0he photovoltaic e,,ect is _______. a. the process o, operating a solar car b. the process o, absorbing photons ,ro! the sun c. the developing o, solar cars and solar powered devices d. the converting of heat from the sun into electricity &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. &ar'et trends suggest that the de!and ,or energy resources will 8419 _____ dra!atically over the ne3t 25 yearsA Flobal de!and ,or all energy sources is 8429 _____ to grow by 57N over the ne3t 25 years. ?.1. de!and ,or all types o, energy is e3pected 8439 _____ by 31N within 25 years. /y 2*3*4 56N o, the world-s energy use will be in sia. Glectricity de!and in the ?.1. will grow by at 8449 ____ 4*N by 2*32. 5ew power generation e6ual 8459 _____ nearly 3** power plants will be needed to 8469 _____ electricity de!and by 2*3*. <urrently4 5*N o, ?.1. electrical generation relies on coal4 8479 _____ ,ossil ,uel= while #5N o, ?.1. greenhouse gas 84#9 _____ result ,ro! energyBconsu!ing activities supported by ,ossil ,uels. $, energy prices also go 84)9 _____ dra!atically due to increased de!and and constrained supply4 business i!pacts !ay includeA Eeduced pro,its due to high operating costs4 .ecline o, sales o, energyBusing products4 and Doss o, 85*9 _____ in energy intensive businesses. 41. a. raise b. rise c. wipe d. soar 42. a. encouraged b. depended c. forecast d. broadcast 43. a. increase b. to increase c. increased d. increasing 44. a. last b. late c. less d. least 45. a. to b. at c. ,or d. o, 46. a. see b. notice c. loo' d. meet 47. a. a b. an c. the d. 4#. a. inventions b. develop!ents c. emissions d. evolutions 4). a. over b. o,, c. ahead d. up 5*. a. co!pete b. co!petitive c. competitiveness d. co!petitively

Unit $; DESERTS
TEST 1 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. grasses b. stretches c. co!prises d. potatoes 2. a. lie b. wide c. circle d. co!prise 3. a. co!pound b. route c. house d. south 4. a. dune b. hu!!oc' c. shrub d. bu,,alo 5. a. west b. between c. growth d. which Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence4 substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. ________ 1ahara o, ________ ,rica is the world-s largest desert. a. ( the b. -he / c. ( an d. 0he ( an 7. .eserts can be de,ined as areas that receive ________ average annual precipitation o, less than 25* !!. a. a b. an c. the d. #. 0he 1ahara contains co!ple3 linear dunes that are ________ by al!ost 6 'ilo!eters. a. developed b. separated c. lay d. located ). _______ is a landscape or region that receives very little precipitation. a. dune b. desert c. sandy area d. shrub land 1*. .eserts are o,ten co!posed o, ________ and roc'y sur,aces. 105

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a. water b. trees c. oil d. sand 11. 0hree great stretches o, sandy deserts al!ost circle the center o, ustralia. a. dunes b. valleys c. lands d. areas 12. .eserts are also classi,ied by their ________ location and do!inant weather pattern. a. geographical b. aerial c. sandy d. ,acial 13. 0han's to pictures ta'en by satellites4 deserts have not ________ a !ystery in our ti!e. a. hidden b. intended c. remained d. attained 14. .eserts ta'e ________ oneBthird o, the Garth-s land sur,ace. a. up b. on c. over d. a,ter 15. 0he 1i!pson .esert was na!ed _______ &r. 1i!pson4 2resident o, the 1outh ustralian /ranch o, the Eoyal Feographical 1ociety o, ustralia. a. with b. at c. after d. ,or 16. $n 1)534 2everil &eigs divided desert regions ________ Garth ________ categories according to the a!ount o, precipitation they received. a. through ( in b. ,ro! ( with c. on / into d. in ( ,or 17. &ore and !ore ________ are very e3cited at discovering as !any interesting things in the deserts as possible. a. e3plores b. e3plorations c. e'plorers d. e3ploratory 1#. <an you !a'e a ________ esti!ate o, how !uch our e3pedition in the desert !ay be" a. rough b. roughly c. roughing d. roughen 1). ,ter 2eter had returned ,ro! the 1ahara desert4 he was con,ined to bed by a ________ disease. a. !ystery b. mysterious c. !ysteriously d. !ysteriousness 2*. $ want to wor' as an interpreter in the ,uture4 ________4 $ a! studying Eussian at university. a. but b. so c. however d. therefore 21. $ a! going shopping ,or ,ood this evening ________ $ do not have to go at the wee'end. a. so b. but c. however d. !oreover 22. +hen she got the news ,ro! her ,a!ily4 she could not do anything4 ________ cry. a. but b. and c. so d. however 23. &rs. Dindon has ________ that she is unable to get a job. a. but not enough education b. so little education c. however little education d. such little education 24. 0hat s!all car4 ________4 is advertised in !any current !aga7ines. a. so ine3pensive and co!,ortable b. however ine3pensive and co!,ortable c. ine'pensive but comfortable d. and ine3pensive but co!,ortable 25. +e live in the sa!e building ________ we have hardly seen each other a. and b. there,ore c. but d. so 26. $ went to buy a Eolling 1tones <. ________ the shop didn-t have it. a. and b. but c. there,ore d. so 27. nna needed so!e !oney4 ________4 she too' a partBti!e job. a. ,urther!ore b. !oreover c. however d. therefore 2#. :ulie has a guitar ________ she plays it really well. a. and b. so c. but d. there,ore 2). &y ,ingers were injured ________ !y sister had to write the note ,or !e. a. and b. however c. so d. but 3*. 0he concert was cancelled ________ we went to a nightclub instead. a. so b. however c. so on d. but
Error Identification. 31. .esert is a large area o, land that has very little water however very ,ew / < plants growing on it. 8and9 . 32. Eain falls occasionally in deserts so desert stor!s are o,ten violent.

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/ 8but9 < . 33. 0he 5ile Eiver4 the <olorado Eiver4 but the Cellow Eiver ,low through 8and9 / deserts to deliver their sedi!ents to the sea. < . 34. .eserts may have underground springs4 rivers4 or reservoirs they lie / close to the surface4 or deep underground. 8that ( which9 < . 35. Most plants in deserts have adapted to sporadic rainfalls in a desert. / < environments. 8environ!ent9 .

%ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. desert is a hostile4 potentially deadly environ!ent ,or unprepared hu!ans. $n hot deserts4 high te!peratures cause rapid loss o, water due to sweating4 and the absence o, water sources with which to replenish it can result in dehydration and death within a ,ew days. $n addition4 unprotected hu!ans are also at ris' ,ro! heatstro'e. Hu!ans !ay also have to adapt to sandstor!s in so!e deserts4 not just in their adverse e,,ects on respiratory syste!s and eyes4 but also in their potentially har!,ul e,,ects on e6uip!ent such as ,ilters4 vehicles and co!!unication e6uip!ent. 1andstor!s can last ,or hours4 so!eti!es even days. .espite this4 so!e cultures have !ade hot deserts -their ho!e ,or thousands o, years4 including the /edouin4 0uareg tribe4 and 2ueblo people. &odern technology4 including advanced irrigation syste!s4 desalini7ation and air conditioning4 has !ade deserts !uch !ore hospitable4 $n the ?nited 1tates and $srael ,or e3a!ple4 desert ,ar!ing has ,ound e3tensive use. $n cold deserts4 hypother!ia and ,rostbite are the chie, ha7ards4 as well as dehydration in the absence o, a source o, heat to !elt ice ,or drin'ing. >alling through pac'Bice or sur,ace ice layers into ,ree7ing water is a particular danger re6uiring e!ergency action to prevent rapid hypother!ia. 1tarvation is also a ha7ard= in low te!peratures the body re6uires !uch !ore ,ood energy to !aintain body heat and to !ove. s with hot deserts4 so!e people such as the $nuit have adapted to the harsh conditions o, cold deserts. 36. 0he te3t is about ________. a. troubles that human beings have to face in a desert b. desert stor!s and desert inhabitants c. hot deserts and cold deserts in the ?nited 1tates d. desert hospitality and environ!ent 37. +hich is not a proble! ,or an unprepared !an in a hot desert" a. sandstor! b. loss o, water c. irrigation d. heatstro'e 3#. 1andstor!s ________. a. do no har! to !achinery b. have e,,ects only on the eyes c. never lasts !ore than one hour d. have bad effects on both human beings and machinery 3). +hich sentence is true" a. 5o one can survive in both hot and cold deserts. b. Modern technology makes deserts more hospitable. c. $n the ?nited 1tates4 all deserts are 6uite uninhabited. d. 0here are no deserts in $srael. 4*. +hich is not a proble! in cold deserts" a. 1tarvation b. Hypother!ia c. >rostbite d. Body heat &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. .esert bio!es are the 8419 _____ o, all the bio!es. $n ,act4 the !ost i!portant characteristic o, a desert is that it receives very little 8429 _____. &ost deserts receive less than 3** !! a year co!pared 8439 __ rain,orests4 which receive over 24*** !!. 0hat !eans that the desert only gets 1* percent o, the rain that a rain,orest getsJ 0he te!perature in the desert 107

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can 8449 _____ drastically ,ro! day to night because the air is. 8459 _____ dry that heat escapes rapidly at night. 0he dayti!e te!perature averages 3#U< 8469 _____ in so!e deserts it can get down to B4U< at night. 0he te!perature also varies greatly depending on the 8479 _____ o, the desert. 1ince desert conditions are so severe4 the plants that live there need to have 84#9 _____ to co!pensate ,or the lac' o, water. 1o!e plants4 such as cacti4 84)9 _____ water in their ste!s and use it very slowly4 while others li'e bushes conserve water by growing ,ew leaves or by having large root syste!s to gather water or ,ew leaves. 1o!e desert plant species have a short li,e cycle o, a ,ew wee's that 85*9 _____ only during periods o, rain. 41. a. coldest b. hottest c. driest d. wettest 42. a. rain b. rainfall c. raindrop d. raincoat 43. a. with b. ,or c. about d. in 44. a. change b. e3change c. trans,or! d. trans,er 45. a. such as b. such c. so !uch d. so 46. a. when b. while c. as d. because 47. a. part b. region c. area d. location 4#. a. adaptations b. agree!ents c. accepts d. achieve!ents 4). a. place b. put c. store d. hold 5*. a. spend b. ta'e c. last d. e3perience TEST 2 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. comprise( b. sandy1 c. circle1 d. northern 2. a. borigines3 b. e3pedition3 c. kilometer) d. scienti,ic3 3. a. corridor1 b. enormous( c. !ystery1 d. separate1 4. a. re!ain2 b. hummock) c. e3plore2 d. between2 5. a. territory) b. ustralia2 c. geography2 d. society2 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. 0he 1i!pson .esert is in ________ north o, ________ Da'e Gyre. a. ( b. the ( the c. a ( the d. the / 7. <old deserts can be covered in ________ snow or ice and ,ro7en water is unavailable to plant li,e. a. a b. an c. the d. #. $n the northern part o, the 1i!pson .esert4 the dunes are separated by ________ o, low4 open shrubland. a. streets b. ways c. corridors d. lines ). 1an >rancisco is built on 4* hills and so!e are very ________. a. short b. steep c. plain d. stable 1*. ________ is a s!all raised area o, ground4 li'e a very s!all hill. a. slope b. hummock c. dune d. shrub 11. +e used to cli!b up the crest o, the hill to get a good view o, the surroundings. a. top b. ,oot c. !iddle d. ,ace 12. 0o ________ a desert is a danger activity which re6uires care,ul preparation ,or ris's. a. co!prise b. circle c. re!ain d. e'plore 13. 1cienti,ic ________ help to e3plore so!e places and discover !ore and !ore re!ote parts o, the world. a. survey b. lead c. research d. e'pedition 14. 0he wind that blows in the desert co!es ________ ,ar away waters. a. ,or b. with c. in d. from 15. 1o!e sand dunes !ay be over 2** !eters ________ height. a. with b. at c. on d. in 16. $, you loo' on a !ap you will see that there is a desert ne3t ________ the Eoc'y &ountains in the ?nited 1tates. a. o, b. to c. with d. ,or 108

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17. ________ is the process by which a piece o, land beco!es dry4 e!pty4 and unsuitable ,or growing trees or crops on. a. desert b. deserted c. deserti,y d. desertification 1#. 1everal ________ advanced countries have had plans to !a'e desert !ore hospitable. a. science b. scienti,ic c. scientifically d. scientist 1). 0he desert bio!e includes the hottest places in the world because it absorbs !ore ________ ,ro! the sun than land in hu!id cli!ates do. a. heat b. hot c. hotly d. heating 2*. &any people have law degrees4 ________. a. but so!e o, the! do not practice it b. however it is not practiced by all c. so so!e are not practicing law d. but not all of them practice law 21. 0his is an e3pensive ________ very use,ul boo'. a. but b. so c. there,ore d. however 22. ________ long it ta'es4 $ will wait ,or you. a. 1owever b. /ut c. 1o d. 0here,ore 23. $ !ust say that you have done very well. ________4 you should be aware that you still have a lot o, thing to learn. a. 0here,ore b. 1o c. /ut d. 1owever 24. ________ that we stopped ,or a rest. a. /ut we were tired b. #o tired were we c. However we were tired d. 0here,ore4 we were tired 25. He is only si3teen4 and ________4 he is not eligible to drive a car. a. nevertheless b. but c. therefore d. however 26. &aria tried to read a novel in >rench ________ the boo' was too di,,icult ,or her to understand. a. so that b. there,ore c. but d. and 27. 0o get ,ro! Iancouver to Iictoria4 you can ,ly4 __ you can ride the ,erry. a. or b. but c. so d. however 2#. $ bought a bottle o, wine ________ we dran' it together. a. there,ore b. so c. and d. but 2). 0he waiter was not very nice4 ________4 the ,ood was delicious. a. however b. but c. so d. and so 3*. ___ hard he wor'ed4 he could earn enough !oney to support the ,a!ily. a. /ut b. 1owever c. 0here,ore d. +hatever Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. 31. 1lippery as the roads were4 they !anaged to co!plete the race. a. 0he roads were so slippery that they could hardly co!plete the race. b. -he roads were slippery but they managed to complete the race. c. 0he roads were slippery so they could hardly co!plete the race. d. 0he roads were so slippery= there,ore4 they could hardly co!plete the race. 32. 0hey decided to go ,or a picnic though it was very cold. a. /ecause it was very cold4 they decided to go ,or a picnic. b. 1owever cold it was, they decided to go for a picnic. c. $, it had been cold4 they would not have gone ,or a picnic. d. $t was very cold so they decided to go ,or a picnic. 33. /oth 2eter and &ary enjoy scienti,ic e3pedition. a. $t is not 2eter4 but &ary4 that enjoys scienti,ic e3pedition. b. 2eter enjoys scienti,ic e3pedition. 0here,ore4 does &ary. c. However 2eter enjoys scienti,ic e3pedition and &ary does. d. $eter enjoys scientific e'pedition, and so does Mary. 34. /ecause it was an interesting novel4 $ stayed up all night to ,inish it. a. $ stayed up all night to ,inish the novel4 there,ore4 it was interesting. b. ?nless it were an interesting novel4 $ would stay up all night to ,inish it. c. 0hough it was an interesting novel4 $ stayed up all night to ,inish it. d. #o interesting was the novel that " stayed up all night to finish it. 109

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35. He cannot a,,ord a new co!puter. a. -he new computer is so e'pensive that he cannot buy it. b. 0here,ore4 he would buy a new co!puter. c. 1o4 he would buy a new co!puter. d. 0he new co!puter is so e3pensive but he can buy it %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. ppro3i!ately oneBthird o, the Garth-s land sur,ace is desert4 arid land with !eager rain,all that supports only sparse vegetation and a li!ited population o, people and ani!als. .eserts have been portrayed as ,ascinating environ!ents o, adventure and e3ploration. 0hese arid regions are called deserts because they are dry. 0hey !ay be hot. 0hey !ay be cold. 0hey !ay be regions o, sand or vast areas o, roc's with occasional plants. .eserts are natural laboratories in which to study the interactions o, wind and so!eti!es water on the arid sur,aces o, planets. They contain valuable !ineral deposits that were ,or!ed in the arid environ!ent or that were e3posed by erosion. /ecause deserts are dry4 they are ideal places ,or hu!an arti,acts and ,ossils to be preserved. .eserts are also ,ragile environ!ents. 0he !isuse o, these lands is a serious and growing proble! in parts o, our world. 0here are !any ani!als in the desert. 1o!e are very large4 li'e the 'angaroo or the ga7elle. /oth are big and have to travel long distances ,or water at a spring4 or an oasis. nother ,airly large ani!al is the adda3. 0he adda3 is a desert antelope. 0hey live in the 1ahara .esert. ll adda3es are herbivores. 0here are less than 2** o, the! le,t because o, hunting and tourists. 1o!e ani!als crawl along. G3a!ples o, these are sna'es and li7ards. 1na'es rarely drin' water= they get their !oisture ,ro! other prey that they eat. 1o do others4 li'e the 'angaroo rat. Di7ards are co!!only ,ound in the desert. 0hey stay out o, the sun and !ove as little as possible. 0here are also other ani!als in the desert. 0he ,ennec lives in northern ,rica in the 1ahara .esert. 0hey are a relative o, the ,o3. 0hey eat !ice4 s!all birds4 li7ards4 and insects. +hen necessary4 they will eat ,ruit. ;ne !ore desert ani!al is the jerboa. 0he jerboa is a s!all4 long distance ju!per that lives in the desert. 0hey are ,ree drin'ing ani!als and they eat plants4 seeds4 and bugs. 36. .eserts ________. a. are rare in the world b. are !ore arid !ore populous c. are all hot all the ti!e d. may be both hot and cold 37. 0he word They re,ers to ________. a. deserts b. natural laboratories c. planets d. !ineral deposits 3#. +hich is not true about deserts" a. arid b. hot c. humid d. dry 3). ccording to the second paragraph4 ________. a. we should use desert land properly to avoid serious problems b. we can e3ploit as !uch ,ossil as possible in deserts c. there are no erosion in deserts d. deserts are ideal places ,or growing land 4*. 0he last paragraph e3presses that ________. a. none o, ani!als can survive in deserts b. hunting and tourists cause the decreasing of adda'es in the #ahara esert. c. sna'es in deserts need !ore water than any other species d. adda3es are the !ost populous species in deserts &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. &ost traditional hu!an li,e in deserts is no!adic. $t 8419 ______ in hot deserts on ,inding water4 and on ,ollowing in,re6uent rains to 8429 ______ gra7ing ,or livestoc'. $n cold deserts4 it depends on ,inding good hunting and ,ishing grounds4 on sheltering ,ro! bli77ards and winter 8439 ______4 and on storing enough ,ood ,or winter. 2er!anent settle!ent in both 'inds o, deserts re6uires per!anent water4 ,ood sources and ade6uate shelter4 or the technology and energy sources to 8449 ______ it. &any deserts are ,lat and ,eatureless4 lac'ing land!ar's4 or co!posed o, repeating land,or!s such as sand 8459 ______ or the ju!bled iceB,ields o, glaciers. dvanced s'ills or 110

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devices are re6uired to navigate through such landscapes and 8469 _____ travelers !ay die when supplies run 8479 ______ a,ter beco!ing lost. $n addition4 sandstor!s or bli77ards !ay cause disorientation in severelyBreduced visibility. 0he 84#9 ______ represented by wild ani!als in deserts has ,eatured in e3plorers- accounts but does not cause higher 84)9 ______ o, death than in other environ!ents such as rain,orests or savanna woodland4 and generally does not a,,ect hu!an distribution. .e,ense against polar bears !ay be advisable in so!e areas o, the rctic. 2recautions against sna'es and scorpions in choosing 85*9 ______ at which to ca!p in so!e hot deserts should be ta'en. 41. a. locates b. selects c. ,ollows d. depends 42. a. earn b. de!and c. obtain d. re6uire 43. a. e'tremes b. poles c. tops d. heights 44. a. grow b. supply c. co!,ort d. bring 45. a. dunes b. piles c. valleys d. stores 46. a. inconsistent b. incapable cK ine'perienced d. independent 47. a. o, b. out c. in d. over 4#. a. danger b. dangerous c. endanger d. endangered 4). a. level b. rate c. scale d. standard 5*. a. sight b. lies c. sites d. seats TEST 3 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. three b. south c. southern d. both 2. a. re!ained b. e3plored c. separated d. travelled 3. a. loose b. s!ooth c. ,ood d. flood 4. a. enormous b. rough c. enough d. double 5. a. society b. geography c. dry d. sandy Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. ________ sand covers only about 2* percent o, Garth-s deserts. a. b. n c. 0he d. 7. .eserts have ________ reputation ,or supporting very little li,e4 but in ________ reality deserts o,ten have high biodiversity. a. a / b. the ( the c. a ( the d. the ( a #. 0he hill was so ________ that it too' us !ore than ,ive hours to cli!b up. a. sloping b. enor!ous c. arid d. stable ). $n the northern part o, the 1i!pson .esert4 the dunes are parallel. a. !ysterious b. steep c. plenty o, sand d. similar in some ways 1*. 1everal deserts are a 6uite vast and uninhabited ________. a. plain b. territory c. corridor d. shrub 11. ________ is a large ani!al that lives in deserts and is used ,or carrying goods and people. a. slope b. dune c. spini,e3 d. camel 12. 0he ________ o, a cli,,4 or !ountain4 is a vertical sur,ace or side o, it. a. face b. border c. crest d. la'e 13. &ost deserts are enor!ous sandy areas. a. !ysterious b. narrow c. immense d. aerial 14. <a!els were o,ten used _______ transportation by people o, the desert. a. as b. with c. to d. about 15. <a!els have one or two hu!ps used ________ storing water and ,ood. a. to b. for c. over d. at 16. &any tall and wide !ountain ranges do not let !uch rain get ________ the desert. a. into b. away c. out d. ,ro! 17. $ wanted to go a !ore ________ route across &ontana. a. north b. northerly c. northerner d. northern!ost 1#. +e o,ten enjoy wal'ing bare,oot across the da!p __ to the water-s edge. a. sand b. sanding c. sandy d. sandily 111

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1). $, the deserts are ________ !anaged4 there !ay be troubles ,or scienti,ic e3peditions. a. loose b. loosen c. loosening d. loosely 2*. He told !e not to do it= ________4 $ did it. a. 0here,ore b. 1o c. /ut d. 1owever 21. +e have not yet won= ________4 we will 'eep trying. a. !oreover b. however c. there,ore d. so as 22. $ a! a,raid that the co!pany is in deep trouble. ________4 we are going to !a'e so!e people redundant. a. -herefore b. However c. /ut d. nd 23. $ wanted to give hi! so!e !oney a,ter he helped !e with the car ________ he absolutely re,used to accept it. a. so b. but c. there,ore d. and so 24. Gveryone is ready ,or the discussion4 ________ hi!. a. however b. but c. so d. there,ore 25. ________ she could not say anything. a. #o upset was she that b. 1o upset was she c. However upset was she that d. 0here,ore upset was she that 26. .o it ________. a. so do you want b. but as you want c. however you want d. there,ore you want 27. ________ you prepare ,or the e3a!4 there will still be a ,ew 6uestions on which you won-t be sure o, the answer. a. 1o !uch as b. &uch but c. 1owever much d. 1o !uch 2#. 0he ,irst part o, the test was easy= the second4 ________4 too' hours. a. there,ore b. but c. so d. however 2). ________4 $ cannot 'eep pace with :ohnny. a. 1o $ have tried hard b. $ have tried hard so c. However hard have $ tried d. 1owever hard " have tried 3*. He has done nothing to prepare ,or the ,inal e3a!ination4 ______ played. a. but b. so c. there,ore d. and Choose the best sentence that can be made from the words given. 31. 0he rabian .esert ( thirdBlargest in the world ( cover ( nearly 1 !illion s6uare !ile o, the rabian 2eninsula. a. 0he rabian .esert4 is thirdBlargest in the world4 covers nearly 1 !illion s6uare !ile o, the rabian 2eninsula. . b. 0he rabian .esert4 that is thirdBlargest in the world4 covers nearly 1 !illion s6uare !ile o, the rabian 2eninsula. c. -he 2rabian esert, third,largest in the world, covers nearly ) million s+uare mile of the 2rabian $eninsula. = d. 0he rabian .esert4 thirdBlargest in the world4 there,ore4 covers nearly 1 !illion s6uare !ile o, the rabian 2eninsula. 32. $t ( the sandiest ( all deserts ( no river ( ,low through ( originate ,ro! it. a. $t is the sandiest o, all deserts4 with no river ,lows through and originates ,ro! it. b. "t is the sandiest of all deserts. /o river flows through or originates from it. c. $t is the sandiest o, all deserts4 but no river ,lows through or originates ,ro! it. d. $t is the sandiest o, all deserts. 0here,ore4 no river ,lows through or originates ,ro! it. 33. rabia-s rain,all ( average only 2B5 inches a year ( twoB year droughts ( not unco!!on. a. 2rabia=s rainfall averages only (,C inches a year, and two,year droughts are not uncommon. b. s rabia-s rain,all averages only 2B5 inches a year4 and two year droughts are not unco!!on. c. rabia-s rain,all averages only 2B5 inches a year4 which !a'es two year droughts are not unco!!on. d. rabia-s rain,all averages only 2B5 inches a year4 and however two year droughts are not unco!!on. 112

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34. 0he desert today ( be characteri7ed ( 7** B ,oot B high dunes ( giant sand !ountains. a. 0he desert today is characteri7ed with 7** B ,oot B high dunes but giant sand !ountains. b. -he desert today is characteri:ed by ;AA , foot , high dunes and giant sand mountains. c. 0he desert today is characteri7ed by 7** B ,oot B high dunes and however giant sand !ountains. d. 0he desert today which is characteri7ed by 7** B ,oot B high dunes and giant sand !ountains. 35. 0he ,irst white !an ( traverse ( this desert ( H. 1t.:ohn 2hilby ( in the 1)3*s. a. 0he ,irst white !an traversed this desert was H. 1t.:ohn 2hilby4 in the 1)3*s. b. 0he ,irst white !an traversed this desert and was H. 1t.:ohn 2hilby4 in the 1)3*s. c. 0he ,irst white !an to traverse this desert he was H. 1t.:ohn 2hilby4 in the 1)3*s. d. -he first white man to traverse this desert was 1. #t.>ohn $hilby, in the )B*As. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 0he 1onoran .esert is a 5orth !erican desert which e3pands part o, the ?nited 1tates B &e3ico border and covers large parts o, ri7ona and <ali,ornia and the &e3ican states. $t is one o, the largest and hottest deserts in 5orth !erica4 with an area o, 3114*** '! 2. 0he 1onoran .esert contains a variety o, uni6ue plants and ani!als. 0he desert includes 6* !a!!al species4 35* bird species4 2* a!phibian species4 !ore than 1** reptile species4 3* native ,ish species4 and !ore than 2*** native plant species. .espite the co!!on stereotype that it does not rain in deserts4 the 1onoran .esert is considered the wettest desert in the world4 receiving 3 to 15 inches per year 8depending on location in the desert9. &any plants not only survive the harsh conditions o, the 1onoran .esert4 but they actually thrive. &any have evolved to have speciali7ed adaptations to the desert cli!ate. 0he 1onoran .esert includes such plant ,ro! the agave ,a!ily4 pal! ,a!ily4 cactus ,a!ily4 legu!e ,a!ily4 and !any others. 0his desert is the only place in the world where the ,a!ous saguaro cactus grows in the wild. 0he desert is ho!e to seventeen aboriginal !erican cultures. 0he largest city in the 1onoran .esert is 2hoeni34 ri7ona4 the ?1 . 0his !etropolitan area in central ri7ona is one o, the ,astestBgrowing !etropolitan areas in the ?nited 1tates4 with a population o, 4 !illion. $n the 5orth 2hoeni3 area4 desert is losing ground to develop!ent at a rate o, appro3i!ately 44*** !2 per hour. 0he ne3t largest cities are 0ucson4 in southern ri7ona4 with a !etro area population o, around )**4***4 and &e3icali4 /aja <ali,ornia4 &e3ico4 whose !unicipality also has a population o, around )**4***. 0he !unicipality o, Her!osillo4 1onora4 &e3ico has a population o, around 7**4***. 36. 0here are !ore rain,alls in the 1onoran .esert than any others. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 37. >ish cannot survive in the 1onoran .esert. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3#. 5o place else in the world has ,a!ous saguaro cactus growing in the wild4 but the 1onoran .esert. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3). 0here are a lot o, !erican citi7ens in the 1onoran .esert. a. 0rue b. >alse c. /o information 4*. 0he second largest city in the 1onoran .esert is 0ucson. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 0he &iddle Gast and 5orth ,rica are one o, the driest regions on earth. 5early twoBthirds o, the region is desert. 0he 1ahara .esert o, northern ,rica is the largest desert in the world. .esert air 8419 ____ little !oisture4 so ,ew clouds ,or! over the land. +ithout clouds to bloc' the sun4 te!peratures !ay reach as 8429 ____ as 125U> during the day. t night4 without the clouds to contain the heat4 the te!perature can ,all to as low as 125U>. G3tre!e te!peratures 8439 ____ with little rain,all !a'e desert li,e di,,icult ,or people4 plants4 and ani!als. 8449 ____4 so!e li,e ,or!s have adapted to even the !ost severe desert 113

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8459 ____4 <a!els are able to survive long periods without ,ood or water. &any desert plants have long4 shallow 8469 ____ syste!s. 0his allows the plants to reach out to collect water over great distances. ;ther desert plants have taproots. 0aproots grow very deep 8479 ____ they can tap sources o, underground water. 2lant li,e in the desert is usually spread out over great distances. 0his is 84#9 ____ deserts are o,ten described as barren4 or li,eless. +hen !any people thin' o, a desert they o,ten thin' o, endless !iles o, hot sand4 but a desert does not have to be hot or sandy. &ost o, the land o, the &iddle Gast and 5orth ,rica is hot4 dry desert land4 84)9 ____ so!e deserts loo' very di,,erent. &ost o, ntarctica is a desert but there is no sand on the continent and the cli!ate o, ntarctica is 85*9 ____ coldest on earth. 41. a. contains b. co!prises c. consists d. includes 42. a. !uch b. ,ar c. long d. high 43. a. locate b. combine c. e3plore d. separate 44. a. 0here,ore b. 1o c. 1owever d. /ut 45. a. environment b. place c. society d. at!osphere 46. a. leave b. bar' c. root d. branch 47. a. as b. because c. but d. so 4#. a. what b. why c. how d. when 4). a. since b. as c. so d. but 5*. a. a b. an c. the d.

Unit 1%: ENDANGERED S&ECIES


TEST 1 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. te!perature b. serious1 c. awareness( d. che!ical1 2. a. ability2 b. agriculture) c. develop!ent2 d. conta!inate2 3. a. govern!ent1 b. agency1 c. bene,it1 d. diversity( 4. a. disappearance3 b. vulnerable) c. conservation3 d. generation3 5. a. current1 b. global1 c. crisis1 d. mankind( Choose a4 b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. _______ is a branch o, 5atural 1cience4 and is the study o, living organis!s and how they interact with their environ!ent. a. Biology b. /iological c. /iologist d. /iologically 7. ( an _______ species is a population o, an organis! which is at ris' o, beco!ing e3tinct. a. dangerous b. endanger c. endangered d. endanger!ent #. ;nly a ,ew o, the !any species at ris' o, e3tinction actually !a'e it to the lists and obtain legal _______. a. protect b. protection c. protective d. protector ). 2robability o, e3tinction depends _______ both the population si7e and ,ine details o, the population de!ography. a. on b. in c. ,ro! d. ,or 1*. &any !odern !edicines are derived _______ plants and ani!als. a. on b. ,or c. from d. in 11. 1545#) species 874266 ani!al species and #4323 plant species9 are now considered _______ ris' _______ e3tinction. a. at / of b. on ( in c. ,or ( with d. in ( at 12. $nternationally4 1#) countries have signed _______ accord agreeing to create /iodiversity ction 2lans to protect endangered and other threatened species. a. a b. an c. the d. 13. @nown worldwide by its panda logo4 +orld +ildli,e >und 8++>9 is dedicated to protecting _______ world-s wildli,e and the rich biological diversity that we all need to survive. a. a b. an c. the d.

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14. ++> is _______ leading privately supported international conservation organi7ation in the world4 and has sponsored !ore than 24*** projects in 116 countries. a. a b. an c. the d. 15. &any nations have laws o,,ering protection to these species4 such as ,orbidding hunting4 restricting land develop!ent or creating _______. a. agencies b. reserves c. awareness d. challenges 16. /eing listed as an endangered species can have negative e,,ect since it could !a'e a species !ore desirable ,or collectors and poachers. a. awareness b. preservation c. support d. impact 17. +orld +ide >und ,or 5ature was ,or!ed to do the !ission o, the preservation o, biological diversity4 sustainable use o, natural resources4 and the reduction o, pollution and waste,ul consu!ption. a. contamination b. energy c. e3tinction d. develop!ent 1#. 0he /ali 0iger was declared e3tinct in 1)37 due to hunting and habitat loss. a. reserve b. generation c. natural environment d. diversity 1). $t is ,ound that endangered species are o,ten concentrated in areas that are poor and densely populated4 such as !uch o, sia and ,rica. a. disappeared b. increased c. threatened d. reduced 2*. _______ is the e3istence o, a wide variety o, plant and ani!al species living in their natural environ!ent. . a. Biodiversity b. <onservation c. Flobe d. $ndividual 21. 1he ___ be ill. $ have just seen her playing bas'et ball in the school yard. a. needn-t b. shouldn-t c. !ustn-t d. can=t 22. Hi'ing the trail to the pea' _______ be dangerous i, you are not well prepared ,or dra!atic weather changes. Cou _______ research the route a little !ore be,ore you atte!pt the ascent. a. !ight ( can b. !ay ( !ustn-t c. can / should d. !ust ( needn-t 23. 2eter has been wor'ing ,or 1* hours. He _______ be very tired now. a. needn-t b. must c. has to d. should 24. He is unreliable. +hat he says _______ be believed. a. cannot b. !ust not c. !ay not d. !ight not 25. $ _______ ,ind !y own way there. Cou _______ wait ,or !e. a. should ( can-t b. have to ( !ust c. can / needn=t d. !ight ( !ustn-t 26. $ was reading the boo' last night be,ore $ went to bed. $ never too' it out o, this roo!. $t ____ be lying around here so!ewhere. +here ___ it be" a. !ight ( needn-t b. can ( should c. shouldn-t ( !ay d. must / can 27. +hen you have a s!all child in the house4 you _______ leave s!all objects lying around. 1uch objects _______ be swallowed4 causing serious injury or even death. a. should ( !ust b. should not / might c. needn-t ( !ay d. !ustn-t ( can-t 2#. >ran'-s wallet is lying on the co,,ee table. He _______ it here last night. a. must have left b. should have le,t c. !ust be leaving d. needn-t leave 2). :enny-s engage!ent ring was preciousJ $t _______ have cost a ,ortune. a. must b. should c. can d. needn-t 3*. Cou _______ ta'e your u!brella along with you today. $t _______ rain later on this a,ternoon. a. ought to ( !ustn-t b. needn-t ( will c. will ( !ust d. should / might !rror "dentification. 31. 1pecies beco!e e3tinct or endangerment ,or a nu!ber o, reasons4 but 8endangered9 / the pri!ary cause is the destruction o, habitat by human activities. < . 32. 2lthough species evolve di,,erently4 !ost o, the! adapt to a speci,ic 115

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/ habitat or environ!ent that best !eets their survive needs. < . 8survival9 33. 0ithout the particularly habitat4 the species could not survive . / 8particularly9 < . 34. #uch hu!an activities as pollution4 drainage o, wetlands4 cutting and / clearing o, ,orests4 urbani7ation4 and road and da! construction has < . destroyeds or Aseriously da!aged available habitats. 8have destroyed9 35. Habitat fragmentation have caused plant and ani!al species in the / 8has caused9 < re!aining islands o, habitat to lose contact with others o, their own 'ind. . %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 1pecies that belong to an area are said to be native species. 0ypically4 they have been part o, a given biological landscape ,or a long period4 and they are well adapted to the local environ!ent and to the presence o, other native species in the sa!e general habitat. G3otic species are interlopers4 ,oreign ele!ents introduced intentionally or accidentally into new settings through hu!an activities. $n one conte3t an introduced species !ay cause no obvious proble!s and !ay4 over ti!e4 be regarded as being just as %natural% as any native species in the sa!e habitat. $n another conte3t4 e3otics !ay seriously disrupt delicate ecological balances and create a cascade o, unintended conse6uences. 0he worst o, these unintended conse6uences arise when introduced species put native species in destruction by preying on the!4 altering their habitats4 or outBco!peting the! in the struggle ,or ,ood resources. lthough biological introductions have a,,ected environ!ents the world over4 the !ost destructive4 e,,ects have occurred on islands4 where introduced insects4 cats4 pigs4 rats4 !ongooses4 and other nonnative species have caused the grave endanger!ent or outright e3tinction o, literally hundreds o, species during the past 5** years. ;ne o, other reason to cause species e3tinction is overe3ploitation. 0his word re,ers to the utili7ation o, a species at a rate that is li'ely to cause its e3tre!e endanger!ent or outright e3tinction. !ong !any e3a!ples o, severe overe3ploitation4 the case o, the great whales stands out in special relie,. /y the !iddle o, the 2*th century4 unrestricted whaling had brought !any species o, whales to incredibly low population si7es. $n response to public pressure4 in 1)#2 a nu!ber o, nations4 including the ?1 4 agreed to an international !oratoriu! on whaling. s a direct result4 so!e whale species which are thought to have been on e3tinction-s doorstep 25 years ago have !ade a!a7ing co!ebac's4 such as grey whales in the western 2aci,ic. ;thers re!ain at great ris'. &any other species4 however4 continue to su,,er high rates o, e3ploitation because o, the trade in ani!al parts. <urrently4 the de!and ,or ani!al parts is centered in several parts o, sia where there. is a strong !ar'et ,or traditional !edicines !ade ,ro! ite!s li'e tiger bone and rhino horn. 36. 5ative species _______. a. are not used to the local environ!ent b. never get along well with other native species in the sa!e environ!ent c. tend to do har! to e3otic species d. have been part of a given biological landscape for a long period 37. G3otic species _______. a. do no har! to native species and the local environ!ent b. may kill native species for food c. always share the environ!ent peace,ully with native species d. help to !a'e the local environ!ent !ore ideal to survive 3#. ccording to the ,irst paragraph4 _______. a. non,native species have caused badly damage to native ones b. introducing new e3otic species to local environ!ents is necessary c. e3otic species have never been introduced on islands 116

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d. very ,ew native species have been da!aged by e3otic species 3). ccording to the second paragraph4 by the !iddle o, the 2* century ___. a. whale population was the !ost crowded in !arine li,e b. whale hunting was illegal c. whale population increased dra!atically d. whaling was not restricted 4*. 0iger bone and rhino horn _______. a. are not popular in sian !ar'ets b. are never in the trade o, ani!al parts c. are used for making traditional medicines d. cannot be ,ound in sian !ar'ets >ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 0he +orld +ide >und ,or 5ature 8++>9 is an international 8419 _____B govern!ental organi7ation ,or the 8429 _____4 research4 and restoration o, the environ!ent. 0he organi7ation was 8439 _____ as a charitable trust on 1epte!ber 114 1)614 in &orges4 1wit7erland4 under the na!e World Wildlife Fund. $t was an initiative o, :ulian Hu3ley and &a3 5icholson. $t is the world-s largest independent conservation organi7ation with over 5 !illion 8449 _____ worldwide4 wor'ing in !ore 8459 _____ )* countries4 supporting 1** conservation and environ!ental projects around the world. $t is a charity4 with 8469 ____ )N o, its ,unding co!ing ,ro! voluntary. 8479 ___ by private individuals and businesses. 0he group says its !ission is %to halt and reverse the 84#9 _____ o, our environ!ent%. <urrently4 !uch o, its wor' ,ocuses on the conservation o, three bio!es that contain !ost o, the world-s biodiversityA ,orests4 ,reshwater ecosyste!s4 and oceans and coasts. !ong other issues4 it is also concerned 84)9 _____ endangered species4 pollution4 and cli!ate change. 0he organi7ation 85*9 ____ !ore than 2* ,ield projects worldwide. $n the last ,ew years4 the organi7ation set up o,,ices and operations around the world. 41. a. non b. not c. no d. nor 42. a. challenge b. 'eeping c. conservation d. awareness 43. a. produced b. discovered c. used d. formed 44. a. supporters b. residents c. inhabitants d. citi7ens 45. a. as b. than c. to d. as to 46. a. generally b. individually c. co!!ercially d. appro'imately 47. a. deposits b. donations c. re,unds d. loans 4#. a. destroy b. destructive c. destruction d. destroyed 4). a. on b. by c. with d. upon 5*. a. goes b. wal's c. reaches d. runs TEST 2 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. endangered b. destroyed c. da!aged d. provided 2. a. attitude b. survive c. introduce d. hu!an 3. a. medicine b. priority c. crisis d. pri!ary 4. a. chemical b. which c. change d. each 5. a. protect b. commercial c. construction d. cli!ate Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. l!ost hal, o, turtles and tortoises are 'nown to be threatened with ____. a. e3tinct b. e'tinction c. e3tinctive d. e3tinctly 7. <urrent e3tinction rates are at least 1** to 14*** ti!es higher than _______ rates ,ound in the ,ossil record. a. nature b. natural c. naturally d. naturalness #. $t is reported that hu!ans are the !ain reason ,or !ost species- declines and habitat _______ and degradation are the leading threats. a. destroy b. destructive c. destructor d. destruction

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). +e have to apply e,,ective !easures to save !any plant and ani!al species _______ e3tinction. a. from b. in c. ,or d. on 1*. ;verBe3ploitation ,or ,ood4 pets4 and !edicine4 pollution4 and disease are recogni7ed _______ a serious threat _______ e3tinction. a. as / of b. to ( ,or c. over ( with d. upon ( at 11. <learing ,orests ,or ti!ber has resulted _______ the loss o, biodiversity. a. with b. at c. in d. ,or 12. Hu!ans depend on species diversity to provide ,ood4 clean air and water4 and ,ertile soil ,or agriculture. a. destruction b. conta!ination c. ,ertili7er d. variety 13. 0he world-s biodiversity is declining at an unprecedented rate4 which !a'es wildli,e _______. a. prosperous b. pre,ect c. vulnerable d. re!ained 14. Di,e on Garth is disappearing ,ast and will continue to do so unless urgent action is ta'en. a. vanishing b. da!aging c. polluting d. destroying 15. _______ is the protection o, environ!ent and natural resources. a. 1urvival b. <o!!erce c. Conservation d. G3tinction 16. Hunting ,or !eat and burning ,orests ,or soil cause destruction to wildli,e. a. organi7ation b. conta!ination c. protection d. damage 17. 0o3ic che!icals ,ro! ,actories are one o, the serious ,actors that leads wildli,e to the _______ o, e3tinction. a. wall b. ,ence c. verge d. bridge 1#. 1pecies beco!e e3tinct or endangered ,or _______ nu!ber o, reasons4 but _____ pri!ary cause is the destruction o, habitat by hu!an activities. a. ( a b. a / the c. the ( a d. ( 1). 1ince _______ 16**s4 worldwide overe3ploitation o, ani!als ,or _______ ,ood and other products has caused nu!erous species to beco!e e3tinct or endangered. a. the ( a b. the / c. ( the d. the ( the 2*. $ _______ be at the !eeting by 1*A**. $ will probably _______ ta'e a ta3i i, $ want to be on ti!e. a. must/ have to b. !ay ( !ust c. should ( needn-t d. !ustn-t ( shouldn-t 21. Cou _______ ,orget to pay the rent to!orrow. 0he landlord is very strict about paying on ti!e. a. needn-t b. mustn=t c. do not have to d. !ay not 22. 0he television isn-t wor'ing. $t _______ during the !ove. a. should have been da!aged b. needn-t be da!aged c. must have been damaged d. ought not be da!aged 23. $ a! not dea,. Cou _______ shout. a. !ust b. !ustn-t c. need d. neednLt 24. :ohn ,ailed again. He _______ harder. a. !ust have tried b. should have tried c. can tried d. !ay have tried 25. _______ $ borrow your lighter ,or a !inute" B 1ure4 no proble!. ctually4 you _______ 'eep it i, you want to. a. May / can b. &ust ( !ight c. +ill ( should d. &ight ( neednPt 26. $ do not !ind at all. Cou _______ apologi7e. a. shouldn-t b. needn=t c. !ustn-t d. oughtn-t to 27. 0ed-s ,light ,ro! !sterda! too' !ore than 11 hours. He _______ e3hausted a,ter such a long ,light now. a. must be b. !ust be being c. !ust have been d. should have been 2#. 0he la!p _______ be bro'en. &aybe the light bulb just burned out. a. should not b. might not c. !ust not d. will not 2). $t is a top secret. Cou _______ tell anyone about it. a. mustn=t b. needn-t c. !ightn-t d. won-t 3*. +e have plenty o, ti!e ,or doing the wor'. +e _______ be hurried. 118

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a. needn=t b. shouldn-t c. !ustn-t d. !ayn-t Choose the best sentence that can be made from the words given. 31. we I dependent ( nature ( cannot survive ourselves ( without wildli,e a. s we are dependent on nature and we cannot survive ourselves without wildli,e. b. +e dependent on nature and there,ore cannot survive ourselves without wildli,e. c. +e are dependent on nature and so cannot survive ourselves without wildli,e. d. 0e are dependent on nature and cannot survive ourselves without wildlife. 32. environ!ental education ( help ( spread ( environ!ental awareness ( share practical techni6ues ( solve the environ!ental proble!s a. Gnviron!ental education to help ,or spreading environ!ental awareness and sharingB practical techni6ues to solve the environ!ental proble!s. b. /ecause environ!ental education helps to spread environ!ental awareness and shares practical techni6ues to solve the environ!ental proble!s. c. !nvironmental education helps to spread environmental awareness and shares practical techni+ues to solve the environmental problems. d. Gnviron!ental education that helps to spread environ!ental awareness and sharing practical techni6ues to solve the environ!ental proble!s. 33. we ( engage ( individuals ( appreciate nature ( the relationship ( they have with wildli,e a. 0e should engage individuals to appreciate nature and the relationship that they have with wildlife. b. +e !ight engage individuals ,or appreciating nature and the relationship that they have with wildli,e. c. +e !ust engage individuals to appreciate nature and the relationship when they have with wildli,e. d. +e need engaging individuals to appreciate nature and the relationship which they have with wildli,e. 34. everyone ( pic' up ( one piece o, trash ( a day ( about 6.6 billion pieces less a. "f everyone picked up one piece of trash a day, there would be about 7.7 billion pieces less. b. +hen everyone will pic' up one piece o, trash a day4 about 6.6 billion pieces would be less. c. /ecause everyone pic's up one piece o, trash a day4 about 6.6 billion pieces is less. d. ?nless everyone pic'ed up one piece o, trash a day4 there will be about 6.6 billion pieces less. 35. you ( conserve energy ( go to school or to wor' by bus ( turn o,, your electric devices ( you are not using the! a. s you want to conserve energy4 go to school or to wor' by bus and so turn o,, your electric devices when you are not using the!. b. $, you want to conserve energy4 go to school or to wor' by bus together with turn o,, 4your electric devices when you are not .using the!. c. #uppose you want to conserve energy, go to school or to work by bus and turn off your electric devices when you are not using them. d. +hen you want to conserve energy4 you needn-t go to school or to wor' by bus and turn o,, your electric devices when you are not using the!. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. +e live in a dyna!ic world4 and habitats are always undergoing changes at all sorts o, levels. However4 natural changes usually occur at a slow pace so that i!pacts on individual species tend to be slight B at least in the short ter!. +hen the pace o, change is greatly accelerated4 there !ay be no ti!e ,or individual species to react to new circu!stances4 and the e,,ects can be disastrous. /rie,ly4 this is the reason that rapid habitat loss is regarded as the chie, cause o, species endanger!ent4 and there is no ,orce !ore power,ul in this regard than hu!an beings. 0o so!e e3tent4 every part o, the earth has been a,,ected by hu!an activities4 especially during this past century. 0his applies on virtually every scale4 ,ro! the loss o, !icrobes in soils that once supported tropical ,orests4 to the e3tinction o, ,ish and other a6uatic

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species in polluted ,reshwater habitats4 to changes in global cli!ate caused by the release o, greenhouse gases. >ro! the perspective o, an individual hu!an li,eti!e4 such changes !ay be hard to detect and their e,,ects on individual species !ay be hard to predict. /ut the lesson is clear enough. >or e3a!ple4 although !any countries have had plans to grow !any tropical ,orests4 they are highly susceptible to destruction because the soils in which they grow are poor in available nutrients. <enturies !ay be re6uired to bring bac' a ,orest that was cut down or burnt out in the space o, a ,ew years. &any o, the world-s severely threatened ani!als and plants live in such ,orests4 and it is certain that huge nu!bers o, the! will disappear i, present rates o, ,orest loss continue. 36. Habitats in the world are unchangeable and ,i3edly e3ist. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 37. ll species can adapt the!selves to new circu!stances easily and 6uic'ly. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3#. Hu!an beings are the !ain cause that leads to rapid habitat loss. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3). &any 'inds o, ,ish are also in danger o, e3tinction because water habitats are polluted. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 4*. &any countries have grown as !any tropical ,orests as they destroyed in the past years. a. 0rue b. >alse c. /o information &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. +hen the word %endangered% is !entioned4 people usually thin' o, particular species4 li'e the panda or whooping crane. However4 we would li'e to encourage you to thin' about 8419 ____ in a broader conte3t. $t is 8429 ___4 the physical places where species live and interact with one another. lthough the develop!ent o, special breeding progra!s4 also 'nown as captive conservation4 !ay help so!e species in so!e cases4 it is clearly not 8439 ___ answer to the global proble!. $ndeed4 8449 __ we are able to protect natural areas where endangered species actually live4 they have no ,uture. . 1pecies beco!e endangered ,or a wide 8459 _____ o, reasons. /y analy7ing and grouping !any individual cases4 however4 we ,ind the sa!e broad causes 8469 _____ again and again. 0hey are Habitat .estruction4 G3otic 1pecies4 and ;vere3ploitation. !ong other ,actors threatening particular species are li!itedA distribution4 disease4 and pollution. Di!ited distributions are o,ten a conse6uence o, other threatsA populations con,ined to one or a ,ew s!all areas because o, habitat 8479 _____4 ,or e3a!ple4 !ay be disastrously a,,ected by rando! ,actors. .iseases can have severe 84#9 _____ on species lac'ing natural genetic protections against particular pathogens4 li'e the rabies and canine diste!per viruses that are currently devastating carnivore populations in Gast ,rica. .o!estic ani!als are usually the reservoirs o, these and other diseases a,,ecting wild 84)9 _____4 showing once again that hu!an activities lie at the root o, !ost causes o, endanger!ent. 2ollution has seriously done har! 85*9 _____ nu!ber o, terrestrial species4 although species living in ,reshwater and !arine ecosyste!s are also su,,ering. 41. a. develop!ent b. endangerment c. pollution d. conta!ination 42. a. plants b. conservations c. habitats d. organi7ations 43. a. a b. an c. the d. 44. a. so b. but c. i, d. unless 45. a. variety b. co!!erce c. e3tinction d. destruction 46. a. e3pressing b. showing c. disappearing d. appearing 47. a. bene,it b. reserve c. loss d. gone 4#. a. impact b. interest c. in,ection d. absorption 4). a. needs b. populations c. natures d. !edicines 5*. a. to b. ,or c. with d. at

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TEST 3 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. e'tinction2 b. ani!al1 c. classi,y1 d. pri!ary 2. a. biologist2 b. seriously) c. co!!ercial2 d. identi,y2 3. a. habitat1 b. di,,erent1 c. industry d. introduce( 4. a. medicine) b. endanger2 c. addition2 d. survival2 5. a. derive b. provide2 c. modern) d. depend2 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. 0hey eventually reali7e that rec'less _______ o, the earth-s resources can lead only to eventual global disaster. a. e3ploit b. e3ploitable c. e'ploitation d. e3ploitative 7. >ar!ers !a'e their soil !ore productive by distributing _______. a. ,ertile b. ,ertility c. fertili:ers d. ,ertili7able #. <he!ical wastes ,ro! ,actories are _______ that cause serious da!age to species habitats. a. pollutes b. pollutants c. pollutions d. polluters ). <onta!ination and global war!ing have driven !any species o, ani!als and plants _______ the threat o, e3tinction. a. ,or b. to c. with d. on 1*. lthough we are aware _______ the i!portance o, environ!ent4 we still overe3ploit it. a. ,ro! b. on c. ,or d. of 11. 0hey have built a particular reserve- which is suitable _______ pandas. a. at b. upon c. in d. for 12. +e should do so!ething i!!ediately to conserve _______ nature a. a b. an c. the d. 13. Gveryone 'nows what is happening to _______ earth but we just do not 'now how to stop it. a. a b. an c. the d. 14. &any species have beco!e e3tinct each year be,ore biologists can identi,y the!. a. destroy b. drain c. endanger d. discover 15. $, an area is _______4 all the trees there are cut down or destroyed. a. endangered b. deforested c. conta!inated d. polluted 16. Hu!ans depend on species diversity to provide ,ood4 clean air and water4 and ,ertile soil ,or agriculture. a. raise b. produce c. supply d. reserve 17. &any schools provide environ!ental education to increase students- awareness o, conservation needs. a. e,,ort b. bene,it c. e3ploitation d. knowledge 1#. ll the countries o, the area have _______ to protect their wildli,e but they are rarely en,orced. a. e,,orts b. laws c. results d. reserves 1). >orest dwellers had always hunted the local _______ but their needs had been s!all. a. wildlife b. co!!erce c. reserve d. generation 2*. @eep 6uiet. Cou _______ tal' so loudly in here. Gverybody is wor'ing. a. !ay b. !ust c. !ight d. mustn=t 21. :ohn is not at ho!e. He _____ go so!ewhere with .aisy. $ a! not sure. a. might b. will c. !ust d. should 22. _______ $ have a day o,, to!orrow" B ;, course not. +e have a lot o, things to do. a. &ust b. +ill c. May d. 5eed 23. 0he co!puter _______ reprogra!!ing. 0here is so!ething wrong with the so,tware. a. !ust b. need c. should d. !ay 24. _______ $ be here by 6 o-cloc'" B 5o4 you _______. a. 1hall(!ightn-t b. Must / needn=t c. +ill ( !ayn-t d. &ight ( won-t 25. $, $ had gone white water ra,ting with !y ,riends4 $ _______ down the <olorado Eiver right now. a. should have ,loated b. !ust be ,loating 121

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c. would be floating d. would have been ,loating 26. Cou _______ touch that switch4 whatever you do. a. mustn=t b. needn-t c. won-t d. wouldn-t 27. 1usan ___ hear the spea'er because the crowd was cheering so loudly. a. !ustn-t b. couldn=t c. can-t d. needn-t 2#. Cou _______ be rich to be a success. 1o!e o, the !ost success,ul people $ 'now haven-t got a penny to their na!e. a. needn=t b. couldn-t c. !ayn-t d. !ustn-t 2). B ;h noJ $ co!pletely ,orgot we were supposed to pic' :enny up at the airport this !orning. B 1he _______ there waiting ,or us a. needn-t sit b. !ight still sit c. must still be sitting d. should have sat 3*. :ane o,ten wears beauti,ul new clothes. 1he _______ be very rich. a. must b. could c. !ight d. neednPt Choose a, b, c, or d that best fills in the blank. 31. $ have done this !ath proble! at least twenty ti!es4 but !y answer is wrong according to the answer 'ey. _______ a. 0he answer in the boo' should be wrongJ b. 0he boo' needn-t have a wrong answer. c. 0here is a wrong answer in the boo'. d. -he answer in the book must be wrongM 32. +hen $ was a child4 as we were having dinner4 !y grand!other always used to say4 K_______.L a. .ne must not eat with one=s mouth open b. Cou should have eaten with your !outh open. c. ;pen your !outh and eating d. ;ne needn-t open his !outh to eat 33. _______ +e have still got plenty o, ,ood. a. Cou should have bought so!e !ore to eat. b. Fou needn=t have gone to the supermarket. c. +e !ust have bought so!e !ore ,ood. d. &ay $ go to the super!ar'et" 34. :ohn passed his e3a! with a distinction. _______. a. He was too la7y to succeed b. He can-t have studied very hard c. 1e must have studied very hard d. He needs studying harder 35. _______. +e got there ,ar too early. a. 0e needn=t have hurried b. +e should hurry up c. Hurry up or we will be late d. +e !ust have wal'ed hurriedly %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. /y the year 2*254 the Garth could lose as !any as one ,i,th o, all species 'nown to e3ist today. $n recent centuries4 hundreds o, species have disappeared4 al!ost always as a result o, hu!an activities. 0he passenger pigeon4 one ,a!iliar e3a!ple4 was a source o, ,ood until e3cessive hunting and habitat loss caused its e3tinction in 1)14. 0he 5orth !erican bison4 whose populations were deci!ated by settlers and !ar'et hunters in the 1#**s4 ca!e close to sharing the sa!e ,ate. /ison survive today only because o, the e,,orts o, early conservationists. 0oday4 species re6uire such e,,orts !ore urgently than ever. n essential tas' that ,alls to presentBday conservationists is to deter!ine which species are !ost4 endangered4 so that conservation resources- can be applied where action is needed !ost. 1pecies are categori7ed by the degree to which their survival in the wild is threatened. +orld +ildli,e >und o,,ers a sa!pling o, ani!als and plants that ,all !ainly within the two !ost serious categories o,B threatA critically endangered and endangered. +hat threatens these species- e3istence" 1o!e o, the top threats are habitat destruction by unsustainable logging and everBencroaching hu!an settle!ent= pollution o, water4 soil4 and air by to3ic che!icals= unnatural cli!ate changes due to ,ossil ,uel use= un!anaged ,ishing that e3hausts ,ish stoc's= and illegal hunting to supply the de!and ,or s'ins4 hides4 traditional !edicines4 ,ood4 and tourist souvenirs. 0he list which conservationists presents only a ,raction o, the species at ris' o, e3tinction today and does not 122

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include thousands o, species whose status we do not yet 'now. Hundreds o, species without co!!on na!es have been le,t out4 which !eans that while !any !a!!als are on this list4 only a ,ew insects and !ollus's are included. 1pecies listed here range ,ro! the largest ani!al on Garth4 the blue whale4 to the !ajestic tiger4 to the hu!ble thic'Bshell pond snail. Darge or s!all4 beauti,ul or ugly4 all species play a role in the co!ple3 circle o, li,e. ll o, us depend on the natural resources o, our planet. Gach ti!e a species is lost4 the co!ple3ity4 natural balance4 and beauty o, our world is di!inished. nd what threatens plants and ani!als ulti!ately threatens people as well. 36. ccording to the ,irst paragraph _______. a. species e3tinction is only caused by hunting b. hu!an beings protect wi,e li,e !uch !ore than they do har! to the! c. the main cause of species e'tinction is human activities d. we can stop radically species e3tinction by 2*25 37. 0he 5orth !erican bison _______. a. was co!pletely e3tinct in 1#**s b. was not the ai! o, hu!an hunting c. was raised by settlers in 1#**s d. has escaped from e'tinction thanks to conservationists 3#. 1pecies are categori7ed _______. a. to prevent hunting b. to provide ,ood c. to destroy their habitats d. to give preferential right to conserve 3). +hich sentence is true" a. &edicine is not a ,actor to cause species e3tinction. b. -he list which conservationists present does not include all kinds of species. c. 2ollution does nothing to species e3tinction. d. <onservationists have good 'nowledge o, all 'inds o, !ollus's. 4*. ccording to the last paragraph4 _______. a. species e3tinction has no relationship to hu!an beings b. what threaten plants and ani!als can do nothing to hu!an beings c. human beings depend on natural resources to survive d. not every4 species has a role in the circle o, li,e. &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 5early 2** o, the 15** native plant species in Hawaii are at ris' o, going e3tinct in the near ,uture because they have been 8419 _____ to such low nu!bers. ppro3i!ately )* percent o, Hawaii-s plants are ,ound nowhere else in the world but they are 8429 _____ by alien invasive species such as ,eral goats4 pigs4 rodents and nonB 8439 _____ plants. 0he Hawaii Eare 2lant Eestoration Froup is striving to 8449 _____ the e3tinction o, the 1#2 rare Hawaiian plants with ,ewer than 5* individuals re!aining in the 8459 _____. 1ince 1))*4 8469 _____ a result o, their -2lant G3tinction 2revention 2rogra!-4 si3teen species have been brought into 8479 _____ and three species have been reintroduced. $nvasive weeds have been re!oved in 'ey areas and ,encing put up in order to 84#9 _ plants in the wild. $n the ,uture the Hawaii Eare 2lant Eestoration 2rogra! ai!s 84)9 _____ collecting genetic !aterial ,ro! the re!aining plants in the wild ,or storage as a sa,ety net ,or the ,uture. 0hey also ai! to !anage wild populations and where possible reintroduce species into 85*9 _____ 41. a. disappeared b. reduced c. increased d. developed 42. a. guarded b. invested c. conserved d. threatened 43. a. nation b. native c. national d. nationally 44. a. prevent b. encourage c. sti!ulate d. in,luence 45. a. wild b. at!osphere c. hole d. s'y 46. a. so b. due c. as d. but 47. a. conta!ination b. production c. cultivation d. generation 4#. a. derive b. vary c. re!ain d. protect 4). a. at b. ,or c. with d. on 5*. a. shelters b. reserves c. gardens d. halls

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Unit 11: !OO'S
TEST 1 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. entertain!ent3 b. in,or!ation3 c. difficulty) d. understanding3 2. a. swallow b. subject1 c. digest1 d. enough( 3. a. i!agine b. i!portant2 c. e3a!ple2 d. wonderful) 4. a. di,,erent b. care,ully1 c. holiday1 d. reviewer( 5. a. 'nowledge1 b. forever2 c. journey1 d. action1 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. +hich subject is this boo' ________" a. ,or b. on c. o, d. up 7. >rancis /acon lived ________ about the sa!e ti!e as 1ha'espeare. a. at b. ,or c. in d. over #. 2eople enjoy a boo' ________ di,,erent ways. a. on b. with c. upon d. in ). 0his boo' is not really ________. $t is a waste o, !oney buying it. a. in,or! b. in,or!ation c. informative d. in,or!atively 1*. 1o!eti!es it is ________ to ,ind suitable boo's ,or our children. a. difficult b. di,,iculty c. di,,icultly d. di,,iculties 11. boo' !ay be evaluated by a reader or pro,essional writer to create a boo' ________. a. review b. reviewing c. reviewer d. reviewed 12. s ,or !e4 $ consider reading ________ i!portant part o, ________ li,e. a. an / b. the ( a c. V ( the d. an ( a 13. nne says that she reads about hal, ________ hour a day4 at least. a. a b. an c. the d. V 14. .i,,erent people li'e speci,ic types o, boo's4 and so!e people just li'e ________ literature in general. a. a b. an c. the d. 15. ____ boo's are ones in which the story is told or illustrated with pictures. a. Comic b. 0hriller c. Eo!antic d. 1cience 16. /oy4 stop reading. ________ the boo' down and go to bed. a. 0a'e b. $ut c. 1et d. 2ic' 17. boo' !ay be studied by students as the ________ o, a writing and analysis e3ercise in the ,or! o, a boo' report. a. li!it b. ti!e c. subject d. interest 1#. $t is a good boo'. $ thin' it is interesting enough ,or you to ________. a. put down b. swallow c. loo' up d. understand 1). ________ is a report in a newspaper or !aga7ine in which a writer gives his opinion o, a boo'4 a ,il!4 or a play. a. page b. subject c. review d. journey 2*. $, you ________ a boo'4 you have a brie, loo' at it without reading or studying it seriously. a. dip into b. put away c. pic' up d. put down 21. 0hose letters ________ now. Cou can do the typing later. a. need typing b. needn=t be typed c. need to type d. needn-t typing 22. 0he !useu! is open to everybody. $t ________ between )a! and 5p!. a. visits b. visited c. can visit d. can be visited 23. 0he train ________ by bad weather. $ a! not sure. a. !ight delay b. !ight be delaying c. !ight have delayed d. might have been delayed 24. 0he roo! ________ once a day. a. should clean b. should be cleaning c. should be cleaned d. should have cleaned 25. 0wo tablets ________ twice a day to have you recover ,ro! the illness 6uic'ly. a. !ust ta'e b. must be taken c. !ust have ta'en d. !ust be ta'ing 124

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26. 0heresa wal'ed past !e without saying a word. 1he ________ !e. a. can=t have seen b. can-t see c. can-t have been seen d. can be seen 27. $ thin' the !atch ________. Gverybody-s gone into the stadiu! and you can hear the! cheering. a. was started b. will be started c. !ust started d. must have started 2#. +e ,ound the e3a! e3tre!ely easy. +e ________ so hard. a. needn-t study b. needn-t be studying c. needn=t have studied d. needn-t have been studied 2). 0here is plenty o, !oney in our account so those che6ues ________ to the ban' today. a. needn=t be taken b. needn-t be ta'ing c. needn-t ta'e d. needn-t ta'ing 3*. 0he picnic ________ because 2eter has just had a tra,,ic accident. a. will cancel b. will be cancelling c. will be cancelled d. will have cancelled !rror "dentification. 31. 0oo !uch television can has negative effects on young !inds because of higher levels o, television viewing correlate with lowered / < acade!ic per,or!ance4 especially reading scores. 8because9 . 32. 5eil 2ost!an4 an author o, some great boo's4 pointed out that reading / teaches us to thin' in a logically connected way4 and cultivating a < . sustained attention span. 8cultivates9 33. Eeading cannot make your li,e longer4 but reading really !a'es your / < li,e more thicker. 8thic'er9 . 34. $t is really sad how many people have the misconception that reading. / < is bored . 8boring9 . 35. 0here are !any bene,its that we may be gained by actually ta'ing the / ti!e to read a boo' instead of sitting in ,ront o, the 0I or doing so!e < . other ,or!s o, !indless entertain!ent. 8!ay gain9 %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. Eeading4 as you 'now4 is a continuous and never ending process. $, you do very little reading4 or i, you read only !aterial that o,,ers no challenge to your co!prehension4 your reading will be o, very little use. ;nce we reach a certain age4 or once our ,or!al schooling is co!pleted4 !any o, us beco!e so restricted in our choice o, .reading that we rarely read any new type o, reading e3perience. +e tend to read only boo's in our pro,essional or business ,ield4 or only inspirational boo's4 or only our ,avorite newspapers every !orning4 or only one !aga7ine ,or which we have developed a pre,erence. nd the trouble starts here. Cou should neither read only ,or entertain!ent nor only ,or in,or!ation but you should also read ,or intellectual growth4 ,or !ental sti!ulation4 ,or enriching your bac'ground o, 'nowledge4 ,or wisdo!4 and ,or broader outloo' and !ature understanding. +hat 'ind o, boo's should you read to continue your intellectual growth4 to gain a bac'ground ,or opinion and ,or judg!ent" 0he answer is si!ple oneA Eead boo's in ,ields you have little or no ac6uaintance with4 boo's that will open ,or you new hori7ons o, learning4 boo's that will help you e3plore new areas o, 'nowledge and e3perience4 boo's that will !a'e the world and people !ore understandable to you. 1adly4 !ore and !ore people today are giving up the printed word in ,avor o, being 125

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entertained and in,or!ed by watching 0I4 a popular entertain!ent 4device present at al!ost ho!es. &ore and !ore children are being subjected to 0I progra!!ing4 perhaps as a babysitter. &ore than two hours o, 0I ti!e per day are now a part o, children develop!ent4 generating physiological and !ental proble!s that are o, growing concern a!ong e3perts. 36. Eeading ________. a. co!pletely stops when we ,inish our schooling c. is o, little use b. is an endless process d. should be done a little 37. ccording to the te3t4 ________. a. new type o, reading e3perience o,ten interests !ost o, us . b. we should only read ,or entertain!ent c. reading for intellectual growth is necessary d. we should not read ,or !ental sti!ulation 3#. +hat 'ind o, boo's is reco!!ended" a. /oo's in ,ields you have little or no ac6uaintance with b. /oo's that will help you e3plore new areas o, 'nowledge and e3perience c. /oo's that will open ,or you new hori7ons o, learning d. 2ll are correct 3). +e can learn ,ro! the te3t that today ________. a. people spend more time watching -6 than reading books b. !ore and !ore people enjoy reading c. !ost babysitters pre,er watching 0I d. !ost children spend less than 2 hours a day watching 0I 4*. 0he writer ________. a. does not approve o, reading process c. pre,ers watching 0I to reading b. advises us to read as little as possible d. appreciates reading &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. $, you want to prepare yoursel, ,or great achieve!ent and have !ore to 8419 ______ to your education or your wor'4 try reading !ore boo's. 8429 ______ up so!e o, the interestingly in,or!ative boo's and search ,or wellBresearched !aterial that can help you grow. +e should 8439 ______ our children to read !ore boo's and 8449 ______ less ti!e watching 0I. 1o!e people have co!!ented that this is inconsistent. %+hy is the written word a superior way to get in,or!ation than television"% 0hat is 8459 ______ interesting point o, view worth ,urther 8469 ______. Eeading is a s'ill that is in !uch greater de!and than the de!and ,or watching 0I. 0here are no jobs that 8479 ______ a person to be able to watch 0I but reading is an integral part o, !any jobs. 0he written word is an incredibly ,le3ible and e,,icient way o, co!!unication. Cou can write so!ething down and4 in no ti!e4 it can be 84#9 ______ to !any di,,erent people. 5ot only that4 we can 84)9 ______ vast a!ounts o, in,or!ation through reading in a very short ti!e. good reader can ac6uire !ore in,or!ation in reading ,or two hours than so!eone watching 0I can ac6uire in a ,ull day. Cou are able to gain a lot o, in,or!ation 6uic'ly because you are a ,ast reader with good 85*9 ______ s'ills. $t will save you !assive a!ounts o, ti!e and you will be able to assi!ilate vast 6uantities o, in,or!ation. 41. a. contribute b. gather c. collect d. gain 42. a. &a'e b. 1et c. 0a'e d. $ick 43. a. discuss b. encourage c. suggest d. de,ine 44. a. spend b. apply c. train d. waste 45. a. a b. an c. the d. no article 46. a. e3plore b. e3plorer c. e'ploration d. e3plorative 47. a. in6uire b. tell c. re+uire d. as' 4#. a. sub!itted b. handed c. sent d. communicated 4). a. inhale b. breathe c. eat d. digest 5*. a. apprehension b. enjoy!ent c. comprehension d. entertain!ent TEST 2 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. picture b. action c. 6uestion d. ,uture 2. a. swallow b. below c. slowly d. allow 126

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3. a. enough 4. a. reading 5. a. 'illed b. loud b. easy b. enjoyed c. about c. pleasure c. described d. a!ount d. please d. digested

Choose a, b, c, or d that best co!pletes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. $t is i!portant ________ students to read as !any boo's as possible. a. up b. about c. to d. ,or 7. +ho does the boo' belong ________" a. ,or b. to c. on d. through #. He pic'ed ________ the boo' and turned page a,ter page. a. up b. on c. away d. in ). Eead the boo' ________ and you can ,ind the in,or!ation you need. a. care b. care,ul c. care,ulness d. carefully 1*. 5ot !any people ,ind reading !ore ________ than watching 0I. a. interest b. interested c. interesting d. interestingly 11. 0o beco!e a novelist4 you need to be ________. a. i!agine b. i!agination c. imaginative d. i!aginarily 12. ________ is a story long enough to ,ill a co!plete boo'4 in which the characters and events are usually i!aginary. a. pleasure b. novel c. page d. review 13. ________ is the story o, a person-s li,e written by so!ebody else. a. ro!ance b. ,iction c. biography d. science 14. +hen a reader reads an interesting boo' slowly and care,ully4 he ____ it a. reviews b. chews and digests c. swallows d. dips into 15. 1ince their appearance4 boo's are a previous ________ o, 'nowledge and pleasure. a. source b. pile c. a!ount d. su! 16. &any teenagers are not !uch ________ in reading boo's4 e3cept ,or what they are !ade to read at school a. e3cited b. i!portant c. slow d. interested 17. 0his boo' ________ to 2eter. $t is not !ine. a. possesses b. owns c. has d. belong 1#. Have you ever read ________ %;liver 0wist%4 ________ interesting novel written by <harles .ic'ens" a. the ( the b. / an c. V ( V d. an ( the 1). $ li'e ________ boo's better than ________ ,il!s. a. / b. the ( the c. V ( the d. the ( V 2*. 0he roo! is too dirty. $t ________ now. a. should clean b. should have cleaned c. should be cleaning d. should be being cleaned 21. 0he situation ________ to continue. a. cannot allow b. cannot be allowed c. cannot have allowed d. cannot be allowing 22. 0he !achine ________ on by pressing this switch. a. can turn b. can be turned c. !ust turn d. should be turning 23. Gverybody agrees that no !ore sta,, ________. a. should e!ploy b. should not be e!ployed c. will not be e!ployed d. will he employed 24. 0hings ________ clear to the! so that they can do the wor' in the way that you have told the!. a. are !a'ing b. ought to be made c. have !ade d. needn-t be !ade 25. <igarettes ________ at a ba'ery. a. !ost buy b. cannot buy c. cannot be bought d. should not buy 26. 0he ne3t !eeting ________ in &ay. a. will hold b. will be held c. will be holding d. will have held 127

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27. ________ in si!pler words" a. Has this issue e3pressed b. <an-t this issue e3press c. <an this issue e3press d. Couldn=t this issue be e'pressed 2#. ll tra,,ic laws ________. a. is observed b. must be observed c. !ust have observed d. had better observe 2). 0o!atoes ________ be,ore they are co!pletely ripe. a. can be picked b. can pic' c. needn-t pic' d. should be pic'ing 3*. 0his letter ________4 not handwritten. a. should be typing b. should be typed c. needn-t type d. needn-t be typed Choose the best clause or phrase to complete the following sentence. 31. The Old Man and the Sea is a novel o, just over 1** pages in length by Grnest He!ingway4 ________. a. who should have written it and published it in 1)52 b. it was written in <uba in 1)51 and it was published in 1)52 c. which !ust have written and published in 1)52 d. written in Cuba in )BC) and published in )BC( 32. 0he story centers upon 1antiago4 ________. a. he is the !ain character4 an aging <uban ,isher!an4 he struggles with a giant !arlin ,ar out in the Ful, 1trea!. b. the !ain character4 an old <uban ,isher!an4 to struggle with a giant !arlin ,ar out in the Ful, 1trea!. c. who was a <uban old ,isher!an struggles with a giant !arlin o,, the Ful, 1trea!. d. an aging Cuban fisherman who struggles with a giant marlin far out in the ?ulf #tream. 33. ________. 0wo days and nights- pass in this !anner4 during which the old !an bears the tension o, the line with his body. a. 0he ,ish is too huge to pull his boat b. -he fish is so huge that it pulls his boat c. 0he ,ish is very huge pulling his boat d. 0he huge ,ish it pulls his boat 34. +hen he reaches the coast4 there is only the s'eleton o, the ,ish le,t because a pac' o, shar's ,ollow the trail to 1antiago-s boat ________. a. so that the !arlin is bitten largely by each o, the! b. it is ta'en an enor!ous bite by each shar' c. and each shark takes an enormous bite out of the marlin d. but each shar' ta'es the !arline an enor!ous bite 35. The Old Man and the Sea is noteworthy in twentieth century ,iction4 rea,,ir!ing He!ingway-s worldwide literary pro!inence a. as well as being a significant factor in his selection for the /obel $ri:e in 4iterature in )BCH b. he was a signi,icant ,actor in his selection ,or the 5obel 2ri7e in Diterature in 1)54 c. a signi,icant ,actor because o, he was selected ,or the 5obel 2ri7e in Diterature in1)54 d. but to be a signi,icant ,actor in his selection ,or the 5obel 2ri7e in Diterature in 1)54 %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. $t is o,ten said that boo's are always a good ,riends and reading is an active !ental process. ?nli'e 0I4 boo's !a'e you use your brain. /y reading4 you thin' !ore and beco!e s!arter. Eeading i!proves concentration and ,ocus. Eeading boo's ta'es brain power. $t re6uires you to ,ocus on what you are reading ,or long periods. ?nli'e !aga7ines4 $nternet posts or eB&ails that !ight contain s!all pieces o, in,or!ation. /oo's tell the whole story%. 1ince you !ust concentrate in order to read4 you will get better at concentration. &any studies show i, you do not use your !e!ory= you lose it. Eeading helps you stretch your !e!ory !uscles. Eeading re6uires re!e!bering details4 ,acts and ,igures and in literature4 plot lines4 the!es and characters. 128

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Eeading is a good way to i!prove your vocabulary. .o you re!e!ber that when you were at ele!entary school you learned how to in,er the !eaning o, one word by reading the conte3t o, the other words in the sentence" +hile reading boo's4 especially challenging ones4 you will ,ind yoursel, e3posed to !any new words. Eeading is a ,unda!ental s'ill builder. Gvery good course has a !atching boo' to go with it. +hy" /ecause boo's help clari,y di,,icult subjects. /oo's provide in,or!ation that goes deeper than just classroo! discussions /y reading !ore boo's you beco!e better in,or!ed and !ore o, an e3pert on the topics you read about. 0his e3pertise translates into higher sel,Bestee!. 1ince you are so wellBread4 people loo' to you ,or answers. Cour ,eelings about yoursel, can only get better. /oo's give you 'nowledge o, other cultures and places. 0he !ore in,or!ation you have got4 the richer your 'nowledge is. /oo's can e3pand your hori7ons by letting you see what other cities and countries have to o,,er be,ore you visit the!. 36. /oo's have great in,luence on ________. a. 0I b. ,riendship c. brain d. !uscles 37. +hen you are reading a boo'4 ________. a. you have to read s!all pieces o, in,or!ation b. you use your brain in concentration and focus c. you have to read during a very long ti!e d. you lose your !e!ory 3#. challenging boo' ________. a. helps you to improve your vocabulary b. is only ,or pri!ary pupils c. can translate all new words d. contains a lot o, di,,icult vocabulary 3). /oo's ________. a. are compulsory in every course b. are not needed in !ost o, course c. contain less in,or!ation than class discussions d. !a'e a sic' patient ,eel better 4*. /oo's cannot give you ________. a. 'nowledge b. in,or!ation c. sel,Bestee! d. muscles &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. +hen a child learns to read and write4 he !ust access the sche!a developed in his 8419 ______. s he reads4 the child creates pictures in his !ind and uses 8429 _____ and points o, re,erence to put the story 8439 ____. 0elevision i!ages do not go through a co!ple3 sy!bolic trans,or!ation. 0he !ind does not have to decode and !anipulate during the television e3perience. +atching television and playing video ga!es do not 8449 ______ a child-s s'ills in word recognition4 decoding4 vocabulary4 spelling or highBlevel thin'ing. 0he connection between television-s e,,ects 8459 ______ children-s reading abilities and the 8469 ______ in their writing s'ills is clearA there is no 6uestion in the !inds o, educators that a student who cannot read with the true co!prehension will never learn to write well. +riting4 a,ter 8479 ______4 is boo' tal'4 and you only learn boo' tal' by reading. $t has been shown that reading sti!ulates brain activity. +hile reading4 we i!agine settings4 characters and we beco!e part o, the world o, the story. 84#9 ______4 it has been shown that watching television prevents brain activity. <hildren who watch too !uch television are less socially developed and have proble!s !aintaining 84)9 ______. Eeading4 85*9 ______ o, watching television4 enriches our lives4 develops the i!agination4 and intellect4 and is less brain deadening. Eeading is good ,or us4 it !a'es one a better person. 41. a. brain b. heart c. ,orehead d. hand 42. a. i!agine b. i!aginative c. i!aginary d. imagination 43. a. one another b. other c. together d. each other 44. a. digest b. chew c. advance d. develop 45. a. with b. on c. ,or d. at 46. a. decline b. stop c. har! d. discourage!ent 47. a. that b. it c. all d. whole 4#. a. Conversely b. 1uccess,ully c. 0otally d. ?nhappily 129

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4). a. education b. e3planation c. concentration d. e3ploration 5*. a. because b. instead c. consisting d. in spite TEST 3 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. book b. too c. who d. lose 2. a. ,ewer b. wonderful c. swallow d. chew 3. a. tasting b. subject c. sleep d. pleasure 4. a. source b. resource c. course d. colour 5. a. advice b. pick c. !ight d. 'ind Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. &any people are not interested ________ reading boo's as !uch as seeing ,il!s. a. in b. with c. ,or d. about 7. +e spend !ore ti!e watching 0I than reading boo's. /ut ________ ,act. 0I has not 'ill reading. a. ,or b. upon c. at d. in #. /oo's are a wonder,ul source ________ 'nowledge and pleasure. a. with b. of c. in d. about ). ,ter leaving school4 !any o, us only read ,or ________. a. please b. pleasant c. pleasure d. pleasing 1*. &ary enjoys reading ________4 adventure4 and whatever else she can either buy or borrow. a. romance b. ro!antic c. ro!antici7e d. ro!anticis! 11. 0he novel has had a tre!endous i!pact on ________ and publishing !ar'ets. a. entertain b. entertainer c. entertainment d. entertainingly 12. 2lease give !e so!e advice to buy suitable boo's ,or !y tenByearBold girl. a. recommendation b. in,or!ation c. ,iction d. interest 13. 0o!!y li'es the boo's that he borrowed ,ro! the school library very !uch. He has read the! with ________. a. entertain!ent b. ro!ance c. tasting d. pleasure 14. 0he reviewer ________ &athew-s new novel as a new style o, !odern science ,iction. a. chewed b. digested c. described d. drew 15. $ have nearly ,inished reading the boo'. 0here are only a ,ew ______ le,t. a. pieces b. pages c. slices d. sheets 16. <an you ________ what it would be li'e to live without boo's" a. imagine b. advise c. describe d. understand 17. ________ is a boo'4 ,il!4 or play that tells an e3citing ,ictional story about so!ething such as cri!inal activities or spying. a. nonB,iction b. science c. thriller d. ro!ance 1#. 2eter enjoys ________ science ,ictions4 ________ type o, boo' based on i!agined scienti,ic discoveries in the ,uture. a. V ( V b. the ( V c. / a d. the ( the 1). .i,,erent people never read a boo' in ________ sa!e way. a. a b. an c. the d. V 2*. /e,ore eating4 ________ thoroughly with soap and clean water. a. you should wash your hands b. your hands should be washing c. you need washing your hands d. Cour hands need washed 21. >ruits ________ in a ,ree7er. a. should not put b. should not be put c. !ust put d. !ust be putting 22. 0he ,ire ________ by lightning. a. !ust cause b. !ust be causing c. !ust have caused d. must have been caused 23. 0he last decision ________. a. will be made by the manager b. needn-t be ,inished ( will be having 130

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c. that will be !ade by the !anager d. !ust be ,inished ( can have 24. 0his wor' ________ today so that we ________ a holiday to!orrow. a. will ,inish ( are having b. that the !anager will be !ade c. should ,inish ( can be had d. will be making by the manager 25. $ wish $ ________ !any ti!es. a. will not be interrupted b. would not be interrupted c. will not have interrupted d. would not have been interrupted 26. 0he pac'age ________ care,ully be,ore it ________. a. must be wrapped / is posted b. needs wrapping ( will be posted c. should wrap ( is going to be posted d. will be wrapping ( needs posting 27. 0he weather ,orecast says that ________ to!orrow. a. it will snow b. it will be snowed c. it needs snowing d. it !ust be snowed 2#. 0he car ________ by @aren. 0he 'eys are still on the table. a. !ust have ta'en b. !ust have been ta'en c. can=t have been taken d. can-t have ta'en 2). 0he garden ________. $t has just started raining. a. needn-t water b. needn=t be watered c. needn-t be watering d. needn-t have watered 3*. B $ saw Frace this !orning at the ban'. B $t ________ Frace. 1he has been to 2aris on her honey!oon. a. can-t be b. !ust be c. can=t have been d. !ust have been Choose the best sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. 31. $t wasn-t obligatory to sub!it !y assign!ent today. a. &y assign!ent !ust have been sub!itted today. b. " needn=t have submitted my assignment today. c. &y assign!ent was re6uired to sub!it by today. d. $ !ustn-t sub!it !y assign!ent today. 32. $t-s ti!e we le,t ,or the disco. a. +e !ay leave ,or the disco now. b. +e needn-t leave ,or the disco now. c. 0e should leave for the disco now. d. +e !ust have leave ,or the disco now. 33. $t was a !ista'e o, you to lose your passport. a. Fou shouldn=t have lost your passport. b. 0here !ust be a !ista'e in your passport. c. Cou needn-t have brought your passport. d. Cour passport !ust be lost. 34. &y car 'eys are possibly in the 'itchen. a. &y car 'eys should be put in the 'itchen. b. &y car 'eys cannot be in the 'itchen. c. $ do not 'now whether !y car 'eys are in the 'itchen. d. My car keys might be in the kitchen. 35. $s it possible ,or !e to co!e to your house at about 7p!" a. &ust $ co!e over to your house at about 7p!" b. <ould $ be co!e to your house at about 7p!" c. Can " come to your house at about ;pmN d. +ill $ co!e to your house at about 7p!" %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. Have you ever written a boo' report" >irst o, all4 you have to read the boo'. Cour ne3t step will be to organi7e what you are going to say about it in your report. +riting the basic ele!ents down in an outline ,or!at will help you to organi7e your thoughts. +hat will you include in the

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outline" >ollow whatever instructions your teacher has given you. $, you are on your own4 however4 the ,ollowing guidelines should help. Det-s assu!e ,or the !o!ent that you have chosen a wor' o, ,iction. +e will start with a description o, the boo'. 0he description should include such ele!ents asA 1. 0he settingA +here does the story ta'e place" $s it a real place or an i!aginary one" $, the author does not tell you e3actly4 where the story is set4 what can you tell about it ,ro! the way it is described" 2. 0he ti!e periodA $s the story set in the present day or in an earlier ti!e period" 2erhaps it is even set in the ,utureJ Det your reader 'now. 3. 0he !ain charactersA +ho is the story !ostly about" Five a brie, description. ;,ten4 one character can be singled out as the !ain character4 but so!e boo's will have !ore than one. 4. 0he plotA +hat happens to the !ain character" +arningJ /e care,ul here. .o not ,all into the boring trap o, reporting every single thing that happens in the story. 2ic' only the !ost i!portant events. Here are so!e hints on how to do that. >irst4 e3plain the situation o, the !ain character as the story opens. 5e3t4 identi,y the basic plot ele!ent o, the story B $s the !ain character trying to achieve so!ething or overco!e a particular proble!" 0hirdly4 describe a ,ew o, the !ore i!portant things that happen to the !ain character as he(she wor's toward that goal or solution. >inally4 you !ight hint at the story-s conclusion without co!pletely giving away the ending. 0he ,our points above deal with the report aspect o, your wor'. >or the ,inal section o, your outline4 give your reader a sense o, the i!pression the boo' !ade upon you. s' yoursel, what the author was trying to achieve and whether or not he achieved it with you. +hat larger idea does the story illustrate" How does it do that" How did you ,eel about the author-s style o, writing4 the setting4 or the !ood o, the novel" Cou do not have to li!it yoursel, to these areas. 2ic' so!ething which caught your attention4 and let your reader 'now your personal response to whatever it was. 36. +hen you write a boo' report4 you can organi7e your thoughts by writing the basic ele!ents down in an outline ,or!at. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 37. 0he bac'ground o, the story4 place and ti!e4 is not necessary in a boo' report. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3#. Gach boo' has only one !ain character. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3). $n your boo' report4 only i!portant events are told. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 4*. +hen you report a nonB,iction wor'4 you needn-t e3press your i!pression on the boo'. a. 0rue b. >alse c. /o information &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. &a'ing ti!e to read is so!ething we all 'now we 8419 ______ do4 but who schedules boo' reading ti!e every day" 0here are very ,ew. 0hat is why adding boo' reading to your daily schedule and stic'ing to it can i!prove discipline. /oo's are 8429 ______. Cou can ta'e the! al!ost anywhere. s such4 you can learn al!ost anywhere too. /y reading !ore boo's and e3posing yoursel, 8439 ______ new and !ore co!plete in,or!ation4 you will also be able to co!e up with !ore 8449 ______ ideas. +hen you have read so !any boo's on the subject4 you can co!bine lessons ,ro! all o, the! into new 8459 ______. Eeading gives you so!ething to tal' about. Have you ever 8469 ______ out o, things to tal' about with your best ,riend4 wi,e or husband" 0his can be unco!,ortable. $t 8479 ______ even !a'e !arried couples wonder i, their !arriage is in trouble. 84#9 ______4 i, you read a lot o, boo's4 you will always have so!ething to tal' about. Cou can discuss various plots in the novels you read4 you can discuss the things you are learning in the business boo's you are reading as well. 0he possibilities o, sharing are endless. /oc's are ine3pensive 84)9 ______ to help you reduces stress. &any readers rela3 by reading. <o!pared with the person who gets ho!e ,ro! wor' and i!!ediately 85*9 ______ on 132

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the 0I news4 you are going ,ro! wor' stress to cri!e stress. 0I as a source o, rela3ation is too ,ull o, loud co!!ercials and ,ast !oving violent i!ages. $, rela3ation is so!ething you want4 turn o,, the 0I or co!puter and pic' up a boo'. 41. a. should b. !ustn-t c. needn-t d. !ight 42. a. durable b. portable c. changeable d. capable 43. a. ,or b. with c. on d. to 44. a. disapproved b. dull c. creative d. re6uired 45. a. solutions b. proble!s c. troubles d. di,,iculties 46. a. put b. had c. wal'ed d. run 47. a. should b. might c. need d. !ust 4#. a. 1o b. 0here,ore c. 1owever d. lthough 4). a. entertainment b. tension c. !achinery d. !edia 5*. a. gets b. turns c. ta'es d. !a'es

Unit 12: WATER S&ORTS


TEST 1 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. inter,ered b. allowed c. visited d. played 2. a. water b. swi!!ing c. between d. rowing 3. a. lie b. goalie c. achieve d. belie, 4. a. punch b. synchroni:ed c. &arch d. touching 5. a. caps b. !eters c. swi!!ers d. lines Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. How !any players are there in _______ water polo tea!" a. a b. an c. the d. V 7. _______ swi!!ing is considered to be good way o, losing weight. a. / a b. 0he ( a c. ( the d. 0he ( the #. 0hey are going to _______ the pool to 1.# !eter. a. deep b. depth c. deepen d. deeply ). 0he re,eree had no hesitation in awarding the visiting tea! a _______. a. penalty b. penali7e c. penal d. penali7ation 1*. 0he crowd cheered as the goal'eeper de,lected the _______. a. shoot b. shooting c. shooter d. shot 11. _______ de,ense4 the players wor' to regain possession o, the ball and prevent a goal a. bout b. ;ver c. +ithout d. .n 12. 2layers can !ove the ball by throwing it _______ a tea!!ate or swi!!ing while pushing the ball in ,ront o, the!. a. ,or b. into c. to d. ,ro! 13. 1hots usually succeed when the goalie is out _______ position. a. into b. ,or c. of d. o,, 14. $n water polo4 a shot is success,ul i, the ball co!pletely passes between the goal posts and underneath the _______. a. net b. crossbar c. ball d. goalie 15. de,ensive player !ay only hold4 bloc' or pull a ( an _______ who is touching or holding the ball. a. audience b. re,eree c. goalie d. opponent 16. $, a de,ender _______ a ,oul within the ,ive !eter area that prevents a li'ely goal4 the attac'ing tea! is awarded a penalty throw or shot. a. commits b. inter,eres c. punches d. touches 17. 0he !ore- goals the players _______4 the !ore e3citing the !atch beca!e. a. !ar'ed b. !ade c. scored d. sprinted 1#. ,ter a tie4 there are two overti!e periods o, three !inutes each. 133

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a. penalty b. draw c. score d. goal 1). 0he goal'eeper can also be ejected ,or twenty seconds i, a !ajor ,oul is co!!itted. a. advanced b. sprinted c. played d. e'cluded 2*. goalie who aggressively ,ouls an attac'er in position to score can be charged with a _______ shot ,or the other tea!. a. penalty b. preventing c. scoring d. ranging 21. _______ is a sport in which people or tea!s race against each other in boats with oars. a. %owing b. +indsur,ing c. 1wi!!ing d. +ater polo 22. $ have never ta'en part in any water sports _______ $ cannot swi!. a. because b. because o, c. due to d. partly because o, 23. &any people do not li'e scuba diving _______. a. because it is dangerous b. because o, it is dangerous c. because its danger d. due to it is dangerous 24. 5ew Mealand _______ 14*** !iles southeast o, ustralia. a. lies about b. is lain c. is lying d. is laid about 25. :ohn _______ across the lawn. a. danced wildly b. was wildly danced c. was dancing wild d. was being danced wildly 26. :ohn _______ every su!!er. a. plays softball and tennis b. plays with so,tball and tennis c. is played so,tball and tennis d. is played with so,tball and tennis 27. 0he eagle _______ higher and higher in the s'y. a. soar b. soared c. is soared d. was soared 2#. 0he ship _______ during the night. a. has re!ained the harbor b. was remained the harbor c. re!ained the harbor d. re!ained in the harbor 2). 0he baby _______. a. was sleeping depth b. was slept deeply c. slept in depth d. was sleeping deeply 3*. 0hey _______ by the sea. a. are staying at a hotel b. are staying a hotel c. are being stayed a hotel d. are being stayed at a hotel !rror "dentification. 31. +indsur,ing4 which is a water sport combining ele!ents o, sur,ing and / sailing first developeds in the ?nited 1tates in 1)6# and also called boardsailing. ,irst developed9 . 32. 0he windsur,er stands on a board that is propelled and steering by / 8steered9 !eans o, a sail attached to a !ast that is articulated at the ,oot. < . 33. #ince )B8H the sport has included in the ;ly!pic Fa!es as part o, the / < . yachting events. 8has been included9 34. 0he sport was became very popular in Gurope and by the late 7*-s / there was windsur,ing ,ever in Gurope with one in every three < households having a sailboard. 8beca!e9 . 35. -he first world championship o, windsur,ing held in 1)73. +indsur,ing / < 8was help9 ,irst beca!e an ;ly!pic sport in 1)#4 ,or !en and 1))2 ,or wo!en. . 134

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%ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 0here is very little docu!entation about the origins o, water polo. $t is 'nown4 however4 that the sport originated in the rivers and la'es o, !idB1)th century Gngland as an a6uatic version o, rugby. Garly ga!es used an in,lated rubber ball that ca!e ,ro! $ndia 'nown as a %pulu% 8the single $ndian word ,or all %balls%9. 2ronounced %polo% by the Gnglish4 both the ga!e and the ball beca!e 'nown as %water polo.% 0o attract !ore spectators to swi!!ing e3hibitions4 the Dondon 1wi!!ing ssociation designed a set o, water polo rules ,or indoor swi!!ing pools in 1#7*. t ,irst4 players scored by planting the ball on the end o, the pool with both hands. ,avorite tric' o, the players was to place the ,iveBtoBnine inch rubber ball inside their swi!!ing suit and dive under the !ur'y water4 they would then appear again as close to the goal as possible. 0he introduction o, the rules by 1cottish players changed the nature o, water polo. $t beca!e a ga!e that e!phasi7ed swi!!ing4 speed and passing. 1cottish rules !oved ,ro! a rugby variant to a soccer style o, play. Foals beca!e a cage o, 1*3 3 ,eet and a goal could be scored by being thrown. 2layers could only be tac'led when they %held% the ball and the ball could no longer be ta'en under water. 0he s!all rubber ball was replaced by a leather soccer ball. $, the player ca!e up too near the goal4 he was pro!ptly ju!ped on by the goalie4 who was per!itted to stand on the pool dec'. Fa!es were o,ten nothing !ore than gang ,ights in the water as players ignored the ball4 pre,erring underwater wrestling !atches that usually ended with one !an ,loating to the sur,ace unconscious. +ater polo was ,irst played in the ?1 in 1###. 0he ga!e ,eatured the old rugby style o, play which rese!bled !erican ,ootball in the water. % !erican style% water polo beca!e very popular and by the late 1#)*-s was played in such venues as &adison 16uare Farden and /oston-s &echanics Hall4 attracting 144*** spectators to national cha!pionship ga!es. 36. ccording to the te3t4 _______. a. the origins o, water polo are written thoroughly in a lot o, docu!ents b. water polo is an a+uatic version of rugby c. water polo ,irst appeared so!ewhere outside Gngland d. people have played water polo since the early 1)th century. 37. 0he present rules o, water polo were invented _______. a. by #cottish players b. by $ndian players c. the Dondon 1wi!!ing ssociation d. in 1#7* 3#. $n water polo4 the players score a goal by _______. a. swi!!ing b. passing c. catching d. throwing 3). 0he present water polo ball is !ade o, _______. a. rubber b. leather c. bone d. wood 4*. +ater polo beca!e popular in !erica in _______. a. the !iddle o, the 1)th century b. in 1#7* c. in 1### d. by the late )8BA=s &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Eowing is a sport in which athletes race- against each other on river4 la'es or on the ocean4 8419 _____ on the type o, race and the discipline. 0he boats are propelled by the reaction ,orces on the oar blades 8429 _____ they are pushed against the water. 0he sport can be both recreational4 ,ocusing 8439 _____ learning the techni6ues re6uired4 and co!petitive where overall ,itness plays a large role. $t is also one o, 8449 _____ oldest ;ly!pic sports. $n the ?nited 1tates4 ustralia and <anada4 high school and collegial rowing is so!eti!es re,erred to as crew. 8459 _____ rowing4 the athlete sits in the boat ,acing bac'wards4 towards the stern4 and uses the oars which are held in 8469 _____ by the oarloc's to propel the boat ,orward4 towards the bow. $t is a de!anding sport re6uiring strong core balance as well as physical 8479 _____ and cardiovascular endurance. 1ince the action o, rowing 84#9 _____ ,airly popular throughout the world4 there are !any di,,erent types o, 84)9 _____. 0hese include endurance races4 ti!e trials4 sta'e racing4 bu!ps racing4 and the sideBbyBside ,or!at used in the ;ly!pic Fa!es. 0he !any di,,erent ,or!ats are a result o, the long 85*9 _____ o, the sport4 its develop!ent in. di,,erent regions o, the world4 and speci,ic local re6uire!ents and restrictions. 135

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41. a. depending b. creating c. interesting d. carrying 42. a. but b. because c. as d. as soon as 43. a. o, b. on c. with d. about 44. a. a b. an c. the d. V 45. a. ;ver b. ;, c. .uring d. 0hile 46. a. area b. sight c. part d. place 47. a. strong b. strongly c. strength d. strengthen 4#. a. was beco!e b. has become c. is beco!e d. is beco!ing 4). a. competition b. e3a!ination c. test d. round 5*. a. wor' b. history c. period d. race TEST 2 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. water b. ,ootball1 c. begin( d. !eter1 2. a. personal1 b. penalty1 c. defensive( d. vertical1 3. a. award2 b. prevent2 c. visit 1 d. e3cept2 4. a. goalie1 b. advanced2 c. above2 d. depend2 5. a. overti!e1 b. decision( c. period1 d. penali7e1 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. +ater polo is played in _______ pool 1.# !eters deep. a. a b. an c. the d. V 7. 0he goalie tried to catch _______ ball4 but he ,ailed. a. a b. an c. the d. V #. 0he ,inal $ _______ was 3B*. a. score b. scoring c. scorer d. scores ). 0he re,eree-s _______ is the !ost i!portant in any sport co!petition. a. decide b. decisive c. decision d. decider 1*. _______ players are not allowed to inter,ere with the opponent-s !ove!ents unless the player is holding the ball. a. .e,ense b. efensive c. .e,ender d. .e,ensively 11. _____ the start o, each period4 both tea!s line up on their own goal line. a. $n b. >or c. >ro! d. 2t 12. water polo ball is constructed o, waterproo, !aterial to allow it to ,loat _______ the water. a. upon b. over c. above d. on 13. 0here are si3 ,ield player positions and a goal'eeper ______ each tea!. a. on b. with c. ,ro! d. ,or 14. _______ is a sport in which two or !ore people per,or! co!plicated and care,ully planned !ove!ents in water in ti!e to !usic. a. Eowing b. +indsur,ing c. .iving d. #ynchroni:ed swimming 15. $, the tie is not bro'en a,ter two overti!e _______4 a penalty shootout will deter!ine the winner. a. opponents b. waves c. parts d. periods 16. &inor _______ occur when a player i!pedes or otherwise prevents the ,ree !ove!ent o, an opponent including swi!!ing on the opponent-s shoulders4 bac' or legs. a. penalties b. shots c. fouls d. !otions 17. _______ is a ga!e played in a swi!!ing pool in which two tea!s o, swi!!ers try to score goals with a ball. a. 0ater polo b. Eowing c. 1wi!!ing d. +ater s'iing 1#. ;,,ensive players !ay be called ,or a ,oul by pushing o,, a de,ender to provide space ,or a _______ or shot. a. pass b. crossbar c. bo3 d. goal 1). penalty shot is _______ when a !ajor ,oul is co!!itted inside the 5B!eter line. a. prevented b. awarded c. co!!itted d. ranged

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2*. dry pass4 !eaning the ball does not _______ the water is thrown a ,ew inches above the head o, the catching player. a. catch b. hold c. swi! d. touch 21. _______ is a sport in which you !ove along the sur,ace o, the sea or a la'e on a long narrow board with a sail on it. a. +ater polo b. .iving c. 0indsurfing d. 1cuba diving 22. +ater polo balls _______ with a special te3ture so it will not slip ,ro! the hands o, a player. a. cover b. are covered c. are being covered d. covered 23. le3is _______ ne3t wee'. a is swimming in the state championship b. is swi!!ing the state cha!pionship c. is swu! the state cha!pionship d. is swu! the state cha!pionship 24. 0he news o, war _______ and the world. a. was shoc'ed the nation b. was shoc'ed by the nation c. shocked the nation d. shoc'ed by the nation 25. 0he player _______. a. will reward ,or his hatBtric' b. will be rewarded for his hat,trick c. will reward his hatBtric' d. will be rewarded his hatBtric' 26. /e,ore the end o, the ter!4 $ _______ all the re6uired reading. a. was ,inished by b. had been ,inished by c. had finished d. had been ,inished 27. 0he player was ejected because he co!!itted a ,oul. a. as b. due to c. despite d. provided 2#. :ohn could not continue the !atch _______ his badly injured leg. a. because b. since c. as d. because of 2). 0hey cancelled the !atch _______ his badly injured leg. a. due to it rained heavily b. because of the heavy rain c. because o, it rained heavily d. because the heavy rain 3*. Cou need proper shoes to go hi'ing in the !ountains4 _______ the ground is rough and hard. a. though b. due to c. because o, d. because Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. 31. He could escape ,ro! hurt because he was wearing protective clothes. a. -hanks to his protective clothes, he could escape from hurt. b. His protective clothes !ade hi! hurt. c. .ue to his protective clothes4 he was hurt. d. His being hurt !ade his unable to wear protective clothes. 32. +e were unable to type the contract because the co!puter !al,unctioned. a. .espite a co!puter !al,unction4 we !anaged to ,inish typing the contract. b. 0he co!puter !al,unction helped us co!plete the contract. c. -he fact that the computer malfunction prevented us from typing the contract. d. 0han's to the co!puter !al,unction4 we could type the contract. 33. 0he roads were slippery because it snowed heavily. a. $t snowed too heavily to !a'e the roads slippery. b. 0he heavy snow prevented the roads ,ro!Bbeing slippery. c. 0han's to the slip o, the roads4 it snowed heavily. d. -he heavy snow made the roads slippery. 34. 0he accident happened because she was careless. a. 0he accident was prevented due to her carelessness. b. 1er carelessness was responsible for the accident. c. $t was the accident that !ade her careless. d. 0he !ore careless she was4 the less accident happened. 35. $ did not understand what the lecturer was saying because $ had not read his boo'. 137

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a. +hat the lecturer wrote and said was too di,,icult ,or !e to understand. b. 0he lecturer-s boo' which $ had not read was di,,icult to understand. c. $ ,ound it very di,,icult to understand what the lecturer said in his boo'. d. " would have understood what the lecturer was saying if " had read his book. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. +ater sports are as challenging as they are ,un. lthough water sports are not as popular as bas'etball or ,ootball4 activities such as parasailing4 water s'iing4 water polo4 wa'eboarding4 jet s'iing and co!petitive swi!!ing interest !any people. il water sports have an ele!ent o, danger involved4 which is why it is i!portant to ,ollow these sa,ety tips be,ore you dive in. 1tep 1A Dearn how to swi!. 1ure4 it see!s obvious4 but it is also e3tre!ely i!portant. .o not even thin' about s'iing4 tubing4 wa'eboarding or water polo i, you cannot stay a,loat in water deeper than your height. 1tep 2A <hec' your e6uip!ent and your li,e sa,ety tools. <ount your li,e vests and have ,loatation devices nearby. $, you are engaging in a sport that re6uires a lot o, e6uip!ent4 such as wa'eboarding4 go over every piece to ensure proper ,unctioning. 1tep 3A /e physically ,it. 2ut your pride aside and get in shape. &ost water sports are incredibly strenuous and re6uire the player to have physical endurance. $t can be dangerous to participate in a water sport4 such as water s'iing or wa'eboarding4 when your body isn-t ready. 1tep 4A 1ave the tric's ,or the pro,essionals. $, you are an a!ateur4 do not atte!pt water sport tric's. $t is te!pting to push to the ne3t level with sports li'e s'iing and sailing4 but train heavily ,irst. 1tep 5A Eecruit a spotter. +hen you do water sports4 always have an e3tra person on hand to spot ,or you. 0his includes indoor sports li'e- water polo4 diving and co!petitive swi!!ing. 36. +ater sports are !uch !ore popular than bas'et ball and ,ootball. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 37. 1o!eti!es it is dangerous to playa water sport. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3#. 0he ,irst thing you have to do is to learn how to swi! i, you want to ta'e up a water sport. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3). Cou need to have a boat right beside all the ti!e i, you want to ta'e up a water sport. a. 0rue b. >alse c. /o information 4*. 0here are tric's which a!ateur players cannot play. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 1ailing or boating !ay see! to be very interesting with the high level o, technical ele!ents 8419 _____ in the sport. +hether you choose a s!all 8429 _____ or a cata!aran4 whether you choose la'e or ocean sailing4 there are 8439 _____ nu!ber o, things you need to !aster be,ore you can start enjoying the pure 8449 _____ o, being on the water. Fetting the sailing s'ills which you need to start sailing your own boat is easy i, you just sign up with a sailing school. Cou can learn to sail 8459 _____ any age. 0here are no 8469 ____. 0he best schools and instructors will teach you all you need to 'now about sailing in a ,riendly and pleasant !anner. s with all sports4 sailing will get you into 8479 _____ with new ,riends. 0here is a closeness that develops out at sea4 however4 84#9 _____ not !any other sports have. /eing on the water in any capacity de!ands a healthy outloo' and way o, li,e. 1ailing and boating are two sports that 84)9 _____ all our senses to be at their pea'. 1ailing calls upon physical strength4 intelligence and intuition. $t is one sport that allows you to leave all your daily concerns and 85*9 _____ bac' on the land and to be o,, with only your bare sel,. 41. a. invented b. consisted c. involved d. contained 42. a. ,leet b. sub!arine c. ,erry d. boat 43. a. a b. an c. the d. V 44. a. please b. pleasure c. pleasant d. pleasantly 45. a. with b. at c. in d. ,or 46. a. invest!ent b. disappearance c. discoveries d. restrictions 47. a. allowance b. pace c. contact d. 'eeping 4#. a. which b. that c. when d. who! 138

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4). a. as' b. say c. tell d. demand 5*. a. cultures b. habits c. traditions d. custo!s TEST 3 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. sprint b. line c. divide d. ride 2. a. swi!!ing b. post c. decision d. score 3. a. style b. penalty c. pretty d. typical 4. a. pool b. good c. loo' d. boo' 5. a. ,oul b. house c. a!ount d. adventurous Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. +here can people play _______ water polo" a. a b. an c. the d. 7. 5o _______ water polo player e3cept _______ goalie can hold the ball with both hands. a. a ( the b. the ( V c. the ( a d. / the #. 0he !ain tas' o, a de,ender in a sport ga!e is to _______ the opponents ,ro! scoring. a. prevent b. preventing c. prevention d. preventable ). &any young !en pre,er scubaBdiving because it is _______. a. adventure b. adventurous c. adventurously d. adventurist 1*. $ _______ thin' that scuba diving is !ore o, danger than adventure. a. person b. personal c. personally d. personali7e 11. +hat 'ind o, sport one chooses to play !ostly depends _______ his pre,erence and health. a. with b. ,or c. in d. on 12. &ost re,erees o,ten wears _______ blac'. a. in b. ,or c. with d. on 13. $n water polo ga!e4 only the goalie can hold the ball _______ two hands. a. at b. in c. with d. ,ro! 14. $, the score is tied at the end o, regulation play4 two _______ periods o, three !inutes each are played. a. hal, b. hal,ti!e c. 6uarter d. overtime 15. water polo cap is used to ____ the players- heads and to identi,y the!. a. tie b. penali7e c. protect d. !ove 16. l, a de,ender _______ with a ,ree throw4 holds or sin's an attac'er4 he is e3cluded ,ro! the ga!e ,or twenty seconds. a. punches b. passes c. plays d. interferes 17. +ater polo is a tea! water ga!e4 with si3 ,ield players and one goalie in each tea!. 0he winner o, the ga!e is the tea! that scores !ore _____. a. nets b. goals c. plays d. balls 1#. s all ,ield players are only allowed to touch the ball with one hand at a ti!e4 they !ust develop the ability to catch and _______ the ball with either hand. a. throw b. point c. score d. cross 1). _______ is the activity o, swi!!ing underwater using special breathing e6uip!ent. a. 1ynchroni7ed swi!!ing b. Eowing c. +ater polo d. #cuba diving 2*. +hen the o,,ense ta'es possession o, the ball4 the strategy is to _______ the ball down the ,ield o, play and to score a goal. a. create b. ride c. advance d. eject 21. 0he re,eree signals with a whistle and by lowering his ar!4 and the player ta'ing the penalty _______ !ust i!!ediately throw the ball with an uninterrupted !otion toward the goal. a. ar! b. shot c. net d. goal 22. 1o!e o, the students began to ,all asleep _______ the lecture was boring and irrelevant. a. as b. due to c. because o, d. on account o, 23. 0o!!y joined the Gnglish <lub _______ to increase his circle o, ,riends. a. because his desire b. because of his desire 139

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c. because o, he desired d. due to he desired.. 24. _______4 $ do not consider this co!position acceptable. a. Because of so many errors b. /ecause o, there were so !any errors c. ;n account o, there were so !any errors d. s so !any errors 25. 0he prisoner was given a harsh sentence ______ the nature o, his cri!e. a. since b. as c. because d. due to 26. 0he burglar _______. a. has been disappeared with the cash b. disappeared the cash c. disappeared with the cash d. was disappeared with the cash 27. Gllen _______ and sang her song. a. nodded to the audience b. nodded the audience c. was nodding the audience d. was nodded to the audience 2#. ;ur teacher _______ to ta'e the e3a!. a. gave another chance each o, us b. was given each o, us by another chance c. gave each of us another chance d. was given each o, us another chance 2). $, <harlie _______4 he could have been injured. a. had been run the street b. had been run into the street c. had run the street d. had run into the street 3*. 0he turtle _______ o, ri7ona. a. !ay be lived a s!all area b. !ay be lived in a s!all area c. may live in a small area d. !ay live a s!all area Choose the best that can completes the following. 31. _______4 consisting o, swi!!ers per,or!ing a synchroni7ed routine o, elaborate and dra!atic !oves in the water4 acco!panied by !usic. a. #ynchroni:ed swimming is a hybrid of swimming, gymnastics, and dance b. 1ynchroni7ed swi!!ing which a water sport4 a hybrid o, swi!!ing4 gy!nastics4 and dance c. 1ynchroni7ed swi!!ing4 a hybrid o, swi!!ing4 gy!nastics4 and dance d. 1ynchroni7ed swi!!ing4 it is a hybrid o, swi!!ing4 gy!nastics4 and dance. 32. 1ynchroni7ed swi!!ing de!ands so!e water s'ills4 and re6uires incredible strength4 endurance4 ,le3ibility4 grace4 artistry and precise ti!ing4 _______. a. while upside down underwater with e3ceptional breath control b. because o, e3ceptional breath control while upside down underwater c. also e3ceptional breath control is re6uired while upside down underwater d. as well as e'ceptional breath control while upside down underwater 33. .eveloped in the early 1)**s in <anada4 synchroni7ed swi!!ing is a sport per,or!ed al!ost e3clusively by wo!en. _______. a. s ,or its early ,or!4 so!eti!es it was called %water ballet% b. "n its early form, it was sometimes known as Jwater balletJ c. 1ince its early ,or!4 so!eti!es it 'new as %water ballet% d. +ith its early ,or!4 %water ballet% was so!eti!es 'nown 34. +hen per,or!ing routines4 co!petitors will typically wear a noseBclip. _______4 to re,lect the type o, !usic to which they are swi!!ing. a. 0he co!petitors who wear custo! swi!suits and headpieces4 usually elaborately decorated b. -hey also wear custom swimsuits and headpieces, usually elaborately decorated c. 0hey also wear custo! swi!suits and headpieces4 which are usually elaborately decorating. d. ?sually elaborately decorated4 the co!petitors also wear custo! swi!suits and headpieces 35. $n synchroni7ed swi!!ing4 the costu!e and !usic are not judged directly4 _______. ?nderwater spea'ers ensure that swi!!ers can hear the !usic at all ti!es. a. with ,actors into the overall per,or!ance and %artistic i!pression% 140

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b. as a result they are ,actors into the overall per,or!ance and %artistic i!pression% c. but they are factors into the overall performance and Jartistic impressionJ d. because they are ,actors into the overall per,or!ance as well as %artistic i!pression% %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. Eecreational diving or sport diving is a type o, diving that uses scuba e6uip!ent ,or the purpose o, leisure and enjoy!ent. $n so!e diving circles4 the ter! %recreational diving% is used in contradistinction to %technical diving%4 a !ore de!anding aspect o, the sport which re6uires greater levels o, training4 e3perience and e6uip!ent. Eecreational scuba diving grew out o, related activities such as snor'eling and underwater hunting. >or a long ti!e4 recreational underwater e3cursions were li!ited by the a!ount o, breath that could be held. However4 the invention o, the a6ualung in 1)43 by :ac6uesBCves <ousteau and its develop!ent over subse6uent years led to a revolution in recreational diving. However4 ,or !uch o, the 1)5*s and early1)6*s4 recreational scuba diving was a sport li!ited to those who were able to a,,ord or !a'e their own 'it4 and prepared to undergo intensive training to use it. s the sport beca!e !ore popular4 !anu,acturers beca!e aware o, the potential !ar'et4 and e6uip!ent began to appear that was easy to use4 a,,ordable and reliable. <ontinued advances in- 1<?/ technology4 such as buoyancy co!pensators4 !odern diving regulators4 wet or dry suits4 and dive co!puters4 increased the sa,ety4 co!,ort and convenience o, the gear encouraging !ore people to train and use it. ?ntil the early 1)5*s4 navies and other organi7ations per,or!ing pro,essional diving were the only providers o, diver training4 but only ,or their own personnel and only using their own types o, e6uip!ent. 0here were no training courses available to civilians who bought the ,irst scuba e6uip!ent. 2ro,essional instruction started in 1)5) when the nonBpro,it 5ational ssociation o, ?nderwater $nstructors was ,or!ed. >urther develop!ents in technology have reduced the cost o, training and diving. 1cubaB diving has beco!e a popular leisure activity4 and !any diving locations have so!e ,or! o, dive shop presence that can o,,er air ,ills4 e6uip!ent and training. $n tropical and subBtropical parts o, the world4 there is a large !ar'et in holiday divers4 who train and dive while on holiday4 but rarely dive close to ho!e. Fenerally4 recreational diving depths are li!ited to a !a3i!u! o, between 3* and 4* !eters 81** and 13* ,eet94 beyond which a variety o, sa,ety issues !a'e it unsa,e to dive using recreation diving e6uip!ent and practices4 and speciali7ed training and e6uip!ent ,or technical diving are needed. 36. Eecreational diving _______. a. re6uires !ore e6uip!ent than technical diving 4 b. are taken up by many people for leisure and entertainment c. needs no e6uip!ent d. re6uires !ore e3perience than technical diving 37. Eecreational underwater e3cursions used to be li!ited _______. a. as underwater hunting was banned b. because the necessary a!ount o, breath was too e3pensive to a,,ord c. because divers could not take enough amount of breath with them d. because the necessary a!ount o, breath was too heavy to bring 3#. ccording to the second paragraph4 in the 1)5*s and early 1)6*s4 recreational scuba diving was a sport li!ited because _______. a. divers did not li'e to ta'e part in any intensive training courses b. there were not any intensive training courses ,or divers c. there were not enough 'it ,or !any divers d. kit and intensive training were too e'pensive for many people to afford 3). 0hese ,ollowing sentences are true GT<G20 _______. a. "n the early )BCAs anyone who wanted to dive could be professionally trained. b. $n the early 1)5*s there were no training courses available to civilians who bought the ,irst scuba e6uip!ent. c. s recreational diving beca!e !ore popular4 !anu,acturers have !ade !ore and !ore diving e6uip!ent. d. dvances in scuba technology encourage !ore and !ore people to train and use it. 141

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4*. Holiday divers _______. a. do not li'e to dive in tropical and subBtropical parts b. can dive as deep as they li'e because o, sa,ety c. are those who go away from home to dive d. are li!ited in tropical and subBtropical parts &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. +ater polo is a rapidly growing sport in the ?nited 1tates and internationally as 8419 ______. >or anyone involved in playing or being a spectator4 it is i!portant to understand the rules o, the ga!e. Gach tea! 8429 ______ o, one goalie and si3 ,ield players. Gach ,ield player plays both o,,ense and de,ense4 and the goalie is not allowed on the other hal, o, the pool. 0here are !any di,,erent arrange!ents o, players in ,ront o, the goal. 0he 8439 ______ o, the players depends on the play that is being run4 si!ilar to bas'etball or hoc'ey. ;ne i!portant rule is that the ball can only be handled by one hand at a ti!e. $, a player 8449 ______ the ball4 which is the si7e o, a volley ball4 yellow and with rubber grip4 with both hands4 the re,eree calls a turnover and the possession o, the ball goes to the opposing tea!. 0he playing ti!e4 8459 ______ on the rules o, play and the level o, co!petition. ?sually4 !en play ,our 7B!inute 6uarters while wo!en play ,our 6B!inute 6uarters. 0ea!s are usually allowed 2 ti!e outs per ga!e4 but this !ay vary. 8469 ______ consist o, swi!suits ,or both !en and wo!en4 as well as a cap on the head with plastic ear protectors and the player-s nu!ber on both sides. Iisiting tea!s wear lighter color caps4 while ho!e wears the dar'er color. $n 8479 ______4 one point is given ,or each ti!e the ball is thrown into the goal4 and in so!e leagues there is a 2Bpoint line several !eters out o, the goal. Gach 6uarter begins with a 84#9 ______ in which the ,astest !e!bers o, each tea! race toward the ball4 which is placed at the hal,way point on the water by the re,eree. +ater polo is an 84)9 ______4 challenging4 and ,un sport. $t is ,ull contact and its co!petitiveness cannot be underesti!ated. 0he ga!e is great to watch and 85*9 ______ better to play. Cou !ay not i!agine what goes on underwater that no one4 especially not the re,eree4 can see. +ater polo is a growing sport ,or good reason4 and it !ay soon be one o, the leading sports ,or both !en and wo!en-s athletics. 41. a. well b. too c. so d. also 42. a. contains b. includes c. consists d. involves 43. a. situation b. location c. position d. attention 44. a. ,etches b. clutches c. sha'es d. holds 45. a. ta'es b. depends c. interests d. attracts 46. a. 1uits b. .resses c. <ostu!es d. @niforms 47. a. scoring b. !ar'ing c. getting d. penali7ing 4#. a. jog b. sprint c. wal' d. run 4). a. e3cite b. e3cite!ent c. e'citing d. e3cited 5*. a. as b. even c. than d. !ore

Unit 13; THE 22n( SEAGAMES


TEST 1 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. events b. spirit c. 2sian d. silver 2. a. gold b. region c. organi7e d. ga!e. 3. a. trained b. proved c. impressed d. per,or!ed 4. a. co!petitor b. !edal c. level d. development 5. a. honor b. high c. host d. hold Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. $n _______ 22nd 1G Fa!es4 Iietna! won 15# _______ gold !edals. a. V ( the b. the / c. a ( the d. the ( the 142

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7. _______ logo o, the 22nd 1G Fa!es is the styli7ation o, Dac bird4 the ancient bird pictured o, the ,ace o, 5goc Du 'ettledru!4 _______ !ost special and typical relic o, the ancient Iietna!ese culture. a. ( the b. -he / the c. V ( V d. 0he ( V #. _______ sy!bol o, the 1G Fa!es >ederation is to e!phasi7e the solidarity4 ,riendship4 and nobility. a. b. n c. -he d. V ). 0he host country4 Daos4 is e3pected to announce o,,icial sports ,or 25th 1G Fa!es _______ 5ove!ber 2**#. a. on b. in c. during d. ,ro! 1*. Iietna! reco!!ended archery4 vovina!4 billiardsBsnoo'er and canoeing _______ o,,icial sports at the ga!es. a. at b. with c. as d. in 11. 0he 2arty and 1tate leaders4 delegates4 do!estic arid international guests4 and 11 sports delegations _______ 1outheast sian countries to the 22nd 1G Fa!es were war!ly welco!ed. a. over b. at c. ,or d. from 12. :ohnny used to be one o, the !ost _______ athletes in !y country. a. succeed b. success c. successful d. success,ully nd 13. 0he 22 1G Fa!es consisted o, athletes ,ro! eleven _____ countries. a. participate b. participant c. participation d. participating 14. _______4 the athlete bro'e the world-s record with two atte!pts. a. 1urprise b. 1urprised c. 1urprising d. #urprisingly 15. ;n behal, o, the re,erees and athletes4 re,eree Hoang Ouoc Iinh and shooter 5guyen &anh 0uong swore to an oath o, %_______4 Honesty and >air 2lay%. a. 2er,or!ance b. .elegation c. 2articipation d. #olidarity 16. 0he 1G 5 2araBFa!es are hosted by the sa!e country where the 1G Fa!es too' place. a. organi:ed b. i!pressed c. participated d. de,ended 17. 0he 1G 5 2araBFa!es is a biannual !ultiBsport _______ held a,ter every 1outheast sian Fa!es ,or athletes with physical disabilities. a. ga!es b. event c. wor' d. situation 1#. $n beach volleyball4 $ndonesia de,eated 0hailand in straight sets to ta'e !en-s gold _______. a. present b. award c. medal d. reward nd 1). 0he 22 1G Fa!es was the ,irst ti!e when Iietna! ,inished top o, the !edal _______. a. standings b. events c. spirits d. progra!s 2*. Iiet 5a!-s success,ul hosting o, the 22nd 1G Fa!es is considered a(an _____ e3a!ple ,or other countries to ,ollow4 particularly in honesty4 consistence and organi7ing !ethod. a. ,estival b. peace,ul c. energetic d. outstanding 21. _______ you study ,or these e3a!s4 _______ you will do. a. -he harder / the better b. 0he !ore ( the !uch c. 0he hardest ( the best d. 0he !ore hard ( the !ore good4 22. &y neighbor is driving !e !adJ $t see!s that _______ it is at night4 _______ he plays his !usicJ a. the less ( the !ore loud b. the less ( less c. the !ore late ( the !ore loudlier d. the later / the louder 23. 0han's to the progress o, science and technology4 our lives have beco!e _______. a. !ore and !ore good b. better arid better c. the !ore and !ore good d. gooder and gooder 24. 0he 1ears 0ower is _______ building in <hicago. a. taller b. the !ore tall c. the tallest d. taller and taller 25. 2etrol is _______ it used to. a. twice as e'pensive as b. twice e3pensive !ore than c. twice !ore than e3pensive d. !ore e3pensive than twice 26. 2eter is _______ :ohn. 143

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a. younger and more intelligent than b. !ore young and intelligent than c. !ore intelligent and younger than d. the !ore intelligent and younger than 27. 1an .iego is town in 1outhern <ali,ornia. a. !ore nice and nice b. the nicer c. the nicest d. nicer and nicer 2#. $t gets _______ when the winter is co!ing. a. cold and cold b. the coldest and coldest c. colder and colder d. !ore and !ore cold 2). Eobert does not have _______ 2eter does. a. !oney !ore than b. as !any !oney as c. !ore !oney as d. as much money as 3*. 0he &e'ong .elta is _______ deltas in Iietna!. a. the largest o, the two b. the !ore larger o, the two c. one of the two largest d. one o, the two larger !rror "dentification. 31. 0he 1outheast sian Fa!es4 also knowing as the 1G Fa!es4 is a 8'nown9 biennial !ultiBsport event involving participants ,ro! the current eleven / < countries of #outheast 2sia . . 32. 0he 1G Fa!es are under regulation o, the 1outheast sian Fa!es 8is9 / >ederation with supervision by the $nternational ;ly!pic <o!!ittee < . and the ;ly!pic <ouncil o, sia. 33. 0he proposed rationale was that a regional sports event will help / pro!ote cooperative4 understanding and relations among countries in. < 8cooperation9 . the 1outheast sian region 34. 0he ,irst 1G Fa!es were held in /ang'o'4 0hailand4 from )( to ); / .ece!ber41)5) comprising more and more 527 athletes and o,,icials < . 8!ore than9 ,ro! 1outheast countries participating in 12 sports co!petitions. 35. -he ne't host ,or the 1G Fa!es is Daos. "t is Daos- the first ti!e as / < 8,irst9 the host ,or the biannualB ga!es. . %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 0he 22nd 1G Fa!es4 hosted this year by Iietna!4 has joined the international !ove!ent to rid sports o, tobacco. >or the ,irst ti!e4 the regional sporting event will be tobaccoB,ree under a land!ar' cooperative agree!ent signed in pril 2**3 between the +orld Health ;rgani7ation 8+H;94 the 22nd 1G Fa!es ;rgani7ing <o!!ittee and the Iietna!ese &inistry o, Health. Hanoi Health .epart!ent has organi7ed a press se!inar to celebrate and raise awareness about the tobaccoB,ree 1G Fa!es. 0he 22nd 1G Fa!es is the ,irst ga!es hosted by Iietna! and 1* countries ,ro! the 1outheast sian region with nearly #4*** athletes and coaches will participate. $t will be the ,irst tobaccoB,ree international sporting event in Iietna!4 joining other international tobaccoB,ree sporting events such as the >$> +orld <up 2**24 and the +inter ;ly!pic Fa!es 2**2. 0he 22nd 1G Fa!es will ban all sales4 advertising and other pro!otion o, tobacco products4 and restricts s!o'ing in all Fa!es venues. 0he ai! is to protect spectators4 athletes4

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event sta,,4 !edia and other visitors ,ro! the serious health ha7ards o, secondBhand tobacco s!o'e4 as well as to change public attitudes about the social acceptability o, s!o'ing. &ada!e 2ascale /rudon4 +H; Eepresentative in Iietna!4 stated4 %Iietna! has established 3 years ago a co!prehensive4 a!bitious national tobacco control policy and a national tobacco control progra!. 0he tobaccoB,ree 22nd 1G Fa!es will be yet another area where Iietna! is leading the way ,or other countries in the region and the world in protecting its citi7ens ,ro! the debilitating and disastrous conse6uences o, tobacco use.% +H; has provided ,unding and technical assistance to the 1G Fa!es ;rgani7ing <o!!ittee and Iietna!ese &inistry o, Health to train o, over 44*** 1G Fa!es organi7ers and volunteers on the i!ple!entation o, the tobaccoB,ree policy. n international tea! o, trainers ,ro! the &inistry o, Health4 $nternational ;rgani7ation ,or Food 0e!per 8l;F094 +H; and $nternational .evelop!ent Gnterprises 8$.G9 began a series o, national training wor'shops ,or volunteers in pril4 2**3. 0he tobaccoB,ree 1G Fa!es are an inspiration and a !odel ,or other sport events4 big and s!all4 not only in Iietna! but also in the 1outheast sian and +estern 2aci,ic Eegion. 36. $n the 22nd 1G Fa!es _______. a. there will be the attendance o, athletes ,ro! the +orld Health ;rgani7ation b. smoking is not allowed c. s!o'ing is only ,or the leader4 not any athletes d. is held by the Iietna!ese &inistry o, Health 37. ccording to the te3t4 _______. a. Iietna! has ever organi7ed several tobaccoB,ree sport events be,ore the 22 nd 1G Fa!es b. the tobaccoB,ree 1G Fa!es in Iietna! has not been approved by any world organi7ations c. the tobaccoB,ree 1G Fa!es is not announced to newspapers and !aga7ines d. the tobacco,free #!2 ?ames in 6ietnam has been encouraged and supported by many world organi:ations 3#. ccording to the third paragraph4 _______. a. tobacco co!panies can have an advertising ca!paign during the 1G Fa!es b. secondBhand tobacco s!o'e cannot cause any har! to the athletes in the 22 nd 1G Fa!es c. cigarettes are not allowed to sell in the ((nd #!2 ?ames venues d. everyone can buy cigarettes in the 22nd 1G Fa!es venues e3cept the athletes 3). ;ne o, the ai!s o, the tobaccoB,ree 1G Fa!es is a. to sell !ore and !ore tobacco during the event b. to change public attitudes about the social acceptability of smoking c. to reduce the production o, tobacco d. to help athletes to solve the proble!s o, the serious health ha7ards 4*. +hich sentence is not true" a. 6ietnam itself has to pay a lot for the volunteers on the implementation of the tobacco,free policy. b. 0he tobaccoB,ree 1G Fa!es in Iietna! get great support ,ro! several world organi7ations c. 0he tobaccoB,ree 1G Fa!es is considered a !odel ,or other sport events. d. 0here are national training wor'shops ,or volunteers in pril4 2**3 ,or the tobaccoB,ree 1G Fa!es. &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 0hat is a progra! o, Ho <hi &inh <ity Couth ?nion to 8419 _____ individuals4 do!estic and ,oreign organi7ations buy and use bicycles during the ti!e 8429 _____ they enjoy the 1G Fa!es 22 in Ho <hi &inh <ity then donate the bicycles to poor children. 2reparing 8439 _____4 this progra!4 the ;rgani7ing <o!!ittee has signed a 8449 _____ with &artin B a bicycleB!a'ing ,ir! B to purchase 14*** bicycles4 at prices ,ro! #5*4*** to 14***4*** I5. per bicycle B1*N 8459 _____ than !ar'et prices4 with nearly 2* di,,erent !odels. $n the !id o, 5ove!ber4 0he ;rgani7ing <o!!ittee will announce4 pro!ote4 and 8469 145

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_____ the progra! %1G Fa!es $ron Horses B >or 2oor <hildren% through 8479 _____ at airport4 on buses4 ta3is4 at in,or!ation des's4 posters4 banners4 newspapers4 and websites o, city Couth ?nion. /esides 142** volunteers 84#9 _____ the 1G Fa!es 224 the ;rgani7ing <o!!ittee also recruits 1** active volunteers ,or this progra! to handle the handover and receiving bi'es4 instructing participating tourists4 giving 84)9 _____ to 6uestions through hot lines. 0his progra! both conveys practical signi,icance and helps international ,riends to understand ,urther the nation and people o, Iiet4 5a! as well as strengthen the ,riendship and 85*9 _____ a!ong nations. 41. a. re6uire b. contribute c. encourage d. raise 42. a. where b. which c. that d. when 43. a. for b. on c. o, d. about 44. a. docu!ent b. contract c. letter d. report 45. a. low b. lower c. the lower d. the lowest 46. a. public b. publicly c. publici7ing d. publici:e 47. a. boo' b. tic'ets c. leaflets d. sheets 4#. a. serving b. ta'ing c. running d. hosting 4). a. en6uiries b. letters c. responses d. de!ands 5*. a. cooperation b. participation c. achieve!ent d. success TEST 2 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. enthusiast2 b. success,ully c. co!petitor2 d. participation* 2. a. spirit 1 b. i!press2 c. event d. per,or!2 3. a. develop!ent2 b. cooperation) c. surprisingly2 d. ,acility2 4. a. ,estival1 b. bad!inton1 c. participant( d. organi7e1 5. a. solidarity3 b. energetic3 c. e'cellently) d. co!bination3 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence4 substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. Iietna! was _______ host country o, the 22nd 1G Fa!es. a. a b. an c. the d. V 7. 0he 22nd 1G Fa!es &ascot is _______ Folden /u,,alo. a. a b. an c. the d. V #. 0o prepare ,or the 22nd 1G Fa!es4 Iietna! carried out _______ intensive progra! ,or the athletes. a. a b. an c. the d. V nd ). How !any _______ too' part in the 22 1G Fa!es" a. co!pete b. competitors c. co!petition d. co!petitor nd 1*. 0he second part o, the progra! in the 22 1G Fa!es opening cere!ony was na!ed %_______ ,or 2eace%. a. <ooperate b. Cooperation c. <ooperative d. <ooperatively 11. 0he _______ wanted to reduce the breadth o, the ga!es4 with !any events currently having s!all ,ields and wea' co!petition. a. organi7e b. organi7ation c. organi7able d. organi:ers 12. $n 2**64 Iiet 5a! !ade a deep i!pression ______ other countries in the region by success,ully hosting the 1outheast sian 1tudent 1port >estival. a. with b. ,or c. in d. on 13. 0he 1outheast sian 1tudent 1port >estival is the biggest sport event _______ the youths in the region. a. for b. on c. in d. o, 14. t his last atte!pt the athlete was success,ul _______ passing the bar. a. in b. ,or c. with d. on 15. 0he nu!ber o, Iietna!ese sport o,,icials and re,erees o, international standard ta'ing part in regional tourna!ents has increased rapidly. a. hosting b. participating c. achieving d. succeeding

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16. t the 23rd 1G Fa!es4 Iiet 5a! proved its position in the region by ____ third behind the host B the 2hilippines and secondBran'ed 0hailand. a. finishing b. playing c. preparing d. per,or!ing 17. $n the 22nd 1G Fa!es in 2**34 the country _______ the co!petition with 34* !edals4 including 156 golds4 )1 silvers and )3 bron7es. a. de,ended b. cost c. topped d. ran'ed 1#. 0o i!prove its athletes- _______4 Iiet 5a! has regularly e3changed delegation o, sport o,,icials4 coaches4 re,erees and athletes with other countries. a. tea! b. co!petitor c. appearance d. performance 1). _______ is the activity o, doing special e3ercises regularly in order to !a'e your !uscles grow bigger. a. +restling b. Bodybuilding c. +eightli,ting d. /ad!inton 2*. He is a great sports _______. He rarely !isses any sport ga!es although he was busy. a. enthusiast b. player c. energy d. progra!!er 21. s she did so4 her parents beca!e _______. a. the angriest b. the !ost angry c. the !ore angry d. angrier and angrier 22. 2eople should eat ____ and do ____ to reduce the ris' o, heart disease. a. less fat / more e'ercise b. less and less ,at ( the !ore e3ercise c. the less ,at ( the !ore e3ercise d. ,atter ( !ore e3ercise 23. He spent a year in $ndia and loves spicy ,ood. _______ the ,ood is4 _______ he li'es it. a. 0he hotter ( the !ore and !ore b. -he hotter / the more c. 0he !ore and !ore hot ( the !ore d. 0he hottest ( the !ost 24. ;, course you can co!e to the party. _______. a. -he more the merrier b. 0he !ore and the !errier c. 0he !ore and !errier d. 0he !ore and !ore !errier 25. $ ,eel _______ $ did yesterday. a. much more tired than b. !any !ore tired than c. as !any tired as d. as !ore tired as 26. 1he is _______ a spectator. a. !ore an athlete than b. more of an athlete than c. an athlete !ore than d. an athlete o, !ore than 27. His house is _______ !ine. a. twice as big as b. as twice big as c. as two ti!es big as d. as big as twice 2#. ____ live in Ho <hi &inh <ity than in the whole o, the rest o, the country. a. s !uch as people b. More people c. s !any as people d. 2eople !ore 2). $t gets _______ to understand what the pro,essor has e3plained. a. the !ore di,,icult b. !ore di,,icult than c. di,,icult !ore and !ore d. more and more difficult 3*. Cou !ust drive slower in built up areas. _______ you drive in the city4 it is _______ that you will have an accident. a. 0he ,aster and ,aster ( the !ore b. -he faster / the more probable c. 0he !ore and !ore ,ast ( the !ore and !ore probable d. 0he !ore ,astly ( the probable Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. 31. 0here are !ore sports co!peted in this 1G Fa!es than in last 1G Fa!es. a. 0he sports co!peted ill this 1G Fa!es are the sa!e as those in last 1G Fa!es. b. /ot as many sports were competed in last #!2 ?ames as in this #!2 ?ames. c. $n the last 1G Fa!es there were so!e sports which were not co!peted. d. $n this 1G Fa!es4 there are less sports co!peted than in last 1G Fa!es. 32. 5o one in the tea! can play better than :ohn. 147

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a. :ohn plays well but the others play better. b. :ohn as well as other players o, the tea! plays very well. c. Gveryone in the tea!4 but :ohn4 plays very well. d. >ohn is the best player of the team. 33. He only ,eels happy whenever he does not have !uch wor' to do. a. 0he !ore he wor's4 the happier he ,eels. b. -he less he works, the happier he feelsK c. His wor' !a'es hi! ,eel happy. d. He ,eels happier and happier with his wor'. 34. &ore petrol is consu!ed nowadays than ten years ago. a. /ot so much petrol was consumed ten years ago as nowadays. b. 2etrol consu!ption is going down nowadays. c. +e had !ore petrol ten years ago than we do nowadays. d. +e should consu!e as !uch petrol as possible. 35. $ learn a lot but $ cannot re!e!ber anything. a. $ learn !ore and !ore and re!e!ber !ore and !ore. b. 0he less $ learn4 the !ore $ re!e!ber. c. -he more " learn, the less " remember. d. $ re!e!ber not only what $ have learnt. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 0he 25th 1G Fa!es is scheduled to be held in Iientiane4 Daos in 2**). 0his will be the ,irst ti!e the country has ever held a 1outheast sian Fa!es. $, Daos ,ailed to !eet 6uali,ications to hold the event in ti!e4 the ga!es would be !oved to 1ingapore. $t will also co!!e!orate the 5* years o, the 1G Fa!es. /ecause o, the li!ited sports ,acilities in Iientiane4 only 25 sports will be in co!petition. !ong the sports will be !issing ,ro! co!petition are cycling4 gy!nastics4 hoc'ey4 rowing and weightli,ting. 0he -ga!es will retain events li'e tenpin bowling4 petan6ue4 billiards4 -dragon- boat racing4 sepa' ta'raw4 wushu4 &uay 0hai and penca' silat4 and will resu!e the sport o, juggling a shuttlecoc' with ,eet. 0he cutbac' is partly due to the landBloc'ed country B with no sailing4 windsur,ing or triathlon and also lac' o, ,acilities in Iientiane. Daos will host the ga!es with a budget o, Q#* !illion4 with the help o, <hina who is building a new stadiu! to be used as the !ain venue on a 1#2Bhectare lot in the Iientiane suburb o, 1aythani district. 0he stadiu! will be the biggest in the country and will be able to acco!!odate over 2*4*** spectators. Iietna!ese govern!ent o,,icial has a,,ir!ed that Iietna! will help Daos success,ully organi7e the 25th 1G Fa!es. ?nder the cooperation progra!4 Iietna! will train Dao coaches and athletes4 provide e6uip!ent and -send e3perts to Daos to help it success,ully organi7e the sporting event. 36. 0he 25th 1G Fa!es in Iientiane4 Daos in 2**) also co!!e!orates the 5* years o, the 1G Fa!es. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 37. Daos reduces so!e sport ga!es due to the lac' o, ,acilities. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3#. +ushu will not be co!peted in the 25th 1G 4Fa!es. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3). Daos has not any help ,ro! ,oreign countries. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 4*. ll Daotian athletes are being trained in Iietna!. a. 0rue b. >alse c. /o information &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 0he 24th 1outheast sian Fa!es was 8419 _____ in 0hailand ,ro! .ece!ber 6 to .ece!ber 164 2**7. 0he 0hai ;ly!pic <o!!ittee was 8429 _____ the event to coincide with the co!!e!oration o, #*th birthday o, @ing /hu!ibol dulyadej. ;,,icials were studying the possibility o, doing the events in !ultiple venues 8439 _____ what had been done in Iietna! and the 2hilippines. $t was 8449 _____ si3th ti!e 0hailand hosted the 1G Fa!es. 0hailand hosted the 1)5)4 1)674 1)754 1)#5 and 1))5 1G Fa!es. 148

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;n 24 >ebruary 2**64 northeast 0hailand-s 2rovince authorities !et to 8459 _____ the 2**7 1G Fa!es schedule4 and progress on the province-s underBconstruction ?1Q65 !illion sports co!ple3. 0he !eeting provided an overview o, 8469 _____4 and ended with reassurances that everything would be ready 8479 _____ 1G Fa!es in 2**7. 0he sports 84#9 __ included a 54***Bseater indoor stadiu! and 16 tennis court ,acilities a!ong other ,acilities scheduled to be ,inished on :une 2**7. 0he 2**7 1G Fa!es ,eatured 84)9 _____ than 4** events in 45 sports. 0he 24th edition o, the ga!es had the highest nu!ber o, sporting events in the entire 85*9 _____ o, the 1G Fa!es4 !ore events than the sian Fa!es and the ;ly!pic Fa!es. 41. a. held b. !et c. seen d. co!!itted 42. a. winning b. co!peting c. ,ighting d. planning 43. a. such as b. as c. li'ely d. like 44. a. a b. an c. the d. V 45. a. tal' b. discuss c. tell d. 6uarrel 46. a. facilities b. tools c. !aterials d. ,urniture 47. a. at b. on c. with d. for 4#. a. places b. halls c. venues d. ho!es 4). a. rather b. more c. better d. as 5*. a. history b. ancient c. ,or!er d. ti!e TEST 3 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. ga!es b. tea!s c. !edals d. events 2. a. success b. enthusiast c. support d. surprise 3. a. southern b. athlete c. both d. enthusias! 4. a. co!pose b. propose c. purpose d. suppose 5. a. organi7e b. spirit c. title d. surprising Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. 0he 22nd 1G Fa!es was launched by _______ i!pressive opening cere!ony at Hanoi-s &y .inh 5ational 1tadiu!4 in ,ront o, over 4*4*** spectators. a. a b. an c. the d. V 7. 0he opening cere!ony o, the 22nd 1G Fa!es began at 7 p! with _______ song %Iietna! B ;ur >atherland%. a. a b. an c. the d. V #. ;n behal, o, _______ host country= 2ri!e &inister 2han Ian @hai declared the 22nd 1G Fa!es opening cere!ony. a. a b. an c. the d. V ). /e,ore the 22nd 1G Fa!es4 Iietna! had !ade a good _______ in every aspect. a. prepare b. preparation c. preparative d. preparer 1*. 1G 5 press praised the great _______ o, Iietna!ese athletes at the 22nd 1G Fa!es. a. sports b. sports!an c. sporting d. sportsmanship 11. 0he success o, the 22nd 1G Fa!es had a great contribution o, !any _______ volunteers. a. support b. supporter c. supportive d. supportively 12. 0he delegation to the 1G Fa!es was co!posed _______ top co!petitors o, the country. a. on b. of c. ,or d. a!ong 13. ll the audience was 6uite surprised _ the success o, that young athlete. a. on b. at c. to d. o,, 14. 0han's to the encourage!ent and support4 all Iietna!ese athletes co!peted _______ high spirits. a. ,or b. o, c. on d. in 15. 1ince its rejoining in the 1outheast sian arena in 1)#)4 Iiet 5a!-s sports have !ade great _______4 particularly in recent 1G Fa!es. a. success b. invention c. host d. ga!e 16. 0he athlete had tried his best to _______ his 1G Fa!es title and records. 149

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a. carry b. per,or! c. defend d. support 17. Iiet 5a! is now willing to _______ part in the 24th 1G Fa!es hosted by 0hailand by the end o, 2**7 with a total o, )5# athletes. a. play b. lose c. take d. enjoy 1#. _______ is a ga!e in which two tea!s hit a large ball with their hands bac'wards and ,orwards over a high net. $, you allow the ball to touch the ground4 the other tea! wins a point. a. 6olleyball b. +ater polo c. /as'et ball d. /ad!inton 1). He beca!e :a!aica-s ,irst ;ly!pic gold !edalist when he won the 4**B!eter _______ in 1)4#. a. distance b. title c. runner d. sport 2*. 1he won the race in _______ ti!e and got the gold !edal. a. included b. durable c. ran' d. record 21. 0he party was _______ $ had e3pected. a. !ore a hundred ti!es ,un than b. a hundred ti!es ,un !ore than c. a hundred times more fun than d. !ore ,un than a hundred ti!es 22. He ,inds physics _______ other science subjects. a. far more difficult than b. !any !ore di,,icult than c. too !uch !ore di,,icult than d. !ore !uch di,,icult than 23. _______ he dran'4 _______ he beca!e. a. &ore ( !ore violent b. 0he !ost ( the !ost violent c. -he more / the more violent d. 0he less ( less violent 24. &ary was _______ o, the two sisters. a. the clever b. as clever as c. the cleverer d. the cleverest 25. >rench is a _______ language to learn than Gnglish is. a. di,,icult b. more difficult c. !ost di,,icult d. !ore and !ore di,,icult 26. 0he cuisine o, >rance is _______. a. more famous than that of !ngland b. ,a!ous than the cuisine o, Gngland c. !ore ,a!ous than which o, Gngland d. as ,a!ous than that o, Gngland 27. Garning !oney has always been the thing that pleases hi! !ost. _______ he beco!es4 he is. a. 0he !ore rich ( the !ore happy b. 0he richest ( the happiest c. -he richer / the happier d. Eicher and richer ( happier and happier 2#. 0he ,ast we ,inish4 _______. a. the sooner we can leave b. we can leave sooner and sooner c. the sooner can we leave d. we can leave the sooner 2). ;, all athletes4 le3 is _______. a. the less 6uali,ied b. the less and less 6uali,ied c. the !ore and !ore 6uali,ied d. the least +ualified4 3*. 0he cli!ber was seventy !iles in the wrong direction and got _______. a. !ore panic'ed b. the !ore panic'ed c. !ore than panic'ed d. more and more panicked Choose the best sentence that can be made from the words given. 31. the Guro <up 2**#( Murich ( 0uesday4 17 :une ( $taly ( beat ( >rance ( advance into the 6uarter,inals a. +ith the Guro <up 2**# in Murich on 0uesday4 17 :une it was $taly beating >rance to advance into the 6uarter,inals. b. >or the Guro <up 2**# in Murich on 0uesday4 17 :une when $taly beat >rance and advanced into the 6uarter,inals. c. "n the !uro Cup (AA8 in Eurich on -uesday, ); >une, "taly beat &rance to advance into the +uarterfinals.

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d. $t was in the Guro <up 2**# in Murich on 0uesday4 17 :une4 $taly beat >rance to advance into the 6uarter,inals. 32. the world cha!pion $taly ( beat ( >rance ( 2B* ( eli!inate ( >rance ( the Guropean cha!pionship a. 0he world cha!pion $taly4 it beat >rance 2B* to eli!inate >rance ,ro! the Guropean cha!pionship. b. -he world champion "taly beat &rance (,A to eliminate &rance from the !uropean championship. c. 0he world cha!pion $taly beat >rance 2B* and so eli!inate >rance ,ro! the Guropean cha!pionship. d. 0he world cha!pion $taly beating >rance 2B* and eli!inated >rance ,ro! the Guropean cha!pionship. 33. $taly ( open its account 8the 25th !inute ( ndrea 2irlo ( convert the penalty into goal a. $taly opened its account in the 25th !inute and with ndrea 2irlo converted the penalty into goal. b. $taly opened its account in the 25th !inute when ndrea 2irlo converting the penalty into goal. c. $taly opened its account in the 25th !inute4 ndrea 2irlo who converted the penalty into goal. d. "taly opened its account in the (Cth minute, with 2ndrea $irlo converting the penalty into goal. 34. the >rench ( unable to open their account ( $taly-s .aniele de Eossi ( score ( $taly-s second goal in the 62nd !inute a. +hile the >rench were unable to open their account and $taly-s .aniele de Eossi scored $taly-s second goal in the 62nd !inute. b. 0he >rench were unable to open their account4 there,ore4 $taly-s .aniele de Eossi scored $taly-s second goal in the 62nd !inute. c. -he &rench were unable to open their account while "taly=s aniele de %ossi scored "taly=s second goal in the 7(nd minute. d. $, >rench were unable to open their account while $taly-s .aniele de Eossi would scored $taly-s second goal in the 62nd !inute. 35. ,or >rance ( unsuccess,ul !atch ( lose ( the 'ey !an >ranc' Eibery ( serious injury ( only a,ter seven !inutes a. &or &rance, it was an unsuccessful match as it lost the key man &ranck %ibery due to serious injury only after seven minutes. b. >or >rance an unsuccess,ul !atch was when it lost the 'ey !an >ranc' Eibery ,or serious injury in only a,ter seven !inutes. c. >or >rance had an unsuccess,ul !atch with losing the 'ey !an >ranc' Eibery because o, serious injury only a,ter seven !inutes. d. >or >rance was an unsuccess,ul !atch and it lost the 'ey !an >ranc' Eibery because serious injury only a,ter seven !inutes. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 0he 23rd 1outheast sian Fa!es were held in the 2hilippines ,ro! 5ove!ber 27th to .ece!ber 5th in 2**5. 0he ga!es were participated by the eleven nations o, 1outheast sia. 0his was the ,irst ti!e that the opening and closing cere!onies were held in a large open ,ield4 despite the ,act that &anila has !any stadiu!s. 0he organi7ation decided to hold the ga!es at an open space to acco!!odate the large nu!ber o, participants and spectators. s a result4 the 2**5 1G Fa!es ran'ed as having the largest audience B 2**4*** people W during the opening and closing cere!onies. 0hese ga!es were also noted ,or having the !ost nu!ber o, delegates in the history o, the 1G Fa!es. $n the end4 all participating countries received !edals. Gvents in !en-s ,ootball actually started on 5ove!ber 2*th4 prior to the opening cere!ony. +ater polo events began on 5ove!ber 21st4 wo!en-s ,ootball on 5ove!ber 23rd4 sailing on 5ove!ber 26th4 and tennis on 5ove!ber 26th=

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0he ,irst gold !edal o, the ga!es was awarded to 1ingapore on 5ove!ber 25th when their water polo tea! ca!e out unde,eated during the roundBrobin tourna!ent round. 0he 2hilippine tea! too' the silver !edal in that event4 and &alaysia brought ho!e the bron7e. 0he Fa!es were also considered a valuable opportunity ,or athletes to gain co!petition e3perience and preparation ,or the upco!ing sian Fa!es and ;ly!pic Fa!es. $t was purposely created to strengthen ,riendship4 solidarity and understanding a!ong neighboring countries in the region. 0his was the third 1G Fa!es to be hosted by the 2hilippines. 0he last two ti!es the 2hilippines hosted the ga!es were in 1)#14 and again in 1))1. 0here were 14461 !edals awarded4 444 o, which were gold4 434 were silver4 and 5#3 were bron7e. 36. ?p to now4 the 2hilippines has hosted the 1G Fa!es _______ ti!es. a. 2 b. * c. 4 d. 5 37. ccording to the ,irst paragraph4 _______. a. the opening and closing cere!onies were hold in the stadiu!s o, &anila b. only ,our o, eleven participating countries got !edals c. the 23rd 1G Fa!es had been over by the end o, 5ove!ber4 2**5 d. the number of audience in the (*rd #!2 ?ames was about (AA,AAA people 3#. +hich sport was ,irst co!peted in the 23rd 1G Fa!es" a. +ater polo b. 0ennis c. Men=s football d. 1ailing 3). +hich was not !entioned in the 23rd 1G Fa!es" a. $eace b. >riendship c. 1olidarity d. ?nderstanding 4*. +hich country got the ,irst gold !edal in the 23rd 1G Fa!es" a. Iietna! b. #ingapore c. 0he 2hilippines d. &alaysia &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. !ong the total o, 142** volunteers serving the 1G Fa!es 22 in Ho <hi &inh <ity4 nearly 14*** are students 8419 _____ universities4 colleges4 technical schools. /esides that4 64*** cheer people are also in the training session to serve the 1G Fa!es 1G Fa!es 22 will 8429 ____ ,ro! the end o, 5ove!ber4 beginning with ,ootball4 to nearly the !iddle o, .ece!ber. 0his is also the ti!e 8439 _____ students to do revision and 8449 _____ ,or their ,irst se!ester test. $n order to provide advantageous 8459 _____ to volunteers and students to 8469 _____ on their tas's in 1G Fa!es 224 <ity Couth ?nion is trying to solve this proble!. t present4 the volunteers are both studying and participating in the training sessions to prepare the!selves ,or 1G Fa!es 22 at 8479 _____ sa!e ti!e. However4 at the pea' o, late 5ove!ber and !id .ece!ber4 the organi7ers will have plans to assist the! and suggest schools and universities o,,er the ti!e priority to the volunteers helping the! serve the Fa!es 84#9 _____ e,,iciently. 1chools and universities really have the concern Bon this !atter and will 84)9 _____ the e3a!ination schedules ,or volunteers till the end o, the 1G Fa!es. 85*9 _____ the ti!e being4 the volunteers can assure their ti!e in class and at technical training session4 !ainly on every 1aturday and 1unday. $t is hope,ul that the volunteers will have co!,ort to serve 1G Fa!es 22 wholeheartedly. 41. a. at b. in c. ,or d. into 42. a. host b. commence c. enjoy d. participate 43. a. where b. which c. that d. when 44. a. prepare b. carry c. ta'e d. gain 45. a. achieve!ents b. pro!otions c. conditions d. circu!stances 46. a. intend b. focus c. contribute d. attend 47. a. a b. an c. the d. V 4#. a. more b. as c. the !ost d. !ost 4). a. 'eep away b. go up c. ta'e on d. put off 5*. a. ;n b. &or c. t d. $n

Unit 14: INTERNATIONAL


TEST 1 152

ORGANI)ATIONS

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Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. civilian2 b. o,,icial2 c. temporary) d. tsuna!i2 2. a. colleague2 b. appall2 c. devote2 d. victim) 3. a. initiate( b. !edical1 c. rapidly1 d. possible 4. a. volunteer 3 b. wherever2 c. e3a!ple2 d. disaster2 5. a. injured1 b. ,a!ine c. earth6ua'e1 d. result( Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. ccording to the Eed <ross 1))# had been _______ worst year ,or natural disasters in !odern ti!es. a. a b. an c. the d. V 7. .uring the ,lood4 r!y helicopters ca!e and tried to evacuate _______ injured. a. a b. an c. the d. V #. ,rica has always had a large !igratory population because o, war and _______ ,a!ine. a. a b. an c. the d. ). 0he $nternational Eed <ross helps people in need without any discri!ination based on _______4 race4 religion4 class or political opinions. a. national b. nationally c. nationality d. native 1*. 0he $nternational <o!!ittee o, the Eed <ross is a private _______ institution ,ounded in 1#63 in Feneva4 1wit7erland. a. hu!an b. hu!anity c. hu!ani7ation d. humanitarian 11. $n ,or!er days4 a,ter the battles soldiers on both sides died or were le,t wounded on the ,ield without any _______ attendance and basic care. a. !edicine b. medical c. !edication d. !edically 12. 0he $nternational Eed <ross has about )7 !illion volunteers whose !ain _______ is to protect hu!an li,e and health. a. mission b. e3perience c. organi7ation d. rule 13. 0he $nternational Eed <ross helps to ensure respect ,or the hu!an being4 and to prevent and relieve hu!an _______. a. protection b. enjoy!ent c. wealthy d. sufferings 14. 0he $nternational <o!!ittee Eed <ross has about 124*** sta,, !e!bers worldwide4 about #** o, the! wor'ing4in its Feneva _______. a. ,actories b. co!panies c. head+uarters d. buildings 15. 0he Eed <ross on white bac'ground was the original protection _______ declared at the 1#64 Feneva <onvention. a. poster b. billboard c. symbol d. signal 16. 0he Eed .<ross is an international organi7ation that helps people who are su,,ering ,ro! the results o, war4 diseases or _______. a. victi!s b. disasters c. opportunities d. conditions 17. n international !edical con,erence initiated by .avison resulted in the birth o, the Deague o, Eed <ross 1ocieties in 1))1. a. started b. helped c. treated d. dedicated 1#. $n ti!es o, war4 the Eed <ross is dedicated to reducing the su,,erings o, wounded soldiers4 civilians4 and prisoners o, war. a. !ounted b. e3cited c. devoted d. interested 1). _______ is a situation in which large nu!bers o, people have little or no ,ood4 and !any o, the! die. a. .isaster b. &amine c. 2overty d. >lood. 2*. Fo _______ this boo' because it has the in,or!ation you need. a. over b. by c. o,, d. on 21. Helen has gone out and she will not be _______ till !idnight. a. o,, b. along c. back d. away 22. Gverything is _______ you. $ cannot !a'e _______ !y !ind yet. a. out o,, ( on b. up to / up c. away ,ro! ( ,or d. on ,or ( o,, 23. 0here is no ,ood le,t. 1o!eone !ust have eaten it _______. 153

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a. out b. up c. o,, d. along 24. 0he e3plorers !ade a ,ire to _______ o,, wild ani!als. a. get b. keep c. ta'e d. go 25. $, so!ething urgent has _______ up4 phone !e i!!ediately and $ will help you. a. pic'ed b. come c. 'ept d. brought 26. 0he passengers had to wait because the plane ______ o,, one hour late. a. took b. turned c. cut d. !ade 27. /e care,ulJ 0he tree is going to ,all. a. 4ook out b. Doo' up c. Doo' on d. Doo' a,ter 2#. 0he organi7ation was established in 1)5* in the ?1 . a. co!e around b. set up c. !ade out d. put on 2). +ithin their ho!e country4 5ational Eed <ross and Eed <rescent societies assu!e the duties and responsibilities o, a national relie, society. a. take on b. get o,, c. go about d. put in 3*. 0he bo!b e3ploded in the garage= ,ortunately no one hurt. a. put on b. went off c. got out d. 'ept up !rror "dentification 31. ?5$<G> uses the ter! =child protection= to re,er fors preventing and responding to violence4 e3ploitation and abuse against children and teenagers. 8to9 32. ?5$<G>-s child protection progra!s also aim at those children who are uni6uely vulnerable to the abuses4 so ass when living without parental care4 in re!ote areas4 or in very poor ,a!ily. 8such as9 33. 6iolations o, the child=s right to protection take place in every country and bes !assive. 8are9 34. <hildren subjected to violence4 e'ploitation4 abuse and neglect are ins ris' o, death4 poor physical and !ental health4 1"6/2" # infection4 and educational proble!s. 8at9 35. 2mong !any other programs4 ?5$<G> also supports the international <hild Eights $n,or!ation 5etwor'. 8progra!s9 %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. ;n &onday4 &ay 124 2**# a violent earth6ua'e4 !easuring #.* on the Eichter scale4 happened in southwestern <hina-s 1ichuan 2rovince. Hundreds o, a,tershoc's ,ollowed in the area. 0he earth6ua'e destroyed thousands buildings4 roads4 schools and hospitals4 as well as in,rastructure li'e co!!unication networ's and electrical towers. 0housands o, people died or are !issing4 and !ore than 45 !illion people were a,,ected by the earth6ua'e4 which has been the worst natural disaster to hit <hina ,or 3* years. 0he !erican Eed <ross has contributed Q2* !illion to support the relie, and recovery e,,orts o, the Eed <ross 1ociety o, <hina. 0hese ,unds will be used to assist survivors through the purchase and distribution o, relie, supplies4 coordination o, logistics and transportation o, disaster wor'ers to the hardest hit areas. 0he !erican Eed <ross has also sent relie, e3perts to the a,,ected area to help !onitor and coordinate the response e,,orts. ;n :une 64 the !erican Eed <ross coBhosted a ,oru! to address the ?.1. response and recovery e,,orts ,ollowing the earth6ua'e. &ore than 3* representatives ,ro! hu!anitarian organi7ations4 the business co!panies and the govern!ent participated in the event. &ore than 354*** sta,, and volunteers with the Eed <ross 1ociety o, <hina responded to the disaster by distributing ,ood4 water4 tents and other essential ite!s. 0he $nternational >ederation o, Eed <ross and Eed <rescent 1ocieties are providing 1**4*** tents to help those in need. 0he Eed <ross 1ociety o, <hina is a very strong organi7ation with e3tensive e3perience responding to disasters. 0he !erican Eed <ross has long history o, wor'ing with the Eed 154

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<ross 1ociety o, <hina4 going to bac' to ,a!ines in 1)*6 and including severe stor!s earlier this year. 0here has been a close contact between the Eed <ross 1ociety o, <hina and the $nternational >ederation o, Eed <ross and Eed <rescent 1ocieties4 arid they have been ready to provide additional support such as disaster wor'ers4 relie, supplies or ,inancial assistance. <oncerned ,a!ily and ,riends in the ?nited 1tates !ay have di,,iculty contacting their loved ones because teleco!!unication has been out o, wor' by this disaster. $, they are trying to reach relatives living in <hina or those who are citi7ens o, <hina4 the !erican Eed <ross suggests the! 'eep calling or try contacting other ,a!ily !e!bers who live nearby. 36. 0he earth6ua'e on &ay 124 2**# in <hina _______. a. le,t no a,tershoc's b. destroyed everything e3cept co!!unication networ's c. caused no hu!an loss d. had effects on more than HC million people 37. ccording to the second paragraph4 _______. a. the 2merican %ed Cross helped the %ed Cross #ociety of China to recover from the earth+uake b. the !erican Eed <ross owed the Eed <ross 1ociety o, <hina Q2* !illion c. the victi!s o, the earth6ua'e were not helped to buy necessary things d. disaster wor'ers were not sent to the hardest hit areas because o, the a,tershoc's 3#. +hich sentence is not true" a. 0here are !ore than 3* representatives ,ro! hu!anitarian organi7ations4 the business co!panies and the govern!ent in the ?1 helping the <hinese earth6ua'e victi!s. b. -he 2merican government did not do anything to help the earth+uake victims in China. c. 0he !erican Eed <ross has contributed Q2* !illion to help the earth6ua'e victi!s in <hina. d. 0he !erican Eed <ross has also sent relie, e3perts to help the earth6ua'e victi!s in <hina. 3). +hich is not !entioned about the Eed <ross 1ociety o, <hina" a. $t is a strong organi7ation. b. $t gets on well with the !erican Eed <ross. c. "t supplied the earth+uake victims a lot of things e'cept tents. d. $t has e3tensive e3perience responding to disasters. 4*. ,ter the earth6ua'es _______. a. it has been difficult to contact with the resident in the ,attacked area b. the !erican Eed <ross advised people not to 'eep contact with the victi!s c. contacting with the victi!s was not a proble! d. everything has been in order soon &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 0he ?nited 5ations <hildren-s >und4 or ?5$<G>4 was 8419 _____ by the ?nited 5ations Feneral sse!bly on .ece!ber 114 1)464 to provide e!ergency >ood and 8429 _____ to children in -countries that had been devastated by +orld +ar $$. $n 1)534 ?5$<G> beca!e a per!anent part o, the ?nited 5ations 1yste! and its na!e was shortened ,ro! the 8439 _____ ?nited 5ations $nternational <hildren-s G!ergency >und but it has continued to be 'nown by the popular acrony! based on this old na!e. 8449 _____ in 5ew Cor' <ity4 ?5$<G> provides longBter! hu!anitarian and develop!ental assistance to- children and !other in developing countries. ?5$<G> is currently ,ocused 8459 _____ ,ive pri!ary prioritiesA <hild 1urvival and .evelop!ent4 /asic Gducation and Fender G6uality4 including girl-s education4 <hild protection ,ro! 8469 _____4 e3ploitation4 and abuse4 H$I( $.1 and children4 and 2olicy advocacy and partnerships ,or children-s rights. Eelated areas o, ?5$<G> action include early childhood develop!ent4 adolescence develop!ent and participation= li,e s'ills based education and child rights all over the world. 8479 _____ ,unded agency4 ?5$<G> relies on contributions ,ro! govern!ents and private 84#9 _____. $ts progra!s e!phasi7e developing co!!unityBlevel services to pro!ote the health and wellBbeing o, children. Eecently4 ?5$<G> has begun partnerships with worldBclass athletes 155

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and tea!s to pro!ote the organi7ation-s wor' and to 84)9 _____ ,unds. ?5$<G> greeting cards are sold worldwide to support e,,orts on behal, o, children creating a better world where children are happy4 healthy and live in dignity. ?5$<G> selects suitable paintings ,or reproduction ,ro! conte!porary artists. 0otal inco!e to ?5$<G> ,or 2**6 was Q247#14***4***. ?5$<G> was 85*9 _____ the 5obel 2eace 2ri7e in 1)65 and 2rince o, sturias ward o, <oncord in 2**6. ?5$<G> is present in 1)* countries and territories around the world. 41. a. ta'en o,, b. set up c. paid on d. pushed bac' 42. a. instru!ent b. projects c. wor' d. healthcare 43. a. original b. ancestor c. old d. relatives 44. a. &anaged b. Ded c. 1ead+uartered d. <o!!itted 45. a. at b. with c. on d. in 46. a. violence b. ,un c. e3cite!ent d. entertain!ent 47. a. volunteer b. volunteered c. voluntary d. voluntarily 4#. a. persons b. patients c. donors d. victi!s 4). a. rise b. raise c. li,t d. heighten 5*. a. co!pli!ented b. awarded c. won d. ta'en TEST 2 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. catastrophe b. propose c. beco!e d. survive 2. a. treat!ent 3. a. sy!bol 4. a. appalled 5. a. society b. struggle b. e!ergency b. dedicated b. delegate c. initiate c. poverty c. designed c. president d. total d. +ualify d. injured d. protection

Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. 1he sustained severe head _______ a,ter being thrown ,ro! her horse. a. injure b. injured c. injuries d. injurious 7. ccording to +orld /an' ,igures4 41 per cent o, /ra7ilians live in absolute _______. a. poor b. poorer c. poorly d. poverty #. ?p until the !iddle o, the 1)th century4 there were no _______ and well established ar!y nursing syste!s ,or casualties. a. organi7e b. organi7ed c. organi:ational d. organi7ers ). 0he $.1 _______ continues to spread around the world. ?p to 44*** people are in,ected with the H$I virus every single day. a. treat!ent b. epidemic c. tsuna!i d. da!age 1*. .uring +orld +ar $$4 the Eed <ross organi7ed relie, assistance ,or _______ and wounded soldiers and ad!inistered the e3change o, !essages regarding prisoners and !issing persons. a. civilians b. govern!ents c. authorities d. !e!bers 11. _______ is a very large wave4 o,ten caused by an earth6ua'e4 that ,lows onto the land and destroys things. a. ,a!ine b. catastrophe c. tsunami d. ,lood 12. /y the end o, +orld +ar $$4 17) _______ o, the Eed <ross had conducted 12475* visits to 2;+ 8prisoner o, war9 ca!ps in 41 countries. a. con,erences b. sy!bols c. !issions d. delegates 13. +e oppose this war4 as we would do any other war which created an environ!ental catastrophe. a. pollution b. disaster c. convention d. epide!ic

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14. 0he ,irst relie, assistance !ission organi7ed by the Deague was an aid !ission ,or the _______ o, a ,a!ine and subse6uent typhus epide!ic in 2oland. a. leaders b. authorities c. victims d. organi7ers 15. 0he 1)23 earth6ua'e in :apan 'illed about 2**4*** people and le,t countless wounded and ho!eless. a. poor b. i!prisoned c. su,,ered d. injured 16. $n 2**4 !ore than 4* national societies have wor'ed with !ore than 224*** _______ to bring relie, to the countless victi!s o, the earth6ua'e. a. actions b. volunteers c. ,ounders d. nations 17. 0he $nternational Eed <ross wor's as _______ i!partial4 neutral4 and independent organi7ation. a. a b. an c. the d. V 1#. $n 2**5 _______ budget o, the $<E< a!ounts to about )7* !illion 1wiss >rancs. a. a b. an c. the d. V 1). 0he $nternational Eed <ross and Eed <rescent &ove!ent is _______ worldPs largest hu!anitarian networ'. a. a b. an c. the d. V 2*. 0hey had to delay their trip because o, the bad weather. a. get through b. put off c. 'eep up with d. go over 21. $t too' !e a very long ti!e to recover ,ro! the shoc' o, her death. a. turn o,, b. ta'e on c. get over d. 'eep up with 22. He did not particularly want to play any co!petitive sport. a. use up b. do with c. take up d. go on 23. $ a! tired because $ went to bed late last night. a. stayed up b. 'ept o,, c. put out d. brought up 24. 1he got _______ her car to pic' _______ so!e wild ,lowers. a. ,ro! ( on b. in ( at c. off / up d. out ( ,or 25. 0he custo!er had tried ____ so!e blouses but none o, the! suited her. a. at b. with c. in d. on 26. $, $ get this report ,inished $ will 'noc' _______ early and go to the pub ,or so!e drin'. a. up b. over c. on d. off 27. /oyJ _______ away all your toys and. go to bed right now. a. <o!e b. Die c. $ut d. 1it 2#. $ have been trying to ring hi! up all day and $ could not ______ through. a. get b. ta'e c. loo' d. hang 2). 0he water supply o, the building was ______ o,, because the pipes burst. a. handed b. held c. cut d. paid 3*. How are you _______ on with your wor'" B $t is ;@. a. calling b. getting c. laying d. loo'ing Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. 31. &ary says that when her drugs budget was e3hausted she turned to the 1wedish Eed <ross. a. &ary says that she was tired with the voluntary wor' ,or the 1wedish Eed <ross. b. &ary says that she gave all her !oney to the 1wedish Eed <ross. c. &ary says that the !oney she bought drugs was given to the 1wedish Eed <ross. d. Mary says that when she ran out of money for her drugs, she asked the #wedish %ed Cross for help. 32. $ ,ind it di,,icult to get rid o, !y s!o'ing habit. a. 2s for me, stopping my smoking habit is +uite difficult. b. $ have di,,iculty s!o'ing cigarettes. c. &y s!o'ing habit has caused !e a lot o, di,,iculties. d. $ will 6uit s!o'ing so!eday. 33. Cou can loo' up this word in the dictionary. a. 0here are a lot o, words in the dictionary ,or you to loo' at. 157

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b. Fou can find the meaning of this word in the dictionary. c. 0he dictionary contains a lot o, words e3cept the one you need. d. Cou should buy this dictionary to ,ind the word you need. 34. 0hat car is beyond !y !eans. a. 0hat car is cheap enough ,or !e to buy. b. -hat car is too e'pensive for me to buy. c. $ a! really interested in that car. d. $ really do not li'e that car. 35. 0he doctor advised &r. 2i'e to ta'e up a new hobby. a. 0he doctor said4 % new hobby is not good ,or &r. 2i'e.% b. 0he doctor wanted &r. 2i'e not to have any new hobby. c. -he doctor said, JFou should start a new hobby, Mr. $ike.J d. 0he doctor said to &r. 2i'e4 %Cou should stop your present hobby.% %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 0he +orld +ide >und ,or 5ature 8++>9 is an international nonBgovern!ental organi7ation ,or the conservation4 research4 and restoration o, the environ!ent4 which re!ains its o,,icial na!e in the ?nited 1tates and <anada. $t is the4 world-s largest independent conservation organi7ation with over 5 !illion supporters worldwide4 wor'ing in !ore than )* countries4 supporting 1** conservation and environ!ental projects around the world. $t is a charity4 with appro3i!ately )N o, its ,unding co!ing ,ro! voluntary donations by private individuals and businesses. 0he group says its !ain !ission is %to halt and reverse the destruction o, our environ!ent%. <urrently4 !uch o, its wor' ,ocuses on the conservation o, three bio!es that contain !ost o, the world-s biodiversityA ,orests4 ,reshwater ecosyste!s4 oceans4 and coasts. !ong other issues4 it is also concerned with endangered species4 pollution4 and cli!ate change. 0he organi7ation runs !ore than 2* ,ield projects worldwide in any given year. 0he organi7ation was ,or!ed as a charity trust on- 11 1epte!ber4 1)614 in &orges4 in 1wit7erland4 under the na!e World Wildlife Fund. $t was an initiative o, :ulian Hu3ley and &a3 5icholson. 1ince its appearance the organi7ation has conserved the world-s ,auna4 ,lora4 ,orests4 landscape4 water4 soils and other natural resources by the !anage!ent o, land4 research and investigation4 and publicity4 coordination o, e,,orts4 cooperation with other interested parties and all other appropriate !eans. $n the last ,ew years4 the organi7ation set up o,,ices and operations around the world. 0he initial ,ocus o, its activities was the protection o, endangered species. s !ore resources beca!e available4 its operations e3panded into other areas such as the preservation o, biological diversity4 sustainable use o, natural resources4 and the reduction o, pollution and waste,ul consu!ption. 36. 0he +orld +ide >und ,or 5ature 8++>9 is an international organi7ation4 which were ,or!ed and !anaged by the govern!ents o, the ?nited 1tates and <anada. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 37. 0he !ain !ission o, the organi7ation is %to halt and reverse the destruction o, our environ!ent%. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3#. 0he ,und o, the organi7ation is !ainly supported by the govern!ents o, the ?nited 1tates and <anada. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3). 0he +orld +ide >und ,or 5ature designed a project to change the present cli!ate. a. 0rue b. >alse c. /o information 4*. 0he organi7ation has established o,,ices and operations around the world. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. ?5$<G> 80he ?nited 5ations <hildrenPs >und9 is !andated by the ?nited 5ations Feneral sse!bly to advocate ,or the 8419 _____ o, children-s rights4 to help !eet their basic needs and to e3pand their opportunities to reach their ,ull potential. ?5$<G> is guided by the <onvention on the Eights o, the <hild and 8429 _____ to establish children-s rights as enduring ethical 158

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principles and international standards o, 8439 _____ towards children. ?5$<G> 8449 _____ that the survival4 protection and develop!ent o, children are universal develop!ent. ?5$<G> !obili7es political will and !aterial 8459 _____ to help countries4 particularly developing countries4 ensure a %,irst call ,or children% and to4 build their capacity to ,or! appropriate policies and 8469 _____ services ,or children and their ,a!ilies. I5$<G> is co!!itted to ensuring special protection ,or 8479 _____ !ost disadvantaged children B victi!s o, war4 disasters4 e3tre!e poverty4 all ,or!s o, violence and 84#9 _____ and those with disabilities. ?5$<G> responds in e!ergencies to protect the rights o, children. $n coordination with ?nited 5ations partners and hu!anitarian agencies4 ?5$<G> !a'es its uni6ue ,acilities ,or rapid response available to its partners to 84)9 _____ the su,,ering o, children and those who provide their care. ?5$<G> is nonBpartisan and its cooperation is ,ree ,ro! discri!ination. $n everything it does4 the !ost disadvantaged children and the countries in greatest need have priority. ?5$<G> 85*9 _____4 through its country progra!s4 to pro!ote the e6ual rights o, wo!en and girls and to support their ,ull participation in the political4 social4 and econo!ic develop!ent o, their co!!unities. 41. a. protest b. destruction c. protection d. achieve!ent 42. a. ad!its b. suggests c. adopts d. tries 43. a. poverty b. behavior c. !edicine d. injure 44. a. insists b. devotes c. treats d. !ounts 45. a. sources b. !ines c. budgets d. ,unds 46. a. care b. appeal c. supply d. react 47. a. a b. an c. the d. V 4#. a. e3ploit b. e3ploited c. e3ploiter d. e'ploitation 4). a. rise b. relieve c. increase d. lower 5*. a. throws b. loo's c. aims d. points TEST 3 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. disaster( b. prisoner1 c. agency1 d. ,a!ily 2. a. international b. ,ederation3 c. society( d. dedication3 3. a. catastrophe b. e!ergency2 c. conventional2 d. vulnerable) 4. a. su,,ering1 b. president1 c. protection( d. con,erence1 5. a. involve2 b. propose c. i!prove2 d. soldier) Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. ll pay!ents to the $<E< are _______ and are received as donations. a. volunteer b. voluntary c. voluntarily d. voluntariness 7. 0he Eed <ross organi7es and leads relie, assistance !issions a,ter ______4 such as natural disasters4 !anB!ade disasters4 and epide!ics. a. e!ergent b. emergencies c. e!ergently d. e!ergence #. ;ne o, the tas's o, the Eed <ross is also to support local _ care projects. a. health b. healthy c. health,ul d. healthily ). 0he +orld Health ;rgani7ation is the ?nited 5ations speciali7ed agency ,or _______ health. a. a b. an c. the d. 1*. 0he $nternational Eed <ross started over 135 years4 inspired by _______ 1wiss business!an4 :ean Henri .unant. a. a b. an c. the d. V 11. +hen was _______ ?nited 5ations established" a. a b. an c. the d. V 12. ;ne o, the core tas's o, the Eed <ross is to organi7e nursing and _____ ,or those who are wounded on the battle,ield. a. care b. attention c. victi! d. catastrophe 13. 0he $nternational Eed <ross and Eed <rescent _______ occurs once every ,our years. a. Flobe b. 1ociety c. Conference d. 5ations 14. 0he !ission o, the Eed <ross is also to supervise the _______ o, prisoners o, war. a. education b. encourage!ent c. treatment d. runaway 159

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15. 0he total nu!ber o, national Eed <ross societies ,ro! all over the world has !ounted to 1#6. a. protected b. devoted c. increased d. ai!ed 16. Henri .avison4 president o, the !erican Eed <ross war <o!!ittee proposed ,or!ing a ,ederation o, these 5ational 1ocieties. a. too' b. dedicated c. carried d. suggested 17. >i,ty per cent o, road accidents results in head injuries. a. e3a!ines b. heals c. causes d. treats 1#. :ean Henri .unant was appalled by the al!ost co!plete lac' o, care ,or wounded soldiers. a. dedicated b. shocked c. interested d. e3cited 1). 0he !ission state!ent o, the $nternational &ove!ent as ,or!ulated in the %1trategy 2*1*% docu!ent o, the >ederation is to i!prove the lives o, vulnerable people by !obili7ing the power o, hu!anity. a. weak and unprotected b. wealthy and ,a!ous c. poor and disabled d. dea, and !ute 2*. .id your son pass the university entrance e3a!ination" a. !a'e up b. get along c. go up d. get through 21. +hat !ay happen i, :ohn will not arrive in ti!e" a. go along b. count on c. 'eep away d. turn up 22. :ohnny so!eti!es visits his grandparents in the countryside. a. calls on b. 'eeps o,, c. ta'es in d. goes up 23. 0hey decided to postpone their journey till the end o, the !onth because o, the epide!ic. a. ta'e up b. turn round c. put off d. do with 24. 0he stranger ca!e ___ !e and as'ed4 %$s there a post o,,ice near here"% a. on to b. away ,ro! c. out o, d. up to 25. >ran'ly spea'ing4 your daughter does not ta'e _______ you at all. a. after b. along c. up d. over 26. 1he is not really ,riendly. 1he does not get on well ____ her class!ates. a. ,ro! b. with c. ,or d. to 27. $ would be grate,ul i, you 'ept the news _______ yoursel,. .o not tell anyone about it. a. ,ro! b. to c. ,or d. at 2#. $ do not use those things any !ore. Cou can _______ the! away. a. get b. ,all c. throw d. !a'e 2). 0hey were late ,or wor' because their car _______ down. a. got b. put c. cut d. broke 3*. 0he authority _______ down that building to build a super!ar'et. a. knocked b. ca!e c. went d. ,ell Choose the best that can complete the following. 31. 0he >ood and griculture ;rgani7ation 8> ;9 _______ that leads international e,,orts to de,eat hunger. a. it is a speciali7ed agency in the ?nited 5ations b. as it is a speciali7ed agency by the ?nited 5ations c. is a speciali:ed agency of the @nited /ations d. a speciali7ed agency o, the ?nited 5ations 32. _______4 > ; acts as a neutral ,oru! where all nations !eet as e6uals to negotiate agree!ents and debate policy. a. #erving both developed and developing countries b. lthough it serves both developed and developing countries c. 1erved both developed and developing countries d. s it was served both developed 4and developing countries 33. > ; helps developing countries to i!prove agriculture4 ,orestry and ,ishery practices4 _______. a. as though it ensures good nutrition and ,ood security ,or all b. but it ensures good nutrition and ,ood security ,or all c. ,or ensuring good nutrition and ,ood security ,or all 160

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d. and ensure good nutrition and food security for all 34. > ; was ,ounded on 16 ;ctober4 1)45 in Ouebec4 <anada4 _______. a. $n 1)51 when its head6uarters were !oved to Eo!e4 $taly b. 1ince its head6uarters were !oved to Eo!e4 $taly4 in 1)51 c. "n )BC) its head+uarters were moved to %ome, "taly d. $ts head6uarters !oved in 1)51 to Eo!e= $taly 35. _______4 which !eets every two years to review the wor' carried out by the organi7ation and approve a 2rogra! o, +or' and /udget ,or the ne3t bienniu!. a. Foverned by the <on,erence o, &e!ber 5ations4 > ; b. &2. is governed by the Conference of Member /ations c. > ;4 it is governed by the <on,erence o, &e!ber 5ations d. /ecause > ; governed by the <on,erence o, &e!ber 5ations %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 0he +orld Health ;rgani7ation 8+H;9 is a speciali7ed agency o, the ?nited 5ations that acts as a coordinating authority on international public health. Gstablished on 7 pril4 1)4#4 and head6uartered in Feneva4 1wit7erland4 the agency inherited the !andate and resources o, its predecessor4 the Health ;rgani7ation. 0he +H;-s constitution4 states that its objective is %the attain!ent by all peoples o, the highest possible level o, health.% $ts !ajor tas' is to co!bat diseases4 especially 'ey in,ectious diseases4 and to pro!ote the general health o, the people o, the world. 0he +H; also sponsors progra!s to prevent and treat serious epide!ics such as 1 E14 !alaria4 and $.1. 0he +H; supports the develop!ent and distribution o, sa,e and e,,ective vaccines4 phar!aceutical diagnostics4 and drugs. ,ter over 2 decades o, ,ighting s!allpo34 the +H; declared in 1)#* that the disease had been eradicated B the ,irst disease in history to be eli!inated by hu!an e,,ort. 0he +H; is nearing success in developing vaccines against !alaria and ai!s to eradicate polio within the ne3t ,ew years. 0he organi7ation has already endorsed the world-s ,irst o,,icial H$I( $.1 0ool 'it ,or Mi!babwe !a'ing it an international standard. $n addition to its wor' in eradicating disease4 the +H; also carries out various healthBrelated ca!paigns4 ,or e3a!ple4 to boost the consu!ption o, ,ruits and vegetables worldwide and to discourage tobacco use. G3perts !et at the +H; head6uarters in Feneva in >ebruary4 2**74 and reported that their wor' on pande!ic in,luen7a vaccine develop!ent had achieved encouraging progress. &ore than 4* clinic trials have been co!pleted or are ongoing. &ost have ,ocused on healthy adults. 1o!e co!panies4 a,ter co!pleting sa,ety analyses in adults4 have initiated clinical trials in the elderly and in children. ll vaccines so ,ar appear to be sa,e arid wellBtolerated in all age groups tested. 36. 0he +orld Health ;rgani7ation 8+H;9 _______. a. works on international public health b. has no relation to the ?nited 5ations c. only ta'es care o, 1wiss people d. has no predecessor 37. +hich is not !entioned in the second paragraph -as the tas's o, the +orld Health ;rgani7ation" a. to pro!ote the general health o, everyone in the world b. to support phar!aceutical diagnostics4 and drugs c. 0o co!bat diseases d. -o supply food for patients. 3#. ccording to the te3t4 which disease has been eradicated" a. &alaria b. $.1 c. 1 E1 d. #mallpo' 3). ccording to the third paragraph4 the +orld Health ;rgani7ation ______. a. has not developed vaccines against malaria yet b. is trying to eradicate polio c. is not concerned about polio d. also carries out various healthBrelated ca!paigns 4*. $n,luen7a vaccine _______. 161

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a. has only been used ,or adults b. cannot be used ,or children c. has appeared to be safe in all age groups tested d. causes bad e,,ects on children and elderly people &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. ?nder the global %health ,or all% strategy4 +H; 8the +orld Health ;rgani7ation9 and its !e!bers have placed special e!phasis 8419 _____ the developing countries. 5evertheless4 the bene,its o, +H;-s international health wor' are bene,ited by all countries4 including the !ost developed ones. >or e3a!ple4 all nations have bene,ited ,ro! their contributions to the +H; progra!s that led to the global 8429 _____ o, s!allpo3 and to better and cheaper ways o, controlling tuberculosis. 8439 _____ is a 'ey word in +H;-s progra!s. 0he organi7ation believes that i!!uni7ation4 8449 _____ prevents the si3 !ajor diseases o, childhoodBdiphtheria4 !easles4 polio!yelitis4 tetanus4 tuberculosis4 and whooping coughBshould be 8459 _____ to all children who need it. +H; is leading a worldwide ca!paign to provide e,,ective i!!uni7ation ,or all children in 8469 _____ with ?5$<G>. 2rovision o, sa,e drin'ing water ,or all is one o, the objectives o, the $nternational .rin'ing +ater 1upply and 1anitation .ecade proclai!ed by the ?5 Feneral sse!bly in 1)#* and 8479 _____ by +H;. +H; is also active in international e,,orts to co!bat the diarrheal diseases4 'illers o, in,ants and young children. 0he widespread introduction o, oral rehydration salts4 together with i!proved drin'ing water supply and sanitation will greatly reduce childhood !ortality ,ro! diarrhea. +H;-s progra! ,or pri!ary health 84#9 _____ co!prises eight essential ele!entsA 1.education concerning prevalent health proble!s and the !ethods o, preventing and controlling the!= 2.pro!otion o, ,ood supply and proper nutrition= 3.!aintenance o, 84)9 _____ ade6uate supply o, sa,e water and basic sanitation= 4.provision o, !aternal and child health care4 including ,a!ily planning= 5.i!!uni7ation against the !ajor 85*9 _____ diseases= 6.prevention and control o, locally ende!ic diseases= 7.appropriate treat!ent o, co!!on diseases and injuries= and #.provision o, essential drugs. 0hese eight ele!ents were de,ined in the .eclaration o, l!aB ta4 which e!erged ,ro! the $nternational <on,erence4 on 2ri!ary Health <are in 1)7#. 41. a. on b. in c. ,or d. epide!ic 42. a. 2revent b. $revention c. 2reventable d. 2revented 43. a. who! b. whose c. that d. which 44. a. prepared b. concerned c. interested d. available 45. a. organi7ation b. establish!ent c. cooperation d. protection 46. a. supported b. related c. treated d. attracted 47. a. attention b. care c. !edicine d. danger 4#. a. a b. an c. the d. V 4).a. in,ect b. in,ected c. infectious d. in,ection Unit 15: WOMEN IN SOCIETY TEST 1 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. involve!ent b. e!ploy!ent2 c. social1 d. i!portant2 2. a. position( b. ,a!ily1 c. century1 d. politics1 3. a. philosopher2 b. discri!inate2 c. individual* d. signi,icant2 4. a. ability2 b. e6uality2 c. enlighten!ent2 d. naturally) 5. a. status b. argue1 c. basis1 d. against( Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. child receives his early ________ ,ro! their parents. a. educate b. education c. educator d. educative 162

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7. /irth control !ethods have ________ wo!en ,ro! the endless cycle o, childbearing and rearing. a. ,ree b. ,reely c. ,reedo! d. freed #. 0han's to the wo!en-s liberation wo!en can ta'e part in ____ activities. a. social b. society c. socially d. sociali7e ). $n so!e !ost sian countries wo!en are undervalued and they never have the sa!e ________ as !en. a. ,or!ality b. basis c. li!it d. status 1*. ________ is the study or creation o, theories about basic things such as the nature o, e3istence4 'nowledge4 and thought4 or about how people should live. a. 2olitics b. 2hysics c. /usiness d. $hilosophy 11. &rs. 2i'e is a ,e!inist4 who ________ that wo!en should be o,,ered the sa!e job opportunities as !en. a. varies b. advocates c. leads d. votes 12. $t is against the law to __ on the basis o, se34 age4 !arital status4 or race. a. suit b. discriminate c. believe d. gain 13. +o!en-s status ________ in di,,erent countries and it depends on the cultural belie,s. a. varies b. e!ploys c. ,i3es d. establishes 14. +o!en-s contribution to our society has been ______ better these days. a. di,,erently b. naturally c. intellectually d. significantly 15. &any o, young people between the ages o, 16 and 1# who are neither in education nor ________ are in danger o, wasting their lives. a. power b. ability c. nature d. employment 16. ;n 1# .ece!ber 1)7)4 the <onvention on the Gli!ination o, ll >or!s o, .iscri!ination against +o!en was adopted by ________ ?nited 5ations Feneral sse!bly. a. a b. an c. the d. V 17. +hen they are at ________ wor'4 e!ployed !en wor' about an hour !ore than e!ployed wo!en. a. a b. an c. the d. 1#. 0he wo!en-s !ove!ent has brought light to ________ areas in which wo!en do not have e6uality with !en. a. a b. an c. the d. V 1). &y husband spends ,ar !ore ti!e helping our three 'ids ________ ho!ewor' and studying ,or tests than $ do. a. on b. to c. with d. in 2*. &y husband and $ ta'e turns cleaning ________ the 'itchen depending ________ who gets ho!e ,ro! wor' earlier. a. away ( to b. ,ro! ( in c. up / on d. with ( ,or 21. 0he e,,orts ,or the advance!ent o, wo!en have resulted ________ several respectively achieve!ent in wo!en-s li,e and wor'. a. at b. with c. ,or d. in 22. 0he wo!en-s !ove!ent has a,,ir!ed wo!en-s rights to nonBdiscri!ination ________ education4 e!ploy!ent and econo!ic and social activities. a. in b. o, c. ,ro! d. about 23. 0he s!all white ,lowers are !y ,avorite. 0hey give o,, a wonder,ul honey s!ell that scents the entire garden. a. release b. stop c. end d. !elt 24. $ couldn-t !a'e out what he had tal'ed about because $ was not used to his accent. a. stand b. understand c. write d. interrupt 25. $-! sorry. $ didn-t !ean to interrupt you. 2lease4 go on and ,inish what you were saying. a. tal' b. 6uit c. continue d. stop 26. 0he ,ire,ighters ,ought the bla7e while the crowd was loo'ing on it. a. blowing b. watering c. preventing d. watching 27. $ cannot believe 2eter and &ary ________ up last wee'. 0hey have been !arried ,or al!ost ,i,teen years. $ hope they get bac' together. 163

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a. went b. gave c. loo'ed d. broke 2#. $t too' us over twelve hours to hi'e over the !ountain. /y the ti!e we got bac' to our ca!psite4 $ was co!pletely ________ out. a. worn b. went c. put d. 'noc'ed 2). $, you don-t have the telephone nu!ber now4 you can ________ !e up later and give it to !e then. a. call b. stop c. give d. hold 3*. +hat does %www% ________ ,or" $s it short ,or Kworld wide web"L a. sit b. stand c. lie d. point !rror "dentification. 31. 1everal years ago it was even di,,icult to i!agine people tal'ing ins / 8about9 < wo!en-s rights and the situations they faced in traditional society4 . 32. $n traditional society wo!en played only the role o, wives and 1ousewifes and did not get e'posed to the outside world. 8housewives9 33. +o!en-s !ove!ents ensure the full education4 develops and advance!ent of wo!en. 8develop!ent9 34. +o!en-s !ove!ents work for the purpose o, guaranteeing wo!en the enjoyment o, hu!an rights and ,unda!ental ,reedo!s on a basis o, e+uals with !en. 8e6uality9 35. Gducation to raise awareness o, gender e+uity should receive more than sconsideration so that !en are encouraged to understand and share their wives= burdens. 8!ore9 %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 0oday4 !ore and !ore wo!en are actively participating in social activities both in urban and rural areas. 1peci,ically4 they have shined brightly in even !any ,ields co!!only regarded as the !an-s areas such as business4 scienti,ic research and social !anage!ent. $n so!e areas4 wo!en even show !ore overwhel!ing power than !en. 0he i!age o, conte!porary Iietna!ese wo!en with creativeness4 dyna!is!4 success has beco!e popular in Iietna!-s society. 0he ,act reveals that the gender gap has been re!ar'ably narrowed and wo!en enjoy !any !ore opportunities to pursue their social careers and obtain success4 contributing to national socioBecono!ic develop!ent. ccording to &s4 De 0hi Ouy4 .irector o, the Fender(and .evelop!ent Eesearch <entre under the ?niversity o, 1ocial 1ciences and Hu!anities4 Hanoi 5ational ?niversity4 gender e6uity in Iietna! has reached a high level over the past decade. 0he rate o, Iietna!ese wo!en beco!ing 5ational sse!bly !e!bers from the )th ter! to the 11th ter! increased #.7N4 bringing the proportion o, Iietna!ese wo!en in authority to 27.3N4 the highest rate in 1outheast sia. 0here is no big gap in the level o, literacy and schooling between !en and wo!en. +o!en account ,or about 37N o, university and college graduates4 1).)N o, doctoral degree holders and 6.7N o, pro,essors and associate pro,essors. 0he legiti!ate rights o, wo!en and children are ensured !ore than ever be,ore with !ore co!plete legal docu!ents including laws4 conventions and national action plans4 a!ong which the laws on %gender e6uity% !ar' a turningBpoint in the e!power!ent o, wo!en. &ass !edia also highlights the continued success o, wo!en in every ,ield and honors their great i!portance in !odern society4 helping to do away with outdated perceptions about traditional wo!en-s duties. &any projects on reproductive health care4 children protection4 and ,a!ily inco!e i!prove!ent jointly conducted by various !ass organi7ations4 state agencies and nonBgovern!ental organi7ations have created ,avorable conditions for wo!en to beco!e involved. 36. 0he te3t is about ________. a. the changes in the status of 6ietnamese women b. the Iietna!ese wo!en-s liberation c. the Iietna!ese se3 discri!ination 164

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d. the discri!ination that Iietna!ese wo!en have to ,ace 37. +hich adjective is not used to describe Iietna!ese wo!en" a. success,ul b. creative c. narrow d. dyna!ic 3#. ccording to the data in the te3t4 ________. a. Iietna!ese wo!en do not ta'e part in authority b. the level o, literacy and schooling between !en and wo!en in Iietna! is the sa!e c. there are more women in authority in 6ietnam than those in any other countries in #outheast 2sia . d. there are no ,e!ale pro,essors in Iietna! 3). Iietna!ese wo!en ________. a. have ,ew opportunities to develop their intellectual ability b. have only shined brightly in doing housewor' c. cannot do any scienti,ic research d. are ensured their rights with laws, conventions and national action plans 4*. +hich is not !entioned in the te3t as a project to create condition ,or Iietna!ese wo!en" a. -raditional women=s duties b. Eeproductive health care c. <hildren protection d. >a!ily inco!e i!prove!ent &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 8419 _____ history4 wo!en have always ai!ed ,or a recogni7ed place in 8429 _____. Fuided by their own 8439 _____ o, 'nowledge and e3pertise4 wo!en li'e &arie <urie in science4 &ary +ollstonecra,t in literary writing4 1i!one de /eauvois in philosophical e3istentialist debate4 and &arie 1topes4 in !edicine4 to na!e a ,ew4 have brought about 8449 _____ awareness o, the role o, wo!en in any wal's o, li,e. 0hese wo!en have helped rede,ine and 8459 _____ the nature o, wo!en-s place in society. 0oday the 8469 _____ o, global wo!en-s organi7ations and the i!pact o, wo!en-s contributions 8479 _____ society show that progress has been !ade and the progress in ,urthering the role o, wo!en in society has been so!e bene,it to the 84#9 _____ wo!an. $t is true to say that not all wo!en have the sa!e need. 0he need o, the wo!an who stays at ho!e and 84)9 _____ children will di,,er widely ,ro! the wo!an who wor's outside. 5onetheless4 in the e3tensive ,ield o, e6ual opportunities4 it would be good to 'now that access is given to both with e6ual !easure according to the true value o, respective abilities. $t also would be good to 'now that the wo!an at ho!e is recogni7ed as a valued 85*9 _____ o, society just as !uch as the one who deals on business outside the ho!e. 41. a. !ong b. -hroughout c. .uring d. ?pon 42. a. society b. social c. sociali7e d. socialist 43. a. region b. ,ar! c. field d. path 44. a. a b. an c. the d. no article 45. a. gain b. encourage c. ,orce d. consolidate 46. a. right b. belie, c. li!it d. spread 47. a. on b. ,or c. to d. at 4#. a. own b. private c. individual d. personal 4). a. rises b. raises c. increases d. li,t 5*. a. party b. co!petitor c. partner d. member TEST 2 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. women b. !en c. led d. intellectual 2. a. throughout b. although c. right d. enough 3. a. history b. signi,icant c. philosophy d. pioneer 4. a. power b. wife c. allow d. 'nown 5. a. believed b. considered c. advocated d. controlled Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. 0o preserve that ________4 it was necessary to preserve the people that had created it. a. civil b. civili7e c. civility d. civili:ation

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7. 0he 2ri!e &inister is to consider changes to se3ually ________ laws to en,orce e6ual opportunities. a. discri!inate b. discri!ination c. discriminatory d. discri!inated #. $n ,or!er days4 wo!en were considered not to be suitable ,or beco!ing a ________. a. politics b. political c. politically d. politician ). t any co!petition4 everyone is ________. a. the sa!e b. e+ual c. co!!on d. signi,icant 1*. $, you have the ________ in an election4 you have the legal right to indicate your choice. a. status b. individual c. vote d. e6uality 11. +hen a wo!en wor's outside the ho!e and !a'es !oney hersel,4 she is ________ independent ,ro! her husband. a. financially b. politically c. philosophically d. variously 12. 5ot all wo!en can do two jobs well at the sa!e ti!eA rearing children and wor'ing at o,,ice. a. educating b. taking care of c. ho!e!a'ing d. giving a birth 13. 0here have been signi,icant changes in wo!en-s lives since the wo!en-s liberation !ove!ent. a. controlled b. econo!ic c. important d. natural 14. <hildbearing is the wo!en-s !ost wonder,ul role. a. ?iving birth to a baby b. Having no child c. /ring up a child d. Gducating a child 15. 0he ,orces behind the wo!en-s liberation !ove!ent vary ,ro! culture to culture4 ,ro! individual to individual. a. advocate b. e6uali7e c. power d. change 16. &any people still thin' that wo!en should stay at ________ ho!e and do housewor'. a. a b. an c. the d. 17. $t is considered wo!en are suited ,or ________ childbearing and ho!e!a'ing rather than social activities. a. a b. an c. the d. 1#. >ar!ing had been invented by wo!en4 not by !en4 and ________ agriculture re!ained the wo!en-s responsibility. a. a b. an c. the d. no article 1). /e,ore we had 'ids4 $ used to do !ore housewor' than !y husband did4 but he was wor'ing thirteen hour days at the o,,ice co!pared ________ !y eightBhour ones. a. with b. about c. ,or d. on 2*. 0ho!as has o,ten boasted ________ his son-s gol,ing ability. a. on b. to c. about d. over 21. lthough $ did not totally agree ________ ,e!inist-s policies4 $ certainly ad!ired their audacity4 dedication and courage. a. ,or b. with c. along d. up 22. wo!an-s role in society was de,ined by the >e!inists on whether they were contributors ________ society or not. a. upon b. to c. o,, d. away 23. lice opened the door and ,ound that it ________ to a s!all passage. a. led b. showed c. cut d. pointed 24. $ didn-t get to see the end o, that !ystery !ovie on 0I last night. How did it ________ out" a. go b. !a'e c. bring d. turn 25. :ac' is having his lawyer ________ up the contract to !a'e sure that all o, the legalities are properly dealt with. a. go b. loo' c. get d. draw 26. +hen you are ,inished using the co!puter4 can you please ______ it o,,. a. ta'e b. turn c. do d. go 27. +hen the alar! went o,,4 everyone proceeded cal!ly to the e!ergency e3its. a. ,ell b. e3ploded c. called d. rang 2#. Doo' out. 0here is a rattlesna'e under the picnic tableJ a. Disten b. Be careful c. Fo d. +atch 166

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2). &rs. :ones-s husband passed away ,ast >riday. +e are all shoc'ed by the news. a. got !arried b. divorced c. died d. were on business 3*. $, you do not understand the word %superstitious4% loo' it up in the dictionary. a. find its meaning b. write it c. draw it d. note it Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. 31. $t is really i!portant to have ,riends who! you can count on. a. Fou should have reliable friends whom you can trust. b. Cou should not contact with ,riends who !a'e use o, you. c. 1o!e ,riends !ay !a'e your ,eelings hurt. d. .o not believe in any ,riends. 32. +e will set o,, to!orrow. a. +e will have to postpone our trip to!orrow. b. 0o!orrow will be a good day ,or us to go c. 0e will leave the place tomorrow. d. +e will arrive ho!e to!orrow. 33. .espite her age4 she gets about easily. a. 1he is too old to do anything easily. b. /ecause she is old4 she cannot go anywhere. c. 2lthough she is old, she can travel easily. d. Her age prevents her ,ro! going ,ro! place to place. 34. %$ will ring you up a,ter $ get ho!e.% 2eter said to &ary. a. 2eter pro!ised to give &ary a wedding ring a,ter he got ho!e. b. 2eter as'ed &ary to pay hi! a visit a,ter he- got ho!e. c. 2eter pro!ised to visit &ary a,ter he got ho!e. d. $eter promised to telephone Mary after he got home. 35. 0he cri!inals got away in spite o, the e,,orts o, the police. a. +ithout the e,,orts o, the police4 the cri!inals would have escaped. b. !ven though the police made their efforts, the criminals escaped. c. 0han's to the e,,orts o, the police4 the cri!inals were i!prisoned. d. 0he cri!inals were caught because o, the e,,orts o, the police. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. >or appro3i!ately the last 1** years wo!en have been ,ighting ,or the sa!e rights as !en4 especially around the turn ,ro! 1)th to 2*th century with the struggle ,or wo!en-s su,,rage and in the 1)6*s with secondBwave ,e!inis! and radical ,e!inis!4 and were able to !a'e changes to the traditionally accepted ,e!inine gender role. However4 !ost ,e!inists today say there is still wor' to be done. 5u!erous studies and statistics show that even though the situation ,or wo!en has i!proved during the last century4 discri!ination is still widespreadA wo!en earn a s!aller percentage o, inco!e than !en4 occupy lowerBran'ing job positions than !en and do !ost o, the house'eeping wor'. However4 there !ay be so!e reason ,or this4 as so!e studies have indicated that !any jobs which are perceived to be !aleBdo!inated usually have longer hours4 necessitate long periods o, e3posure to the ele!ents4 are higher ris' and re6uire a ,air a!ount o, physical strength. +hen ,e!inis! beca!e a conspicuous protest !ove!ent in the 1)6*-s4 critics o,ten argued that wo!en who wanted to ,ollow a traditional role would be discri!inated against in the ,uture and ,orced to join4 the wor',orce. &any wo!en4 especially single parents are denied this choice due to econo!ic necessity. $n theory4 ,e!inis! is the belie, that a wo!an should have the right to !a'e her own decisions. 0hose wo!en who choose to pursue careers and higher education are !ore and !ore appreciated. 36. ,ter a long ti!e o, struggling4 wo!en have got a 6uite e6uality to !en in every aspect so ,ar. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 37. ccording to so!e studies and statistics4 !en spend !ore ti!e doing housewor' than wo!en do. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 167

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3#. 0han's to the e6uality between !en and wo!en4 wo!en can earn as !uch !oney as !en do. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3). :obs which re6uire a ,air a!ount o, physical strength are usually !aleBdo!inated. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 4*. 0he a!ount o, wo!en who get higher education has outgrown that o, !en. a. 0rue b. >alse c. /o information &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. $n the 1)6*s the wo!en-s liberation !ove!ent 8419 _____ suddenly into the public consciousness and 6uic'ly grew into 8429 _____ largest social !ove!ent in the history o, the ?nited 1tates. +o!en-s liberation !ove!ent was a continuation o, the 1) thBcentury wo!en-s rights !ove!ent. 0he !ove!ent-s !ajor 8439 _____ has included not only legal4 econo!ic4 and political gains 8449 _____ also has changed the ways in which people live4 dress4 drea! o, their ,uture4 and 8459 ___ a living. bout health4 ,or e3a!ple4 !any !ale physicians and hospital have !ade !ajor i!prove!ents in the 8469 _____ o, wo!en= !ore and !ore wo!en have beco!e doctors and succeeded 8479 _____ their !edical research= and diseases such as breast cancer4 which a,,ects !any wo!en4 now receive better ,unding and treat!ent4 than's to wo!en-s 84#9 ___. >e!inists have insisted that violence against wo!en beco!e a political issue. 0he wo!en-s liberation !ove!ent has also !ade changes in educationA curricula and 84)9 _____ have been written to pro!ote e6ual opportunity ,or girls and wo!en= !ore and !ore ,e!ale students are ad!itted to universities and pro,essional schools. 0he wo!en-s liberation !ove!ent brought about a radical change in society 85*9 _____ it too' a decade ,or the !ove!ent to reach wo!en-s awareness. 41. a. dated b. originated c. introduced d. burst 42. a. a b. an c. the d. V 43. a. achievement b. civili7ation c. status d. power 44. a. with b. either c. and d. but 45. a. put b. make c. get d. ta'e 46. a. vote b. e!ploy!ent c. position d. treatment 47. a. in b. to c. ,or d. with 4#. a. role b. li!it c. efforts d. ability 4). a. te'tbooks b. novels c. picture boo's d. !aga7ines 5*. a. because b. i, only c. as d. although TEST 3 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. deny( b. legal1 c. wo!en1 d. li!it1 2. a. hu!an1 b. !other1 c. struggle1 d. belief( 3. a. opportunity3 b. econo!ic3 c. society( d. intellectual3 4. a. history b. natural1 c. pioneer( d. business1 5. a. advocate1 b. consider( c. cultural1 d. period1 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. +estern wo!en are !ore ________ than sian wo!en. a. depend b. dependent c. independent d. independently 7. $n so!e co!!unities a husband-s ________ over his wi,e is absolute. a. power b. power,ul c. power,ully d. powered #. $ thin' that up to now there has not been a real ________ between !en and wo!en. a. e6ual b. e6ually c. e+uality d. e6uali7e ). &ost people consider it wo!en-s ________ to ta'e care o, children and do housewor'. a. li!it b. relationship c. responsibility d. respect 1*. ________ proble!4 ,eeling4 or belie, is di,,icult to change because its causes have been there ,or a long ti!e. a. deep,seated b. signi,icant c. dependent d. intellectual 11. $n our !odern ti!e4 the _______ o, wo!en has shi,ted ,ro! ho!e!a'er to outside wor'er. a. role b. period c. right d. pay 168

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12. <ultural ________ are the co!!only held nor!s and !oral standards o, a culture4 the standards o, right and wrong that set e3pectations ,or behavior. a. ,acts b. changes c. diversities d. beliefs 13. +o!en are considered to be better suited ,or childbearing and ho!e!a'ing rather than ,or involve!ent in the public li,e o, business or politics. a. education b. advocate c. participation d. recognition 14. +o!en-s ta'ing part in politics has got widespread objections ,ro! !ale states!en in !any parts o, the world. a. intensive b. e'tensive c. inside d. slight 15. Firls !ust all be sent to school because ________ will provide better opportunities. a. education b. belie,s c. rights d. politics 16. $n earlier ti!es when the ,a!ily depended on the hunter ,or ,ood4 wo!an-s role4 because she was gatherer4 was secondary. a. a b. an c. the d. V 17. Gducation is recogni7ed as ________ essential need ,or achieving e6uality in !ost wal's o, li,e. a. a b. an c. the d. V 1#. $t is esti!ated that about 64* wo!en re!ain illiterate in ________ world4 !ostly in developing countries. a. a b. an c. the d. V 1). $t is generally accepted that in today-s society wo!en have access ________ education and can pro!ote the!selves !uch !ore easily than years ago. a. to b. up c. on d. ,or 2*. $t too' wo!en a long ti!e to struggle ________ the right to vote. a. for b. with c. against d. upon 21. $ thin' wo!en are suited ________ !any i!portant things4 besides childbearing and ho!e!a'ing. a. o, b. on c. for d. about 22. +o!en are increasingly involved ________ the public li,e. a. o, b. in c. with d. ,ro! 23. $, you have an old blan'et4 ________ it along so that we have so!ething to sit on at the beach. a. bring b. go c. put d. 'eep 24. lthough the tea! was both !entally and physically e3hausted4 they ________ on wal'ing. a. stopped b. kept c. too' d. put 25. /e,ore the plane ________ o,,4 the ,light attendant told everyone to ,asten their seat belts and put their chairs in an upright position. a. wo'e b. brought c. 'ept d. took 26. .on-t ,orget to ________ your gloves on. $t is cold outside. a. let b. !a'e c. put d. ,i3 27. $, you don-t pay your rent4 your landlord is going to 'ic' you outJ a. lend you so!e !oney b. play ,ootball with you c. give you a 'ic' d. force you to leave 2#. Cesterday $ ran into 1a! at the grocery store. $ had not seen hi! ,or years. a. met b. visited c. said goodbye to d. !ade ,riends with 2). Det-s go over that report again be,ore we sub!it it. a. dictate b. print c. read carefully d. type 3*. $ will not stand ,or your bad attitude any longer. a. li'e b. tolerate c. !ean d. care Choose 2, B, C, or to complete the following sentences. 31. +o!en still do the !ajority o, the household chores4 ________. a. as their increased participation in the labor !ar'et b. when they participate in the labor !ar'et increasingly c. because they are increasingly participating in the labor !ar'et d. despite their increased participation in the labor market 169

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32. 7*B#* percent a!ount o, the total do!estic wor' done by Iietna!ese wives ________. a. regardless of their social status b. in case they get high social status c. i, they get higher and higher social status d. that is the reason ,or their social status 33. +o!en spend nearly 3 hours a day on average on housewor' _______. a. as !uch as shopping and childcare b. together with they go shopping and childcare c. e'cluding shopping and childcare d. and they do shopping and childcare 34. 5owadays4 ________ both single and !arried wo!en do less housewor' than they used to twenty years ago. a. the !ore laborBsaving devices there are b. laborBsaving devices ,orce c. thanks to labor,saving devices d. i, there were laborBsaving devices 35. $n the ?.1.4 wo!en put in additional ,ive hours a wee' in housewor' ________4 while !arriage does not signi,icantly a,,ect the nu!ber o, hours !en do. a. once they are married b. since their !arriage c. as soon as their !arried d. i, only they are !arried %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. $t has been thought that wo!en are the second class in citi7en4 and !en are the ,irst. 0here is not a real e6uality o, opportunity ,or !en and wo!en. Cears ago4 people were living in a !anB do!inated society. +o!en had to obey their husbands and ,athers absolutely. +o!en-s place was in the 'itchen and wo!en-s wor' was housewor'. $n !any places4 wo!en were not evenallowed to go to school. +o!en had no rights4 even the right to choose husband ,or the!selves. &en usually occupied high positions in society so they thought they were !ore intelligent than wo!en. &en o,ten considered wo!en as their property. 1o!eti!es4 they were !istreated by their husbands and su,,ered the proble! as a ,ate. &any parents did not even want to daughters. .espite the progress4 there re!ain outdated belie,s about wo!en-s roles4 traditionally passed down ,ro! generation to generation. &en are co!!only seen as the strong bodies4 breadBwinners in the ,a!ily and 'ey leaders in society4 while wo!en are restricted to being housewives and child bearing and care4 and housewor' such as washing and coo'ing. ccording to social surveys4 !any wo!en in the 21st century still have to wor' over 12 hours a day including wor'ing in o,,ices and doing countless household chores without any help ,ro! their husbands. $n so!e regions4 the labor o, wo!en is not recogni7ed despite the hardships they endure to support the whole ,a!ily. &oreover4 wo!en are the direct victi!s o, ,a!ily violence4 especially in rural areas. 0han's to the wo!en-s liberation !ove!ent4 nowadays wo!en have proved that they are e6ual to !en in every aspect. n average wo!an has wea'er !uscles than an average !an but she !ay be as intelligent as he is. +o!en can do everything that !en can4 and wo!en can do one thing that no !an canA they produce children. 36. +hich is not wo!en-s role in the ,or!er days" a. 0orking in authority b. .oing housewor' c. .oing coo'ing d. /earing and rearing children 37. Cears ago4 wo!en are pot allowed ________. a. to wor' in the 'itchen b. to go to school c. to do housewor' d. to stay at ho!e with their parents 3#. +hat did wo!en have to su,,er" a. Food schooling b. <hoosing a husband the!selves c. Gnjoy their housewor' d. "lliteracy 3). 0he outdated -belie,s about wo!en-s roles ________. a. have been eradicated co!pletely b. disappeared soon a,ter the wo!en-s liberation !ove!ent 170

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c. still e'ist at present . d. was ,orced to change a,ter the wo!en-s liberation !ove!ent 4*. ccording to the te3t4 wo!en in the 21st century ________. a. do not have to do housewor' any !ore b. are still the victims of family violence in some rural areas c. get help ,ro! their husbands with all housewor' d. spend less than 12 hours wor'ing outside the ho!e and doing housewor' &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Cears ago4 in their private ,a!ily role4 wo!en 6uite o,ten do!inate the !ale !e!bers o, the household. +o!en were 6uite 8419 _____ to their ,a!ilies. However4 the public role o, wo!en has changed 8429 _____ since the beginning o, +orld +ar $$. .uring the war4 !en were away ,ro! ho!e to the battle. s a 8439 ____4 wo!en were in co!plete control o, the ho!e. 0hey ,ound the!selves doing double and so!eti!es triple 8449 _____. 0hey began to ta'e over the wor' o, their absent husbands and to wor' outside. 0hey accounted ,or 73N o, the industrial labor ,orce. +o!en were ,orced by econo!ic realities to wor' in the ,actories. 0he wo!en who wor'ed there were 8459 _____ low wages4 lived in crowded and s!all dor!itories. 8469 _____4 they ,ound the!selves a place as active !e!bers o, society. +o!en4 although they were ruthlessly e3ploited4 beca!e the 'ey to the country-s success. 0he ,e!inist !ove!ent see!s to have been 8479 _____ i!portant part in the de!ands 84#9 _____ wo!en G6ual Eights. 0he !ove!ent tends to have a way o, changing !en and wo!en and their roles in society. $t o,ten rede,ines the role o, wo!en in society. $nventions4 too4 bring progress in society as 84)9 _____ as to the individual-s li,e. $n the late nineteenth century the invention o, the typewriter gave wo!en a new s'ill and a. job outside the ho!e. 0he 1u,,ragettes in the turn o, the century has beco!e a 85*9 _____ ,or !ost wo!en to be engaged in e6uality. 41. a. ,ascinated b. worried c. dedicated d. interested 42. a. un,ortunately b. appro3i!ately c. nearly d. dramatically 43. a. change b. result c. success d. opportunity 44. a. duty b. job c. re6uire!ent d. career 45. a. !ade b. paid c. created d. delivered 46. a. /ecause b. 0here,ore c. 1owever d. 1o 47. a. a b. an c. the d. V 4#. a. for b. in c. with d. against 4). a. !uch b. long c. soon d. well 5*. a. present b. souvenir c. symbol d. role Unit 16;THE ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN NATIONS TEST 1 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. association* b. original2 c. stability2 d. accelerate2 2. a. do!estic2 b. estimate) c. statistics2 d. relation2 3. a. language1 b. diverse2 c. pro!ote2 d. co!bine2 4. a. econo!ic3 b. integration3 c. development( d. transportation3 5. a. service1 b. rural1 c. region1 d. include( Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. 1G 5 re!ains ready to ,urther cooperate with _______ ?nited 5ations in the ongoing hu!anitarian e,,orts ,or the victi!s o, <yclone 5argis in &yan!ar. a. a b. an c. the d. V 7. _______ ?5 leaders appreciate the support4 cooperation and leadership that 1G 5 has shown in helping the victi!s o, disasters. a. b. n c. -he d. V #. 0he organi7ation hosts cultural activities in _______ atte!pt to ,urther integrate the region. a. a b. an c. the d. V 171

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). 1G 5 also wor's ,or the _______ o, peace and stability in the region. a. pro!ote b. promotion c. pro!otional d. pro!oter 1*. 0he ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations4 co!!only re,erred to as 1G 54 is a geoB political and _______ organi7ation. a. econo!y b. economic c. econo!ics d. econo!ical 11. 0he !otivations ,or the birth o, 1G 5 were the desire ,or a _______ environ!ent. a. stable b. stability c. stably d. stabili7e 12. 1G 5 was ,ounded on # ugust4 1)67 with ,ive A 0hailand4 $ndonesia4 &alaysia4 1ingapore4 and the 2hilippines. a. members b. co!petitors c. leaders d. states!en 13. 1G 5 is an organi7ation on the 1outheast sian region that ai!s to _______ econo!ic growth4 social progress4 and cultural develop!ent. a. account b. include c. accelerate d. respect 14. 0he ssociation o, 1outheast sia which consists o, 1* countries located in 1outheast sia was _______ on ugust #4 1)67 by $ndonesia4 &alaysia4 the 2hilippines4 1ingapore4 and 0hailand. a. ,ound b. founded c. invented d. discovered 15. 0he ai!s o, the ssociation o, 1outheast sia include the evolve!ent o, econo!ic growth4 social progress4 cultural develop!ent a!ong its !e!bers4 and the pro!otion o, regional peace. a. goals b. organi7ations c. !issions d. plans 16. 1outheast sia is a region o, diverse cultures. a. sa!e b. adopted c. various d. respected 17. 1G 5 has e!phasi7ed cooperation in the %three pillars% o, security4 socio cultural and econo!ic _______ in the region. a. organi7ation b. production c. integration d. establish!ent 1#. 0he 1G 5 >ree 0rade rea 8 >0 9 is an agree!ent by the !e!ber nations o, 1G 5 concerning local !anu,acturing in all 1G 5 countries. a. progressing b. producing c. co!bining d. ai!ing 1). 1G 5 has planned e6uitable econo!ic develop!ent and reduced poverty and _______ disparities in year 2*2*. a. socioBpolitic b. socioBcultural c. socioBlinguistic d. socio,economic 2*. 0he Fovern!ents o, 1G 5 have paid special attention _______ trade. a. to b. on c. ,or d. with 21. 0he goal the 1G 5 Iision 2*2* ai!s _______ creating a stable4 prosperous and highly co!petitive 1G 5 econo!ic region. a. ,or b. on c. at d. up 22. _______4 $ will give hi! the report. a. +hen he will return b. 0hen he returns c. ?ntil he will return d. 5o sooner he returns 23. _______ the ,ire!en arrived to help4 we had already put out the ,ire. a. ?ntil b. 5o sooner c. By the time d. ,ter 24. $ have earned !y own living _______ $ was seven. a. since b. when c. while d. as soon as 25. +e saw !any beauti,ul birds _______ in the la'e. a when we are ,ishing b. while fishing c. while ,ished d. ,ishing 26. _______4 2eter ca!e to see !e. a. +hile having dinner b. 0hile " was having dinner c. +hen having dinner d. +hen la! having dinner 27. _______ !y ho!ewor'4 $ went to bed. a. 2fter " had finished b. ,ter ,inished c. >inished d. ,ter had ,inished 2#. _______ the dance4 :erry said goodBbye to his girl,riend. a. /e,ore le,t b. /e,ore he leaves c. Before leaving d. /e,ore he will leave 172

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2). :ones _______ a,ter everyone _______. a. spea's ( will eat b. will speak / has eaten c. is spea'ing ( eats d. has spo'en ( will have eaten 3*. _______4 :oe stays in bed and reads !aga7ines. a. +henever raining b. s it will be raining c. +hen it will rain d. 0henever it rains !rror "dentification. 31. 1ingapore is an island nation with 7* islands4 located at the southern tip o, the &alay 2eninsula. 2t ;AH.A km(4 it is as s!allest country in 1outheast sia.8the9 32. 0he population o, 1ingapore is appro'imately 4.5) !illion. -hough 1ingapore is highly cos!opolitan and diversitys4 ethnic <hinese forms the !ajority o, the population. 8diverse9 33. 1ingapore has a highly developed market,based econo!y. 1ingapore4 along with Hong @ong4 1outh @orea and 0aiwan4 ares one o, the >our sian 0igers. 8is9 34. 1ingapore is a popularitys travel destination4 making touris! one o, its largest industries. bout ).7 !illion tourists visited 1ingapore in 2**6. 8popular9 35. 1ingapore plays an active role in the ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations4 o, thats 1ingapore is a founding !e!ber.8which9 %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. ;n # ugust 1)674 ,ive leaders B the >oreign &inisters o, $ndonesia4 &alaysia4 the 2hilippines4 1ingapore and 0hailandB sat down together in the !ain hall o, the .epart!ent o, >oreign ,,airs building in /ang'o'4 0hailand and signed a docu!ent. /y virtue o, that docu!ent4 the ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations 8 1G 59 was born. 0he ,ive >oreign &inisters who signed it have been considered as the ,ounders o, probably the !ost success,ul intergovern!ental organi7ation in the developing world today. 0he docu!ent that they signed would be 'nown as the 1G 5 .eclaration. $t is a short4 si!plyBworded docu!ent containing just ,ive articles. $t declares the establish!ent o, an ssociation ,or Eegional <ooperation a!ong the <ountries o, 1outheast sia to be 'nown as the ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations 8 1G 59 and spells out the ai!s and purposes o, that ssociation. 0hese ai!s and purposes are about the cooperation in econo!y4 society4 culture4 techni6ues4 education and other ,ields4 and in the pro!otion o, regional peace and stability through abiding respect ,or justice and the principles o, the ?nited 5ations <harter. $t stipulates that the ssociation will be open ,or participation by all 1tates in the 1outheast sian region subscribing to its ai!s4 principles and purposes. $t proclai!s 1G 5 as representing the collective will o, the nations o, 1outheast sia to bind the!selves together in ,riendship and cooperation and4 through joint e,,orts and sacri,ices4 secure ,or their peoples and ,or posterity the blessings o, peace4 ,reedo! and prosperity. 0he goal o, 1G 54 then4 is to create4 not to destroy. 0he original 1G 5 logo presented ,ive brown sheaves o, rice stal's4 one ,or each ,ounding !e!ber. /eneath the sheaves is the legend % 1G 5% in blue. 0hese are set on a ,ield o, yellow encircled by a blue border. /rown stands ,or strength and stability4 yellow ,or prosperity and blue ,or the spirit o, cordiality in which 1G 5 a,,airs are conducted. +hen 1G 5 celebrated its 3*th nniversary in 1))74 the sheaves on the logo had increased to ten Brepresenting all ten countries o, 1outheast sia and re,lecting the colors o, the ,lags o, all o, the!. $n a very real sense4 1G 5 and 1outheast sia will be one and the sa!e4 just as the ,ounders had envisioned. 36. 0he ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations ________. a. consists o, so!e +estern nations b. was established by the 2hilippines c. was founded on 8 2ugust )B7; d. was established by the &inister o, the .epart!ent o, >oreign ,,airs o, 0hailand 37. 0he pronoun it in the ,irst paragraph re,ers to ________. 173

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a. the ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations b. the !ost success,ul interBgovern!ental organi7ation c. /ang'o' d. the 2#!2/ eclaration 3#. +hich adjective can be used to describe the ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations" a. successful b. illegal c. nongovern!ental d. developing 3). +hich does not belong to the purpose and ai! o, the ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations" a. ,riendship b. destruction c. creation d. cooperation 4*. ?p to 1))7 how !any countries there have been in 1G 5" a. 5 b. 6 c. # d. )A &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 1G 5 Handicra,t 2ro!otion and .evelop!ent ssociation 8 H2 . 9 was established as a result o, a +or'shop on Handicra,t ,or G3port which was 8419 _____ by the Eoyal 0hai Fovern!ent in >ebruary 1)#1 in /ang'o'. H2 . was ,or!ed as a ,oru! ,or both the govern!ent and private sectors that are concerned with !eeting and co!ple!enting each other in the pro!otion and develop!ent o, handicra,ts 8429 _____. H2 . is a,,iliated to the 1G 5 and the +orld <ra,t <ouncil. 0he 8439 _____ !e!bers were 0hailand4 &alaysia4 the 2hilippines and $ndonesia. 1ingapore and /runei join in a little 8449 _____. <a!bodia4 Dao4 &yan!ar and Iietna! joined in 1epte!ber 1))). H2 . -s objectives are 1. 0o ta'e co!!on approach to develop and pro!ote the !ar'eting o, cra,ts 8459 _____ and outside the 1G 5 Eegion4 2. 0o operate as a !ain point o, pro!otion o, 1G 5 handicra,ts and raw 8469 _____ re6uiredB,or production4 trade ,airs and e3hibitions4 3. 0o strengthen and i!prove the status o, cra,tspeople4 4. 0o create e!ploy!ent opportunities especially in the rural areas4 5. 0o 8479 _____ traditional cra,t s'ills within the conte3t o, conservation o, cultural heritage4 6. 0o educate and create awareness and appreciation o, the authentic handicra,ts o, 1G 5 <ountries4 7. nd to build up an archive o, 1G 5 <E >0 in,or!ation. +ith the recent econo!ic downturn in 84#9 _____ 1G 5 <ountries4 H2 . -s objectives are !ore relevant than they have ever been be,ore. &ost producers are a!ong the rural areas and 84)9 _____ !ajority o, the! are very s!all entrepreneurs. H2 . wor's at both national level through the national ,ocal points and at the international level through the /oard o, H2 . and the Eegional 1ecretariat which is per!anently based in /ang'o'4 0hailand. 85*9 _____ 1)#1 H2 . has been able to act as a catalyst and initiators in the pro!otion and develop!ent o, 1G 5 <E >01 through se!inars4 wor'shops and e3hibitions4 o,ten in partnership with several !ultinational and international organi7ations. 41. a. hosted b. joined c. pro!oted d. produced 42. a. acts b. actions c. acting d. activities 43. a. ,inding b. founding c. hiding d. later 44. a. within b. into c. onto d. away 45. a. !achines b. e6uip!ent c. materials d. devices 46. a. save b. preserve c. store d. 'eep 47. a. most b. the !ost c. !ostly d. the !ore 4#. a. a b. an c. the d. V 4). a. +hen b. +hile c. #ince d. s TEST 2 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. diverse b. admit c. science d. enterprise 2. a. growth b. although c. within d. southern 3. a. stable b. average c. population d. rate 4. a. co!bined b. planned c. recorded d. ai!ed 5. a. justice b. service c. practice d. advice 174

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Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. 0he 1G 5 1ecurity <o!!unity 8 1<9ai!s to ensure that countries in the region live at _______ with one another and in a de!ocratic and har!onious environ!ent. a. peace b. peace,ul c. peace,ully d. peaceable 7. 1G 5-s ai!s include the acceleration o, econo!ic growth4 _______ progress4 cultural4 develop!ent a!ong its !e!bers4 and the pro!otion o, regional peace. a. society b. social c. socially d. sociali7e #. co!bined gross do!estic _______ o, the !e!ber countries o, 1G 5 has grown at an average rate o, around 6N per year. a. produce b. productivity c. production d. product ). 0o build on the ,ield o, political and security cooperation4 _______ 1G 5 Deaders have agreed to establish the 1G 5 1ecurity <o!!unity < 1<9. a. a b. an c. the d. V 1*. ;n :uly 2#4 1))54 Iietna! beca!e ______ seventh !e!ber o, 1G 5. a. a b. an c. the d. V 11. 1G 5 has _______ population o, 575.5 !illion. a. a b. an c. the d. V 12. 0he population o, 1G 5 accounts _______ about #.7N o, the world-s population. a. o, b. for c. in d. ,ro! 13. Daos and &yan!ar were ad!itted _______ 1G 5 in 1))7. a. ,or b. o, c. to d. in 14. 1G 5 also try to solve the proble!s o, ethnic tensions which !ight lead _______ civil war. a. into b. away c. o,, d. to 15. ;ne o, 1G 5-s objectives is to help people thin' about peace and _______ and do so!ething about it. a. origin b. justice c. statistics d. record 16. 0here are plenty o, industrial _______ established in the area4 which also !a'es the govern!ent worried about pollution. a. series b. goods c. enterprises d. relationships 17. >ree _______ area is a designated group o, countries that have agreed to eli!inate tari,,s4 6uotas4 and pre,erences on !ost goods a!ong the!. a. trade b. cultural c. stable d. adopted 1#. 0he 1G 5 $nvest!ent rea ai!s to enhance the co!petitiveness o, the region ,or attracting direct invest!ent which ,lows into and within 1G 5. a. produce b. co!bine c. ,ound d. improve 1). 1G 5 has _______ a co!!unity o, 1outheast- sian nations at peace with one another and at peace with the world. a. joined b. esti!ated c. established d. solved 2*. 1G 5 helps to _______ regional cooperation in 1outheast sia in the spirit o, e6uality and partnership a. invest b. promote c. ad!it d. invest 21. Eice is the _______ e3ported product o, Iietna!. a. main b. ,ree c. average d. rural 22. $ a! going to spea' with the boss when the !eeting _______. a. will end b. ends c. is ending d. would end 23. _______ 2eter gets here4 we will congratulate hi!. a. 2s soon as b. ,ter c. 5o sooner d. 1ince 24. _______ $ visit hi!4 we tal' about politics a lot. a. ?p to b. s ,ar as c. 0henever d. ?ntil 25. +hile she _______ brea',ast4 $ set the table. a. will !a'e b. was making c. has !ade d. would be !a'ing 26. ,ter &ariana _______ her e3a!4 $ _______ her out to eat. 175

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a. was ,inishing ( would ta'e b. ,inished ( had ta'en c. will ,inish ( have ta'en d. has finished / will take 27. &rs. 2i'e _______ the door be,ore the custo!ers arrived. a. had opened b. will open c. would open d. has opened 2#. 1he went on crying4 with her head sun' into a pillow4 and cried and cried _______ the pillow was wet through. a. be,ore b. a,ter c. until d. while 2). _______ in Eo!e than he was 'idnapped. a. 5o sooner he arrived b. Had he no sooner arrived c. /o sooner had he arrived d. 5o sooner he had arrived 3*. $ have not seen !y dog _______ the stor! struc' the co!!unity. a. since b. while c. as soon as d. when. Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. 31. s soon as you arrive4 give !e a call. a. ?ive me a call immediately on arrival.b. +ait until $ call you to arrive. c. $ will phone you on !y arrival. d. +henever you call !e4 $ will arrive. 32. Ducy always re!inds !e o, !y youngest sister. a. &y youngest sister-s na!e is Ducy. b. 0henever " see 4ucy, " think of my youngest sister. c. $t is Ducy who is !y youngest sister. d. $ always thin' o, Ducy4 !y youngest sister. 33. /y the ti!e we ,inished our wor'4 2eter had already gone ho!e. a. 2eter did not go ho!e until we ,inished our wor'. b. s soon as we ,inished our wor'4 we would go ho!e with 2eter. c. +e ,inished our wor' be,ore 2eter went ho!e. d. $eter had gone home before we finished our work. 34. $t has been years since $ last ate ,ish. a. " have not eaten fish for years. b. >or !any years4 $ have eaten only ,ish. c. $ li'e eating ,ish ,or years. d. $t is ,ish that $ have eaten ,or !any years. 35. $t will not be long until he is at the !eeting. a. $t will ta'e hi! a long ti!e to attend the !eeting. b. 1e will be at the meeting soon. c. 0he !eeting will last ,or a long ti!e. d. He has been at the !eeting ,or a long ti!e. %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 0he ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations 8 1G 594 regional alliance o, ten independent countries that pro!otes stability arid econo!ic growth in 1outheast sia. 0he organi7ation also encourages cultural e3changes between its !e!bers. 1G 5 was ,ounded in ugust 1)67 by &alaysia4 0hailand4 and the republics o, $ndonesia4 1ingapore4 and the 2hilippines. /runei joined the alliance a,ter attaining independence ,ro! the ?nited @ingdo! in 1)#4. Iietna! was ad!itted as the ,irst co!!unist !e!ber in 1))5. Daos and &yan!ar joined 1G 5 in 1))74 and <a!bodia beca!e part o, the alliance in 1))). 0he 1G 5 secretariat4 a central o,,ice that ad!inisters the organi7ation-s activities4 is located in :a'arta4 $ndonesia. Heads o, govern!ents o, !e!ber countries !eet annually= there are also annual !eetings o, 2ri!e &inisters and regular !eetings o, econo!ic !inisters o, !e!ber countries. $ts principal objectives4 outlined in the /ang'o' .eclaration 81)6794 were to accelerate econo!ic growth and pro!ote regional peace and stability. joint ,oru! with :apan was established in 1)77 and a cooperation agree!ent with the Guropean <o!!unity 8now Guropean ?nion9 was signed in 1)#*. .uring the late 1)#*s and early 1))*s4 /G 5 played an i!portant role in !ediating the civil war in <a!bodia. $n :anuary 1))2 /G 5 !e!bers agreed to establish a ,reeBtrade area and to cut tari,,s on nonagricultural goods over a 15Byear period beginning in 1))3. However4 di,,erent regulations and tari,,s a!ong !e!ber countries have !ade that tas' di,,icult. Gven so4 1G 5 hoped to achieve econo!ic integration by 2*15. 176

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36. 0he ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations 8 1G 59 consists o, ten !e!bers up to now. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation. 37. 0he nations in the ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations e3change cultures one another. a. -rue b. >alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3#. /runei is one o, the ,ounding countries. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation 3). 0he ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations intends to ad!it so!e nations into the organi7ation. a. 0rue b. >alse c. /o information 4*. &e!bers o, the ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations do not have to pay tari,,s on nonagricultural goods ,orever. a. 0rue b. &alse c. 5o in,or!ation &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. +hat is the ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations 8 1G 59 and what is its purpose" 0he ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations 8 1G 59 is a !ultilateral organi7ation which was 8419 _____ to give 1outheast sian states a ,oru! to co!!unicate 8429 _____ each other. 1ince the region had a long colonial past and a history o, ende!ic war,are4 there has never been !uch peace,ul and constructive 8439 _____ between 'ings4 presidents and other o,,icials. neutral ,oru! was4 8449 _____4 a very use,ul develop!ent ,or all o, those countries. 1G 5 was ,or!ed as a result o, the /ang'o' 8459 _____ o, 1)67 and initially had ,ive !e!bersA 0hailand4 &alaysia4 $ndonesia4 8469 _____ 2hilippines and 1ingapore. /runei 8479 _____ joined in 1)#4 a,ter it had won independence ,ro! /ritain. Iietna! beca!e the seventh !e!ber o, the group4 o,,icially joining in 1))5. 84#9 _____ several years o, negotiation4 &yan!ar and Daos joined in 1))7 and the ,inal !e!ber o, the ten4 <a!bodia4 joined in 1))). 0he only 84)9 state in 1outheast sia which is not a !e!ber o, 1G 5 is now Gast 0i!or. $t is still 85*9 _____ vulnerable and ,ragile to be able to participate ,or the ,oreseeable ,uture. 41. a. created b. !ade c. done d. discovered 42. a. in b. on c. ,or d. with 43. a. inter,low b. interaction c. inter,erence d. interco!!unity 44. a. nevertheless b. !oreover c. therefore d. however 45. a. Gntitle b. Ee6uire!ent c. $ndependence d. eclaration 46. a. a b. an c. the d. V 47. a. subse+uently b. ,ortunately c. appro3i!ately d. surprisingly 4#. a. /e,ore b. 2fter c. 1ince d. +hile 4). a. dependent b. independent c. independently d. independence 5*. a. enough b. either c. also d. too TEST 3 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. technology2 b. situation3 c. develop!ent2 d. establish!ent2 2. a. agriculture1 b. electronic3 c. population3 d. scienti,ic3 3. a. justice) b. ad!it2 c. adopt2 d. i!prove2 4. a. energy1 b. industry1 c. ,orestry1 d. investment( 5. a. series1 b. respect 2 c. interest1 d. action1 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. 0hroughout the 1)7*s4 1G 5 e!bar'ed on a progra! o, econo!ic _______. a. cooperate b. cooperation c. cooperative d. cooperatively 7. 2**7 was the 4*th anniversary o, the _______ o, 1G 5. a. ,ound b. ,ounder c. foundation d. ,ounding #. Iietna! as'ed ,or _______ to 1G 5 in 1))5. a. ad!it b. admission c. ad!issive d. ad!issible ). <o!panies now can e3ploit the opportunities presented by _______ integrated !ar'et o, increasingly prosperous consu!ers in the region o, 1G 5. a. a b. an c. the d. V

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1*. !ong 1G 5-s _______ greatest challenges are the integration o, !ar'et diversity and the transitional econo!ies o, its !e!ber countries. a. a b. an c. the d. 11. $ntegrating with _______ world-s econo!y4 1G 5 ,inds itsel, ,acing i!portant opportunities and challenges. a. a b. an c. the d. V 12. 0hey will ca!paign ,or the return o, traditional lands and respect _______ national rights and custo!s. a. to b. with c. on d. for 13. ;ur country is trying its best to accelerate the rate ___ econo!ic growth. a. of b. at c. ,or d. ,ro! 14. Eegional develop!ent activities have been carried out _______ 1G 5 cooperation a. under b. ,or c. into d. o,, 15. 1G 5 econo!ic cooperation _______ !any areas4 such as agriculture4 industry4 services4 transportations4 and touris!. a. creates b. contains c. consists d. covers 16. 1G 5 bodies in addressing global and regional concerns such as ,ood security4 _______ and disaster !anage!ent. a. reali7ation b. energy c. plan d. diversity 17. 0he #th 1G 5 1cience and 0echnology +ee' is now being _______ in &anila ,ro! 1 to 11 :uly 2**#. a. held b. joined c. related d. co!bined 1#. 0he 1G 5 1cience and 0echnology +ee' ai!s to pro!ote science and technology _______ in the region. a. touris! b. solution c. ,orestry d. development 1). $n econo!ics4 a country-s _______ is the total value o, goods and services produced within a country in a year4 not including its inco!e ,ro! invest!ents in other countries. a. ,ree trade area b. association c. gross domestic product d. econo!ic cooperation 2*. He says the govern!ent !ust introduce ta3 incentives to encourage _______. a. dedication b. growth c. une!ploy!ent d. investment 21. 0he local authority !ust ,ace the _______ that they do not have enough conditions to develop econo!y. a. trade b. statistics c. encourage!ent d. reali:ation 22. $ have been learning Gnglish _______ $ was twenty years old. a. since b. as soon as c. while d. till 23. _______4 can you tell hi! that $ have a boo' ,or hi!4 please" a. +hen you will see :ason b. +hen will you see :ason c. +hen do you see :ason d. 0hen you see >ason 24. 1ince $ _______ to the town4 $ _______ ho!e. a. moved / have not returned b. will !ove ( will not returned c. have !oved ( was not returning d. !ove ( a! not returning 25. $-! not leaving _______ $ get an apology ,ro! you. a. as ,ar as b. no longer than c. a,ter d. until 26. 0he teacher _______ be,ore we arrived. a. will leave b. was leaving c. has le,t d. had left 27. $ ,lew ,or the ,irst ti!e last year _______ $ went to /ra7il. a. as b. until c. no sooner d. till 2#. _______ $ reali7ed where $ was. a. 5o sooner $ have opened !y eyes than b. 5o sooner have $ opened !y eyes than c. 5o sooner $ had opened !y eyes than d. /o sooner had " opened my eyes than 2). &ary will have ,inished all her wor' _______. a. as soon as her boss returned b. until her boss will return 178

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c. by the time her boss returns d. when heBr boss will return 3*. _______ ,or !y train the !orning4 $ !et an old school ,riend. a. +hen $ had beenB waiting b. 0hile " was waiting c. s $ will be waiting d. ?ntil $ had been waiting Choose the best answer which can complete the following sentences. 31. _______ consists o, thirteen states and three ,ederal territories in 1outheast sia with a total land!ass o, 32)4#47 s6uare 'ilo!eters. a. &alaysia4 a country which b. Malaysia is a country that c. &alaysia it is a country that d. &alaysia which is a country that 32. 0he population -stands at over 25 !illion _______. $sla! is the largest as well as the o,,icial religion o, the ,ederation. a. where the &alays ,or! the !ajority o, the population b. the &alays who ,or! the !ajority o, the population c. and the Malays form the majority of the population d. the &alays ,or!ing the !ajority o, the population 33. &alaysia is a ,ounding !e!ber o, the ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations _______. a. and its participation in !any international organi7ations such as the ?nited 5ations b. and participates in many international organi:ations such as the @nited /ations c. participating in !any international organi7ations4 the ?nited 5ations d. to participate in !any international organi7ations as !any as the ?nited 5ations 34. _______4 &alaysia e3perienced signi,icant econo!ic growth. a. +hile between the 1)#*s and the !id 1))*s b. Between the )B8As and the mid )BBAs c. $t was until between the 1)#*s and the !id 1))*s d. 5o !ore than between the 1)#*s and the !id 1))*s 35. 0here has been a shi,t ,ro! the agricultureBbased econo!y to the econo!y based on !anu,acturing and industry _______. a. such as computers and consumer electronics b. so !any as co!puters and consu!er electronics c. too !any co!puters and consu!er electronics d. with enough co!puters as well as consu!er electronics %ead the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. 0he ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations or 1G 5 was established on # ugust 1)67 in /ang'o' by the ,ive original &e!ber <ountries4 na!ely4 $ndonesia4 &alaysia4 2hilippines4 1ingapore4 and 0hailand. /runei joined on # :anuary 1)#44 Iietna! on 2# :uly 1))54 Dao 2.E and &yan!ar on 23 :uly 1))74 and <a!bodia on 3* pril 1))). 0he 1G 5 .eclaration states that the ai!s and purposes o, the ssociation areA to accelerate econo!ic growth4 social progress and cultural develop!ent in the region and to pro!ote regional peace and stability through abiding respect ,or justice and the rule o, law in the relationship a!ong countries in the region and adherence to the principles o, the ?nited 5ations <harter. $n 2**34 the 1G 5 Deaders resolved that an 1G 5 <o!!unity shall be established co!prising three pillars4 na!ely4 1G 5 1ecurity <o!!unity4 1G 5 Gcono!ic <o!!unity and 1G 5 1ocioB<ultural <o!!unity. 0he 1G 5 Iision 2*2*4 adopted by the 1G 5 Deaders on the 3* th nniversary o, 1G 54 agreed on a shared vision o, 1G 5 as a concert o, 1outheast sian nations4 outward loo'ing4 living in peace4 stability and prosperity4 bonded together in partnership in dyna!ic develop!ent and in a co!!unity o, caring societies. 1G 5 &e!ber <ountries have adopted the ,ollowing ,unda!ental principles in their relations with one another4 as contained in the 0reaty o, !ity and <ooperation in 1outheast sia 80 <9A !utual respect ,or the independence4 sovereignty4 e6uality4 territorial integrity4 and national identity o, all nations= the right o, every 1tate to lead its national e3istence ,ree ,ro! e3ternal inter,erence4 subversion or coercion= 179

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nonBinter,erence in the internal a,,airs o, one another= settle!ent o, di,,erences or disputes by peace,ul !anner= renunciation o, the threat or use o, ,orce= and e,,ective cooperation a!ong the!selves. 36. ccording to the te3t4 which nation is the last !e!ber to join 0he ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations up to now. a. Iietna! b. 0he 2hilippines c. /runei d. Cambodia 37. 0he 1G 5 .eclaration is about _______. a. the cultures o, all the !e!bers o, the organi7ation b. the develop!ent o, all countries allover the world c. the aims and purposes of the organi:ation d. the laws o, the !e!bers o, the organi7ation 3#. 0he third paragraph is about _______. a. living in peace4 stability and prosperity c. -he 2#!2/ 6ision (A(A b. the 3*th nniversary o, 1G 5 d. the 1G 5 Deaders 3). 0he 0reaty o, !ity and <ooperation in 1outheast sia _______. a. is not accepted by 1G 5 &e!ber <ountries b. consists of fundamental principles in the relations of 2#!2/ Member Countries c. is disapproved by 1G 5 &e!ber <ountries d. has two principles 4*. +hich principle does not belong to the 0reaty o, !ity and <ooperation in 1outheast sia" a. interference in the internal affairs of member countries b. e,,ective cooperation c. !utual respect d. peace,ul !anner &ill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. 0he 2hilippines4 o,,icially 'nown 8419 _____ the Eepublic o, the 2hilippines4 is 8429 _____ in 1outheast sia with &anila as its capital city. 0he 2hilippine 8439 ____ 741*7 islands in the western 2aci,ic ;cean4 sharing borders with $ndonesia4 &alaysia4 0aiwan4 and Iietna!. 0he 2hilippines is the world-s 12th !ost populous country with a population approaching )* !illion people. $ts national 8449 _____ is the 37th largest in the world with a 2**6 gross do!estic product 8F.29 o, over 117.562 billion ?1d. 0here are 8459 _____ 11 !illion overseas >ilipinos worldwide. 0he 2hilippines beca!e a 1panish colony in the 16th century and an !erican territory at the 8469 _____ o, the 2*th century. 0he 2hilippines won independence ,ro! 1pain in 1#)6. 0he 2hilippines 8479 _____ its independence ,ro! the ?nited 1tates on :uly 44 1)46 a,ter +orld +ar $$. 1panish was 84#9 _____ o,,icial language o, the 2hilippines until 1)73. 1ince then4 the two o,,icial languages are >ilipino and Gnglish. 0he 2hilippines had cultural ties with &alaysia4 $ndonesia4 and $ndia in the ancient ti!e4 and trade 84)9 _____ with <hina and :apan as early as the )th century. 0he late 1)6*s and early 1)7*s its econo!ic develop!ent was second in sia4 85*9 _____ to :apan. 0he 2hilippines is a ,ounding and active !e!ber o, the ?nited 5ations and is a ,ounding !e!ber o, the ssociation o, 1outheast sian 5ations 8 1G 59( 0he 2hilippines is also a !e!ber o, the Gast sia 1u!!it 8G 19 and an active !e!ber in the siaB2aci,ic Gcono!ic <ooperation 8 2G<9. 41. a. as b. to c. with d. ,or 42. a. laid b. lay c. located d. put 43. a. co!pounds b. ,i3es c. consists d. comprises 44. a. economy b. econo!ics c. econo!ical d. econo!ically 45. a. !ore b. more than c. rather than d. rather !ore 46. a. starter b. initiation c. ,irst d. beginning 47. a. gathered b. collected c. gained d. earned 4#. a. a b. an c. the d. V 4). a. acts b. ac6uaintances c. relations d. concerns 5*. a. ne't b. by c. beside d. on

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