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Islamic studies:

Faith & Moral Code

Islamic studies: Faith & Moral Code Prof. Awadh Amir Binhazim

Prof. Awadh Amir Binhazim

Is there an Islamic world view?

Is there an Islamic world view?

The Islamic world view

The faith of Islam is centered on two important paradigms; matters of belief (eeman) and moral code (akhlaaq). These paradigms form the matrix of Islam and shape the world view of Muslims across the globe.

The course will examine the foundations of the Islamic creed relative to the morals of a Muslim and how these two teachings are intertwined to fulfill what is obligatory upon the believer.

to the morals of a Muslim and how these two teachings are intertwined to fulfill what

JustJust askask yourselfyourself

DoDo II knowknow whatwhat MuslimsMuslims believebelieve in?in? OurOur understandingunderstanding maybemaybe basedbased onon assumptionsassumptions

believebelieve in?in? OurOur understandingunderstanding maybemaybe basedbased onon assumptionsassumptions
believebelieve in?in? OurOur understandingunderstanding maybemaybe basedbased onon assumptionsassumptions
believebelieve in?in? OurOur understandingunderstanding maybemaybe basedbased onon assumptionsassumptions

HaveHave youyou heard?heard?

MuslimMuslim submitsubmit toto thethe mullahmullah TheyThey believebelieve inin thethe moonmoon godgod ““AllahAllah”” TheThe terrorterror 55 PillarsPillars ofof IslamIslam includeinclude…… AllegianceAllegiance toto IslamIslam forbidsforbids himhim toto makemake friendsfriends withwith ChristiansChristians…… TheyThey marrymarry 44 women!women!

himhim toto makemake friendsfriends withwith ChristiansChristians …… TheyThey marrymarry 44 women!women!
himhim toto makemake friendsfriends withwith ChristiansChristians …… TheyThey marrymarry 44 women!women!
himhim toto makemake friendsfriends withwith ChristiansChristians …… TheyThey marrymarry 44 women!women!

There women are not allowed to speak

• There women are not allowed to speak

Lifesaving patrol in Sydney Australia

Lifesaving patrol in Sydney Australia • swimsuit dubbed the Burqini (as in burqa plus bikini) hit

swimsuit dubbed the Burqini (as in burqa plus bikini) hit the international market in January 2007, devout Muslim women have been snapping them up

(as in burqa plus bikini) hit the international market in January 2007, devout Muslim women have

IsIs thethe dressdress drivendriven byby whatwhat thethe faithfaith mandates?mandates?

Is Is the the dress dress driven driven by by what what the the faith faith

FaithFaith (Aqeedah)(Aqeedah)

WhatWhat dodo peoplepeople meanmean byby thethe wordword FAITH?FAITH?

Faith Faith (Aqeedah) (Aqeedah) WhatWhat dodo peoplepeople meanmean byby thethe wordword FAITH?FAITH?
Faith Faith (Aqeedah) (Aqeedah) WhatWhat dodo peoplepeople meanmean byby thethe wordword FAITH?FAITH?

A world of faith……

A world of faith……
A world of faith……

A world of faith in Asia

Indonesia/Malaysia

A world of f aith in Asia • Indonesia/Mal aysia
A world of f aith in Asia • Indonesia/Mal aysia

A survey taken by Shanghai University declared dramatically 300 million Muslims!

A survey taken by Shang hai University declare d dramatically 300 million Muslims! Niujie Mosque, Beijing,

Niujie Mosque, Beijing, 950 CE

A survey taken by Shang hai University declare d dramatically 300 million Muslims! Niujie Mosque, Beijing,

StudyStudy planplan

IslamicIslamic CreedCreed knownknown asas AqeedahAqeedah MoralMoral CodeCode ofof IslamIslam knownknown asas AkhlaaqAkhlaaq BasedBased onon thethe 22 sourcessources ofof IslamIslam

BasedBased onon thethe 22 sourcessources ofof IslamIslam TheThe Quran Quran whichwhich isis thethe bookbook ofof

TheThe QuranQuran whichwhich isis thethe bookbook ofof AllahAllah TheThe SunnahSunnah -- practicepractice andand teachingsteachings ofof thethe ProphetProphet MuhammadMuhammad (to(to whomwhom bebe peace)peace)

practicepractice andand teachingsteachings ofof thethe ProphetProphet MuhammadMuhammad (to(to whomwhom bebe peace)peace)

AQEEDAH:AQEEDAH: definitiondefinition andand explanationexplanation

AqeedahAqeedah –– singularsingular // AqaaidAqaaid –– pluralplural TheThe thingsthings whichwhich peoplepeople’’ss heartshearts affirmaffirm andand believebelieve in,in, thethe thingsthings theythey acceptaccept (as(as true)true) TheseThese areare mattersmatters whichwhich areare heldheld asas certaincertain beliefsbeliefs withwith nono doubtdoubt LinguisticallyLinguistically -- derivedderived fromfrom thethe wordword AA QQ DD MeansMeans adherence,adherence, certainty,certainty, andand affirmationaffirmation

ةﺪﻴﻘﻋةﺪﻴﻘﻋ

ددققعع

adherence,adherence, certainty,certainty, andand affirmationaffirmation ةﺪﻴﻘﻋةﺪﻴﻘﻋ ددققعع
adherence,adherence, certainty,certainty, andand affirmationaffirmation ةﺪﻴﻘﻋةﺪﻴﻘﻋ ددققعع

TheThe TermTerm

InIn Arabic,Arabic, oneone states,"states,"AqadaAqada thethe roperope““((AqadaAqada AlhablAlhabl)) -- whenwhen thethe roperope isis tiedtied firmly.firmly. ""AqadaAqada thethe sale"sale" oror "He"He settledsettled thethe sale"sale" whenwhen thethe personperson ratifiesratifies andand contractscontracts aa salesale oror agreement.agreement.

contractscontracts aa salesale oror agreement.agreement. TheThe QuranicQuranic verse:verse: "But"But HeHe

TheThe QuranicQuranic verse:verse: "But"But HeHe willwill taketake youyou toto tasktask forfor thethe oathsoaths whichwhich youyou swearswear inin earnestearnest (Arabic(Arabic --

aqadtumaqadtum))

[[5:895:89]] whichwhich meansmeans assertedasserted andand adheredadhered to.to.

َنﺎََنﺎَﻤْﻤْﻳَﻳَﻷاﻷا ﻢُﻢﱡُﱡﺗﺪﱠﺗﺪﱠﻘَﻘَ

…… IfIf oneone says,says, ""AqadtuAqadtu suchsuch andand such,"such," itit meansmeans hishis heartheart isis firmfirm uponupon suchsuch andand such.such.

and such," such," it it means means his his heart heart isis firmfirm uponupon suchsuch andand

ItIt meansmeans -- TheThe firmfirm creedcreed thatthat one'sone's heartheart isis fixedfixed uponupon withoutwithout anyany waveringwavering oror doubt.doubt.

one's one's heart heart is is fixedfixed uponupon withoutwithout anyany waveringwavering oror doubt.doubt.
one's one's heart heart is is fixedfixed uponupon withoutwithout anyany waveringwavering oror doubt.doubt.
one's one's heart heart is is fixedfixed uponupon withoutwithout anyany waveringwavering oror doubt.doubt.

WhatWhat areare thethe generalgeneral conceptsconcepts thatthat thethe heartheart ofof thethe believerbeliever mustmust bebe firmfirm about?about?

conceptsconcepts thatthat thethe heartheart ofof thethe believerbeliever mustmust bebe firmfirm about?about?
conceptsconcepts thatthat thethe heartheart ofof thethe believerbeliever mustmust bebe firmfirm about?about?
conceptsconcepts thatthat thethe heartheart ofof thethe believerbeliever mustmust bebe firmfirm about?about?

TheThe answeranswer

TheseThese areare thethe "pillars""pillars" ofof thethe faith.faith. OneOne willwill notnot bebe calledcalled aa believerbeliever justjust byby knowingknowing andand understandingunderstanding thesethese pillarspillars butbut hehe mustmust comecome toto thethe levellevel wherewhere he/shehe/she submitssubmits andand implementsimplements whatwhat isis described.described. TheThe theologianstheologians callcall thisthis greatgreat subjectsubject

"the"the rootroot ofof thethe religion"religion"

callcall thisthis greatgreat subjectsubject "the"the rootroot ofof thethe religion"religion"
callcall thisthis greatgreat subjectsubject "the"the rootroot ofof thethe religion"religion"

AqeedahAqeedah isis aa mattermatter ofof knowledgeknowledge ofof thethe heartheart

NotNot aa practicalpractical mattermatter KnownKnown fromfrom knowledgeknowledge ofof whatwhat AllahAllah (God(God )) hashas informedinformed usus BasicBasic principlesprinciples ofof AqeedahAqeedah –– AllahAllah commandscommands usus toto believebelieve whatwhat HeHe hashas toldtold usus inin thethe QuranQuran

–– AllahAllah commandscommands usus toto believebelieve whatwhat HeHe hashas toldtold usus inin thethe QuranQuran
–– AllahAllah commandscommands usus toto believebelieve whatwhat HeHe hashas toldtold usus inin thethe QuranQuran

TheThe verseverse ofof AqeedahAqeedah

TheThe MessengerMessenger believesbelieves inin whatwhat hashas beenbeen sentsent downdown toto himhim fromfrom hishis Lord,Lord, andand (so(so do)do) thethe believers.believers. EachEach oneone believesbelieves inin Allah,Allah, HisHis Angels,Angels, HisHis books,books, andand HisHis messengers.messengers. (They(They say),say), ““wewe makemake nono distinctiondistinction betweenbetween oneone anotheranother ofof HisHis messengersmessengers”” andand theythey say,say, ““WeWe hear,hear, andand wewe obey.obey. (We(We seek)seek) youryour forgiveness,forgiveness, ourour Lord,Lord, andand toto YouYou isis thethe returnreturn (of(of all)all) [Quran[Quran 2:285]2:285]

ourour Lord,Lord, andand toto YouYou isis thethe returnreturn (of(of all)all) [Quran[Quran 2:285]2:285]
ourour Lord,Lord, andand toto YouYou isis thethe returnreturn (of(of all)all) [Quran[Quran 2:285]2:285]

AqeedahAqeedah cancan havehave nono doubtdoubt

OnlyOnly thosethose areare thethe believersbelievers whowho havehave believedbelieved inin AllahAllah andand hishis messenger,messenger, andand afterwardsafterwards doubtdoubt notnot…… (Quran(Quran 49:15)49:15) ThisThis isis thethe BookBook (the(the QurQur’’an)an) whereofwhereof therethere isis nono doubtdoubt (Quran(Quran 2:2)2:2) ““OurOur Lord!Lord! Verily,Verily, itit isis YouYou whowho willwill gathergather mankindmankind togethertogether onon thethe dayday aboutabout whichwhich therethere isis nono doubtdoubt…… (Quran(Quran 3:9)3:9)

onon thethe dayday aboutabout whichwhich therethere isis no no doubt doubt …… (Quran(Quran 3:9)3:9)
onon thethe dayday aboutabout whichwhich therethere isis no no doubt doubt …… (Quran(Quran 3:9)3:9)

IssuesIssues ofof AqeedahAqeedah areare invisibleinvisible

MuslimsMuslims areare requiredrequired toto believebelieve inin

areare requiredrequired toto believebelieve inin UnseenUnseen mattersmatters NotNot visible,visible,

UnseenUnseen mattersmatters NotNot visible,visible, notnot tangibletangible thingsthings E.g.E.g. choosingchoosing messengersmessengers andand revelationrevelation –– unseenunseen mattersmatters

AllahAllah praisespraises thethe believersbelievers inin thethe QuranQuran

WhoWho believebelieve inin thethe unseenunseen ((GhaybGhayb)) …… GhaybGhayb meansmeans aa thingthing notnot seenseen notnot onlyonly aboutabout beliefsbeliefs butbut alsoalso newsnews ofof thethe past,past, thethe future,future, ababoutout creation,creation, heavensheavens && earthearth

newsnews ofof thethe past,past, thethe future,future, abab outout creation,creation, heavensheavens && earthearth

CorrectCorrect AqeedahAqeedah

TheThe AqeedahAqeedah waswas thethe samesame throughoutthroughout timetime

waswas thethe samesame throughoutthroughout timetime AllAll messengersmessengers broughtbrought thethe samesame

AllAll messengersmessengers broughtbrought thethe samesame teachingsteachings

IslamicIslamic worldworld view:view: falsefalse AqeedahAqeedah oror beliefbelief isis aa productproduct ofof humanhuman thoughtthought andand intellectintellect

AqeedahAqeedah oror beliefbelief isis aa productproduct ofof humanhuman thoughtthought andand intellectintellect

RelationshipRelationship betweenbetween AqeedahAqeedah andand faithfaith (eeman)(eeman)

AqeedahAqeedah isis thethe foundationfoundation andand basisbasis ofof eemaneeman OnceOnce itit takestakes firmfirm rootsroots –– actionsactions mustmust conformconform toto thethe dictatesdictates ofof thethe AqeedahAqeedah EemanEeman isis 22 parts:parts:

thethe AqeedahAqeedah EemanEeman isis 22 parts:parts: AcknowledgeAcknowledge thatthat AllahAllah existsexists

AcknowledgeAcknowledge thatthat AllahAllah existsexists AdheresAdheres toto thethe waysways laidlaid downdown byby AllahAllah

thatthat AllahAllah existsexists AdheresAdheres toto thethe waysways laidlaid downdown byby AllahAllah

AqeedahAqeedah andand ActionsActions

InseparableInseparable andand gogo handhand inin handhand

Aqeedah Aqeedah and and Actions Actions InseparableInseparable andand gogo handhand inin handhand
Aqeedah Aqeedah and and Actions Actions InseparableInseparable andand gogo handhand inin handhand
Aqeedah Aqeedah and and Actions Actions InseparableInseparable andand gogo handhand inin handhand

ItIt isis incumbentincumbent uponupon aa believerbeliever toto paypay attentionattention toto thethe deedsdeeds thatthat AllahAllah hashas enjoinedenjoined uponupon

toto paypay attentionattention toto thethe deedsdeeds thatthat AllahAllah hashas enjoinedenjoined uponupon
toto paypay attentionattention toto thethe deedsdeeds thatthat AllahAllah hashas enjoinedenjoined uponupon

FirstFirst beliefbelief

TheThe firstfirst principleprinciple ofof AqeedahAqeedah isis beliefbelief inin AllahAllah

First First belief belief TheThe firstfirst principleprinciple ofof AqeedahAqeedah isis beliefbelief inin AllahAllah
First First belief belief TheThe firstfirst principleprinciple ofof AqeedahAqeedah isis beliefbelief inin AllahAllah

QQ && AA sessionsession

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