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Mentum Planet User Guide


for version 5.0

Copyright 2009 Mentum S.A. All rights reserved.

Notice

This document contains confidential and proprietary information of Mentum S.A. and may not be copied, transmitted, stored in a retrieval system, or reproduced in any format or media, in whole or in part, without the prior written consent of Mentum S.A. Information contained in this document supersedes that found in any previous manuals, guides, specifications data sheets, or other information that may have been provided or made available to the user. This document is provided for informational purposes only, and Mentum S.A. does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy, adequacy, quality, validity, completeness or suitability for any purpose the information contained in this document. Mentum S.A. may update, improve, and enhance this document and the products to which it relates at any time without prior notice to the user. MENTUM S.A. MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THOSE OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, WITH RESPECT TO THIS DOCUMENT OR THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN.
Trademark Acknowledgement Mentum, Mentum Planet and Mentum Ellipse are registered trademarks owned by Mentum S.A. MapInfo Professional is a registered trademark of PB MapInfo Corporation. RF-vu is a trademark owned by iBwave. This document may contain other trademarks, trade names, or service marks of other organizations, each of which is the property of its respective owner. Last updated June 26, 2009

Contents

Contents
MENTUM PRODUCTS CONTACTING MENTUM INTRODUCTION List of products 2 2 4 4 6 7 8 8 10 11 14 14 14 16 16 17 17 17 18 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 21 21 21

Getting technical support Send us your comments Features of Mentum Planet Using this documentation User documentation updates Online Help Documentation library Notational conventions Displaying and formatting site labels To display site labels To format site labels Choosing sites To choose sites and sectors from the Project Explorer To choose sites and sectors using the Select tools Grouping sites To group sites by properties in the Project Explorer To copy grouped sites in the Project Explorer To ungroup sites in the Project Explorer Finding and selecting sites and sectors in the Map window To find a site in the Map window To find a sector in the Map window To find and display a site with user-selected zoom To select a site or sector in the Map window Working with sites To display information about a site To copy a site or sector into a group To clone a sector at a site

CHAPTER 1 Working with Sites and Sectors

Contents Mentum Planet User Guide

To swap site and sector parameters To rename a site To refresh the sites list To delete sites from the Project Explorer To delete sites from the Map window To change the antenna for a sector Using sector placement tools To use the Find Maximum Point tool To use the Angle From Line tool To use the Draw Angle tool Working with sector groups To create a sector group To display a group in a Map window Editing sector groups To rename a group To remove a site or sector from a group To delete a group To refresh the groups list To invert a group selection To edit groups from the Site Properties dialog box Working with flags Example To create a flag To add a condition To apply a flag condition to a sector To apply flag conditions to one or more sites To display sectors based on flag conditions Editing flags and conditions To rename a flag To rename a condition To delete a flag or condition To invert flag conditions Modifying sector symbols for individual sites To modify color and symbol settings for individual sites Customizing sector symbols for multiple sites To create a sector display scheme To define an active sector display scheme

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To add a sector display scheme To apply a sector display scheme To apply the default sector symbol To update sector relationships Adding user-defined data To add user-defined data CHAPTER 2 Managing Antenna Systems Understanding antenna systems How antenna systems are used in network planning Required accuracy for antenna patterns Antenna pattern formats Workflow for adding antenna patterns to a project Importing antenna patterns in the NSMA or Planet format To import an antenna pattern in .dpa format Downloading antenna patterns from the Antenna Server To download antenna patterns Opening and viewing antenna patterns To open an antenna pattern To open an antenna pattern from the Project Explorer Editing antenna algorithm parameters To edit algorithm parameters Editing antenna patterns To edit antenna patterns Printing antenna patterns To preview an antenna pattern To print an antenna pattern Adding antenna patterns to a project To add antenna pattern files to a project To view or hide unassigned antenna patterns To refresh antenna patterns To rename antenna patterns To remove an antenna pattern from the Project Explorer Grouping antenna patterns To group antenna patterns To ungroup antenna patterns

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CHAPTER 3
Managing Survey Data

Understanding surveys How survey data is organized in the Project Explorer Workflow for surveys Collecting survey data Adding surveys to a project To add surveys to the project To import surveys To modify the properties of a survey Adding survey header information To update survey header information using sector properties Saving a copy of a survey To save a copy of a survey Displaying survey data To view a survey in the Map window To find survey data points in the Map window To view survey data in tabular format To create a thematic map of survey data To modify display options for thematically mapped surveys Viewing survey statistics To view a survey histogram To view a survey clutter distribution histogram To view a survey regression analysis Assigning surveys To assign a survey to a sector To create a survey assignment file To assign multiple surveys using an assignment file To view and update survey assignments To export a survey assignment file To clear all survey assignments Creating survey reports To create survey assignment reports Modifying survey data To average survey data To filter survey data To filter survey data by selection To filter survey data by polygon

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To remove survey data points from the Map window Combining and comparing surveys To combine surveys To compare two surveys To compare a survey with a numeric grid To compare a survey with a modeled prediction CHAPTER 4 Managing Test Mobile Data Understanding test mobile data Input file requirements for test mobile data Test mobile data file header Workflow for test mobile data Importing test mobile data To import test mobile data Viewing information about a test mobile data file To view information about a test mobile data file Viewing and locating test mobile data To view the test mobile data locations in a Map window To find test mobile data in a Map window To view test mobile data in tabular format Displaying test mobile data in a Map window Understanding point display settings Understanding how display information is organized To define map view settings for a test mobile data file To define individual point display settings To define point display settings for ranges of values To display the test mobile data points in a Map window To create a map view template for test mobile data Viewing test mobile data in graph format To view test mobile data in graph format To print the data in the Test Mobile Graph window Allocating test mobile data to sectors Looking up sectors for test mobile data Allocating test mobile records to sectors To look up sectors for test mobile data automatically To assign sectors to test mobile carrier nodes manually To add a virtual test mobile sector

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To view or modify sector information To allocate test mobile records to sectors To view the test mobile records To unassign sectors To modify the display in the Test Mobile tree view Exporting test mobile data to surveys To export test mobile data to surveys CHAPTER 5 Managing Scan Receiver Data Understanding scan receiver data Input file requirements for scan receiver data Scan receiver data file header Workflow for scan receiver data Importing scan receiver data To import scan receiver data Viewing information about a scan receiver data file To view information about a scan receiver data file Viewing scan receiver data To view the scan receiver data locations in a Map window To find scan receiver data in a Map window To view scan receiver data in tabular format Displaying scan receiver data in a Map window Understanding point display settings Understanding how display information is organized To define map view settings for a scan receiver data file To define individual point display settings To define point display settings for ranges of values To display the scan receiver data points in a Map window To create a map view template for scan receiver data Viewing scan receiver data in graph format To view scan receiver data in graph format To print the data in the Scan Receiver Graph window Allocating scan receiver data to sectors Looking up sectors for scan receiver data Allocating scan receiver records to sectors To look up sectors for scan receiver data automatically To assign sectors to scan receiver carrier nodes manually

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To add a virtual scan receiver sector To view or modify sector information To allocate scan receiver records to sectors To view the scan receiver records To unassign sectors To modify the display in the Scan Receiver tree view Exporting scan receiver data to surveys To export scan receiver data to surveys CHAPTER 6
Generating Predictions

148 149 150 151 151 151 151 152 156 156 156 157 157 158 158 158 159 159 160 162 163 163 165 165 166 166 168 168 172 172 173 174 176

Understanding path loss and signal strength predictions Path loss and signal strength files Path loss files Signal strength files Combined signal strength files Choosing a prediction mode Modeled predictions Merged predictions Defining output settings Advanced prediction layers Bin file size and resolution To define analysis output settings Generating predictions To generate predictions Viewing predictions from the Project Explorer To view predictions for a sector Viewing predictions from the View menu To view predictions using the View menu Displaying, filtering, and deleting predictions To display, filter, and delete predictions Understanding point-to-point analyses The Fresnel zone Workflow for point-to-point analyses Understanding the Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box Generating point-to-point profiles

CHAPTER 7 Generating Signal Strength Predictions Between Two Points

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To generate a point-to-point profile Understanding how to interpret a point-to-point profile What you see What you can do Customizing the point-to-point profile graph window To customize the Point-to-Point profile graph window To inspect individual points on a profile Viewing the height of clutter above the elevation profile To define clutter height values To view clutter heights Displaying reflection points To display reflection points Exporting a point-to-point graph To export a point-to-point graph as an image To export a point-to-point graph to a text file Printing point-to-point graphs To print a point-to-point graph Saving and opening point-to-point profiles To save a point-to-point profile To open a point-to-point profile CHAPTER 8
Working with Traffic Maps

177 180 181 181 182 182 183 183 183 184 184 184 185 185 186 186 186 186 187 187 190 191 191 192 193 194 194 194 196 197 198 200 200 201 203

Understanding traffic maps Types of input traffic data Conversion factors for input traffic data Understanding clutter weighting Including vectors in clutter Workflow for creating and editing a traffic map Creating traffic maps from regions, vectors, and classified grids To create a traffic map from regions or vectors To create a traffic map from a classified grid Creating a traffic map from network data To create a traffic map from network data Applying clutter weighting To apply clutter weighting using a clutter file To apply clutter weighting using a merged clutter/vector file Modifying clutter relative weightings

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To modify clutter relative weightings Viewing traffic maps To view a traffic map Adding traffic maps to the Project Explorer To add a traffic map to the Project Explorer Modifying traffic maps Converting traffic maps To convert a traffic map Scaling traffic maps To scale a traffic map by percentage To scale a traffic map by offset To scale a traffic map using clutter scaling factors Combining traffic maps To combine traffic maps Deleting traffic maps To delete a traffic map CHAPTER 9 Working with Interference Matrices Understanding interference matrices Histogram interference matrices Workflow for creating interference matrices Creating interference matrices To create a histogram interference matrix To create a histogram interference matrix using existing settings To update an existing histogram interference matrix Viewing interference matrices To view a histogram interference matrix To view histogram interference matrix settings Exporting an interference matrix To export an interference matrix Deleting interference matrices To delete interference matrices

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CHAPTER 10
Working with Neighbor Lists

Understanding neighbor lists Workflow for creating neighbor lists Creating neighbor lists To create a neighbor list from a best server grid To create a neighbor list from an interference matrix Comparing neighbor lists To compare neighbor lists Editing neighbor lists To edit a neighbor list To add neighbor relationships to a neighbor list To remove neighbor relationships from a neighbor list To edit a neighbor list graphically Viewing neighbor lists To view a neighbor list in a Map window Exporting neighbor lists To export an entire neighbor list or a neighbor list for one sector Copying neighbor lists To copy a neighbor list Adding neighbor lists to the Project Explorer To add a neighbor list to the Project Explorer Changing the active neighbor list To change the active neighbor list Merging neighbor lists To merge neighbor lists Deleting neighbor lists To delete a neighbor list Customizing Mentum Planet using the Extension Manager To add an extension To uninstall an extension To save the extension To enable or disable an extension

220 221 222 222 223 225 226 227 230 231 232 232 234 235 236 236 237 237 238 238 238 238 239 239 239 239 242 242 243 243 243

CHAPTER Using the Extension Manager

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CHAPTER 12
Working with Grids

Getting information about a grid To view a grid legend To use the Grid Manager Info function To use the Grid Info tool To use the Region Info tool To use the Line Info tool Contouring a grid Creating contours for a numeric grid To define contour polylines or regions Creating contours for a classified grid To create contours for a classified grid Creating smooth grid contours How smooth grid contours are created To create smooth grid contours Creating slope and aspect grids To create a slope and aspect grid Working with area grids To create an area grid To add an area grid To rename an area grid To view an area grid To delete an area grid Analyzing visibility on a grid Point-to-Point Visibility function To determine point-to-point visibility Viewshed function To perform a single-point viewshed analysis To perform a multi-point viewshed analysis

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CHAPTER 13
Generating Coverage Reports

Producing coverage map reports To create a print layout To add a frame To change the border of a frame To open a graphic file Creating and printing legends To create and print a grid legend To create and print a thematic map legend

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APPENDIX A Survey to Numeric Grid Calculations INDEX

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Mentum Products

This chapter contains the following section:

The Mentum Product portfolio provides a range of products for planning and maintaining wireless networks. This section describes the products that are available as part of the portfolio. For additional details about any of these products, see the Mentum web site at http://www.mentum.com.

List of products

Mentum Products Mentum Planet User Guide

List of products
Mentum continues to add to its comprehensive RF planning software portfolio. Figure 1.1 shows available planning and optimization products. In Mentum Planet 5, the new Extension Manager delivers online access to BETA versions of products before they have been released. For more information, click the image below to visit the Mentum web site.

Figure 1.1 Mentum products

Contacting Mentum
This chapter contains the following sections:

Mentum is committed to providing fast, responsive technical support. This section provides an extensive list of contacts to help you through any issues you may have. We also welcome any comments about our documentation. Customer feedback is an essential element of product development and supports our efforts to provide the best products, services, and support we can.

Getting technical support Send us your comments

Contacting Mentum Mentum Planet User Guide

Getting technical support


You can get technical support by phone or email, or by visiting the SelfService Portal on the Mentum website at http://www.mentum.com/index.php?page=customer-care&hl=en_US.
North America Phone: +1 866 921-9219 (toll free), +1 819 483-7094 Fax: +1 819 483-7050 Email: support.americas@mentum.com Hours: 9am 7pm EST/EDT (Monday-Friday, excluding local holidays) Europe, Middle East, and Africa Phone: +33 1 39264642 Fax: +33 1 39264601 Email: support.emea@mentum.com Hours: 9am 6pm CET/CEST (Monday-Friday, excluding local holidays) Asia Pacific Phone: +852 2824 8874 Fax: +852 2824 8358 Email: support.apac@mentum.com Hours: 9am 6pm HKT (Monday-Friday, excluding local holidays)

When you call for technical support, ensure that you have your product ID number and know which version of the software you are running. You can obtain this information using the About command from the Help menu. When you request technical support outside of regular business hours, a Product Support Specialist will respond the next working day by telephone or email, depending upon the nature of the request.

Send us your comments


Feedback is important to us. Please take the time to send comments and suggestions on the product you received and on the user documentation shipped with it. Send your comments to: Planet.feedback@mentum.com

Introduction

This introduction contains the following sections:


This User Guide provides an overview of the full life cycle of a wireless network, and includes information on the tools and procedures that are common to all network technologies. Many procedures, for example network analyses, are dependent on the technology being used, and are not included in this User Guide. For more information on technology-specific procedures, see the appropriate User Guide. This chapter explains the features of Mentum Planet and covers the documentation provided.

Features of Mentum Planet Using this documentation

Introduction Mentum Planet User Guide

Features of Mentum Planet


Mentum Planet provides you with all the tools you need to accurately design, analyze, and optimize wireless networks. You can add extensions and enable additional technologies to support the planning functions that you require. For more information, see List of products on page 2. Below is a list of some of the main features of Mentum Planet. This list is not comprehensive. For a detailed feature list, go to the Mentum web site at http:/ /www.mentum.com.

Project Explorer
The Project Explorer organizes all components of a project into a hierarchical structure, enabling you to easily manage all project-related data including sites, project information, network analyses, network data, and surveys. You can sort components such as sites and antenna patterns by their characteristics and manage support documents such as census tract data, capacity planning information, or RF design review documents. Shortcut menus give you quick access to a wide variety of commands.

Site Editor
The Site Editor brings together all the parameters you need to specify when defining base station technologies, sites, and sectors. This includes the link configuration, the implementation settings as well as general site and sector settings.

Traffic Map Generator


Using the Traffic Map Generator, you can create traffic maps based on various sources of data, including market information, demographics, vehicular traffic, and switch statistics. You can combine this information with clutter information for your coverage area for an even more accurate assessment of traffic loading for your wireless network. You can also scale traffic maps to better meet your requirements.

Interference Matrix Generator


The Interference Matrix Generator analyzes the potential for co-channel and adjacent-channel interference in your wireless network. If required, you can include traffic map information in the interference matrix calculations. Interference matrices are required input for the Neighbor List Generator and the Automatic Frequency Preamble and Perm Base Planning tool.

Introduction Mentum Planet User Guide

Neighbor List Generator


You can use the Neighbor List Generator to create, view, edit, and compare neighbor lists for single-technology networks and for multi-technology networks. Neighbor lists can be based on cell adjacency or interference. Multiple user-defined criteria determine neighbor selection. You can also import and export neighbor lists.

Network Data Import Wizard


You can import switch statistics for use in traffic maps, interference matrices, neighbor lists, and other Mentum Planet analysis tools. Performance-related data you can import includes dropped call rates, blocked call rates, and traffic levels. The Network Data tool can also produce a thematically mapped display of the imported data by sector.

Survey Data tool


Using the Survey Data node in the Project Explorer, you can import, manage, and visualize survey data.

Subscriber Settings
The Subscriber Settings dialog box contains all the parameters you need to define the characteristics of your network subscribers including the mobile equipment and services they use as well as the Quality of Service thresholds.

Data Manager
The Data Manager enables you to store data centrally and manage projects more efficiently, thus facilitating project collaboration and data sharing.

MapInfo Professional
Mentum Planet includes a full version of MapInfo Professional, an industry standard mapping tool that gives you access to a full suite of raster and vector analysis tools, cartographic-quality tools, and advanced thematic mapping capabilities. For a list of new features in MapInfo 9.5, see the MapInfo Professional User Guide.

Using this documentation


Before using this documentation, you should be familiar with the Windows environment. It is assumed that you are using the standard Windows XP

Introduction Mentum Planet User Guide

desktop, and that you know how to access ToolTips and shortcut menus, move and copy objects, select multiple objects using the Shift or Ctrl key, resize dialog boxes, expand and collapse folder trees. It is also assumed that you are familiar with the basic functions of MapInfo Professional. MapInfo Professional functions are not documented in this User Guide. For information about MapInfo Professional, see the MapInfo online Help and MapInfo Professional User Guide. You can access additional MapInfo user documentation from the Pitney Bowes Business Insight website at http://www.pbinsight.com/support/product-documentation/m/details/ mapinfo-professional. All product information is available through the online Help. You access online Help using the Help menu or context-sensitive Help from within a dialog box by pressing the F1 key. If you want to view the online Help for a specific panel or tab, click in a field or list box to activate the panel or tab before you press the F1 key. The following sections describe the structure of the online Help.

User documentation updates


User documentation is continually evolving to address feedback or introduce improvements. You can download the latest user documentation from the Customer Care Product Downloads page where it is available as a separate download from the software.

Online Help
From the Help menu, you can access online Help for Mentum Planet software and for MapInfo Professional. This section describes the structure of the Mentum Planet online Help. The online Help provides extensive help on all aspects of software use. It provides

help on all dialog boxes procedures for using the software an extensive Mentum Planet documentation library in PDF format User Guides

The following sections provide details about the resources available through the online Help.

Introduction Mentum Planet User Guide

Resource Roadmap

When you first use the online Help, start with the Resource Roadmap. It describes the types of resources available in the online Help and explains how best to use them. It includes a step-by-step guide that walks you through the available resources.
Knowledge Base

You can access the Knowledge Base maintained by the Customer Care group by clicking the Knowledge Base button on the online Help toolbar. The Knowledge Base contains current information on Mentum products such as Frequently Asked Questions, How To procedures as well as solutions to issues.
Printing

You have two basic options for printing documents:

If you want a good quality print of a single procedure or section, you can print from the Help window. Click Print in the Help window. If you want a higher quality print of a complete User Guide, use Adobe Reader to print the supplied print-ready PDF file contained in the Mentum Planet documentation library. Open the PDF file and choose File Print.

Library Search

You can perform a full-text search on all PDF files contained in the Mentum Planet documentation library if you are using a version of Adobe Reader that supports full-text searches. The PDF files are located in the Mentum\Planet\Help\User Guides folder.
You can also perform a search on all online Help topics by clicking the Search tab in the Help window. Type a keyword, and click List Topics to display all Help topics that contain the keyword. The online Help duplicates the information found in the User Guide PDF files in order to provide more complete results. It does not duplicate the information in the Release Notes, or Glossary. Frequently Asked Questions

The Frequently Asked Questions section provides answers to common questions about Mentum Planet. For easy navigation, the section is divided into categories related to product functionality.

Introduction Mentum Planet User Guide

Whats This? Help

Whats This? Help provides detailed explanations of all dialog boxes.


User Guides

All User Guides for Mentum Planet software is easily accessible as part of the online Help.

Documentation library
Mentum Planet comes with an extensive library of User Guides in PDF format. The following table provides details about the documentation supplied with Mentum Planet. Additional documents, including Application Notes and Technical Notes, are available at http://www.mentum.com.

Document Mentum Planet User Guide WiMAX User Guide

Enables you to Plan and analyze simulated wireless communication networks. Plan and analyze WiMAX networks. This User Guide contains the main tasks required to model and analyze a network using Mentum Planet. Plan and analyze Fixed WiMAX networks. This User Guide contains the main tasks required to model and analyze a network using Mentum Planet. Plan and analyze LTE networks. This User Guide contains the main tasks required to model and analyze a network using Mentum Planet Perform operations on spatial data that is stored in grids, and display, analyze, and export digital terrain models (DTM) and other grid-based data. Integrate indoor networks into Mentum Planet and learn how to view, edit, and manage indoor projects. Learn how to use the Data Manager. The Data Manager enables users to work with centralized Mentum Planet data stored in an Oracle or Microsoft SQL Server database.

Fixed WiMAX User Guide

LTE User Guide

Grid Analysis User Guide

Indoor/Outdoor Integration User Guide Data Manager User Guide

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Introduction Mentum Planet User Guide

Document Data Manager Server Administrator Guide

Enables you to Learn how to install and configure the Data Manager Server on database and file servers in a network environment, and how to manage access to project data. Install Wireless Network Planning software. Learn about new features and known issues with the current release of software. Learn about new features and known issues with the current release of Data Manager Server software. Learn about the many features of MapInfo Professional, as well as basic and advanced mapping concepts. Learn about known issues in the MapInfo Professional product as well as customer issues that have been resolved.

Installation Guide Mentum Planet Release Note Data Manager Server Release Note MapInfo Professional User Guide MapInfo Professional Release Notes

Notational conventions
This section describes the textual conventions and icons used throughout this documentation.
Textual conventions

Special text formats are used to highlight different types of information. The following table describes the special text conventions used in this document.
bold text Bold text is used in procedure steps to identify a user interface element such as a dialog box, menu item, or button. For example: In the Select Interpolation Method dialog box, choose the Inverse Distance Weighting option, and click Next. Courier text is used in procedures to identify text that you must type. For example: In the File Name box, type Elevation.grd. Bright blue text is used to identify a link to another section of the document. Click the link to view the section.

courier text

bright blue text

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Introduction Mentum Planet User Guide

Menu arrows are used in procedures to identify a sequence of menu items that you must follow. For example, if a step reads Choose File Open, you would click File and then click Open.

<>

Angle brackets are used to identify variables. For example, if a menu item changes depending on the chosen unit of measurement, the menu structure would appear as Display <unit of measurement>.

Icons

Throughout this documentation, icons are used to identify text that requires special attention.
This icon identifies a workflow summary, which explains a series of actions that you will need to carry out in the specified order to complete a complex task.

This icon identifies a cautionary statement, which contains information required to avoid potential loss of data, time, or resources. This icon identifies a tip, which contains shortcut information, alternative ways of performing a task, or methods that save time or resources. This icon identifies a note, which highlights important information or provides information that is useful but not essential. This icon identifies references such as books or web sites where you can find useful information.

This icon identifies examples that illustrate how to use features of the product in your everyday work.

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1.
This chapter contains the following sections:

Chapter 1: Working with Sites and Sectors

Working with Sites and Sectors


After you define site and sector properties, you can place your sites. If you are using the same site configuration for many sites, you can save a site template, which simplifies the process of site placement. This chapter covers additional features related to the configuration and placement of sites. See the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using for procedures relating to the main workflow.

Displaying and formatting site labels Choosing sites Grouping sites Finding and selecting sites and sectors in the Map window Working with sites Using sector placement tools Working with sector groups Working with flags Modifying sector symbols for individual sites Customizing sector symbols for multiple sites Adding user-defined data

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Displaying and formatting site labels


You can display and format site labels in order to improve the readability of a map.

To display site labels

In the Project Explorer, in the Windows category, expand the Map Windows node, right-click the active site file and choose Auto Label if there is not already a check mark indicating the feature is turned on.

To remove site labels, in the Windows category of the Project Explorer, expand the Map Windows node, right-click the site file and choose Auto Label to remove the check mark.

To format site labels


1 Right-click in the Map window and choose Layer Control. The Layer Control dialog box opens. 2 From the Layer list, choose your site file, and click Label. The Label Options dialog box opens. 3 4 From the Label With list, choose the information you want to appear in the label. In the Visibility section, choose one of the following options to display labels:

Offlabels are not displayed. Onlabels are always displayed. Display Within Rangelabels are displayed only when the Map window zoom width is between the values you specify in the Min Zoom and Max Zoom boxes. Allow Duplicate Textthe same label can appear on a map more than once. This is useful if you want to display sector

Enable any of the following options as needed:

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labels such as technology where more than one site would have the same label.

Allow Overlapping Textlabels near each other can overlap. Maximum Labelsthe total number of labels in the Map window is limited to the number in the box, unless you leave the box blank.

The Label Partial Objects check box does not apply to labels for sites or other point objects. 6 If you want to change the text style of the labels, click Aa in the Styles section to open the Text Style dialog box, modify the following settings, and click OK:

Fontlabel typeface and size can be chosen from the lists. Text Colorlabel color can be chosen from the list. Backgroundlabel can have a rectangular background or a halo effect in a selectable color to increase readability. Effectslabel can have text styles such as bold or italic.

For more information on these settings, press the F1 key. 7 If you want to adjust the position of the labels, in the Position section, do any of the following:

To change the relative position of the label to the site, click the Anchor Point button that corresponds to the label placement you prefer. To change the distance between the label and the site, type a value in points in the Label Offset box.

The Rotate Label With Line check box has no effect on labels for sites or other point objects. 8 9 In the Label Options dialog box, click OK. In the Layer Control dialog box, click OK.

You can create complex labels that combine several pieces of information by choosing Expression from the Label With list. For information on how to create the expression you need, press the F1 key.

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Choosing sites
There are several methods available in Mentum Planet for choosing sites. You can:

choose sites and sectors from the Project Explorer. See To choose sites and sectors from the Project Explorer on page 16. use the shortcut commands from the Project Explorer. See To find and display a site with user-selected zoom on page 19 and To select a site or sector in the Map window on page 20. use the Select, Marquee, Radius, or Polygon Select tools on the Main toolbar. See To choose sites and sectors using the Select tools on page 17. use the Select All From Site Table button on the Site toolbar to select all sites or the Unselect All button from the Main toolbar to unselect all sites. See To choose sites and sectors using the Select tools on page 17.

When you choose a site using the Select tool, only one sector is selected. If you want to choose all of the sectors in a site, you must choose the sectors using the Marquee, Radius, or Polygon Select tools or use the Select in Map window command from the Project Explorer.

To choose sites and sectors from the Project Explorer


The recommended method for choosing sites and sectors is using the Project Explorer. 1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, expand the Sites node. Do one of the following:

To choose a site, click on the site node. To choose multiple sites, press the Ctrl key and click on multiple sites. To choose a sector, expand the site node and click a sector. To choose multiple sectors, expand the sites node, press the Ctrl key and click on multiple sectors.

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Working with Sites and Sectors Mentum Planet User Guide

To choose sites and sectors using the Select tools


You can also use the Select tools on the Main toolbar to choose sites and sectors. You can also use the Select All in Site Table button and the Find Site button on the Site toolbar. When more than one layer is displayed in a Map window, you can only make selections using the Select tools on objects that are on the uppermost layer. Mentum Planet automatically sets the project defaults so that the site table and editable map layers added to the Map window are selectable. Therefore, if you have opened several map layers, use the Layer Control to make these layers unselectable in order to facilitate the selection process or ensure the site table is the uppermost selectable layer.
You can also view currently selected objects in a Browser window to ensure that the correct objects (sites and sectors) are chosen. Choose Window New Browser Window and choose Selection in the Browser Table dialog box.

Click any of the following buttons on the Main toolbar and then click in the Map window or drag the mouse pointer to select multiple sites:

Select tool Polygon Select tool Marquee Select tool

Grouping sites
By grouping sites, you can organize how sites are displayed in the Project Explorer. This makes it easier to work with sites. You can group sites by the following properties:

antenna pattern propagation model technology

To group sites by properties in the Project Explorer


You can quickly view which sites have specific properties using the Group By option in the Project Explorer. For example, if you want to view sites organized according to antenna pattern, you can choose the Antenna Pattern

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option. This creates nodes under the Sites node for each antenna pattern in the project, and groups the sites according to which pattern they use.

In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click Sites, choose Group By, and then choose the property by which you want the sites grouped.

To copy grouped sites in the Project Explorer


You can quickly copy all sectors from a grouped sites node to a new group in the Project Explorer. Only those sectors with the grouped by property will be copied. In Figure 1.1, sites are grouped by Antenna type. To add all sectors assigned the 60_degree antenna, you can drag the 60_degree node onto the Sixty_degrees node under the Local group node. Sectors assigned an antenna other than 60_degree will not be copied to the group.

Figure 1.1 Example of sites grouped by Antenna

In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click Sites, choose Group By, and then choose the property by which you want the sites grouped. Right-click the grouped by node that you want to copy and choose Copy. Right-click the group to which you want to add the copied sectors and choose Paste.
You can also drag the grouped sites to the new group.

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To ungroup sites in the Project Explorer

In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click Sites and choose Group By None.

Finding and selecting sites and sectors in the Map window


Mentum Planet provides many methods for finding and selecting sites and sectors in the Map window. The Locate command is useful if you have many sites in your project and you want to select one particular site and center it in the Map window or if you have co-located sectors in your project and you want to select a co-located sector. The Select in Map Window command enables you to choose several sites or sectors in the Project Explorer and highlight them in the Map window.

To find a site in the Map window

Do one of the following:


In the Site Editor, click Locate. In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click the site and choose Locate.

The site is selected and centered in the Map window.

To find a sector in the Map window

Do one of the following:

In the Site Editor, in the tree view, choose a sector and click Locate. In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, expand a site node, right-click a sector, and choose Locate.

The sector is selected and centered in the Map window.

To find and display a site with user-selected zoom


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click Sites and choose Find Site. In the Find Site dialog box, do one of the following:

Enable the Select From List check box and, in the Find list, choose the site you want to find. Type the Site ID in the Find box.

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3 4

In the Zoom Width box, define the width of the map view. Click Find to display your chosen site.
You can also choose Edit Find Site from the main menu to open the Find Site dialog box.

To select a site or sector in the Map window

In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, do one of the following:

Right-click the Sites node, select a site, and choose Select in Map Window. Expand a site node, select a sector, and choose Select in Map Window.

At the site level, all the sectors will be selected in the Map window. At the sector level, the chosen sector will be selected in the Map window.
Due to a MapInfo limitation, sites that consist of an even number of sectors do not appear to be selected in the Map window. The workaround is to select a sector instead of a site. You can select multiple sites or sectors in the Project Explorer by pressing the Ctrl key and selecting multiple sites or sectors. When you choose Select in Map Window, the chosen sites or sectors will be highlighted.

Working with sites


The Project Explorer provides easy access to functions that help you manage your sites. You can

display information about a site. See To display information about a site copy a site or sector into a group. See To copy a site or sector into a group on page 21 delete a site. See To delete sites from the Project Explorer on page 22 and To delete sites from the Map window on page 23. swap site parameters. See To swap site and sector parameters on page 22

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To display information about a site

In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click the site and choose Edit. The Site Editor opens.
You can also double-click on a site to open the Site Editor.

To copy a site or sector into a group


You can quickly add sites or sectors to a group in the Project Explorer using the Copy and Paste commands. 1 2 3 In the Project Explorer, expand the Sites node, right-click the sites or sectors you want to copy into a group, and choose Copy. Expand the Groups node. Right-click the group to which you want to add the sites or sectors, and choose Paste. The selected sites are added to the group or the selected sectors are added to the group under the original site name.
To add sites or sectors to a group, you can also drag sites or sectors onto a group under the Groups node.

To clone a sector at a site


You can quickly clone a sector to create a copy of an existing sector at a site. All sector settings, carrier assignments, and base station link budget parameters are copied to the new sector. 1 2 3 4 In the Project Explorer, expand the Sites node. Right-click the sector upon which you want the new sector based and choose Clone. In the Clone Sector dialog box, in the New Sector Name box, type a name for the sector. Click OK. The new sector is added to the same site as the original sector.

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To swap site and sector parameters

In the Project Explorer, right-click the two sites for which you want site and sector parameters swapped and choose Swap Sites. All site and sector parameters will be swapped (i.e., the site and sector parameters for Site A will be copied to Site B and vice-versa).
Groups, flags, and assigned repeaters are not swapped.

To rename a site
1 2 3 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click the site and choose Rename. Type a new name for the site and press ENTER. In the confirmation dialog box, click Yes to acknowledge that existing predictions will be deleted.

To refresh the sites list

In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click Sites and choose Refresh. The sites list is ordered alphabetically or numerically, depending on the site ID.

To delete sites from the Project Explorer

Do one of the following:

To delete one site, in the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click a site, choose Delete, and click Yes to confirm the deletion. To delete multiple sites, in the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, choose a site and holding-down the Ctrl key, choose the other sites you want to delete. Right-click and choose Delete, and click Yes to confirm the deletion.

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To delete sites from the Map window

Do one of the following:

To delete one site, in the Map window, choose the site, right-click and choose Delete, and then click Delete to confirm the deletion. To delete multiple sites, in the Map window, use the selection tools to choose the sites you want to delete, and then right-click and choose Delete. In the Delete dialog box, click Delete for each site you want to delete.

To change the antenna for a sector


Each sector assigned to a site must have a valid antenna pattern associated with it in order to generate predictions. Mentum Planet includes some default antenna patterns, but you can add antenna patterns to your project as required. For more information, see To add antenna pattern files to a project on page 57. 1 Do one of the following:

In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click a site and choose Edit. Click the Edit Site button on the Site toolbar and choose a site in the Map window.

2 3 4

In the Site Editor, in the tree view, choose the sector you want to modify. Click the Link tab. From the Antenna list, choose the antenna you want to use with the sector. Only antennas that are displayed in the Antennas node are available.

If you are using a smart of MIMO antenna, from the Antenna Algorithm list, choose the algorithm you want to associated with the antenna. For information on using the Antenna Editor, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using.

6 7

Click Apply to apply the changes. Click Close to close the Site Editor. Antenna patterns are organized in the Project Data category of the Project Explorer. The icons of antenna patterns that have been assigned to a

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sector are displayed in color. The icons of antenna patterns that have not been assigned to sectors, but are located in the Antennas folder of the project, are displayed in gray.

Using sector placement tools


The Grid Analysis toolbar includes tools that will help you with the placement of sectors and the positioning of directional antennas.

Find Maximum Point toolfinds the highest point in a region. This is an aid to finding good locations for sites. Angle From Line toolmeasures the direction of a line relative to true north. This can help in the placement of a directional antenna to serve a section of highway. Draw Angle tooldraws a line at a specified direction with respect to true north.

To use the Find Maximum Point tool


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Windows category, right-click the Cosmetic layer for the Map window and choose Editable if the check box is not already enabled. If the Grid Analysis and Drawing toolbars are not visible, choose View Toolbars, enable the Grid Analysis and Drawing check boxes in the Show column, and click OK. If the Map window does not contain a suitable polygon object, such as a county or census district, click the Polygon button on the Drawing toolbar, and draw a polygon enclosing the area in which you want to find the highest point. On the Grid Analysis toolbar, click the Find Maximum Point button and choose the polygon in the Map window. A point object is generated on the cosmetic layer, showing the point of highest elevation within the polygon. To obtain the location coordinates, double-click on the point object.
If you drew the polygon, select it in the Map window, press the DELETE key to remove it, and make the location of the highest point more visible.

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To delete the point object, choose the object in the Map window, and press the DELETE key to remove it.

To use the Angle From Line tool


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Windows category, right-click the Cosmetic layer for the Map window and choose Editable if the check box is not already enabled. If the Grid Analysis and Drawing toolbars are not visible, choose View Toolbars, enable the Grid Analysis and Drawing check boxes in the Show column, and click OK. If the Map window does not contain a suitable line object, such as a road, click the Line button on the Drawing toolbar, and draw the line for which you want to measure the direction. On the Grid Analysis toolbar, click the Angle From Line button, and choose the line in the Map window. A label is added to the Map window showing the angle of the line with respect to true north.
To delete the label, in the Windows category of the Project Explorer, expand the Windows node, and choose the cosmetic layer. Right-click and choose Clear Objects.

To use the Draw Angle tool


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Windows category, right-click the Cosmetic layer for the Map window and choose Editable if the check box is not already enabled. If the Grid Analysis toolbar is not visible, choose View Toolbars, enable the Grid Analysis check box in the Show column, and click OK. On the Grid Analysis toolbar, click the Draw Angle button, and then click anywhere in the Map window. The Draw Angle dialog box opens. 4 5 In the Angle box, type the direction of the line in degrees with respect to true north. In the Distance box, type the length of the line in kilometers.

2 3

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Click in the Map window where you want the line to begin. The line is drawn in the Map window.

7 8

If you want to draw another line, modify the Angle and Distance values as needed, and click in the Map window at the start point of the line. When you have finished drawing lines, close the Draw Angle dialog box.

Working with sector groups


You can create groups and assign sites or individual sectors to one or more groups. You can then use these groups to make selections when performing certain operations. For example, you could divide the sites in your project into four groups: North, South, East, and West. You could then choose to generate predictions only for the sectors that are part of the North and East groups. Any sectors that are not part of these two groups will be ignored. Groups are organized in the Project Explorer according to whether or not they are used with Data Manager:

Groups listed under the Shared node are stored in Data Manager and will be available to other users. Groups listed under the Local node are not stored in Data Manager. Even if the project is stored in Data Manager, the groups under the Local node will not be available to other users.

When you add or remove a site or sector from a group, or delete an entire group, the sectors are not removed from the Sites list in the Project Explorer.

To create a sector group


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click the Groups node and do one of the following:

Choose New Local to create a local group. The Add New Local Group dialog box opens. Choose New Shared to create a shared group. The Add New Shared Group dialog box opens.

Type a name for the new group and click OK. The group is added to either the Local or Shared node, under the Groups node in the Project Explorer.

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Choose one or more sites or sectors from the Sites list or from another group and drag them to the group.
You can also right-click either Local or Shared and choose New to create a new group under the chosen node.

You can also choose one or more sites or sectors in the Project Explorer, right-click and choose Copy, then right-click the group and choose Paste.

To display a group in a Map window

In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click a group and choose View. A new layer is created in the Map window that shows only the sites in the group. For information on working with map layers, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using.

Editing sector groups


You can rename or delete groups. You can also remove sites and sectors from groups. When you delete a group or remove sites or sectors from a group, the sites or sectors are removed from the group or the Groups node, but remain under the Sites node in the Project Explorer. You can also use the Tabular Editor to quickly edit sector group assignments. For more information, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using. You can use the Invert Selection option to select all of the sites and sectors that are not part of a group. When the Invert Selection command is enabled for a group, a check mark appears beside the menu command. When the Invert Selection option is enabled, all sectors that are not part of the group will be selected.

To rename a group
1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click the group and choose Rename. Type a new name for the group and press ENTER.

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To remove a site or sector from a group


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, expand the group you want to edit. In the group, right-click the site or sector you want to remove and choose Remove From Group.

To delete a group
1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, expand Groups, rightclick the group and choose Delete. In the Mentum Planet dialog box, click Yes. The group is deleted from the Groups node in the Project Explorer, but the sites and sectors in the group are not deleted.

To refresh the groups list

In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click Groups and choose Refresh. The groups list is ordered alphabetically.

To invert a group selection


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, expand Groups, rightclick the group and choose Invert Selection. The Invert Selection option is enabled, and all sectors that are not part of the group will be selected. 2 To turn off the Invert Selection option, right-click the group and choose Invert Selection again.

To edit groups from the Site Properties dialog box


You can assign sectors to groups or edit the groups to which a sector is assigned on the Sectors tab in the Site Properties dialog box. 1 2 3 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, expand Groups or Sites, right-click the site you want to edit and choose Edit. In the Site Properties dialog box, click the Sectors tab. Click in the sector Group field, and then click the Browse (...) button.

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In the Group Options dialog box, do either of the following and click OK:

To add a sector to a group, enable the check box beside the group. To remove a sector from a group, clear the check box beside the group

In the Site Properties dialog box, click Apply, and then click Close.

Working with flags


Flags are properties that you can use to identify sectors as having certain characteristics (conditions). You can create multiple flags, and each flag can have multiple conditions, but you can assign only one condition per flag to a sector. The conditions of a flag should be a set of related but mutually exclusive values. Once you have assigned flag conditions to your sectors, you can enable specific flags using the check boxes under the Flags node in the Project Explorer. When you enable a flag condition in the Project Explorer, the flag icon changes from gray to color, indicating that the flag has active conditions. When you right-click the Flags node in the Project Explorer and choose a command, only the sectors that have been assigned conditions for the enabled flags will be used.

Example
If you wanted to generate predictions for a new network based on sector status and location, you could create the flags and conditions shown in Figure 1.2.

Figure 1.2 Flags node in the Project Explorer. In this example, there are 3 sites (6 sectors) that satisfy the flag conditions.

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You would then assign one Status flag condition and one Location flag condition to each sector in your network. Figure 1.3 shows how you would assign a Status of Active and a Location of South to a sector.

Figure 1.3 Assigning flag conditions to a sector

You could then generate predictions based on both the status and location of a sector. For example, if you only wanted to generate predictions for active sectors located in the central or south, you would enable the Active condition for the Status flag and the Central and South conditions for the Location flag, as shown in Figure 1.2. In this example, the flag filter would identify sites where the Location flag is Central OR South AND the Status flag is Active.

To create a flag
1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click Flags and choose New. In the Add New Flag dialog box, type a name for the flag, and click OK. The name must contain only alphanumeric characters with no spaces. The new flag is added to the Project Explorer tree view in the Sites category. The new empty flag appears in the tree view under Flags.

To add a condition
1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click a flag and choose New Condition. In the Add New Condition dialog box, type a name for the new condition, and click OK. The new condition is added to the Project Explorer tree view under the flag node.

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To apply a flag condition to a sector


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click the sector and choose Set Flags. The Flags dialog box opens. 2 3 In the Flag List, choose the flag conditions you want to apply from the list in the Condition column. When you have finished setting flag conditions, click OK.

To apply flag conditions to one or more sites


1 Do one of the following:

In the Project Explorer, choose one or more sites, right-click and choose Global Edit Common. In the Map window, use the Marquee Select tool to choose one or more sites, and then choose Edit Global Edit Common.

The Common Global Edit dialog box opens. 2 3 4 5 6 7 From the Selection list, choose Selection, if it is not already chosen. In the List of Columns to Update, expand the Flags data field. Locate the row for the flag you want to assign, and from the list in the Value column, choose the condition you want to apply. Enable the check box for the flag, if it is not already enabled. When you have finished setting flag conditions, click OK. In the Confirm dialog box, click Yes.

To display sectors based on flag conditions


You can quickly locate sectors identified with certain flags and conditions. 1 2 3 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, expand the Flags node, then expand the individual flag nodes you want to view. Enable the check boxes for the flag conditions you want to display. Right-click the Flags node and choose View. A new layer is added to the Map window, showing the sites with the chosen flag conditions. For information on working with map layers, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using.

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Editing flags and conditions


You can edit flags and conditions when you need to refine them. You can also use the Tabular Editor to quickly edit flags and conditions for a group of sectors. For information on working with map layers, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using. You can use the Invert Conditions option to select all of the sites and sectors that have not been assigned the enabled flag conditions. When the Invert Conditions option is enabled, a check mark appears beside the menu command. The option remains enabled until you right-click the Flags node and choose Invert Conditions again.

To rename a flag
1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click a flag and choose Rename. Type a new name for the flag and press ENTER.

To rename a condition
1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click the condition and choose Rename. Type a new name for the condition and press ENTER.

To delete a flag or condition


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click a flag or condition and choose Delete. In the confirmation dialog box, click Yes.

To invert flag conditions


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click the Flags node and choose Invert Conditions. The Invert Conditions option is enabled, and all of the sites and sectors that have not been assigned the enabled flag conditions will be selected. 2 To turn off the Invert Conditions option, right-click the Flags node and choose Invert Conditions again.

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Modifying sector symbols for individual sites


Sites and sectors are displayed using the sector display scheme you associate with the sector. To modify sector symbols for multiple sites, you can define a sector display scheme and use the Tabular Editor to associate it to multiple sectors. For more see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using.

To modify color and symbol settings for individual sites


1 2 3 In the Site Editor, in the tree view, choose the sector you want to modify in the tree view. Click the General tab. From the Sector Display Schemes list, choose the scheme you want to associate with the sector. On those sector display schemes are appear beneath the Sector Display Schemes node in the Project Explorer are available. 4 5 In the Site Editor, click Apply. Click Close.
The rotation angle of sector symbols is defined by the azimuth of the sector.

Customizing sector symbols for multiple sites


You can customize sector symbols by creating and applying sector display schemes based on sector properties such as:

the antenna height the antenna beamwidth the PA power Uplink loading

You can also use sector display schemes to show the relationship between sectors and repeaters or between sectors and non co-located sectors. Sector display schemes are saved as .xml files. Figure 1.4 shows a sector display scheme.

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Figure 1.4 Sector display scheme showing various symbol types, colors, and sizes.

Within one sector display scheme you can define settings for various technologies. Sector display schemes are saved in the Sector Display Scheme folder within your project. You can apply sector display schemes to sector groups, to sectors assigned specific flags, or to all sectors. Sector display schemes are not dynamic. If you apply a sector display scheme but then change the value of the sector property upon which the scheme is based, the sector symbol is not automatically updated. You must reapply the sector display scheme in order to see your changes reflected in the Map window. You can also define an active sector display scheme that will be used when you place new sites.

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To create a sector display scheme


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click the Sector Display Schemes node and choose New. Type a name for the new sector display scheme and click OK. The Sector Display Scheme dialog box opens.

From the Technology list, choose the technology of the sectors for which you are creating the sector display scheme. You can define sector display scheme settings for different technologies within the same one sector display scheme.

In the Display Options section, enable the check boxes for the settings you want to specify for the sector display scheme. If you clear a check box, settings for that display option are not used.

If you enabled the Symbol check box, click the Symbol tab.

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From the Omni-directional Antenna list, choose the symbol you want to use to represent omni-directional antennas (i.e., antennas that have a 360 degree horizontal beamwidth). From the Sectorized Antenna list, choose the symbol you want to use to represent antennas that have a horizontal beamwidth less than 360 degrees. The Arrow symbol displays sectors based on the direction of the antenna without any reference to the beamwidth. All other symbols display both the direction of the antenna and the beamwidth. The width of the symbol represents the horizontal beamwidth. The accuracy of the symbols is within 10 degrees.

In the Background section, choose one of the following options:


Noneno background is displayed. Halothe symbol is outlined with a white border. Borderthe symbol is outlined with a black border. Drop Shadowa drop shadow is displayed beneath the symbol. Boldthe symbol is displayed in bold.

In the Effects section, enable any of the following check boxes:


10 If you are creating a sector display scheme for statistical data, click the Data button to view detailed statistics and, once you have finished viewing the data, click Close. 11 If you enabled the Color check box, click the Color tab. 12 Do one of the following:

To base color on a property, choose the Based on Property option, and then choose the sector property for which you want to specify a color. To base color on an identifier, choose the Based on Identifier option, and then choose the setting for which you want to specify a color.

Default values are displayed for some properties and identifiers.

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13 Do any of the following:

To change the color associated with a value, click the color in the Color column, choose a new color, and click OK. To add a value, click Add, choose a value from the list of available values or type a value in the box, and click OK. To add multiple identifiers (e.g., based on propagation models, antenna files, or technology), click the Lookup & Add All button. To delete a value, choose a row in the table and click Delete. If the value you are deleting is a flag condition, all conditions in the table are deleted.

14 Repeat Step 13 to add, delete, or change a value. 15 If you enabled the Size check box, click the Size tab. 16 From the Property to Use list, choose the property you want to use to determine the size of the sector symbol. For more information on the properties available, press the F1 key. 17 In the Property Value section, specify the range of the property value in the From and To boxes. 18 In the Point Size section, specify the range of the symbol point size in the From and To boxes. The symbol size will be determined by the values you specified in Step 17. Values that fall outside the specified range will be increased up to the minimum value or reduced to the maximum level. For example, if you chose Height as the property value and defined the From value as 20 meters and the To value as 100 meters, then all sectors that have a height of 20 or less will use the point size you defined in the From box and all sectors that have a height of 100 or more will use the point size you defined in the To box. The symbol size of sectors with a height that falls between the From and To values will be interpolated linearly using the From and To values defined in the Point Size section. 19 If you enabled the Relationship check box, click the Relationship tab.

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20 If you want to define a display scheme to represent the relationship between a site and a repeater, do the following in the Repeaters section:

Choose a line style from the Styles list. Click the color square and choose a line color. Choose the line width from the Width list.

21 If you want to define a display scheme to represent the relationship between a site and a non co-located sector, do the following in the Non Co-located Sectors section:

Choose a line style from the Styles list. Click the color square and choose a line color. Choose the line width from the Width list.

22 Repeat Step 3 to Step 21 to define sector display scheme settings for additional technologies. 23 Click OK to save sector display scheme settings. The sector display scheme is added under the Sector Display Schemes node in the Project Explorer. Sector display schemes are saved as .xml files.

To define an active sector display scheme


The active sector display scheme is used when you place a new site. If there is no active sector display scheme, the default symbol, size, and color are used. 1 2 In the Project Data category, expand the Sector Display Schemes node. Right-click a sector display scheme and choose Active. The icons associated with sector display schemes indicate which sector display scheme is currently active, as shown in Figure 1.5.

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Active sector display scheme Inactive sector display scheme

Figure 1.5 Sector Display Schemes node in the Project Explorer

To add a sector display scheme


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click Sector Display Schemes and choose Add. In the dialog box that opens, navigate to where the sector display scheme file (.xml) is stored and click Open.

To apply a sector display scheme


1 2 3 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, expand the Sector Display Schemes node. Right-click the display scheme you want to apply and choose Apply. In the Sector Selection dialog box, choose the group to which you want to apply the scheme and click OK. Sectors that meet the criteria defined in the sector display scheme are modified accordingly.
You can also apply a sector display scheme from the Sites category of the Project Explorer. Right-click the Flags node, a group within the Groups node, or the Sites node, and choose Sector Display Scheme. In the Select Scheme dialog box, choose the sector display scheme you want to apply or choose Default Symbol, and click Apply.

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When you get a project from Data Manager, the default sector symbol is used. You must reapply the sector display scheme to see changes. Similarly, if you make any changes to sector properties after you have applied a sector display scheme, you will need to reapply the sector display scheme to see changes.

To apply the default sector symbol


You can apply the default sector symbol, size, and color to remove sector display schemes that are visible in the Map window. 1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click the Sites node and choose Sector Display Scheme Apply. In the Select Scheme dialog box, choose Default Symbol, and click Apply.

To update sector relationships


The SiteFile_Relation layer, which displays the relationship between sectors and repeaters or sectors and non co-located sectors, does not automatically update when you move the location of a site, repeater, or non co-located site. 1 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click the Sites node and choose Sector Display Scheme Refresh Relationship. Obsolete lines illustrating sector relationships are removed from the Map window. 2 3 4 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, expand the Sector Display Schemes node. Right-click the display scheme you want to apply and choose Apply. In the Sector Selection dialog box, choose the group to which you want to apply the scheme and click OK. Sectors that meet the criteria defined in the sector display scheme are modified accordingly, and lines illustrating sector relationships are redrawn.
To remove sector relationships from the Map window, in the Windows category of the Project Explorer, expand the Windows node, expand the Map Windows node, expand the Site File node, and choose SiteFile_Relation. Right-click and choose Remove.

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Adding user-defined data


If you are using Data Manager and the Data Manager Server Administrator has defined custom columns on the server, you can add user-defined data (e.g., additional site and sector information) to your project using:

the Site Editor. the Tabular Edit. the Import/Export Wizard.

When you connect to Data Manager, the custom columns are automatically added to your project. To view the columns, you use Tabular Edit or the Export Wizard. If you are migrating projects created in previous versions of Mentum Planet, you can add user-defined data on the User Data tab if user-defined properties are contained in the site table. You cannot add new information to the site table. Each property (site table column) is displayed as a row on the User Data tab. User-defined data added to the User Data tab is not stored in Data Manager.

To add user-defined data


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click a site and choose Edit. The Site Editor opens. 2 Do one of the following;

To add site user data, click Site User Data and, in the Site User Data dialog box, define the required parameters, then click OK. To add sector user data, in the tree view, choose the sector for which you want to define user data, and click the Sector User Data tab.

3 4

To modify a field value, click in a field and type a new value. In the Site Editor, click Apply and then click Close.

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42

2.
This chapter contains the following sections:

Chapter 2: Managing Antenna Systems

Managing Antenna Systems


In Mentum Planet, you can model a wireless communication network that takes advantage of the performance gains achieved using adaptive antenna systems (AAS) and Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) antenna systems. If they are available, you can also assign three-dimensional antennas where several horizontal and vertical patterns are used. Using the available Editors, you can organize, view, and manage all elements of the antenna system.

Understanding antenna systems Workflow for adding antenna patterns to a project Importing antenna patterns in the NSMA or Planet format Downloading antenna patterns from the Antenna Server Opening and viewing antenna patterns Editing antenna patterns Editing antenna algorithm parameters Printing antenna patterns Adding antenna patterns to a project Grouping antenna patterns

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Understanding antenna systems


Using Mentum Planet, you can model advanced antenna systems such as adaptive antenna systems and MIMO systems. To do so, you must first create the antenna system by specifying:

general antenna information the master antenna, which defines the vertical and horizontal antenna patterns. In the case of smart antennas, the master antenna corresponds to the antenna used for the preamble signal, and potentially for other pilot or control channels. the physical antennas that make up the pattern. Each physical antenna has its own configuration (i.e., tilt, azimuth, twist, location), frequency range, and electrical tilt if you are using smart antennas, the antenna array, which is a collection of antenna elements if you are using smart antennas, antenna elements, which defines the vertical and horizontal antenna patterns the Antenna Editor where you define the various parts of the antenna system as listed above. the Antenna Algorithm Editor where you define required parameters to model smart antennas and multiple antenna systems

You manage antenna systems using two main Editors:

How antenna systems are used in network planning


Antenna manufacturers generally provide antenna patterns for both the horizontal and vertical planes as ASCII or binary files. Many manufacturers also provide additional patterns with specific electrical tilt values. Although antenna patterns represent an approximation of reality under ideal conditions, they are considered sufficient for planning purposes.

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Figure 2.1 Horizontal plane of an antenna pattern

Figure 2.1 illustrates how an antenna distributes its energy over the horizontal plane. Figure 2.2 illustrates how an antenna distributes energy over the vertical plane. In both examples, the boresight is at zero degrees. The horizontal pattern is specified in terms of a clockwise angle, while the vertical pattern is displayed in terms of an angle measured downward from the horizontal.

Figure 2.2 Vertical plane of an antenna pattern.

Antenna patterns are used when generating signal strength predictions. The orientation between any ground point and the sector location is determined and the antenna gain is calculated based on this orientation. In most cases some interpolation is required, because antenna patterns do not provide a pattern gain in every possible orientation. The orientation between the tower and the ground point is resolved into an azimuth and inclination relative to the

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direction in which the antenna is pointing. The actual antenna gain for the particular orientation is the sum of the horizontal gain (based on the azimuth), the vertical gain (based on the inclination), and the boresight gain. Figure 2.3 shows how small variations in the vertical pattern can have a major effect on the horizontal distance covered.
60 Antenna height (meters) 25 0 60 20 15 98 10 137 283 Distance from antenna (meters) 5 571

Figure 2.3 Antenna height versus coverage distance

Depending on the resolution of the signal strength grid file (which will be the same as that of the elevation grid file), it may not be possible to observe the influence of the antenna vertical gain distribution at larger angles, beyond the bin in which the antenna is located. For example, if the grid size is 50 meters, and the antenna height is 30 meters, the inclination angle to the center of the next grid will be about -31 degrees. Therefore, the influence of all vertical gains between -31 degrees and -90 degrees is contained in the single bin where the sector is located.

Required accuracy for antenna patterns


Antenna patterns represent an approximation of reality under ideal conditions. When field or laboratory measurements are taken, the transmission path is cleared of reflections so that what is measured is the energy distribution in space and not the transmission channel. Also, antennas are generally installed so that no near field effect occurs, potentially causing a significant change to the radiation pattern. In order to model real-world networks, you must account for sub-optimal transmission tower installations, and reflections from the ground and surrounding structures. This is why it is important to remove very deep nulls (a null is defined as a direction where very little energy is dispersed). In Figure 2.2, there is a null at +/-15 degrees in the vertical gain of the antenna. Also, side-lobes (transmission lobes other than the main lobe) are often disturbed by elements located in the near field when the installation is not properly done or where constraints make it impossible to perform an

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optimal installation. In order to alleviate this problem, side-lobes may be averaged. It is also important to use high-resolution antenna patterns to provide highresolution signal strength predictions. In practice though, using a resolution of more than one degree is unnecessary due to imprecise installations. Vertical antenna patterns are generally more sensitive as they tend to be narrower than horizontal patterns. For this reason, the typical resolution for antenna patterns ranges from 10 degrees to 1 degree for the horizontal and from 5 to 0.5 for the vertical pattern. Vertical patterns are needed only for a few tens of degrees (e.g., -30 to 30) around the horizon point (defined as 0 degrees). This is a simple geometric consideration, since for a 100 meter high transmit site, 30 degrees of elevation angle is reached after only 172 meters. At such a short distance from the transmit site, the amount of received energy is often due more to reflections than to the main path. Mentum Planet propagation models use the full horizontal pattern but a vertical pattern with values between + 52 and -73 (if available).

Antenna pattern formats


Mentum Planet stores antenna patterns in .paf (Planet Antenna Format) files. Since manufacturers typically supply antenna patterns in a limited number of standard formats, you may have to convert antenna patterns into the .paf format. You can convert the original Planet antenna format (.dpa) as well as .nsm formats to the new .paf format. For more information on converting antenna patterns, see Importing antenna patterns in the NSMA or Planet format on page 48. Antenna pattern sets that are a .dpa format and which include electrical tilt patterns must also be converted to ensure they display hierarchically in the Project Explorer and work with third-party tools.

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Workflow for adding antenna patterns to a project


Antenna files saved in the <Mentum Planet installation folder>\global\Antennas folder are available for any new project you create. Antenna files saved in the Antennas folder within an individual project are project-specific.

Step 1

If required, convert antenna files to Planet Antenna Format (.paf) files. See Importing antenna patterns in the NSMA or Planet format. If required, connect to the Antenna Server and download the required antenna pattern in .paf format. See Downloading antenna patterns from the Antenna Server on page 49. If you are using multiple antennas, configure and assign the antenna algorithms associated with the antenna pattern. See Editing antenna algorithm parameters on page 52. If required, edit antenna patterns. See Editing antenna patterns on page 53. Add antenna patterns to your project. See Adding antenna patterns to a project on page 57.

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4 Step 5

Importing antenna patterns in the NSMA or Planet format


You can import antenna patterns in the NSMA (.nsm) antenna format or Planet (.pln) format and convert them to the Mentum Planet (.paf) antenna pattern format. If an antenna file contains more than one pattern, the patterns are saved in one .paf file. Converted antenna patterns are saved in the source folder with a .paf file extension using the same name as the source file. There is no need to save the converted patterns.
When you convert full antenna patterns, the full pattern will display in the Antenna Editor. In Mentum Planet, however, propagation models use the full horizontal pattern while using a vertical pattern with values between + 52 and -73 (if available). Some third-party tools, for example propagation models, use the full vertical pattern.

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To import an antenna pattern in .dpa format


1 Choose Edit Antennas. The Antenna Editor opens. 2 3 4 Choose File Import File. In the Import dialog box, navigate to the folder containing the antenna patterns, choose the files that you want to convert and click Open. In the confirmation dialog box, click OK. The antenna pattern opens in the Antenna Editor where you can view and modify antenna characteristics. 5 Click one of the following buttons:

Savesaves the antenna pattern without closing the Antenna Editor. Closesaves the antenna pattern and closes the Antenna Editor.

Downloading antenna patterns from the Antenna Server


You can download antenna patterns in the Planet Antenna File (.paf) format from the Antenna Server, where vendors have posted the latest antenna files.
You cannot access the Antenna Server if you are using the standalone version of the Antenna Editor or if you are using Windows 2000. In order to use the Antenna Server, you must have the .NET Framework, version 3.5 with Service Pack 1 installed.

To download antenna patterns


1 Choose Edit Antennas. The Antenna Editor opens.

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Choose File Download Files. The Download Antenna Files dialog box opens.

On the Search tab, define the search criteria. For detailed information on the settings available on this tab, press the F1 key for online Help.

4 5

Click the Antenna List tab to view the search results. Do one of the following:

CTRL+Click to select the antennas you want to download. Click Select All to select all antennas.

6 7

Click Download. In the Browse for Folder dialog box, navigate to the folder where you want to save the antenna files and click OK.

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In the Download Progress dialog box, click one of the following buttons:

Open Fileopens the .paf file in the Antenna Editor Open Folderopens the folder where you have saved the .paf files. Closecloses the dialog box.

Opening and viewing antenna patterns


The file format of antenna patterns varies depending upon the manufacturer. Mentum Planet can directly open antenna patterns in several formats; however, you should verify that the data you want to open is valid and correctly formatted. For some antenna patterns, you will need to confirm whether the positive values contained in the antenna pattern file are gain values or not. You can view high quality plots of both the horizontal and vertical antenna patterns in the Antenna Editor. You can customize the antenna pattern display by changing the colors used or by modifying the scale. You can also print antenna information and patterns.

To open an antenna pattern


1 2 3 Choose Edit Antennas. In the Antenna Editor dialog box, choose File Open File. Choose the antenna pattern (.paf) file that you want to open and click Open. The antenna pattern is displayed in the Antenna Editor.

To open an antenna pattern from the Project Explorer

In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, expand Antennas, right-click an antenna pattern and choose Edit. Antenna patterns are listed in the Project Data category of the Project Explorer. The icons of antenna patterns that have been assigned to a sector are displayed in color. The icons of antenna patterns that have not

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been assigned to sectors, but are located in the Antennas folder of the project, appear dimmed).
You can also open an antenna pattern by double-clicking it in the Project Explorer.

Editing antenna algorithm parameters


You can configure the algorithms used with MIMO and smart antennas in order to meet the requirements of the technology you are using. The tabs displayed in the Antenna Algorithm Editor depend on the technology and the antenna algorithm you choose. This procedure provides an overview of the workflow. You can find detailed parameter descriptions in the online Help. Antenna algorithms are saved as algorithm (.algr) files and are stored in the Antenna Algorithms folder within an individual project.

To edit algorithm parameters


1 In the Antenna Editor, choose Edit Antenna Algorithms. The Antenna Algorithm Editor opens.

In the tree view, expand the node for the network technology you are using ((i.e., WiMAX, LTE).

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If you chose WiMAX in step 2, choose one of the following antenna algorithms:

Smart Antenna WiMAX MIMO A WiMAX MIMO B WiMAX automatic MIMO Switching Smart Antenna + WiMAX MIMO A Smart Antenna + WiMAX MIMO B Smart Antenna + AMS

If you chose LTE in step 2, choose one of the following antenna algorithms:

Smart Antenna Diversity MIMO Automatic MIMO Switching Smart Antenna + Diversity Smart Antenna + MIMO Smart Antenna + AMS

Click the tabs associated with the antenna and define the required parameters. For detailed information on the settings available on these tabs, press the F1 key for online Help.

When you have finished modifying the antenna algorithms, click one of the following buttons:

OK Cancel Apply

Editing antenna patterns


You may need to edit antenna patterns so that they conform to Mentum Planet guidelines and accuracy principles or to correct the way the antenna patterns account for antenna gain.

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An antenna pattern must follow these basic guidelines to be usable with Mentum Planet:

The directivity of the antenna pattern must be the amount of gain in any given direction compared with the maximum gain of the antenna. The directivity, therefore, can only be equal to or less than zero decibels. In most cases, the horizontal plane must be aligned so that the boresight angle is at zero degrees. Exceptions to this rule occur, for example, when the antenna has multiple main lobes or electrical tilts. In these cases, the boresight angle can be at an azimuth different than zero degrees. The vertical plane must be aligned so that zero degrees is horizontal. The horizontal pattern must always be provided. The vertical pattern is optional, and the vertical pattern gain will be assumed to be zero decibels at all inclinations when the vertical pattern is not provided. Nonetheless, it is not a sound engineering practice to use a horizontal-only pattern for signal strength predictions, as it can create significant prediction errors near the sector.

In Mentum Planet, the antenna pattern must be described as the amount of gain in any given direction compared with the boresight gain of the antenna. Information about antenna patterns is displayed in the lower left corner of the dialog box. The horizontal and vertical boresight angles and beamwidth angles are displayed in the Information section.
s

Figure 2.4 shows the beamwidth and the boresight angle.

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Figure 2.4 Illustration of the beamwidth and the boresight angle.

To edit antenna patterns


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, expand Antennas, right-click an antenna pattern and choose Edit. The Antenna Editor opens.

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Modify the settings on any of the following tabs:

Generalallows you to define and view information about the antenna such as the name, manufacturer, polarization, cost, length, width, etc. You can also specify parameters related to the antenna band and physical antenna. When you define electrical tilt values, an eTilt node is added beneath the antenna for each degree of tilt. Master Antennaallows you to view details of the master antenna, which consists of the horizontal and vertical planes of a physical antenna. You can define display preferences and update antenna information. The Master Antenna contains all the information that defines the main antenna and is typically used for transmission and reception of signals that are common to all subscribers (e.g., common channels and synchronization signals). Multiple Antennaallows you to specify details about smart antenna or MIMO system capabilities. Antenna Elementallows you to view antenna elements that form an antenna array, which is the association of several antenna elements. You can define the inclination and orientation of the antenna pattern, specify display preferences as well as examine the antenna information. This tab is only visible when the antenna is a smart antenna.

For detailed information on the settings available on these tabs, press the F1 key for online Help. 3 When you have finished modifying antenna settings, click one of the following buttons:

Savesaves the antenna settings without closing the dialog box. Closecloses the Antenna Editor.

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Printing antenna patterns


You can print antenna patterns from the Antenna Editor for your reference. Before you print, you can preview the antenna pattern to ensure that it displays as you expect.

To preview an antenna pattern


1 2 In the Antenna Editor, choose File Print Preview. In the Print Preview dialog box, do any of the following:

Click the Zoom button or choose a pre-defined zoom level to change how the preview is displayed. Click the Print button if you are ready to print.

Click Close.

To print an antenna pattern


1 2 In the Antenna Editor, choose File Print. In the Print dialog box, specify the printer, page size, source, and orientation, and click Print.

Adding antenna patterns to a project


Mentum Planet includes a small set of default antenna files; however, you can add additional antenna pattern files as required. Antenna files must be in the Mentum Planet antenna (.paf) file format. For information on importing antenna patterns, see Importing antenna patterns in the NSMA or Planet format on page 48. Antenna patterns are added to the Project Data category of the Project Explorer. By default, only assigned antennas are displayed beneath the Antennas node when you open a project.

To add antenna pattern files to a project


Antenna files must be saved in the Antennas folder either within a specific project or in the <Mentum Planet installation folder>\global\Antennas folder. Antenna pattern files saved in the global\Antennas folder are available for all new projects you create.

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1 2

In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click Antennas and choose Add. In the Open dialog box, choose the Mentum Planet antenna (.paf) files that you want to add to your project and click Open.

To view or hide unassigned antenna patterns


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click Antennas and choose one of the following commands:

Show Unassigned Antennas Hide Unassigned Antennas

To refresh antenna patterns

In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click Antennas and choose Refresh.

To rename antenna patterns


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click Antennas and choose Rename. Type a new name for the antenna pattern. The name of the antenna pattern displayed in the Project Explorer changes as does the underlying antenna pattern file. When you rename antenna patterns with electrical tilt, you are prompted to confirm how the underlying antenna files will be renamed.
You can only rename unassigned antenna patterns.

To remove an antenna pattern from the Project Explorer

In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, expand the Antennas node, right-click an antenna and choose Delete.

While the antenna pattern is removed from the Project Explorer, the antenna file is not deleted.
You can only remove unassigned antenna patterns from a project.

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Grouping antenna patterns


In the Project Explorer, you can group antenna patterns based on the following criteria to make them easier to find:

horizontal beamwidth vertical beamwidth gain front-to-back ratio frequency manufacturer

Within the Antennas node, a new node is created for each group of antennas, as shown in Figure 2.5.

Figure 2.5 Antenna patterns grouped by gain.

To group antenna patterns

In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click Antennas, choose Group By, and then choose the type of grouping that you want. The antenna patterns are listed based on the type of grouping you chose.

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To ungroup antenna patterns

In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click Antennas and choose Group By None. The antenna patterns are now listed in order of name.

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3.
This chapter contains the following sections:

Chapter 3: Managing Survey Data

Managing Survey Data


You can use survey data to accurately analyze the network based on information from the field. This chapter describes how to import and add survey data, work with survey statistics, and create a new survey.

Understanding surveys Workflow for surveys Collecting survey data Adding surveys to a project Adding survey header information Saving a copy of a survey Displaying survey data Viewing survey statistics Assigning surveys Creating survey reports Modifying survey data Combining and comparing surveys

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Understanding surveys
Surveying involves collecting signal strength values at small intervals, including many samples from all clutter classes wherever possible. For best results, the raw data collected must be modified to filter unrepresentative points and average duplicate points. Using Mentum Planet, you can work with and analyze survey data. Survey data can greatly increase the accuracy of predictions. For information on merged predictions that combine survey data with prediction outputs, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using. After you import or add a survey to a project, you can modify the properties of the survey and choose different methods of viewing the survey data in a Map window. You can also view statistical data about the survey. Based on these statistics, you can choose to create a new survey by averaging, filtering, combining, or comparing existing survey data.

How survey data is organized in the Project Explorer


When you add or import survey data, it is added to the Survey Data node in the Project Explorer under one of the following categories:

Surveys RSSIcontains surveys with valid antenna information Surveys Deltacontains surveys that measure differences, such as those you create when comparing surveys Surveys Othercontains surveys with data other than RSSI values

Once a survey is added to the project, the status of the survey is identified using the following icon colors:

Dimmed iconsidentify valid surveys that have not been assigned to a sector. Blue iconsidentify valid surveys that have been assigned to a sector. Gray icons with a red Xidentify surveys that have invalid parameters or no antenna information. By adding antenna information to surveys based on the sector properties, you can change an invalid survey to a valid one. For more information, see Adding survey header information on page 68.

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Figure 3.1 on page 63 shows the Survey Data node in the Project Explorer. In this example, survey 1008-2 has been assigned, survey 1009-3 is valid but has not been assigned, and survey 1175_1 is invalid.

Figure 3.1 Survey Data node in the Project Explorer.

Workflow for surveys


Step 1 Step 2 Step 3
Determine the sites from which you want to collect data and plan the survey routes. Collect the survey data. See Collecting survey data on page 64. Import the survey data into Mentum Planet or add survey data to the project. See To import surveys on page 66 and Adding surveys to a project on page 65. If required, modify the properties of the surveys that you have imported or added. See Adding surveys to a project on page 65 and Adding survey header information on page 68. Assign surveys to sectors. See Assigning surveys on page 78. Edit survey data to remove anomalous points (e.g., points that are very close to the site, points where the survey route passes under a bridge or where it goes over water). Survey data should also be averaged in order to account for Rayleigh fading. See Modifying survey data on page 82.

Step 4

Step 5 Step 6

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Step 7

Combine and compare surveys in order to better understand survey data. See Combining and comparing surveys on page 88.

Collecting survey data


When collecting survey data, you should collect data for one sector at a time to avoid introducing errors that arise from signals from other sectors. You should also collect a statistically meaningful number of samples from all clutter classes and cover both flat and hilly areas. For the CRC-Predict model, for example, 100 aggregated data points is the minimum number of points for the analysis to be statistically significant. The more sample points you collect, the more accurate the data. The following are some general guidelines for collecting survey data:

Select sites where you are certain that the antenna/sector characteristics and location coordinates are well documented, and avoid sites with very high gain antennas where possible. Select sites that are free from near-field obstructions when outside a dense urban environment. Drive regular grid patterns, avoiding elevated highways or roads. Ensure that the distribution of data extends a reasonable distance from the site. You should collect data outside the expected effective range of the site, because it is important to collect data at values where coverage is questionable and to verify the border or edge of the coverage, and to accurately predict interference to other cells. Take samples in all clutter classes and include representative samples in each drive as much as possible.
For best results, it is recommended that survey data be collected using a CW (continuous wave) transmitter with an omni test antenna.

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Adding surveys to a project


You can add a survey directly to the project if it is in a MapInfo table (.tab) format and it is mappable (i.e., you must be able to view the survey points in a Map window). If the survey data is not in MapInfo table format, you can import the survey and convert it from the following formats into MapInfo table format:

Microsoft ExcelA Microsoft Excel format (.xls) survey file consists of a minimum of three columns with latitude, longitude, and signal strength values specified. It does not contain a header row. You can select multiple Microsoft Excel format survey files to import, but all of the files must use the same column settings. ASCII textAn ASCII text format (.txt) survey file has flexible delimiters, and consists of a minimum of three columns with latitude, longitude, and signal strength values specified. It also contains a header row. You can choose multiple ASCII text format survey files to import, but all of the files must use the same column settings. Planet DMS filesA Planet DMS or 2.8 format survey file consists of a header file and a results file. The results file must be in the same folder as the header file or in a results folder at the same level as the folder that contains the header files. If you want to use Planet DMS or 2.8 format survey files in merged predictions, you need to import them so that they are available as MapInfo tables.

To ensure that the survey data you add is valid, the survey must contain a minimum of three columns with latitude, longitude, and signal strength values specified. The columns must be in this order. The data in additional columns is added or imported if the columns come after these first three. The names of the columns are not taken into account when adding or importing. For example, the first three columns could be named x, y, and RSSI or 1, 2, and 3. If required, you can also modify survey properties such as survey date, operator, and antenna information.

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.

Before you import a survey, ensure that you: Check the projection that is specified in the survey file. By default, the Latitude/Longitude projection value is WGS84. Specify a valid projection or the data will not be positioned correctly in the survey when you import the data. Check the survey data for integrity. Problems in the data may not be easily visible. For example, check that the sector, its power, and its antenna are correct.

To add surveys to the project


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, right-click Survey Data and choose Add. In the Add Survey (Mentum Planet Format) dialog box, choose one or more surveys that you want to include in your project, and click Open. The surveys are added to the Survey Data node in the Project Explorer.
For more information on creating survey points in a Map window, see the MapInfo Professional User Guide.

To import surveys
1 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, right-click Survey Data, choose Import, and then choose the format of the survey that you want to import. In the Open dialog box, navigate to the file that you want to import, and click Open.

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Do one of the following:

If you are importing a survey in ASCII format, define delimiter and projection settings in the ASCII Import Parameters dialog box, and click OK. If you are importing a survey in Excel format, define named range and projection settings in the Excel Import Parameters dialog box, and click OK. If you are importing a Planet DMS survey, define the projection parameters, and click OK.

The survey is added to the Survey Data node in the Project Explorer.

To modify the properties of a survey


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, right-click a survey and choose Properties. The Properties dialog box opens.

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Do any of the following:

To modify the general properties of the survey, including assignments, modify the values in the General section. To modify the antenna information about the sector from which the survey was created, modify the values in the Antenna Information section.

For more information on the fields and options in the Properties dialog box, press the F1 key. 3 Click OK.

If you want to use the survey in merged predictions, ensure that you have provided the following information in the Antenna Information section: A name for the antenna in the Name box. The name must match an antenna available in Mentum Planet. A value for antenna power in the Power box If you want to use a merged prediction with the Model Tuning tool, all antenna parameters must be valid. For more information on merged predictions, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using. To delete a survey, in the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, right-click a survey, and choose Delete.

Adding survey header information


You can update survey header information using the antenna properties of a sector in your project. You can update existing survey header information or add information to surveys that have invalid or missing header information.

To update survey header information using sector properties


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, choose the sector that you want to use to update the surveys. The sector is highlighted in the Project Explorer.

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In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, choose one or more surveys that you want to update, right-click one of the surveys, and then choose Generate Header From Sector. The Generate Survey Headers dialog box opens, showing the sector that will be used and the surveys that will be updated.

If you want to view or edit the sector data that will be added to the surveys, click View/Edit Data, modify the information in the Properties dialog box as required, and then click OK. For more information on the fields and options in the Properties dialog box, press the F1 key.

In the Generate Survey Headers dialog box, click OK. The sector information is added to the surveys. The color of the survey icon will change from red to blue if the survey originally contained invalid header or antenna information.

Saving a copy of a survey


You can save a copy of a survey with a new name.

To save a copy of a survey


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, right-click a survey and choose Save Copy As. In the Save As dialog box, navigate to the folder where you want to save the file, type a name for the file in the File Name box, and click Save.

Displaying survey data


After you import or add a survey, you can choose different methods of displaying survey data. You can view the survey data points in the Map window, locate and zoom in on survey data points, browse longitude, latitude, and signal strength values for each point in the survey, or create and view a thematic map of the survey data.

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To view a survey in the Map window

In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Survey Data node, right-click a survey and choose View. Each survey data point is displayed in the Map window using the default symbol and color as shown in Figure 3.2 on page 70.

Figure 3.2 Survey data displayed in the Map window using the default symbol and color.

To clear the survey display in the Map window, choose File Close Table, then choose the survey from the Close Tables list, and click Close.

To find survey data points in the Map window


After you view the survey data in a Map window, you can use the Locate function to zoom in on it.

In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Survey Data node, right-click a survey and choose Locate. The survey data is centered in the Map window and the Map window zooms in on it.

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To view survey data in tabular format

In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Survey Data node, right-click a survey and choose Browse. The Browser window opens containing the data used in the survey.

To create a thematic map of survey data

In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, right-click the surveys you want to view and choose Thematic Map. The thematic map is displayed in the Map window as shown in Figure 3.3.

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Figure 3.3 Survey data points shown as a thematic map.

For more information on thematic maps, see the MapInfo Professional User Guide.
When you create and view a thematic map of the survey data, the standard color profile selected for signal strength grids is automatically applied.For more information, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using.

To modify display options for thematically mapped surveys


You can modify the display options when thematically mapping surveys. You can change both the color profile used and the symbol point size. By default, surveys are thematically mapped using the color profile defined for signal strength files. You can use a different color profile for surveys beneath the Surveys Delta node and the Surveys Other node but you cannot change the color profile for surveys beneath the Surveys RSSI node. 1 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, right-click Survey Data and choose Options. The Survey Data Options dialog box opens.

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2 3

To change the size of the survey point display symbol in the Map window, type the new size in the Symbol Size box. To define a different color profile to use when thematically mapping surveys beneath the Surveys Delta node, click Browse next to the Surveys Delta Color Profile box, navigate to the folder that contains the color profile that you want to use, and then click Open. To define a different color profile to use when thematically mapping surveys beneath the Surveys Other node, click Browse next to the Surveys Other Color Profile box, navigate to the folder that contains the color profile that you want to use, and then click Open. Click OK.

Viewing survey statistics


You can view statistics about the collected sample points in one or multiple surveys. Statistics are generated using the following types of graphs:

Survey Histogramdisplays the points of the signal strength survey data in a histogram and a cumulative histogram. You can also view the mean, standard deviation, and the root mean square (RMS) of the points. Survey Clutter Distributiondisplays the number of points of the survey data by clutter class in a stacked format. Survey Regression Analysisdisplays the points of signal strength mapped versus the distance to the antenna with either a user-defined or Lee model regression line. You can also edit some of the regression parameters and view a Free Space curve.

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These graphs enable you to view statistics of multiple surveys simultaneously. This is useful when you want to compare statistics on survey data before you average, filter, compare, or combine it.

To view a survey histogram


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, choose the surveys that you want to view in a histogram. Right-click and choose Analyze Histogram. The Survey Histogram dialog box opens, displaying a histogram for the chosen surveys.

Choose any of the following options to view statistics:

To view a symbol at each data point in the histogram, enable the Show Points check box. To view a cumulative histogram for multiple surveys, enable the Cumulative Data check box. To view horizontal grid lines, enable the Show Horizontal Grid check box. To view vertical grid lines, enable the Show Vertical Grid check box.

To save the statistics in a text (.txt) file, click Save, navigate to the folder where you want to save the file, type the file name, and then click Save.

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Click Close.

To view a survey clutter distribution histogram


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, choose the surveys that you want to view in a clutter distribution histogram. Right-click one of the surveys and choose Analyze Clutter Distribution. The Survey Clutter Distribution dialog box opens, displaying a clutter distribution histogram for two surveys.

Do any of the following:

To view the number of survey sample points collected for each clutter class by percentage, enable the Show% of Points check box. To view the number of survey sample points collected for each clutter class, enable the Label Columns check box.

4 5

To save the statistics in a text (.txt) file, click Save, navigate to the folder where you want to save the file, type the file name, and then click Save. Click Close.

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To view a survey regression analysis


You can view a regression curve of surveys that have valid antenna files. 1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, choose the surveys that you want to view in a regression histogram. Right-click one of the surveys and choose Analyze Regression. The Survey Regression Analysis dialog box opens, displaying a regression curve for two surveys.

Click Curves. The Curve Parameters dialog box opens.

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To manually define the curve, do any of the following in the boxes in the User Defined section:

In the Intercept box, type the value of the signal strength at the intercept distance. In the Intercept Distance box, type the value of the signal strength at which the regression curve starts. In the Slope box, type the value of the logarithmic regression curve slope, expressed as dB/Dist for a linear regression or dB/ Decade for a logarithmic regression.

In the Selected Curve section, do any of the following to generate the values saved with the survey points when you click Save in the Survey Regression Analysis dialog box:

To save the curve using the values in the Best Fit section, choose the Best Fit option. To save the curve using the values in the User Defined section, choose the User Defined option. To draw a curve using the values in the Best Fit section, enable the Best Fit check box. To draw a curve using the values in the User Defined section, enable the User Defined check box.

In the Draw Curve section, do any of the following:

If you want to draw a free space curve on the regression graph, enable the Draw Free Space Curve check box in the Free Space Loss Curve section, and do any of the following:

To define the power with which to draw the free space line, type a value in EiRP dBm in the Power box. To define the frequency with which to define the free space line, type a value in MHz in the Frequency box.

8 9

Click OK to close the Curve Parameters dialog box. To view the regression graph using a linear instead of a logarithmic scale, clear the Use Log Scale check box.

10 To save the statistics in a text (.txt) file, click Save, navigate to the folder where you want to save the file, type the file name, and then click Save. 11 Click Close.

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Assigning surveys
After you add a survey and modify its properties, you can assign the survey to a sector. You must assign the appropriate survey to the corresponding sector. When you create merged predictions, these assignments determine the survey that will be used when updating a prediction for a site.

To assign a survey to a sector

Do one of the following:

In the Project Explorer, drag a survey from the Operational Data category to a sector in the Sites category. Use a survey assignment file to associate multiple surveys with multiple sectors. See To create a survey assignment file on page 78 and To assign multiple surveys using an assignment file on page 79.

When a survey is assigned to a sector, the survey icon turns yellow.

To create a survey assignment file


A survey assignment file is a text file that defines the surveys that are associated with each sector. 1 Create the survey assignment file in a text editor using the following conventions:

The first line is a header and must contain the following text:
HEADER Planet EV 3.1 SPT Assignments file Version 1.0

Subsequent lines use the following format:


CELLID <Site_ID>:<SectorID> <Survey file name>

For example:
CELLID Site_44:3 survey_1164

If you are assigning multiple surveys to a sector, separate the survey file names with a comma. 2 When you have completed assigning all of the surveys, save the file as a text file.

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To assign multiple surveys using an assignment file


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, right-click Survey Data and choose Assignment Assign from File. The Assign From File dialog box opens.

In the Survey Assignment section, choose one of the following options:

Assign Surveys in Fileadds survey assignments from the chosen survey assignment file to the sectors in a project. All existing survey assignments are retained. Reassign All Surveysdeletes any existing survey assignments and assigns the surveys from the chosen survey assignment file.

3 4

In the Assignment File section, click Browse, choose the assignment file that you want to use, and click Open. Click OK. The Assignment Report dialog box opens.

Do one of the following:

Review the report and click Close without saving the report to a file. Click Save As to save the report.

If you want to save the report, in the Save Report As dialog box, do the following:

From the Save In list, choose the folder to which you want the file saved. In the File Name box, type a name for the report. Click Save.

In the Assignment Report dialog box, click Close.

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To view and update survey assignments


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click a site or a sector and choose Assigned Surveys. The Assigned Surveys dialog box opens.

2 3

To unassign a survey from the sector, clear the check box next to the survey. Click OK.

To export a survey assignment file


You can export a survey assignment file that contains the current assignments. This is useful if you have assigned surveys by dragging and dropping them onto sectors, and you want to save the assignments. 1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, right-click Survey Data and choose Assignment Save to File. In the Save Assignment File As dialog box, navigate to the folder where you want to save the file, type a name for the file, and click Save. You can save the file with any extension.

To clear all survey assignments


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, right-click Survey Data and choose Assignment Clear All Assignments. In the confirmation dialog box, click Yes.

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Creating survey reports


You can create a number of reports that enable you to view survey assignments. You have the following options for reports:

By Site/Sectorlists any sectors that have surveys assigned to them and identifies the survey By Surveylists the available surveys and identifies which sector each survey is assigned to By Predictionlists surveys in one of three categories according to whether the survey metadata is correct:

Valid Assigned Surveys Assigned Surveys Missing Metadata Unassigned Surveys

To create survey assignment reports


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, right-click Survey Data, choose Reports, and then choose one of the following:

By Site/Sector By Survey By Prediction If you want to save the report, click Save As, and in the Save Report As dialog box, navigate to the folder where you want to save the file, type a name for the file, click Save, and then click Close. If you do not want to save the report, click Close.

In the Survey Report dialog box, do one of the following:

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Modifying survey data


After adding or importing a survey, you can modify survey data to remove anomalous survey points and account for Rayleigh fading. This creates a new survey that more closely resembles the topography and clutter along the survey route. To this end, you can:

average survey data. See To average survey data on page 82. filter survey data using one of three methods: By creating survey filters using the Survey Filtering dialog box where you can view a graph display of survey points and create, edit, and save survey filters. See To filter survey data on page 84. By filtering survey points based on the points selected in the Map window. See To filter survey data by selection on page 87. By filtering survey points based on a polygon selected in the Map window. See To filter survey data by polygon on page 87. remove data from the Map window. See To remove survey data points from the Map window on page 88.

To average survey data


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, choose the surveys that you want to average. Right-click one of the surveys and choose Analyze Average. The Survey Averaging dialog box opens.

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In the Rayleigh Fading Distance box, type a value or accept the default. To remove Rayleigh fading, the recommended aggregation distance is 40 wavelengths. For example, 13 m at 900 MHz, and 5 m at 2400 MHz. The resulting survey will have data points spaced no closer than the specified distance, and the signal strength values will be the median of signal strengths in the original survey within this distance. The points to aggregate are selected using the Distance method in Step 4.

In the Averaging section, choose one of the following options to average data points:

Area MethodData points are averaged using the median by dividing the area covered by the point file into adjacent squares in a rectangular array. The sides of the squares have the length defined in the Averaging Distance box. The points that fall inside any of these squares are averaged to create one point at the geocenter of the averaged points (not at the center of the square). The averaging areas do not depend on the distribution of points in the original survey. Distance MethodData points are averaged using the median by dividing the area covered by the point file into circles that may overlap, but which include all of the points in the original survey. (Points in the overlapping areas are assigned to only one circle.) The diameters of the circles are defined in the Averaging Distance box. The points that fall inside any of these circles are averaged to create one point at the geocenter of the averaged points (not at the center of the circle). The averaging areas do depend on the distribution of points in the original survey.

Either method can be used for any survey, but there may be a slight advantage in using the Area method for a survey done on a rectangular grid of roads, and the Distance method for more randomly distributed survey points. 5 To define the minimum separation allowed between data points, type a value in the Averaging Distance box, or accept the default, which is the elevation grid resolution. This second level of aggregation is used to remove signal strength variations due to shadowing by buildings and other objects smaller than the grid resolution. Averaging by Distance is not necessary for deterministic, urban models because the prediction resolution is close to the value in the Rayleigh Fading box. If you do not require this second

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aggregation, set the Averaging Distance to be equal or less than the Rayleigh Fading Distance. 6 Do one of the following:

If you averaged one survey, type a name for the new survey in the Survey Name box. If you averaged multiple surveys, type a suffix for the new survey in the Survey Suffix box. Each survey that you average will be created as a new survey, with the original name and the suffix that you define.

Click OK. The new survey is added to the Survey Data node in the Project Explorer.

To filter survey data


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, choose the surveys that you want to filter. Right-click one of the surveys and choose Analyze Filter. The Survey Filtering dialog box opens.

From the Filter Type list, choose the type of filter that you want to use. For information on the types of filters available, press the F1 key.

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Click in the Minimum and Maximum fields and type new values to specify the range of points to be saved. Survey sample points below the defined minimum value and above the defined maximum value are removed from the resulting survey. For the Clutter Class and Line of Sight filters, you can only choose the type of points that you want to remove.

In the Filters section, click Apply. The Removed and Remaining fields update to display the number of data points that have been filtered out of the survey and the number of data points remaining in the survey.

Click Curves. The Curve Parameters dialog box opens.

To manually define the curve, do any of the following in the User Defined section:

In the Intercept box, type the value of the signal strength at the intercept distance. In the Intercept Distance box, type the value of the signal strength at which the regression curve starts. In the Slope box, type the value of the logarithmic regression curve slope, expressed as dB/Dist for a linear regression or dB/ Decade for a logarithmic regression.

In the Selected Curve section, do any of the following to generate the values saved with the survey points when you apply the Distance from Reg. Line filter type in the Survey Filtering dialog box:

To draw a curve using the values in the Best Fit section, choose the Best Fit option. To draw a curve using the values in the User Defined section, choose the User Defined option. To draw a curve using the values in the Best Fit section, enable the Best Fit check box. To draw a curve using the values in the User Defined section, enable the User Defined check box.

In the Draw Curve section, do any of the following:

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10 If you want to draw a free space curve on the regression graph, enable the Draw Free Space Curve check box in the Free Space Loss Curve section, and do any of the following:

To define the power with which to draw the free space line, type a value in EiRP dBm in the Power box. To define the frequency with which to define the free space line, type a value in MHz in the Frequency box.

11 Click OK to close the Curve Parameters dialog box. 12 To view the results in a graphical format, choose one of the following formats from the Graph Display list:

Histogramdisplays a histogram of the sample points contained in the chosen survey. The X-axis displays the range of signal strengths found in the chosen survey and the Y-axis displays the number of sample points collected for each signal strength. Cumulative Histogramdisplays a cumulative histogram of the sample points contained in the chosen surveys. The X-axis displays the range of signal strengths found in the chosen survey and the Y-axis displays the cumulative sum of the number of sample points collected for each signal strength. Distance Plotdisplays a graph of Signal Strength and Distance for the sample points in a chosen survey Clutter Distributiondisplays a graph of survey sample points and the clutter classes from which they were collected

13 To view the regression graph using a linear instead of a logarithmic scale, clear the Use Log Scale check box. This option is only available if you have chosen the Distance Plot format from the Graph Display list. 14 Click Save, and do one of the following:

If you filtered one survey, in the Filtered Survey Name dialog box, type a name for the new survey in the Survey Name box. If you filtered multiple surveys, in the Filtered Survey Name Suffix dialog box, type a suffix for the new survey in the Survey Suffix box. Each survey that you filter will be created as a new survey, with the original name and the suffix that you define.

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15 Click Close. The new survey is added to the Survey Data node in the Project Explorer.

To filter survey data by selection


1 2 3 In the Map window, using any of the Select tools on the Main toolbar, select survey data points from the survey that you want to filter. In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, choose the survey that you want to filter. Right-click the survey and choose Analyze Filter From Selection. The Filtered Survey Name dialog box opens. 4 5 Type a name for the new survey in the Survey Name box. Click OK. The new survey is added to the Survey Data node in the Project Explorer.

To filter survey data by polygon


1 In the Map window, using the Polygon tool on the Drawing toolbar, draw a polygon object around the survey data points in the survey you want to filter. In the Map window, using the Select tool on the Main toolbar, select the polygon object. In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, choose the surveys that you want to filter. Right-click one of the surveys and choose Analyze Filter From Polygon. Do one of the following:

2 3 4 5

If you filtered one survey, in the Filtered Survey Name dialog box, type a name for the new survey in the Survey Name box. If you filtered multiple surveys, in the Filtered Survey Name Suffix dialog box, type a suffix for the new survey in the Survey Suffix box. Each survey that you filter will be created as a new survey, with the original name and the suffix that you define.

Click OK. The new survey is added to the Survey Data node in the Project Explorer.

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To remove survey data points from the Map window


Using RF knowledge, you may want to remove additional survey data points. 1 2 3 Click the Zoom-in button on the Main toolbar and zoom in to the area where you want to remove survey points. In the Windows category of the Project Explorer, expand the Windows node, and then expand the Map Windows node. Right-click the survey and choose Editable if the layer is not already editable. A check mark next to Editable indicates that the survey can be modified. 4 5 6 7 Click the Select button on the Main toolbar. Click in the Map window to select the survey points you want to remove. Press the Delete key. When you have finished deleting survey points, choose GIS Save Table to save the updated survey.
You can use any of the MapInfo select tools to select points in the Map window. See the MapInfo Professional User Guide or online Help.

Combining and comparing surveys


You can combine two surveys together if you have two surveys that overlap and you need only one survey for the entire area. You can compare:

two surveys and generate a new survey that represents the difference of the two. See To compare two surveys on page 89. a survey with a numeric grid to create a new survey. See To compare a survey with a numeric grid on page 91. a survey with a model prediction to create a new survey. See To compare a survey with a modeled prediction on page 92.

These comparisons are useful when you want to determine if the predicted signal strength data is relevant based on the actual signal strength data from the field.

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To combine surveys
1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, choose the surveys that you want to combine. Right-click one of the surveys and choose Analyze Combine. The Combine Surveys dialog box opens.

3 4 5

From the Use Header From list, choose the survey that contains the header information that you want to use to create the new survey. Type a name for the new survey in the Output Survey Name box. Click OK. The new survey is added to the Survey Data node in the Project Explorer.

To compare two surveys


The results of the comparison will be more useful if you compare surveys that are located beneath the same survey node in the Survey Data node. 1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, choose the surveys that you want to compare. Right-click one of the surveys and choose Analyze Compare Two Surveys. The Compare Two Surveys dialog box opens.

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From the Reference Survey list, choose the survey that contains the reference data. The Comparison Survey field updates to display the second survey. The data from the Comparison Survey is subtracted from the data in the Reference Survey.

In the Survey Interpolation Distance box, type a value to define the distance of the radius around each reference point of the Reference Survey. The distance units that are displayed are defined on the System Settings tab of the Project Settings dialog box.

In the Max Number of Interpolation Points box, type a value to define the maximum number of points from the radius around each reference point that will be included in the comparison. If you define the maximum number of points as 1, the closest point from the radius is included in the comparison. If you define the maximum number of interpolation points as 10, but there are 100 points within the radius, the 10 points that are closest to the reference point are retained and averaged. The remaining 90 points are discarded.

6 7

In the Delta Survey Name box, type a name for the new survey. Click OK. The new survey is added to the Survey Delta node in the Survey Data node.

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To compare a survey with a numeric grid


You can compare a survey with the following types of numeric grids:

Signal strength layerscompare an RSSI survey with the predicted signal strength of a propagation model. Signal strength layers are located in the SignalStrength folder of the project. Analysis layerscompare an RSSI survey with a Best Server RSSI analysis layer, or an RxQual survey with a predicted RxQual analysis layer. Analysis layer files are located in the <technology>_Analyses folder of the project. For more information, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using.

1 2

In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, right-click a survey and choose Analyze Compare to Grid. In the Compare Survey to Grid dialog box, navigate to the folder that contains the numeric grid that you want to compare, and click Open. The Survey to Grid Comparison dialog box opens.

To save the new survey, click Save, type a name for the survey, and then click OK. The new survey is added to the Surveys Delta node in the Survey Data node. To view the survey, see To view a survey in the Map window on page 70.

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To compare a survey with a modeled prediction


You can create a delta survey showing a comparison between survey values and modeled prediction values. Values in the delta survey are calculated by subtracting the model prediction values from the survey values (i.e., survey values - modeled prediction values). A positive value indicates that the predicted grid value is less than the survey value. For information on the calculations used in the comparison, see Appendix A: Survey to Numeric Grid Calculations on page 277. 1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, right-click a survey and choose Analyze Compare to Modeled Prediction. If the survey is assigned to more than one sector, in the Choose Sector dialog box, choose the sector that you want to use for the comparison, and click OK. The Survey to Modeled Prediction Comparison dialog box opens.

To save the new survey, click Save, type a name for the survey, and then click OK. The new survey is added to the Surveys Delta node in the Survey Data node. To view the survey, see To view a survey in the Map window on page 70.

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4.
This chapter contains the following sections:

Chapter 4: Managing Test Mobile Data

Managing Test Mobile Data


Test mobile data consists of data relating to calls made by the mobile and general network measurements collected by it along a defined route over a period of time. A test mobile is a functioning phone and collects data about an actual phone call/ data session. This chapter describes how to import and work with test mobile data. It also explains how to export test mobile data to survey data. For details on scan receiver data, see Chapter 5: Managing Scan Receiver Data on page 123.

Understanding test mobile data Workflow for test mobile data Importing test mobile data Viewing information about a test mobile data file Viewing and locating test mobile data Displaying test mobile data in a Map window Viewing test mobile data in graph format Allocating test mobile data to sectors Exporting test mobile data to surveys

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Understanding test mobile data


Test mobile equipment enables network operators to collect reporting and measurement data. Typically, test mobile equipment takes measurements along a defined route over a period of time. The use of test mobile equipment in operational cellular networks is a common network optimization practice. Test mobile data consists of records organized into columns. Mentum Planet enables you to work with and analyze test mobile data to increase the accuracy of predictions. For example, you can compare a test mobile value against network analysis layers that contain the same value, or you can export test mobile data to a survey and use the survey to increase the accuracy of Mentum Planet predictions. For information on merged predictions that combine survey data with prediction outputs, see Choosing a prediction mode on page 158.

Input file requirements for test mobile data


The Test Mobile tool supports most delimited text files. Data readers that support additional formats are being developed. Data readers can be downloaded and installed separately from Mentum Planet. For the most up-todate list of data readers, go to http://www.mentum.com/products/support/ planet/planet.asp, type your Product ID number, and click Submit.
The Agilent E6474A format is supported for scan receiver data only. For details, see Chapter 5: Managing Scan Receiver Data on page 123.

In addition, test mobile data that you want to import into Mentum Planet must:

use a technology that is supported by Mentum Planet and is enabled in your project overlap the heights file for the project be in text (.txt or .csv) format contain data from only one test mobile (if you have combined data from multiple test mobiles, the test mobile tool will not

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distinguish between the measurements taken by each one, and will treat the data as though it came from a single test mobile)

contain the following information in each record:

latitude or northing longitude or easting signal strength (RSSI or equivalent), if you want to export the data to a survey

Test mobile data file header


Because networks are not static, a test mobile recording is only valid for the network configuration when it was recorded. If any attributes of the network, for example, antennas or powers, are changed, the data may be less accurate or invalid. To ensure that the test mobile data is valid, a snapshot is taken of the network configuration at the time the data was collected, and this information (referred to as header information) is recorded along with the test mobile data file. See To view information about a test mobile data file on page 101.

Workflow for test mobile data


Step 1 Step 2
Import test mobile data. See Importing test mobile data on page 96. View the data in a Map window, table, or graph. See

Viewing and locating test mobile data on page 101 Viewing test mobile data in graph format on page 112

Step 3

If you want to export the signal strength values (RSSI or equivalent), do the following:

Allocate the data to Mentum Planet sectors. See Allocating test mobile data to sectors on page 115. Export the data to a survey. See Exporting test mobile data to surveys on page 121.

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Importing test mobile data


The Test Mobile Data Import Wizard guides you through the process of importing your test mobile data. As you proceed through the wizard, you must provide the following information:

the network technology used in the test mobile data file the file type (delimited text file or comma-separated value file) the file or files to import the delimiter between columns in the test mobile data file, if applicable the date the test mobile data file was created the coordinate system of the test mobile data file

You must also bind the columns in the imported data to fields in Mentum Planet. At a minimum, you must bind latitude and longitude, but you can bind additional columns depending on the technology. Once you have bound the columns, you can save the binding information as a template to use again. This is useful for files from the same equipment that have been exported in the same manner.

To import test mobile data


This procedure may vary slightly depending on the type of data that you are importing. When binding data using the Test Mobile Wizard, you must choose a value from the list or click the down arrow a second time to close the list.

1 2

In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node. Right-click Test Mobile, and choose Import. The Test Mobile Data Import Wizard opens.

3 4

On the Welcome page, click Next. On the Choose a Technology page, choose the technology of the test mobile data file and click Next.

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5 6

On the Choose the Type of the Source Data File page, choose the file type of the test mobile data file and click Next. On the Choose the Data File(s) You Want to Use page, click Browse, navigate to the test mobile data file or files, click Open, and then click Next. On the Choose the Format of the Source Data File page, do the following:

In the Delimiters section, enable one or more of the check boxes (Tab, Semicolon, Comma, Space, Other) to identify the delimiters used to separate values in the test mobile data file. If you enabled the Other check box, type a delimiter in the adjacent box. If the test mobile data file contains a header row, enable the Use Header Row check box and, from the Header Row list, choose the row number of the header row. From the Start Import at Row list, choose the row number at which to start the import. This option is useful if your test mobile data file has comments at the beginning or multiple header rows that do not need to be imported. In the Rows With Invalid Latitude/Longitude section, choose one of the following options to define how to manage invalid coordinates:

Discard Rows With Invalid Coordinatesdo not import records with invalid latitude and longitude values. Use Value From Last Valid Recordcopy valid latitude and longitude values from the previous record. The coordinate values 0,0 are used if it is the first record.

The lower part of the page updates to show the results of your choices. 8 Click Next. The Choose How You Want the Data Bound Page opens.

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For each column that you want to bind, do the following:

Click in the Mentum Planet Field box and, from the list, choose the Mentum Planet field to which you want to bind the test mobile data column. Click in the Data Format row and choose the format for the data. Typically, you will only need to choose a format for latitude, longitude, and BSIC. All other columns offer only one option that is automatically chosen.

At a minimum, you must bind columns to the latitude and longitude fields in Mentum Planet. A green indicator is displayed if the binding is successful and a red indicator if the binding is unsuccessful. Any columns that you do not bind are shown as <Unbound>. You can move the cursor over the indicator for more information. The Binding Status section displays the available Mentum Planet columns. When the binding is successful, a check mark is displayed. When the binding is unsuccessful, an X is displayed.

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10 If you want to use a template to bind the test mobile data to Mentum Planet fields, click Load Template, navigate to the template file that you want to use, and click Open. By default, templates are stored in the Test Mobile Data/Template Files folder. Once you load the template, you can modify any of the rows for a single use, save them as a new template, or overwrite the current template. 11 If you want to bind multiple columns to a single Mentum Planet field (for example, if you have multiple PN offset columns), do the following:

Choose the columns by holding down the Shift or Ctrl key and clicking the column headers. Click Multiple Bindings. In the Bind Multiple Columns dialog box, from the Mentum Planet Field list, choose the Mentum Planet field to which to bind the columns, from the Data Format list, choose the format for the data, and click OK.

12 If you want to save the binding information to use with other test mobile data files, click Save as Template, navigate to the folder where you want to save the template, type a name for the binding template file in the Name box, and click Save. 13 In the Test Mobile Data Import Wizard, click Next. 14 If you want to modify the file header information, on the Enter Header Information page, do any of the following:

In the Data Name box, type a new name. The default data name is the file name minus the extension. This is the name that will be displayed in the Project Explorer. In the Operator Name box, type the name of the network operator. Click the down arrow in the Data Date box and choose a different date to apply to the test mobile data file. Beside the Coordinate System box, click Change, and in the Choose Projection dialog box, choose the new projection category and member, and then click OK. In the Comments box, type any additional comments or modify the existing comments.

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15 Click Next. The Data Import dialog box displays the progress of the import process. 16 On the Choose a Map View Template page, do one of the following:

If you do not want to apply a map view template, choose <None> from the Map View Template list. To use an existing map view template to display data points in the Map window, choose a template from the Map View Template list. To create a new template, click New Template and follow Step 3 to Step 7 in the procedure, To create a map view template for test mobile data on page 111.

For details on map view templates, see Displaying test mobile data in a Map window on page 103. 17 Click Next and then click Finish. The test mobile data file is added as a node to the Test Mobile node under the Field Measurement Data node in the Operational Data category of the Project Explorer.

Viewing information about a test mobile data file


At any time, you can view information about a test mobile data file, including the following:

data name data date network technology operator name coordinate system any comments that you have entered about the test mobile data file

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To view information about a test mobile data file


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Test Mobile node. Right-click a test mobile data node and choose Properties. The Test Mobile - Data Properties dialog box opens. 3 If you want to modify the information, do any of the following and click OK:

Click the down arrow in the Data Date box and choose a different date to apply to the test mobile data file. In the Operator Name box, type the name of the network operator. In the Comments box, type any additional comments or modify the existing comments.

Viewing and locating test mobile data


After you import a test mobile data file, you can quickly view

the data points (i.e., the location where each record was captured) in the Map window the test mobile data records in tabular format

You can also display the values in individual columns in the Map window, but you must first define the settings to use for these values. See Displaying test mobile data in a Map window on page 103.

To view the test mobile data locations in a Map window


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Test Mobile node. Right-click a test mobile data node and choose View. Each data location is displayed in the Map using a default symbol and color.

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To remove the test mobile data from the Map window, right-click the test mobile data node and choose View again.

To find test mobile data in a Map window


You can use the Locate function to view and zoom in on the test mobile data in the Map window. 1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Test Mobile node. Right-click a test mobile data node and choose Locate. The test mobile data is centered in the Map window and the Map window zooms in on it.

To view test mobile data in tabular format


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Test Mobile node. Right-click a test mobile data node and choose Browse. The Test Mobile Browser window opens containing the test mobile data in tabular format. Any columns that you have bound are identified by a Mentum Planet icon. You can move your cursor over the Mentum Planet icon to view the name of the Mentum Planet field to which the column has been bound.

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To sort the data, in ascending or descending order, click the header of the column that you want to use for sorting. To reverse the order, click the column header again. To filter the data, click the down arrow in the column header that you want to use for filtering and choose the value to display. The name of the filter (the column name plus the value that you chose to display) is shown at the bottom of the dialog box, for example ([Message Type] = Cell Report).

If you filtered the data, in the filter section at the bottom if the dialog box, do any of the following:

To remove the filter temporarily, clear the check box associated with it. To remove the filter completely, click the close button located to the left of the filter name.

Displaying test mobile data in a Map window


You can graphically display the data associated with the points in the drive test by defining map view settings for the test mobile data file. Map view settings identify which columns to display and which point display settings to apply to each column.

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Understanding point display settings


Point display settings define how to present the data in a column. They enable you to define the symbol, size, and color for each value or range of values in a column. There are three types of point display settings:

individualenables you to assign a single symbol and color for a specific value. Use this option for columns that contain textual data or that have a limited number of fixed values. For example, if your test mobile data file has a column called Direction with values of Uplink and Downlink, you can assign a different symbol and color for Uplink and Downlink. rangesenable you to assign a symbol size to a range of values. Use this option for columns with a high number of individual values. For example, if your test mobile data file has a column for RxLev (the received power level), you can assign symbols to ranges of RxLev values (e.g., 0-5.6, 5.6-11.2, 11.2-16.6, etc.).

Automatic selection

When you define map view settings for a test mobile data file, if you choose to create new point display settings, the Test Mobile tool automatically chooses an appropriate point display setting type, and, by default, assigns the column name and display values based on the content of the column. You can modify these values.

Understanding how display information is organized


Test mobile display information is located in three sections under the Field Measurement Data node in the Operational Data category of the Project Explorer:

Point display settings are stored under the Point Display Settings node. They are classified as either Local (i.e., not stored in Data Manager), or Shared (i.e., stored in Data Manager). Map view templates, which are groups of point display settings and associated column names, are stored under the Map View Templates node under the Test Mobile node. If you have defined map view settings for a test mobile data file, the names of any columns that have a point display setting assigned to them are displayed under the test mobile data node along with the name of the point display setting, in the format <column name> - <point display setting>. For example, in

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Figure 4.1, the All-ARFCN TCH column in the TMData test mobile data file is assigned the Channels point display setting. Figure 4.1 shows the organization of point display and map view settings in the Project Explorer.

Point display settings

Map view templates Names of columns in the test mobile data file that have point display settings assigned to them, along with the name of the point display setting Figure 4.1 Point display and map view settings in the Project Explorer

To define map view settings for a test mobile data file


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Test Mobile node. Right-click a test mobile data node and choose Map View Settings. The Map View Settings dialog box opens. The Map View Settings dialog box enables you to define point display settings for the columns in your test mobile data file. If you applied a template when you imported the test mobile data file or if you have already defined map view settings for the test mobile data file, the Map View Settings dialog box contains the defined values. Otherwise, it contains no values.

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If you want to apply a map view template to the test mobile data, click Load, and in the Load Template dialog box, choose a template from the list and click OK. For information on creating a map view template, see To create a map view template for test mobile data on page 111.

To add a data column from the test mobile data file, click Add. The Column Assignment dialog box opens.

5 6

From the Data Columns list, choose one or more columns in the test mobile data file that you want to display. Do one of the following:

From the Point Display Setting list, choose an existing point display setting to apply to the test mobile column, click OK, and go to Step 10. From the Point Display Setting list, choose Create New Setting, click OK, and go to Step 7. The Test Mobile tool automatically chooses the correct display setting type or types (individual or ranges) based on the contents of the data column that you chose, and provides a default name for the setting.

In the New Point Display Settings dialog box, choose a display setting type, type a name or accept the default, and click OK. If the data in the column is textual, only the Individual display setting type will be available. If the data is numeric, all three types will be available.

Click OK.

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Do one of the following:

If you chose to define individual point display settings, see To define individual point display settings on page 107. If you chose to define ranges, see To define point display settings for ranges of values on page 108.

10 If you want to view the data in the Map window, in the Map View Settings dialog box, choose the point display setting that you want to view and click View. A new layer is added to the Map window. 11 If you want to save the map view settings as a template, click Save As, and in the Save Template dialog box, type a name for the template, and click OK. 12 When you have finished defining map view settings, in the Map View Settings dialog box, click OK. The names of the columns with point display settings assigned are displayed in the Project Explorer under the test mobile data file (see Figure 4.1 on page 105). To view them, see To display the test mobile data points in a Map window on page 110. The point display settings are also added to the Shared node under the Point Display Settings node. These settings can be used again for other test mobile or scan receiver data files.
You can also apply a map view template by dragging it onto a test mobile data file in the Project Explorer. You can move point display settings between the Local and Shared node by choosing one or more point display settings in the Project Explorer and dragging them to the Local or Shared node. To edit point display settings, under the Local or Shared node, rightclick the point display setting and choose Edit.

To define individual point display settings


When you are defining map view settings for a test mobile data file, the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box is automatically populated with values from the column that you chose.

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1 2

To add a row, in the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box, click Add. To remove a row, choose the row and click Remove. You cannot remove the Default value. This value is used to define display settings for any value that you do not specifically enter.

To modify a row, do any of the following:


Click in the Name box and type a new column name. If you do not want the value to be visible in the Map window, clear the Visible check box. Clearing the Visible check box is useful if you do not want to view points that match this value now, but may want to view them later. To change the symbol, click in the Symbol box, and from the list, choose the font, and then choose the individual symbol, and click OK. Click in the Size box and type or choose the symbol size that you want. To modify the color, click in the Color box and choose the color that you want.

When you have finished defining individual point display settings, in the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box, click OK.

You can also define individual point display settings by right-clicking Local or Shared under the Point Display Settings node and choosing New. Then, in the New Point Display Settings dialog box, choose Individual and click OK. In this case, because you are not defining individual point display settings based on an existing column, the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box is not automatically populated. You must define the values manually. If you define the values manually, you should define them to match the types and ranges of values that are likely to occur in your test mobile data.

To define point display settings for ranges of values


When you are defining map view settings for a test mobile data file, the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box is automatically populated with values from the column that you chose.

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1 2 3

To add a row, in the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box, click Add. To remove a row, choose the row and click Remove. To modify a row, do any of the following:

In the >=Min box, type or choose the minimum value for the range. In the <Max box, type or choose the maximum value for the range. To change the symbol, click in the Symbol box, and from the list, choose the font, and then choose the individual symbol, and click OK. Click in the Size box and type or choose the symbol size. To modify the color, click in the Color box and choose a color.

To define ranges automatically, click Auto, and in the Auto Range Settings dialog box, do the following:

In the Minimum and Maximum boxes, type the minimum and maximum values for the range. In the Interval Method section, choose one of the following: Intervalto define an interval between range values Numberto define a number of range values In the Value box, type a value to indicate the interval or the number of range values. For example, if you choose a minimum value of 2 and a maximum value of 8, if you choose Interval and type 2 in the Value box, the ranges created will be 2-4, 4-6, and 6-8. If you choose Number and type 2 in the Value box, the ranges created will be 2-5 and 5-8.

Click OK.

A maximum of 16 ranges will be created. The ranges will overwrite any existing ranges. You can remove or modify any of these ranges as described in Step 2 and Step 3.

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When you have finished defining ranges, in the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box, click OK. If any ranges overlap (for example, 610-620 and 615-625), when a value falls into both ranges, only the symbol associated with the first set of values will be displayed.

You can also define ranges by right-clicking Local or Shared under the Point Display Settings node and choosing New. Then, in the New Point Display Settings dialog box, choose Ranges and click OK. In this case, because you are not defining ranges based on an existing column, the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box is not automatically populated. You must define the values manually. If you define the values manually, you should define them to match the types and ranges of values that are likely to occur in your test mobile data.

To display the test mobile data points in a Map window


After you define map view settings for a test mobile data file, you can display the data points in a Map window. Any columns to which you have assigned point display settings are displayed as nodes in the Project Explorer under the test mobile data node. 1 2 3 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Test Mobile node. Expand the test mobile data node for which you want to view data points. Right-click the column node that you want to view, and choose View. A new layer is added to the Map window.
To remove the test mobile data points from the Map window, in the Project Explorer, right-click the test mobile data node (one level up from the column node) and choose View. This clears the check box and removes the data from the Map window.

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To create a map view template for test mobile data


You can create a map view template that you can apply to multiple test mobile data files. This is useful if you have similar data collected at another location. You can apply templates

when you are importing a test mobile data file (see To import test mobile data on page 96) when you are defining map view settings (see To define map view settings for a test mobile data file on page 105) at any time by dragging the template onto a test mobile data file in the Project Explorer

1 2

In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Test Mobile node. Choose a test mobile data node and drag it onto the Map View Templates node. The Edit Template dialog box opens with the columns in the test mobile data file listed under the Data Columns heading.

3 4 5 6 7

For each column that you want to display, from the Point Display Setting list, choose a setting to apply to the column. If you want to add a row, click Add and type a name for the test mobile data column in the Data Columns column. If you want to remove a row, choose the row and click Remove. Click OK. In the Save Template dialog box, type a name in the New Template Name box and click OK. The template is added to the Map View Templates node under the Test Mobile node.

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Viewing test mobile data in graph format


You can view information about the records in your test mobile data file in graph format. This format enables you to view and compare the following types of information:

parametersthe values for a specific parameter or parameters, such as quality, over a period of time or sequence of events eventsthe values for events such as handovers or dropped calls, over a period of time or sequence of events

This information provides useful options for analyzing test mobile data. Viewing multiple parameters over time enables you to visualize the interaction between parameters. For example, in Figure 4.2 on page 112, the RxLev is compared to the occurrences of the No Service Mode event (vertical lines).

Figure 4.2 Comparison of data in the Test Mobile Graph dialog box

In the Test Mobile Graph dialog box, the x-axis is either Time or Index. Index identifies the sequence of records in the test mobile file. You can display up to four values for the y-axis.

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The Test Mobile Graph dialog box provides two toolbars:


The first toolbar enables you to format the graph. The second toolbar enables you to zoom, print, and navigate through the graph. For more information about how to use the second toolbar, press the F1 key.

When the Test Mobile Graph dialog box is open, if you also have a Test Mobile Browser window or Map window open, they are all synchronized. If you choose a record in one, the same record is also chosen in the others.

To view test mobile data in graph format


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Test Mobile node. Right-click the test mobile data node that you want to view and choose Graph. The Test Mobile Graph dialog box opens. 3 To modify the format of the x-axis, from the Settings list, choose X Axis and do any of the following:

From the Data list, choose Time or Index. From the Color list, choose the color to use for the lines in the graph and the axis label. From the Font Size list, choose the font size for the axis label. If you want to view grid lines in the graph, enable the Grid Lines check box.

The display updates dynamically as you choose your options. 4 To define y-axis values, from the Settings list, choose one of the following options:

First Y Seriesdefines the first column (numeric data only) to be displayed on the y-axis and the display settings to be used. The label for this series is located on the y-axis to the left of the graph. Second Y Seriesdefines the second column (numeric data only) to be displayed on the y-axis and the display settings to be

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used. The label for this series is located on the y-axis to the right of the graph.

Third Y Seriesdefines the third column (numeric data only) to be displayed on the y-axis and the display settings to be used. The label for this series is located on the y-axis to the left of the label for the First Y Series. Message Seriesdefines the fourth column (textual data only) to be displayed on the y-axis and the display settings to be used.

From the Data list, choose the type of data to display. If you choose Message Series in Step 4, the list available in the Data box is limited to the textual columns in the imported test mobile data file. Otherwise, the list is limited to numerical values.

If you chose First Y Series, Second Y Series, or Third Y Series in Step 4, to format the data, do any of the following:

From the Color list, choose the color to use for the point or lines in the graph and the axis label. From the Font Size list, choose the font size for the axis label. Choose Points or Lines to use for the data in the graph. If you chose Points, choose a point size from the Point Size list. If you want to view grid lines in the graph, enable the Grid Lines check box.

The display updates dynamically as you choose your options. For numerical values, the Numerical legend box updates to display the legend for the data and color that you chose. 7 8 If you chose Message Series in Step 4, in the Message Legend box, enable the check boxes for the types of message that you want to view. If you want to compare multiple types of data, repeat Step 4 to Step 7 for the data that you want to view. You can compare up to three types of numeric data (using the First Y Series, Second Y Series, and Third Y Series options) and one type of string data.
To close the Test Mobile Graph dialog box, right-click the test mobile data node and choose Graph again.

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When you minimize the Test Mobile Graph dialog box, a Test Mobile Graph icon appears at the bottom of the Project Explorer. Click the icon to restore the dialog box.

To print the data in the Test Mobile Graph window

In the Test Mobile Graph dialog box, click the Print button.
You can also preview the printed version by clicking the Print Preview button.

Allocating test mobile data to sectors


If you want to convert your test mobile data to surveys or identify sectors by carrier or color code information, you must allocate the data to sectors. You can allocate data either automatically or manually. There are two steps in the automatic allocation process:

looking up sectors allocating records to sectors

For details on the manual allocation process, see To assign sectors to test mobile carrier nodes manually on page 118.

Looking up sectors for test mobile data


During this part of the process, the Test Mobile tool attempts to match the information in the test mobile data file to sector information in Mentum Planet. This process differs slightly depending on the technology: For WiMAX, the preamble code and, optionally, the carrier are used. During the automatic allocation process, the Test Mobile tool attempts to match the carrier and scrambling code combinations in the records in the test mobile data file to the carrier and scrambling code combinations in Mentum Planet. For more information on carriers and preamble codes, see the WiMAX User Guide. The values that are looked up are saved with the test mobile data file. This retains the attributes of the sectors that were used when the measurements were taken.

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Allocating test mobile records to sectors


During this part of the process, the Test Mobile tool assigns the records in the test mobile data file to the sectors that match those records using one of the following methods:

by distanceattempts to assign sectors to test mobile data records using the sector closest to the location where the record was captured by path lossattempts to assign sectors to test mobile data records using the sector with the least path loss to the location where the record was captured. The path loss is calculated using a free space loss calculation that takes into consideration the effects of ERP, the antenna pattern, and the azimuth.

Records with a null RSSI value will not be assigned to a sector.

To look up sectors for test mobile data automatically


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Test Mobile node. Right-click the test mobile data node for which you want to look up sectors and choose Allocate Records. The Test Mobile - Allocate Records to Sectors dialog box opens. By default, the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view displays a list of carrier nodes that show the combinations of carrier and color code, PN offset, or scrambling code that appear in the test mobile data file. Only nodes for which there are records with valid RSSI values are displayed. For these nodes, the number of records with valid RSSI values is shown in parentheses. If a record is missing a carrier or color code, PN offset, or scrambling code, it is identified as missing. For example, if the test mobile data uses GSM technology and the carrier node is labeled 69-67 (317), this means that there are 317 records in the test mobile data file with a BCCH of 69 and a BSIC of 67. If the node is labeled Missing-Missing (108), this means that there are 108 records that do not contain a BCCH or BSIC. 3 In the Sectors section, click Look Up, and then in the Sector Selection dialog box, choose the group of sectors to use and click Continue. The Serving Site/Sector Information tree view is updated to show which carrier nodes match values from the Mentum Planet sectors. Carrier nodes

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that do match Mentum Planet sectors are shown in red. You can manually assign sectors to unmatched carrier nodes. See To assign sectors to test mobile carrier nodes manually on page 118.

Unassigned carrier node Assigned carrier nodes

If you want to look up additional sectors from a different group, repeat Step 3, and then in the confirmation dialog box, do one of the following:

Click Yes to remove existing sector assignments. Any sectors that have already been allocated to the test mobile records will be removed. Click No to keep existing sector assignments.

If required, manually adjust any sector assignments. See To assign sectors to test mobile carrier nodes manually on page 118.
You can also look up sectors by doing one of the following: To look up sectors for all carrier nodes, right-click the top-level node and choose Look Up Sectors. To look up sectors for a single carrier node, right-click the carrier node and choose Look Up Sectors.

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To assign sectors to test mobile carrier nodes manually


If you want to assign a sector to a carrier node, and the sector has either not been assigned automatically or has been assigned incorrectly, you can assign a sector manually. You can assign multiple sectors to each carrier node. 1 In the Test Mobile - Allocate Records to Sectors dialog box, in the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view, choose a carrier node and click Assign Sector. In the Sector Selection dialog box, choose the group that contains the sector that you want to assign, and click Continue. In the Site Lookup dialog box, choose the sector to assign to the carrier node and click OK.
You can also assign a sector by right-clicking a carrier node in the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view and choosing Assign Sector.

2 3

To add a virtual test mobile sector


A virtual sector is one that does not exist in your Mentum Planet project, but that was part of the drive test. This sector could be part of another region, a competitors sector, or no longer on the air. You can add a virtual sector to the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view and allocate the appropriate records to it. Virtual sectors appear only as part of the Test Mobile tool. They are not added to your Mentum Planet project. 1 In the Test Mobile - Allocate Records to Sectors dialog box, in the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view, right-click the carrier node to which you want to assign the virtual sector, and click Add Virtual Sector. In the Add Virtual Sector dialog box, in the Site Name box, type a name for the site to which the virtual sector belongs, and in the Sector Name box, type a name for the virtual sector.

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In the Antenna Information section, do the following:


From the Name list, choose the name of the antenna. In the X/Long box, type the x-coordinate of the sector. This value must be within the co-ordinates of the heights file for the project. In the Y/Lat box, type the y-coordinate of the sector. This value must be within the co-ordinates of the heights file for the project. In the Height box, type the height of the sector above ground level. In the Power box, type the power of the sector. In the Azimuth box, type the azimuth of the sector. In the Tilt box, type the tilt of the sector.

For more information on any of these values, press the F1 key. 4 Click OK.

To view or modify sector information


You can view information about any of the serving sectors in the Serving Site/ Sector tree view. The information that is displayed originally is the information associated with that sector in Mentum Planet. When you modify information in the Sector Information section of the Test Mobile - Allocate Records to Sectors dialog box, you are modifying only the data associated with the test mobile data file. You are not changing the values assigned to the sectors in Mentum Planet. Typically, you would modify this data when you know that a sector that actually exists (and was used to collect the test mobile data) has different values than those assigned in Mentum Planet. 1 In the Test Mobile - Allocate Records to Sectors dialog box, in the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view, choose the sector. The Sector Information displays the information for the chosen sector. 2 If you want to modify the sector information, type new values in any of the editable boxes, and click Apply.

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To allocate test mobile records to sectors


1 In the Records section, choose the By Distance or By Path Loss option for assigning records where there is more than one possible match. See Allocating test mobile data to sectors on page 115 for more information on these options. 2 Do one of the following:

To allocate records to all sectors, in the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view, choose the top-level node and in the Records section, click Allocate. The Serving Site/Sector Information tree view is updated to show the number of records that have been assigned to all sectors in parentheses following the sector names. To allocate records to a single sector only, in the Serving Site/ Sector Information tree view, choose a sector and in the Records section, click Allocate. The Serving Site/Sector Information tree view is updated to show the number of records that have been assigned to the chosen sector in parentheses following the sector name.
If you click Allocate, but you have not yet looked up sectors, the Test Mobile tool automatically looks up sectors before allocating records.

You can also allocate records by right-clicking a carrier node in the Site/Sector Information tree view and choosing Allocate Records by Minimum Distance or Allocate Records by Minimum Path Loss. This option is only available if you have looked up sectors automatically or assigned sectors manually first. If you want to hide sectors that have not been allocated, in the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view, right-click the top-level node, and choose Hide All Unmatched Sectors. You can view all sectors by right-clicking the top-level node again and choosing Show All Sectors.

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To view the test mobile records


You can view the test mobile data records associated with a sector or a carrier node.

In the Test Mobile - Allocate Records to Sectors dialog box, in the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view, right-click the item and choose Browse Records. A Test Mobile Browser window opens, showing the records associated with the item that you chose.

To unassign sectors

In the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view, choose the sector, and in the Sectors section, click Unassign Sector.
You can also unassign a sector by right-clicking the sector and choosing Unassign Sector.

To modify the display in the Test Mobile tree view


By default, when you assign sectors to carrier nodes, the sectors are added to the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view under each carrier node. You can reverse the order to display the carrier nodes under the sectors.

In the Test Mobile - Allocate Records to Sectors dialog box, in the Serving Site/Sector Information section, right-click the top-level node, and choose Toggle View. You can restore the original view by right-clicking the top-level node and choosing Toggle View again.

Exporting test mobile data to surveys


After you have allocated test mobile data to sectors, you can export the test mobile data to one or more surveys. For information on allocating test mobile data to sectors, see Allocating test mobile data to sectors on page 115. When you export the test mobile data to a survey, the latitude, longitude,

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signal strength, and sector header information are exported. You can choose one of the following options for export:

With Assignmentcreates an assignment file with the survey assigned to the matched sector (see To export a survey assignment file on page 80 for details on assignment files). Without Assignmentdoes not create an assignment file

For more information on what you can do with the exported surveys, see Chapter 3: Managing Survey Data on page 61.
The Export to Survey function for test mobile data files is subject to the sampling rates of the original test mobile data files. The equipment used to create the original test mobile data files is not always configured to sample data with enough samples for quality model tuning purposes (for example, to satisfy the Lee Criteria).

To export test mobile data to surveys


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Test Mobile node. Right-click the test mobile data node you want to view and choose one of the following:

Export to Survey With Assignment Export to Survey Without Assignment

The test mobile data is converted to one or more surveys. The exported surveys are grouped under the Surveys RSSI node. The name of the group is the same as the test mobile data name. Surveys with invalid header information are identified by a red icon in the Project Explorer. A warning message identifies the surveys with invalid headers.

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5.
This chapter contains the following sections:

Chapter 5: Managing Scan Receiver Data

Managing Scan Receiver Data


Scan receiver data consists of data relating to the location and signal strength of multiple carriers. A scan receiver collects only information related to signal strength and is never involved in an actual call. This chapter describes how to import and work with scan receiver data. It also explains how to export scan receiver data to survey data. For details on test mobile data, see Chapter 4: Managing Test Mobile Data on page 93.

Understanding scan receiver data Workflow for scan receiver data Importing scan receiver data Viewing information about a scan receiver data file Viewing scan receiver data Displaying scan receiver data in a Map window Viewing scan receiver data in graph format Allocating scan receiver data to sectors Exporting scan receiver data to surveys

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Understanding scan receiver data


Scan receiver equipment enables network operators to collect reporting and measurement data. Typically, scan receiver equipment takes measurements along a defined route over a period of time. The use of scan receiver equipment in operational cellular networks is a common network optimization practice. Scan receiver data consists of records organized into columns. Mentum Planet enables you to work with and analyze scan receiver data to increase the accuracy of predictions. For example, you can compare a scan receiver value against network analysis layers that contain the same value, or you can export scan receiver data to a survey and use the survey to increase the accuracy of Mentum Planet predictions. For information on merged predictions that combine survey data with prediction outputs, see Choosing a prediction mode on page 158.

Input file requirements for scan receiver data


The scan receiver data that you want to import into Mentum Planet must:

use a technology that is supported by Mentum Planet and is enabled in your project overlap the heights file for the project be in text (.txt or .csv) format contain data from only one scan receiver (if you have combined data from multiple scan receivers, the scan receiver tool will not distinguish between the measurements taken by each one, and will treat the data as though it came from a single scan receiver) contain the following information in each record:

latitude or northing longitude or easting signal strength (RSSI or equivalent), if you want to export the data to a survey

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Scan receiver data file header


Because networks are not static, a scan receiver recording is only valid for the network configuration when it was recorded. If any attributes of the network, for example, antennas or powers, are changed, the data may be less accurate or invalid. To ensure that the scan receiver data is valid, a snapshot is taken of the network configuration at the time the data was collected, and this information (referred to as header information) is recorded along with the scan receiver data file. See To view information about a scan receiver data file on page 131.

Workflow for scan receiver data


Step 1 Step 2
Import scan receiver data. See Importing scan receiver data on page 126. View the data in a Map window, table, or graph. See

Viewing scan receiver data on page 131 Viewing scan receiver data in graph format on page 142

Step 3

If you want to export the signal strength values (RSSI or equivalent), do the following:

Allocate the data to Mentum Planet sectors. See Allocating scan receiver data to sectors on page 145. Export the data to a survey. See Exporting scan receiver data to surveys on page 151.

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Importing scan receiver data


The Scan Receiver Data Import Wizard guides you through the process of importing your scan receiver data. As you proceed through the wizard, you must provide the following information:

the network technology used in the scan receiver data file the file type (delimited text file or comma-separated value file) the file or files to import the delimiter between columns in the scan receiver data file, if applicable the date the scan receiver data file was created the coordinate system of the scan receiver data file

You must also bind the columns in the imported data to fields in Mentum Planet. At a minimum, you must bind latitude and longitude, but you can bind additional columns depending on the technology. Once you have bound the columns, you can save the binding information as a template to use again. This is useful for files from the same equipment that have been exported in the same manner.

To import scan receiver data


This procedure may vary slightly depending on the type of data that you are importing. When binding data using the Scan Receiver Wizard, you must choose a value from the list or click the down arrow a second time to close the list.

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In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node. Right-click Scan Receiver and choose Import. The Scan Receiver Data Import Wizard opens.

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On the Welcome page, click Next. On the Choose a Technology page, choose the technology of the scan receiver data file and click Next.

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On the Choose the Type of the Source Data File page, choose the file type of the scan receiver data file and click Next. On the Choose the Data File(s) You Want to Use page, click Browse, navigate to the scan receiver data file or files, click Open, and then click Next. On the Choose the Format of the Source Data File page, do the following:

In the Delimiters section, enable one or more of the check boxes (Tab, Semicolon, Comma, Space, Other) to identify the delimiters used to separate values in the scan receiver data file. If you enabled the Other check box, type a delimiter in the adjacent box. If the scan receiver data file contains a header row, enable the Use Header Row check box and, from the Header Row list, choose the row number of the header row. From the Start Import at Row list, choose the row number at which to start the import. This option is useful if your test mobile data file has comments at the beginning or multiple header rows that do not need to be imported. In the Rows With Invalid Latitude/Longitude section, choose one of the following options to define how to manage invalid coordinates:

Discard Rows With Invalid Coordinatesdo not import records with invalid latitude and longitude values. Use Value From Last Valid Recordcopy valid latitude and longitude values from the previous record. The coordinate values 0,0 are used if it is the first record.

The lower part of the page updates to show the results of your choices. 8 Click Next. The Choose How You Want the Data Bound Page opens.

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For each column that you want to bind, do the following:

Click in the Mentum Planet Field box and, from the list, choose the Mentum Planet field to which you want to bind the scan receiver data column. Click in the Data Format row and choose the format for the data. Typically, you will only need to choose a format for latitude, longitude, and BSIC. All other columns offer only one option that is automatically chosen.

At a minimum, you must bind columns to the latitude and longitude fields in Mentum Planet. Any columns that you do not bind are shown as <Unbound>. At a minimum, you must bind columns to the latitude and longitude fields in Mentum Planet. A green indicator is displayed if the binding is successful and a red indicator if the binding is unsuccessful. Any columns that you do not bind are shown as <Unbound>. You can move the cursor over the indicator for more information. The Binding Status section displays the available Mentum Planet columns. When the binding is successful, a check mark is displayed. When the binding is unsuccessful, an X is displayed.

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10 If you want to use a template to bind the scan receiver data to Mentum Planet fields, click Load Template, navigate to the template file that you want to use, and click Open. By default, templates are stored in the Scan Receiver Data/Template Files folder. Once you load the template, you can modify any of the rows for a single use, save them as a new template, or overwrite the current template. 11 If you want to bind multiple columns to a single Mentum Planet field (for example, if you have multiple PN offset columns), do the following:

Choose the columns by holding down the Shift or Ctrl key and clicking the column headers. Click Multiple Bindings. In the Bind Multiple Columns dialog box, from the Mentum Planet Field list, choose the Mentum Planet field to which to bind the columns, from the Data Format list, choose the format for the data, and click OK.

12 If you want to save the binding information to use with other scan receiver data files, click Save as Template, navigate to the folder where you want to save the template, type a name for the binding template file in the Name box, and click Save. 13 In the Scan Receiver Data Import Wizard, click Next. 14 If you want to modify the file header information, on the Enter Header Information page, do any of the following:

In the Data Name box, type a new name. The default data name is the file name minus the extension. This is the name that will be displayed in the Project Explorer. In the Operator Name box, type the name of the network operator. Click the down arrow in the Data Date box and choose a different date to apply to the scan receiver data file. Beside the Coordinate System box, click Change, and in the Choose Projection dialog box, choose the new projection category and member, and then click OK. In the Comments box, type any additional comments or modify the existing comments.

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15 Click Next. The Data Import dialog box displays the progress of the import process. 16 On the Choose a Map View Template page, do one of the following:

If you do not want to apply a map view template, choose <None> from the Map View Template list. To use an existing map view template to display data points in the Map window, choose a template from the Map View Template list. To create a new template, click New Template and follow Step 3 to Step 7 in the procedure, To create a map view template for scan receiver data on page 141.

For details on map view templates, see Displaying scan receiver data in a Map window on page 133. 17 Click Next and then click Finish. The scan receiver data file is added as a node to the Scan Receiver node under the Field Measurement Data node in the Operational Data category of the Project Explorer.

Viewing information about a scan receiver data file


At any time, you can view information about a scan receiver data file, including the following:

data name data date network technology operator name coordinate system any comments that you have entered about the scan receiver data file

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To view information about a scan receiver data file


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Scan Receiver node. Right-click a scan receiver data node and choose Properties. The Scan Receiver - Data Properties dialog box opens. 3 If you want to modify the information, do any of the following and click OK:

Click the down arrow in the Data Date box and choose a different date to apply to the scan receiver data file. In the Operator Name box, type the name of the network operator. In the Comments box, type any additional comments or modify the existing comments.

Viewing scan receiver data


After you import a scan receiver data file, you can quickly view

the data points (i.e., the location where each record was captured) in the Map window the scan receiver data records in tabular format

You can also display the values in individual columns in the Map window, but you must first define the settings to use for these values. See Displaying scan receiver data in a Map window on page 133.

To view the scan receiver data locations in a Map window


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Scan Receiver node. Right-click a scan receiver data node and choose View. A new layer is added to the Map window displaying each location using a default symbol and color.

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To remove the scan receiver data from the Map window, right-click the scan receiver data node and choose View again.

To find scan receiver data in a Map window


You can use the Locate function to view and zoom in on the scan receiver data in the Map window. 1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Scan Receiver node. Right-click a scan receiver data node and choose Locate. The scan receiver data is centered in the Map window and the Map window zooms in on it.

To view scan receiver data in tabular format


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Scan Receiver node. Right-click a scan receiver data node and choose Browse. The Scan Receiver Browser window opens containing the scan receiver data in tabular format. Any columns that you have bound are identified by a Mentum Planet icon. You can move your cursor over the Mentum Planet icon to view the name of the Mentum Planet field to which the column has been bound.

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To sort the data, in ascending or descending order, click the header of the column that you want to use for sorting. To reverse the order, click the column header again. To filter the data, click the down arrow in the column header that you want to use for filtering and choose the value to display. The name of the filter (the column name plus the value that you chose to display) is shown at the bottom of the dialog box, for example ([Message Type] = Cell Report).

If you filtered the data, in the filter section at the bottom if the dialog box, do any of the following:

To remove the filter temporarily, clear the check box associated with it. To remove the filter completely, click the close button located to the left of the filter name.

Displaying scan receiver data in a Map window


You can graphically display the data associated with the points in the drive test by defining map view settings for the scan receiver data file. Map view settings identify which columns to display and which point display settings to apply to each column.

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Understanding point display settings


Point display settings define how to present the data in a column. They enable you to define the symbol, size, and color for each value or range of values in a column. There are three types of point display settings:

individualenables you to assign a single symbol and color for a specific value. Use this option for columns that contain textual data or that have a limited number of fixed values. For example, if your scan receiver data file has a column called Direction with values of Uplink and Downlink, you can assign a different symbol and color for Uplink and Downlink. rangesenable you to assign a symbol size to a range of values. Use this option for columns with a high number of individual values. For example, if your scan receiver data file has a column for RxLev (the received power level), you can assign symbols to ranges of RxLev values (e.g., 0-5.6, 5.6-11.2, 11.2-16.6, etc.).

Automatic selection

When you define map view settings for a scan receiver data file, if you choose to create new point display settings, the Scan Receiver tool automatically chooses an appropriate point display setting type, and, by default, assigns the column name and display values based on the content of the column. You can modify these values.

Understanding how display information is organized


Scan receiver display information is located in three sections under the Field Measurement Data node in the Operational Data category of the Project Explorer:

Point display settings are stored under the Point Display Settings node. They are classified as either Local (i.e., not stored in Data Manager), or Shared (i.e., stored in Data Manager). Map view templates, which are groups of point display settings and associated column names, are stored under the Map View Templates node under the Scan Receiver node. If you have defined map view settings for a scan receiver data file, the names of any columns that have a point display setting assigned to them are displayed under the scan receiver data node along with the name of the point display setting, in the format <column name> - <point display setting>. For example, in

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Figure 5.1, the All-ARFCN TCH column in the TMData scan receiver data file is assigned the Channels point display setting. Figure 5.1 shows the organization of point display and map view settings in the Project Explorer.

Point display settings

Map view templates Names of columns in the scan receiver data file that have point display settings assigned to them, along with the name of the point display setting Figure 5.1 Point display and map view settings in the Project Explorer

To define map view settings for a scan receiver data file


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Scan Receiver node. Right-click a scan receiver data node and choose Map View Settings. The Map View Settings dialog box opens. The Map View Settings dialog box enables you to define point display settings for the columns in your scan receiver data file. If you applied a template when you imported the scan receiver data file or if you have already defined map view settings for the scan receiver data file, the Map View Settings dialog box contains the defined values. Otherwise, it contains no values.

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If you want to apply a map view template to the scan receiver data, click Load, and in the Load Template dialog box, choose a template from the list and click OK. For information on creating a map view template, see To create a map view template for scan receiver data on page 141.

To add a data column from the scan receiver data file, click Add. The Column Assignment dialog box opens.

5 6

From the Data Columns list, choose one or more columns in the scan receiver data file that you want to display. Do one of the following:

From the Point Display Setting list, choose an existing point display setting to apply to the scan receiver column, click OK, and go to Step 10. From the Point Display Setting list, choose Create New Setting, click OK, and go to Step 7. The Scan Receiver tool automatically chooses the correct display setting type or types (individual or ranges) based on the contents of the data column that you chose, and provides a default name for the setting.

In the New Point Display Settings dialog box, choose a display setting type, type a name or accept the default, and click OK. If the data in the column is textual, only the Individual display setting type will be available. If the data is numeric, all three types will be available.

Click OK.

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Do one of the following:

If you chose to define individual point display settings, see To define individual point display settings on page 137. If you chose to define ranges, see To define point display settings for ranges of values on page 138.

10 If you want to view the data in the Map window, in the Map View Settings dialog box, choose the point display setting that you want to view and click View. A new layer is added to the Map window. 11 If you want to save the map view settings as a template, click Save As, and in the Save Template dialog box, type a name for the template, and click OK. 12 When you have finished defining map view settings, in the Map View Settings dialog box, click OK. The names of the columns with point display settings assigned are displayed in the Project Explorer under the scan receiver data file (see Figure 5.1 on page 135). To view them, see To display the scan receiver data points in a Map window on page 140. The point display settings are also added to the Shared node under the Point Display Settings node. These settings can be used again for other scan receiver or scan receiver data files.
You can move point display settings between the Local and Shared node by choosing one or more point display settings in the Project Explorer and dragging them to the Local or Shared node. To edit point display settings, under the Local or Shared node, rightclick the point display setting and choose Edit.

You can also apply a map view template by dragging it onto a scan receiver data file in the Project Explorer.

To define individual point display settings


When you are defining map view settings for a scan receiver data file, the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box is automatically populated with values from the column that you chose.

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1 2

To add a row, in the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box, click Add. To remove a row, choose the row and click Remove. You cannot remove the Default value. This value is used to define display settings for any value that you do not specifically enter.

To modify a row, do any of the following:


Click in the Name box and type a new column name. If you do not want the value to be visible in the Map window, clear the Visible check box. Clearing the Visible check box is useful if you do not want to view points that match this value now, but may want to view them later. To change the symbol, click in the Symbol box, and from the list, choose the font, and then choose the individual symbol, and click OK. Click in the Size box and type or choose the symbol size that you want. To modify the color, click in the Color box and choose the color that you want.

When you have finished defining individual point display settings, in the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box, click OK.

You can also define individual point display settings by right-clicking Local or Shared under the Point Display Settings node and choosing New. Then, in the New Point Display Settings dialog box, choose Individual and click OK. In this case, because you are not defining individual point display settings based on an existing column, the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box is not automatically populated. You must define the values manually. If you define the values manually, you should define them to match the types and ranges of values that are likely to occur in your test mobile data.

To define point display settings for ranges of values


When you are defining map view settings for a scan receiver data file, the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box is automatically populated with values from the column that you chose.

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1 2 3

In the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box, if you want to add a row, click Add. To remove a row, choose the row and click Remove. To modify a row, do any of the following:

In the >=Min box, type or choose the minimum value for the range. In the <Max box, type or choose the maximum value for the range. To change the symbol, click in the Symbol box, and from the list, choose the font, and then choose the individual symbol, and click OK. Click in the Size box and type or choose the symbol size. To modify the color, click in the Color box and choose a color.

To define ranges automatically, click Auto, and in the Auto Range Settings dialog box, do the following:

In the Minimum and Maximum boxes, type the minimum and maximum values for the range. In the Interval Method section, choose one of the following: Intervalto define an interval between range values Numberto define a number of range values In the Value box, type a value to indicate the interval or the number of range values. For example, if you choose a minimum value of 2 and a maximum value of 8, if you choose Interval and type 2 in the Value box, the ranges created will be 2-4, 4-6, and 6-8. If you choose Number and type 2 in the Value box, the ranges created will be 2-5 and 5-8.

Click OK.

A maximum of 16 ranges will be created. The ranges will overwrite any existing ranges. You can remove or modify any of these ranges as described in Step 2 and Step 3.

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When you have finished defining ranges, in the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box, click OK. If any ranges overlap (for example, 610-620 and 615-625), when a value falls into both ranges, only the symbol associated with the first set of values will be displayed.

You can also define ranges by right-clicking Local or Shared under the Point Display Settings node and choosing New. Then, in the New Point Display Settings dialog box, choose Ranges and click OK. In this case, because you are not defining ranges based on an existing column, the Editing Point Display Settings dialog box is not automatically populated. You must define the values manually. If you define the values manually, you should define them to match the types and ranges of values that are likely to occur in your test mobile data.

To display the scan receiver data points in a Map window


After you define map view settings for a scan receiver data file, you can display the data points in a Map window. Any columns to which you have assigned point display settings are displayed as nodes in the Project Explorer under the scan receiver data node. 1 2 3 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Scan Receiver node. Expand the scan receiver data node for which you want to view data points. Right-click the column node that you want to view, and choose View. A new layer is added to the Map window.
To remove the scan receiver data points from the Map window, in the Project Explorer, right-click the scan receiver data node (one level up from the column node) and choose View. This clears the check box and removes the data from the Map window.

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To create a map view template for scan receiver data


You can create a map view template that you can apply to multiple scan receiver data files. This is useful if you have similar data collected at another location. You can apply templates

when you are importing a scan receiver data file (see To import scan receiver data on page 126) when you are defining map view settings (see To define map view settings for a scan receiver data file on page 135) at any time by dragging the template onto a scan receiver data file in the Project Explorer

1 2

In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Scan Receiver node. Choose a scan receiver data node and drag it onto the Map View Templates node. The Edit Template dialog box opens with the columns in the scan receiver data file listed under the Data Columns heading.

3 4 5 6 7

For each column that you want to display, from the Point Display Setting list, choose a setting to apply to the column. If you want to add a row, click Add and type a name for the scan receiver data column in the Data Columns column. If you want to remove a row, choose the row and click Remove. Click OK. In the Save Template dialog box, type a name in the New Template Name box and click OK. The template is added to the Map View Templates node under the Scan Receiver node.

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Viewing scan receiver data in graph format


You can view information about the records in your scan receiver data file in graph format. This format enables you to view and compare the following types of information:

parametersthe values for a specific parameter or parameters, such as quality, over a period of time or sequence of events eventsthe values for events such as handovers or dropped calls, over a period of time or sequence of events

This information provides useful options for analyzing scan receiver data. Viewing multiple parameters over time enables you to visualize the interaction between parameters. For example, in Figure 5.2 on page 142, the RxLev is compared to the occurrences of the No Service Mode event (vertical lines).

Figure 5.2 Comparison of data in the Scan Receiver Graph dialog box

In the Scan Receiver Graph dialog box, the x-axis is either Time or Index. Index identifies the sequence of records in the scan receiver file. You can display up to four values for the y-axis.

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The Scan Receiver Graph dialog box provides two toolbars:


The first toolbar enables you to format the graph. The second toolbar enables you to zoom, print, and navigate through the graph. For more information about how to use the second toolbar, press the F1 key.

When the Scan Receiver Graph dialog box is open, if you also have a Scan Receiver Browser window or Map window open, they are all synchronized. If you choose a record in one, the same record is also chosen in the others.

To view scan receiver data in graph format


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Scan Receiver node. Right-click the scan receiver data node that you want to view, and choose Graph. The Scan Receiver Graph dialog box opens. 3 To modify the format of the x-axis, from the Settings list, choose X Axis and do any of the following:

From the Data list, choose one of the following: Timedisplays the time on the x-axis Indexdisplays sequence numbers on the x-axis From the Font Size list, choose the font size for the axis label.

If you want to view grid lines in the graph, enable the Grid Lines check box.

The display updates dynamically as you choose your options. 4 To define y-axis values, from the Settings list, choose one of the following options:

First Y Seriesdefines the first column (numeric data only) to be displayed on the y-axis and the display settings to be used. The label for this series is located on the y-axis to the left of the graph. Second Y Seriesdefines the second column (numeric data only) to be displayed on the y-axis and the display settings to be

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used. The label for this series is located on the y-axis to the right of the graph.

Third Y Seriesdefines the third column (numeric data only) to be displayed on the y-axis and the display settings to be used. The label for this series is located on the y-axis to the left of the label for the First Y Series. Message Seriesdefines the fourth column (textual data only) to be displayed on the y-axis and the display settings to be used.

From the Data list, choose the type of data to display. If you choose Message Series in Step 4, the list available in the Data box is limited to the textual columns in the imported scan receiver data file. Otherwise, the list is limited to numerical values.

If you chose First Y Series, Second Y Series, or Third Y Series in Step 4, to format the data, do any of the following:

From the Color list, choose the color to use for the point or lines in the graph and the axis label. From the Font Size list, choose the font size for the axis label. Choose Points or Lines to use for the data in the graph. If you chose Points, choose a point size from the Point Size list. If you want to view grid lines in the graph, enable the Grid Lines check box.

The display updates dynamically as you choose your options. For numerical values, the Numerical legend box updates to display the legend for the data and color that you chose. 7 8 If you chose Message Series in Step 4, in the Message Legend box, enable the check boxes for the types of message that you want to view. If you want to compare multiple types of data, repeat Step 4 to Step 7 for the data that you want to view. You can compare up to three types of numeric data (using the First Y Series, Second Y Series, and Third Y Series options) and one type of string data.
To close the Scan Receiver Graph dialog box, right-click the scan receiver data node and choose Graph again.

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When you minimize the Scan Receiver Graph dialog box, a Scan Receiver Graph icon appears at the bottom of the Project Explorer. Click the icon to restore the dialog box.

To print the data in the Scan Receiver Graph window

In the Scan Receiver Graph dialog box, click the Print button.
You can also preview the printed version by clicking the Print Preview button.

Allocating scan receiver data to sectors


If you want to convert your scan receiver data to surveys or identify sectors by carrier or color code information, you must allocate the data to sectors. You can allocate data either automatically or manually. There are two steps in the automatic allocation process:

looking up sectors allocating records to sectors

For details on the manual allocation process, see To assign sectors to scan receiver carrier nodes manually on page 147.

Looking up sectors for scan receiver data


During this part of the process, the Scan Receiver tool attempts to match the information in the scan receiver data file to sector information in Mentum Planet. This process differs slightly depending on the technology.

Allocating scan receiver records to sectors


During this part of the process, the Scan Receiver tool assigns the records in the scan receiver data file to the sectors that match those records using one of the following methods:

by distanceattempts to assign sectors to scan receiver data records using the sector closest to the location where the record was captured by path lossattempts to assign sectors to scan receiver data records using the sector with the least path loss to the location where the record was captured. The path loss is calculated using

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a free space loss calculation that takes into consideration the effects of ERP, the antenna pattern, and the azimuth. Records with a null RSSI value will not be assigned to a sector.

To look up sectors for scan receiver data automatically


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Scan Receiver node. Right-click the scan receiver data node for which you want to look up sectors and choose Allocate Records. The Scan Receiver - Allocate Records to Sectors dialog box opens. By default, the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view displays a list of carrier nodes that show the combinations of carrier and color code, PN offset, or scrambling code that appear in the scan receiver data file. Only nodes for which there are records with valid RSSI values are displayed. For these nodes, the number of records with valid RSSI values is shown in parentheses. If a record is missing a carrier or color code, PN offset, or scrambling code, it is identified as missing. For example, if the scan receiver data uses GSM technology and the carrier node is labeled 69-67 (317), this means that there are 317 records in the scan receiver data file with a BCCH of 69 and a BSIC of 67. If the node is labeled Missing-Missing (108), this means that there are 108 records that do not contain a BCCH or BSIC. 3 In the Sectors section, click Look Up, and then in the Sector Selection dialog box, choose the group of sectors to use and click Continue. The Serving Site/Sector Information tree view is updated to show which carrier nodes match values from the Mentum Planet sectors. Carrier nodes that do match Mentum Planet sectors are shown in red. You can manually assign sectors to unmatched carrier nodes. See To assign sectors to scan receiver carrier nodes manually on page 147.

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Unassigned carrier node Assigned carrier nodes

If you want to look up additional sectors from a different group, repeat Step 3, and then in the confirmation dialog box, do one of the following:

Click Yes to remove existing sector assignments. Any sectors that have already been allocated to the scan receiver records will be removed. Click No to keep existing sector assignments.

If required, manually adjust any sector assignments. See To assign sectors to scan receiver carrier nodes manually on page 147.
You can also look up sectors by doing one of the following: To look up sectors for all carrier nodes, right-click the top-level node (the file name) and choose Look Up Sectors. To look up sectors for a single carrier node, right-click the carrier node and choose Look Up Sectors.

To assign sectors to scan receiver carrier nodes manually


If you want to assign a sector to a carrier node, and the sector has either not been assigned automatically or has been assigned incorrectly, you can assign a sector manually. You can assign multiple sectors to each carrier node.

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In the Scan Receiver - Allocate Records to Sectors dialog box, in the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view, choose a carrier node and click Assign Sector. In the Sector Selection dialog box, choose the group that contains the sector that you want to assign, and click Continue. In the Site Lookup dialog box, choose the sector to assign to the carrier node and click OK.
You can also assign a sector by right-clicking a carrier node in the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view and choosing Assign Sector.

2 3

To add a virtual scan receiver sector


A virtual sector is one that does not exist in your Mentum Planet project, but that was part of the drive test. This sector could be part of another region, a competitors sector, or no longer on the air. You can add a virtual sector to the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view and allocate the appropriate records to it. Virtual sectors appear only as part of the Scan Receiver tool. They are not added to your Mentum Planet project. 1 In the Scan Receiver - Allocate Records to Sectors dialog box, in the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view, right-click the carrier node to which you want to assign the virtual sector, and click Add Virtual Sector. In the Add Virtual Sector dialog box, in the Site Name box, type a name for the site to which the virtual sector belongs, and in the Sector Name box, type a name for the virtual sector.

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In the Antenna Information section, do the following:


From the Name list, choose the name of the antenna. In the X/Long box, type the x-coordinate of the sector. This value must be within the co-ordinates of the height file for the project. In the Y/Lat box, type the y-coordinate of the sector. This value must be within the co-ordinates of the height file for the project. In the Height box, type the height of the sector above ground level. In the Power box, type the power of the sector. In the Azimuth box, type the azimuth of the sector. In the Tilt box, type the tilt of the sector.

For more information on any of these values, press the F1 key. 4 Click OK.

To view or modify sector information


You can view information about any of the serving sectors in the Serving Site/ Sector tree view. The information that is displayed originally is the information associated with that sector in Mentum Planet. When you modify information in the Sector Information section of the Scan Receiver - Allocate Records to Sectors dialog box, you are modifying only the data associated with the scan receiver data file. You are not changing the values assigned to the sectors in Mentum Planet. Typically, you would modify this data when you know that a sector that actually exists (and was used to collect the scan receiver data) has different values than those assigned in Mentum Planet. 1 In the Scan Receiver - Allocate Records to Sectors dialog box, in the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view, choose the sector. The Sector Information displays the information for the chosen sector. 2 If you want to modify the sector information, type new values in any of the editable boxes, and click Apply.

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To allocate scan receiver records to sectors


1 In the Records section, choose the By Distance or By Path Loss option for assigning records where there is more than one possible match. See Allocating scan receiver data to sectors on page 145 for more information on these options. 2 Do one of the following:

To allocate records to all sectors, in the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view, choose the top-level node and in the Records section, click Allocate. The Serving Site/Sector Information tree view is updated to show the number of records that have been assigned to all sectors in parentheses following the sector names. To allocate records to a single sector only, in the Serving Site/ Sector Information tree view, choose a sector and in the Records section, click Allocate. The Serving Site/Sector Information tree view is updated to show the number of records that have been assigned to the chosen sector in parentheses following the sector name.
If you click Allocate, but you have not yet looked up sectors, the Scan Receiver tool automatically looks up sectors before allocating records.

If you want to hide sectors that have not been allocated, in the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view, right-click the top-level node, and choose Hide All Unmatched Sectors. You can view all sectors by right-clicking the top-level node again and choosing Show All Sectors.

You can also allocate records by right-clicking a carrier node in the Site/Sector Information tree view and choosing Allocate Records by Minimum Distance or Allocate Records by Minimum Path Loss. This option is only available if you have looked up sectors automatically or assigned sectors manually first.

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To view the scan receiver records


You can view the scan receiver data records associated with a sector or a carrier node.

In the Scan Receiver - Allocate Records to Sectors dialog box, in the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view, right-click the item and choose Browse Records. A Scan Receiver Browser window opens, showing the records associated with the item that you chose.

To unassign sectors

In the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view, choose the sector, and in the Sectors section, click Unassign Sector.
You can also unassign a sector by right-clicking the sector and choosing Unassign Sector.

To modify the display in the Scan Receiver tree view


By default, when you assign sectors to carrier nodes, the sectors are added to the Serving Site/Sector Information tree view under each carrier node. You can reverse the order to display the carrier nodes under the sectors.

In the Scan Receiver - Allocate Records to Sectors dialog box, in the Serving Site/Sector Information section, right-click the toplevel node, and choose Toggle View. You can restore the original view by right-clicking the top-level node and choosing Toggle View again.

Exporting scan receiver data to surveys


After you have allocated scan receiver data to sectors, you can export the scan receiver data to one or more surveys. For information on allocating scan receiver data to sectors, see Allocating scan receiver data to sectors on page 145. When you export the scan receiver data to a survey, the latitude,

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longitude, signal strength, and sector header information are exported. You can choose one of the following options for export:

With Assignmentcreates an assignment file with the survey assigned to the matched sector (see To export a survey assignment file on page 80 for details on assignment files). Without Assignmentdoes not create an assignment file

For more information on what you can do with the exported surveys, see Chapter 3: Managing Survey Data on page 61.
The Export to Survey function for scan receiver data files is subject to the sampling rates of the original scan receiver data files. The equipment used to create the original scan receiver data files is not always configured to sample data with enough samples for quality model tuning purposes (for example, to satisfy the Lee Criteria).

To export scan receiver data to surveys


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Operational Data category, expand the Field Measurement Data node, then expand the Scan Receiver node. Right-click the scan receiver data node you want to view and choose one of the following:

Export to Survey With Assignment Export to Survey Without Assignment

The scan receiver data is converted to one or more surveys. The exported surveys are grouped under the Surveys RSSI node. The name of the group is the same as the scan receiver data name. Surveys with invalid header information are identified by a red icon in the Project Explorer. A warning message identifies the surveys with invalid headers.

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6.
This chapter contains the following sections:

Chapter 6: Generating Predictions

Generating Predictions
Predictions use a propagation model, terrain and clutter information, and general sector settings including the power, antenna, and azimuth to predict the signal strength and path loss of a sector at any location where the signal exceeds the defined minimum level. Path loss and signal strength predictions are used in network analyses to determine coverage and other metrics. The procedure for generating analysis layers varies, depending on the technology. For information on generating analysis layers, see the appropriate User Guide.

Understanding path loss and signal strength predictions Path loss and signal strength files Choosing a prediction mode Defining output settings Generating predictions Viewing predictions from the Project Explorer Viewing predictions from the View menu Displaying, filtering, and deleting predictions

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Understanding path loss and signal strength predictions


When you generate a network analysis, Mentum Planet analyzes the path loss predictions and, depending on the technology, the signal strength predictions for each sector to generate analysis layers. You can generate and view predictions prior to and separate from an analysis, or you can generate them as required, as part of an analysis. For more information, see Generating predictions on page 163. By default, Mentum Planet checks to make sure that valid prediction files are available when you generate an analysis. If you have not generated predictions or the files have been deleted or are out of date, they are generated as part of the analysis. The process for generating network analyses and the analysis layers that are available varies depending on the technology. For information on generating network analyses, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using. Predictions and analysis layers are available to view or to use as inputs for other Mentum Planet tools, including the Neighbor List Generator and the Interference Matrix Generator. For more information, see Viewing predictions from the Project Explorer on page 165. You can use the Prediction Manager to remove prediction files that are no longer valid or are no longer required. For more information, see Displaying, filtering, and deleting predictions on page 168.

Path loss and signal strength files


The following sections describe path loss files, signal strength files, and combined signal strength files.

Path loss files


When you generate predictions, a set of path loss files (a .bin file and a corresponding .txt log file) is created based on the site and sector settings. The log files list the parameters used for the predictions. If the sector settings for the site are the same, only one set of path loss files is generated for the site. If the Set Prediction Parameters By Sector option is enabled, and the sectors have unique settings, a set of path loss files is created for each sector. Path loss files use the following naming convention: <Site_ID>_<Sector_number>_<Grid_resolution>_<Distance> For example, Site_1_3_225_20000.bin is a path loss file for Site_1, sector 3, using a grid resolution of 25 m, as well as a Distance of 20 km. The grid

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resolution number is calculated using various inputs and isnt the grid resolution itself. If the sector settings are the same, the sector designation in the file name indicates the first sector, but all sectors are included in the prediction. A .txt file that lists the parameters used in the prediction is also created. Each set of path loss files is stored in a separate folder within the Bin folder. The folder names include the Site ID, Sector ID, and a unique ID to differentiate between predictions. When you regenerate predictions, new path loss files are created, and any existing files and folders are left intact.
High resolution grids can result in very large bin files. For information on setting the bin file size, see Defining output settings on page 159.

Signal strength files


Signal strength predictions are based on the path loss values and the associated sector properties. A set of signal strength files (a .grd file and a .tab file) is created for each sector, using the following naming convention: <Site_ID>_<Sector_number>_<Grid_resolution>_<Distance> For example, Site_1_3_225_20000.grd is a signal strength grid file for the Site_1, sector 3, using a grid resolution of 25 m, and a Distance of 20 km. An index.xml file that lists the parameters used in the prediction is also created. Each set of signal strength files is stored in a separate folder within the SignalStrength folder. The folder names includes the Site ID, Sector ID, and a unique ID to differentiate between predictions. When you regenerate predictions, new signal strength files are created, and any existing files and folders are left intact.

Combined signal strength files


When you view the predictions for a site, a combined set of signal strength files for all of the sectors at the site is created. The combined files are located in the FieldStrength\Combined folder. Table 6.1 on page 158 provides a description of the combined layer types and the file name conventions.

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Table 6.1 Combined signal strength layers Layer Description and file name

Combined Signal StrengthTotal Power Composite coverage of the signal strength for the selected site at total power. CFS_<Project_ID>_<Site_ID>_<Sector_list> Combined Signal StrengthSpecified Power Composite coverage of the signal strength for the selected site at a specified power, available for certain technologies only. For more information, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using. CFS_<Project_ID>_<Site_ID>_<PowerSelectionName>_<Sector_list>

Choosing a prediction mode


Propagation models cannot always account for the complexities of signal propagation in urban environments. Hence, to predict more accurately how a signal will behave, you can merge survey and prediction data. This is valuable because survey data represents the actual coverage provided by the network, improving the accuracy of your predictions. When you configure sectors, you can define whether to use model or merged predictions by enabling the Merged check box and specifying an interpolation distance. When the check box is cleared, modeled predictions are generated using the assigned propagation model. When the check is enabled, modeled predictions are merged with survey data. See Generating predictions on page 163. After generating merged predictions, two .bin files and two signal strength files are generated for each site or sector.

Modeled predictions
Modeled predictions are calculated using the propagation model assigned to the site or sector. For information on propagation modeling, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using.

Merged predictions
Merged predictions are calculated using unmasked survey data and path loss values converted from signal strength readings. Bins that are outside the

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Interpolation Distance (defined in the Site Editor) contain model prediction values. Bins that are within the interpolation distance contain interpolated values calculated by merging survey data and model prediction values.

Defining output settings


You can choose to define additional output options, such as advanced prediction layers, bin file resolution, and output options, when generating predictions. Analysis output settings can be defined on a per-project basis using the Advanced Options tab in the Project Settings dialog box (see Advanced prediction layers).

Advanced prediction layers


When you generate predictions, you can choose to include a number of advanced prediction layers that provide additional information about the sites specified in the analysis. When you generate advanced prediction layers, a folder with the same name as the layer typefor example, Azimuthis created in the root of your project folder. A .grd file and a .tab file are stored for each of the advanced layer types listed in Table 6.2.
Table 6.2 Advanced prediction layers Layer Azimuth Description and file name The bearing between the site and the receiver, corrected for map projection. AZ_<Site_ID>_<Site_ID>_<Sector>_<Grid_resolution>_<Distance> Inclination The angle below the horizontal from the transmitting antenna to the receiving antenna. IN_<Site_ID>_<Site_ID>_<Sector>_<Grid_resolution>_<Distance> Path Loss Loss or attenuation of the electromagnetic wave between the transmitter and the receiver. This may be due to various factors including free space path loss, refraction, reflection, or diffraction of the transmitted signal. PL_<Site_ID>_<Site_ID>_<Sector>_<Grid_resolution>_<Distance>

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Bin file size and resolution


When you generate merged or modeled predictions, bin files are created. Bin files contain path loss and other values, and are constructed as a twodimensional matrix with prediction values stored at the intersection of each row and column. The resolution of a signal strength grid is equal to the resolution of the elevation grid file. When high resolution elevation grid files (such as a 5-meter DTM) are combined with large prediction areas, bin files can be created that are large enough to exceed the available disk space.
Bin files are background project files. Do not open or edit them.

Bin file size limit

To avoid exceeding disk space, you can limit the size of bin files. For information on how to do so, contact Customer Care. See Getting technical support on page 4.
Limiting the bin file size impacts the precision of prediction values in both modeled and merged predictions.

When a generated bin file exceeds the limit, Mentum Planet compresses the file by degrading the resolution of the grids stored in the file by factors of two. Mentum Planet performs this degradation to fit the resulting file size within the limit. The signal strength grid is displayed at the same resolution as the elevation grid, but the real resolution of the signal strength grid is equal to that of the other grids in the bin file. A value of 10.5 MB will accommodate most situations; however, you can set the value to suit the available disk space, up to a maximum of 1.8 GB.
Relationship between bin width, prediction radius, and file size

The following equation displays the relationship between the bin width, the radius of the prediction area, and the size of the resulting bin file.
2 2R - FileSize ( MB ) = 6 ----- d

Equation 6.1 Bin file size equation

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is the grid resolution (bin width) in meters

is the radius of the prediction area in kilometers

is the maximum byte size required to store the values of all grids for one bin, where the area of the square prediction grid equals 4 R 2
Example

The following table displays the resulting bin file sizes for combinations of d and R .
Table 6.3 Relationship between grid resolution, prediction radius, and file size Grid resolution (bin width) ( d ) 100 m 100 m 30 m 30 m 10 m 10 m Prediction radius ( R ) 10 km 20 km 10 km 20 km 10 km 20 km File size 0.24 MB 1 MB 2.7 MB 10.7 MB 24 MB 96 MB

The calculations in Table 6.3 are derived using a default size of six bytes per bin. In most situations, only four bytes are required, creating files that are correspondingly smaller. Using values from Table 6.3, the following three examples describe the bin file size process:

If the maximum file size is 10.5 MB, and the grid resolution and prediction radius are 30 m and 10 km respectively, the resulting file size of 2.7 MB is less than the maximum file size of 10.5 MB. Mentum Planet does not degrade the signal strength resolution in the bin file. If the maximum file size is 10.5 MB, and the grid resolution and prediction radius are 10 m and 10 km respectively, the resulting file size of 24 MB is greater than the maximum file size of 10.5 MB. Mentum Planet degrades the signal strength resolution in the bin file by a factor of two to 20 m. The resulting file size is 6 MB, which fits within the limit of 10.5 MB. At this level of

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degradation, little significant detail of the predicted signal strength is lost.

If the maximum file size is 10.5 MB, and the grid resolution and prediction radius are 10 m and 20 km respectively, the resulting file size of 96 MB is greater than the maximum file size of 10.5 MB. In this case, the resolution degradation by a factor of two is insufficient, and Mentum Planet degrades the resolution by a factor of four to 40 m. The resulting file size is 6 MB, which fits within the limit of 10.5 MB. However, at this level of degradation, it is possible that a significant level of detail in the predicted signal strength will be lost.

To define analysis output settings


1 2 3 4 Choose Edit Project Settings. In the Project Settings dialog box, click the Advanced Options tab. In the Additional Layers section, enable the check boxes for the advanced prediction layers that you want to generate. To specify the clutter grid to use when defining environment settings, in the Environments section, choose one of the following options:

Use Primary Clutter Griduses the clutter grid defined in the Project Settings dialog box. Use User-Defined Griduses the grid you specify. For example, you could use a grid created using the Environment Splicer.

Environment settings are used in Monte Carlo simulations. 5 Click OK. For more information on the prediction layers that you can generate, see Advanced prediction layers on page 159. For information on the Sharing section of the Advanced Options tab, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using.

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Generating predictions
Path loss and signal strength predictions are a prerequisite to network analyses. You can generate predictions prior to, or as part of a network analysis. By default, prediction files are only generated as required; however, you can choose to generate all prediction files, regardless of their status. You can greatly increase the accuracy of predictions by generating merged predictions. To do so, you must import at least one survey, associate it with your project, and assign it to a sector. For more information, see Chapter 3: Managing Survey Data on page 61. When you are generating merged predictions, the following files are created in the Site folder (e.g., Site_1_1_6DCCCABFE512183CA1B8C6A) within the Signal Strength folder of your project:

a .grd file and a .tab file for the modeled output a .grd file and a .tab file for the merged output. two .bin files
By default, predictions are generated at the same resolution as the primary heights file specified in the Project Settings.

The interpolation method used in multi-threaded predictions differs from the method used in predictions generated using the traditional Prediction Generator. As a result, you may see slight differences between traditional and multi-threaded predictions. When you use fewer radials or a large propagation distance, these differences will be greater

The distance increment is assumed to be set to Auto . You can no longer define this value.

To generate predictions
1 2 Choose Tools Prediction Generator. In the Sector Selection dialog box, choose the sector group for which you want to generate predictions and click OK.

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The Prediction Generator dialog box opens.

3 4

If you only want to check the status of the current set of prediction files, click Check. To generate predictions, do one of the following:

If you want to generate only predictions that are missing or out of date, click Generate. If you want to generate predictions for all sectors regardless of their status, click Regenerate.

Predictions will be generated or regenerated only for the sectors and repeaters listed in the Prediction Generator dialog box. The Progress section of the Prediction Generator dialog box provides an indication of

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the overall progress, as well as the time elapsed and an estimate of the time remaining. If errors occur during prediction generation, the Messages box opens displaying error messages. 5 6 To close the Messages box if required, click Hide Messages. When the generation of predictions is complete, click Close.

If you want to keep working in Mentum Planet while the predictions are being generated, you can minimize the Prediction Generator dialog box. When you minimize the dialog box, a Prediction Generator icon appears at the bottom of the Project Explorer. Click the icon to restore the dialog box.

Viewing predictions from the Project Explorer


You can view prediction layers for individual sites, sectors, or repeaters from the Project Explorer. This is a fast and easy way to view predictions in the same Map window. You can display prediction layers for various powers depending on the technology of the sector.
You cannot view predictions from the Project Explorer when you use the Shift key to select multiple sectors or sites.

To view predictions for a sector


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, expand the Sites node. Right-click a sector, choose View Predictions, and choose one of the following:

Modeled <Power>to view a prediction layer for the chosen power. The options available depend on the technology of the sector. Merged <Power>to view a merged prediction layer based on survey data and model prediction values for the chosen power. The options available depend on the technology of the sector.

The prediction layers for the sector are displayed in the Map window.

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Viewing predictions from the View menu


You can display prediction layers for various powers depending on the technology of the sector.

For WiMAX sites, you can view the total power and the preamble signal. For LTE sites, you can view the total power and the reference signal.

You can also display predictions in a new Map window.


You can set the translucency of the prediction layer you display by defining user preferences for viewing. See the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using.

To view predictions using the View menu


1 Choose View Predictions. The View Predictions dialog box opens.

2 3

To view predictions for sites, select the sites in the Map window and click the Base Stations tab. In the list box, choose the sites for which you want to see predictions. You can choose multiple sites by dragging the pointer.

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In the Type section, choose the type of prediction you want to display. If the generated prediction is a modeled prediction, the Merged option is not available.

5 6

From the Power list, choose which power you want to view. To display the prediction layer in a new Map window, enable the New Window check box. For each site chosen in the List box, a combined prediction opens in a new Map window.

7 8 9

Click View to view the predictions for the chosen sites. To view predictions for sectors, click the Sectors tab, and in the list box, choose the sectors for which you want to view predictions. Repeat Step 4 to Step 7. When you select multiple sectors that assigned different technologies, the only power available is total power.

10 To view predictions for a site or sector not currently displayed in the View Predictions dialog box, choose a site or sector in the Map window and click the appropriate tab in the View Predictions dialog box. 11 Repeat Step 4 to Step 7. 12 Click Save Settings to save the settings currently chosen in the View Predictions dialog box. 13 To view details about a prediction that is currently displayed in a Map window or to close displayed predictions, click the Displayed tab and do any of the following:

Click Close All Tables to close all predictions currently being displayed in a Map window. In in the list box, choose the predictions you want to close and click Close Table.

You can choose multiple predictions by dragging the pointer.

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14 When you have finished viewing predictions, click OK.


To view predictions for a site, you can also click the View Predictions button on the Site toolbar and then click an individual site in the Map window. You can also right-click a site in the Map window and use the commands from the shortcut menu to generate and view predictions or open the Prediction Manager.

Displaying, filtering, and deleting predictions


You can use the Prediction Manager to view a list of the predictions that have been generated for a project, and remove any files that you no longer require. You can view a list of all of the predictions that have been generated for a project or you can use the Filter dialog box to display only specific predictions based on the file type and status, and the sector settings. The Prediction Manager dialog box displays a number of different properties for each prediction, including the Type (Bin or Signal Strength), Site Name, Sector Name, and Model Name, to help you identify the predictions. You can also view a detailed list of the properties associated with each prediction.
You cannot view detailed properties for predictions that were generated prior to Mentum Planet version 4.1.

When you select one or more rows in the Prediction Manager, the status bar at the bottom of the window indicates the number of files selected and the total amount of disk space used by the files. If your project contains a large number of predictions, you can filter the list of predictions based on a number of different criteria. For example, you could filter the list of predictions by file date and remove any predictions that were more than two weeks old.

To display, filter, and delete predictions


1 Choose Tools Prediction Manager. The Prediction Manager dialog box opens with no predictions displayed.

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If you want to display predictions based on a defined criteria, choose View Filter and, in the Filter dialog box, and do the following:

From the File Type list, choose to filter either the bin files or the signal strength files. From the File Status list, choose the status of the file on which you want to filter. Enable the check box next to the properties upon which you want to filter and define or choose the filter criteria.

For information on the Filter dialog box, press the F1 key. 3 In the Filter dialog box, click OK. A list of predictions is displayed based on the options you chose. 4 5 If you want to display all predictions that have been generated for the project, in the Prediction Manager, choose View Show All. If you want to limit the columns or change the order in which they are displayed in the Prediction Manager, choose View Columns, do any of the following, and then click OK:

To define which columns are displayed, enable the check boxes beside the items in the Visible Columns list. To define the order in which the columns are displayed, choose the columns in the Visible Columns list and click Add. Use the Up and Down buttons to arrange the items, and then in the Sorting Order section, choose either Ascending or Descending.

If you want to view detailed information for a prediction, choose a row in the table, and then choose View Properties. The Prediction Properties dialog box opens. Do any of the following and then click OK.

Click the Categorized button to display the properties in grouped categories. Click the Alphabetic button to display the properties in alphabetical order. Click any row in the table to view a description of the property at the bottom of the dialog box.

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8 9

To view the prediction in a Map window, in the Prediction Manager, choose a row in the table and click the View Prediction button. To delete predictions, choose one or more rows, and then choose Prediction Delete or press the Delete key. The predictions that you chose are deleted from the project folder.

There are other ways to open the Prediction Manager. You can rightclick one or more sites, sectors, or groups in the Project Explorer, or right-click the Sites or Flags node and choose Prediction Manager. A list of predictions is displayed based on the nodes you selected. No predictions are displayed if you use the Sites node. You can also right-click sites in the Map window and choose Prediction Manager. You can also use the toolbar buttons at the top of the Prediction Manager dialog box to access relevant commands.

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This chapter contains the following sections:

Chapter 7: Generating Signal Strength Predictions Between Two Points

Generating Signal Strength Predictions Between Two Points


Using Mentum Planet, you can focus an analysis on two points. These two points can represent, for example, a base station and a mobile subscriber or a base station and a possible candidate site. This type of analysis can provide valuable information about the effect that changing sector heights, antenna properties, transmit power, or rain fade has on the signal path and quality.

Understanding point-to-point analyses Workflow for point-to-point analyses Understanding the Point-toPoint Profile Tool dialog box Generating point-to-point profiles Understanding how to interpret a point-to-point profile Customizing the point-to-point profile graph window Viewing the height of clutter above the elevation profile Exporting a point-to-point graph Printing point-to-point graphs Saving and opening point-topoint profiles

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Understanding point-to-point analyses


How a signal travels over the terrain and is attenuated by obstructions within the Fresnel zone can have important ramifications on the overall performance of your network. To better understand the effects of changing the height of a sector or modifying antenna properties, you can visualize the signal path by generating a profile between two points, such as a base station and a mobile subscriber. Because signal strength profiles are generated on-the-fly, you do not have to generate predictions for the entire area of a sector but can focus instead on the signal path alone. As a result, you can quickly and easily create a profile of the terrain (elevation or clutter), the signal strength, the path loss, or the Fresnel zone. In addition, you can model changes to transmitter and receiver heights, locations, or antenna parameters within the Point-to-Point Profile Tool. Once you have achieved the desired result, you can print a profile or export it for use in reports.

The Fresnel zone


The Fresnel zone is the area around the visual line-of-sight where radio waves spread as they move out from the antenna. In the Point-to-Point dialog box, the Fresnel zone is shown as the perpendicular distance from the line of sight. Generally, each Fresnel zone is reserved for a specific type of propagation. The first zone typically shows the obstruction and clearance levels of the signal. The higher zones include interference that cause the original signal to attenuate. The perpendicular distance is calculated as:
N D1 D2 F n = K --------------------------------------D1 + D2 Where

K is a constant that determines the percentage of the Fresnel zone to be shown N is the number of the Fresnel zone

is the wavelength calculated as c/f

D1 is the horizontal distance from the start point D2 is the horizontal distance from the end point

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Workflow for point-to-point analyses


Step 1 Step 2
In the Map window, choose a start point. The Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box opens. In the Map window, move the cursor over the map. The profile displayed in the Point-to-Point graph window will update dynamically until you click on an end point. The default profiles (i.e., elevation and clutter (if the project includes clutter)) are automatically updated. By default, the line-of-sight is also displayed. Add additional profiles (e.g., propagation model, Fresnel zone and line-of-sight) as required. Customize the point-to-point profiles as required. This includes choosing color and line style. See Customizing the point-to-point profile graph window on page 182. If required, export or print point-to-point profiles. See Exporting a point-to-point graph on page 185 and Printing point-to-point graphs on page 186. Save point-to-point profiles. See Saving and opening point-topoint profiles on page 186.

Step 3 Step 4

Step 5

Step 6

If you want to generate a sector-to-sector profile, open the Point-toPoint Profile Tool by choosing Tools Point-to-Point Profile. When you minimize the Point-to-Point dialog box, a Point-to-Point icon appears at the bottom of the Project Explorer. Click the icon to restore the dialog box.

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Understanding the Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box


The Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box contains the following elements:

Graph windowdisplays the selected profiles. You can customize the look and feel of the graph window and display a legend if required. Profile panedisplays a list of profiles with the associated line color. You can view profiles by enabling the check box next to the profile or remove the profile from the graph window by clearing the check box. the Transmitter tabdisplays transmitter location and frequency as well as details about the transmitting antenna. You can adjust transmitter settings and view changes in the profiles by clicking the Refresh button. the Receiver tabdisplays the location and height of the receiver as well as details about the receiving antenna. You can adjust antenna settings and view changes in the profiles by clicking the Refresh button. Options tabdisplays an additional geodata setting (i.e., the maintain maximum inclination setting). It also displays additional network settings such as the earth curvature and the rain factor. Tracking tabdisplays the values for the profiles at a specific point. This tab is only displayed when you have clicked the Cursor Tracking button. Clutter legenddisplays the color scheme and classes contained in the clutter file. Information bardisplays the angle, the inclination, the height of the terrain at the transmitter and the height of the terrain at the receiver as well as information about the clutter class.

For detailed information on any of these sections, press the F1 key.

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You can quickly access the main features of the Point-to-Point Tool using the following toolbar buttons.

Refreshredraws the profiles in the graph window based on current settings Toggle Real-time updatesupdates the signal strength and path loss profiles on-the-fly as you move the cursor over the map. In addition, changes to the power setting, frequency setting, or antenna settings are automatically reflected in the graph window as soon as you make a change. Toggle Profile Capturefreezes the profiles displayed in the graph window. This is useful when you want to display a different profile in a second Point-to-Point Tool dialog box. View Path lossadds the path loss profile to the graph window if you have a prediction profile listed in the Profiles list. You can view either the signal strength profile or the path loss profile at any one time. View Signal Strengthadds the signal strength profile to the graph window if you have a prediction profile listed in the Profiles list. You can view either the signal strength profile or the path loss profile at any one time. Panenables you to move the profile graph around the graph window. Cursor Trackingdisplays additional information on the Tracking tab about a specific point along a profile. Zoom Inzooms in on the graph by a predefined factor. Zoom Outzooms out of the graph by a predefined factor. Toggle Legenddisplays a legend in the upper right corner of the graph window. You turn the display off or on but you cannot change the location of the legend. Toggle Split Axesstacks the vertical axes above each other.

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Point-to-Point Tool toolbar Graph legend Graph window Profile panel Profile toolbar

Clutter legend

Clutter Height Edit buttons Information bar Transmitter, Receiver, Options and Tracking tabs

Figure 7.1 Elements of the Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box

Generating point-to-point profiles


Using point-to-point profiles, you can analyze the path of the signal between two points. These two points can be a sector and a mobile user or they can be two sectors.The Point-to-Point Profile tool uses project information to determine which elevation and clutter grids to use for calculations. Signal strength values are calculated on-the-fly along the path you specify.
When you enable the Use Maximum Gain check box on the Antenna tab for either the transmitter or receiver, Mentum Planet assumes that the direction of the corresponding antenna is always such that it receives with the maximum gain. If you do not enable the Use Maximum Gain check box, the gain is calculated according to the angle of departure or the angle of arrival.

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To generate a point-to-point profile


1 With a Mentum Planet project open, on the Tools toolbar, click the Point-to-Point Profile Tool button and click in the Map window at the start point. The Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box opens. 2 Do one of the following:

If you want to create a point-to-point profile, in the Map window, click to define the end point of the signal path. If you want to create a sector-to-sector profile, in the Point-toPoint Profile Tool dialog box, click the Transmitter tab, click Select Sector, and in the Sector Selection dialog box, choose a sector to mark the start point, and click OK. Repeat on the Receiver tab to define the end point.

The signal path is drawn in the Map window. 3 If you want to add prediction profiles to the graph, in the Profiles pane, click the Add Prediction Profile button and do the following:

In the Profile Name box, type a name for the profile From the Propagation Model list, choose the propagation model to use for the profile and click OK.

The profile is added to the profile list and displayed in the graph window. 4 If you want to add a Fresnel profile to the graph, click the Add Fresnel Zone Profile button and, in the Add Fresnel Zone Profile dialog box, define the following parameters and click OK.

Fresnel Zonezone number. The zone number you specify depends on the type of clearance or interference you want to see. The first zone typically shows the obstruction and clearance

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levels of the signal. The higher zones include interference that cause the original signal to attenuate.

Fresnel Constantfixed value indicating the percentage of the Fresnel zone that will be displayed. For wireless applications, 60% is generally required. Frequencyfrequency of the signal. Defining a higher frequency will reduce the amount of spread within the Fresnel zone.

Both the Fresnel zone and the line-of-sight will be added to the graph window. 5 If you want to view the path loss profile, click the View Path Loss button. The path loss profile is added to the graph window. To change the color of the profile line, right-click on the profile in the Profiles pane and choose Format. 6 If you want to view the signal strength profile, click the View Signal Strength button. The signal strength profile is added to the graph window. To change the color of the profile line, right-click on the profile in the Profiles pane and choose Format. 7 If you want to remove the profile from the graph window, but not delete the profile, in the Profiles pane, clear the check box next to the profile name. Do any of the following and click Refresh:

To change the height or frequency of the transmitter, override the propagation model frequency, or update antenna settings, click the Transmitter tab and modify transmitter and antenna settings accordingly. To change the height or frequency of the receiver, override the propagation model frequency, or update antenna settings, click the Receiver tab and modify transmitter and antenna settings accordingly.

For information on these tabs, press the F1 key.

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If you want to enable the maintain maximum inclination setting, modify the earth curvature, or change the rain factor, click the Options tab, and do any of the following:

To calculate the over obstacle corrected distance and the angle to the top of the single most significant obstructing obstacle, double-click in the box next to Maintain Max Inclination if the current setting is False. You need to know the angle between the sector and the receiver in order to determine the actual antenna gain directed at a location. However, if the signal gets diffracted over an interfering obstacle, the appropriate antenna gain is considered to be the angle to the top of the obstacle over which the signal was diffracted. This effect can be important, especially when the location is relatively close to the sector, where inclinations are relatively significant (i.e., more than -5 degrees), and the antenna pattern is very directional. If you clear this check box, the direct angle to the receiver is calculated. Expand the Network Options node and type a value in the Earth Curvature (K Factor) box and, if required, click the arrow next to Rain Factor and specify the rain attenuation and rate.

10 If you want to view profiles for a different signal path, click in the Map window to define a new start point and a new end point. 11 Click Refresh. The profiles in the graph window are updated. 12 Choose File Exit to close the Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box.
You can customize the contents of the Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box using the commands from the View menu. You can also resize the graph area by dragging its edges. To change the color of the Fresnel profile or edit the values used in the profile, right-click on the Fresnel Profile in the Profiles pane and choose Format or Edit Profile. Similarly, you can change the color of the line-of-sight profile or the elevation profile by right-clicking the profile and choosing Format.

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You can open multiple instances of the Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box when you want to view multiple profiles. Use the View New Window in the Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box to open a new Point-toPoint Profile Tool dialog box or click the Point-to-Point Profile button on the Tools toolbar. If you have two dialog boxes open and draw the signal path in the Map window, by default, both graph windows will be updated with the same profile. Use the Toggle Profile Capture button to freeze the profiles in one Point-to-Point Tool dialog box.

Understanding how to interpret a point-to-point profile


There is a lot of information contained in a point-to-point profile that you can use to help better model a network. Understanding how to interpret a point-topoint profile will enable you to make the best use of the tools provided.

Figure 7.1 Example of a typical point-to-point profile

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What you see


In Figure 7.1, the graph window has been divided into two using the Toggle Split Axes button. The lower graph window displays the physical elevation and clutter profiles along a defined line. It also displays the line-of-sight profile and the Fresnel zone. The bottom half of the Fresnel zone is red indicating that the Fresnel zone crossed the elevation profile. The upper graph window displays the signal strength profile along the same line. Using the View Pathloss toolbar button, you can quickly change the profile in the upper window to show path loss instead of signal strength. You can also remove the legend from the display using the Toggle Legend button.

What you can do


In order to analyze different scenarios, you can:

change the height, power, frequency, and antenna parameters for the transmitter or receiver. change the earth curvature, rain factor, and the Maintain Max. Inclination setting. change the look and feel of the profile displayed in the graph window. See To customize the Point-to-Point profile graph window on page 182. zoom in or out of the graph using the Zoom In and Zoom Out buttons or the Enable Zoom command from the shortcut menu. pan across the graph using the Pan button or the Enable Pan command from the shortcut menu. enable cursor tracking. See Exporting a point-to-point graph on page 185.

For detailed information on the options in the Point-to-Point Tool dialog box, press the F1 key.

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Customizing the point-to-point profile graph window


You can change the colors and line styles displayed in the graph window and specify which elements of the graph you want to view.

To customize the Point-to-Point profile graph window


1 2 3 In the Point-to-Point Profile Tool, generate the profiles you want to display. If you want to display two graph windows, click the Toggle Split Axes button to stack the vertical axes above each other. Do one of the following:

To view the signal strength, click the View Signal Strength button. To view the path loss, click the View Pathloss button.

4 5 6 7

To format the color and style of profile lines, in the Profiles pane, rightclick the profile and choose Format. In the Line Properties Editor dialog box, define the line color, width, and style and click OK. To format the axes displayed for the graph, right-click in the graph window and choose Axes Options. In the Axes Options dialog box, specify the appearance of the axes and line ticks and click OK. For information on axes options, press the F1 key.

8 9

To display a legend in the graph window, click the Legend button. To close the Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box, choose File Exit.

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To inspect individual points on a profile


When you enable cursor tracking, a Tracking tab appears at the bottom of the Point-to-Point Tool dialog box. As you move the cursor over a profile, values relative to the cursor position are displayed on the tab. 1 In the Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box, do one of the following:

Click the Cursor Tracking button. Right-click in the graph window and choose Enable Cursor Tracking.

A Tracking tab appears next to the Transmitter and Receiver tabs at the bottom of the dialog box. 2 Move the cursor over the signal strength or path loss profile. Distance, elevation, and path loss or signal strength values are displayed on the Tracking tab. The values change as you move the cursor along the profile. 3 To exit the cursor tracking mode, click the Cursor Tracking button a second time.

Viewing the height of clutter above the elevation profile


In order to more accurately assess the line-of-sight and the Fresnel zone clearance along the signal path, you can view the clutter height above the elevation.

To define clutter height values


1 2 3 In the Point-to-Point Profile Tool, generate the profiles you want to display. Click the Edit button beneath the clutter legend. In the Clutter Height Editor, for each clutter class where you want to view the clutter height above the elevation, click in the Clutter Height column, and enter the appropriate value. When you have finished entering values, click OK. Clutter heights are saved in the DefaultClutterHeight.cpa file in the project Model folder.

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To view clutter heights

Do one of the following:

To view clutter heights above the elevation profile, click the Toggle Clutter Heights button beneath the clutter legend. To view the clutter heights up to the elevation profile, click the Toggle Clutter Heights button a second time.

Displaying reflection points


You can display reflection points in a point-to-point profile to determine whether there are multipath signals between the transmitter and the receiver that would interfere with the signal and impact your network performance. You can then change the height of the receiver or transmitter in order to eliminate multipath signals.

To display reflection points


1 2 In the Point-to-Point Profile Tool, on the Profile toolbar, click the Display Reflection Points button. To define your start point (or the transmitting sector), do one of the following:

Click at a point in the Map window. Click the Transmitter tab, click the Select Sector button, choose a sector, and click OK.

To define your end point (or the receiving sector), do one of the following:

Click at a point in the Map window. Click the Receiver tab, click the Select Sector button, choose a sector, and click OK.

If there is a multipath signal where the reflected angles between the transmitter and the receiver are the same at a point on the elevation profile, it is displayed in the point-to-point graph as shown in Figure 7.2. If the reflected lines intersect with the terrain, the reflection point is not displayed.

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Figure 7.2 Point where the reflected angles between the transmitter and the receiver equal 1.06 degrees.

Exporting a point-to-point graph


You can export a graph generated in the Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box as a graphic file or as a text file. Graphic file formats include .bmp, .gif, .jpeg, tiff, and .wmf files. The data export format is comma-separated value. Depending on the format, you can send outputs to the clipboard, a printer, or a file.

To export a point-to-point graph as an image


1 2 In the Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box, choose File Export Export Image. In the Save As dialog box, do the following:

From the Save In list, choose the destination folder. In the File Name box, type a name for the file. From the Save As Type list, choose the format of the image.

Click Save.

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To export a point-to-point graph to a text file


1 2 In the Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box, choose File Export Export Data. In the Save As dialog box, do the following:

From the Save In list, choose the destination folder. In the File Name box, type a name for the file. From the Save As Type list, choose csv files (*.csv).

Click Save.

Printing point-to-point graphs


You can customize the print layout of point-to-point graphs you want to send to a printer.

To print a point-to-point graph


1 2 3 In the Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box, choose File Page Setup to define the layout of the graph print out. In the Page Setup dialog box, define the paper size, source, orientation and margins. Do one of the following:

If you want to preview the print layout, in the Page Setup dialog box, click OK and go to Step 4. If you want to send the point-to-point graph to the printer, click the Printer button, review the printer settings, and click OK.

Choose File Print Preview.

Saving and opening point-to-point profiles


You can save a profile for later use when you want to make comparisons between profiles. Profiles are saved as .xml files.

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To save a point-to-point profile


1 2 In the Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box, choose File Save Profile. Navigate to the folder where you want to save the profile, in the File Name box, type a name for the profile, and click Save.

To open a point-to-point profile


1 2 In the Point-to-Point Profile Tool dialog box, choose File Open. Locate the .xml file you want to open and click Open.

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8.
This chapter contains the following sections:

Chapter 8: Working with Traffic Maps

Working with Traffic Maps


Traffic maps enable you to optimize your network in the areas with the most subscribers. You can use traffic maps to create interference matrices and neighbor lists. Traffic maps are important input data for various technology-specific network analyses as well.

Understanding traffic maps Understanding clutter weighting Workflow for creating and editing a traffic map Creating traffic maps from regions, vectors, and classified grids Creating a traffic map from network data Applying clutter weighting Modifying clutter relative weightings Viewing traffic maps Adding traffic maps to the Project Explorer Modifying traffic maps Converting traffic maps Scaling traffic maps Combining traffic maps Deleting traffic maps

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Understanding traffic maps


Traffic maps provide data about the geographical distribution of subscriber traffic in a network. You can generate a traffic map from demographic data, such as population census data, or from network data. When planning a network, you can use demographic data to estimate subscriber numbers. The variation in subscriber density across the network coverage area is likely to be similar to the variation in population density. When optimizing an existing network, you can base your traffic map on network data that reflects the actual usage patterns in the network. Traffic maps that you create or add to the project are displayed in the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category. The icon beside the traffic map name (see Table 8.1) indicates whether or not you can view properties and edit the traffic map.
Table 8.1 Traffic map icons Icon Description The traffic map was created within the current project using one of the methods described in this chapter. You can view and edit certain properties. The traffic map was modified or added to the project. You cannot view the properties or edit the traffic map.

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Types of input traffic data


You can base your traffic map on one of the following types of data:

Regionstraffic data for a set of polygon regions, such as postal codes Vectorstraffic data for geographical vector objects, such as roads Classified gridgeographical regions and a text file containing the traffic data for each region. This can be information converted from region and vector data. Network dataimported traffic data

Longitude/latitude projection is not supported for input data. Re-project the original region or vector table into UTM. If a region is inside another region in the input data, it is discarded. If clutter weighting is needed, the clutter file and the input table must be in the same projection.

Conversion factors for input traffic data


The input traffic data can be measured in subscribers, Erlangs, or Kilobits per second (Kbps). The Traffic Map Generator output is a numeric grid of traffic density values expressed as subscribers, Erlangs, or Kbps per km2. The conversion factors between traffic units have default values, but you can also specify them within a range, as described in Table 8.2.
Table 8.2 Conversion factors for input traffic data Conversion Subscribers to Erlangs Erlangs to Subscribers Subscribers to Kbps Kbps to Subscribers Erlangs to Kbps Kbps to Erlangs Default Factor 0.025 40 1 1 1 1 Range 0.000001 to 1.0 1 to 1 000 000 0.000001 to 1 000 000 0.000001 to 1 000 000 0.000001 to 1 000 000 0.000001 to 1 000 000

When you work with population data, your conversion factor must include the conversion from population to subscribers, also known as the penetration rate. For example, if your network has a penetration rate of 10% and you want to

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use a subscribers-to-Erlangs conversion of 0.025, the conversion factor when using population data is 0.0025. You can use the Traffic Map Generator to create all traffic maps, but the procedure differs depending on the form of the input.

Understanding clutter weighting


Wireless network traffic is not uniform across a region. There are more users in urban and suburban areas than in forests and open land. Clutter weighting provides a more realistic view of traffic density. When you apply relative weighting factors, the Traffic Map Generator redistributes the amount of traffic within each census region according to the underlying clutter types. Figure 8.1 shows a traffic map created from population data without applying clutter weighting. Each census region is marked with a color reflecting its total population. Red areas are the most populated, blue areas the least. Figure 8.2 shows the same traffic map after clutter weighting is applied.

Figure 8.1 Traffic map made from population data by region without clutter weighting

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Figure 8.2 Traffic map made from population data by region with clutter weighting

Clutter weighting reduces the traffic data value where the underlying clutter type implies few subscribers, for example, water, open areas, and forest. Values are increased where the underlying clutter is urban or industrial. Only the distribution of traffic is affected. The total amount of traffic is unchanged. You control clutter weighting by defining a relative weighting value for each clutter type. The clutter file you use for predictions and analyses is probably not the best one to use for clutter weighting. Instead of ground cover types, clutter weighting requires land use information about areas such as shopping centers, stadiums, and highways so that subscriber densities can be determined.

Including vectors in clutter


Wireless network traffic is often concentrated along roads. It is useful to include roads on the clutter grid so that they can be assigned clutter classes for clutter weighting. You do this by merging your base clutter file with the vector file containing the roads. During merging, vector objects are converted to bins in the clutter grid file and assigned a clutter class. You can set the width of vector objects on the grid by setting their buffer radius. If the vector file contains this information, you can use a separate buffer radius setting for each type of vector object. A vector object, such as a road, added to the clutter grid, can be assigned a clutter class that replaces the underlying clutter type. Or, you can create a new combined clutter type that reflects both the vector type and the underlying clutter type. For example, you could create new clutter types such as Highway/Urban and Highway/Open.

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Workflow for creating and editing a traffic map


Step 1
Create a base traffic map based on:

Regions, vectors, or a classified grid. See Creating traffic maps from regions, vectors, and classified grids on page 194. Network data. See Creating a traffic map from network data on page 197.

Step 2 Step 3

If required, apply clutter weighting. See Applying clutter weighting on page 200. If required, modify the traffic map properties. You can

Convert traffic maps. See Converting traffic maps on page 204. Scale traffic maps. See Scaling traffic maps on page 205. Combine traffic maps. See Combining traffic maps on page 207.

Creating traffic maps from regions, vectors, and classified grids


The procedure for creating traffic maps using data from regions or vectors differs from that used to create traffic maps from a classified grid.

To create a traffic map from regions or vectors


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click Traffic Maps and choose New From Map Data. The Traffic Map Generator: General dialog box opens. 2 Type a name in the Name box. The name must contain only alphanumeric characters and no spaces. 3 In the Traffic Data Input Format section, choose one of the following options:

Regionsif your traffic data is a .tab file that defines regions where a total traffic count is assigned to each region. Vectorsif your traffic data is a .tab file that contains vectors with the total traffic count assigned to each vector.

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4 5 6

From the Input Data Unit list, choose the units used in the input data. From the Output Data Unit list, choose the units that you want to use in your traffic map. If the units for the input and output data do not match, in the Conversion Factor box, type a conversion factor for input data unit to output data unit, or accept the default. When converting from subscribers, the conversion factor should account for both the conversion of units and the conversion of population to subscribers (penetration rate). For more information, see Conversion factors for input traffic data on page 191.

7 8

In the Description box, type a brief description of up to 64 characters. Click Next. The Traffic Map Generator: Traffic Data dialog box opens.

Do one of the following:

From the Region/Vector Layer list, choose the map layer that contains the traffic data. Click Open Table, navigate to the table that contains the traffic data, and click Open.

10 From the Name Column list, choose the column that contains the identifying names of the regions or vector objects. This option enables density values to be calculated based on the combined data values for all region objects with the same value in the chosen Name Column, divided by the combined area for these objects. When your data does not contain polygon names, choose the <Blank> option to treat each region as a separate area for generating a traffic map. 11 From the Data Column list, choose the column that contains the traffic or subscriber counts. 12 Click Next. The Traffic Map Generator: Clutter Weighting dialog box opens. 13 Do one of the following:

Enable the Apply Clutter Weighting check box to use clutter weighting. See To apply clutter weighting using a clutter file on page 200 or To apply clutter weighting using a merged

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clutter/vector file on page 201. For an explanation of clutter weighting, see Understanding clutter weighting on page 192.

Clear the Apply Clutter Weighting check box, and in the Traffic Map Resolution box, type a value or accept the default. You will not be able to change the resolution after you apply clutter weighting, since the traffic map is produced at the same resolution as the clutter file.

14 Click Finish.
You can apply or alter clutter weighting in the Traffic Map Properties dialog box. To access this dialog box, right-click the traffic map in the Project Explorer and choose Properties.

To create a traffic map from a classified grid


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click Traffic Maps and choose New From Map Data. The Traffic Map Generator dialog box opens. 2 Type a name in the Name box. The name must contain only alphanumeric characters and no spaces. 3 4 5 6 In the Traffic Data Input Format section, choose the Classified Grid option. From the Input Data Unit list, choose the units used in the input data. From the Output Data Unit list, choose the units that you want to use in your traffic map. If the units for the input and output data do not match, in the Conversion Factor box, type a conversion factor for input data unit to output data unit, or accept the default. When converting from subscribers, the conversion factor should account for both the conversion of units and the conversion of population to subscribers (penetration rate). For more information, see Conversion factors for input traffic data on page 191. 7 8 In the Description box, type a brief description of up to 64 characters. Click Next. The Traffic Map Generator: Traffic Data dialog box opens.

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Click Browse beside the Region Definition File box, navigate to the classified grid that defines the regions, and click Open.

10 Click Browse beside the Traffic Assignment File box, navigate to the text file that contains the traffic values for the regions, and then click Open. 11 If you want to edit the data, click Edit and do any of the following:

To change a data value, click the row in the Total Traffic column, and type a new value. To load an assignment file, click Load, navigate to the file, and then click Open. To save an assignment file, click Save As, navigate to the folder where you want to save the file, type a file name, and click Save. To save your modified data and return to the Traffic Map Generator, click OK. To return to the Traffic Map Generator without changing data values, click Cancel.

12 Click Next. The Traffic Map Generator: Clutter Weighting dialog box opens. 13 Do one of the following:

Enable the Apply Clutter Weighting check box to use clutter weighting. See To apply clutter weighting using a clutter file on page 200 or To apply clutter weighting using a merged clutter/vector file on page 201. For an explanation of clutter weighting, see Understanding clutter weighting on page 192. Clear the Apply Clutter Weighting check box, and in the Traffic Map Resolution box, type a value or accept the default.

14 Click Finish.

Creating a traffic map from network data


You can create a traffic map from network data. Network data is data collected from wireless network switching equipment. It contains information about network configuration and performance. You use the Network Data Import Wizard to map the network data to Mentum Planet data. This is

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referred to as binding. In this instance, the network data would contain the following fields, which you would map to Mentum Planet data:

the Site ID of the serving sector the Sector ID of the serving sector information about traffic for each sector Generate signal strength predictions for the sectors specified in the network data. See Generating predictions on page 163. Import the network data. For information on how to import network data, see the Mentum Planet User Guide.

Before you create a traffic map from network data, you must

To create a traffic map from network data


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click Traffic Maps and choose New From Map Data. The Traffic Map Generator dialog box opens. 2 Type a name in the Name box. The name must contain only alphanumeric characters and no spaces. 3 4 5 6 In the Traffic Data Input Format section, choose the Network Data option. From the Input Data Unit list, choose the units used in the input data. From the Output Data Unit list, choose the units that you want to use in your traffic map. If the units for the input and output data do not match, in the Conversion Factor box, type a conversion factor for input data unit to output data unit, or accept the default. For more information, see Conversion factors for input traffic data on page 191. 7 8 In the Description box, type a brief description of up to 64 characters. Click Next. The Traffic Map Generator: Traffic Data dialog box opens. 9 From the Select Prebound Network Data list, choose the network data to use.

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10 From the Select Traffic Data Column list, choose the network data column to use. 11 Do one of the following:

If you want to use an existing best serving sector grid or best serving signal strength grid, click Browse, navigate to the best serving sector grid or the best serving signal strength grid, and click Open. Depending on your project, these grids will be located in the <technology>_Analyses folder. If you want to have the Traffic Map Generator generate a best serving sector grid, enable the Create the BSC On-the-Fly check box and type a threshold value in the Min. Signal Strength box to limit the traffic spreading to within the best serving area of a sector. Areas where the best serving signal strength is below the threshold will be discarded when creating the best serving sector grid.

12 If you chose to create the best serving sector grid on the fly, and you want to define the resolution for the classified grid, do one of the following in the Analysis Resolution section:

To generate the interference matrix by automatically optimizing the multiple resolutions of the generated best server coverage grid, enable the Optimal option. To specify the resolution to be used when generating the best server coverage grid, enable the User Defined option, and either choose a value from the list or type a value in the box.

13 Click Next. The Traffic Map Generator: Clutter Weighting dialog box opens. You can apply clutter weighting now or add it later using the Traffic Map Properties dialog box. For information about applying clutter weighting, see Applying clutter weighting on page 200. The Traffic Map Resolution box is unavailable. The traffic map has the same resolution as the best server coverage grid. 14 Click Finish.

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Applying clutter weighting


Clutter weighting redistributes traffic values according to the type of clutter in each region. The result is a more realistic prediction of where your traffic loading will occur. You can base your clutter weightings on

a clutter grid a clutter grid merged with a vector file

When you merge a vector file with a clutter grid, you can include significant sources of traffic represented by vectors, such as major roads, in your clutter weighting. The merging technique enables you to set a buffer zone around vector objects that is written with the vector objects traffic value. You can use a single buffer size for all vector objects, or use a different value for each vector object type, as specified in your vector table.

To apply clutter weighting using a clutter file


1 Do one of the following:

On the Clutter Weighting panel in the Traffic Map Generator dialog box, enable the Apply Clutter Weighting check box. Right-click an existing traffic map in the Project Explorer, choose Properties, and, in the Traffic Map Properties dialog box, choose Clutter Weighting, then enable the Apply Clutter Weighting check box.

If you want to use a different clutter file than the default one displayed in the Underlying Clutter File box, click Browse, navigate to the clutter file that you want to use, and click Open. The default underlying clutter file is the clutter file for the project, if one has been specified.

Do one of the following:

To reuse an existing clutter weighting file (.crd), click Load, navigate to the .crd file you want to use, and click Open. To create a new clutter weighting file (.crd), click Edit, in the Clutter Property Assignment: Clutter Relative Weighting dialog box, modify the relative weighting values and the unit conversion factors as required, click Save, and click Close. Values must be positive. The values in the Relative Weighting

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column reflect the relative traffic in each clutter type. The values in the Unit Conversion Factor column reflect the relationship between subscribers and traffic in each clutter type. The general conversion factor between input and output units is set in the traffic map general properties.

To save a clutter weighting file (.crd) with a new name, click Save As, type a name for the file and click Save. If you are in the Traffic Map Generator dialog box, click Finish. If you are in the Traffic Map Properties dialog box, click Update.

To finish, do one of the following:

To apply clutter weighting using a merged clutter/vector file


1 Do one of the following:

On the Clutter Weighting panel in the Traffic Map Generator, enable the Apply Clutter Weighting check box. Right-click an existing traffic map in the Project Explorer, choose Properties, and then, in the Traffic Map Properties dialog box, choose Clutter Weighting, then enable the Apply Clutter Weighting check box.

Click New from Vectors. The Vector and Clutter Merging dialog box opens.

3 4 5

On the General tab, beside the New Clutter File Name box, click Save. Navigate to the folder where you want to save the file, type a name in the File Name box, and click Save. Do one of the following:

From the Vector Layer list, choose a vector layer. Only currently open vector layers are listed. Click Open, navigate to the vector .tab file that you want to use, and click OK.

6 7

From the Name Column list, choose the column that contains the vector object names. Beside the Base Clutter File box, click Browse, navigate to the clutter file that you want to use, and click Open.

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Do one of the following:

If you want to create new clutter types that combine vector types with the underlying clutter types, enable the Create Combined Clutter Types check box. For example, where a single Highway vector object overlaps Urban and Residential Clutter types, create the new clutter types Highway/Urban and Highway/ Residential. This option increases computation time. If you want to replace the underlying clutter type with the vector object where there is an overlap, clear the Create Combined Clutter Types check box.

Click the Buffer Settings tab. To use the same buffer radius for all objects, choose the Value option, and type a radius value in the adjacent box. To use different radius values for each vector object, choose the From Column option, and then from the list, choose the vector table column containing the buffering radius values.

10 In the Radius section, do one of the following:

11 If you chose the Value option and you want to include region objects from the vector file in your merged clutter/vector file, enable the Include Regions check box. Otherwise, only point and line objects are merged. 12 From the Units list, choose the units for the radius value or values. 13 Click Generate. The Vector and Clutter Merging dialog box closes and the Clutter Property Assignment: Clutter Relative Weighting dialog box reopens. For detailed instructions on editing clutter weighting factors, see To modify clutter relative weightings on page 203. 14 Do one of the following:

If you are in the Traffic Map Generator dialog box, click Finish. If you are in the Traffic Map Properties dialog box, click Update.

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Modifying clutter relative weightings


The relative weightings of different clutter types determine how traffic densities are distributed in the traffic map.

To modify clutter relative weightings


1 Right-click an existing traffic map in the Project Explorer, choose Properties, and then, in the Traffic Map Properties dialog box, choose Clutter Weighting. Click Edit. The Clutter Property Assignment: Clutter Relative Weighting dialog box opens. 3 To change any numeric value in the Properties table, click in the cell and type a new value. Values must be positive. The values in the Relative Weighting column reflect the relative number of subscribers in each clutter type. The values in the Unit Conversion Factor column reflect the relationship between subscribers and traffic in each clutter type. The general conversion factor between input and output units is set in the traffic map general properties. 4 5 When you have finished modifying values, click Save, and then click Close. Click Update.

Viewing traffic maps


You can view traffic maps in the current Map window. In the Windows category of the Project Explorer, the traffic map layer name is prefixed with TM_.

To view a traffic map

In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click the traffic map and choose View.

Adding traffic maps to the Project Explorer


Traffic maps are automatically added to the Project Explorer when you create them. You can also add traffic maps that you did not create in the current project.

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To add a traffic map to the Project Explorer


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click Traffic Maps and choose Add. In the Add Traffic Map dialog box, navigate to the traffic map that you want to add, and click Open.

Modifying traffic maps


There are various ways that you can modify and reuse the traffic maps that are generated in Mentum Planet. All of the following operations create a new map:

Convert a map to a different traffic unit, changing subscribers/ km2 to Erlangs/km2, for example. See To convert a traffic map on page 204. Scale the traffic values by a percentage value. You could do this to adjust for traffic growth, for example. See To scale a traffic map by percentage on page 205. Scale the traffic values by a positive or negative offset. See To scale a traffic map by offset on page 206. Scale traffic values by a multiplier depending on the underlying clutter type. You could do this to adjust for traffic growth in certain clutter types, for example. See To scale a traffic map using clutter scaling factors on page 206. Combine maps, converting traffic units as needed. The maps must use the same coordinate system, but can be based on different types of input data. See To combine traffic maps on page 207.

Converting traffic maps


You can convert a traffic map to a different traffic unit and save it as a new file.

To convert a traffic map


1 In the Project Explorer, right-click on a traffic map and choose Convert. The Convert Traffic Map dialog box opens.

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2 3 4 5

In the Converted Traffic Map Name box, type a name for the new traffic map, or accept the default. From the Converted Traffic Map Unit list, choose the traffic unit to which you want to convert. In the Conversion Factor box, type the conversion factor, or accept the default. Click Convert. The converted map is added to the Traffic Maps node in the Project Data category of the Project Explorer. Its properties are not editable.

Scaling traffic maps


You can change the values in an existing traffic map by scaling them in one of three ways:

multiply each value by a factor expressed as a percentage add or subtract an offset amount to each value multiply each value by a factor dependent on clutter type

To scale a traffic map by percentage


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click on a traffic map and choose Scale. The Scale Traffic Map dialog box opens. 2 3 4 In the Scaled Traffic Map Name box, type a name for the new map, or accept the default. From the Scaling Method list, choose Percentage. In the Scaling Factor box, type the scaling factor. For percentage scaling, the factor must be between 0 and 100 000, inclusive. A value of 100% leaves the map unchanged. 5 Click Scale. The scaled map is added to the Traffic Maps node in the Project Data category of the Project Explorer. Its properties are not editable.

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To scale a traffic map by offset


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click on a traffic map and choose Scale. The Scale Traffic Map dialog box opens. 2 3 4 In the Scaled Traffic Map Name box, type a name for the new map, or accept the default. From the Scaling Method list, choose Offset. In the Scaling Offset box, type the scaling offset. For Offset scaling, the factor must be between -100 000 and 100 000. 5 Click Scale. The scaled map is added to the Traffic Maps node in the Project Data category of the Project Explorer. Its properties are not editable.

To scale a traffic map using clutter scaling factors


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click on a traffic map and choose Scale. The Scale Traffic Map dialog box opens. 2 3 In the Scaled Traffic Map Name box, type a name for the new map, or accept the default. From the Scaling Method list, choose Clutter. By default, the Scaling Clutter File box shows the name of the clutter file that was used to create the original traffic map. The project clutter file is set as the default clutter file when the original traffic map was created without using a clutter weighting file. 4 5 If you want to create a different clutter file, click Browse, navigate to the clutter file that you want to use, and click Open. Do any of the following:

Click Editto modify clutter scaling factors. The Clutter Property Assignment: Clutter Scaling Factor dialog box opens. Click Loadto open an existing Clutter Scaling Factors (.csf) file. Click Save Asto save the clutter scaling factors to a .csf file.

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If you chose Edit, in the Clutter Properties Assignment: Clutter Scaling Factor dialog box, click in the cell and type a new value to change Scaling Factor values in the Properties table. Values must be positive and between 0.001 and 10 000, inclusive.

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When you have finished modifying values, click Save, and then click Close. Click Scale. The scaled map is added to the Traffic Maps node in the Project Data category of the Project Explorer. Its properties are not editable.

Combining traffic maps


You can combine traffic maps to produce a map of a larger area. The process of combining grids is similar to that of grid splicing, except that traffic counts for overlapping areas can be combined using any of the following methods:

Averagethe average traffic value at each bin of all of the traffic maps that have coverage at that bin Average of Min & Maxthe average traffic value between the minimum traffic value and the maximum traffic value at each bin of all of the traffic maps that have coverage at that bin Maximumthe maximum traffic value at each bin of all of the traffic maps that have coverage at that bin Minimumthe minimum traffic value at each bin of all of the traffic maps that have coverage at that bin Sumthe sum traffic value at each bin of all of the traffic maps that have coverage at that bin

The maps that you are combining must have the same coordinate system. Differences in traffic units between the input maps and the new combined map are resolved through conversion. You can specify conversion factors or use the defaults.

To combine traffic maps


1 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click one of the traffic maps that you want to combine and choose Combine. The Combine Traffic Maps dialog box opens.

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2 3 4 5 6 7

In the Combined Traffic Map Name box, type a name for the new map, or accept the default. From the Combining Method list, choose the method that you want to use to combine the traffic maps. In the Other Compatible Traffic Maps box, enable the check boxes beside the traffic maps that you want to combine. From the Combined Traffic Map Unit list, choose the traffic unit that you want to use for the new map. Click Combine. If you are prompted to convert traffic map units, in the Mentum Planet dialog box, click OK. The Assign Conversion Factors dialog box opens.

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For each map that requires conversion, in the Conversion Factor box, type the conversion factor or accept the default and click Next. When you have finished assigning the conversion factors, click Finish. The new combined traffic map is added to the Traffic Maps node in the Project Data category of the Project Explorer. Its properties are not editable.

If you want to combine traffic maps that all use the same traffic unit, you can use the quick combine method. In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, choose the traffic maps that you want to combine. Right-click any of the traffic maps you selected and choose Combine. In the Combine Traffic Maps dialog box, type a name in the Combined Traffic Map Name box, and click OK.

Deleting traffic maps


You can remove a traffic map from the Project Explorer and delete the associated traffic map files using the Project Explorer.

To delete a traffic map


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click the traffic map that you want to delete and choose Delete. In the confirmation dialog box, click Yes.

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Chapter 9: Working with Interference Matrices

Working with Interference Matrices


An interference matrix is an important input to neighbor lists and provides early visibility of problem areas. This chapter describes how to generate and edit interference matrices.

Understanding interference matrices Workflow for creating interference matrices Creating interference matrices Viewing interference matrices Exporting an interference matrix Exporting an interference matrix

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Understanding interference matrices


An interference matrix compares sector signal strengths throughout the network and identifies the sectors that potentially interfere with each other. Sectors with similar signal strengths produce interference when they are on the same or adjacent channels. An interference matrix is based on a network analysis or traffic map. For all projects, an interference matrix is used for creating neighbor lists. It is also used as an input to other tools such as the Automatic Frequency and Preamble Planning tool. The completed interference matrix shows the sources of interference for each sector in a table format.

Figure 9.1 Interference matrix listing the sectors that interfere with Site TO_158, Sector 1

Histogram interference matrices


Histogram interference matrices are based on signal strength predictions (from the propagation model and/or drive test data) and compares C/I values on a bin-by-bin basis using the best server area that is independent of the current serving area. During the histogram generation process, a weighting value is assigned to non best serving areas. It is important to remember that histogram interference matrices account for C/I only at the ground level and do not account for mobile use in buildings. Further, the histogram generation process approximates subscriber traffic locations, unless it is based on a traffic map.

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Workflow for creating interference matrices


Step 1
Create a sector group to use when creating interference matrices. For valid results, each step in the workflow must be based on the same sectors. For more information about sector groups, see Working with sector groups on page 26. Create signal strength predictions for the sector group. See Generating predictions on page 163. If you want to use a best server grid for your specific technology instead of the best server grid that is generated by the Interference Matrix tool, generate a best server analysis. For information on generating analyses, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using. If you want to include traffic information in your interference matrix, create the traffic map. For more information, see Chapter 8: Working with Traffic Maps on page 189. Create interference matrix. See Creating interference matrices on page 212. View the interference matrix. See Viewing interference matrices on page 215. Export the interference matrix. See Exporting an interference matrix on page 217.

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4 Step 5 Step 6

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Creating interference matrices


In Mentum Planet, histogram interference matrices are generated on-the-fly by calculating C/I values at each bin across the network. In each histogram interference matrix, C/I values are calculated for strong interferers and the mean and standard deviation values are calculated for weak interferers. Which interferers are considered strong and which are considered weak is determined by the C/I thresholds that you define. When you generate a histogram matrix, a folder is created that contains multiple files (.srv files). By saving a series of smaller files, you can improve the time required to open an interference matrix.

To create a histogram interference matrix


1 2 3 4 5 6 In the RF Tools category, expand the Interference Matrices node. Right-click the Modeled node and choose New Histogram Matrix. In the Sector Selection dialog box, choose the sectors for which you want to generate a histogram interference matrix and click OK. In the Generate A Histogram Interference Matrix dialog box, in the left pane, expand the Settings node and choose Calculation. In the Name box, type a name for the interference matrix. If you want the interference matrix to account for traffic, in the Traffic section, enable the Use a Traffic Map check box and choose a traffic map from the list. In the RSSI Thresholds section, define the following:

In the Victim RSSI Threshold box, type a value to define the received signal strength filter threshold for the victim. Interferers with signal strengths below this value will not be used when generating the interference matrix. In the Offender RSSI Threshold box, type a value to define the received signal strength filter threshold for the interfering signal. Interferers with signal strengths below this value will not be used when generating the interference matrix.

In the Non-Best Server Calculation section, type values in the following boxes:

Include Servers Withinthis value is the maximum acceptable difference between the signal strength and the best server signal

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strength that identifies a non-best server. This value must be greater than 0 to affect the generated interference matrix.

Non-Best Server Weightingthis value is the percentage of interference that comes from areas where a server is a non-best server. The range for non-best server weighting is 0% to 100%.

In the left pane, choose Histogram.

10 On the Histogram panel, in the Histogram Intervals section, define the following values:

Minimum C/Ithe minimum C/I value stored in the histogram in dB. Any C/I value below the minimum will be considered equal this value. Maximum C/Ithe maximum C/I value stored in the histogram in dB. Any C/I value above the maximum will be considered equal to this value. Number of Stepsthe number of values saved in the histogram.

11 In the Histogram Based Interferers Filtering section, enable any of the following check boxes:

Use Nth StrongestC/I histograms are saved for the Nth strongest interferers while only the average and standard deviation values are saved for other interferers. Use Relative Thresholdfull histograms are saved for the interferer that has an average C/I value that is lower than the worst interferer C/I value plus the relative threshold. Use Absolute Thresholdfull histograms are saved for interferers that have an average C/I value that is lower than the absolute threshold.

The settings on the Conversion panel are not used in the generation of a new histogram interference matrix. 12 Click Generate.

To create a histogram interference matrix using existing settings


1 2 3 In the RF Tools category, expand the Interference Matrices node. Expand the Modeled node and choose a histogram interference matrix. Right-click and choose New Histogram Matrix From Same Settings.

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4 5

In the Sector Selection dialog box, choose the sectors for which you want to generate a histogram interference matrix and click OK. In the Generate A Histogram Interference Matrix dialog box, expand the Settings node and choose any of the following panels in the left pane:

Calculationto define traffic settings, RSSI thresholds, non best server calculation settings, and specify whether to consider hierarchical cell layers and use the timing advance limit. Histogramto define histogram intervals, specify how the histogram interference matrix is saved, and what interferer filtering you want to use.

The settings on the Conversion panel are not used in the generation of a new histogram interference matrix. For information on these panels, press the F1 key. 6 Click Generate.

To update an existing histogram interference matrix


1 2 3 4 5 In the RF Tools category, expand the Interference Matrices node. Expand the Modeled node and choose a histogram interference matrix. Right-click and choose Update. In the Sector Selection dialog box, choose the sectors for which you want to update the histogram interference matrix and click OK. In the Generate A Histogram Interference Matrix dialog box, in the left pane, expand the Settings node and choose Calculation if its not already chosen. In the Name box, type a name for the updated interference matrix or accept the current name, and click Generate. Click Close.

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The chosen histogram interference matrix is updated or a new histogram interference matrix is added beneath the Modeled node.

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Viewing interference matrices


You can view the interferers and their effects for each sector in a table format. The interference metrics displayed include:

Co-channel affected area (km2) Co-channel affected area (%) Adjacent channel affected area (km2) Adjacent channel affected area (%)

To view a histogram interference matrix


1 2 In the RF Tools category, expand the Interference Matrices node. Expand the Modeled node, right-click the histogram interference matrix that you want to view, and choose View. The Histogram Interference Matrix dialog box opens.

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In the Histogram Interference Matrix dialog box, do any of the following:

In the Servers tree view, choose a sector and view its interferers in the Interferers table. To view adjacent channel interferers in a histogram interference matrix, choose the Adjacent Channel option from the Interference Display section. To view the Interferer Histogram curve of an interfering sector, click Browse in the Display Curve column. The Curve Editor dialog is displayed. For more information about the Curve Editor, press the F1 key.

Click Close.

To view histogram interference matrix settings


1 2 In the RF Tools category, expand the Interference Matrices node. Expand the Modeled node and choose a histogram interference matrix.

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Right-click and choose View Settings. The Histogram Interference Matrix dialog box opens where you can view the setting used in the generation of the interference matrix as well as details about the creation of the matrix.

When you have finished reviewing the details, click Close.

Exporting an interference matrix


You can export an interference matrix in order to examine how interference is affecting your network. By default, the interference matrix is exported to a .txt file.

To export an interference matrix

In the Project Explorer, in the RF Tools category, right-click the interference matrix that you want to export, and choose Export.

Deleting interference matrices


You can delete interference matrices from the Project Explorer.

To delete interference matrices


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the RF Tools category, choose the interference matrices that you want to delete. Right-click and choose Delete and, in the confirmation dialog box, click Yes.

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Chapter 10: Working with Neighbor Lists

Working with Neighbor Lists


In order to design a wireless network where users can move between sectors smoothly with no interruption of service, you need to understand how sites influence each other and how they can better interact with each other. You can create a list of neighboring sites and sectors based on best server coverage or an interference matrix, or you can import a neighbor list from network data. You can use this information about neighboring sites to make decisions about network design.

Understanding neighbor lists Workflow for creating neighbor lists Creating neighbor lists Comparing neighbor lists Editing neighbor lists Viewing neighbor lists Exporting neighbor lists Copying neighbor lists Adding neighbor lists to the Project Explorer Changing the active neighbor list Merging neighbor lists Deleting neighbor lists

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Understanding neighbor lists


Each sector in a wireless network coordinates with its neighbors to maintain good quality coverage to mobile users. As a mobile user reaches the margins of coverage within a sector, stronger signals become available from other sectors. Through a process called handover, the network re-routes the users call to one of the neighbor sectors to maintain the connection. Neighbor relationships affect frequency planning, because neighbor sectors cannot use the same frequencies. If sectors have more neighbors than are required for reliable service, the result can be an inefficient use of the available spectrum. When you create a list of neighboring sectors, you can base it on a best server layer or an interference matrix.
Best Server method

The Best Server method uses a best serving sector classified grid to examine the best server coverage area (i.e., the area where the signal is strongest) of each sector. Neighbors are sectors with adjacent best server coverage areas. However, this definition could result in a large number of neighbors. Therefore, you can set minimum length requirements for the common border between coverage areas to reduce the number of sectors that qualify as neighbors. With the Best Server method, the priority of neighbors is determined based on the area between a server and a neighbor.
Interference Matrix method

Creating a neighbor list from an interference matrix is a more sophisticated technique than the Best Server method. An interference matrix calculates the effect of sectors upon each other, both as interferers and as potential neighbors. An interference matrix can be based on any or all of the following:

a best server sector classified grid a traffic map

The more information you can include in the creation of your neighbor list, the better suited it will be to your network environment. With the Interference Matrix method, the priority of neighbors is determined based on the thresholds you define.

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Workflow for creating neighbor lists


Step 1
Create a sector group or choose an existing sector group. For valid results, each step in the workflow must be based on the same sectors. For information about creating a sector group, see To create a sector group on page 26. If you want to create a neighbor list based on the best serving sector, create a best serving sector layer. For more information on generating analyses, see the appropriate User Guide. If you want to create a neighbor list based on interference, create an interference matrix. For more information, see Chapter 9: Working with Interference Matrices on page 209. Create the neighbor list using:

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

a Best Serving Sector grid. See Creating neighbor lists on page 222. an Interference Matrix. See To create a neighbor list from an interference matrix on page 223

Step 5

If required, do any of the following:


Compare a neighbor list with another one. Modify a neighbor list. See Editing neighbor lists on page 227. View a neighbor list in a Map window. See Viewing neighbor lists on page 234. Export a neighbor list for use in network equipment. See Exporting neighbor lists on page 236. Merge two neighbor lists. See Merging neighbor lists on page 239.

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Creating neighbor lists


You can create a neighbor list for single-technology networks based on either:

a best server analysis an interference matrix

To create a neighbor list from a best server grid


When you create a neighbor list from a best server grid, the neighbor priorities are calculated based on the area between a server and a neighbor. 1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the RF Tools category, right-click Neighbor Lists and choose New Single Technology From Best Server. In the Sector Selection dialog box, choose the group for which you want to create a neighbor list and click Continue. The Neighbor List Generator - Best Server Method dialog box opens. 3 From the Best Serving Sector Layer list, choose a best serving sector classified grid. The best serving grid must include all of the sectors chosen in Step 2. 4 If you want to specify length requirements for the border between the best server coverage areas to determine which sites qualify as neighbors, enable any of the following check boxes and type a value in the adjacent box:

Use Absolute Border Length Thresholddefines the minimum border length required between the coverage area of two sectors in order to qualify them as neighbors. Use Relative Border Length Thresholddefines the minimum common border length relative to the total border length of the reference sector to qualify the sectors as neighbors.

5 6

Click OK. In the Save As dialog box, type a name in the Filename box and click Save. The Neighbor List Generation dialog box shows the progress of neighbor list generation, including error messages.

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When neighbor list generation is complete, click Close to close the Neighbor List Generation dialog box. The new neighbor list is added to the Neighbor Lists node of the RF Tools category in the Project Explorer.

To create a neighbor list from an interference matrix


When you create a neighbor list from an interference matrix, the neighbor priorities are calculated based on the thresholds you defined. 1 In the Project Explorer, in the RF Tools category, right-click Neighbor Lists and choose New Single Technology From Interference Matrix. In the Sector Selection dialog box, choose the group for which you want to create a neighbor list and click Continue. The Neighbor List Generator - Interference Matrix Method dialog box opens. 3 In the Histogram section, choose the interference matrices you want to use in the generation of the neighbor list:

Traffic Based Area Based

In the Neighbor Constraints section, enable any of the following check boxes and type a value in the adjacent box if required:

Enforce Mutual Neighborsspecifies that relationships are mutual. For example, if sector B is a neighbor of sector A, then sector A is a neighbor of sector B. Use Maximum Distance Between Neighborslimits neighbors to the sectors within a defined distance from the serving sector.

If you want to limit the number of neighbors for each sector, enable the Use Maximum Neighbors check box, type a value in the Neighbors box,

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and from the Based On list, choose one of the following selection methods:

Absolute Areaneighbors are ranked by overlapping coverage area and included, in descending order, until the maximum number of neighbors is reached. Relative Areaneighbors are ranked by the size of the overlapping coverage area relative to this sectors coverage area and included, in descending order, until the maximum number of neighbors is reached. Absolute Trafficneighbors are ranked by traffic in the overlapping coverage area and included, in descending order, until the maximum number of neighbors is reached. Relative Trafficneighbors are ranked by the traffic in the overlapping coverage area relative to this sectors traffic and included, in descending order, until the maximum number of neighbors is reached.

To define the criteria for determining neighbors, in the Thresholds section, enable any of following check boxes and define a value in the associated box:

Use Absolute Areaif enabled, the overlapping coverage area must at least equal the value you specify. Use Relative Areaif enabled, the overlapping coverage area must at least equal the proportion of this sectors coverage area that you specify. Use Absolute Trafficif enabled, the traffic in the overlapping coverage area must at least equal the value you specify. Use Relative Trafficif enabled, the traffic in the overlapping coverage area must at least equal the proportion of this sectors traffic that you specify.

The prospective neighbor must meet all of the threshold requirements you define.

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From the Determine Priority Using list, choose one of the following options:

Areapriorities will be determined using the area thresholds you define. Trafficpriorities will be determined using the traffic thresholds you define.

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Click OK. In the Save As dialog box, type a name in the Filename box, and click OK. The Neighbor List Generation dialog box shows the progress of neighbor list generation, including error messages.

10 Click Close to close the Neighbor List Generation dialog box. The new neighbor list is added to the Neighbor Lists node of the RF Tools category in the Project Explorer.

Comparing neighbor lists


The Neighbor List Generator can produce several neighbor lists for the same sectors using different settings. You can compare any two of these lists. Figure 10.1 shows a comparison of two neighbor lists. For each sector, there is a side-by-side comparison of the neighbors. For example, the first neighbor list shows four neighbors for Site GS001_1, while the second neighbor list shows two.

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Figure 10.1 Comparison between a neighbor list generated using a best server grid and one generating using an interference matrix.

If there are many sites, the comparison can be lengthy. You can display only the differences between the two lists. Sectors common to both neighbor lists are not shown.

To compare neighbor lists


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the RF Tools category, choose the neighbor lists that you want to compare. Right-click and choose Compare. The Neighbor Lists Comparison dialog box opens. 3 4 To view only the differences between the neighbor lists, enable the Show Differences Only check box. To save the comparison to a text file, click Export, type a name for the exported file, and click Save. In addition to the information displayed in the dialog box, the exported neighbor list comparison contains the priority, allowed status, distance, overlapping area, traffic, and handover information for each neighbor. 5 Click Close.

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Editing neighbor lists


You might decide to manually modify the neighbor list by adding or removing a sector or by disallowing a sector that is included in the list. You can edit an entire neighbor list or just the portion of it that pertains to a particular site or sector. You can edit a neighbor list using the Neighbor List Editing dialog box or you can interactively edit a neighbor list using the Neighbor List Graphical Editing dialog box. See To edit a neighbor list graphically on page 232. The Neighbor List Editing dialog box displays:

a tree view listing sectors contained in the neighbor list the technology of the sector (for multi-technology neighbor lists only) whether the sector is a boundary neighbor whether the neighbor is allowed the priority of the neighbor the distance between each pair of neighbor sectors the coverage area common to each pair of neighbor sectors the traffic level of the neighbor in the overlapping coverage area the number of calls the neighbor sector hands over to other sectors the percentage of calls the neighbor sector hands over to other sectors whether the sector is a mutual neighbor

Figure 10.2 shows the Neighbor List Editing dialog box.

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Figure 10.2 Neighbor List Editing dialog box

The Neighbor List Editing dialog box and the Neighbor List Graphical Editing dialog box are the same. The only difference being that using the Neighbor List Graphical Editing dialog box, you can add or delete neighbors by clicking in the Map window using the Interactive Neighbor List tool pointer. When you edit a neighbor list, you can:

edit only the Allowed and Priority columns. add or remove neighbor sectors from the list using the Add and Remove buttons. clear the Allowed check box next to a neighbor sector so that it does not function as a neighbor. set the handover priority of neighbor sectors in the Priority column. This enables you to implement the hierarchical cell layers. The priority value range is 0 (highest) through 32767 (lowest). Mentum Planet calculates the priority based on the settings you define. You can change the calculated priority and create less preferred neighbors by increasing the priority value.

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Information displayed in the Neighbor List Editing dialog box is calculated as follows:

Information in the Distance and Area columns is calculated during neighbor list generation. Information in the Traffic column, which is the amount of traffic in the overlapping coverage area carried by the sector, comes from the interference matrix. If you want to use this column, you must use the Interference Matrix method to create the neighbor list, and your interference matrix must be created using a traffic map. Otherwise, the Traffic column values are zero. For information about creating an interference matrix, see To create a histogram interference matrix on page 212. Information in the Number Handover and Percentage Handover columns comes from network data. If you want to use these columns, you must use the Interference Matrix method to create the neighbor list, and your interference matrix must include network data. Otherwise, the handover-related column values are zero. Whether a neighbor relationship is mutual is determined during neighbor list editing. This information is not saved.

You can edit or export the neighbors for a single sector. To do so, in the RF Tools category, right-click a neighbor list and choose Active if the check box is not already enabled. Then, in the Sites category, right-click a sector and choose one of the following commands: Neighbors Edit Neighbors Graphical Edit Neighbors Export

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To edit a neighbor list


1 In the Project Explorer, in the RF Tools category, right-click a neighbor list and choose Edit. The Neighbor List Editing dialog box opens. 2 To edit a row in the table, do any of the following:

To include a neighbor sector in the neighbor list, enable the check box in the Allowed column. To change the handover priority between the server and the neighbor server that was calculated by Mentum Planet, click in the Priority field and type a new value. To exclude a sector from the neighbor list, clear the check box in the Allowed column. To convert neighbor relationships into mutual relationships, choose a sector in the Site tree, choose a neighbor sector in the Neighbor Sector list, and click Add Selected Mutual Neighbors. For example, if you choose Site 4_1 in the Site tree and Site 3_1 in the Neighbor Sector list, when you click Add Selected Mutual Neighbors, Site 4_1 becomes a neighbor sector for Site 3_1.

If you want to add all mutual neighbors to the neighbor list, click Add All Mutual Neighbors. A mutual neighbor relationship exists when, for example, sector A is a neighbor of sector B and sector B is a neighbor of sector A.

4 5

In the Add All Mutual Neighbors dialog box, clear the check box next to any serving sector/neighbor sector relationship you do not want to add. In the Priorities Generation section, choose one of the following options and click OK:

Keep Neighbor Prioritiespriorities generated with the original neighbor list will be kept. Regenerate Priorities Using Areapriorities will be determined using the area thresholds you define. Regenerate Priorities Using Trafficpriorities will be determined using the traffic thresholds you define.

When you have finished editing the neighbor list, in the Neighbor List Editing dialog box, click OK.

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To add neighbor relationships to a neighbor list


1 In the Project Explorer, in the RF Tools category, right-click a neighbor list and choose Edit. The Neighbor List Editing dialog box opens. 2 Click Add. The Add New Neighbor dialog box opens. 3 4 5 6 From the Sector list, choose the sector to which you are adding a neighbor. Choose the new neighbor from the Neighbor Sector list. If you want to add the neighbor but exclude it from being used, clear the Allowed check box. In the Priority box, type the priority for the new neighbor. A priority of zero is the highest priority. 7 To add additional information, type values in any of the following boxes:

Areathe coverage area common to the sector chosen from the Sector list and the new neighbor sector. Trafficthe traffic between the sector chosen from the Sector list and the new neighbor sector. Number Handoverthe number of handovers between the sector chosen from the Sector list and the new neighbor sector Percentage Handoverthe percentage of handovers between the sector chosen from the Sector list and the new neighbor sector.

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Click OK. When you have finished adding neighbors, click OK to save the modified neighbor list.

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To remove neighbor relationships from a neighbor list


1 In the Project Explorer, in the RF Tools category, right-click the neighbor list you want to modify and choose Edit. The Neighbor List Editing dialog box opens. 2 Do one of the following:

Click the row of the sector you want to remove. Hold down the Ctrl key to select multiple rows to remove.

3 4

Click Remove. When you have finished removing neighbor relationships, click OK to save the modified neighbor list.

To edit a neighbor list graphically


In order to edit a neighbor list graphically, you must first have generated best serving sector analysis layers. 1 Do one of the following:

In the Project Explorer, in the RF Tools category, right-click a neighbor list and choose Graphical Edit. Click the Graphical Neighbor List Edit Tool button on the Mobile Technology toolbar. The tool uses the active neighbor list.

The Neighbor List Graphical Editing dialog box opens.

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From the Identify Closest Sector Using list, choose the best serving sector layer you want to use to identify the closest sector. If the layer is not currently open, you will be prompted to open it in the Map window.

If you want to add all mutual neighbors to the neighbor list, click Add All Mutual Neighbors. A mutual neighbor relationship exists when, for example, sector A is a neighbor of sector B and sector B is a neighbor of sector A.

In the Add All Mutual Neighbors dialog box, clear the check box next to any serving sector/neighbor sector relationship you do not want to add, and click OK. To convert a neighbor relationships into a mutual relationship, choose a sector in the Site tree, choose a neighbor sector, and click Add Selected Mutual Neighbors. For example, if you choose Site 4_1 in the Site tree and Site 3_1 1 in the Neighbor Sector list, when you click Add Selected Mutual Neighbors, Site 4_1 becomes a neighbor sector for Site 3_1.

If you want to view neighbors for the sector selected in the Site tree, click View Neighbors in Map. See Viewing neighbor lists on page 234.

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If you want to interactively modify the neighbor list, from the Operation Mode list, choose one of the following options:

Addadds the best serving sector for the location where you click in the Map window as a neighbor to the sector selected in the Site tree Deletedeletes the neighbor relationship between the best serving sector for the location where you click in the Map window and the sector selected in the Site tree Add/Deleteadds or deletes a neighbor relationship between the best serving sector at the location where you click in the Map window and the sector selected in the Site tree. For example, in this toggle mode, the first time you click a location a sector could be added to the neighbor list. If you click the same location a second time, the sector would be deleted. The reverse is also true. If the last time you clicked in the Map window, you deleted a relationship, the next time you click in the Map window, a relationship will be added.

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Click in the Map window. Click OK.

When you minimize the Neighbor List Graphical Editing dialog box, a Neighbor List Graphical Editing icon appears at the bottom of the Project Explorer. Click the icon to restore the dialog box. You cannot interactively modify a neighbor list using the MapInfo Select tool. Instead, click the Graphical Neighbor List Edit Tool button on the Mobile Technology toolbar and then click in the Map window.

Viewing neighbor lists


You can view neighbor relationships for any sector graphically in a Map window. Your project can contain several neighbor lists, but only one of them can be active. The neighbor list display function displays neighbor relationships for a single sector based on the active neighbor list.

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Figure 10.3 Neighbor List display showing the neighbors of Site_11, sector 2. A solid line indicates a normal neighbor. A dotted line, such as that between Site_113 sector 1 and Site_11, sector 2, indicates a neighbor that is not allowed.

To view a neighbor list in a Map window


1 In the Project Explorer, in the RF Tools category, right-click the neighbor list you want to use and choose Active if the check box is not already enabled. A green arrow identifies the active neighbor list.

Active neighbor list

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In the Project Explorer, in the Sites category, right-click the sector for which you want to view neighbors and choose Neighbors View. The neighbor list information is displayed in the active Map window.

For information on how to remove the neighbor list display from the Map window, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using.

Exporting neighbor lists


You can export your neighbor list to an Excel (.xls) file where you can make changes to the neighbor list as required. You can then import the updated neighbor list into your Mentum Planet project. For more information, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using.

To export an entire neighbor list or a neighbor list for one sector


1 In the Project Explorer, do one of the following:

In the RF Tools category, right-click the neighbor list that you want to export and choose Export. In the Sites category, right-click the sector for which you want to export a neighbor list and choose Export.

The Export Wizard opens. 2 On the Data Selection page, in the Tables list, enable the check box next to Neighbor List if it is not already enabled and then enable the check boxes for each of the columns that you want to export. You can click Select All or Clear All to speed up the selection process. 3 4 Click Next. On the File Location page, do one of the following:

If you want to export neighbor list data to an Excel file, choose the Microsoft Excel option. If you want to automatically open the exported Excel file, enable the Open the File in Microsoft Excel After Export check box. If you want to export neighbor list data to a folder of comma separated text files, choose the Comma Separated Values Text Files option.

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Click Browse, and do one of the following:

If you chose the Microsoft Excel option in Step 4, navigate to the folder in which you want to save the Excel file, type a name in the File Name box, and click Save. If you chose the Comma Separated Values Text Files option in Step 4, navigate to the folder in which you want to save the comma separated text files, and click OK.

Click Finish. The data types that you chose in Step 2 are exported to the type of file you chose in Step 4. If you chose the Microsoft Excel option and enabled the Open the File in Microsoft Excel After Export in Step 4, Microsoft Excel opens automatically.

Copying neighbor lists


In order to easily compare neighbor lists based on the same sector group, you can create a copy of an existing neighbor list, edit one of the neighbor lists as required, and then compare the two lists. See To compare neighbor lists on page 226.

To copy a neighbor list


1 In the Project Explorer, in the RF Tools category, right-click a neighbor list and choose Save Copy As. The Save As dialog box opens. 2 In the File Name box, type a name for the copied neighbor list, and click Save.
You must save the neighbor list in the projects NeighborList folder with a .nl extension.

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Adding neighbor lists to the Project Explorer


Neighbor lists are automatically added to the Project Explorer when you create them. However, you can also add an existing neighbor list to your project.

To add a neighbor list to the Project Explorer


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the RF Tools category, right-click Neighbor Lists and choose Add. Navigate to the neighbor list you want to add, and click Open. The neighbor list is added to the Neighbor Lists node in the Project Explorer and the .nl file is copied to the NeighborList folder.

Changing the active neighbor list


Any of the actions you perform from an individual sector such as Neighbors View, Neighbors Edit, or Neighbors Export use the active neighbor list. The active neighbor list is also used by default when you create frequency plans.

To change the active neighbor list


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the RF Tools category, expand Neighbor Lists. Right-click the neighbor list that you want to set as the active neighbor list and choose Active. A green arrow identifies the active neighbor list.

Active neighbor list

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Merging neighbor lists


When you merge two neighbor lists, data from one neighbor list is added to the other neighbor list. When duplicates are found in the neighbor lists, data from the master list is used in the merged output.

To merge neighbor lists


1 2 3 In the Project Explorer, in the RF Tools category, choose the neighbor lists that you want to merge. Right-click and choose Merge. In the Merge Neighbor Lists - Addition dialog box, choose a master neighbor list. Data from the master neighbor list will over-write data in the second list in the case of duplicates. 4 In the Priorities Generation section, choose one of the following options for determining neighbor priorities:

Keep Neighbor Prioritiespriorities from the master neighbor list are kept. Regenerate Priorities Using Areapriorities are regenerated based on the area thresholds you set initially when generating the neighbor lists. Regenerate Priorities Using Trafficpriorities are regenerated based on the traffic thresholds you set initially when generating the neighbor lists.

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Click OK. In the File Name box, type a name for the merged neighbor list file, and click Save.

Deleting neighbor lists


You can delete neighbor lists using the Project Explorer.

To delete a neighbor list


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the RF Tools category, choose one or more neighbor lists, right-click and choose Delete. In the Mentum Planet dialog box, click Yes.

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11.
This chapter contains the following sections:

Chapter 11: Using the Extension Manager

Using the Extension Manager


You can extend the Mentum Planet feature set by adding tools and links. This chapter describes how to to do this using the Extension Manager. For detailed examples, see the Customizing Mentum Planet Using the Extension Manager Application Note.

Customizing Mentum Planet using the Extension Manager

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Customizing Mentum Planet using the Extension Manager


You can use the Extension Manager to add tools or links to Mentum Planet. When you install a Mentum Planet (.pex) extension, it is copied to the Documents and Settings folder. A .pex file is a compressed file that contains at a minimum an .xml file with the necessary instructions and structure.
The Customizing Mentum Planet Using Extensions Application Note details how to create .pex files for various applications. You can find this document in the Help folder.

You can download additional extensions from mentum.com/extensions.

The compressed .pex file cannot be a .rar archive file. It must be a compressed zip file or folder.

To add an extension
1 Choose Tools Extension Manager. The Extension Manager opens.

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2 3

Click the Install button. Navigate to where the Mentum Planet (.pex) extension file is saved and click Open. The extension is added to the tree view.

To uninstall an extension
1 2 In the tree view, select an extension and click the Uninstall button. Read the confirmation message and click Yes. All files associated with the extension will be deleted when Mentum Planet is re-opened.

To save the extension


1 2 In the tree view, select an extension and click the Save button. In the Save As dialog box, navigate to the folder where you want to save the .pex file and click Save.

To enable or disable an extension


1 In the tree view, do one of the following:

To disable an extension, clear the check box next to the extension or extension component. No files are deleted. To enable an extension, enable the check box next to the extension or extension component.

Click Close.

Use the MBX Loader command on the Tools menu to add the Sync Windows functionality to Mentum Planet. Using the Sync Windows feature enables you to easily compare layers in separate windows.

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12.
This chapter contains the following sections:

Chapter 12: Working with Grids

Working with Grids

Gridding is the basic mapping technique used in Mentum Planet. The Grid Manager is the central dialog box from which you can open, sort, view, and manipulate grids. Mentum Planet also has tools that enable you to retrieve information from grids and perform basic topological analysis. This chapter explains only some of the functionality associated with grids. For more information about grid analysis, see the Grid Analysis User Guide.

Getting information about a grid Contouring a grid Creating smooth grid contours Creating slope and aspect grids Working with area grids Analyzing visibility on a grid

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Getting information about a grid


You can use the following tools to retrieve grid information:

Grid Legenddisplays the color scheme and value ranges used for the map display. Grid Manager Info functionprovides information about the grid, including metadata. Grid Info toolreturns information about the selected geographical location from all grids currently open in the Grid Manager. The grid files being inspected do not have to be layers in the current Map window. Region Info tooldisplays a statistical summary of the data within a selected region for all active grids in the Grid Manager. Line Info tooldisplays a statistical summary of the data along a selected line for the grid highlighted in the Grid Manager. Find Maximum Point toolfinds the highest point in a region. This is an aid to finding good locations for sites. For more information, see Using sector placement tools on page 24. Grid Query toolbuilds new grids from existing grids where the new grid values are derived according to whether specific queries imposed on the existing grid files have been met. For more information, see the Grid Analysis User Guide. Grid Calculator toolcreates mathematical expressions using an unlimited number of grids. For more information, see the Grid Analysis User Guide.

To get additional information on analysis files, you can use the Layer Statistics tool. For more information, see the appropriate technologyspecific User Guide.

To view a grid legend


A legend displays map information such as the color scheme used for the map display. You can quickly view legends in order to improve the readability of a map.

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1 2

Choose View Grid Legend. In the Grid Legend dialog box, choose the grid file for which you want to see the legend. Only grid files that are currently open appear in the list. Choose Options Color Tool to open the Dictionary Editor (for .grc files) or the Grid Color Tool (for .grd files) and modify the appearance of the legend. For more information on modifying legends, see Creating and printing legends on page 270.

To use the Grid Manager Info function


1 2 If the Grid Manager is not visible, choose View Grid Manager. In the Grid Manager, choose a grid from the list, and click the Info button. The Grid Manager lists only grids that are currently open in the project. You can open other grids as needed from the Grid Manager. For more information about the types of information available using the Grid Manager Info function, see Chapter 5, Working with the Grid Manager, in the Grid Analysis User Guide.

To use the Grid Info tool


1 2 On the Analysis toolbar, click the Grid Info button. Click in the Map window. The Grid Info dialog box opens, listing the value of each open grid at the cursor location. You can click the Map to view information for other locations. The Cursor Tracking option provides a continuous display of data as you change the cursor position. The Capture Data option captures data to a table. For more information, see Using the Grid Info tool in Chapter 5 of the Grid Analysis User Guide.
You can specify Grid Info options in the Preferences dialog box accessible by choosing GIS Grid Analysis Preferences.

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If you need to inspect a large number of predefined points, you can use the Point Inspection function. For more information, see the Grid Analysis User Guide.

To use the Region Info tool


1 2 3 4 Choose View Toolbars. In the Toolbar Options dialog box, enable the Grid Analysis check box, and click OK. On the Grid Analysis toolbar, click the Region Info button. Select a region in the Map window.

The Volume calculation is the sum of all the values found in the region multiplied by the bin dimensions. This value is only meaningful when the z-unit is a linear measurement. The % null value indicates how much of the enclosed area contains null values.

To view statistical information for a large number of regions contained in the same table, use the Region Inspection function. For more information about region inspection, see the Grid Analysis User Guide.

To use the Line Info tool


1 2 3 4 Choose View Toolbars. In the Toolbar Options dialog box, enable the Grid Analysis check box, and click OK. On the Grid Analysis toolbar, click the Line Info button. Click on a line in the Map window.

The number of samples taken along the line is determined by the Cross Section: No. of Samples parameter in the Preferences settings. The default is 100. To change this value, choose GIS Grid Analysis Preferences and enter a new number in the No. of Samples box. For more information about preferences, see the Grid Analysis User Guide. You can choose whether or not values are interpolated within bins by enabling or clearing the Use Closest Node Values check box on the z-units tab in the Grid Manager Info function.

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To view information for a large number of lines contained in the same table, use the Line Inspection function. For more information about line inspection, see the Grid Analysis User Guide.

Contouring a grid
Mentum Planet provides tools to convert grids to attribute-coded vector files using processes that thread isolines, or contours, through the grid network (Figure 12.1). Contour lines are paths of constant values. Mentum Planet computes contour lines as separate polylines or closed complex regions where holes or islands have been knocked-out. This is important in the GIS environment because the contour regions can immediately be used for analysis.

Figure 12.1 Lines are threaded through bins at defined values.

Creating contours for a numeric grid


A standard contour line map can be generated from within Mentum Planet using a process that threads polylines through an existing grid file. You can define a number of settings including the range of grid values to be contoured, the contour interval, and the color and style of individual contour lines. These settings can be saved in a configuration file and applied to other grid files. You can also generate contours as topologically built regions using a process similar to the polyline threader. Contour region intervals are user-defined with the additional option of applying a custom gradient color ramp to assign incremental colors to the contour regions. For contour regions, you can define the Greater than or Equal to Lower Value (>=Value) and the Less than Upper Value (<Value). These values define each

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contour region based on Contour settings. Each contour represents the lower value of the interval. For example, the 200 contour region encloses all values 200 and <250.

To define contour polylines or regions


1 2 3 If the Grid Manager is not visible, choose View Grid Manager. In the Grid Manager, click the Contour button. In the Contour dialog box, choose the appropriate grid file from the Grid list, and click Polylines if you want to create polyline contours or Regions if you want to create region contours. Click Intervals. In the Intervals dialog box, do any of the following:

4 5

In the Minimum box, set the minimum value, defined as the lowest grid value that will be examined during the threading process. In the Maximum box, set the maximum value, defined as the highest value that will be examined during the threading process. In the Method section, choose one of the following options:

6 7

Intervaldefines the range of values that each class will encompass. The default setting is calculated by dividing the range between the minimum and maximum values into 10 classes. Use the Value box to define the interval. Numberenables you to specify the number of classes that will be created based upon the Minimum, Maximum, and Interval settings. The default is 10 classes. Use the Value box to define the number. Click OK to close the Intervals dialog box.

To save contour profile settings, click Save As. Profiles are saved as text files with a .pfc extension.

To save the contour map, click Browse, navigate to where you want to save the contour map, type a name or accept the default, and then click Save.

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Click OK to create contours.


To modify the interval values manually, double-click in any Value field in the Interval List and type a value. The default setting in the Minimum box is the lowest value encountered in the grid file and may need to be changed for the contouring process.

If you want to maintain consistency in contour intervals throughout a series of grid files, you can save the settings for the contour plot in a profile.

Creating contours for a classified grid


Just as region contours are created from numeric grids, they can also be created from classified grids. In this case, a simplified threading process is used to trace line work along the bin boundaries between different classes and convert each unique classified group of bins into a single region. The value of each classified group is attached as an entry to the region table in a column labeled Class.

To create contours for a classified grid


1 2 3 If the Grid Manager is not visible, choose View Grid Manager. In the Grid Manager, highlight a classified grid file in the list of open grids and click the Contour button. In the Save Contours As dialog box, type a name in the File Name box and click Save. The contouring function automatically completes and draws the region table into a new Map window. The new regions are an exact reproduction of the classified grid (.grc) regions but are in vector format with an attached column entry representing the contour class name.

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Figure 12.2 A contour map created from a classified grid.

Creating smooth grid contours


Mentum Planet includes many different conversion tools that enable you to generate the output format you require. One of these tools is the Smooth Contour Tool which creates generalized polygon data from large Mentum Planet numeric grid output files.This can be useful when you need to convert numeric grid data to a vector format. For example, if you are using a webbased mapping tool and require a network-wide best server signal strength polygon file, you can use the Smooth Contour Tool to convert the numeric grid output to a vector format. When you create grid contours using standard contouring tools, contour lines are threaded through bins at defined intervals. If you are contouring a complex grid with many isolated bins, holes, or islands, the resulting grid may be too visually crowded to be meaningful. The contouring process will also be very time consuming. Using the Smooth Contour tool, you can reduce the size and complexity of the grid before generating contours. As a result, the time required to contour a complex grid decreases and the resulting grid is simpler and more meaningful.

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How smooth grid contours are created


Creating smooth grid contours encompasses several phases as illustrated in Figure 12.3 on page 253.

Figure 12.3 Phase 1 of the Smooth Contouring process where the grid is resized and the new bin values are calculated.

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Phase 1

In the first phase, the grid is resized and bin values recalculated based on one of five methods.

Averagebin values within the smoothing window are averaged and applied to the output Minimumthe minimum bin value within the smoothing window is applied to the output Maximumthe maximum bin value within the smoothing window is applied to the output Medianthe median bin value within the smoothing window is is applied to the output Gaussiana Gaussian curve is applied to bin values within the smoothing window and a weighted value applied to each point. The weighted points are then averaged as shown in Figure 12.4.

3
Interim window

Smoothing window

Figure 12.4 Using the Gaussian filter method, a Gaussian curve is applied to all the points in the Smoothing window and a weighted value is assigned to each point. The weighted values are then averaged to produce a value for the bin (i.e. the point at the top of the curve).

While the calculations used to determine the bin value are different, the method used to calculate the value is the same. Using the averaging method, for example, given an original bin size of 180m, an output bin size of 540m, and smoothing window of 3780 m, the Smooth Contour tool takes the bin values within the 3780m smoothing window, averages them and then applies this new value to the output bins.

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180 540

Original bin size Output bin size

3780

Smoothing window

Figure 12.5 The Smooth Contour Tool uses all the values in the smoothing window to calculate the new bin value.

Phase 2

In the second phase, contours are applied to the newly processed grid.

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Figure 12.6 Original map and the resulting smooth contours.

To create smooth grid contours


Before you use the Smooth Contour tool, you must create and save an interval (.pfc) file that specifies the contouring intervals and colors. See To define contour polylines or regions on page 250. Alternately, you can use one of the .pfc files located in the <Mentum Planet>\global\Profiles folder.

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Choose Tools Smooth Contouring. The Smooth Contour Tool dialog box opens.

2 3

From the Grid list, choose the grid you want to contour. In the Resize Options section, from the Filter Method list, choose one of the following methods:

Averagebin values within the smoothing window are averaged and applied to the output Minimumthe minimum bin value within the smoothing window is used in the output Maximumthe maximum bin value within the smoothing window is used in the output Medianthe median bin value within the smoothing window is used in the output Gaussiana Gaussian curve is applied to bin values within the smoothing window and a weighted value given to each point. The weighted values are then averaged to determine the bin value.

4 5

From the Interim Bin Size list, choose the bin size you want to use during phase 1 of the contouring process. From the Smoothing Window list, choose the area you want included in contouring calculations.

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To save the interim grid, enable the Preserve Interim Grid check box, click the Browse button, navigate to the folder where you want the file saved. In the File Name box, type a name for the grid, and click Save. In the Contour Options section, click Browse, navigate to the interval (.plc) file, and click Open. To save the new contour file, click the Browse button, navigate to the folder where you want the file saved.

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10 In the File Name box, type a name for the grid, and click Save. 11 Click OK.

Creating slope and aspect grids


As it applies to grid geometry, slope is a measurement of the steepness of a bin in three-dimensional space and is therefore most applicable to elevation surfaces. In Mentum Planet, slope is calculated by averaging the slopes of the eight triangle faces that are formed from the surrounding nodes. Aspect measures the direction that each bin faces in three-dimensional space and is recorded in azimuth degrees relative to either true north or the top of the map. In Mentum Planet, aspect is calculated by averaging the aspects of the eight triangle faces that are formed from the surrounding nodes.

Figure 12.7 The eight triangles are created to determine the slope at node A.

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To create a slope and aspect grid


1 2 3 If the Grid Manager is not visible, choose View Grid Manager. In the Grid Manager, click the Analysis button and choose Create Slope & Aspect. In the Slope and Aspect dialog box, choose a grid from the Grid list. The z-unit of the grid must be a linear unit of distance, such as meters or feet. If this is not the case, you must reproject the grid. 4 5 To create a slope grid, enable the Create Slope Grid check box. Enable the Calculate as % Grade check box to calculate the slope as a percent grade. When you clear this check box, the slope is calculated in degrees. 6 7 To create an aspect grid, enable the Create Aspect Grid check box. In the Aspect Parameters section, choose one of the following options:

Calculate Aspect Relative to True North optionsets north to zero degrees azimuth and allows values to progress in a clockwise direction. Calculate Aspect Relative to Y-axis optionsets Y at the top of the map.

In the Description boxes, enter a description. The description will be carried as a header in the new grid file.

In the File Name boxes, enter a file name for each grid to be created. The new grids open, each in its own Map window.

10 Click OK.

To view slope and aspect values, choose Tools Grid Legends in the Grid Manager, and then choose the grid from the list in the Grid Legend dialog box.

Working with area grids


Area grids are classified grids that represent MapInfo region objects. Area grids enable you to define a working area, so that only pixels inside the area will be considered when performing calculations. Area grids are also used with some third-party products.

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Using the Area node in the Project Data category of the Project Explorer, you can create area grids using MapInfo tables that contain region objects, or you can use the drawing tools to create vector objects, and then generate an area grid based on the vector objects. You can also add existing area grids to your project. The resolution of area grids is, by default, the same as the project elevation file, but you can define the resolution based on a number of preset values if required. For example, if you are defining a very small area, you may want to use a higher resolution.

To create an area grid


If you are creating an area grid using vector objects, use the MapInfo drawing tools to create a vector object and then select it in the Map window before you create the grid. For information on creating vector objects, see the MapInfo Professional User Guide or the MapInfo online Help.

In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click the Areas node and choose Create. The Area Generator dialog box opens.

On the Data Source tab, do one of the following:

If you want to create an area grid using vector objects, choose Selection. This option is only available if you selected the vector objects in the Map window. If you want to create an area grid using a MapInfo file, choose File, click Browse, choose a .tab file that is associated with a MapInfo file that contains region objects, and then click Open. If you want to use the same resolution as the project elevation file, choose Optimal. If you want to define the grid resolution, choose User Defined, and then choose a value from the Resolution list.

Click the Resolution tab and do one of the following:

Click Generate.

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When the generation is complete, click Close. The area grid is saved in the Areas folder within your project folder and is listed in the Project Explorer under the Areas node in the Project Data category.

To add an area grid

In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click the Areas node and choose Add, then choose an area grid file, and click Open. The area grid is copied to the Areas folder within your project folder and is listed in the Project Explorer under the Areas node in the Project Data category.

To rename an area grid

In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click an area grid under the Areas node, choose Rename and then type a new name for the grid.

To view an area grid

In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click an area grid under the Areas node and choose View. The area grid is displayed as a layer in the Map window.

To delete an area grid


1 2 In the Project Explorer, in the Project Data category, right-click an area grid under the Areas node and choose Delete. In the confirmation dialog box, click Yes. The area grid is removed from the Project Explorer and the files are deleted from the project folder.

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Analyzing visibility on a grid


You can perform two types of visibility analysis:

Point-to-Point Visibilitydetermine whether there is a line-ofsight path between two points on the grid Viewshed Analysisidentify all locations on a grid that are visible from one or more viewpoints

Point-to-Point Visibility function


Using the Point-to-Point Visibility function, you can either select a path from an existing line object in a Map window or draw the path in the Map window. The result is a graph like that shown in Figure 12.8.

Figure 12.8 Point-to-Point Visibility graph. The red line depicts the surface, the green line depicts what you can see.

You can use the point-to-point visibility function only on a numeric grid that has a z-unit type of feet or meters.

To determine point-to-point visibility


1 2 3 If the Grid Manager is not visible, choose View Grid Manager. In the Grid Manager, choose the grid on which you want to analyze point-to-point visibility. In Mentum Planet, choose View Toolbars.

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4 5 6

Enable the Grid Analysis check box and click OK. On the Grid Analysis toolbar, click the Point-to-Point Visibility button. With the left mouse button held down, draw the path in the Map window of the open elevation grid file, where the line direction corresponds to the direction of sight, i.e., the looking from position is the start of the line. If you want to draw the path starting at a site location and snap the cursor to the nearest point, press the S key to activate the Snap tool.

7 8 9

In the Point-to-Point Visibility dialog box, choose the grid file on which you want to use the Point-to-Point Visibility function from the Grid list. In the Viewing Parameters section, choose all of the parameters that will be calculated for each region. Enable the Plot on Map check box if you want view a line plot in the Map window after clicking Solve. The line plot traces the extent of the line of sight and indicates, using color, the intervals between the endpoints that are visible (green) and obstructed (red) relative to the direction of sight. Line plots are saved as individual .tab files using default file names (subdirVMLineX.tab). As subsequent lines are chosen and solved, new files are saved with incremental numbers in the file name.

10 Enable the Create Results Table check box if you want to create a table of results. 11 Click 3D Viewer if you want to render a 3D image of the point-to-point visibility results. For more information about creating 3D views, see Creating 3D Views Using GridView, in the Grid Analysis User Guide. 12 Click Solve. The results appear in the Point-to-Point Solution dialog box.
You can customize the appearance of the point-to-point solution graph using the shortcut menu. To access it, right-click in the graph window and choose one of the available commands. You can also zoom in and zoom out of the graph by clicking in the graph window and dragging the cursor over the area you want to view.

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Viewshed function
Viewshed is defined as a delineation process identifying all locations on a grid that are visually connected (visible in a direct line-of-sight) to a single observation point. The Viewshed function computes visibility between one or more observation points (the viewpoints) and each of the bins in an elevation grid file (the destination bins) in one of two ways:

simple visible/invisible answer for each of the destination bins computed value representing the height that each destination bin should be raised or lowered to make it just visible from the viewpoint.

In other words, if a destination bin is not visible from the viewpoint, then a negative value is returned specifying the height below the line of sight. To become just visible, this height has to be added to the destination bin. For example, if the number returned is -98 meters, then the destination bin must be raised 98 meters in order to be visible. If the destination bin is visible, then a positive value is returned specifying the height above the line of sight. In this case, the viewpoint can be lowered by this height and remain just visible. For example, if the number returned is 55 meters, then the viewpoint can be lowered 55 meters and still be visible. You use the Viewpoint Pick tool found on the Grid Analysis toolbar to identify the view point from which intervisibility for an entire elevation grid file is calculated or you can use it to select an existing point in the Map window. The Viewshed function is appropriate only for use on a grid file that has a unit of elevation (feet or meters) as its z-value.

To perform a single-point viewshed analysis


1 2 3 4 5 If the Grid Manager is not visible, choose View Grid Manager. In the Grid Manager, choose the grid on which you want to perform the viewshed analysis. Choose View Toolbars. Enable the Grid Analysis check box and click OK. On the Grid Analysis toolbar, click the Viewpoint Pick button.

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Using the left mouse button, choose a point in the Map window of the open elevation grid file that represents the point of origin for the viewshed calculation. In the Viewshed dialog box, choose one of the following options in the Viewshed Methods section:

Simple Calculationenables you to create a classified grid file and assigns the category Visible or Invisible to each bin, depending on whether it is visible or invisible from the viewpoint. Complex Calculationreturns a value measured in grid z-units. The value represents either the height the bin should be raised to make it just visible from the viewpoint (a negative value because it lies below the site line), or the height that the bin could be lowered in order to become just visible (a positive value because it lies above the site line). Viewpoint Heighttype the height in meters above the ground for the viewpoint. This could be the height of a tower, for example. Viewshed Offsettype the height in meters above the ground for the destination bins. This compensates for the height of the object being viewed. Viewing Radiustype the maximum radius in meters around the viewpoint to calculate Viewshed. Earth Curvaturechoose the earth curvature model to use: None, Normal, or 4/3 Earth Correction.

In the Viewing Parameters section, define the following settings:

In the Description box, type a description for the viewshed grid.

10 Click OK. The Viewshed map opens in a new Map window.


To view visibility values, choose Tools Grid Legends in the Grid Manager, and then choose the grid from the list in the Grid Legend dialog box. You can also access the Viewshed tool from the Grid Manager. Click the Analysis button, and choose the Viewshed Analysis command.

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To perform a multi-point viewshed analysis


1 2 3 If the Grid Manager is not visible, choose View Grid Manager. In the Grid Manager, choose the DEM grid. In the Map window, using any of the Select tools on the Main toolbar, select point objects representing the locations you want to perform the analysis on. In the Grid Manager, click the Analysis button, and choose Viewshed Analysis. In the Viewshed dialog box, choose the grid you want to analyze from the Grid list. In the Viewshed Method section, choose one of the following:

4 5 6

Simple Calculationcreates a classified grid that shows each destination bin as either visible or invisible from the viewpoint. Complex Calculationcreates a numeric grid that indicates how much each destination bin would have to be raised (negative value) or lowered (positive value) to be just visible from the viewpoint. Viewpoint Heighttype the height in meters above the ground for the viewpoint. This could be the height of a tower, for example. Viewshed Offsettype the height in meters above the ground for the destination bins. This compensates for the height of the object being viewed. Viewing Radiustype the maximum radius in meters around the viewpoint to calculate Viewshed. Earth Curvaturechoose the earth curvature model to use: None, Normal, or 4/3 Earth Correction.

In the Viewing Parameters section, define the following settings:

8 9

In the Description box, type a description for the viewshed grid. Click OK.

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13.
This chapter contains the following sections:

Chapter 13: Generating Coverage Reports

Generating Coverage Reports


You can create a variety of reports in Mentum Planet. Coverage map reports present analyses, and can include legends and graphics. A site table report exports the information from your site table to a tab-delimited or comma-delimited text file. An FCC report provides coverage and interference plots required by FCC regulations.

Producing coverage map reports Creating and printing legends

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Producing coverage map reports


Mentum Planet enables you to produce many different types of maps, including coverage maps. For example, you can generate the following output grids:

forward-link analysis reverse-link analysis combined analysis throughput analysis gain analysis

Once you have generated output grids, you can organize the grids in a report, which you can print. You do this using the Layout functionality, which enables you to customize a layout to your specific requirements. You can create a template that you can use to create all your reports. For more information on creating layouts, see Working with Layouts in Chapter 12 of the MapInfo Professional User Guide. To include elements such as company logos or other graphics and legends in your reports, you must first display them in Map windows. For more information on opening graphic files, see To open a graphic file on page 270.

To create a print layout


1 2 3 4 Open each file that you want to include in the layout in the Map window. Choose Window New Layout Window. In the New Window Layout dialog box, choose one of the frame options, and click OK. In the Layout window, you can do any of the following:

Move and resize frames by selecting a frame using the Select tool on the Main toolbar, and then resizing or repositioning the

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frame on the layout page. Using the Shift key when resizing will maintain the aspect ratio of the window.

Delete frames by selecting a frame using the Select tool, and then pressing the DELETE key. Align objects by selecting a group of objects using the Select tool, choose Layout Align Objects, choose the horizontal and vertical alignment options, and then click OK. Add text by clicking the Text button on the Drawing toolbar and adding text to the layout window. Create a drop shadow by clicking a frame, then right-clicking and choosing Create Drop Shadows.

If you want to save the workspace immediately, choose File Save Workspace and save the layout as a .wor file. This step is optional. Mentum Planet automatically saves the workspace when you close the project.
Choose Layout View Actual Size to view the layout window as it will appear when printed.

To add a frame
1 2 3 4 On the Drawing toolbar, click the Frame button. Draw a frame in the layout window. In the Frame Object dialog box, choose the window you want to include in the layout, and adjust the placement and the size as required. Click OK.

If you want to change the window displayed in the frame, click the Select button from the Main toolbar, double-click on the frame, select a new window from the Window list, and click OK.

To change the border of a frame


1 2 3 On the Main toolbar, click the Select button. Choose an object. Choose GIS Options Region Style.

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4 5

In the Border section, choose the options you want for the border. Click OK.

To open a graphic file


To add a company logo or other graphic file to your layout you must first open it in its own Map window. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Choose GIS Open Table. From the Files of Type list, choose Raster Image. Choose the graphic file you want to include. From the Preferred View list, choose New Mapper. In the Open Table dialog box, click Open. In the message dialog box, click Display.

Creating and printing legends


A legend explains the meaning of visual elements in the map. This section describes how to create and print a legend of a grid or a thematic map that you can include in reports.

To create and print a grid legend


1 2 3 If the Grid Manager is not visible, choose View Show Grid Manager. In the Grid Manager, choose the grid for which you want to create a legend. Click the Color button. If you chose a numeric grid, the Grid Color Tool opens. If you chose a classified grid, the Dictionary Editor opens. 4 5 6 Click Legend. In the Legend Generator, define the range, text, and format settings. If you want to save the legend configuration as a .vml file, click Save. After you have saved a .vml file, you can use the same color configuration for other legends. 7 8 Click OK to view the legend in a new Map window. If you want to print the legend, choose File Print.

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In the Print dialog box, specify the printer, page size, source, and orientation, and click OK.

If some of the text in your legend overlaps, choose File Close Table and close the legend file. Reopen the Legend Generator, and use the Range, Text, and Format tabs to adjust the number and position of range values. A common cause of overlap is the alignment of value and percentile labels when both Show Value and Show Pct are enabled on the Range tab. You can also view a legend of a grid by choosing View Show Legend Window. You cannot print the legend using this method. For more information, see the appropriate User Guide for the technology you are using.

To create and print a thematic map legend


1 Create a thematic map. For general information about creating a thematic map, see the MapInfo Professional User Guide. 2 3 4 5 Choose Map Create Legend. In the Create Legend dialog box, ensure that the thematic map layer is the only layer listed in the Legend Frames section, and click Next. Define the legend properties as required, and click Finish. Click Finish to view the legend in a new Map window. For more information on the Create Legend dialog box, see the MapInfo Professional User Guide. 6 7 To print the legend, choose File Print. In the Print dialog box, specify the printer, page size, source, and orientation, and click OK.

You can modify the properties of the thematic map before creating the legend by choosing Map Modify Thematic Map. For more information, see the MapInfo Professional User Guide. You can also view a legend of a thematic map by choosing View Show Legend Window. You cannot print the legend using this method. For more information, see the Grid Analysis User Guide.

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A.
Mean
Equation A.1 Survey to Grid mean Where

Appendix A: Survey to Numeric Grid Calculations

Survey to Numeric Grid Calculations

When you compare a survey to a numeric grid, the following comparisons are made for each clutter class. The mean indicates the mean difference between the survey and grid signal strengths, and is calculated using the following formula.
n

1 x = -n

xi
i=1

x is the difference between the survey and grid signal strengths n is the number of points
STD (standard deviation)

The standard deviation indicates the spread around the mean of the difference between the survey and grid signal strengths and is calculated using the following formula.
n

s =

1 ----------n1

( xi x )
i=1

Equation A.2 Survey to Grid standard deviation

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Appendix A Mentum Planet User Guide Where

x is the difference between the survey and grid signal strengths n is the number of points
RMS (root-mean-square)

The RMS indicates the spread around zero in the difference between the survey and grid signal strengths, and is calculated using the following formula.
n

RMS =

1 -n

xi
i=1

n 1 ----------- s2 + x2 n

Equation A.3 Survey to Grid root-mean-square Where

x is the difference between the survey and grid signal strengths n is the number of points The RMS includes the effects of both the mean difference and the spread. It is sometimes used to characterize the accuracy of a propagation model. Alternatively, the mean and standard deviation can be used. If model tuning has been performed, the mean should be close to zero and the standard deviation can be used alone
Confidence Level

The confidence level equals the probability, in percent, that the true mean error is within 1 dB of the calculated mean error, and is calculated using the following formula. The confidence level indicates the statistical significance of the survey to grid signal strengths and should generally be close to 100%. If, for example, the confidence level is 95% and drive test samples are collected from the same transmitter configuration and compared to the signal strengths, there is 95% chance that the mean error will be within 1 dB of the results obtained using the original drive test data.
a - -----------x a - - -----------P ( x a x + a ) = P ( a x a ) = P ----------- = s n s n s n
a -----------s n

a -----------s n

g ( y ) dy =

a 2 a - - = 1 erfc ------------1 2 Q ----------- s n s n Equation A.4 Survey to Grid confidence level

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Survey to Numeric Grid Calculations Mentum Planet User Guide Where

a = 1 dB g(y) is the standard normal distribution:


1 g ( y ) = ---------- e 2
1 2 -y -2

Q(z) is the integral of the standard normal distribution from z to infinity:

Q(z) =

g ( y ) dy
z

erfc is the complementary error function:


erfc ( z ) = 2 Q ( 2 z )

For example, assigning a the value 1 dB, produces the following result
n2 1 2 - - = 1 erfc ------------P ( x 1 x + 1 ) = 1 erfc ------------ s s n

The confidence level in percent is given by the following equation:


n2 - P % ( x 1 x + 1 ) = 100 1 erfc ------------ s

Correlation factor

The correlation factor indicates the correlation between the survey and grid signal strengths, and is calculated using the following formula.

1 -x y x y n i i i=1 ( x, y ) = ---------------------------------sx sy

Equation A.5 Survey to Grid correlation factor Where

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Appendix A Mentum Planet User Guide

x and y are the survey and grid signal strengths, respectively. The smaller the standard deviation of x y, the higher the correlation factor; however, it cannot exceed 1.0.

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Index

Index
A

Active Neighbor lists 238 Sector display schemes 34, 38 Adding area grids 261 extensions 242 flag conditions 30 frames 269 neighbor lists 238 sectors to a neighbor list 231 surveys 65 traffic maps 203 Additional layers 159 Advanced layers 159 Analyses network 155 output settings 159 viewshed 264 Analysis layers advanced prediction 159 Analyzing visibility on a grid 262

Angle From Line tool 25 Antenna patterns accuracy 46 changing 23 deleting 23 displaying 51 editing 53 horizontal gain 46 opening 51 overview 44 printing 57 remove 58 rename 58 vertical gain 46 Antennas downloading 49 refreshing the list of 58 view or hide unused 58 Applying clutter weighting 200 Area grids adding 261 creating 259 deleting 261 renaming 261 viewing 261 Aspect grids creating 258 Assigning surveys to sectors 78 Averaging survey data 82
B

Bin files size and resolution 160

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Index Mentum Planet User Guide

Boresight gain 54 Browsing scan receiver data 132 survey data 71 test mobile data 102
C

Classified grids contouring 251 Cloning sectors 21 Clutter weighting in traffic maps 200, 203 Clutter distribution histogram 75 Clutter weighting modifying in traffic maps 203 overview 192 Collecting survey data 64 Color and symbol settings modifying for sectors 33 Columns displaying 41 Combining surveys 89 traffic maps 207 Comparing neighbor lists 225 surveys 89, 91 surveys and modeled predictions 92 Conditions adding 30 removing 32 renaming 32 Contour lines 249 regions 249 Contouring hole-island relationship 249 with grids 249, 251

Contours generating smooth contours 252 Converting traffic maps 204 Copying groups of sites 18 neighbor lists 237 sectors 21 sites 22, 23 Creating area grids 259 groups 26 interference matrices 212 neighbor lists 220 new surveys 82 print layout 268 sector groups 26 survey assignment file 78 survey assignment reports 81 traffic maps 194 Curves regression 76 Customizing point-to-point profiles 182 using extensions 242
D

Data survey 64

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Index Mentum Planet User Guide

Data Manager 7 Deleting antenna patterns 58 area grids 261 interference matrices 217 neighbor lists 239 predictions 168 sector groups 28 sites from the Map window 23 sites from the Project Explorer 22 surveys 68 traffic maps 208 Display Schemes adding 39 creating 35 Display templates for scan receiver data 141 for test mobile data 111 Displaying predictions 168 site labels 14 Downloading .paf files 49 Draw Angle tool 25
E

Editing antenna patterns 53 neighbor lists 227 neighbor lists interactively 232 point-to-point profiles 179 sector groups 28 Exporting interference matrices 217 neighbor lists 236 survey assignment files 80 Exporting data changes in worksheets 281 Extensions adding 242

Features 6 File header for scan receiver data 125 for test mobile data 95 File types .pex 242 .vml 270 .wor 269 Filtering predictions 168 survey data 84, 87 Filters creating using groups 26 Find Maximum Point tool 24 Finding sectors 19 sites 19 Flags adding conditions to 30 creating 30 overview 29 removing 32 renaming 32 Formatting point-to-point profiles 179 Frames adding 269 borders 269 Functions Point-to-Point Visibility 262 viewshed 264
G

Generating predictions 163 Graphic files, opening 270 Graphs point-to-point 180

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Index Mentum Planet User Guide

Grid Info tool 247 setting options for 247 Grid Manager Info 247 Grids analyzing visibility 262 area grids 259 classified 251 contouring 249 creating aspect grids 258 creating legends for 270 creating slope grids 258 creating traffic maps from 196 getting information on 246 viewing legends 246 Groups creating 26 overview 29 refreshing the groups list 28 renaming 27 Groups list refreshing 28
H

Importing data changes in worksheets 281 Information on analyses 246 on grids 246, 247 on lines 248 on regions 248 Input file requirements for scan receiver data 124 for test mobile data 94 Interference matrices creating Modeled type 212 deleting 217 exporting 217 overview 6, 210 update 214 viewing 215 viewing histogram IM 215 viewing settings used for 216 Interference Matrix Generator 6
L

Headers updating surveys 68 Help accessing 8 getting technical support 4 Histogram Interference Matrix viewing 215 Histograms clutter distribution 75 survey 74
I

Importing scan receiver data 126 surveys 65 test mobile data 96

Layout, print creating 268 Legends creating for grids 270 creating for thematic maps 271 overview 270 printing 270 viewing 246 Lines getting information on 248 Locating sectors 19 sites 19 survey data 70

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Index Mentum Planet User Guide

Map view settings for scan receiver data 133 for test mobile data 103 MapInfo Professional 7 Mentum products 1 Merged predictions 158 Modeled interference matrix creating 212 Modeled predictions 158 Modifying clutter relative weightings 203 neighbor lists 227 point-to-point analysis graphs 182 sector color and symbol settings 33 survey properties 67 traffic maps 204
N

Offset scaling 206 Online Help 8 Opening graphic files 270 point-to-point profiles 186 Overview of scan receiver data 124 of test mobile data 94
P

Neighbor lists active 238 adding 238 comparing 225 copying 237 creating from best server grids 222 from interference matrices 223 deleting 239 editing 227 editing interactively 232 exporting 236 overview 220 viewing 234 Numeric grids converting to vectors 252

Parameters swapping 22 Path loss predictions 156 Planet features 6 Point display settings for scan receiver data 133 for test mobile data 103 Point-to-point analyses modifying graphs 182 results 180 Point-to-Point Profile Tool displaying clutter heights 183 displaying reflection points 184 Point-to-Point Profile tool overview 172 Point-to-point profiles printing 186 saving and opening 186 Point-to-Point Visibility function 262 Polyline contours creating 249

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Index Mentum Planet User Guide

Predictions additional layers 159 between two points 171 comparing to surveys 92 generating 163 merged & modeled 158 path loss 156 Prediction Manager 168 removing 168 signal strength 157 SPT 158 view 170 viewing 165 Preferences setting for grids 247 Preferred neighbor editing neighbor list 228 Printing antenna patterns 57 legends 270 point-to-point profiles 186 Products Mentum 1 Profiles formatting or editing 179 point-to-point 172 Project Explorer overview 6 Properties grouping sites by 17
R

Region Info tool 248 Regions getting information on 248 Regression curve 76 Relationships displaying for sectors 33 Removing antenna patterns 58 flags or conditions 32 Renaming antenna patterns 58 area grids 261 conditions 32 flags 32 groups 27 sites 22 Reports coverage map 268 overview 267
S

Reflection Points displaying 184 Refreshing groups list 28 sites list 22 Region contours creating 249

Saving point-to-point profiles 186 surveys 69 Scaling by offset 206 by percentage 205 traffic maps 205 Scan receiver data allocating to sectors 145 browsing 132 display templates 141 exporting to survey 151 file header 125 importing 126 input file requirements 124 map view settings 133 overview 124 point display settings 133 viewing 131, 133

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Index Mentum Planet User Guide

graph format 142 information on 130 Sector display schemes active 34, 38 default symbol 39, 40 refresh relationships 40 Sector groups creating 26 deleting 28 editing 28 Sector placement tools 24 Sector relationships displaying 33 Sector symbols customizing 33 Sectors adding display schemes 39 adding to neighbor list 231 assigning to groups 26 cloning 21 copying 21 finding 19 modifying colors 33 Swapping 22 viewing predictions 165 Selecting sites in Map window 20 Settings analysis output 159 for histogram matrix 216 Signal strength predictions 157 Site flags adding conditions to 30 creating 30 renaming 32 Site information displaying 21

Site labels displaying 14 removing 14 Site properties displaying 21 editing sector groups 28 user-defined data 41 Site tables displaying columns 41 Sites applying default symbols 40 copying groups of 18 copying, pasting, or deleting 22, 23 finding 19 grouping by property 17 refreshing the sites list 22 renaming 22 select in Map window 20 swapping 22 Sites list refreshing 22 Slope grid creating 258 SPT 158 Survey assignments clearing 80 creating an assignment file 78 creating reports 81 exporting 80 updating 80 viewing 80 Survey data collecting 64 filtering 84 filtering by selection 87 locating 70 organizing 62 overview 7

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Index Mentum Planet User Guide

Surveys adding 65 assigning to sectors 78 averaging 82 browsing 71 clutter distribution histogram 75 combining 89 comparing 89, 91 comparing to modeled predictions 92 creating a new survey 82 creating a thematic map of 71 deleting 68 displaying 70 displaying statistics for 73 exporting scan receiver data to 151 exporting test mobile data to 121 histogram 74 importing 65 locating 70 modifying properties of 67 overview 62 regression curve 76 saving 69 updating headers 68 Swapping sites 22 Symbol settings modifying for sectors 33 Symbols applying defaults 40 for sectors 33

Sync Windows 243


T

Technical support 4 Test mobile data allocating to sectors 115 browsing 102 display templates 111 exporting to survey 121 file header 95 importing 96 input file requirements 94 map view settings 103 overview 94 point display settings 103 viewing 101, 103 graph format 112 information on 100 Thematic maps creating from survey data 71 creating legends for 271 Tools Angle From Line 25 Draw Angle 25 Find Maximum Point 24 Grid Calculator 246 Grid Info 246 Grid Info tool 247 Grid Query 246 Interference Matrix Generator 6, 209 Line Info 246, 248 Maximum Point 246 Neighbor List Generator 219 Prediction Manager 168 Region Info 246, 248 sector placement tools 24 Traffic Map Generator 6, 189

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Index Mentum Planet User Guide

Traffic Map Generator 6, 189 Traffic maps adding 203 applying clutter weighting 200 clutter weighting overview 192 combining 207 converting units 204 creating from grid file 196 deleting 208 editing clutter relative densities 203 including vectors in clutter 193 modifying 204 overview 190 scaling 205 unit conversion factors 191 viewing 203
U

in graph format 142 survey assignments 80 test mobile data 103 in a Map window 101 in graph format 112 traffic maps 203 Viewshed analysis multi-point 266 single-point 264 Viewshed function 264 Visibility analyzing on a grid 262
Z

Zooming in on survey data points 70

Updating histogram interference matrices 214 User-defined columns displaying 41 User-defined data adding 41
V

Vector files generating from numeric grid data 252 Vectors including in clutter 193 Viewing area grids 261 interference matrices 215 legends 246 neighbor lists 234 predictions 165 scan receiver data 133 in a Map window 131

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Index Mentum Planet User Guide

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