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Diabetes

Def in it io n:
Diabetes is a disorder of the pancreas. !he pancreas stops making insulin, an essential hormone in the body. 5hen your body turns the food you eat into energy, insulin is released to help transport this energy to the cells. Insulin is the key that allows glucose to enter the cells. 6lucose is used by every cell in the body for energy. If an individual produces little or no insulin, or is insulin resistant, too much glucose remains in the bloodstream creating high levels of blood sugar.

By Wenzel Burton
Causes
Type 1.Develops when the body does not produce enough of the hormone insulin to control blood sugar. Type 2: occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or when the cells are unable to use insulin properly. It is commonly called adult-onset diabetes since it isdiagnosed later in life. Gestational Diabetes: During pregnancy, some women develop high levels of blood sugar, a condition known as gestational diabetes. It occurs around your 2 th week of pregnancy. !he actual cause is unknown .however it is believed that hormones play a significant role in the cause.

Symptoms
7lurred vision $re8uent infections 9low-healing wounds $re8uent urination ":cessive thirst Increased hunger 5eight loss $atigue !ingling or numbness sensation in the hands or feet According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, almost 26 million children and adults in the

Prevention Methods
"at #ealthy $oods % eat low fat foods, increase fruit and vegetable and whole grains Increase &hysical 'ctivity- aim for () minutes a day If you*re overweight, losing even +-,)- of your body weight can reduce the risk of diabetes. .ontrol of /D/ cholesterol. /imit salt intake

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Diabetes Prevention Reco nition Pro ra! (DPRP) is a key component of the 0ational Diabetes &revention &rogram. !he purpose of the D&1& is to recogni2e organi2ations that have shown that they can effectively deliver a lifestyle change intervention program 3lifestyle intervention4 to prevent type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes
Tips for Mana in Diabetes
;onitor your blood glucose levels every day !ake diabetes medication as directed. ":ercise <eep a food record Do not smoke /imit alcohol consumption $re8uent brushing and flossing &ractice good foot care

Statistics
25.8 million affected(8.3% of population) 18.8 million diagnosed. 7.0 million undiagnosed. Seventh leading cause of death in U.S. otal costs 17! "illion in 2007. #o$e than %0 % lo&e$ lim" amputations occu$ in dia"etics 'eading cause of (idne) failu$e accounting fo$ !! % in 2008 #a*o$ cause of hea$t disease and st$o(es.

"e# Medical $t%dies


2.2), % 7eth Israel deaconess ;edical .enter 9cientists find molecule that hinders diabetic wound healing.

References
+ational ,ia"etes -nfo$mation .lea$inghouse (+,-.) .ente$ fo$ ,isease .ont$ol http/00&&&.cdc.gov0 ,ia"etic 'ive &&&.dia"eticlive.com