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MID SEMESTER EXAMINATION Faculty of Engineering

COURSE CODE LEVEL / SEMESTER COURSE TITLE ACADEMIC YEAR DATE TIME DURATION MAXIMUM MARK : : : : : : : :
CHEM4012 4/2 Industrial Wastewater & Solid Waste Management 2010-2011 Wednesday 14th April 2011 09:00 2 Hours 100 Ahmed J. Ali Al-Dallal

COURSE COORDINATOR :

STUDENT NAME STUDENT ID GROUP NO

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES This question paper consists of 7 pages only. Answer ALL questions. Write your ID, NAME and GROUP NUMBER clearly on all of your answer books. Follow all examination rules. Do not bring books or other related materials into the examination room.

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Question 1:

[30 marks]

Using the data plotted in Figure Q1 for the settling of activated sludge biomass, from a batch settling test for the Gravity solid flux (SFg) as a function of solid concentration. Assume that the mixed liquor flow rate to the clarifier is 20 MGD, the MLSS of the aeration tank is 2500 mg/L, and the underflow solids concentration of the secondary clarifier is 10,000 mg/L. i) Determine the total clarifying area required for secondary clarifier for this activated sludge process. ii) Determine the total thicknening area required for secondary clarifier iii) Which area you recommended for the design
7000 6000

Solid Flux (gm/m2.hr)

5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000

Solid Concentration (gm/m3)


Figure Q1: Gravity solid flux (SFg) as a function of solid concentration . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Question 2:

[10 marks]

The BOD5 of the raw Clarksville wastewater is 225 mg/L. A long term BOD test has revealed that this wastewater also has an ultimate carbonaceous BOD of 325 mg/L. Plant effluent testing has shown that the BOD5 drops by 92% across the plant. Long term tests on the effluent also show that the BOD decay coefficient is half the original value in the raw wastewater. i) What is the BOD decay coefficient of the raw wastewater? ii) What is the ultimate carbonaceous BOD of the effluent wastewater? . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Question 3:

[30 marks]

An in-line equalization basin is to be designed for a wastewater treatment plant. From plant records, a compilation has been made that gives the hourly flowrate versus hour of the day as follows: Hours 12:00-1:00 AM 1:00-2:00 2:00- 3:00 3:00- 4:00 4:00- 5:00 5:00- 6:00 6:00- 7:00 7:00- 8:00 8:00- 9:00 9:00- 10:00 10:00- 11:00 11:00- 12:00 12:00- 1:00 PM 1:00- 2:00 2:00- 3:00 3:00- 4:00 4:00- 5:00 5:00- 6:00 6:00- 7:00 7:00- 8:00 8:00- 9:00 9:00- 10:00 10:00- 11:00 11:00- 12:00 m3/d 11.4 8.3 7.9 7.6 9.1 10.6 13.6 20.8 25 28 28.8 26.9 25.7 25 25 26.9 28.8 32.9 37.5 37.5 31.8 32.1 15.9 13.2

Determine the fluctuating volume required for the basin in cubic meters.

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Question 4:

[30 marks]

Waste activated sludge is to be thickened using an air flotation system. Bench-scale batch flotation test was performed with different air to solids (A/S) ratio to determine air requirement as shown in Figure-Q4. The system treats 1500 m3/d of waste activated sludge and is to be operated to lower the sludge from 180 to 50 mg/L. The fraction of air dissolved in a retention tank having a 1-min detention time is 0.5. Other pertinent data are: average operating temperature = 200C, air solubility = 18.7 mg/L, recycle air pressure = 310 kPa absolute ( 3.0 atm), air introduced at 200C, overflow rate based on Q+R = 176 m3/m2/d, gas constant = 8.2057 x10-2 m3.atm/(kgmole. K). Determine: (a) The recycle flow R, m3/d, (b) The area of the floatation tank, (c) The kilograms of air required per day, (d) The cubic meters of air required per day.
0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02

A/S (mg/mg)

0.01 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180

Concentration (mg/L) Figure Q-4: Bench-scale batch flotation test . . . . . . . . . . . .

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USEFUL INFORMATION

vscour

QR/A = SFL/XR or Qu/A = SFL/Xu

1 m = 3.28 ft 1 kg = 2.2046 lb 1 gal = 3.786 liter