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3. Straight Lines JEE 2014 Mains & Advanced Q1.

. Find the tangents of the interior angles of the triangle whose sides are given by the equations x + 2 y = 0 , x + 4 y 6= 0 and x 4 y =6 . Q2. If the vertices of a traingle have integral coordinates then prove that the triangle cannot be equilateral. Q3. A vertex of an equilateral traingle is ( 2 , 3 ) and the equation of the opposite side is x + y =2 . Find the equations of the other sides of the traingle. Q4. Find the equations of straight lines passing through (2 , 7 ) and having an intercept of length 3 between the straight lines 4 x + 3 y =12 and 4 x + 3 y =3 . Q5. The line 3 x + 2 y =24 meets the y-axis at A and the x-axis at B. The perpendicular bisector of AB meets the line through ( 0 , 1 ) parallel to the x-axis at C. Find the area of the triangle ABC. Q6. A line 4 x + y =1 through the point A ( 2 ,7 ) meets the line BC whose equation is 3 x 4 y + 1 =0 at the point B. Find the equation of the line AC so that AB = AC . Q7. If the straight line drawn through the point P ( 3 , 2 ) and making an angle with the x-axis, meets the line 3 x 4 y + 8=0 at Q. Find 6 the length of PQ. Q8. The vertices of a triangle are and

( a t1 t 2 , a (t 1+ t2 ))

( a t 2 t 3 , a (t 2+ t 3))

( a t3 t 1 , a (t 3+ t1))

. Find the orthocenter of the triangle.

Q9. The vertices of a triangle are A ( x 1 , x 1 tan 1 ) , B ( x 2 , x 2 tan 2 ) and C ( x 3 , x 3 tan 3 ) . If the circumcenter of ABC coincides with the x , y ) is the orthocenter, show that origin and H ( x sin 1 + sin 2 + sin 3 . = y cos 1 + cos 2 + cos 3
Dr. Rajiv K. Sharda 3. Straight Lines JEE Mains & Advanced 1/4

Q10. Show that if A ( x 1 , y 1 ) , B ( x 2 , y 2 ) , C ( x 3 , y 3 ) are the vertices of a triangle, then: (i). The equation of the median through A is given by


x x1 x2 y 1 x y1 1 + x 1 y2 1 x3 y3 1 x b x1 x2 y 1 x y1 1 + c x1 y2 1 x3

y 1 y1 1 =0

(ii). The equation of the internal bisector of angle A is given by


y3 1

y 1 y 1 1 =0 where b= AC and c = AB .

Q11. Find the equation of the bisector of the acute angle between the lines 3 x 4 y + 7=0 and 12 x + 5 y 2 =0 . Q12. How many circles can be drawn each touching all the three lines x + y =1 , y = x + 1 , 7 x y = 6 ? Find the center and the radius of one of them. Q13. Lines L 1 a x + b y + c =0 and L 2 l x + m y + n= 0 intersect at the point P and makes an angle with each other. Find the equation of a line, different from the above two, which passes through P and makes the same angle with L 1 . Q14. The points ( 1 , 3 ) and ( 5 , 1 ) are the two opposite vertices of a rectangle. The other two vertices lie on the line y = 2 x + c . Find c and the remaining vertices. Q15. AD, BE , CF are the perpendicular of ABC . A, D, E, F are the points 16 23 (4 , 5 ) , , ( 4 , 1 ) , (1 , 4 ) . Find the equations of , 5 5 the sides of the triangle and the coordinates of B and C.

Q16. The sides of a triangle are U r x cos r + y sin r pr =0 ; r = 1 , 2, 3 . Show that the orthocenter of the triangle is given by U 1 cos (2 3 ) = U 2 cos (3 1 ) = U 3 cos (1 2 )

Dr. Rajiv K. Sharda

3. Straight Lines JEE Mains & Advanced

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Q17. Show that the lines 4 x + y 9= 0 , x 2 y + 3= 0 , 5 x y 6= 0 make equal intercepts on any line of gradient 2. Q18. Two equal sides of an isosceles triangle are 7 x y + 3 =0 and x + y 3=0 and its third side passes through the point ( 1 , 10 ) . Determine the equation of the third side. Q19. Find the coordinates of the points at unit distance from the lines 3 x 4 y + 1 =0 and 8 x + 6 y + 1 =0 . Q20. Given n straight lines and a fixed point O. Through O is drawn a straight line meeting these lines in the points R 1 , R 2 , ..... , R n and on it is taken a point R, such that n 1 1 1 = + + ...... + . Show that the O R O R1 O R2 O Rn

locus of R is a straight line.

Q21. Let a give line L 1 intersect the x and y axes at P and Q respectively. Let another line L 2 perpendicular to L 1 cut the x and y axes at R and S respectively. Find the locus of the point of intersection of the lives PS and QR. Q22. Find the locus of the mid point of the portion of the variable line x cos + y sin = p , intercepted by the axes of coordinates, given that p remains constant. Q23. A variable line drawn through the point of intersection of lines x y x y + = 1 and + = 1 , meets the coordinate axes in A and B. Show a b b a that the locus of the mid point of AB is the curve : 2 x y ( a + b )= a b( x + y ) . Q24. A variable line is drawn through O to cut two fixed straight lines L 1 and L 2 in P and S. A point P is chosen on the variable line such that m+ n m n = + . Show that the locus of P is a traight line passing O P O R OS through the point of intersection of L 1 and L 2 .

Q25. A line drawn through the origin intersect the lines 2 x + y = 2 and x 2 y + 2= 0 in A and B. Show that the locus of the mid point of AB
Dr. Rajiv K. Sharda 3. Straight Lines JEE Mains & Advanced 3/4

is 2 x 2 3 x y 2 y 2 + x + 3 y =0 .. Q26. Show that the area of the paralleogram formed by the lines 3 y 2 x = a , 2 y 3 x + a =0, 2 x 3 y + 3 a =0 and 3 x 2 y = 2 a is 2 a2 . 5 Q27. Prove that if two of the three straight lines represented by the equation a x 3 + b x 2 y + c x y 2 + d y 3 =0 are at right angles, then a 2 + a c + b d + d 2= 0 .

Answers: A1. A2. A3. A4. A5. A6. A13. A14. A15. A18. 8 2 6 , , 15 9 7 *** y 3=( 2 3)( x 2 ) 7 x + 24 y +182 =0, x =2 91 squnits 52 x + 89 y + 519= 0
6 units A7. H (a , a ( t 1 + t 2 + t 3 + t 1 t 2 t 3 )) A8. A9. *** A10. *** A11. 11 x 3 y + 9=0 7 72 A12. 4 , I : ,1 ; r= 12 24

2 ( a l + b m )( a x + b y + c )( a2 + b2 )( l x + m y + n )= 0 c =4 ; ( 4 , 4 ) , ( 2 , 0 ) 3 x + y + 7=0 , x + 2 y 6 =0 , 3 x 4 y 28= 0 ; B ( 0 , 7 ) ,C ( 8 ,1 ) 3 x + y + 7 =0 , x 3 y 31=0 6 1 2 13 3 8 3 A19. , , , , 0, , , 5 10 5 10 2 5 10 A21. If OP =a , OQ = b & O is taken as origin then the equation of the locus is x 2 + y 2 a x b y =0 and it is a circle. A22. x2 + y 2 =4 p2

)(

)( )(

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Dr. Rajiv K. Sharda

3. Straight Lines JEE Mains & Advanced

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