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# Load Flow Example 1 1.

## Build the following system

Element Parameters

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## II. Exercise 2 Check System Voltage Condition

1. Check System Voltage Condition Run different cases to see if there is voltage problem. If there is any problem, fix it.

## III. Exercise 3 Use LF Calculation to Check Equipment Rating

1. Check Cable 2 Rating (Use Revision) Run different cases to see if Cable2 is over/under sized. Consider different operating conditions. Use derated ampacity based on default Tray setup (ICEA P54-440, H=6, W=18, Fill=30%, No cover, cumulative effect and fire protection). 2. Check Cable 5 & Cable 7 Rating (Use Revision) Run different cases to see if Cables 5 & 7 is under over/under sized. Consider all possible configurations. Use derated ampacity based on default Tray setup (ICEA P54-440, H=6, W=18, Fill=30%, No cover, cumulative effect and fire protection). 3. Check XFMR T4 and T5 Rating For all cases under consideration, are T4 and T5 under/over sized. What size would be more adequate? Check system voltage condition again.

## 1996-2009 Operation Technology, Inc.

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4. Determine Rating For Bus8, Bus12, CB8 and CB9 Operating conditions to be considered: configuration, loading, compatibility with upper stream elements. Consider the condition when one transformer (T4 or T5) is down.

## III. Exercise 4 Maximize Generator Output

1. Fully utilize co-gen capability Let generator output 10 MW. Check if there is any problem with system voltage, utility operating PF, etc.

## III. Exercise 5 Voltage Regulation

1. Operating without co-gen See if high voltage buses can maintain V >= 98%. Use transformer tap to correct voltage problem. Does it cause over voltage condition when generator is in? Try LTC or use LTC tool to determine tap position.

## IV. Exercise 6 Element Sizing

1. Size Cable 2 (Use Revision) 2 by 2 conduit Ta=25, Tc=90, Rho = 95 2. Size Cable 5 & 7 (Use Revision) A/G Tray with Height = 6, Width = 20, Fill = 25% Tray Ta = 30, Tc=90 Use ICEA method. 3. Size equipment cable for Mtr4 Set up Ampacity page data: Ta=35, Tc=90, NEC, A/G Tray with top cover. Size requirements: Vd (2%), Vst(80%), Ampacity (Mtr4 with MF), and SC (26kA, 0.06 second). Use library: ICEA, Rubber, Magnetic installation, 100% insulation level, 0.6kV, 3/C, CU conductor, 200ft.

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