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rogers (nr9358) Kinematics #1 volle (301) This print-out should have 21 questions.

ns. Multiple-choice questions may continue on the next column or page nd all choices before answering. 001 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points While John is traveling along a straight interstate highway, he notices that the mile marker reads 256 km. John travels until he reaches the 144 km marker and then retraces his path to the 171 km marker. What is Johns resultant displacement from the 256 km marker? Correct answer: 85 km. Explanation: Let : How far is Car A from school 1.8 h later? Correct answer: 142.2 km. Explanation: Let : va = 79 km/h t = 1. 8 h . and

d = va t = (79 km/h) (1.8 h) = 142.2 km . 004 (part 2 of 4) 10.0 points How far is car B from school 1.8 h later? Correct answer: 156.6 km.

s0 = 256 km and sf = 171 km .

Explanation: Let : vb = 87 km/h .

s = sf s0 = 171 km 256 km = 85 km . 002 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points How far has he traveled? Correct answer: 139 km. Explanation: Let : s2 = 144 km .

d = vb t = (87 km/h) (1.8 h) = 156.6 km . 005 (part 3 of 4) 10.0 points How long does it take car A to reach a gas station a distance 174 km from the school? Correct answer: 2.20253 h. Explanation: Let : d = 174 km .

The distance traveled is given by d = |s2 s0 | + |sf s2 | = |144 km 256 km| + |171 km 144 km| = 139 km . t= d 174 km = = 2.20253 h . va 79 km/h

006 (part 4 of 4) 10.0 points How long does it take car B to reach the gas station? Correct answer: 2 h. Explanation: t= 174 km d = 2h . = vb 87 km/h

003 (part 1 of 4) 10.0 points Both car A and car B leave school at the same time, traveling in the same direction. Car A travels at a constant speed of 79 km/h, while car B travels at a constant speed of 87 km/h.

rogers (nr9358) Kinematics #1 volle (301) 007 10.0 points A glacier moves with a speed of 54 nm/s. How many years would it take for the glacier to move 0.65 km? Assume there are 365 days in a year. Correct answer: 381.692 y. Explanation: Let : d = 0.65 km = 650 m and v = 54 nm/s = 5.4 108 m/s . d 650 m 1h = 8 v 5.4 10 m/s 3600 s 1d 1y 24 h 365 d = 381.692 y . The distance is d = v t = (6.7 m/s) (62 s) = 415.4 m . Correct answer: 415.4 m. Explanation: Let : v = 6 . 7 m/ s t = 62 s . and

The time is t=

010 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points What will be his position from point A after that time? Correct answer: 664.4 m. Explanation: Let : The position is d = d0 + d = 249 m + 415.4 m = 664.4 m . 011 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points The position versus time for a certain object moving along the x-axis is shown. The objects initial position is 1 m. 8 6 position (m) 4 2 0 2 4 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 time (s) 6 7 8 9 d0 = 249 m .

008 10.0 points An oceanic depth-sounding vessel surveys the ocean bottom with ultrasonic waves that travel 1530 m/s in seawater. How deep is the water directly below the vessel if the time delay of the echo to the ocean oor and back is 6 s? Correct answer: 4590 m. Explanation: Let : v = 1530 m/s and t = 6 s.

The sound takes 3 s to reach the ocean oor (and 3 s to return), so d = v t = (1530 m/s) (3 s) = 4590 m . 009 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points A cyclist maintains a constant velocity of 6.7 m/s headed away from point A. At some initial time, the cyclist is 249 m from point A. What will be his displacement from his starting position after 62 s?

Find the instantaneous velocity at 6.5 s. Correct answer: 2.33333 m/s. Explanation:

rogers (nr9358) Kinematics #1 volle (301) Explanation: v= 4 m (3 m) = 2.33333 m/s . 8s5s v= 4 m (8 m) = 4 m/s . 3s2 s

012 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points Find the average velocity over the whole time shown. Correct answer: 0.333333 m/s. Explanation: 4 m (1 m) = 0.333333 m/s . 9s0 s

015 (part 3 of 4) 10.0 points Find the instantaneous velocity at 4 s. Correct answer: 0 m/s. Explanation: v= 4 m (4 m) = 0 m/ s . 5s3s

v=

013 (part 1 of 4) 10.0 points The position versus time for a certain object moving along the x-axis is shown. The objects initial position is 4 m. 10 8 position (m) 6 4 2 0 2 4

016 (part 4 of 4) 10.0 points Find the instantaneous velocity at 8.5 s. Correct answer: 4 m/s. Explanation: v= 0 m (4 m) = 4 m/ s . 9s8s

017 (part 1 of 5) 10.0 points Consider the displacement curve OABC Displacement vs Time 2 1 x (m) 0 1 2 3 4 5 time (s) 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 0 1 B O C A

Find the instantaneous velocity at 1 s. Correct answer: 6 m/s. Explanation: The instantaneous velocity is the slope of the tangent line at that point. v= 8 m (4 m) = 6 m/ s . 2s0s

014 (part 2 of 4) 10.0 points Find the instantaneous velocity at 2.5 s. Correct answer: 4 m/s.

2 t (s) What is the average velocity from point O to A? 1. v OA = 3 m/s 2. v OA = + 3 m/s 3. v OA = 2 m/s

rogers (nr9358) Kinematics #1 volle (301) 4. v OA = 0 m/s 5. v OA = +2 m/s correct Explanation: The displacement x is on the vertical axis and the time t is on the horizontal axis. Velocity requires net displacement: 20 x xO = +2 m/s . = v OA = A tA tO 10 018 (part 2 of 5) 10.0 points What is the average velocity for the motion from point O to point B ? 1. v OB = + 3 m/s 2. v OB = 3 m/s 3. v OB = 0 m/s correct 4. v OB = +2 m/s 5. v OB = 2 m/s 00 xB xO = 0 m/ s . = tB tO 20

020 (part 4 of 5) 10.0 points What is the instantaneous velocity at point B? 1. vB = 2 m/s correct 2. vB = +2 m/s 3. vB = + 3 m/s 4. vB = 0 m/s 5. vB = 3 m/s

Explanation: v OB =

Explanation: The instantaneous velocity at point B can be obtained by rst nding an expression for the position of the moving object and taking its derivative evaluated at time tB . Since the graph near B is linear, it is simpler to calculate the slope of the line over the interval from A to B . The result correctly describes the instantaneous velocity at B because the derivative of a straight line is constant at all points on the line and can be obtained for our case by vB = 02 xB xA = 2 m/s . = tB tA 21

019 (part 3 of 5) 10.0 points What is the average speed for the motion from point O to point B ? 1. sOB = 2 m/s 2. sOB = +2 m/s correct 3. sOB = 3 m/s 4. sOB = 0 m/s 5. sOB = + 3 m/s Explanation: sOB = | xA xO | + | xB xA | tB tO 2+2 = = +2 m/s . 20

021 (part 5 of 5) 10.0 points What is the instantaneous speed at point B ? 1. sB = 3 m/s 2. sB = +2 m/s correct 3. sB = 2 m/s 4. sB = 0 5. sB = + 3 m/s Explanation: Instantaneous speed is simply the magnitude of the velocity: sB = |vB | = | 2| = +2 m/s .