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ENGLISH READER

for elementary and pre-intermediate students


1-2

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2
CONTENTS
Part One
Unit 1. School in Great Britain. G. Rogova, F. Rozhkova
Unit 2. Education in the USA. G. Rogova, F. Rozhkova
Unit 3. She Wants to Have Money oI Her Own. G. Rogova, F. Rozhkova
Unit 4. The History oI London. I.N. Vereshcagina, .V. !fanasyeva
Unit 5. The History oI Thanksgiving Day. "onica Vincent
Unit 6. Native Americans. #erry #omsha
Unit 7. The Wild West. I.N. Vereshcagina, .V. !fanasyeva
Unit 8. American Symbols. I.N. Vereshcagina, .V. !fanasyeva
Unit 9. Everyday LiIe in America. #erry #omsha
Unit 10. Isn`t It Fun to Whitewash the Fence$ "ark #%ain
Unit 11. The Golden Touch. &. 'odlinnik, ". (uznets
Unit 12. A Sea Story. ). &aco*s
Unit 13. Robin Hood. &. 'odlinnik, ". (uznets
Unit 14. How the Book Was Born. V.N. +ogorodskaya, ,.V. -rustalyova
Unit 15. The Ransom oI Red ChieI. . -enry
Unit 16. Arachne. V.N. +ogorodskaya, ,.V. -rustalyova
Unit 17. Little John Joins the Band. !ntonia Fraser
Part Two
Unit 18. Absent-Mindness. &erome (. &erome
Unit 19. The Luncheon. .. "augham
Unit 20. The Last LeaI. . -enry
Unit 21. How to Avoid Travelling. George "ikes
Unit 22. Molly Morgan. &ohn .tein*eck
3
Part One
4
Unit 1
SCHOOL IN GREAT BRITAIN
/*y G. Rogova, F. Rozhkova0
In Great Britain boys and girls go to school Irom the age oI Iive to IiIteen;
some go up to sixteen or eighteen.
The school year in Great Britain begins in the middle oI September and it is
over in July.
English children learn subjects like: English, mathematics (which includes
arithmetic, algebra and geometry), history, geography, science (which includes
biology, zoology, botany, chemistry and physics), Ioreign languages, drawing,
singing. They also have PT (physical training).
The children stay at school Irom 9 till 16.15. From 12 till 14 o'clock they have a
lunch break or dinner-time. And Irom 14 till 16.15 they have their lessons at
school again. AIter 16.15 they go home. There are several types oI schools in
Great Britain. They are primary and secondary schools. English children begin to
go to a secondary school when they are eleven. Some secondary schools are
only Ior boys, some are only Ior girls and some Ior boys and girls. Grammar
school, one oI the types oI secondary school, prepares pupils Ior the
university. Pupils stay at this type oI school Irom eleven till eighteen.
English schools are open Iive days a week. On Saturdays and Sundays there
are no lessons. The school year has three terms. AIter a term pupils have
holidays. So they have winter holidays which begin in December, spring holidays
are in April, and summer holidays are in August and the Iirst halI oI September.
So they are six weeks long.
The pupils oI all schools have uniIorms. Each school may have a diIIerent
uniIorm. They wear dark grey, dark green or dark blue uniIorms. The pupils oI
many schools have striped ties, only the colours are diIIerent Ior each school.
Very oIten pupils have their school badges on the leIt breast pockets and
berets.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/? @
1) ; 2) ; 3) m; 4) ; 5) ;
6) m; 7) ; 8) m ].
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?@
5
1) in the middle oI.; 2) science; 3) Irom.till.; 4) grammar school; 5) the
Iirst halI oI September; 6) striped ties; 6) school badges on the leIt breast
pockets and berets.
III An!wer the "#e!tion! 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?@
1) What types oI schools are there in Great Britain?
2) At what age do children go to school?
3) What subjects do children learn at school?
4) How long do children stay at school?
5) When do pupils have holidays?
6) What uniIorm do pupils wear at school?
IH Rete the text 'D/8/10)9, ./01.?I
H GraAAar Ta!J 'K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/?I
1.Ask questions about the words in bold type (3
):
a?The !Bhoo Cear in Great Britain begins in the Aidde o% Se&teAMerI
M?TheC also have PT.
B?A%ter 1NI1O they go hoAe.
d)There are !e$era tC&e! o% !Bhoo! in Great Britain.
%?Engi!h schools are open %i$e days a week.
PI O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a) We (to go) to school every day.
b) The school year (to begin) in September.
c) He (to have) many subjects.
d) The children (to stay) at school till 14 o`clock.
e) Our schools (to be) open six days a week.
I) Our teacher oIten (to play) role games with us.
SI TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1?interrogati$e and P?negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1?-6F861,./2E:7=, , P?6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) Girls and boys go to school Irom the age oI Iive.
b) English children learn many subjects.
c) I am a pupil now.
d) My brother goes to school every day.
e) There are several types oI schools in Great Britain.
I) The school year has three terms.
WI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) M e-mm ].
) C ?
6
) H m m m.
d) M m, .
) I m?
I) Ee n m.
7
Unit P
EDUCATION IN THE USA
(*y G. Rogova, F. Rozhkova0
You know that American children go to school Ior twelve years.
There are diIIerent schools in the USA: large and small, public and private,
co-educational and Ior boys and girls alone, schools in large cities and in small
towns.
When the children are Iive years old they go to kindergarten. AIter
kindergarten they go to elementary school. They study there eight years.
Then the American children can go to high school. They study there Iour years
more. Most Americans Iinish high school because it is Iree.
Public schools, one oI the types oI high schools, are always big. There are about
IiIteen hundred boys and girls there. Most American public schools are co-
educational which means that boys and girls study together. Most Americans go
to public schools.
When the American children Iinish high school they can go to college. A
college is like a university. The diIIerence is that a university has several colleges.
The students study at college Iour years.
The school year always begins in September or October and ends in May or
June. Many young people cannot go to college because it costs too much.
Some colleges have three hundred students or Iewer, but some universities
have twenty thousand students or more.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@
; 2) ; 3) ; 4) ; 5)
m; 6) m; 7) n
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?@
Iinish school; 2) it is Iree; 3) it costs too much; 4) Iewer or more.

III An!wer the "#e!tion! 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?@
What types oI schools are there in the USA?
8
How many pupils are there in public schools?
What is the diIIerence between college and university?
Why can`t many young people go to college?
IH Rete the text 'D/8/10)9, ./01.?I
H GraAAar Ta!J 'K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/?I
1.Ask questions about the words in bold type (3
):
a)American Bhidren go to !Bhoo Ior twe$e years.
b)Then the American Bhidren can go to high school.
c)The !Bhoo Cear ends in TaC or X#ne.
d)To!t Americans Iinish high school because it i! %ree.
PI O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a) There (to be) a kindergarten near my house.
b) They (to study) there Iour years.
c) There (to be) about thirty pupils in my class.
d) Many young people (to want) to go to college.
e) Colleges (to cost) very much.
I) Most pupils (to Iinish) high school.
SI TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1? interrogati$e and P? negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1?-6F861,./2E:7=, , P?6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) Public schools are always big.
b) A college is like a university.
c) Some universities have twenty thousand students or more.
d) The school year always begins in September.
e) There are diIIerent schools in the USA.
I) You can go to high school aIter elementary school.
WI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) P m.
) Hm m m.
) u m A m.
d) x n .
) x, m .
I) T m .
HI Te aMo#t ed#Bation in R#!!ia 'Q)110)9, 6R 6R8)>6-):,, -
Q611,,?I
9
Unit S
SHE YANTS TO HAHE TONEZ OF HER OYN
/*y G. Rogova, F. Rozhkova0
/1art ne0
I'm Betty and I' m sixteen. My birthday is on the 1st oI February I'm still at
school. I like the Iollowing subjects: English, needlework and housecraIt.
HousecraIt? Well, we learn cooking and how to look aIter a house and . . . oh! I can
hear the telephone. Excuse me. Hallo? Hallo? Yes, Betty Brown is speaking.
Saturday next? Yes, Mrs. Smith. That's the 18th oI February, isn't it? Yes, thank
you, Mrs. Smith, 6 o'clock. Yes, 6 o'clock sharp. Sixteen, WilberIorce Road.
Mrs. Smith is one oI Mummy's Iriends. I don't know her very well, but I know
she has two children. Here is Mummy now.
Mummy, can I go to Mrs. Smith's on Saturday? She and Mr Smith are
going to the cinema, and they want me to baby-sit.
Till when, Betty?
Till ten thirty, Mummy. Oh, please, Mummy, can I go?
You're coming home at ten thirty, Betty don't Iorget! Ask Mr. Smith to
bring you home in the car.
It's Saturday night, and the time is seven thirty. George and Tom are going to
bed. George is seven and Tom is eight. They don't like going to bed.
Come on, George! To bed!
Wait a minute, says George, I want a drink!
I want a drink, says Tom.
I get them a drink.
Come on, boys! Bedtime!
Read us a story, Betty.
I read a story.
Now, come on, boys! Bedtime!
There's a ghost in the bedroom, Betty!
There isn't, Tom! Please go to bed, boys!
They're in bed at last. It's eight thirty. I go downstairs, into the sitting-room. I
get out my books. I'm going to do homework. There's a big television set and the
programme is very good. There's a play called 'Hamlet'. And there's a box oI
chocolates on the table with a note: Betty, these are Ior you! Mrs. Smith.
When the play is over, there are no more chocolates. I turn oII the television
set. What's the time? It's 10 o'clock. I open the door and listen. Are the boys
asleep?
10
Silence.
I go upstairs. The Smiths' house is big, and there are a lot oI doors. Here is
the boys' bedroom. I open the door. It is dark inside.
Silence. They are asleep. I go into the room. It is very dark inside, but I can
see. Where are the boys?
The beds are empty!
OI course, Tom and George are playing. They're under the bed! No, they're
not under the bed. They're in the bathroom! No, they're not in the bathroom.
Perhaps they're in the sitting-room? No! In the kitchen? No! Where are they?
Silence. It is ten thirty! I can hear Mr. and Mrs. Smith at the door. Help!
Hallo, Betty, says Mrs. Smith. Are the boys asleep? I' m going upstairs to
see them.
We go upstairs. As we come to the boys' bedroom, I stop. How can I tell
them where the boys are?
11
But Mrs. Smith walks to the next door. She opens that door and looks
in.
Sleeping like angels, she says.
SHE YANTS TO HAHE TONEZ OF HER OYN
/1art #%o0
You remember me, don't you? I'm Betty Brown, and I oIten go baby-sitting,
but only on Saturdays. I'm still at school. Oh! That's the telephone. Excuse
me. Hallo? Yes, Betty Brown is speaking. Mrs. Goodchild? I must ask my
mother... Yes, I can come on Saturday night.
It's Saturday night, and the time is 6 o'clock. Mr. and Mrs. Good- child are
going to the theatre. Mr. Goodchild is an actor. He plays Romeo in 'Romeo
and Juliet'. Mrs. Goodchild is going to the theatre to watch him.
Ah, there you are, dear, says Mrs. Goodchild. She's wearing a beautiIul
dress!
Now look aIter Tootsie. She likes biscuits and milk at 9 o'clock.
Come on, dear, says Mr. Goodchild. II we don't go soon, there'll be no
Romeo in 'Romeo and Juliet'.
But Mrs. Goodchild goes on talking to me:
Tootsie has milk and biscuits at nine. At about 10 o'clock she has a run in
the garden.
Yes, Mrs. Goodchild, I say. Is Tootsie in bed? No, no, she's in the
kitchen, says Mr. Goodchild. Come along, dear, I must be at the theatre in Iive
minutes.
I'm coming, says Mrs. Goodchild. Oh, Betty, give Tootsie a chocolate.
Good-bye! And oII they go.
Actors are Iunny! They go oII Ior the evening and leave their Tootsie in the
kitchen! I must put her to bed. Milk and biscuits at nine very well, but a run in
the garden? OI course, Tootsie is an actor's child, and actors are Iunny people.
Well, I must go into the kitchen, get Tootsie, and put her to bed.
There is nobody in the kitchen yes, there is. A black poodle is asleep in a
basket.
Tootsie? I say.
She wags her tail, and goes back to sleep. She is still asleep at 9 o'clock, so I
have the milk and biscuits instead. At 10 o'clock she is still asleep. At 11 o'clock,
when Mr. and Mrs. Goodchild come home, I'm asleep myselI.
Thank you very much! says Mrs. Goodchild.
Another ten shillings Ior my summer holidays!
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@
12
e me; 2) me, m; 3) ; 4) ; 5) ; 6)
e; 7) ; 8) x ; 9) ; 10)
; 11) ; 12) ; 13) ; 14) ; 15) x
-.
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?@
bed time; 2) to go downstairs (upstairs); 3) to turn oII the television set; 4) he
plays Romeo; 5) look aIter Tootsie; 6) she has milk and biscuits at nine; 7)
she has a run in the garden; 8) in (Iive) minutes.
III An!wer the "#e!tion! 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?@
Does Betty want to have money oI her own? Prove it.
Do boys want to sleep?
Is Mrs. Smith a good woman? Why?
Are the boys good children?
Who is Tootsie?
Who drinks milk and eats biscuits and why?
IH Rete the text on the &art o% 'D/8/10)9, ./01. 6. 2,V)?@
the author; 2) Betty; 3) Betty`s mother.
H GraAAar Ta!J 'K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/?I
1.Ask questions about the words in bold type (3
):
a)She and TrI SAith are going to the BineAa.
b?I can hear TrI and Tr!I SAith at the door.
c?She o&en! the door and ooJ! inI
d)I can BoAe on Sat#rdaC night.
e)At about 1[ o`clock !he ha! a run in the gardenI
I)There is noModC in the JitBhenI
PI O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a) He (to know) us very well.
b) 'Hallo! Who (to speak)?
c) She (to be) in bed at last.
d) She (to play) Juliet in 'Romeo and Juliet.
e) We (to go) to the theatre on Sunday.
13
I) He usually (to have) tea at 5 o`clock.
SI Underine the BorreBt %orA 'F6+L/80:, F8)-,2E:34 \68=3?@
a) Look! Your kittens are playing play under the table.
b) We are having have breakIast at 7 o`clock every morning.
c) My little sister is going goes to the theatre in a week.
d) Boys and girls like running are liking running in the street.
e) This black dog sleeps is sleeping in a basket now.
I) It always sleeps is sleeping in a basket.
WI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) m .
) M mmm .
c) x 11 ?
d) m .
e) m.
I) m .
14
Unit W
THE HISTORZ OF LONDON
/*y I.N. Vereshcagina, .V. !fanasyeva0
The Romans went to England many, many years ago. They built a town on the
River Thames. The name oI the town was Londinium. The Romans built
Londinium near the river. The place Ior the town was very good. Soon the
Romans built a bridge over the River Thames.
Londinium got bigger and bigger. The Romans built a lot oI roads Irom
Londinium to other parts oI Britain.
By the year 400, there were IiIty thousand people in Londinium. Soon
aIter 400, the Romans leIt Britain. We do not know very much about
Londinium between the years 400 and 1000.
The River Thames has always been part oI London' s history. In
Roman times Londinium was a small town with the Thames in its centre .
Now London is a very large ity (a very big town) but the River Thames is
still in the centre oI London.
Until 1749, there was only one bridge over the river: London Bridge. The
old London Bridge looked very strange. There were houses and shops on
the bridge. In the nineteenth century there were already many new bridges
in London. Now there are more than twenty bridges over the Thames.
At the beginning oI the 11th century England was already a
big country and London was a very important city. In 1066 William the Conqueror
and his people went to England Irom Normandy
in France
William the Conqueror became ing oI England. The ing lived in London.
Many oI his people lived in London too. But William was aIraid oI the English, oI
the people oI London and he built the White Tower to live in it. Now it is one oI
15
the most important and beautiIul buildings oI the Tower oI London As it is
very Iamous, many people visit it every year.
All ings and ueens oI England lived in London. It became the
biggest city in England. By 1600 there were more than two hundred
thousand (200000) people in London.
In those days people usually built houses oI wood, and they oIten were
near one another. Sometimes there were Iires in the city, but they were
usually very small Then came 1666, the year oI the Great Fire oI London.
On Saturday, 2nd September 1666 there was a strong wind Irom the
river and a big Iire began. It started in the house oI the king's baker, near
London Bridge.
The baker's wiIe woke up in the middle oI the night because the house was on
Iire. Soon the next house started burning and then the next and the next...
The Iire burnt until Thursday. Many houses in London were burnt. The Iire
burnt Ior Iour days and destroyed 80 oI the city. More than 250 thousand
people didn't have home any more.
AIter the Great Fire people built a new city. The city became larger and
larger. By 1830 there were more than one and a halI million people in London.
The railways came and London became richer and richer, but it didn't
become nicer. The city became dark and dirty and people lived in bad houses.
There are still poor people and dirty places in London today, but liIe is
better now as there are many new houses and Ilats. The city is also much
cleaner.
16
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@
1) ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) ; 5) m; 6)
; 7) x; 8) ; 9) ; 10) m; 11)
x ; 12) ; 13) e; 14) .
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?@
be aIraid oI smb. (smth.); 2) there was a strong wind; 3) be on Iire.
III Tr#e] %a!e or don^t Jnow '_/8:6] :/-/8:6] :/ >:)4?`
There are many bridges over the Thames now.
There were many bridges over the Thames in Roman times.
The Romans came to England in the 19
th
century.
Londinium was a very beautiIul town in old times.
The Romans built Iew roads in England.
Londinium is the old name oI London.
There were many cinemas on London Bridge.
17
IH An!wer the "#e!tion! 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?@
1) When did England become a great country?
2) Where did William the Conqueror come Irom?
3) Where did William the Conqueror live when he was king?
4) What is the white tower?
5) How many people lived in London by 1600?
6) Where and when did the Great Fire oI London start?
7) What is liIe like in London today?
H Rete the text 'D/8/10)9, ./01.?I
HI Find the thing! whiBh are wrong] then BorreBt theA and Bo&C o#t the text
'()*+, 6a,R0, , ,1F8)-E ./01.?@
The Fire oI London
In October 1796 there was a Iire in the old city oI London. The Iire started in a
house on London Bridge. The weather was Iine that day, there were Iew houses on
London Bridge, and that`s why only 4 houses were burnt. The Iire started on
Thursday and was over on Friday. The people oI London built new city aIter the
Iire.
HII GraAAar Ta!J 'K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/?@
1I O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a) The Romans (to build) Londinium on the river Thames.
b) There (to be) a lot oI bridges over that river.
c) William the Conqueror (to become) king oI England and (to live) in London.
d) She (to wake) up in the middle oI the night.
e) The Iire (to burn) until Thursday.
I) The Iire (to destroy) many houses.
PI TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1? interrogati$e and P? negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1? -6F861,./2E:7=, , P? 6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) The Romans went to England many years ago.
b) The place Ior the town was very good.
c) The river Thames has always been part oI London`s history.
d) William the Conqueror was aIraid oI the people oI London.
e) In those days people usually built houses oI wood.
I) The Iire burnt many houses in London.
S. Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) H .
18
b) M H, x e .
c) P H T.
d) m .
e) M n m .
I) , ?
19
Unit 5
THE HISTORZ OF THANbSGIHING DAZ
/*y "onica Vincent0
The last Thursday in November, as you know, is a holiday in America. People
call this holiday Thanksgiving Day. It is perhaps the most important day in the
American year. People go to church, and Iamilies come together Ior the day.
They decorate their houses with the Iruits and Ilowers oI autumn and prepare
traditional American Iood: roast turkey, potatoes and pumpkin. It's rather like
Christmas, but what are people celebrating? What are they giving thanks Ior?
Do you remember the Iirst colonists in New England? In 1620 they came
to America and began a new liIe there. It was a very hard liIe. The colonists
started to Iarm the land. The work was diIIicult and Iull oI danger. In New
England, the place where they lived, there were many wild birds. They were
like chickens but much bigger. They were turkeys. In the autumn oI 1621 the
colonists had their Iirst harvest. It was rather good. The colonists decided to
have a special dinner. They wanted to thank God to give him their thanks
Ior many things. It was a diIIicult year, but the people still had Iood to eat.
The colonists had a thanksgiving dinner Ior all the people. It lasted three
days. For the whole three days they gave thanks Ior their good harvest and
their happy year in a new country.
Wild turkeys were on the table oI this meal, and since then the turkey
has become a symbol oI Thanksgiving Day.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@
; 2) x; 3) n; 4) m -; 5)
x; 6) ; 7) Px; 8) ; 9) x x; 10)
; 11) ; 12) x.
20
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?c
1) they were like chickens but much bigger; 2) be rather good (bad); 3) to last
some days; 4) Ior the whole three days.
III An!wer the "#e!tion! 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?@
When did people celebrate this holiday Ior the Iirst time?
Why did people celebrate this holiday?
What is the traditional Iood oI this holiday?
What is the most important day in America and why?
IH Rete the text 'D/8/10)9, ./01.?I
H GraAAar Ta!J 'K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/?I
1. Ask questions about the words in bold type:
a)The a!t Thursday in No$eAMer is a holiday in AAeriBa.
b?TheC deBorate their houses with the %r#it! and %ower! oI autumn.
c)In 1NP[ they came to America and Megan anew liIe there.
d)The Booni!t! had a thanJ!gi$ing dinner Ior all the &eo&e.
e)Wild t#rJeC! were on the taMe oI this meal.
PI O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a)They (to call) their dog Rex.
b) My mother (to decorate) our house with Ilowers.
c) He (to begin) a new liIe many years ago.
d) Their liIe (to be ) very hard.
e) The colonists (to have) their Iirst harvest in the autumn oI 1621.
I) The turkey (to be) like chicken but much bigger.
SI TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1? interrogati$e and P? negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1? -6F861,./2E:7=, , P? 6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) They were very happy.
b) Mr. Brown was in London in 1939.
c) It is the most important day in the American year.
21
d) They prepare traditional American Iood.
e) The work was diIIicult and Iull oI danger.
I) They had a thanksgiving dinner Ior all the people.
WI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) F A .
b) T .
c) x .
d) m x.
e) m + m .
I) M m n.
22
Unit N
NATIHE ATERICANS
/*y #erry #omsha0
Native Americans came Irom Asia. Over 20000 years ago they
travelled across the land between Siberia and Alaska.
When English colonists came to the New World on board the MayIlower
the Native Americans met them and were very Iriendly and helped them a
lot. In those days people lived in small earth houses and grew their own Iood.
Some Indians ate only grass, nuts and what Iruit they could Iind. Other
people were Iishermen and lived in wooden houses. Most Native Americans
were very peaceIul. They wanted to live happily with nature and each other.
They believed in many gods and thought that gods lived in trees, stones, water
and Iire. They believed their gods could bring success in hunting, Iarming and
Iishing. They oIten had special ceremonies with dances and music beIore they
went hunting or Iishing or when they began Iarming.
Native American songs and poems are a very important part oI their traditions as
they help them to keep their history and culture alive.
Another Iamous tradition was smoking oI a peace pipe. When they smoked
this pipe together with people they didn't know, it meant Iriendship and peace.
Many years ago Native American tribes lived in all parts oI the USA, and
hunted and Iished wherever they chose. Now most oI them live in poor lands to the
west oI the Mississippi River. Many live on reservations.
23
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@
1) ; 2) ; 3) m; 4) ; 5) m; 6)
; 7) ; 8) .
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?c
across the land; 2) New World; 3) believe in God; 4) bring success in smth.; 5)
smoking oI a peace pipe; 6) to keep their history and culture alive.
III An!wer the "#e!tion! 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?@
Where did Native Americans come Irom?
How did they travel?
Where did they live?
What did they eat?
What did Native Americans believe in?
Where do most Native Americans live now?
IH Rete the !torC on the &art o% 'D/8/10)9, ./01. 6. 2,V) ? @
the author; 2) the Native American.
H GraAAar Ta!J 'K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/? @
1I A!J "#e!tion! aMo#t the word! in Mod tC&e 'd)+)* -6F8617 0
-7+/2/::7= 126-)=?@
1) Nati$e AAeriBan! came Irom A!iaI
2) Other &eo&e were %i!herAen and lived in wooden houses.
3) TheC oIten had !&eBia BereAonie! with dances and music.
4) Another %aAo#! tradition was !AoJing oI a peace &i&e.
PI O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a)They (to come) Irom Asia many years ago.
b) Native Americans (to be) very Iriendly to English colonists.
c) Indians (to believe) in many gods.
d) When people (to smoke) the pipe together it (to mean) Iriendship and peace.
e) BeIore they (to go) Iishing they (to have) special ceremonies.
I) Who (to eat) only Iruit?
24
SI TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1? interrogati$e and P? negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1?-6F861,./2E:7=, , P?6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) Native Americans traveled across the land between Siberia and Alaska.
b) They wanted to live happily with nature and each other.
c) They believed their gods could bring success in hunting.
d) Their songs and poems are a very important part oI their traditions.
e) Many years ago their tribes lived in all parts oI the USA.
I) Now many Native Americans live on 'reservations.
WI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) n x .
b) .
c) M m F.
d) Hm x .
e) H ! .
I) M xe + .
25
Unit e
THE YILD YEST
/*y I.N. Vereshcagina, .V. !fanasyeva0
At the beginning oI the 17th century the Iirst colonies appeared in America.
Many oI them were English colonies, Ior example, New England. But there
were also Spanish and German colonies there. AIrican Negroes arrived as
slaves in 1619 and began working on plantations situated in the South. They
grew rice and tobacco.
There were 13 colonies in America in 1733. The English ing who lived in
England, Iar away, was the ing oI New England and the other colonies. The
colonists in America didn't like that. They didn't want to depend on the English
ing or on England. The Americans began to Iight Ior their independence and got it.
George Washington became the Iirst president oI the United States.
In the 18th century some Americans went to the west to look Ior new lands, and
the story oI Wild West began. In the 19th century people went west to look Ior
gold. They built new settlements and new towns on these lands. Some people were
lucky but some were not as they couldn't Iind any gold. Then they leIt the towns, so
they became empty. Now these ghost towns are very popular with tourists.
LiIe in the Wild West was Iull oI danger. The Native Americans in the west didn't
like white people who took their land. Sometimes they attacked them.
There were bears and other wild animals and people had to have guns. Today
many Americans still keep a gun in their houses and all American police oIIicers
have guns.
Another tradition Irom the Wild West is cowboy clothes.
In the days oI the Wild West clothes were very important as
26
they helped people to live leading a diIIicult and dangerous
liIe. Cowboys spent much time outdoors. '
They usually wore hats, boots and jeans. Hats
helped them in the sun and protected their Iaces and
eyes Irom the hot sun. Boots were also very
important. It was more comIortable to walk
through long grass in boots. There were many
dangerous snakes where cowboys worked and lived
and the boots protected people Irom them. Boots also
made riding a horse easier.
In the middle oI the 19th century in the city oI San
Francisco there lived a tailor called Levi Strauss. He made
special clothes
strong trousers called 2eans. Very soon cowboys started to wear jeans. Now
people wear jeans in America and all over the world.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@
1) ; 2) ; 3) -; 4) x -; 5)
; 6) ; 7) ; 8) ; 9) xe; 10) ; 11)
mm; 12) ; 13) ; 14) .
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;? @
Iar away; 2) look Ior smth.; 3) be lucky; 4) ghost town; 5) be popular with
tourists; 6) lead liIe; 7) spend time out doors; 8) ride a horse; 9) in the
middle oI the 19
th
century; 10) people had to have guns.
III An!wer the "#e!tion! 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?@
When did the Iirst colonies appear in America?
Were all the colonies English?
How many colonies were there in America in 1733?
Why did the Americans begin to Iight Ior their independence?
Where did Americans go in the 18
th
19
th
centuries and why?
Why did Americans have to wear guns?
27
What is another tradition Irom the 'Wild West?
Why was it important Ior cowboys to wear hats and boots?
What trousers did the cowboys wear in those times?
10) Who made jeans then?
Where did the tailor live?
Why do people wear jeans all over the world now?
IH Rete the !torC 'D/8/10)9, ./01.?I
H GraAAar Ta!J 'K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/?I
1I A!J "#e!tion! aMo#t the word! in Mod tC&e (d)+)* -6F8617 0
-7+/2/::7= 126-)=):
1) AIrican Negroes arrived as slaves in 1N1f and began worJing on
plantations, situated in the So#th.
2) There were 1S Boonie! in America in 1eSSI
3) SoAe Americans went to the West to ooJ %or new and!.
4) Today many AAeriBan! still keep a g#n in their houses.
5) Very soon BowMoC! started to wear gean!.
PI O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a) New England (to be) one oI the Iirst colonies in America.
b) Many Negro slaves (to work) on plantations.
c) The Americans (to depend) on the English king.
d) The story oI 'Wild West (to begin) in the 18-th century.
e) People (to build) new towns.
I) There (to be) many wild animals in the Iorest.
SI TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1? interrogati$e and P? negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1?-6F861,./2E:7=, , P?6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) Today many Americans still keep a gun in their houses.
b) Clothes helped people to live leading a diIIicult and dangerous liIe.
c) Cowboys usually wore hats, boots and jeans.
d) It was more comIortable to walk through long grass in boots.
e) They made riding a horse easier.
I) My hat protects me Irom the sun.
WI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) H n 17- .
b) Hm m e.
c) x xe .
28
d) H m m, x.
e) x .
I) m x?
29
Unit h
ATERICAN SZTBOLS
/*y I.N. Vereshcagina, .V. !fanasyeva0
The American Ilag is oIten called The Stars and Stripes. There are three
colours on the Ilag oI the United States red, white, and blue. As there are
IiIty states in the United States, there are IiIty stars on the American Ilag: one
star Ior each state.
The American Ilag has thirteen stripes. The stripes are red and white. The Ilag
has seven red stripes and six white stripes. There is one stripe Ior each oI the Iirst
thirteen colonies oI the United States.
People must know many things about the Ilag, Ior example: you should display
it only during the day and you should Iold it in a special way. In some schools
there is a Ilag in each classroom, and children stand in Iront oI the Ilag every
day. You can see the American Ilag in shops and oIIices, in the streets and
squares, in small towns and in big cities. You can see pictures oI the
American Ilag in newspapers and magazines. Americans are proud oI their Ilag
and display it in many places.
One oI the most Iamous symbols oI the USA is the Statue oI Liberty. France
gave the statue to America in 1884 as a symbol oI Iriendship. The Statue is in
New York on Liberty Island. It is one oI the Iirst things people see when they
arrive in New York by sea.
30
The eagle became the oIIicial national symbol oI the country in 1782. It
has an olive branch (a symbol oI peace) and arrows (symbols oI strength). You
can see the eagle on the back oI a dollar bill.
The United States oI America has an oIIicial song too. It is called The
Star-Spangled Banner
Every state in the USA has its own Ilag, its own symbol and its own song
too.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@
1) ; 2) ; 3) m; 4) x; 5) ; 6) ; 7)
; 8) ; 9) ; 10) e; 11) c.
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?@
1) be proud oI smb. (smth.); 2) a symbol oI Iriendship (strength); 3) by sea; 4)
an olive branch; 5) back oI a dollar bill; 6) 'The Star-Spangled Banner.
III An!wer the "#e!tion! 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?@
What do people oIten call the American Ilag?
What are the colours oI the American Ilag?
How many states are there in the USA?
How many stars are there on the American Ilag? Why?
How many stripes has the Ilag got?
What colours are the stripes?
Why are there 13 stripes on the Ilag? What do they mean?
What must people know about the Ilag?
IH SaC e$erCthing Co# Jnow aMo#t AAeriBan !CAMo! 'Q)110)9, -1i] L.6
>:)/aE] 6 j=/8,0):10,k 1,=-62)k?.
H Fi in the ga&! 'd)F62:, F86F310, 126-)=,?@
1) The American Ilag is red, white and . .
2) There are 13 . on the American Ilag.
3) There are IiIty . on the American Ilag.
4) There are . states in the USA.
5) There are 3 . on the Ilag oI the USA.
31
HI GraAAar Ta!J 'K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/?
1. O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a) Who knows how many states there (to be) in the USA?
b) People (to know) many things about the Ilag.
c) We (to see) the American Ilag in shops and oIIices.
d) They (to display) their Ilag everywhere.
e) When people (to arrive) in New York by sea they can see the Statue oI
Liberty.
I) We (to know) our oIIicial song very well.
PI TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1? interrogati$e and P? negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1?-6F861,./2E:7=, , P?6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) The American Ilag is oIten called 'The Stars and stripes.
b) People must know everything about their Ilag.
c) Children stand in Iront oI the Ilag every day.
d) We could see the American Ilag in the streets and squares.
e) We are proud oI our country.
I) The eagle became the national symbol oI the country in 1782.
SI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) H ] m .
b) An ].
c) 1884 n x A Cm
C.
d) .
e) V x .
I) H ?
HII Yrite the !#AAarC aMo#t the hi!torC o% AAeriBa in 1[
!entenBe! ' ()F,a, 08).0,* F/8/10)> ,1.68,, j=/8,0, - 1[
F8/+269/:,;k?I
32
Unit f
EHERZDAZ LIFE IN ATERICA
/*y #erry #omsha0
America is a Iriendly country with Iriendly people. In small American towns
you hear hello to Iriends and also to people who have just arrived. People
easily start to talk with each other. Waiters in restaurants will oIten tell you
their names and talk to you. When you leave they will tell you to Take
care! or Have a nice day!. OIten, people you have just met begin to ask you
personal questions or start telling you all about themselves.
When Americans meet people Ior the Iirst time they usually
shake hands. When they meet Iriends or relatives they haven't
seen Ior a long time they sometimes kiss them on the cheek.
Pot luck dinners are very popular with Americans. At a pot luck
dinner all the guests bring something to eat and usually ask the host or hostess
what they would like. OIten you bring salad, some vegetables, or something
sweet. Usually guests will arrive 10 or 15 minutes late this gives your hosts
time to Iinish their preparations.
Americans love to get together and to have parties. Traditional parties are a
birthday, moving to a new house, a wedding, New Year's Eve and the Fourth oI
July Independence Day. These parties are oIten inIormal and there are not
many rules Ior them. Americans like to relax and enjoy themselves. So,
maybe the best advice is to relax, smile, and enjoy yourselI too!
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@
1) ]n; 2) x ; 3) ; 4) ; 5)
; 6) -; 7) ; 8) ; 9) ;
10) .
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?@
33
1) talk to smb.; 2) 'Take care!; 3) ask personal questions; 4) Ior the Iirst time;
5) kiss smb. on the cheek; 6) arrive 10 or 15 minutes late; 7) to get together;
8) moving to a new house; 9) they like to relax and to enjoy themselves.
III Tr#e] %a!e or don^t Jnow '_/8:6] :/-/8:6] :/ >:)4?`
America is a Iriendly country.
All people in the street you meet say: 'Have a nice day!
Americans never ask personal questions.
Americans never shake hands.
'Pot luck dinners are very popular with Americans.
All parties in America are inIormal.
Americans like to relax and enjoy themselves.
IH Rete the text 'D/8/10)9, ./01.?I
H GraAAar Ta!J 'K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/?I
1I A!J "#e!tion! aMo#t the word! in Mod tC&e 'd)+)* -6F8617 0
-7+/2/::7= 126-)=)@
1) Yaiter! in restaurants will oIten tell Co# their naAe!.
2) OIten Co# bring salad, !oAe $egetaMe! or something sweet.
3) These &artie! are oIten inIormal and there are not AanC r#e! Ior them.
PI O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a) We (to hear) many kind words every day.
b) People oIten (to ask) you personal questions.
c) Mother usually (to kiss) me on the cheek when I come home.
d) At a 'pot luck dinner our guests (to bring) much Iish yesterday.
e) People who usually (to smile) are very charming.
I) Your hosts (to Iinish) their preparations in Iive minutes.
SI TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1? interrogati$e and P? negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1?-6F861,./2E:7=, , P?6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) People easily start to talk to each other.
b) He oIten brings salad.
c) Americans love to get together.
d) All people like to relax and enjoy themselves.
e) They gave us advice about places oI interest in their city.
I) Each evening we prepare tomorrow`s trip together.
34
WI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) M m .
b) Hm xm m.
c) m , .
d) x m n.
e) .
I) .
35
Unit1[
ISNlT IT FUN TO YHITEYASH THE FENCE`
/From #he !dventures of #om .a%yer after "ark #%ain0
Saturday morning came, the summer world was bright and Iresh, and Iull oI
liIe.
Tom appeared with a bucket oI whitewash and a brush. He looked at the
Ience and his Iace became sad. All the boys were playing, only he had to work.
It was Aunt Polly's punishment Ior his dirty and torn clothes. The Ience was
long and high. Tom whitewashed it Ior some time, then sat down on a box, in
despair. He was aIraid that iI the boys saw him with a brush they could laugh at
him.
Suddenly he had a bright idea. He took up his brush and began to work. Soon
he saw Ben Rogers in the street. Ben was eating an apple. Tom went on
whitewashing and didn't look at him. Ben stopped near Tom and began to watch
him.
Hallo, boy! said Ben. Do you have to work today? Why, it's you, Ben! I
didn't see you. Say, I'm going swimming. Don't you want to come too? But
oI course you have to work, haven't you? Tom looked at Ben and said: What
do you call work? Why, isn't that work? Tom continued to whitewash, and
answered: Well, perhaps it is work and perhaps it isn't. All I know is Tom
Sawyer likes it.
Oh, do you mean to say that you like it? The brush continued to move up
and down. Like it? Well, I don't see why not? Does a boy whitewash a Ience
every day?
Ben stopped eating his apple. He watched every movement. He got more and
more interested. Then he said:
Say, Tom, let me whitewash a little. Tom thought Ior a moment. No, no,
I can't, Ben. You see, Aunt Polly asked me to do the work well, and I think
there is only one boy in a thousand who can do it well.
Oh, is that so? Let me try, only a little.
Tom was thinking. I can give you my apple.
Tom gave him the brush. He was happy. And while Ben worked in the sun,
Tom sat under a tree, ate his apple, and planned how to get more boys to do the
work Ior him.
Many boys came to laugh at Tom, but very soon they all worked with pleasure.
Each one had to give Tom something, and then he could whitewash the Ience.
When aIternoon came, Tom was a rich boy. He had twelve marbles, a piece oI
blue glass, a toy soldier, a kitten, a dog-collar, and many other things.
He had a good time, and the Ience was ready very quickly.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@
1) , ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) ; 5) ; 6)
, ; 7) .
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?@
1) a bucket oI whitewash; 2) his Iace became sad; 3) torn clothes; 4) laugh at
smb.; 5) a bright idea.
III An!wer the "#e!tion! 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?@
Was it Iun Ior Tom to whitewash the Ience on bright sunny day?
He had to work, didn`t he?
What did he look like when he began to work? Why?
Was Ben sorry Ior Tom at Iirst? Why?
Why did Tom begin to work with interest?
What did Tom get when he let Ben whitewash the Ience?
How did Tom become a rich boy?
Did Tom have a good time?
Do you think Tom was pleased with himselI and his bright idea?
10) Do you like Tom and why ( or why not) ?
IH Rete the text on the &art o% 'D/8/10)9, ./01. 6. 2,V)?@
1) the author; 2) Tom; 3) one oI Tom`s Iriends.
H GraAAar Ta!J 'K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/?
I
1I A!J "#e!tion! aMo#t the word! in Mod tC&e@
1) He looked at the %enBe and hi! Iace became sad.
2) He was aIraid that iI the boys !aw him with a brush theC could a#gh at
hiA.
3) Ben stopped eating his apple.
PI O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a) Tom (to whitewash) the Ience when his Iriends (to play).
b) His Iriends (to laugh) at him.
c) Tom (to take) up his brush and (to begin) working.
d) They (to continue) to work.
e) He (to stop) eating his lunch.
I) They (to think) Ior a moment and (to say) nothing.
SI TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1? interrogati$e and P? negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1?-6F861,./2E:7=, , P?6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) Tom appeared with a bucket oI whitewash and a brush.
b) Suddenly he had a bright idea.
c) He was eating his apple and watching Tom.
d) Many boys came to laugh at Tom.
e) There was only one boy in a thousand who could do it well.
I) Tom planned how to get more boys to do the work Ior him.
WI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) T m, .
b) x .
c) u x ?
d) Te, .
e) .
I) , m.
Unit 11
THE GOLDEN TOUCH
/*y &. 'odlinnik, ". (uznets0
Long, long ago there lived a rich king. He was called Midas, He
was a greedy man and liked gold very
much.
One day he asked the gods oI Greece to give him still more gold. The
gods decided to punish him and said, Very well; in the morning everything
that you touch will become gold.
Midas was very happy when he heard this. I shall be the richest man in the
world, he thought.
He got up early in the morning. When he touched his bed, it became gold.
He began to dress, and his clothes became gold.
Midas loved Ilowers very much, and he had a lovely garden. BeIore
breakIast he went into the garden to look at his Ilowers. The day was Iine,
the sun was bright, and the roses were very lovely. The king picked one oI
the roses, but it became gold in his hand.
He was sorry that the Ilowers changed when he touched them, Ior he
liked their rich colours.
The king went to have his breakIast. He took a cup oI sweet milk, but
the milk became gold. Then he took a piece oI bread, and that also became
gold. Midas now began to Ieel unhappy. It was good to be the richest man
in the world, but he was hungry, and he could not eat or drink gold.
Midas went into the garden again. His little daughter was there. When she
saw her Iather, she ran up to him. ing Midas loved his daughter very much.
But when he kissed her, she became a golden statue.
Midas was now very unhappy. He went into his palace. His eyes were Iull oI
tears, but the tears also became drops oI gold.
He asked the gods to take away the 'Golden Touch'.
It was very Ioolish to love gold so much, said he. I am very unhappy.
Take all my gold and give me back my daughter.
Go, said the gods, and wash your hands in the river which is near
your garden, and the water will take away the 'Golden Touch'.
Midas went to the river and washed his hands in it. Then he ran quickly to
the golden statue oI his little girl. He kissed her again and she changed back
into his pretty little daughter.
Midas never Iorgot this lesson. He knew now that gold does not give
happiness.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@
1) ; 2) x-; 3) x; 4) me m ; 5)
-; 6) n; 7) ; 8)
-.
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?@
1) he was sorry; 2) Ieel unhappy; 3) Iull oI tears; 4) take away; 5) so much.
III An!wer the "#e!tion! 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?@
1) Who was Midas?
2) Where did he live?
3) What did he ask the gods oI Greece to give him?
4) What happened then?
5) Was Midas happy and why?
6) What is the main idea oI this legend?
7) What can give you happiness?
IH Rete the text on the &art o% 'D/8/10)9, ./01. 6. 2,V)?@
1) Midas; 2) the author; 3) the gods oI Greece.
H GraAAar Ta!J 'K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/?@
1I A!J "#e!tion! aMo#t the word! in Mod tC&e 'd)+)* -6F8617 0
-7+/2/::7= 126-)=?@
1) I shall be the riBhe!t Aan in the world.
2) Be%ore MreaJ%a!t he went into the garden to ooJ at hi! %ower!.
3) He was !orrC that the %ower! Bhanged when he to#Bhed them.
4) He went to the river and wa!hed hi! hands in it.
PI O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a) They (to decide) to punish Midas.
b) He thought: 'I (to be) the richest man in the world.
c) He (to pick) up Ilowers, when his daughter came.
d) She (to run) up to him and (to become) a golden statue.
e) He (to wash) his Iace and hands every day beIore breakIast.
I) He never (to Iorget) this lesson.
SI TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1? interrogati$e and P? negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1? -6F861,./2E:7=, , P? 6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) They got up early in the morning.
b) When he touched his bed it became gold.
c) The Ilowers changed very quickly.
d) He began to Ieel unhappy.
e) There were tears in her eyes.
I) He went to the river and washed his hands in it.
WI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) x m .
b) F .
c) m n.
d) , .
e) x m .
I) H .
Unit 1P
A SEA STORZ
/+y ).). &aco*s. !dapted0
One evening we asked our Iriend, Captain Brown, to tell us something
interesting about his voyages.
I don't know any interesting stories, answered the captain.
Tell us what happened to you on the 'Lark'.
All right, said Captain Brown, and this is what he said:
It was IiIteen years ago. I was a young man then. Our ship was going to
New York. We were having a very Iine voyage. One morning our captain
came on deck with a pale Iace.
Mr. Gray, he said to the mate, I have heard a very strange thing, and
I don't know what to do about it.'
Yes, sir? said Mr. Gray.
I could not sleep at night, and I heard a voice in my ear: Steer nor' nor'
west! Steer nor' nor' west! That is all it said. It is a warning, I am sure. We
must change our course and steer nor nor' west.
I think you have eaten too much, sir, and that is why you could not
sleep, answered Mr. Gray.
The captain became angry.
I did not eat much yesterday, he said, and I heard the strange voice three
times, sir.
The captain gave orders to steer the ship nor' nor' west.
The next day one oI our men saw something in the sea and told the
captain about it. The captain looked through his glasses and then called the
mate.
Mr Gray, said he, there is a small boat here with a man in it. What do
you think oI my warning now?
Mr. Gray said nothing. We must save the man, said the captain.
He gave orders, and the mate, three oI our men and I got into a boat.
Soon we reached the small boat and saw the man who was Iast asleep. We
took him into our boat and rowed back to the ship.
Suddenly the man opened his eyes and cried out, Where am I? Where is
my boat?
It is all right, said the mate, we have saved you.
Who asked you to save me? Where is my boat? shouted the man.
At last we reached the ship. The captain was standing on deck.
Happy to see you, he said to the man, I am very glad that we could save
you.
Did you tell your men to take me out oI my boat when I was sleeping?
shouted the man.
OI course, answered the captain. Did you want to perish in your little
boat?
Look here, said the man, my name is Captain Wilson, and I am
making a record voyage Irom New York to Liverpool in a small boat. Now
you see what you have done! You have spoiled my record!
So we had to go and catch Captain Wilson's little boat, and I must say it
was very diIIicult to do it.
What did the captain say aIter that? we asked.
What could he say? answered Captain Brown. Only I must tell you, he
hates the words 'nor' nor' west' now.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@
1) m; 2) ; 3) m ;4)
x; 5) , ; 6)
; 7) ; 8) ; 9) .
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?@
1) on the Lark; 2) with a pale Iace; 3) what to do about it; 4) steer nor` nor`
west; 5) give orders; 6) look here; 7) to make a record voyage; 8) spoil a
record.
III An!wer the "#e!tion! 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?@
1) Where did the story happen?
2) What did the captain say one morning?
3) Why was the captain angry?
4) What did they see the next day in the sea?
5) Why wasn`t Captain Wilson happy?
6) Can you think oI the end oI the story?
IH Rete the !torC on the &art o% 'D/8/10)9, ./01. 6. 2,V)?@
1) the author; 2) Captain Wilson.
H GraAAar Ta!J 'K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/?@
1I A!J "#e!tion! aMo#t the word! in Mod tC&e 'd)+)* -6F8617 0
-7+/2/::7= 126-)=?@
1) I don`t know !oAe intere!ting stories.
2) The next day one oI our Aen saw !oAething in the !ea told the Ba&tain
about it.
3) There is a small Moat here with a Aan in it.
4) I am AaJing a reBord voyage Irom New ZorJ to Liverpool in a small Moat.
PI O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a) Our ship (to go) to New-York when he was a young man.
b) He (to hear) a very strange voice in his car.
c) They (to change) their course.
d) The captain (to order) to steer the ship nor` nor` west.
e) When the boat (to reach) the ship, the captain (to stand) on deck.
I) Captain Wilson (to make) a record voyage Irom New York to Liverpool in a
small boat.
SI TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1? interrogati$e and P? negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1?-6F861,./2E:7=, , P?6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) It was IiIteen years ago.
b) We must change our course.
c) He has eaten too much .
d) They were glad to save him.
e) They have spoiled his record.
I) They had to catch his little boat.
WI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) u n ?
b) .
c) .
d) m .
e) H ?
I) T + .
Unit 1S
ROBIN HOOD
/*y &. 'odlinnik, ". (uznets0
/1art I0
Robin Hood and his men lived in Sherwood Forest. Jack, a boy oI
thirteen, and his sister Mary lived with Robin Hood because they had no
parents. One day Robin Hood sent the two children to the city oI
Nottingham with a letter to one oI his Iriends.
On the way back the children saw a large bill on a wall. The boy stopped
and read:
FIFTY POUNDS
FOR ROBIN HOOD!
#he .heriff of Nottingham.
When the children returned to the Iorest and saw Robin Hood, they said,
Oh, Robin Hood! The SheriII oI Nottingham wants to ' catch you. He will
give IiIty pounds to the man or woman who will tell him where you are.
We saw the bill on a wall. What will you do now?
But Robin Hood only laughed.
Ha-ha, he said, I am not aIraid oI the SheriII. I shall go to see him
myselI, and he will give me IiIty pounds to Iind me.
Oh, Robin Hood, cried the children, don't go to Nottingham.
Don't be aIraid, said Robin, he will not know me, 1 am sure.
And Robin Hood went away.
In twenty minutes the children saw an old man with a long beard. He
came up to them and said, Children, can you tell me the way to the place
where Robin Hood lives?
What do you want there? asked the boy. Suddenly the old man began to
laugh. It was Robin Hood himselI. We did not know you, said the girl. I
am going to see the old SheriII, said Robin Hood. Come with me, children.
And they went to the city oI Nottingham. When they reached the SheriII's
house, Robin Hood told the children to wait Ior him, and went in.
What do you want, old man? asked the SheriII.
I can show you the way to the place where Robin Hood lives, said the
old man
Can you? asked the SheriII, I shall give you IiIty pounds iI you take me
to Robin Hood.
Come to the old oak-tree near the Iorest to-morrow and you will see him
Iace to Iace, said the old man.
Very well, said the SheriII, 1 will take two men with me.
Don't Iorget to bring the IiIty pounds, said the old man.
Then Robin Hood went out oI the house.
Come, children! he said to the boy and his sister, and they went back to
the Iorest.
In the Iorest Robin Hood called his men and they made plans Ior the next
day.
( 1art II0
This is the old oak-tree, said the SheriII the next day when he and his
two men came to the Iorest.
I don't see the old man, said one oI the SheriII's men.
Run! cried the SheriII, suddenly. It's a trap! But it was too late.
Robin Hood's men caught them and took them to Robin Hood himselI.
Ah! It is our Iriend, the SheriII. You didn't know me yesterday, said Robin
Hood.
I didn't see you yesterday, said the SheriII.
Yes, you did, said Robin Hood. It was I who told you where to Iind
Robin Hood. Now I want my IiIty pounds. Are you the old man who came
to see me yesterday? cried the SheriII.
Yes, answered Robin Hood, I am the old man. So now catch me iI you
can.
You have played a trick on me to-day, Robin Hood, but I shall catch you
another day,' said the SheriII.
I'm not aIraid oI you, answered Robin Hood. But I want my IiIty
pounds.
I will not give you the money, cried the SheriII.
Then you will be my prisoner, said Robin Hood. A promise is a
promise.
The SheriII gave Robin Hood IiIty pounds. What else could he do?
1 don't want the money Ior myselI, said Robin Hood, I want to give it
to poor people. You may go now, he said to the SheriII. And the SheriII oI
Nottingham and his men went away.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@
1) ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) ; 5) ,
m; 6) ; 7) m.
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?@
1) he will not know me; 2) in twenty minutes; 3) tell smb. the way to smth.; 4)
Iace to Iace; 5) play a trick on smb.; 6) Ior myselI.
III An!wer the "#e!tion! 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?@
1) Who was Robin Hood and where did he live?
2) What did the children read in the city oI Nottingham?
3) What did Robin Hood decide to do?
4) How did Robin Hood get IiIty pounds?
5) How do you understand the words 'A promise is a promise
IH Rete the !torC on the &art o% 'D/8/10)9, ./01. 6. 2,V)?@
1) the SheriII oI Nottingham; 2) Mary; 3) Robin Hood.
H GraAAar Ta!J 'K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/?@
1I A!J "#e!tion! aMo#t the word! in Mod tC&e 'd)+)* -6F8617 0
-7+/2/::7= 126-)=?@
1) Jack, a boy oI thirteen and his sister TarC lived with RoMin Hood because
they had no &arent!.
2) In twentC minutes the Bhidren saw an old man with a ong Meard.
3) The !heri%% gave RoMin Hood %i%tC &o#nd!.
PI O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a) One day he (to send) the boy and the girl to the city.
b) He (to give) much money to the man or woman who will tell him everything.
c) When they (to reach) his house it was dark.
d) He (to call) his Iriends and (to make) plans Ior the next day.
e) His men (to catch) the SheriII and (to take) him to Robin Hood.
I) They ( to play) a trick on him.
SI TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1? interrogati$e and P? negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1?-6F861,./2E:7=, , P?6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) They had no parents.
b) On the way back they saw a large bill on a wall.
c) In twenty minutes the children saw an old man with long beard.
d) I am going to see the old SheriII.
e) Then he will be his prisoner.
I) Robin Hood gave the money to poor people.
WI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) V + .
b) .
c) .
d) M m .
e) , e m].
I) m m .
HI Yhat other egend! aMo#t RoMin Hood do Co# Jnow` Te one o%
theAI
Unit 1W
HOY THE BOOb YAS BORN
/*y V.N. +ogorodskaya, ,.V. -rustalyova0
What is a book? It is part thing and part thought. When we open the book,
we Iind ourselves in a silent wonderIul world. We visit Ioreign shores, we
discover hidden treasure, we travel among stars. Man's thoughts and dreams are
stored in books.
From the Iirst books which were made by hand the book has come a long
way. At Iirst man learned to draw pictures, later alphabetic writing appeared.
Then a new problem raised its head what to write on? Papyrus, sheep and goat
skins were used Ior a long time. Centuries passed. Then the Chinese gave us
paper. For six centuries it remained a secret oI the East until some Chinese
paper makers were captured by the Arabs. To Rome we owe the Iormat oI the
book; to Germany, the art oI printing. Indeed, the book was born thanks to the
genius and hard work oI many people and nations.
Long, long ago there were not so many books as there are now. In Iact there
were very Iew. Men did not know how to print, so all books were written by
hand with pen and ink. Most oI this writing was done by monks .
Some oI the books were very beautiIul. Pictures were painted on each page.
But it took a very long time to write books. OIten many years were spent to
make one copy oI a book. This made books very expensive . Most people had
no books at all, and a man who had twenty books was thought to be very rich .
At last men learned how to print. In the middle
oI the 15th century a German named Johann
Gutenberg (13991468) cut pieces oI wood into
the shape oI letters. These letters were made into
words, ink was put on them and then the words were
pressed on a sheet oI paper. In this way words
were printed on paper and a book was made. It
took a long time to make the wooden letters, but
when they were made, they were used again and
again. So books were made very much more
quickly.
The Iirst man to print books in England was named William Caxton (1422
1491). When William was a boy, he was sent by his parents to work Ior a
merchant
1
in London. In time he became a great merchant himselI. He leIt
England, and went to live in Germany where he saw the new way to make books.
When he had Iound out all about it, he returned to London and began to print
books himselI.
In those days a man who kept a shop always hung a sign which showed what
he made or sold over his door. Outside his house Caxton hung a white shield
with a red stripe. The people nearby were very puzzled when they saw this new
sign and the strange machines which were taken into Caxton's house. Soon
everybody in London heard that William Caxton was a printer, and great lords and
ladies came to see him at work.
BeIore long, other men also began to print
books. The new books were cheap, so that many
people could buy them.
The man who invented the art oI printing in
Russia is Ivan Fedorov (15101583). Ivan Fedorov
had his press in Moscow Irom 1563 to 1565. Then
he had to move to other cities and work there. But his
masters were against printing books. They made
him stop his work.
Now we remember the name oI Ivan Fedorov and
the year 1574 when his Azbuka was printed. Ivan
Fedorov's Azbuka helped the people to learn the
alphabet and taught them to read books. The year oI
1574 is the most important event in the cultural liIe
oI Russia oI the 16th century.
Today we Iind it hard to imagine the bookless world oI the past, hard to
imagine the long way the book has come. Now even boys and girls at school
have as many books as rich people used to have in the days beIore men
learned to print.

I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@

1) ; 2) ; 3) m; 4) ; 5) ;
6) ; 7) ; 8) n; 9) ; 10) ; 11) e;
12) m; 13) co.
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?@
1) a new problem raised its head; 2) sheep and goat skins; 3) were captured; 4)
the art oI printing; 5) into the shape oI letters; 6) sheet oI paper; 7) a white
shield with a red stripe; 8) the bookless world.
III Find the BorreBt ending '()*+, F8)-,2E:7* 06:/V F8/+269/:,;?@
1. Paper was given to people by:
a) the Arabs.
b) the Germans.
c) the Chinese.
2. The Iirst books were printed by:
a) an Englishman named William Caxton.
b) a German named Johann Gutenberg.
c) a Russian named Ivan Fedorov.
3. Ivan Fedorov's Azbuka appeared in:
a) 1565.
b) 1574.
c) 1583.

IH Find in the text and read ao#d the !entenBe! that &ro$e that the MooJ
ha! BoAe a ong waC '()*+, - ./01./ , F86L,.)* -123k F8/+269/:,;]
06.687/ +60)>7-)4.] L.6 0:,<) F86a2) +62<,* F3.E?I
H Answer the questions 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617? :
1.What inventions were made and what problems were solved
by man to make a book?
2. Why do we say that the book was born thanks to the genius
and hard work oI many people and nations?
3. How were books made in old times?
4. Why were books very expensive at that time?
5. When was printing invented?
6. In what way were words printed on paper?
7. Who was the Iirst man to print books in England?
8. Where did he learn the art oI printing?
9. Who invented the art oI printing in Russia?
10. Why did Ivan Fedorov have to move to other cities?
11. Why is the year oI 1574 the most important event in the
cultural liIe oI Russia?
HI Rete the !torC and an!wer the "#e!tion 'D/8/10)9, ./01. , 6.-/.E :)
-6F861?@ YhC wa! it a great thing that Aen earned to &rint`
HII GraAAar Ta!J 'K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/?@
1I O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a) At Iirst people (to learn) to draw pictures.
b) Paper (to remain) a secret oI the East.
c) It (to take) me ten minutes to do that work.
d) They (to leave) their home when they were ten.
e) When he (to see) it he was very happy.
I) Ivan Fedorov (to invent) the art oI printing in Russia.
PI TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1? interrogati$e and P? negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1?-6F861,./2E:7=, , P?6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) Man`s thoughts and dreams are stored in books.
b) The Chinese gave us paper.
c) It took a very long time to write books.
d) He cut pieces oI wood into the shape oI letters.
e) The people were very puzzled.
I) His masters made him stop his work.
SI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) M I .
b) M .
c) .
d) A 1574 .
e) T .
I) C m?
HIII Yrite whC Co# iJe or don^t iJe reading MooJ!I
Unit 1O
THE RANSOT OF RED CHIEF
/after the story of . -enry0
/1art I0
It looked like a good thing: but wait till I tell you. We were down South, in
Alabama Bill Driscoll and myselIwhen this kidnapping idea Iirst came to
mind.
There was a small town down there, called Summit Bill and I had six
hundred dollars, and we needed just two thousand dollars more to do some
business in Western Illinois. We talked it over and decided that we could kidnap
a child and get a big sum oI money Irom the Iamily. The love oI children is
very strong in parents, especially in small towns. We thought we could easily get
two thousand dollars Ior the ransom. But wait till I tell you what happened.
We chose Ior our victim the only child oI an important man named Ebenezer
Dorset. The Iather was a banker, well-known and with lots oI money. The kid
was a boy oI ten, with Ireckles on his Iace and bright-red hair. One evening
Bill and I drove in a buggy past old Dorset's house. The kid was in the street,
throwing stones at a kitten.
Hey, little boy, said Bill, would you like to have a bag oI candy and a
nice ride?
The kid threw a stone and hit Bill right in the head. That will cost his
Iather an extra Iive hundred dollars. said Bill.
The boy put up a Iight like a small bear; but at last we got him down into
the buggy and drove away.
We took him up to the cave in the mountains which we had Iound and
prepared a day beIore as our hiding place. AIter dark I drove the buggy to the
little village, three miles away, where we had taken it, and walked back to the
mountains.
There was a Iire burning near the cave. The boy was running around playing
Indian. He had stuck two Ieathers in his hair and was calling himselI Red
ChieI, the Terror oI the Mountains.
He's all right now, said Bill, rolling up his trousers and looking at some
black and blue marks on his legs. We're playing Indian. I'm Old Hank, Red
ChieI s prisoner, and he's going to scalp me early tomorrow morning. Gee,
that kid can kick hard. The kid was having the time oI his liIe. He enjoyed the
game and Iorgot that he was a prisoner himselI. He called me Snake-eye and
said that he would bum me in the morning.
Then we had supper; and he Iilled his mouth Iull oI bacon and bread, and
began to talk:
I like this Iine. I never camped out beIore; but I had a pet once, and I was
nine last birthday. I have to go to school. Rats ate up sixteen oI my aunt's
eggs. Are there any real Indians in these woods? I want some more bread.
What makes your nose so red, Hank? We had Iive puppies. My Iather has lots
oI money. Are the stars hot? I don't like girls. Why are oranges round? Have
you got beds to sleep on in this cave? A parrot can talk, but a monkey or a
Iish can't. Every Iew minutes he remembered that he was an Indian, and he
picked up his toy-gun and went out oI the cave to see whether there were any
oI the hated paleIaces somewhere around. Now and then he let out a war-cry
that made Bill shake. That boy had terrorized Bill Irom the start.
Red ChieI! I said to the kid. Would you like to go home?
What Ior? he said. I don't have any Iun at home. I hate to go to school. I
like to camp out. You won't take me back home again, Snake-eye, will you?
Not now, I said. We'll stay here in the cave Ior a while.
All right! said he. That'll be Iine. I never had such Iun in all my liIe.
We went to bed about eleven o'clock. We lay on the ground and put Red
ChieI between us. We weren't aIraid he would run away. He kept us awake Ior
three hours jumping up, giving war-cries, taking his gun every time there was a
noise anywhere in the woods, which was made, as he said, by his enemies, the
hated paleIaces. I Iell asleep at last and dreamed that a terrible Indian with
red hair had kidnapped me and tied to a tree.
Just as the sun was rising, I heard some terrible cries Irom Bill. I jumped up to
see what the matter was. Red ChieI was sitting on Bill's chest, with one hand in
Bill's hair and with a long kniIe in his other hand. He was trying to take Bill's
scalp, as he had promised him the evening beIore.
I got the kniIe away Irom the kid and made him lie down again. But, Irom that
moment, Bill's spirit was broken. He never closed an eye again in sleep as long
as that boy was with us. What are you getting up so early Ior? Bill asked me the
next morning.
Why? I said. I got a little pain in my shoulder.
You are a liar , Bill said. You're aIraid. He was going to burn you at
sunrise, and you're aIraid that he'll do it. And he will do it, too, iI he can make a
Iire. Isn't it terrible, Sam? Do you think anybody will pay out money to get back
a little devil like that back home?
Sure, I said. He's just the kind oI kid that parents love a real boy.
/1art II0
Later that day I went down into the town, but everything was quiet and there
was no excitement over the Iact that the boy was missing. When I got back to the
cave, Bill and the kid were quarrelling. The kid had put a hot potato down Bill's
back, then stepped on it. Bill struck the kid, and the kid hit Bill in the head with a
stone. I caught the kid and began to shake him.
II you don't behave, I said, I'll take you home. Now, are you going to be
good, or not?
I was only Iunning, he said, I didn't mean to hurt Old Hank. But what did he
hit me Ior? I'll behave, Snake-eye, iI you don't send me home.
The next day I went down to the town again to send the ransom letter to the kid's
Iather. Bill and I agreed that perhaps two thousand dollars was too much, so we
asked Ior only IiIteen hundred. I sent the letter and explained that we had
kidnapped the boy and that we had hidden him in a place where no one could
Iind him. I wrote that the boy was all right and that we would bring him home
when Mr. Dorset leIt the money in a certain place, which I described careIully. I
signed the letter, Two Desperate Men.
When I got back to the cave, I saw nobody in it. In halI an hour, Bill
appeared.
The kid's gone, said Bill, gone home. I showed him the road to the town.
I'm sorry that we lose the ransom money but I can't stand any more. All
morning I had to play with him as a horse. He rode on my back all through the
woods while we killed hated paleIaces. My legs are black and blue Irom the kicks
he gave me.
Bill, I said, is there any head trouble in your Iamily?
No, said Bill. Why?
Then turn around and have a look behind you.
The kid had come out oI the woods quietly behind Bill, and was standing
there, happy and smiling. Bill turned round, saw the kid, and sat down on the
ground and began to pluck nervously at grass and little sticks. For an hour I
was aIraid oI his mind. I tried to quiet him down and told him it was only a
question oI another day or two and we should get the money.
You should ask Ior only a thousand dollars, Bill said. They'll never pay
IiIteen hundred Ior that little devil.
The next day I went to town again, and there in the indicated place Iound the
answer to our ransom letter. I opened it and read it. It was Irom the boy's
Iather. It said:
'Two desperate men.
Gentlemen: I received your letter today by post and think that the ransom
which you ask is too high, and make you another oIIer which I believe you will
accept. You bring Johnny home and pay me two hundred and IiIty dollars, and I
agree to take him oII your hands. You had better come at night Ior the
neighbours believe he is lost , and I can't be responsible Ior what they will do to
anybody who will bring him back.
Ebenezer Dorset.
When Bill saw the letter he really looked a desperate man.
Sam, said he, what's two hundred and IiIty dollars, aIter all? We've got the
money. One more night with this kid, and I'll go mad .
'Tell you the truth, Bill, said I, this boy has somewhat got on my nerves ,
too. We'll take him home, pay the ransom and go away.
We took him home that night. We had to tell him that his Iather had bought
him a real gun, and we were to hunt bears the next day.
It was just twelve o'clock when we knocked at Ebenezer's door. The boy's
Iather met us and we gave him the money. When the kid Iound out we were
going to leave him at home, he gave a terrible cry and began to kick and bite.
How long can you hold him? asked Bill.
I'm not as strong as I used to be, said old Dorset, but I think I can
promise you ten minutes.
Enough, said Bill. In ten minutes I shall cross the Central, Southern and
Middle Western States and be in Canada.
And, as dark as it was, and as Iat as Bill was, and as good a runner as I am,
he was a good mile and a halI out oI Summit beIore I could catch up with
him.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@
1) m; 2) ; 3) x; 4) m; 5) ; 6)
m; 7) , x; 8) ; 9) n; 10) xn; 11)
; 12) ; 13) ; 14) ; 15)
; 16) .

II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?@

1) to come to smb.`s mind; 2) hit smb. right in the head; 3) put up a Iight; 4) to
roll up the trousers; 5) to camp out; 6) he let out a war-cry; 7) smb.`s spirit was
broken; 8) don`t behave; 9) I didn`t mean to hurt him; 10) I can`t stand any more;
11) to quiet smb. down; 12) make another oIIer; 13) be responsible Ior; 14) to look
a desperate man; 15) I`m not as strong as I used to be; 16) to catc up with smb.
III An!wer the "#e!tion! 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?@
1. Whom did the two kidnappers choose Ior their victim?
2. Where did they take the boy?
3. Did the boy enjoy himselI in the mountain cave?
4.What did the boy call himselI and the two men who had
kidnapped him?
5.Did the boy wish to go home?
6. Was there much excitement in the town over the Iact that
the boy was missing?
7. Why did Bill and the boy quarrel?
8. What did the kidnappers write in their ransom letter? How
did they sign it?
9. Did Ebenezer Dorset agree to pay the sum oI money that
the kidnappers wanted to get?
10. What oIIer did the boy's Iather make?
11. How did the kidnappers return the boy to his Iather?
IH Think and say ( :
a)why the men were sure that it would be easy to get a lot
oI money Ior the kidnapped boy;
b) why the boy did not want to come back home;
c) why Bill began to hate the boy;
d) why the boy got on Sam's nerves, too;
e) why the men wanted to get two thousand dollars at Iirst,
but then asked Ior less and less money;
I) why the kidnappers agreed to pay Ebenezer Dorset Ior his
son;
g)why Mr Dorset wanted the kidnappers to bring his son
home at night.
H An!wer the "#e!tion! 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?@
1) Say what you think oI the boy.
2) Do you think this story taught the kidnappers a lesson? What lesson was it?
HI Rete the !torC on the &art o% 'D/8/10)9, ./01. 6. 2,V)?@ 1? the MoCc P?
the MoC^! %atherI
HII GraAAar Ta!J ''K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/?@
1I O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a) They (to think) they could easily get much money Ior the ransom.
b) At last they (to get) the boy down into the buggy and (to drive) away.
c) They (to have supper) and then (to go) to bed about 10 o`clock that night.
d) The boy (to be) going to burn him at sunrise.
e) Look! He (to ride) on the horse`s back along the rode.
I) In ten minutes we (to cross) states.
PI TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1? interrogati$e and P? negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1? -6F861,./2E:7=, , P? 6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) They chose Ior their victim the only child oI an important man.
b) They took the boy up to the cave in the mountains.
c) We`ll stay here in the cave Ior a while.
d) He kept us awake Ior three hours jumping up.
e) I went down to the town to send the ransom letter.
I) The boy`s Iather met us and we gave him the money.
SI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) .
b) , m.
c) m .
d) T ?
e) C + .
I) .
HIII Yhat do Co# Jnow aMo#t the a#thor o% thi! !torC` Find o#t
and te the Ba!!I
Unit1N
ARACHNE
/*y V.N. +ogorodskaya, ,.V. -rustalyova from Greek "ythology0
In ancient times there lived in Greece a girl named Arachne. She was
known through all the land because oI her great skill at weaving . Nobody on
earth, it was said, could weave so skilIully as she. There were some who said
not even Athena, goddess oI wisdom and the household arts, could weave so
well. Among those who boasted was Arachne herselI.
No, this girl was not modest about her skill. She was Ioolishly proud oI it
and even made Iun oI the work oI girls less skilIul than she was.
In time Arachne's Iame and her boasting reached the ears oI Athena, and the
goddess who wanted the highest respect Irom the. earth-people and gave help
and giIts to those who showed how delighted they were with her work, decided
to draw the girl into a contest which would cure her pride. So one day when
Arachne was weaving, there suddenly appeared beside her an old woman. She
looked Ior a moment at Arachne's loom , then said, That's a pretty piece oI
weaving, my dear, and yet, when I was young, I'm sure I could do as well.
At this Arachne threw up her head and said, Never did any person weave
as I am weaving now, old woman.
Those are Ioolish words, said the old woman, and a strange angry light came
into her eyes. It is Ioolish to take too great pride in what one can do, Ior
surely there is always someone who can do the task even better.
Not so, cried the angry girl. There is no one who can weave better than I.
The old woman smiled and shook her head I doubt that, she said. Perhaps
among the gods there is one who is better than you in the art.
Arachne stopped her weaving to look at the old woman. And who is that?
she asked.
'The Goddess Athena, replied the old woman.
Arachne laughed. Not even Athena can weave as well as I do.
When she heard the boastIul words, the old woman's eyes again Ilashed angrily.
You are young and have spoken Ioolishly, she said. Surely you did not mean
what you said.
But Arachne again threw up her head. I did mean what I said, and I shall
prove it.
Prove it then, cried the old woman in a terrible voice. The next moment
Arachne's Iace turned white. For the old woman had disappeared and in her place
stood the shining Goddess Athena.
I have heard your boastings Ior a long time, she said, and have watched
your growing vanity . Now it had led you to deIy the very gods themselves. It
is time you received a lesson. Let the contest begin.
Arachne and the Goddess began to weave. News oI the contest spread through
the land, and soon a large crowd oI people gathered to watch the weavers.
Athena wove upon her loom a bright picture which told the story oI other
Ioolish people who had thought themselves greater than the gods and whom the
gods had punished Ior their pride. Arachne pictured on her loom stories which
told oI the Ioolish acts oI the gods themselves, Ior it was well known among the
people that the gods did not always behave wisely.
The colours on both looms were very bright and the weaving was so perIect
that the Iigures on each loom seemed alive. Those who watched the contest
were delighted to see such skill.
At last the work was Iinished and the two weavers stood back to see what
each had done. When Athena saw Arachne's work she was so angry with what
the girl had pictured on her loom, that she struck it with her shuttle and it
broke into two parts. Then she turned to Arachne and said, You dared to deIy
the gods themselves. Let you and all who come aIter you remember the lesson
you have learned today. She touched the girl with her shuttle and the
Irightened people saw that the girl's head and body were growing smaller, and
smaller. Soon there was no girl there, but a spider sitting in the web it had
woven.
Today the scientiIic name Ior all spiders is arachne.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@
1) -; 2) ; 3) ; 4) ; 5) x; 6) ; 7) ;
8) n ; 9) ; 10) ; 11) ; 12)
m; 13) ; 14) ; 15) ; 16) ;
17) .
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?@
1) skill at weaving; 2) goddess oI wisdom; 3) to make Iun oI smth.; 4) she threw
up her head; 5) to shake one`s head; 6) her Iace turned white; 7) a large crowd oI
people; 8) to strike with a shuttle; 9) to grow smaller.
III Answer the questions 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?:
1. What was Arachne known Ior?
2. Was she modest about her skill? How do you know?
3. Who once appeared beside Arachne when she was weaving?
4. What made Athena angry with Arachne?
5. Why did Athena want to punish Arachne?
6. What did the pictures show which the girl Arachne and
Athena wove on their looms?
7. What were the colours on the looms like?
8. Could the watchers at the contest decide whose work was
better? Why couldn't they?
9. How did Athena punish Arachne'? Did she punish the girl
only Ior her pride and boastIul words? What do you think?
IH mSaC whiBh BharaBter Co# iJe Metter 'n0)9,] 0.6 ./R/ R62Ea/
F6:8)-,21;? ! AraBhne or AthenaI "hy#
H Di!B#!! the %oowing 'GR13+,= 12/+345//?@
1) Do you think Arachne deserved her punishment? Explain why or why not.
2) Say what were Arachne's good qualities and what were some oI her bad
qualities.
3) Say why Athena thought that a contest would teach Arachne a useIul lesson.
Say why Athena punished Arachne. Explain your answer.
HI Rete the !torC 'D/8/10)9, ./01.?
HII Yrite a !#AAarC o% the text in not Aore than !e$en !entenBe! '()F,a,
08).06/ 16+/89):,/ ./01.) :/ R62//] L/= - 1/=, F8/+269/:,;k?I
HIII GraAAar Ta!J 'K8)==).,L/106/ >)+):,/?@
1I LooJ thro#gh the text and %ind the !entenBe! with Pre!ent Per%eBt and Pa!t
Inde%initeI CoA&are theA 'D861=6.8, ./01.] :)*+, , 18)-:,
F8/+269/:,;] 06.687/ 1.6;. - :)1.6;5/= 16-/8a/::6= -8/=/:, , -
F86a/+a/= :/6F8/+/2i::6= -8/=/:,?I
PI A!J "#e!tion! aMo#t the word! in Mod tC&ec
1) There were !oAe who said not even Athena could wea$e so well.
2) When she heard the Moa!t%# words, the old woman`s eyes again %a!hed
angrily.
3) I have heard your Moa!ting! %or a ong tiAeI
SI O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a) Arachne`s boasting (to reach) the ears oI Athena.
b) When she (to weave) an old woman (to come).
c) The woman (to smile) and (to shake) her head.
d) Look! Her eyes (to Ilash) angrily.
W. TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1? interrogati$e and P? negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1? -6F861,./2E:7=, , P? 6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) She was known through all the land because oI her great skill at weaving.
b) The goddess wanted the highest respect Irom the earth people.
c) It is Ioolish to take too great pride in what one can do.
d) She has spoken Ioolishly.
e) The girl`s head and body were growing smaller and smaller.
I) She wove upon her loom a bright picture.
OI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) H m.
b) H + , + m .
c) H -, m.
d) H e m.
e) F?
I) Hm .
Io I! it wi!e to de%C &ower%# &eo&e`
Unit 1eI
LITTLE XOHN XOINS THE BAND
/From Ro*in -ood after !ntonia Fraser0
Robin Hood and his Iriends had to keep a sharp look-out Ior
any Iurther tricks which the SheriII and his men might try to play
upon them. From time to time bold young men attacked any oI
the SheriIIs people who appeared in Sherwood Forest, and proved
their courage by some clever deed. In this way they had many
Iine adventures and many rich barons had to give their
money to Robin's men. That money was later given to the poor oI Nottingham
The poor people, who had been starving under the SheriIIs rule, spoke
about Robin Hood's generosity with delight. They oIten woke up and Iound a bag
oI gold or some silver coins on their doorstep and a piece oI paper with these
words on it:
Greetings Irom Robin Hood, who robs the rich to pay the poor.
One oI the bravest and merriest oI Robin's men who always took part in
all the adventures was Little John. It all began one sunny aIternoon in spring.
All Robin's men were in the camp, busy with their duties Much the Miller
was preparing the meat Ior the evening meal, Will Scarlett was working out
some complicated system Ior sounding an alarm when the enemy approached
the camp, and Alan-a-Dale was playing a sad tune on his lute as usual, and
dreaming oI his lady love. And Robin Hood Ielt ready Ior a new adventure.
The adventure came even sooner than he had expected: an arrow . whistled
through the air, and landed in the ground at his Ieet. Robin examined the
arrow, and recognized it as the black-Ieathered arrow which his men had
agreed to shoot into the camp when there was some danger or iI a stranger
was approaching. A Iew minutes later Tom Turpin arrived, breathing hard and
bringing the news that a very big man, a giant, no less, had been noticed
and was coming nearer.
He seems to know his way, said Tom. I Iear he comes Irom the
SheriII.
Robin seized his bow and arrows and ran up the hill and on to the
secret path which led to their camp. Will Scarlett shouted aIter him to be
careIul and take someone with him. but Robin replied:
One outlaw against one enemy. We don't use the SheriIIs methods
here.
Everything in the Iorest was quiet, and Robin walked silently Ior a mile or
so, but Iound no sign oI a visitor. Then, on the bank oI one oI the many streams
which Ilowed through Sherwood Forest, he came on some Iootprints in the moss.
Robin saw at once that either the Iootprints belonged to a strange sort oI
animal, or else -the man he was tracking had the largest pair oI Ieet that ever
a man owned.
This is a welcome guest, thought Robin. I'm sure I'll Iind a good
Iighter at the end oI the track. A moment later he saw a man on the other
bank oI the stream, standing beside a narrow plank which served as a
bridge. Yes, Tom Turpin had been right. This was a giant oI a man.
Ahoy there, stranger! shouted Robin.
The unknown man turned and gave a silent attentive look at the Iigure
on the opposite bank.
Greetings to you, my young Iriend, he said in a slow, deep voice.
What is your business in Sherwood, giant? Robin shouted.
The large man looked at him again. What has that to do with you , young
man?
Everything in Sherwood has to do with me! said Robin. So answer up, and
tell me what you want here. The giant looked at Robin attentively once more.
At this very moment, little man, he said, I'm thinking whether to cross the
bridge and throw you into the river, or just push you gently into the water
Irom here with this good oak stick oI mine. And the giant showed the Iine
oak stick which he held in his hand.
That's good, said Robin laughing, but taking care at the same time to step
back. That's good! Throw me into the river, indeed. I am the Lord oI Sherwood
Forest, and no one even crosses this bridge iI I don't want him to. Come on,
giant, you'll soon Iind yourselI in the water with which you are threatening
me.
Little man, little man, said the giant. You are taking too much on
yourselI. II I choose to cross this bridge, there is no man who can stop me.
Come on, then, giant, and see, shouted Robin joyIully, cutting himselI a stick
Irom a nearby bush. Let's put the matter to the test and see whether or not I
am Lord oI Sherwood.
Willing and ready, little man, shouted the giant in return, and smiling Irom ear
to ear. Willing and ready. The giant tested his stick, cutting the air this way and
that, so that the nearby branches shook. Robin in his turn tested his stick beIore
he took up his position at one end oI the bridge.
The two Iighters smiled at one another. Neither moved.
Ready, giant? cried Robin.
Ready enough, little man, answered the giant, and started to move Iorward.
His great weight shook the old plank which served as a bridge. Robin looked
strangely small beside him, but he believed in his strong muscles and quick
wits to deIeat his enemy.
The stranger's Iirst blow showed Robin that he was Iighting with a very
strong opponent .
Crash! The giant received a blow on the shoulder, but he took as little notice
oI' it as oI a Ily.
Several heavy blows Irom the big man Iollowed, which made Robin step
quickly backwards to his end oI the bridge where he could Ieel saIer.
Frightened, eh? shouted the giant in his great voice Come Iorward again,
little man, and see what I have in store Ior you.
Robin's blood boiled at the giant's words that he was Irightened. Take that!
That! he cried. And that! And that!
In a blind Iury , Robin gave his opponent Iour or Iive hard blows. Now the
Iight was Iast. Blows were given and received on both sides. And both sides
showed skill and strength.
By this time Tom Turpin and Will Scarlett, who had Iollowed Robin at some
distance, had caught up with their Iriend and were watching the battle Irom behind
the trees. Tom Turpin was willing to rush Iorward and attack the stranger. But
Will, who knew Robin's nature better, stopped him.
He will never Iorgive you, he whispered, this is a very strong opponent,
and Robin has always liked a good Iight. See, Tom, what muscles that great
giant has! We could use those in our camp, to chop down trees.
And Iight with sheriIIs! added Tom Turpin with a smile.
Meanwhile the Iight on the bridge was still Iurious. Neither seemed to tire. It
was Robin who showed the Iirst sign oI weakness when he suddenly slipped and
seemed about to Iall. Was his strength Iailing? The giant waited a little bit, and
at that moment Robin gave him a great push with his stick which sent him
Ilying into the stream!
It was a Iine end to the battle, and Robin stood breathing hard and looking at
the struggling Iigure in the water.
Well, now who is Lord oI Sherwood? he said.
Give me a hand out oI the water, was all the giant said. I am too heavy
to struggle out by myselI.
Robin bent down and stretched out a hand. The next thing he knew, he, too,
was in the icy water, while the giant was standing on the bank, laughing
heartily.
Brains, little man, he cried. Brains it's a good thing to have brains.
Robin laughed, too, and said that he had been outwitted .
You are a Iighter aIter my heart, lad, said the big man.Let us shake hands
on it.
So Robin Hood and the big stranger, both wet, shook hands in the middle oI
the Iorest and swore a pact oI Iriendship .
Can you tell me something, lad? asked the stranger aIter a while, just as
Tom Turpin and Will Scarlett were thinking it was time to come out Irom behind
the trees and join their leader. Can you tell me where lives this Iamous Robin
Hood they talk so much about in this part oI the country? I'd like to meet him. I
have a strong wish to join him and rob the rich to pay the poor. I have been in
trouble and must leave my home Ior a while.
What sort oI trouble? asked Robin.
I tell you, lad, I spoke against the SheriII and his people are now aIter me.
Stranger, Robin said, you are welcome to Sherwood! You will Iind a
home with Robin Hood and his band.
The stranger looked at Robin in surprise.
You are not you cannot be Robin Hood himselI? he asked. I had
thought Robin to be an old man.
I am indeed he, said Robin with a smile. He saw Tom Turpin and Will
Scarlett approaching and said, Will, Tom, this noble Iighter wants to join our
band. What will you say? Agreed! cried Tom joyIully throwing his cap in
the air 'What do they call you, man?
I am really called John the Smith, said the stranger, modestly. But Ior my
great size, men have called me Little John.
Then Little John you shall be! Welcome to Sherwood, Little John! Come
now to my camp, and meet the rest oI my band.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!
'()*+, - ./01./ 12/+345,/ 126-) , -78)9/:,; :) ):<2,*106= ;>70/?@
1) m; 2) ; 3) ; 4) m, m;
5) ; 6) ; 7) ; 8) ; 9) ; 10) ; 11)
; 12) x; 13) ; 14) ; 15) ; 16)
; 17) ; 18) .
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r own 'D/8/-/+, 12/+345,/ 126-) ,
-78)9/:,; ,> ./01.) :) 83110,* ;>70 , 161.)-E 1 :,=, 1-6,
F8/+269/:,;?@
1) to keep a sharp look out to; 2) complicated system Ior sounding an alarm; 3) an
arrow whistled through the air; 4) what has that to do with you?; 5) you are taking
too much on yourselI; 6) let`s put the matter to the test; 7) to take as little (much)
notice oI smth. as oI smth.; 8) to have in store; 9) in a blind Iury; 10) to swear a
pact oI Iriendship; 11) be in trouble.
III An!wer the "#e!tion! 'G.-/.E :) -6F8617?@
1. What did the arrow which once landed near Robin's Ieet
mean?
2. What was the man like that Robin saw on the bank oI the
stream?
3. What was the word the stranger used that made Robin's
blood boil?
4. Was Robin Irightened by the size oI the stranger? Was he
aIraid to Iight with the giant?
5. The Iight on the bridge was Iurious, wasn't it? Why was
it?
6. Why didn't Will Scarlett allow Tom Turpin to attack the
stranger and so help Robin Hood?
7. Who was the Iirst to Iind himselI in the water?
8. How did it happen that Robin Hood Iound himselI in the
water?
9. Was Robin angry because he had been outwitted? Why not?
10. Why had the stranger no idea that he was Iighting with
Robin Hood?
11. Were Robin and his Iriends glad to have Little John in
their band? Why?
IH Di!B#!! the %oowing 'GR13+, 12/+345//?@
1) Try and explain why Robin Hood was not at all aIraid when he made up his
mind to Iight against a man so much bigger than himselI.
2) Which do you think is the most exciting (amusing) episode in the story? Speak
about it.
3) Though Robin Hood was outwitted by the stranger and could not call himselI
the winner, why do you think he was glad to make the stranger his Iriend? Explain
your answer.
H Gi$e a !#AAarC o% the !torC in not Aore than !e$en !entenBe! 'p)*
08).06/ 16+/89):,/ ./01.) :/ R62//] L/= - 1/=, F8/+269/:,;k?I
HI Rete the !torC on the &art o% 'D/8/10)9, ./01. 6. 2,V)?@
1) Robin Hood; 2) Little John; 3) Will Scarlett.
HII GraAAar Ta!J
1I LooJ thro#gh the text and %ind the !entenBe! with Pa!t Per%eBt 'D861=6.8,
./01. , :)*+, F8/+269/:,;] 1.6;5,/ - :)1.6;5/= 16-/8a/::6=
-8/=/:,?I
PI A!J "#e!tion! aMo#t the word! in Mod tC&e 'd)+)* -6F8617 0
-7+/2/::7= 126-)=?@
1) BC thi! tiAe tow Aen had caught up with their %riend.
2) The !tranger looked at RoMin in !#r&ri!e.
3) So RoMin Hood and the big stranger !hooJ hand! in the middle oI the Iorest
and swore a &aBt o% %riend!hi&.
SI O&en the MraBJet! 'Q)1086* 106R0,?@
a) They (to have) to keep a sharp look-out.
b) They (to Iind) money on their doorstep.
c) He (to prepare) supper when somebody (to approach) the door.
d) The stranger`s Iirst blow (to show) Robin that he (to Iight) with a very strong
man.
e) They (to be) in trouble and must leave soon.
I) They (to call) him Little John Ior his great size.
WI TaJe the!e !entenBe! 1? interrogati$e and P? negati$e 'C+/2)* U.,
F8/+269/:,; 1?-6F861,./2E:7=, , P?6.8,V)./2E:7=,?@
a) He always takes part in all the adventures.
b) Alan was playing a sad tune on his lute.
c) Robin gave him a great push with his stick.
d) They swore a pact oI Iriendship in the middle oI the Iorest.
e) He had a strong wish to join Robin Hood.
I) The stranger bent down and looked at him in surprise.
OI Tran!ate %roA R#!!ian into Engi!h 'D/8/-/+, 1 831106<6 :)
):<2,*10,*?@
a) H m .
b) x m .
c) .
d) 'Cm em! .
e) m x .
I) m.
Part II
Unit 1h
ABSENTqTINDEDNESS
+y &erome (. &erome
Mrs. Pratt went to see her mother. Her husband said that he would come later
with the baby and a complete change oI clothing.
At eleven o'clock sharp Pratt started on his way with the baby carriage. I know I
Iorgot something, muttered Pratt. He stopped Ior the Iourth time to scratch his head.
Blanket, hat, diapers, socks, he thought. No, I have those things. There is something
missing. I will start at the baby's head and work downwards. I have a hat, sweater, pants,
and socks. What did I Iorget?
Pratt started with the socks and worked up to the hat. Then he went through a day in
baby's liIe Irom morning until night. Pratt still did not remember. He was walking
slowly when he met his Iriend, Stillkins. Stillkins, said Pratt, think about your
Iamily. Tell me what your babies wear Irom morning until night. Seems to me,
said the amazed Stillkins, you are thinking too hard. You see, added Pratt, I'm
taking the baby to his mother, but I Iorgot one oI his things. Can you remind me
what it is. Stillkins suggested, Sweater? No, I've thought about that a dozen
times. Stillkins added, Diapers? Socks? Pants? Pratt listened to the hints, but
said that he had all oI those things. Stillkins started to make some wild guesses. A
teddy-bear? A doll? Pratt shook his head to say no. Stillkins became interested in
the problem. He Iorgot his own business and walked on with Pratt. In a little while
they met their Iriend, Mowitt. Pratt said, Mowitt, I Iorgot something Ior the baby.
Perhaps you can tell me what it is?
Diapers, said Mowitt. Pratt yelled at him, and Stillkins added a Iew
words.
Mowitt gave a Iew more suggestions. Mowitt decided to join Stillkins
and Pratt. He argued Iiercely with Stillkins about how to dress a baby.
Pratt's steps became slower and slower as he approached his
destination. By the time they reached the gate oI the baby's
grandmother, the group had increased in number Each man was loudly
telling his opinion about what a three-week old baby would and would
not wear.
They waited on the road while Pratt pulled the baby carriage up the
stone steps.
Two cries oI Ieminine delight greeted Pratt. Pratt s wiIe and her
mother ran down the path to meet him.
Our little darling! said Mrs. Pratt as she put her hands under the
hood.
Then she stared angrily at Pratt, and Pratt's knees shook I know I
Iorgot something, Lizzie, he said. I have been trying to remember.
Stillkins and Mowitt tried to help me remember.
Where is the baby? yelled Mrs. Pratt.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and
ex&re!!ion!@
1) ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) ; 5) ; 6)
e; 7) x; 8) ; 9) x; 10)
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r ownc
1) complete change oI clothing; 2) at (11) o`clock sharp; 3) to scratch one`s head;
4) there is something missing; 5) to pull smth. up.
III An!wer the "#e!tion!] &ea!eI
1) Where and when does the story take place?
2) Who are the main characters?
3) What is one oI the main characters like?
4) Who is your Iavourite character? Why?
5) Which part oI the story do you like best?
6) What do you remember most about the story?
7) Do you know other stories and books by this author?
8) Would you like to read another book by this author? Why?
IH ABt o#t the diaog#e! Metween@
1) Mr. Pratt and his Iriends;
2) Mr. Pratt and his wiIe.
H GraAAar Ta!J
1) Write out all the verbs Irom the text. Divide them into regular and irregular.
Give 3 Iorms Ior the irregular verbs.
Regular Irregular
to !tart to gorwentrgone
sssI sssssssss
sssI sssssssss
2) Find in the text all the sentences with Direct Speech and change them into
Indirect Speech.
HI Ha$e Co# e$er Meha$ed iJe the Aain BharaBter`
Unit 1f
THE LUNCHEON
/!fter .. "augham0
It was twenty years ago and I was living in Paris. I had a small apartment in the
Latin uarter and I was earning barely enough money to keep body and soul
together. One oI my readers, a lady, had read a book oI mine and had written to me
about it. I answered, thanking her, and soon I received Irom her another
letter saying that she was passing through Paris and would like to have a
chat with me. She asked me iI I would give her a little luncheon at
Foyot's. Foyot's is a restaurant at which the French senators eat and it
was so Iar beyond my means that I had never even thought oI going
there. But I was Ilattered and I was too young to say no to a woman. So I
answered that I would meet her at Foyot's on Thursday at halI past
twelve.
She was not so young as I expected, and not so attractive in
appearance. She was talkative; but since she seemed inclined to talk
about me I was prepared to be an attentive listener. I was startled when
the menu was brought, Ior the prices were a great deal higher than I
had expected. But she reassured me. I never eat anything Ior
luncheon, she said. Oh, don't say that! I answered generously. I
never eat more than one thing. I think people eat too much nowadays.
A little Iish perhaps. I wonder iI they have any salmon. Well, it was
early in the year Ior salmon and it was not on the menu, but I asked the
waiter iI there was any. Yes, they had a beautiIul salmon and I ordered
it Ior my guest. The waiter asked her iI she would have something
while it was being cooked. No, she answered, I never eat more than
one thing. Unless you had a little caviar. I never mind caviar. My
heart sank a little.
I knew I could not aIIord caviar, but I could not
tell her that.
I told the waiter by all means to bring caviar. For myselI I
chose the cheapest dish on the menu and that was a
mutton-chop. I think you are unwise to eat meat, she
said. I don't know how you can expect to work aIter
eating heavy things like chops.
Then came the question oI drink. I never drink
anything Ior luncheon, she said. Neither do I, I
answered promptly. Except white wine, she went on as
though I had not spoken. My doctor won't let me drink
anything but champagne. I think I turned a little pale. I
ordered halI a bottle. I mentioned that my
doctor had absolutely Iorbidden me to drink champagne. She ate the caviar. She
ate the salmon. When my mutton-chop arrived she said: I see that you're in the
habit oI eating a heavy luncheon. I'm sure it's a mistake.
The waiter came again with the menu. She waved him aside with a light
gesture. No, no, I can't eat anything more unless they had some oI those giant
asparagus. I should be sorry to leave Paris without having some oI them. My
heart sank. I had seen them in the shops and I knew that they were horribly
expensive. Panic seized me. It would be terrible to Iind myselI ten Irancs short
and be obliged to borrow Irom my guest. I could not bring myselI to do that. I
knew exactly how much money I had and iI the bill came to more, I made up my
mind that 1 would put my hand into the pocket and with a dramatic cry start up
and say my money had been stolen. II she had not money enough to pay the bill
then the only thing to do would be to leave my watch and say I would come back
and pay later.
The asparagus appeared. When she Iinished eating I said: CoIIee? Yes, just
an ice-cream and coIIee, she answered. It was all the same to me now, so I
ordered coIIee and an ice-cream Ior her and coIIee Ior myselI.
Then a terrible thing happened. The head-waiter came up to us with a large
basket Iull oI peaches. Peaches were not in season then. Lord knew what they
cost. My guest, going on with her conversation, absent-mindedly took one.
You see, you've Iilled your stomach with a lot oI meat and you can't eat any
more. But I've just had a snack and I shall enjoy a peach.
The bill came and when I paid it I Iound that I did not have enough Ior a good
tip. When I walked out oI the restaurant I had the whole month beIore me and
not a penny in my pocket. Follow my example, she said as we shook hands,
and never eat more than one thing Ior luncheon.
Ill do better than that, I answered. I'll eat nothing Ior dinner to-night.
Humorist, you are quite a humorist, she cried gaily, jumping into a cab.

I saw the woman at the play the other day. Now I know that I have had my
revenge at last. Today she weighs twenty-one stone.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!@
1) ; 2) ; 3) e ; 4) me; 5)
; 6) ; 7) ; 8) m, m; 9)
, e; 10) ; 11) ; 12) -; 13) m;
14) ; 15) e; 16) .
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r ownc
1) barely enough money to keep body and soul together; 2) to have a chat with
someone; 3) it was so Iar beyond my means; 4) to be attractive in appearance; 5) a
great deal higher; 6) I never mind smth.; 7) my hart sank a little; 8) by all means;
9) to wave smb. aside; 10) panic seized me; 11) to have a revenge.
III An!wer the %oowing "#e!tion!@
1) Who are the main characters in this story?
2) When did the story happen?
3) Where did the young writer live at the time?
4) Did he earn much money?
5) What letter did the young writer receive one day?
6) How did the young man get acquainted with the lady?
7) Why did the young man agree to go to such an expensive restaurant?
8) What did the lady look like?
9) Why was the young man so startled when the menu was brought?
What dishes did the lady choose?
Why did the young man order the cheapest dish Ior himselI?
Why was the young man so nervous and excited at Foyot's?
What plan did the young writer think oI in case he Iound himselI short oI
money?
Did he Iind himselI short oI money at the end oI the meal?
What did he mean by saying he had had his revenge at last?
Which character would you like to be and why?
What valuable lesson can be learned Irom this story?
Did you like this story? Why or why not?
IH Rete the textI
1) Retell the story keeping close to the text.
2) Retell the story a) as iI you were the lady; b) as iI you were
the author.
3) Act out the scene in the story where the young man and the
lady are in the restaurant.
H Yriting &raBtiBe
1) As a lady, write a letter to the writer. Tell him what you think
about his stories.
2) As a writer answer the reader`s letter.
3) Create a menu Ior Foyot`s restaurant.
4) Write a new ending Ior this story.
HI Co#d Co# Meha$e iJe one o% the!e BharaBter! and whC`
Unit P[
THE LAST LEAF
/*y 3. -enry0
Sue and Johnsy lived at the top oI a building with three Iloors. One oI these
young women came Irom Maine; the other Irom CaliIornia. They had met at a
restaurant on Eighth Street. There they discovered that they liked the same kind oI
art, the same kind oI Iood, and the same kind oI clothes. So they decided to live
and work together.
That was in the spring.
Toward winter a cold stranger entered Greenwich Village. No one could see
him. He walked around touching one person here and another there with his icy
Iingers. He was a bad sickness. Doctors called him Pneumonia. On the east side oI
the city he hurried, touching many people; but in the narrow streets oI Greenwich
Village he did not move so quickly.
Mr. Pneumonia was not a nice old gentleman. A nice old gentleman would not
hurt a weak little woman Irom CaliIornia. But Mr. Pneumonia touched Johnsy
with his cold Iingers. She lay on her bed almost without moving, and she looked
through the window at the wall oI the house next to hers.
One morning the busy doctor spoke to Sue alone in the hall, where Johnsy could
not hear.
She has a very small chance, he said. She has a chance, iI she wants to live.
II people don't want to live, I can't do much Ior them. Your little lady has decided
that she is not going to get well. Is there something that is troubling her?
She always wanted to go to Italy and paint a picture oI the Bay oI Naples, said
Sue.
Paint! Not paint. Is there anything worth being troubled about? A man?
A man? said Sue. Is a man worth No, doctor. There is not a man.
It is weakness, said the doctor. I will do all I can do. But when a sick person
begins to Ieel that he's going to die, halI my work is useless. Talk to her about new
winter clothes. II she were interested in the Iuture, her chances would be better.
AIter the doctor had gone, Sue went into the workroom to cry. Then she walked
into Johnsy's room. She carried some oI her painting materials, and she was
singing.
Johnsy lay there, very thin and very quiet. Her Iace was turned toward the
window. Sue stopped singing, thinking that Johnsy was asleep.
Sue began to work. As she worked she heard a low sound, again and again. She
went quickly to the bedside.
Johnsy's eyes were open wide. She was looking out the window and counting
counting back.
Twelve, she said; and a little later, Eleven; and then, Ten, and, Nine;
and then, Eight, and, Seven, almost together.
Sue looked out the window. What was there to count? There was only the side
wall oI the next house, a short distance away. The wall had no windows. An old,
old tree grew against the wall. The cold breath oI winter had already touched it.
Almost all its leaves had Iallen Irom its dark branches.
What is it, dear? asked Sue.
Six, said Johnsy, in a voice still lower. They're Ialling Iaster now. Three days
ago there were almost a hundred. It hurt my head to count them. But now it's easy.
There goes another one. There are only Iive now.
Five what, dear? Tell your Sue.
Leaves. On the tree. When the last one Ialls, I must go, too. I've known that Ior
three days. Didn't the doctor tell you?
Oh, I never heard oI such a thing, said Sue. It doesn't have any sense in it.
What does an old tree have to do with you? Or with your getting well? And you
used to love that tree so much. Don't be a little Iool. The doctor told me your
chances Ior getting well. He told me this morning. He said you had very good
chances! Try to eat a little now. And then I'll go back to work. And then I can sell
my picture, and then I can buy something more Ior you to eat to make you strong.
You don't have to buy anything Ior me, said Johnsy. She still looked out the
window. There goes another. No, I don't want anything to eat. Now there are Iour.
I want to see the last one Iall beIore night. Then I'll go, too.
Johnsy, dear, said Sue, will you promise me to close your eyes and keep
them closed? Will you promise not to look out the window until I Iinish working?
I must have this picture ready tomorrow. I need the light; I can't cover the
window.
Couldn't you work in the other room? asked Johnsy coldly.
I'd rather be here by you, said Sue. And I don't want you to look at those
leaves.
Tell me as soon as you have Iinished, said Johnsy. She closed her eyes and lay
white and still.' Because I want to see the last leaI Iall. I have done enough
waiting. I have done enough thinking. I want to go sailing down, down, like one oI
those leaves.
Try to sleep, said Sue. I must call Behrman to come up here. I want to paint a
man in this picture, and I'll make him look like Behr-man. I won't be gone a
minute. Don't try to move till I come back.
Old Behrman was a painter who lived on the Iirst Iloor oI their house. He was past
sixty. He had had no success as a painter. For Iorty years he had painted, without
ever painting a good picture. He had always talked oI painting a great picture, a
masterpiece, but he had never yet started it.
He got a little money by letting others paint pictures oI him. He drank too
much. He still talked oI his great masterpiece. And he believed that it was his
special duty to do everything possible to help Sue and Johnsy.
Sue Iound him in his dark room, and she knew that he had been drinking. She
could smell it. She told him about Johnsy and the leaves on the vine. She said that
she was aIraid that Johnsy would indeed sail down, down like the leaI. Her hold
on the world was growing weaker.
Old Behrman shouted his anger over such an idea.
What! he cried. Are there such Iools? Do people die because leaves drop oII
a tree? I have not heard oI such a thing. No, I will not come up and sit while you
make a picture oI me. Why do you allow her to think such a thing? That poor little
Johnsy!
She is very sick and weak, said Sue. The sickness has put these strange ideas
into her mind. Mr. Behrman, iI you won't come, you won't. But I don't think you're
very nice.
This is like a woman! shouted Behrman. Who said I will not come? Go. I
come with you. For halI an hour I have been trying to say that I will come. God!
This is not any place Ior someone so good as Johnsy to lie sick. Some day I shall
paint my masterpiece, and we shall all go away Irom here. God! Yes.
Johnsy was sleeping when they went up. Sue covered the window, and took
Behrman into the other room. There they IearIully looked out the window at the
tree. Then they looked at each other Ior a moment without speaking. A cold rain
was Ialling, with a little snow in it too.
Behrman sat down, and Sue began to paint.
She worked through most oI the night.
In the morning, aIter an hour's sleep, she went to Johnsy's bedside. Johnsy with
wide-open eyes was looking toward the window. I want to see, she told Sue.
Sue took the cover Irom the window.
But aIter the beating rain and the wild wind that had not stopped through the
whole night, there still was one leaI to be seen against the wall. It was the last on
the tree. It was still dark green near the branch. But at the edges it was turning
yellow with age. There it was hanging Irom a branch nearly twenty Ieet above the
ground.
It is the last one, said Johnsy. I thought it would surely Iall during the night. I
heard the wind. It will Iall today, and I shall die at the same time.
Dear, dear Johnsy! said Sue. Think oI me, iI you won't think oI yourselI.
What would I do?
But Johnsy did not answer. The most lonely thing in the world is a soul when it
is preparing to go on its Iar journey. The ties that held her to Iriendship and to
earth were breaking, one by one.
The day slowly passed. As it grew dark, they could still see the leaI hanging
Irom its branch against the wall. And then, as the night came, the north wind began
to blow again. The rain still beat against the windows. When it was light enough
the next morning, Johnsy again commanded that she be allowed to see.
The leaI was still there.
Johnsy lay Ior a long time looking at it. And then she called to Sue, who was
cooking something Ior her to eat.
I've been a bad girl, Sue, said Johnsy. Something has made that last leaI stay
there to show me how bad I was. It is wrong to want to die. I'll try to eat now. But
Iirst bring me a looking-glass, so that I can see myselI. And then I'll sit up and
watch you cook.
An hour later she said, Sue, some day I hope to paint the Bay oI Naples.
The doctor came in the aIternoon. Sue Iollowed him into the hall outside
Johnsy's room to talk to him.
The chances are good, said the doctor. He took Sue's thin, shaking hand in his.
Give her good care, and she'll get well. And now I must see another sick person in
this house. His name is Behrman. A painter, I believe. Pneumonia, too. He is an
old, weak man, and he is very ill. There is no hope Ior him. But we take him to the
hospital today. We'll make it as easy Ior him as we can.
The next day the doctor said to Sue: She's saIe. You have done it. Food and
care now that's all.
And that aIternoon Sue came to the bed where Johnsy lay. She put one arm
around her.
I have something to tell you, she said. Mr. Behrman died oI pneumonia today
in the hospital. He was ill only two days. Someone Iound him on the morning oI
the Iirst day, in his room. He was helpless with pain.
His shoes and his clothes were wet and as cold as ice. Everyone wondered
where he had been. The night had been so cold.
And then they Iound some things. There was a light that he had taken outside.
And there were his materials Ior painting. There was paint, green paint and yellow
paint.
Look out the window, dear, at the last leaI on the wall. Didn't you wonder why
it never moved when the wind was blowing? Oh, my dear, it is Behrman's great
masterpiece he painted it there the night that the last leaI Iell.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion!@
1) - sickness ; 2) x- not move; 3) -get well; 4)
+ - doesn't have any sense in it; 5) - to be a
success ; 6) - vine; 7) m- masterpiece; 8) - die oI
a pneumonia; 9) e- cold as ice; 10) ; 11) .
II Gi$e R#!!ian e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing word! and ex&re!!ion! %roA the
text and #!e theA in !entenBe! o% Co#r ownc
1) the same kind oI art (Iood); 2) to have a very small chance; 3) I`d rather be here
by you; 4) the ties were breaking; 5) one by one; 6) to be helpless with pain; 7) Iar
journey.
III An!wer the "#e!tion!@
1) What were Sue and Johnsy?
2) Why did they live together?
3) What happened to one oI the girls?
4) What did the doctor say?
5) When was Johnsy going to die?
6) Who helped the girl?
7) What do you know oI the word 'masterpiece ?
IH Rete the text on the &art o%:
1) Sue; 2) Johnsy; 3) the aurthor.
H GraAAar Ta!JI
Ask questions about the words in bold type:
1) TheC had met at a re!ta#rant on Eighth Street.
2) She lay on her Med almost witho#t Ao$ing.
3) There was only the side wa oI the next house, a !hort di!tanBe awaC.
4) An od tree grew against the wa.
HI LooJ thro#gh the text and %ind the !entenBe! with the S#Mg#nBti$e Tood.
HII Yhat Bo#d Co# do %or Co#r %riend i% he or !he were in tro#Me`
Unit P1
HOY TO AHOID TRAHELLING
/*y George "ikes0
'Travel' is the name oI a modern disease which became rampant in the mid-
IiIties and is still spreading. The disease its scientiIic name is travelitis furiosus
is carried by a germ called prosperity. Its symptoms are easily recognizable. The
patient grows restless in the early spring and starts rushing about Irom one travel
agent to another collecting useless inIormation about places he does not intend to
visit; then he, or usually she, will do a round oI tailors, summer sales, sports shops
and spend three and a halI times as much as he or she can aIIord; Iinally, in
August, the patient will board a plane, train, coach or car and proceed to Ioreign
parts along with thousands oI Iellow-suIIerers not because he is interested in or
attracted by the place he is bound Ior, nor because he can aIIord to go, but simply
because he cannot aIIord not to. The disease is highly inIectious. Nowadays you
catch Ioreign travel rather as you caught inIluenza in the twenties, only more so.
The result is that in the summer months (and in the last Iew years also during
the winter season) everybody is on the move. In Positano you hear no Italian but
only German (Ior England is not the only victim oI the disease); in some French
parts you cannot get along unless you speak American; and the oIIicial language oI
the Costa Bravo is English.
What is the aim oI all this travelling? Each nationality has its own diIIerent
one. The Americans want to take photographs oI themselves in: /a0 TraIalgar Square
with the pigeons, /*0 in St Mark's Square, Venice, with the pigeons and /c0 in Iront
oI the Arc de Triomphe, in Paris, without pigeons. The idea is simply to collect
documentary prooI that they have *een there. The German travels to check up
on his guide-books: when he sees that the Ponte di Rialto is really at its proper
venue, that the Leaning Tower is in its appointed place in Pisa and is leaning at
the promised angle he ticks these things oII in his guide-book and returns home
with the gratiIying Ieeling that he has not been swindled. But why do the English
travel?
First, because their neighbour does and they have caught the bug Irom him.
Secondly, they used to, be taught that travel broadens the mind and although they
have by now discovered the sad truth that whatever travel may do to the mind,
Swiss or German Iood certainly broadens other parts oI the body, the old notion
still lingers on. But lastly and perhaps mainly they travel to avoid Ioreigners.
Here, in our cosmopolitan England, one is always exposed to the danger oI meeting
all sorts oI peculiar aliens. Not so on one's journeys in Europe, iI one manages
things intelligently. I know many English people who travel in groups, stay in hotels
where even the staII is English, eat roast beeI and Yorkshire pudding on Sundays and
Welsh rarebit and steak-and-kidney pudding' on weekdays, all over Europe. The
main aim oI the Englishman abroad is to meet people; I mean, oI course, nice
English people Irom next door or Irom the next street. Normally one avoids one's
neighbour ('It is best to keep yourselI to yourselI, 'We leave others alone and want
to be leIt alone', etc., etc.). II you meet your next door neighbour in the High Street
or at your Iront door you pretend not to see him or, at best, nod coolly; but iI you
meet him in Capri or Granada, you embrace him Iondly and stand him a drink or
two; and you may even discover that he is quite a nice chap aIter all and both oI
you might just as well have stayed at home in Chipping Norton.
All this, however, reIers to travelling Ior the general public. II you want to avoid
giving the unIortunate impression that you belong to the lower-middle class, you
must learn the elementary sno**ery of travelling4
1)Avoid any place Irequented by others. Declare: all the hotels are Iull, one
cannot get in anywhere. (No one will ever remark: hotels are full of people %ho
actually managed to get in.0
2)Carry this a stage Iurther and try to avoid all places interesting enough to
attract other people or, as others preIer to put it you must get oII the
beaten track. In practice this means that in Italy you avoid Venice and Florence
but visit a Iew Iilthy and poverty-stricken Iishing vil lages no one has ever heard
oI; and iI your misIortune does take you to Florence, you avoid the UIIizi
Gallery and reIuse to look at Michelangelo's 5avid. You visit, instead, a dirty
little pub on the outskirts where Tuscan Iood is supposed to be divine and
where you can listen to a drunken and deaI accordion player.
3)The main problem is, oI course, %here to go? This is not an easy question.
The hoi polloi may go to Paris or Spain, but such an obvious choice will
BertainC not do %or anCone with a itte !e%qre!&eBtI There i! a !Aa
internationa !et that ead! the %a!hion and Co# A#!t watBh theAI SoAe Cear!
ago theC di!Bo$ered Ca&ri] M#t now Ca&ri i! teeAing with riBh GerAan and
Engi!h M#!ine!!Aen] !o Co# Banlt go near the &aBeI TagorBa wa! next on the
i!t] M#t TagorBa ha! MeBoAe "#ite ridiB#o#! in the a!t %ew Cear!@ it i! now an
odd Aixt#re o% T#niBh and Ox%ord Street] and ha! nothing to o%%er 'MeBa#!e]
neede!! to !aC] Mea#tC and !#n!hine do not Bo#nt?I At the AoAent I AaC
reBoAAend Tangierc Rhode! i! %airC !a%e tooI The Cear a%ter that] who Jnow!]
Ca&ri AaC Me tried againI
ReAeAMer@ tra$e i! !#&&o!ed to AaJe Co# !o&hi!tiBatedI Yhen M#Cing Co#r
!o#$enir! and ater when Ao!t Ba!#aC r Co# reaC A#!t &raBtiBe how to Me
Ba!#a r Co# re%er to anC %oreign %ood] Co# !ho#d !&eaJ o% the!e thing! in the
$ernaB#arI E$en %ried BhiBJen !o#nd! rather roAantiB when Co# !&eaJ o%
$a%khend&'
It is possible, however, that the mania Ior travelling is declining. I wonder iI a
Roman Iriend oI mine was simply an eccentric or the Iorerunner oI a new era in
snobbery.
'I no longer travel at all', he told me. 'I stay here because I want to meet my
Iriends Irom all over the world.'
'What exactly do you mean?' I asked.
' I t is simple,' he explained. 'Whenever I go to London, my Iriend Smith is sure
to be in Tokyo and Brown in Sicily. II I go to Paris, Dupont is sure to be in London
and Lebrun in Madagascar or Lyons. And so on. But iI I stay in Rome, all my
Iriends are absolutely sure to turn up at one time or another. The world means people
Ior me. I stay here because I want to see the world.'
And he added aIter a short pause:
'Besides, staying at home broadens the mind.'
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or@
( xmm );
; 50- ; ;
; ( ); x ( x)
; m (x ); x ;
]; ; -
.; ; ; m ;
-; ; ; n; (2);
m m; ; x ;
; m; + ;
x m; ; m ();
; x; , m; + ; m;
; ; m (); x (
x); +;
II Rete the text #!ing the %oowing word! and &hra!e!@
modern disease; to become rampant; highly inIectious; carried by a germ;
prosperity; to grow restless; to start rushing about; to collect inIormation; to do a
round oI; three times as much as; to board a plane (ship); Ioreign parts; to be
bound Ior; aIIord; the last Iew years; on the move; victim; to get along; to take
photographs (oI); pigeons; the idea is. . .; to check up on; to tick smth. oII;
guide-book; gratiIying Ieeling; to be swindled; to catch the bug (Irom); to broaden
the mind; sad truth; to linger on; to avoid; cosmopolitan; to be exposed to the
danger (oI); peculiar aliens; to manage things intelligently; in groups; staII; all
over Europe; Irom next door; to nod coolly; to embrace Iondly; to stand a drink;
nice chap; might just as well; to reIer (to); general public; unIortunate impression;
snobbery; Irequented by; carry smth. a stage Iurther; to attract; to get oII the
beaten track; Iilthy; poverty-stricken; on the outskirts; divine; obvious choice;
will not do; small international set; to lead the Iashion; to discover; to teem
with; next on the list; odd mixture; to have nothing to oIIer; needless to say;
sophisticated; souvenirs; casually; mania; to decline; eccentric; Iorerunner; new
era; no longer; whenever; is sure to; to turn up
III An!wer the %oowing "#e!tion!@
1. What disease became rampant in the mid-IiIties? What germ is it carried by?
2. What are its symptoms? 3. What will the patient Iinally do? 4. Why will he
proceed to Ioreign parts? 5. Why do Americans travel? 6. Why does the German
travel? 7. What makes the English travel? 8. What is one always exposed to in
England? 9. How do many English people manage to travel? What is their main
aim abroad? 10. In what case must one learn the elementary snobbery oI travel-
ling? 11. What sort oI places are you supposed to avoid? 12. Where is it
advisable to go? 13. Who leads the Iashion? 14. What is travel supposed to do to
you? 15. What makes the author think that the mania Ior travelling may be
declining? 16. What does he call a Roman Iriend oI his?
IH To&iB! %or di!B#!!ion@
1. Speak on the advantages oI travelling.
2. Speak on the mania Ior travelling.
3. Speak on historical landmarks in a) England, b) France, c) Italy, d) India.
4. Describe a snob (any variety you know).
5. Speak on snobbery.
6. Describe a great explorer (Christopher Columbus, David Livingstone, Roald
Amundsen, etc.).
H GraAAar Ta!J
1) Fill in the blanks with prepositions, iI necessary:
First thing . . . the morning Bertram was summoned . . . the ChieI and told
brieIly to get ready to start . . . Paris . . . the Iollowing day. It was his Iirst business
trip . . . the Continent and he was ruIIled. . . . coming home he made a list . . .
what was to be done . . . the Iew remaining hours he had . . . his disposal. When
you get an order . . . short notice it sort . . . upsets you, he said . . . loud. Anyway
he collected
his wits and careIully checked. . .the shopping
list to make sure he had not leIt . . . anything . . . importance. He was quick to
Iind . . . that his list was incomplete: he certainly needed a new suit . . . clothes
and a nice rain-coat to look presentable. And he could just as well cross . . . the
umbrella. Paris wasn't London, . . . all. He had thought . . . doing a round . . .
shops, but then decided . . . it. So he went . . . a shopping centre . . . the
neighbourhood, careIully ticking . . . the items he bought . . . the list. He came . . .
home tired, loaded . . . parcels. . . . gulping . . . a glass
. . . tea, he got.......packing only to realize that he needed
a larger suit-case. So he rushed . . . to buy a suit-case. . . . 10 p. m. Bertram gave
a sigh . . . relieI. He had packed . . . and his suit-case and handbag were
waiting . . . him . . . the hall. He showered, shaved, wound . . . his alarm clock
and went . . . bed. He was leaving . . . the 5 a. m. plane.
P? Choo!e the &ro&er word@ (un(ortunate r unha))y r
un&u%ky
1. Phil knew Helen didn't love him and never would; this thought made him
. . . . 2. It was a most . . . remark that might have ruined his chances completely.
3. Shy as he was, he gave the. . . impression oI Ieeling superior, which was very
annoying. 4. Why should he always look so . . .? There's really nothing wrong with
him, is there? 5. The project was saIe enough. It's just that the man himselI was born . .
.: whatever he undertook turned to ashes. 6. They met under most . . .
circumstances: the war was on and the Iuture uncertain. Yet they never despaired.
/collect gather0
1. Farming meant hard work in summer; but in the Iall they . . . a rich crop. 2. He
has been . . . stamps since his schooldays. 3. At dawn she would go to the woods to
. . . mushrooms; she enjoyed it. 4. . . . your wits and think oI a plan, he said,
or else we are lost. 5. Basil got down to . . . evidence to clear his brother's
character. 6. It's essential one should . . . all the inIormation available beIore
proceeding to Ioreign parts.
3) Translate the Iollowing sentences into English, using a) %hatever
/%henever, %herever0, b) to *e sure to, c) might 2ust as %ell4
a) 1. u , m . 2. M
- . I ,
. 3.
, , ,
+ , . 4. u ,
n, m
. 5. u , m mm
.
b) 1. m , x ,
m . 2 An
E ]].
) 1. E + m
m , x x
. 2. E xm CA, xm
x m.
Unit PP
TOLLZ TORGAN
/*y &ohn .tein*eck0
Molly Morgan got oII the train in Salinas and waited three quarters oI an
hour Ior the bus. The big automobile was empty except Ior the driver and
Molly.
I've never been to the Pastures oI Heaven, you know, she said. Is it Iar
Irom the main road?
About three miles, said the driver.
Will there be a car to take me into the valley?
No, not unless you are met.
But how do people get in there?
I dunno. Walk, I guess. Most people walk iI they ain't met.
When he set her down at the entrance to the dirt sideroad, Molly Morgan
grimly picked up her suitcase and marched toward the draw in the hills. An old
Ford truck squeaked up beside her.
Goin' into the valley, ma'am?
Oh yes, yes, I am.
Well, get in, then. Needn't be scared. I ' m Pat Humberg. I got a place in the
Pastures.
Molly surveyed the grimy man and acknowledged his introduction. I'm the
new schoolteacher, I mean, I think I am. Do you know where Mr. Whiteside
lives?
Sure, I go right by there. He's clerk oI the board. I' m on the school board
myselI, you know. We wondered what you'd look like. Then he grew
embarrassed at what he had said, and Ilushed under his coating oI dirt. 'Course
I mean what you'd *e like. Last teacher we had gave a good deal oI trouble. She
was all right, but she was sick I mean, sick and nervous. Finally quit because
she was sick.
Molly picked at the Iingertips oI her gloves. My letter says I ' m to call on
Mr. Whiteside. Is he all right? I don't mean that. I mean is he what
kind oI a man is he?
Oh, you'll get along with him all right. He's a Iine old man. Born in that
house he lives in. Been to college, too. He's a good man. Been clerk oI the board
Ior over twenty years.
When he put her down in Iront oI the big old house oI John Whiteside, she was
really Irightened. Now it's coming, she said to herselI. But there's nothing to
be aIraid oI. He can't do anything to me. Molly was only nineteen. She Ielt that
this moment oI interview Ior her Iirst job was a tremendous inch in her whole
existence.
The walk up to the door did not reassure her, Ior the path lay between tight little
Ilower beds hedged in with clipped box, seemingly planted with the admonition,
Now grow and multiply, but don't grow too high, nor multiply too greatly, and
above all things, keep out oI this path. There was a hand on those Ilowers, a
guiding and correcting hand. The large white house was very digniIied. Venetian
blinds oI yellow wood were tilted down to keep out the noon sun. HalIway up the
path she came in sight oI the entrance. There was a veranda as broad and warm and
welcoming as an embrace. Through her mind Ilew the thought. Surely you can
tell the hospitality oI a house by its entrance. Suppose it had a little door and no
porch. But in spite oI the welcoming oI the wide steps and the big doorway, her
timidities clung to her when she rang the bell. The big door opened, and a large,
comIortable woman stood smiling at Molly.
I hope you're not selling something, said Mrs. Whiteside. I never want to buy
anything and I always do, and then I' m mad.
Molly laughed. She Ielt suddenly very happy. Until that moment she hadn't
known how Irightened she really was. Oh, no, she cried. I'm the new
schoolteacher. My letter says I' m to interview Mr. Whiteside. Can I see him?
Well, it's noon, and he's just Iinishing his dinner. Did you have dinner?
Oh, oI course, I mean, no.
Mrs. Whiteside chuckled and stood aside Ior her to enter. Well, I'm glad you're
sure. She led Molly into a large dining room, lined with mahogany, glass-Ironted
dish closets. The square table was littered with the dishes oI a meal. Why, John
must have Iinished and gone. Sit down, young woman. I'll bring back the roast.
Oh, no. Really, thank you, no. I'll just talk to Mr. White-side and then go
along.
Sit down. You'll need nourishment to Iace John.
Is is he very stern, with new teachers, I mean?
Well, said Mrs. Whiteside. That depends. II they haven't had their dinner,
he's a regular bear. He shouts at them. But when they've just got up Irom the
table, he's only just Iierce.
Molly laughed happily. You have children, she said. Oh, you've raised lots
oI children and you like them.
Mrs. Whiteside scowled. One child raised me. Raised me right through the
rooI. It was too hard on me. He's out raising cows now, poor devils. I don't
think I raised him very high.
When Molly had Iinished eating, Mrs. Whiteside threw open a side door and
called, John, here's some one to see you. She pushed Molly through the doorway
into a room that was a kind oI a library, Ior big bookcases were loaded with thick,
old, comIortable books, all Iiligreed in gold. And it was a kind oI a sitting room.
There was a Iireplace oI brick with a mantel oI little red tile bricks and the most
extraordinary vases on the mantel. Big leather chairs with leather tassels hanging
to them, stood about the Iireplace, all oI them patent rocking chairs with the kind oI
springs that chant when you rock them. And lastly the room was a kind oI an oIIice,
Ior there was an old-Iashioned roll-top desk, and behind It sat John Whiteside.
When he looked up, Molly saw that he had at once the kindest and the sternest
eyes she had ever seen, and the whitest hair, too. Real blue-white, silky hair, a
great duster oI it.
I am Mary Morgan, she began Iormally.
Oh, yes, Miss Morgan, I've been expecting you. Won't you sit down?
She sat in one oI the big rockers, and the springs cried with sweet pain. I love
these chairs, she said. We used to have one when I was a little girl. Then she Ielt
silly. I've come to interview you about this position. My letter said to do that.
Don't be so tense, Miss Morgan. I've interviewed every teacher we've had Ior
years. And, he said, smiling, I still don't know how to go about it.
Oh I' m glad, Mr. Whiteside. I never asked Ior a job beIore. I was really
aIraid oI it.
Well, Miss Mary Morgan, as near as I can Iigure, the purpose oI this interview is
to give me a little knowledge oI your past and the kind oI person you are. I'm
supposed to know something about you when you've Iinished. And now that you
know my purpose, I suppose that you'll be selI-conscious and anxious to give a
good impression. Maybe iI you just tell me a little about yourselI, everything'll be
all right. Just a Iew words about the kind oI girl you are, and where you came
Irom.
Molly nodded quickly. Yes, I'll try to do that, Mr. Whiteside, and she dropped
her mind back into the past.
There was the old, squalid, unpainted house with its wide back porch and the
round washtubs leaning against the rails. High in the great willow tree her two
brothers, Joe and Tom, crashed about crying, Now I'm an eagle, I'm a parrot,
Now I'm an old chicken, Watch me!
The screen door on the back porch opened, and their mother leaned tiredly out.
Her hair would not lie smoothly no matter how much she combed it. Thick strings oI
it hung down beside her Iace. Her eyes were always a little red, and her hands and
wrists painIully cracked. Tom, Joe, she called, You'll get hurt up there. Don't
worry me so, boys. Don't you love your mother at all? The voices in the tree
were hushed. The shrieking spirits oI the eagle and the old chicken were drenched in
selI-reproach. Molly sat in the dust, wrapping a rag around a stick and doing her
best to imagine it a tall lady in a dress. Molly, come in and stay with your mother.
I'm so tired today.
Molly stood up the stick in the deep dust. You, miss, she whispered Iiercely,
You'll get whipped on your bare bottom when I come back. Then she obediently
went into the house.
Her mother sat in a straight chair in the kitchen. Draw up, Molly. Just sit with
me Ior a little while. Love me, Molly! Love your mother a little bit. You are
mother's good little girl, aren't you? Molly squirmed on her chair. Don't you
love your mother, Molly?
The little girl was very miserable. She knew her mother would cry in a moment,
and then she would be compelled to stroke the stringy hair. Both she and her brothers
knew they should love their mother. She did everything Ior them. They were
ashamed that they hated to be near her, but they couldn't help it. When she called
to them and they were not in sight, they pretended not to hear, and crept away,
talking in whispers.
Well, to begin with, we were very poor, Molly said to John Whiteside. I
guess we were really poverty-stricken. I had two brothers a little older than I. My
Iather was a traveling salesman, but even so, my mother had to work. She worked
terribly hard Ior us.
About once in every six months a great event occurred.
In the morning the mother crept silently out oI the bedroom. Her hair was
brushed as smoothly as it could be; her eyes sparkled, and she looked happy and
almost pretty. She whispered, uiet, children! Your Iather's home.
Molly and her brothers sneaked out oI the house, but even in the yard they talked
in excited whispers. The news traveled quickly about the neighborhood. Soon the
yard was Iilled with whispering children. They say their Iather's home. Is your
Iather really home? Where's he been this time? By noon there were a dozen
children in the yard, standing in expectant little groups, cautioning one another to
be quiet.
About noon the screen door on the porch sprang open and whacked against the wall.
Their Iather leaped out. Hi, he yelled. Hi, kids! Molly and her brothers Ilung
themselves upon him and hugged his legs, while he plucked them oII and hurled
them into the air like kittens.
Mrs. Morgan Iluttered about, clucking with excitement. Children, children.
Don't muss your Iather's clothes.
The neighbor children threw handsprings and wrestled and shrieked with joy.
It was better than any holiday.
Wait till you see, their Iather cried. Wait till you see what I brought you. It's
a secret now. And when the hysteria had quieted a little he carried his suitcase
out on the porch and opened it. There were presents such as no one had ever seen,
mechanical toys unknown beIore tin bugs that crawled, dancing wooden niggers
and astounding steam shovels that worked in sand. There were superb glass
marbles with bears and dogs right in their centers. He had something Ior everyone,
several things Ior everyone. It was all the great holidays packed into one.
Usually it was midaIternoon beIore the children became calm enough not to shriek
occasionally. But eventually George Morgan sat on the steps, and they all gathered
about while he told his adventures. This time he had been to Mexico while there was a
revolution. Again he had gone to Honolulu, had seen the volcano and himselI ridden
on a surIboard. Always there were cities and people, strange people; always
adventures and a hundred Iunny incidents, Iunnier than anything they had ever
heard. It couldn't all be told at one time. AIter school they had to gather to hear more
and more. Throughout the world George Morgan tramped, collecting glorious
adventures.
As Iar as my home liIe went, Miss Morgan said, I guess I almost didn't have
any Iather. He was able to get home very seldom Irom his business trips.
John Whiteside nodded gravely.
Molly looked up at him and saw that he seemed to be studying a piece oI paper
on his desk. When I was twelve years old, my Iather was killed in an accident,
she said.
The great visits usually lasted about two weeks. Always there came an aIternoon
when George Morgan walked out into town and did not come back until late at
night. The mother made the children go to bed early, but they could hear him
come home, stumbling a little against the Iurniture, and they could hear his voice
through the wall. These were the only times when his voice was sad and discouraged.
Lying with held breaths, the children knew what that meant. In the morning
he would be gone, and their hearts would be gone with him.
They had endless discussions about what he was doing. Their Iather was a glad
argonaut, a silver knight. Virtue and Courage and Beauty he wore a coat oI
them. Sometime, the boys said, sometime when we are big, we'll go with
him and see all those things.
I'll go, too, Molly insisted.
Oh, you're a girl. You couldn't go, you know.
But he'd let me go, you know he would. Sometime he'll take me with him.
You see iI he doesn't.
When he was gone their mother grew plaintive again, and her eyes reddened.
uerulously she demanded their love, as though it were a package they could put
in her hand.
One time their Iather went away, and he never came back. He had never sent any
money, nor had he ever written to them, but this time he just disappeared Ior
good. For two years they waited, and then their mother said he must be dead. The
children shuddered at the thought, but they reIused to believe it, because no one so
beautiIul and Iine as their Iather could be dead. Some place in the world he was
having adventures. There was some good reason why he couldn't come back to
them. Some day when the reason was gone, he would come. Some morning he
would be there with Iiner presents and better stories than ever beIore. But their
mother said he must have had an accident. He must be dead. Their mother was
distracted. She read those advertisements which oIIered to help her make money at
home. The children made paper Ilowers and shameIacedly tried to sell them. The
boys tried to develop magazine routes, and the whole Iamily nearly starved.
Finally, when they couldn't stand it any longer, the boys ran away and joined the
navy. AIter that Molly saw them as seldom as she had seen her Iather and they
were so changed, so hard and boisterous, that she didn't even care, Ior her
brothers were strangers to her.
I went through high school, and then I went to San Jose and entered
Teachers' College. I worked Ior my board and room at the home oI Mrs. Allen
Morit. BeIore I Iinished school my mother died, so I guess I'm a kind oI an
orphan, you see.
I'm sorry, John Whiteside murmured gently.
Molly Ilushed. That wasn't a bid Ior sympathy, Mr. Whiteside. You said you
wanted to know about me. Everyone has to be an orphan some time.
Molly worked Ior her board and room. She did the work oI a Iull time servant,
only she received no pay. Money Ior clothes had to be accumulated by working
in a store during summer vacation. Mrs. Morit trained her girls. I can take a
green girl, not worth a cent, she oIten said, and when that girl's worked Ior me
six months, she can get IiIty dollars a month. Lots oI women know it, and they
just snap up my girls. This is the Iirst schoolgirl I've tried, but even she shows a
lot oI improvement. She reads too much though. I always say a servant should be
asleep by ten o'clock, or else she can't do her work right.
Mrs. Morit's method was one oI constant criticism and nagging, carried on in a
just, Iirm tone. Now, Molly; I don't want to Iind Iault but iI you don't wipe the
silver drier than that, i t ' l l have streaks. The butter kniIe goes this way,
Molly. Then you can put the tumbler here.
In the evening, aIter the dishes were washed, Molly sat on her bed and studied,
and when the light was oII, she lay on her bed and thought oI her Iather. It was
ridiculous to do it, she knew. It was a waste oI time. Her Iather came up to the
door, wearing a cutaway coat, and striped trousers and a top hat. He carried a
huge bouquet oI red roses in his hand. I couldn't come beIore, Molly. Get on
your coat quickly. First we're going down to get that evening dress in the window
oI Prussia's, but we'll have to hurry. I have tickets Ior the train to New
York tonight. Hurry up, Molly! Don't stand there gawping. It was silly. Her
Iather was dead. No, she didn't really believe he was dead. Somewhere in the
world he lived beautiIully, and sometime he would come back.
Molly told one oI her Iriends at school, I don't really believe it, you see,
but I don't disbelieve it. II I ever knew he was dead, why it would be awIul.
I don't know what I' d do then. I don't want to think about kno%ing he's dead.
When her mother died, she Ielt little besides shame. Her mother had wanted so
much to be loved, and she hadn't known how to draw love. Her importunities had
bothered the children and driven them away.
Well, that's about all, Molly Iinished. I got my diploma, and then I was
sent down here.
It was about the easiest interview I ever had, John Whiteside said.
Do you think I'll get the position, then?
Yes, I think you'll get the job. I think you have it already. Now, Miss
Morgan, where are you going to live? You must Iind board and room some
place.
BeIore she knew she was going to say it, she had blurted, I want to live
here.
John Whiteside opened his eyes in astonishment. But we ' never take
boarders, Miss Morgan.
Oh, I ' m sorry I said that, I just like it so much here, you see.
He called, Willa, and when his wiIe stood in the halI-open door, This
young lady wants to board with us. She's the new teacher.
Mrs. Whiteside Irowned. Couldn't think oI it. We never take boarders. She's too
pretty to be around that Iool oI a Bill. What would happen to those cows oI
his? It'd be a lot oI trouble. You can sleep in the third bedroom upstairs, she
said to Molly. It doesn't catch much sun anyway.
LiIe changed its Iace. All oI a sudden Molly Iound she was a queen. From the
Iirst day the children oI the school adored her, Ior she understood them, and
what was more, she let them understand her. It took her some time to realize that
she had become an important person. II two men got to arguing at the store about
a point oI history or literature or mathematics, and the argument deadlocked, it
ended up, Take it to the teacher! II she doesn't know, she'll Iind it. Molly was
very proud to be able to decide such questions. At parties she had to help with
the decorations and to plan reIreshments.
I think we'll put pine boughs around everywhere. They're pretty, and they
smell so good. They smell like a party. She was supposed to know everything
and to help with everything, and she loved it.
At the Whiteside home she slaved in the kitchen under the mutterings oI Willa.
At the end oI six months, Mrs. Whiteside grumbled to her husband, Now iI Bill
only had any sense. But then, she continued, II she has any sense and there
she leIt it.
At night Molly wrote letters to the Iew Iriends she had made in Teachers'
College, letters Iull oI little stories about her neighbors, and Iull oI joy. She must
attend every party because oI the social prestige oI her position. On Saturdays
she ran about the hills and brought back Ierns and wild Ilowers to plant about the
house.
Bill Whiteside took one look at Molly and scuttled back to his cows. It was a
long time beIore he Iound the courage to talk to her very much. He was a big,
simple young man who had neither his Iather's balance nor his mother's humor.
Eventually, however, he trailed aIter Molly and looked aIter her Irom distances.
One evening, with a kind oI Ieeling oI thanksgiving Ior her happiness Molly
told Bill about her Iather. They were sitting in canvas chairs on the wide veranda,
waiting Ior the moon. She told him about the visits, and then about the disap-
pearance. Do you see what I have, Bill? she cried. My lovely Iather is some
place. He's mine. You think he's living, don't you, Bill?
Might be, said Bill. From what you say, he was a kind oI an irresponsible
cuss, though. Excuse me, Molly. Still, iI he's alive, it's Iunny he never wrote.
Molly Ielt cold. It was just the kind oI reasoning she had successIully avoided Ior
so long. OI course, she said stiIIly, I know that. I have to do some work now,
Bill.
High up in a hill that edged the valley oI the Pastures oI Heaven, there was an old
cabin which commanded a view oI the whole country and oI all the roads in the
vicinity. It was said that the bandit Vasquez had built the cabin and lived in it Ior a
year while the posses went crashing through the country looking Ior him. It was a
landmark. All the people oI the valley had been to see it at one time or another.
Nearly every one asked Molly whether she had been there yet. No, she said, but I
will go up some day. I'll go some Saturday. I know where the trail to it is. One
morning she dressed in her new hiking boots and corduroy skirt. Bill sidled up and
oIIered to accompany her. No, she said. You have work to do. I can't take you
away Irom it.
Work be hanged! said Bill.
Well, I'd rather go alone, I don't want to hurt your Ieelings, but I just want
to go alone, Bill. She was sorry not to let him accompany her, but his remark
about her Iather had Irightened her. I want to have an adventure, she said to
herselI. II Bill comes along, it won't be an adventure at all. It'll be just a trip. It
took her an hour and a halI to climb up the steep trail under the oaks. The leaves on
the ground were as slippery as grass, and the sun was hot. The good smell oI Ierns
and dank moss Iilled the air. When Molly came at last to the ridge crest, she was
damp and winded. The cabin stood in a small clearing in the brush, a little square
wooden room with no windows. Its doorless entrance was a black shadow. The
place was quiet, the kind oI humming quiet that Ilies and bees and crickets make.
The whole hillside sang soItly in the sun. Molly approached on tiptoe. Her heart
was beating violently.
Now I ' m having an adventure, she whispered. Now I' m right in the middle oI
an adventure at Vasquez' cabin. She peered in at the doorway and saw a lizard
scuttle out oI sight. A cobweb Iell across her Iorehead and seemed to try to restrain
her. There was nothing at all in the cabin, nothing but the dirt Iloor and the rotting
wooden walls, and the dry, deserted smell oI earth that has long been covered Irom
the sun. Molly was Iilled with excitement. At night he sat in there. Sometimes
when he heard noises like men creeping up on him, he went out oI the door like the
ghost oI a shadow, and just melted into the darkness.
She looked down on the valley. In the daytime that young Vasquez looked
down on the valley just as I'm looking. He stood right here, and looked at the
roads down there. Sometimes he saw the posses riding by on the road below.
Vasquez laughed, but he was aIraid, too. Sometimes he sang. His songs were
soIt and sad because he knew he couldn't live very long.
Molly sat down on the slope and rested her chin in her cupped hands. Young
Vasquez was standing beside her, and Vasquez had her Iather's gay Iace, his
shining eyes as he came on the porch shouting, Hi, kids. This was the kind oI
adventure her Iather had. Molly shook herselI and stood up. Now I want to go
back and think it all over again.
In the late aIternoon Mrs. Whiteside sent Bill out to look Ior Molly. She
might have turned an ankle, you know. But Molly emerged Irom the trail just as
Bill approached it Irom the road.
We were beginning to wonder iI you'd got lost, he said. Did you go up to
the cabin?
Yes.
Funny old box, isn't it? Just an old woodshed. There are a dozen just like it
down here. You'd be surprised, though, how many people go up there to look at
it. The Iunny part is, nobody's sure Vasquez was ever there.
Oh, I think he must have been there.
What makes you think that?
I don't know.
Bill became serious. Everybody thinks Vasquez was a kind oI a hero, when
really he was just a thieI. He started in stealing sheep and horses and ended up
robbing stages. He had to kill a Iew people to do it. It seems to me, Molly, we
ought to teach people to hate robbers, not to worship them.
OI course, Bill, she said wearily. You're perIectly right. Would you
mind not talking Ior a little while, Bill? I guess I ' m a little tired and nervous
too.
The year wheeled around. Pussywillows had their kittens, and wild Ilowers
covered the hills. Molly Iound herselI wanted and needed in the valley. She even
attended school board meetings. There had been a time when those secret and
august conIerences were held behind closed doors, a mystery and a terror to
everyone. Now that Molly was asked to step into John Whiteside's sitting room,
she Iound that the board discussed crops, told stories, and circulated mild gossip.
Bert Munroe had been elected early in the Iall, and by the springtime he was the
most energetic member. He it was who planned dances at the schoolhouse, who
insisted upon having plays and picnics. He even oIIered prizes Ior the best report
cards in the school. The board was coming to rely pretty much on Bert Munroe.
One evening Molly came down Irom her room. As always, when the board was
meeting, Mrs. Whiteside sat in the dining room. I don't think I'll go in to the
meeting, Molly said. Let them have one time to themselves. Sometimes I Ieel
that they would tell other kinds oI stories iI I weren't there.
You go on in, Molly! They can't hold a board meeting without you. They're so
used to you, they'd be lost. Besides, I'm not at all sure I want them to tell those
other stories.
Obediently Molly knocked on the door and went into the sitting room. Bert
Munroe paused politely in the story he was narrating. I was just telling about my
Iarm hand, Miss Morgan. I'll start over again, 'cause it's kind oI Iunny. You see, I
needed a hay hand, and I picked this Iellow up under the Salinas River bridge. He
was pretty drunk, but he wanted a job. Now I've got him, I Iind he isn't worth a
cent as a hand, but I can't get rid oI him. That son oI a gun has been every
place. You ought to hear him tell about the places he's been. My kids wouldn't let me
get rid oI him iI I wanted to. Why he can take the littlest thing he's seen and make
a Iine story out oI it. My kids just sit around with their ears spread, listening to him.
Well, about twice a month he walks into Salinas and goes on a bust. He's one oI
those dirty, periodic drunks. The Salinas cops always call me up when they Iind
him in a gutter, and I have to drive in to get him. And you know, when he comes out
oI it, he's always got some kind oI present in his pocket Ior my kid Manny. There's
nothing you can do with a man like that. He disarms you. I don't get a dollar's
worth oI work a month out oI him.
Molly Ielt a sick dread rising in her. The men were laughing at the story. You're
too soIt, Bert. You can't aIIord to keep an entertainer on the place. I'd sure get
rid oI him quick.
Molly stood up. She was dreadIully aIraid someone would ask the man's name.
I'm not Ieeling very well tonight, she said. II you gentlemen will excuse me, I
think I' ll go to bed. The men stood up while she leIt the room. In her bed she
buried her head in the pillow. It's crazy, she said to herselI. There isn't a
chance in the world. I' m Iorgetting all about it right now. But she Iound to her
dismay that she was crying.
The next Iew weeks were agonizing to Molly. She was reluctant to leave the
house. Walking to and Irom school she watched the road ahead oI her. II I see
any kind oI a stranger I' l l run away. But that's Ioolish, I ' m being a Iool. Only
in her own room did she Ieel saIe. Her terror was making her lose color, was
taking the glint out oI her eyes.
Molly, you ought to go to bed, Mrs. Whiteside insisted. Don't be a little
idiot. Do I have to smack you the way I do Bill to make you go to bed? But
Molly would not go to bed. She thought too many things when she was in bed.
The next time the board met, Bert Munroe did not appear. Molly Ielt reassured
and almost happy at his absence.
You're Ieeling better, aren't you, Miss Morgan?
Oh, yes. It was only a little thing, a kind oI a cold. II I'd gone to bed I
might have been really sick.
The meeting was an hour gone beIore Bert Munroe came in. Sorry to
be late, he apologized. The same old thing happened. My so-called hay hand
was asleep in the street in Salinas. What a mess! He's out in the car sleeping
it oII now. I' ll have to hose the car out tomorrow.
Molly's throat closed with terror. For a second she thought she was going to
Iaint. Excuse me, I must go, she cried, and ran out oI the room. She walked
into the dark hallway and steadied herselI against the wall. Then slowly and auto-
matically she marched out oI the Iront door and down the steps. The night was
Iilled with whispers. Out in the road she could see the black mass that was Bert
Munroe's car. She was surprised at the way her Iootsteps plodded down the
path oI their own volition. Now I ' m killing myselI, she said. Now I' m
throwing everything away. I wonder why. The gate was under her hand, and
her hand Ilexed to open it. Then a tiny breeze sprang up and brought to her nose
the sharp Ioulness oI vomit. She heard a blubbering, drunken snore. Instantly
something whirled in her head. Molly spun around and ran Irantically back to the
house. In her room she locked the door and sat stiIIly down, panting with the
eIIort oI her run. It seemed hours beIore she heard the men go out oI the house,
calling their good-nights. Then Bert's motor started, and the sound oI it died
away down the road. Now that she was ready to go she Ielt paralyzed.
John Whiteside was writing at his desk when Molly entered the sitting room.
He looked up questioningly at her. You aren't well, Miss Morgan. You need a
doctor.
She planted herselI woodenly beside the desk. Could you get a substitute
teacher Ior me? she asked.
OI course I could. You pile right into bed and I'll call a doctor.
It isn't that, Mr. Whiteside. I want to go away tonight.
What are you talking about? You aren't well.
I told you my Iather was dead. I don't know whether he's dead or not. I ' m
aIraid I want to go away tonight.
He stared intently at her. Tell me what you mean, he said soItly.
II I should see that drunken man oI Mr. Munroe's she paused, suddenly
terriIied at what she was about to say.
John Whiteside nodded very slowly.
No, she cried. I don't think that. I'm sure I don't.
I'd like to do something, Molly.
I don't want to go. I love it here but I ' m aIraid. It's so important to
me.
John Whiteside stood up and came close to her and put his arm about her
shoulders. I don't think I understand, quite, he said. I don't think I want to
understand. That isn't necessary. He seemed to be talking to himselI. It
wouldn't be quite courteous to understand.
Once I'm away I'll be able not to believe it, Molly whimpered.
He gave her shoulders one quick squeeze with his encircling arm. You run
upstairs and pack your things, Molly, he said. I'll get out the car and drive you
right in to Salinas now.
I Find in the text Engi!h e"#i$aent! %or the %oowing@
a) ; m; -. (); ;
; m ;
; ; ;
-.; ; xm; n; ;
; ; ; n ; ; ,
; x; ; ; ;
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m; ;
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b) m; x; () m ... (2);
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II An!wer the %oowing "#e!tion!@


1. How did Molly Morgan get to the Pastures oI Heaven? 2. Why did Pat
Humberg Ilush? 3. How did Molly Ieel when she was put down in Iront oI Mr.
Whiteside's house? 4. What sort oI a house was it? 5. How did Mrs. Whiteside
receive the new teacher? 6. What made Molly Ieel Mrs. Whiteside had raised a
lot oI children? 7. What did Mr. Whiteside's room look like? 8. How did Mr.
Whiteside receive Molly? 9. What did he say about the interview? 10. What
Iamily did Molly come Irom? 11. What was her mother like? 12. What did she
remember about her Iather? 13. How did Molly manage to get an education? 14.
What did Molly dream oI aIter she was through with the dishes and had done her
lessons? 15. What did she keep thinking about? 16. How did it come about that
Molly became a boarder at Mr. Whiteside's house? 17. Why did Molly's liIe become
something quite diIIerent Irom what it used to be? 18. How did she Ieel about it?
19. What did Mrs. Whiteside grumble to her husband? What did her words imply?
20. What sort oI Iellow was Bill and how did he Ieel about Molly? 21. Why did
Molly tell Bill about her Iather? 22. What made her Ieel cold and disappointed?
What sort oI landmark was there high up in the hills? Why did the girl not let
Bill accompany her? What reason did she give? What was the real reason? 25.
What did Molly Iind up in the hill? What did she think about while examining
the cabin? 26. What did Bill say about the cabin? About the man who was
supposed to have lived there? 27. Why did his words upset Molly? 28. What sort
oI story did Bert Munroe tell at the school board meeting? Why was Molly so much
upset by what she heard? 29. What did she say and what did she do? 30. Why were
the next Iew weeks so agonizing to Molly? 31. What happened the next time the
board
met? 32. What did she mean by saying now I' m killing myselI? 33. What did
Molly say to Mr. Whiteside? 34. How did Mr. Whiteside show his sympathy and
understanding?
III Rete the !torC aBBording to the &an Meow@
1. Molly Morgan arrives at the Pastures oI Heaven.
2. Molly is received by Mrs. Whiteside.
3. Molly tells Mr. Whiteside about her childhood and
school days.
4. The young teacher becomes a member oI the Whiteside
household.
5. Molly Iinds she is a queen.
6. Bill Iails to share her emotions.
7. A visit to the cabin up in the hills.
8. Bill gives Molly another disappointment.
9. The school board meeting upsets Molly.
Molly goes through an agonizing time.
A hasty departure.
IH Tran!ate the %oowing into Engi!h #!ing
a) no matter %hat /ha%, etc.), b) self-conscious, c) reluctant4
1. x, m . 2.
I , (you are sure to)
. 3. , x
(rely on). 4. + ,
(haunted her).
1. . 2. H
m . 3.
M m. 4.
xm
.
1. V x , . 2. E
x . 3. F ,
. 4. m
x m .
H t#ote the text to &ro$e that
1. a) Molly's mother was not likeable, b) her husband's short visits
transIormed her into a diIIerent person;
2) Molly's Iather a) was kind and Iond oI children, b) had charm and
imagination, c) was irresponsible and unreliable, d) was bound to sink low;
3) Molly a) was sweet and charming, b) was inclined to dream, c) was
aIraid to Iace Iacts, d) clung to her romantic dreams;
4) Bill was a) shy, b) impressed by Molly, c) matter-oI-Iact;
5) Mrs. Whiteside a) was kind and hospitable; b) took to Molly at once; c)
had a sense oI humour;
6) Mr. Whiteside was very kind, decent and tactIul
HI To&iB! %or di!B#!!ion@
1. Give a character sketch oI a) Molly, b) Molly's mother, c) Molly's Iather, d)
Mr. and Mrs. Whiteside, e) Bill.
2. What did Molly's Iather's attraction lie in? Why was she blind to his
Iaults?
3. Molly and Bill are poles apart. Which oI them do you like better? Why?
4. Discuss the language used by a) Molly, b) Bill. Pick out adjectives and
other words characteristic oI each oI them.
5. Analyze Molly's Ieelings beginning with the moment she ran out oI the
room and stopped in the hallway.
6. What do you think oI Molly's decision to leave immediately? Was there no
other way Ior her to act? Give your opinion.
7. Speak oI the author's attitude to the main characters in the story.
8. What do you think was the author's purpose in writing the story? What
psychological problem does he present in it?
9. Some people, mainly young people, are inclined to live in a world
oI dreams. What would you say oI such people?
nF,160 8/06=/:+3/=6* 2,./8).387
uL/R:,0,I
1. Soars Jh. L. Headway Elementary . OxIord University Press, 2007.
2. Soars Jh. L. Headway Pre-Intermediate. OxIord University Press, 2007.
3. Murphy R. Essential Grammar in Use. Cambridge University Press, 2007.
4. F H.., F C.H. H . C
x . C.-H.: Cm, 1998.
5. F H.A., I.A., H H.A. V ,
1. M.: 1997.
6. F H.A., I.A., H H.A. V ,
2. M.: 1997.
7. I H.C. H m . M.:1975.
8. H H.., H.A., Mn H.A. A
m mm . T. T .
H . n . M.: I, 2007.
n26-)8,
1. The OxIord Russian Dictionary, 1999.
2. Brian Lockett. Beyond the Dictionary, 1999.
3. A.J. Worrall. English Idioms Ior Foreign Students, 1999.
4. H.H. F. English Proverbs, 1998.
5. The New International Webster's Student Dictionary oI the English Language,
1996.
6. A F. T m , 1994.
7. A.. Fm, T.C. Fm. +,
1993.
8. M. Benson, E. Benson, R. Ilson. The BBI Combinatory Dictionary oI English,
1990.
9. J. Ayto. The Longman Register oI New Words, 1990.
10. A.H. P, .. A A- ,
1988.
11. The OxIord-Duden Pictorial English Dictionary, 1987.
12. .. Mm. A- , 2007.
13. Jane Povey. Get It Right, 1984.
14. A.. . A- ] , 1984.
15. Longman Active Study Dictionary oI English, 1983.
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