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REFERENCE

CALCULATION

OUTPUT

Analysis
Length Width Dead load Imposed load Ultimate Design Load L B g i w 4.2 0.225 13.62 12 38.27 kN/m kN/m kN/m

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ fixed end BM @ mid span SF MA MC V 56.25 28.13 80.36 kN kNm

Design Data
Material Properties Concrete grade Characteristic steel strength Youngs modulus of concrete Youngs modulus of steel Density of concrete Durabilty Requirements Exposure condition - Severe fcu fy EC ES pct 20 460 26000 200000 24 N/mm
2

N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kN/m


3

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes Top r/f Bottom r/f Links Cover Width of the beam overall depth of the beam bt hb = 12 = 16 = 6 = 25 = 225 = 350 mm mm mm mm mm mm

Design of Top Reinforcement


Effective depth Design bending moment Cl 3.4.4.4 BS 8110; 1985 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.87 Take Z = 0.83d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 476 Area of steel provided As prov 559 mm2/m mm2/m Z = 270.57 d mm Z= 270.57 mm d M K = 311 = 56.25 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.103 k= 0.103 mm kNm d= 311 mm

Provide T and T

16 10

2 2

Nos Nos

T T

16 10

2 nos 1 nos

Design of Bottom Reinforcement

Effective depth Design bending moment

d M K

= 311 = 28.13 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.052

mm kNm

d=

311

mm

k=

0.052

Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.94 Take Z = 0.92d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 220 Area of steel provided As prov 270 mm2/m mm2/m Z = 292.34 d mm Z= 292.34 mm

Provide T and T

12 10

1 2

Nos Nos

T T

12 10

2 nos 0 nos

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support Shear stress Vu = 80.36 = Vu/[bv*d] = 1.15 Maximum shear 100 As/[bv*d] 400/d c c + 0.4 Since c+0.4 < < max shear, design links to be provided Link size Shear link spacing Max spacing < 0.75d Provide R6 @ 150 mm c/c upto 1.5 m from both ends Middle area spacing shall be 200 mm c/c Sv = 6 < 113.73 < 233.25 mm = 3.6 = 0.80 = 1.29 = 0.62 = 1.02 N/mm
2

kN

= 1.15

N/mm

N/mm2

Deflection Checking
SS condition assumed to check deflection Table 3.10 BS 8110; 1985 Basic Span/Effective depth ratio Service stress in the tension r/f fs = 20 = 5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b) = 245 Modification factor for tension r/f MF N/mm2

= 0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)] = 1.1 ( < 2.0 )

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

= MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth = 22

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

= 6.225/382 = 14.23

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

OUTPUT

Analysis
Length Width Dead load [slab+finishes+beam] Imposed load Ultimate Design Load L B g i w 6 0.225 15.29 12 40.61 kN/m kN/m kN/m

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ fixed end BM @ mid span SF MA MC V 121.82 60.91 121.82 kN kNm

Design Data
Material Properties Concrete grade Characteristic steel strength Youngs modulus of concrete Youngs modulus of steel Density of concrete Durabilty Requirements Exposure condition - Severe fcu fy EC ES pct 25 460 26000 200000 24 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm
2

kN/m3

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes Top r/f Bottom r/f Links Cover Width of the beam overall depth of the beam bt hb = 20 = 16 = 10 = 25 = 225 = 425 mm mm mm mm mm mm

Design of Top Reinforcement


Effective depth Design bending moment Cl 3.4.4.4 BS 8110; 1985 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.83 Take Z = 0.81d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 747 Area of steel provided As prov 717 mm2/m mm2/m Z = 317.06 d mm Z= 317.06 mm d M K = 382 = 103.55 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.126 k= 0.126 mm kNm d= 382 mm

Provide T and T

20 16

1 2

Nos Nos

T T

20 16

2 nos 1 nos

Design of Bottom Reinforcement


Effective depth Design bending moment d M K = 382 = 79.18 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.096 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.88 Take Z = 0.89d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 539 Area of steel provided As prov 629 mm /m mm2/m
2

mm kNm

d=

382

mm

k=

0.096

d mm Z= 336.16 mm

= 336.16

Provide T and T

16 20

0 2

Nos Nos

T T

16 20

0 nos 2 nos

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support Shear stress Vu = 121.82 = Vu/[bv*d] = 1.42 Maximum shear 100 As/[bv*d] 400/d c c + 0.4 Since c+0.4 < < max shear, design links to be provided Link size Shear link spacing Max spacing < 0.75d Provide R10 @ 150 mm c/c upto 1.5 m from both ends Middle area spacing shall be 200 mm c/c Sv = 10 < 202.83 < 286.5 mm = 4.0 = 0.83 = 1.05 = 0.60 = 1.00 N/mm
2

kN

= 1.42

N/mm

N/mm2

Deflection Checking
SS condition assumed to check deflection Table 3.10 BS 8110; 1985 Basic Span/Effective depth ratio Service stress in the tension r/f fs = 20 = 5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b) = 300 Modification factor for tension r/f MF N/mm2

= 0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)] = 0.91 ( < 2.0 )

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

= MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth = 18.2

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

= 6.225/382 = 16.30

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

OUTPUT SLAB THICK 150 MM

Analysis
Length Width Dead load [slab+finishes] Imposed load Ultimate Design Load Total Design Load L B g i w F 3 0.225 14.88 12 40.03 120.10

kN/m kN/m kN/m kN

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ C BM @ B SF @ A MC MB V 39.63 32.43 54.04 kN kNm

Design Data
Material Properties Concrete grade Characteristic steel strength Youngs modulus of concrete Youngs modulus of steel Density of concrete Durabilty Requirements Exposure condition - Severe fcu fy EC ES pct 25 460 26000 200000 24 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kN/m3

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes Top r/f Bottom r/f Links Cover Width of the beam overall depth of the beam bt hb = 12 = 12 = 6 = 25 = 225 = 350 mm mm mm mm mm mm

Design of Top Reinforcement @ C


Effective depth Design bending moment Cl 3.4.4.4 BS 8110; 1985 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.91 Take Z = 0.90d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 318 Area of steel provided As prov 339 mm2/m mm2/m Z = 284.83 d mm Z= 284.83 mm d M K = 313 = 39.63 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.072 k= 0.072 mm kNm d= 313 mm

Provide T

12

Nos

12

2 nos

and T

16

Nos

16

1 nos

Design of Bottom Reinforcement @ B


Effective depth Design bending moment d M K = 313 = 32.43 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.059 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.93 Take Z = 0.92d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 255 Area of steel provided As prov 339 mm2/m mm2/m Z = 291.09 d mm Z= 291.09 mm k= 0.059 mm kNm d= 313 mm

Provide T and T

12

3 0

Nos Nos

T T

12 0

3 nos 0 nos

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support Shear stress Vu = 54.04 = Vu/[bv*d] = 0.77 Maximum shear 100 As/[bv*d] 400/d c c + 0.4 Since c+0.4 > > 0.5 c max shear, minimum links required Link size Shear link spacing Max spacing < 0.75d Provide R6 @ 150 mm c/c upto 1.5 m throughout Sv = 6 < 149.29 < 234.75 mm = 4.0 = 0.48 = 1.28 = 0.53 = 0.93 N/mm
2

kN

= 0.77

N/mm

N/mm2

Deflection Checking
SS condition assumed to check deflection Table 3.10 BS 8110; 1985 Basic Span/Effective depth ratio Service stress in the tension r/f fs = 20 = 5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b) = 270 Modification factor for tension r/f MF N/mm2

= 0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)] = 1.28 ( < 2.0 )

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

= MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth = 25.6

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

= 6.225/382 = 10.30

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

OUTPUT SLAB THICK 150 MM

Analysis
Length Width Dead load [slab+finishes] Imposed load Ultimate Design Load Total Design Load L B g i w F 3 0.225 14.88 12 40.03 120.10

kN/m kN/m kN/m kN

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ E BM @ D SF @ C ME MD V 28.82 25.22 66.05 kNm kNm kN

Design Data
Material Properties Concrete grade Characteristic steel strength Youngs modulus of concrete Youngs modulus of steel Density of concrete Durabilty Requirements Exposure condition - Severe fcu fy EC ES pct 25 460 26000 200000 24 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kN/m3

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes Top r/f Bottom r/f Links Cover Width of the beam overall depth of the beam bt hb = 12 = 12 = 6 = 25 = 225 = 350 mm mm mm mm mm mm

Design of Top Reinforcement @ C


Effective depth Design bending moment Cl 3.4.4.4 BS 8110; 1985 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.94 Take Z = 0.93d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 224 Area of steel provided As prov 339 mm2/m mm2/m Z = 294.22 d mm Z= 294.22 mm d M K = 313 = 28.82 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.052 k= 0.052 mm kNm d= 313 mm

Provide T

12

Nos

12

2 nos

and T

16

Nos

16

1 nos

Design of Bottom Reinforcement @ B


Effective depth Design bending moment d M K = 313 = 25.22 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.046 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.95 Take Z = 0.94d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 194 Area of steel provided As prov 226 mm2/m mm2/m Z = 297.35 d mm Z= 297.35 mm k= 0.046 mm kNm d= 313 mm

Provide T and T

12

2 0

Nos Nos

T T

12 0

2 nos 0 nos

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support Shear stress Vu = 66.05 = Vu/[bv*d] = 0.94 Maximum shear 100 As/[bv*d] 400/d c c + 0.4 Since c+0.4 < < max shear, design links to be provided Link size Shear link spacing Max spacing < 0.75d Provide R6 @ 125 mm c/c upto 1.5 m from support Sv = 6 < 144.91 < 234.75 mm = 4.0 = 0.48 = 1.28 = 0.53 = 0.93 N/mm
2

kN

= 0.94

N/mm

N/mm2

Deflection Checking
SS condition assumed to check deflection Table 3.10 BS 8110; 1985 Basic Span/Effective depth ratio Service stress in the tension r/f fs = 20 = 5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b) = 190 Modification factor for tension r/f MF N/mm2

= 0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)] = 1.72 ( < 2.0 )

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

= MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth = 34.4

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

= 6.225/382 = 10.30

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

OUTPUT SLAB THICK 125 MM

Analysis
Length Width Dead load Imposed load Ultimate Design Load L B g i w 3 1 4.6 4 12.84

kN/m kN/m kN/m

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ fixed end BM @ mid span SF MA MC V 10.60 8.70 19.26 kNm kNm kN

Design Data
Material Properties Concrete grade Characteristic steel strength Youngs modulus of concrete Youngs modulus of steel Density of concrete Durabilty Requirements Exposure condition - Severe fcu fy EC ES pct 25 460 26000 200000 24 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kN/m3

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes Top r/f Bottom r/f Links Cover Width of the strip overall depth of the slab bt hb = 0 = 10 = = 25 = 1000 = 125 mm mm mm mm mm mm

Design of Top Reinforcement


Effective depth Design bending moment Cl 3.4.4.4 BS 8110; 1985 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.94 Take Z = 0.83d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 272 Area of steel provided As prov 314 mm2/m mm2/m Z = 89.3 d mm Z= 89.3 mm d M K = 95 = 10.60 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.047 k= 0.047 mm kNm d= 95 mm

Provide T and T T10 @ 250 mm spacing

10 10

4 0

Nos Nos

T T

10 10

5 nos

Design of Bottom Reinforcement


Effective depth Design bending moment d M K = 95 = 8.70 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.039 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.95 Take Z = 0.92d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 221 Area of steel provided As prov 314 mm2/m mm2/m Z = 90.25 d mm Z= 90.25 mm k= 0.039 mm kNm d= 95 mm

Provide T T10 @ 250 mm spacing

10

Nos

10

5 nos

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support Shear stress Vu = 19.26 = Vu/[bv*d] = 0.2 Maximum shear 100 As/[bv*d] 400/d c c + 0.4 Since < 0.5 c = 4.0 = 0.33 = 4.21 = 0.63 = 1.03 N/mm2 N/mm
2

kN

= 0.2

N/mm2

Deflection Checking
Continous condition assumed to check deflection Table 3.10 BS 8110; 1985 Basic Span/Effective depth ratio Service stress in the tension r/f fs = 27 = 5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b) = 202 Modification factor for tension r/f MF N/mm2

= 0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)] = 1.78 ( < 2.0 )

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

= MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth = 48.06

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

= 3000/85 = 31.58

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

OUTPUT SLAB THICK 125 MM

Analysis
Length Width Dead load Imposed load Ultimate Design Load L B g i w 6 1 4.6 4 12.84

kN/m kN/m kN/m

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ fixed end BM @ mid span SF MA MC V 3.46 4.76 38.52 kNm kNm kN

Design Data
Material Properties Concrete grade Characteristic steel strength Youngs modulus of concrete Youngs modulus of steel Density of concrete Durabilty Requirements Exposure condition - Severe fcu fy EC ES pct 25 460 26000 200000 24 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm
2

kN/m3

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes Top r/f Bottom r/f Links Cover Width of the strip overall depth of the slab bt hb = 0 = 10 = 10 = 25 = 1000 = 125 mm mm mm mm mm mm

Design of Top Reinforcement


Effective depth Design bending moment Cl 3.4.4.4 BS 8110; 1985 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.98 Take Z = 0.83d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 98 Area of steel provided As prov 314 mm2/m mm2/m Z = 80.75 d mm Z= 80.75 mm d M K = 85 = 3.46 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.019 k= 0.019 mm kNm d= 85 mm

Provide T

10

Nos

10

2 nos

Design of Bottom Reinforcement


Effective depth Design bending moment d M K = 85 = 4.76 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.026 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.97 Take Z = 0.92d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 132 Area of steel provided As prov 314 mm2/m mm /m
2

mm kNm

d=

85

mm

k=

0.026

d mm Z= 82.45 mm

= 82.45

Provide T T10 @ 250 mm spacing

10

Nos

10

5 nos

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support Shear stress Vu = 38.52 = Vu/[bv*d] = 0.45 Maximum shear 100 As/[bv*d] 400/d c c + 0.4 Since < 0.5 c = 4.0 = 0.37 = 4.71 = 0.67 = 1.07 N/mm
2

kN

= 0.45

N/mm

N/mm2

Deflection Checking [Not necessary in long span direction]


SS condition assumed to check deflection Table 3.10 BS 8110; 1985 Basic Span/Effective depth ratio Service stress in the tension r/f fs = 20 = 5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b) = 121 Modification factor for tension r/f MF N/mm
2

= 0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)] = 2.45 ( < 2.0 )

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

= MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth = 49

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

= 3000/120 = 35.29

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

OUTPUT SLAB THICK 150 MM

Analysis
Length Width Dead load [slab+finishes] Imposed load Ultimate Design Load L B g i w 7 0.225 15.42 12 40.79

kN/m kN/m kN/m

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ fixed end BM @ mid span SF MA MC V 166.55 83.28 142.76 kN kNm

Design Data
Material Properties Concrete grade Characteristic steel strength Youngs modulus of concrete Youngs modulus of steel Density of concrete Durabilty Requirements Exposure condition - Severe fcu fy EC ES pct 25 460 26000 200000 24 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm
2

kN/m3

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes Top r/f Bottom r/f Links Cover Width of the beam overall depth of the beam bt hb = 20 = 16 = 10 = 25 = 225 = 475 mm mm mm mm mm mm

Design of Top Reinforcement


Effective depth Design bending moment Cl 3.4.4.4 BS 8110; 1985 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.8 Take Z = 0.81d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 993 Area of steel provided As prov 943 mm2/m mm2/m Z = 345.6 d mm Z= 345.6 mm d M K = 432 = 149.90 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.143 k= 0.143 mm kNm d= 432 mm

Provide T and T

20 16

3 0

Nos Nos

T T

20 16

2 nos 2 nos

Design of Bottom Reinforcement


Effective depth Design bending moment d M K = 432 = 104.09 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.099 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.87 Take Z = 0.89d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 634 Area of steel provided As prov 742 mm /m mm2/m
2

mm kNm

d=

432

mm

k=

0.099

d mm Z= 375.84 mm

= 375.84

Provide T and T

12 20

1 2

Nos Nos

T T

12 20

0 nos 2 nos

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support Shear stress Vu = 142.76 = Vu/[bv*d] = 1.47 Maximum shear 100 As/[bv*d] 400/d c c + 0.4 Since c+0.4 < < max shear, design links to be provided Link size Shear link spacing Max spacing < 0.75d Provide R10 @ 150 mm c/c upto 1.5 m from both ends Middle area spacing shall be 200 mm c/c Sv = 10 < 193.73 < 324 mm = 4.0 = 0.97 = 0.93 = 0.61 = 1.01 N/mm
2

kN

= 1.47

N/mm

N/mm2

Deflection Checking
SS condition assumed to check deflection Table 3.10 BS 8110; 1985 Basic Span/Effective depth ratio Service stress in the tension r/f fs = 20 = 5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b) = 303 Modification factor for tension r/f MF N/mm2

= 0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)] = 0.87 ( < 2.0 )

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

= MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth = 17.4

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

= 6.225/382 = 16.72

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

OUTPUT SLAB THICK 150 MM

Analysis
Length Width Dead load [slab+finishes] Imposed load Ultimate Design Load Total Design Load L B g i w F 3 0.225 17.18 14 46.45 139.36

kN/m kN/m kN/m kN

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ C BM @ B SF @ A MC MB V 45.99 37.63 62.71 kN kNm

Design Data
Material Properties Concrete grade Characteristic steel strength Youngs modulus of concrete Youngs modulus of steel Density of concrete Durabilty Requirements Exposure condition - Severe fcu fy EC ES pct 25 460 26000 200000 24 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kN/m3

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes Top r/f Bottom r/f Links Cover Width of the beam overall depth of the beam bt hb = 12 = 12 = 6 = 25 = 225 = 350 mm mm mm mm mm mm

Design of Top Reinforcement @ C


Effective depth Design bending moment Cl 3.4.4.4 BS 8110; 1985 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.9 Take Z = 0.90d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 374 Area of steel provided As prov 402 mm2/m mm2/m Z = 281.7 d mm Z= 281.7 mm d M K = 313 = 45.99 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.083 k= 0.083 mm kNm d= 313 mm

Provide T

12

Nos

12

and T

16

Nos

16

2 nos

Design of Bottom Reinforcement @ B


Effective depth Design bending moment d M K = 313 = 37.63 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.068 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.92 Take Z = 0.92d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 299 Area of steel provided As prov 339 mm2/m mm2/m Z = 287.96 d mm Z= 287.96 mm k= 0.068 mm kNm d= 313 mm

Provide T and T

12

3 0

Nos Nos

T T

12 0

3 nos 0 nos

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support Shear stress Vu = 62.71 = Vu/[bv*d] = 0.89 Maximum shear 100 As/[bv*d] 400/d c c + 0.4 Since c+0.4 > > 0.5 c max shear, minimum links required Link size Shear link spacing Max spacing < 0.75d Provide R6 @ 150 mm c/c upto 1.5 m throughout Sv = 6 < 149.29 < 234.75 mm = 4.0 = 0.57 = 1.28 = 0.56 = 0.96 N/mm
2

kN

= 0.89

N/mm

N/mm2

Deflection Checking
SS condition assumed to check deflection Table 3.10 BS 8110; 1985 Basic Span/Effective depth ratio Service stress in the tension r/f fs = 20 = 5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b) = 267 Modification factor for tension r/f MF N/mm2

= 0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)] = 1.22 ( < 2.0 )

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

= MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth = 24.4

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

= 6.225/382 = 10.30

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

OUTPUT SLAB THICK 150 MM

Analysis
Length Width Dead load [slab+finishes] Imposed load Ultimate Design Load Total Design Load L B g i w F 3 0.225 17.18 14 46.45 139.36

kN/m kN/m kN/m kN

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ E BM @ D SF @ C ME MD V 33.45 29.26 76.65 kNm kNm kN

Design Data
Material Properties Concrete grade Characteristic steel strength Youngs modulus of concrete Youngs modulus of steel Density of concrete Durabilty Requirements Exposure condition - Severe fcu fy EC ES pct 25 460 26000 200000 24 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 kN/m3

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes Top r/f Bottom r/f Links Cover Width of the beam overall depth of the beam bt hb = 12 = 12 = 6 = 25 = 225 = 350 mm mm mm mm mm mm

Design of Top Reinforcement @ C


Effective depth Design bending moment Cl 3.4.4.4 BS 8110; 1985 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.93 Take Z = 0.93d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 263 Area of steel provided As prov 339 mm2/m mm2/m Z = 291.09 d mm Z= 291.09 mm d M K = 313 = 33.45 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.061 k= 0.061 mm kNm d= 313 mm

Provide T

12

Nos

12

2 nos

and T

16

Nos

16

1 nos

Design of Bottom Reinforcement @ B


Effective depth Design bending moment d M K = 313 = 29.26 = M/[bd2fcu] = 0.053 Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required Z = [0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d = 0.94 Take Z = 0.94d Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM As req,M = M/[0.95*fy*Z] = 228 Area of steel provided As prov 226 mm2/m mm2/m Z = 294.22 d mm Z= 294.22 mm k= 0.053 mm kNm d= 313 mm

Provide T and T

12

2 0

Nos Nos

T T

12 0

2 nos 0 nos

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support Shear stress Vu = 76.65 = Vu/[bv*d] = 1.09 Maximum shear 100 As/[bv*d] 400/d c c + 0.4 Since c+0.4 < < max shear, design links to be provided Link size Shear link spacing Max spacing < 0.75d Provide R6 @ 125 mm c/c upto 1.5 m from support Sv = 6 < 106.24 < 234.75 mm = 4.0 = 0.48 = 1.28 = 0.53 = 0.93 N/mm
2

kN

= 1.09

N/mm

N/mm2

Deflection Checking
SS condition assumed to check deflection Table 3.10 BS 8110; 1985 Basic Span/Effective depth ratio Service stress in the tension r/f fs = 20 = 5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b) = 223 Modification factor for tension r/f MF N/mm2

= 0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)] = 1.5 ( < 2.0 )

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

= MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth = 30

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

= 6.225/382 = 10.30

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

Design of Pad Footing F2 - 600mm x 300mm plate resting on footing Load F Weight of footing Service load Pser Ultimate load Pult Bearing capacity of soil Footing area Say, Length Width Actual area Overall depth "h" 193 18.432 211.432 317.148 125 1.69 1.6 1.6 2.56 300

TO BE EDITED

kN/m

> mm >

1.69 178.09

m2 mm

Design for Bending Ultimate bearing pressure 123.89 < 125.00 kN/m2

Critical BM at colum face BM

41.873

kNm

Bar diameter assumed Cover Effective depth Average depth

12 50 232 238

mm mm

M/bd2 100As/bd Reinforcement required As

0.486 0.1 371.2 mm2

Minimum r/f required

624

mm

Provide T12 @ 300 c/c

r/f provided

678.24

mm2

>

624.00

mm2

Check for Punching Shear Max shear v 1.110 N/mm


2

<

4.00

N/mm

Critical perimeter Area outside the perimeter Punching shear V Stress v Shear r/f not required

4056 1.532 189.77 0.197

mm m
2

kN N/mm
2

<

4.00

N/mm

Detail Foundation depth (to bottom of footing) : 1200 mm Size : 1600 x 1600 mm Footing thickness : 300 mm Reinforcement : T12 @ 300 c/c both direction