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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic)

TM-1002

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TRAINING GUIDE

AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Revision Log
Date 24/01/2008 01/02/2008 04/03/2008 04/01/2009 04/01/2009 04/01/2009 Revision 0.1 0.2 1.0 1.1 1.2 2.0 Description of Revision Issued for Review Reviewed Approved for Training 12.0.0.3 Issued for Review Reviewed Approved for Training 12.0.SP3 Author IMP IMP IMP BT BT BT Reviewed BG / ED BG BG BG Approved

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Updates
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Information of a technical nature, and particulars of the product and its use, is given by AVEVA Solutions Ltd and its subsidiaries without warranty. AVEVA Solutions Ltd. and its subsidiaries disclaim any and all warranties and conditions, expressed or implied, to the fullest extent permitted by law. Neither the author nor AVEVA Solutions Ltd or any of its subsidiaries shall be liable to any person or entity for any actions, claims, loss or damage arising from the use or possession of any information, particulars or errors in this publication, or any incorrect use of the product, whatsoever.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Copyright
Copyright and all other intellectual property rights in this manual and the associated software, and every part of it (including source code, object code, any data contained in it, the manual and any other documentation supplied with it) belongs to AVEVA Solutions Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All other rights are reserved to AVEVA Solutions Ltd and its subsidiaries. The information contained in this document is commercially sensitive, and shall not be copied, reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted without the prior written permission of AVEVA Solutions Limited. Where such permission is granted, it expressly requires that this Disclaimer and Copyright notice is prominently displayed at the beginning of every copy that is made. The manual and associated documentation may not be adapted, reproduced, or copied in any material or electronic form without the prior written permission of AVEVA Solutions Ltd. The user may also not reverse engineer, decompile, copy or adapt the associated software. Neither the whole nor part of the product described in this publication may be incorporated into any third-party software, product, machine or system without the prior written permission of AVEVA Solutions Limited or save as permitted by law. Any such unauthorised action is strictly prohibited and may give rise to civil liabilities and criminal prosecution.

The AVEVA products described in this guide are to be installed and operated strictly in accordance with the terms and conditions of the respective licence agreements, and in accordance with the relevant User Documentation. Unauthorised or unlicensed use of the product is strictly prohibited.

Printed by AVEVA Solutions on 03 March 2009 AVEVA Solutions and its subsidiaries 2001 2007 AVEVA Solutions Ltd, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HB, United Kingdom.

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Contents
1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 9 1.1 Aim................................................................................................................................................... 9 1.2 Objectives ....................................................................................................................................... 9 1.3 Prerequisites................................................................................................................................... 9 1.4 Course Structure ............................................................................................................................ 9 1.5 Using this guide ............................................................................................................................. 9 2 DRAFT features...................................................................................................................................... 11 3 Getting started ....................................................................................................................................... 13 3.1 Entering a DRAFT Session.......................................................................................................... 13 3.2 Current Element Definition.......................................................................................................... 14 3.3 Displaying the Explorer windows............................................................................................... 14 3.4 Displaying Toolbars ..................................................................................................................... 14 3.5 Displaying the Draft Drawing Sheet ........................................................................................... 15 3.6 Using the mouse and keyboard to manipulate the view of the sheet..................................... 16 3.6.1 Mouse buttons ........................................................................................................................... 16 3.6.2 Keyboard Commands (Zooming and Panning) ......................................................................... 17 3.7 Resetting the Draft View .............................................................................................................. 18 3.8 Grid ................................................................................................................................................ 18 3.8.1 Displaying and Hiding the Draft Grid ......................................................................................... 18 3.8.2 Changing the Grid Spacing........................................................................................................ 19 3.8.3 Positioning Elements on a Grid (Snap)...................................................................................... 19 3.9 Saving and Restoring Views ....................................................................................................... 19 3.10 Settings User Defaults ................................................................................................................. 20 Exercise 1 - Viewing Controls ...................................................................................................................... 21 4 The PDMS DRAFT database hierarchy ................................................................................................ 23 4.1 DRAFT database hierarchy ......................................................................................................... 23 4.2 Creating the DRAFT hierarchy.................................................................................................... 24 4.2.1 Creating a DEPT (Department) ................................................................................................. 24 4.2.2 Creating a REGI (Registry) ........................................................................................................ 25 4.3 DEPT and REGI attributes ........................................................................................................... 25 4.3.1 Size and Units............................................................................................................................ 25 4.3.2 Intelligent Text............................................................................................................................ 27 4.3.3 Pens (and Fonts) ....................................................................................................................... 27 4.3.4 Miscellaneous ............................................................................................................................ 29 Exercise 2 - Create the DRAFT hierarchy ................................................................................................... 30 5 Creating Drawings and sheets ............................................................................................................. 31 5.1 Creating Drawings and Sheets ................................................................................................... 31 5.1.1 Creating Drawings from a Template .......................................................................................... 31 5.1.2 Creating Drawings from a Default Template.............................................................................. 33 5.1.3 Creating Drawings explicitly....................................................................................................... 34 5.1.4 Creating Drawing Sheets explicitly ............................................................................................ 35 Exercise 3 - Create a drawing from a template........................................................................................... 36 Exercise 4 - Create a drawing explicitly ...................................................................................................... 36 6 Creation and modification of Views..................................................................................................... 37 6.1 User defined view......................................................................................................................... 37 6.2 Creation of user defined VIEW.................................................................................................... 37 6.2.1 User Defined View (Frame menu) ............................................................................................. 37 6.2.2 User Defined View (View menu)................................................................................................ 40 6.2.3 User Defined View (Graphics menu) ......................................................................................... 41 6.2.4 User Defined View (General) ..................................................................................................... 44 6.2.5 User Defined View (Scale)......................................................................................................... 46 6.2.6 User Defined View (Intelligent text) ........................................................................................... 47 6.2.7 User Defined View (Attributes) .................................................................................................. 47 6.2.8 User Defined View (Change Highlighting) ................................................................................. 48 6.2.9 User Defined View (Update Design on Apply)........................................................................... 48 6.2.10 Creating local rules................................................................................................................ 49 Exercise 5 Creating a User Defined View (Equipment arrangement).................................................... 50 5

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002 Exercise 6 Creating a User Defined View (Piping arrangement) ........................................................... 52 6.3 Limits defined view ...................................................................................................................... 54 6.4 Creation of limits defined VIEW.................................................................................................. 54 6.4.1 Limits Defined View (General Menu) ......................................................................................... 54 6.4.2 Limits Defined View (Limits Menu) ............................................................................................ 55 6.4.3 Limits Defined View (Limits)....................................................................................................... 55 6.4.4 Limits Defined View (Scale) ....................................................................................................... 56 6.4.5 Limits Defined View (Matchlines)............................................................................................... 58 6.4.6 User Defined View (Update Design on Apply)........................................................................... 58 Exercise 7 Creating a Limits Defined View (Equipment Arrangement) ................................................ 59 Exercise 8 - Creating a Limits Defined View (Structural Arrangement)................................................... 61 6.5 Creating views with predefined frames ..................................................................................... 63 6.5.1 Predefined frames...................................................................................................................... 63 Exercise 9 Creating Predefined Views ..................................................................................................... 64 7 Dimensioning ......................................................................................................................................... 67 7.1 Dimension Hierarchy ................................................................................................................... 67 7.2 Dimension Types.......................................................................................................................... 67 7.3 Linear Dimensions ....................................................................................................................... 68 7.3.1 Creating Linear Dimensions....................................................................................................... 68 7.3.2 Deleting dimension points.......................................................................................................... 70 7.3.3 Modifying Linear Dimensions Graphically.................................................................................. 70 7.3.4 Modifying Linear Dimensions..................................................................................................... 71 7.4 Creating a Dimension (Example) ................................................................................................ 72 7.5 Intelligent Text .............................................................................................................................. 75 7.6 Positioning Dimensions using Modify Mode ............................................................................ 77 Exercise 10 Dimensioning the drawing (Equipment Arrangement) ...................................................... 78 Exercise 11 Dimensioning the drawing (Structural Arrangement)........................................................ 80 Exercise 12 Dimensioning the drawing (Piping Arrangement).............................................................. 82 7.7 Angular dimensions..................................................................................................................... 84 7.7.1 Creating Angular Dimensions .................................................................................................... 84 7.7.2 Modifying angular dimensions graphically ................................................................................. 85 7.8 Radial dimensions........................................................................................................................ 85 7.8.1 Creating Radial Dimensions ...................................................................................................... 85 Exercise 13 Creating Radial and Angular Dimensions........................................................................... 87 8 Labelling ................................................................................................................................................. 89 8.1 Labelling hierarchy ...................................................................................................................... 89 8.2 Creating / Modifying Layers ........................................................................................................ 89 8.3 Creating Labels ............................................................................................................................ 90 8.3.1 Creating General Labels ............................................................................................................ 90 8.3.2 Positioning General Labels using Modify Model........................................................................ 92 8.3.3 Creating Symbolic Labels .......................................................................................................... 93 8.4 Hide/Show Labels......................................................................................................................... 94 8.5 Label Blanking.............................................................................................................................. 94 8.6 Label Placement ........................................................................................................................... 95 8.6.1 Select ......................................................................................................................................... 95 8.6.2 Position ...................................................................................................................................... 95 8.7 Creating General Labels Example .............................................................................................. 97 8.8 Creating Symbolic Labels Example ........................................................................................... 99 Exercise 14 - Labelling ................................................................................................................................ 100 9 2D Drafting............................................................................................................................................ 103 9.1 2D Drafting Hierarchy ................................................................................................................ 103 9.2 Creating Sheet Note and View Note elements ........................................................................ 103 9.3 Creating primitives..................................................................................................................... 104 9.4 2D Primitives............................................................................................................................... 105 9.4.1 Lines......................................................................................................................................... 105 9.4.2 Shapes ..................................................................................................................................... 105 9.4.3 Symbols ................................................................................................................................... 106 9.4.4 Text .......................................................................................................................................... 106 9.5 Construct .................................................................................................................................... 106 9.5.1 Construct Group....................................................................................................................... 106 9.5.2 2D Copy ................................................................................................................................... 107 6

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002 9.5.3 Repeat...................................................................................................................................... 107 9.5.4 Fillet Arc ................................................................................................................................... 108 9.5.5 Chamfers.................................................................................................................................. 108 9.5.6 Parallel Lines ........................................................................................................................... 108 9.5.7 Tangent Line ............................................................................................................................ 108 9.5.8 Ray Line ................................................................................................................................... 109 9.5.9 Constructed Line...................................................................................................................... 109 9.5.10 Bisector Line ........................................................................................................................ 109 9.5.11 Local Symbols ..................................................................................................................... 109 9.6 Edit............................................................................................................................................... 110 9.6.1 Edit>Primitive ........................................................................................................................... 110 9.6.2 Edit>Move Primitive/Node To .................................................................................................. 110 9.6.3 Edit>Move Primitive By ............................................................................................................ 110 9.6.4 Edit>Move Node By ................................................................................................................. 110 9.6.5 Edit>Line Gap .......................................................................................................................... 110 9.6.6 Edit>Line Trim.......................................................................................................................... 110 9.6.7 Edit>Rotate .............................................................................................................................. 110 9.6.8 Edit>Demolish Symbol............................................................................................................. 110 9.6.9 Edit>Action Group.................................................................................................................... 110 9.7 Utilities (2D) ................................................................................................................................ 111 9.7.1 Load Text ................................................................................................................................. 111 9.7.2 Sketch Drafting ........................................................................................................................ 111 9.7.3 Dynamic Primitives .................................................................................................................. 112 9.8 Creating 2D Primitives Example ............................................................................................... 112 9.8.1 Creating a New Note................................................................................................................ 112 9.8.2 Added 2D Text to a View Note ................................................................................................ 112 9.9 Adding 2D Primitives to a Drawing Sheet Note ...................................................................... 114 Exercise 15 2D Draughting ...................................................................................................................... 116 10 Section Planes ................................................................................................................................ 118 10.1 Section Planes............................................................................................................................ 118 10.2 Creating Flat Planes................................................................................................................... 119 10.3 Modifying Flat Planes ................................................................................................................ 120 10.4 Flat Plane Example..................................................................................................................... 120 Exercise 16 Section Planes ..................................................................................................................... 122 Appendix A............................................................................................................................................... 123 Wireline .................................................................................................................................................. 123 Modelled Wireline .................................................................................................................................. 123 Local Hidden Line .................................................................................................................................. 124 Global Hidden Line ................................................................................................................................ 124 Universal Hidden Line............................................................................................................................ 125 Appendix B............................................................................................................................................... 127 Intelligent Text........................................................................................................................................ 127 Alternative Character Set....................................................................................................................... 128

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

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CHAPTER 1

Introduction

Draft is the AVEVA Plant Drawing Production and Annotation Module. The Drawing information is taken directly from the Design or Draft Databases and is therefore intelligent so will update automatically to reflect any Design Changes.

1.1

Aim

During the course participants will learn the basic functions required to produce, dimensioned and annotated drawings.

1.2

Objectives
To understand the DRAFT hierarchy Be able to create Drawings and Drawing Sheets. Be able to create scaled and non scaled Views using various methods. Dimension, Label and Annotate Drawings. Understand the use of Section Planes and create a Flat Section Plane

1.3

Prerequisites

Trainees should have attended TM-1001 AVEVA Plant (12 Series) PDMS Foundations and be familiar with Microsoft Windows

1.4

Course Structure

Training will consist of oral and visual presentations, demonstrations and set exercises. Each workstation will have a training project, populated with model objects. This will be used by the trainees to practice their methods, and complete the set exercises.

1.5

Using this guide

Certain text styles are used to indicate special situations throughout this document, here is a summary; Menu pull downs and button press actions. Are indicated by bold dark turquoise text. Information the user has to Key-in Will be red and BOLD Annotation for trainees benefit


Additional information Refer to other documentation

System prompts should be bold and italic in inverted commas i.e. 'Choose function' Example files or inputs will be in the courier new font, colours and styles used as before.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

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CHAPTER 2

DRAFT features

DRAFT is the drawing production module of AVEVA Plant PDMS. It allows the designer to generate fully annotated engineering drawings directly from data in the PDMS Design model. Drawings can be easily updated to reflect changes in the design model. Within DRAFT there a number of applications that are used for specific functions associated with the production of drawings. These applications are General Auto drawing production AutoDRAFT Administration

The DRAFT GUI has been designed to allow the designer to generate and retrieve industry standard engineering drawings efficiently. The designer can add dimensioning and other annotations with information taken directly from the model. The DRAFT drawing can be created with any view angle and the representation of the drawing graphics is controlled by representation rules that are pre-defined by the project administrator. Various levels of wireline and hidden line removal can be used. Sectional views can be generated by the creation of flat or stepped section planes. The scale of the drawing can be selected from a set of Metric, Architectural and Engineering values, with the option of an automatic scale selection to use the largest scale possible for the given drawing. Labels can be attached to any design element and used to display any attribute of the design element. The format, content and appearance of the labels are controlled by the designer. Direct reference to the design data, combined with a simple update operation, ensures that the annotation always reflects the current state of the design model. Autotagging is a quick solution for automatically generating labels that match a tagging rule. The rule determines the type of label and which design items the labels will be applied to. Dimensions are calculated directly from the design model, the designer can control the format, content and appearance of the dimensions. As with labeling, direct reference to the design data ensures that the annotation always reflects the current state of the design model with a simple update operation. 2D drafting allows the designer to generate additional 2D annotation on the drawing sheet. Also, like other DRAFT data, 2D annotation can be linked to design data and can be updated to follow the changes that occur in the design model. Automatic drawing production is not covered in this training course. As the title of the application infers, this application enables the designer to produce annotated drawings automatically. A set of rules determine how the annotation is generated. The drawings can be edited, if necessary, using the normal editing options in DRAFT. There are a number of ADP applications for different disciplines. AutoDRAFT is not covered in the training course. This application imports drawings directly from DRAFT into AutoCAD. However it should be noted that once this action is done, the drawing in AutoCAD has no direct link to the design model, data and future updates of this AutoCAD drawing are not possible from the model. Symbols and drawing frames can be exported from AutoCAD directly into DRAFT.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Administration is not covered in this training course. Using this application, the project administrator is responsible for the customization of the DRAFT environment. This includes setting default attribute values, creating drawing frames, (commonly referred to as backing sheets), symbols and labels. The administrator will also set the representation rules, labelling rules, naming conventions, lines styles, hatch patterns and available symbology.

Note: The Administration Option is only available to Free Users or Members of the DRAFTADMIN Team

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CHAPTER 3

3 3.1

Getting started Entering a DRAFT Session

To start AVEVA PDMS, Select AVEVA > PDMS 12.0 > Run PDMS

Enter the name of the project: Enter the Username: Enter the Password: Enter the MDB: Select the module required:

Sample USERA A TRAINA DRAFT

When all the necessary details have been entered the form will look like this. Ensure that the Read Only box is unchecked.

Click OK When PDMS DRAFT has been loaded, a default screen layout will be displayed

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

3.2

Current Element Definition

When working in any database, PDMS is always located at a specific element in that database. This element is known as the Current Element (CE). In Draft you are able to navigate to both the Draft and the Design Database so the Current Element (CE) may be a Design Element.

3.3

Displaying the Explorer windows

To display the DRAFT and DESIGN Explorer windows select Display>Explorers from the main pull down menu.

The Design Explorer is displayed using Display > Explorers > Design

For information on the manipulation and docking of windows please refer to TM-1001 AVEVA Plant (12 Series) PDMS Foundations

3.4

Displaying Toolbars

To display toolbars, click the right mouse button while the cursor is located over the main bar menu and the following pull down will be displayed. Click the relevant toolbars for them to be displayed.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Display the Working Sheet toolbar as described below if it is not displayed.

3.5

Displaying the Draft Drawing Sheet

In the Draft Explorer, select the DEPT /Project_Libraries by clicking on the + sign next to it with the lefthand mouse button. The hierarchy, shown in the Explorer, will then be expanded to show the REGIs owned by the DEPT. Continue to work down the tree by selecting the following elements:

REGI /DRA/PRJ/TMP/PIPING DRWG /DRA/PRJ/TMP/PIPING/A0 SHEE /DRA/PRJ/TMP/PIPING/A0/S1


Using the Working Sheet toolbar, display Drawing Sheet /DRA/PRJ/TMP/PIPING/A0/S1 by clicking on the button on the toolbar:

The Sheet displayed is a Draft backing Sheet containing one empty view:

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

The sheet can also be displayed clicking the right mouse button with the cursor positioned over the CE and selecting Open Sheet from the displayed menu.

3.6 3.6.1

Using the mouse and keyboard to manipulate the view of the sheet Mouse buttons

Left Mouse button

Clicking the left mouse button with the pointer over an element makes the element the CE. The element may be a Design element (part of the engineering item displayed) or a Draft element (for example, the outline of the drawing sheet, a label, or a dimension). If a Draft element is clicked, the Draft Explorer changes appropriately.

Similarly, if a Design element is clicked, the Design Explorer display will change:

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Middle Mouse button The middle button allows the user to increase and decrease the scale of the displayed view, as follows: Windowing in - using a rubber band technique, define the area to be zoomed into. Zooming in - Position the pointer at the point you want to become the centre of the view. Hold down the (shift) key and repeatedly click the middle button, as required. After each click, the display zooms in by a factor of 1.5, centred on the current pointer position. Zooming out - Position the pointer at the point you want to become the centre of view. Repeatedly click the middle button, as required. After each click, the display zooms out by a factor of 1.5, centred on the current pointer position.

If your mouse has a wheel, then rotating the wheel away from you will zoom in, towards you will zoom out.

Right-hand mouse button Clicking the right-hand button, when the pointer is in the main display, activates a shortcut menu.

Refresh refreshes the graphics Reset Limits zoom out until the full extent of the sheet is displayed View Frames on/off turns the visibility of all view frames on the current sheet on or off. Add CE adds the current sheet to the display Highlight CE highlights the CE in the display by flashing

Goto displays the following sub menu, select the element to navigate to

Colour Settings displays the following sub menu, selection the option to change 3D view displays the 3D view

For Drawing production via the 3D View please refer to TM-1206 Drawing Production (Advanced).

3.6.2

Keyboard Commands (Zooming and Panning)

Zooming Some additional features for zooming The Pg Up key can be used for zooming in. The Pg Dn key can be used for zooming out. Holding down the Ctrl key while zooming in or zooming out using the middle mouse button, doubles the zoom factor. The numeric keypad odd-numbered keys can be used for zooming (see the diagram below).

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Panning Panning (moving the displayed area across the overall drawing) can be achieved by the following methods, once you have zoomed in. Use the mouse pointer to drag the Drawing display slider controls. Use the up/down, left/right arrow keyboard (see diagram below). As required, hold down the Ctrl key to increase the step size by a factor of 10. Or, as required, hold down the (shift) key to decrease the step size by a factor of 10. Use the numeric keypad even-numbered keys, as shown below:
7 In 4 5 6 8 9 In

1 Out

3 Out

Arrow keys pan in directions shown

Numeric Keypad keys 2, 4, 6, 8 pan in directions shown by half view width. Keys 7 and 9 zoom in Keys 1 and 3 zoom out

3.7

Resetting the Draft View

When the Draft Display has been zoomed or panned to a specific region it useful to reset the display back to the full screen display. This can be done by using the Right hand Mouse Button and selecting Reset Limits as describe above or by using the Reset Limits Icon from the side of the Drawing display window.

3.8

Grid

It is normal practice to position annotation on a grid so that elements are spaced evenly on the Drawing Sheet.

3.8.1

Displaying and Hiding the Draft Grid


Icon. This is on

To display the Display Grid, clicking on the Grid the toolbar at the side of the Drawing display window.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

The grid is hidden by re-selecting the Grid Icon

3.8.2

Changing the Grid Spacing

The Grid Spacing can be changed by selecting the Grid Icon using the Right Hand Mouse Button and selecting Spacing.

The Grid Size and offset can be set as required Size X 10 At X 0 Size Y 10 At Y 0

OK

3.8.3

Positioning Elements on a Grid (Snap)


. This

Elements of a drawing can be positioned at grid points, by clicking on the SNAP to grid button feature will be discussed later in the course.

3.9

Saving and Restoring Views

Up to 4 views can be saved so that the designer can navigate quickly to a specific area of the Drawing there use is similar to how the camera icon is using in Design.

Views are saved using the Right Hand Mouse Button and Restored using the Left Hand Mouse Button

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

3.10 Settings User Defaults


On entry into DRAFT the default libraries are set. These are predefined by the Administrator. These Library Setting store the location of Symbols, Backing Sheets, Drawing Styles etc. that Draft uses during Drawing Production. The system settings defaults can be modified for the current session. The user can modify the required libraries for the current session, by selecting Settings>User Defaults. The User Defaults form is displayed

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Exercise 1 - Viewing Controls


Using the above examples display the Design Explorer, and Sheet /DRA/PRJ/TMP/PIPING/A0/S1 Now you can familiarise yourself with some of Drafts viewing controls experiment by using the mouse and keyboard, as described above zoom, pan and widow around the Drawing Sheet. Change the Grid size to 10mm and display the Grid.

Do not close the Main Display window, because you will use it in the next parts of the exercise.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

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CHAPTER 4

4 4.1

The PDMS DRAFT database hierarchy DRAFT database hierarchy

WORLD

DEPT

DEPT

REGI

REGI

DRWG

DRWG

SHEE

SHEE

As with all database elements, the owning elements can contain any number of legal members, as shown in the above hierarchy chart. The DEPT, REGI and DRWG elements can be viewed in the DRAFT explorer, but cannot be displayed graphically. The principal element is the Drawing (DRWG) element. All elements below the DRWG in the hierarchy are used to store the information required to completely define the drawing. A drawing can contain one or more Sheet (SHEE) elements. A Sheet is the highest level element that can be displayed in the graphical view. A drawing can own one or more Sheet (SHEE) elements. A sheet can own one or more VIEW elements. These views are projections of parts of the design database. A view element has attributes that; Define the viewing parameters (view direction, through point and scale). Define the size, position and orientation of the region on the sheet. Refer to a drawlist that contains a list of the DESIGN elements that are to be displayed in the VIEW picture.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

4.2 4.2.1

Creating the DRAFT hierarchy Creating a DEPT (Department)

Navigate to the World /* using the Draft Explorer.

To create the DRAFT hierarchy select Create>Department from the main bar menu, the Create DEPT form is displayed.

Name /TRAINING_DEPT

Select OK

The Department Information form will then be displayed, and the name of the department will be displayed within the form. If a Registry is to be created, the Create Registry box should be checked.

Clicking on the Attributes button will display the Department Attributes form, the values selected will be the default values used for the creation of all elements in this DEPT.

The Department Attributes form is discussed in full later in the chapter.

Click OK, and the Create REGI form will be displayed, only if the box was checked. Clicking on Cancel will cancel the operation of creating a DEPT. Select OK

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

4.2.2

Creating a REGI (Registry)

If the Create Registry box was checked in the Create DEPT form , the Create REGI form will be displayed, otherwise select Create>Registry from the main bar menu. Name /TRAINING_REGI

Select OK and the Registry Information is displayed. Clicking on Cancel will cancel the operation of creating a REGI

If a drawing is to be created immediately, check the Create DRAWING box. The selection of Explicitly or From Template only applies if the Create DRAWING box is checked.

Note: The different methods of creating drawings explicitly or from templates will be explained later in this manual.

Clicking on the Attributes button will display the Registry Attributes form, the values selected will be the default values used for the creation of all elements in this REGI.

4.3

DEPT and REGI attributes

The attributes form is similar for both DEPT and REGI elements with one exception that will be noted. The name of the current DEPT or REGI will be displayed in the name field of the form.

4.3.1

Size and Units

The Width and Height values will define the default drawing size that will be used upon creation of a drawing.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

The Backing sheet selection by default is unset, toggling the Radio button will set the default backing sheet reference to be used on drawing creation. Unset will leave the backing sheet reference unset Reference clicking on the pull down will display the backing sheets available, and from this a default sheet can be set. Filename a reference to a PDMS plotfile

In the above example the default Backing Sheet for the Department has been set to a standard A0 size. The Units attributes sets the default distance and bore units Click on the Distance pull down and the following options are displayed Feet and Inches USA Feet and Inches Inches Inches USA Inches PDMS Millimetres Centimetres Metres output of the form 5-5 13/16 output of the form 55.13/16 output of the form 0.5 or 1.5 or 24.0 output of the form or 1 1/2 or 24 output of the form 0.1/2 or 1.1/2 or 24 distance in mm. distance in cm. distance in m.

Click on the Bore pull down and the following options are displayed Inches Inches USA Inches PDMS Millimetres Centimetres Metres output of the form 0.5 or 1.5 or 24.0 output of the form or 1 1/2 or 24 output of the form 0.1/2 or 1.1/2 or 24 distance in mm. distance in cm. distance in m.

The precision attributes set the default values to the number of decimal points or fractions of an inch. Final Designer is not covered as part of the Basic Drawing Production training.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

4.3.2

Intelligent Text

The positional code words and output format for Plant drawings will always be toggled to ENU (East North and Up).

XYZ Co-ordinates are normally associated with AVEVA Marine

4.3.3

Pens (and Fonts)

The default pen colours and line styles for the noted objects in the form can be modified.

The form is self explanatory with the exception of Fonts. Prior to AVEVA PLANT (12 Series) Draft was limited to 4 built in fonts as specified by the Draft Administrator, from AVEVA PLANT (12 Series) Standard Windows True Type Fonts have been introduced.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

By Default Fonts are set to Standard Thin Upright which is a standard PDMS Font. Select a True Type font The True Type Fonts Available in Draft are specified by the AVEVA Plant (PDMS) Administrator for the project.

On this project only two True Type Fonts are Available.

Select Cancel

Select a PDMS font

The Standard Thin Upright Font is selected.

Other Options are available via the Pull down Menu

On the Draft Basic Course the Fonts should be left set to Standard Thin Upright.

Draft and True Type Fonts can not be mixed on the same sheet, this includes any Symbols and Backing sheets that may be used. Example Symbols, Labels and Backing Sheets are included in Draft Sample Project and are prefixed /TT then can be found in /TT/Master_Libraries and /TT/Project_Libraries.

The use of True Type Fonts is covered in TM-1206 AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Advanced)

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

4.3.4

Miscellaneous

The Null text can consist of up to 12 characters. This value is used when it is not possible to extract data from an attribute and the intelligent text system returns an error. Click on the Date Format pull down, only available in the Department attributes form and the following options are displayed DDMMYYYY DDMMYY MMDDYYYY MMDDYY Click on the Dimension Terminator pull down and the following options are displayed Off Arrows Dots Obliques - no terminators shown on dimension lines - arrows shown on dimension lines - dots shown on dimension lines - obliques shown on dimension lines

Click on the Leader Terminator pull down and the following options are displayed Off Arrows Dots Obliques - no terminators shown on leader lines - arrows shown on leader lines - dots shown on leader lines - obliques shown on leader lines

Click on the Ruleset Reference pull down, and the available rulesets are displayed Click on the Hatching Ruleset Ref pull down and the available hatching rules are displayed Clicking on RESET on the form will reset all the attributes values back to the default settings

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Exercise 2 - Create the DRAFT hierarchy


Create the DRAFT hierarchy as described above, set the default size of the drawing to A0, Add the Standard A0 Backing Sheets, set leader line and dimension terminators to Arrows. Set the name of the new DEPT to TRAINING_DEPT and the name of the new REGI to TRAINING_REGI Uncheck the Create Drawing option on the Registry Information form, as we will cover the drawing creation in the next chapter.

Ensure that the fonts are set to a standard PDMS Fonts as the Backing Sheets and Symbols used later in the course will be using standard PDMS font settings.

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CHAPTER 5

5 5.1

Creating Drawings and sheets Creating Drawings and Sheets

There are two methods of creating Drawings, Explicitly or From Template. Both methods are available, regardless of whether the drawing is created by checking the Create Drawing button on the Registry Information form, or by selecting Create > Drawing at the Draft General bar menu and selecting Explicitly, Template or Default Template

5.1.1

Creating Drawings from a Template

If a drawing is created from a template, several other elements will be created automatically. The Drawing will own a Sheet, which will own at least one View. The View will own several Layers, which are discussed later. There may be other elements, such as Sheet Notes, which are used to store text and primitives for the 2D Drafting. The Drawing will also own a Library. Draft makes extensive use of libraries, which are set up by the System Administrator. Users can only extract information from libraries; not change them. Libraries are used to store things like symbols and Drawlists (which you will use later to define the contents of a View). Libraries are accessed by the Application automatically and, therefore, you will not need to access them directly. Navigate to the Registry /TRAINING_REGI created earlier. Select Create > Drawing > From Template from the Main Menu.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

The Drawing and Sheet Templates form enables you to select the source of the template and the drawing size.

Note: At the top of the form, the Create Mode is set to Drawing from Template. If the form is used for creating a Sheet, the Create Mode is set to Sheet from Template, but otherwise the form is unchanged.

The From pull down list displays the available discipline registry that contain the drawing templates, as set up by the System Administrator. Select Equipment Registry

Select A0 Equipment Drawing

If the Use Default Naming is checked, then the default naming convention will be used, which is DR1, DR2 etc. If this option is not checked then a name form will be displayed after clicking on the OK button.

Unset Use Default Naming and Select OK.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Name DRWG_1

Select OK A particular template can be set as the default by placing a check in the Use as Default box.

The drawing is displayed in the 2D graphical window automatically upon creation, and all administrative elements will have been created.

5.1.2

Creating Drawings from a Default Template

If the standard default template is to be used, select Create > Drawing > From Default Template from the main bar menu, or click on the icon in the Create From Default Template bar menu. If the Use Default Naming is checked on the default template, then the name form will be displayed, otherwise the default naming convention will be used.

Select Use Default Naming

Select Create New From Default Template

The New Drawing will be created using the Default Naming Convention.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

5.1.3

Creating Drawings explicitly

If a drawing is to be created explicitly, the create options on the main bar menu will be used to create the drawing and all of the member elements, such as sheets and views. To create a drawing explicitly select Create>Drawing>Explicitly from the main bar menu and the Create DRWG form will be displayed Name /DRWG_2 Select OK The Drawing Definition form is displayed Title Date Drawn By Training Drawing 12 June 2020 A. Piper

Select OK

The Drawing will not be displayed in the Graphics window as it is the Drawing Sheet that has the Draft geometry Drawing are only hierarchy elements like Dept or Regi. Selecting Attributes can be used to change the Drawing Attributes and is similar to the Dept and Regi Attribute Form as described previously.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

5.1.4

Creating Drawing Sheets explicitly

Select Create>Sheet>Explicitly from the main bar menu. A name should may be entered in this form, in this case the default name is OK. Select OK and the Sheet Definition form will be displayed

The Sheet Title, size and backing sheet should be specified,

In this case the size and backing sheet have been cascaded down from the owning Drawing / Regi

Title Training Sheet

Select Apply The intelligent text will be left as plant co-ordinates E NU

Select Dismiss

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Exercise 3 - Create a drawing from a template


Create a drawing from a template, using an A0 Equipment Drawing. The drawing name will be DRWG_1 When created note the LIBY elements owned by the DRWG element

Do not delete, rename or modify these, or any of the owning members, these are controlled by the application

You will notice that the SHEE element also contains a VIEW element, which contains LAYE elements. Create another drawing, from a template, using an A0 Piping Drawing. The drawing name will be DRWG_3.

Exercise 4 - Create a drawing explicitly


Create a drawing and sheet elements explicitly. The drawing name will be DRWG_2, the title will be Equipment Arrangement and the size will be A0. Set the backing sheet reference to /DRA/MAS/BACKS/MET/A0 When created note the LIBY elements owned by the DRWG element

Do not delete, rename or modify these, or any of the owning members, these are controlled by the application.

Create another drawing and sheet explicitly. The drawing name will be DRWG_4, the title will be Structural Arrangement and the size will be A0. Set the Backing sheet reference to /DRA/MAS/BACKS/MET/A0

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CHAPTER 6

Creation and modification of Views

This chapter covers the creation and modification of views. Views created by Drawing and Sheet templates will require to be modified, whilst Drawing and Drawing Sheets created explicitly will need to have views created.

6.1

User defined view

User-Defined Views are used to draw individual items or groups of items in the design model, when the volume or limits of the items are not known. The size of the frame is independent of its contents. The scale can be automatically set to fit the design elements into the available view frame area.

6.2

Creation of user defined VIEW

A view is owned by a SHEE element, so before creation of a view ensure that the correct SHEE element is selected. Navigate to /DRWG_2/S1 From the main bar menu select Create>View>User Defined, the Create VIEW form is displayed. The name is derived from the owning element and can be accepted. Select OK

6.2.1

User Defined View (Frame menu)

The Frame form menu enables you to switch the view frame on or off, to control the size of the frame, its position on the Sheet and its alignment relative to any other view that may be on the Sheet. The menu has the following options: On/Off toggles the display of the view frame Size Copy size Position Align

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

6.2.1.1 Frame>Size
This option has a sub-menu that allows you to set the size of the view frame in different ways: Cursor displays the Point Construction Option Form. This enables the opposing corners of the view frame to be selected graphically.

The View Frame should be resized to be a big as possible within the allowable Backing Sheet Frame. Select Frame > Size

Select 2D Cursor Hit

Using the Cursor Resize the View Window using a diagonal window.

Explicit displays the Explicit Frame Size Form. This resizes the frame by defining its size in terms of sheet co-ordinates or proportions.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

6.2.1.2 Frame>Copy Size


This option has a sub-menu that allows you to copy the Width, Height or Width and Height of another view on the Sheet: Width - will prompt the user to identify (with the cursor) a view whose width is too copied. The width of the current view will then change to be the same as that of the identified view. Height - will prompt the user to identify (with the cursor) a view whose height is to be copied. The height of the current view will then change to be the same as that of the identified view. Width & Height - will prompt the user to identify (with the cursor) a view whose width and height are to be copied. The width and height of the current view will then change to be the same as that of the identified view.

6.2.1.3 Frame>Position
This option has a sub-menu that allows you to position the frame in different ways: Cursor - enables the user to use the cursor to move the view frame by nominating a point in the view, using the option from the sub menu. The nominated point will move to the cursor position when the left hand mouse button is clicked

Explicit displays the Explicit Frame Position form. This enables the user to position the view frame by defining it Sheet position in terms of sheet co-ordinates or proportions

6.2.1.4 Frame>Align
This option has a sub-menu that allows you to align a specified axis or edge of the current view with the same axis or edge of another selected view on the Sheet. Centre Vert - will prompt the user to identify (with the cursor) a view whose centre you wish the current views centre to align with vertically. The position of the current view will then change to align the view centres vertically. Centre Horiz - will prompt the user to identify (with the cursor) a view whose centre you wish the current views centre to align with horizontally. The position of the current view will then change to align the view centres horizontally. Top - will prompt the user to identify (with the cursor) a view whose top edge you wish the current views top edge to align with. The position of the current view will then change to align the views top edges. Bottom - will prompt the user to identify (with the cursor) a view whose bottom edge you wish the current views bottom edge to align with. The position of the current view will then change to align the views bottom edges. Left - will prompt the user to identify (with the cursor) a view whose left edge you wish the current views left edge to align with. The position of the current view will then change to align the views left edges. Right - will prompt the user to identify (with the cursor) a view whose right edge you wish the current views right edge to align with. The position of the current view will then change to align the views right edges.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

6.2.2

User Defined View (View menu)

The View form menu enables the user to toggle the display of the view on or off, set the Design co-ordinates corresponding to the centre of interest of the view and offset the Design element graphics with respect to the centre of the view. The menu has the following options: On/Off toggles the display of the view. Centre Offset

6.2.2.1 View>Centre
This option has a sub-menu which allows the designer to select the centre of interest of the view in different ways: Identify - will prompt the user to identify a design element to be the centre of interest of the view. Cursor - displays the Point Construction Form and prompts the user to select a point with the cursor to become the centre of interest.

By Cursor displays the Point Construction Form and prompts the user to select a base point and displacement with the cursor to move the centre of interest of the view.

Explicit displays the User Defined Centre Position form which enables the user to enter coordinates for the centre of the view

6.2.2.2 View>Offset
Displays the Design Graphics Offset Form.

This form enables the user to position the centre of the view contents, relative to the view centre.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

6.2.3

User Defined View (Graphics menu)

The Graphics form menu enables the user to create and modify Drawlists as well as setting the Drawlist Reference for the view. A Drawlist holds a list of Design elements that determine what will be displayed in the view. Drawlists are independent of the views, therefore, a sheet may contain several views that refer to the same Drawlist or several views that refer to different Drawlists. Drawlists (IDLI elements) are stored in Drawlist Libraries (DLLB elements). When a Drawing is created, a library containing a default Drawlist Library is automatically created and may be used as the Drawlist for any views created on Sheets owned by that Drawing. Specific Drawlists for specific views may also be created and stored in the default Drawlist Library or in another Drawlist Library located elsewhere in the project, depending on the set-up by the Draft Administrator. The menu has the following options: Drawlist Drawlist Ref

6.2.3.1 Graphics>Drawlist
Displays the Drawlist Management Form

The Drawlist Library pull down list gives a list of the available Drawlist Libraries.

The Drawlists window is a scrollable list of all the Drawlists available within the selected Drawlist Library. In the example above only the default drawlist, created automatically during Drawing creation is shown The Reference List Members window displays the Design Members of the current MDB, if selected from the scrollable list.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

If Drawlists is selected from the scrollable list, the available Drawlists will be displayed.

If Lists have been previously defined, they will be available for selection. If there are no Lists defined, or a list is required, clicking the Lists button will display the List/Collection form. Having defined a new List, clicking the Update button will display all defined Lists in the scrollable list for selection. For information on Lists please refer to Plant (12 Series) PDMS Foundations

TM-1001 AVEVA

The Drawlist Members window displays the Design elements or Drawlists that have been selected to be members of the current Drawlist. In the example above, no members have been selected yet. Items are added to the Drawlist by selecting them from the Reference Members List, or a List / Collection name from the scrollable list, and clicking the Add button. This creates an Add Element (ADDE) element in the Drawlist Members window. Specific items may also be removed from the Drawlist by selecting them in the Reference Members List, or a List/Collection name from the scrollable list, and clicking the Remove button. This creates a Remove Element (REME) element in the Drawlist Members window. For example, all equipment except /1301 may be required to be displayed in the view. Rather than adding each piece of equipment separately, the zone /EQUIPMENT may be added and the specific piece of equipment /1301 subsequently removed from the Drawlist.

The Navigation form menu offers an alternative method of navigation. The options are similar as those available from the Navigation pull down menu of the Members list. Note: If the Members list is displayed, it will be removed while the Draw List Management form is displayed. The buttons to the right of the Drawlists window, control the creation and deletion of Drawlists: Create creates a new empty drawlist Create Copy creates a copy of the drawlist selected from the available drawlist libraries Delete deletes the currently selected drawlist Clean Up removes any drawlist members with Null or Bad references

The Delete Entry and Delete All buttons, delete the current highlighted entry from the Drawlist or all Drawlist members respectively. The Volume Defined and Limits buttons, enable the addition of all elements that are positioned wholly within a defined volume. Clicking the

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Limits button will display the Drawlist Limits form.

The limits are set by entering appropriate co-ordinates for opposing corners of the limits volume. After setting the limits clicking the Volume Defined button adds all elements wholly within the entered coordinates. If required, the Remove or Delete Entry buttons may be used to amend the Drawlist.

6.2.3.2 Adding Design Elements to the Drawlist (Example)


Display the Drawlist Graphics > Drawlist Navigate to the EQUIPMENT Zone in the STABILIZER Site

Select the Add Button

The Equipment zone will be added to Drawlist Members

Repeat the process for

EQUIP-STRU and

PIPEWAY

6.2.3.3 Graphics>Drawlist Ref


Displays the Drawlist Management Form

This form enables you to reference the current view to a Drawlist so that the Drawlist Members are displayed in the view. It should be noted that a view may only reference one Drawlist. The Options scrollable list allows the owning Sheets or the owning Drawings Drawlist to be used. The VIEWs current Drawlist may be used, or the Drawlist reference may be unset. The Drawlist Library scrollable list allows you to choose from a list of Drawlist Libraries, as set up by your Draft Administrator. The Drawing selection, as shown above,

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

refers to the Drawlist Library created automatically when the views owning Drawing was created. The Drawlist Contents window displays the contents of the selected Drawlist when the Display button is clicked. This allows you to check the contents of the Drawlist you have selected. The Modify button displays the Drawlist Management form enabling you to modify or create a new Drawlist as described previously.

6.2.4

User Defined View (General)

6.2.4.1 Title
In Draft we always draw intelligently so it is normal practice to display the view title from the database to avoid free text.

6.2.4.2 View Type


A view type must be selected. The pull down menu displays the following (refer to appendix A) Universal Hidden Line causes intersection lines between significant elements to be generated Global Hidden Line gives a picture where all hidden lines are removed Local Hidden Line gives a picture where all hidden lines are removed from equipment elements. Where two or more equipment elements overlap, the overlapping elements are shown in wireline Modelled Wireline blends the intersection of primitives Wireline Shows all elements and points

6.2.4.3 Section Mode:


A section mode must be selected. The pull down menu displays the following Standard this option sections all Design elements where appropriate Omit Fractional Pipe Components this option removes any partial pipe components from the display, where the P0 is outside the front and back sectioning planes. All lengths of implied tube that are outside the front and back sectioning planes will be removed from the drawlist.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

6.2.4.4 Style
The scrollable list shows the available Representation Rulesets (RRST) elements that are used to control the display representation of the different types of Design elements within the view. Representation Rulesets are created by the Draft Administrator.

6.2.4.5 Hatching Rules


The scrollable list displays the available Hatching Rulessets that are used to control the hatching of different types of Design elements that may be cut when a section is applied. Hatching Rulesets are created by the Draft Administrator.

6.2.4.6 Change Rules


The scrollable list shows the available Change Rulesets that are used to control the appearance of changed Design elements and annotation on subsequent updates of the drawing. For the use of Change Rulesets please refer to TM-1206 Drawing Production (Advanced).

6.2.4.7 Direction
The required view direction may be selected from the pull-down list of pre-defined directions. Alternatively, a view direction, e.g. N 45 E, may be typed into the text box. The Derived button will prompt you to identify a design element in the Graphics area for setting the view direction.

6.2.4.8 User Define View General Tab (Example)


Title PLAN

View Type

Universal Hidden Line Standard /DRA/PRJ/REPR/GEN/BASIC


unset

Section Mode

Style

Hatch Rules

Change Rules unset

Direction

Down

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

6.2.5

User Defined View (Scale)

For Draft to calculate a scale, the drawlist must contain elements. Auto Scale this sets the view scale such that all of the design elements in the Drawlist will fit just within the view frame. The actual scale will be displayed in the Scale text box. The Auto Scale operation also sets the through point to the Site coordinates corresponding to the centre of interest of the view. Nearest it is unlikely that Auto Scale will produce a standard scale for the view. Clicking the Nearest button will select the nearest available standard scale, based on the metric, architectural or engineering scale option selected, and set the view scale. The standard scales can also be selected from the scrollable list next to the Nearest button.

6.2.5.1 User Defined View (Scale) (Example)


Select Auto Scale button followed by the Nearest Button, this should give a scale of 1/50.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

6.2.6

User Defined View (Intelligent text)

Please refer to this option earlier in the text as is the same as at DEPT and REGI elements.

6.2.7

User Defined View (Attributes)

Clicking on the Attributes button on the User Defined View Form displays the User Defined View Attributes Form.

The following attributes of the view can be modified from this form Graphics Angle controls the angle of the design graphics within the view. A positive angle gives an anti-clockwise rotation. The view direction remains the same. View orientation - controls the orientation of the view and its contents. The selectable directions correspond to the direction of the top of the view region relative to the top of the screen, e.g. selection of Right will cause the view and its contents to be rotated through 270 degrees. Arc Tolerance - controls the difference between the true and the facetted representation of curves of the graphical output for the view, being set in units of hundredths of a millimetre on the drawing. (default value 15.) The actual value used by DRAFT depends on the scale of the VIEW. The lowest value that it may be changed to is 1. Although lower values will give a better representation, the time required to display the graphics is increased. Perspective - a value of 0 gives a parallel view. The value is related to the view angle. Gapping Controls - the gap (in mm) inserted in view lines crossed by other lines such as centrelines, Plines, etc. Note Line Pen this option controls the appearance of the view frame (assuming it is visible). The value set will also be cascaded down to any Layers subsequently created as members of the view. The Note line Pen may be one of the standard pens or a user-defined pen set-up by the Draft Administrator.

The colour assigned to the Note Line pen can be selected from the pull down menu.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Or by clicking on the Pick button a colour palette is displayed and the colour can be selected

The linestyle and thickness can be selected from the appropriate pull down menus.

6.2.8

User Defined View (Change Highlighting)

For information on Change Rulesets and Change Highlighting please refer to TM-1206 Drawing Production (Advanced).

6.2.9

User Defined View (Update Design on Apply)

Whenever any settings on the User-Defined View form are modified, the user must select Update Design and click Apply (or select Graphics>Update>Design from the main menu bar).

Selecting Use Background Process will start a background process for updating design.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

For Drawing production using a Background Process please refer to TM-1206 Drawing Production (Advanced).

6.2.10 Creating local rules


Local Rules may be set up as VIEW members in the same way as Library rules. The resulting graphical representation is determined as follows: Local Rules always have priority over Rules within Rulesets in Libraries.

A Rules priority is determined by its position in the list, the higher in list the higher its priority, but a Local Rule will still have a higher priority than the top Ruleset Rule. This means that the more specific rules should always be placed earlier in the list. To create Local Rules select Create>View>Local Rules and the Local Rules form is displayed.

Click on Create and the Create RRUL form is displayed. Enter a name and click OK.

Select the elements for which the rule is to be applied, either by specifying the type from the pull down menu or toggling the name option and entering the name or names of elements. Set the criteria and select the style required from the available style libraries. These libraries will have been set up by the DRAFT administrator. Click Apply and a local rule will be created and will apply to the current view element only. For More information on Local Rules please refer to TM-1206 Drawing Production (Advanced).

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Exercise 5 Creating a User Defined View (Equipment arrangement)


Navigate to the sheet DRWG_1/S1, which is the template created sheet and display the sheet. Navigate to the view /DRWG_1/S1/V1

Note: that the view has already been created

The view should be modified using the Modify>View>User Defined option. Add the zone /EQUIPMENT and the STRU elements /EQUIP-STRU and /PIPEWAY to the Drawlist. Set the view frame size as big as possible, the view direction to Down and the scale to suit. Use the style /DRA/PRJ/REPRE/GEN/BASIC and the view type Universal Hidden Line The resulting drawing should look similar to the picture below

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Experiment with changing the frame size and recalculating the scale of the drawing.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Exercise 6 Creating a User Defined View (Piping arrangement)


Navigate to the sheet DRWG_3/S1, which is the template created sheet and display the sheet. Navigate to the view /DRWG_3/S1/V1

Note: that the view has already been created

The user will have to use the Modify>View>User Defined option. Add the zone /EQUIPMENT, the zone /PIPES, the zone /RACKPIPES, the zone /EQUIPRACK-ACCESS, the zone /STABCOLUMN-ACCESS and the stru elements /EQUIP-RACK and /PIPEWAY to the Drawlist. Set the view frame size as big as possible, the view direction to Down and the scale to suit. Use the style /DRA/PRJ/REPRE/GEN/BASIC and the view type Universal Hidden Line The resulting drawing should look similar to the picture below

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

6.3

Limits defined view

Limits-Defined Views are used to draw the contents of a specified volume of the model. The Limits, are defined in project co-ordinates, and are represented by the size of the View frame at the selected scale. The View frame can include matchlines with text showing the co-ordinates of the View limits.

6.4

Creation of limits defined VIEW

A view is owned by a SHEE element, so before creation of a view ensure that the correct SHEE element is selected. From the main bar menu select Create>View>Limits Defined, the Create VIEW form is displayed. The name is derived from the owning element and can be accepted. Select OK The Limits Defined View form will then be displayed. The Limits-Defined View form is similar to the UserDefined View form, but has an additional Limits tab for setting the limits of the view. It also has a Matchlines check box, which switches matchlines on and off. Also, the Scale options are slightly different.

6.4.1
Title

Limits Defined View (General Menu)


PLAN

View Type Section Mode Style

Universal Hidden Line Standard /DRA/PRJ/REPR/GEN/BASIC

Hatching Rules unset Change Rules unset Direction

Down

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

6.4.2

Limits Defined View (Limits Menu)

The Limits pull down menu displays the following sub menus From Element From Design Point From Pline Any End From Pline Propn From 3D Cursor From To Copy From View Drawlist Members

The limits can be set using the sub menus from under the above options, by using the cursor and identifying the pick points as selected. The limits can also be copied from another view using the Copy From View option, or calculated by the application using the Drawlist Members option.

6.4.3

Limits Defined View (Limits)

The limits can be set explicitly using project coordinates, which will define the area of the model to be displayed in the view. Checking the box next to the coordinate value, will create a section plane at that position. Refer to section Chapter 10 for section planes

In this example the limits will be initially calculated based on the Drawlist Items. Select Graphics > Drawlist and add EQUIPMENT, EQUIP_STRU and PIPEWAY.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Select Limits > Drawlist Members .

The Limits will be set based on the view content and could now be changed as appropriate

6.4.4

Limits Defined View (Scale)

The scale of the view can be automatically calculated by clicking the following

Set Scale this calculates the scale of the view based on the View Frame Limits and the Limits of the view. The value in the % gadget is used when using this option. The scale displayed is actual scale value calculated * %.

Nearest it is unlikely that Set Scale will produce a standard scale for the view. Clicking the Nearest button will select the nearest available standard scale, based on the metric, architectural or engineering scale option selected, and set the view scale. The standard scales can also be selected from the scrollable list next to the Nearest button.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Set the percentage to 50% and select Set Scale and Nearest, note the size of the View.

Change the percentage to 80% and select Set Scale and Nearest again note the size of the View.

Draft calculates the size of the view bases on the available drawing region and the scale.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

6.4.5

Limits Defined View (Matchlines)

If the Matchlines box is checked and the Update Graphical Aids button is clicked, matchlines will be displayed around the limits of the view with the respective co-ordinates

6.4.6

User Defined View (Update Design on Apply)

Whenever any settings on the Limits-Defined View form are modified, the user must select Update Design and click Apply (or select Graphics>Update>Design from the main menu bar).

Selecting Use Background Process will start a background process for updating design. For Drawing production using a Background Process please refer to TM-1206 Drawing Production (Advanced).

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Exercise 7 Creating a Limits Defined View (Equipment Arrangement)


Navigate to the sheet DRWG_2/S1, which is the explicitly created sheet, and create 2 views using the Create>View>Limits Defined option. Add the zone /EQUIPMENT and the STRU elements /EQUIP-RACK and /PIPEWAY to the drawlist, set the view frame size. Set the limits using Limits>Drawlist Members , the scale and the view direction. The view directions will be D and E respectively for the views. Make the views as big a possible. Use the style /DRA/PRJ/REPRE/GEN/BASIC and the view type Universal Hidden Line

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Exercise 8 - Creating a Limits Defined View (Structural Arrangement)


Navigate to the sheet DRWG_4/S1, create 3 views using the Create>View>Limits Defined option. Add the STRU element /EQUIP-RACK and Set the view frame size. Set the limits using Limits>Drawlist Members , the scale and the view direction. The view directions will be D. Use the style /DRA/PRJ/REPRE/GEN/STRU and the view type Universal Hidden Line Modify the elevation of the view limits to the elevations shown View 1 Elevation from U 101000 to U 100000 View 2 Elevation from U 107000 to U 104000 View 3 Elevation from U 108000 to U 107000

Remember you can copy and align views.

The Section Plane Button also will need setting on the limits form.

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6.5 6.5.1

Creating views with predefined frames Predefined frames

Selecting Create>View>Predefined Frame displays the following form. This allows the user to create a number of views for the current sheet, based on the configuration selected from the View Configuration form. The view directions for the views can be selected from the pull down menus adjacent to the selected view option on the form.

The view spacing value is the distance between the limits of the views.

The following shows a typical sheet layout for the predefined views

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Exercise 9 Creating Predefined Views


Create a drawing explicitly, set the backing sheet to /DRA/MAS/BACKS/MET/A2. The drawing name will be DRWG_5 and the size will be A2. Create 4 views with predefined frames, using the option Create>View>Predefined Frame with the view direction set to Down for all the views. Using the option Modify>View>Limits Defined, add equipment /C1101 to the drawlist, set the limits using Limits>Drawlist Members, and the scale. Then modify the elevation of the view limits to the elevations shown. View 1 Elevation from U 101300 to U 106975 View 2 Elevation from U 106975 to U 112650 View 3 Elevation from U 112650 to U 118325 View 4 Elevation from U 118325 to U 124000

Ensure that the box next to the elevations is checked

Use the style /DRA/PRJ/REPRE/GEN/EQUIP and the view type Universal Hidden Line.

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CHAPTER 7

Dimensioning

Dimensions are calculated directly from the design model. You can control the format, content and appearance of the dimensions. The administrator can define suitable project defaults. Direct reference to the design data means that the annotation always reflects the current state of the design model, with a simple update annotation operation. Once the dimensions have been created, the position and orientation of dimensions can be adjusted graphically.

7.1

Dimension Hierarchy

Dimensioning elements are created under Layers owned by Views, as shown in the following diagram. Different types of dimension are created on different layers. All these elements will be created automatically as the view is dimensioned. SHEE

VIEW

VIEW

LAYE

LDIM

ADIM

RDIM

PDIM

DPPT

DPPT

7.2

Dimension Types

There are four generic dimension types available in DRAFT, namely, Linear, Angular, Radial and Pitch Circle Diameter. These allow intelligent dimensions to be created to dimensioning standards.

100

J200

LINEAR DIMENSION

ANGULAR DIMENSION

RADIAL DIMENSION

PITCH CIRCLE DIAMETER

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7.3

Linear Dimensions

Linear dimension elements are created under Layers owned by Views, as shown in section 7.1. Linear dimensions can contain the following dimension points, DPOI, DPPT or DPBA elements. The dimension element and the dimensions are automatically created by the application. } Overshoot Dimension Line Dimension Direction Projection Line

Terminator Projection Line Direction

Offset

Clearance

Dimension Points

The diagram illustrates the following features that comprise a linear dimension Dimension Point - A LDIM (linear dimension) must contain at least 2 dimension points (DPPT). Projection Line a projection line will be drawn from each dimension point in a direction specified by the user. A projection line can have intelligent text. Dimension Line a dimension line will be drawn between all projection lines, these have terminators. Dimension Direction this direction is defined by the user. Offset the distance of the dimension line from the dimension point. Clearance distance of start of projection line from dimension point. Overshoot distance of end of projection line from dimension line.

Note: The values shown in the dimension text are taken directly from the 3D Design model. If the elements associated with the dimension points are moved in DESIGN, the dimension can be updated automatically by selecting Graphics>Update>Annotation.

7.3.1

Creating Linear Dimensions

Linear Dimensions can be created by selecting Create>Dimension>Dimension Linear or by clicking on the required style from the Linear Dimension Toolbar. If the SHEE has multiple views ensure that the correct LAYE is selected from the Layers toolbar pull-down.

The dimensions that are members of the displayed LAYE can also have their display turned off.

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Creating Linear dimensions using Create>Dimension>Dimension Linear will display the following form.

The name of the View and the View Direction are shown at the top of the form. The following can be set via this form Type gives the following options.

Chained

Tail

Truncate

Direction the dimension line direction is the direction with respect to the world. Terminators can be one of the following Arrows Dots Obliques Off

Projection Line Text can be selected from the pull down Projection Line Text Angle allows the text to be orientated from the projection line

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Click on the Derived button and the user will be prompted to identify a design element to derive the direction of the dimension.

Click OK and the following form will be displayed. This form is used to create the points that define the Dimensions and form the link with the 3D Model element.

The list on the left of the form sets how Dimension Points are created. The user must ensure that the correct option is selected in the list.

The default is that the Create button must be used for each point, but you can click on the symbol (to the right of the Create button) so the adjacent checkbox displays a tick. This allows you to create several points of the same type one after the other. Note: The symbol must be off if you want to create Dimension Points in different ways, or if you want to use the 3D Pos, Cursor or Match line positioning options. The user needs to click on Create and identify the elements to be dimensioned. This can be done in the 2D View by holding down the left mouse button (the pointer shape changes to a square) moving the pointer over the item and releasing the button. Note that when the pointer passes over a suitable item, that element is highlighted and its name is displayed in the Status Bar. Once the dimension string is completed, hit the ESC key on the keyboard.

7.3.2

Deleting dimension points

To delete a dimension point, identify it in the 2D view, to make it the CE. (It is advisable to check in the Draft Explorer that the element is highlighted.)

Either select Delete from the shortcut menu over the DPPT (Dimension Point) element in the Draft Explorer or select Delete>CE (Current Element) from the main menu bar.

In either case, click on Yes in the alert form that is displayed.

7.3.3

Modifying Linear Dimensions Graphically

To modifying linear dimensions graphically select modify mode from the icon on the 2D view. This mode is limited to changing the length of the projection lines, moving and rotating projection line text, moving and rotating dimension text. When in modify mode, the mode will be displayed as shown and the icon will change colour

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7.3.4

Modifying Linear Dimensions

From the main bar menu select Modify>Dimension and a sub menu will be displayed with the following options Dimension Definition Dimension Colour & Font allows the user to change the colour and font of the dimension Dimension Line allows the user to modify the colour and style of the dimension line Projection Line - allows the user to modify the colour and style of the projection line Dimension Points Dimension Blanking Dimension Text Projection Text Sort Dimension Points

Selecting Dimension Definition will display the following form

This form is similar to the Create Form with one exception, and that is blanking. The purpose of blanking is to allow annotation to be shown clearly in crowded parts of a drawing, by removing an area of graphics.

Selecting Dimension Points will display the following form

The dimension point can be deleted, re-attached to a new design element, or additional dimension points can be created with the linear dimension.

Selecting POS from the toolbar, displays the following pull-down and allows the user to position the various parts of the dimension

Selecting PROJ from the toolbar, displays the following pull-down and allows the user to change the justification of the projection line text, change the projection line text and change the angle of the projection line text.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Selecting DIM from the toolbar, displays the following pull-down and allows the user to change the angle of the dimension text. Selecting ATTS from the toolbar, displays the following pull-down and allows the user to change the attributes of the dimension Selecting DIR from the toolbar, displays the following form and allows the user to change the direction of the dimension.

7.4

Creating a Dimension (Example)

Display Drawing /DRWG_2/S1

Window to a small area of the drawing as shown.

Set the layer to Dimensions, there is only one as there is only one view.

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Select Create > Dimension > Dimension Toolbar

Select the Linear Tab

Select Orthogonal Continual / Chained Dimension

The Dimensions will be between Equipment.

Set Attachment to Owner so that the Dimension Point will be attached to the owner of the item identified.

Tick the box next to Create Button so the Draft will remain in create mode until <Escape> is selected.

Select Create Identify an Equipment Primitive in each Equipment.

Select <Escape>

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Select Pos > Dimension > Cursor from the Dimension Point Form. Reposition the Dimension using the Cursor.

Navigate to the Dimension Point on Equipment C1101 Using the Cursor on the Graphics View.

Select Pos > Clearance > Cursor from the Dimension Point Form. Reposition the Dimension Clearance using the Cursor.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Select Att > Projection from the Dimension Point Form. Change the Line Style to Chained and Apply and Dismiss.

Select Proj > Line Text > CL Item Name from the Dimension Point Form.

7.5

Intelligent Text

It is very important that no Free Text is used on Draft Drawings, All Text must be derived from the Database. In the above example The Equipment Name has been automatically set from the database. Typically any attribute can be placed on the drawing by preceding it with a # symbol for example: #NAME, #EQUIP #POS etc. #NAME(c2:) means Name starting at Character 2. Navigate to the Dimension Point on equipment C1101 created above.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Select Modify > Dimension > Projection Text

The Text is set to ~C #NAME(C2:) this mean Draw a Centre Line Symbol followed by the name that the dimension is attached to in this case an equipment starting at Character 2.

Select Intelligent Texts, Select #POSE, Append and Apply

The Projection Line Text will now shows the Centre Line Name and East position. Appendix B give more information on Intelligent Text, Text Symbols and Text Sub stringing.

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7.6

Positioning Dimensions using Modify Mode

Dimensions, Dimension text and Projection Text can be positioned using Modify Mode. Select Modify Mode

Identify the Dimension and Drag it to the required Location, once in the correct location Click away (off) the Dimension. The Dimension Text is repositioned in the same way.

Remember to exit Modify mode .

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Exercise 10 Dimensioning the drawing (Equipment Arrangement)


Navigate to the sheet DRWG_1/S1 and dimension the drawing, similarly dimension both views on drawing /DRWG_2/S1. Create a set of dimensions across the centerline of all columns, and then dimension the equipment, locating from a column. Set the projection line text on the equipment dimensions to CL Equip Name, the name of the equipment will then be shown on the projection line. Modify the clearance and overshoot of the dimensions. The resulting drawing should look similar to the picture below. Change the projection line, line style to centre line representation, and set the projection line text to cl. Equip name.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Exercise 11 Dimensioning the drawing (Structural Arrangement)


Navigate to the sheet DRWG_4/S1 and dimension the drawing. Create a set of dimensions across the centreline of all columns. Modify the clearance and overshoot of the dimensions. The resulting drawing should look similar to the picture below.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Drawing Production (Basic) TM-1002

Exercise 12 Dimensioning the drawing (Piping Arrangement)


Navigate to the sheet DRWG_3/S1 and dimension the drawing. Create a set of dimensions across the centreline of all columns, and then dimension the equipment and piping, locating from a column. Set the projection line text on the equipment dimensions to CL Equip Name and the projection line text on the piping dimensions to Pipe Name. Modify the clearance and overshoot of the dimensions. The resulting drawing should look similar to the picture below.

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7.7 7.7.1

Angular dimensions Creating Angular Dimensions

Select Create>Dimension>Dimension Angular from the main toolbar and the following form is displayed. The user must ensure that the correct dimension layer is the CE. The default values are OK on the Create Angular Dimension form. Draft will prompt the user to identify the item that the angular dimension is to be attached to. For example DISH 1 of EQUIP C1101, as shown below:

1. Pick this Dish The origin will be here 2. Pick this Nozzle

3. Pick this Nozzle

The dimension will have its origin that is the point from which the angular dimension directions will radiate, at the origin of the element picked. The Linear/Angular Dimensions form is then displayed. This is the same symbol, and form as displayed for Linear Dimensions, and it is used in the same way. Switch on the click on Create. The user will be prompted to pick the items to be dimensioned. The Nozzles are identified in the order shown in the above illustration. (Selection is clockwise, because the setting is Clockwise in the Create Angular Dimension form.) On completion the user should click on the background or press the Esc(ape) key. The dimension will be drawn as shown below:

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7.7.2

Modifying angular dimensions graphically

Modifying angular dimensions graphically is limited to changing the offset and standout distances. The offset of the dimension on C1101, so that the projection lines pass through the nozzles in question is done as before in Modify Mode. The dimension line is dragged to the required position and then fixed with a Click on the background or by pressing Esc. The dimension will then be drawn like this:

Remember to exit Modify mode .

7.8 7.8.1

Radial dimensions Creating Radial Dimensions

Radial dimensions are created in the same way. The Dimension Toolbar is displayed by selecting Create>Dimension>Dimension Toolbar from the main menu bar and the following form is displayed. Select the Radial tab. Check that On Item (not On Point) is displayed. and select the On Item option. If not, right-click on the 6symbol

Select the required radius style. Refer to the Tooltips for the description of the available Radial dimensions.

You will be prompted to select the item to dimension. The dimensions will be created as shown in the following diagram

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The Radial Dimensions form is then displayed. This form can be used to modify dimension.

The user can modify Radial Dimensions graphically in a similar way to modifying other dimension types.

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Exercise 13 Creating Radial and Angular Dimensions


Navigate to the sheet DRWG_5/S1 and dimension the drawing, giving all required linear, angular and radial dimensions on all 4 views.

Ensure that the correct layer is selected when dimensioning the views

Modify the dimensions to use different dimensions types. Modify the projection line linestyles and projection line colours. The resulting drawing should look similar to the picture below, additional dimensions will be required.

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CHAPTER 8

Labelling

Labels are a form of drawing annotation, comprising text and/or graphics, associated with Design items. There are two types of Label, General Labels (GLAB) and Symbolic Labels (SLAB). The characteristics of these are as follows:

General Labels consist of text derived from the design model. Symbolic labels these are templates, (symbols containing intelligent text)

8.1

Labelling hierarchy

LAYE

LIBY

GLAB DDNM DDNM

SLAB TMRF TXTM

LALB

SYTM

Labels (GLAB and SLAB) elements are owned by Layers. Whenever a view is created a number of layers are created. Additional layers can be created as required. A GLAB has a DDNM attribute which will contain the design element being referenced. A SLAB has a DDNM attribute and a TMRF attribute which references a SYTM.

8.2

Creating / Modifying Layers

If additional layers are required select Create>Layer from the main pull down menu and the following form will be displayed. A default name will be given and the user must select the correct Layer Type.

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To modify the Layer definition select Modify>Layer>Definition and the following form will be displayed.

Select the layer to modify from the displayed layers. The name, the Purpose and visibility can be modified

Select Attributes

On the Text TAB, the text height and definition can be modified.

On the Note TAB, the note line and hatch pattern can be modified.

8.3 8.3.1

Creating Labels Creating General Labels

Select Create>Label>General/Symbolic from the main bar menu and the following form is displayed.

Firstly select the Attach to dropdown. There are a number of menus and types to select from. The option selected will then be the only type for the current creation that a label can be attached to.

Create New, will create a new GLAB that will be connected to the element type selected in the Attached to dropdown.

Create Copy, will create a new GLAB, and the user will be prompted to identify an existing GLAB. If the element being identified has ppoints, the ppoint number to be attached to on the element can be entered in the PPOINT box, or clicking on Cursor, will prompt the user to identify a ppoint. If the element being identified has plines, the pline name to be attached to on the element can be entered in the PLINE box, or clicking on Cursor, will prompt the user to identify a pline. The distance along the section is defined as a proportion of the length, and any value less than 1 can be entered in the Proportion field. The rotation of the label can be specified.

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The Blanking can either be on or off, by placing a check mark in the Blanking box. The margin around the blanking can also be specified. The attributes pull down has the following options

Text Settings displays the following form, where the text attributes can be modified.

Text Contents by default the contents of the label are set to the name of the labelled element. The contents can be changed and the following form is displayed. The position, alignment and justification can all be modified from this form. The text contents can be changed to any intelligent text by typing in the text into the form, or click on the Intelligent Texts button and examples are displayed for use. Frame displays the following form. The frame visibility can be turned off. The Label frame pen colour and style can be modified.

Leader Line displays the following form. A number of options are available for inserting bends and gaps in the leader line. The Connection option allows the user to define the position of the leader line to the GLAB. The Attachment option allows the user to position the leader line away from the referenced design element. The Leader Line Colour and Style can also be modified.

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8.3.2

Positioning General Labels using Modify Model

Modify mode is used to modify Dimensions, Labels and 2D Geometry by graphical interaction. There are many other non-geometrical modifications, such as changing the appearance of the text and linestyles that can only be carried out using the main menu Modify option. Entering and exiting Modify mode To enter Modify mode, you click on the icon in the Drawing Display Window toolbar.

Draft will exit from Modify mode when you click on the Modify Mode button again, load a new Sheet or Library, update the design, model, picture or annotation. While you are in Modify mode, you can still control the view by zooming and panning, as normal. The label for modification is selected by left-clicking on it. It is then displayed in the current highlight colour. You can then modify the item you have selected, or select another item for modification. When you select the label, several hotspots are displayed. Initially the Attachment and Connection point hotspots for the leader line (if leader lines have been selected for the label) are on a single point, adjacent to the label. The display is like this:
One of two arrows pointing to hotspots Attachment and Connection hotspots

Rotation hotspot

Label outline

The arrangement of the hotspots becomes apparent when the label is moved from its initial position. The following illustration shows the label moved upwards and to the right:
Arrow pointing to attachment hotspot Attachment hotspot

Rotation hotspot

Connection hotspot

Label outline

Arrow pointing to connection hotspot

Bend point

The position of the label can be moved by left-clicking and dragging its outline. By left-clicking and dragging a hotspot you can modify the angle of the label or the geometry of the leader line. Once you have selected an item or hotspot in Modify mode, the Modify Mode shortcut menu can be displayed by clicking the right-hand mouse button. Options on this menu (see below), apart from the default

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2D Cursor hit option, allow you to choose a position for a leader line hotspot with relation to an existing line, or lines, of the displayed engineering drawing. Menu options that are not applicable to the CE are greyed out.

8.3.3

Creating Symbolic Labels

DRAFT is supplied with a comprehensive set of libraries of standard Symbolic Labels which can be picked and added to a drawing. (Your Draft Administrator may have changed the supplied Libraries to companyspecific ones.) The Labels can include intelligent text so that, for example, a Symbolic Label used on a Nozzle could display the Nozzle name and other information automatically. A Symbolic Label can only be added to a Layer. To add a Symbolic Label you must have a 2D Area view on display which includes the relevant VIEW containing a Design element. Select the Symbolic Label tab from the Create > Label >General / Symbolic from the Main bar menu. The library can be displayed or hidden. The Library form is used to display the standard Symbolic Labels supplied with DRAFT. Different Libraries may be specified, each of which contains a selection of Label Libraries.

The Library form will display those Symbolic Labels present in the Label Library whose name appears on the option button at the bottom of the form. Different libraries can be selected from the pulldown. Firstly select the Attach to dropdown. There are a number of menus and types to select from. The option selected will then be the only type for the current creation that a label can be attached to. Create New, will create a new SLAB that will be connected to the element type selected in the Attached to. The user will be prompted to identify a label from the library first, then to identify the design element in the view to which the label will be attached. Create Copy, will create a new SLAB, and the user will be prompted to identify an existing GLAB that is existing on the drawing.

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If the element being identified has ppoints, the ppoint number to be attached to on the element can be entered in the PPOINT box, or clicking on Cursor, will prompt the user to identify a ppoint. If the element being identified has plines, the pline name to be attached to on the element can be entered in the PLINE box, or clicking on Cursor, will prompt the user to identify a pline. The distance along the section is defined as a proportion of the length, and any value less than 1 can be entered in the Proportion field. The rotation of the label can be specified The Blanking can either be on or off, by placing a check mark in the Blanking box. The margin around the blanking can be specified. The symbolic label can be scaled by entering values in the x and y

8.4

Hide/Show Labels

Label visibility can be toggled on/off. To hide a Label, select Modify>Label>Label Visibility from the main bar menu, and the Label Visibility form will be displayed.

Selecting the Scope button will allow the user to select labels for the whole sheet, a selected view or a selected layer.

The Hide and Show options allow the user to select All for all the labels, or Identified allows the user to select the label(s) by identifying them with the cursor in the view. The Display Hidden Labels button will show all hidden labels in a different colour to displayed labels.

8.5

Label Blanking

The geometry for the blanked area is determined by the geometry of the annotation element: for example, a circular label will define a circular area where no 3D graphics will appear. Overlapping 2D graphics, text and other annotation graphics will not be hidden.

Note that if Blanking is switched off, operations such as zooming and panning will be quicker.

Select Modify>Label>Label Blanking and the Blank Labs form is displayed.

The Modify Blanking is similar to the Label Visibility form. On the Blank Labs form, there is an option to define the margin around selected labels

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8.6

Label Placement

This facility helps to tidy up crowded areas of labelling, minimising Label overlap and leader-line crossing. As well as changing label positions this facility may also be used to change Label orientations, text justification, alignments, and the definition of leader-line shapes. Select Modify>Label>Label Placement: and the Intelligent Label Placement form is displayed.

8.6.1

Select

This area of the form allows you to Add or Remove Labels to be spread using a spreading list.

CEs Labels selects an individual label or all the Labels in the current view or layer. Owners Labels selects all the labels of the owner of the CE.

List displays the Select List form. The user can select a predefined list or create a list for this activity. Clear clears the current selection. ID Label allows the user to select a series of labels ID Design allows the user to select a series of labels attached to the identified design element. 2D Window allows the user to select all the labels within a cursor defined window.

8.6.2

Position

Labels may be positioned Remote or Local. Having selected the required placement position clicking on the Definition button adjacent to your choice displays the relevant label definition form.

8.6.2.1 Remote
The labels will be positioned around the view border. Clicking the Definition button will display the Remote Label Placement form. This form allows the user to set the positioning parameters for remote Label spreading to be set. Region - the Labels may be spread around a rectangular region defined by the Cursor. The coordinates of the region will appear in the X Y boxes, from where they may be modified. View Margin - the Labels may be spread around a given margin of the current VIEW boundary. Minimum gap between labels - defines the minimum gap between the labels.

Use - by default, all four sides of the VIEW border will be used to spread the Labels along, but one or more sides may be omitted if required. 95

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Automatic Orientation - allows or suppresses automatic rotation of the Labels along the top and bottom sides of the view boundary.

An example of remote placement of labels is shown above.

8.6.2.2 Local
The labels will be positioned around their significant design elements.

The Same option will cause the entered value to be copied into the other window, e.g. In the case below set X to 25 this will be copied to Y when the Enter button on the keyboard is used to confirm the setting. Selection of OK will have the same effect.

The spread offset of the Labels from their attachment points can be specified directly using the X Offset, Y Offset boxes or indirectly using a Radius and an Angle .

An example of local placement of labels is shown above.

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8.7

Creating General Labels Example

Display Drawing Sheet /DRWG_1/S1

Select the Labels Layer, there is only one Layer as there is only one View.

Select Create > Label > General / Symbolic

Select General Labels Tab

Attach to Equipments

Select Create New

Identify several Equipments

Note the Label will be located at the Origin.

<Escape> When finished

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Reposition The Label Using Modify Mode

The Attachment Point can also be modified

Select Text Contents

Add the Intelligent Text #POSE, #POSN and #POSU

Select Apply and Dismiss

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8.8

Creating Symbolic Labels Example

Select the Symbolic Labels Tab

Attach to Nozzles

The Library Form will automatically be displayed.

Library

/DRA/MAS/LABELS/PRO

Lab/Symb Liby /DRA/MAS/LABELS/PRO/NOZZLE

Select Create New

Identify the Library Symbol with the Cursor

Identify Several Nozzles with the Cursor

<Escape> when finished

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Reposition the Symbols using Modify Mode

Exercise 14 - Labelling
Navigate to the sheet DRWG_4/S1 and label all the steel sections with the size of the steel profile using GLABs. Turn the default USER_Labs layer OFF. Create a new layer called SYMB_Labs and add some Symbolic Labels for the for the column lines. The text string to be entered in the text contents will be #:mdssizetag<from spref catref> The tag will take the value from the UDA of the catref the component Turn off the leader line and frame, create the first label and select Relative in the Offset pull down, then use the Create Copy option

Ensure that the correct layer is selected when labelling the views

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Create SLABs for the column lines on the equipment arrangement drawings and piping drawing.

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CHAPTER 9

2D Drafting

The 2D drafting facility within DRAFT is used for adding manually-drafted graphic and text details to drawings that have been generated from the Design database. The facility is not intended to be a used as a drafting package. There are three sets of menu options specific to 2D Drafting: Draw enables the user to draw 2D Primitives and Local Symbols. Construct enables the user to construct lines and other primitives using existing primitives. Edit - enables the user to change the attributes of a primitive, move primitives and nodes, insert gaps in lines, trim lines and arcs, rotate primitives, reduce a symbol to its basic components.

The basic geometric shapes and text that can be drawn are called Primitives. The primitives exist in the Draft hierarchy as members of NOTEs, VNOTs elements, or Symbol Templates (SYTMs). By default, the NOTE and VNOTE elements will be created automatically whenever a Sheet or Layer element is created, but the user can create additional NOTE and VNOTE elements if required. Primitives that exist as members of VNOTs may have their dimensions and positions defined in terms of 3D Design values.

9.1

2D Drafting Hierarchy

The following diagram shows the 2D drafting part of the Draft hierarchy. It shows the related elements and at what level in the hierarchy they may be created. All of these elements, with the exception of extra Layers, can be created as you add extra 2D elements to your Sheet or View.

SHEE Sheet Note VIEW NOTE

LAYE View Note VNOT

All 2D Primitives

TEXP

SYMB

9.2

Creating Sheet Note and View Note elements

A Drawing Sheet will have been created with a number of Views and Layers. The Notes layer used for 2D drafting will own a View Note. 2D Primitives associated with a view will be added to the View Note. 2D Graphics and text associated with the main Sheet should be placed in a Sheet Note. www.aveva.com

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Select Create>Note from the main menu bar and the Create NOTE form is then displayed if the user is at a View element or above. The name can be left as default or changed as required.

Depending where the user is positioned in the hierarchy, a Sheet Note (NOTE element) will be created if at a View element or higher, a Layer Note (VNOT element) will then be created if at a Laye element or lower. As each Note is created, they are added to the list of Notes in the Layers toolbar. The displayed VNOT will indicate where primitives are to be subsequently created.

9.3

Creating primitives

To create primitives, first ensure that the required NOTE (or VNOT) is displayed. Select Draw>Primitives from the main menu bar and the 2D Draughting form will be displayed.

For all primitives except Symbols, the Point Construction Option Form will be displayed.

The prompt text displayed in this form instructs the user to the next step of action. The text will vary according to the type of primitive being created. Use the default option which is 2D cursor hit. This enables the user to position the selected primitive freehand. Pick the point(s) requested, by left-clicking the mouse with the pointer in the appropriate position(s) on the drawing. If the primitive is a graphic, it is drawn as the points are selected. Depending on the type of graphic, it may be necessary to click on Cancel on the Point Construction Option Form when the final point has been selected, in order to complete the graphic. If the primitive is Text, only one point is selected and the Modify Text form is then displayed.

The required text can be entered in this form. The font definition, colour etc. can be defined also.

Click on Apply to insert the text on the drawing, and then Dismiss the form.

Enter Modify mode

on the Main Display Window:

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The general action is to select the primitive and then select and drag one of the hotspots until the required result is achieved. Click on the background to deselect. The hotspots available and the operations the user can carry out, depend on the type of primitive, and are described below under the names of the graphics.

9.4 9.4.1

2D Primitives Lines

From the Lines Tab on the 2D Draughting form, the following are available

- creates a single straight line - creates multiple straight lines - creates multiple orthogonal straight lines - creates sketch straight lines - creates a closed outline with straight lines - creates a closed outline with curved segments - creates an outline with curved segments - allows the user to insert vertices by defining through points for outlines - creates an arc with the user defining the start, end and through points - creates an arc with the user defining the centre, start and angle

9.4.2

Shapes

From the Shapes Tab on the 2D draughting form, the following are available

- creates a circle with the user defining the centre and radius - creates a circle with the user defining the diameter - creates an ellipse with the user creating the left, right and top points - creates a hexagon with the user defining the centre and radius - creates a hexagon with the user defining the diameter - creates a triangle with the user defining the corners - creates a diamond with the user defining the left, right and top points - creates a rectangle with the user defining opposite corners

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9.4.3

Symbols

From the Symbols Tab on the 2D draughting form, the following are available displays the 2D symbol and library form. The use of these is similar to the creation of symbolic labels. 2D symbols are attached to design elements. - creates a table with the user defining the corner to corner - creates a marker point

9.4.4

Text

From the Text Tab on the 2d draughting form, the following are available - creates text with the justification top left - creates text with the justification bottom left - creates text with the justification bottom centre - creates text with the justification bottom right

9.5 9.5.1

Construct Construct Group

Select Construct>Group from the main bar menu and the following form will be displayed.

This selection links all the selected elements together in such a way that Draft can track all the items owned by a group. Using groups allows the user to carry out the same operation on a number of elements simultaneously.

The selection of primitives to be included in the group may be carried out by any one of three methods: Identified allows the selection of individual elements Crossing allows the user to define a region selecting all elements that are either totally or partially within a defined area Window allows the user to define a region selecting all elements that are totally within a defined area

After choosing the required method of element selection click the Add button, a prompt will be displayed informing the user to identify the element to be added to the group. After completion of the selection, all group members will change colour. The Clear button will remove all elements from the group and return them back to their original colour. Remove allows individual elements to be removed from the group and returned to the original colour. The Perform Action On Group button displays the following form, which is used to enter syntax, the operation to be actioned

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nlpn 6 this will change the noteline pen to 6 by y20 moves all group elements 20 units in the +Y direction. The Filter button allows the setting up of selection criteria to help in only selecting the required elements. The user may not wish to select any arcs that are green from a particular Note/Vnote so by setting the Filter these items will not be selected.

9.5.2

2D Copy

Select Construct>2D Copy from the main bar menu. After choosing this option the user is prompted to identify the 2D primitives. To finish the selection click the Cancel button. The user will then be prompted to identify an origin point and then to position the copy

9.5.3

Repeat

Select Construct>Repeat from the main bar menu and the following options are available Offset the user will be prompted to identify the 2D primitives. The Point Construction Option form will be displayed and the user will be prompted to identify the base point for displacement and the Offset Copy form will be displayed. Rows and Columns the user will be prompted to identify the 2D primitives. The Rows and Columns will then be displayed for the spacing, number of rows and columns required. Polar the user will be prompted to identify the 2D primitives. The user will be prompted to identify the centre of rotation point. The Polar Copy form will then be displayed.

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Mirror - the user will be prompted to identify the 2D primitives. The Mirror form will then be displayed. To define the Mirror Axis the user may use one of three methods.

Cursor define two points to generate a temporary line which will be used as the axis Identified Line select a 2D primitive line that will be used as the axis X and Y co-ordinates Enter the x and y co-ordinates

9.5.4

Fillet Arc

Select Construct>Fillet Arc from the main bar menu. The user will be prompted to identify the two joined lines to which the fillet is to be applied. The Fillet form will then be displayed. Enter the Radius, select whether the fillet is to be convex or concave and whether the lines are to be trimmed.

9.5.5

Chamfers

Select Construct>Chamfer Line from the main bar menu. The user will be prompted to identify the two joined lines to which the chamfer is to be applied. The Chamfer form will then be displayed. Enter the chamfer offsets, select whether the lines are to be trimmed.

9.5.6

Parallel Lines

Select Construct>Parallel Line from the main bar menu. The user will be prompted to identify the line to be parallel copied. The Parallel Line form will then be displayed. Enter the value of the offset, clicking Invert will change the direction of the copy.

9.5.7

Tangent Line

Select Construct>Tangent Line from the main bar menu. The user will be prompted to identify the arcs or circles for the tangent line.

This will draw a line tangent with two circles or arcs. The tangent will be drawn depending on where you select the circle. A form will be displayed that will allow you to reselect either points on the circles to define a different tangent. When the tangent line is between arcs the user will also have the option to trim the arc to the connection point of the tangent line.

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9.5.8

Ray Line

A Ray Line is a form of construction line. Select Construct>Ray Line from the main bar menu, and the Point Construction Option form will be displayed. The user will be prompted for two points, the first will be the start point and the second will be the through point. The line will continue to the edge of the sheet. The Ray Line form will then be displayed which allows the user to change the X and Y values of the through point and the angle of the line. The Edit>Line Trim can be used to cut the line back from the sheet edge.

9.5.9

Constructed Line

Select Construct>Constructed Line from the main bar menu. The Point Construction Option form will be displayed. This option allows the user to draw an infinite line through two given points. It is also possible to use the Edit>Line Trim option to cut the line back from the sheet edge.

9.5.10 Bisector Line


This option will construct a line that bisects the angle formed by two selected line. The bisector will start at the intersection of the two selected lines and continue to the sheet edge. Select Construct>Bisector Line from the main bar menu. The user will be prompted to identify two bisected lines. The Bisector Line form will be displayed. The user can modify the Length of the line, the X and Y values of the through point. A Bisector may also be trimmed by using the Edit>Line Trim option.

9.5.11 Local Symbols


Select Construct>Local Symbol from the main bar menu. The user will be prompted to Select the 2D primitives for the local symbol. The Point Construction Option form will then be displayed, the user will be prompted to identify the origin for the local symbol.

The Create SYTM form will then be displayed. Click on OK and the Local Symbols form is displayed.

NOTE: Local Symbols created in the hierarchy of the current drawing and are not available outside of this drawing.

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9.6 9.6.1

Edit Edit>Primitive

This allows the user to alter the attribute settings for the selected primitive. Before selection of this option the user must have already selected the primitive to be edited. Once selected the Modify primitive type Attributes form will be displayed to allow the resetting of the attributes. When finished click Apply. Reset will return the last saved settings.

9.6.2

Edit>Move Primitive/Node To

Note that when the Edit>Move Primitive/Node To is selected, all nodes on all primitives will be shown to aid selection. Once selected, depending on the option selected from the submenu, a form will be displayed for you to position where the node should now be positioned.

Note centres of arcs, circles etc. are not moved.

9.6.3

Edit>Move Primitive By

This allows the user to move the whole primitive by a distance which is either calculated by the entering of two cursor points or entering the amount to move in the X and Y directions.

9.6.4

Edit>Move Node By

This allows the user to reposition a Node on a primitive thereby changing the shape of the primitive.

9.6.5

Edit>Line Gap

Allows the creation of a Gap, which may have a length of Zero, Default or defined by its Start and Finish points.

9.6.6

Edit>Line Trim

Is used to Trim a line or arc to another arc or line, which is to be selected.

9.6.7

Edit>Rotate

This will allow the selected element/s to be rotated about a selected point by a user defined angle.

9.6.8

Edit>Demolish Symbol

This will break the links created when defining a Local Symbol

9.6.9

Edit>Action Group

This will call up the Perform Action on Group form where the user can enter syntax to perform a particular action on the whole group.

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9.7 9.7.1

Utilities (2D) Load Text

Select Utilities>Load Text from the main bar menu and the Load Text From File form will be displayed. If the text file to be loaded is not in the Local (i.e. current) directory, type the appropriate directory pathname into the Directory text box and press Enter.

Note: the file must be a text file

The Files scrollable list lists all the files in the current directory. Select the required file. The name of the selected file will appear next to Text File. If the user wants to position the (origin of the) text using the pointer, select Cursor from the option button to the right of Position, then click on the desired Sheet position on the display. The Sheet co-ordinates of the chosen point will be displayed in the Position text boxes. If the user wants to position the (origin of the) text using Sheet co-ordinates, type the required coordinates into the Position text boxes. If required, use the controls at the bottom of the form to vary the text Colour, Font, Justification, Character Height, Spacing or Line Spacing.

9.7.2

Sketch Drafting

Select Utilities > Sketch Drafting from the main bar menu and the Sketch Drafting 2D attributes form will be displayed This form will allow the setting of default pens, text justification, character height, alignment, character spacing, and line spacing. The user can also set the Fill pen to be On allowing cross hatching to be used. The settings on this form can be set to be used automatically or on request. To use automatically make sure that the following icon is checked:

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9.7.3

Dynamic Primitives

Select Utilities > Dynamic Primitives from the main bar menu and the Modify Primitives form will be displayed

This form will display the attributes of the selected primitive. To change any of the settings simply enter the required value into the correct field and after the Enter key has been pressed the primitive will change to reflect the new values entered.

9.8

Creating 2D Primitives Example

Display Drawing Sheet /DRWG_1/S1

If the 2D Annotation is associated with a View it should be placed on a View Note (VNOT) but if the 2D Annotation is general text it should be created in a Sheet Note.

9.8.1

Creating a New Note

Navigate to Sheet /DRWG_1/S1 Create > Note Accept the default Name The Drawing Sheet will now have two 2D Layers one for the Sheet and one for the View.

9.8.2

Added 2D Text to a View Note

Select 2D Draughting and Layer /DRWG_1/S1/V1/USER_Notes

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Select Draw > Primitives

Select Text Tab

Select Bottom Centre Justified Text

Position the Text towards the Bottom of the View Using the Cursor

Colour black (15)

Height 20

Intelligent Texts

Select Drawing

VTitle #VTITL

Append

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Select Apply and Dismiss

The view title will be displayed as shown below.

9.9

Adding 2D Primitives to a Drawing Sheet Note

Display Drawing Sheet /DRWG_1/S1 and window to a suitable area.

Select 2D Draughting and Layer /DRWG_1/S1/SN1 Select Draw > Primitives

Select Lines Tab

Select Single Straight

Draw Lines and text as required

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2D Primitive Attributes can be changed by Selecting Edit > Primitive

A form relative to the primitive type will be displayed.

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Exercise 15 2D Draughting
Navigate to the sheet DRWG_5/S1, create a title for each view, ensuring that each text element is on the correct VNOT. Create 2D primitives using all of the options on the Draw toolbar. Experiment with the different options on the Point Construction Option Form. Click on the different types of primitives you created in 2 and edit them in turn by selecting Edit>Primitives from the main toolbar. Note how the edit form changes to suit the primitive being edited. Experiment with the construction options, e.g. 2D Copy, Mirror, Chamfer Line, etc. in the Construct pull-down on the main menu. Delete all the primitives on the views. Add some section marks using 2D symbols. Create a text file containing some general notes using TextPad or WordPad. Create a Sheet NOTE and import the text file as General Notes using Utilities>Load Text from the main menu, positioning the notes at the top of the Notes column on the right-hand side of the drawing. Create a revision triangle, containing a suitable revision identifier, as a Local Symbol. Create a revision cloud around some Design elements in the views and add the revision Local Symbol to each cloud.

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CHAPTER 10

10 Section Planes 10.1 Section Planes


DRAFT gives you the ability to construct sections through specified Design items, the results of which can be displayed at VIEW level. All Planes are database items and can therefore be used with more than one VIEW. There are three types of section planes Flat Plane Perpendicular Plane Stepped Plane

This module covers Flat Planes only. For information on Perpendicular and Stepped Planes Please refer to TM-1206 Drawing Production (Advanced). The Section Mode option button, on Create>View or Modify>View, can be set to Omit Fractional Components, in which case, any components which are not completely inside the sectioned View will be omitted.

On the limits Tab, if the box is checked, section planes will be created automatically.

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All Planes are created and held within a Library structure and are owned by a Planes Library (PLLB). To use a plane to produce a sectioned view of part of the Design, you need to create a View Section (VSEC) element (starting at the relevant VIEW), which will refer to the appropriate type of plane element in the Planes Library. A Planes Library is always created automatically (if the Drawing does not already have one) whenever you make one of the Create>View>Section menu selections. The appropriate type of Plane is then created as a member of the Planes Library, being referred to by the VIEW Section.

NOTE: if the view type is wireline, the view will not be sectioned

10.2 Creating Flat Planes


Starting at VIEW level, select Create>View>Section Flat from the main bar menu. A View Section element will be created automatically, and a Create a Flat Plane form will be displayed. The Name text box will contain the automatically assigned Plane name, which can be changed.

Select the required Plane positioning method from the option button located to the right of the Position button, then click on the Position button.

Explicit the Explicit Plane form is displayed. Enter the required co-ordinates.

ID Cursor an appropriate message will be displayed. Click on the required Design item ID P-Point an appropriate message will be displayed. Click on the required p-point Cursor an appropriate message will be displayed, identify a 3D point as required

The Cutting option button lists the available Drawlists. The items to be cut by the plane will be those referred to by the selected list. If World is selected, all items in the owning VIEWs Drawlist will be cut. Direction defines a vector normal to the plane, set to the current VIEW direction by default. If you wish to change this, type the new direction into the text box. Centerline Mode. If this is active then everything included on the Drawlist except the Center-Line of pipes if displayed will be Cut. Retain Data option button lists the available options for defining which side of the cut items are to be discarded from the display. The default In front of Plane means that everything on the observers side of the plane will be discarded. Select as appropriate. 119

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Having clicked on OK, select Graphics>Update>Design from the Draft General bar menu in order to update the VIEW contents.

10.3 Modifying Flat Planes


Note that you must be at VIEW level or below to modify a Flat Plane. Select Modify>View>Section Flat from the main bar menu and the Modify a Flat Plane form is displayed

This form is almost the same as the creation form. The difference is that there are two extra buttons on this form. These are Sketch and Erase buttons. Sketch will draw the profile of the cutting plane being used. Erase will remove from the screen the drawing aids showing the cutting plane. Having clicked on Apply, select Graphics>Update Design from the DRAFT menu bar in order to update the VIEW contents.

10.4 Flat Plane Example


For the purposes of the training a Drawing Sheet has been created with one view having /EQUIP.ZONE and /STRU.ZONE in the Drawlist.

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The Section Plane is created as follows:

Create > View > Section > Flat Cutting World Direction Z Retain Data In front of Plane

Position Explicit

West 312660 North 303544 Up 107100

Apply and Dismiss OK the Create a Flat Plane Form


Select Graphics > Update Design from the Draft Main Menu.

The above drawing shows the top level equipment removed.

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Exercise 16 Section Planes


Create a sheet of any size that contains four views. The views should have viewing directions of North, East, Down and Iso3 respectively. Create a Drawlist that contains the equipment element P1501A from the STABILISER Site and the site /WALLSITE. Set the Drawlist Ref for each view to this Drawlist. Create Flat Planes in each view with a direction of your choice. Retain the data In Front of Plane in all cases and note the effect on the Design elements in the views. Modify all planes to retain data Behind Plane and note the effect on the Design elements in the views. Modify the Direction of each plane in turn and note the effect on the Design elements in the view. Create two separate Drawlists, one containing /P1501A and the other containing the WALLSITE. The following example shows a Flat Plane cutting Drawlist that contains the WALLSITE Only.

In one of the orthogonal views delete the existing Flat Plane and create two new Flat Planes with directions perpendicular to each other, e.g. one North and one East. Set one plane to cut the Drawlist containing /P1501A and the other plane to cut the Drawlist containing the WALLSITE. Update the view graphics and note the effect of the two planes.

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Appendix A

Appendix A Wireline

Modelled Wireline

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Local Hidden Line

Global Hidden Line

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Universal Hidden Line

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Appendix B
Appendix B Intelligent Text
Intelligent Text can be automatically extracted from the Design, Catalogue or Drawing databases to replace the Drawing Intelligent text code words, which begin with a # character. See below for examples. For this we will use as an example a pipe name of /ZONE-4/BRANCH-6 Text Character No. / 1 Z 2 O 3 N 4 E 5 6 4 7 / 8 B 9 R 10 A 11 N 12 C 13 H 14 15 6 16

Intelligent Text Format #NAME #NAME(C2:) #NAME(C2:7) #NAME(P-2:) #NAME(P/2:) #NAME(P2:) #NAME(P/2:)(C2:) #< #> #<#NAME(P/2:)(C2:) #<#NAME(P/2:)(C2:)#> #POSU #POSU<WRT ZONE> #POS<WRT /1501A-N1> #P1POS<WRT /1501A-N1> #PARA[3]<FROM SPREF CATREF> #PARA[3]<FROM /VCHJJ> #HBORE<FROM CREF> #:UDA

Result /ZONE-4/BRANCH-6 ZONE-4/BRANCH-6 ZONE-4 -6 /BRANCH-6 /BRANCH-6 BRANCH-6 Starts underline Ends underline BRANCH-6 BRANCH-6 U3000 Returns the position using zone co-ordinates Returns the position relative to named item. Returns the position of P1 relative to named item. Navigates to the catalogue element and returns the value of parameter 3. Navigates to the named element and returns parameter 3. This will output the HBORE (head bore) referred to by the DDNM attribute. This will output the value of the specified User Definable Attribute.

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Alternative Character Set


The Alternative Character set provides useful symbols for the users. To use these the tilde character (~) must precede the required code for the symbol required. Symbol Code Meaning Symbol Code Meaning

B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V

Footnote symbol Centreline symbol Diameter symbol

W X Y Z

Omega Superscript `1' Superscript `2' Superscript `3' Degrees symbol or superscript 0

Steelwork Channel Steelwork Angle Steelwork H-Section Steelwork I-Section Steelwork T-Section Steelwork Double Angle Steelwork L-Section Mu Yen sign Steelwork hollow circular Section Plate symbol Copyright symbol Registered trademark symbol Steelwork hollow rectangular Section Trademark symbol

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 * + / < = > [

Line

Left arrow Hash Right arrow Much less than Much greater than Up arrow

Down arrow

^ Alternative Characters can be used on their own or combined with Intelligent Text: ~C produces a Centerline symbol. ~C#POSU produces the Centreline symbol followed by the Up position.

Normal text may be used in combination with Alternative characters and Intelligent text: #<~C#NAME(C2:)#> POSITION IS #POSU returns the Centerline symbol and name of the attached element, all underlined, followed by a normal text message (i.e. POSITION IS) followed by its Up position. 128

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