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IDENTIFICATION OF INTERFACIAL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT (IHTC) DURING CASTING SOLIDIFICATION BASED ON INVERSE HEAT CONDUCTION MODEL

By K Srinivasa Sagar 13MF06F

Presentation Outline:
Why Interfacial heat transfer coefficient Why Inverse heat transfer method What is interfacial heat transfer coefficient Case study Results

The interfacial heat transfer coefficients are required for accurate simulation of casting processes.

Simulation?????

Advantages
Cost. Level of Detail.

The values of Interfacial heat transfer coefficients are calculated by Inverse heat transfer method.

Inverse Heat transfer???

Inverse Problem:
An Inverse Problem is one of determining unknown causes on the basis of observed effects Contrast with a Direct Problem of computing system responses based on specified inputs

Lets us consider a simple heat transfer problem.

Problem description:
Conductivity k Density- Specific Heat- 1-D Heat problem Temperature distribution F(x)

Constant Heat flux f(t) at t>0

Constant Temperature

Direct Problem
Determination of the temperature distribution T(x, t) in the interior region of the solid, as a function of time and position.

Inverse Problem:
Consider a problem similar to that, but the boundary condition function f ( t ) at the surface x = 0 is unknown, while all the other quantities appearing in equations, such as TL, F(x), k, p and cp, are known. We then wish to determine the unknown boundary condition f(t).

Inverse Problem(contd.)
To compensate for lack of information we will measure temperature at a internal point at different times. We will try to estimate the surface condition based on this data.

Class of Inverse Problem.


Inverse Boundary Problem
Determine unknown action at a physical boundary; typically a function of time

Inverse Coefficient Problem


Determine unknown coefficients, such as thermophysical properties

Interfacial Heat transfer coefficient:


The coefficient that describes Heat transfer at interface. For castings this interface properties will be dynamic.

Case Study

Difficulties in direct Estimation of Heat transfer coefficient in casting:


Contacting pressure Surface oxides Roughness of surfaces Coating material. Gap formation by deformation of casting and mold.

Experimental Setup:

Mathematical Model:
Governing Equation for FEM solver: Interfacial Heat transfer coefficient

Boundary conditions:

Inverse Problem Algorithm

Results:

Questions

THANK YOU