Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 2

What is learning?

According to the Chambers Dictionary, learn means to be informed; to get to know, to gain knowledge, skill or ability in. Learning is considered to be one of the fundamental bases of human behavior. Learning takes place everywhere and throughout the entire existence of an individual. Learning can be defined as a relatively permanent change in behavior or performance resulting from experience or practice. It is the modification of behavior as the result of some past experience. Learning represents a broad behavioral area that encompasses training, the acquisition of skills, education, management development or any other similar change or modification process. Learning occurs when interaction with the environment leads to behavior. This means that we learn through our senses, such as through study, observation and experience. Learning is acquired new or modifying existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences and may involve synthesizing different types of information. The ability to learn is possessed by humans, animals and some machines.

Nature of Learning:
Human learning may occur as part of education, personal development, school or training. It may be goal oriented and may be aided by motivation. The nature of learning can be discussed as follows: Learning is change in behavior: As stressed earlier, learning is the reason behind permanent change in knowledge and/or behavior of a person. With learning comes change. Guilford very aptly said, Learning is any change in behavior, resulting from behavior.

Typically learning consists of doing something new, which the individual retains and applies the same for future activities. Learning is an organization of behavior: In any process, organizing each and every step becomes very important. Organizing will ensure smooth conduction of whole process. Learning is a process or that activity through which we can organize our responses with new habits. Learning is the reinforcement of a new activity: When a behavioral change in person lasts for a temporary period, it is not termed as learning. For e.g. changes caused due to fatigue. The changes should be relatively permanent. According to Woodworth, an activity may be called learning in so far as it develops the individual in any way good or bad, and make his environment and experiences different from what they otherwise have been.

Definition of Learning:
Every psychologist has a different view about learning. However there are two schools of thought with respect to learning. One group of psychologists, after observing external behavior, considered that learning is a change of behavior. Whereas the other group laid an emphasis on internal changes and felt that learning is change in the perception of individual. According to Hilgrad Learning is the process by which an activity originates or is changed through reacting to an encountered situation, provided that the characteristics of the change in activity cannot be explained on the basis of native response tendencies, maturity or temporary status of the organism. This is the essence of all the definitions.