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Lesson 1 Learning Objectives: a.

Grammar: Present Tense Simple and Present Tense Continuous Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous b. Reading and Vocabulary 10 ways to improve your career (from The Market Leader PreIntermediate B1, page 8)

Decisions, steps in the career, progress. c. Skills: useful language for e-mails or letters when applying for a job / position in a different department. Part I: Grammar revision PRESENT SIMPLE Affirmative Form: The present simple is formed with the infinitive form of the verb. We add -s for the 3rd person singular: I work You work He / She / It works We work You work They work.

Mary and Ben work together for the new project. Jonathan decides to take an early flight in order to participate at the meeting. Negative Form: Negatives are formed with do / does not. In speech and informal writing we use contractions. I do not (dont) change You do not (dont) change He / She / It does not (doesnt) changes We do not (dont) change You do not (dont) change They do not (dont) change

Interrogative Form: The interrogatives are formed with the auxiliary verb do / does and the infinitive. Short questions to yes / no answers repeat the auxiliary. A: Do you work here?

B: Yes, I do. / No, I dont. Spelling: Verbs ending in consonant + Y -> change Y to I fly flies try - tries Verbs ending in vowel + Y -> do not change Y play - plays Verbs ending in -tch , -sh or -o get an -es watch watches go - goes

Present Simple use: a. for permanent facts. The machine cuts the metal. b. for actions and situations that are generally true. Liz works in the marketing department. c. for actions which are repeated, over a long period of time, for example habits and routines. Christopher flies to London every month. d. for action set by a time table or schedule. The train leaves at 14.30 a.m.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS: Affirmative form: The present continuous is formed with the auxiliary verb be and the -ing form of the main verb. I am working. You-We-They are working. He-She-It is working. Ann is reading a really interesting financial report. Negative Form: Negatives are formed with be+ not + -ing form. In speech and informal writing we use contractions.

I am not working. You-We-They are not working. He-She-It is not working. Our company is not going (isnt going to) to support this project. Interrogative Form: Questions are formed by inverting the subject and the auxiliary be. Short questions to yes / no answers repeat the auxiliary. Am I working? Are you-we-they working? Is he-she-it working? What are you writing now? Spelling: If the base verb ends in consonant + stressed vowel + consonant, double the last letter: Stop stopping Run running Begin beginning Note that this exception does not apply when the last syllable of the base verb is not stressed: Open opening if the base verb ends in ie, change the ie to y: lie- lying If the base verb ends in vowel + consonant + e, omit the e: Come coming Write writing

Present Continuous Use: a. to talk about temporary actions and situations that are happening now. I am working for our project now. b. the action or situation may be in progress now, at the moment of speaking. Sorry, Mr. Clark cant see you at the moment. He is talking to a customer.

c. to talk about activities happening in the near future, especially for planned future events. I am seeing with the chief of the Department tomorrow.

FREQUENCY ADVERBS Frequency adverbs usually occur in the middle of a sentence and have special positions, as shown in the following examples. a. Frequency adverbs usually come between the subject and the simple present verb (execpt main verb be). Karen always finishes her job on time. b. Frequency adverbs follow be in the simple present (am, is, are) Karen is always on time. c. In a question, frequency adverbs come directly after the subject. Do you always switch off you mobile phone during a meeting? d. In a negative sentence, most frequency adverbs come in front of a negative verb (except always and ever). Always follows a negative helping verb or negative be. Ann usually doesnt switch off her mobile phone during a meeting. She doesnt always accept change with a positive attitude. However, frequency adverbs may also occur at the beginning or end of a sentence. I sometimes start work at 8:30. Sometimss I start at 8:30. I start at 8:30 sometimes. Note: The following adverbs may also occur at the beginning or end of a sentence: Usually Often Frequently Generally Sometimes Occasionally

Practice: 1.Underline the correct words. 1. Excuse me, does you know / do you know if this is the way to the IT seminar? 2. Sorry, that projector don't work / doesn't work. Use this one instead.

3. Do you know our new sales representative Marta? Yes, I do. / Yes I know. 4. I write / I am writing the report at the moment. It should be ready tomorrow. 5. They not replaying / they are not replaying to th email. I will have to phone them. 6. Why is there such a long delay? What is happening? / is happen? 7. You are enjoying / are you enjoying this conference? 8. Can Karen caII you back? She speak / She is speaking on another line.

2.Match sentences 1-5 with their uses a- e. a) permanent facts b) habits and repeated actions c) actions in progress at the moment of speaking d) temporary actions happening 'around now' e) current trends and changing situations 1. These days we're selling more and more of our products abroad. 2. Look! They're selling malt whisky at 20% discount in duty free! 3. We're selling the new model, but we don't have any in stock right now. 4. We usually sell around 40% of our annual total at Christmas time. 5. We sell a full range of consumer electronics, from TVs to cameras. 3.Complete this dialogue by putting each of the verbs in brackets into the correct form of the present simple or present continuous. Matt: Jennifer: Are you looking for someone? Yes, I (2) ............need................. (need) to speak to Kim Bryant but she isnt in her office. (3)................................... (you/know) where she is? Oh, l'm sorry, she isn't here today. She (4) works................... (work) at home trying to finish an urgent report. I (5) think .................... (think) she'll be back at her desk tomorrow. Perhaps I can help you? Oh, thanks. I (6).am working....................................(work) for Pritchard Evaas. We (7)...organise........................(organise) corporate hospitality. Oh, yes.

M.: J.: M.:

J.:

M.: J.:

M.: J.: M.:

J.:

Well, Kim Bryant contacted us last week. Apparently you (8).............are expecting........................ (expect) a visit by a Korean trade delegation next month. Yes, that's riglit. Kim asked me to call in and give her some information on our service. Um, I (9)................have...............................(have) a list of suggestiotis with me. It (10)..........gives.................................(give) you information on where you could take your visitors, and details of extra services that we can offer, like our pick-up service from the hotel in a chauffeur-driven limousine. Well, that sounds great. l'm sure Kim would be really interested to see this. How long (11) your visitors stays ......................... ? (your visitors/stay)? Oh, l'm sorry, I (12) don t know ................................... (not/know) exactly. You really need to speak to Kim, she (13) .................. deals............(deal) with this conferenee. I'll tell her to give you a ring tomorrow. What's the best time to call? I (14) don t work ........................................ (not/work) in the office in the mornings, any time after two. Or she can call me on my mobile, on 0740...

Part II: Reading & Vocabulary: 10 ways to improve your career Alice Finance, a leading staffing and recruiting services Firm, offers the following tips for getting ahead in your career. 1. Make a list of your proprieties and outline your tasks for the day. Write down your short- and long-term goals, evaluate your progress frequently and stay focused. 2. Are you really present? You may physically be at work, but are you there mentally? 3. Learn how to work through others. Delegating tasks is an important skill to master at any level. 4. Always look for opportunities to broaden your skills. For example, you can attend professional development seminars. 5. Socialise with colleagues. This will help you learn about whats happening in other departments. 6. Create your own goals. Determine where you want to be professionally and what skills you need to reach that goal. 7. Be comfortable with being uncomfortable. Accept changes that force you to try something new. Youre in line for a promotion, unfortunately, the line is six miles long.

8. Be clear about what you want. If you believe you deserve a promotion, ask for one. 9. Take time and relax. Attending to your personal life and doing things that make you happy will help your performance at work. 10. Seek satisfaction. If youre disappointed by your current career, look fo r ways to transform your job into more of what you want. If this does not solve the problem, maybe its time to look for a new position. If you follow this advise, you will significantly increase your opportunities to earn more money, get promoted sooner and move ahead faster, says Mr. Lebovits, President and Chief Operating Officer of Ajilon Finance.
(From The Market Leader Pre-intermediate B1, page 8)

1. Read the article and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F). 1. In order to improve your skills and your career, Ajilon Finance advises you to make a list of your proprieties and evaluate your progress frequently. 2. Do not accept changes that force you to do something new. 3. Attending your personal life and the things that make you happy will help your performance at work. 4. It is not appropriate to ask for a promotion, even if you believe you deserve it. 5. Socialise with collegues and learn how to work through others in order to learn about other departments.

2. Match the verbs (1-5) with the noun phrases (a-e) to form expressions from the article. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. to reach to get ahead to evaluate to deserve to master a.) a promotion b.) a skill c.) a goal d.) in ones career e.) ones progress

3. The phrases below all include the word career. Match them to their correct meanings. 1. Career move 2. Career break 3. Career plan 4. Career opportunities a.) chances to start / improve your career b.) ideas you have for your future career c.) something you do in order to progress in your job d.) period of time away from your job to, for example, look after your children.

5. Complete these sentences with the verbs from the box. make take have decide offer

1. Employees in large multinationals ................... excellent career oportunieties if they are willing to travel. 2. Some people ............................... a career break to do something adventurous like sailing round the world or going trekking to India. 3. One way to ......................... a career move is to join a small but rapidly growing company. 4. Certain companies ...................... career opportunities to the long-term unemployed or to people without formal qualifications. 5. Ambitious people often ....................... a career plan while they are at school or university. 6. Look at the groups of words below. Cross out the noun or noun phrase which doesnt go with the verb in each group. 1. earn a. b. c. d. 2. take a. a pension b. a time off c. early retirement d. a break a bonus a part time job money 40 thousand

3. work a. flexitime b. anti-social hours c. overtime d. an office job. Skills: useful language for e-mails or letters when applying for a job / position in a different department.

talking about responsibilities; emphasizing and talking about qualities and abilities 1 . Useful language when applying for a job / position. Dear Sir or Madam, With reference to your advertisement in I would like to apply for the position of I feel I am well qualified of I would be happy to give you more details and can be contacted at any time. I enclose a copy of my CV / report. A full CV is attached. I look forward to hearing from you. Yours faithfully, 2. Fill in each blank with the suitable form of one of the items from the box. to involve to be in charge to deal to make sure to be responsible

1. Michael Lacour works for Research and Development. His job ...................................... developing new products and new ideas. 2. Nevenka Babic is our Quality Control Inspector. She .................................. for monitoring our products and trying to improve their quality. 3. Kate Hughes works for personnel. She ............................... with staff problems, as well with recruitment and training. 4. Zoltan Jilly is our Security Officer. He ............................. that our staff and premises are protectd against crime. 5. Sergio Carboni is our new Maintenance Engineer. He checks all our equipment regularly and .................................. of all repairs. 3. Look at Exercise B again and write down the words which follow these items. a . to be in charge ............ b . to be responsible ............ c . to deal................ d . to make sure ........